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Passed General Assembly Resolutions

Where WA members debate how to improve the world, one resolution at a time.

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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #445

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:54 pm

Greenhouse Gas Cap And Trade Program
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.

Category: Environmental
Industry Affected: All Businesses - Strong
Proposed by: Ransium

Description: The World Assembly,

Convinced that the preponderance of scientific evidence shows that some 'greenhouse gases', such as carbon dioxide and methane, allow energy through a planet's atmosphere at the visible and shortwave infrared wavelengths primarily generated by stars, while reflecting energy at longwave thermal wavelengths radiated by a planet, thus creating a net warming effect for that planet's atmosphere,

Acknowledging that within some member nations, the concept of global warming due to non-natural greenhouse gas emissions remains controversial,

Concerned over the many adverse impacts scientific consensus has found sudden and excess warming due to emissions of greenhouse gasses to have directly or indirectly on ecosystems and populations, including disruption and temporal shifting of seasonal cycles at a rate faster than many organisms can adapt, more extreme natural disasters, sea level rise, ocean acidification, crop failures, and desertification,

Aware that many nations' economies are built around fossil fuels and desiring to seek a solution that is minimally disruptive while addressing this pressing problem,

Concluding that the most efficient and cheapest regulatory framework to abate greenhouse gasses is one that caps the total amount of emissions, and divides up credits for the permissible emissions among nations, while allowing the voluntary trading of emissions credits between nations,

Hereby, subject to any limits set by earlier resolutions that are still in force:

  1. Charges World Assembly Scientific Programme's (WASP) Atmospheric Chemistry Establishment (ACE) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gasses in the following manner:

    1. Set a total global annual target for the non-natural release of greenhouse gasses, such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, based on current global emissions, scientific climate models for the impact of the gasses, decay rate of the gasses, and the global economic impact of the cap;

    2. Distribute allowable emissions credits for each regulated greenhouse gas among member nations proportional to their total populations and present economic output, the global population, and the global cap;

    3. Establish preferred emissions levels for non-World Assembly nations also proportional to factors listed in b;

    4. Establish (i) punitive fees for emissions beyond the cap for member nations, and (ii) tariffs that all member nations shall enforce on the trade goods produced by non-member nations whose emissions exceed their preferred levels; the proceeds of both the fees and tariffs will first go to ACE's monitoring and enforcement efforts and any remaining monies will go towards grants to fund the research, development, and implementation of green energy;

    5. Establish an exchange for the voluntary trade of emissions credits open to all member nations, such that some nations may exceed their initially allotted emissions without punitive action via buying credits;

    6. Create an annual schedule of diminishing total global caps for various gasses until levels scientifically modeled to be globally sustainable are met;

    7. Monitor the net emissions of individual nations, taking into account both greenhouse gas emissions and sequestration, via voluntary disclosures and other non-invasive methods, such as remote sensing that is sensitive to the narrowband absorption features of targeted greenhouse gases;
  2. Further mandates that ambassadors representing non-compliant member nations be forced to wear itchy wool sweaters during the summer, unless doing so would be a threat to their health or conflict with religious or moral beliefs;

  3. Notes that individual nations will determine how to best meet their preferred target internally; and

  4. Clarifies that greenhouse gas emissions through natural sources, such as volcanoes, will not be considered by ACE for the purposes of this resolution.
Co-authored by Imperium Anglorum

Votes For: 13 741 (84.1%)
Votes Against: 2 606 (15.9%)

Implemented Tue Oct 9 2018

[445 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:55 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #446

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:56 pm

Repeal "Convention On International Oil Spills"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #444
Proposed by: Lord Dominator

Description: General Assembly Resolution #444 "Convention on International Oil Spills" (Category: Environmental, Industry Affected: Mining) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The World Assembly,

Applauding the resolution at hand for its work at improving the environment,

But Concerned that clause 3 of the resolutions micro-manages member nations to a degree that may be harmful to the resolution's mission by:
  • Mandating technologies that may be or are obsolete in some member nations,
  • Using vague language regarding maintenance and inspections such as "every couple of years" and "regularly,"
Saddened that clause 4 also lists a number of technologies that may become or already are obsolete in member nations,

Believing that the micromanagement and excruciating specificity inherent in this resolution:
  • Will leave nations unable to adapt to better technologies,
  • Potentially wastes resources following mandates that aren't necessary in all nations,
  • Includes strong suggestions that overstep reasonable bounds of the WA with instructions for spill clean-up that are better left to individual nations to determine properly,
Incensed at the needless re-treading of ground already covered in part by Responsible Offshore Drilling and Reducing Spills and Leaks and yet leaving regulation of reduction and clean-up of wildlife impact uselessly vague,

Bemoaning the listed flaws and occasional poor grammar usage,

Repeals GA 444 "Convention on International Oil Spills."

Votes For: 13 189 (80.7%)
Votes Against: 3 151 (19.3%)

Implemented Sat Oct 13 2018

[446 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #447

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:57 pm

Respondeat Superior
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Legal Reform
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples

Description: Noting an ominous silence surrounding the topic of tort law;

Believing that tort law serves as an effective alternative to industry regulation by providing an opportunity for injured individuals to hold liable their institutional tortfeasors;

Holding that expanding the duty of business entities to the actions of their employees protects employees, allows adequate compensation to victims, promotes higher standards for safe conduct, and spreads the cost of risk equitably;

Disdainful of industry practices that allow business to use employees as shields against incentivized or overt negligence; and

Determined to prevent it;

The World Assembly hereby enacts the following:

  1. A plaintiff in a noncriminal case against a single defendant may enjoin and hold liable the defendant's employer where the defendant:
    1. had an employer-employee relationship with the enjoined business;
    2. Was acting in the scope of employment at that time; and
    3. Was the proximate cause of the damage to the plaintiff.
  2. A plaintiff who wins a judgment in such a case may enforce judgment against both the employer and employee, jointly and severally.

  3. An employer may seek indemnity from an employee for costs incurred only when the employee’s actions were reckless or intentional. In situations where a cross-claim is procedurally inappropriate, member states may not hold such claims precluded until that claim is tried on its merits.

  4. Member states may award non-compensatory damages in such a case only when failing to do so would be a manifest injustice.

Votes For: 8 727 (55.2%)
Votes Against: 7 070 (44.8%)

Implemented Wed Oct 24 2018

[447 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #448 [REPEALED]

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:00 pm

Right To Self-Defense [Struck out by 449 GA]
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: Nueva Rico

Description: Ashamed that this Assembly does not already guarantee or recognize the right of an individual to defend themselves and family from an imminent threat,

Cognizant that some governments deliberately oppose affording the right of self-protection in order to suppress the freedoms and liberties of the individuals and maintain a controlling presence on the populace,

Acknowledging that government services put in place to protect the lives of public and safety from harm - such as a police force - are not always readily available in a dire situation that may endanger the life of an individual and/or the lives of their family,

Hereby,

1. Defines “family” as someone related to an individual by blood, in marriage, in law, or of some substantial and tangible relationship,

2. Further defines “arms” as any weapons, munitions, or equipment designed to inflict bodily harm or physical damage, including, but not limited to, firearms, knives, explosives, etc.

3. Affirms the right to self-defense, of oneself and/or his or her family, and declares that nations are to permit and accept the exercise of this right as an affirmative defense in cases, so long as:

a) The threat poses a clear and immediate danger to the life of the individual or his or her family,

b) The force used in response is not excessive with regards to the threat of the situation presented,

4. Assures member states the right to attest the legality of the claim that a use of force was in self-defense, as according to the conditions established in Clause 3, in the court of law of the respective nation,

5. Clarifies that nothing in this resolution should be read to void, infringe, or adversely impact any other right to or regulation of arms affirmed by this Assembly, but prohibits any extant criminalization of an exercise of defensive force, either with any common object or unarmed, in self-protection,

Co-authored with Dirito-Opolis.

Votes For: 9 737 (55.9%)
Votes Against: 7 685 (44.1%)


Implemented Thu Nov 1 2018

[448 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:01 pm, edited 2 times in total.

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #449

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:00 pm

Repeal "Right To Self-Defense"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #448
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: General Assembly Resolution #448 "Right to Self-defense" (Category: Civil Rights, Area of Effect: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The World Assembly,

Observing that the GA 448 "Right to Self-defence" is overly broad,

Believing that persons suspected of breaking the law should not be permitted to employ self-defence measures against law enforcement officers acting within the realm of their duties, and

Concerned with such permission causing a rise in violence and a fall in the ability for law enforcement to apprehend criminals, hereby:

Repeals GA 448.

Votes For: 13 666 (77.8%)
Votes Against: 3 895 (22.2%)

Implemented Tue Nov 6 2018

[449 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #450

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:03 pm

Don't Kill The Poor Act
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Significant
Proposed by: The Wallenburgian World Assembly Offices

Description: Celebrating a history of protecting essential sapient rights,

Recognizing historical efforts to prohibit genocide and guarantee equal rights for the citizens of member states,

Concerned that ill-intentioned governments might engage in violence against the weakest of those under its jurisdiction,

The World Assembly hereby:

  1. Recognizes systematic or otherwise intentional and statistically disproportionate violence perpetrated against a group, forceful isolation of a group in designated areas, removal of a group from designated areas, or the forceful institution of population controls on a group as acts of genocide,

  2. Highlights that case-by-case imprisonment of, displacement of, or use of force against individuals does not target a general group, and so does not constitute genocide,

  3. Renders crimes against humanity any acts of genocide against any group on the basis of economic status or employment,

  4. Requires member states to render aid to individuals escaping genocide on the basis of their economic status or employment, and to consider such persons refugees.

Votes For: 14 051 (80.8%)
Votes Against: 3 344 (19.2%)

Implemented Wed Nov 14 2018

[450 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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General Assembly Resolution #451

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:05 pm

International Aero-Space Administration
A resolution to promote funding and the development of education and the arts.

Category: Education and Creativity
Area of Effect: Educational
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples

Description: Recognizing space as the final frontier;

Admiring the spirit of exploration and curiosity that drives us to boldly go where none have gone before;

Believing international cooperation is only way to truly develop space science research, and;

Seeking to remedy the significant shortcomings of preceding attempts,

  1. The World Assembly establishes the International Aero-Space Administration (IASA), and empowers it with the following mandate:

    1. To coordinate and publish public research in the field of space exploration, aerospace science and engineering, and other disciplines related to the pursuit of space science;

    2. To liaise with the WA Scientific Programme and coordinate the release of non-classified research and development within the disciplines of aerospace research and space exploration;

    3. To further liaise with the International Meteorological Organisation (IMO) on coordination and safety issues involved with terrestrial space launches;

    4. To provide on request both technical assistance and advisors for developing and building civilian space programs within member states by sharing technical, organizational, and administrative data with those programs to keep fledgling space programs safe and effective.

    5. To research and disseminate best management practices regarding space exploration and research safety;

    6. To act as an intermediary, upon request, for international cooperation on joint space programs.
  2. Member states must liaise with IASA, the IMO, and parallel national authorities governing airspace in foreign territory so as to coordinate flight plans to avoid conflict, collision, or other unintended risk to other spacecraft. Where reasonably practical, member states will so liaise for all nonmilitary spacecraft launched from their suborbital space which might cross into either international or foreign national airspace or territory;

  3. Member states are strongly encouraged to share their research with both other member states and IASA, for the betterment of all scientific development;

  4. The World Assembly renounces any direct authority over domestic space programs or their operations, and reserves them entirely to their respective national jurisdictions.

Votes For: 13 992 (91.2%)
Votes Against: 1 357 (8.8%)

Implemented Mon Nov 26 2018

[451 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #452

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Thu Dec 06, 2018 1:06 pm

Repeal "On Universal Jurisdiction"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #312
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: General Assembly Resolution #312 "On Universal Jurisdiction" (Category: International Security, Strength: significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: This august World Assembly,

Concerned that the target resolution requires nations to prosecute in section 3, but that the target does not also require that nations provide prosecutors with information they may have, meaning that the target sets up a prosecutorial scheme where nations may be prosecuting persons without a full accounting of the facts,

Observing that section 7 of the target resolution “[f]orbids the World Assembly from preempting a member state’s claim to universal jurisdiction under this resolution, including but not limited to through an international criminal court or a substantially similar institution”,

Seeing that this section prohibits the Assembly from establishing an international tribunal capable of actually effecting judgement for crimes against humanity and war crimes, that is, an international court that actually does things on meaningful topics,

Believing that a lack of such a court means:

  1. there are few prosecutions of war criminals and perpetrators of genocide, since (i) prosecutorial discretion exists, due to differing interpretations of section 3(c) and (ii) such criminals and perpetrators would not willingly move themselves to jurisdictions which would prosecute them and

  2. victims of war crimes and other crimes against humanity are unlikely to receive justice, as even when prosecutions occur, they will likely be in friendly jurisdictions, meaning that they will be slaps on the wrist,
Expressing its discontent at this state of affairs, where criminality of the worst degree is not punished and where the international rules-based order is unable to deter or bring justice to would-be tyrants from engaging in mass murder or other heinous crimes,

Saddened at the deaths caused by the Assembly’s inability to act and the incredible injustices that the Assembly is unable to take action to right, and

Calling for the creation of a compulsory, fair, and effective international tribunal to resolve these issues, hereby:

Repeals GA 312 "“On Universal Jurisdiction"”.

Votes For: 14 849 (87.8%)
Votes Against: 2 065 (12.2%)

Implemented Fri Nov 30 2018

[452 GA on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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General Assembly Resolution #453

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:06 pm

Preventing Groundwater Contamination
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.

Category: Environmental
Industry Affected: All Businesses - Mild
Proposed by: Wallenburg

Description: Celebrating past efforts to raise awareness of the importance of water resource conservation and protection, and to implement policies to reduce overuse and contamination of naturally occurring water resources,

Concerned that few of these efforts have addressed groundwater sources in any manner, even though underground aquifers provide the majority of water used and consumed in member states,

Noting that transboundary aquifers are very common, and the management and protection of their resources inherently represents an international issue,

Recognizing that nearly all member nations depend on aquifers for the purposes of agriculture, industry, and domestic consumption, and that a risk to the potability or usability of these essential water resources presents a risk to the prosperity and survival of countless inhabitants of member states,

Understanding that while many aquifers may be less prone to contamination than surface water sources, few technologies exist to resolve groundwater contamination after its effects become deleterious, and many shallow, consolidated, unconfined, or overexerted aquifers do not sufficiently benefit from the filtration effects of surrounding soils to prevent contamination,

Resolving to reduce contamination of vulnerable aquifers by saltwater and artificial pollutants, including pathogens, nitrates, phosphates, toxic and nuclear wastes, and artificial herbicides and pesticides,

The World Assembly hereby:

  1. Tasks the International Bureau of Water Safety with researching and consolidating information on the size, distribution, and characteristics of groundwater resources, and issuing recommendations for the protection and conservation of these resources for reliable, long-term use,

  2. Requires member states to plan future land use so that agricultural, industrial, and transportation pollutants will not present any measurable threat to the utility and potability of aquifers,

  3. Mandates the implementation of regulations to protect groundwater resources near or interacting with sinkholes and cenotes on agricultural developments, including but not limited to:

    1. The growth or construction of a physical barrier around the mouth of the sinkhole or cenote, at a distance from the edge appropriate for the conditions of the sinkhole site, in order to minimize the accumulation of pollutants within the sinkhole or cenote,

    2. Diversion of all surface runoff around or away from the sinkhole or cenote,

    3. Cessation of application of fertilizers, herbicides, or pesticides in the vicinity of the sinkhole or cenote,

    4. Restriction of all activity within the enclosed area of the sinkhole or cenote to scientific and recreational activities individually reviewed by a jurisdictional authority, determined to present no measurable threat to any groundwater system, and carried out by individuals possessing permits to perform those activities,
  4. Mandates protection of wildlife within all naturally occurring underground drainage systems, and recommends communication with the WA Endangered Species Committee for specific means by which to preserve the ecosystems contained within,

  5. Recommends that development of urban or industrial infrastructure upon evaporite formations, especially carbonates, in cases where acidic dissolution has resulted in extensive underground drainage systems, be limited as much as possible, and requires member states to institute additional limitations on industrial and agricultural activity to further prevent contamination of these particularly vulnerable aquifers,

  6. Requires all wells constructed over unconfined aquifers to undergo regular inspections for contamination of the groundwater below, and prohibits the use or disposal of potential contaminants in or nearby the opening of any such well,

  7. Requires member states to limit extraction from each aquifer to a maximum of the rate at which each aquifer is projected to saturate, and urges member states to further limit extraction from aquifers bordering saltwater fronts, so that the pressure of the freshwater column is maintained at a safe depth for long-term environmental health and reliable extraction, and so that high-density saltwater does not upcone into the freshwater column.

Votes For: 13 538 (86.1%)
Votes Against: 2 183 (13.9%)

Implemented Wed Jan 9 2019

[GA 453 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
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Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #454 [REPEALED]

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:07 pm

Debtor Voting Rights [Struck out by GA 455]
A resolution to increase democratic freedoms.

Category: Furtherment of Democracy
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: The World Assembly hereby bars member nations from invoking a person's debts as reason to deprive that person of the right to vote.

Votes For: 9 614 (57.9%)
Votes Against: 6 991 (42.1%)


Implemented Thu Jan 17 2019

[GA 454 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:13 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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General Assembly Resolution #455

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:08 pm

Repeal "Debtor Voting Rights"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #454
Proposed by: Nagatar Karumuttu Chettiar

Description: General Assembly Resolution #454 "Debtor Voting Rights" (Category: Furtherment of Democracy, Area of Effect: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly,

Acknowledging the efforts of GA Resolution #454 to prevent debts from inhibiting a citizen's right to vote,

Understanding though brevity is important in many cases, the extreme it was brought to in this resolution was counter productive,

Seeing numerous loopholes in the resolutions that more cruel states could employ, such as, but not limited to:

  • Criminalizing outstanding debt under specific conditions to imprison the individual for the duration of the voting,

  • Making outstanding debt punishable by law through a choice of forfeiture of voting rights or imprisonment,

  • Passing legislation revoking the citizenship of a citizen, and thus their right to vote if they are indebted,
Understanding that the rights of those living in autocratic nations in regards to their political rights are not addressed,

Noticing the resolution does not specify on what debtors can not be stripped of the right to vote on,

Seeing that such a loosely worded clause is open to exploitation,

Believing the World Assembly Delegation of the nation which passed the legislation could write a more conclusive piece of legislation for this issue,

Hoping that member nations will create thoughtful and articulate legislation with regards to unforeseen consequences and in consideration to the variety of member states' cultural normalities on this issue,

Wishing that in the period the legislation is active its loopholes will not be exploited at the expense of the citizenry of nations across the multiverse,

Hereby repeals GA Resolution #454.

Votes For: 10 936 (68.3%)
Votes Against: 5 079 (31.7%)

Implemented Tue Jan 22 2019

[GA 455 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:12 pm, edited 2 times in total.

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 8602
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #456

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:09 pm

Freedom To Seek Medical Care II
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: New Waldensia

Description: Believing that individuals possess an inalienable right to seek medical care of their own accord and at their own expense, above and beyond that which may be provided for them by their government or by their nation's laws,‎

Understanding that medical treatment is a complex issue and requires great care, and that health-care needs can be difficult to adequately treat without the proper resources, technology, training and expertise,

Aware that some nations do not have said resources and training available in their medical facilities, and that some diseases, conditions, and disorders occur in such limited instances that some nations have little or no experience treating them,

Concerned that some nations may be harming their citizens by mandating that they be medically treated within their own borders or by restricting access to new or experimental treatments, thus denying better treatment that may be obtained elsewhere,

Observing that there may be occasions where treatment in another nation may be preferable to a patient,

Noting that a previous version of this measure passed the General Assembly by a substantial margin, demonstrating widespread support for recognizing the freedom to seek medical care,

The General Assembly hereby:

1: Prohibits member nations from denying or restricting their citizens or permanent residents from traveling to obtain medically necessary healthcare in foreign nations at their own expense, subject to any restrictions previously imposed by the General Assembly, while allowing member nations to prohibit travel to nations involved in active armed conflict with the member nation,

2: Affirms the ability of member nations to set their own policies and restrictions regarding the in-bound travel of non-residents so long as such ordinances are in accordance with previously passed General Assembly legislation, and further declares that no member nation is required by this measure to provide medical care to non-resident medical patients above any requirements previously imposed by the General Assembly,

3: Requires that member nations respect the rights of all patients and their legal representatives,

4: Prohibits member nations from taking legal action against citizens or permanent residents who seek medical treatments or operations abroad, as long as General Assembly resolutions have not been violated,

5: Declares that patients seeking medical care or treatment under this act are financially responsible for any costs not compensated by existing laws in their home nation, and that such travel and payment must be arranged by the person(s) seeking treatment, or by their legal guardians or representation,‎

6: States that member nations are not obligated to cover future medical costs for conditions that arise after and directly result from medical treatments or operations sought at private expense by the patient under this measure,

7: Notes that member nations are not prohibited from assisting in defraying the financial cost associated with citizens or permanent residents seeking medical care under this measure.

Votes For: 8 071 (50.9%)
Votes Against: 7 772 (49.1%)

Implemented Sat Jan 26 2019

[GA 456 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 8602
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #457

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:11 pm

Defending The Rights Of Sexual And Gender Minorities
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Significant
Proposed by: Maowi

Description: HOLDING that the sexuality or gender of an individual does not make them inferior or superior to another individual of a differing sexuality or gender,

REASONING that individuals of all sexualities and genders should be granted the same civil and political rights, and

NOTING the lack of General Assembly legislation which specifically clarifies the civil and political rights of sexual and gender minorities,

The World Assembly:

A) DEFINES, for the purposes of this resolution, "civil marriage" as a legally recognised union of two or more people as partners in a personal relationship, solemnised as a civil contract with or without religious ceremony.

B) FURTHER DEFINES, for the purposes of this resolution, "marriage rights" as privileges granted to an individual solely or in part as a consequence of their civil marriage.

Hereby,

    1. REQUIRES all member nations which allow civil marriages between individuals of a certain sexuality or gender to allow civil marriages between individuals of all sexualities and genders, subject to previously passed extant World Assembly resolutions.

    2. ORDERS all member nations to provide the same civil marriage services for individuals of all sexualities and genders.

    3. COMPELS all member nations to grant the same marriage rights to civilly married individuals of all sexualities and genders.

    4. REQUIRES all member nations to apply legislation of the same scope and effect for the termination of civil marriages between individuals of all sexualities and genders.
  1. MANDATES that every member nation must grant exactly the same rights, powers, permissions and services to individuals of all sexualities and genders, subject to exactly the same qualifying conditions. Such conditions may not include the sexuality or gender of the individual(s) concerned.

  2. ORDERS all member nations to impose exactly the same sanctions or punishments on all organisations which deny any right, power, permission or service to an individual based on their sexuality or gender, as the sanctions or punishments imposed on organisations discriminating on the basis of other arbitrary, reductive criteria (such as, but not limited to, ethnicity, age and religion).

  3. MANDATES that all member nations must allow each of their citizens to choose or change their own gender, and that member nations must officially recognise and accept the individual's chosen gender.

  4. CLARIFIES that religious organizations and their internal discrimination do not fall under this resolution, and should be addressed by future legislation.

Votes For: 8 777 (54.3%)
Votes Against: 7 400 (45.7%)

Implemented Mon Feb 11 2019

[GA 457 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

User avatar
Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8602
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #458

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:12 pm

Command Responsibility
A resolution to improve world security by boosting police and military budgets.

Category: International Security
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples

Description:
Shamelessly commending the now sizable body of law intended to regulate conduct during armed conflict for the benefit of all;

Troubled that there yet exist entities that would rather ignore atrocities for their own benefit rather than act upon their moral and legal duty to prevent atrocities actively;

Appalled that there are so few protections for those subordinates ethically trapped between the duty to obey orders and the duty to obey the law; and

Avowing that commanders who permit atrocities are in such wanton dereliction of their duties as to have acquiesced to their subordinate’s heinous acts, and thus have besmirched the honor and privilege of command;

The World Assembly hereby enacts the following:

Article I. Commander Duties

  1. A “commander” is an individual with either de jure authority to control the conduct of members of an armed force, be it regular military, militia, irregular, or other form of paramilitary force, or de facto control of the same.

  2. Commanders have an affirmative duty to prevent or punish their subordinates for violating World Assembly law regulating conduct during armed conflict.

  3. Commanders are criminally liable for:

    1. ordering any act in knowing contravention of World Assembly law regarding conduct during armed conflict, or

    2. failing to take necessary action to prevent or punish subordinate violations of World Assembly law regarding conduct during armed conflict where the commander knows or has information that allows them to conclude that their subordinates were about to or had contravened those World Assembly laws.
  4. No member state may permit a commander to retain any command after a court martial determines their dereliction of the above duties, notwithstanding other criminal penalties.

  5. Nothing in this article precludes member states from independently enforcing higher military conduct standards for commanders.
Article II. Subordinate Rights and Duties

  1. A subordinate has an affirmative duty to refuse any order from any commander that is manifestly illegal under World Assembly law.

  2. A subordinate who complies with a commander’s reasonable interpretation of an arguable question of World Assembly law regarding conduct during armed conflict is not criminally liable for contravening that law, unless there is sufficient evidence that the subordinate knew or should have known that the order was unlawful.

  3. A subordinate who relies in good faith on a commander’s incorrect or misleading knowledge of a situation or other facts may raise that reliance as a partial or total defense against their contravention of World Assembly law regarding conduct during armed conflict, unless there is sufficient evidence that the subordinate knew or should have known the actual facts of the situation. Prior failures of military intelligence or situational awareness alone do not constitute sufficient evidence.

  4. No member state may penalize subordinates who refuse, in good faith, to obey an order of uncertain legality under World Assembly law regulating conduct during armed conflict, even if the order is legal in hindsight. Member states will take all prudent steps to treat evidence or investigations of a subordinate's lawful refusal under this Article as privileged information, and may not include it in a subordinate's service record.
Article III. Member State Duties

  1. Member states must routinely train and educate their military personnel about their rights and obligations under World Assembly law regarding military action.

  2. Member states must interpret the language of this resolution liberally where necessary to effectuate the policy goals of holding commanders and soldiers accountable for their actions and disincentivizing culpability in war crimes.

  3. Nothing in this resolution bars the World Assembly from defining the parameters of command responsibility for different violations of World Assembly law, provided those parameters further the goals of accountability for violation and incentives to obey international law.

Votes For: 13 019 (80.7%)
Votes Against: 3 121 (19.3%)

Implemented Mon Feb 18 2019

[GA 458 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

User avatar
Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8602
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #459

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Tue Feb 26, 2019 6:12 pm

On Tobacco And Electronic Cigarettes
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Consumer Protection
Proposed by: Cosmosplosion

Description: Understanding the wide recreational usage of tobacco and other products containing nicotine;

Recognizing the addictive nature of nicotine;

Noting the exorbitant health care costs users of tobacco products incur due to the adverse health effects associated with tobacco, which in many cases, result in the death of member nation's own citizens at a young age, and further noting that in nations with government funded health care systems, the high tax-revenue cost associated with treating these health effects;

Acknowledging the popularity and lesser health risks of electronic cigarettes as an alternative to tobacco based products;

Emphasizing that the goal of this resolution is not to prevent people from purchasing tobacco and electronic cigarette products, but to establish a set of regulations on these industries and to promote the education of the risks associated with them;

The World Assembly hereby;

  • Defines a "tobacco product" as a product containing tobacco plant for the intent of recreational consumption. These products include, but are not limited to, cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and hookah;

  • Further defines an "electronic cigarette" as a device containing a liquid that is vaporized and inhaled, used to simulate the experience of smoking tobacco;

  • Mandates that all tobacco and electronic cigarette products containing nicotine which are intended for recreational consumption must be labeled with an identifier that states, “This product contains nicotine, a chemical known to be addictive;” and must take up at least 15% of the packaging of the product. This warning should be printed in the language local to the intended marketplace;

  • Requires that tobacco products must be labelled with an identifier which states, “This product is known to cause several types of cancer and other long term, serious health problems. If you are currently pregnant, consumption is known to cause birth defects;” and must take up at least 15% of the packaging of the product. This warning should be printed in the language local to the intended marketplace;

  • Further requires that electronic cigarette products that contain a liquid intended to be vaporized must state, “Do not ingest. Keep out of reach of children and infants.” This warning must take up at least 15% of the packaging of the product. This warning should be printed in the language local to the intended marketplace;

  • Demands that member nations educate all residents on the long term effects of tobacco use, by funding informational campaigns, targeted at both minor and adult smokers, encouraging them to quit smoking or to replace tobacco products with electronic cigarettes or related products, while also funding informational campaigns targeted at non-smokers, using pictures, detailed descriptions, and/or other forms of media to demonstrate the negative effects associated with tobacco product usage;

Furthermore,

Recommends member nations establish poison control centers, which shall provide emergency control services in the event that a tobacco or electronic cigarette product is improperly ingested;

Encourages member nations to prohibit the sale of tobacco products and electronic cigarettes to minors;

Urges member nations to prohibit advertisements for tobacco products;

Further encourages member nations to consider taking further action against tobacco use, especially among minors.

Co-authored by Akohos and Courelli

Votes For: 14 396 (82.9%)
Votes Against: 2 960 (17.1%)

Implemented Fri Feb 22 2019

[GA 459 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 27 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate

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