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1940: A Crumbling World | OOC | Open

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Chewion
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Posts: 20688
Founded: May 21, 2015
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

1940: A Crumbling World | OOC | Open

Postby Chewion » Mon Feb 19, 2024 10:15 pm

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1940: A Crumbling World



1940. The World stands on edge after the Western front of the Great War fell silent in 1920. The result, technically a stalemate, saw no direct territorial changes on the Western front but left the Benelux Region firmly under German hegemony. France was left bitter and humiliated once more after failing to reclaim Alsace-Lorraine. In the East, Russia left the war in 1917 agreeing to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The old man of Europe, Austria-Hungary, sat bruised and battered but alive. Now, in 1940, most of Continental Europe and Northern Asia from the shores of Holland to the forests of Siberia stand alongside the German Eagle, tied to Berlin through military pact, economic association, or both. The British Empire remains much as it was 100 years ago, tight-fisted and miserly in its social reforms. Spanning the globe, London’s main attention has turned to holding together its vast Empire and ensuring that trade flows without hindrance. Only time will tell if the Sun truly never sets on the British Empire.

In the East, a KMT led China is flourishing by 1940 as a hungry Japanese Empire peers out from its Island fortress. In the former United States, a red menace has emerged, holding onto the continental former 48 states. Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and other overseas territories were divided among the global powers in the chaos and confusion of the fiery red revolution.


Brief Timeline:
POD IS 1890

1914: WW1 Starts
1917: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed between the Central Powers and Russia
1920: The Great War ends
1922: Germany intervenes in the Russian Civil War, helping the Tsar
1925: The UK and Germany briefly intervene in the American Revolution by seizing several major port cities, keeping them open to fleeing refugees for about six months.

Major Unchangeable Events:

WW1 Starting
WW1 Ending in 1920
WW2 Not Yet Having Occured

Leadership:

OP: Chewion
Co-OPs:
NewLakotah
Turkducken
Cymrea

Rules:

    1. DO NOT GODMOD! No, but seriously, don’t Godmod, it makes the RP terrible.
    2. The word of the OP and Co-OP is final.
    3. Keep everything PG-13, please.
    4. Do not mix IC and OOC problems, and please keep it courteous in the OOC and IC.
    5. If you have an issue with another player, please ask the OP or Co-OP to moderate it.
    6. Please coordinate with other players if you want to jointly write a post/negotiate deals.
    7. Posts must be at least two paragraphs long and of good quality.
    8. Be respectful.
    9. Note that unchangeable events are completely unchangeable.
    10. Posts can cover a span of up to three months. Each three month period starts following an IEC post except for the first period. The start date is January 1st, 1940.
    11. Players must make at least one post a week, meaning at least every seven days from each post. Extensions may be granted by the OP and Co-OPs on a case by case basis.
    12. Any changes to the irl military must be laid out in the military information section, otherwise the numbers etc will be assumed to be the same as irl.
    13. Not a rule, but do try to have fun.


IEC:

The IEC (International Entity Council) is comprised of the OP, Co-OPs, and anyone else accepted into it. The IEC is responsible for making the IEC post that includes multiple events and members can serve as an NPC nation in conferences so long as they do not have a direct interest in the negotiations.


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History Changes (Subject to review and approval by OP and Co-OP):


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Reservation:
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Roster:

Accepted Nations
German Empire – Chewion
Empire of Japan – Shohun
Republic of China – Tracian Empire
Alaskan Protectorate – Sarolandia
Greater Britain – Cymrea
Kingdom of France – Soviet Chernarus


Current Reservations with Applications
Federation of American Socialist Republics (FASR)– Turkducken
Russian Empire – NewLakotah
Free American Republic – Yelbland
United States of Brazil – Arvenia
Union of Syndicated Municipalities - Cybernetic Socialist Republics
Federal Republic of Gran Columbia - Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics


Current Reservations without Applications
Ottoman Empire – Sao Nova Europa
Legionary Romania – United World Center
Italian State – Rygondria
South Africa – Commonwealth of Union Princes
Austria-Hungary – Mifan
Scandinavian Commonwealth – Hakushia
Last edited by Chewion on Sun Mar 03, 2024 6:45 pm, edited 10 times in total.
Pro: America, guns, freedom, democracy, military, Trump, conservatism, Israel, capitalism, state rights.

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Chewion
Postmaster of the Fleet
 
Posts: 20688
Founded: May 21, 2015
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Chewion » Mon Feb 19, 2024 10:17 pm

NS Name: Chewion
Nation Reserving: The German Empire
Territory: IRL German Empire + Most Colonies and Luxembourg. (The only Asian colony is Kaiser-Wilhelmsland)

DO NOT REMOVE - OMEGA777
Pro: America, guns, freedom, democracy, military, Trump, conservatism, Israel, capitalism, state rights.

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Soviet Chernarus
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Posts: 10524
Founded: Jul 19, 2014
Democratic Socialists

Postby Soviet Chernarus » Mon Feb 19, 2024 10:50 pm

NS Name: Soviet Chernarus
Nation Reserving: Kingdom of France
Territory: Light Green

DO NOT REMOVE - OMEGA777

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Shohun
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 444
Founded: Mar 26, 2022
Iron Fist Consumerists

Postby Shohun » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:04 am

NS Name: Shohun
Nation Reserving: Empire of Japan
Territory: Pink

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Tracian Empire
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Posts: 26884
Founded: Mar 01, 2014
Father Knows Best State

Postby Tracian Empire » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:18 am

NS Name: Tracian Empire
Nation Reserving: Republic of China (中華民國)
Territory: In red

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I'm a Romanian, a vampire, an anime enthusiast and a roleplayer.
Hello there! I am Tracian Empire! You can call me Tracian, Thrace, Thracian, Thracr, Thracc or whatever you want. Really.

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Sao Nova Europa
Minister
 
Posts: 3382
Founded: Apr 20, 2019
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Sao Nova Europa » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:45 am

NS Name: Sao Nova Europa
Nation Reserving: Ottoman Empire
Territory: On map

DO NOT REMOVE - OMEGA777
Signature:

"I’ve just bitten a snake. Never mind me, I’ve got business to look after."
- Guo Jing ‘The Brave Archer’.

“In war, to keep the upper hand, you have to think two or three moves ahead of the enemy.”
- Char Aznable

"Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat."
- Sun Tzu

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Tracian Empire
Postmaster of the Fleet
 
Posts: 26884
Founded: Mar 01, 2014
Father Knows Best State

Postby Tracian Empire » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:59 am

Nationstates Name: Tracian Empire
Nation Name: Republic of China (中華民國|Zhōnghuá Mínguó)
Capital: Nanjing
Territory: In red
Population: ~500 million
Official Language: Standard Chinese is the sole official language.
Recognized Languages: Mongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Zhuang and others are recognized as regional languages.
Flag:
Image

National Anthem: Three Principles of the People (三民主義)

Head of State: His Excellency, Lin Sen, President of the National Government of the Republic of China
HoS Picture:
Image

Head of Government: His Excellency, Wang Jingwei, Premier of the Executive Yuan of the National Government of the Republic of China
HoG Picture:
Image

Legislature Name: The legislature of the ROC lacks a specific name, as the separation of the five powers doesn't formally recognize a parliamentary body, with several citizen-elected bodies having legislative authority. These bodies form what is widely considered to be a tricameral parliament, the National Assembly (國民大會|Guómín Dàhuì ), the Legislative Yuan (立法院|Lìfǎ Yuàn) and the Control Yuan (監察院|Jiānchá Yuàn).
Party in Power: Under the principle of political tutelage, also known as the concept of the party-state (黨國|Dǎngguó), the Chinese Nationalist Party (中國國民黨|Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng), usually referred abroad as the Kuomintang or simply as the KMT, is given political power over the entire nation, in order to lead the state and to prepare the people of China for the implementation of democracy. Despite this however, other political parties are not necessarily banned, and people from outside the party are allowed to run for a limited number of seats as independents (黨外|Dǎngwài). This has allowed other political parties allied with the KMT a certain level of political representation. Some of these parties are the conservative and nationalistic Young China Party (中國青年黨|Zhōngguó Qīngnián Dǎng), the democratic socialist China Democratic Socialist Party (中國民主社會黨|Zhōngguó mínzhǔ shèhuìdǎng), and the federalist Public Interest Party of China (中国致公党|Zhōngguó Zhìgōngdǎng).

Economy Description: The Chinese economy is still in full development, as the effects of the various policies and programs of the Nationalist Government are finally showing their rewards. The country remains overwhelmingly rural and agrarian, with the land reforms and the modernization of the agriculture having played a major role in China's emergence as an exporter of agricultural products, but the industry has also greatly developed, in three different ways. Firstly, in order to feed both the military reforms of China and the German war machine, the mining industry and the necessary infrastructure for export have been greatly expanded. In exchange for mineral resources, the Germans have contributed with the know-how, machinery, and training necessary for this modernization. Furthermore, in order to stimulate the development of a native military industry, German investments and technology were used to kick-start the production of licensed equipment, which has evolved into a domestic military industry that while limited in its ability to formulate its own developments, has advanced greatly at producing foreign licenses and some basic native designs. And finally, in an effort to better develop the Chinese economy, the state has funded Chinese companies in their attempts to produce domestic consumer goods to rival foreign imports.
Major Exports: Agricultural products: (soybeans, silk tea, tung oil, eggs, rice), textiles, minerals, metals
Major Imports: Manufactured goods, consumer goods, petroleum
Major Trading Partners: Germany, Russia, Britain, France, the FASR and Japan

Domestic Policy Overview/Challenges:

  • Revive China and build a Republic! - From its very inception, the Chinese Nationalist Party has been focused on two synergistic goals, the creation of a modern, democratic Republic and the revival of China as a nation and as a great power of Asia. Having escaped from under the decrepit rule of the Qing, China under the Kuomintang has spent the last few decades, commonly known as the Nanjing decades, aggressively modernizing in order to reach the modern age.
  • Nationalism, Democracy, Welfare - The Republic of China remains committed to the ideals of Tridemism, the Three Principles of the People of Sun Yat-sen. The Principle of Nationalism (民族主義|Mínzú Zhǔyì), the Principle of Democracy (民權主義|Mínquán Zhǔyì) and the Principle of Welfare (民生主義|Mínshēng Zhǔyì) are enshrined into the constitution of the Republic of China and have remained the stated goals of all governments ever since. Nationalism includes the ideas of independence from foreign and imperialist powers, and the current desire of China to exist as an economic and military great power that can continue to exist and to prosper even in the face of hostile relations with other parts of the world, and the concept of the Chinese nation (中華民族|Zhonghua minzu), a concept of Chinese nationalism that transcends ethnic nationalism and which can integrate the various non-Han ethnic minorities of China. The Principle of Democracy represents Sun's vision for a democratic state. The Constitution of the Republic of China guarantees four major rights, the right to election (選舉), recalling (罷免), initiative (創制), and referendum (複決). Inspired by this principle, and critical of the three branches of government in Western states, Sun developed a five-power system, divided into five courts, with each of them known as a Yuan, the Legislative Yuan, the Executive Yuan, the Judicial Yuan, the Control Yuan and the Examination Yuan. The principle also called for the concept of political tutelage, with the KMT having formed a party-state to prepare the Chinese people for democracy. The Principle of Welfare has been perhaps the least understood and the most debated, with the current interpretation of the ROC, arguing against any sort of parallels with socialism and communism, and instead simply arguing for social welfare programs and a regulated form of capitalism, with the government being responsible for ensuring that its citizens have a guaranteed access to clothing, food, housing, mobility, education land and leisure.
  • Without the Kuomintang, There Would Be No New China! - The Kuomintang is in many ways synonymous with the Republic of China that was founded after the success of the Second Revolution of 1913, and the Republican Government that has existed in the spirit of the ideals of Sun Yat-sen, the Eternal Premier of the Kuomintang. As the song inspired by the slogan of Chiang Kai-shek says, the Chinese state as it exists today couldn't have been created without the KMT, and as such, the influence of the Nationalists in most areas of politics and government are still overbearing, which has led to China being considered by many to be a dominant-party state. KMT affiliation has historically been important in earning government jobs or positions in the bureaucracy and the administration, and many so called "political dynasties" were formed by families with long KMT membership histories. This in turn has sometimes led to accusations of corruption and cronyism within the National Government, and in rising tensions between the KMT and other Chinese political parties over the end of the political tutelage period and the opening of elections to all.
  • Five Races Under One Union - From its very creation, the KMT has been supportive of concepts of racial integration, considering that the other non-Han ethnic groups in China are still Chinese and should be integrated into the Chinese nation. While the Manchu people are a small minority, the Mongolians, the Tibetans and the Chinese Muslims and the Uyghurs are all ethnic groups with a complicated relationship towards the central state in Nanjing, which has often led to a certain degree of opposition towards the ROC.
  • In order to confront external threats we must unify internally first - Ever since Second Revolution and the removal of the Qing dynasty and of the Beiyang warlords, the Republic of China has considered its internal unity and internal stability to be of paramount importance. It has been a fundamental principle adopted by all governments ever since, which has seen the Chinese government prioritize its own internal affairs over incidents abroad when the need arose.
  • A shadow of statistics? - The National Bureau of Investigation and Statistics, commonly known as the Juntong, is officially the military intelligence organization of the Republic of China, but in practice, ever since its creation in 1915, it has served as a secret police for the Kuomintang regime. While in theory it functions within the confines of Organic Law, the Juntong has been guilty of a series of rather violent events, among then the White Terror that decimated the Communist Party of China.
  • Dreams of Revival? - Few are openly talking about it, even if its influence runs deeply within China, but the China Revival Society, also known as the Blue Shirts, are an ultranationalist group with deep influences in the ROC, particularly in the military. Inspired by other far-right factions throughout the globe, and fanatically loyal to their own interpretation of Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles, the China Revival Society sits in the middle of the KMT, not fully hidden but also not in the open. While at odds with the current leadership of the party, the Blue Shirts are nevertheless bidding their time and spreading their influence, waiting for their opportunity to complete dr. Sun's dreams of a fully revived China... or at least their own understanding of those dreams.

Foreign Policy Overview/Challenges:
  • Unite against foreign domination, reclaim our rightful place in the world! - The KMT, like many other Chinese movements which developed until the Xinhai Revolution, rose under the banners of an ideal - the ideal of a Chinese free from foreign domination. From the moment the Kuomintang took power, it wowed to end what is now unfortunately called the "century of humiliation" - the foreign concessions and the unequal treaties. After several decades of Nationalist rule, this dream still seems as distant as ever, and as such, the party is highly divided about how it should proceed any further. Some, more or less affiliated with the China Revival Society and other hotbeds of anti-Western feelings, believe that China should strike and take what is rightfully hers by force of arms - pointing out to the example of Japan, which gained its own spot as a great power to her victories in war. As such, such people believe that it is only in a war against Japan and other imperialist powers, can China truly become free, and can imperialism be banished from China's shores. Such concepts are however mostly abhorred by the current leadership of the party, which firmly believes that patience and diplomatic efforts can achieve these goals without a bloody war that could risk isolating China on the world stage, particularly now with Japan becoming increasingly aggressive. The current policy of the Nationalist Government has been one of diplomatic overtures, attempting to negotiate an end to the unequal treaties, the foreign concessions, and the right of extraterritoriality of foreign citizens, in exchange for the beginning of a new relationship of equality and prosperity between China and the great powers. This has so far only had a limited success - with Germany, the closest of China's allies, giving up its unequal treaties and extraterritoriality but being forced to give its concessions, and China's sovereign territory, to Japan. Nevertheless, the ROC continues its efforts, with its most recent attempts being at trying to portray Japan as an imperialist, militaristic and aggressive power which is threatening peace in Eastern Asia, a power against all nations with territories in Asia should unite - a union that could of course, only come if it were to count China as an equal.
  • Liberty for all nationalities is the only principle by which humanity will ever be saved! - The KMT also remains firmly committed to dr. Sun's ideals of anti-imperialism and anti-colonialism. The Eternal Premier of the Kuomintang thought that imperialism was the ultimate cause of oppression - and his party stands upholding that principle to this very day, even beyond the situation of China itself. For a while, early in the Republic's years, China attempted to position itself as opposed to colonialism all across the world - the situation however, changed radically with the rising power of Japan's imperialism. Pragmatic necessities have shifted the KMT's official view, away from criticizing European rule in Africa, and focusing mostly on Japanese imperialism in Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines. This narrowing of focuses has also led to China being able to spare resources. While before 1911, it was Japan arming up revolutionaries wishing to overthrow the Qing, now it is the Chinese quietly trying to arm anti-Japanese resistance throughout East Asia.
  • Defend the Homeland, defend all of China! - Ever since the Sino-Japanese War, and most importantly during the Russo-Japanese War, it became increasingly clear to the leadership of China that Japan wasn't the friendly, Asian power that it had claimed to be while helping the revolutionaries of Sun Yat-sen. The Eternal Premier itself has once noticed that Japan, despite being an Oriental civilization following the rule of Right, had acquainted itself with the Western concept of the rule of Might. And it was during the Great War that dr. Sun's worst expectations had come true, as Japan, ever hungry for more territories, had taken over the German concessions in China for itself, instead of giving them back to China, before they took advantage of the weakness of the young Chinese Republic to send a secret list of 5 demands, an ultimatum. This permanently broke relations between Nanjing and Tokyo, and catapulted Japan to the top of China's list of enemies. Ever since then, the relation between the two countries has deteriorated more and more, with the KMT's propaganda focusing on the "Japanese devils", while Japanese forces regularly organize provocation at the shared borders, particularly in Manchuria, where Japanese control of the Manchurian Eastern Railway has been a particular point of contention. In the past few years in particular, the situation has grown extremely explosive, with many foreign observers raising the alarm about the risk of an all-out war between the two East Asian powers.
  • Train an army for a thousand days, use it for one morning - The National Revolutionary Army has never forgotten the humiliation of Japanese occupation of the German concessions, when it was caught off guard, nor the humiliation suffered by the Qing during the Sino-Japanese War. As such, the readiness of the armed forces, their development and modernization have been of the utmost importance to the KMT and the Nationalist Government, in order to safeguard China's independence and the victories of the National Revolution. Such interests have led to the 4000 Days Plan, which, besides from the adoption of the 80 Divisions Plan, has included the development of the native military industry in cooperation with German companies and advisors, and sweeping reforms of the officer corps and of the military academies.

Military Information:
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National Revolutionary Armed Forces
國民革命武裝力量

The National Revolutionary Armed Forces (國民革命武裝力量| Guómín Gémìng Wǔzhuāng Lìliàng) are the armed forces of the National Government of the Republic of China.


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National Revolutionary Army
國民革命軍

The NRA is the ground force of the National Revolutionary Armed Forces and the main military arm of the Kuomintang. It currently has a standing force of 1,820,000, organized into 80 divisions, which are organized into corps, armies, group armies, and army corps. These divisions are the result of the 60 and later 80 Divisions Plans of the NRA, part of the wider attempts at reorganizing and modernizing the Chinese forces with German support. Today, the NRA stands as one of Asia's largest and best armies - even if the efficiency of its modernization is as of yet unproven in actual battle. China adopted the Prussian conscription and reserve system, in theory, with each man being drafted upon reaching the age of 18, serving three years in the active army, four years in the first reserve and four more years in the second reserve, but the large population of China and the limitations of industrial production have stopped the total number of conscripts, particularly as the 60/80 Divisions Plans placed a higher emphasis on the quality and training of the troops rather than on the numbers. The KMT has also actively promoted volunteering for service as a patriotic duty, and great efforts have been made to ensure the morale and ideological background of the NRA's soldiers, ensuring their motivation and determination to fight for the Republic and for the Kuomintang, and to sacrifice their lives for China.

In terms of organization, the standing army is composed of 60 Standard Divisions (正式師) of 20,000 men, 20 New Divisions (新編師) of 25,000 men, and 12 Cavalry Divisions (騎兵師) of 10,000 men each. In case of a total mobilization, the NRA can count upon 4 million more men, but due to potential equipment issues, the Reserve Divisions (預備師) are only projected to start with 15,000 men each, to be consolidated later on. Following the German experience, NRA divisions were reorganized as triangular divisions during the modernization period. With the Military Affairs Commission in supreme command, the NRA is divided into 12 Military Regions, 4 Army Corps, 40 Army Groups and 30 Armies.

In terms of equipment, the NRA is largely using German equipment, and the status of its equipment has improved markedly even when compared just to 5 years ago, but particularly so in comparison to the status of the NRA before the arrival of the German military mission. The classic NRA uniform is a modified form of the Zhongshan suit, used in combination with the German M1935 helmets. The main rifle of the NRA is the Type 24, a licensed copy of the German Karabiner 98k. The light machine guns used is the licensed ZB vz. 26, alongside licensed and imported MG 34's.

A particular type of Chinese unit is the Dare to Die Corps (敢死隊), which despite their names, are organized as battalions. Essentially inspired by the German Sturmtruppen, the Dare to Die Corps are intended to function as the spearheads of the NRA's offensives. Well-trained and elite soldiers, led by the best officers, they are to use infiltration tactics to overwhelm enemy forces and to open gaps which the regular troops can then exploit. Dare to Die Corps make extensive use of light machine guns and of submachine guns, mainly licensed copies of the MP18 commonly known as the TT18 (from TsingTao), although smaller numbers of the MP 40 have been imported.

The NRA still has somewhat limited numbers of tanks, as the ability of the Chinese industry to mass produce tanks was nonexistent at the beginning of the NRA's reforms. It has only been in the last 10 years that more serious efforts have been undertaken to organize tank units, particularly as a response to the high numbers of Japanese tanks. The NRA currently has 250 medium tanks, mostly imported Panzer III's, 800 light tanks, a combination of Panzer I's and II's, with significant numbers being of the licensed Panzer II as the Type 2, and around 900 licensed AH-IV tankettes. Most armored vehicles of the NRA are organized into tank battalions in order to be able to concentrate the armor that the NRA can wield whenever necessary.


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National Revolutionary Navy
國民革命海軍

The National Revolutionary Navy is the main naval force of China, and is tasked with defending China's coastlines and territorial waters. Unable to properly project power abroad, the NRN is generally organized as a riverine and brown water navy. It currently employs 10 cruisers, 4 destroyers, 26 gunboats, 2 frigates, 2 seaplane carriers, 4 torpedo boats, and 25 submarines. Receiving the least amount of funding due to the insurmountable task of facing the IJN, the NRN currently works with two combined strategy - most of the forces are intended to harass Japanese forces with the support of the NRAF, while the submarines are intended to take the fight against Japanese shipping further away in the Pacific. A comprehensive plan of expansion of the navy has been adopted in 1935 but funding issues have limited its success, nevertheless, with German support, it is expected that two new battleships are to be finished in early and late 1940 to serve as the core of the navy.


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National Revolutionary Marine Corps
國家革命海軍陸戰隊

The Marine Corps are the amphibious arm of the National Revolutionary Navy, and is the primary force that is to be used in amphibious operations, both offensive and defensive. It numbers 40,000 and is considered to be an elite force. Formed in 1914, it was heavily inspired by the American Marine Corps, and it has attracted some former American instructors and veterans following the American Civil War. While dreams of the liberation of Taiwan have to wait, the Marine Corps are planned to be used as a highly mobile defensive unit against Japanese landings.


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National Revolutionary Air Force
國民革命空軍


The National Revolutionary Air Force is the aerial branch of the NR Armed Forces. Founded relatively late, in 1924, the NRAF had the advantage of being formed as an independent branch from the very beginning, due to the influence of Huang Guangrui, an American trained pilot and good friend of Sun Yat-sen who was named as the director of the Central Aviation School and as the commanding officer of the First Air Fleet. The rising importance of air power has led to the NRAF receiving the second most amount of funding after the NRA, and slowly developed as a highly competent force with the help of the German military mission, German volunteer pilots, the schooling of Chinese pilots and officers in Germany, and organized attempts to recruit foreign pilots and instructors, particularly from Russia, America and Europe.

Currently the NRAF is tasked with defending the skies of China as much as possible against a Japanese attack, in strict coordination with the NRA and with the anti-air defenses. The NRAF can currently count on 2500 fighters, 1100 bombers, most of them tactical bombers and CAS, 400 recon planes, 300 transports and a few hundred trainers. A large bulk of the NRA's forces are represented by German licenses and imports, but the NRA also uses imported planes from Austria-Hungary and Greater Britain.


Alliances: The National Government of the Republic of China lacks any formal foreign alliances, but it enjoys good relations with the German Empire as part of the Sino-German Cooperation Pact.

History Changes:
  • March 20, 1913 - President of the Kuomintang and victor of the 1912 elections, Song Jiaoren, is fired upon in a botched assassination attempt by Wu Shiying, a lone gunman with connections to the underground world of Shanghai. Song survived, but this started a race for finding the perpetrators. All available clues led to Zhao Bingjun, the provisional prime ministers and the right-hand man of Yuan Shikai. The situation rapidly spiraled out of control, as KMT loyalists assassinated the gunman, his underworld connection, and in late March, Zhao Bingun himself.
  • April-May 1913 - With violence between the KMT and pro-Yuan supporters becoming an almost daily occurrence, the KMT and their supporters prepared for either a coup d'etat or another revolution. Yuan Shikai continued his autocratic rule, securing a Reorganization Loan from the foreign powers without consulting parliament, and signing a deal with Russia which gave it rights in Outer Mongolia. Outraged, the KMT majority in the parliament attempted to oust Yuan, but Yuan acted first, declaring the KMT to be a rebel organization, ousting its members from parliament, and beginning to remove KMT-alligned governors. This marks the beginning of the Second Revolution. Organized around Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen, the KMT members of parliament flee to Nanjing and declare the end of the Beijing Government and the reorganization of China into the National Government. Most of the southern provinces, Southern provinces side with the National Government, and the Nanjing Government reforms the Revolutionary Armies into the National Revolutionary Army, purging their units and officers of assumed pro-Beiyang influences. By the end of April, gunmen affiliated with the Triads and the KMT shoot and kill Yuan Shikai in Beijing, throwing the Beiyang Government into chaos, power is assumed by the vice-president, Li Yuanhong.
  • May-November 1913 - On July 22, the 2nd Division of the Beiyang Army defeats the NRA's forces in Xuzhou, but KMT forces manage to secure Shanghai and the Jiangnan Shipyard through a rapid assault, overwhelming the local Beiyang forces. In early August, a daring offensive by the NRA retakes Xuzhou and throws the Beiyang forces into disarray. The front stabilizes on a line between Shangqiu, Xuzhou and Lianyungang. The inability of the better armed Beiyang Army to quickly defeat the rebels, and the void of power left behind by the death of Yuan Shikai leads to a quick unraveling of the forces supporting the Beijing Government. As arguments between the leading officers of the Beiyang Army increase, the forces of Feng Guozhang stand by and do nothing as the NRA overwhelms the 3rd Division under Zhang Xun. Cheng Dequan is named as supreme commander of the National Revolutionary Army, and he decides on a desperate gamble - a Northern Expedition to quickly overthrow the Beijing Government before anti-KMT opposition can solidify and before any foreign powers, in particular Russia and Japan, could intervene. Fortunately for the Nationalists, Europe is distracted by the Balkan Wars, and Sun Yat-sen, already well known abroad, successfully lobbies the great powers for their neutrality. By early September, the NRA pushes north, the Beiyang Army opposes resistance but is flanked during the Battles of Linyi and Weifang, and their front crumbles. By early October, the NRA retakes Beijing, the Beiyang Government crumbles as Li Yuanhong commits suicide. Remaining pro-Beiyang forces effectively turn into warlords, with the Fengtian clique under Zhang Zuolin cementing their power in Manchuria. Zuolin proclaims the Fengtian Government as a direct continuation of the Beijing Government in opposition to the "KMT dictatorship".
  • November-December 1913 - The Fengtian Clique, eager to gain international recognition, starts an offensive to the south. Unprepared, the NRA are initially pushed back, but manage to resist north of Beijing, and the Fengtian forces bog down as winter comes. In Mongolia, Feng Yuxiang, already known for his pro-KMT sympathies, declares the formation of the Guominjun and joins the fight against the Fengtian.
  • January-March 1914 - With the Guominjun joining the fight, the KMT pushes north, defeats the Fengtian forces and occupies Manchuria. War almost erupts between Japan and the Nationalist Government due to clashes along the South Manchuria Railway Zone, but with the Fengtian Clique unraveling, neither side wishes to start a new war, and diplomacy wins the day. By March, the Kuomintang have occupied Manchuria, and are recognized as the legitimate Chinese government by the great powers.
  • Rest of 1914 - Under the slogan of "Eliminate the Warlords!" (除軍閥), the NRA deals with remaining anti-KMT forces and bandits in order to pacify the country. The beginning of the Great War gives the new government a certain amount of respite from foreign interventions, but good relations between the KMT and Germany, and the pressing need to end the anti-warlord operations prevent China from moving against the German concessions. Nanjing nevertheless requests Tokyo to return those concessions, which are considered sovereign Chinese territory, but the Japanese refuse. By late 1914, the KMT proclaims the beginning of the Political Tutelage period, pointing to the failure of the previous Republic. Sun Yat-sen is proclaimed President of China, and Song Jiaoren is chosen as Prime Minister.
  • 1915 - The Five Demands Incident. In early 1915, taking advantage of Europe being embroiled in the Great War, Japan sent a list of five secret demands to Sun Yat-sen, attempting to force China into recognizing the Japanese seizure of the German and Austro-Hungarian concessions, Japanese influence over the Shandong Province, and a confirmation of Japan's rights on the South Manchuria Railway Zone. China attempts to stall, but with no help forthcoming, and the Republican government still weakened after the Second Revolution, the ROC is finally forced to accept it. This marks the beginning of the breakdown in Sino-Japanese relations, as Sun Yat-sen is profoundly shaken by Japan's naked imperialist aggression, and turns against his former benefactors. The KMT increasingly abandons anti-Western rhetoric and focuses on Japan as the primary danger to China's stability and integrity.
  • 1915-1925 - The First Nanjing Decade. With the country formally unified under the KMT, the new Nationalist Government, under the dual leadership of dr. Sun and of Song Jiaoren, begins the implementation of reforms in order to respect the Three Principles. The Third Plenary Meeting of the First Kuomintang National Congress, held in Nanjing, passes the Organization of the Nationalist Government Act, with all power in the country centered under the Central Executive Committee of the Kuomintang. Wary after his experiences after the First Revolution, Sun Yat-sen takes big steps to centralize political power away from the provinces and under the party, limiting the influence of governors and of the National Revolutionary Army. The NRA was placed under the control of the Military Affairs Commission of the National Government (國民政府軍事委員會|Guómínzhèngfǔ Jūnshì Wěiyuánhuì), in order to ensure the complete submission of the NRA to the party-state and to avoid the politicization of the army like it had happened during the Beiyang Government. This also coincided with the formalization of the role of political commissars, through the creation of the Political Department of the National Revolutionary Army, intended to give the NRA the ideological backbone needed to serve the Kuomintang well. The Juntong - the National Bureau of Investigation and Statistics, was also created as the military intelligence arm of the NRA and the secret police force of the party, intended to root out remaining supporters of the Beiyang or of the Qing.
    Economically, the KMT acted quickly in order to stabilize the situation. In late 1915, the KMT Government proclaimed the Program of National Reconstruction. The Central Bank of the Republic of China was formed, merging all the banks under the government's control, and it started issuing the Chinese national yuan, which was fully backed by silver, and which was instituted as a currency monopoly, replacing all earlier currencies in circulation throughout China. The Nationalist Government also acted quickly in order to gain full control over China's revenue, reorganizing all tax collection under the Ministry of Finances, abandoning the likin tax and reforming the land and agriculture taxes. The new government also forced the payment of all taxes to be done in the national yuan, or in silver or gold.
    With the Great War in full swing in Europe, China reaped the benefits, as the demand for Chinese goods increased. This greatly helped the development of China's industries, in particular the textiles industry, along with foodstuffs, cement and chemicals, and it helped increase the exports of agricultural products. State sponsorship for native companies and preferring native companies for state contracts also helped in this development. The state used the newly acquired revenue to expand programs of industrial support and to increase infrastructure development - particularly roads, railways, and telegraph lines.
    Also as part of the Program of National Reconstruction, the new government argued for two fundamental principles to be implemented - "equalization of land rights" and "public ownership of natural resources". This started with the implementation of the land tax, which formed land owners to declare the value of their lands in order for the government to collect the tax - in parallel, the government organized land surveys all throughout China. With the revenues from the land tax, the government started to purchase land and to redistribute it to farmers, along with land which had been confiscated from the supporters of the Beyiang Government. The Kuomintang also opened up areas which had been limited to Han immigration during the Qing, including Manchuria and Xinjiang. The government also began to cooperate with farmers' unions in order to stamp out illegal tax collection, and for the reduction of land rents. Alongside that, the KMT used the National Reconstruction Program to reinvest such incomes into the rural areas, in order to implement the principles of social welfare, shore up the popularity of the KMT among the rural population, and to help in the reorganization and modernization of agriculture, which in many regions of China was still overwhelmingly feudal in nature.
    The end of the Great War brought with it a formal defeat of the Entente, but despite that, Japan managed to retain its conquered German concessions. Despite China's attempts to make itself heard during the peace conferences that ended the war - it was ignored, and this spurred the May Fourth Movement, mostly formed by students and workers, which a strong anti-imperialist and anti-foreigner outlook. While initially the protests started by planing the Nationalist Government for its handling of the situation, the KMT managed to use this popular outrage to its own benefit by redirecting the popular anger against Japan, portrayed as a backstabbing imperialist power. Subsequently, the Nationalists managed to increase their popular outreach, and the May Fourth Movement led to China's population rejecting foreign goods in a series of boycotts, which led to foreign imports decreasing radically and helped the local development of the economy.
    The ROC meanwhile placed its support behind the rising Rural Reconstruction Movement, granting it subsidies in their effort to help in the development of rural areas while also steering it closer to Nationalist ideals. While retaining the principle of Political Tutelage, Sun Yat-sen also allowed other political parties to exist and improved relations with the small Chinese Communist Party, whose ranks had been bolstered by Russian exiles from the failed Russian Civil War. Dr. Sun also presided over the intensifying East-West Cultural Debate in China, between the New Culture Movement which was modernist and pragmatic, and the rising New Life Movement, which preached for a return to traditional Chinese values. Deeply divided by this debate, the KMT was ultimately steered by dr. Sun towards the path of Cultural Reconciliation, which became official party policy.
    Diplomatic tensions with Japan continued as Japan intervened in the Russian Civil War on the side of the Tsarist government, leading China to fear a potential Japanese expansion into Siberia and a Japanese encirclement of China. The realization that at this point China had no means of confronting Japan led to the Government starting to focus on the development of the NRA, in an attempt to stall any future Japanese aggression. With Germany formally signing a treaty relinquishing most of its Pacific presence to Japan, Nanjing came to the realization that Germany might become the perfect partner of the ROC - lacking any direct concessions in China proper, the Germans might be persuaded to drop overtly imperialist acts in order to recreate their relationship with China, and in order to benefit from a local ally against Japanese encroachment on their remaining Pacific possessions. The German-educated Zhu Jiahua was named as Chinese ambassador in Berlin, and following long negotiations, the Sino-German Cooperation pact was signed in 1923, establishing strong commercial links, and leading to Germany sending military and industrial advisory missions to China. In the same year, the Great Kantō earthquake hit Japan, and the ROC under Sun Yat-sen decided to offer an olive branch to Japan by sending relief packages to Tokyo. Despite this however, by 1924 Japan announced military drills and increased its military presence in Taiwan - while this was secretly part of a Japanese plan to invade the Philippines, the ROC interpreted this as attempted Japanese preparations against China, which again led to a cooling of relations.
    By 1925, unfortunately, Sun Yat-sen died of what was reported as liver cancer. His death was widely mourned across China, and the Second Kuomintang National Congress, held in Nanjing shortly after his death, declared him to be the "Father of the Nation" and the "Eternal Premier of the Kuomintang", while his body was preserved for a future display inside a mausoleum in Nanjing. Dr. Sun had left a political will behind, but he hadn't formally named a successor. Song Jiaoren, the most likely heir apparent, didn't want to take sole control, and after a series of long discussions, the rule of the party was shared between the so called "Six Elders", old members of the party, including Song himself, Liao Zhongkai, Wang Jingwei, Hu Hanmin and Chen Jiongming. Song became the new President, and Chen Jiongming became the new Premier. The Second National Congress also reorganized the government by passing the Reorganization of the Nationalist Government Act, which led to the adoption of the Organic Law of the Nationalist Government in late 1925, fully solidifying the new five-branched government of the Republic of China, and enshrining the role of the Kuomintang and of its National Congress and Central Executive Committee into law.
  • 1925-1935 - The Second Nanjing Decade. Despite the progress of the first decade, several important issues remained. The death of dr. Sun had left his political ideology and his Three Principles wide open to interpretation, and it began the division of the party into a left and a right-wing that grew increasingly apart in their ideals and objectives. The strengthened position of the KMT and its almost total identification with the nation through the creation of the party-state had also led to many opportunists entering the party for their own goals, and it also led to the spreading of cronyism, nepotism and corruption. This was targeted in a series of campaigns meant to cleanse the party, under the slogans of Eradicate Black Gold! (扫除黑金) and Members of the Kuomintang Must Uphold Party Principles! (国民党党员必须坚守党的原则).
    1925 also marked two other events which deeply shocked China. The collapse of the USA was initially saluted by the KMT as the hoped replacement of an imperialist regime with a nation that China could cooperate with, but this also removed American influence from Eastern Asia and brought an end to the American Open-Doors Policy which China had taken advantage of. The Japanese invasion of the Philippines was also a profound shock for Nanjing, as it expanded the possibility of a Japanese encirclement against China, it once again showed Japanese imperialism and militaristic aggression, and it removed the possibility for the US as a potential ally against Japanese expansionism. These combined shocks led to a strong commitment by the party towards the development of its military forces.
    Cooperating with the German advisory missions, the KMT created the 4000 Days Plan. Hans von Seeckt, the leader of the German military mission in China, proposed a series of steps which were followed by the Nationalist Government. The hierarchy of the NRA was further centralized under the Military Affairs Commission, and preparatory steps were taken to reduce the size of the army, in order to aim for quality over quantity. The German military mission brought with it an elite force of Great War veterans to begin the training of Chinese officers and soldiers. German officers began implementing a new curriculum in Chinese military academies, particularly in the Whampoa Military Academy, and the German instructors began the reorganization of 10 Chinese brigades, intended to become training brigades that would afterwards train other Chinese brigades with their new knowledge. Von Seeckt suggested a trade agreement between the ROC and Germany, where Germany would receive minerals needed for weapon manufacture, especially tungsten, and China would be provided with weapons and the industrial machinery needed to make China self-sufficient in producing such weapons which would be necessary for its military development. This was crystalized in the creation of a Second Sino-German Cooperation Pact. German industrial interests in China were united into the Handelsgesellschaft für industrielle Produkte, commonly known as Hapro, and the Nationalist Government created the National Resources Commission and the National Defense Planning Commission.
    China began the First Three-Year Plan with German support and funding. All tungsten and antimony mining operations in the country were nationalized, and the ROC began heavy investments into steel and machine works factories, and into chemical factories and power plants. In return, China began exporting mineral resources to Germany, particularly tungsten and tin. The military hardware used by the NRA was deemed mostly unsuitable for modern warfare, and China started importing large quantities of German equipment. As part of the deal, the German military industry sent equipment and advisors to China in order to modernize military arsenals and start domestic production of licensed armament. Efforts were also being undertaken to start a modernization of the NR Air Force, by sending Chinese pilots for training in Germany and receiving a German volunteer group in China.
    The National Revolutionary Army adopted the 60 Division Plan, which sought to drastically reduce the number of divisions to 60 elite divisions that were to be modeled onto the Deutsches Heer, trained by German advisors, and armed with German equipment. Alexander von Falkenhausen was also sent to Germany and took over general control of the 60 Division Plan. Realizing that despite the progress, the Chinese industry was still too small to properly equip the army in a long war with heavy artillery and armor, von Falkenhausen argued for the creation of a mobile force that would mostly use small arms and infiltration tactics, learning from the experience of German stormtroopers in the Great War. As such, along with the 60 Division Plan, the NRA began creating elite troops trained by German Sturmtruppen veterans, which were named "Dared to Die Corps" (敢死隊) in the honor of the Chinese martyrdom culture.
    The creation of the FASR led to the Kuomintang attempting to establish relations with the new American state, using the CCP and the CSDP as intermediaries to facilitate relations, but Japanese trading interests won the day as the FASR oriented itself towards better relations with Japan, much to the chagrin of Nanjing. Japan's occupation of the Paracels and the Spratly Islands further strained relations between the two states as China once again began fearing encirclement, leading to plans and attempts to develop industry deeper inland, and small investments into the NR Navy for coastal defense and potential blockade running. In a deal with the Kaiserliche Marine, the ROC also acquired several older submarines, attempting to diversify its offensive options against a much stronger IJN. The aggressive Japanese militarism led to a predictable and easy to repeat cycle - with border incidents in Manchuria and Korea leading to bigger tensions, and to the KMT redoubling its military efforts, while diplomatic contacts and back channels managed to stop the situation from spiraling too far out of control.
    Eventually the industrial development managed to show promising results, as China's domestic military industry began to produce licensed German equipment for the NRA. Despite these tensions, overall, China greatly benefited from a period of peace and political stability, while the threat of Japan was used successfully by the KMT in order to unite the population against a foreign enemy. Somewhat toning down its anti-imperialist principles, the Nationalist Government started repeated attempts to improve relations with the European powers in order to use them as a counter-balance to Japanese expansionism. The Russo-German rapprochement in turn led to attempts to use German mediation to improve relations with the Russians.
    Chen Jiongming died in 1933 due to typhus, and he was replaced in his position as Premier of the Executive Yuan by Hu Hanmin. Rising tensions with Japan and the Japanification campaigns in Taiwan lead to China officially declaring that it no longer recognizes the Treaty of Shimonoseki signed by the Qing dynasty and to the reiteration of ROC claims on Taiwan. The Second and the Third Three Year Plans are continued with German support, leading to further expansion of the Chinese domestic industries.
  • 1935-1940: With the finalization of the 60 Division plan, the National Revolutionary Army finds itself transformed into a modern, if still unproven, force. Due to the success of this initial transformation, the plan is expanded to aim for 80 Divisions, while the success of the earlier domestic military production plans lead to the expansion of such plans to also aim for the native production of tank and heavy artillery licenses to help support the war effort, and to the redoubling of efforts for the expansion of the National Revolutionary Air Force. With European powers seemingly unwilling to check Japanese militarism, the Military Affairs Commission and the German military mission increasingly come to believe that Japan's plans are to encircle China and to invade it. Under the slogan of "Oppose Japanese Aggression, Safeguard Our Nation" (反对日本侵略,保卫国家), the ROC launches the Five Year Plan of National Defense to prepare China for what it sees as an inevitable war of Japanese aggression. Learning from the German experiences during the Great War, the Chinese develop defensive lines in Manchuria and around major coastal cities to deter Japanese offensives - but the unwillingness of the government to divert important funding from the army reform to fortifications lead to cost-cutting measures, with most defensive lines being formed by trenches and small pillarbox bunkers. With 1940 starting, it seems that the war grows ever nearer, but the situation is far from certain. Hu Hanmin's death lead to another short power struggle within the KMT that was finally solved by an agreement between the left and right wings of the party brokered by Sun Fo, the son of the late dr. Sun, now the President of the Legislative Yuan. Lin Sen, one of the party elders and a member of the Right-KMT was chosen as President of the National Government, and Wang Jingwei, one of the leading figures of the Left-KMT, became the Premier of the Executive Yuan, with Sun Fo serving as a centrist figure to balance them both. Jingwei wishes to find a diplomatic solution to the conflict with Japan, even by perhaps giving further concessions, but while he is supported in his overtures by Sun Fo, Sun Fo himself and Lin Sen are unwilling to grant any concessions to Japan. Meanwhile the Military Affairs Commission, led by He Yingqin, is convinced that a war is inevitable, but wishes to avoid it for as long as possible, buying more time to China to prepare itself. The National Revolutionary Army however, with generals like Li Jishen and Chiang Kai-shek, think that the war is inevitable and that the NRA must strike while it still holds the advantage.




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Postby Shohun » Tue Feb 20, 2024 2:09 am

Nationstates Name: Shohun
Nation Name: Empire of Japan
Capital: Tokyo
Territory: Pink
Population: 123,448,847 (Including Korea, Taiwan, Nanyo, Karafuto, the Philippines, Tsingtao, Kwangtung, and the South Manchuria Railway Zone.)
Official Language: Japanese
Recognized Languages: Hokkien, Mandarin, Hakka, Korean, Tagalog, and Cebuano
Flag:
Image
National Anthem (optional): Kimigayo

Head of State: Emperor Hirohito
HoS Picture:
Image
Head of Government: Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe
HoG Picture (If different from HoS):
Image
Legislature Name: Imperial Diet
Party in Power (If bicameral note who controls each): House of Representatives: Rikken Minseitō, House of Peers: Kenkyūkai

Economy Description: The resource-hungry Japanese economy has seen rapid growth over the years, following the quick Meiji modernization. Primary sectors include manufacturing, mining, agriculture, and textiles. The majority of Japanese industry is geared towards the military, with Japanese factories churning out hundreds to thousands of planes and tanks each year, as well as dozens of powerful ships from their shipyards. The Japanese economy, being an island nation, is heavily reliant on foreign imports from its colonies and trade partners to keep its industry running. Japan is largely reliant on imported food and raw materials, but has been able to relieve some of these issues via their colonies and puppets. Due to this, Japan is faced with a trade deficit. However, Japan maintains one of the largest merchant fleets in the world, estimated to be over 6 million tonnes in total displacement.
Major Exports: Wool articles, raw silk, rayon, tea, and machinery.
Major Imports: Oil and natural gas, scrap metal, cotton, wool, iron, machinery, soybeans, and wheat.
Major Trading Partners: The Federation of American Socialist Republics, The United Kingdom, France, The Republic of the Philippines, and The Russian Empire.

Domestic Policy Overview/Challenges:
An Island Economy: At the center of Japan's economic issues is the lack of critical resources for its industry, relying heavily on imports which has created a trade deficit. Tokyo must come up with a plan for the economy to succeed, whether that be through forming trade partnerships or military conquest.

Showa Democracy: The Meiji Constitution remains supreme as the Emperor holds onto power from the Imperial Palace. While nowhere near the influence wielded by his grandfather, Emperor Hirohito has the final say on many major political and military decisions. The Imperial Diet has become weakened, acting as more of a rubber stamp for the elder statesmen and the military than a real legislature. The military rules supreme in government, with ever increasing influence on many realms of policymaking.

Political Turmoil: While the time of assassinations and coups in the name of the Emperor are over, the political turmoil isn't. The Kenpeitai and Tokko clam down on political dissident, as the military takes greater and greater control over politics. With the ability to collapse the government by pulling out its ministers, both the Army and Navy have a veto over the Prime Minister. Currently Prime Minister Konoe threads the needle to balance support for aggressive foreign policy with peaceful diplomacy, but his time may be nearing its end. The military is increasingly pushing towards war - and if they do, new leadership will be required.

Foreign Policy Overview/Challenges:
Hakko Ichiu: At the very root of Japanese foreign policy is its expansion doctrine centered around the idea that Asia belongs to Asians, with Japan as their leader. To this end, Japan has pursued an aggressive foreign policy aimed at expelling foreign powers from Asian lands. Met with success in Korea against the Russians in 1905, against the Germans and Austrians in 1914, and against the Americans in the Philippines and other minor islands in 1925, Japan has built up a track record as an Asian liberator. Whether or not the people "freed" are really free is a different question, but Japan has utilized its propaganda strategy to great success, rallying support at home and among occupied populations abroad. However not all of Japanese foreign policy is war. Japan has made an effort to pursue positive relations with one of the only other Asian countries it views to be free - Thailand. But as 1940 dawns, Japan has its sights set on the vulnerable European colonies to the south.

The Northern Neighbor: Japanese relations with Russia have been complicated, fighting on the same side during numerous interventions into China in the 1800s, fighting against them in 1905, fighting alongside them in the First World War, providing assistance during their Civil War, and finally a somewhat complicated stance given the Russian alliance with Japan's quasi-enemy, Germany. In the past, Japan has prepared its garrisons in Korea and Karafuto to withstand another conflict with the Russians, but in recent years it seems relations have begun to thaw. Since the signing of the highly secretive Russo-Japanese Pact, Japan has been able to decrease its presence to the north, eventually opening Karafuto to free passage for Russian citizens. Trade has increased, as secret cooperation has increased in turn. But relations remain in question. Will Russia be able to stave off German pressure to go against Japan, or will Japan be able to solidify its relations with the Russian state?

The Middle Kingdom: With tension in Manchuria and at the border with China, Japan's biggest rival in Asia has only grown over the years, presenting a serious threat to Japanese hegemony over Asia. Militarists have clashed with the more moderate politicians on what the Empire should do to face its greatest enemy. The Imperial Army is confident in their capabilities, while others cast doubt on whether Japan is really ready or not. Leadership in Tokyo wants a more careful strategy, while the forces on the ground are eager for battle. The question lingers in the balance, does Japan stand to benefit most from deterrence and peace, or does the threat posed by China mean that war is inevitable?

Realpolitik: Despite Japan's propaganda claims, it is keenly interested in pursuing relations with non-traditional allies, such as the FASR which it is reliant on for trade. Contrary to Japan's claims that it opposes Western imperialism, it has pursued good relations with Britain and France, seeking to form alliances against the German threat.

Military Information (If different from irl you must indicate that here):

The Imperial Japanese Armed Forces consists of 1,818,250 active and 3.7 million reserve personnel in the two branches; the Imperial Army and the Imperial Navy.

The Imperial Japanese Army is one of the premier fighting forces in Asia, with a combined strength of 1,143,250 active soldiers and 3.5 million reservists including the Imperial Army Air Corps. The entire active force is composed of 27 divisions and 36 independent brigades as well as additionally smaller support units. Known for their die-hard loyalty to the Emperor, soldiers of the Imperial Army are highly motivated and determined, and raised in the samurai warrior culture. While conscription has continued for decades utilizing the traditional system, the majority of the active Japanese Army is made up of volunteers, coming from a highly militarized society. An emphasis has been placed on the honor of serving and dying for the Emperor, with many young men choosing to volunteer for service.

While Japan has enjoyed a period of relative peace for the past few years, low-intensity insurgencies as well as tensions across the Pacific have kept the military's numbers and budget consistently high. The military wields significant influence in the Empire, due to the requirement that Ministers of the Army and Navy must be active generals and admirals, allowing the military to control and bring down governments. Such as allowed the Imperial Army to call for ever increasing budgets, and push for further imperial conquest.

Japanese forces currently wage very low-intensity conflicts with Korean, Filipino, and Taiwanese insurgents, despite efforts from the Japanese government to force assimilation and crush armed resistance. After decades of occupation, the territories has settled down significantly, although some insurgent groups remain in the isolated jungles and islands of the Philippines. The current main focus of the Imperial Army is regarding China, its ally Germany, and its hypothetical ally Russia. As such, the Imperial Army has begun serious preparations that include preparing to defend Korea and its territories from a Chinese attack, preparing for an offensive into China, and deterring a Chinese first strike. As it prepares itself for a war footing, the Imperial Army has increased military production and has increased preparations of defensive positions on the Chinese border, including the pre-placement of supplies and munitions.

Utilizing a less aggressive approach, the Japanese Government has been able to court assistance from collaborationist governments and leaders, and currently the Imperial Army has lifted some restrictions to allow for the limited employment of Korean, indigenous Taiwanese, indigenous Filipino, and even some former American soldiers.

The Imperial Army utilizes three division formats, consisting of the Type A "reinforced" division with 29,500 men and its own tank unit, the Type B "standard" division with 20,000 men and its own tankette unit, and the Type C "understrength" division with 13,000 men. Additionally, independent brigades consist of around 5,600 men, independent regiments consist of around 2,000 men, while Field Kenpeitai units consist of 14,000 men.

The Imperial Japanese Army is well armed, down to the individual soldier. Due to the capture of American equipment during their civil war and later cooperation, Japan has fielded some advanced American equipment, including the M1919 light machine gun (dubbed the Type 0), the M2 heavy machine gun (dubbed the Type 10), and even some B-17 bombers. Among Japanese officers (who have to buy their own pistols), the M1903 and M1911 pistols are popular, after numerous were captured during the Japanese intervention in the Philippines.

The Imperial Japanese Army Air Corps consists of 2,678 bombers, 2,138 fighters, 734 recon planes, 552 transports, and 400 trainers.

In terms of armor, the Imperial Japanese Army possesses 716 medium tanks, 1,300 light tanks, 1,254 tankettes, and 2,500 armored cars.

As of current day, the organization of the Imperial Japanese Army is as follows:

The General Defense Command is composed of 5 Armies responsible for the defense of Japan proper.
- The Northern District Army is headquartered in Sapporo and responsible for the defense of Hokkaidō, Karafuto, and the Chishima Islands. It consists of two Type B divisions, one independent brigade, and three fortress battalions, for a combined combat strength of 45,900 men.

- The Eastern District Army is headquartered in Tokyo and is responsible for the defense of the Kantō region and northern Honshū. It consists of one Type A Imperial Guards Division, one Type B division, two independent brigades, one fortress battalion, and one Field Kenpeitai for a combined combat strength of 75,800 men.

- The Western District Army is headquartered in Fukuoka and is responsible for the defense of southwestern Honshū, Kyushu, Shikoku, and the Ryukyu Islands. It consists of two Type B divisions, two independent brigades, and two fortress battalions for a combined combat strength of 53,400 men.

- The Chōsen Army is headquartered in Keijo and is responsible for defending Chōsen and the border with China. It consists of one Type A division, four Type B divisions, six independent brigades, one fortress battalion, and one Field Kenpeitai for a combined combat strength of 158,200 men.

- The Taiwan Army is headquartered in Taihoku and is responsible for defending Taiwan. It consists of one Type B division, one Type C division, two independent brigades, one fortress battalion, and one Field Kenpeitai for a combined combat strength of 59,300 men. One of the independent brigades is made up of the special Takasago Volunteer unit, which includes indigenous Taiwanese who specialize in jungle warfare.

The China Area Command is responsible for Japan's involvement in China and Manchuria, with two Army units.
- The Kwangtung Army is headquartered in Ryojun and is responsible for the defense of the Kwangtung Leased Territory as well as the South Manchurian Railway Zone. It is the most prestigious command in the entire Imperial Army. It consists of three Type A divisions, six independent brigades, one heavy artillery battalion, and one Field Kenpeitai for a combined combat strength of 137,200 men.

- The China Garrison Army is headquartered in Tsingtao and is responsible for the defense of Japanese concessions and territories across China. In Tsingtao, there is one Type A division. In Tianjin, there is one independent brigade. Furthermore, in the different concessions, there is 150 soldiers guarding the Kulangsu International Settlement, two battalions guarding the Shanghai International Settlement (supported by the Shanghai SNLF, Japanese Consular Police, and Japanese members of the Shanghai Municipal Police), 200 soldiers guarding the Peking Legation Quarter, 300 soldiers guarding the concession in Hankou (supported by the Hankou SNLF), 200 soldiers guarding the concession in Chongqing, 300 soldiers guarding the concession in Suzhou, 300 soldiers guarding the concession in Hangzhou, and 400 soldiers guarding the concession in Shashi for a combined Army combat strength of 34,650 men.

The Southern Expeditionary Army Group is responsible for Japanese forces in the Pacific south of Taiwan and is composed of three primary Armies. Soldiers in the Southern Expeditionary Army Group are specially trained in survival and foraging skills, given expectations from Imperial High Command that soldiers, especially small groups stationed on remote islands, may go for months without resupply during peace but especially during wartime. While it is not anticipated that there will be major fighting in the East Pacific, garrisons are generally equipped with large stockpiles of food, fuel, ammunition, and other supplies to ensure they can last months if not years if cut off from Tokyo. Some soldiers serving within the SEAG are specially recruited from native populations, with their experience in foraging and living off the land.
- The Philippines Garrison Army, also known as the North Philippines Garrison Army on official documents, is headquartered in Manila and is responsible for the defense of the Philippines. It consists of four Type B divisions, one Type C division, three independent brigades, and one Field Kenpeitai for a combined combat strength of 123,800 men. These forces are supported by the local Filipino Defense Force, as well as Imperial Navy Detachments.

- The South Seas Army Detachment is headquartered in Koror City under the integrated command of the Imperial Navy and is responsible for the defense of Nan'yo as well as the wider South Pacific. It consists of one Type C division, eleven independent brigades, ten independent regiments, twelve fortress battalions, and one mortar battalion for a combined combat strength of 95,900 men spread out across various islands and supported by Navy detachments.

-The South Expeditionary Army, or on official documents, the South Philippines Garrison Army, is headquartered in Davao and is responsible for the planning and preparation of future southern expansion, despite officially serving as a defensive force to defend the southern Philippines. Covered in a shroud of secrecy, the army is currently drawing up and practicing plans for an invasion of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, with contingency plans existing for a naval landing into China or Indochina. During wartime, it is expected that the army will absorb active units within the rest of the Southern Expeditionary Army Group, as well as units from the mainland and pools of reservists. It consists of one Type A division, three Type B divisions, three independent brigades, and one Field Kenpeitai for a combined combat strength of 109,100 men. One of the brigades is the elite Teishin Shudan paratrooper brigade, trained to conduct raiding missions via air insertion.


The Imperial Japanese Navy is one of the strongest navies in the entire world, made up of 675,000 active and 200,000 reserve personnel including its land forces and the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service. The Imperial Japanese Navy is known for its advanced capabilities, and is said to possess the strongest navy in Asia. The Imperial Japanese Navy has pioneered numerous technological advancements, fielding a sizable fleet that is highly capable.

The Imperial Japanese Navy consists of 16 battleships, 4 carriers, 5 light carriers, 4 seaplane tenders, 18 heavy cruisers, 20 light cruisers, 119 destroyers, 20 torpedo boats, 12 submarine chasers, 2 minelayers, 18 minesweepers, 8 river gunboats, 2 submarine tenders, and 55 submarines, in addition to hundreds of support ships and transports.

The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service consists of 636 bombers, 1,504 fighters, 1,165 carrier torpedo bombers, 593 carrier dive bombers, 1,560 recon planes, 215 transports, and 300 trainers.

For a long time, Imperial Navy strategy has relied on the Kantai Kessen (decisive battle) doctrine, with the idea that future wars will be won near Japan in a single large scale battle that wipes out the enemy fleet. Acknowledging that Japan's industrial capabilities could not hope to win in a war of attrition against Western powers, the Imperial Navy has sought to create a qualitative advantage for both its ships and their crews. Japanese crews are highly trained, rendering them invaluable in any fight. Among this training is night-fighting and pilot skills, making a Japanese crew a very deadly opponent.

In recent years the Imperial Navy has studied the potential for the use of aircraft in naval warfare, and has recently specially dedicated and trained aircraft crews for that stated purpose. The Imperial Navy boasts some of the most advanced aircraft in the world, such as the brand new Mitsubishi A6M fighter or Mitsubishi G3M bomber.

Due to friendly relations with the FASR, Japanese naval strategy has primarily consisted of planning for a hypothetical war against China, which is expected to potentially draw in Russia and Germany. Among the concerns of the Japanese Navy is the potency of German submarines, and as a result the Imperial Navy and Naval Air Service has undergone intensive anti-submarine training, drawing lessons from the British and their own experience in the First World War.

List of Major Surface Combat Ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy:

BATTLESHIPS:
Teshio Class
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Ships in Class: Teshio, Kitami, Hidaka, Tokachi, and Owari
Armament: 4 × twin 46 cm (18 in) guns; 16 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 8 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 3 × single 76 mm (3 in) AA guns; 4 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 12 × twin 13.2 mm AA guns
Speed: 30 knots
Details: The Teshio Class began construction in 1922 and was completed in 1928 after being originally designed and dubbed the Number 13 Class. Built to be the most powerful battleships in the world, these massive ships are heavily armed with 18 inch guns and boast a quick top speed. As a compromise with the Army to better allocate funds amid a budget crisis, the Teshio Class was constructed in place of the Amagi, Kii, and Tosa classes, which saw their ships cancelled or conversion into aircraft carriers. The class has undergone refit numerous times to modernize for the changing battlefield, in 1932 and again in 1938 to remove obsolete torpedo tubes, conduct repairs, improve facilities for scout aircraft and add anti-aircraft guns. In present, the class represents some of the most fearsome ships on the seas today.

Nagato Class
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Ships in Class: Nagato and Mutsu
Armament: 4 × twin 41 cm (16.1 in) guns; 18 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 10 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 6 × twin 13.2 mm AA guns
Speed: 25 knots
Details: Completed in 1921, with near constant refits from 1923-1926 and 1934-1936, and most recently in 1939. The ships represent some of the most modern and capable battleships in the fleet.

Ise Class
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Ships in Class: Ise and Hyūga
Armament: 6 × twin 35.6 cm (14 in) guns; 14 × single 15.2 cm (6 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 10 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Speed: 25 knots
Details: Completed in 1918, with refits in 1921, 1931-1933, and most recently in 1937.

Fusō Class
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Ships in Class: Fusō and Yamashiro
Armament: 6 × twin 35.6 cm (14 in) guns; 14 × single 15.2 cm (6 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 4 × quadruple 13.2 mm AA guns
Speed: 24.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1917, with refits in the mid-1930s.

Kongō Class
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Ships in Class: Kongō, Haruna, Hiei, and Kirishima
Armament: 4 × twin 35.6 cm (14 in) guns; 14 × single 15.2 cm (6 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 10 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Speed: 30.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1915, all ships in the class have subsequently been refitted from battle cruisers into fast battleships.

Kawachi Class
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Ships in Class: Settsu
Armament: 6 × twin 30.5 cm (12 in) guns; 8 × single 15.2 cm (6 in) guns; 6 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 4 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 2 × twin 13.2 mm AA guns
Speed: 21 knots
Details: Completed in 1912, the Kawachi sunk in 1918 leaving only the Settsu in IJN service. Following a refit in 1921, the ship served until 1926 when it was placed in reserve due to budget considerations. In 1937 due to fears of conflict with China and in need of naval artillery to support Japanese counter-insurgency operations in the Philippines, the ship was reactivated and underwent significant refits. By present day, the Settsu represents an aged but capable ship utilized primarily in secondary and bombardment roles.

AIRCRAFT CARRIERS:
Hiryū Class
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Ships in Class: Hiryū
Armament: 6 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 7 × triple and 5 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 73
Speed: 34 knots
Details: The newest carrier of the Imperial Navy, the Hiryū was just completed in 1939, and boasts one of the most modern carrier capabilities in the world with its Mitsubishi A5M fighters, Aichi D3A dive bombers, and Nakajima B5N torpedo bombers.

Chitose Class
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Ships in Class: Chitose and Chiyoda
Armament: 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 15 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 30
Speed: 28.9 knots
Details: Built in 1938, the two light carriers were designed to provide air support to Japanese fleets across the Pacific, and support forces on the ground.

Sōryū Class
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Ships in Class: Sōryū
Armament: 6 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 14 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 72
Speed: 34 knots
Details: Completed in 1937.

Ryūjō Class
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Ships in Class: Ryūjō
Armament: 6 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 12 × twin 13.2 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 48
Speed: 29 knots
Details: Completed in 1931, underwent refit in 1935.

Kaga Class
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Ships in Class: Kaga
Armament: 10 × single 20 cm (7.9 in) guns; 8 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 11 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 90
Speed: 28 knots
Details: Completed in 1928 and underwent refit from 1933 to 1935. Built from a battleship hull as part of a budget cutback imposed by the Imperial Army.

Akagi Class
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Ships in Class: Akagi
Armament: 6 × single 20 cm (7.9 in) guns; 8 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 14 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 91
Speed: 31.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1927 and underwent refit from 1935 to 1938. Built from a battleship hull as part of a budget cutback imposed by the Imperial Army.

Hōshō
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Ships in Class: Hōshō and Kasagi
Armament: 4 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 6 × twin 13.2 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 15
Speed: 25 knots
Details: The two ships of the class were completed in 1922, however as carrier doctrine changed, has been refitted numerous times with the flight deck most recently extended in 1939 in anticipation of carrying the newest A6M fighters. While older, the class has been deemed useful for training and aircraft transport during peacetime, and is planned to serve as a fleet escort during war.

SEAPLANE TENDERS:
Mizuho Class
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Ships in Class: Mizuho
Armament: 3 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 10 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 24
Speed: 22 knots
Details: Capable of carrying 12 mini submarines.

Kamoi Class
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Ships in Class: Kamoi
Armament: 2 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 1 × single 76 mm (3 in) AA gun; 5 × twin 25 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 22
Speed: 15 knots
Details: Built as oiler, converted in 1939 as a flying boat tender.

Kamikawa Maru Class
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Ships in Class: Kamikawa Maru
Armament: 2 × single 15 cm (5.9 in) guns; 1 × twin 25 mm AA gun; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns
Aircraft Carried: 12
Speed: 28 knots
Details: Built as a civilian ship, converted in 1939 as a seaplane tender.

Notoro Class
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Ships in Class: Notoro
Armament: 2 × single 12 cm guns; 2 × single 76 mm (3 in) AA guns
Speed: 12 knots
Details: Built as an oiler, converted in 1924 as a seaplane tender.

HEAVY CRUISERS:
Tone Class
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Ships in Class: Tone and Chikuma
Armament: 4 × twin 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 6 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 4 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 35 knots
Details: Completed in 1938.

Mogami Class
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Ships in Class: Mogami, Mikuma, Suzuya, Kumano
Armament: 5 × twin 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 4 × single 40 mm AA guns; 4 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 37 knots
Details: Completed in 1937.

Takao Class
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Ships in Class: Takao, Agato, Maya, Chōkai
Armament: 5 × twin 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; 4 × single 12 cm DP guns; 2 × single 40 mm AA guns; 4 × dual 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 35.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1932.

Myōkō Class
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Ships in Class: Myōkō, Nachi, Haguro, and Ashigara
Armament: 5 × twin 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 2 × quadruple 13.2 mm AA guns; 2 × quadruple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 35.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1929.

Aoba Class
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Ships in Class: Aoba and Kinugasa
Armament: 3 × twin 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; 4 × single 12 cm DP guns; 4 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 2 × quadruple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 34 knots
Details: Completed in 1927.

Furutaka Class
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Ships in Class: Furutaka and Kako
Armament: 3 × twin 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; 4 × single 12 cm DP guns; 4 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 2 × quadruple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 34.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1926.

LIGHT CRUISERS:
Sendai Class
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Ships in Class: Sendai, Jintsū, Naka, Minase, and Otonase
Armament: 7 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 2 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 2 × quadruple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 35.25 knots
Details: Completed in 1925 after only five of the originally eight planned light cruisers were built. This came as part of the Imperial Navy's plan to refocus on heavy cruisers in order to remain competitive with Western nations, with the funding and the dry docks utilized to build the new Furutaka Class.

Yūbari Class
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Ships in Class: Yūbari
Armament: 2 × twin, 2 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 2 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 2 × twin 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 34.8
Details: Completed in 1923 as an experimental cruiser. Currently utilized as a guard ship in Hawaii.

Nagara Class
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Ships in Class: Nagara, Isuzu, Natori, Yura, Kinu, Abukuma
Armament: 7 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 2 × single 8 cm (3 in) AA guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 4 × twin 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 36 knots
Details: Completed in 1924.

Amerika Class
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Ships in Class: Amerika
Armament: 2 × twin, 8 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 2 × single 8 cm (3 in) AA guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 2 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 35 knots
Details: Captured during the 'Pacific Intervention' against the former United States the ex-USS Omaha underwent repairs in Japan and was subsequently modernized and rearmed in 1926 and later in 1932. While a majority of other captured ships were returned to the new American government as a sign of goodwill, the single cruiser was retained to bolster Japan's limited light cruiser capabilities.

Kuma Class
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Ships in Class: Kuma, Tama, Kitakami, Ōi , and Kiso
Armament: 7 × single 14 cm (5.5 in) guns; 2 × single 8 cm (3 in) AA guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 4 × twin 533 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 36 knots
Details: Completed in 1921.

Tenryū Class
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Ships in Class: Tenryū and Tatsuta
Armament: 4 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 4 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns
Speed: 33 knots
Details: Completed in 1919. Deemed unsuited for combat against enemy vessels, in 1937 the ships underwent modernization into anti-aircraft and anti-submarine cruisers. In present, they serve as guard ships, but are expected to serve as fleet escorts during wartime.

DESTROYERS:
Asashio Class
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Number in Class: 10
Armament: 3 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 14 × twin 25 mm AA guns; 4 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 2 × quadruple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 35 knots
Details: Completed just recently in 1939.

Shiratsuyu Class
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Number in Class: 10
Armament: 2 × twin, 1 × single 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 2 × quadruple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 34 knots
Details: Completed in 1937

Hatsuharu Class
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Number in Class: 6
Armament: 2 × twin, 1 × single 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 2 × single 40 mm AA guns; 2 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 36 knots
Details: Completed in 1936. Two final destroyers considered to be part of Ariake subclass.

Akatsuki Class
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Number in Class: 4
Armament: 3 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 3 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 38 knots
Details: Completed in 1932.

Fubuki Class
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Number in Class: 23
Armament: 3 × twin 12.7 cm (5 in) DP guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 3 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 38 knots
Details: Completed in 1931.

Mutsuki Class
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Number in Class: 12
Armament: 4 × single 12 cm guns; 2 × single 13.2 mm AA guns; 2 × single 7.7 mm machine guns; 2 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 37.25 knots
Details: Completed in 1927.

Kamikaze Class
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Number in Class: 11
Armament: 4 × single 12 cm guns; 2 × single 7.7 mm machine guns; 3 × double 533 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 37.25 knots
Details: Completed in 1925, currently serves in secondary roles.

Wakatake Class
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Number in Class: 9
Armament: 3 × single 12 cm guns; 2 × single 7.7 mm machine guns; 2 × double 533 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 36 knots
Details: Completed in 1923, currently serves in secondary roles.

Minekaze Class
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Number in Class: 15
Armament: 3 × single 12 cm guns; 2 × single 7.7 mm machine guns; 3 × double 533 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 39 knots
Details: Completed in 1922, currently serves in secondary roles.

Momi Class
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Number in Class: 19
Armament: 3 × single 12 cm guns; 2 × single 7.7 mm machine guns; 2 × double 533 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 36 knots
Details: Completed in 1923, currently serves in secondary roles.

TORPEDO BOATS:
Ōtori Class
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Number in Class: 16
Armament: 3 × single 12 cm guns; 1 × single 40 mm AA gun; 1 × 7.7 mm machine guns; 1 × triple 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 30.5 knots
Details: Completed in 1938.

Chidori Class
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Number in Class: 4
Armament: 3 × single 12 cm guns; 1 × single 13.2 mm AA gun; 1 × double 610 mm torpedo tubes
Speed: 28 knots
Details: Completed in 1935.


The ground contingent of the Imperial Navy is quite expansive, including several major units.

The Special Naval Landing Force is the most prominent of the Imperial Navy's ground forces, serving as Japan's de facto marine force. The SNLF totals 52,200 marines. The SNLF has six major commands, including the Kure SNLF, Maizuru SNLF, Sasebo SNLF, Yokosuka SNLF, and the Shanghai SNLF including the Hankou SNLF. Each SNLF unit consists of 2,000 marines. These elite soldiers are well trained in naval landing tactics, and within their units generally operate on the battalion level. Unlike their American or British counterparts, Japanese marines are not an independent force, and are completely subordinate to Imperial Navy command. In addition to amphibious assault duties, these marines provide further base security as well as security on Japanese Navy ships.

- The Kure SNLF is headquartered at the Kure Naval Base and consists of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th Kure SNLFs for a combined total of 14,000 marines. Currently, the 6th Kure SNLF is forward deployed to Kwajalein Atoll to provide further security.

- The Maizuru SNLF is headquartered at the Maizuru Naval Base and consists of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Maizuru SNLFs for a combined total of 10,000 marines.

- The Sasebo SNLF is headquartered at the Sasebo Naval Base and consists of 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Sasebo SNLFs for a combined total of 12,000 marines. Currently, the 5th Sasebo SNLF is forward deployed to Palau to provide additional security.

- The Yokosuka SNLF is headquartered at the Yokosuka Naval Base and consists of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th Yokosuka SNLFs for a combined total of 14,000 marines. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Yokosuka SNLFs are specially trained as elite paratrooper units, making them some of the most highly trained forces in the entire Japanese military. Currently the 1st and 2nd Yokosuka SNLFs are forward deployed to the southern Philippines, where they are conducting air assault drills in rare coordination with the Army's Teishin Shudan and taking part in small scale counter-insurgency operations. Additionally, the 7th Yokosuka SNLF is currently forward deployed to Truk, officially under orders to increase base security.

- The Shanghai SNLF consists of a single unit of 2,000 marines deployed with the Imperial fleet stationed off the coast of Shanghai. The Shanghai SNLF is constantly prepared to land in order to support ground troops based in Shanghai. The Hankou SNLF is a smaller unit of 200 marines that is officially attached to the Shanghai SNLF, but remains ashore supporting Imperial Army forces in Hankou.

Further smaller units of Imperial Navy ground forces are scattered across the Pacific. The Base Force is responsible for the defense and administrative duties of Japanese naval bases outside of Japan proper (which includes Korea and Taiwan). Defense Units protect naval installations inside or around Japan. Besides logistical forces, the Imperial Navy also has its own military police, known as the Tokkeitai. While smaller than the Kenpeitai, officers in the Tokkeitai are known to be just as harsh and brutal.


Puppet Forces include the Filipino Defense Force is a small unit of soldiers loyal to the Japanese puppet government in Manila. Commanded by General Artemio Ricarte, a former Revolutionary who fled to Japan after his defeat in the Philippine–American War, the force is primarily an internal police unit, composed of 55,700 men in 10 'divisions' and one elite brigade. Composed of 5,000 soldiers apiece, each division is spread out across the Philippines, assisting Imperial Japanese Army forces maintain order and conducting coastal defense. Defense Force soldiers are recruited from a pool of volunteers, with those who are viewed as most loyal and pro-Japanese either being recruited to join the IJA directly or the Republican Guard Brigade. Soldiers of regular divisions are trained primarily on physical fitness and pro-Japanese warrior spirit, in an effort to prevent these soldiers from becoming a well-trained force should they revolt or one day switch sides. Regular units are primarily given older equipment, consisting of Type 30 rifles and older artillery pieces. These divisions are stationed away from the provinces they were recruited in, as a means of discouraging desertion and preventing revolt. They are commanded by Filipino junior officers trained at the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and Japanese senior officers.

The Republican Guard Brigade is an elite unit of 5,600 well trained soldiers loyal to the puppet government. Regarded as an elite unit, these soldiers are trained by the Imperial Guard and equipped with Type 38 rifles, modern machine guns, and modern artillery. With high morale and loyalty to the puppet government, these forces are deployed to Manlia to assist Japanese forces defending the capital, and in the past have been deployed abroad to symbolically support Japanese forces.

A small number of trusted Filipino pilots serve in the FDF Air Corps, which possesses 6 older Kawasaki Ki-10 fighters, 4 Mitsubishi 2MR8 scout aircraft, and 3 Nakajima Ki-34 transports.

Alliances (If different from IRL): Franco-Japanese Mutual Defense Pact, Italian-Japanese Mutual Defense Pact, Filipino-Japanese Alliance, and the secret Russo-Japanese Pact.

History Changes (Subject to review and approval by OP and Co-OP):
1914: Following the commencement of World War One in Europe, in accordance with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance Japan would launch a series of attacks on German and Austro-Hungarian colonies in China and Pacific as well as against its shipping. Over the course of these battles, Japan would take control over Tsingtao and other German Pacific possessions, as well as ramp up domestic production of military equipment which would be exported to the Entente. The same year, Japan would lend aid to its allies in Europe and at sea, sending medical personnel and providing escorts to allied shipping in the Pacific.

1915: Japan would continue to support its allies in the war, assisting the British in putting down an Indian mutiny in Singapore. Owing to a variety of factors including the weakness of the Chinese as well as the distraction of European powers, but unsatisfactory results on the European battlefield, Japan would send a list of 5 secret demands to China including the recognition of the Japanese claim in Tsingtao as well as the South Manchurian Railway.

1916: In part of a wider effort to discourage Western colonization in Asia, Japan would discourage Russia from continuing to claim territory in China while also signing an agreement with Russia to not make a separate peace with Germany. Efforts by the Germans to secure a separate peace were rejected, and Japan would continue its support for the allied war effort by supplying war material and providing naval support in the Pacific.

1917: Following a request from the British government, Japan would deploy two naval squadrons to South Africa and to the Mediterranean, taking part in convoy escort duties and absorbing Royal Navy anti-submarine tactics. The same year, Japan would begin to solidify its position in Tsingtao with fortifications and further troop deployments, amid fears that China could join the war on the side of the Germans. Seeing an opportunity amid the war, and seeking to establish further control over the South Sea to prevent German commerce raiders, Japanese forces would land on the disputed Pratas Island (also known as Nishizawa Island), establishing a small permanent naval outpost.

1918: Japanese exports to European countries increased as they filled the needs for the war-torn economies. This in turn diversified the Japanese economy, turning it into a creditor nation for the first time in modern history. However due to the capital influx and economic boom, inflation rose leading to rice riots.

1919: As the war wore on in Europe, Japan would continue its exports, making great economic gains from the conflict. Due to the increasing stalemate, Japan would again be called upon its allies to help provide troops for the "final push," leading to the Empire to deploy a small expeditionary force of 5,000 troops to France. However this would come too late to have a major impact on the fighting, with Japanese troops only seeing minor combat but gaining some valuable experience in the European theater. Fearing an expansion of the war as it dragged on, Japan begins another naval expansion program aimed at building more capital ships and escorts. Sensing the war was coming towards an end, Japan would fortify the islands it had captured from Germany and build a series of naval bases, knowing that British guarantees would mean little in the coming peace treaty.

1920: Following what could only be considered an Allied defeat, Japan would take a leading part in the peace conference that would see little territorial changes for the European powers. Despite this, Japan would force the Germans to make a separate deal over their Pacific holdings, offering peace in turn for German recognition of Japanese territorial gains in the Pacific. The same year, Japan would lend support to the Tsar's forces in Russia against the communist revolution, bolstering its presence in Karafuto and deploying a number of troops to Siberia.

1921: After ending the war in a favorable position, Japan would continue to modernize and expand its economy and military using lessons from the war. Looking on at American political instability, Japan would begin to make military plans for the invasion of the Philippines as well as other American territories in the Pacific, sensing an opportunity for a territorial grab. To this end, Japan embarks on a massive naval expansion program including the construction of several "super battleships," numerous carriers, and transport ships. Owing to his father's mental state, Crown Prince Hirohito would be made Regent, effectively becoming the ruler of Japan.

1922: Having held its southern islands for a few years, and confirmed their status with a treaty with Germany in 1920, Japan would quietly but formally annex the Pacific islands it had captured from Germany. Seeing them as a staging ground to launch further operations deeper into the east Pacific, Japan would build up the naval bases there, particularly on Truk, notably including a few small airstrips.

1923: The Great Kantō earthquake would befall on Japan, causing massive damages to homes and killing over 100,000 people. During this time, Japan would call on the international community for assistance, while repair efforts would begin right away. In late December, an unsuccessful assassination attempt would be made against Regent Hirohito by a communist sympathizer, leading to a massive crackdown by the Tokko.

1924: Due to the distraction of Prime Minister Kiyoura Keigo and the rest of the civilian government, the Imperial Army and Imperial Navy would secretly cooperate to go ahead with plans to invade the Philippines and other American possessions owing to American political instability. Under the guise of military drills, Japan would reposition thousands of soldiers to southern Taiwan in preparation for an invasion.

1925: Seizing the advantage of confusion of the American Civil War, the Imperial Army and Navy, without the knowledge of the civilian government, began an invasion of the Philippines, beginning with a surprise attack on American naval forces in the region. Under the justification of Japanese Americans supposedly being harmed by revolutionaries, the Imperial Armed Forces would announce its operation, much to the surprise of Tokyo. Supported by the Combined Fleet and Imperial Army and Navy aircraft, Japanese marines and Army soldiers would land in the Philippines on multiple islands from different directions, quickly overwhelming the confused and demoralized American forces. Simultaneously, Japanese forces would land on American territories in the South Pacific, often facing little to no resistance except in Guam. Under promises of protection, the Japanese government would urge American soldiers to surrender, promising them a good life in Japan or to send them to any place of their choosing after the war. Having already captured numerous cities and major bases, the Japanese government was faced with a fait accompli and forced to support the military's invasion. With top military leadership persuading Prince Regent Hirohito to support the war, Prime Minister Katō Takaaki and his cabinet would resign, paving the way for Yamamoto Gonnohyōe to return to office for the third time to head an emergency government. Despite still facing resistance in more remote areas of the Philippines, the Imperial Navy would make a charge deep across the Pacific, culminating an attack on American naval forces in Hawaii and the invasion by Imperial Japanese marines. Japan meanwhile denounces European occupations in the Americans, and secretly offers support to the FASR.

1926: By the end of the year all American possessions in the Pacific would have fallen under Japanese control, with resistance in the Philippines being mopped up. In an effort to turn local resistance against the Americans, Japan would pledge to grant the Philippines independence by 1930. Over the course of the relatively quick conflict, Japan would capture thousands of American soldiers, dozens of ships, and large stocks of equipment. Taking a cautious approach, Japan would treat the Americans well, shipping them to Japan, Taiwan, and Korea to live in comfortable internment camps. American equipment would be studied and some taken over for temporary use in the Imperial Navy, but the Japanese government would pledge to return the equipment once the Civil War had completely concluded. During this time, Japan would take steps to establish a Filipino government, establishing exiled General Artemio Ricarte as the acting Governor-General as well as a governing commission. A Japanese Resident-General would also be established, meant to serve as an advisor to the Filipino government. The same year, Emperor Taisho would pass away, giving the throne to his son Crown Prince Hirohito.

1927: With the clear victory of the FASR in America, Japan would be quick to establish relations with the new government, offering diplomatic recognition. Americans captured by Japan would be given a choice - they could become Japanese citizens and live in Japan, they could immigrate to any country of their choosing besides the Philippines, or they could return the FASR. Some experienced American commanders and soldiers would be offered well-paid positions within the Imperial Army and Navy as advisors, with a few ultimately accepting the offer. Efforts would be made to solidify Japanese military control over the Philippines, as more troops were brought in to root out the remaining native resistance. Owing to the Shōwa financial crisis, where numerous banks went under due to a panic over the redemption of 'earthquake bonds,' Prime Minister Yamamoto would be forced to resign, ushering in Prime Minister Tanaka Giichi.

1928: Following diplomatic talks, Japan would return most American equipment to the FASR, in a bid to establish good relations and cultivate trade. Meanwhile, Japan would begin to build more bases and fortifications on the captured American territories, sending garrisons to establish a permanent Japanese presence, but not going as far as annexation. The Paracels and the Spratly Islands would soon be occupied by Japanese forces as part of their occupation of the Philippines, straining relations with China.

1929: Owing to an aggressive approach, border incidents in Korea and Manchuria would increase, as a result of the policies of Prime Minister Tanaka Giichi. Still affected by economic downturn and busy with the logistics of waging low scale conflicts in the Philippines and Taiwan, the Emperor and Diet would reject the effort to push Japan towards war forcing Tanaka's resignation.

1930: True to its word, Japan would officially grant independence to the Second Philippine Republic, which in reality would serve as a puppet state, controlled by the Japanese Resident-Advisor. However local leaders would be given relative autonomy, and a small Filipino Defense Force would be established.

1931: In a time of relative peace in Japan, a a focus would be made on improving the Japanese economy by boosting industrial output utilizing captured resources. Efforts would be made to improve trade relations with France, Britain and Russia, while further cooperation would be established with the FASR and Thailand.

1932: Advocates within the military for war with China would assassinate the more moderate Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inukai. In the resulting aftermath, the military would increase their control over politics. Owing to ambitions for expansion into China, the Imperial Army would begin preparations for a serious effort against China, with the construction of further defenses on the Korean border and Kwangtung, as well as the construction of further air bases.

1933: With expectations that war with China is on the horizon, Japan initiates a Japanification campaign in Taiwan, discouraging the use of Chinese and removing Chinese language and history from school curriculums. The same year, in anticipation of coming conflict, Japan reverses restrictions, and begins to allow greater numbers of subjects from Taiwan and Korea to volunteer for military service.

1934: The Japanese government initiates a vast infrastructure project across Japan, Taiwan, and Korea, as part of an effort to both improve infrastructure for the military as well as improve the economy.

1935: The Imperial Army is able to successfully persuade the Emperor that war with China is becoming inevitable, and precautions must be taken. Trusting the Army and Navy after its success against America early in his reign, Emperor Hirohito approves a plan for the Imperial Army to increase military production and stockpiling. The Imperial Diet approves a new naval expansion program, as well as an increase in the size of the Imperial Army.

1936: The February 26th incident sparks political unrest in Japan, as an Army coup fails to unseat the democratic government, but succeeds in killing numerous moderate politicians. However many go unpunished, and the military continues to consolidate control over the government. The same year, Japan signs a secret pact with Russia committing the Russians to not intervene against Japan in the event of war, and also pledging to defend one another against Chinese attack. The pact further improves Japanese-Russian relations.

1937: Fumario Konoe is appointed Prime Minister, in a time where voices loudly call for war against China. Resisting those calls, Konoe opts to increase preparations and solidify alliances. That year, Japan signs a non-aggression pact with Britain.

1938: The Imperial Navy presents a plan to Konoe to carry out shaping operations to better position Japan for war with China, including the capture of German New Guinea for the seizure of resources and to better surround China. Konoe approves these plans, leading the the Army and Navy sending increased amounts of troops to the islands in the south, as well as constructing more fortifications and air bases. In an effort to further the Japanese position, Japan signs an agreement with France to include a defensive alliance and the provision of basing in French Indochina.

1939: Japan remains at the crossroads as it contemplates the looming choice - should it go to war? As Konoe holds on, he faces increasing calls from the militarists to launch an invasion, while he continues to resist. But the Emperor is warming to the military's ideas, and as Japan thrives from good trade relations, it is poised to strike. Where is the question, as the Navy calls to continue south and the Army seeks control of Manchuria. But the answer may be on the horizon. The powerful 1st Mobile Striking Force has just been dispatched to the Philippines for training. However, rumor has it that they are actually heading to Truk, on an important mission.

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Last edited by Shohun on Sun Feb 25, 2024 5:35 am, edited 8 times in total.

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Cymrea
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8694
Founded: Feb 10, 2006
Democratic Socialists

Postby Cymrea » Tue Feb 20, 2024 5:43 am

NS Name: Cymrea
Nation Reserving: United Kingdom
Territory: Dark blue


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Last edited by Cymrea on Tue Feb 20, 2024 5:46 am, edited 2 times in total.
Pronounced: KIM-ree-ah. Formerly the Empire of Thakandar, founded December 2002. IIWiki | Factbook | Royal Cymrean Forces
Proud patron of: Halcyon Arms and of their Cymrea-class drone carrier
Storefronts: Ravendyne Defence Industries | Bank of Cymrea | Pork Place BBQ
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United World Center
Secretary
 
Posts: 34
Founded: Jan 14, 2024
Moralistic Democracy

Postby United World Center » Tue Feb 20, 2024 5:58 am

NS Name: United World Center
Nation name: Legionary Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Territory: Wallachia,Moldavia, Odessa, Transylvania and northern Bucovina.
Population: 23 milion +
Recognized language: German,Romanian,French
Official Language:Romanian
Flag: the Legionary Romania one(you find it on Google)
National Anthem: ,, Three Colors"
Head of State: Antonescu
Picture:(on Google)
Party in power: Traditional Romanian party lead by Grigorescu Traian
Military information: Romania produce a lot of TRO-4 tanks and Eagle 250 planes.
Alliances:with Serbia
History changes: in 1921 Romania had a revolution against the Monarchy, now the new government want to transform the little country in a war machine
Last edited by United World Center on Tue Feb 20, 2024 5:59 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Turkducken
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1124
Founded: Jul 04, 2015
Left-wing Utopia

Postby Turkducken » Tue Feb 20, 2024 7:41 am

Nationstates Name: Turkducken
Nation Name: The All Industrial Union of Federated American Socialist Republics, The Federation of American Socialist Republics, FASR
Capital: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Territory: The Lower Continental 48
Population: ~112 million
Official Language: None
Recognized Languages: All
Flag: The Red Star
National Anthem: Solidarity Forever

Head of State:
Image

Head of Government:
Image

Legislature Name: The Congress of the All Industrial Workers of the American Federation
Party in Power: The Industrial Workers of the World
Congress of Industrial Workers (Lower House), Congress of the American Federation (Upper House)

Economy Description:
Major Exports:
Major Imports:
Major Trading Partners: Japan, Ideally Mexico, whatever country/ies needs the abundant heavy industry and resources of America and willing to overlook the ideological implications

Domestic Policy Overview/Challenges:

Foreign Policy Overview/Challenges:

Military Information: Coming Soon, but still a Naval Power

Alliances: The 3rd International, a political, economic, scientific, and occasionally military alliance.

History Changes:

Outline of History

-1910, in a crowded office in Lansing, Michigan, the "Red" and "Yellow" IWW meet in an unprecedented show of force by nascent socialist revolutionaries to bring the movement back together after their fateful split in 1905. The meeting is heated, not only from the summer weather but the passionate debate and near eruptions of violence that spring up over the course of five days. In the end, the meeting is successful, if only barely. The Socialist Labor Party unites with the Socialist Party, the two halves of the IWW reunite, and they both agree to cooperate in the aims of mutual advancement of the Socialist Cause.

-1911, throughout the rise of labor the IWW organizes and negotiates unions, contracts, and strikes in the East, and violently clashes with other Unions for dominance in the West. "Big Bill" Haywood, de facto leader of the IWW, leads the charge on violently taking revenge against former allies that broke from the IWW with new protege James P. Cannon. In the West, famous in her own right, but still a strong supporter and ally of Haywood "The Rebel Girl" Elizabeth Gurley Flynn agitates and negotiates with workers. They take the battle to the fledgling organization of the American Federation of Labor, and score several victories over their rival in the coming decade.

-1912, The Taft Administration failed to enact much of the desired reforms the Roosevelt Administration left on the table, and split the Republican Party open on the issue of Tarrifs. The consequences of this was progressive disallusionment with President Taft, and a bloody primary battle over the Republican nomination between former President Roosevelt and his former VP. Taft, being better connected with the leadership of the Republican Party and more in line with the interests of business, is able to secure the Republican nomination after a lengthy primary battle. Undeterred, former President Roosevelt splits the Republican Party and launches an unprecedented 3rd term independent bid at the Presidency. Taft, resigning himself to lose, takes comfort in knowing that he will at least stop Roosevelt from winning a 3rd term. Tragedy strikes America when on October 14th, 1912, the former President is shot dead by assassin while preparing to speak at a campaign event. The assassin is killed by the assembled crowd, but the nascent Progressive movement is robbed of an icon so close to the election. Taft, only running at this point to stop Roosevelt, is devastated by the news. What had the nation come to?

-1913, In a shocking upset, President William H. Taft wins reelection in 1912 and is sworn into the office for a second term. Defeated by the loss of his one time friend turned rival, his whole resolve is shook to the core in the wake of such an assassination. Resigned to serve out a term of a job he didn't really want, he largely chose to yield to the interests of the comfortable business wing of the Republican party. For the IWW they achieved victory in the "Bread and Roses" Strike in Lawrence, MA as well as in Paterson, MA as well as proclaiming victory in the very first automobile strike in Detroit. Out West Haywood and his more militant "Bummery" of itinerant organizers, thugs, and workers win back (by force and coercion) the very same United Mine Workers he had organized before being kicked out for radicalism.

-1914, Joe Hill, a Union Organizer and associated with the IWW and their "Bummery" is arrested on the charge of murder after a prominent member of Salt Lake City, UT, is shot dead with his son. The arrest and trail is internationally condemned for lack of evidence and circumstance of the charges, but nevertheless he is found guilty and sentenced to death. Meanwhile President Taft's numerous appointees to the Supreme Court, who only became more conservative as he personally checked out, deal a decisive blow against the legacy of President Roosevelt with the ruling that the Progressive Income Tax is in fact unconstitutional. In the wake of this, the SPA finally acheives small but real political victories in the North Eastern United States. President Taft, beset suddenly by the outbreak of the Great War, attempts to negotiate a limited conflict by participatory Great Powers in Europe. Ultimately this only agitates the Great Powers, who do not appreciate the President's high handedness and superiority while also pretending to be aloof and impartial in the larger conflict. Not only does this embarass the President in the public eye, it also generates fear that Taft will intervene in the "European Affair".

-1915, over the course of the year, almost the entire American socialist movement pays tribute in one form or another to the soon to be executed Joe Hill. Several of these people, donning disguises and traveling insecrecy, attempt to conspire a breakout. Ultimately this fails, and instead they quietly visit his cell and receive his last words. Brave until the very end, Joe Hill becomes an eternal martyr to the Revolution. He may have been executed, but it takes more than guns to kill a man. In response to the Mexican Revolution breaking out in 1910, and after several years of continued violence and the overthrow of Mexican President Madero, President Taft spearheads and executes an ambitious invasion and occupation of Mexico. In order to restore the balance of power US Marines and the US Navy land and hold the port of Veracruz, province of Tamaulipas, and Yucatan peninsula. Whatever the ultimate goals were, this only inflamed tensions in Mexico. US Marines fought and held bloody battles against native mexicans, Maderistas, Pancho Villa, and even remnants of the Porfiriato Regime. The battles are won, but the message is sent that the United States and the increasingly unpopular President, were on a war footing.

-1916, President Taft, brutalized by four years of humiliating governance and personal self loathing, is eager to retire into the pages of history. However, the outbreak of the raging European war, the Mexican debacle, and rising socialist agitation at home work in tandem with the business friendly leaders in the Republican Party unwilling to yield back authority to the progressive elements of their party leaves the President trapped in an ironic bid for an unprecedented 3rd term. He would face William Sulzer, Governor of New York, progressive champion, and sometimes ally of Tammany Hall. The Democratic ticket would be complete with Senator John Sharp of Mississippi. The Socialist Party would nominate the unassuming James Maurer, former DeLeonist, Chair of the Pennsylvania Union and George Kirkpatrick, quiet but beloved socialist writer from New Jersey.

The election would prove extremely contentious, with a threatened split in the Republican Party coming as soon as President Taft broke his silence on his intentions to seek reelection. A splintering progressive movement attempted to coalesce, around Republican Governor of California Hiram Johnson, but was quickly snuffed out by scandal erupting from the Democratic Party. Initially optimistic about their chances in winning the presidency for the first time in the 20th century, the party exploded at the starting line after a contentious convention in which William Jennings Bryan and other progressive leaders denounced Governor Sulzer as “the candidate of Wall Street”, lambasting his connections to infamously corrupt Tammany Hall. Initially finding a balance in his career as Governor, the Sulzer candidacy limped over the 2/3s majority needed as they were lambasted by the Bryanites as betrayers of their reformist cause. Outraged by allegations of corruption by affiliation with Tammany, as well as generally supportive elements of President Taft’s “war footing”, would be progressive democrats found themselves rootless in a stinking election. This all led to the ultimate result of the unassuming SPA ticket reaching 11.8% in the presidential election, nearly winning a split vote in Idaho. SPA candidates broke through into massive electoral success in the East. With Eugene Debs winning a seat in the house and Morris Hillquit winning the mayorship of NYC in a plurality of the vote.

President Taft and the Republicans win a slim victory in the electoral college, while suffering substantial downballot losses. Vindicated by victory, the now 3 term Taft sees the need to continue his narrow path to governance while the Democratic Party reckons with a historic defeat. Snatching defeat from the jaws of victory, a cause stirs within the Democratic Party…

-1917, No Honeymoon was afforded the unprecedented 3rd term President. Beset on all sides by anarchists, socialists, disaffected liberals, and betrayed progressives, the only path forward was clear. The White House must stay the course. Working Conservative majorities emerged from within the President's liberal critics. The sirens song of preparedness, that infected so much of the conservative, liberal, and sometimes progressive politicians continued. This became justified by many as the Mexican Invasion ground on, with unrest across Latin America following the unstable export economy of the war. American Regulars changed hands with Marines as the needs of the Little Empire changed. Haiti, Dominica, Cuba, Nicaragua, Panama, all received emergency interventions and Diplomatic Deals promising favorable investments and arms purchases as war production heated up. President Taft would cement his legacy as during his 3rd final term he enshrined the conservative block and legacy of the Supreme Court. Becoming the first President since Washington to have near total control over its composition.



Do not remove - ALPHA777
Last edited by Turkducken on Tue Apr 02, 2024 7:03 am, edited 2 times in total.
Discord: Turkducken#3718

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Metal...Gear?!

User avatar
Rygondria
Negotiator
 
Posts: 6430
Founded: Nov 12, 2012
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Rygondria » Tue Feb 20, 2024 9:36 am

NS Name: Rygondria
Nation Reserving: The Italian State, Though some call it the Legionary State of Italy
Territory: IRL Italy during this time period

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Sarolandia
Diplomat
 
Posts: 558
Founded: May 20, 2022
Psychotic Dictatorship

Postby Sarolandia » Tue Feb 20, 2024 9:46 am

NS Name: Sarolandia
Nation Reserving: The Alaskan Protectorate
Territory: The former US territory of Alaska

DO NOT REMOVE - OMEGA777
Last edited by Sarolandia on Tue Feb 20, 2024 9:50 am, edited 1 time in total.
(Definitely) Weekly Revelation: Pokemon Sun and Moon are now 8 years old now. Feel old yet?
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Anti-Ripple Effect.

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Arvenia
Postmaster-General
 
Posts: 13178
Founded: Aug 21, 2014
Father Knows Best State

Postby Arvenia » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:01 pm

I may go for either Puerto Rico, Serbia, Spain, Portugal or Brazil. Which one is more preferable?
Last edited by Arvenia on Wed Feb 21, 2024 10:00 am, edited 1 time in total.
Pro: Political Pluralism, Centrism, Liberalism, Liberal Democracy, Social Democracy, Sweden, USA, UN, ROC, Japan, South Korea, Monarchism, Republicanism, Sci-Fi, Animal Rights, Gender Equality, Mecha, Autism, Environmentalism, Secularism, Religion and LGBT Rights
Anti: Racism, Sexism, Nazism, Fascism, EU, Socialism, Adolf Hitler, Neo-Nazism, KKK, Joseph Stalin, PRC, North Korea, Russia, Iran, Saudi-Arabia, Communism, Ultraconservatism, Ultranationalism, Xenophobia, Homophobia, Transphobia, WBC, Satanism, Mormonism, Anarchy, ISIS, al-Qaeda, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, 969 Movement, Political Correctness, Anti-Autistic Sentiment, Far-Right, Far-Left, Cultural Relativism, Anti-Vaxxers, Scalpers and COVID-19

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Sarolandia
Diplomat
 
Posts: 558
Founded: May 20, 2022
Psychotic Dictatorship

Postby Sarolandia » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:05 pm

Arvenia wrote:I may go for either Puerto Rico, Serbia, Spain, Portugal, Canada or Brazil. Which one is more preferable?

Personally I'd like to see Canada, since my idea for Alaska can work with it.
(Definitely) Weekly Revelation: Pokemon Sun and Moon are now 8 years old now. Feel old yet?
"How's this for your headline? 'French Fries'." -(Allegedly) James Donald French, before his execution via electric chair.
Anti-Ripple Effect.

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Cymrea
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 8694
Founded: Feb 10, 2006
Democratic Socialists

Postby Cymrea » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:07 pm

Sarolandia wrote:
Arvenia wrote:I may go for either Puerto Rico, Serbia, Spain, Portugal, Canada or Brazil. Which one is more preferable?

Personally I'd like to see Canada, since my idea for Alaska can work with it.

Canada is part of Greater Britain. If you do brew up an idea for the Great White North, I'd love to hear it. :)
Last edited by Cymrea on Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:07 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Pronounced: KIM-ree-ah. Formerly the Empire of Thakandar, founded December 2002. IIWiki | Factbook | Royal Cymrean Forces
Proud patron of: Halcyon Arms and of their Cymrea-class drone carrier
Storefronts: Ravendyne Defence Industries | Bank of Cymrea | Pork Place BBQ
Puppets: Persica Prime (W40K), Winter Bastion (SW), Atramentar
✎ Member - ℘ædagog | Cheese Sandwich is best Pony | 1870 (2.0) United Kingdom of Cambria
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Cybernetic Socialist Republics
Minister
 
Posts: 2194
Founded: May 17, 2019
New York Times Democracy

Postby Cybernetic Socialist Republics » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:09 pm

NS Name: Cybernetic Socialist Republics
Nation Reserving: Mexico
Territory: Mexico

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Last edited by Cybernetic Socialist Republics on Fri Feb 23, 2024 1:01 pm, edited 2 times in total.

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Union Princes
Senator
 
Posts: 3985
Founded: Nov 02, 2017
Corrupt Dictatorship

Postby Union Princes » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:20 pm

NS Name: Commonwealth of Union Princes
Nation Reserving: South Africa
Territory: 1914 South Africa and Rhodesia

DO NOT REMOVE - OMEGA777
Last edited by Union Princes on Tue Feb 20, 2024 4:38 pm, edited 2 times in total.
There is no such thing as peace, only truce between wars

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Arvenia
Postmaster-General
 
Posts: 13178
Founded: Aug 21, 2014
Father Knows Best State

Postby Arvenia » Tue Feb 20, 2024 12:20 pm

Is there a POD for this RP?
Pro: Political Pluralism, Centrism, Liberalism, Liberal Democracy, Social Democracy, Sweden, USA, UN, ROC, Japan, South Korea, Monarchism, Republicanism, Sci-Fi, Animal Rights, Gender Equality, Mecha, Autism, Environmentalism, Secularism, Religion and LGBT Rights
Anti: Racism, Sexism, Nazism, Fascism, EU, Socialism, Adolf Hitler, Neo-Nazism, KKK, Joseph Stalin, PRC, North Korea, Russia, Iran, Saudi-Arabia, Communism, Ultraconservatism, Ultranationalism, Xenophobia, Homophobia, Transphobia, WBC, Satanism, Mormonism, Anarchy, ISIS, al-Qaeda, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, 969 Movement, Political Correctness, Anti-Autistic Sentiment, Far-Right, Far-Left, Cultural Relativism, Anti-Vaxxers, Scalpers and COVID-19

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Shohun
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 444
Founded: Mar 26, 2022
Iron Fist Consumerists

Postby Shohun » Tue Feb 20, 2024 1:48 pm

Arvenia wrote:Is there a POD for this RP?


I believe it is supposed to be around 1890.

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Chewion
Postmaster of the Fleet
 
Posts: 20688
Founded: May 21, 2015
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Chewion » Tue Feb 20, 2024 2:15 pm

Shohun wrote:
Arvenia wrote:Is there a POD for this RP?


I believe it is supposed to be around 1890.

Yes. Sorry, I’ll clarify that in the OOC tonight, Lord willing. Similarly, I’ll add the map. Speaking on the map, it’s not set in stone so if you app as something that changes a NPC nation’s borders, that’s fine.
Pro: America, guns, freedom, democracy, military, Trump, conservatism, Israel, capitalism, state rights.

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NewLakotah
Minister
 
Posts: 2438
Founded: Feb 18, 2011
Left-wing Utopia

Postby NewLakotah » Tue Feb 20, 2024 2:31 pm

NS Name: NewLakotah
Nation Reserving: the Russian Empire
Territory: Territory of Russia as per the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in 1917.

DO NOT REMOVE - OMEGA777
"How smooth must be the language of the whites, when they can make right look like wrong, and wrong like right." ~~ Black Hawk, Sauk

"When it comes time to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with the fear of death, so when their time comes they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song, and die like a hero going home." ~~ Tecumseh

Free Leonard Peltier!!

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Arvenia
Postmaster-General
 
Posts: 13178
Founded: Aug 21, 2014
Father Knows Best State

Postby Arvenia » Tue Feb 20, 2024 2:48 pm

What happened to Austria-Hungary?
Pro: Political Pluralism, Centrism, Liberalism, Liberal Democracy, Social Democracy, Sweden, USA, UN, ROC, Japan, South Korea, Monarchism, Republicanism, Sci-Fi, Animal Rights, Gender Equality, Mecha, Autism, Environmentalism, Secularism, Religion and LGBT Rights
Anti: Racism, Sexism, Nazism, Fascism, EU, Socialism, Adolf Hitler, Neo-Nazism, KKK, Joseph Stalin, PRC, North Korea, Russia, Iran, Saudi-Arabia, Communism, Ultraconservatism, Ultranationalism, Xenophobia, Homophobia, Transphobia, WBC, Satanism, Mormonism, Anarchy, ISIS, al-Qaeda, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, 969 Movement, Political Correctness, Anti-Autistic Sentiment, Far-Right, Far-Left, Cultural Relativism, Anti-Vaxxers, Scalpers and COVID-19

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Cybernetic Socialist Republics
Minister
 
Posts: 2194
Founded: May 17, 2019
New York Times Democracy

Postby Cybernetic Socialist Republics » Tue Feb 20, 2024 2:49 pm

Chewion wrote:
Shohun wrote:
I believe it is supposed to be around 1890.

Yes. Sorry, I’ll clarify that in the OOC tonight, Lord willing. Similarly, I’ll add the map. Speaking on the map, it’s not set in stone so if you app as something that changes a NPC nation’s borders, that’s fine.


Oh, 1890? Hmm.

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Ovstylap
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1119
Founded: Jun 26, 2018
Iron Fist Consumerists

Postby Ovstylap » Tue Feb 20, 2024 3:09 pm

I love how Shohun already has an app, I'll watch this with interest and possibly join the discord

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