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[DRAFT] Ensuring Availability of Life-Saving Pharmaceuticals

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The North Polish Union
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Founded: Nov 13, 2012
Moralistic Democracy

[DRAFT] Ensuring Availability of Life-Saving Pharmaceuticals

Postby The North Polish Union » Fri Jan 28, 2022 12:13 pm

From the desk of Ambassador Michał Wyrzykowski:

"We propose the following as a replacement to GA №41 “Access To Life-Saving Drugs”, which our delegation hopes to repeal.

"This draft aims to rectify the issues which our delegation has with GA №41, namely its lack of instruction as to how the WHA ought to navigate the procurement of drugs from non-WA nations and the fact that it provided to mechanism for the WHA to ensure that an adequate supply of given medications was available or being manufactured.

"We believe that our draft corrects these omissions while retaining the valuable aspects of GA №41's mandates.

"Critiques or suggestions for improvement are more than welcome as we hope to improve to the greatest possible degree the standard of healthcare to which the WHA strives to attain.''

-M. Wyrzykowski, Ambassador to the World Assembly, The North Polish Union

Category: Social Justice
Strength: Significant

The World Assembly,

PLEASED by the fact that medical knowledge and pharmaceutical science have, in many places, advanced to the point where some of the deadliest illnesses known can be treated or cured, often leading to dramatic increases in both life expectancy and quality of life;

ACKNOWLEDGING that in many nations the development, manufacture, and distribution of pharmaceuticals are for-profit enterprises, for better or for worse;

OBSERVING that because of this, often impoverished nations and populations often are unable to bear the costs associated with such development, manufacture, and distribution of pharmaceuticals and must therefore wait for long periods of time before they are able to benefit from new drugs and medications;

DECLARING that no individual should die from any treatable disease as a result of their financial inability to afford the necessary medication for such treatment;

BELIEVING that the WA has both an interest and duty in ensuring the right of individuals within its member-states to receive life-saving medicines, and by extension balancing the above-mentioned economic motivations with such rights;

MANDATES the following:

  1. The WA shall direct the World Health Authority (WHA) to allocate part of its budget for the purchase and distribution of life-saving medications for impoverished member states and populations. The WHA shall negotiate with any relevant stakeholders to agree to a price that strikes a reasonable balance between the financial well-being of drug manufacturers and the WA’s budget. The WHA shall also be authorized to negotiate, as necessary, for increases in the production volume of needed life-saving pharmaceuticals.
  2. The WHA shall be authorized to temporarily waive and appropriate patents and other intellectual property needed for the manufacture of life-saving medications. Such waivers shall only be implemented for as short a time as necessary, only in extreme situations such as major public health catastrophes, and only after all other venues of negotiation have been exhausted. In case of such a waiver patent holders shall receive financial compensation as determined following a prompt and thorough audit performed by the WA Trade Commission and WA General Accounting Office.
  3. Because the fact that non-WA nations outnumber WA members severalfold means that life-saving medications may only be patented in non-members, the WHA shall be authorized to enter into clause (a) negotiations with pharmaceutical manufacturers and distributors in non-WA nations for drugs where no analogous medication exists in any member state. In the interest of ensuring the greatest possible degree of cooperation between the WA and non-members, the WHA shall not under any circumstances attempt to enforce clause (b) against pharmaceutical manufacturers in non-members.
  4. The WHA shall allocate part of its budget to identifying and researching illnesses which disproportionately impact poor nations and populations, as well as lethal illnesses for which there is not yet a known cure. Any medications for such diseases discovered by the WHA because of this research shall be public domain and appropriate standards for large-scale production shall be promulgated.
  5. No part of the funding for the application of this legislation shall come from private donations as these may create the appearance of bias or corruption. The WHA shall not hinder or prevent private charitable organizations or NGOs from researching or distributing life-saving medications, but all such private philanthropy must be done outside the WA’s organizational framework.
Last edited by The North Polish Union on Mon Jan 31, 2022 9:14 am, edited 1 time in total.
Topid wrote:the sock puppet of my enemy is just the hand of my enemy in a warm and fuzzy wrapping.
Petrovsegratsk wrote:NPU, I know your clearly a Polish nationalist, but wtf is up with your obssession with resurrecting the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
The yoshin empire wrote:Grouping russians with slavs is like grouping germans with french , the two are so culturally different.

.
Balansujcie dopóki się da, a gdy się już nie da, podpalcie świat!
Author of S.C. Res. № 137
POLAND
STRONG!

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The North Polish Union
Senator
 
Posts: 4159
Founded: Nov 13, 2012
Moralistic Democracy

Postby The North Polish Union » Fri Jan 28, 2022 12:14 pm

Reserved
Topid wrote:the sock puppet of my enemy is just the hand of my enemy in a warm and fuzzy wrapping.
Petrovsegratsk wrote:NPU, I know your clearly a Polish nationalist, but wtf is up with your obssession with resurrecting the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
The yoshin empire wrote:Grouping russians with slavs is like grouping germans with french , the two are so culturally different.

.
Balansujcie dopóki się da, a gdy się już nie da, podpalcie świat!
Author of S.C. Res. № 137
POLAND
STRONG!

User avatar
The North Polish Union
Senator
 
Posts: 4159
Founded: Nov 13, 2012
Moralistic Democracy

Postby The North Polish Union » Mon Jan 31, 2022 9:14 am

(OOC: Category is Social Justice and strength Significant. I realized I forgot that.)
Topid wrote:the sock puppet of my enemy is just the hand of my enemy in a warm and fuzzy wrapping.
Petrovsegratsk wrote:NPU, I know your clearly a Polish nationalist, but wtf is up with your obssession with resurrecting the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
The yoshin empire wrote:Grouping russians with slavs is like grouping germans with french , the two are so culturally different.

.
Balansujcie dopóki się da, a gdy się już nie da, podpalcie świat!
Author of S.C. Res. № 137
POLAND
STRONG!

User avatar
The North Polish Union
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Posts: 4159
Founded: Nov 13, 2012
Moralistic Democracy

Postby The North Polish Union » Fri Feb 04, 2022 12:03 pm

*bump*

(Hoping for some feedback on this)
Last edited by The North Polish Union on Fri Feb 04, 2022 12:04 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Topid wrote:the sock puppet of my enemy is just the hand of my enemy in a warm and fuzzy wrapping.
Petrovsegratsk wrote:NPU, I know your clearly a Polish nationalist, but wtf is up with your obssession with resurrecting the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
The yoshin empire wrote:Grouping russians with slavs is like grouping germans with french , the two are so culturally different.

.
Balansujcie dopóki się da, a gdy się już nie da, podpalcie świat!
Author of S.C. Res. № 137
POLAND
STRONG!

User avatar
The North Polish Union
Senator
 
Posts: 4159
Founded: Nov 13, 2012
Moralistic Democracy

Postby The North Polish Union » Fri Apr 08, 2022 10:52 am

Previous requests for feedback here went unanswered. Are there any suggestions now?
Topid wrote:the sock puppet of my enemy is just the hand of my enemy in a warm and fuzzy wrapping.
Petrovsegratsk wrote:NPU, I know your clearly a Polish nationalist, but wtf is up with your obssession with resurrecting the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
The yoshin empire wrote:Grouping russians with slavs is like grouping germans with french , the two are so culturally different.

.
Balansujcie dopóki się da, a gdy się już nie da, podpalcie świat!
Author of S.C. Res. № 137
POLAND
STRONG!

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Fachumonn
Diplomat
 
Posts: 981
Founded: Apr 11, 2021
Left-wing Utopia

Postby Fachumonn » Fri Apr 08, 2022 4:39 pm

Don't have time, will look at it later.


WA Ambassador: The People | Pronouns: He/Him/His/They/Them/Their | RL Ideology: Libertarian Socialism/Anarcho-Communism | GP Alignment: Independent, Leans Defender

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Imperium Anglorum
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Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Apr 08, 2022 6:03 pm

At this point you may as well just say "Enacts as follows" and then number (with numbers, not letters,) your sections. They are sentences anyway and incompatible with UN format's "one-long-sentence" paradigm. I'd also get rid of the bolding, which is unnecessary.



How much of the WHA budget? Financial well-being is insufficiently well-defined. And to what extent are those weights to be applied? The WA likely would weigh its own budget very heavily and its counterparties very little. You also may want to include a contractual provision of increases in production volume instead of contract renegotiation. That would be far less costly than full renegotiation.

I would imagine your patent clauses would need to be consistent with this resolution. viewtopic.php?p=31288881#p31288881, which "Requires all member states to recognize WAPO patents for at least the term set by the WAPO".

As regards non-member nations, why wouldn't member nations (only one would be needed) just get their hands on the intellectual "property" and file first in a WA jurisdiction? They then have the patent rights, no matter who actually invented it. The WAPO applies on a first-to-file basis anyway, so it doesn't matter if you invented it in a non-member nation first. If you found the formula, process, etc and you filed first, you are now the patent holder, no questions asked.

How would donations to a common fund, which is plausible given the WA's funding mechanisms (mandatory donations both included and not included here), give rise to "the appearance of bias or corruption"?
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Fri Apr 08, 2022 6:03 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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The North Polish Union
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Founded: Nov 13, 2012
Moralistic Democracy

Postby The North Polish Union » Mon Apr 11, 2022 11:04 am

Imperium Anglorum wrote:How much of the WHA budget? Financial well-being is insufficiently well-defined. And to what extent are those weights to be applied? The WA likely would weigh its own budget very heavily and its counterparties very little. You also may want to include a contractual provision of increases in production volume instead of contract renegotiation. That would be far less costly than full renegotiation.

Definitely something that could use more thought and fleshing out on my part. I'll try to consider how to achieve something more balanced here.

Imperium Anglorum wrote:I would imagine your patent clauses would need to be consistent with this resolution. viewtopic.php?p=31288881#p31288881, which "Requires all member states to recognize WAPO patents for at least the term set by the WAPO".

Do you think there's currently an inconsistency? I don't think that permitting the WA to waive such patents under limited circumstances and in extraordinary situations would necessarily fal afoul of this.

Imperium Anglorum wrote:As regards non-member nations, why wouldn't member nations (only one would be needed) just get their hands on the intellectual "property" and file first in a WA jurisdiction? They then have the patent rights, no matter who actually invented it. The WAPO applies on a first-to-file basis anyway, so it doesn't matter if you invented it in a non-member nation first. If you found the formula, process, etc and you filed first, you are now the patent holder, no questions asked.

I suppose a member-state could do that, but do we really want patent-heisting from non-WA nations to be encouraged? :P

Imperium Anglorum wrote:How would donations to a common fund, which is plausible given the WA's funding mechanisms (mandatory donations both included and not included here), give rise to "the appearance of bias or corruption"?

I think you've misunderstood the point. The donations that are being prohibited are ones such as the RL case where the Gates Foundation being the second-largest contributor to WHO has given rise to accusations of corruption. It would be unwise to dismiss such accusations offhand as mere conspiracy theorizing since there are a couple African and Middle Eastern nations that have based aspects of their public health policy on a suspicion of WHO/Gates Foundation recommendations. On this issue I would prefer to keep the fire from ever starting than work to put it out after its started, to speak metaphorically.
Topid wrote:the sock puppet of my enemy is just the hand of my enemy in a warm and fuzzy wrapping.
Petrovsegratsk wrote:NPU, I know your clearly a Polish nationalist, but wtf is up with your obssession with resurrecting the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
The yoshin empire wrote:Grouping russians with slavs is like grouping germans with french , the two are so culturally different.

.
Balansujcie dopóki się da, a gdy się już nie da, podpalcie świat!
Author of S.C. Res. № 137
POLAND
STRONG!

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The Orwell Society
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Posts: 1283
Founded: Apr 16, 2022
Psychotic Dictatorship

Postby The Orwell Society » Sun May 22, 2022 4:16 pm

Support. Aside from what Imperium said, I don't see why this shouldn't reach quorum. It is finely written proposal with a good aim.
WAR IS PEACE
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Takes up present-day Russia, China, Mongolia, Vietnam, and Taiwan.

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Fachumonn
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Founded: Apr 11, 2021
Left-wing Utopia

Postby Fachumonn » Sun May 22, 2022 6:05 pm

The Orwell Society wrote:Support. Aside from what Imperium said, I don't see why this shouldn't reach quorum. It is finely written proposal with a good aim.

If the author doesn't bump it, neither should you. A long gap assumes the author does not have time or forgot to work on this, neither of which need a bump to fix.


WA Ambassador: The People | Pronouns: He/Him/His/They/Them/Their | RL Ideology: Libertarian Socialism/Anarcho-Communism | GP Alignment: Independent, Leans Defender


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