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The Looming Storm [Imperial Brazil's Lore Thread]

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Imperial Federation of Brazil
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Founded: Jan 22, 2022
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The Looming Storm [Imperial Brazil's Lore Thread]

Postby Imperial Federation of Brazil » Wed Jan 26, 2022 10:10 am

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Imperial Federation of Brazil
Federação Imperial do Brasil


Welcome to the Imperial Federation of Brazil's lore thread, where any kind of information about the IFB can be found. Sit back, relax, and take a cup of coffee - just be careful not to spill it over the Encylopedia Brasiliana! Yes, this thread will be presented in three ways: the main one will be simulating an encyclopedia; the second one emulating a newspaper, and the third one reserved for special occasions will be simulating a radio broadcast - in full 1930s fashion! No televisions or internet; only papers and shortwave radios!

Contents
1. Countries of the World
    1A. Imperial Federation of Brazil
    1B. German Empire
    1C. Russian Federal Republic
    1D. Shogunate of Japan
    1E. United States of America
    1F. United Kingdom
    1G. French Republic
    1H. Kingdom of Spain
    1I. Kingdom of Italy
    1J. Mexican Republic
    1K. Federation of China
    1L. Republic of Insulindia
    1M. Federal Republic of India
    1N. Imperial State of Iran
    1O. Argentine Republic
    1P. Caliphate of Egypt


Last edited by Imperial Federation of Brazil on Sat May 07, 2022 5:49 am, edited 1 time in total.
Federação Imperial do Brasil | Lore Thread | World
It's 1936. The clouds of fascism are about to rain down in Europe as the winds of socialism are blowing hard in America. China is engulfed in a four-way civil war and Brazil is about to experience the most decisive election in its history. A storm is coming, and there is nowhere to run...
O Senador: Construction of the Los Angeles Olympic Stadium finished. American president Norman Thomas is booed during the inauguration speech of the stadium. "We want shelter, not stadiums!" shouted the audience. | Unemployment reaches 5.6%, the lowest mark since the Global Recession of 1930.

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Imperial Federation of Brazil
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Founded: Jan 22, 2022
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Imperial Federation of Brazil - Overview

Postby Imperial Federation of Brazil » Wed Jan 26, 2022 10:12 am

Overview
Imperial Federation of Brazil

Federação Imperial do Brasil (Portuguese)

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Flag
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Location

Motto:
"Independence or Death!"

Capital and Largest City: Rio de Janeiro

Official Language: Portuguese

Regional Languages: Spanish [Uruguay, Acre]
Amerindian languages (Guarani, Tupi, Nheengatu, etc.) [Amazonian Region]
Creole languages (Sranantongo, Guyanese Creole, etc.) [Guyana]
German dialects (Hunsrik, East Pommeranian, etc.) [Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina]
Italian dialects (Veneto, Friulian, etc.) [Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo]
Yoruba [Rio de Janeiro, Bahia]
Arabic [São Paulo, Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul]
Japanese [São Paulo, Paraná]
Polish [Paraná]
Belarusian [Rio Grande do Sul]
Ukrainian [Paraná]
Russian [Rio Grande do Sul]
English [Guyana, Uruguay]

Ethnic Groups (2020 Census):
45.7% White
38.6% Mixed
10.4% Black
4.5% Asian
0.8% Amerindian

Religions (2020 Census):
52.6% Roman Catholicism
15.5% Protestantism
9.3% Irreligion
7.1% Spiritism
4.5% Afro-Brazilian Religions
3.2% Eastern Orthodoxy
1.2% Islam
1.1% Chinese folk religions
0.8% Japanese religions
0.7% Judaism
4.8% Other Religions

Demonym: Brazilian

Government: Federal constitutional monarchy
Empress:
Prince-Regent:
Prime Minister:
Minister of Foreign Relations:
Minister of Economy:

Population (2020 Census): 242,953,828 (5th)
GDP per Capita (2021): $45,292 (16th)
GDP (2021): $11 trillion (2nd)

Currency: Real (R$)

Ruling Party: Liberal Party


The Imperial Federation of Brazil (Brazilian Portuguese: Federação Imperial do Brasil), more commonly referred to as Brazil, is a federal representative parliamentary constitutional monarchy in South America, being the only independent monarchy in the Americas. Formerly a colony of the Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil became the seat of the Portuguese Empire in 1808 when the Portuguese court fled Portugal during the Napoleonic invasion. Following the defeat of Napoleon, Portuguese king Dom João VI departed to Portugal, leaving his eldest son and heir, Prince Pedro, as the regent of the Kingdom of Brazil. However, after a Portuguese attempt to demote Brazil back to the status of colony, Prince Pedro declared the independence of Brazil on 7 September 1822. Prince Pedro successfully waged war against his father's kingdom, and on 12 October 1822 was acclaimed Dom Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil. The new country was immense, sparsely populated, and diverse.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of more than 7,500 kilometers. It borders all countries in South America with the exception of Chile and covers almost half of the continent's area. Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical rainforest, home to diverse wildlife, many ecological systems, and extensive natural resources. This makes Brazil one of the few megadiverse countries. The geography of Brazil also includes semi-arid regions, savannas, temperate forests, and grasslands.

Brazil is a regional hegemon in South America and is one of the eight great powers, having the sixth-largest economy in the world and the third-largest military. Brazil also possesses a high standard of living - one of the highest among the eight great powers - with a GDP per capita of $45,292. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years and one of the most important producers of rubber. Brazil is also an industrial powerhouse. Major contributions to the Brazilian economy come from the electronics industry, automobile manufacturing, and aviation. Brazil's unemployment rate is at 7.3% and has been growing since 2020.

Etymology

The word "Brazil" likely comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast. In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil. Brasil means "red like an ember", formed from brasa (ember) and the suffix -il (from iculum or illium). As Brazilwood produces a red dye, it was highly valued by the textile industry of Europe, turning brazilwood into the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil.

In the Guarani language, an Amerindian language (and also an official language of Brazil's neighbor Paraguay), Brazil is called "Pindorama", meaning "land of the palm trees".

History

Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people, mostly semi-nomadic tribes, who subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering, and migrant agriculture. The Amerindian population comprised several groups, such as the Tupis, the Guaranis, and the Gês. Before European arrival, boundaries between these groups were marked by wars that came from cultural, moral, and linguistic differences. These wars involved cannibalistic rituals on prisoners of war.

Brazil was claimed for the Portuguese Empire on 22 April 1500, with the arrival of a fleet led by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The Portuguese encountered indigenous people divided into many groups, but most of them spoke the languages of the Tupi-Guarani family. The first Portuguese settlement was founded in 1532, and colonization effectively began in 1534 when King John III of Portugal divided Brazil into fifteen private and autonomous captaincy colonies. However, the decentralized and unorganized administration of the colonies proved to be unsustainable, and in 1549 the Portuguese king restructured them into the Governorate General of Brazil. The Governorate's capital, Salvador, housed the government of a single and centralized Portuguese colony in South America.

In the first two centuries of colonization, indigenous peoples and European settlers lived in constant warfare, creating opportunistic alliances in order to gain advantages against each other. Cane sugar was Brazil's main export, and slaves purchased in Sub-Saharan Africa were the main Brazilian import. Brazil received almost three million slaves from Africa between 1500 and 1800. By the end of the 17th century, sugar exports began to decline, and the Bandeirantes, a group of slavers and adventurers of mixed indigenous and Portuguese origin, discovered gold in 1690, marking the beginning of the Brazilian Gold Rush. The Gold Rush attracted many new settlers, and this period of increased immigration caused conflicts between newcomers and old settlers. The Bandeirantes also expanded the Brazilian borders during the 17th century. In the same period, other European powers tried to colonize Brazil, such as the French in Maranhão and the Dutch in Pernambuco, although these attempts failed and never were tried again.

In 1807, the Napoleonic Empire invaded Portugal, causing Prince Regent João, in the name of Queen Maria I, to move the royal court from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, the latter city being the capital of Brazil. Once arriving in the colony, they established Brazil's first financial institutions, such as local stock exchanges and its National Bank. They also ended the Portuguese monopoly on Brazilian trade and opened Brazil to other nations. In 1809, in retaliation for being forced into exile, the Prince Regent ordered the Portuguese conquest of French Guiana, which was formally returned to France following the Congress of Vienna of 1815.

In 1814, after the end of the Peninsular War, the European courts demanded the return of the Portuguese court to Lisbon. In 1815, as a justification to continue living in Brazil, the Crown created the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves, thus establishing a pluricontinental transatlantic monarchic state. In 1821, acceding to the demands of revolutionaries, who declared independence from Brazil, Dom João VI left for Lisbon, leaving his son Prince Pedro de Alcântara as Regent of the Kingdom of Brazil.

In 1822 the Portuguese Cortes tried to demote Brazil back to the status of colony. The Brazilians refused to yield, and Prince Pedro supported the Brazilians, declaring independence from Portugal on 7 September 1822. The Brazilian War of Independence was fought from 1822 to 1824, as the Portuguese garrisons in Brazil refused to recognize independence. Upon intervention from the United Kingdom, Portugal was urged to recognize Brazilian independence, doing so on 12 February 1825.

However, shortly after the independence war was over, the United Provinces of La Plata invaded Brazil, seeking to annex the Spanish-speaking Brazilian province of Cisplatina. A tough war ensured, and despite initial victories by the Argentines, Brazil managed to defeat the Platine Armada. After the Battle of Monte Caseros, Brazil offered peace to the Argentines, but the government refused. As a result, Emperor Dom Pedro I ordered the barrage of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires, a decision that resulted in the death of a quarter of the Argentine population and the complete destruction of Buenos Aires. Following the Great Fire of Buenos Aires, Britain decided to intervene in the war, establishing peace between the two warring countries. The Argentines, beaten and humiliated, were forced to accept defeat and renounce all claims on the eastern bank of the Plata River.

In March 1826, Dom Pedro I's father, King João VI of Portugal, died. As a result, Pedro I inherited the Portuguese crown. However, the Brazilian emperor decided to abdicate in favor of his daughter, Maria II. In 1828, Maria's throne would be usurped by Pedro I's younger brother, Prince Miguel. Further difficulties arose in 1826, when the Empire's parliament, the General Assembly, was opened. Dom Pedro I, supported by a large portion of the legislature, argued for an independent judiciary, a popularly elected legislature, and a government that would be led by the emperor who held broad executive powers. The majority, however, argued for a less influential role for the monarch, with the legislative branch being dominant in policy and governance. The debate over whether the government should be dominated by the monarch or the parliament lasted until 1831 when Dom Pedro I abdicated the Brazilian throne and sailed to Portugal. He had decided to leave his five-year-old son as the Brazilian monarch and departed to his mother country to assist his daughter in the Portuguese Civil War.

Prince Pedro, the son and heir of Dom Pedro I, would have to wait until 1843 to become emperor. A regency was elected to rule the country, however, the Regency held few of the powers exercised by a monarch and was completely subordinated by the General Assembly. The Regency was unable to solve most issues, especially those pertaining to disputes between national and local political factions. Believing that granting greater autonomy to the provincial governments would be a good idea to diminish dissent, the General Assembly passed a constitutional amendment in 1834, the Ato Adicional (Additional Act). However, instead of ending the ensuing chaos, the new powers granted to local governments only fed local rivalries. A period of generalized violence erupted throughout Brazil, as local parties competed with ferocity to control provincial and municipal governments. The parties that lost the elections would rebel and try to take the government by force. This led to several rebellions, such as the Cabanagem, the Sabinada, the Ragamuffin War, and the Balaiada.

The national politicians who had become familiar with the rebellions believed that only a neutral figure could solve these issues and ensure Brazil's survival. In July 1840, the parliament passed a law lowering the age of majority from 18 to 14. As a result, Pedro II was declared fit to rule, thus bringing an end to the anarchic Regency in an act that is widely known as the Golpe da Maioridade (Majority Coup).

Under Dom Pedro II, Brazil went from a rural and illiterate country to an industrializing one. In 1843 the British-Brazilian Railway Company started the construction of a nationwide railway network, connecting Montevideo to Natal. In 1845 the British government passed the Aberdeen Act, which authorized British warships to board Brazilian ships and arrest anyone participating in the Transatlantic Slave Trade. In 1847 Brazil passed the Eusébio de Queirós Law, which banned the Transatlantic Slave Trade and granted the power to Brazilian authorities to combat slave trafficking. By 1850, the United Kingdom had accepted that the international slave trade in Brazil was eliminated. In 1848, Slavery was abolished in the province of Cisplatina. In turn, this would make the Spanish-speaking province a hotbed for slaves seeking to escape from the slave provinces of the North. In 1848, a rebellion erupted in the province of Pernambuco. The rebels, inspired by the Springtime of Nations, sought to reform the corrupt and inefficient judiciary, limit the powers of the emperor, establish a federal system of government, end press censorship, and implement universal suffrage. The revolt lasted for six months before being crushed in early 1849.

Despite the immediate failure of the liberal rebels, the Praiera Revolt (as it became known) did achieve some of its goals. After appointing a liberal cabinet, emperor Dom Pedro II started a period of reforms in Brazil. In 1850 the Cardoso de Carvalho Law ended censorship, causing the beginning of a revolution in Brazil. In 1851 the Senate Reform Act was narrowly approved by the General Assembly; it reformed the Senate, abolishing lifelong terms. Also, most seats of the senate would be elected by the population, although some seats were reserved for those appointed by the Emperor. In 1853 the Lei de Terras (Homestead Act) was passed. It reformed private property laws in Brazil, being a major factor in attracting new immigrants. The Lei de Terras displeased the landed elite, as they felt betrayed by the emperor and his liberal "goons", who took away centuries-old privileges and traditions. The rural elite began organizing a rebellion against the government, establishing the first organized republican movement in Brazil. In 1856 the elite of the province of São Paulo founded the Paulista Republican Party, marking the beginning of a perpetual struggle between monarchists and republicans.

In 1855, after intense debate in the General Assembly, Brazil became the first country outside of Europe to adopt Universal suffrage - all free adult males older than 21 became apt to vote. No longer voting would be restricted to those with wealth or status. This controversial law was yet another factor that fomented the fears of landowners. In 1860 the electoral system was reformed, dealing the final blow to the decadent system controlled by the local landed elites. Brazil had turned into a full democracy, a nation that enjoyed internal peace and stability unlike any other in Latin America. Despite the prosperous period of peace Brazil was enjoying, the rural, conservative aristocracy only cared about their profit. The slaveholding landed aristocracy of the farms and estates feared that they would lose importance to the people of the urban centers, who voted en masse for the Liberal Party. By allowing common people (and by common I mean free, literate males) to vote in democratic and fair elections, the fears of the landed aristocracy were concretized: the Liberal Party began to dominate Brazil, passing progressive laws that allowed Brazil to grow. However, such growth took away the power from the aristocracy, and without power, they also lost a large share of profit.

In 1862 the Argentine dictator, Juan Manuel de Rosas, allied himself with Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano López. Together, they elaborated a plan that would split Brazil between Paraguay and Argentina. The Paraguayans would annex the Brazilian provinces of Paraná and Santa Catarina, while Argentina would get Uruguay and Rio Grande do Sul. In 1863, such plans were intercepted by Brazilian spies, though. The Brazilian emperor, Dom Pedro II, called the army reservists and ordered the naval blockade of Argentine ports. The Argentines, in counterpart, invaded the province of Uruguay (then named Cisplatina). Paraguay attempted to take Brazilian forts in the province of Mato Grosso, but they failed miserably, allowing Brazil to counter-attack and capture 10,000 Paraguayan soldiers in the first months of the war.

On August 1864 Brazil engaged the Argentine fleet in the Bay of La Plata. The Argentines, despite having support from ground artillery, were beaten by the numerically superior Brazilian navy. In 1865 the Argentines were pushed out of Uruguay, thus marking the beginning of the Brazilian counter-attack against Argentina. By 1867, Paraguay was already defeated, and its dictator Solano López was killed by a Brazilian lancer. In 1870 the war finally came to an end, with the Sacking of Buenos Aires, in which Juan Manuel de Rosas preferred to kill himself instead of renouncing or being captured.
Last edited by Imperial Federation of Brazil on Fri May 13, 2022 10:33 am, edited 4 times in total.
Federação Imperial do Brasil | Lore Thread | World
It's 1936. The clouds of fascism are about to rain down in Europe as the winds of socialism are blowing hard in America. China is engulfed in a four-way civil war and Brazil is about to experience the most decisive election in its history. A storm is coming, and there is nowhere to run...
O Senador: Construction of the Los Angeles Olympic Stadium finished. American president Norman Thomas is booed during the inauguration speech of the stadium. "We want shelter, not stadiums!" shouted the audience. | Unemployment reaches 5.6%, the lowest mark since the Global Recession of 1930.

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Imperial Federation of Brazil
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Founded: Jan 22, 2022
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Imperial Federation of Brazil - Politics

Postby Imperial Federation of Brazil » Fri Jan 28, 2022 6:31 am

Government of Brazil

Brazil is a federal constitutional parliamentary monarchy, which is divided into 25 provinces, one autonomous city (the Município Neutro - Neutral Municipality), and two territories. The Neutral Municipality, Rio de Janeiro, is the capital of Brazil. The Brazilian federal government is divided into four branches: the executive, headed by the monarch; the legislative, headed by the Prime Minister; the judiciary, headed by the President of the Supreme Court; and the moderating power, also headed by the monarch. The monarch has the final say in executive decisions and shares power with the Prime Minister in legislative affairs. The monarch is tasked with ensuring stability and international sovereignty. The emperor, however, has almost no way to impose his will upon the legislative branch of government other than dissolving or extending legislative sessions.

The authority granted to the General Assembly through the Constitution means that the parliament is not a rubber-stamp body. The General Assembly is capable of enacting, revoking, and suspending laws. The legislature also has the power to authorize or deny expenditures and taxes and alone it conducts government loans and debts. The legislative is also tasked with matters related to national defense and welfare. Regarding foreign policy, the General Assembly shall be consulted about declarations of war, international treaties, and other matters pertaining to foreign affairs.

The judiciary is independent of other branches of government. Until 1916 the Emperor was tasked with appointing judges to the Supreme Court. Nowadays, the Emperor may appoint the Supreme Court president from a pool of candidates chosen by the Brazilian Judicial Organization (the OJB). The OJB also elects the judges of the Supreme Court, who are required to be experienced career judges who have passed the Teste de Admissão Supremo (Supreme Admission Exam). Neither the monarch nor the General Assembly has control over the Brazilian Judicial Organization.

The moderating power (Poder Moderador), is the fourth branch of government in Brazil. The moderating power is held by the monarch, who has the powers of:
  • Summon the General Assembly for extraordinary sessions;
  • Ratify or veto resolutions from the General Assembly;
  • Extend or dissolve the General Assembly, thus holding new elections;
  • Concede amnesty.

Politics of Brazil

Prior to the formation of the Progressive League in 1864, Brazil had been dominated by two parties: the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party. Nowadays, the number of parties represented in the General Assembly rose to 20. The end of bipartisanship brought many reforms, but also destabilized the country. Only in the last eight years, almost 30 parties were created or ceased to exist. The economic and political crisis of the late 1920s caused a major shift in Brazilian politics. Voter apathy decreased and extremism increased. Mass movements began to dominate politics, with parties such as the Brazilian Communist Party, the Brazilian Integralist Action, and the Immortalist Legion of Brazil rising to prominence.

What you see below is a list of the largest parties in Brazil, as of 1936:







































NameInitialsFoundingLeaderSenate
[75]
Chamber of
Deputies [539]
State
Legislators [422]
Province
Governors [26]
Ideology
Conservative Party
Partido Conservador
PC1836Mário
de Pimentel Brandão
40112Social conservatism,
Fiscal conservatism,
Centralism,
Constitutional monarchism
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
PL1837Antônio Carlos
Ribeiro de Andrada
40112Social liberalism,
Economic interventionism,
Federalism,
Constitutional monarchism
Progressive League
Liga Progressista
LP1864Abel
Chermont
40112Social democracy,
Progressivism,
Secularism
National Republican Party
Partido Republicano Nacional
PRN1890Pedro Manuel
de Toledo
40112Social conservatism,
Confederalism,
Republicanism
Brazilian Republican Party
Partido Republicano Brasileiro
PRB1903Raul
Pilla
40112Classical liberalism,
Parliamentarism,
Republicanism
Brazilian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
PCB1904Luís Carlos
Prestes
40112Marxism,
Communism,
Atheism
Democratic Liberal Party
Partido Democrático Liberal
PDL1906Vital
Soares
40112Classical liberalism,
Constitutional monarchism
Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrático
PSD1910Roberto
Simonsen
40112Centrism,
Populism
Immortalist Legion of Brazil
Legião Imortalista do Brasil
LIB1910Ulisses
Fragoso
40112Immortalism,
"Seven Continents Under a Single Flag",
Ultranationalism
Ruralist Democratic Union
União Democrática Ruralista
UDR1926Joaquim Francisco
de Assis Brasil
40112Economic liberalism,
Agrarianism,
Republicanism
Brazilian Integralist Action
Ação Integralista Brasileira
AIB1926Gustavo
Barroso
40112Brazilian Integralism,
Fascism,
Political Catholicism
Brazilian Unity
Unidade Brasileira
UB1930Francisco
Campos
40112Immortalism,
Brazilianism,
Fascism
Christian Progressive Party
Partido Progressista Cristão
PPC1931Flores
da Cunha
40112Christian democracy,
Distributism
Social Nationalist Party
Partido Social Nacionalista
PSN1931Caio
Prado Júnior
40112Left-wing nationalism,
Republicanism
Republican Socialist Party
Partido Socialista Republicano
PSR1932Pedro Ernesto
Batista
40112Democratic socialism,
Republicanism
Workers and Peasants' Block
Bloco dos Operários e Camponeses
BOC1932Octávio
Brandão
40112Libertarian socialism,
Communism
Internationalist Communist League
Liga Comunista Internacionalista
LCI1933Aristides
Lobo
40112Trotskyism,
Communism
National Black Front
Frente Negra Nacional
FNN1933José
Correia Leite
40112Black Brazilians' rights,
Civic nationalism
Democratic Socialist Party of Brazil
Partido Socialista Democrático do Brasil
PSDB1933Herculino
Cascardo
40112Democratic socialism,
Centralism
Brazilian Nationalist Party
Partido Nacionalista Brasileiro
PNB1934Protógenes
Guimarães
40112Civic nationalism,
Centrism
Last edited by Imperial Federation of Brazil on Sun Jan 30, 2022 6:26 am, edited 3 times in total.
Federação Imperial do Brasil | Lore Thread | World
It's 1936. The clouds of fascism are about to rain down in Europe as the winds of socialism are blowing hard in America. China is engulfed in a four-way civil war and Brazil is about to experience the most decisive election in its history. A storm is coming, and there is nowhere to run...
O Senador: Construction of the Los Angeles Olympic Stadium finished. American president Norman Thomas is booed during the inauguration speech of the stadium. "We want shelter, not stadiums!" shouted the audience. | Unemployment reaches 5.6%, the lowest mark since the Global Recession of 1930.


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