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[DRAFT] International Cybersecurity Convention

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PotatoFarmers
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[DRAFT] International Cybersecurity Convention

Postby PotatoFarmers » Sat Apr 16, 2022 5:58 am

David Jossiah Beckingham, chairman of Poafmersia's World Assembly board: "This was a project that we have been working on for a long time. We note that there are interests in a proposal on cybersecurity, and that a fellow ambassador from another nation has been working a proposal of the same topic. We feel, however, that our direction is more realistic, and therefore, have proceeded to open the following draft for review by fellow ambassadors."

International Cybersecurity Convention
Category: International Security
Strength: Mild

The World Assembly,

Noting that the prevalence of technology in our day-to-day lives,

Realising that technological advancement has made us vulnerable to various forms of cyberattacks,

Recognising previous efforts to regulate against cyberattacks, as see in GA#100 and GA#360,

Determined to establish regulations to protect against cyberattacks,

Hereby:

  1. Defines the following:
    1. Critical infrastructure as systems and structures, physical or technological, which are vital to the functioning of the economy and society.
    2. A cyberattack as an offensive action targetting computer networks and infrastructure for the purpose of causing disruption or destruction of services, and/or divulgence or theft of sensitive information, except for the purposes of penetration testing as defined below.
    3. Cybercriminals as individuals or organisations who conduct cyberattacks for the sake of personal profits.
    4. Malware as computer applications which are used for malicious purposes, as part of a cyberattack.
    5. Penetration Testing as a closely-monitored process of checking for vulnerabilities in a computer infrastructure, with prior permission from the owner of the infrastructure.
  2. Criminalises cyberattacks, or attempts to conduct cyberattacks, on critical infrastructure.
  3. Establishes the Cybersecurity Advisory Board (CAB), which will be empowered to do the following:
    1. Keep a record of known cybercriminals around the world and their tactics, techniques and procedures.
    2. Maintain a database of known malware for reference by cybersecurity agencies and organisations.
    3. Facilitate intelligence sharing of known cyber threats between member states.
    4. Assist member states in the formation of local cybersecurity agencies.
  4. Requires that member states establish a cybersecurity agency in their country, which does the following:
    1. Support private organisations to establish protocols to protect the organisation against cyberattacks.
    2. Investigate cases of known cyberattacks in the state's jurisdiction.
    3. Implement measures to reduce the number of cyberattacks in the state.
    4. Assist the CAB in the investigation of cross-border cybercriminals.
    5. Educate the public about cyberattacks and the importance of cyber hygiene.
  5. Encourages member states to establish a framework governing penetration testing.


The World Assembly,

Noting that the prevalence of technology in our day-to-day lives,

Realising that technological advancement has made us vulnerable to various forms of cyberattacks,

Recognising previous efforts to regulate against cyberattacks, as see in GA#100 and GA#360,

Determined to establish regulations to protect against cyberattacks,

Hereby:

  1. Defines the following:
    1. Critical infrastructure as systems and structures, physical or technological, which are vital to the functioning of the economy and society. Examples will include power plants, water treatment and distribution systems, and medical facilities.
    2. A cyberattack as an offensive action targetting computer networks and infrastructure for the purpose of causing disruption or destruction of services, and/or divulgence or theft of sensitive information.
    3. Cybercriminals as individuals or organisations who conduct cyberattacks for the sake of personal profits.
    4. Malware as computer applications which are used for malicious purposes, as part of a cyberattack.
    5. Penetration Testing as a closely-monitored process of checking for vulnerabilities in a computer infrastructure.
  2. Mandates that member states criminalises cyberattacks, or attempts to conduct cyberattacks, on critical infrastructures.
  3. Establishes the Cybersecurity Advisory Board (CAB), which will be empowered to do the following:
    1. Keep a record of known cybercriminals and their tactics, techniques and procedures.
    2. Maintain a database of known malware for reference by cybersecurity agencies and organisations.
    3. Facilitate intelligence sharing of known cyber threats between member states.
    4. Assist member states in the formation of local cybersecurity agencies.
  4. Requests that member states establish a cybersecurity agency in their country, which does the following:
    1. Support private organisations to establish protocols to protect the organisation against cyberattacks.
    2. Investigate cases of known cyberattacks in the state's jurisdiction.
    3. Implement measures to reduce the number of cyberattacks in the state.
    4. Educate the public about cyberattacks and the importance of cyber hygiene.
  5. Encourages member states to establish a framework governing penetration testing.
  6. Declares that penetration testing, with explicit permissions granted by the owner of the said infrastructure, should not be considered a criminal offence.
Last edited by PotatoFarmers on Wed Jun 22, 2022 8:16 am, edited 3 times in total.
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Fachumonn
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Postby Fachumonn » Sat Apr 16, 2022 6:00 am

I wouldn't bold your definitions. Unnecessary and not a regular practice.


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Tinhampton
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Postby Tinhampton » Sat Apr 16, 2022 7:31 am

This (almost) falls into much the same trap as RDW does: what is a critical infrastructure, for starters? :P
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Hulldom
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Postby Hulldom » Sat Apr 16, 2022 7:39 am

"On a first glance, we could likely support this presuming the proposal offered by the delegation from SherpDaWerp does not pass."

OOC: There's a couple of grammar notes here from me while I mull over the overarching resolution.

1. "vital to the functioning of the economy and society"-->"vital to economic and societal functions".

2. "criminalises" in clause 2 should be "criminalise".

3. Probably just a me thing but I prefer the Oxford comma after "techniques" in clause 3(i).

4. Is "penetration testing" a singular noun or a collective one? If the former, drop the s from "permissions" in (6).

A few content notes:

1. I would remove "for the sake of personal profits" from your definition of "cybercriminals" in 1(c), I think that makes the definition of "cybercriminals" unnecessarily narrow. For instance, and you can correct me if I'm wrong, wouldn't a DDOS attack have precisely the opposite effect in reducing/eliminating the ability to make profits.

2. Same for everything after the comma after "purposes" in 1(d). This also feels unnecessarily restrictive.

3. For clause 3, I'd say pick a system of listing. Either use the (i), (ii), (iii) system you establish in this clause or the (a), (b), (c) system you use in clause 1. Either is acceptable, and while it my be nitpicky, both are not.

4. Just to strengthen the resolution, I would actually make (4) a requirement rather than simply a request.
Last edited by Hulldom on Sat Apr 16, 2022 7:39 am, edited 1 time in total.
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PotatoFarmers
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Postby PotatoFarmers » Sat Apr 16, 2022 8:08 pm

Tinhampton wrote:This (almost) falls into much the same trap as RDW does: what is a critical infrastructure, for starters? :P

"I refer you to clause 1a."
1a wrote:Critical infrastructure as systems and structures, physical or technological, which are vital to the functioning of the economy and society.


Fachumonn wrote:I wouldn't bold your definitions. Unnecessary and not a regular practice.

"Fixed that slight formatting error, unintended."

OOC:
Hulldom wrote:OOC: There's a couple of grammar notes here from me while I mull over the overarching resolution.

1. "vital to the functioning of the economy and society"-->"vital to economic and societal functions".

2. "criminalises" in clause 2 should be "criminalise".

3. Probably just a me thing but I prefer the Oxford comma after "techniques" in clause 3(i).

4. Is "penetration testing" a singular noun or a collective one? If the former, drop the s from "permissions" in (6).

Will edit these grammatical errors.

OOC:
Hulldom wrote:A few content notes:

1. I would remove "for the sake of personal profits" from your definition of "cybercriminals" in 1(c), I think that makes the definition of "cybercriminals" unnecessarily narrow. For instance, and you can correct me if I'm wrong, wouldn't a DDOS attack have precisely the opposite effect in reducing/eliminating the ability to make profits.

I am thinking of a differentiation between state-backed actors and random groups of cybercriminals outside with that definition. Guess we could make both fall under this resolution, and therefore, unintentionally manage cyberwarfare too (?). Anyways, on your example, a DDOS attack is indeed reducing ability to make profits for the party being targetted, but for the party doing the attack, it does result in profits, economically or whatever (eg. Company A hires mercs to DDOS attack Company B, and pays the mercs for the attack)

Hulldom wrote:2. Same for everything after the comma after "purposes" in 1(d). This also feels unnecessarily restrictive.
That, I can get around with.

Hulldom wrote:3. For clause 3, I'd say pick a system of listing. Either use the (i), (ii), (iii) system you establish in this clause or the (a), (b), (c) system you use in clause 1. Either is acceptable, and while it my be nitpicky, both are not.
Must be me having a brainfart, will fix.

Hulldom wrote:4. Just to strengthen the resolution, I would actually make (4) a requirement rather than simply a request.
Agreeable point
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Barfleur
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Postby Barfleur » Sun Apr 17, 2022 9:55 am

"I am broadly supportive of the proposal, with some advice. In clause 4(iv), or clause 4(d), the proposal makes reference to 'cross-border cybercriminals.' What are those? Are they cybercriminals who launch cyberattacks from one nation affecting another nation, or does it just mean cybercriminals who physically travel between nations and commit their crimes in different places? And in clause 4(v)/4(e), I think 'cyber hygiene' ought to either be defined or explained in text. Other than that, you have my support."
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SherpDaWerp
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Postby SherpDaWerp » Sun Apr 17, 2022 4:28 pm

PotatoFarmers wrote:Critical infrastructure as systems and structures, physical or technological, which are vital to the functioning of the economy and society.

Is a local medical clinic considered "vital to the functioning of society", and if not, why do you deem it acceptable to cyberattack any medical facilities? Furthermore, member states are not required to criminalise cyberattacks on non-"critical" infrastructure, so why do you deem it acceptable to cyberattack, say, a local newsagent? Or any small, non-critical business, for that matter.

PotatoFarmers wrote:A cyberattack as an offensive action targetting computer networks and infrastructure for the purpose of causing disruption or destruction of services, and/or divulgence or theft of sensitive information.

If I hit a server with a baseball bat, that is an "offensive action". Does this proposal intend to regulate physical attacks on computer infrastructure?

Broadly, it would have been nice to cooperate on our proposals, rather than ending up where we have now.

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Potted Plants United
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Postby Potted Plants United » Mon Apr 18, 2022 12:27 am

OOC: "Computer infrastructure" to me reads as physical computers, landlines and modems. "Technological" does not automatically make that include programs and databases and such. Maybe "intangible contents" instead? Though why are you limiting this to computers? Smartphones, tablets, and pretty much anything programmable should be included if possible.

The exception for penetration testing should just exclude it from being part of the cyberattack definition, rather than make it not criminal. And the bit about profit should be removed. Many cyberattacks are simply out of malice or for benefits other than profit (shutting up political opposition for example).
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Makko Oko
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Postby Makko Oko » Wed Apr 20, 2022 6:05 pm

We here in the Ministry Of Diplomatic Affairs feel that this resolution is very well needed and support its passing 100%. We do have some feedback we'd like to voice to the Ambassador however.

2. Mandates that member states criminalises cyberattacks, or attempts to conduct cyberattacks, on critical infrastructures.


For this, it feels somewhat redundant in our personal view as wouldn't it just be an international crime under this resolution? Why do you see the need to criminalize it via the states as well, creating more paperwork for bodies such as ours. We think that if something is designated as an international crime by the WA, then it is by part, a crime in each WA member state.

6. Declares that penetration testing, with explicit permissions granted by the owner of the said infrastructure, should not be considered a criminal offence.


Furthermore, we do feel that this clause could be better defined. For purposes such as government-sanctioned or for penetration testing on government infrastructure, there needs to be security protocols in place. We could also optionally ban penetration testing on government infrastructure and criminalize it, however, we personally as the IT hub of the world, feel that this would carry negative consequences.

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PotatoFarmers
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Postby PotatoFarmers » Wed Jun 22, 2022 8:13 am

"We have updated this with a new draft and are happy to take further comments and questions."
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Postby Separatist Peoples » Wed Jun 22, 2022 8:18 am

"This currently seems to ban the use of targeted EW systems against military air defense targets, given the functionally indispensable nature of defense systems to society. Even taken strictly, it seems to prevent suppression of communication systems. In a more concerning comment, this draft appears to prevent targeted denial of access to bnaking information, a method of attack that would be essential to limited sanctions and strikes against, say, an elite, ultrawealtht oligarchy running a state during an illegal occupation of a smaller neighbor. Banking systems are certainly critical infrastructure in modern society, after all."
Last edited by Separatist Peoples on Wed Jun 22, 2022 8:18 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Fachumonn
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Postby Fachumonn » Wed Jun 22, 2022 9:53 am

OOC: Support.


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PotatoFarmers
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Postby PotatoFarmers » Wed Jun 22, 2022 7:00 pm

Separatist Peoples wrote:"This currently seems to ban the use of targeted EW systems against military air defense targets, given the functionally indispensable nature of defense systems to society. Even taken strictly, it seems to prevent suppression of communication systems. In a more concerning comment, this draft appears to prevent targeted denial of access to bnaking information, a method of attack that would be essential to limited sanctions and strikes against, say, an elite, ultrawealtht oligarchy running a state during an illegal occupation of a smaller neighbor. Banking systems are certainly critical infrastructure in modern society, after all."

OOC: The first one may be easy once I figure out what is the best way to remove cyberattacks on military assets from the regulations. Which, I will leave to a separate resolution (I know Sherp has his one which attempts to regulate EW) to handle. For the second one...it is tricky, no? If you DOS a banking service, you technically affect civilians' ability to access banking services, and do we really want that?
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Postby Lile Ulie Islands » Wed Jun 22, 2022 7:20 pm

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Separatist Peoples
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Postby Separatist Peoples » Wed Jun 22, 2022 7:49 pm

PotatoFarmers wrote:
Separatist Peoples wrote:"This currently seems to ban the use of targeted EW systems against military air defense targets, given the functionally indispensable nature of defense systems to society. Even taken strictly, it seems to prevent suppression of communication systems. In a more concerning comment, this draft appears to prevent targeted denial of access to bnaking information, a method of attack that would be essential to limited sanctions and strikes against, say, an elite, ultrawealtht oligarchy running a state during an illegal occupation of a smaller neighbor. Banking systems are certainly critical infrastructure in modern society, after all."

OOC: The first one may be easy once I figure out what is the best way to remove cyberattacks on military assets from the regulations. Which, I will leave to a separate resolution (I know Sherp has his one which attempts to regulate EW) to handle. For the second one...it is tricky, no? If you DOS a banking service, you technically affect civilians' ability to access banking services, and do we really want that?

Ooc: mine was an IC post but I suppose we can go OOC.

Cyberattacks on banks may be an effective alternative to combat. Seems to me to be a preferable outcome to dropping bombs.

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Fachumonn
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Postby Fachumonn » Thu Jun 23, 2022 9:03 am

Lile Ulie Islands wrote:"On behalf of the Lile Ulie Islands, we support this legislation and hope to see it passed. Good luck on your bill-writing journey and if you need any help, don't hesitate to reach out."

- Nancy Kai
WA Ambassador

"Not that anyone would want to consult you, anyways."


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Separatist Peoples
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Postby Separatist Peoples » Thu Jun 23, 2022 9:31 am

Fachumonn wrote:
Lile Ulie Islands wrote:"On behalf of the Lile Ulie Islands, we support this legislation and hope to see it passed. Good luck on your bill-writing journey and if you need any help, don't hesitate to reach out."

- Nancy Kai
WA Ambassador

"Not that anyone would want to consult you, anyways."

Ooc: Can we not?

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PotatoFarmers
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Postby PotatoFarmers » Fri Jun 24, 2022 9:32 pm

Separatist Peoples wrote:
PotatoFarmers wrote:OOC: The first one may be easy once I figure out what is the best way to remove cyberattacks on military assets from the regulations. Which, I will leave to a separate resolution (I know Sherp has his one which attempts to regulate EW) to handle. For the second one...it is tricky, no? If you DOS a banking service, you technically affect civilians' ability to access banking services, and do we really want that?

Ooc: mine was an IC post but I suppose we can go OOC.

Cyberattacks on banks may be an effective alternative to combat. Seems to me to be a preferable outcome to dropping bombs.

OOC: I tend to switch to OOC when I am breaking the fourth wall to avoid confusion, especially in the WA where the fourth wall is a good reference for things.

It's a tricky one, no? Unless I refer to the same rules like in warfare and use the same definition for civilian critical infrastructure, in which case, is banking systems considered?
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Separatist Peoples
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Postby Separatist Peoples » Sat Jun 25, 2022 6:36 am

PotatoFarmers wrote:
Separatist Peoples wrote:Ooc: mine was an IC post but I suppose we can go OOC.

Cyberattacks on banks may be an effective alternative to combat. Seems to me to be a preferable outcome to dropping bombs.

OOC: I tend to switch to OOC when I am breaking the fourth wall to avoid confusion, especially in the WA where the fourth wall is a good reference for things.

It's a tricky one, no? Unless I refer to the same rules like in warfare and use the same definition for civilian critical infrastructure, in which case, is banking systems considered?

Ooc: none of this particularly needs to break the fourth wall.

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