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The Marquesan Ground Warfare Commission. (Do Not Post)

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The Marquesan Ground Warfare Commission. (Do Not Post)

Postby Marquesan » Thu Oct 15, 2020 12:59 pm


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:LTD.75U "Heirophant"
Classification:Lightweight Tank Destroyer, Unmanned
Production Sites: Ville Nuage, Republic of Havensky / Asral, Numium, Pudu / Kuznesich, IRDZ 13, Aldarminia / Viti Levu, D'Arros, Marquesan
- Specifications: -

Length, Width & Height:
5.82 Meters / 2.55 Meters / 2.30 Meters

Combat Weight:
7,500 Kilograms

Protection:
2619 Copper/Aluminum 20mm Hull Thickness, Proof to <8mm AP

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK04-3716.1S7)
380 kW Supercharged 3.7L Boxer-4 Diesel/Electric

Vehicle Power/Weight:
68 Hp/Ton

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension Characteristics:
Variable Ride Height, <450mm Ground Clearance

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
240 Millimeters

- Characteristics: -

Combat Range:
(8.1 Hours @ 70 Km/H) 570 Kilometers

On-Road Speed:
70 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
45 Km/H

Water Speed:
(Propelled by Tracks) 12 Km/H

Maximum Obstacle Height:
0.68 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
1.83 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
55%

Maximum Side-Slope:
29%

- Systems: -

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod

Commander's Sight:
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Mast-Mounted Optronics Ball

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Navigation System:"Kanaloa" TIMU
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers

- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement

- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

- Armament: -

Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
CHV.55.L83 Culverin Haute Vitesse

Caliber:
55x440mm STC (Semi-Telescoped Case)

Operation:
Long-Stroke Recoil, Gas-Assisted Blowback

Barrel Length:
4,540mm (L83) Rifled w/ Brake

Barrel Type:
CFRP Outer Recoil Sleeves, Monolithic Steel Liner (Field-Replaceable)

Weapon Weight:
1,250 Kgs incl. Magazines (Unloaded)

G7 Shell Description
4.7 Kgs Weight, 1,035 M/Sec (Mach 3.02) Muzzle Velocity

FGV Description:(Flechette Grande Vitesse)
Staballoy (3.7% Ti/Bal: DU) Finned Dart w/ Nylon Sabot

FGV Dimensions:
27mm Dia, 435mm Length, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat, 4.63 Kgs Weight

FGV Performance:
437mm (17.2") Perforation @ 1,310 M/Sec (Mach 3.82) 3,972 Kilojoules Kinetic Energy

Magazine:
Dual 60-Rd Helical Drums w/ Linkless Switching Feed

Rate of Fire:
128 Rounds per Minute (Cyclic)

Effective Firing Range:
11,400 Meters

Elevation, Depression & Traverse: -
7° to +83° / 62°/Sec

- Overview: -

The LTD.75 program stemmed from a multinational requirement for an unmanned, tracked gunnery platform that could travel with Airborne and Airmobile units into extremely austere forward operating environments. The vehicle needed to be fast enough to travel with vehicle convoys and have sufficient range to refuel at the same distances as manned vehicles. It needed to carry the high-velocity 55x440mm Culverin autocannon in a remote turret and it needed to carry a full electro-optical targeting suite. To accomplish the design requirement, Marquesan engineers utilized the latest supercomputer aided design to conduct materials stress analysis on every component. Designers applied a lightweight suspension and cable track employed without an exterior track shield to save weight and space, allowing Heirophant to be transported inside the GSU.270R2 "Strider" Gunship, or to be sling-loaded under the aircraft during flight. Heirophant uses a stealthy, low-RCS shape with sharp lines and a compact remote turret.

In most respects, the LTD.75U was built around its gun, a 55mm rifled chain gun manufactured by Culverin Automatique, a bespoke manufacturer of modern gun systems to the Forces Marquises aux Armes. The CHV.55.L83 gun is one of the most powerful chain-driven autocannons in existence, feeding two rounds per second into the receiver at its cyclic rate of fire via linkless dual feeds from 60-round helical magazine drums below the gun. 55x440mm service ammunition comes in two types, a standard HE-filled G7 ballistic standard projectile for employment against all types of air and surface targets, and a Flechette Grande Vitesse, or FGV round, which is a Staballoy (Ti/U) finned dart, optimized for perforating the armor of battle tanks up to 50 tons. The flechette leaves the cannon's muzzle at Mach 3.82; at distances of up to 1,000 meters, FGV rounds are rated to defeat armor more than 17 inches in thickness, adequate to punch through both sides of a T-72's turret from any angle, completely defeating frontal and side arcs on the T-72 series, and can punch through T-80 series armor at most angles. The high rate of fire of the gun, its high muzzle velocity and optimized ballistics make the CHV.55 a deadly, accurate cannon which is a serious threat to all but the most modern main battle tanks. The gun is stabilized by Heirophant's Active Hydromechanical Motion System, which centralizes the vehicle's hydraulic pressure systems and controls the suspension and the movement of the gun and turret with hydraulic pressure. Electrohydraulic suspension stiffens when the gun is firing from a static position, and can kneel, squat, stand or lean to either side. AHMS will automatically compensate the suspension based on driver commands and terrain, performing auto-leveling and stability adjustments 10 times per second. As a stabilized gun platform, the LTD.75U "Heirophant" is the most heavily armed, fastest unmanned ground vehicle in military service anywhere; its mission in accompanying forward-deployed infantry is to act as potent direct-fire support in confined spaces like urban environments and jungles, capable of knocking out most armored vehicles or engaging helicopters, fixed wing aircraft and drones or loitering munitions with the same gun.

Automatic control of all vehicle and weapons functions is provided by a sophisticated AoVA system provided by Aldarminian contractors. Vehicle control is accomplished typically from inside a WIC.31/8-C "Gharial" Command Vehicle, which can control squadrons of up to 10 LTD.75I "Heirophant" mobile gun platforms each. The command vehicle and its squadron of unarmed vehicles must remain within a 50 kilometer distance of each other to maintain their Ad-Hoc communications network. If the controller is dismounted infantry, each controller, moving with infantry, has complete command of all the functions of the Heirophant, using a Helmet-Mounted Display for visual functions and a ruggedized battlefield tablet to command the vehicle, using a combination of auditory and keyed commands, which the Heirophant's software package responds to with visual, auditory and haptic feedback. The Heirophant controller must remain within 10 kilometers of his vehicle, but typically, tactics dictate the controller rides on top of the tank, walks beside it, or rides in a light vehicle nearby. In many cases, the Heirophant controller will also be a Forward Observer, Pathfinder or Forward Artillery Controller, moving ahead of airmobile, airborne or infantry units, beginning operations when LTD.75U's are landed with troop elements according to the Pathfinder's directions from the ground. Heirophant is designed to stand up to small arms fire, including up to 8mm rotary guns firing armor piercing ammunition, however it is not designed to withstand heavier weapons and can be destroyed by cannonfire; however very few battlefield threats are capable of withstanding attack from the 55x440mm Culverin, nor can most vehicles move as quickly or as nimbly as the Heirophant over rough or broken terrain, over sand or through marshy, muddy ground. The exceptional mobility of the platform has made it extremely popular with Special Operations Forces in several countries, where it has already been deployed ahead of its debut on Royal Marquesan Exports.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
490,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Sat Aug 14, 2021 6:01 am, edited 23 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
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Civil Rights Lovefest

TDA.25 "Ajax"

Postby Marquesan » Fri Oct 16, 2020 7:50 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:TDA.25 "Ajax"
- Overview: -

"Project Ajax" began seeking to replace a number of wheeled and tracked platforms in service with a single, tough, modular chassis. Primary to this concern was crew survivability; isolating the gun from its magazines, the crew compartment at the far rear of the vehicle with the engine and transmission in the front, the latest generation of explosive-reactive armor and thermal camouflage and a thick, armored track shield spaced off from the hull which protects the tank destroyer from heavy fires along the vulnerable side arcs. The tank destroyer was designed from its inception to carry the extremely high-velocity 103mm L52 rifled cannon. Mounting a high pressure, high-recoil weapon of this type on a 25-ton chassis required an oscillating turret which recoils with the barrel on firing, with the action carrying behind it a 4-round ammunition cylinder which revolves into firing position allowing the tank gunner to preload and fire as many as five rounds without reloading the bustle. Carried onboard the slender turret is the commander's gun, on a remote weapon station. This is the venerable HMG15.67/2, a two-barrel machine gun chambered in the 14.9x118mm caliber. With two barrels firing from individual 500-round ammunition feeds and a combined rate-of-fire of 660 RPM, the cool-running heavy machine gun produces tight, accurate bursts of fire, and is guided by the commander's extendable optronics mast, slaved to its input. The overall shape of the turret is extremely compact, allowing the Ajax TDA to be heavily disguised in optimum ambush positions where its high-velocity, 52-caliber 103mm gun can produce lethal kills with bursts of up to four rounds in under four seconds.

The armored crew citadel is at the rear of the vehicle with the three personnel stations abreast each other, the vehicle commander in the center, driver on the left and gunner on the right, centered on the rearmost exit hatch. Forward of the the blast wall in front of the crew compartment is the vehicle's twin 24-Rd rotary magazines on either side of the turret, with rammer-feeds to bring rounds into position for loading into the bustle. A door below the turret on the vehicle's centerline conceals a feed ramp, which opens to reload the bustle, taking approximately eight (8) seconds to reload the bustle and seal the loading door. Smoke dispensers on either side of the turret base fire white and red phosphorous smoke rounds to deal with varying battlefield conditions. The forwardmost compartment houses the TDA's 8-cylinder "Boxer" engine, its supercharger, cooling systems and exhaust which exits above the right-side track, behind the track shield. A driveshaft runs through the centerline of the vehicle to an electric motor between the drive sprocket axles at the rear of the vehicle, below the ingress/egress hatch; this electric motor at the rear and the supercharged diesel engine at the front work in unison to constantly optimize power delivery and fuel efficiency, delivering a class-leading 34.6 horsepower per ton.

The TDA.25 is designed around its armor package; nearly five tons of explosive-reactive armor which are distributed in hexagonal tiles along the vehicle's frontal arc and on a field-replaceable track shield, bolted to the suspension-carrier bars to which the vehicle's suspension is bolted. In the event of an impact, the ERA tile detonates outward, disturbing the action of shaped charge jets and long-rod penetrators. Even if the shield is completely penetrated, the physical space between the armor and the vehicle's highly-sloped hull defeats even very large explosions. The track shields, when damaged, are lifted off with a crane and replaced; ERA tiles on the frontal arc can be replaced individually, as they slot into the hull so that, when installed, the tiles are flush with the surface of the armor around it. Each ERA tile is faced with an electrothermal cooling plate; together they function as thermal camouflage, making the exterior temperature of the tank match its background, which foils the action of thermal seekers and allows the TDA to ambush its targets from close ranges where its high speed and maneuverability permits shock tactics. The vehicle is fully watertight and CBRN-protected when sealed up; propelled in the water by its tracks, the Ajax TDA can swim ashore from landing ships, and can even move and fire its main gun while in the water. The TDA's active, long-travel electrohydraulic suspension fully stabilizes the vehicle under power, and permits "squat" "stand" "kneel" and "lean" maneuvers to be performed by the driver. During the testing program, Ajax TDA drivers reported tremendous flexibility in being able to deal with extremely difficult terrain conditions easily; climbing steep rocky faces and deep marshes are easily conquered by the wide, lightweight cable tracks which are self-cleaning due to the design of the sprockets and cleats. Sophisticated but mechanically simple, the type is tough, nimble, stealthy and packs heavy, MBT-like firepower in a lightweight, air-transportable package, making the "Ajax" Amphibious Tank Destroyer the current mainstay of the Marquesan Dragoons.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Amphibious Tank Destroyer

Unloaded Hull Weight:
20,000 Kilograms

Weight w/ ERA Installed:
24,800 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Hull Length & Width:
6.31 Meters / 2.10 Meters

Turret Height:
0.67 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.10 Meters / 2.97 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.53 Meters

The body of the Ajax TDA is welded from 30mm plates of 2619 aluminum/copper alloy. By itself, the hull is resistant to 15mm AP gunfire, with special attention paid to penetration and deflection angles during the vehicle's design. Insets in the hull are precisely designed to carry hexagon-shaped ERA tiles which allow them to lay flush against the hull while limiting sympathetic detonations. These tiles comprise the primary armor carried by Ajax; 4,800 kilograms overall. Track shields bolted to the vehicle's suspension carrier bars carry arrays of hundreds of ERA tiles, which protect the Ajax TDA from the belly to 4/5 of the hull height. The track shields do not interfere with the maximum depression of the FA103 cannon and provide significant protection for the most vulnerable sections of the vehicle; an oblique-angle shot, even with a heavy AP or HE round that impacts the track shield is unlikely to destroy the shield, or the vehicle behind it. When expended, the entire track shield can be lifted off as one unit and replaced as one unit in the field with no special equipment necessary besides a crane (Carried on Orcus-C Engineering vehicles) ERA provides dramatically-enhanced protection over any passive armor a vehicle in this weight class could conceivably carry; because of the high level of protection afforded to the Ajax TDA, it is capable of engaging much heavier tracked armor with its high-velocity 103mm cannon and staying in a fight against modern Main Battle Tanks.

The tank's ammunition and the autoloader compartment are blast proofed separately but accessible by the crew to perform maintenance on the gun by doors which are sealed during combat operations. All Marquesan-built vehicles use protective V-shaped blast hulls. Since vehicles need flat floorspace to be well-suited to human occupancy, this creates an interstitial space between the blast hull and the floor. Marquesan designers were quick to realize that this area is well-suited to fuel and battery storage since it would centralize the weight and mass of the vehicle, lowering its center of gravity and allow more space in the upper areas of the vehicle for human occupants and equipment, while putting fuel storage in a place where it is statistically unlikely to be damaged in combat. The V-shaped blast hull spreads blast energy away from the vehicle and therefore, the chance of a hull penetration into the interstitial space is very low. Here, separated 20-liter safety fuel cells provide mechanical separation in case of combat damage, preventing any one penetration from causing a catastrophic loss of fuel.

Construction:
Welded 2619 Aluminum 30mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <15mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
4,800 Kgs. Explosive-Reactive Armor Tiles (5-Year Replacement Interval)

Frontal Arc Protection: (Per-ERA Tile)
1,150mm RHAe against APFSDS, 1,350mm against Shaped Charges

Flank Shield Protection: (Per-ERA Tile)
950mm RHAe against APFSDS, 1,150mm against Shaped Charges

Active Protection:
Single-Layer ERA + Adaptive Thermal Camouflage (Hex Tiles) & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

Beneath each thermal camouflage plate is a single layer of CL-20 shock-insensitive high explosive sandwiched between two titanium plates. In the event the top plate is disturbed by the liquid metal jet of a shaped charge, an explosive shell round or a long-rod penetrator moving at high speed, the explosive detonates outward, disrupting the action of the hostile round and absorbing the impact rather than passing it to the vehicle hull beneath it. These Explosive Reactive Armor tiles, distributed on track shields on either side of the TDA and along its frontal arc protect the vehicle from the weapons of much larger vehicles, and permit the TDA to stay in the fight even after taking multiple direct hits, and to permit the crew a chance to escape safely even in the event of catastrophic damage. Each tile is field-replaceable individually, and tiles placed on the track shields are typically replaced with the rest of the track shield; the tiles are a universal size and fit all other Marquesan vehicles of this type, permitting interchangeability between combat vehicles and simplifying logistics.

The Mahui Mk. II active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on an Ajax ATD, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the Ajax TDA challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
660 Kilometers (9.5 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
89 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
58 Km/H

Water Speed:
13 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK08-7332.1S10)
640 kW Supercharged 7.3L Boxer-8 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 8 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
7,300cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
640 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH30/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,000cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-140 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
140 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
34.6 Hp/Ton

TDA.25's use an 8-cylinder 7.3 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 3.0L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System, which allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the tank on its own tracks, including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed on rollers in less than two hours without the use of a lift. The engine's exhaust pipes are ceramic coated internally and externally, run below the crew area to a rear exhaust diffuser, actively cooled with a fan to lower the tank's thermal signature and to lower the temperature of the crew compartment above, which is also insulated from the engine heat. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. An output shaft runs from the transmission to an electric motor at the rear of the vehicle, connected to shafts which spin the TDA's drive sprockets. This compact permanent magnet generator creates 140 kilowatts of electrical power, provides differential acceleration and normal car-like braking, and augments the power of the boxer engine by "filling in" gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Ajax class Tank Destroyers to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
380 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.36 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
0.82 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
2.4 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
50%

Maximum Side-Slope:
35%

The Amphibious Tank Destroyer's tracks are held together with braided steel cable and lightweight 4147 Chromoly cleats with aramid fiber inserts, held together by a "shark fin" track guide on each cleat. This ultralight track is field replaceable and designed to last for 6-10,000 kilometers depending on usage, and saves 90% over the weight of a traditional track. The much lighter track is far more responsive and flexible than a traditional track, guaranteed by the factory for extended use at 100 Km/H on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached to the tank destroyer's suspension and to the body of the tank. The central carrier bar is designed to hold an armor track-shield which protects the suspension, track tensioners and road wheels from enemy fire and dramatically lowers the radar cross section of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth as the track moves forward or backward. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain. Active leveling working in concert with separate real-time electrohydraulic stabilization of the main gun means that even shooting from the move at speed, Ajax Amphibious Tank Destroyers can make immediate followup shots with a high degree of accuracy. Ajax is characterized by its drivers as having a rallye-car like suspension which can respond with great agility to changing terrain at great speed; an uncommon trait for tracked armor. Ajax class tanks can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

Ajax tanks use a networked array of optical sensors for situational awareness; the Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System on the Ajax TDA uses three primary sensor pods including the Commander's Mast, which can extend up to a meter in the air to allow the tank to see above ridges or over concealing foliage. The Commander's mast is a state-of-the-art "Fornax" Optronics Ball, which houses a dual-band Mid and Long-wave Infrared sensor, a high resolution, low-light camera in the visible spectrum and a 3D Laser Scanning array, along with a laser rangefinder, laser designator and laser spot detector. These sensors are housed in a compact spherical turret which can traverse 360°in only nine seconds. The Fornax ball gives the vehicle's commander superior, high-clarity optics with a long telephoto zoom and stunning high-definition thermal or daylight modes available. In thermal mode, the dual-band infrared sensor pierces through even extremely poor atmospheric conditions like torrential rain, oil smoke or dust; this allows the Ajax tank to navigate and engage targets in conditions that would preclude the movement of other forces. The Commander's mast has a complex laser targeting suite, which allows 3D laser scanning of targets in clear weather with enhanced clarity in nighttime conditions, which can help pinpoint precise targets in highly cluttered environments, or to assess battle damage from standoff distances. With the ability to mark targets for allied missiles using encoded laser light transmissions, the Commander's dual-barrel 14.9mm Machine Gun is slaved to the inputs of the Commander's Fornax turret. The vehicle's driver has an identical "Fornax" turret, though it is not extendable, while the gunner's sight is a more compact "Auriga" Adaptive Thermal Gunsight, which is coaxially aligned with the Ajax TDA's main gun.

Turret movements are slaved to the gunner's helmet position so that looking left causes the turret to move left, upward movement causes the turret to raise elevation and so on. When a target is selected by the gunner, the fire control computer will automatically work out a ballistic solution for delivering the round to target; the gunner's crosshairs displayed on his helmet-mounted display will be black when aiming, red when reloading, green when a targeting solution is locked and a round is ready to fire. Similarly, two separate such barbettes are located high on the vehicle hull near the lower turret. These two sensors are fused and projected onto the driver's helmet mounted display; the vehicle commander's station places two screens on the command station, with his helmet screen switched off by default. Information shared between the two sensors is fed to the vehicle's onboard Battlespace Management System, called Testudo Mk. IV. Testudo integrates all the vehicle's sensors with data from the vehicle's communication system, called SANMEN. Secured Architecture Network, Multiple Exchange Nodes, or SANMEN, is a secure tactical communication system employed on all Marquesan-designed aircraft, airships, vessels, submarines, vehicles or wearable gear. The network operates on a hierarchy of secure nodes, meaning that each level of the chain of command represents a node which may communicate securely inside its own node, transmit information up the chain of command or distribute information down to lower hierarchies. Each node has access to its own information and the information of the node below it, allowing tactical communication to be distributed effectively both up and down the chain of command. This allows driver, vehicle commander and gunner to also see information sent by their command, such as coordinate-referenced driving directions to waypoints, patrol checkpoints, and the positions of friendly forces clearly marked. The vehicle, as all Marquesan-built vehicles do, uses a Timing and Inertial Measurement Unit for geolocation called "Kanaloa." The TIMU combines three Hemispherical Resonator Gyroscopes, (HRG) three accelerometers and a resonator in an extremely compact package with the missile's "SparkRED" single-chip computer. These are housed in a dustproof, waterproof, fully-ruggedized and extensively radiation-hardened unit. The TIMU is insensitive to vibrations, accelerations and shocks, consumes very little power and the completed unit measures 50 cubic millimeters. The Kanaloa system is a GPS-independent guidance system which maintains pinpoint accuracy and only requires external reference data for initial startup or if the vehicle is transported with the electrical systems switched off. The system has a nearly unmeasurable drift; Active Self-Calibration uses periodic internal error correction to eliminate the positioning error inherent in commonly used inertial guidance systems without requiring a satellite link. Kanaloa TIMU does not require periodic re-calibration and may operate autonomously even in communications-denied environments.

- Variants: -

Ajax-A, Tank Destroyer
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
FA103.L52.R4 Stabilized Autoloading Rifle

Caliber:
103x710mm Telescoped Combustible-Case Auto Rifle "TCAR103"

Assembled Mass:
2,280 Kgs (Including Magazines & Hydraulics)

Rifled Length:
5,360mm, (52 Calibers) 13 Grooves, 1:2,800mm

Ballistics:
0.375 Drag Coefficient, 2.57 Stability Factor, 36,000 RPM @ Muzzle

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 48-Rd. Helical Drums w/ Linkless Feeds

Rate Of Fire, 4-Round Burst:
64 Rds. per Minute (Actual)

Rate Of Fire, Semiautomatic:
51 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Point Target Engagement Distance:
7,910 Meters

Area Target Engagement Distance:
16,030 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.45 Milliradians (7.2 Meters @ ATED)

HE Ammunition:
G7 Ballistic Profile, Semi-Armor Piercing Cap & Multi-Mode Fuze, 9.33 Kgs, 103x436mm

HE Performance:
1,021 M/Sec (Mach 2.98) @ Muzzle / 57.15 kJ Muzzle Energy + 23.42 MJ Chemical Energy

FGV Ammunition:
34.33mm Dia, 600mm Length, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat, 10.57 Kgs Weight (Staballoy, 3.7% Ti/Bal: DU)

FGV Performance:
762mm (30") Perforation @ 1,800 M/Sec, (Mach 5.24) 17,123.4 Kilojoules Kinetic Energy

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
-27° to +27° / 360° in 5.8 Sec @ 62°/Sec

Commander's Gun:(Remote-Mounted Turret)
FA22.L82.C2R Chain-Driven Autocannon

Caliber:
22x140mm Unitary Case "TCAR.22"

Assembled Mass:
96.43 Kilograms (Including Helical Drums & Feeds)

Rifled Length:
1,804mm (82 Calibers) w/ Muzzle Brake

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 600-Rd. Helical Drums & Linkless Feeds

Type-A - TCAR.22-HEIT:
98 g (Thin-Wall, 70 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Type-B - TCAR-22-HEIAP:
160 g (Semi-Armor Piercing Ballistic Cap, 20 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Select-Fire Operation:
Fully Automatic, 2 Sec/Low-Speed & 3 Sec/High-Speed Limiters

Arrested Burst:
16 Rds, 2 Sec @ 490 RPM (Half-Speed)

Targeted Burst:
48 Rounds, 3 Sec @ 980 RPM (Cyclic Rate-of-Fire)

Muzzle Velocity:
1,125 M/Sec (Mach 3.28)

High Speed Targets Engagement Distance:
2,000 Meters

Point Target Engagement Distance:
4,900 Meters

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
−11° to +80° / Power-Assist Traverse, 360° @ 90°/Sec

Ajax-A Tank Destroyers carry a high-velocity rifled autocannon, chambered for telescoped caseless 103mm ammunition. The gun is an electro-hydraulically operated autoloading direct-fire gun, optimized for delivering a very high speed, ballistically-optimized round, which develops very high kinetic energy for its small size. TCAR103-FGV (Flechette Grande Vitesse, or High-Speed Dart) service ammunition has an extremely high muzzle velocity of 1,800 meters per second; combined with the round's high dynamic stability and optimized ballistics, this translates to a highly accurate, flat-shooting weapon. The cannon's service ammunition produces sufficient kinetic energy to penetrate the frontal arc of a modern Main Battle Tank out to 8 kilometers distance, and is likely powerful enough even out to a range of 16 kilometers to mission kill tracked armor. The 52-caliber barrel is vibration-dampened and actively cooled along its entire length; the barrel, upper receiver with its automatically-loading ammunition cylinder and upper turret recoil together when the weapon is fired.

The gun has a four-round revolving ammunition cylinder which is fed by a hydraulic autoloader from ammunition stored in a pair of drum magazines housed in the Tank Destroyer's body. The gun can be fired in semiautomatic mode with the gun reloading after all cylinders have been exhausted in single shots, or in burst mode, in which the weapon will operate at a higher rate of fire until the cylinder is exhausted. The gun must be locked in the forward position to reload the cylinder; in burst fire mode, this occurs automatically with the gun returning to its last position automatically after reloading without gunner input. In semiautomatic fire mode, the gun must be commanded to reload. Ammunition is stored in two horizontally-oriented helical carousels holding 36 rounds each, sitting directly below the turret in a monolithic armored compartment. The magazines are reloadable via separate ramp doors near the turret. Ammunition loading is selectable by the gunner from either ammunition type; individual loadout will depend on the mission profile. When the gun is reloaded, a hydraulic arm pushes a round into the autoloader where it is guided into the cannon's four-round cylinder. The next round is pushed automatically into loading position once the elevator arm retracts; this operation takes roughly a second to complete for each round, so a full salvo reload takes 5 seconds to complete.

TCAR103 ammunition uses a combustible case, as all other large-caliber Marquesan cannons do, ejecting the baseplate of each spent round from a small opening in the rear of the turret. With either ammunition type, the projectile or dart and nylon sabot is almost completely encased in the propellant block, with a high-sensitivity explosive primer centered in a metal baseplate, In the event of an incomplete ignition, the primer charge has sufficient energy to propel the round clear of the barrel; unburned propellant will be ejected from the cylinder pneumatically to clear the gun in such case. Because the entire round is consumed in firing without the use of a metallic casing or silk powder bags as in traditional artillery, it is considerably lighter and smaller in size than conventional ammuniton, meaning that additional rounds can be stored. The TCAR103-FGV ammunition encases a depleted uranium dart in a nylon sabot with a bearing ring that allows it to transit the rifled barrel without imparting spin. The dart round has incredible velocity leaving the muzzle; its extremely flat trajectory at Mach 5.24 means that engagements at less than eight kilometers distance are conducted with pinpoint accuracy. A high explosive round, TCAR103-SAP uses a Semi-Armor Piercing cap which helps the round penetrate reinforced concrete or bury itself deeply (for example, under a runway or in the interior of a naval vessel) before detonating with lethal effect. The primary filler is 3.1 kilograms of Beryllium-Enhanced CL-20 explosive, which produces a high-temperature concussive blast and incendiary effect.

The simple, combustible-case ammuniton facilitates rapid loading; because ammunition is stored inside the tank and the entire gun and its action are external to and decoupled from the tank, the turret can be much smaller and lighter, facilitating gun stabilization. The tank's barrel is a steel and carbon fiber two-piece composite design, with a quick-change high alloy steel insert which can be changed out when worn out without replacing the entire barrel. The carbon fiber shell provides strength and rigidity to the extremely light "pencil" barrel inside. The high temperature epoxy used on these barrels dampens vibrations, which produces higher accuracy. The composite barrel shell contains cooling channels through which hydraulic fluid is circulated, cooling the barrel. This entire assembly recoils as one rigid piece along with the armored mantlet and action. A trunnion joins the upper and lower turret; elevation or depression of the gun is achieved by tilting the entire upper turret up to +45° or -15°, while traverse is achieved by rotating the lower turret. The gun's massive recoil energy is absorbed by the hydraulic damper/actuators that operate the upper turret, integrated in the oscillating portion of the turret. The gun is stabilized along both axes in real time by its electro-hydraulic gun laying drives, the weapon has been extensively field tested firing both from static positions and while in motion. The lightweight turret is considerably more maneuverable than a traditional manned turret, so traverse of the turret can occur while in motion at up to 30° per second while training the gun on a point target. The Ajax chassis provides an extremely smooth and stable platform for the type's high-velocity FA103 Rifled Autocannon. The gun is stabilized independently of the chassis on both axes by full-time active electrohydraulic motors, providing real time gun laying for ballistic firing solutions based on atmospheric condition telemetry and the vehicle's onboard gun computer. All this dramatically reduces firing errors to produce a very accurate gun, even while the vehicle is in motion.

Ajax-B, Mortar Carrier
Main Gun:(Low-Observable Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
1x MRA14.L20.R4 144mm Gun-Mortar

Ammunition:
1x 24-rd Helical Magazine, 4-Rd. Revolving Cylinder

Cyclic Rate-Of-Fire:
68 Rounds Per Minute

Elevation Range:
-11°/ +82°

Maximum Range:
9,000 Meters

Guidance:
Passive/Active Laser Homing

Muzzle Velocity:
387 M/Sec (Mach 1.13)

Terminal Performance:
258.91 Megajoules; 3.0 MPa Pressure @ 1,530° C

The Ajax-B Mortar Carrier uses the versatile, stable Ajax Tank Destroyer chassis to mount an extremely powerful 144mm Gun-Mortar. In place of the FA103's oscillating turret, a small enclosed turret houses the base of the mortar and its autoloading cylinder. The MRA14 may fire four rounds without reloading; the high cyclic rate-of-fire and large supersonic mortar projectile produce a very long unassisted range of 9,000 meters, delivering a massive laser-guided 44.07 kilogram Fuel Air Explosive round which airbursts above its target, releasing an enormous heat and pressure wave. The 144mm mortar is highly effective against light armored vehicles, infantry and fortifications or buildings. The large warhead and high pressure generate enormous recoil and muzzle blast; an Ajax-B carries 24 rounds in its magazine plus its four-round cylinder, which gives the variant great utility in high-intensity combat where its indirect or direct-fire operation make it a fearsome weapon for close artillery support.

Real World Comparison - - 2S25 Sprut SD vs. Ajax-A: Ajax is 5 tons heavier than Sprut with its spaced armor plating installed, but without it is the same weight as the 2S25 chassis. Sprut is 0.7 meters longer, nearly identical in overall width, both tanks carry a 3-person crew. Sprut uses a welded steel monocoque construction, where Ajax uses a hard aluminum/copper alloy for its hull with hexagon-shaped, field-replaceable Explosive Reactive Armor plates faced with thermal camouflage tiles dispersed along its frontal arc and carried on track shields which can be lifted off as one piece and replaced quickly in forward operating bases. Ajax has nearly twice the horsepower of the 2S25, and a higher overall horsepower/ ton (34.6 vs 28.3) ratio, leading to higher speeds and better acceleration with the lighter stronger Ajax cable tracks vs the rubber tracks on Sprut. Both use adjustable suspension, but Sprut's is hydropneumatic where Ajax is electrohydraulic, with finer control and better ride quality. The FA103 stabilized gun on Ajax is a narrower bore than the Sprut anti-tank gun by 22mm, the much larger Sprut cannon has higher recoil and a slower rate of fire, with fewer rounds carried. Some of the most recently-produced finned dart rounds for the Sprut gun, the 3VBM23 "Svinets-2" round have similar muzzle velocity to the Marquesan FA103 gun, which fires with a greater muzzle energy by roughly 1,000 kilojoules. The very high recoil, high-velocity Marquesan gun has a longer effective firing range than the 125mm smoothbore due to rifling-stabilized ammunition optimized for high speeds and long standoff distances, where the Sprut cannon is intended for closer engagements where its less ballistically-efficient ammunition retains more of its muzzle velocity.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
4,500,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Tue Sep 07, 2021 6:45 am, edited 34 times in total.
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AWC.40 "Orcus"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:21 am


Image
Image

Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:AWC.40 "Orcus"
- Overview: -

The AWC (Armored Weapons Carrier) Development Programme for the Forces Marquises aux Armes was tasked with developing a highly-survivable tracked infantry fighting vehicle with a multi-mission bay that can house infantry, engineering equipment, or hydraulics and ammunition carriages for the Orcus-B, Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun. The final design, classified as the AWC.40 "Orcus" is 32.5 tons empty and 40 tons with Explosive Reactive Armor installed. This vehicle, much like the lighter 25-ton "Ajax" Tank Destroyer, is designed to carry ERA, however Orcus carries it along its entire frontal arc and upper hull; the hexagon shaped tiles are inset in pockets on the hull that allow them to lay flush; however Orcus uses a thicker Titanium hull instead of Aluminum/Copper as Ajax does. A pair of spaced track shields are carried on the suspension bars that reinforce the vehicle's suspension; these house hundreds of spaced armor panels. This design is intended to defeat even heavy bombardment from large-caliber cannons and oblique shots from long-rod penetrators fired from modern battle tanks. The heavy armor of the AWC.40 combined with thermal camouflage tiles laid on the face of every ERA tile and laser defenses against guided missiles and rocket propelled grenades make Orcus extremely tough. A front-mounted Boxer-10 supercharged engine in a hybrid powertrain drives the rear sprockets with an electric motor, the two joined via a driveshaft running the length of the vehicle below its interior floor. The crew citadel is in the center of the vehicle, and a modular, multi-mission area at the rear can be configured to carry a 10-man Infantry squad, the CHV.55 autocannon and reloads for missiles with an air defense radar controlled by the gunner, or engineering equipment and crew. A rear Ingress/Egress hatch and individual hatches for Driver, Commander and Gunner provide access to the interior of the vehicle from the top and the rear of the vehicle for its crew and passengers.

Variant-A's slim turret contains a powerful 38mm chain-driven autocannon, fire control optics and houses launchers for four (4) ATW.130R3 "Partizan" Hypersonic Wire-Guided Missiles. Variant-B carries the versatile 55mm Culverin Autocannon and two 7-round reloadable pods for MHL.201R2 "Fire Lance" missiles. The radar-guided Fire Lance relies on a low-power, close-range radar housed on the upper turret of the Orcus-B for guidance, using passive radar homing. The Fire Lance missile has a very short range of 6,900 meters, however it utilizes the latest in high-impulse smokeless rocket technology, and reaches its maximum range in only seven seconds boost time. At 960 meters per second, the Fire Lance homes in on its target, packing a powerful shaped charge warhead capable of penetrating up to 450mm of armor with its liquid tantalum jet. Almost any point in an aircraft such a missile might impact is likely to destroy it; the missile also has great utility against moderately armored ground targets, with impacts inside a 500mm circle at the missile's maximum range. Additionally, the 11.4 kilometer maximum range of the 55mm gun means that multiple threats can be engaged simultaneously by the Orcus-B on ground and air.

The crew cabin is a separately armored citadel inside the vehicle above the bottom-accessible engine compartment, with all mechanical systems outside the crew area. AWC.40 uses a high speed lightweight tensioned-track system which keeps the vehicle's tracks running along their guides even over large terrain features. The vehicle's high thrust-to-weight ratio, active hydromechanical motion control system and rugged construction make it an exceptionally capable platform for covering great distances overland. The vehicle carries its batteries and fuel in the V-shaped blast hull below the vehicle's floor. The large mission compartment behind the crew area is separated from the Crew Citadel by a monolithic blast wall accessible with a heavily reinforced door; a wide variety of mission packs can be fitted in the modular bay with hookups for vehicle power, hydraulic cooling and electronics along with secure bosses to accept mounting hardware built into the floor, ceiling and walls. In most layouts, the mission area houses ammunition and machinery for missiles and guns, however specialist engineering equipment can also easily be carried. The hull shape is modeled to be comparatively wide, with a high clearance to the ground and long; the low radar cross-section of the AWC, active protection suite and thermal camouflage make these vehicles exceptionally difficult to detect when stationary and challenging to track while in motion. Orcus is exceptionally well protected for its weight; a combination of ERA with spaced track shields and an all-welded titanium hull produces a very low percentage of successful vehicle kills even in the most punishing live-fire testing. The crew compartment's secondary internal armor and the vehicle's general layout all but eliminates the likelihood of human casualties even in situations where the ammunition magazine undergoes uncontrolled detonation, with outer doors designed to open outward and blowout panels behind the track shield.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Armored Weapons Carrier

Unloaded Hull Weight:
32,500 Kilograms

Weight w/ Armor:
40,300 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Infantry:
10 (Var. A Only)

Hull Length:
7.22 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.33 Meters / 2.78 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.45 Meters

AWC.40's hull is an all-welded construction using 85mm thickness mm plates of Grade-12 titanium alloy, containing small percentages of iron, molybdenum and nickel. While roughly four times as expensive to produce as a steel hull, the titanium alloy is 40% stronger than steel for the same mass; the hull is naturally corrosion-resistant and an excellent conductor of heat, reducing the overall thermal signature of the tank by cooling rapidly. The crew sits reclined in a monolithic armored citadel inside the tank, with all electrical and mechanical systems running outside the crew area. The flat Boxer-10 engine with its supercharger and 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox sits forward of the crew positions, it is accessible by a quick-release panel on the V-shaped blast hull below it. Direct fuel injection into the engine's cylinders and a dry sump pressurized oil system allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the tank on its tracks, including changing oil and glow plugs or even replacing the powerplant which is packaged as a single unit, facilitating rapid repairs. The engine's exhaust pipes run outside the crew area entirely, exiting via an exhaust diffuser in the sloped overhang above the right side track; the diffuser is blown with fans cycling air through the vehicle's top-mounted radiators, masking the thermal signature of the vehicle and minimizing blown dust in sandy environments. The crew citadel places Driver, Commander and Gunner abreast of each other in a separate titanium enclosure with all life support systems and backups internal to the citadel, which is airtight and NBC-protected when sealed. Ingress and egress is through top hatches, or a rear hatch into the multimission area; the interior cabin is sound and vibration-deadened with a continuous OLED screen in front of the crew positions which gives each position separate controls and screen layouts.

All Marquesan-built vehicles use protective V-shaped blast hulls. Since vehicles need flat floorspace to be well-suited to human occupancy, this creates an interstitial space between the blast hull and the floor. Marquesan designers were quick to realize that this area is ideal for fuel and battery storage since it centralizes the weight and mass of the vehicle, lowering its center of gravity and allow more space in the upper areas of the vehicle for human occupants and equipment, while putting fuel storage in a place where it is statistically unlikely to be damaged in combat. The V-shaped blast hull spreads blast energy away from the vehicle and therefore, the chance of a hull penetration into the interstitial space is very low. Here, separated 20-liter safety fuel cells provide mechanical separation in case of combat damage, preventing any one penetration from causing a catastrophic loss of fuel.

Construction:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 50mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <20mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
7,800 Kgs. Explosive-Reactive Armor Tiles (5-Year Replacement Interval)

Frontal Arc & Upper Hull Protection: (Per-ERA Tile)
1,150mm RHAe against APFSDS, 1,350mm against Shaped Charges

Flank Shield Protection: (Per-ERA Tile)
950mm RHAe against APFSDS, 1,150mm against Shaped Charges

Active Protection:
Single-Layer ERA + Adaptive Thermal Camouflage (Hex Tiles) & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on an Orcus, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the Orcus challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
680 Kilometers (9.7 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
82 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
53 Km/H

Water Speed:
12 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK10-9240.1S10)
790 kW Supercharged 8.68L Boxer-10 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 10 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
8,680cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
790 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH36/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,600cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
40 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-180 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
180 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
26.3 Hp/Ton

AWC.40 "Orcus" armored vehicles use a 10-cylinder, 8.68 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 180 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Orcus' to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
500 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.1 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
0.95 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
2.3 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
39%

AWC.40 tracks use hardened 4147 Chromoly steel cleats and aramid fiber inserts joined by braided steel cable to make up a track, held in place by a track guide system with a "shark fin" attached to each cleat to ensure that the cleat stays true to the guides. Each cleat weighs 0.9 kilograms, an overall weight savings of 90% on the track system over traditional tank tracks. The lightweight tracks are long wearing, responsive and more flexible; such tracks are guaranteed by the factory for 100 Km/H speeds on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached rigidly to the tank body. This carrier bar is armored and carries a low-RCS titanium "shield" on the outside and a curved spaced steel armor plate over it to shield the suspension components from hostile fires and to decrease the overall radar signature of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

The vehicle is propelled either forward or backward by its rear drive sprockets. The sprocket is attached rigidly to a solid chromoly steel axle with deep-cut hardened splines rated to 2,000 Kilowatts. The axle is connected by a spinning steel driveshaft to the output of the AWC's front-engine Boxer-10 hybrid powerplant. Braking is accomplished with a dry clutch system using a closed differential ring and pinion to apply force to an axle-spline adapter, in turn applying force to the clutch rotor which uses hydraulic pressure to actuate the caliper. This gives a very normal "car-like" braking feel to the driver, who uses a hand throttle and joystick to direct the vehicle. Computer control applies braking force and throttles the engine according to driver input, using differential braking and torque biasing to change directions according to throttle and stick positions. Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain.

Active leveling allows the AWC.40 to maintain a comfortable, smooth ride for the crew even over the rougest terrain or at speed. Realtime control of the electrohydraulic suspension system allows for great agility and also for smoothness; AWC.40's can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

AWC.40 class vehicles utilize a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the Orcus itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The Auriga gunsight is mounted to either of the weapon systems carried on the AWC.40, providing high-definition, all weather thermal optics and laser rangefinding.

- Variants: -

Orcus-A, Cavalry Fighting Vehicle
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
1x FA38.L85.C8S Chain-Driven Autocannon

Caliber:
38x290mm Telescoped Combustible-Case Auto Rifle "TCAR38"

Assembled Mass:
500 Kilograms (Including Helical Drums & Feeds)

Rifled Length:
3,230mm (85 Calibers)

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 240-Rd. Helical Magazines & Linkless Feeds

HEIAP Shell Weight:
524 g (Semi-Armor Piercing Ballistic Cap, 120 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

HEIT Shell Weight:
321 g (Thin-Wall, 230 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Select-Fire Operation:
480 RPM Cyclic, Fully Automatic w/ 2-Sec (16-Rd) & 4-Sec (32-Rd) Limiters

Muzzle Velocity:
1,220 M/Sec (Mach 3.56)

Point Target Distance:
3.2 Kilometers

Area Target Distance:
9.8 Kilometers

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
-10° to +80° / 86°/Sec

Missile Armament:(Box Launchers, Movable Armature)
4x ATW.130R3-A "Partizan-A" Wire-Guided Anti-Tank Missiles

Rocket Dimensions:
24.33 Kgs (53.6 Lbs) Weight, 1.82m (5'11") Length, 140mm (5.51") Diameter

Rocket Propulsion:
Smokeless High-Impulse Vectored Rocket Aerospike, (SHIVRA) 5.5 Sec to FTD*, 2,250 M/Sec (Mach 6.56)

Range & Accuracy:
6,300m, (Moving Target Distance) 11,300m, (Fixed Target Distance*) 200mm Circular Error Probable

Operative Method:
Top-Attack; Fiber-Optic Cable Guidance, 12,000m Reel & Gimballed Thrust

Warhead, Type-A:
Monolithic, Staballoy (DU/Ti) 5.00 Kgs

Kinetic Warhead Description:
930mm Length, 60mm Dia, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat

Type-A Armor Perforation:
1,260mm @ 2,250 M/Sec (12.656 MJ, Kinetic Energy)

The Orcus-A Cavalry Fighting Vehicle is the basic model of the highly versatile AWC.40 series. These vehicles are highly mobile tracked armor designed with a large modular mission bay in the rear of the vehicle capable of accommodating a wide variety of weapons and equipment. The A-Variant CFV has 10 vibration-dampened seats, 5 on each side facing inward. Seatbacks can be folded down to make room for stretchers and medical equipment. Primary armament of the CFV is the versatile and deadly 38x290mm Chain-Driven Autocannon. The weapon's moderate cyclic rate of fire with 16 and 32 round limiters permits the gunner to engage point targets at more than three kilometers and area targets can be engaged at nearly ten. The gun has dual feeds, for a lightweight, thin-wall shell containing a very large high explosive charge, or a heavier armor-piercing shell with a delay fuse, designed to punch through armor or concrete before detonating. HEIT shells are useful for assault against drones, materiel targets such as fuel or ammunition dumps, personnel in the open, and destruction of light vehicles or other such targets. HEIAP shells can be used to knock out most armored vehicles up through the Orcus-B's own weight class; using tight, controlled bursts of automatic shellfire against vehicles, buildings and hardened targets, the versatile 38mm autocannon is accurate against point targets at up to 3 kilometers and against fixed targets at almost 10 kilometers. The hydraulically-stabilized mount allows firing on the move, and high-definition optics permit engagement of targets night or day and even in foul weather or the presence of battlefield obscurants like smoke or dust.

The missile armament of the Orcus-A is a pack of four Partizan-A Hypersonic Anti-Tank Missiles, which can be engaged by either Gunner or Tank Commander. Firing upward at a 45° angle at the moment of engagement, the wire-guided Partizan climbs for the first second of boost before using its vectored-thrust aerospike engine to level off. The missile is guided via an ultra-thin fiber optic filament transmitting data from the Orcus-A's optical targeting systems, which permit extreme accuracy with the missile, attacking moving targets out to 6,300 meters nearly instantaneously, and fixed targets out to 11 kilometers. The missile accelerates at 100 g for 5.5 seconds; in its terminal phase, the missile attacks at a downward angle, intended to strike the top armor of armored vehicles at a roughly 45° angle with the missile's flight apogee occurring midway between launcher and target, with targeting carried out automatically based on a targeting solution performed at the moment the firing sequence is initiated. The Partizan-A's depleted uranium long-rod penetrator, identical to an APFSDS round for a tank, is housed within the missile's body, and strikes the armored surface at 2.25 kilometers per second, or just above Mach 6.5, to devastating effect against armor less than four feet, or 1,260mm in thickness. Fast and deadly, the Partizan-A is capable of knocking out the most powerful and modern MBT's due to the angle it strikes the target at, firing with a tremendous blast away from the Orcus-A and skewering its target from the top down in a matter of moments. At standard combat ranges, the engagement occurs nearly instantaneously; in low light conditions, the missile's tip glows white-hot due to the air resistance at hypersonic speeds, and is visible throughout the course of its flight, making a distinctive "tearing" sound during flight.

Orcus-B, Mobile Area Defense System
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
CHV.55.L83 Culverin Haute Vitesse

Caliber:
55x440mm STC (Semi-Telescoped Case)

Operation:
Long-Stroke Recoil, Gas-Assisted Blowback

Barrel Length:
4,540mm (L83) Rifled w/ Brake

Barrel Type:
CFRP Outer Recoil Sleeves, Monolithic Steel Liner (Field-Replaceable)

Weapon Weight:
1,250 Kgs incl. Magazines (Unloaded)

HEDP Shell Description
Prefragmanted Steel, 3.00 Kgs CL-20/HMX Filler, 4.7 Kgs Overall Weight, 1,035 M/Sec (Mach 3.02) Muzzle Velocity

FGV Description:(Flechette Grande Vitesse)
Staballoy (3.7% Ti/Bal: DU) Finned Dart w/ Nylon Sabot

FGV Dimensions:
27mm Dia, 435mm Length, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat, 4.63 Kgs Weight

FGV Performance:
437mm (17.2") Perforation @ 1,310 M/Sec (Mach 3.82) 3,972 Kilojoules Kinetic Energy

Magazine:
Dual 60-Rd Helical Drums w/ Linkless Switching Feed

Rate of Fire:
128 Rounds per Minute (Cyclic)

Effective Firing Range:
11,400 Meters

Elevation, Depression & Traverse: -
7° to +83° / 62°/Sec

Missile Armament:(2x Detachable 7-Rd Pods, Turret-Mounted)
MHL.201R2 "Fire Lance" Multirole Radar-Homing Missile, Lightweight

Missile Dimensions:
18.58 Kgs (41 Lbs) Weight, 1.61m (5'4") Length, 80mm (3.1") Diameter, 8x 75mm (2.95") Folding Wings

Missile Propulsion:
Solid-Fueled Rocket Aerospike, 7.18 Seconds to Burnout, 960 M/Sec (Mach 2.80)

Operation Envelope:
6,900m (4.3 Mi) Range, 3,860m (12,700 Ft) Max Climb @ 537 M/Sec (Mach 1.57), 9g Maneuvering

Launch Method:
Crew-Served Portable Launchers (CSPL) / 11-Rd Reloadable Launch Pods

Missile Guidance:
Inertial Guidance + Inverse Monopulse Semi-Active Radar Homing (SARH)

Warhead Configuration:
75mm (2.95") Self-Forging Ta Fragment, 2.92 Kgs (6.44 Lbs) CL-20/HMX

Terminal Performance:
450mm (17.7") Armor Penetration, 500mm (19.7") Circular Error Probable

Fire Control Radar:
APAx2.250R "Rigel" Active Electronically Scanned Array

Classification:
Air/Ground 3D Targeting Radar, 2-Beam Processing, 70°/Sec Rotation

Operation Mode:
X-Band AESA, 250W ERP, 30 Hz Update Speed

Design Spec:
60,000 Meters Detection Range, 400 Simultaneous Tracks

Notes:
Lightweight/Compact, High Clutter Suppression

The Orcus-B "MADS" mounts the versatile Culverin Haute Vitesse, 55mm autocannon. The 83-caliber barrel with muzzle brake is actively cooled along its entire length, and fires two types of ammunition from hydraulically-operated feeds with separate magazines that underhang the turret ring and traverse with the gun. 55.STC-FGV Ammunition, or Flechette Grande Vitesse carries a Depleted Uranium dart and nylon sabot, which leaves the muzzle at 1.3 Km/Sec and is effective against Main Battle Tanks of T-72 or T-84 class or can be used to engage hardened bunkers. The 55.STC-HEDP ammunition type fires a fairly conventional steel prefragmented shell with programmable multi-mode fuze; this shell carries 3 kilograms of high explosive, which is effective against buildings, drones, low-flying aircraft, materiel targets, infantry in the open or in trenches, it is accurate, versatile and deadly. The gun is intended in this role for engagement of flying targets such as cruise missiles, drones, fast-moving fixed wing combat aircraft or hovering helicopters, however the utility of the cannon and ammunition permit engagment of ground targets as well.

Additional to the powerful CHV.55, Orcus-B MADS carry fourteen MHL.201R2 Fire Lance missiles in 7-round detachable pods. The Fire Lance carries a high-power shaped charge warhead and a three-color thermal seeker that allows the MADS gunner to engage ground or air targets with the Fire Lance. A storage compartment at the rear of the vehicle carries an additional two pods, giving each Orcus-B an outstanding 28 shots for the Fire Lance without needing a resupply. The versatile high-capacity MADS system combined with the tough and agile Orcus platform can move with the fastest forward elements and are produced in large numbers. They are equally suited to defending against formations of armored vehicles or enemy helicopters, stealthy latest-generation fighters or supersonic cruise missiles with an onboard APAx.250R "Rigel" Fire Control Radar. The Rigel radar is a highly advanced, low-power X-Band Radar, which produces up to 400 simultaneous tracks in sky-scanning doppler mode or can produce detailed radar images in ground attack mode; this allows the Orcus-B to attack ground and air targets with equal efficiency. The 250 Watt X-Band radar updates at 30 Hz, simultaneously scanning vertical and horizontal bands electronically as the set rotates physically. Stealthy, low-RCS targets can be detected by the Orcus at a maximum range of 60 kilometers, permitting a network of distributed MADS vehicles to produce a cohesive, networked air defense. Fire Lance missiles can be fired before locking on and can detect a maneuvering target at greater than 14 kilometers and are optimized for pop-up targets like helicopters which are often armored; the MHL.201 missile is designed to defeat these targets with a high-power shaped charge warhead and an inverse monopulse radar seeker with a CEP of 0.5 meters.

Orcus-C, Engineering Breacher/Recovery Vehicle
Orcus-C EBRV's delete the weapons turret and its mounting ring, replacing it with a 50-ton rated hydraulic arm, which can be fitted either as a crane or with an excavator bucket. When not required, the hydraulic arm lays along the right side of the hull. EBRV's carry a full suite of plasma-arc welding equipment, a 20-kilowatt, 500 liter pneumatic compressor and a full suite of combat tools. A crew of three mechanics is carried in the AWC.40C along with its three man crew. A 50-ton front winch with 180m of cable and a 45-ton rear winch with 160m of cable help the EBRV to tow heavy vehicles. A 3.5m bulldozer blade is fitted to the front of the vehicle, attached by hydraulic armatures which allow the blade to move and tilt. The blade is a heavy steel mine-clearing plow, sloped to either side and curved inward at the top with hardened steel digging spikes at the bottom. This blade design either detonates mines on contact or flips them over and off to either side, providing a clear path for following vehicles. With a mine clearing blade, a single Orcus-C can provide a clear and partially leveled lane wide enough for the widest Marquesan-designed armored vehicles that is free of mines. The mine clearing plow's armor steel spikes can extend as much as 40cm into the dirt to prevent deeply-buried anti-tank mines from escaping the plow. The thick face-hardened HY150 armor steel used for the blade is so heavily reinforced that it is considered to be proofed against even direct hits from large bore artillery-class cannons. The -shaped blade is extremely useful for punching through battlefield obstructions and clearing debris, objects such as vehicles, earthworks, etc. The excellent thrust-to-weight ratio of the Orcus platform ensures that the vehicle has adequate power for pushing through difficult or rocky ground. . The steel blade acts as additional protection for the vehicle's frontal arc in this role, affording some extra security to lighter Orcus tracked armor when engaged in combat with heavier foreign-built vehicles.

Real World Comparison - - 2k22 Tunguska vs. Orcus-B MADS: Orcus-B weighs 3 tons less than Tunguska without its ERA installed and just over 5 more than Tunguska in combat configuration; Orcus-B also makes use of thermal camouflage and signature reduction techniques which Tunguska entirely lacks. Orcus uses a welded titanium hull where Tunguska has a welded steel hull; Tunguska is longer by 0.5 meter, but Orcus is wider and carries much more armor protection. Tunguska has a turbocharged V-12 providing 24 horsepower per ton, Orcus has a supercharged Boxer-10 providing a slightly higher 27 horsepower per ton. Orcus' lighter more modern tracks have a higher on-road speed than Tunguska by 20 Km/H. Tunguska's hydropneumatic suspension is less sophisticated than Orcus' electrohydraulic suspension, which gives a better ride quality and Orcus' more fuel-efficient powerplant gives a greater range of 680 kilometers vs Tunguska's 500 kilometers. Orcus-B carries the single-barrel CGV.55.L83 cannon and the MHL.201 "Fire Lance" missile, Tunguska carries dual 2A38 30mm cannons and the 9M311 Surface-to-Air Missile. The CHV.55 has a much lower rate of fire than Tunguska's cannons, however the much heavier 55mm shell packs much greater explosive power and is useful against a much wider range of targets, in addition to Armor-Piercing ammunition which Tunguska lacks. Tunguska's guns fire at a combined rate of 83 rounds per second, where Orcus-B's gun fires at 2 rounds per second; Tunguska fires in 83-250 round bursts at 1 or 3 seconds per burst, Orcus-B fires at an unlimited semiautomatic 2 rounds per second. Tunguska's cannons are rated to engage missile targets at 4 kilometers, where Orcus-B can engage point targets at as great as 11 kilometers, with the targeting computer and radar automatically computing gun lead for engagement of airborne targets out to maximum range with targeting solution adjusted with every round fired. The 9M311 missile is heavier than the Fire Lance missile by more than double, and has a longer range than the Fire Lance missile, though Fire Lance fires to a higher burnout velocity and has a higher flight ceiling by 400 meters than 9M311 with a single stage missile, where 9M311 is a more complicated two stage missile. Fire Lance carries an advanced Self Forging Fragment warhead, where 9M311 carries a conventional HE/Fragmentation warhead, which allows Orcus-B MADS to engage armored ground targets with Fire Lance missiles as well as air targets, which Tunguska cannot. The Orcus-B MADS carries 14 missiles on replaceable 7-round pods with another 14 rounds of reloads, where Tunguska carries 8 missiles ready to fire and an additional two pods in a rear storage area accessible by the crew. Orcus-B's 65 square kilometer sphere of control is smaller than that of Tunguska given the longer range of its missiles, but inside that area, an Orcus MADS can attack ground, naval and air targets, where Tunguska is strictly a SPAAG.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
7,200,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon Aug 16, 2021 6:10 am, edited 38 times in total.
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Civil Rights Lovefest

AGA.47 "Amarok"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:22 am


Image
Image

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Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:AGA.47 "Amarok"
- Overview: -

"Project Amarok" aimed to replace a number of wheeled and tracked vehicles with a single, amphibious tracked vehicle capable of carrying modular loads. The wide, stable AGA.47 chassis that became the final design is propelled on land or in water by its tracks, powered by a supercharged Boxer-10, Diesel/Electric hybrid powerplant mounted behind the three-seat cabin producing 22.4 horsepower per ton. The crew area places Commander, Driver and Gunner three-abreast in a CBRN-filtered, watertight enclosure welded from thick titanium plates including blast shields for its front windows. One of three weapon systems is carried to the rear of the engine compartment; the aft placement allows for the tremendous length of the 170mm artillery rifle carried by the Amarok-A. Thirty-six (36) Varuna rockets can be carried by the B-variant, and variant C carries a "Twin-Triples" 38mm Rotary Autocannon as a Wide-Area Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun. (WASPAAG) The Amarok chassis is covered in hexagonal thermal camouflage tiles, which allow the stationary vehicle to blend in against its surroundings, making it more difficult to target with modern thermally-guided weapons. Additionally, the vehicle is protected by the Mahui Layered Defenses system, which destroys incoming rocket propelled grenades and chemical explosive warhead-equipped missiles with a high intensity infrared laser; four pods are placed on the Amarok chassis, providing comprehensive coverage against such threats. Capable of operating at speed on or off paved roads and crossing rivers or small bodies of water by extending its telescoping air intakes without requiring the use of a bridge, the tough and versatile Amarok is a common sight in Hussar and Dragoon units in the Forces Marquises aux Armes.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Assault Gun, Amphibious

Unloaded Hull Weight:
38,115 Kilograms

Loaded Combat Weight:
47,260 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Hull Length:
7.53 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.47 Meters / 3.14 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.46 Meters

The long, wide Amarok chassis is designed to house all its hydraulic systems, its fuel cells and batteries. An array of 100-Liter fire-safe fuel cells and distributed, redundant fuel pumps and armored fuel lines connect the cells, reducing the chance of a catastrophic total fuel loss due to combat damage nearly impossible. Also housed in the lower hull are batteries and hydraulics to run the vehicle's suspension and provide power for weapons systems. The hull itself is welded from plates of Grade-12 Titanium alloy, containing small percentages of iron, molybdenum and nickel. The tough, non-magnetic hull is resistant to gunfire up through 12.7mm (50 Cal) AP, but the crew cabin is thicker and will resist 30mm cannonfire, including blast shields for the front windows when fixed in their down position. AGA.47's Supercharged Boxer-10 engine sits in an enclosure to the rear of the crew citadel, separated by a thick blast wall. It is connected by a long driveshaft to an electric motor, placed between the drive sprockets, at the vehicle's rear. Both the electric motor and diesel engine are easily accessible by crew for maintenance functions; a top-mounted radiator duct draws cool air in with high static-pressure fans, and mixes the warmed air with engine exhaust before forcing this hot air out a diffuser, which helps to reduce the vehicle's thermal signature. Telescoping intakes can be extended for fording of rivers and bodies of water without use of a bridge or special equipment or preparation; the high placement of the cabin at the front of the vehicle provides excellent visibility and driveability. The vehicle's tracks are placed far to the outside, allowing water and mud to move quickly through the track system without clumping up; its electrohydraulic suspension allows Amarok to squat, lean, kneel and stand, in addition to providing stabilization and auto-leveling, so that Amarok can fire without any special preparation, and only needs to be stopped to permit accurate firing solutions at long distances, but could be made to fire while moving slowly on level ground.

Construction:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 50mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <13mm AP

Crew Citadel:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 80mm Welded Panels, Proof to <30mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small round pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into small, dome-shaped armored pods which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on an Amarok, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the Amarok AGA challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
610 Kilometers (8.7 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
89 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
59 Km/H

Water Speed:
11 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK10-9240.1S10)
790 kW Supercharged 8.68L Boxer-10 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 10 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
8,680cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
790 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH36/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,600cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
40 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-180 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
180 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
22.4 Hp/Ton

AGA.47 "Amarok" tracked artillery use a 10-cylinder, 8.68 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 180 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Amaroks to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
480 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.65 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
1.17 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
2.65 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
41%

AGA.47 tracks use hardened 4147 Chromoly steel cleats and aramid fiber inserts joined by braided steel cable to make up a track, held in place by a track guide system with a "shark fin" attached to each cleat to ensure that the cleat stays true to the guides. Each cleat weighs 0.9 kilograms, an overall weight savings of 90% on the track system over traditional tank tracks. The lightweight tracks are long wearing, responsive and more flexible; such tracks are guaranteed by the factory for 100 Km/H speeds on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached rigidly to the tank body. This carrier bar is armored and carries a low-RCS titanium "shield" on the outside and a curved spaced steel armor plate over it to shield the suspension components from hostile fires and to decrease the overall radar signature of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

The vehicle is propelled either forward or backward by its rear drive sprocket. The sprocket is attached rigidly to a solid chromoly steel axle with deep-cut hardened splines rated to 2,000 Kilowatts. The axle is connected by a spinning steel driveshaft to the output of the tank's mid-engine Boxer-10 hybrid powerplant. Braking is accomplished with a dry clutch system using a closed differential ring and pinion to apply force to an axle-spline adapter, in turn applying force to the clutch rotor which uses hydraulic pressure to actuate the caliper. This gives a very normal "car-like" braking feel to the driver, who uses a hand throttle and joystick to direct the vehicle. Computer control applies braking force and throttles the engine according to driver input, using differential braking and torque biasing to change directions according to throttle and stick positions. Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain.

Active leveling working in concert with separate real-time electrohydraulic stabilization of the main gun means that Amarok gunners can lay the 138mm gun with a very high degree of accuracy and speed. Electrohydraulic power and a lightweight composite barrel system reduce system response time and reduce the necessary size of the individual components, which makes the otherwise very long gun highly agile. The Amarok chassis can withstand tremendous terrain obstacles even at high speeds. The long suspension travel and electronic control respond instantly to changing conditions, which gives the vehicle legendary smoothness, especially in contrast to other Self-Propelled Howitzers. Amarok class tanks can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Fire Control Radar:
APAx2.250R "Rigel" X-Band Radar
- Dual Beam Processing, Active Electronically Scanned Array
- 70° Field of View, 40°/Sec Rotation, 30 Hz Update Speed, 250W ERP
- 60,000 Meters Range, 400 Simultaneous Tracks
- Lightweight/Compact, High Clutter Suppression, Rotating Array

Amarok tracked fighting vehicles employ a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the Amarok itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The "Rigel" X-Band Radar provides targeting data for the various weapons systems in place on the AGA.47 platform; this advanced electronically scanning array radar, or AESA transmitting in the X band. The Rigel radar scans vertically and horizontally as it rotates, creating a highly accurate picture of the battlespace around it. The radar is highly compact, with all but the rotating set itself outside the vehicle's armor. The Rigel X-Band Radar provides fire control and targeting data for all of the weapons carried by the Amarok chassis, networked to the extendable Fornax ball turret to provide cohesive, all-weather information for the crew.

- Variants: -

Amarok-A, Fast Tracked Artillery
Main Gun:
FA170.L47.LR, 170mm Long-Range Artillery Rifle, Autoloading

Caliber:
170x1,100mm Telescoped Combustible-Case "TCC170"

Feed System:
Single-Round Bustle Autoloader, 20-Rds. Selectable

Barrel Type & Length:
8,050mm w/ Thermal Sleeve & QD Inner (47 Calibers, 26' 5" 17 Grooves, 1:4.8m)

Ballistics:
.375 BC, 2.61 Ballistic Stability @ 17,540 RPM (@ Muzzle)

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
-0° / +68° / 360° in 8 Sec @ 45°/Sec

Cyclic Rate-of-Fire:
7 Rounds per Minute - (8.6 Sec Firing to Lock)

Effective Ranges:
27,800m (17.27 Mi) Point Targets, 39,600m (24.6 Mi) Area Targets

Accuracy:
.055 MRad @ 39.6 Km, 21.78m Beaten Zone (71') Unguided, 500mm CEP w/ SALH

Velocity & Energy:
960 M/Sec, (Mach 2.80) 31,624.7 Kilojoules @ Muzzle

Ammunition Type-A:
Laser-Guided HE-FRAG (Fin-Stabilized, SALH, "TCC.170.HEL")

Type-A Specifications:
TCC.170.HEL - 68.63 Kgs (151.3 Lbs) Overall w/ 30 Kgs 2:1 CL-20/HMX+Be

Ammunition Type-B:
Laser-Guided Canister (10x 5 Kg. Submunitions - CSI / CLI / CRD)

Type-B Submunitions:
TCC.170.CSI; WP/Mg - Illum/Smoke. / TCC.170.CLI; Liquid Incendiary. / TCC.170.CRD; Runway Demolition

The Amarok-A Self-Propelled Howitzer represents a radical departure from traditional SPH's by using a naval-derived 170mm cannon with a 47-caliber barrel. Coupling this to a compact, Tank Destroyer-derived autoloader and a compact bustle storing 20 rounds at the far rear of the vehicle minimizes the length forward of the vehicle the muzzle protrudes when being transported with the barrel at 0° elevation. With an unguided beaten zone just over 70 feet wide at the weapon's maximum range at nearly 25 miles, the extremely accurate 6.7" rifle has an extremely long range with unassisted 151-pound projectiles, which come in two types. TCC170.HEL ammunition is a high explosive/incendiary shell containing a beryllium-enhanced mixture of CL-20 and HMX explosive behind an armor-piercing shell with a delay fuse. The shell has 8x deploying fins, and responds to correctly-coded battlefield transponders, guiding onto targets in flight either in a manual mode where the vehicle gunner controls the rounds using the laser on the gunner's sight, or in a NLOS mode where the rounds are directed either from the battlefield or by a drone overhead. The delay fuse on the round allows it to penetrate into steel, concrete or earth before detonating, allowing it to be used to destroy bunkers and hardened targets with precision guidance down to 500mm CEP.

Type-B ammunition is a canister round, with three subtypes. Like the HEL round, CSI, CLI and CRD rounds can be fired unguided or can be used with laser guidance. Canister rounds detonate at an ideal burst height calculated for the round type, angle of impact and target conditions. (Such as buildings, or forest canopy cover) Canisters come in three types; Smoke/Illumination, Liquid Incendiary and Runway Demolition. CSI rounds carry a mixture of white phosphorous and magnesium powder, with a bursting charge. The charge spreads and ignites the cloud; pyrophoric WP provides the ignition source for the finely powdered magnesium metal in the charge, which produces a superheated smoke cloud which glows, incandescently for several minutes while consuming a massive amount of oxygen. The combination is toxic, and the cloud produces millions of candlepower, making it a perfect round for battlefield illumination, however its use as an anti-personnel weapon is highly feared, as the fires produced by CSI rounds cannot be put out with water. CLI rounds carry a type of napalm known as TPA, or Thickened Pyrophoric Agent. TPA liquid triethylaluminum mixed with elastomeric polyisobutylene. When the charge bursts, the slurry is exposed to air and autoignites, burning at 1,200° C, a fire which cannot be extinguished with water, creates a thick, acrid black smoke, and can continue to burn for up to an hour if no other fuels are present. CRD rounds carry a 5-kilogram hemispherical warhead containing several shaped explosives aligned to create an ultra-high intensity directed blast. With deploying legs that align the hemispherical warheads once they make contact with the ground, the rounds are guided in flight by a small sensor on the round body which deploys a parachute upon weapon release and hovers overhead. An optical sensor onboard the round body directs the hemispherical weapons onto a runway, using their distinctive markings for visual identification, or if none is present, can be directed by battlefield laser onto other targets of military value. When it lands, each weapon deploys small metal stabilizing legs to optimize the blast profile. As soon as the weapon body is stable on the ground, detonation produces a large crater beneath the blast point. Each CRD shell carries 10 such munitions, meaning a large number can be released over a military airfield on only a few seconds to devastating effect.

Amarok-B, Rocket Artillery Carrier
Missile Armament:
GRA.202R2 "Varuna" Guided Artillery Rocket

Missile Dimensions:
292.7 Kgs (645.3 Lbs) Weight, 4.05m (13'4") Length, 200mm (7.88") Diameter

Missile Propulsion:
Thrust-Vectoring Aerospike, 31.6 Seconds to Burnout, 1,108 M/Sec (Mach 3.23)

Performance Envelope:
70,000m Range, Semi-Ballistic, Spin-Stabilized

Terminal Guidance:floatright]Fiber-Optic Gyroscope (Inertial Midcourse) + Laser Spot Receiver w/ High-Speed Gimbal (Terminal Guidance)[/floatright]
Warhead, Type-A: (RED, Thermobaric Airburst)
105 Kgs (231.5 Lbs) Trinitroborazine/Hydrazine

Warhead, Type-B: (BLUE, Hard Target Penetrator)
26.25 Kgs (57.88 Lbs) Be-Enhanced CL-20/HMX Filler, HY-150 Steel Armored Case

Warhead, Type-C: (GRAY, 8x Antitank Submunitions)
75mm (2.95") Self-Forging Ta Fragment, 2.92 Kgs (6.44 Lbs) CL-20/HMX, Drogue Chute, Guidance Fins, LWIR Seeker

Warhead Fuzing:
Proximity after Terminal Seeker Engagement

Terminal Performance A:
616.875 Megajoules; 3,000 kPa Pressure @ 1,530° C

Terminal Performance B:
3 Meters Penetration, 197.694 Megajoules Chemical Energy

Terminal Performance C:
450mm Armor Penetration, 250mm Circular Error Probable

The Amarok-B variant carries 36 rockets in two block "Honeycomb" launchers each with three rows of six rockets. The tubes can be ripple-fired in as little as 12 seconds or fired individually. Each block launcher elevates independently of the other; empty launchers may be jettisoned from the vehicle while moving to facilitate rapid reloading from supply vehicles. The powerful Varuna rockets it fires have a maximum range of 70 kilometers; the Type-A rockets carry an airbursting Fuel-Air Explosive (FAE or Thermobaric) warhead using trinitroborazine nanofuel to create a powerful enhanced blast. Type-B rockets are used to defeat hard targets with an armor-steel casing and delay fuze. Type-C warheads scatter 8x antitank submunitions which carry tiny thermal seekers, drogue parachutes and guidance fins. The large size of the Varuna warhead yields a tremendously powerful explosion above its target; multiple detonations in a close area magnify the effects of the blast, which is capable of pulverizing structures, throwing armored vehicles considerable distances and is highly effective against troop concentrations or logistical equipment in the open. The versatility, speed and agility of the Amarok-B platform means that rocket artillery may move at the speed of forward elements and can be placed in very difficult, rugged terrain. The considerable range and accuracy of the guided and spin-stabilized Varuna rocket lend great utility to the Amarok-B variant, allowing for precision fires at distances that preclude counter-battery fire even with rocket-assisted artillery projectiles. The standoff distance and high mobility of the platform make Amarok rocket artillery difficult to counterattack, with crews generally trained to "shoot and scoot" as rapidly as possible.

Amarok-C, Assault Gun, Rotary
Main Gun:
FA38.L85.TTR "Twin Triples" 6-Barrel Rotary Gun, 38x290mm

Caliber:
38x290mm Unitary Case "UC38"

Assembled Mass:
3,380 Kilograms (Including Magazines & Hydraulics)

Rifled Length:
3,230mm (85 Calibers)

Ammunition Carriage:
2,880 Rds in 4x 720-Rd-Rd Selectable Helical Drums

Select-Fire Operation:
3-Second (144-Rd) & 6-Second (288-Rd) Limiters

Rate-of-Fire:
480 RPM per Bbl, (Cyclic) 2,880 RPM Effective

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
-10° to +80° / 360° in 4 Sec @ 90°/Sec

Effective Ranges & Ceiling:
Point Targets @ 3,200m / Area Targets @ 9,800m / Ceiling @ 3,125m (3 Sec to Altitude)

Muzzle velocity:
1,220 M/Sec (Mach 3.56)

PHEI Projectile Weight:
524 g (Prefragmented Cu Shell, Multimode Fuze, 360 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Amarok-C carries the deadly "Twin-Triples" Rotary cannon designed for the Shora class Tactical Gunnery Destroyer. The weapon is designed for a larger naval mount, but has been shrunken here to allow its mounting on a tracked vehicle. The 38mm Rotary uses two counter-rotating sets of three 85-caliber barrels firing at 480 RPM per barrel to create an effective rate of fire of 2,880 RPM, or 16 rounds per second. 3-Second and 6-Second automatic fire limiters allow the user to select from two of four helical, electrically-driven magazines in the turret and will be able to produce devastating bursts of fire without overheating barrels or depleting ammunition stores. The 3,000 meter "fast targets envelope" and almost 10,000 meter surface target engagement zone means that a singe Amarok-C can provide wide area air/land/sea defense for ground operations without any special preparation. These Amarok-C units and their devastating cannons are often used for demolition uses by Marquesan Hussar units and for in-situ air defense against drones, missiles, helicopters and fast aircraft.

Real World Comparison - - K9 Thunder vs. Amarok-A: AGA.47 and K9 Thunder are the same weight at useful combat load. K9 Thunder's construction is traditional welded steel, where Amarok is designed with a titanium hull making extensive use of thermal camouflage and active laser defenses. Amarok is slightly longer, slightly wider and slightly taller than K9 Thunder when AGA.47 is standing at its maximum ride height. Amarok has a slightly better horsepower to weight ratio, and its lighter tracks and racing-derived powerplant with electrohydraulic ride control permit a higher top-speed on paved roads. Amarok's diesel/electric hybrid powerplant permits better range than K9 Thunder by nearly double. (360 km vs 610 km) K9 Thunder carries the Hyundai 52 caliber 155mm gun, Amarok carries a naval-derived 170mm, 47 caliber artillery rifle. The maximum ranges of the 170mm L47 and 155mm L52 are roughly equal, however the 170mm shell is much heavier and more powerful at 68 kgs vs 42 kgs, and the laser-guided 170mm ammunition has superior accuracy to unguided 155mm shells. Amarok has a crew of 3 where K9 Thunder has a crew of 5; the primary differences being Amarok's unmanned turret and operation optimized for minimal crew, where K9 Thunder's turret is manned and designed for human occupation, making it much larger. K9 Thunder is equipped with self-defense weapons Amarok lacks, but AGA.47's also have laser defenses and thermal camouflage the Korean SPH lacks entirely. Also, Amarok's chassis has been optimized for high mobility, where K9 Thunder has shorter driving range, lower top speed and is not amphibious, where AGA.47 is designed to cross bodies of water unassisted.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
7,800,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Thu Sep 02, 2021 6:35 am, edited 44 times in total.
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Civil Rights Lovefest

TKH.59R4 "Chimera"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:22 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:TKH.59R4 "Chimera"
- Overview: -

The Forces Marquises aux Armes undertook the Tank Killer, Heavy project (Codename: Chimera) to level the playing field between foreign-built ultra-heavy tanks and lighter, more mobile Marquesan-built tracked armor. In particular, Kraven Reich-built 160-ton Köenigsjäger tanks possess frontal arc armor greater than 1.8 meters RHAe against armor-piercing dart ammunition, and have powerful 185mm cannons capable of knocking out even the most modern MBT's. The inevitability of conflict with the Reich and escalating tensions in Gholgoth required the FMA to scrap the 112mm cannon-equipped R3 Chimera and return to the drawing board to develop a tank that could stay in a fight with Köenigsjägers and to equip the latest tank with a gun capable of penetrating the frontal arc of the 160-ton superheavy at combat ranges. This tall order required a highly unconventional, separated layout with the crew in an isolated, heavily-armored capsule at the far rear of the vehicle, sitting three-abreast behind a 250mm, or nearly 10-inch blast wall which completely encapsulates the crew area, broken only by its egress/ingress hatch at the rear, with all life support systems fully inside the capsule. The vehicle's 12-cylinder supercharged boxer engine sits forward of this position, with the turret furthest forward, its twin 12-round carousel magazines sitting on either side of the engine, under highly slanted armor blowout panels protected by multiple-layer ERA. Forward of the turret is only monolithic armor sections, designed to house multiple-layer ERA tiles stacked in tandem configurations so that incoming munitions traveling parallel to the ground interact with a minimum of 3-5 tiles at any angle along the frontal and side arcs of the vehicle. The vehicle's hull is designed with emplacements for ERA tiles which allow the tile to be replaced after use, and modular sections of the titanium armor beneath it to be replaced in the field in the event of damage. TKH.59R4 "Chimera" is the backbone of the Marquesan Hussars, deployed to the highest threat environments with heavy armored combatants on flat or hilly ground. In this role optimized for ambushes and high-speed maneuver combat, it is a peerless, purpose-built heavy tank destroyer with few practical limitations. It is one of the best protected and most survivable tracked vehicles in the world with extreme firepower from its 130mm main gun and 22mm autocannon, however the Chimera tank's very long barrel-forward posture would make it challenging to maneuver in tight urban environments or heavily wooded terrain. Chimera's explosive armor, laser defenses and layout under-armor almost excludes the possibility of a single-round kill of the tank from the front or sides, however the rear of the vehicle is vulnerable and needs to be protected from fire.

The ultra-slim autoloading turret for the main gun is designed to house a single round of 130x2,000mm ammunition for the GC130.L53.AL smoothbore cannon at a time, fed from behind and below by separated rotary magazines moving the rounds with hydraulic rams. Upon firing, the barrel recoils in the turret, into the space occupied by the round during loading, and returns to battery once recoil forces are equalized by hydraulic recuperators beneath the turret. The GC130.L53.AL smoothbore gun employed on the Chimera tank has a maximum effective range of 20.5 kilometers with its 50mm sub-caliber APDS dart ammunition; the lightweight barrel is fully stabilized and coordinated to the vehicle's suspension to allow accurate fires while on the move. The weapon has a very high muzzle velocity of Mach 5.83 with service ammunition, a 20 kilogram Staballoy (3.5% -Ti/Bal-D-38 Uranium) dart producing more than 40 megajoules of muzzle energy, sufficient to penetrate 2,000mm of modern composite/laminate armor at combat ranges. Additionally, a 22mm autocannon is mounted at the rear of the tank above the Commander's station in the center of the tank; this remote weapon system with its own dual feed system is capable of engaging high speed airborne targets or ground targets with its fully stabilized carriage and high-definition optronics ball on an extendable mast. Optimized for defense of the tank against a wide variety of threats including massed infantry and high speed drones and cruise missiles, the versatile 22mm autocannon has a variable rate of fire and automatic fire limiters to allow for cooling and reload times, while encouraging conservation of ammunition. The Chimera tank is powered by a Diesel/Electric hybrid engine, pairing an electric motor to a 10.95 liter Supercharged Boxer-12 diesel powerplant with intakes mounted high on the tank's upper body to allow unprepared fording of deep rivers. With 1,320 KW, the tank has nearly 30 horsepower per ton, allowing it a very high on-road speed and an efficient fuel burn, giving it a superior range to most main battle tanks. Due to Chimera's Active Hydromechanical Motion System and lightweight steel cable tracks, the Chimera tank is famed with its crews for its supple ride quality both on paved roads and in combat.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Tank Killer, Heavy

Combat Weight:
59,240 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Hull Length:
7.54 Meters

Length at Muzzle:
12.09 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.69 Meters / 2.59 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.42 Meters

The highly unconventional outer shape of the Chimera MBT was dictated by the physics of modern tank engagements; the chance of catastrophic damage to one or more sections of a main battle tank during modern combat is almost certain. 21st century battlefield threats like tandem warhead guided anti-tank missiles, long rod penetrators, powerful shaped charges and massive HE direct-fire ammunition in service with nations hostile to the Marquesan state have the capacity to inflict terrific amounts of damage on even the heaviest armored vehicles, which has led to modern superheavy tanks fielded by foreign militaries in excess of 100 tons. Designs for heavier tanks had been rejected based on their lack of mobility, but the highest priority was placed on multiple-hit survivability; to this end, the entire tank forward of the turret is purely armored framework for ERA tiles. The turret is furthest forward of the vehicle systems, with rotary magazines on either side of the mid-mounted 12-cylinder boxer engine feeding the turret with one of two ammunition types automatically via hydraulic rammer. Above both magazines are blowout panels covered by the vehicle's ERA. In the event of a detonation of either magazine, damage is unlikely to spread to the engine compartment or the other magazine, and is unlikely to mission kill the tank. ERA tiles cover the Chimera tank back to 3/4 of its length; the sloped sides of the tank maximize protection from all normal combat engagement angles, ensuring that any weapon that strikes the vehicle encounters a minimum of three ERA tiles, meaning that effective RHA-equivalence is typically a minimum of 3.3 meters against long rod penetators and 4.05 meters against shaped charges, to a maximum of 5.75 meters against penetrators and 6.75 meters against shaped charges striking five tiles in sequence.

The extremely slender turret and its reloading armature are designed to only contain one round at a time, fed in a sequence from one of two 12-round rotary magazines, located behind the turret. To the front, right and left of the turret are only armor and explosive armor tiles, making the front of the tank monolithic and heavily armored. The lower turret contains a cradle which receives a round from the rear ammunition feeds. Once a round is received, the cradle spins to the orientation and feeds the round upward into the rear turret, where it is rammed into place in the gun and sealed in place with a moving breech block. This process takes roughly 7.5 seconds to complete from firing to clear to fire, giving the gun a maximum rate of fire of 8 rounds per minute. The turret is not intended for human occupation; the upper and lower turret are separated from the engine compartment and crew citadel by blastproof shield walls and blow-out panels in case of a magazine fire or damage from hostile action. The turret operates under hydraulic pressure provided by the TKH.59's AHMS system, remotely guided by the Gunner's station. The gun operates under manual guidance from the vehicle's gunner, but each shot is fully controlled by a sophisticated ballistic targeting computer using a dedicated System-On-Chip microcomputer and the tank's onboard sensors to determine all parameters of the shot including gun laying drives, stabilization and recoil compensators, autoloading and clearing, managing the actively-cooled composite barrel and compensating automatically for vehicle movement, target movement, wind and other ballistic computations. To the rear of the upper and lower turret is the engine compartment, containing Chimera's supercharged 10.95L Boxer-12 Diesel/Electric hybrid powerplant, and the 9-cylinder radial hydraulic recuperator for the AHMS system. The flat Boxer-12 engine is mounted inverted, with the pressurized dry-sump oil pan facing upward and cylinder-direct fuel injection, the water-intercooled supercharger and all 24 glow plugs facing downward, accessible by a removable V-shaped blast panel. The Chimera MBT is designed for all essential maintenance to be performed with the tank resting on its tracks. The output of the diesel Boxer-12 is connected to a permanent magnet electric motor which fills in the gaps in the Diesel's powerband and constantly augments power delivery to maximize acceleration or fuel economy in a continuously variable ratio. The electric motor outputs to the tank's rear drive sprockets, delivering 1,320 kilowatts combined power. Because vehicles designed for human occupation need a flat floor, but protecting that vehicle from buried mines and other explosive devices requires a V-shaped hull, an interstitial space is created, running the full length of the tank. This space is used to store the vehicle's fuel in puncture-resistant 20-liter fuel cells, connected by a network of braided steel cables and common electric fuel pumps. This ensures that in the event of a penetration of the fuel area, the vehicle does not lose all its fuel or cause a fire too large to be suppressed. The blast panels are designed to drain quickly in case of a fuel rupture, preventing the spread of fire inside the tank.

Construction:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 50mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <25mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
Multi-Layer Explosive-Reactive Armor Tiles (5-Year Replacement Interval)

Frontal Arc + 3/4 Flank Protection against APFSDS: (3-5 Tiles Likely per Engagement)
3,450mm - 5,750mm RHA Equivalence

Frontal Arc + 3/4 Flank Protection against Shaped Charges: (3-5 Tiles Likely per Engagement)
4,050mm - 6,750mm RHA Equivalence

Rear Quarters Protection:
250mm Monolithic Titanium Capsule for Habitable Area (Proof to 40mm AP)

Active Protection:
Single-Layer ERA + Adaptive Thermal Camouflage (Hex Tiles) & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a laser countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small bulb-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into small armored bulbs which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on a Chimera, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the TKH.59 challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
760 Kilometers (10.9 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
96 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
65 Km/H

Water Speed:
9 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK12-1148.1S22)
1,320 kW Supercharged 10.95L Boxer-12 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 12 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
10,950cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Diesel-Only Power:
1,080 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH42/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 4,200cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
48 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
18 Forward Gears, 4 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-240 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
770Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
240 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
29.88 Hp/Ton

The Chimera Main Battle Tank uses a 12-cylinder, 10.95 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 22-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with 18 forward gears and 4 reverse straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 240 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Chimera's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System
Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
460 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.15 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
1.38 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
3.0 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
42%

TKH.59 tracks use hardened 4147 Chromoly steel cleats and aramid fiber inserts joined by braided steel cable to make up a track, held in place by a track guide system with a "shark fin" attached to each cleat to ensure that the cleat stays true to the guides. Each cleat weighs 0.9 kilograms, an overall weight savings of 90% on the track system over traditional tank tracks. The lightweight tracks are long wearing, responsive and more flexible; such tracks are guaranteed by the factory for 100 Km/H speeds on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached rigidly to the tank body. This carrier bar is armored and carries a low-RCS titanium "shield" on the outside and a curved spaced steel armor plate over it to shield the suspension components from hostile fires and to decrease the overall radar signature of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

The vehicle is propelled either forward or backward by its rear drive sprocket. The sprocket is attached rigidly to a solid chromoly steel axle with deep-cut hardened splines rated to 2,000 Kilowatts. The axle is connected by a spinning steel driveshaft to the output of the tank's mid-engine Boxer-12 hybrid powerplant. Braking is accomplished with a dry clutch system using a closed differential ring and pinion to apply force to an axle-spline adapter, in turn applying force to the clutch rotor which uses hydraulic pressure to actuate the caliper. This gives a very normal "car-like" braking feel to the driver, who uses a hand throttle and joystick to direct the vehicle. Computer control applies braking force and throttles the engine according to driver input, using differential braking and torque biasing to change directions according to throttle and stick positions. Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain.

Active leveling working in concert with separate real-time electrohydraulic stabilization of the main gun means that Amarok gunners can lay the 130mm gun with a very high degree of accuracy and speed. Electrohydraulic power and a lightweight composite barrel system reduce system response time and reduce the necessary size of the individual components, which makes the otherwise very long gun highly agile. The Chimera chassis can withstand tremendous terrain obstacles even at high speeds. The long suspension travel and electronic control respond instantly to changing conditions, which gives the vehicle legendary smoothness, even in contrast to other modern Main Battle Tanks. TKH.59 class tanks can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

The TKH.59 "Chimera" utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the tank itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The Auriga gunsight is mounted to the mantlet of the Chimera's main gun in a low profile armored barbette, providing high-definition, all weather thermal optics and laser rangefinding for the stabilized 130mm Smoothbore Cannon.

- Variants: -

Chimera-A, Tank Killer, Heavy
Main Gun:(Direct-Fire Smoothbore, Autoloading)
GC130.L53.AL Grande Canon, Alésage Lisse 130mm

Caliber:
130x2,000mm CT (Combustible-Telescoped) Case

Feed System:
Single-Round Bustle Autoloader, 2x 12-Rd Rotary Magazines

Barrel Type & Length:
6,900mm w/ Active Thermal Sleeve (53 Calibers)

Gun Weight:
4,860 Kgs (Including Autoloader & Ammunition Carousel)

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
+35°/-11° / 360° @ 37°/Sec

Cyclic Rate-of-Fire:
8 Rounds per Minute - (7.5 Sec Firing to Lock)

Effective Firing Range:
20,500 Meters (Point Target Distance)

Laser-Guided HE-FRAG:(Fin-Stabilized, SALH, "CCT130.HEL")
28.58 Kgs (63 Lbs) Shell Weight; 15.00 Kgs CL-20/HMX Explosive

CCT130.HEL Characteristics:
940 M/Sec (Mach 2.74) Muzzle Velocity / 12,626.64 Kilojoules Terminal Effect

Flechette Grande-Vitesse:
FGV - (Staballoy, 3.7% Ti/Bal:DU) Fin-Stabilized Dart

CCT130.FGV Characteristics:
1,800mm Length, 50mm Diameter, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat, 20.43 Kgs Weight

CCT130.FGV Performance:
2,030mm (80") Perforation @ 2,000 M/Sec (Mach 5.83) 40,860 Kilojoules Kinetic Energy

Commander's Gun:(Remote Center-Rear Mounted Turret)
FA22.L82.C2R Chain-Driven Autocannon

Caliber:
22x140mm Unitary Case "TCAR.22"

Assembled Mass:
96.43 Kilograms (Including Helical Drums & Feeds)

Rifled Length:
1,804mm (82 Calibers) w/ Muzzle Brake

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 600-Rd. Helical Drums & Linkless Feeds

Type-A - TCAR.22-HEIT:
98 g (Thin-Wall, 70 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Type-B - TCAR-22-HEIAP:
160 g (Semi-Armor Piercing Ballistic Cap, 20 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Select-Fire Operation:
Fully Automatic, 2 Sec/Low-Speed & 3 Sec/High-Speed Limiters

Arrested Burst:
16 Rds, 2 Sec @ 490 RPM (Half-Speed)

Targeted Burst:
48 Rounds, 3 Sec @ 980 RPM (Cyclic Rate-of-Fire)

Muzzle Velocity:
1,125 M/Sec (Mach 3.28)

High Speed Targets Engagement Distance:
2,000 Meters

Point Target Engagement Distance:
4,900 Meters

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
−11° to +80° / Power-Assist Traverse, 360° @ 90°/Sec

The GC130 cannon is a hgh-velocity smoothbore gun, purpose-built for the direct fire role on the Chimera tank. The 2-meter fully telescoped case is unique in being longer than other rounds of similar diameter; the 130mm gauge was developed to optimize the width and power of the Flechette Grande Vitesse round designed for it; the massive depleted uranium dart and its nylon carrier, or sabot are telescoped into a combustible case which is optimized to produce high barrel pressures, and a muzzle velocity of 2 kilometers per second, or Mach 5.83. At combat engagement ranges, these flat-shooting engagements occur in only a few moments; the round is fired with such power that it is capable of penetrating 80", or more than 2,000mm of modern armor. The barrel is actively cooled via chilled hydraulic fluid and vibration dampened along its entire length; upon firing the barrel recoils as a unit backward into the turret until the recoil forces are equalized, and returns to battery on hydraulic pressure, which is recuperated upon recoil and utilized to operate the turret, reloader and the vehicle's suspension. A 9-cylinder hydraulic recuperator is driven both by the engine and by hydraulic recoil pressure from the gun; full computer control of the onboard electrohydraulic system permits a minimum crew workload and an auto-leveling suspension which provides supple, responsive ride quality with a minimum of transmitted noise and vibration to the crew area. A versatile, fin-stabilized High Explosive round is equipped with a laser homing sensor in its nose permits pinpoint laser guidance out to the gun's maximum range at 20.5 kilometers. Equipped with a programmable multimode fuze, the CCT130.HEL rounds are devastatingly powerful when employed against bunkers, buildings and materiel targets. The round after firing is guided by coded battlefield laser designator, which can be from the firing vehicle or an allied transponder which, once the target has been illuminated, will seek the illuminated target through its 22 second maximum flight time.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
8,200,000 NSD.

Real World Comparison - - Merkava IV vs. TKH.59R4 "Chimera": Merkava-IV is heavier by roughly 5 tons, this is due to Merkava's steel hull and modular composite armor vs Chimera's titanium hull and modular composite armor. The two tanks are similar in hull length, Merkava is slightly wider and slightly taller than Chimera. Chimera has a crew of three where Merkava has a fourth person, replaced by Chimera's autoloader. Merkava is designed to transport up to 6 passengers, where Chimera lacks this capability. The turbocharged diesel engine used by the Merkava tank lacks the power of the Boxer-12 in the Chimera tank, which due to its lighter weight has a better horsepower-to-weight ratio than Merkava IV, with a significantly higher top speed and greater range afforded by Chimera's lightweight tracks and fuel-efficient diesel/electric powerplant. Merkava IV can handle a wide assortment of HE, HESH, ATGM, APFSDS, and other ammunition where Chimera is built with two ammunition types, a fin-deploying, Laser-Homing HE round and an ultra-high speed Armor-Piercing dart round. The 130x2,000mm combustible-case service ammunition produces 2+ Km/Sec muzzle velocities with a much heavier penetrator dart than the latest comparable 120mm ammunition; maximum range with laser-guided, fin-deploying HE ammunition is 21 kilometers where the effective distance of comparable 120mm smoothbore ammunition is 8 kilometers. The GC130 barrel is longer than Merkava's L55 120mm gun by 300mm, affording higher muzzle velocity and flatter ballistic trajectory from FGV ammunition which can penetrate more than two meters of RHA or equivalent at extended ranges. Merkava IV carries several secondary armaments including 12.7mm and 7.62mm machine guns, where the Chimera MBT carries a much larger 22mm autocannon for its secondary armament. The 22mm chain-driven autocannon can engage air, ground or water-based targets at ranges far exceeding that of smaller weapons with much harder-hitting explosive shells rather than inert bullets. The high velocity of the FA22 affords it high accuracy and outstanding destructive power, dramatically outclassing traditional coaxial guns by an order of magnitude.
Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Sep 03, 2021 7:43 am, edited 49 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

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Civil Rights Lovefest

SMV.7/4 "Habu"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:23 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:SMV.7/4 "Habu"
- Overview: -

The Forces Marquises aux Armes, in particular the Gendarmerie echelons had a need for a lightweight, multi-purpose scout vehicle which needed to be small and versatile enough to be usable as a police patrol vehicle, and heavily armed and armored enough to be defensible against shell splinters, small arms fire, and roadside bombs. It needed to be armed with the latest, dual-feed, multiservice 22mm autocannon and have a versatile multimission area in the rear. The design that won the development competition was the SMV.7/4 "Habu", a chassis which makes use of a mixture of racing-derived technology and high strength materials to provide ride control and automatic leveling, adaptive four-wheel-drive and robust all-around protection to a vehicle weighing less than 5,800 kilograms, or just under 12,800 pounds unloaded. Habu can carry a payload of up to 1,400 kilograms, or 3,000 pounds of fuel, people, equipment and supplies. The multimission area rear of the driver and gunner's seats can be configured for seating or cargo, with up to 8 passengers on "back-to-back" center benches which fold into the floor to allow use of the space for cargo. The multimission area is separated from the driver and gunner's space by a thick, transparent acrylic wall for police vehicles which can be removed when not in use for law enforcement duties. The "Gullwing" doors of the Habu fold upward, allowing easy ingress/egress for the crew, while allowing the doors to be armored at the same thickness as the panels around it.

Habu's exterior is composed of welded panels of 50mm and 30mm thickness 2619, High-Copper/Aluminum Alloy. This lightweight, but strong metal is laser welded in a robotic factory to the precise shape required; the entire exterior of the vehicle including its armor glass windows is protected from small arms fire up to 15mm, including 12.7mm AP ammunition. The output of Habu's Supercharged 4-Cyl Boxer Diesel engine is paired to an electric motor which fills in gaps in its powerband and maximizes fuel efficiency in a constantly varying ratio. This compact, punchy powerplant is fed by a snorkel on the left side of the vehicle, and exhausts on the right side quarter panel, through a diffuser. The top-mounted radiator includes a heat exchanger for the engine's water-to-air intercooler; its positive pressure fans pull cool air into the radiators, and then mix that air with engine exhaust before it leaves the vehicle, cooling the exhaust and lowering Habu's thermal signature. Habu's hybrid powerplant drives all four wheels through portal-geared hubs and swing axles, mounting four wheel disc brakes inboard behind a V-shaped panel which also houses the suspension's shock absorbers, which are connected internally to the swing axles leaving all suspension components tucked away. Airless, open-cell tires and sprung energy return wheels are attached by massive, center-lock splined nuts, allowing for rapid changes of damaged tires. The vehicle can remain in motion with up to 30% of all four tires damaged, making it one of the most survivable light scout vehicles in use today.
- Systems: -

Classification:
4x4 Scout Mobility Vehicle

Crew:
2 (Driver, Gunner) + <8 Passengers

Unloaded & Loaded Weights:
5,790 Kilograms / 7,190 Kilograms

Payload:
1.5m Enclosed Cargo Bed, 1,400 Kilograms Max

Overall Dimensions:
5.03 Meters Length, 2.18 Meters Width, 2.09 Meters Height

The chassis is a rigid tubular titanium backbone frame, joined to the rigid aluminum body by integral solid titanium span arms cast into the frame. SMV.7/4's use full-time all-wheel drive, driving solid half-axles with bevel gears and helical gear-driven limited slip differentials. Active all-wheel steering and auto-leveling ride control keep the vehicle stable even over extreme terrain at high speeds. The flexible fully-independent suspension uses two hydromechanical shock absorbers per half axle, adjusted in real time by computer control up to 500 adjustments per second. Inboard hydraulic disc brakes on each half axle carry 8-piston calipers and portal geared hubs lift the axles and differentials high above the wheels where they are largely immune to mine blasts and shrapnel.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 Aluminum 20mm Hull, Proof to <15mm AP

Range:
710 Kilometers (7.1 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
220 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
140 Km/H

Water Speed:
9.5 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK04-3716.1S7)
380 kW Supercharged 3.7L Boxer-4 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 4 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
3,650cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
380 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH15/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 1,520cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
6 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-80 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
257Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
80 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
70.9 Hp/Ton

SMV.7/4's use a 4-cylinder 3.7 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 1.5L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System; all engine repair functions are accessible with the vehicle on its wheels, including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed in less than two hours without the use of a lift. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 7-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. The transmission is paired to the input side of an electric motor which transmits power to front and rear differentials from the center of the vehicle, giving full-time four wheel drive with helical-cut gear driven mechanical differentials biasing power to the wheel with the most grip at all times. The electric motor fills in the gaps in the diesel engine's power delivery with 80 kilowatts of its own power, continuously optimizing acceleration or fuel economy depending on demand. This system decreases the demand for fuel, making Habu fuel efficient and quiet, with a low thermal signature. The front and rear differentials power half-shafts in turn driving blast-resistant portal geared hubs.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
2 Pairs 5-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.46 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
0.91 Meters

Turning Radius:
5.5 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
0.6 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
58%

Maximum Side-Slope:
34%

The superior, neutral handling of the chassis is modeled after rallye racing trucks; test drivers praise the Habu scout car for its high power-to-weight ratio and compliant, smooth ride, even over rocky or broken ground. Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Habu to run with the engine off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Onboard Optronics Pod:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

The Habu Scout Vehicle utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the scout vehicle itself. With the optronics pod in the down position, the Habu scout vehicle has unrestricted speeds using the pod both for targeting the remote weapon station and for navigation. In the raised position, the Habu scout car can surveil wide areas while remaining stationary.

- Weapons: -

FA22.L82.C2R 22x140mm Chain-Driven Autocannon
Caliber:
22x140mm Unitary Case "TCAR.22"

Assembled Mass:
96.43 Kilograms (Including Helical Drums & Feeds)

Rifled Length:
1,804mm (82 Calibers) w/ Muzzle Brake

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 600-Rd. Helical Drums & Linkless Feeds

Type-A - TCAR.22-HEIT:
98 g (Thin-Wall, 70 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Type-B - TCAR-22-HEIAP:
160 g (Semi-Armor Piercing Ballistic Cap, 20 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Select-Fire Operation:
Fully Automatic, 2 Sec/Low-Speed & 3 Sec/High-Speed Limiters

Arrested Burst:
16 Rds, 2 Sec @ 490 RPM (Half-Speed)

Targeted Burst:
48 Rounds, 3 Sec @ 980 RPM (Cyclic Rate-of-Fire)

Muzzle Velocity:
1,125 M/Sec (Mach 3.28)

High Speed Targets Engagement Distance:
2,000 Meters

Point Target Engagement Distance:
4,900 Meters

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
−11° to +80° / Power-Assist Traverse, 360° @ 90°/Sec

Real World Comparison - - Mamba APC Mk. VII vs. SMV.7/4 "Habu": Mamba Mk. V weighs 6,500 kilograms and can carry a payload of up to 4,500 kilograms, so that the vehicle's maximum weight is 11 tons. Mamba is also longer by half a meter, slightly wider, and slightly taller than Habu. Mamba is designed to carry nine (9) passengers plus driver and gunner, where Habu is designed to carry driver, gunner and up to 8 passengers or 1.4 tons of cargo. The thick aluminum/copper alloy construction of Habu is more resistant to gunfire than the Mamba hull, which can resist 0.30 caliber rifle ammunition, where Habu's hull can handle 12.7mm AP gunfire, including its windows. The Deutz diesel Mamba uses has less power than Habu's supercharged hybrid powerplant and its higher HP/ton ratio permits a higher top speed. Both vehicles use portal geared hubs, but the undercarriage of Habu is much better protected from blasts, and its airless tires are unlikely to be disabled by battlefield hazards or gunfire, where Mamba must rely on a tire inflation system. Mamba carries more fuel than Habu, so its unrefueled range is longer, and while both vehicles are extremely adept at handling foul weather and rugged terrain, Habu has a lower roll center and better ground clearance. Mamba carries a 12.7mm (50 caliber) machine gun, where Habu is armed with a dual-feed 22mm autocannon. The much longer range, selectable ammunition feeds and fire rates, and superior firepower of the 22mm autocannon far exceed the capabilities of the .50 BMG chambered Browning M2HB commonly mounted to Mamba in every respect. Mamba's gun is effective against standard infantry and many battlefield threats, but Habu's 22mm can be used to engage drones, helicopters and a wide variety of airborne and surface threats using the gunner's auto-targeting thermal weapon sight.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
280,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Sep 01, 2021 9:37 am, edited 17 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

User avatar
Marquesan
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1841
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

ARV.11/4 "Boomslang"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:24 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:ARV.11/4 "Boomslang"
- Overview: -

The Forces Marquises aux Armes saw a need, particularly in Dragoon units, for a fast 4x4 vehicle carrying more armor than the "Habu" Scout Vehicle, and a heavier weapon, but while using the same engine and underlying chassis components, sharing some 85% commonality with Habu's drivetrain. The high-copper/aluminum welded exterior of the winning design, codenamed "Boomslang" after a fast-moving snake incorporates thick armor panels of varying thicknesses, with the thickest armor concentrated around the frontal arc of the crew area; its thick laminate glass windows can withstand 23mm cannonfire. Boomslang's crew of three enter the vehicle through a left side "clamshell" hatch which opens in the center and provides steps down to ground level. The elevated, deep V-shaped hull is designed to defeat shell splinters, roadside bombs and small arms fire up to 15mm armor piercing calibers, tucking all suspension and brake components behind removeable armor panels and making use of monolithic portal geared hubs with center-lock wheels and airless open-cell tires which can continue operating with up to 30% of the tire's structure destroyed. The crew sit with the driver in the center, commander and gunner sitting to either side and slightly behind the driver's center seat.

Boomslang carries a massive 38mm autocannon on its roof-mounted turret, hanging its dual ammunition feeds behind the crew area, and dominating the rear of the vehicle. Dual 240-round helical drum magazines feed the gun with either a lightweight, (321g) thin-wall High Explosive shell or a heavy (524g) Armor-Piercing shell at 8 rounds per second. The gun operates in fully automatic mode with selectable 2-second and 4-second limiters. It is a devastating intermediate range weapon, capable of engaging moving targets at distances up to 3,200 meters (2 mi) and fixed targets at 9,800 meters. (6 mi) Its HEIT (light) shells have a tremendous concussive blast effect and a multimoze fuze, useful for engaging airborne targets, infantry operating behind cover and light or unarmored vehicles. HEIAP shells have a delay fuze and an armor-piercing nosecone which punches through cover like reinforced concrete walls or steel vehicle armor with equal ease and detonates with a Beryllium-enhanced incendiary effect. The high rate of fire of the 38mm autocannon combined with its dual feeds makes it an utterly lethal light combatant against many vehicles heavier than itself. Boomslang is the lightest vehicle in the Marquesan arsenal equipped with thermal camouflage; the hexagonal tiles cover much of the ARV.11/4's exterior and match it to its background when engaged. This system is controlled by the vehicle commander; when engaged-and especially in night operations-it reduces the thermal signature of the vehicle to the point of being nearly undetectable with thermal cameras when utilized with other camouflage techniques. The vehicle's 1-meter extendable periscope allow it a long loiter time in-situ, and the ability to surveil without exposing the vehicle. The combination of a quiet hybrid/electric powerplant, thermal camouflage, moderate armor, high mobility and a devastating roof-mounted autocannon make Boomslang an ideal vehicle for reconnaissance in high threat environments, live fire zones and opposed landing zones, or escorting high priority packages.
- Systems: -

Classification:
4x4 Armored Recce Vehicle

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Unloaded & Armored Weights:
8,950 Kilograms / 11,100 Kilograms

Overall Dimensions:
5.16 Meters Length, 2.34 Meters Width, 2.00 Meters Height

The chassis is a rigid tubular titanium backbone frame, joined to the rigid aluminum body by integral solid titanium span arms cast into the frame. ARV.11/4's use full-time all-wheel drive, driving solid half-axles with bevel gears and helical gear-driven limited slip differentials. Active all-wheel steering and auto-leveling ride control keep the vehicle stable even over extreme terrain at high speeds. The flexible fully-independent suspension uses two hydromechanical shock absorbers per half axle, adjusted in real time by computer control up to 500 adjustments per second. Inboard hydraulic disc brakes on each half axle carry 8-piston calipers and portal geared hubs lift the axles and differentials high above the wheels where they are largely immune to mine blasts and shrapnel.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 Cu/Al Welded Hull

Frontal Arc Protection:
60mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <20mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
40mm Side Panels, Proof to <15mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts thermal fire control systems by blending the body of the vehicle against its background, foiling thermal optics on missiles, aircraft or ground based detectors. This passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

Range:
710 Kilometers (7.1 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
145 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
87 Km/H

Water Speed:
10.5 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK04-3716.1S7)
380 kW Supercharged 3.7L Boxer-4 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 4 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
3,650cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
380 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH15/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 1,520cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
6 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-80 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
257Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
80 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
45.9 Hp/Ton

ARV.11/4's use a 4-cylinder 3.7 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 1.5L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System; all engine repair functions are accessible with the vehicle on its wheels, including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed in less than two hours without the use of a lift. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 7-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. The transmission is paired to the input side of an electric motor which transmits power to front and rear differentials from the center of the vehicle, giving full-time four wheel drive with helical-cut gear driven mechanical differentials biasing power to the wheel with the most grip at all times. The electric motor fills in the gaps in the diesel engine's power delivery with 80 kilowatts of its own power, continuously optimizing acceleration or fuel economy depending on demand. This system decreases the demand for fuel, making the Boomslang fuel efficient and quiet, with a low thermal signature. The front and rear differentials power half-shafts in turn driving blast-resistant portal geared hubs.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
2 Pairs 8-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.43 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
0.90 Meters

Turning Radius:
6.5 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
0.5 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
30%

Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Boomslang ARV's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Onboard Optronics Pod:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

The Boomslang ARV utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the scout vehicle itself. With the optronics pod in the down position, the Habu scout vehicle has unrestricted speeds using the pod both for targeting the remote weapon station and for navigation. In the raised position, the Boomslang can surveil wide areas while remaining stationary.

- Weapons: -

FA38.L85.C8S Chain-Driven Autocannon
Caliber:
38x290mm Telescoped Combustible-Case Auto Rifle "TCAR38"

Assembled Mass:
500 Kilograms (Including Helical Drums & Feeds)

Rifled Length:
3,230mm (85 Calibers)

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 240-Rd. Helical Magazines & Linkless Feeds

HEIAP Shell Weight:
524 g (Semi-Armor Piercing Ballistic Cap, 120 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

HEIT Shell Weight:
321 g (Thin-Wall, 230 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Select-Fire Operation:
480 RPM Cyclic, Fully Automatic w/ 2-Sec (16-Rd) & 4-Sec (32-Rd) Limiters

Muzzle Velocity:
1,220 M/Sec (Mach 3.56)

Point Target Distance:
3.2 Kilometers

Area Target Distance:
9.8 Kilometers

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
-10° to +80° / 86°/Sec

Real World Comparison - - LGS Fennek vs. ARV.11/4 "Boomslang": Fennek is 10.4 tons full load, Boomslang is 11.1; Fennek is also slightly wider, slightly longer and slightly shorter than Boomslang, due to its roof-mounted turret. The two vehicles are in similar roles, meant to provide stealthy but armed reconnaissance in a protected vehicle optimized for carriage of sensors and for long endurance missions, but Boomslang has far superior armor protection to Fennek. Fennek carries slightly more fuel than Boomslang and has a longer ultimate range but Boomslang has roughly twice the horsepower of Fennek and has a higher top speed and better acceleration characteristics because of it. Fennek carries a MG3 machine gun chambered in 7.62x51mm which must be manned physically by the gunner, Boomslang mounts a 38mm cannon on the roof in an armored turret which is operated by the gunner remotely from inside the vehicle. Aside from being a far better way to protect the crew of the vehicle, the much larger weapon has a dramatically longer engagement distance. Though the 38mm cannon has a slower rate of fire than the MG3, in a combat scenario between the two vehicles, Boomslang is invulnerable to 7.62mm gunfire and would be able to tear an equivalently armored vehicle apart with its high-velocity autocannon.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
350,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Sep 01, 2021 9:36 am, edited 25 times in total.
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WIC.31/8 "Gharial"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:25 am


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Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:WIC.31/8 "Gharial"
- Overview: -

The "Gharial" Wheeled Infantry Carrier is the resulting design stemming from a mission requirement for a modular workhorse design. Gharial weighs 31 tons at combat load including its thermal camouflage system, there are four configurations for the 8x8 armored vehicle. Variant-A is the only armed variant; currently in use with Chausseurs Speciale for Special Operations and Embassy protection duty, it packs the lethal 38x290mm Autocannon and four Partizan Hypersonic Missiles on a low-profile turret developed for the Orcus-A tracked Armored Weapons Carrier. Much more common are the B, C, and D variants; Gharials are in use all over the Forces Marquises aux Armes as mobile hospitals, command centers and munitions haulers. A racing-derived, supercharged 7.3L Boxer-8 engine and transmission are mounted behind the crew area coupled to the output of an electric motor. A top-mounted intake and radiator along with exhausts inside the wheel wells allow Gharial to make deep water crossings without any special preparation. All eight wheels are driven full-time through a series of limited slip differentials, balancing torque to the wheels with the most resistance. All wheels steer in addition to receiving drive torque through their portal-geared hubs, which permits Gharial tremendous mobility and a tight turning radius. The crew cabin is forward of the engine, with a high-mounted left side door and exterior steps leading up to it. Crew sit three abreast, with driver in the center, driver to the left and vehicle commander on the right. The cabin is CBRN-protected and watertight, its armored glass windows can withstand 30mm cannonfire with their blast shields down, and 15mm gunfire with them open. Behind the engine is a multimission area which can accommodate 10 passengers in the A variant, six stretchers in the B variant, a mobile command post in the C variant, or heavy ammunition racks in the D variant. The vehicle is protected both by thermal camouflage and by a multispectral dazzler/jamming system called "Mahui" Layered Defenses System, which disrupts thermal seekers and sensors with compact battlefield lasers and electronic warfare equipment controlled by the vehicle's commander. Gharial is a thoroughly modern design; its thick high-copper/aluminum alloy hull provides protecton from 30mm gunfire along its frontal section and 25mm cannonfire around all sides and rear sections. Its elevated stance is due to the use of swing axles, with all brakes and suspension mounted inboard, behind V-shaped armor panels. Gharial's hull is designed to defeat shell splinters from nearby impacts and roadside bombs at all angles; its suspension is highly unlikely to be damaged in combat, and its airless, open-cell tires can continue running with up to 30% of the tire destroyed. Gharial's long range and excellent power to weight ratio, high level of protection and outstanding mobility make it a common sight in the Forces Marquises aux Armes; WIC.31/8's are in large scale production and widespread service with the Marquesan Armed Forces and abroad.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Wheeled Infantry Carrier

Crew:
3 (Driver, Gunner, Commander) + 10 Passengers

Unloaded & Armored Weights:
25,160 Kilograms / 31,200 Kilograms

Overall Dimensions:
7.46 Meters Length, 2.85 Meters Width, 2.50 Meters Height

Gharial is engineered with a blast-resistant V-shaped hull with panels which cover the vehicle's inboard hydraulic disc brakes and electrohydraulic shock absorbers, actuated by heavy chromoly steel pushrods. All eight wheels are driven constantly by heavy splined half-shafts which use bevel gears to lift the vehicle 's suspension and drivetrain far enough off the ground that they can be covered with a blast-resistant V-shaped panel, dramatically increasing its resistance to mines and improvised explosives. Gharial is protected by a high-copper aluminum alloy frame which is welded and then attached to the titanium backbone frame with high-strength steel bolts. The welded body itself is protection from 25mm autocannons at all angles, and 30mm at the front, including blast shields for the front windows.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 Aluminum 30mm Hull, Proof to <25mm AP

Frontal Arc Protection:
80mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <30mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
60mm Side Panels, Proof to <25mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small round pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into the Mahui pods which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on Gharial, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for wheeled armor makes the WIC.31/8 challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
900 Kilometers (9.0 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
141 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
50 Km/H

Water Speed:
12 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK08-7332.1S10)
640 kW Supercharged 7.3L Boxer-8 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 8 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
7,300cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
640 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH30/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,000cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-140 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
140 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
27.5 Hp/Ton

WIC.31's use an 8-cylinder 7.3 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 3.0L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System, which allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the vehicle on its wheels including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed on rollers in less than two hours without the use of a vehicle lift. The engine's exhaust pipes are ceramic coated internally and externally, run below the crew area to a rear exhaust diffuser, actively cooled with a fan to lower the vehicle's thermal signature and to lower the temperature of the crew compartment, which is also insulated from the engine heat. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. An output shaft runs from the transmission to an electric motor which then outputs to a series of carbon fiber driveshafts which produce mechanical full-time all-wheel-drive, all eight wheels driving and constantly biasing torque to the wheels with the most grip. This compact permanent magnet generator creates 140 kilowatts of electrical power, augmenting the power of the boxer engine by "filling in" gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Wheeled Infantry Carriers to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
4 Pairs 8-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.68 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
1.5 Meters

Turning Radius:
7.7 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
1.94 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
58%

Maximum Side-Slope:
40%

The vehicle's driveshafts run inside a large, tubular titanium frame which divides the vehicle down its centerline. Carbon fiber driveshafts are used to dampen drivetrain harmonics and to maximize throttle response. The WIC.31's "honeycomb" tires are several times lighter than comparable air-filled rubber tires on steel wheels; this sharpens the throttle response and the acceleration of the vehicle, making best use of the racing-derived supercharged Boxer-8 engine. Each wheel is made with a flexible nitinol hoop attached to the inner hub with rubber isolated screws, an inner suspension system called an "Energy Return Wheel." The Energy Return Wheel mounts a non-pneumatic open-cell honeycomb tire, strong enough to continue operation with up to 30% of its structure destroyed. The suspension is operated by pushrod, with each wheel having a pair of electrohydraulic shocks, which stiffen or relax depending on the terrain, speed and user-set paramaters and adjust as many as 500x per second. Each wheel is independently steered by computer control; the vehicle uses fiber-optic "drive-by-light" communication to send instructions to suspension, brake and steering components; this allows Gharial an extremely tight turning radius for a vehicle its size. WIC.31/8 is legendary with its soldiers for ride comfort; very little noise is transmitted to the cabin in the form of vibration, which is air-conditioned and sound-deadened and the supple ride quality afforded by the long-travel suspension and high ground clearance allows Gharial to move over rough terrain at great speeds for a vehicle its size. Each wheel has an inboard iron rotor and 8-piston hydraulic caliper, placed adjacent to the differential rather than placing the brake closest to the wheel. This configuration allows the wheel hub to be a heavy monolithic piece which is simple and strong.

Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Gharial's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

Gharial 8x8's utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the tank itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The Auriga gunsight is mounted to the mantlet of the Chimera's main gun in a low profile armored barbette, providing high-definition, all weather thermal optics and laser rangefinding.

- Variants: -

Gharial-A, Infantry Carrier
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Front Mounted Turret)
1x FA38.L85.C8S Chain-Driven Autocannon

Caliber:
38x290mm Telescoped Combustible-Case Auto Rifle "TCAR38"

Assembled Mass:
500 Kilograms (Including Helical Drums & Feeds)

Rifled Length:
3,230mm (85 Calibers)

Ammunition Carriage:
Dual 240-Rd. Helical Magazines & Linkless Feeds

HEIAP Shell Weight:
524 g (Semi-Armor Piercing Ballistic Cap, 120 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

HEIT Shell Weight:
321 g (Thin-Wall, 230 g CL-20/HMX+Be Filler)

Select-Fire Operation:
480 RPM Cyclic, Fully Automatic w/ 2-Sec (16-Rd) & 4-Sec (32-Rd) Limiters

Muzzle Velocity:
1,220 M/Sec (Mach 3.56)

Point Target Distance:
3.2 Kilometers

Area Target Distance:
9.8 Kilometers

Elevation, Depression & Traverse:
-10° to +80° / 86°/Sec

Missile Armament:(Box Launchers, Movable Armature)
4x ATW.130R3-A "Partizan-A" Wire-Guided Anti-Tank Missiles

Rocket Dimensions:
24.33 Kgs (53.6 Lbs) Weight, 1.82m (5'11") Length, 140mm (5.51") Diameter

Rocket Propulsion:
Smokeless High-Impulse Vectored Rocket Aerospike, (SHIVRA) 5.5 Sec to FTD*, 2,250 M/Sec (Mach 6.56)

Range & Accuracy:
6,300m, (Moving Target Distance) 11,300m, (Fixed Target Distance*) 200mm Circular Error Probable

Operative Method:
Top-Attack; Fiber-Optic Cable Guidance, 12,000m Reel & Gimballed Thrust

Warhead, Type-A:
Monolithic, Staballoy (DU/Ti) 5.00 Kgs

Kinetic Warhead Description:
930mm Length, 60mm Dia, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat

Type-A Armor Perforation:
1,260mm @ 2,250 M/Sec (12.656 MJ, Kinetic Energy)

Primary to the mission of the Gharial-A is being ready and able to engage an extremely wide variety of targets with guns or missiles. The turret mounted was developed for the Orcus-A tracked Armed Weapons Carrier, carrying the versatile and deadly 38x290mm autocannon and four hypersonic "Partizan" missiles. The 38mm gun has an 8-rounds-per-second rate of fire and can be operated with two and four second automatic limiters for different threat profiles. The weapon is equipped with dual feeds for lightweight prefragmented, thin-wall High Explosive Incendiary (PHEI) or heavier semi-armor piercing High Explosive Incendiary (SAPHEI) ammunition. The weapon has a high muzzle velocity of 1,220 M/Sec, and can engage moving targets at 3,200 meters and fixed targets at 9,800 meters. Partizan missiles carry a depleted uranium long-rod penetrator; they are wire-guided missiles aimed by the vehicle's optical targeting system capable of hitting a moving target at 6,300 meters and fixed targets at 11,300 meters with incredible force. Partizan strikes its target near its burnout velocity at Mach 6.56, typically at a downward angle to strike a vehicle's top armor with devastating results. With four missiles in a ready configuration and a 38mm autocannon, Gharial-A is capable of engaging targets while in motion and is loved by its crews for its high top speed and acceleration, its excellent mobility and its potent arms package in combination with thermal camouflage and effective armor.

Gharial-B, Field Hospital
This variant is provisioned with all necessary supplies to serve as a mobile surgical unit and capacity for four stretchers and medical crewmembers. This vehicle is clearly marked with a symmetrical red cross on a square white field on all sides and is equipped with discrete strobe lights and sirens. Gharial-B has a stretcher capacity of six, and is in widespread production and use as the standard ambulance/first response vehicle throughout the Marquesan States.

Gharial-C, Command Center
This variant is equipped with upgraded communications equipment including a high-power Solid State Plasma Antenna and upgraded computers, including a full Testudo Rosso modular supercomputer. These Command Post variants have an office setup in the rear of the vehicle with a capacity for four personnel, including folding keyboards, swing-out seats and large multifunction OLED displays throughout. The Gharial-C is unarmed but well-protected and highly mobile, making it a common sight as a police vehicle, for border surveillance and a host of other tasks.

Gharial-D, Munitions Hauler
Gharial-D variants have a special, blast-protected ammunition compartment in the rear of the vehicle and can tow resupply trailers for 10x10 Transporter/Erector/Launchers. (TEL's) The munitions hauler variant is in widespread use for transporting ammunition to combat zones and at ports where naval ships resupply. Often used as work trucks in extremely rugged areas by engineering units due to their ability to tow rock trailers, the Gharial-D is in current large-scale serial production.

Real World Comparison - - Freccia Combat IFV vs. WIC.31/8 "Gharial-A": Freccia is slightly longer, taller by half a meter and also slightly wider than Gharial; but Gharial is more heavily armored. Freccia has a crew of three and eight passengers, Gharial has a crew of 3 and 10 passengers. The Oerlikon gun has a higher rate of fire, and fires in continuous bursts, but the Marquesan gun is designed for automatic fire operation with 2 and 4 second limiters. The heavier 38mm ammunition can engage moving targets at 3,200 meters, past the effective firing distance of the 20mm Oerlikon and can engage fixed targets at 9,800 meters, far in excess of the 20mm's maximum firing range, allowing the Gharial to defend itself at greater distances with accurate bursts of fire that conserve ammunition. In addition, Gharial-A carries four Partizan hypersonic missiles, where Freccia carries two Spike ATGM's. The subsonic Spike can have a longer maximum range than Partizan in its newest variants, but Partizan operates as a kinetic strike weapon, where Spike uses a Tandem/HEAT warhead lacking the penetration power of the hypersonic missile. Freccia and Gharial have similar maximum ranges, but Gharial is faster due to its racing derived powertrain and higher horsepower-to-weight ratio. Freccia carries a 7.62mm secondary armament, but the crew must expose themselves to hostile fire to operate it; Gharial's remote weapons turret is operated by the gunner from his station to the right of the driver.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
1,400,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Sep 03, 2021 10:20 am, edited 27 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

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Civil Rights Lovefest

RTH.26/10 "Typhos"

Postby Marquesan » Sun Nov 22, 2020 4:29 pm

Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.
Nomenclature:RTH.63/10 "Typhos"
- Overview: -

The FMA in all Echelons had a requirement to replace older and less powerful transport vehicles with a single chassis capable of carrying and towing extreme loads. The winning design, codenamed "Typhos" combines very high mobility and a Diesel/Electric powerplant with five axles and a three-abreast cab forward of the engine. The vehicle is massive; special high-strength airless tires were developed for Typhos. All wheels steer and all wheels are constantly driven by torque-biasing limited-slip differentials at every juncture, so power is balanced between all 10 wheels constantly. The high, watertight and CBRN-filtered cab, top-mounted dual air intakes and radiator cooling scoops mean that Typhos can safely ford many bodies of water without the use of a bridge. Its open-cell tires dig in and cycle mud out quickly so that even in marshy conditions, Typhos is likely to maintain forward motion with its tires biting into the bottom and its V-shaped hull pushing water to the outside. The thick, high-copper/aluminum alloy hull will resist 8mm rotary guns at all angles, including its armored windows; the chassis is highly blast resistant, with inboard brake discs and all suspension components attached to thick swing axles, tucked up behind removeable V-shaped blast panels. Portal-geared hubs and swing axles are made from armor steel; the combination of open-cell tires, V-shaped hull and chassis design make Typhos one of the most blast-resistant heavy trucks ever designed. Typhos is capable of hauling the heaviest of loads, traversing rough terrain and doing it with a wide variety of trailers towed behind it. Many trailers are armed; the engineer and vehicle commander together operate the missiles, or radar, or whatever the cargo may be. A number of variants of the RTH.26 exist; the versatile platform is a commonplace sight both in Gholgoth and abroad.
- Systems: -

Classification:
10x10 Rugged Transport, Heavy

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Engineer)

Combat Weight:
25,760 Kilograms

Overall Dimensions:
10.6 Meters Length, 2.73 Meters Width, 3.08 Meters Height

Towing Maximum:
96,300 Kilograms

Payload Maximum:
63,300 Kilograms

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 (Cu/Al) 20mm Hull, Proof to <8mm AP

Typhos is engineered with a blast-resistant V-shaped hull with panels which cover the vehicle's inboard hydraulic disc brakes and electrohydraulic shock absorbers, actuated by heavy chromoly steel pushrods. All eight wheels are driven constantly by heavy splined half-shafts which use bevel gears to lift the vehicle 's suspension and drivetrain far enough off the ground that they can be covered with a blast-resistant V-shaped panel, dramatically increasing its resistance to mines and improvised explosives. Typhos is protected by a high-copper aluminum alloy frame which is welded and then attached to the titanium backbone frame with high-strength steel bolts. The welded body itself and all windows are protected from up to 8mm rotary guns firing armor-piercing ammunition. Blast shields can be lowered down over the front windows in high threat environments to isolate the windows from shock, splinters and explosive residues, with small visibility slits allowing visibility through the armor-glass windshield and windows.

Range:
850 Kilometers (8.5 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
115 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
89 Km/H

Water Speed:
5 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK12-1148.1S22)
1,320 kW Supercharged 10.95L Boxer-12 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 12 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
10,950cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Diesel-Only Power:
1,080 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH42/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 4,200cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
48 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
18 Forward Gears, 4 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-240 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
770Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
240 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
28.09 Hp/Ton @ Max Vehicle Weight

The Tyhpos 10x10 truck uses a 12-cylinder, 10.95 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 22-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with 18 forward gears and 4 reverse straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 240 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Typhos' to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
5 Pairs 30-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.66 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
1.4 Meters

Turning Radius:
26 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
1.3 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
35%

Maximum Side-Slope:
37%

The vehicle's driveshafts run inside a large, tubular titanium frame which divides the vehicle down its centerline. Carbon fiber driveshafts are used to dampen drivetrain harmonics and to maximize throttle response. The RTH.63's "honeycomb" tires are several times lighter than comparable air-filled rubber tires on steel wheels; this sharpens the throttle response and the acceleration of the vehicle, making best use of the racing-derived supercharged Boxer-12 engine. Each wheel is made with a flexible nitinol hoop attached to the inner hub with rubber isolated screws, an inner suspension system called an "Energy Return Wheel." The Energy Return Wheel mounts a non-pneumatic open-cell honeycomb tire, strong enough to continue operation with up to 30% of its structure destroyed. The suspension is operated by pushrod, with each wheel having a pair of electrohydraulic shocks, which stiffen or relax depending on the terrain, speed and user-set paramaters and adjust as many as 500x per second. Each wheel is independently steered by computer control; the vehicle uses fiber-optic "drive-by-light" communication to send instructions to suspension, brake and steering components; this allows Typhos an extremely tight turning radius for a vehicle its size. RTH.63/10 is legendary with its soldiers for ride quality whether or not the vehicle is towing a load; very little noise is transmitted to the cabin in the form of vibration, which is air-conditioned and sound-deadened and the supple ride quality afforded by the long-travel suspension and high ground clearance allows Typhos to move over rough terrain at great speeds for a vehicle its size. Each wheel has an inboard iron rotor and 8-piston hydraulic caliper, placed adjacent to the differential rather than placing the brake closest to the wheel. This configuration allows the wheel hub to be a heavy monolithic piece which is simple and strong.

Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit RTH.63's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. III Combat Management System

Navigation:
Kanaloa Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit

Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 5 kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

- Variants: -

Typhos-A, Bobtail Truck
Configured with a widened, reinforced rear section and a turn-table connector with 100mm ball-race-bearing kingpin ideal for towing the heaviest of loads.

Typhos-B, Cargo Carrier
Fitted with a 2.7 x 8.1 Meter heavy-gauge steel bed on reinforced triangular titanium span arms, the Cargo Carrier bed has chain securing ponts, tie-down bulkheads and provisions for side rails or a hard-shell cargo cover.

Typhos-C, Road Train
Road Train variant Typhos are designed to handle ten Castra.206 Armored Shipping Containers on unimproved terrain across the vehicle's entire 850 kilometer range.

Typhos-D, Mobile Crane
This variant is equipped with a 60-meter hydraulic boom type crane and a 200-ton lifting capacity, operated remotely from inside the vehicle's cab.

Typhos-E, Fuel Carrier
Mounts a 20K Liter Fuel Tank, Triple-Hulled w/ Mangalloy Steel, Layered Kevlar & Rubber Spall Liners, Armored w/ 20mm thickness Gr. 12 Hexagonal Titanium Plate. Equipped to retail metered fuel to aircraft & vehicles. The baffled tank's exterior armor is rated against arms up to 28.7mm high-velocity autocannons.

Typhos-F, Fire Apparatus, Water
Carrying a 8,000 LPM Pump, connections for hydrants, a 16K Liter Baffled Water Tank, a 15 Meter Ladder and a 120mm High-Pressure Hose along with spotlights, strobe lights and sirens, this is a standard firefighting rig.

Typhos-G, Fire Apparatus, Foam
This trailer employs a high-pressure 7K Liter gelled halocarbon/dry chemical suspension (PGA) tank and a 30 MPa nitrogen compressor attached to a remote-operated semi-rigid pressure hose.

Typhos-H, Bridging Vehicle
This trailer carries a 30-meter bridge that when laid can support two 50 ton vehicles moving at 20 km/h, thus allowing the heaviest of vehicles to cross craters, ditches and damaged bridges at combat speed. The Typhos-H backs up to the point the bridge is to be laid at and six spades along the vehicle are driven into the ground to take the vehicle off its tires. An automatic hydraulic system raises and then lays the bridge with mid-installation corrections possible until the bridge is being lowered into place. Once secured, the hydraulic bridgelaying clamps release and the Bridging Vehicle can drive across. The bridge is taken up by the same method.

Typhos-I, SCM.600 "Immortal-II" (1x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals a single Hot Launch Canister for the SCM.600 "Immortal-II" Strategic Carrier Missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed trailer indistinguishable from any other cargo trailer hauled by the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-J, BTM.131 "Makara" (3x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals 3x Hot Launch Canisters for the BTM.131R2 "Makara" Ballistic Theater Missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo trailer hauled by the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-K, BGM.138R2 "Summanus" (3x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals 3x Hot Canister Launch Cells for the BGM.139R3 "Summanus" missile behind a corrugated steel box panel system on a towed trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo trailer hauled by the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away to allow the launcher to elevate. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-L, HTS.108 "Morningstar" (10x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals Hot Canister Launch Cells for HTS.108R2 "Morningstar" missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo trailer hauled by the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, missiles fire vertically through their covers in the trailer's top panel. Blast shields cover the front windows during firing, which can be conducted with the vehicle on its wheels. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-M, SAM.155 "Ahriman" (5x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals five (5) Hot Canister Launch Cells for SAM.155R2 "Ahriman" missiles behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo trailer hauled by the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the pack of 5 launch cells is lowered into a vertical position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-N, EIS.154 "Hydra" (3x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals three (3) Hot Canister Launch Cells for the EIS.154 "Hydra" missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo trailer hauled by the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile pack is allowed to elevate to vertical launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-O, Bellatrix Radar Carrier
Fitted with the APAs5.2000R "Bellatrix" S-band radar which produces no-blind speed coverage up to Mach-25 for a distance of 500 kilometers. Each Bellatrix radar can track 35 targets simultaneously, and can detect targets with a Radar Cross Section (RCS) of 0.5m². The Bellatrix AESA is one of the most sensitive modern radars recently designed in 2020, with a versatile, high-mobility platform towing its trailer on a flexible, articulated vehicle.
Nomenclature: APAs5.2000F/R "Bellatrix"
Classification: Naval/Ground-Based Tracking Radar, 35-Beam Processing, 90° FFOV
Operation Mode: S-Band AESA, 2,000W ERP, 75 Hz Update Speed
Design Spec: 500 Km Detection Range, No-Blind Speed Coverage < Mach 25
Notes: 0.5m² RCS High-Probability Detection, Hypersonic/Ballistic Optimized

Real World Comparison - - Palletized Load System vs. RTH.63/10 "Typhos": Both trucks have five axle sets, but PLS is powered by a six cylinder 15.2 liter diesel, and Typhos is powered by a 12 cylinder 10.95 liter supercharged diesel/electric hybrid, Typhos has a much more powerful engine and has far greater towing capacity and road speed. PLS is slightly longer and taller than Typhos, but not as wide. Typhos has a three-abreast cabin, where PLS seats two. The payload capacity of Typhos is roughly twice that of PLS, with a higher top speed and longer range due to greater fuel efficiency. Typhos' racing-derived electrohydraulic suspension and articulated center gives a more supple ride quality than the air ride on PLS, with better sound-deadening and far greater protection from the crew.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
850,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Sep 03, 2021 10:24 am, edited 6 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

User avatar
Marquesan
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Posts: 1841
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Marquesan » Mon Mar 29, 2021 6:47 am

.
Last edited by Marquesan on Thu Sep 02, 2021 6:32 am, edited 6 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

User avatar
Marquesan
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1841
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

LHP.109 "Electra"

Postby Marquesan » Mon May 02, 2022 7:35 am

Image

Nomenclature: LHP.109 "Electra" (Locomotive Haute Puissance)
Nation of Origin:
The Marquesan Shogunate, Gholgoth

Classification:
High-Power Electric Locomotive

Specifications:

Rail Gauge:
2,000mm (6'7") Pan-Gothic, Welded Continuous Rail

High-Speed Configuration:
1 Locomotive + 18 articulated cars, 364.1m / 1,194'6.6" total length / 1,100 tons

Freight Configuration:
2x Locomotives + 120 cars, 2,312.46m (7,586') total length / 15,000+ tons @ 200 Km/H (124.37 MPH)

Locomotive Dimensions:
24.63m (80'9.6") L / 6.15m (20'2") H @ pantograph / 4.00m (13'1.5") W @ mirrors / 108.71 tons weight

Locomotive Configuration:
(2Co)(Co2) - 2x leading axles, 3x driven axles w/ PMAC, KERS, ARSS, MRC (15 - 45 ton per axle load rated)

Bogie Configuration:
11,830mm (38'9.7") wheelbase / 2,360mm (7'9") between axles / 9,000mm (29'6.7") between centers

Drivers:
1,250mm (4'1" - new) / 920mm (3' - worn) steel wheels w/ active radial steering suspension (ARSS) & magnetic bearings

Regenerative Brakes:
1x Kinetic energy recovery flywheel & graphene supercapacitor per locomotive wheel (800 kN braking effort)

Electrical System:
30 kV 60 Hz AC from 7.5m (24'7.2") height overhead catenary w/ 2x T-Shaped active pantographs

Traction Motors:
12x 1,440 kW direct-drive brushless permanent magnet AC induction motors (PMAC)

Tractive Effort:
1,000 kN Starting / 900 kN @ 30 Km/H Continuous / 221.66 kN @ 366.4 Km/H

Power Output:
17.23 MW (23,100 HP) @ 3,000 Volts / 10,000 Amps

Acceleration:
0-366.4 Km/H in 5 Minutes, 33 Seconds & 18 Km

Operating Speed:
366.4 Km/H (227.67 MPH - High-Speed Config)

Do-Not-Exceed Speed: (VNE)
574.8 Km/H (357.2 MPH)

Braking Distance:
366.4 Km/H to 0 in 74 seconds & 3.3 Km

Trailer Bogie Configuration:
Articulated 3-axle w/ active radial steering suspension & magnetic ride control (MRC)

Passenger Car Construction:
pressure-sealed, graphene aerogel-insulated aluminum honeycomb, electrophoretic glass windows

Exterior Car Measurements:
18.76m (61'10") Length / 3.3m (10'9.8") Width / 5.76m (14'3") Height

Interior Car Measurements:
18.3m (60') Length / 3.05m (10') Width / 1.22m (4') Floor Height

Single-Deck Arrangement:(4.03m / 13'2.6" Ceilings)
Executive Observation Car = 20x seats per car / First = 40x seats per car / Commuter = 60x seats per car

Duplex "Low-boy" Arrangement:(2.17m / 7'1" Ceilings)
Executive Sleeper Car = 20x seats / First = 80x seats per car / Commuter = 120x seats per car

Description:

The Marquesan government commissioned a study to improve its existing strategic and commercial 2,000mm diesel/electric rail network in 1980, the result of which was a massive re-grading of existing railway paths, and installation of ultra-smooth welded rail in 5-kilometer sections which reduce transmitted vibration and allow higher speeds. Electrifying the railways with overhead 7.5-meter caternary wires from the country's 1,000 kV high-voltage power network required 30 kV, 60 Hz transformers to be installed along the entire length of the rail network to feed from the sprawling Marquesan nuclear power industry. The retooling of Marquesan rail infrastructure to support high speed rail was completed in stages, with the Capital City Loop completed first in 1995 and all railway stages completed by 2008. Several variants of hybrid power and fully-electric trains have been operated on the national rail network, in 2020, a new study was commissioned to take advantage of the latest technological advances in high-power magnetics. The LHP.109 model locomotive, with design frozen in 2022 for serial production is the lightest and most powerful locomotive unit to enter service on Marquesan Railways, known by its development codename, Electra. The locomotive unit itself houses the driver and co-driver in a cockpit high up on the body, with an aerodynamic nose forward of the cockpit, to dissipate the intensity of shockwaves when entering and exiting tunnels. Smooth fairings cover the locomotive's wheels, and conform to the shape of duplex passenger cars towed behind it, minimizing turbulence and optimizing the train's drag coeffienct. The locomotive unit is equipped with two T-shaped active pantograph bows on the roof, which adjust their tension and positioning 60x per second by computer control, accounting for atmospheric conditions and using an upward-looking infrared sensor at the base of the pantograph to monitor the position of the overhead caternary wire in real time.

Beneath the long nose and aerodynamic fairing are two 5-axle bogies, which house two non-driven steering axles in the first positions, and three driven axles behind. On each 1.25 meter diameter steel wheel, brakes consist of carbon flywheels paired to graphene supercapacitors which store kinetic energy recovered from braking as electrical power, and release that power as the train sets off again, reducing the electrical load required to propel the train from 0. Together, the brakes can produce 800 kilonewtons of braking force, bringing the train in its high-speed configuration down from its 366.4 Km/H operating speed to 0 in 3,300 meters and 74 seconds. All 20 wheels are independent of one another, steering around corners by varying the electrical power to inside or outside wheels. Electromagnetic ride control decouples the locomotive's body from the bogies, and active radial steering suspension ensures the wheels stay centered and level, adjusting wheel position up to 60x per second, with wheels operating on magnetic bearings which dramatically decrease transmitted noise, heat and vibration. On the locomotive's 12 driving wheels, high power-density permanent magnet electric motors provide up to 1,000 kN of tractive force, which can accelerate the high-speed train to its operating speed in 5 minutes and 33 seconds, accelerating at a constant 1.1 Km/H per second, almost too gentle an accelerating force to be felt on the train. With a permitted emergency overrun speed of 574.8 Km/H on the straightest portions of the rail network and 23,100 horsepower available, a single locomotive can pull 1,100-ton, 18-car passenger trains at high speed, at high service frequency, requiring only 5-million kilometer overhauls. Automatic computer control of power and stability systems makes the Electra trains extremely reliable, with central train command & control at the Rae Baeli, Darjeeling Prefecture station keeping precise positioning and track condition information directed to the train driver and co-driver by high-speed datalink.

Built with 3-axle articulated Jacob's Bogies and active radial steering suspension, each trailer car rests upon magnetic dampers, mechanically separating the car from the bogie, which translates to a glass-smooth, silent ride. Trailer car construction utilizes aluminum honeycomb structures filled with graphene aerogel for body structures, and 20mm thick panoramic windows made from multiple-layer glass/acrylic laminate. The windows are coated with an electrified silver layer in the glass; when a current is applied, the silver layer oxidizes and darkens the glass, allowing computer control to automatically adjust the light level in passenger cars, preventing direct or reflected sunlight from blinding passengers. Passenger cars are very light for their expansive size, with both single-level and duplex cars offering spacious accomodations with heated seats and drink and dining service in all three classes on journeys of greater than two hours duration. Seating in the executive class is clustered around tables, four tables with five seats each. In single-deck cars, these tables are surrounded by high ceilings with panoramic roof and window glass. Double deck cars place this arrangement above a sleeping deck with full-size beds with reduced ceiling height in the observation deck. Business-class seating is also around tabled, with 10 tables, four seats to a table. Commuter class seating is airplane style, but generous in overhead luggage space, side, and leg room with 4-abreast seating and a central lane for drink and dining service. In a maximum-capacity commuter configuration, high-speed Electra trains can carry 2,160 passengers, or can carry a mixture of single-height and duplex cars, restaurant cars or can haul a wide variety of miscellaneous military loads up to 485 tons on 18 flatbed or freight cars. When coupled to a second locomotive in a push/pull configuration, Electra locomotives can operate in a slow-speed freight configuration, with a maximum of 11,600 tons of freight on 120 cars, traveling at 200 Km/H.

Research Links:
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

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TM-TGV "Rakinui"

Postby Marquesan » Mon May 02, 2022 7:39 am

Image

Nomenclature: TM-TGV "Rakinui" (Transporteur Magnétique à Très Grande Vitesse)
Classification:
High-Speed MagLev Train

Nation of Origin:
The Marquesan Shogunate, Gholgoth

Specifications:

Formation:
12 Articulated Cars

Weight:
320t

Length:
300m (984'3")

Width:
4.00m (13'1.5")

Height:
4.00m (13'1.5")

End "Imperial-Class" Cars:
30m (98'5.1")

Intermediate "Standard-Class" Cars:
24m (78'8.9")

Construction:
Graphene Aerogel-filled Aramid Honeycomb w/ Magnetic Insulation (80% Ni/15.5% Fe/4.5% Mo)

Capacity:
60x Seats (Intermediate) / 30x Seats (End Cars) - 660 Overall

Electrical System:
30 kV 60 Hz AC, Resonant Inductive Coupling

Power Failover:
10,000-Farad graphene supercapacitors

Propulsion & Braking:
145 M/Sec Linear Induction Motors

Suspension:
Tandem; PM-EDS & HEMS

Operating Speed:
610 Km/H (379 MPH)

Do-Not-Exceed Speed: (VNE)
688 Km/H (427.5 MPH)

Traveling Air Gap:
120mm (4.72")

Grade & Radius Handling:
1,000m Min. Turn Radius / 40% Max. Grade

Specifications:

The first research the Marquesan government conducted on magnetic levitation for public transportation was authorized in Fiscal Year 1990, approved by Shogun Yuri Hyuga to connect the capital, Nuku Hiva, with the fourteen prefecture capitals at a higher speed than the existing Diesel/Electric military locomotives and overhead electric high-speed railway network currently running at capacity handling mixed military, commercial and commuter traffic between cities. Several variants of magnetic levitation techology have been tried on the test track connecting Apolima, Coevity and Aprahi, Lifou on a perfectly straight line. The most modern TM-TGV train is called "Rakinui", taking advantage of the latest advances in high-power, high-temperature electromagnets, and lessons learned with MagLev technologies in Marquesan and abroad. Rakinui track is generally elevated 30 meters above grade, on seismically-dampened A-frame pylons which balance the lateral, downward and environmental loads evenly on footings designed to resist earthquakes up to magnitude 8.5. Each set of pylons is 60 meters from the next set and the footings, 15 meters apart from the opposite in its pair, create minimal disruption in the landscape. Rakinui track is U-shaped, which serves the purpose of guiding the levitating train along its path passively, but also directs most of the aerodynamic noise of traveling at high speeds upwards, to minimize disruption to civilian life.

The train receives its power from the track, via 30 kV, 60 Hz alternating current, stepped down by wayside transformers from the Marquesan standard 1,000 kV high-voltage lines that interconnect the country's majority nuclear power grid. A technology called Resonant Inductive Coupling uses wave-wound Litz-wire on the belly of the train, which interacts with a powered rail embedded in the trackway. As the train passes over the current-bearing rail, power is transmitted wirelessly to the resonating wave-wound Litz-wires by making the wire coil ring with an oscillating current, generating a magnetic field upon which electric current can travel freely. This system provides the power required to propel the train, and to power its electrical functions. Placed on the sides and undercarriage of the train are a variety of high-temperature, water cooled electromagnets, carrying out the separate tasks of guidance, propulsion and braking, high-speed stability and slow-speed/zero-speed levitation. Laid into the sides of the trackway along its entire length are Figure-of-Eight Litz-wire loops, which are unpowered and cross-connected across the track. As the train passes, the Linear Induction Motors it uses for propulsion generate magnetic fields that interact with the unpowered loops. If the train is off-center, a current will be generated, drawing the train closer to the side it is further from, and away from the side it is closest to by magnetic repulsion. This constant centering force maintains both traveling altitude and horizontal guidance as the train travels along its guideway. This type of suspension, known as Permanent Magnetic Electro-Dynamic Suspension, or PM-EDS, works at high speeds because the interactive force at each loop is weak, and the system relies on velocity for its extremely accurate ride control. At slow or zero speeds, PM-EDS cannot operate effectively; because of this, a separate, unpowered slow/zero-speed suspension system is needed. Most MagLev trains have landing gear-style wheels or skids for this purpose, but TM-TGV "Rakinui" solves this problem with a separate, permanent magnet installation on the undercarriage of each train car, known as Hybrid Electromagnetic Suspension, or HEMS. As the train sinks from its 120mm traveling height at lower speeds, the electromagnetic suspension generates a repelling force sufficient for 30mm of ride height with zero movement. This system receives power from the grid as the rest of the train does, but uses energy stored in onboard capacitors for failover. These 10,000-Farad graphene supercapacitors, four on each car, receive energy from the train's Linear Induction Motors, recovered during regenerative braking. The train's internal energy storage array is sufficient to maintain levitation for 1 hour with a fully loaded train in a zero-power situation. At the failover system's limit, the train's doors will open and the vehicle will come to rest safely on its trackway from the 30mm height.

Each train car's undercarriage contains four Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motors, or PM-LSM's. These rotating, high-temperature electromagnetic machines, water-cooled rather than helium-cooled as with superconducting LIM's, provide 80 kN (kilonewtons) of propulsive force each, and rotating at an optimum rate of 145 meters per second, allow the Rakinui TM-TGV to travel at a designed operating speed of 610 Km/H, with considerable overrun available for emergencies. With dozens of powered and unpowered magnets interacting with each other in such close proximity to human commuter traffic, it was deemed a priority to shield the passenger cabin from electromagnetic fields. To accomplish this, metallic insulation is installed on the cabin interior spaces up to shoulder-level when seated. This allows overhead signals such as digital communications devices to work safely onboard the train without interference, and permits routine human commuter traffic without inducing sickness or discomfort from close interaction with magnetic fields. The aerodynamic shell of the Rakinui TM-TGV is constructed from bonded and moulded aramid fiber honeycomb panels, which are shot through with graphene aerogel insulation to dramatically increase their insulation value (R-value) to sound, to heat and to cold, and also to increase their structural rigidity. With nearly all the train's weight riding low, the train's center of gravity gives it a settled feeling at high speeds, with nearly no perceptable "floating" feeling or push from acceleration. Ride quality is excllent, with an extremely low noise floor in the interior at its 610 Km/H operating speed. At speed, the train can climb 40% grades and negotiate curves with a minimum radius of 1,000 meters. During braking maneuvers, the train's PM-LSM's are slowed down, creating resistance. This resistance is recovered in ultra-high power (10,000-Farad) graphene supercapacitors, which is stored to run the train in emergency operations, and is used down to a safe minimum limit for propelling the train away from stations at zero-speed.

End cars are considered "Imperial Class", longer than the intermediate cars due to their long, sloping aerodynamic nose fairings. Imperial Class cars have 30 seats arranged around six round tables, 5 to a table. Intermediate cars have airline-style seating, with fifteen rows four-across, and a center aisle. Seating accomodations in the ten Standard Class are extremely generous, with each seat having greater than a meter in each direction, considered on-par with the best first-class airline accomodations. All seats are heated, and panoramic laminate-glass windows include an electrophoretic, or self-darkening coating which tints in direct sunlight to optimize the light level in all cabins. Food and drink service in Imperial Class is on demand, and served midway into each journey in Standard Class, with staff in each car, and food/drink preparation areas inside the nosecones of each end car. Each car possesses washroom facilities, at the connecting end of the car. In intermediate cars, each car has separate facilities forward and rear for men and women. End car facilities are spacious, including equipment for laundering clothes on the train. Imperial-Class dining includes tableside service of hot meals on request, with menus changing weekly, designed by culinary students local to the route. The exteriors of Rakinui-class trains are generally painted with a livery representative of the route they travel, to be chosen by design competition from schools in districts the train service passes through. Thus, each train gains an individuality, such as the "Nuku-Hiva Express" or the "Arue Delta Wanderer".

Research Links:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_levitation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_induction_motor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_suspension
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrodynamic_suspension
https://www.international-construction.com/news/-world-s-first-high-temperature-maglev-train/8009694.article
https://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/jom/9810/Fujimoto-9810.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resonant_inductive_coupling
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1451049
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjwF-STGtfE
https://web.archive.org/web/20110707175941/http://www.askmar.com/Inductrack/2000-4%20Magnetic%20Levitation.pdf
https://global.jr-central.co.jp/en/company/_pdf/superconducting_maglev.pdf
http://www.dot.ga.gov/AboutGeorgia/Board/Presentations/Maglev.pdf
https://www.globalrailwayreview.com/article/132872/magnetic-levitation-raises-the-bar-for-safety-standards-in-rail/
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40864-019-0104-1
https://www.ncl.ac.uk/media/wwwnclacuk/pressoffice/files/pressreleaseslegacy/TRI_Flug_Hoehe_e_5_021.pdf
https://www.monorailsaustralia.com.au/EastWestResponse_100708_ThyssenKruppTransrapidAustralia.pdf
http://www.maglev.ir/eng/documents/papers/conferences/maglev2006/topic3/IMT_CP_M2006_T3_14.pdf
https://escholarship.org/content/qt6ds64496/qt6ds64496_noSplash_a2591d6170c7c0846707ea03eee226fd.pdf?t=mc2stq
https://scmaglev.jr-central-global.com/about/
https://www.nidec.com/en/technology/motor/academic/010/
https://www.railway-technology.com/projects/chuo-shinkansen-maglev-line/
https://global.jr-central.co.jp/en/company/data-book/_pdf/2020.pdf
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"


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