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American Politics XIV: The Dawning of the Age of the Pumpkin

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Shrillland
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Left-wing Utopia

American Politics XIV: The Dawning of the Age of the Pumpkin

Postby Shrillland » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:33 pm

When August comes to a close, when the temperatures get down to reasonable levels, then the race to November truly begins, and gourds become all-pervasive devils. This is the dawning of the Age of the Pumpkin Spice, Age of the Pumpkin Spice.... the Pumpkin Spice...... the Pumpkin Spice!

Doesn't really work does it? But it is the end of summer, and Pumpkin Spice everything will soon appear everywhere. We only have a few more weeks of primaries left, of which I'll say more later on, and prices for everything continue to rise even as gas prices are starting to go down. Congress managed to pass a major piece of legislation for a change, and the US is actually finally going to combat climate change in a serious capacity. There will be a poll once I figure what the race of next week is, in the meantime, follow the rules, look for some other targets besides the usual ones here at NSG, play nice, and beware the pumpkin.

Plebiscite Plaza 2022:

Our first Amendment comes on May 24. This would amend the state constitution to issue $85 million in bonds to improve, renovate, and otherwise maintain all state parks($80 million) and state historical monuments and sites($5 million). All of them, that is, except for the Confederate Memorital Park in Marbury, which was specifically excepted for obvious reasons. APPROVED

All Alabama's other amendments come in November. Amendment 1 is also referred to as "Aniah's Law" after Aniah Blanchard, who was killed in 2019 by someone who was out on bail despite being indicted for kidnapping, robbery, and attempted murder. Alabama doesn't currently allow remanding suspects without bail, but this amendment would change that, allowing it at a Judge's discretion for most violent crimes such as murder, rape, terrorism, etc.

Amendment 2 would allow the state or local governments to grant federal award funds or state funds marked for broadband internet infrastructure to public or private entities that plan to expand, provide, or introduce broadband. Any local government doing this would have to have the measure approved by the town or county in question.

Amendment 3 would require the Governor to notify the Attorney General and the families of any victims before commuting the death sentence of a convicted felon.

Amendment 4 would require any legislation that changes the conduct of a general election to be fully implemented at least six months before that election takes place.

Amendment 5 would remove Orphans' Business from the purview of county probate courts. Since Orphans' Business refers to county orphanages(which don't exist anymore), it's a likely pass.

Amendment 6 would allow certain cities that were already authorised to levy a property tax to pay for capital improvement bonds to use revenue from that tax to pay for such improvements directly without bonds.

Amendment 7 would make some changes to the 772nd Amendment(that's not a typo) to the State Constitution, passed in 2004. The Amendment gives counties and municipalities the right to purchase, lend, or lease property for economic and industrial development and to transfer that property to private companies and it says that bonds may be issued for that purpose. Amendment 7 makes two significant changes, first allowing some of these bonds to be approved without a public vote(which is a constitutional requirement for most other bonds under Section 222 of the Constitution)unless they include tax increases, and changing publication requirements to a newspaper in the city or county rather than the newspaper with the largest circulation.

Amendments 8 and 9 are County Amendments because Alabama. Both amendments involve putting certain privately-owned sewers and sewage treatment plants under the state Public Service Commission's oversight. Amendment 8 does it for Shelby County while Amendment 9 does it for the town of Lake View(which straddles Tuscaloosa and Jefferson Counties).

Amendment 10 and the Recompiled Constitution Question(it has no number) involve the recompiled state constitution. The RCQ would ask the voters whether or not to ratify the recompiled state constitution as was required in 2020. It consolidates economic development provisions, arranges county amendments by county in alphabetical order, and removes racist language among other things. If it passes, Amendment 10 would authorise the state Code Commissioner to do the actual recompiling of articles and amendments to the constitution including all the amendments passed this year.

Alaska will be voting on whether or not to have a Constitutional Convention as they must every 10 years.

These 11 amendments effectively amount to a major constitutional revision to give increased autonomy, which was decided at the 6th Constitutional Convention in August and September. Amendments 1, 2, and 3 strip the US Interior Secretary of their power to, respectively, appoint territorial high court justices(giving that power to the Governor and Fono-AKA the territorial legislature-confirmation), unilaterally veto High Court of American Samoa rulings, and unilaterally veto any legislative veto overrides.

Amendments 4, 5, 6, and 7 change the Fono by, respectively, increasing the size of the House of Representatives to 22 seats from the current 20(one in Itūʻau County-just west of Pago Pago-and the other in Tuālāuta), moving the Tuālāuta County(largest population of the colony on the west of the main island of Tutuila) village of Malaeimi into Itūʻau County's Fono district(12th), giving the Delegate from Swains Island(permanent population zero and privately owned by the Jennings Family for 166 years) a full vote in the House(they currently have a non-voting delegate), and increasing the size of the Senate from 18 seats to 20(both in Ma'upu District consisting of the islands of Ofu, Olosega, and Taʻū).

Amendment 8 creates a mechanism to impeach the Governor and Lieutenant Governor. Articles of Impeachment would need a 2/3 vote of the House, and conviction would require a 2/3 vote of the Senate.

Amendment 9 would change the name of the Government from the Government of American Samoa to the American Samoa Government.

Amendments 10 and 11 change Fono district names. Amendment 10 changes Ma’uputasi to Ma’oputasi(where the capital of Pago Pago is), and Amendment 11 changes Leasina to Leasina ma Aitulagi(also in the Western District).

Voters can also vote on a single measure to approve or reject all 11 at once. All of these Amendments would also have to be approved by the Interior Secretary.

Prop 129 would constitutionally impose a single-subject rule on all citizen-initiated ballot measures.

Prop 130 would amend the constitution to consolidate all of its provisions on property taxes into a single article. It would also grant the legislature the power to set up property tax exemption amounts and their qualifications. These exemptions could be set up for widows and widowers, people with total and permanent disabilities, disabled veterans, and any property used for trade, business, or agriculture.

Prop 131 would amend the constitution to create the office of Lieutenant Governor, who would run jointly with a gubernatorial candidate. Gubernatorial candidates would be required to select running mates no later than 60 days before the General Election, and the Lieutenant Governor(instead of the SoS like now) would take over if the Governor dies, resigns, etc.

Prop 132 would amend the constitution to raise the threshold for all ballot measure to 60%+1 from the simple majority currently required.

Prop 182 would amend the constitution to allow the legislature to repeal or amend any ballot measures or provisions of measures that have been found to be unconstitutional by SCOTUS or the Arizona State Supreme Court.

Prop 209 would set a hard limit on interest from medical debts at either 3% or the weekly average maturity yield for 1-year treasury notes, whichever's lower. It would also increase exemption limits for asset seizures involving medical debt. Homestead property exemptions would go up from $150,000 to $400,000 for single, married, and divorced persons, home furniture and electronics exemptions would go up from $6,000 to $15,000, motor vehicle exemptions would go up from $6,000 to $15,000 for most people and $25,000 for disabled people(set to be indexed to inflation starting in 2024), and bank asset exemptions would go up from $300 to $5,000(also indexed). Liens and garnishments on "disposable earnings" would be reduced from 25% of weekly pay to 10%, and the definition of disposable earnings would go up from 30 times the federal minimum wage to 60 times the minimum wage required by federal, stare, or local law, whichever is highest.

Prop 211 would require any person who contributes more than $25,000 to a local campaign or $50,000 to a state or federal campaign to disclose the original sources of that money, defined as the persons or businesses who originally made it.

Prop 308 would modify 2006's Prop 300, which barred all non-citizens from certain state benefits. This would amend that to allow non-citizens to receive in-state tuition at colleges and universities if they graduated from an Arizona school that they had attended for at least two years.

Prop 309 would stiffen voter ID requirements. First, a date of birth and voter's identification number would be required alongside a signature for future mail-in ballots, and ballots can be rejected if they don't match existing records. Second, a current two-document exemption to those without photo ID would be repealed, thus requiring photo ID as the only acceptable voter ID for in-person voting.

Prop 310 would create a new 0.1% sales tax for 20 years. This would go to Arizona's fire districts.

Issue 1 is an amendment that would allow the state legislature to call itself into special sessions if a joint proclamation is signed by the House Speaker and the Senate President Pro Tempore or if it's signed by two-thirds of both houses.

Issue 2 would amend the Constitution to require all constitutional amendments and citizen initiatives to have 60%+1 to pass. Currently, only a simple majority is required.

Issue 3 is an amendment that would guarantee that, "government shall not burden a person's freedom of religion even if the burden results from a rule of general applicability."

Issue 4 is an amendment that would legalise marijuana in Arkansas. Adults over 21 could possess up to one ounce of cannabis and require the Alcoholic Beverage Commission to regulate the drug. Sales would be taxed at 10%, and all current medical marijuana licence holders would now be allowed to sell recreationally. There would also be 40 new licences distributed via lottery.

Prop 1 would guarantee the right to reproductive freedom, including the right to abortions and contraception.

Props 26 and 27 legalise sports betting, but they do so in different ways. Prop 26 would legalise sports betting at First Nations Casinos and racetracks and tax all revenue from it at 10%. It would also allow Native casinos to have roulette and dice games for the first time. Prop 27 would legalise online and mobile sports betting by authorising First Nations with gaming compacts to make on agreement with an out-of-state sports betting company. It would create the Division of Online Sports Betting Control within the State Justice Department, which would be able to regulate the practice. All revenues and licence fees would be taxed at 10%, with 85% of the money going to the state's Solutions to Homelessness and Mental Health Support Account, which provides permanent and interim housing to the mentioned groups. The remaining 15% would go to the new Tribal Economic Development Account, which would provide funds to non-gaming tribes for their governments, infrastructure, public health, education, and economic development.

Prop 28 would require public schools to fund art and music education. Every school would be required to allocate a minimum of 1% of their annual funding that they get from Prop 98 appropriations(Prop 98 is a 1988 measure that requires annual increases in education funding and sets how much each school and school district gets annually) on top of what they already get from Prop 98. 70% of the money would go to schools based on their enrollments while the remaining 30% would go to schools based on their number of "economically disadvantaged" students, which is basically any student eligible for the National School Lunch Programme. Schools with over 500 students would have to prove that 80% of what they get goes toward employing art and music teachers and the remaining 20% goes toward training and materials for the class.

Prop 29 would enact new requirements for dialysis clinics. Clinics would be required to have at least one physician, nurse practitioner, or physician's assistant onsite during treatments. These professionals would have to have at least six months experience with end-stage renal treatment. Clinics would also be required to report any dialysis-related infections to the Department of Public Health. They would also be required to provide patients with a list of doctors that have at least a 5% ownership stake in the clinic and the CDPH with a list of any persons that have the same. Clinics would also require the CDPH's written consent before either closing or significantly cutting back on services. Finally, they wouldn't be allowed to turn people away based on their method of payment.

Prop 30 would create a new fund for fighting climate change by raising income taxes on the wealthy. Everyone making over $2 million a year would see their taxes go up by 1.75% either for 20 years or, starting in 2030, until California's greenhouse gas levels have been reduced to 80% of their 1990 emissions total for three consecutive years. This money would go towards the new Clean Cars and Clean Air Trust Fund, which could be audited every two years for finances and four years for performance. Audits could cost no more than $600,000(indexed every 10 years). 45% of this new fund's money would go to a sub-fund that helps the California Air Resources Board to provide incentives, subsidies, etc. for anyone wanting a zero-emissions vehicle, provide incentives for zero-emission transit and school buses, promote zero-emission vanpools, and improve access to electric bikes. CARB would be required to distribute incentives first to individuals, then government and business that needs to drive more than 25,000 per year, then others. 35% would go to another sub-fund that promotes the building of electric charging stations for all types of vehicles statewide by the California Energy Commission and the Public Utilities Commission. The remaining 20% goes to a sub-fund for CalFire and the State Fire Marshal's office to hire and train extra firefighters and help communities retro-fit and prepare their structures for wildfires.

Prop 31 is a veto measure. Back in 2020, California passed SB793, which bans the sale of flavoured tobacco except for loose leaf and hookah tobacco and premium cigars, effectively a ban on flavoured vapes and menthols. The tobacco industry has managed to get this veto measure on the ballot, however, so a Yes vote will uphold the bill while a No will reject it.

Amendment D would designate judges who currently serve in Colorado's 18th Judicial District to serve in the newly established 23rd District(consisting of Douglas, Elbert, and Lincoln Counties just south and southeast of Denver and going into existence in 2025) and establish a residency requirement like all the other districts.

Amendment E would extend an existing homestead property tax exemption measure for disabled veterans to the surviving spouses of those killed in action or who died from a service-related injury or illness if the spouse receives dependency indemnity payments from the VA.

Amendment F would make changes to charitable gaming. First, it would repeal a current ban on paying manages and operators of these games and allow them to be paid minimum wage starting January 1, 2024. Second, it would reduce the time an organisation has to exist to get a charitable gaming licence to three years from the current five until 2025, when the Legislature would have full authority over how long they would exist.

Prop FF would create a new Healthy School Meals for All Programme. This programme would reimburse schools for free meals to students who otherwise don't qualify for federal free lunches, authorise additional food funding for schools, and give grants to schools who purchase food from local businesses or distributors. To pay the $100.7 million annual price tag, the current income tax deduction cap would be dropped drastically, from $30,000 to $12,000 for single filers and from $60,000 to $16,000 for joint filers. The income threshold for where the caps apply would also go down from $400,000 to $300,000.

Prop GG would require any future ballot initatives that raise or lower state income taxes to include a table showing what those changes mean, on average, for different income brackets.

Prop 121 would decrease the state income tax rate for individuals and corporations from 4.55% to 4.4% until the end of 2024.

Prop 122 would create a new natural medicines programme and decriminalise drugs within it. The decriminalised drugs would be psilocybin, DMT, ibogaine, mescaline(except for peyote), and psilocyn for anyone over 21 and includes possession, personal use, growth, and transportation. It would create the Regulated Natural Medicine Access Programme that would regulate the usage of all of these drugs(in steps until 2026) at licenced natural medicine centres for certain ailments. The programme would be governed and regulated by the new 15-member Natural Medicine Advisory Board, appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. At least seven of its members would have to be experts in the use of these drugs, and at least eight would have to be experts in religious and indigenous usage or veterans' issues, disparities in healthcare access, or criminal justice reform.

Prop 123 would allocate 0.1% of annual income tax revenue into funding affordable housing. 60% of the funds would go to affordable housing financing programmes that reduce rent, purchase affordable housing developments, and build assets for renters. The other 40% would go towards supporting local residential planning and programmes to increase home ownership and ending homelessness. It would also require any local government applying for these funds to expedite approval for affordable housing projects and commit to a 3% annual increase in the number of affordable housing units.

Props 124, 125, and 126 all have to do with expanding alcohol sales. Prop 124 would expand the amount of retail liquor store licences a person can own or have a share in from the current limit of three by December 31, 2026, to eight. They could have up to 13 starting 2027(up from the currently planned four), up to 20 starting in 2032, and the limit would be eliminated completely in 2037. Prop 125 would create a new fermented malt beverage and wine licence that would be available to any businesses already allowed to sell beer. They could now sell wine and conduct wine tastings. Prop 126 would allow stores with off licences(purchasing liquor for off-site consumption) to set up their own alcohol delivery service or contract such a service to an existing courier.

Connecticut is voting on an amendment that would allow for early voting.

Initiative 82 would raise tipped minimum wage from the current $5.05 per hour to parity with untipped minimum wage($15.20 in DC) by 2027.

Amendment 1 would allow the legislature to pass laws that forbid counties from taking flood mitigation measures into account when valuing properties for taxation purposes.

Amendment 2 would disband Florida's infamous Constitution Revision Commission, the one that gave us those oddly matched amendments in 2018.

Amendment 3 would allow the state legislature to grant a new homestead property tax exemption of $50,000 on public service workers such as teachers, law enforcement, EMT and fire personnel, active duty military or national guard, and child welfare workers.

Amendment 1 would suspend compensation for elected state executives or legislative members if they've been suspended from office due to a felony indictment.

Amendment 2 would allow local governments to grant temporary property tax relief if a property was damaged or destroyed in a federally designated disaster area.

Referendum A would exempt timbering equipment owned by timber producers from property taxes.

Referendum B would expand a current personal property tax exemption for farm equipment. First, it would expand it to allow any entity that's a merger of multiple family farms. Second, eggs and dairy products would also be exempt from such taxes.

SJR 102 would amend the constitution to allow the State Legislature to convene itself for a special session if the Senate President Pro Tempore and the House Speaker receive a written request with at least 60% of both houses signatures. The legislature would only be allowed to discuss any topics mentioned in the request. The Legislature would also be allowed to convene on the first Thursday in December following a general elections for an organisational session.

Illinois will be voting to amend its constitution to guarantee the right to collective bargaining and negotiation.

Iowa will be voting to add a right to bear arms to their constitution and require strict scrutiny of any infringement of that right brought before a court.

On August 2, Kansas will be voting on an amendment that states that there is no right to an abortion in the state constitution. Back in 2019, the Kansas Supreme Court said that their bill of rights did, in fact, guarantee such a right, this would supersede that. REJECTED

In November, Amendment 1 would allow the Legislature to revoke or suspend any rules or regulations passed by executive agencies by majority vote. The Governor would not be allowed to veto these laws if passed.

Amendment 2 would require every county with a sheriff(which is every county except Riley County[Manhattan], which abolished their sheriff's office in 1974)to require that the position is an elected one with four-year terms. The voters would have the right to recall a sheriff if they submit a petition with at least 40% of the voters from the previous sheriff's election. They could also be removed if the State Attorney General issues a Quo Warranto(a writ questioning their ability or authority).

Amendment 1 would change end dates for the commonwealth legislature. First, the legislature would be allowed to change its own end date via approval of 60% of both houses. Second, the House Speaker and Senate President would have the right to call a special session up to 12 days long. Third, all laws would take effect either on July 1 or 90 days after the Governor signed them into law, whichever's later.

Amendment 2 is another measure that would expressly deny the right to an abortion in the constitution.

Amendment 1 would allow five funds(The Louisiana Education Quality Trust Fund, the Artificial Reef Development Fund, the Lifetime Licence Endowment Trust Fund, the Rockefeller Wildlife Refuge Trust and Protection Fund, and the Russell Sage or Marsh Island Refuge Fund-either one), to invest up to 65% of their money into stocks. Currently, they're limited to 35%.

Amendment 2 would expand property tax exemptions for disabled veterans. Currently, the exemption is $7,500 for anyone with a 100% disability rating on top of a $7,500 homestead exemption. Under the proposed amendment, any veteran with a rating between 50-70% would see $2,500 exempted, anyone between 70-100% would see $4,500 exempted, and anyone at 100% or declared totally unemployable by the VA would see their entire tax exempted. Also, a disabled veteran's widow would receive these benefits even if the exemption was never claimed in the veteran's lifetime.

Amendment 3 would allow civil or classified servants to publicly support the election campaigns of immediate family members when off duty.

Amendment 4 would allow local governments to waive monthly water rates for people if water infrastructure was damaged through no fault of the customers(i.e., hurricane-based pipe damage).

Amendment 5 would allow taxing authorities, by a two-thirds vote, to raise property tax rates to the maximum allowed by the constitution. Currently, they're only allowed to raise them to last year's maximum, which the state determines every four years with homestead exemptions considered.

Amendment 6 would limit the increase in property values in Orleans Parish to 10% annually starting in 2023.

Amendment 7 would close the Convict Loophole on slavery and involuntary servitude in the state constitution except for "the otherwise lawful administration of criminal justice."

Amendment 8 would remove a current requirement that says that people who are totally and permanently disabled have to annually recertify their income in order to receive a special reassessment level for their property taxes. This level keeps properties from being reassessed at a value higher than that which it was at when the homeowner applied for the special level.

Amendment 1(December), which will be on December 10 like the others below, would say that "No person who is not a citizen of the United States shall be allowed to register and vote in this state.

Amendment 2 would require future appointees to the State Civil Service Commission to be confirmed by the State Senate.

Amendment 3 would require future appointees to the State Police Commission to be confirmed by the State Senate.

Question 1 would change the name of the Maryland Court of Appeals to the Supreme Court of Maryland. It would also change the name of the Court of Special Appeals to the Appellate Court of Maryland.

Question 2 would require that people running for state or federal office would have to have their primary residence in the district they plan to stand for for at least six months, thus changing the requirement from simply having a residence of some sort in the district. It also changes all language in the constitution to gender-neutral language.

Question 3 would change how much money in controversy needed to guarantee a jury trial in civil cases. The minimum limit would go up to $25,000 from the current $15,000.

Question 4 would legalise marijuana for all people over age 21 effective July 1, 2023. It would also direct the legislature to pass the necessary laws for regulation, taxation, usage, and distribution.

Question 5 would merge the circuit and orphan's courts in Howard County by requiring the three circuit court judges serve as orphan's court judges and remove the election requirement for the orphan's court. Both the state and the county would have to approve this measure, required because Maryland has a strict structure for their courts and counties have to get amendments to change it for their needs.

Question 1 is an amendment that would create a new 4% income tax for all incomes over $1 million. This tax would go to education and transportation.

Question 2 would establish a medical loss ratio of 83% for all dental insurance plans in the commonwealth. Insurance companies would submit plans to the Commonwealth Insurance Commissioner that would show projected ratios, and the commissioner could approve premium rates for the upcoming year. Any excess profits from premiums would have to be refunded to policy holders each year.

Question 3 would make changes to alcohol retail licences. First, retailers would be allowed to have up to 18 beer and wine licences by 2031(the current limit is 12) while the number of full liquor licences they could have would go down from nine to seven. Second, out-of-state Driver's Licences would be added to the list of approved IDs for buying alcohol. Third, in-store automated and self-checkout sales would be banned. Fourth, fines that an establishment would have to pay to the commonwealth for violating liquor laws would now be based on the gross profits of all retail sales rather than just those of alcohol sales.

Question 4 is a veto measure. Earlier this year, the General Court passed HB 4805, The Work and Family Mobility Act, over Governor Charlie Baker's veto, which prohibits DMV registrars from asking about a person's immigration or citizenship status when a person goes in for a Driver's Licence or a vehicle registration, effectively a law allowing the undocumented to drive in Massachusetts. The bill's opponents managed to get enough petition signatures to issue a people's veto, so it now goes up to the voters. A Yes vote will uphold the law while a No vote will reject it.

Proposal 1 is an amendment that would change state legislative term limits to 12 years combined in both houses as opposed to the current three two-year terms in the House and two four-year terms in the Senate. The amendment also requires elected legislators and state executives to file annual financial disclosure statements on income, assets and liabilities, gifts from lobbyists, agreements on future employment, travel reimbursements, and positions held in certain orgainsations. The Legislature would not be allowed to limit or restrict these disclosures.

Proposal 2 would expand voting rights. First, it would establish the fundamental right to vote without intimidation or harassment and prohibits enacting any laws that could infringe upon that right. Second, all military and overseas ballots would be counted if they were postmarked before Election Day and received as late as six days afterwards. Third, a photo ID or, in such an ID's absence, a signed affidavit would be required to cast a ballot. If a voter signs an affidavit that doesn't match what the state has on record, the person has a right to appeal and make a new signature as well as a right to be notified of any discrepancies. Fourth, state-funded pre-paid postage would be required to return absentee ballots and absentee applications, and a state-funded system would track these ballots and let people know by electronic notification where the ballots are and if there are any problems. Fifth, voters would have a right to absentee ballots as long as they're still eligible to vote and have voted at least once in the last six years. Sixth, state-funded drop boxes would be guaranteed to every community with one required for each 15,000 voters in cities with more than that, and they would ne accessible 24 hours a day for 40 days before the vote. Seventh, the right to early voting would be guaranteed and could serve multiple precincts and municipalities. These early sites must be open for eight hours a day for nine consecutive days before Election Day, and no early votes would be published before 8 PM local time. Eighth, the SoS would be required to audit each election. Ninth, publicly disclosed donations can be used to fund elections provided they don't come from foreign sources. Tenth, elections would be determined solely by voters and not the legislature. Counties could establish canvassing boards that would certify elections, cast lots in the event of ties, and supervise any post-election recounts.

Proposal 3 would establish a constitutional right to reproductive freedom defined as "the right to make and effectuate decisions about all matters relating to pregnancy, including but not limited to prenatal care, childbirth, postpartum care, contraception, sterilization, abortion care, miscarriage management, and infertility care." The state could regulate abortion after foetal viability, except that the state could not ban abortions that would protect the life, physical, or mental health of the pregnant individual as determined by a doctor.

First, there's Amendment 1. This would allow the State Treasurer to invest state money into any of the top five highest-rates long-term or short-term municipal securities. It would also allow the State Legislature to pass laws to allow the Treausrer to invest in other securities.

Second, there's an automatic convention question, which Missouri gets every 20 years.

Amendment 3 would legalise marijuana for anyone over age 21. Individuals convicted of marijuana-based crimes could petition for release from any prison, parole, or probation sentences they are under as well as expungment. A special registration card wold be required for legal personal cultivation, commercial licences would be awarded via lottery with an equal number of licences for each congressional district, and a 6% sales tax would be imposed on marijuana sales.

Amendment 4 would allow the legislature to pass a law that would be effective until December 2026 that would require a city to increase funding for a police force established by a state board of police commissioners without compensation by the state and allow the legislature to go around a constitutional provision that otherwise requires such compensation. Only Kansas City has a police force that fits the amendment's criteria, and the amendment is seen as a response to KC cutting police funding.

Amendment 5 would create a new cabinet office and department of Secretary of the National Guard, who would be appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate.

First, C-48 would amend the constitution to require search warrants to access electronic data and communications.

Second, LR-131 would implement a "born alive" law in Montana, stating all people born alive are people and would require care for them even in the event of an attempted abortion. Violations of this law would result in a maximum of 20 years imprisonment and/or a $50,000 fine.

Amendment 1 would let cities or counties who own airports spend and raise revenue to let those airports expand or introduce commercial passenger flights. Currently, Nebraska's the only state that doesn't allow this.

Initiative 432 is an amendment would require photo ID for anyone wanting to vote.

Initiative 433 would raise the minimum wage from the current $9.00 an hour to $15 an hour in increments by 2026(up to $10.50 in '23, $12 in '24, $13.50 in '25), whereupon it will be indexed to cost of living.

Question 1 is an ERA, an amendment that would ban discrimination on the basis of sex, race, colour, creed, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, disability, ancestry, or national origin.

Question 2 would raise the minimum wage to $12 per hour by 2024(currently its $12 for people without employer-based health benefits and $11 for people with it), but it would also remove the current annual inflation adjustments to the wage. It would also allow the legislature to set higher minimum wages than the constitutional minimum.

Question 3 is an amendment would change the electoral system. Nevada would move to open primaries where the top five candidates would go to an RCV general. This measure would cover everything state and federal race save the Presidency, and it would require implementing legislation to be passed by July 1, 2025 at the latest. Since this is a citizens' measure, it will also have to pass in 2024 to become operative, and it will also be called Question 3 regardless of how many other measures come up.

Another convention vote as required every 10 years.

New Hampshire will also be voting on an amendment that would eliminate the office of Register of Probate from all counties. After a 2011 court reform, the job's basically been reduced to preserving potentially significant documents, a job that many consider could be better suited by other officials.

Amendment 1 would require 1.25% of the Land Grant Permanent Fund(the state's education fund made up of investment returns and royalties and leases on things like oil and natural gas) to go to early childhood education(60%) and public education in general(40%). This would mean that 6.25% is altogether being dedicated to certain funds and projects.

Amendment 2 would allow the legislature to appropriate state funds for household services infrastructure(internet access, water, electricity, gas) through a majority vote.

Amendment 3 would require appellate judges who were appointed to fill vacancies to be up for election in the first general election after they've served a full year. Currently, they have to go up for election at the next general election regardless of whether they've served a year, a month, etc.

Constitutional Measure 1 would create term limits for the Governor and the State Legislature, which currently don't exist. Governors could only serve two four-year terms, and legislators could only serve eight years in each house. Any legislators would not be allowed to served a term or the remainder of a term if it leads to them serving longer than eight years. This would only apply to legislators that are elected after ratification and could only be repealed by a citizen initiative.

Statutory Measure 2 would legalise marijuana. Anyone over age 21 would be allowed to have up to one ounce on them or four grams of concentrated marijuana or up to 500 grams of marijuana in infused products. People could grow up to three cannabis plants of their own in private locked spaces not visible to the public. The State Health and Human Services Department would be required to implement marijuana regulations by October 1, 2023, and they would also be allowed to licence up to seven commercial farms and 18 dispensaries statewide, with no facility being closer than 20 miles from another. Fines would be imposed for violating these rules, and anyone who has an adult cannabis use registration card couldn't be prohibited from owning or purchasing firearms on that basis alone.

Issue 1 is an amendment that would require judges to "use factors such as public safety, including the seriousness of the offense, and a person's criminal record" when setting bail amounts and conditions.

Issue 2 is an amendment that would forbid local governments from allowing people to vote if they don't qualify to be an elector in state or federal elections.

Measure 111 would "ensure that every resident of Oregon has access to cost-effective, clinically appropriate and affordable health care as a fundamental right."

Measure 112 would remove slavery as a possible punishment for crime and authorise courts or probation agencies to order alternatives to imprisonment as part of sentencing convicts.

Measure 113 would disqualify legislators from re-election if they've had more than 10 unexcused or unpermitted absences during their term. This applies to both regular and special sessions.

Measure 114 would impose new requirements before buying a firearm. Currently, firearms dealers only require background checks. This measure would require someone to have a permit issued by local law enforcement before purchase. These permits would require a background check, fingerprints, a photo ID, proof of safety training, and a small fee. They would also not have to be prohibited from owning a firearm. The permit lasts for five years and must be decided upon within 30 days of application. Agencies can refuse to give a permit if they think a person is a danger to themselves of others, and the person has a right to appeal the decision. The State Police would be required to create a registry of people with these permits. The measure would also ban high-capacity magazines that hold more than 10 rounds.

Amendment 1 would increase the state's General Reserve Fund(the fund used to cover year-end deficits) from 5% to 7% of all general fund revenue. It would go up half a percentage point each year until it hits the mark.

Amendment 2 would increase the Capital Reserve Fund(which has to be used to cover year-end deficits before the General Reserve can be used) from 2% to 3% of all general fund revenue. It would also change the Fund's usage, switching to covering midyear deficits instead of those at year's end.

Amendment C, to be decided on June 7, would require any ballot measure that increases taxes or fees or requires to state to appropriate more than $10 million within the first five fiscal years to be passed by 60%+1 of voters. REJECTED

In November, Amendment D would increase Medicaid access to ACA levels.

Initiated Measure 27 would legalise marijuana for people over 21. Technically South Dakota did vote to do this already in 2020, but the measure was struck down for violating the state's single-subject rule.

Amendment 1 would add a Right-to-Work Amendment to Tennessee's Constitution. Tennessee already has a similar law banning union membership as a requirement for employment.

Amendment 2 would set up an order for an Acting Governor. Tennessee is the only state that still does not have any constitutional provisions for an Acting Governor if the sitting Governor is temporarily unable to carry out their duty. The Governor could send a letter to both legislative leaders, or a majority of executive agencies could approve a measure declaring unfitness. Either way, the Senate Speaker and Lieutenant Governor would take over as Acting Governor.

Amendment 3 would remove slavery as a punishment for convicts.

Amendment 4 would lift a state constitutional ban on religious ministers, priests, pastors, rabbi, imams, etc., running for the Legislature.

Unusual, but they passed a couple of measures that came too late for a odd-year vote and will appear on May 7. First, Prop 1 would reduce the tax limit for school maintenance and operations on homesteads of elderly or disabled residents in accordance with a law passed last year. APPROVED

Second, Prop 2 would raise the homestead exemption for school property taxes to $40,000 from the current $25,000. APPROVED

Utah will vote an amendment that would raise the limit on appropriations made during emergency legislative sessions. The limit would go up to 5% of the previous year's budget from the current 1%. Federal funding would be exempt as would anything that decreases total spending for the year.

Proposal 2 would repeal certain language that allows slavery or indentured servitude as a criminal punishment or as a method of paying debts, effectively closing what's known as the "convict loophole."

Proposal 5 would amend the constitution to protect the right to personal reproductive autonomy and ensure that it cannot be infringed by the state without a compelling interest.

Amendment 1 would state that no state court has any authority over any impeachments made by the legislature and that no court can review such impeachments.

Amendment 2 would exempt any personal property used for businesses from property taxes.

Amendment 3 would allow the legislature to incorporate churches and religious denominations. West Virginia is the only state that still doesn't have such authority.

Amendment 4 would require the State Board of Education to submit any proposed rules or rule changes to the Legislature so it can amend, reject, or approve them.

Amendment A would allow local governments to invest their money into stocks upon a two-thirds vote of the legislature. They would need a similar approval to increase the amount of funds being invested.

Amendment B would raise the retirement age for district court judges and state supreme court justices from 70 to 75.
Last edited by Shrillland on Wed Oct 05, 2022 12:50 pm, edited 30 times in total.
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Kannap
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Postby Kannap » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:34 pm

aaaah new thread smell

(and first) ;)
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Ulajhan
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Father Knows Best State

Postby Ulajhan » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:39 pm

San Lumen wrote:In an election between you and me I’d win.

I would actually think about voting GMS before I vote for you Lumen. It would have to be that bad for you to get my vote.
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The Jamesian Republic
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby The Jamesian Republic » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:42 pm

Third.

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The Jamesian Republic
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby The Jamesian Republic » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:43 pm

Ulajhan wrote:
San Lumen wrote:In an election between you and me I’d win.

I would actually think about voting GMS before I vote for you Lumen. It would have to be that bad for you to get my vote.


I don’t think GMS supports striking either.

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Tarsonis
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Postby Tarsonis » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:48 pm

The Jamesian Republic wrote:
Ulajhan wrote:I would actually think about voting GMS before I vote for you Lumen. It would have to be that bad for you to get my vote.


I don’t think GMS supports striking either.


he hasn't been told what to support yet
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Postby Tarsonis » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:51 pm

Alternate title proposal The Dawning of the Age of Pumpkwarious.
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby The Jamesian Republic » Wed Aug 17, 2022 6:55 pm

Tarsonis wrote:Alternate title proposal The Dawning of the Age of Pumpkwarious.


The Midterms are Coming.

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Tarsonis
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Tarsonis » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:00 pm

The Jamesian Republic wrote:
Tarsonis wrote:Alternate title proposal The Dawning of the Age of Pumpkwarious.


The Midterms are Coming.


No! This is the Dawning of the Age of Pumkwarious!
The Age of Pumpkwarious!

Pumpquaaaarrrriiiioooouuusss!!

Pumpquaaaarrioooousssss!!
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Finalis
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Ex-Nation

Postby Finalis » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:03 pm

number
the end

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Mountains and Volcanoes
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Psychotic Dictatorship

Midterms of Fascist Horror!

Postby Mountains and Volcanoes » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:05 pm

The Jamesian Republic wrote:
Tarsonis wrote:Alternate title proposal The Dawning of the Age of Pumpkwarious.
The Midterms are Coming.
The Far Right might increase! The Left must band AGAINST This Fascism!

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The Black Forrest
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Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby The Black Forrest » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:06 pm

Sorry peeps. Pumpkin spice has been and gone a few times.
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Left-wing Utopia

Postby Shrillland » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:06 pm

The Jamesian Republic wrote:
Tarsonis wrote:Alternate title proposal The Dawning of the Age of Pumpkwarious.


The Midterms are Coming.


That'll be the next thread, it's only Mid-August right now.
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Authoritarian Democracy

Postby Prima Scriptura » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:06 pm

How still think “Donald Trump is a good dancer“ is deserves its own tread title.
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Port Caverton
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Port Caverton » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:07 pm

Prima Scriptura wrote:How still think “Donald Trump is a good dancer“ is deserves its own tread title.

No.
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Zingar
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Zingar » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:08 pm

In answer to the lead post:

Just say no to pumpkin spice.

There is no Great Pumpkin, it's a conspiracy to keep all the candy for themselves.

Pumpkin patch sleepovers are all fun and games until someone gets their head replaced by a possessed flaming jack-o-lantern.
Last edited by Zingar on Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:15 pm, edited 2 times in total.

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Postby Saiwania » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:10 pm

Do people suppose the rumors are true that Donald Trump is struggling to find many good lawyers to represent him as of late, because of his history of not paying them and not obeying sound legal advice and being a difficult client? There are some lawyers who've worked for him that got screwed over, so any new prospective legal professionals are allegedly turning him down because he's perceived to not be worthwhile so far as benefiting them any.
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Tarsonis
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Postby Tarsonis » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:10 pm

PSLs are my happy place leave me alone
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Galatians 6:7 " Do not be deceived; God is not mocked, for you reap whatever you sow."
1 Corinthians 5:12 What business is it of mine to judge those outside the church? Are you not to judge those inside?
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Zingar
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Zingar » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:11 pm

Tarsonis wrote:
The Jamesian Republic wrote:
The Midterms are Coming.


No! This is the Dawning of the Age of Pumkwarious!
The Age of Pumpkwarious!

Pumpquaaaarrrriiiioooouuusss!!

Pumpquaaaarrioooousssss!!

You got my vote.

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Pasong Tirad
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Left-wing Utopia

Postby Pasong Tirad » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:13 pm

Shrillland wrote:
Proposal 2 would repeal certain language that allows slavery or indentured servitude as a criminal punishment or as a method of paying debts, effectively closing what's known as the "convict loophole."

Proposal 5 would amend the constitution to protect the right to personal reproductive autonomy and ensure that it cannot be infringed by the state without a compelling interest.

Hey, this is really cool. Would Vermont be the first state to ban prison labor?

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Shrillland
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Left-wing Utopia

Postby Shrillland » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:16 pm

Pasong Tirad wrote:
Shrillland wrote:
Proposal 2 would repeal certain language that allows slavery or indentured servitude as a criminal punishment or as a method of paying debts, effectively closing what's known as the "convict loophole."

Proposal 5 would amend the constitution to protect the right to personal reproductive autonomy and ensure that it cannot be infringed by the state without a compelling interest.

Hey, this is really cool. Would Vermont be the first state to ban prison labor?


No, several others have closed the loophole. Prison labour is still allowed in some of those states, but they have to be fairly compensated, even if it is just going to their trust account. Oregon and Tennessee are voting on it this year as well.
Last edited by Shrillland on Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:18 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Frisemark
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Scandinavian Liberal Paradise

Postby Frisemark » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:16 pm

Saiwania wrote:Do people suppose the rumors are true that Donald Trump is struggling to find many good lawyers to represent him as of late, because of his history of not paying them and not obeying sound legal advice and being a difficult client? There are some lawyers who've worked for him that got screwed over, so any new prospective legal professionals are allegedly turning him down because he's perceived to not be worthwhile so far as benefiting them any.


It's not exactly an easy case, and for questionable pay, having to deal with Trump as your client and him probably not even following what you tell him? I can't think any attorney with a brain would take the case, which is remarkable, him being an ex-president and all.

He's starting to learn his giant ego has consequences. Didn't come soon enough.
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The Jamesian Republic
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby The Jamesian Republic » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:18 pm

Shrillland wrote:
The Jamesian Republic wrote:
The Midterms are Coming.


That'll be the next thread, it's only Mid-August right now.


Thanks.

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The Jamesian Republic
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby The Jamesian Republic » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:18 pm

Mountains and Volcanoes wrote:
The Jamesian Republic wrote:The Midterms are Coming.
The Far Right might increase! The Left must band AGAINST This Fascism!


*Iron Front Intensifies*

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Zurkerx
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Anarchy

Postby Zurkerx » Wed Aug 17, 2022 7:26 pm

A Pumpkin? Hmph!
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