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TV/Radio Sign-Offs in YN

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Pan-Asiatic States
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TV/Radio Sign-Offs in YN

Postby Pan-Asiatic States » Tue Jun 02, 2020 4:41 am

Before the advent of twenty-four-hour television, channels would shut off broadcasts at a given time each night and show a "sign-off" to tell viewers to turn off the TV. Most late 20th century channels all around the world showed the national anthem accompanied by patriotic images or videos; others (Like RTÉ in Ireland) would broadcast a prayer or religious song.

The practice of "signing-off" has largely grown out of fashion around much of the world because TV channels either show programming through the night or fill the late hours with advertising. However, a few local stations in the USA have reintroduced the practice as a means to instil patriotism and Radio 4 in the UK also still plays "God Save the Queen" daily. For all channels funded in part or in full by the Pan-Asiatic States Federal News Agency and Official State Media (PAFNA-OSM), this tradition has not stopped at all due to a lack of content to show during late hours and Federal law's forbiddance of broadcasting paid programming on state-owned channels. PAFNA-OSM's standardized sign-off, the national anthem, is played across both radio and TV stations owned by the Pan-Asiatic States government when the scheduled programme has officially come to a close.

On the radio, an announcer is compelled to first recite the following script before the sign-off anthem is played:
Ladies and gentlemen, we now conclude another day of broadcasting activities. This station is a [commercial/government] radio station owned and operated by (name of operating state-company), as authorized by the Pan-Asiatic States Federal News Agency and Official State Media and licensed by the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC), with license number ___-___-___. This radio station is now signing off. Please do not forget to turn-off your radio. Ladies and gentlemen, the State-Anthem of the People's Federation of Pan-Asiatic States. *ANTHEM PLAYS*


Similarly, on the TV, the following script is usually displayed in text form for around 30 seconds before the sign-off anthem is played:
This is (name of station), a [commercial/government] television station. Authorized to operate until December 31, ????. (Name of station) is now signing on/off. *ANTHEM PLAYS*


In the 90s, the end-of-day sign-off also consisted of a warning sign accompanied by a loud buzzer, with text advising citizens to turn-off their television sets to protect the light-emitting components of the televisions from burn out. The buzzer, a sharp, annoying tone, is meant to wake-up anyone who had happened to have fallen asleep while watching the programme. Legend has it that this was included because the Soviet-made TVs exported to the Pan-Asiatic States at that time had a nasty habit of exploding and starting house fires when they were left on overnight.

However, it is generally agreed-upon that this myth became widespread because of how the "beep" sound resembled that of a bomb and thus became the centerpiece of a running joke about age-old Communist-made TVs exploding - with others easily catching-on to it because it fits the age old myth that Communist technology was so backwards it had to be comically broken.

There were no screen savers back in the day and even if there were, it made no sense to keep all that broadcasting equipment powered on just to prevent someone's left-on TV from developing burn spots. This screen usually only lasted a few dozen minutes before the network was shut down entirely.

It is also worth mentioning that the aforementioned burn-out does not entail the set catching fire. Cathode-ray tubes, or CRTs, are coated with a special substance that emits light when hit by the CRT's ray gun - it is the method by which they "draw" an image displayed on the television. When a television is left open, that coating eventually will start wearing off in the most bombarded areas, displaying images, usually text, of its most displayed scenes.

Image


Does your nation still utilize sign-offs, if not, did it in the past? What is/was the content of these sign-offs? Did it also feature CRT-protective "turn your TV off" messages?

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Postby Nacrad » Tue Jun 02, 2020 7:13 am

Before the advent of 24-hour TV and radio, the sign-off is standardised as follows:

This is (channel name). It is (sign-off time, usually 23:59) on (date) in Nacrad Standard Time. The broadcasting for today has come to an end. Thank you for watching/listening to (channel name)

National anthem plays

Bugle call The Last Post plays

This is the end of (day)'s broadcast. Please turn off your television/radio set.


The national anthem is played on bagpipes, which is notoriously loud. This alone acts as an alarm to wake up.
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Postby Greater Cosmicium » Tue Jun 02, 2020 9:55 am

Between 1938 and 1996, and then again between 2035 and 2039, and between 2052 and 2068, the Cosmician Central Television channel signed off as in the following order, at 1:30 AM, to sign back on at 4:00 AM:

(shortly before 1:30) Tomorrow's weather report for the local area is broadcasted.

A list of tomorrow's programs is displayed twice.

A message, reading "This concludes the broadcast of Cosmician Central Television, channel 3, at [local transmitter] frequency [insert local TV frequency], licensed to operate until DD/MM/YYYY."

The Cosmician national anthem plays.

The Cosmician Central TV logo is displayed, with its distinctive jingle.

A message "Don't forget to turn off the TV!", accompanied by loud beeps, is played for about 30 minutes, followed by the signal shutting down.


Since 2068, due to Cosmician Central TV's interplanetary reach, it has been 24-hour like all other Cosmician TV channels. This is even more important now that Greater Cosmicium is an intergalactic empire, and it being night in Epsilon Tauri doesn't mean it's night in Terra or Nyr-Khol!
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Bulgar Rouge
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Postby Bulgar Rouge » Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:38 am

There is no television in Bulgar Rouge, and the only radio programmes are utilitarian in nature, that is, they are not meant for selective listening.

There is, however, a sign-off sequence:

  • Regular transmissions are on Radio Moesia (Channel 1), broadcast to communes. These sign off at 23:00 with either Polegnala e Todora, Kalimanku Denku or Tche da ti kupim, folk songs, followed by a conclusion tone.
  • Transmissions on Radio Thrace (Channel 2) are broadcast to Industrial communes and cooperative industries. These sign off at 03:00 with either Rachenitsa, a classical piece, Ostani, a communist-era ballad, or Polegnala e Todora, followed by the national anthem, and then a conclusion tone.
  • Transmissions on Radio Botev (Channel 3) are part of the international programme broadcast to foreign nations. These sign off with Septembrists or Polegnala e Todora at 05:00 EEST, followed by a conclusion tone. Transmissions resume four hours later.

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British Socialist Syndicates
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Postby British Socialist Syndicates » Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:40 am

Until 2000, when it began broadcasting 24 hours a day, BBU Channel 1 would end the day's broadcast at around 1am with a short news bulletin (on some nights followed by a public information film) and an overview of the next day's programming, after which the announcer would say something like "That brings us to the end of today's programmes. On behalf of everyone at Channel 1 I would like to say thank you and to wish you a very pleasant night. Good night." Then an instrumental rendition of the national anthem, The Red Flag, would play, accompanied by a montage of pastoral scenes. Following this, a warning would be flashed on the screen for 30 seconds advising people to turn off their sets, after which the channel would close down.

A similar closedown procedure existed for most national radio stations until the late 1990s. Some local stations still have traditional closedowns, although most no longer actually go silent, instead switching to a simulcast from a national station.

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Postby Merni » Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:55 am

On TV a few channels are non-24 hour. These usually broadcast a message like this:
"We are signing off soon for the night. Join us tomorrow starting at [start time] with [programme], [overview of morning schedule].
This is [channel name]. [time shown on screen] At the last beep, the time will be [time]. [five beeps, synchronised so that the last one gives the accurate time at least on analogue, known as the "time signal"]. Good night. [National Anthem plays]"
After the anthem, static, a test card, the time and/or the next day's schedule is broadcast, depending on the channel. Loud beeps used to be broadcast, but that practice has stopped.

On radio almost all stations are non-24 hour (except a few). The radio message is usually like this:
"This is [station] broadcasting on [frequency] from [location], signing off. Broadcast will be resumed at [time] tomorrow morning. At the last beep, the time will be [time]. [time signal beeps]. This is [station] on [frequency] from [location], signing off. Good night. [national anthem]"
After the anthem nothing is broadcast. Sometimes the same frequency is reused for simulcasting of an international station.

Sign ons for television are usually of this format:
"[time shown on screen] [national anthem plays] At the last beep, the time will be [time]. [time signal beeps]. This is [channel name]. Good morning. [theme/jingle if any] [schedule overview or programme]"

Sign ons for radio:
"[national anthem plays] At the last beep, the time will be [time]. [time signal beeps]. This is [station] on [frequency] from [location]. Good morning. [theme/jingle if any] [schedule overview or programming]"

These are only examples. There may be slight variations in each channel.
Last edited by Merni on Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:57 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Greenwichian Arcadia
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Postby Greenwichian Arcadia » Tue Jun 02, 2020 11:06 am

With the advent of daily television programming in late 1940s, sign-offs were largely scheduled for 1am. While local and national channels had various signing-off protocols, they tended to gravitate to this one:
  • Naming of the channel, its frequency and license info;
  • Programming for the following day;
  • The shortened edition of the national anthem for national and most of the local channels, some local channels used other patriotic tunes;
  • “Good Night!” and “See you back at #am!” messages;
  • “Turn off your TV” sawtooth-waved buzzer for 15 minutes;
  • Test card for 15 minutes.

As most of TV/radio channels use 24/7 programming nowadays, a sign-off has kinda merged with a sign-on. Around 5am the national anthem starts to play, following the usual sign-on routine, with naming the channel and standard warnings.
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Postby TURTLESHROOM II » Tue Jun 02, 2020 11:41 am

Most channels in TurtleShroom have a sign-off period in the earliest of the morning hours. On average, they sign off around 2:00 AM and restart programming between 4:00 AM and 5:30 AM, the latter being the time that most TurtleShroomers get up.

At the time of the sign-off point, television broadcasts are required to have the broadcaster (if live) or a recording read a specific script. Likewise, radio operators are required to do so as well, providing they sign off. There is no mandate to sign off, but most stations do it anyway. Layman/ham radio operators are also required to do this if and when they sign off. Ham radios are only required to perform this action once every twenty-four hours.

The script for radio is this:
On this day, this DATE DAY of MONTH, in the Year of Our Lord* FULL YEAR, I/we has/have concluded our broadcast temporarily/for now/today/at this time/etc., at TIME AM/PM . FREQUENCY STATION NAME AM/FM REGISTERED LOCATION is a lay/commercial/government/religious station owned and operated by REGISTRANT/CORPORATION/HAM OPERATOR'S NAME OR HANDLE/GOVERNMENT AGENCY.


The following block of text is not required for ham radio operators:
FREQUENCY AM/FM was permanently licensed by the TurtleShroom Holiness Board of Censors at DATE in the Year of Our Lord* YEAR under LICENSE NUMBER.


Ham radio operators have no licensing requirements or restrictions, except that they cannot share a broadcast frequency with another local operator. This is why that block is required. The courts settle this dispute, with the senior broadcast defeating the new one.

Finally, all broadcasters are required to finish as this:
It is our honor to serve. This is FREQUENCY STATION NAME AM/FM, signing off. All rise for the National Anthem of the Great Bountiful Empire. (*ANTHEM PLAYS*)


The station then falls silent.




Televisions operate slightly differently. At the time they sign off, they play the TurtleShroomian National Anthem. A picture of a large flag of TurtleShroom and the Protestant Flag or other denominational flag, flying on a flagpole against a blue sky, is displayed as the anthem plays. Most channels show both, but no one is required to show a Christian flag. The national flag is required.

After the anthem ends, the flag fades out and the Station Identification Sign is played. There are two different versions. One is for the only state-owned channel, and the rest show the same one.

Image


TURTLESHROOM II wrote:This is the test card for TurtleShroomian State Television ("the Government Channel") on Channel One.

Since 1991 AD, this has been accompanied with this licensed song on loop as the background melody.

Channel One is used for weather and emergency alerts, crime alerts, air raid alerts, nuclear warnings, and any other form of emergency broadcasting. It is the only channel that has the authority to override and interrupt a broadcast on a different channel.


All other channels use this:
Image


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The same licensed melody is used for the background.





Once the Station Identification Card is displayed, a loud buzzer, followed by the Emergency Broadcast Alert noise is played at full blast. The Emergency Alert voice then reminds viewers to turn off their television. A subsequent declaration that it was only a test is proclaimed, and the reminder is repeated.

As with OP, Allaneans and Menelmacarites joke goes that TurtleShroomian televisions are of such vintage quality that they will set fire if left on all night. This isn't true, but rather, it is a warning to prevent CRT televisions from burning out. Most televisions in TurtleShroom continue to use CRT.


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Gandoor
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Postby Gandoor » Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:12 pm

Television sign-offs gradually faded away in their traditional sense starting in the early 1980s, although GBC-owned channels (with the except of the Gandoor News Network, a specifically 24-hour news channel) would not transition to all-day broadcasting until 1995, continuing to sign-off at 2.00 and signing on at 6.00 until then.

Per the Broadcast Act 1952, which standardized the sign-off procedures for all television stations in the Democratic Republic, a television station's sign-off procedure would be as follows:
- An announcement informing viewers of the channel name and number, the broadcasting company that owns it, and that this is the end of their broadcast day
- A statement on what time the channel will resume broadcasting along with the program that will be airing after sign-on
- The playing of our nation's national anthem, L'Internationale, with stations being allowed to either play the instrumental version or the official French-language version
- Following the national anthem, a simple message informing viewers to 'please turn off their television sets as soon as possible', followed by a test card for three minutes

There was no standardized procedures for the sign-on sequence, although most television stations would simply do a reversed version of the sign-off sequence.

Technically, as the Broadcast Act 1952 is still enforced, sign-off sequences are still mandated by law, but due to all major television channels broadcasting 24-hours, the sign-off and sign-on sequences have effectively been combined. In the modern day, a typical TV station simply 'signs off' at some time early in the morning (most often between 5.00 and 6.00) but then immediately signs back on after sign-off.

For radio, there was no standardized sign-off or sign-on procedure, although most radio stations simply stated their frequency, ownership, time they'd resume broadcasting, and a playing of the national anthem at sign-off. Twenty-four hour radio broadcasting has been the norm since the late 1970s and sign-offs are no longer used.
Last edited by Gandoor on Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:13 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Monsone
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Postby Monsone » Tue Jun 02, 2020 10:37 pm

Interestingly enough, Monsone has had 24 hour radio since 1935, but not on all stations. However 24 hour TV did not come into practice until 1994. Before that, Monsone used the SECAM system, however a different style of test cards and sign-off where used. The standard sign-off was:

A presenter would say: This is [channel name] signing off for the night. Please remember to turn off your television sets. [Channel name] will return at [insert return time]. Good night.

Then the TV program would switch to either the Monsonian National Anthem or a patriotic song playing while images of Monsone where shown. Following this, a screen would be shown that said in both Monsonian and English to turn off the TV to avoid burn marks. And almost as a taunt the price of a new TV was shown below to remind people what was a stake (About F6,500 or $600 back in the 1980s).


For radio before 1935 it was as such:

A presenter would say: This is [radio station code] signing off for the night. Good night folks. And don't forget to turn off your radios.

Then the radio would just be filled with static until the radio program began again.


The reason 24 hour radio was introduced in 1935 was because of technological advents like better cooling systems and the fact that people turned their radios off during the night any way. However, night shift workers may appreciate some entertainment, so RTVNM (or just RM since TV wasn't really around yet) began to broadcast 24 hours a day music and news. However not all radio stations would make the switch to 24 hour cycles until 1963.

For TV, the first 24 hour channel was RTVNM's Kanalek Notiszijek 1 which ran 24 hours a day from 1972 on. However it would take until 2002 for all channels to switch to 24 hour programing. Meanwhile color TV was broadcast from 1965 on but didn't become mainstream until the 1970s. However black and white TVs still exist but usually pick up color TV which is shown in black and white on the TV. Now the reason this matters is that early color TVs couldn't take the stresses of being on for more that 10-15 hours. And in fact, 24 hour color TV didn't exist in Monsone until the late 1970s and even then it was still a bit much for TVs which would often catch fire or overheat massively and damage themselves. So for the longest time, the only 24 hour TV was black and white. It wouldn't be until 1984 when 24 hour color TV would be put in place.
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Postby Mobius and the Biscay » Thu Jun 04, 2020 10:34 pm

Mobian radios used to sign-on like this:
The interval signal would play before the station begins its programming for the day.

Presenter: This is [radio station code] signing on. Good morning. [programming schedule overview].


Mobian radios used to sign-off like this:
Presenter: This is [radio station code], we will be signing off for the night. Good night, and remember to switch off your radio.

The interval signal would play before the station cuts to static for the night.


Mobian TV stations used to sign-on like this:
Test card shows up 20 minutes before the jingle.

A brief jingle plays.

Presenter: This is [channel name]. Good morning. [programming schedule overview].


Mobian TV stations used to sign-off like this:
- Last-minute editorials;
- Channel information;
- Evening prayer (optional);
- Tomorrow's programming schedule;
- Goodnight message;
- Regional anthem;
- National anthem;
- The old ABO interval signal from the 1920s plays for the next 20 minutes so as to wake people up;
- Test card for the next 20 minutes.


24-hour stations became commonplace in the late 1990s after Geoffrey St. John became prime minister. Before that, all stations signed off at 2am (10pm before 1985; 6pm before 1977).
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New Transeurasia
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Postby New Transeurasia » Fri Jun 05, 2020 1:07 am

Before cable TV became common in NT during the 1990s, non-24hr over-the-air TV and Radio stations signed off (usually at any half-hour between 11:00pm and 2:30am). This lost popularity in the 1980s as stations began broadcasting 24 hours a day.
- Final commercials or shows
- Broadcast a clock at final minute with beeps every 5 seconds
- Radio DJ or TV Host: "This is [6-Digit FM/TV code or 4-Digit AM code] [Frequency/channel] signing off at [Time], good night [area served]"
- Broadcast national anthem with video footage of the NT flag over the National Assembly in Moscow(only on NTGN stations, NT's State-owned broadcasting company)
- High-low 0.5 second tone to signal sign-off to computers(only became common after 1974, when it was made a requirement by the Ministry of Communications & Security)
- Broadcast a clock until sign-on with beeps every 1 minute(Not common on FM, and rare on AM stations)


Stations signed on usually in this manner, usually at any quarter-hour between 5:00am and 6:15am:
- Low-high 0.5 second tone to signal sign-on to computers(only became common after 1974, when it was made a requirement by the Ministry of Communications & Security)
- Radio DJ or TV Host "This is [6-Digit FM/TV code or 4-Digit AM code] [Frequency/channel] signing on at [Time], good morning [area served]"
- Program schedule for 30 seconds(if TV station)
- DJ schedule until 12:00pm (if Radio station)
- Beginning of programming

The practice of sign-offs and sign-ons has become nearly extinct in NT though, as radio and TV stations have mostly began broadcasting 24 hours per day, or moved to cable or digital TV and broadcast 24 hours per day.
Sign-offs and sign-ons were not always consistent in NT, as some stations did not follow this format, some even only including the high-low tones and low-high tones to indicate sign-off and sign-on
Last edited by New Transeurasia on Fri Jun 05, 2020 1:12 am, edited 5 times in total.
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-Astoria
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Postby -Astoria » Fri Jun 05, 2020 10:19 am

For privately-owned stations, it is usually a variation of the following (here's an example from the early '80s):

  • news bulletin
  • short in-vision continuity
  • programme schedule for the next day
  • final remarks & farewell
  • station ident
  • fade to clock
  • voiceover:


'This is (station callsign) [optional: television], (city of licence). We now end our broadcast for today, (day of week), (month) (day), (year). (Station callsign) operates on channel (number) from its studios on (address), transmitting from (location). We wish you a (adjective) good night, & goodbye.'


Or alternatively (& more comprehensively):

'This is (station callsign), channel / TV (number) in (city of licence), (state) now concluding our broadcasts for today, (day of week), (month) (day), (year). (Station callsign) broadcasts on channel (number), with an assigned frequency of (number) to (number) MHz, as authorised by . Our studios are located at (address) in (location), and our transmitter is on (area) in the (settlement type) of (location). (Station callsign) is owned (optional: & operated) by the (full business title). (optional: We are serviced by the following translating stations;

  • (station code), (place), (state)
  • (station code), (place), (state), and
  • (station code), (place), (state).)

(Station callsign) is supported in part by donations from the viewing public & by underwriting grants. If you wish to contribute to the support of (station callsign), please send your cheque to (mailing address).

(optional (is the station has a sister radio station): For your listening pleasure, tune into (station callsign) FM; (frequency) on your radio dial, broadcasting twenty-four hours of fine (subject that the station covers). Good night.


  • playing of the national anthem, combined with video of either: (1) their area of broadcast, or (2) of generally well-known places around the country
  • fade to station's logo
  • advertisements until the following morning


Before special feeds were set up, it was common for stations located in officially bilingual linguistic areas to repeat this in the other language.
Last edited by -Astoria on Fri Jun 05, 2020 10:29 am, edited 2 times in total.

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Jul 6, 2020
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A 7 civ | 9th in NSFB#1! | 10/10 by DGES | Much hope; much nostalgia - yes.
Low-effort responses since 15/5/20: 55½
mmm free kills | mit zuckerguß


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Pulsroth
Spokesperson
 
Posts: 102
Founded: Oct 07, 2013
Moralistic Democracy

Postby Pulsroth » Fri Jun 05, 2020 4:35 pm

Most state-run TV channels in Pulsroth have been operational for 24 hours a day since the early 90's. However, Mediacorp 2 is a notable exception.

Just before the channel shuts off at 1am, there is usually a 15 minute national news bulletin, followed by the national weather forecast, and on weekday nights, a PIF (usually tells citizens to put out all their cigarettes before sleeping or something else safety related)

Then at 12:59am, the announcer would say "That's it for today's broadcasting on 2. Coming up tomorrow at 5:30 will be (...name of programme) and Mediacorp radio will carry on through the night, but from all of us here at Mediacorp, have a very good night!"

Then, the national anthem, The Lark Ascended plays during the closedown.
22 year old rural dweller, conservative nationalist, economic liberal, Sci-fi and Dark Souls fangirl, forever bespectacled. And knows her way around a gun.

Pulsroth= A mildly authoritarian former British colony in Northern Asia set in the year 2038, and mostly representative of RL views.

This place be mine as well. Wip3d Out

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The Union of British North America
Envoy
 
Posts: 303
Founded: Sep 03, 2017
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby The Union of British North America » Fri Jun 12, 2020 1:29 am

The North American Broadcasting Corporation plays the national anthem (God Save the King) in the two minutes leading up to the sign-off time, and depending on what NABC channel one is one, it could be re-runs of old television shows, NABC World News of earlier in the day, or static after the signo-off.

For NABC Wireless is the same thing, except for easy atmospheric music after sign-off or NABC World News Wireless.
An alt-history version of an America that peacefully avoided the American Revolution (Turtledove's "The Two Georges"), mixed with some of Sobel's "For Want of a Nail" and a lot of the anthology "Columbia and Britannia".

Real world territories that I am using: contiguous US, Alaska, Canada, British West Indies, Bermuda, and Baja California. Hawaii is an associated state. The NAU is a federal constitutional monarchy.

I don't use NS stats except for NS governmental policies (basic policies of course), and classification (I'm somewhat of a SuperCanada). MT+. In-Character/RP name: North American Union (NAU). IC/RP main supranational IGO: United Commonwealth of Nations.

CAPINTERN, CFME/GFTC, ECO, and Francophonie member. Amistad Declaration signatory.


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