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Passed General Assembly Resolutions

Where WA members debate how to improve the world, one resolution at a time.

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #445

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:54 pm

Greenhouse Gas Cap And Trade Program
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.

Category: Environmental
Industry Affected: All Businesses - Strong
Proposed by: Ransium

Description: The World Assembly,

Convinced that the preponderance of scientific evidence shows that some 'greenhouse gases', such as carbon dioxide and methane, allow energy through a planet's atmosphere at the visible and shortwave infrared wavelengths primarily generated by stars, while reflecting energy at longwave thermal wavelengths radiated by a planet, thus creating a net warming effect for that planet's atmosphere,

Acknowledging that within some member nations, the concept of global warming due to non-natural greenhouse gas emissions remains controversial,

Concerned over the many adverse impacts scientific consensus has found sudden and excess warming due to emissions of greenhouse gasses to have directly or indirectly on ecosystems and populations, including disruption and temporal shifting of seasonal cycles at a rate faster than many organisms can adapt, more extreme natural disasters, sea level rise, ocean acidification, crop failures, and desertification,

Aware that many nations' economies are built around fossil fuels and desiring to seek a solution that is minimally disruptive while addressing this pressing problem,

Concluding that the most efficient and cheapest regulatory framework to abate greenhouse gasses is one that caps the total amount of emissions, and divides up credits for the permissible emissions among nations, while allowing the voluntary trading of emissions credits between nations,

Hereby, subject to any limits set by earlier resolutions that are still in force:

  1. Charges World Assembly Scientific Programme's (WASP) Atmospheric Chemistry Establishment (ACE) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gasses in the following manner:

    1. Set a total global annual target for the non-natural release of greenhouse gasses, such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, based on current global emissions, scientific climate models for the impact of the gasses, decay rate of the gasses, and the global economic impact of the cap;

    2. Distribute allowable emissions credits for each regulated greenhouse gas among member nations proportional to their total populations and present economic output, the global population, and the global cap;

    3. Establish preferred emissions levels for non-World Assembly nations also proportional to factors listed in b;

    4. Establish (i) punitive fees for emissions beyond the cap for member nations, and (ii) tariffs that all member nations shall enforce on the trade goods produced by non-member nations whose emissions exceed their preferred levels; the proceeds of both the fees and tariffs will first go to ACE's monitoring and enforcement efforts and any remaining monies will go towards grants to fund the research, development, and implementation of green energy;

    5. Establish an exchange for the voluntary trade of emissions credits open to all member nations, such that some nations may exceed their initially allotted emissions without punitive action via buying credits;

    6. Create an annual schedule of diminishing total global caps for various gasses until levels scientifically modeled to be globally sustainable are met;

    7. Monitor the net emissions of individual nations, taking into account both greenhouse gas emissions and sequestration, via voluntary disclosures and other non-invasive methods, such as remote sensing that is sensitive to the narrowband absorption features of targeted greenhouse gases;
  2. Further mandates that ambassadors representing non-compliant member nations be forced to wear itchy wool sweaters during the summer, unless doing so would be a threat to their health or conflict with religious or moral beliefs;

  3. Notes that individual nations will determine how to best meet their preferred target internally; and

  4. Clarifies that greenhouse gas emissions through natural sources, such as volcanoes, will not be considered by ACE for the purposes of this resolution.
Co-authored by Imperium Anglorum

Votes For: 13 741 (84.1%)
Votes Against: 2 606 (15.9%)

Implemented Tue Oct 9 2018

[445 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:55 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #446

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:56 pm

Repeal "Convention On International Oil Spills"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #444
Proposed by: Lord Dominator

Description: General Assembly Resolution #444 "Convention on International Oil Spills" (Category: Environmental, Industry Affected: Mining) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The World Assembly,

Applauding the resolution at hand for its work at improving the environment,

But Concerned that clause 3 of the resolutions micro-manages member nations to a degree that may be harmful to the resolution's mission by:
  • Mandating technologies that may be or are obsolete in some member nations,
  • Using vague language regarding maintenance and inspections such as "every couple of years" and "regularly,"
Saddened that clause 4 also lists a number of technologies that may become or already are obsolete in member nations,

Believing that the micromanagement and excruciating specificity inherent in this resolution:
  • Will leave nations unable to adapt to better technologies,
  • Potentially wastes resources following mandates that aren't necessary in all nations,
  • Includes strong suggestions that overstep reasonable bounds of the WA with instructions for spill clean-up that are better left to individual nations to determine properly,
Incensed at the needless re-treading of ground already covered in part by Responsible Offshore Drilling and Reducing Spills and Leaks and yet leaving regulation of reduction and clean-up of wildlife impact uselessly vague,

Bemoaning the listed flaws and occasional poor grammar usage,

Repeals GA 444 "Convention on International Oil Spills."

Votes For: 13 189 (80.7%)
Votes Against: 3 151 (19.3%)

Implemented Sat Oct 13 2018

[446 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #447

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:57 pm

Respondeat Superior
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Legal Reform
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples

Description: Noting an ominous silence surrounding the topic of tort law;

Believing that tort law serves as an effective alternative to industry regulation by providing an opportunity for injured individuals to hold liable their institutional tortfeasors;

Holding that expanding the duty of business entities to the actions of their employees protects employees, allows adequate compensation to victims, promotes higher standards for safe conduct, and spreads the cost of risk equitably;

Disdainful of industry practices that allow business to use employees as shields against incentivized or overt negligence; and

Determined to prevent it;

The World Assembly hereby enacts the following:

  1. A plaintiff in a noncriminal case against a single defendant may enjoin and hold liable the defendant's employer where the defendant:
    1. had an employer-employee relationship with the enjoined business;
    2. Was acting in the scope of employment at that time; and
    3. Was the proximate cause of the damage to the plaintiff.
  2. A plaintiff who wins a judgment in such a case may enforce judgment against both the employer and employee, jointly and severally.

  3. An employer may seek indemnity from an employee for costs incurred only when the employee’s actions were reckless or intentional. In situations where a cross-claim is procedurally inappropriate, member states may not hold such claims precluded until that claim is tried on its merits.

  4. Member states may award non-compensatory damages in such a case only when failing to do so would be a manifest injustice.

Votes For: 8 727 (55.2%)
Votes Against: 7 070 (44.8%)

Implemented Wed Oct 24 2018

[447 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #448 [REPEALED]

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:00 pm

Right To Self-Defense [Struck out by 449 GA]
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: Nueva Rico

Description: Ashamed that this Assembly does not already guarantee or recognize the right of an individual to defend themselves and family from an imminent threat,

Cognizant that some governments deliberately oppose affording the right of self-protection in order to suppress the freedoms and liberties of the individuals and maintain a controlling presence on the populace,

Acknowledging that government services put in place to protect the lives of public and safety from harm - such as a police force - are not always readily available in a dire situation that may endanger the life of an individual and/or the lives of their family,

Hereby,

1. Defines “family” as someone related to an individual by blood, in marriage, in law, or of some substantial and tangible relationship,

2. Further defines “arms” as any weapons, munitions, or equipment designed to inflict bodily harm or physical damage, including, but not limited to, firearms, knives, explosives, etc.

3. Affirms the right to self-defense, of oneself and/or his or her family, and declares that nations are to permit and accept the exercise of this right as an affirmative defense in cases, so long as:

a) The threat poses a clear and immediate danger to the life of the individual or his or her family,

b) The force used in response is not excessive with regards to the threat of the situation presented,

4. Assures member states the right to attest the legality of the claim that a use of force was in self-defense, as according to the conditions established in Clause 3, in the court of law of the respective nation,

5. Clarifies that nothing in this resolution should be read to void, infringe, or adversely impact any other right to or regulation of arms affirmed by this Assembly, but prohibits any extant criminalization of an exercise of defensive force, either with any common object or unarmed, in self-protection,

Co-authored with Dirito-Opolis.

Votes For: 9 737 (55.9%)
Votes Against: 7 685 (44.1%)


Implemented Thu Nov 1 2018

[448 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:01 pm, edited 2 times in total.

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

User avatar
Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #449

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:00 pm

Repeal "Right To Self-Defense"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #448
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: General Assembly Resolution #448 "Right to Self-defense" (Category: Civil Rights, Area of Effect: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The World Assembly,

Observing that the GA 448 "Right to Self-defence" is overly broad,

Believing that persons suspected of breaking the law should not be permitted to employ self-defence measures against law enforcement officers acting within the realm of their duties, and

Concerned with such permission causing a rise in violence and a fall in the ability for law enforcement to apprehend criminals, hereby:

Repeals GA 448.

Votes For: 13 666 (77.8%)
Votes Against: 3 895 (22.2%)

Implemented Tue Nov 6 2018

[449 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

User avatar
Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #450

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:03 pm

Don't Kill The Poor Act
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Significant
Proposed by: The Wallenburgian World Assembly Offices

Description: Celebrating a history of protecting essential sapient rights,

Recognizing historical efforts to prohibit genocide and guarantee equal rights for the citizens of member states,

Concerned that ill-intentioned governments might engage in violence against the weakest of those under its jurisdiction,

The World Assembly hereby:

  1. Recognizes systematic or otherwise intentional and statistically disproportionate violence perpetrated against a group, forceful isolation of a group in designated areas, removal of a group from designated areas, or the forceful institution of population controls on a group as acts of genocide,

  2. Highlights that case-by-case imprisonment of, displacement of, or use of force against individuals does not target a general group, and so does not constitute genocide,

  3. Renders crimes against humanity any acts of genocide against any group on the basis of economic status or employment,

  4. Requires member states to render aid to individuals escaping genocide on the basis of their economic status or employment, and to consider such persons refugees.

Votes For: 14 051 (80.8%)
Votes Against: 3 344 (19.2%)

Implemented Wed Nov 14 2018

[450 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

User avatar
Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #451

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:05 pm

International Aero-Space Administration
A resolution to promote funding and the development of education and the arts.

Category: Education and Creativity
Area of Effect: Educational
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples

Description: Recognizing space as the final frontier;

Admiring the spirit of exploration and curiosity that drives us to boldly go where none have gone before;

Believing international cooperation is only way to truly develop space science research, and;

Seeking to remedy the significant shortcomings of preceding attempts,

  1. The World Assembly establishes the International Aero-Space Administration (IASA), and empowers it with the following mandate:

    1. To coordinate and publish public research in the field of space exploration, aerospace science and engineering, and other disciplines related to the pursuit of space science;

    2. To liaise with the WA Scientific Programme and coordinate the release of non-classified research and development within the disciplines of aerospace research and space exploration;

    3. To further liaise with the International Meteorological Organisation (IMO) on coordination and safety issues involved with terrestrial space launches;

    4. To provide on request both technical assistance and advisors for developing and building civilian space programs within member states by sharing technical, organizational, and administrative data with those programs to keep fledgling space programs safe and effective.

    5. To research and disseminate best management practices regarding space exploration and research safety;

    6. To act as an intermediary, upon request, for international cooperation on joint space programs.
  2. Member states must liaise with IASA, the IMO, and parallel national authorities governing airspace in foreign territory so as to coordinate flight plans to avoid conflict, collision, or other unintended risk to other spacecraft. Where reasonably practical, member states will so liaise for all nonmilitary spacecraft launched from their suborbital space which might cross into either international or foreign national airspace or territory;

  3. Member states are strongly encouraged to share their research with both other member states and IASA, for the betterment of all scientific development;

  4. The World Assembly renounces any direct authority over domestic space programs or their operations, and reserves them entirely to their respective national jurisdictions.

Votes For: 13 992 (91.2%)
Votes Against: 1 357 (8.8%)

Implemented Mon Nov 26 2018

[451 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

User avatar
Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8344
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #452

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:06 pm

Repeal "On Universal Jurisdiction"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #312
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: General Assembly Resolution #312 "On Universal Jurisdiction" (Category: International Security, Strength: significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: This august World Assembly,

Concerned that the target resolution requires nations to prosecute in section 3, but that the target does not also require that nations provide prosecutors with information they may have, meaning that the target sets up a prosecutorial scheme where nations may be prosecuting persons without a full accounting of the facts,

Observing that section 7 of the target resolution “[f]orbids the World Assembly from preempting a member state’s claim to universal jurisdiction under this resolution, including but not limited to through an international criminal court or a substantially similar institution”,

Seeing that this section prohibits the Assembly from establishing an international tribunal capable of actually effecting judgement for crimes against humanity and war crimes, that is, an international court that actually does things on meaningful topics,

Believing that a lack of such a court means:

  1. there are few prosecutions of war criminals and perpetrators of genocide, since (i) prosecutorial discretion exists, due to differing interpretations of section 3(c) and (ii) such criminals and perpetrators would not willingly move themselves to jurisdictions which would prosecute them and

  2. victims of war crimes and other crimes against humanity are unlikely to receive justice, as even when prosecutions occur, they will likely be in friendly jurisdictions, meaning that they will be slaps on the wrist,
Expressing its discontent at this state of affairs, where criminality of the worst degree is not punished and where the international rules-based order is unable to deter or bring justice to would-be tyrants from engaging in mass murder or other heinous crimes,

Saddened at the deaths caused by the Assembly’s inability to act and the incredible injustices that the Assembly is unable to take action to right, and

Calling for the creation of a compulsory, fair, and effective international tribunal to resolve these issues, hereby:

Repeals GA 312 "“On Universal Jurisdiction"”.

Votes For: 14 849 (87.8%)
Votes Against: 2 065 (12.2%)

Implemented Fri Nov 30 2018

[452 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 26 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and Regional Records
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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