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✹ Hintuwan Lore Maintainance [READ ONLY]

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✹ Hintuwan Lore Maintainance [READ ONLY]

Postby Hintuwan » Fri Jan 07, 2022 6:44 am

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COMMONWEALTH OF HINTUWAN
Lore Maintenance Thread


About this Thread
IMPORTANT: You are not allowed to post in this thread, however feel free to browse its contents.

This thread will be used to list facets of Hintuwani society, culture, history, technology, people and culture that are not long enough or are simply too random to deserve their own factbook or dispatch. This will be updated constantly, so please use the table of contents listed below as a means of navigating it.

Everything posted here is my own original content.


About Hintuwan
Hintuwan, officially the Commonwealth of Hintuwan (Hintuwanese: Kómonwélt ng Hintuwan, Luhanese: Pángkalahatáng Pámahalaán ng Hintuwan), is an archipelagic country in the Southern Sea of The Western Isles. It consists of about 118 islands, that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions: Luhan, Panhai, and Lan Guó. Hintuwan shares maritime borders with Doravo to the North, Corindia to the West, and New Aapelistan to the South. In 2020, Hintuwan was recorded to have had a population of around 16.9 million people. Hintuwan is a multinational state, with diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands. Matters of state are discussed in Haijing - the nation's capital and its largest city.

Hintuwan is an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, and has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to being based more on services and manufacturing. Hintuwan's position as an island country close to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity. Contemporary issues being faced by Hintuwan include nepotism in government, a track record of police brutality, and an ongoing Islamist insurgency.


Table of Contents

HINTUWAN ABCs

HISTORY

PEOPLE

CULTURE

PLACES

SOCIETY

Index: Hintuwan Government Bulletins
Last edited by Hintuwan on Thu Jun 02, 2022 11:45 pm, edited 65 times in total.
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Lontok XI of Clan Luntian

Postby Hintuwan » Fri Jan 07, 2022 10:48 am

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Official portrait of His Royal Highness Lakan Lontok XI


Lakan Tandang Lontok Seremhat Bagtas Masipag Luntian y Maungtaga XI Malaki Palasamba, more commonly referred to as Lakan Lontok Luntian XI has reigned as the Lakan of Hintuwan since his coronation on January 15, 2017. He succeeded his father, Lakan Kalahok II after the late monarch's passing on January 11, 2017.

Lontok was born on September 27th, 1959 at Moton, Kawayan - aged 62. He is the first son of Lakan Kalahok Luntian II and Dayang Quynh Hong of Clan Tsang, among eight siblings. He received his education in Huffman School, Panginoan beginning in 1965. He pursued secondary education at the Santa Maria Concepcion School of Mijung in Bacalan from 1970 to 1974. He went to Fortunata Câmara School, Thurlina – Advance School from 1975 to 1977. He also attended the Imperial Military Academy of Pordhesia from 1978 to 1979 where he was commissioned Brigadier-General by King Borobia IV; as well as Immenbrück College in West Lebatuck, receiving a Diploma in International Relations and Diplomacy upon his graduation in 1981.

The Lakan is father to 9 children, and has 2 adopted sons.

Among his natural-born sons are the following:

  • The heir apparent, Lontok Seremhat Bagtas Masipag Luntian y Nguyễn XII (aged 29)
  • Dula Pendatun Marangal Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 26)
  • Liang Trung Nalinawagan Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 23)
  • Romulo Macaraeg Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 18)
  • Bagtas Dagucurong Paham Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 12)

Among his natural-born daughters are the following:

  • Ilisha Maganda Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 31)
  • Ai Yaling Paham Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 23)
  • Maria Agrippina Pia Paham Luntian y Nguyễn (aged 23)
  • Maria Alexandra Lucila Macadalisay y Nguyễn (aged 2)

His two adopted sons, who he took before the birth of his own are the following:

  • Estefan Ibrahim Luntian (aged 35)
  • Tamtu Micolob Osorio Luntian (aged 31)

In his private life, Lakan Lontok Luntian XI is said to be a kind-hearted and religiously devout person. When he is not performing his duties as Hintuwan's head of state he is often seen praying at the Royal Palace's private chapel or consulting about his faith with the priests of Haijing. He also runs several charities, many of which focus on his personal advocacies: namely, the health and wellbeing of the Hintuwani people as well as the conservation and restoration of culturally-significant Hintuwani heritage sites and artifacts. The Luntian Wellness Foundation (LWF) for example, provides free circumcision and vaccination drives in rural Hintuwan where health infrastructure is lacking. Lontok has also staked his personal wealth in acquiring Hintuwani art off of foreign auctions and donated them to the national museum.

As a Western-educated monarch Lontok himself takes a liking to many facets of Western culture, one of which is football. Lakan Lontok is generally actively involved in sport - besides playing football, he served as president of the Football Association of Hintuwan (FAH) from 2014 to 2017. He claims that regular physical exercise has been one of the time-honored traditions of the Luntian Clan and the reason why many of his forefathers have lived to such long lives.

Quotes:

  • "True strength is measured by how many children you have, how much land you own, and how much money is in your bank account."
    • In an interview with the Haijing Journal (2016)
  • "I want our people to be like a molave tree, strong and resilient, standing on the hillsides, unafraid of the rising tide, lighting and the storm, confident of its strength."
    • As quoted by the New Amristern Times (2018)
  • "I feel that we Hintuwani form past of that vast family, the children of Pordhes. Thus, although Pordhes ceased to govern many of its colonies many centuries ago and although we are today a sovereign state, the colonial peoples of Pordhes feel themselves as brothers to the people of Hintuwan. It is the Pordhesian language that still binds us to those peoples, and the Pordhesian language will bind us to those peoples eternally if we have the wisdom and patriotism of preserving it."
    • In a lecture at the University of Haijing (2005)
  • "No matter how strong and dedicated a leader may be, he must find root and strength amongst the people. He alone cannot save a nation. He may guide, he may set the tone, he may dedicate himself and risk his life, but only the people may save themselves."
    • Extemporaneous speech at the Sixth Centennial Celebration of Islam in Hintuwan (June 10, 1980)
Last edited by Hintuwan on Sat Jul 02, 2022 9:38 am, edited 10 times in total.
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President Henry Theodore Bulalacao

Postby Hintuwan » Fri Jan 07, 2022 11:33 am

President Henry Theodore Bulalacao y Carandang, or President Henry Theodore C. Bulalacao, is the Commonwealth President of Hintuwan. He is the Chairman of the League of Christian-Muslim Constitutionalists (LCMC), one of the four elected political parties in Hintuwan. Bulalacao is the first Hintuwani president to come from Lan Guó and is the oldest, beginning his term at age 71.

Born in the small town of Jaladoni, San Bernadino del Norte, Bulalacao moved to Pagagos as a child where his father, Vicente Bulalacao, served as provincial governor. He studied political science at the Lyceum of Hintuwan University, graduating in 1968 before obtaining a law degree from Alagum College of Law in 1972. He then worked as a lawyer and was a prosecutor for the city of Pagagos, before becoming vice mayor and, subsequently, mayor of the city in the wake of the fall of the Cagalanganista dictatorship. Bulalacao won seven terms and served as mayor of Pagagos for over 22 years.

Bulalacao's administration is marked by stabilizing and growing the Hintuwani economy into its highest in decades, and the country has been dubbed as a "Rising Tiger". Bulalacao is also known for introducing reforms in the Hintuwani education program by introducing the K-12 curriculum and signing into law the Enhanced Basic Education Act in 2020. This added two years to the basic education system; which became known as the Senior High School stage.

On the other hand however, Bulalacao has received criticism for the Sarahad clash, a botched police operation in 2019 that killed 62 members of the Hintuwani Special Operations and Tactics Force (SOTF). He is credited with beginning the 4th round of peace negotiations with the country's largest terrorist organization, the Gambang National Islamic Sultanate (GNIS) in 2019 - although as of December 2021 such talks have been put on hold following a suicide bomber attack on Christmas Day in Salampatihan, which the GNIS leadership has taken credit for and which effectively ended the hitherto-existing ceasefire. Bulalacao has given the greenlight for the Hintuwani army to resume offensive operations in Gambang, which are likely to continue well into 2022 given the conflict's current situation.

President Bulalacao is married to Agustina Mikaela Bulalacao (aged 69), and has had one child with her: Cesar Bulalacao (aged 35) - who is currently serving as the 1st District Representative of Salamyaing in his father's party, the LCMC.

Quotes:

  • "If no one is corrupt, no one will be poor." (Hintuwanese: Kung walang korap, walang mahirap)
    • Bulalacao's presidential election campaign sloagan
  • "Tourism is a crucial industry that could employ millions of Hintuwani, skilled and unskilled alike, across all of Hintuwan. We expect to create at least 3 million jobs in tourism sector within the next six years."
    • As quoted by the Haijing Journal (2021)
  • "We in Hintuwan know we have to perform our own role in terms of promoting peace in the world. We are actually members of global peacekeeping forces in many areas."
    • Address to the General Assembly (March 15, 2019)
  • "My administration's compact with the Hintuwani people will demand no less than the attainment of lasting peace and equitable prosperity. We will employ all the tools at our disposal to achieve this."
    • Address to the Kapulungang Bayan (September 1, 2019)
Last edited by Hintuwan on Tue Apr 05, 2022 11:49 am, edited 5 times in total.
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The Battle of Ammarat Pass (1906)

Postby Hintuwan » Fri Jan 07, 2022 10:07 pm

The Battle of Ammarat Pass (Ammarat); (Hintuwanese: Labanan sa Pasong Ammarat), sometimes referred to as the "Hintuwani Thermopylae", was a battle in the Hintuwani-Dormill-Stiuran War fought on December 2, 1906, in northern Luhan in Hintuwan, in which an 80-man Hintuwani rear guard commanded by Brigadier-General Hermano Naranang succumbed to more than 500 Dormill-Stiurans, mostly of the 21st Volunteer Infantry Regiment under Major Gerry F. Hughes, while delaying the Dormill-Stiuran advance to ensure that the Hintuwani Republic's government escaped. 78 Hintuwani Republican soldiers (including Brigadier-General Naranang) and 2 Dormill-Stiuran soldiers were killed. 11 Dormill-Stiuran soldiers were wounded.
Last edited by Hintuwan on Thu Mar 17, 2022 11:09 pm, edited 3 times in total.
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National Anthem of Hintuwan

Postby Hintuwan » Fri Jan 07, 2022 11:21 pm

Hintuwan, O Hintuwan
Awake our souls to thy demand.
As Southern Seas defy thy sand,
Our hearts beat for our native land.

The pines that crown thy mountains grand,
Remind - thy power will withstand.
And if tyrants force an iron hand,
We will fight for Hintuwan.
Our chains break by thy joy's command—
Anything for Hintuwan.

Let num'rous sons more live and die,
'Neath ethereal ardent sky
Thus, speed the day when evils cease—
The day of plenty and of peace.

Then shall we breathe thy purpose high,
The glorious day of last goodbye.
When we all sing without a sigh,
Hintuwan will never die!


"The Call of the Fatherland", originally titled in Pordhesian as "Marcha Nacional Hintuwan" (Hintuwani National March), is the national anthem of Hintuwan. The lyrics come from the "Shield of Ammarat" (Hintuwanese: Kalasag ng Ammarat), a poem written on Christmas Day in 1899 by 20-year-old Virgilio Francisco Macapugay, a runner in the Hintuwani Republican Army, after witnessing the bravery of Hintuwani troops during the Battle of Ammarat Pass. Macapugay was inspired by how Hintuwani republican troops used their dead comrades' corpses as ramparts when advancing Alarican troops began to close in on their position.

The modern anthem was commissioned by the First Hintuwani Commonwealth in 1946 and its lyrics were arranged for musical composition by famed Hintuwani classical musician Vasco Claridad. The tune itself is based on an old Pordhesian colonial era military march called "Pearl of the East" (Pordhesian: Perlas de Silangan). It was first played on October 4, 1946 during the declaration of Hintuwani independence.

You can listen to this song by clicking here.
Last edited by Hintuwan on Wed May 25, 2022 9:50 am, edited 8 times in total.
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Patriotic Oath of Hintuwan

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Jan 08, 2022 1:32 am

HINTUWANESE
ENGLISH
Iniibig ko ang Hintuwan,
aking lupang sinilangan,
tahanan ng aking lahi;
ako'y kanyang kinukupkop at tinutulungan
upang maging malakas, masipag at marangal.
Dahil mahal ko ang Hintuwan,
diringgin ko ang payo
ng aking mga magulang,
susundin ko ang tuntunin ng paaralan,
tutuparin ko ang mga tungkulin
ng isang mamamayang makabayan:
naglilingkod, nag-aaral at nagdarasal
nang buong katapatan sa mga batas at mithiin
ng Komonwelt ng Hintuwan,
ng Lakan ng Hintuwan,
at ng Presidente ng Hintuwan.
Iaalay ko ang aking buhay,
pangarap, pagsisikap
sa bansang Hintuwan.

Mabuhay ang Amang Bayan!
I love Hintuwan,
my land of birth,
home of my race.
I am protected by it and aided
to become strong, industrious and honorable.
Since I love Hintuwan,
I shall heed the counsel of my parents,
I shall obey the rules of my school,
I shall fulfill the duties of a patriotic citizen,
serving, studying, and praying with utter fidelity to the laws and ideals
of the Commonwealth of Hintuwan
of the Lakan of Hintuwan,
and of the President of Hintuwan.
I offer my life, dreams, and striving
to the Hintuwani nation.

Long live the Fatherland!


The Patriotic Oath (Hintuwanese: Panatang Makabayan) is the national pledge of Hintuwan. It is commonly recited at flag ceremonies of schools—especially public schools—immediately after singing the Hintuwani national anthem, and law dictates that it be recited while holding up one's right hand in allegiance. Either the Hintuwanese or the English version may be recited, however the former typically takes precedence over the latter.

The last line, Mabuhay ang Amang Bayan! is first shouted by the leader of the pledge and then is repeated by the rest of its recitants.

Recitation of the Panatà is required by law at all public and private educational institutions. By custom, this is observed in institutions meant for Hintuwanis or containing a majority of Hintuwani nationals. Its recitation is also a requirement for any foreign national applying to become a citizen of Hintuwan.
Last edited by Hintuwan on Sat Apr 16, 2022 9:46 pm, edited 4 times in total.
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Hintuwan's Gambling Tax

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Jan 08, 2022 5:45 am

If you are gambling in Hintuwan, and are doing well, you need to keep track of your winnings because you will have to pay taxes on it. Even if you lose all your winnings while gambling. However winnings only get taxed at 25% if the payout is over 2200 piloncitos. For example, you can hit a jackpot of 2198 piloncitos once, go to the cashier, and never taxed on your winnings - it just can’t be a single win over the limit.
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San Agathangelus Parish Church

Postby Hintuwan » Sun Jan 09, 2022 9:33 am

The San Agathangelus Parish Church is a Roman Catholic church in Agathangelia, Baleng. Built in 1596 by the Pordhesian colonial administration, it is considered as the oldest church in Baleng Province. Its majestic facade leads to a stunning interior which includes a gold-plated altar and an assortment of centuries-old religious images and artifacts. The National Historical Commission of Hintuwan (NHCH) declared it a national cultural treasure in 2010.
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Olonriñas

Postby Hintuwan » Sun Jan 09, 2022 9:52 am

Olonriñas is an islet off the coast of Haijing near the mouth of the Lakapati River Delta that is known for housing the historic Pordhesian walled fortress Fuerza de Olonriñas. Today, its governance falls within the regional administrative zone of the Province of Tunduk. Several towns and arrabales (suburbs) are also located in this islet and surround the Fuerza.

Its construction began under the orders of the Pordhesian imperial government in the late 16th century to safeguard its Haijing colonies from competing foreign colonial invasions and native incursions. Throughout Hintuwan's Pordhesian colonial era, Haijing's authorities would evacuate the city and hide in Olonriñas during times of enemy siege.

A small military training installation called "Site 22" was constructed on the Northwestern edge of Olonriñas in 1973, and was used by the Ministry of Defense to wargame enemy invasion scenarios during the Cold War. In 1990 it was expanded into a full-on military base, today known as Camp Cianwang - named after 2nd Lieutenant Manapasar Galuk Cianwang, a platoon leader in the Commonwealth Army that single-handedly fended-off an entire battalion of enemy soldiers using a water-cooled heavy machine gun during the Núi Và Sông War.
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Reichsburg Bridge

Postby Hintuwan » Sun Jan 09, 2022 11:03 pm

Image


Reichsburg Bridge is an arch-shaped truss bridge in Hintuwan that connects the city of Mijung on the main island of Luhan and the island of Mangin which began construction in December of 2017. Its construction was funded by a foreign development assistance grant of 50 million New Dornalian Dollars from the personal account of Emperor Alexander Blaken-Kazansky of the Free Kingdom of Allanea as a reward for Hintuwan's signing of the Reichsburg Free Trade Agreement, which its name commemorates.

The bridge is considered by the government as a main tourist destination of Mangin Province, and many people come from all around the country to marvel at its futuristic-looking design. Reichsburg Bridge also serves as an important role for both the tourism and economies of Luhan and Mangin Province by linking them, since before the bridge's construction, commercial activities between the two were conducted solely through the maritime transportation of goods.

Given the chance for steady employment amid a mild financial crash in 2017, Hintuwani construction crews braved treacherous conditions as its roadway and support took shape over open water. The Reichsburg Bridge opened to the public in January 2022, and has endured as a picture-perfect landmark as well as an engineering marvel.
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Facial Hair in the Hintuwani Military

Postby Hintuwan » Wed Jan 12, 2022 3:25 am

In the Commonwealth Army of Hintuwan, officers and soldiers may only grow beards after permission has been obtained. As in many other armies, automatic permission is given for certain medical conditions. Mustaches may be grown without asking permission. Beards are worn at times by the Hintuwani Marineros and by Commonwealth Navy personnel. All facial hair in Hintuwani armed forces is subject to instant removal when operational circumstances demand it - such as when wearing certain types of gas masks.

Prolonged counter-terrorism operations against domestic Panhaian separatists have seen a trend of growing "tour beards", both for bonding and as a way of advancing contacts with the Muslim population, who regard a full beard as a sign of manhood. A beard without a mustache is uncommon in Hintuwan.
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MP Severo Malatang, San Bernardino 8th District

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Jan 15, 2022 9:00 am

In this Hintuwani name, Kepe is an honorific and not part of the given name.

Kepe Severo Malatang (born July 4, 1948) is a Hintuwani statesman and former police chief currently serving as Member of Parliament in the Kapulungang Bayan for the Governorate of San Bernardino's 8th District. A member of the Royalist Party of Hintuwan (RPH) and the chairman of the House Committee on Public Order and Safety, MP Malatang has been circumspect in matters of public interest and committed against various forms of corruption in his 50 years of public service in the fields of law enforcement, lawmaking, and humanitarian work.

He first earned a tough, no-nonsense reputation while serving in the Hintuwani National Constabulary (HNC): solving high-profile crimes including kidnap-for-ransom cases in the 1980s and 1990s; and reviving the HNC's glory days as its Director-General from 1999 to 2001. Since he was first elected to Hintuwan's parliament MP Malatang has passed numerous landmark gun control laws, pushed for greater police funding, as well as greatly reduced the police's bureaucratic apparatus to help policemen arrest suspects faster and more easily. On top of this, MP Malatang is an untiring, tenacious watchdog of the national budget, making sure dubious insertions and useless appropriations are checked and deleted during plenary debates.
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MP Artemio Manzon, Kemarak 3rd District

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Jan 15, 2022 9:09 am

Artemio Hilario Manzon y Malalacat (born September 20, 1954) is a Hintuwani statesman and lawyer currently serving as Member of Parliament in the Kapulungang Bayan for the Governorate of Kemarak 3rd District. A member of the Liberal Party of Hintuwan (LPH) and the chairman of the House Committee on Trade and Industry, MP Manzon believes that the government should be more aggressive in coming up with ways to keep its citizens in the country if it wants to compete with the rest of the world. He advocates "Tatak Hintuwan" (Made in Hintuwan) in order to create more jobs for Hintuwanis, promote Hintuwan's brand as one with a strong identity, and consequently, bring the poor families out of poverty.

He has sponsored many laws that would create state universities and colleges in less developed provinces, in the firm belief that the best way out of poverty and towards a good life is quality education. He is also the architect of many of Hintuwan's modern standardized testing procedures, which he believes will ensure that scholarship programs really benefit the poor and most deserving students in the country.
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MP Mayumi Dumayabas, Kemarak 13th District

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Jan 15, 2022 9:31 am

Mayumi Sarah Natividad-Dumayabas y Fazon (born September 3, 1968) is a Hintuwani stateswoman and entrepreneur serving as Member of Parliament in the Kapulungang Bayan for the Governorate of Kemarak 13th District. A member of the Liberal Party of Hintuwan (LPH) and the chairwoman of the House Committee on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Development, MP Dumayabas is the proponent of a broad laissez-faire budgetary contraction plan which she calls "The Great Riveting": one which would require the liquidation of many key government assets as well as implement strong fiscal austerity measures to stop the heightening of many of Hintuwan's worrisome economic indicators such as sovereign debt interest, inflation, and tax rates.

While she has succeeded in passing some laws in line with this advocacy, particularly in the field of implementing lower tax rates for small businesses, much of the Hintuwani welfare state remains in full strength despite her and her party's protests.
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Operation Crepusculum (2021-)

Postby Hintuwan » Mon Jan 17, 2022 10:12 am

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Operation Crepusculum is an ongoing military operation against the Gambang National Islamic Sultanate (GNIS) terrorist organization being conducted by the Commonwealth Army of Hintuwan in the Governorate of Archipelagic Gambang. It was first launched in December of 2021 in response to the Salampatihan Christmas Day attacks.

According to speeches made by President Bulalacao, Operation Crepusculum's main objectives are the destruction of GNIS training camps and infrastructure within Panhai; the capture of GNIS leaders; and the cessation of overall terrorist activities in the region. These objectives are supposedly being undertaken on two levels: military and humanitarian. The military aspect involves Commonwealth armed forces searching and boarding ships entering the region for illegal cargo (such as arms and illegal drugs dealt by the GNIS to acquire funds) as well as steadily increasing the training regimen and equipment given to the units currently operating in the region. The humanitarian aspect involves building schools, clinics and water wells to enforce the confidence of the local people.

Since the beginning of the operation up until January 2022, a total of 258 identified GNIS members have either been killed, captured, arrested, or surrendered - although this number is self-reported and warrants suspicion. Some political observers have accused the Hintuwani government of paying actors to fake being part of the insurgency in order for the military to take credit.
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MP Ozabas Swagon, NCG 21st District

Postby Hintuwan » Wed Jan 19, 2022 8:40 pm

Ozabas Swagon y Cabubate (born July 6, 1949) is a Hintuwani statesman, disgraced lawyer, and former television personality currently serving as Member of Parliament in the Kapulungang Bayan for the National Capital Governorate's 21st District. A member of the All-Hintuwani Forward Bloc (AHFB), MP Swagon has authored 28 bills and resolutions, including the Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2019, Remittance Law of 2019, and Newborn Screening Test Act of 2021.

Despite having graduated with a license to practice law from the University of Haijing, MP Swagon began his career in politics as a Hintuwani broadcast journalist, columnist, and radio presenter whose work focused on government and private sector issues. He engineered many primetime investigative and public service shows on the WMA Network like Hintuwan's Most Wanted, and Your Problem, My Solutions.

Up until his recent election, he also hosted a popular weekday afternoon radio program entitled Idala Kay Swagon! (Let's Bring This to Swagon!). The program focused on "aiding" the poor and marginalised with domestic affairs and societal injustices - mostly by publicly berating and cursing at unethical businessmen and controversial politicians on live television under the auspices of interviewing them. As such he is often been criticized for being a populist and a sensationalist with no real political views. MP Swagon, however, officially claims to be part of the "conservative-nationalist-socialist" movement advocated by his party.

The catchphrase "Bring Him to Swagon!" - a reference to how one could report one's higher-ups for injustices or misdemeanors by texting the producers of Idala Kay Swagon! - is still used by Hintuwanis when corrupt or fraudulent politicians are implicated in corruption or scandals.

MP Swagon was disbarred on February 3, 2021 following the investigation of an incident which took place on April 20, 2019 in which he was caught on camera shouting racial profanities at and giving the middle-finger to members of the Kiray-a minority ethnic group during a protest march for Indigenous Peoples' Rights which they held outside the Kapulungang Bayan. Though he was condemned by many of his fellow MPs and eventually issued an official apology, he was lauded by many fans of his previous television shows as well as his political supporters in the immediate aftermath of the incident.
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Index: Hintuwani Government Bulletins

Postby Hintuwan » Thu Jan 27, 2022 2:11 am

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Lontok XI Commemorative Brick, Volcano Bay

Postby Hintuwan » Thu Feb 03, 2022 8:27 am

The Lontok XI Commemorative Brick is a monument in Volcano Bay, Drifterica dedicated to Lakan Lontok XI of Clan Luntian. It was built as a thank you to Lakan Lontok XI for his private donation of 100 million HNP to the Drifterican Environmental Fund established by the Royal Aquaculture company. The money was reportedly spent on the protection of the coral reefs of Drifterica.
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The University of Hintuwan

Postby Hintuwan » Thu Feb 03, 2022 9:07 am

The University of Hintuwan (UH) is a state university system in Hintuwan. It is the country's national university, giving it institutional autonomy. It was established through the ratification of Act No. 1870 by the Congress of Hintuwan in 1926 to dispense "advanced instruction in literature, philosophy, the sciences and arts" and to give "professional and technical training" to eligible students regardless of "age, sex, nationality, religious belief and political affiliation."

The University of Hintuwan system has 6 constituent universities (CUs): UH Haijing (which serves as the system's flagship university), UH Panginoan, UH Sarikula, UH San Bernardino, UH Open University, and UH Gambang which are scattered across 11 campuses.

The University of Hintuwan System offers 246 undergraduate degree programs and 362 graduate degree programs, more than any other university in the country. UH Haijing offers the largest number of degree programs, and other campuses are known to lead and specialize in specific programs. The university has 57 degree-granting units throughout the system, which may be a college, school, or institute that offers an undergraduate or a graduate program. In the Gambang campus, a separate Graduate School administers the graduate programs in agriculture, forestry, the basic sciences, mathematics and statistics, development economics and management, agrarian studies and human ecology.

Notably, the UH library system contains the largest collections of agricultural, medical, veterinary and animal science materials in Hintuwan. Many historical records important to the national identity of Hintuwan (particularly colonial era documents) are archived in the basement of the UH Haijing campus. UH Panginoan on the other hand boasts the largest collection of documents relating to student, political, and religious organizations advocating political, economic, and social changes during the Cagalangan administration in their on-site library.

The University of Hintuwan system maintains its own independent campus police forces owing to the fact that the 1989 accord with the Ministry of Defense restricts the entry of the national government's police and the military in any of UH's campuses without prior notice. Thus, UH is often seen as a safe space for radical political activity.
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Hintuwani Piloncito (HNP)

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Feb 05, 2022 4:50 am



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The Hintuwani piloncito (HNP) (plural: piloncitoes) is the official currency of Hintuwan.

The current exchange rate of the Hintuwani piloncito is 1 USD = 1.93762 HNP.

The term "piloncito" comes from the term used to refer to small "bead-like" pieces of gold which were used as currency during Hintuwan's archaic and medieval periods as well as in the earliest years of the country's Pordhesian colonial period. In the Hintuwanese language, piloncito is practically synonymous with "money".

The monetary policy of Hintuwan is conducted by the Bangko Sentral ng Hintuwan (BSH), established on July 3, 1993 as its central bank. It produces the country's banknotes and coins at its Security Plant Complex, which is located in Tisang, Panginoan.
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The Prehistorical Era in Hintuwan (-111 BCE)

Postby Hintuwan » Sat Feb 19, 2022 1:21 am

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Taotaos of unknown divinities recovered in modern-day Panginoan


The first known evidence of settlement in the modern-day Hintuwani archipelago comes from stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Dambana, Cabalagdag which suggests the existence of early hominins in the country as early as 709,000 years ago. The oldest known remains of modern humans in the country dates back to about 47,000 years ago with the discovery of the Ratchawan Man in Panginoan.

The Abo-abuhan ethnic group is considered to be the country's earliest civilised settlers in terms of possessing a shared culture, language, and writing system - but their appearance in Hintuwan has not been reliably dated. Confirmed by genetic studies to be among the first people to migrate out of Africa and into Hintuwan, they likely hold the title of being its most indigenous population. Today, racially homogenic remainders of this ethnic group form minority settlements in geographically isolated regions throughout the country.

The first of many Indic peoples are estimated to have reached Hintuwan at around 2200 BCE, for various reasons. Some embellished accounts regarding the foundation of some of Hintuwan's pre-historic polities recount a mass migration of disgraced princes from royal courts in Asia while others simply cite war, disease, and famine as their primary reason for coming to Hintuwan. Archaeological evidence suggests this move was mostly peaceful, and they first settled the Gambang Peninsula for its rich, fertile soil as well as rivers which were used as natural sources of irrigation. From there, they rapidly spread across the rest of the islands of Hintuwan. Population dispersals occurred at the same time as sea levels rose, which resulted in periodic migrations of peoples between Hintuwan and other civilizations of the Southern Sea in modern-day Doravo and Corindia.

The dominant religion of Hintuwan at this time was called Pag-anito (also spelled Pag-anitu) which refers to the worship of ancestor spirits, nature spirits, and deities known as Anito (or Anitu) in the indigenous folk traditions of the archipelago's inhabitants. Carved humanoid figures known as taotao, made of either wood, stone, or ivory, were created in order to represent these gods and were considered holy by those who worshipped them. Each tribe tended to have its own set of gods, however there was a tendency for some pantheons to overlap.

By 111 BCE, the inhabitants of the Hintuwani archipelago had developed into four distinct kinds of civilizations: tribal groups, such as the Abo-abuhan, Kemarakan, and the Masangkayan who depended on hunter-gathering and were concentrated in forests; warrior societies, such as the Záchwa of the lost city of Bayapolog and the nomadic Hani-Hani who practiced social ranking and ritualized warfare; the petty plutocracy of the Kiray-a, who occupied the mountain ranges of Luhan; and various harbor principalities of the estuarine civilizations that grew along the Lakapati River and Tunduk seashore.

These civilizations were often governed in a despotic fashion whereby a single clan tended to preside over all matters of state. However, the purity of the line of succession tended not to be as important as in other iterations of monarchical governance around the world. For example, it was extremely common for a chieftain to bequeath power unto an older adopted son rather than a younger biological one, often with very little conflict erupting among members of his household.

Chieftains, both at a village and civilizational level, would often rule alongside equally-powerful shamans known commonly as babaylan or in some parts of Panhai, katalonan. These shamans, typically old, unmarried wisewomen, would preside over séances, rituals, and all forms of religious celebration by acting as a medium for citizens to communicate with their gods as well as their ancestors. Babaylan may also invoke the powers of nature spirits to affect the environment which was, at least ostensibly, done to usher-in conditions such as rain or plentiful harvest.

According to oral tradition, the powers of the babaylan could be subverted to achieve more nefarious ends but this was often looked down upon - even by prehistoric Hintuwanis. Babaylan who used their power to curse (sumpa) another member of society were labeled mangkukulam (bewitcher). Fate (tadhana) played a large part in Pag-anito, and there was near-universal consensus that it favored virtuous and meritorious individuals, so to curse someone was seen as something that would eventually extract a heavy toll either in one's current life or in the next (similar to the idea of karma).
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The Lost City of Bayapolog

Postby Hintuwan » Wed Mar 16, 2022 11:52 pm

Bayapolog is a mythical "lost city" that is said to invisibly lie between Baleng and Samráng in the Panhai region of Hintuwan.

According to oral tradition, this was the ancestral homeland of the indigenous Záchwa people, who cohabited it with engkantos ("enchanted beings"), and their progeny with the humans. The engkantos are described as shapechangers who can take human form. In this human form, they are said to lack a philtrum between their nose and lips.

The exact reason for why the Záchwa's exodus from Bayapolog vary from story to story. One popular narrative explains that a Záchwa man killed his engkanto wife after she was caught being unfaithful to him, which led to a civil war between the humans and the engkanto that ultimately resulted in the humans' expulsion. Another merely states that the Záchwa descend from humans who tried to settle outside of Bayapolog but lost their way home. Others believe that the city of Bayapolog may have really existed but was subject to cyclical degradation, flooding, or some other environmental factor which led to the settlement's abandonment for one reason or another.

A small number of people claim to have seen the city. Some seafarers have claimed to have seen a "dazzling city of light" on moonless nights, for a few minutes. Most of the people who claim to have seen the city have also claimed to be victims of demon possession.

One urban myth about the city involves a girl named Tasikpura, who went to Baleng with two friends on vacation. Tasikpura did not return to Haijing - instead, she wrote a letter to her family explaining that she was happy living in Baleng. Her parents were left puzzled after seeing the address on the letter: Bayapolog City. Some even believe that Tasikpura has become the princess of Bayapolog. While there have been several iterations of Tasikpura’s apparitions over the years, the most popular is that she regularly traverses the river connecting the towns of Irada and Sanghan. Those who pass through this river are advised not to speak as to not disturb Tasikpura's travels.

In 1975, there were reports of satellite images from a company based in Dormill and Stiura that allegedly show brightly lit tracts of lands in the region, which led the Dormill-Stiuraians to believe that there were rich deposits of gold and uranium in the suspected area. Having attained an excavation license from the local government, they began work immediately, setting up a large work site in the town of San Pedro, but mysterious accidents and mishaps plagued the project - forcing the Dormill-Stiuraian company to shut down operations and abandon the project completely in an effort to avoid bankruptcy and cut their losses.
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The Hintuwani Revolution (1904-1906)

Postby Hintuwan » Thu Mar 17, 2022 11:05 pm

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The Battle of Sambuesa Bridge, part of the Urdamaylan Revolt (1905)


The Hintuwani Revolution (Hintuwanese: Himagsikang Hintuwani / Rebolusyong Hintuwani; Pordhesian: Revolución Hintuwani) was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of Hintuwan against the Pordhesian Western Isles Company of the Pordhesian Empire (Kingdom of Pordhes).

The revolution was largely provoked in 1904 when after years of incessant insurrection led by an increasingly-educated indio (indigenous) Hintuwani middle-class, the colonial government of the Pordhesian Western Isles Company initiated a campaign of brutally repressing suspected separatists through a series of mandates issued by then-Governor-General Luca Molinero known as the Molinero Decrees (Pordhesian: Decretos de Molinero). Educated Hintuwanis were jailed without trial and subjected to torture by Pordhesian colonials until they confessed to insurrectionary charges or ratted out a fellow member of the Hintuwani intelligentsia that they suspected of participating in insurrectionary acts. An inquisition led by the Catholic church against the Hintuwani Freemasons and underground Hintuwani protestant movements that same year further soured public opinion towards the Pordhesian regime.

The Dalawampuhan

Anti-separatist colonial violence culminated in the death of the "18 Martyrs of Mangin", a group of Hintuwani priests, businessmen, and lawyers executed by Pordhesian troops on the 7th of May, 1904. Throughout the month of September, representatives from 23 different "grievance" movements mostly centered in Tunduk Province (propagandists, peasant rebels, and trade unionists) met in Panginoan following a clandestine call to action by indigenous pro-independence leader Bayubay Hamexas. On the 25th of that same month they formed the Dalawampuhan (lit.: "the group of 20"), a secret society founded on the belief that independence for the Hintuwani nation was the only way to vouchsafe the rights of native Hintuwanis from the abuses of the Pordhesian Empire. Members bestowed Hamexas with dictatorial powers and the title "King of the Hintuwani Nation" (Hari ng Bayang Hintuwani), which put the Dalawampuhan at odds with other Hintuwani independence groups, some of whom believed that Hintuwan should fully embrace republicanism as well as royalists who believed Hintuwan should have a constitutional monarchy under one of the clans of the Kesampuhan.

In December, Haring Hamexas sent envoys to Corindia, to solicit arms, volunteer troops, and officers "so that the light of liberty that illuminates Corindia may also shed its rays over the Hintuwan." Corindia had been friendly to the Hintuwanis since before the Pordhesian colonial era, and many Hintuwanis who had fled from Pordhesian persecution had been welcomed there and given full protection of Corindi laws. On Christmas Day of 1904 the clandestine Treaty of Carmo was signed between Hintuwan and the Corindi government, which secured Corindia's material support for the Dalawampuhan as well as a written guarantee that Corindia would recognize the Hamexas' government in the event that Hintuwani independence was proclaimed.

In January of 1905, with Corindi arms and volunteers, the Dalwampuhan attacked the Panhaian province of Samráng and easily overpowered the local Pordhesian garrison. From its initial successes in January until the end of May, the Dalawampuhan successfully captured other towns and provinces in the Sarikula region, including Urdamaylan and Baleng. The Dalawampuhan also established a secret presence in Haijing, although this presence was eventually uncovered by Pordhesian authorities on June 3rd, when Juan IV Petagat - patriarch of the Petagat Kesampuhan clan, whose dynasty was initially one of the 23 original grievance movements - revealed the locations of Hamexas' hideouts in Haijing to a Pordhesian priest during a confession. It is believed that this was done out of concern that Kesampuhan aristocrats would be sidelined in the aftermath of a successful democratic Hintuwani revolution. Juan Petagat was eventually awarded land in Northern Tunduk and a weekly stipend of 15 Pordhesian Pesos by the colonial government for his assistance in revealing the insurgent presence, whilst the Dalawampuhan was forced to completely abandon their presence in Haijing by retreating to the countryside.

On June 19th, Haring Hamexas and several key members of Dalawampuhan leadership were arrested by the colonial government after returning to a port in Haijing having just arrived from Corindia. The following day Hamexas' right-hand man and aide-de-camp, Sigat Orogupan, while stationed at the Dalwampuhan base in Sarikula, assumed de facto command of the revolutionary army.

Mercadejas' Revolt

On October 4th, a half-Pordhesian, half-indio cadet in the Pordhesian colonial garrison by the name of Virgilio Mercadejas began a revolt with his fellow soldiers in Haijing. Mercadejas had fought in many of the Pordhesian Empire's wars in the past but was always passed up for promotion in favor of white Pordhesian officers. Officers in the Pordhesian garrison in Hintuwan were almost totally composed of creoles during this time, who harbored equal disgust for white Pordhesians as native Hintuwanis partly because they too were usually shoved aside for promotions despite exhibiting valor on the battlefield and partly because of racial antagonisms. At midday, they seized the Governor-General's Palace, the Haijing Cathedral, the city's cabildo (city hall) and other important government buildings. Political prisoners, including Haring Hamexas of the Dalawampuhan, were freed. Failing to find Governor-General Molinero (who, together with the remainder of the Pordhesian Western Isles Company's leadership, successfully evacuated to the island-fortress of Olonriñas), they instead killed the Lieutenant-Governor, Alvaro Fernández, as well as a majority of the white Pordhesian leadership of the Catholic clergy in Hintuwan.

According to eyewitness accounts, the soldiers proclaimed ¡Viva el Emperador Mercadejas! ("Long live the Emperor Mercadejas!") and the townsfolk of Haijing followed rebel troops as they marched through the streets of Haijing. 4 successive attempts were made by the Pordhesian Empire's troops to retake their colonial capital in what comes to be known as the Battle of Haijing (1905), but none were able to successfully do so despite artillery barrages by the colonial navy due to the Mercadejasian forces' use of early defense-in-depth tactics. Pordhesian colonial troops became bogged down in house-to-house fighting against creoles, Mercadejas' men, and indigenous Hintuwani citizen-volunteers. The attack was finally called off by the Olonriñas administration on October 24th.

Under the command of Sigat Orogupan, the Battle of Rômlen (1905) was fought by the Dalawampuhan against the Pordhesian Empire beginning October 16th until November 5th, resulting in Hintuwani revolutionaries capturing the major port city of Rômlen, East of Haijing Bay as well as pushing Pordhesian forces in mainland Panhai back across Northeastern Luhan and into the Hangzuishan Mountain Range. This key victory united the Dalwampuhan front with Mercadejas' pro-independence forces in Haijing. Subsequently, the Battle of Mangin (1905) began on November 7th between pro-independence separatists and the local Pordhesian garrison following an uprising by army mutineers and peasant rebels under Kesampuhan aristocrat Seikshwe III of the Cerong Clan. Seikshwe was granted the rank of General upon subordinating his insurrectionists under Mercadejas' command in the aftermath of their victory on November 10th.

The Aklatan Convention

After weeks of communicating with one another via runners, the Dalwampuhan and the Mercadejasians agreed to host an assembly in Aklatan, Mangin to elect a republican cabinet. Hamexas initially opposed the assembly due to his belief that - as the progenitor of the revolution - he ought to be its assumed leader. The Aklatan Convention, also known today as the 2nd Synod of Aklatan was conducted on November 13th at the symbolically-significant Khlochaburi Palace, where the (first) 1143 CE Synod of Aklatan in the aftermath of the Bataran Restoration allegedly took place. At the convention, delegates voted to establish a revolutionary republic and Virgilio Mercadejas was elected as the first President of the newly-founded Republic of Hintuwan, and he adopted the moniker "Emperor of Hintuwan" as well as "Generalissimo" as his ceremonial titles; whilst Sigat Orogupan was elected as the republic's first Vice President and Bayubay Hamexas was elected Minister of War. A Hintuwani-Corindi Lieutenant by the name of Jeremiah Connor was elected Minister of Foreign Affairs. A creole by the name of Raymond Deshommes was elected Minister of Economics. The combined forces of the Dalawampuhan and Haijing Mutineers were officially reformed into the Hintuwani Republican Army (Luhanese: Hukbong Republika ng Hintuwan, Pordhesian: Ejército Republicano Hintuwani). Notably, a vast contingent of the Dalwampuhan's own constituency present at the convention, having lost faith in Hamexas' ability to lead the revolution, precipitated Mercadejas' rise to power.

Insurgent forces continued to engage in small skirmishes throughout 1906. By August of that year, after months of successive victories inflicted upon Pordhesian colonial forces by the Republic and fearing the possibility of a massacre, a full evacuation of ethnic Pordhesians still residing in colonial-held territories was launched by the Olonriñas administration. Hundreds of thousands of white Pordhesians were sent back to their homeland in galleons protected by the Pordhesian Navy, and all Pordhesian military forces either capitulated or had already been evacuated by the end of the month.

Declaration of Independence

By September, at the invitation of President Mercadejas, foreign representatives from Dormill and Stiura, Doravo, the Alteran Republics, and Corindia arrived in Haijing to express private guarantees of support for Hintuwani independence. On October 4th at 1:00 in the afternoon, President Mercadejas officially declared the independence of the Republic of Hintuwan at the deposed Governor-General's estate in Haijing, accompanied by his cabinet members as well as an entourage of Dormill-Stiuran observers. On October 15th, President Mercadejas signed a decree that changed the dictatorial revolutionary government into a democratic republican government. Mercadejas also formally established the Kapulungang Bayan (National Assembly) - a unicameral parliament, which began work on a constitution. On November 3rd, the Kapulungang Bayan successfully voted to adopt its draft constitution. On November 4th, the Constitution of the Republic of Hintuwan was approved and promulgated by President Mercadejas.

A contingent of 5,000 Dormill and Stiuran troops arrived in Haijing on November 5th. The Ambassador of Dormill and Stiura to the Hintuwani Republic, Dominic Phillips, assured President Mercadejas that the troops would reinforce the Hintuwani Republican Army to prevent foreign incursion and secure the Hintuwan's independence. Mercadejas complied, despite far-reaching outrage from both the Kapulungang Bayan and Cabinet officials who feared it to be a colonial occupation army.

Hostilities between Dormill and Stiura and the Republic of Hintuwan would break out on November 25th, leading to the Hintuwani-Doraltic War.
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The Hintuwani-Doraltic War (1906-1907)

Postby Hintuwan » Wed Mar 23, 2022 7:25 am

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Doraltic forces cross the Lakapati River (1906)


The Hintuwani-Doraltic War (Hintuwanese: Digmaang Hintuwani-Doraltiko), previously referred to as the Luhan Insurrection, was an armed conflict between the Republic of Hintuwan and the United Republics of Dormill and Stiura from 1906 to 1907. The conflict arose when the United Republics invaded Hintuwan under the guise of military protection in the aftermath of the Hintuwani Revolution. It ended in a Dormill-Stiuran victory and resulted in the Doraltic occupation of Hintuwan.

Doraltic Imperialism

Dormill and Stiura in the 19th-20th centuries was one of the greatest economic superpowers of the continent of Gael in the Western Isles, and had experienced a period or rapid industrialization under the socialist-leaning Favre presidency which led to the establishment of a landed intelligentsia, democratic reforms, and a growing sense of national responsibility to spread Doraltic federalist ideas abroad.

The establishment of an international district of governance for the Central Canal in the aftermath of the Canal War of 1853 opened up trade between Raedlon and Gael through Argus, emphasizing the lucrative importance which control over Eastern territories in the Southern Sea provided to colonial powers. As early as then, there were already voices in the Doraltic government lobbying for greater exertion of influence over the nations of the Southern Sea, however most of the region was already under the control either directly or indirectly by larger hegemons. The outbreak of the Hintuwani Revolution changed these prospects, and by 1906 there was an increasing concern that Dormill and Stiura's rivals may gain possession of the archipelago if the United Republics did not intervene.

Using instability in Hintuwan and Doraltic nationalism as a pretext for invasion, President Favre is quoted as having said: "Dormill and Stiura altruistically supports the Hintuwani people in their struggle against tyrannical yoke. If our military forces linger on for too long in Hintuwan, it is to protect the Hintuwanis from other predators waiting in the wings for our withdrawal. We hope that our continued presence will permit us to tutor them in the ways of Dormill and Stiuran federalism, as well as impart unto the Hintuwani people the learnings of our own anti-colonial struggle." President Favre also tried to appeal to the socialists of Dormill and Stiura, with vague promises that feudal institutions in Hintuwan would be dismantled by force in the aftermath of a Doraltic occupation of the islands.

The Hintuwan Commission

On October 29th, 1906 President Favre of Dormill and Stiura appointed several members of the National Congress to take positions on the Hintuwan Commission, tasked with studying the situation in Hintuwan and making a recommendation on how the Doraltic government should react with regards to it. The Commission determined that surrounding empires in the Southern Sea are likely to seize control of Pordhes' Western Isles colony without Doraltic intervention, and that a Doraltic protectorate should be established in order to prevent such a situation from unfolding as well as create a permanent military and economic presence in the region. The Commission acknowledged a Hintuwani desire for self-determination but argued that the Hintuwani people were not yet ready for it.

On November 10th, President Favre publicized the Hintuwan Commission's report - which included references to fabricated mass-rapes, looting, and massacres committed against white Pordhesians by Mercadejas' mutineers during the Battle of Haijing in 1905 - and secretly issued the Peacebuilding Mandate, which moved that a Doraltic contingent prepare for an assimilation of the newly-established Hintuwani Republic. President Mercadejas received a bowdlerized version of the report that removed mention of Doraltic sovereignty "to stress our benevolent purpose" and not "offend Hintuwani sensibilities", by substituting "free people" for "supremacy of the Dormill and Stiuran state," and deleting "to exercise future domination."

War

The first shots of the war were fired on November 25th at the corner of Kalpas and San Ignacio streets, in Haijing when a column of Doraltic infantrymen opened fire on a group of Hintuwani officers, killing a Hintuwani lieutenant and one Hintuwani soldier. Hintuwani historians maintain that they were unarmed. This action triggered the Battle of Haijing (1906) which lasted two days and ended in a full retreat of the Hintuwani republican government from the capital.

Hintuwani forces initially attempted to fight a conventional war against Dormill and Stiura but resorted to guerilla tactics after taking substantial losses. In June 1907, sensing impending defeat, President Mercadejas ordered War Minister Bayubay Hamexas to go into hiding in Corindia. President Mercadejas was captured on July 30th, 1907 in present-day San Bernardino Oriental, Lan Guó. After commanding all Hintuwani Republican Army forces to surrender and taking an oath of allegiance to Dormill and Stiura he was exiled to the Doraltic city of Kapolder.

Legacy

Dormill and Stiura established the Ministry of Insular Affairs to manage Hintuwan, which became a Dormill-Stiuran protectorate in the wake of the conflict. The war resulted in at least 50,000 Hintuwani civilian deaths, mostly due to famine and disease. Some estimates for total civilian dead reach up to 100,000. Atrocities and war crimes were committed during the conflict, including torture, mutilation, and executions by both sides. The guerrilla warfare tactics employed by the Hintuwanis was met with the Dormill-Stiurans abducting many civilians to concentration camps, killing thousands, and targeting civilian centers in scorched earth campaigns. Chemical warfare was utilized by the Dormill-Stiuran military to a limited extent in the form of mustard gas. The war and subsequent occupation by Dormill and Stiura changed the culture of the islands, leading to the rise of Protestantism and disestablishment of Pordhesian control of the Catholic Church in Hintuwan as well as the introduction of English to the islands as the primary language of government, education, business, and industry.
Last edited by Hintuwan on Mon May 30, 2022 3:29 am, edited 10 times in total.
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The Doraltic Occupation of Hintuwan (1906-1943)

Postby Hintuwan » Wed Mar 23, 2022 8:32 am

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Flag of Dormill and Stiura


The Doraltic Occupation of Hintuwan (Hintuwanese: Pag-sakop ng mga Doraltiko sa Hintuwan / Pag-sakop ng Dormill at Stiura sa Hintuwan) lasted 33 years, beginning with the United Republics of Dormill and Stiura's annexation of the Hintuwani archipelago in the aftermath of the Hintuwani-Doraltic War and ending with Dormill and Stiura granting phony independence to a puppet Second Republic of Hintuwan in 1943.

Insular Government and Federalism

The United Republics Ministry of Insular Affairs provided for a governor-general appointed by the Dormill and Stiuran president as well as an elected lower house, the Hintuwani Assembly. It also disestablished the Catholic Church as the state religion. In an effort to resolve the status of the friars the Doraltic government also negotiated with the Vatican, which agreed to sell the friars' estates and promised gradual substitution of Hintuwani and other non-Pordhesian priests for the friars. It refused, however, to withdraw the religious orders from the islands immediately, partly to avoid offending the Kingdom of Pordhes. In 1910, the Doraltic administration bought major parts of the friars' holdings, of which roughly half was in the vicinity of Haijing. The land was eventually resold to Hintuwanis, some of them tenants but the majority of them estate-owners.

Dormill and Stiura introduced a Torrens title system to track land ownership in 1912, which allowed individuals to claim land on the basis of a five-year residency. Both of these systems benefited larger landowners who were more able to take advantage of the bureaucracy, and only one tenth of homestead claims were ever approved.

Other changes brought about by Dormill and Stiura's occupation of Hintuwan include the introduction of English teachers which constituted the country's first public education system, and economic reform. During this era, much of the industrialization which transformed Dormill and Stiura in the 19th century began to spread to Hintuwan with the establishment of a more free and competitive market than that which existed during the reign of the predominantly feudalistic Pordhesian colonial regime.

The Favre presidency which ruled Dormill and Stiura during this time was a vocal advocate of a political movement known as Federalism, which promoted a form of democracy built on the strong consensus of local government units. In accordance to Federalism, new territorial extents of provincial governments in Hintuwan were defined based on the principle of devolved societal organization. President Favre also decreed the creation of "Governorates" (known as Gobernación in Hintuwanese) designed to function semi-autonomously and could sustain themselves financially on a day-to-day basis rather than depending on more developed areas of the country for access to food sources or basic services such as law enforcement and healthcare. The Governorate system is still used by Hintuwan today.

North Haijing High School Scandal

In February of 1931, nationalist protests erupted in Haijing over a series of publicized racist remarks by the Dormill-Stiuran principal of North Haijing High School, that included calling her students "[a bunch of] sweaty, potato-eating monkeys". Taking advantage of public discontent over the inaction of Doraltic authorities, the Kilusang Bayang Muog (National Fortress Movement) was founded by Hintuwani poet Enrico Mabalapi from among the demonstrators that participated in the protests against North Haijing High School. The movement's initial platform was centered upon immediate independence from Dormill and Stiura, the abolition of the Senate of Hintuwan, land redistribution, taxation reductions, and greater governmental transparency. Many Hintuwani anti-colonial ideologues including Fascists, Communists, and Republicans joined due to disillusionment with the slow progress being made by the Doraltic-sponsored Congress of Hintuwan. In addition, the Muog gained popularity among disgruntled Hintuwani-Doraltic War era veterans as well, culminating in the creation of an armed resistance front which began waging a guerilla war against the Doraltic colonial government out of rural Cabalagdag.

The Muog welcomed avenues such as talks with neighbouring Corindia and Doravo to assist in a hypothetical second indpendence struggle. Whilst the former remained reluctant due to concerns that it would spark a Doraltic-Corindian war, the latter sent several sleeper-agents to help establish underground militias in the event that war breaks out between Doravo and the United Republics.

By 1934, it is estimated that the Muog had over 200,000 formal members and through its publications influenced the political imagination of many hundreds of thousands more Hintuwanis.

Preparations for Self-Rule

The first steps towards preparing Hintuwan for self-rule began with the establishment of the Congress of Hintuwan - a bicameral advisory body modeled after Dormill and Stiura's own States-General composed of a Senate (Upper House) and a House of Representatives (Lower House). The Congress began as a completely ceremonial body that could suggest laws that would only go into effect if approved by the United Republics Insular Ministry. Unlike the unicameral Kapulungang Bayan implemented by the First Republic, the Congress of Hintuwan awarded exceptional privileges and membership requirements similar to the States-General. Foremost of these privileges was that any operative legislation passed by the House of Representatives had to be approved by the Senate before being passed to the Insular Ministry; and that the Senate could only be joined if one was related by blood to the Kesampuhan-derived clans recognized by the Insular Ministry at the time. This made Senators of Hintuwan akin to the Stadtholders of Dormill and Stiura, which earned the ire of Hintuwan's working-class but was greatly appreciated by Hintuwan's landlords and royal clans - many of whom did not participate in the Hintuwani Revolution and suddenly found themselves in positions of power under the Doraltic regime. Republicans lost a significant amount of faith in Doraltic colonial administration, while some royalists descended into infighting over the legitimacy of the bloodlines recognized by Dormill-Stiura's insular office.

The first political parties ever to be established in Hintuwan, the Federalist Party of Hintuwan (FPH) and the Liberal Party of Hintuwan (LPH), were both officiated by the Dormill and Stiuran government on the day of the opening session of the Congress of Hintuwan on May 7th, 1936. Kubanuddin I of Clan Petagat, son of Juan IV Petagat, ran under the LPH and was elected President of the Senate while Sigat Orogupan ran under the FPH and was elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives.

A motion to create the flag of Hintuwan was also passed via congressional resolution during this time.

Hintuwani Independence Law

After a 2-month trip to Cour Rouge undertaken by House Speaker Sigat Orogupan on behalf of the Congress of Hintuwan to lobby for Hintuwani independence the Hintuwani Independence Law was passed by Dormill and Stiura on January 8th, 1938 establishing a five-year time frame after which Hintuwan would be granted total self-rule - thereby promising Hintuwanis independence in 1943.

Denisian Reforms and Fraternalism

The 1939 presidential elections in Dormill and Stiura marked the end of the Favre presidency and the rise to power of upstart right-wing candidate Ludovic Denis, a staunch reactionary ultranationalist and populist who ran on a platform of re-asserting Dormill-Stiuraian dominance in the world. President Denis opposed the individualism and democratic rights championed by his federalist predecessor and instead promised to restore the honor of the Dormill-Stiuraian people by promoting an ideology known as Fraternalism which promoted limited government (minarchism), male chauvinism, militarism, the regimentation of society, accelerationist capitalism, and the superiority of the "Gaeltic race" over all other races (Gael Utopia).

One of Denis' first acts as president of Dormill and Stiura was to send representatives to meet with members of Hintuwan's insular government to discuss the implementation of Fraternalist policies in the country. Denis recognized the need for Fraternalism to seem as though it were something voluntarily adopted by Hintuwani leadership rather than merely another colonial policy imposed upon them. After months of clandestine negotiations, the leaders of Hintuwan's two largest political parties agreed to help the Denisian administration by passing laws combating growing communist and socialist influence in Hintuwan, shutting down trade unions which were becoming a nuisance to foreign businesses operating in the country, as well as preserving the religious freedoms of Doraltic protestant missionaries and the existing rights of white Gaels in general. In exchange, Denis nominally agreed to honor the Hintuwani Independence Law and allowed for the former leader of the Dalawampuhan revolt - Bayubay Hamexas - to return from his exile in Corindia alongside other revolutionaries who had previously been barred from the country by the Favre presidency.

Fraternalism in Hintuwan was mainly promoted through a "softer" version of its "national fraternalism" wing which focused less on the ideology's racial supremacy aspects and more on its belief that capitalism should be unleashed to its fullest extent around the world. Hintuwani people were seen as some form of model minority who, according to Denis, "[had] been fully immersed in Christian pedagogies and the Gaeltic way of life". The creole minority in Hintuwan instead suffered the brunt of racial discrimination and state-sponsored persecution by Denis' fraternalist regime, as they were believed to be "genetically predisposed and conditioned to serve the institution of slavery". Through executive orders issued to the United Republics' insular ministry and with the cooperation of Hintuwan's insular government, President Denis instituted an apartheid regime which prohibited Hintuwani creoles from using the same restrooms and sidewalks as non-creoles; engaging in sexual activities with Hintuwani citizens, Gaels living in Hintuwan, or anyone else with whom the act would constitute "racial pollution"; and possessing private property.

Although most Hintuwani people generally had no interest in deliberately persecuting creoles, a select few used it as an opportunity to act upon an existing narrative of hatred which developed as a result of the fact that creoles in Hintuwan were brought over as chattel slaves while regular Hintuwanis - though colonized - were considered "free people" with almost the same rights as their Pordhesian overlords during the Pordhesian colonial era. In the wake of his return, Hamexas quickly became the figurehead of one of the most hardline utopian fraternalist groups within the Liberal Party known as the New Liberals who actively used creole stereotypes of greediness and cunning as scapegoats for shortcomings in the Hintuwani economy. Membership of the New Liberals was disproportionately composed of Hamexas' closest allies from the Hintuwani Revolution, most of whom held a grudge against Virgilio Mercadejas' creole revolt for outshadowing their initial gains and whose faction Hamexas blamed for the Dalawampuhan effectively being voted out of power during the 2nd Synod of Aklatan.

The New Liberals have become most infamous for facilitating the creation of a vast forced labor and concentration camp for political dissidents and ethnic creoles in New Annecy province known as the Pantiyon (Hintuwanese: lit. "The Tomb"). Pantiyon has been described as "a cesspool of gore and senseless sadism" in which roughly 11,000~ people were interred and an estimated 5,191 people perished. The subject of whether the outright genocide of creoles was known to most Hintuwanis at this time has become the subject of much debate however Pantiyon's remote location in rural Lan Guó resulted in it not being discovered until 1951.

1942 Hintuwani Elections and Hintuwani Independence

In accordance with the Hintuwani Independence Law, national elections were held throughout Hintuwan on May 1st, 1942 to prepare Hintuwan for self-rule the following year. As a result of fraternalist agents waging a brutal suppression campaign against opposition groups, Bayubay Hamexas won the presidency in a landslide. The monarchists retained control of the Senate while the New Liberals took control of the House of Represenatives, ousting Sigat Orogupan from his position as House Speaker and replacing him with the more fraternalism-sympathetic half-Corindi Jonathan Rangsei.

On October 30, 1943 - in commemoration of the day when Dormill and Stiura itself gained independence in 1795 - the Second Republic of Hintuwan was inaugurated as a nominally self-governing sovereign state at Plaza Ochoa in Haijing. Very few countries recognized the Second Republic at the time of its conception and the country would continue to be sponsored by Dormill and Stiura until its fall to Commonwealth forces in 1955 during the Hintuwani Civil War.
Last edited by Hintuwan on Mon May 30, 2022 8:37 am, edited 18 times in total.
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