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Democracy and Freedom Index II (OPERATIVE)

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Plaetopia
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Democracy and Freedom Index II (OPERATIVE)

Postby Plaetopia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 10:36 am

Introduction
To assess the state of civil liberties and political freedom in the Multiverse, the government of Plaetopia has elaborated its very own Democracy and Freedom Index, based on several indices seen both in the Multiverse and in Real Life Earth. Nations are assessed based on 4 different categories plus an additional optional one, and classified in 5 categories based on the conduct and integrity of elections, separation of powers, the adequate functioning of the government, civil liberties enjoyed by the population, and legal equality or discrimination based on gender, religion, ethnicity or any similar grounds.

The Questionnaire
Please fill the following questionnaire to get your nation assessed:
Code: Select all
[b]ELECTIONS[/b]
[b]How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise?[/b]
[b]How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise?[/b]
[b]How is the national legislature selected?[/b]
[b]Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly?[/b]
[b]Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections?[/b]
[b]Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections?[/b]

[b]SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT[/b]
[b]In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory?[/b]
[b]Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government?[/b]
[b]Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments?[/b]
[b]Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)?[/b]
[b]From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)?[/b] [i](Small explanation appreciated)[/i]
[b]From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity?[/b] [i](Small explanation appreciated)[/i]
[b]Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure?[/b]

[b]CIVIL LIBERTIES[/b]
[b]Is there an independent media?[/b]
[b]Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief?[/b]
[b]Is education free of political interference or indoctrination?[/b]
[b]Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance?[/b]
[b]Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice?[/b]
[b]Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice?[/b]
[b]Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely?[/b]
[b]Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment?[/b]
[b]Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearance? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)?[/b]
[b]Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected?[/b]

[b]PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY[/b]
[b]How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available.[/b]
[b]Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all?[/b]
[b]Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice?[/b]
[b]Are the above groups well represented in government?[/b]
[b]Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility?[/b]

[b]OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS[/b]
[b]Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group?[/b]
[hr][/hr]
[b]Any suggestions for future editions of the index?[/b]

To assess a particular country, a decimal score ranging from 0 to 1 will be assigned to every question based on the responses and then divided by the number of questions to get the average. Finally, it will be multiplied by 10 to get a score ranging from 0 to 10.
The score of the additional question has been modified so that it affects all nations equally. The score assigned to this question ranges from -1 to 0 and will incur a fixed penalization of half the question's score.
For accurate scoring, please give some detail to answers instead of simple Yes/No responses. All questions in the first 4 categories must be answered to receive a score. Nations that fail to answer all mandatory questions will be compelled to do so once, and not scored at all until they do. If your nation has not been scored despite answering all questions, it might have been accidentally skipped, please notify Plaetopia if so.

Freedom Classification
Nations will be classified in 5 categories based on their score:

Free (score 8-10): a government truly committed to political pluralism. Dissent is tolerated and public debate is robust. The rights of minorities are guaranteed, civil rights are respected, the government is mostly transparent and actually capable to rule, and corruption is rare. Any gaps on civil liberties or political freedoms are relatively minor.

Mostly Free (score 6-8): a government mostly committed to political pluralism. Dissent is generally tolerated and public debate is robust, though certain sensitive topics might be off-limits. While civil liberties and political freedom are respected, there could be important deficiencies such as concentration of power by ruling elites, unchecked corruption, or discrimination against vulnerable groups. There is hope of further reform and improvement.

Partly Free (score 4-6): a regime that tolerates some dissent but also displays noticeable authoritarian characteristics. Problems in mostly free nations are more serious, and the government is likely to slide into authoritarian rule if there is not sustained pressure from civil society and citizens to mantain and carry on with democratic reforms.

Mostly Unfree (score 2-4): the government in nations in this category are not truly committed to political pluralism and seek to consolidate power. However, authorities are still willing to give the population some limited concessions, such as autonomy for minority groups or limited displays of dissent. Corruption may be pervasive or government authority may not extend over the entire national territory.

Not Free (score 0-2): nations in this category are consolidated authoritarian states that allow its citizens few to no opportunities to challenge the government in any way. Citizens are unable to exercise basic civil rights, severe repression is routine, and the government often controls most economic activity. Alternatively, nations in this category might be ravaged by severe conflict that precludes the exercise of civil and political freedoms.

A country is placed on the highest category possible, i.e. a country with a score of exactly 8 is Free, while a country with a score of exactly 4 is Partly Free.

Democracy Classification
A nation will be classified as a democracy if its score in the Elections questionary category is at least 4/6 with no question other than 6 having a score of 0, and its score in question 4 is at least 0.75/1. A nation will be classified as a full democracy if it fulfills the above criteria and its overall score is 9 or higher.

Changes from the first edition and concerns
This is the second edition of the survey, and incorporates the suggestions that other nations gave for the first, as well as other improvements that the government of Plaetopia has deemed necessary:
  • Minor clarifications in some questions
  • The survey now covers undue influence by external powers through a new question
  • The survey now covers social mobility and equality of opportunity through a new question
  • The survey now covers the division of powers between the head of state and the head of government for more accurate scoring
  • A new question was added to consider the chances of opposition of a peaceful rise to power
  • The survey now covers civil society through a new question
  • "Singular" nations that are difficult to assess through the survey will be highlighted after scoring
  • New scoring & classification system that distinguishes between "free" and "democratic" nations
  • Provisional scores have been eliminated
The government of Plaetopia is aware that the previous survey was abandoned too early and would like to apologize for the inconvenience. To prevent this situation from arising again, the survey will be running for a month, until the 18th of February included, and if necessary will be periodically extended after that date. The survey will also indicate if it is operative or not in its title.
Last edited by Plaetopia on Tue Feb 04, 2020 2:11 pm, edited 3 times in total.
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Plaetopia
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Plaetopia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 10:37 am

FREEDOM SCORES
Ordered by score, or alphabetical order in case of a tie. An asterisk (*) next to the score value signals a singular nation.

Free (score 8-10)
Beatitas (9.86)
Sajnur (9.78)
The Allied Tribe (9.78)
Nuroblav (9.62)
Gandoor (9.52)
Ostsee Empire (9.52)
The United States of Ibica (9.52)
Shokpos (9.36)
Aturiye (9.33)
New Transeurasia (9.28)
Samudera Darussalam (9.26)
Dormill and Stiura (9.23)
Union of Sovereign States and Republics (9.15)
Polata City (8.98)
Montevento (8.91)
Thermodolia (8.71)
Strahcoin (8.64)
Marusany (8.57)
Radiatia (8.56)
Minachia (8.36)
Diacersia (8.27)
Anentova (8.25)
Albennia (8.10)
Soracana Islands (8.10)

Mostly Free (score 6-8)
Pulsroth (7.98)
Synne Industries (7.89)
Tomure (7.71)
Pax Brasiliana (7.34)
Cameroi (7.23)*
Graag Brom (7.15)
Banija (6.82)
Confederate American SU (6.57)
Qachuynia (6.55)*
Prozitia (6.54)
Kaedijork (6.21)

Partly Free (score 4-6)
Suburbistanistan (5.34)
Polis Diamonil (4.63)*
Blodrike (4.46)
Ishijan (4.34)*
Merconitonitopia (4.27)
Holocovoy (4.04)

Mostly Unfree (score 2-4)
Novus America Imperium (3.91)
Islaevia (3.31)
Ascion (3.14)
Newne Carriebean7 (3.09)
Sodara (2.96)
Malanasia (2.95)
Tukhros (2.91)
Prospesia (2.79)
Gerstilstan (2.75)
Greater Cosmicium (2.66)
Elfyne (2.64)
Songha (2.54)
Teufelreich (2.38)
Alpes a Septentrionali imperium (2.05)

Not Free (score <0-2)
Estado Novo Portugues (1.70)
Isla de Flores (1.36)
Khoronzon (0.80)
Vesteysia (0.59)
Idoho (0.50)
Mordka (0.50)
Ferlik (0.48)
Ergoslatic (0.39)
K-poptopia (0.38)
Silver Commonwealth (0.36)
Aryax (0.34)

DEMOCRACIES
Ordered by alphabetical order.

List of full democracies
Aturiye
Beatitas
Dormill and Stiura
Gandoor
New Transeurasia
Nuroblav
Ostsee Empire
Sajnur
Samudera Darussalam
The Allied Tribe
The United States of Ibica
Union of Sovereign States and Republics

Other democracies
Anentova
Cameroi
Confederate American SU
Kaedijork
Marusany
Montevento
Polata City
Radiatia
Strahcoin
Thermodolia
Tomure

Link to the second list: N/A

Feel free to post.
Last edited by Plaetopia on Sat Feb 15, 2020 1:39 pm, edited 51 times in total.
Federatsia di Plaetopia - a MT democratic, multi-ethnic, paradisiac archipelago that might not represent my political views

Plaetopia Post: Plaetopian economy slowly recovering | A new law passed by the Federal Assembly explicitly recognizes persecution because of sexual orientation as a valid reason for asylum in Plaetopia

Factbook | Administrative divisions
NS stats are (very roughly) used.

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Synne Industries
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Posts: 130
Founded: May 07, 2019
Anarchy

Postby Synne Industries » Sat Jan 18, 2020 11:56 am

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? Direct succession if a successor is chosen or through direct voting if one is not. Technically wields dictatorial power though is rarely used in such manner due to the risk of retaliation from the citizenry.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? Same as above as two positions are held by the same person.
How is the national legislature selected? Direct election nationwide.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? Yes. Rare but present, not serious enough to severely alter results.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes, Synnia utilizes a multi-party system.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary. Turnout is usually 75% or more as the citizenry is politically active.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to successfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? Most national representatives are able to influence the current CEO to put new policies in place as long as said policies are supported by the public majority. Policies are determined by region in most cases with no real nationwide lawset.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? Rarely due to Synnia's militarist history and international 'warning broadcast' approach to avoiding foreign conflict.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Though members of Parliament do not actually hold any real power they serve as a 'proxy' between the citizenry and the CEO.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? The CEO holds absolute power and is fully capable of going against Parliament or the public though this is almost never seen.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 1. Due to the self-sustaining nature of Synnian ideology, ideological saturation, a politically aware populace, and a rational populace any sign of corruption within the government or corporations is quickly rooted out by the citizens.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 9.5. The Synnian government has put in place a freedom of information system where all but the most secretive government activity is open for public viewing.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? An independent judiciary is present.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes, all media is free to share whatever kind of information they would like without risk of government action.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes, complete.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Mostly, political bias within education, public or private is treated as corruption and is usually met with action from the populace.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Citizens are free to dissent so far as it does not incur serious damage to property or bystanders. Synnian retaliation and private property laws still apply to protesters. Surveillance by the government is rare and intermediate when it comes to corporations and such.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes, any kind of protest that does not interfere with bystanders in a negative manner is allowed.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes, any deviation from this is usually met with public backlash.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Of course, Synnian unions hold great political power.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes, immigration and emigration are free given you have proper identification and obey the few laws in place. This also applies to education, residence, and employment.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearance? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes, Synnians have full control over their appearance, marriage partners, and size of their family. Domestic violence is rare and sexual violence rarer.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes, freedom of the market and property rights are two of the most important parts of Synnian life.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. Anyone born within Synnia legally gains instant citizenship. Those emigrating to Synnia have the option to gain citizenship after 3 years of legal residence.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? Any citizen over the age of 21.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Yes, though statistics fluctuate slightly.
Are the above groups well represented in government? Mostly, though there are no programs aimed at promoting such representation.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes, with enough hard work anyone from the bottom 10% is able to become a billionaire.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No


Any suggestions for future editions of the index? No, it works perfectly fine.
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Albennia
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Founded: Feb 16, 2018
Free-Market Paradise

Postby Albennia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 12:57 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The monarch is the head of state and has no powers.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? There is no "head of government". Rather, there are four great officers who together form a semi-directorial system: the Lord High Seneshal, Chanceler, Treasurer, and Constable. It is the legislature that exercises actual executive power, and with the exception of the Lord High Treasurer, whose role is similar to that of a finance minister, their modern powers (each office has plenty of ceremonial ones) are undefined and their specific portfolios change with those in the offices.
How is the national legislature selected? Parlament General is elected by all Albennish citizens who have attained the age of 20 and are not incarcerated. Members are elected by the single non-transferable vote in multi-member constituencies and first-past-the-post in single-member constituencies, the latter of which are very few in number and exist only as university constituencies. There are various types of constituencies: county, borough, university, and "new". Electors may vote in as many types of constituencies as they are eligible to. Electors residing in a borough constituency are ineligible to vote in the constituency of the county that borough belongs to. "New" constituencies are proportioned by number of inhabitants, and any elector residing in such a constituency is eligible to vote. Only graduates of the enfranchised institution are eligible to vote in university constituencies.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? Yes and no respectively.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? No, the Adjutatours have won every general election since electoral reform in the 17th century. The annuality of elections and use of the single non-transferable vote make it difficult for opposition parties to establish themselves, and most non-Adjutatours elected are independents building off bases formed at local elections.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary, and all eligible electors are automatically registered to vote. Average turnout over the last five elections is 38.3% (2015, 38.3%; 2016, 37.5%; 2017, 37.7%; 2018, 38.6%; 2019, 39.6%).

See more details here.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? Yes.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Parlament General is restricted by the following:

  • it may not pass laws interfering with religious freedom
  • it may not pass laws of conscription
  • it may not pass laws interfering with equality before the law
  • it may not pass laws destructive to the safety and well-being of the people
Other than that, legislators may do as they wish with regards to legislation and are inferior only to the people.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? No, the legislature is the executive.
From 0-10, how pervasive is corruption? "0-10" is difficult to define. The electoral system results in pork barrel politics being commonplace and both elections and parliamentary activity are dominated by political machines. Government often works with business, but this can be explained as part of the system of tripartism. Yet in other areas such as law enforcement and the judiciary, Albennia is significantly less corrupt than most other developed countries. By foreign standards, overall around 5.
From 0-10, how transparent is government activity? "0-10" is difficult to define. Actions of government are transparent, but parliamentary activity and the political system itself are notoriously complex. The governing Adjutatours, for instance, are divided into many different political machines and factions with differing interests and beliefs and varying levels of transparency. Overall, around 3.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? The judiciary is independent.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? The public education system covers politics with something of a propagandistic tone when it comes to the "constitution" and democracy, which are heavily associated with the Adjutatours.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Yes.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? "Social" freedoms are restricted by both society and culture. The nuclear family, for instance, is held as superior to all alternatives and the very foundation of Albennish success and society, and marriage is very traditional and community-based. Domestic violence is uncommon, as is sexual violence.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. Jus sanguinis is applied. Those who have legally resided in Albennia for more than five years, have not broken the law, and are of good character with a history of good behaviour may apply for naturalisation as a citizen. Foreigners who marry or children who are adopted by Albennish citizens are automatically naturalised. Jus soli applies when a child is born on Albennish soil and their parents are either unknown or stateless.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? All Albennish citizens who have attained the age of majority (20) and are not incarcerated.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? All are equal before the law. When it comes to treatment by society, however, that can be a different matter. Sexual and gender minorities are commonly discriminated against, and not only is same-sex marriage banned but homosexuality is illegal. Transgender rights, however, are another story - upon undergoing reassignment surgery transgender people are recognised by the government as being of that gender.
Are the above groups well represented in government? Men are represented well in government. Albennia was one of the first countries to give women the vote and right to stand for election, having received universal female suffrage alongside the universal male suffrage granted by 17th century reform (before then women could vote and stand for election provided they met the requirements), but continue to have less representation in government than men. LGBT people have pretty much no (open) representation.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes.



Any suggestions for future editions of the index?
Last edited by Albennia on Sun Jan 19, 2020 12:25 am, edited 1 time in total.
ALBENNISHREECH

My foreign policy stances: Anti-Americanism. Peter Shore. George Orwell. Richard Crossman. Keep Left. Anthony Eden. Enoch Powell (on Kenya, America, and Russia). New Commonwealth, not Old.
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Plaetopia
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Posts: 104
Founded: Mar 17, 2018
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Plaetopia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 1:54 pm

Updated.
Albennia wrote:ELECTIONS
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? There is no "head of government". Rather, there are four great officers who together form a semi-directorial system: the Lord High Seneshal, Chanceler, Treasurer, and Constable. It is the legislature that exercises actual executive power, and with the exception of the Lord High Treasurer, whose role is similar to that of a finance minister, their modern powers (each office has plenty of ceremonial ones) are undefined and their specific portfolios change with those in the offices.

How are they chosen, then?
Federatsia di Plaetopia - a MT democratic, multi-ethnic, paradisiac archipelago that might not represent my political views

Plaetopia Post: Plaetopian economy slowly recovering | A new law passed by the Federal Assembly explicitly recognizes persecution because of sexual orientation as a valid reason for asylum in Plaetopia

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Albennia
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Posts: 198
Founded: Feb 16, 2018
Free-Market Paradise

Postby Albennia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 2:02 pm

Plaetopia wrote:Updated.
Albennia wrote:ELECTIONS
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? There is no "head of government". Rather, there are four great officers who together form a semi-directorial system: the Lord High Seneshal, Chanceler, Treasurer, and Constable. It is the legislature that exercises actual executive power, and with the exception of the Lord High Treasurer, whose role is similar to that of a finance minister, their modern powers (each office has plenty of ceremonial ones) are undefined and their specific portfolios change with those in the offices.

How are they chosen, then?

They are elected by the legislature.
ALBENNISHREECH

My foreign policy stances: Anti-Americanism. Peter Shore. George Orwell. Richard Crossman. Keep Left. Anthony Eden. Enoch Powell (on Kenya, America, and Russia). New Commonwealth, not Old.
Why I Oppose American Foreign Policyfun facts

User avatar
Plaetopia
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Posts: 104
Founded: Mar 17, 2018
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Plaetopia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 2:13 pm

Albennia wrote:
Plaetopia wrote:Updated.

How are they chosen, then?

They are elected by the legislature.

Understood. This means that the score previously assigned is correct.
Federatsia di Plaetopia - a MT democratic, multi-ethnic, paradisiac archipelago that might not represent my political views

Plaetopia Post: Plaetopian economy slowly recovering | A new law passed by the Federal Assembly explicitly recognizes persecution because of sexual orientation as a valid reason for asylum in Plaetopia

Factbook | Administrative divisions
NS stats are (very roughly) used.

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Albennia
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Posts: 198
Founded: Feb 16, 2018
Free-Market Paradise

Postby Albennia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 2:15 pm

Plaetopia wrote:
Albennia wrote:They are elected by the legislature.

Understood. This means that the score previously assigned is correct.

I'm surprised a country that's been under the control of the same party since the 17th century got ranked so high
ALBENNISHREECH

My foreign policy stances: Anti-Americanism. Peter Shore. George Orwell. Richard Crossman. Keep Left. Anthony Eden. Enoch Powell (on Kenya, America, and Russia). New Commonwealth, not Old.
Why I Oppose American Foreign Policyfun facts

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Ergoslatic
Political Columnist
 
Posts: 5
Founded: Oct 06, 2019
Psychotic Dictatorship

Postby Ergoslatic » Sat Jan 18, 2020 4:40 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? It is by law the heads of the Federal Socialist Ergoslatic Party. They have complete control over the military, appoint members of the legislature and bureaucracies, and can choose to pass or veto any legislation written by the legislature. The head of this executive group, known as the Revolutionary, makes all of the national key decisions and speeches, whilst the others are more like high-ranking officials who, on the behalf of the Revolutionary, command the government entities to do stuff.
The title of Revolutionary is self-proclaimed, and it lasts until death.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? Same as above. (The head of state is also the head of government.)
How is the national legislature selected? Appointed by the head of state/government. While most members of the national legislature are also members of the Federal Socialist Ergoslatic Party, a few members from other parties are selected to give the public the (false) illusion that the party cares about its people and their opinions.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? No elections here.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Nope.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? No voting here.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to successfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? They are not freely elected. New policies can be "successfully" developed and implemented. Government authority extends over the full national territory, although smaller provinces have some degree of autonomy (although they cannot "undermine the socialist cause").
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? Probably not. The government by itself is already very authoritarian.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? They do, but they are unable to pass laws that "undermine the socialist cause" (aka go against the head of government). The head of government can veto any proposed law for any reason, and vetoes cannot be overridden.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? Yes. The executive has notably more political power than the legislature.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 7. How else would you think that the Ergoslatic Communist Party (which is somewhat anarchist) or the Social Democratic Worker's Party (which is fine with some markets) get seats in the government, or that the somewhat liberal parties aren't brutally suppressed, or that the army is willing to immediately execute dissenters - even those who genuinely want to improve the living conditions of the nation?
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 3. The government tells the people which nations they are at war, who the "traitors" are, and if/when they have been punished. However, the corruption listed above is kept confidential, whistleblowers are severely punished, and no context is given for the so-called "traitors".
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? No. The judiciary is directly controlled by the government.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes, but it is either heavily regulated by the government (basically making the "independent" part futile) or outlawed (which shows the government's adverse view on free speech/thought).
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? No. Religion is forbidden. Only atheism is permitted.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? No. Education is nationalized, and all of them have a pro-socialist, pro-authoritarian curriculum.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? No. While the government permits some opposing political parties to exist, they are heavily regulated, and the only three parties that actually want to notably change the system (Ergoslatics for Laissez-faire Party, Conservative Party of Ergoslatic, and National Imperialist Ergoslatic Aristocracy Party) are strictly outlawed. Punishment for such dissent is execution on the spot by gunfire. Surveillance is very pervasive.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? See above. Protests are heavily regulated by the government, and any that have a chance of challenging the government may be broken up by the army.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? No. The government says that it's to ensure security and prevent traitors/terrorists from going scott-free (but in reality it's just to punish potentially effective dissenters).
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Not really. There are countless regulations by which non-government organizations must abide, including but not limited to high taxation, loyalty to the socialist cause, no directly dissenting against the government, and frequent audits by the government bureaucracy.
Trade unions get some more lenience in these regulations, however, since the government determines them to be "useful for advancing the socialist cause". Of course, since the economy is nationalized, all functioning trade unions are public, as well.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? No. Central planning dictates where and how the people live, work, and learn.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? The people have control over personal appearance if such does not challenge the government or its doctrine. They can choose any marriage partners as long as neither challenge the government and neither are from America or the League of Strahconian Nations. The size of family cannot exceed one child per couple; any others mandate an abortion. Violence is not very uncommon. Most of it is from either the military executing "traitors" (dissenters) or abortionists murdering babies, although civilians sometimes fight other civilians - mainly for food or money, since the nation is very poor.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? No. Private property is illegal. All property is nationalized.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. They must be registered by the government (which typically takes a long time for the bureaucracy to process), serve a year in the military (if 16 or older), complete a period of political education (if 12 or older), and subsequently pass a test testing their commitment to the socialist cause. They may not have ever been citizens of the United States of America or any nation within the League of Strahconian Nations. Neither can any legal residents, unless if they have committed any crime that isn't considered a crime here (e.g. abortion, destruction/theft of private property). Citizens of any other nation within the AntiStrahcoin League do not have to serve in the Ergoslatic military or complete a period of political education, but must still pass the socialist test.
Oh, and sometimes, a little bribe can go a long way.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? No elections.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? No.
Are the above groups well represented in government? No.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? No.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? Yes. Liberals and regulatory capitalists are being overseen (to make sure they don't effectively convince the public); conservatives, laissez-faire capitalists, monarchists, and "Western imperialists" are being persecuted (to prevent a counter-revolution). Citizens of America or any nation within the League of Strahconian Nations are similarly persecuted.


Any suggestions for future editions of the index? Maybe add gun control, taxation levels, and punishments used for treason/dissent (if applicable).
Last edited by Ergoslatic on Sun Jan 19, 2020 9:21 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Diarcesia
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1818
Founded: Aug 21, 2016
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Diarcesia » Sat Jan 18, 2020 7:39 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The head of state is the Monarch, the first among equals of the Archonate. The Archonate has three tiers:
1. Monarch
2. Triarchs
3. Heptarchs
4. First to Fourth Nonarchs (Senior Nonarchs)
5. Fifth to Ninth Nonarchs (Junior Nonarchs)

The head of state is the commander-in-chief of the military, and has the power to implement Monarchic-level laws.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? The head of government and the head of state are the same person.
How is the national legislature selected? Lower Chamber: Sortition. Upper Chamber: Diereses (administrative divisions) send their legislative representatives to the Monarchy's legislature. Their method of selection varies, but is usually elective.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? The elections are considered free and fair. Irregularities are generally not serious enough to alter results significantly.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary. The average turnout in the most recent election is 66.10%.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? National representatives are either randomly-selected or sent by the diereses. They are able to successfully develop new policies. Government authority extends over the full national territory.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? The legislature has the legislative initiative
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? They can veto the bill, which can be overridden.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 1. Corruption is relative low as diereses self-regulate. Corrupt ones tend to see emigration to other diereses or other nations.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 9. Anyone can scrutinize most government activity
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? There is an independent judiciary.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Yes
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes. There is surveillance in public spaces.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? There is freedom of assembly. Peaceful protests are allowed to proceed in practice.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? There are basic guarantees of due process that are upheld in practice.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Yes
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes in some capacity. Certain diereses only allows this in certain areas

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. By blood
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? Adults with Diarcesian citizenship
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Yes
Are the above groups well represented in government? No
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No


Any suggestions for future editions of the index? None
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Cultural Liaisons Association of Glamour
Secretary
 
Posts: 27
Founded: Aug 30, 2015
Ex-Nation

Postby Cultural Liaisons Association of Glamour » Sat Jan 18, 2020 10:18 pm

The 43rd Incumbent Diva of the Opulent Citizenry's Demesne of Glamour, Cassadra Davenport, has been personally notified of this survey's existence and gravity, and the Demesne will thereby submit an application in due course, following extensive nationwide consultation.
The Cultural Liaisons Association of Glamour is an official diplomatic channel of the Glamazonian Government of The Opulent Citizenry's Demesne of Glamour. Its communications are formulated with expert advice as supplemented with diverse, democratic and dissenting input from the Glamazonian population, who are the collective head of state of the Demesne of Glamour. The views of the Cultural Liaisons Association of Glamour therefore do not necessarily represent the views of the 43rd Incumbent Diva, Cassandra Davenport, nor the views of any individual or collective group among the Most Esteemed and Liberated Opulent Citizenry, but are to be taken in an official capacity on behalf of the Opulent Citizenry's Demesne of Glamour, subject to change if petitioned.

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The United States of Ibica
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 421
Founded: Mar 02, 2018
New York Times Democracy

Postby The United States of Ibica » Sat Jan 18, 2020 11:18 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The President of Ibica is selected by a national election every 4 years. The President is both the head of state and head of government, and set policy of the executive branch of government, as well as being the commander in chief of the Ibican Armed Forces.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? See above
How is the national legislature selected? By direct election. The Senate (upper house) has two members for each state, both elected at large, serving staggered 6 year terms. The House of Representatives is made of 235 single member districts. Each state is divided up into districts of roughly 500,000 residents. All representatives come up for election every 2 years
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? Yes; no
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes. There is a significant chance that the opposition will become the ruling party with the next election.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Yes; the most recent national general election (midterms) saw only around 60%; the upcoming general elections (which will include the presidential contest) is forecasted to have 80-90% turnout.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to successfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? Yes; yes
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Yes; The Ibican Constitution prohibits the legislature from passing laws restricting civil rights (such as freedom of speech, religion, etc.)
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? The president does have veto authority, however the legislature can override this with a 2/3rds majority
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 1; there are always allegations of undue influence by corporations and interest groups with donations. However this is argued to be protected by the Constitution as speech.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 9; Ibican intelligence agencies have always been very bad at complying with Freedom of Information requests, and judges refuse to order compliance; other areas of government are very transparent.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? The judiciary is independent

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Yes
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes; surveillance is widespread in urban areas, and practically non existent outside of cities. Cameras are owned by many different agencies at different levels of government with little cooperation between them, so using them for invasive surveillance would be difficult.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes; yes
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes; yes
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Yes
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes; domestic violence is an issue in some areas, but it being actively combated by the federal and state governments
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes; yes

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. Anyone either born in Ibican Territory (unless they are children of individuals in Ibica pursuant to diplomatic relations) or born to at least one Ibican parent, automatically have citizenship.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? All citizens over 18 years old, that are not subject restrictions because of criminal convictions, are eligible to vote in all elections for the area in which they reside
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Yes
Are the above groups well represented in government? Yes
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes
The United States of Ibica, or just Ibica if you will, is a large nation encompassing roughly half of the continent of Ibica, hence the name. Ibica is a presidential federation with a republican government, home to about 124 million people. The current president is Conservative Evaline Buckley.



Member of the Council Of Free Market Economies

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Plaetopia
Spokesperson
 
Posts: 104
Founded: Mar 17, 2018
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Plaetopia » Sun Jan 19, 2020 2:38 am

Updated.
Albennia wrote:
Plaetopia wrote:Understood. This means that the score previously assigned is correct.

I'm surprised a country that's been under the control of the same party since the 17th century got ranked so high

This is mostly because of a strong (if slightly inconsistent) civil rights record, which goes a long way since it is the main part of the survey. Elections are also reported free, but Albennia misses on the "democracy" category for its extreme single-party dominance.

Ergoslatic wrote:Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely?

Any suggestions for future editions of the index? Maybe add gun control, taxation levels, and punishments used for treason/dissent (if applicable).

Your nation can not be scored because this question is unanswered. On suggestions, we fail to see how the two former are nay relevant for this index, while the latter should be included in question 17.
Federatsia di Plaetopia - a MT democratic, multi-ethnic, paradisiac archipelago that might not represent my political views

Plaetopia Post: Plaetopian economy slowly recovering | A new law passed by the Federal Assembly explicitly recognizes persecution because of sexual orientation as a valid reason for asylum in Plaetopia

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Nuroblav
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 447
Founded: Nov 13, 2019
Left-wing Utopia

Postby Nuroblav » Sun Jan 19, 2020 3:08 am

ELECTIONS

How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise?

There is no head of state. The previous government abolished itself and disperesed into the community. Instead each commune elects a representative (no extra powers, just a fancy title) every year. This representative holds no actual powers other than just representing the commune (everyone else can as well).

How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise?

See above

How is the national legislature selected?

No national legislature, but every commune votes on their laws whenever brought up.

Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly?

Commune representatives are selected by the majority, so yeah. Irregularities don't significantly alter results.

Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections?

There's no opposition as such.

Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections?

Voting isn't mandatory but the populace are fairly interested. Average turnout for rep elections were 94.1%.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory?

Representatives don't really have any power over the people and instead follow their decision (they vote too).

Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government?

No foreign powers exercise influence over representatives.

Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments?

Anyone can bring up law ideas at any time. There is no constitution so any ideas are welcome.

Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)?

Anyone (there is no executive) can submit laws through any means.

From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated)

1. The system is practically impossible to corrupt.

From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated)

Hard to give a number seeing as there is no government. Representative activity is at 10.

Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure?

Yes

CIVIL LIBERTIES

Is there an independent media?

Yes

Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief?

Yes

Is education free of political interference or indoctrination?

Yes

Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance?

Yes. Surveillance varies to commune to commune, but is generally low

Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice?

Yes

Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice?

Yes

Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely?

Yes

Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment?

Yes

Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)?

Individuals have control over marriage partners and appearance, except many communes have a two child or one child policy. Domestic violence is uncommon.

Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected?

Businesses are free to set up, but all land is publicly owned by the workers.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY

How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available.

A few security checks and that's it.

Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all?

Commune elections are free for anyone over 16.

Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice?

Yes

Are the above groups well represented in government?

There is no government, but the above groups are represented fairly well in communes.

Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility?

Yes


Putting it forward for this index if needed.
Anarcho-Communist, metalhead and all-round...err...human

Economic Left/Right: -5.0
Social Libertarian/Authoritarian: -7.49

0% Capitalism and Conservatism

Alignment: Chaotic Neutral

User avatar
Islaevia
Bureaucrat
 
Posts: 42
Founded: Apr 22, 2019
Corrupt Dictatorship

Postby Islaevia » Sun Jan 19, 2020 7:09 am

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? Islaevia's head of state is a largely ceremonial president chosen by parliament.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? Once chosen by parliament, the new president tasks the leader of any parliamentary coalition with forming an executive cabinet, if succesful, he or she will become the head of government. The executive cabinet must be approved by the legislature first, however.
How is the national legislature selected? The unicameral People's Council is chosen by proportional representation in a single nation-wide constituency.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? There are few direct irregularities, but Islaevian elections in general can hardly be considered fair. The ruling Islaevian Socialist Party (ISP) enjoys a substantial advantage over all other parties through its control of most institutions, media and electoral commission bias, abuse of administrative resources, disproportionate and opaque access to financial resources, and occasional overlap of official and electoral activities. Furthermore, elections are conducted in a notoriously opaque manner, for example, independent observers have no access to the ballot counting process.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? The formal opposition is weak and largely uncapable of challenging the ISP, which has only lost two elections but hung into power through its coalition partners.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary. Turnouts are low, at 42.3% for the last election.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? The legitimacy of elected representatives is questionable, and corruption distorts legislative priorities. In practice, all policies are designed by the ISP behind closed doors, and then rushed through the People's Council.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? Citizens and political candidates alike have limited opportunities to freely express their views. Islaevia's security services, particularly the State Security Committee (KSS), exercise tight control over daily life and work to prevent any serious political challenge to ISP rule. Economic oligarchies dominate the small private economic sector and frequently obtain benefits in exchange for political loyalty.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Amendments to the Constitution need the support of 2/3 MPs. The legislature has no other major restrictions when it comes to lawmaking.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? The People's Council formally has the legislative initiative, but in practice it is largely irrelevant and limited to rubber-stamp approval of pre-designed law proposals.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 7. A general lack of transparency and state control over most of the economy fuel pervasive corruption. Anticorruption efforts are rarely focused on top ISP officials, and frequently result in convictions in closed trials that lack due process.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 3. Parliamentary procedures are public, very basic information is available in official sources and online, and transparency laws exist and are enforced. However, exceptions in transparency laws are very broad, not to mention that most political debate is extraparliamentary due to the ISP-dominated nature of policymaking.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? Courts occasionally defy the government, but in general they are corrupt and politically pliant.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Truly independent media exists only at the regional level and struggles to survive economically in a market overwhelmingly dominated by state-owned progovernment outlets. Arbitrary internet censorship and bureaucratic or legal harassment in retaliation for critical stories is common. Government-controlled media agencies can issue "media bans" that block individual people from being mentioned or featured in any way in Islaevian media, this power is used frequently to deny coverage of civil society and the opposition.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Authorities impose a number of undue restrictions on freedom of religion, including punitive taxation, bans on specific religious clothing, and harassment of "nontraditional" groups. Places of worship, particularly those of minority religions, are closely monitored and frequently demolished with no justification or avenues to challenge the decision. Objection of conscience is not recognized, leading many to face arrest if they try to evade conscription on religious grounds.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Political activity in university campuses is illegal in all circumstances, a ban enforced through brute force by the security services and largely ignored by the ISP. Consequently, students and academics alike can be expelled for expressing dissent.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Discussion is mostly free in private settings, but must not be done in public spaces or on the internet, because retribution is common. Surveillance of private communications is extensive.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Massive security presences in major cities, police blockings and crackdowns discourage all demonstrations that the government does not approve of. Those that do not pose any threat to the ISP are allowed to proceed.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? The law is enforced in a selective and highly arbitrary manner. Due process is routinely disregarded in cases with political overtones. Closed trials are the norm.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Authorities have wide powers to dissolve NGOs for any reason. NGOs also face bureaucratic obstacles, but they are allowed to operate if they focus on nonpolitical issues. The KSS is known to monitor organizations focused on good governance and human rights.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? The prevalence of KSS night patrols that threaten, illegally detain or forcibly disappear those deemed to be engaged in drug trafficking, "unapproved nightlife" or other "suspicious" behavior imposes de facto curfews in many urban areas. There is a secret blacklist of people banned from leaving the country.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Same-sexual activity is illegal. Sexual harassment and objectification of women is rife. The goverment provides some support against domestic violence but also actively works to invisiblize its prevalence.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? The state dominates most of the economy, making it difficult for the small, marginalized and overregulated private sector to compete. Private enterprise is outright banned in key sectors, and where it is permitted it is generally dominated by ISP-loyal cronies.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. Either parent is a citizen or 5 years of legal residency in the country. "Legal residency" is a bit ambiguous which at times allows for arbitrary denial of citizenship to immigrants.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? All citizens aged 18 or more.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Large sections of the population encounter harsh discrimination. Women formally enjoy legal equality, but in practice any legal protections from gender-based discrimination are largely cosmetic and almost completely unenforced. Women continue to face widespread societal and governmental discrimination. The LGBT community is criminalized, faces social hostility and is regularly subjected to KSS-directed crackdowns, massive nighttime raids and enforced disappearences. Unequal treatment of ethnic and religious minorities persists as well.
Are the above groups well represented in government? Women and ethnic minorities are underrepresented at all levels of the government. The LGBT community is criminalized, precluding its open participation in politics, and parties and organizations defending their interests are frequently subject to politically motivated reprisals.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Corruption, croniysm and government involvement in the economy all hinder economic mobility.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No


Any suggestions for future editions of the index?
Last edited by Islaevia on Sun Jan 19, 2020 7:11 am, edited 1 time in total.
Република Социялиста Ислӕва - Riepublika Soțialista Islæva - Islaevian Socialist Republic

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NS stats only give an approximate idea of this nation. This nation does not represent my political views.

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Graag Brom
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1988
Founded: Dec 30, 2016
Scandinavian Liberal Paradise

Postby Graag Brom » Sun Jan 19, 2020 8:26 am

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise?:The Imperial Monarch is both head of state and of government and they officially have the powers to act in a supreme judicial role in any matter of law, summon and dismiss the councils at will [although it is expected of them that this will be done quarterly], to appoint and dismiss non-elected government officials of the Empire as they see fit, to appoint and dismiss elected officials [never used as of yet], command the Imperial Legion, to make laws via decree if nobody in the councils opposes it [and when such a law is declared rarely anyone does], to present laws before the Elder and Younger Councils, to grant and revoke titles of nobility as they see fit within constitutional boundaries, to veto any proposal from the Younger and Elder councils, to manage fully the institutions and property of the Imperial state as they see fit [in practice total control of the Imperial bureaucracy and property of the Empire], to overrule the decisions of any local ruler as they see fit... While there are more basic functional powers one could go over, this is effectively the list. They inherit the Ruby Throne via Absolute Cognatic primogeniture succession laws.

How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise?:See above. While there is technically the High Chancellor, in modern times they are basically just a figurehead for the councils and do not have any real powers. They are elected by the people every 5 years like the Younger Council. [Edit 2:Selection methods.]

How is the national legislature selected?:
The Elder Council consists of various monarchs, theocrats, and tribal leaders among others from the provinces who have a variety of selection methods for their own positions, in general the recognized vassal ruler of a province and any of their relevant direct subjects will find a place on the Elder Council.

The Younger Council are elected by the population of Nirn in voting districts that are given 3, 5, or 9 seats depending on population and significance and are elected in a STV Hare voting system, the districts are typically decided by population centers, geography, and old internal domain borders.

Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly?:Yes for the most part, although the electoral ban on communist parties might lower that a bit, with citizens aided in learning how to participate in the election process and where they will be voting. Ballots are not a secret, but at the same time silence and focus on one's own vote instead of others is very much encouraged/unofficially required in polling areas.

Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections?Yes, multiparty democracy has already emerged as it was intended to with the voting system selected.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections?Voting is voluntary and encouraged, the first Younger Council elections to take place in 5E65 saw 82.1% of the population voting and not enough time has passed for further ones to occur due to democratic systems being so new in the Empire.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory?:The legislature is partially elected, head of state and government is not. The Imperial government does indeed have its authority extend over all of the territory in the Nirnnian Empire, although there is usually a fair bit of restraint as to the exercise of this authority outside of normal government functions, and the councils are effective in developing legislation.

Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government?:No, the institutionalized powers of the Elder Council and the loyalty of the Legions to the Imperial monarch ensures any undue internal influences are minimized if non-existent. Foreign powers do not have especially strong presences in the Empire to begin with, so no in that regard as well.

Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments?:Any member of the Councils can propose a law, as can the reigning Emperor/Empress. While there are no restrictions on what can be proposed in theory, in practice a bill will not be put before the councils if the Elder and Younger portions of a province's council representatives cannot reach a positive consensus on it beforehand. While normal laws require only a 2/3rds majority in the Younger Council and 3/5ths Majority in the Elder Council to be passed, a constitutional amendment requires the rulers of each province to vote in favor of it in addition to the aforementioned majorities.

Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)?:The Emperor/Empress holds an absolute veto, with any bill vetoed by them not being able to be brought up again until the next meeting of the councils.
The High Chancellor holds a veto which can be overturned by a majority vote in both councils, even if in practice this power is not used at all by those in the office due to any attempts resulting in a re-vote that overrides it, albeit the Emperor/Empress can still veto the bill after that.

From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated):*1. Not only is a strong culture of integrity encouraged in government on all levels, but it is considered treason against the Empire for a government official to take or attempt to extort bribes, as well as being involved in any other form of corruption, which carries a mandatory death sentence that cannot be pardoned under any circumstance besides it being proven to be a false accusation. So far very few have dared risk the law's punishment, and just about all of them ended up hung or shot. [*Although it will be noted that it is highly likely payments from the Thieves Guild to local authorities to often look the other way or at least give light-as-possible sentences to guild members are present, especially given that they are often seen as a preferable monopoly on non-violent criminal activity as opposed to many smaller organizations with likely worse codes of conduct, but it's hard to measure how widespread this actually is due to it often be wrapped up in tax calculations so this cannot be added to the score in an accurate manner or otherwise it would've been officially dealt with by now.]

From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated):8. While for the most part the Imperial government is honest and forthcoming with its people, the Imperial Legion and Blades tend to have much classified information under wraps relating to certain weapons, operations, and projects that they feel best remains that way.

Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure?:Yes. While the Highest level of the court system is headed by the Emperor/Empress, and many titles still retain their ancient judicial powers, independent courts in the provincial and Imperial legal systems do exist and are usually the ones to deal with crimes. In general an Imperial legal authority will override a provincial legal authority, and the Emperor/Empress is the highest legal authority in the Empire.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media?:Yes, while the government does sponsor The Black-Horse Courier News Company it is not government owned and there is freedom of press and speech. The NIBC [Nirnnian Imperial Broadcasting Company.] is clearly government owned and its reach on television, radio, and internet is primarily used for important government announcements, PSAs, and emergency alerts.

Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief?:Yes, last time there was state-sponsored religious persecution in Tamriel the Great Wars happened.

Is education free of political interference or indoctrination?:Yes, even when Priests of Julianos are involved as the mission to educate does not mean indoctrinate into the faith. There are electives on religious philosophy and religions of various kinds, but they are completely optional. Mandatory languages taught are Common Tamrielic or Common Akaviri, depending on the province in question's location and culture as to which needs to be supplemented with proper 'foriegn' language classes, alongside the official language of the province. Other languages on Nirn and various abroad are elective classes.

Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance?:Yes, so long as they do so in a mostly non-violent way and don't cause any serious problems for bystanders.

Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice?:Yes, see above.

Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice?:Yes for the most part. This is practically guaranteed to work in an independent court, Provincial or Imperial, although less certain if a local ruler is trying you and more dependent on how they handle it, albeit there will be severe repercussions for the ruler in question if they commit any real breaches in this regard. The only exceptions to this are in cases of undeniable guilt, when the evidence is clearly incriminating with little to no room for doubt, in which case the trial will be skipped and a sentence immediately applied by the presiding judicial authority.

Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely?:Yes, the Imperial government even actively supports the traditional trade guilds on Nirn alongside newer ones although it's arguable whether or not they're actually independent. Other such organizations are otherwise allowed to operate freely provided they plan no malevolent action against the Imperial government. [Edit:Elaborated on trade union and NGO situation.]

Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment?:Yes to just about everything.

Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)?:Yes. Domestic violence/abuse is rare but sadly not unheard of in modern times, with first-time offenders being given rehabilitation by any means possible alongside their jail sentence and repeat offenders getting either life imprisonment or the death penalty. In any event victim[s] of the abuse will be given the fullest protections of Imperial law, they will also receive the resources to recover from what they have gone through as needed and to get as far away from the perpetrator as possible if they so choose.

Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected?:Yes, so long as it abides by Imperial business laws it's fine. In the event of a citizen founding a business in a completely nationalized sector, such as ebony mining, the business will be bought by the Imperial government at its estimated worth with you still managing it under government ownership so long as you prove effective in managing it. Private property is for the most part respected by the government, bar impediment of criminal investigation with evident suspicion or in the case of compulsory purchase by Imperial or Provincial government for the public good in which case the former owner will be paid 2 times the purchased property's estimated worth.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY

How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available.:If one is born on Nirn and/or has at least one parent with proven Nirnnian citizenship at their time of birth, they automatically become a citizen of Nirn. Applications for citizenship are also a way to do so. Typically so long as one's foreign crime record is clean or at least non-felon, they are able to speak at least one of the governmental/common languages, and are able to pass a test with basic facts about Nirn the citizenship application is accepted.

Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all?:Anyone who is a citizen, not in prison or soon to be executed for a felony-level crime, and is of at least age 20.

Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice?:Yes, all citizens are considered equal in the eyes of Imperial law and discrimination can be punished harshly depending on circumstance.

Are the above groups well represented in government?:Yes.

Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility?:Yes. Anyone can start a business, run an artisan shop, properly participate in a guild, run a factory, or run a successful agricultural estate and see success on Nirn provided they're smart about it. As well they can rise through the ranks of the military or Imperial beurocracy. Anyone deemed to have contributed enough socially is often granted a title of unlanded nobility by the Empire, as a reward for their efforts.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group?:No, this would be highly illegal if such were occurring.


Any suggestions for future editions of the index?:No, just wanted to say I'm happy to see this one back!
Last edited by Graag Brom on Sun Jan 19, 2020 9:05 am, edited 3 times in total.
♦Hail the Empire!♦
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Note:Only reason that this nations name is not Tamriel/Nirn is that name was already taken so for all intents and purposes this nation is to be called Tamriel/Nirn.
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Ergoslatic
Political Columnist
 
Posts: 5
Founded: Oct 06, 2019
Psychotic Dictatorship

Postby Ergoslatic » Sun Jan 19, 2020 9:24 am

Plaetopia wrote:
Ergoslatic wrote:Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely?

Any suggestions for future editions of the index? Maybe add gun control, taxation levels, and punishments used for treason/dissent (if applicable).

Your nation can not be scored because this question is unanswered. On suggestions, we fail to see how the two former are nay relevant for this index, while the latter should be included in question 17.

Edited.

I was thinking that the gun control could be used to determine how easy/difficult it would be for the common populace to revolt against the government should it be too tyrannical for them, and taxation levels could demonstrate to what extent the government respects the people's property. (On the other hand, it could also demonstrate to what extent the government tries to incorporate income equality and prevent corporate tyranny.)

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Plaetopia
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Posts: 104
Founded: Mar 17, 2018
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Plaetopia » Sun Jan 19, 2020 10:17 am

Updated.

Ergoslatic wrote:
Plaetopia wrote:Your nation can not be scored because this question is unanswered. On suggestions, we fail to see how the two former are nay relevant for this index, while the latter should be included in question 17.

Edited.

I was thinking that the gun control could be used to determine how easy/difficult it would be for the common populace to revolt against the government should it be too tyrannical for them, and taxation levels could demonstrate to what extent the government respects the people's property. (On the other hand, it could also demonstrate to what extent the government tries to incorporate income equality and prevent corporate tyranny.)

Noted. Also, Ergoslatic should be ranked now.
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Khoronzon
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Posts: 37
Founded: Jul 31, 2019
Psychotic Dictatorship

Postby Khoronzon » Sun Jan 19, 2020 4:09 pm

How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise?
The current Emperor was "selected" by declaring himself ruler after a successful coup, though de jure this is done through an election at the level of the Supreme Council, the national legislature. The incumbent Inner Circle, which is made up of the Emperor and the heads of the four Ministries, has equal collective voting power to the rest of the Council in this process - on an individual scale, this means that each member of the Inner Circle has vastly greater voting power than other members of the Council.

How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise?
The Emperor is the head of state and government.

How is the national legislature selected?
A mixture of election and direct appointment by the Inner Circle. Details on the nature of their election in the following section - put briefly, they're elected by high-ranking officials within the field they represent.

Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly?
No. There are effectively two major social classes in Khoronzon - class-P, the voting class, and class-M, the non-voting class, both of which are assigned at the end of secondary school. About 76% of citizens are class-M, though social mobility does exist between the two classes and can be applied both ways. Class-P citizens are subjected to a restrictive, heavily compartmentalised hierarchy, and their place in it is determined by their vocation, which is assigned simultaneously with class membership. They may only vote on matters relating to their own field, and only at and below their assigned stratum, while the outcome of elections may be overridden by higher-level decisions. There aren't really any general elections, with the closest thing being the Imperial Election as mentioned above.

Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections?
No. Without a multi-party system, there isn't really an "opposition".

Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections?
Depending on one's place in society, voting is either compulsory or nonexistent. Failure to vote may result in a demotion to a lower political stratum.


In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to successfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory?
Yes and yes, though as mentioned before, national representatives are not freely elected.

Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government?
The military and the clergy have significant political influence, while the entirety of the government is either unelected or elected in a heavily restricted manner. Unelected influence isn't considered "undue", though, since the state functions this way by design rather than through any shadowy meddling.

Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments?
Yes. The Inner Circle may override the passing of laws, but there is no built-in restriction on this ability.

Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)?
Members of the Inner Circle typically have the final say in any matters brought up by the Supreme Council.

From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated)
About 3. All-pervasive surveillance, with all currency being digital and under the management of the centralised Oversight Network, along with the constant threat of being visited by secret police for disloyalty against the nation, makes such clandestine transactions difficult. However, there are workarounds, particularly for the exceptionally skilled in high positions, and cracking down on corruption is seen as less important than ensuring smooth functionality, so not every case may be severely punished.

From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated)
About 6. Many state activities that would be considered extreme or outrageous are widely available for public knowledge, since the government considers changing culture and public mentality to allow for more honesty to be a preferable alternative to heavy-handed censorship and obfuscation, seeing the mind as malleable and able to be adjusted for better functionality. Mutated slaves, extermination camps, mass surveillance, and the like are all considered normal by the citizenry, removing the need to cover them up. However, certain activities such as large-scale public experimentation and esoteric paranormal research are kept under strict classification.

Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure?
The operations of the Ministry of Order are largely independent of considerations from other branches of government, though the Emperor still has supreme authority over it.


Is there an independent media?
No, it's entirely state-run.

Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief?
No. The government is theocratic in nature, though religious laws are less interwoven with politics and public life than in most theocracies - this is mostly because there are few laws in Khoronzon's religion. It is still mandatory, though, and separate religions are not permitted.

Is education free of political interference or indoctrination?
No, it's considered an important part of education. As an aside, in the case of students expressing political dissent, they are given special, more comprehensive training, and are often more likely to end up as class-P citizens - rarer cases where they deviate further and more persistently, however, are met with extensive psychotherapy, which may have mixed outcomes.

Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance?
Surveillance is very pervasive. Movements, health data, economic data, social credit scores, and online activity, among others, are tracked by the Trinity System using microchips and psychic links, though CCTV monitoring is less prominent. As for dissent, it depends on the degree and reason. Relatively minor disagreements are acceptable provided the reasoning for them is deemed well-intentioned, further-reaching dissent involving ideologies and beliefs fundamentally opposed to the state is not.

Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice?
It depends on what said assembly or protests are for, so generally it would be a no since it's applied selectively rather than in principle. Citizens may protest over infrastructure conditions, for example, but not over surveillance, political freedom, regional autonomy, etc.

Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice?
To an extent, and interpreted rather loosely. The government doesn't recognise any "rights", but only suspends privileges if there is solid evidence of a valid reason to do so.

Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely?
No.

Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment?
Citizens have intranational freedom of movement provided it does not conflict with their government-assigned vocation; they are allowed to change it with sufficient reasoning, though more often than not any vocational changes happen automatically based on personal data tracked by the Oversight Network. International travel is de jure permitted in the same way as mentioned previously with domestic travel, which subsequently means that education, residence, or employment outside the country are forbidden. De facto, though, the state of international relations means international travel is very heavily restricted and nigh-impossible for most outside of military deployments.

Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearance? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)?
The government doesn't recognise any concept of "basic" freedoms - this terminology implies they are owed by default, which is totally alien to how Khoronzon is run. However, citizens do have control over their appearance, and marriage partners may be freely chosen, though family size is subject to legislation by a eugenic licensing system. Divorce is permitted. Domestic and sexual violence are rare, the former more so than the latter.

Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected?
no lmao


How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available.
Native-born Khoronzonites count as citizens by default, though they only become fully-fledged citizens once they complete secondary school and their mandatory conscription period, upon which they are assigned to one of the two citizen classes along with their vocation. No immigrants may be admitted.

Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all?
Mentioned previously.

Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice?
Ethnic minorities are typically enslaved, while LGBT citizens are subjected to psychotherapy as an effort to "engineer out biological inefficiency" and advance psychological research through mass experimentation. Men and women are treated equally by the law, but not necessarily in practice - the military and higher levels of government tend to show favouritism towards men.

Are the above groups well represented in government?
Stated above.

Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility?
De jure, yes, and various forms of social credit scoring are employed within the surveillance apparatus to ensure fair social mobility. As with the corruption section, this is not entirely infallible - some forms of entrenched nepotism still do exist in a few areas, and the overall fairness of the scoring process may be up for debate, though citizens generally consider it to be a functioning, meritocratic system. Obviously, this excludes non-citizens, who only have downward mobility.


OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group?
Ethnic foreigners, the severely disabled, and the elderly. LGBT citizens and those with non-crippling mental disorders are also arguably applicable, though this doesn't quite count as demographic change since the people themselves aren't being eliminated, instead being psychologically "rewired".



Any suggestions for future editions of the index? No.
↯ ↯ ↯ || THE DIVINE SUPREMACY OF KHORONZON || ☭ ☭ ☭
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Confederate American SU
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Posts: 120
Founded: Aug 29, 2019
New York Times Democracy

Postby Confederate American SU » Sun Jan 19, 2020 4:17 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The Committee of States and the Committee of Syndicates are elected annually by the populations of each of the states and syndicates. They can be recalled at any time. Their powers are limited to enforcing laws.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? Same as above.
How is the national legislature selected? The entire citizenry is the national legislature. They vote by bloc on laws directly as well as discussing said laws in their local citizen assemblies.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? Yes, they are free and fair. And, no.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Participating in the citizen assemblies and workplace meetings is compulsory.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to successfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? The Confederate government only makes laws affecting the states. However, the states and counties follow the same model of direct democracy, and local governments use the traditional model of direct-democracy.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Yes
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? No
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 2. The frequent elections and recalling combined with the direct democracy leaves little room for corruption.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 10. The Committee of States, Confederate Tribunal, and Committee of Syndicates are regularly watched by the population. The rest of the government is a direct democracy.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? Somewhat. The Confederate Tribunal is appointed by the Committee of States, the Committee of Syndicates, and the state courts every 6 years.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Generally yes, though religions such as the Cult of Mars and Mormonism were persecuted during the Risorgimento. The government actively promotes secularism in most states, with the exception of Ires.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Not during the Risorgimento, but court cases and educational reform during Ascension has depoliticized education.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes. Government surveillance is banned by the 2nd Bill of Rights.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes for citizens
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Trade unions are part of the government, but there is nothing stopping workers from forming their own union. However, they still have to be members of the official labor union regardless. NGOs can operate freely as well as long as none of their members are nonwhites.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Citizens can travel anywhere within the country or abroad. However, non-white immigration is banned, and non-whites who aren't visitors are highly restricted.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearance? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes. Pickett himself is a crossdresser and bachelor. Domestic and sexual violence was high during the Risorgimento, but it has been cracked down upon on a state by state basis.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? No, only those who have passed the apprenticeship in their union are able to start up a business in that particular industry. But, property rights are protected in the mutualist sense. Absentee ownership, however, is illegal in most circumstances.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. All whites born to American parents are citizens. White immigrants can become citizens after performing a year's worth of military service, residing in the nation for 5 years, and passing a citizenship test.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? All citizens, which means the white population. Syndicate elections are limited to only those who are employed within their respective unions.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Men and women are treated equally. LGBT rights are generally progressive or libertarian, with the exception of Ires. Ethnic minorities are actively persecuted, treated as non-persons, and deported regularly.
Are the above groups well represented in government? Men and women are generally well-represented in government, though gender imbalances in certain regions has led to the two groups being underrepresented in certain state governments. Pickett himself is a crossdresser. The direct-democratic nature of the RCAS means that the citizenry is generally represented.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes. Apprenticeships tend to be short, and full syndicate membership is basically guaranteed for any reasonably competent person.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? Yes, both the government and paramilitary groups have deported the entire nonwhite population out of the nation. Amerindians are either herded into reservations, deported, or force-assimilated.


Any suggestions for future editions of the index? Nope
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Republic of Confederate-American States and Syndicates

No, it is not the Confederate States of America.


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Malanasia
Bureaucrat
 
Posts: 56
Founded: Jan 10, 2013
Anarchy

Postby Malanasia » Sun Jan 19, 2020 6:36 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? Malanasia is governed by a number of clans whose leadership is usually authoritarian in nature. Most clans have a leader who reigns with the approval of the senior members of the clan (some clans have no one leader, or have a leader who is mostly ceremonial). The leader typically has broad powers, mostly in settling disputes within the clan, with other clans, or with the clan's clients.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? N/A (no head of government)
How is the national legislature selected? N/A (no legislature)
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? N/A (no elections)
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? N/A
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? N/A

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? The clans have limited power; they are mostly in charge of protecting land owners and businesses. The law is customary and not decided by the clans.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? The clans are partly responsible to their 'clients,' i.e. property and business owners, as well as their own employees. However, they mostly behave as they please.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? N/A
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? N/A
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 10
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 0
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? There is no judiciary. Law is governed by commonly observed custom, and is mediated by independent judges.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes, but free expression is not guaranteed.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes, for the most part.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Yes.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? No; open dissenters are summarily executed. Surveillance of private citizens is rare, for the most part.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? No.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? No.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? No. The clans do not allow unionisation as it threatens the profits of their clients.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? For the most part, yes, but an enemy of a clan would do well to stay away from their territories.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? For the most part, yes. Domestic and sexual violence is commonplace.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? This is usually only possible with the permission of the local clan. The clans protect property at their leisure.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. There is no concept of citizenship in Malanese law.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? N/A
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? No.
Are the above groups well represented in government? No.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Social mobility is limited as in most countries.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No.


Any suggestions for future editions of the index?
Last edited by Malanasia on Mon Jan 20, 2020 2:05 am, edited 3 times in total.
Republic of Malanasia“Liberty Guides”

User avatar
Beatitas
Secretary
 
Posts: 28
Founded: Jun 07, 2019
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Beatitas » Sun Jan 19, 2020 8:18 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The head of state is the President of the Federal Council, which has 7 members. The Federal Council is elected by the people, while the title of President rotates every year. There are no extra powers besides those discussed below; the President is merely a primus inter pares.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? There are 7 heads of government: the 7 members of the Federal Council. The powers of the Council as a whole are the same as the President in the United States, while each member has one vote in deciding the decisions of the Council as a whole.
How is the national legislature selected? The legislature is bicameral, with both chambers elected by the people, specifically by proportional representation. The upper house has 5 representatives per canton, while the seats of the cantons in the lower house depend on population.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? The elections of Beatitas are widely considered some of the freest and fairest. Irregularities, if any, are rare and small.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes. This has happened many times.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary, but the turnout is around 85%.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? Yes, new laws and policies are enacted often. Government authority extends over all territory.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No, they do not. If they are found to, the influence is quickly removed.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Yes, they have the legislature initiative. No restrictions are placed on passing laws or amendments. If the proposal conflicts with an existing law, the existing law is declared null if the proposal passes. Citizens may initiate referenda to cancel laws.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? The executive may subvert the legislature through vetoes only, but the legislature may subvert the subversion.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 0. Proven corruption is punished with therapy.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 10. There are absolutely no state secrets and all the doings of government are documented and released.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? The judiciary is independent, with justices serving for life.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes, of course.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes, of course.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Yes, of course. There is no singing of the national anthem or reciting of pledges of allegiance.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes. Dissent is guaranteed in the Constitution. Retribution by the government is illegal. Government surveillance is non-existent, except in its own buildings.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes, of course. They are even encouraged.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Upheld both in law and in practice.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Yes.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes. Domestic and sexual violence are very rare.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes and yes.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. We use both unrestricted jus soli and jus sanguinis. Naturalization is very easy, with only one year of residence required and only one question asked in interview, "What can you do to help the world?"
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? Every citizen above 15 is guaranteed the right to vote.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Yes and yes.
Are the above groups well represented in government? Yes, due to proportional representation.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes. There are many cases.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No. That is punishable by law.


Any suggestions for future editions of the index? None at all.
Last edited by Beatitas on Sun Jan 19, 2020 8:20 pm, edited 1 time in total.
ქართული ასოებია მაგარი! Ederra ere zara, nire laguna.

Ar jums nepatinka versti kiekvieną sakinį? உங்கள் முயற்சிக்கு, உங்களுக்கு வெகுமதி கிடைக்கும்! "Mi lesz a jutalmam", kérdezheti. Tatsächlich, mein Freund, die Belohnung liegt auf der Reise, nicht am Reiseziel.

如果您仍然在这里,恭喜!Fáðu þér kex úr krukkunni minni. إنطلق. تعامل نفسك جيدا! Zasługujesz na swoją nagrodę.

User avatar
Minachia
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 483
Founded: Jan 01, 2016
Corporate Bordello

Postby Minachia » Sun Jan 19, 2020 9:11 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? Hereditary, male primogeniture. The Emperor takes charge of general leading of the nation, most commonly in military and foreign affairs (though he is not limited to that), as well as duties regarding the general culture and spirit of the nation. He selects government ministers alongside the Consul, with Senate approval.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? Elected through an electoral college (which aligns exactly with Senatorial districting but is not determined by Senators themselves). The Consul (also called the Prime Minister) rules alongside the Emperor, most commonly in internal affairs (though, again, there are no limitations), and is more accountable to the Senate.
How is the national legislature selected? The unicameral Senate is elected through districts based on population.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? Elections are generally considered free and fair.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary; turnout is typically ~80%.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to successfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? Senators are able to develop and implement new policies; the Senate has direct authority over the core of the nation, frontiers and overseas territories are under mostly executive (i.e. the Emperor and the Consul) jurisdiction, however the Senate may pass certain laws concerning these areas.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? The Senate has initiative. While Minachia has no singular formal written constitution, the judiciary has the power to render certain laws illegal and both the Emperor and the Consul have the power of veto (although this may be overridden). Certain powers, mostly pertaining to laws that directly affect the average citizen, are reserved to provincial governments. Constitutional changes could theoretically be passed by the Senate, although this would most likely require widespread support and the approval of the Emperor.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? The Emperor and Consul may not dissolve the Senate; they have the power of veto, but this can be overridden. Drafting of a budget is normally the Consul's responsibility, but under some circumstances the Senate may simply draft and pass their own, with the Emperor's approval.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 4
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 5
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? The judiciary is independent.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? Yes.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Yes.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes; surveillance is generally minimal, but certain things (such as supporting communism) may earn a closer government eye.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Yes.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? For internal and most international, yes; certain countries have restrictions on travel, however.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? There is freedom of appearance and size of family; marriage is considered a religious matter, but partners are otherwise free; both types of violence hover at about ~12%, though it varies by region.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. Citizenship may be inherited or be given if a child is born to legal immigrants in the country. Naturalization can occur either through military service (the time may vary by individual, but it is about 2-4 years) or through living and working in Minachia for 7 years. Both routes require a test and an oath.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? All citizens 21 and over may vote, citizens 18 and over may vote if they are in the military.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Yes.
Are the above groups well represented in government? No.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No.


Any suggestions for future editions of the index?
Be a good person and don't use NS stats. The insane ones, at least.
Full name: Caero-Minachia. The CH is hard because Italian spelling.
Basically Rome, but Christian and modern.
Now with more Slavs!
Our leader has a ridiculously long title.
Carthago delenda est.
Lutheran Christian (LCMS), Conservative.
Elparia's Official Florida Man.
Christ is King, even if you don't believe it.
♔ Monarchist
Una buonissima canzone.
More OOC crap.
Discord, 'cause why not?

User avatar
Estado Novo Portugues
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 386
Founded: Mar 18, 2016
Iron Fist Consumerists

Postby Estado Novo Portugues » Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:16 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The position of Civil Director is a self-created one. The first and current holder, Afonso Salazar, was originally appointed Prime Minister after the death of his father. He is also the last person to hold this position, as he is planning to retire and restore the Portuguese monarchy. Salazar's successor will not be Civil Director, but the King of Portugal. But for now, the Civil Director is the most powerful man in the nation. He makes all the government policies, from national budget to how tall the grass should be cut. He can order an innocent man to be locked up or a guilty one to be set free, all on his whim. And all citizens are required to swear an oath in his name.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? Position does not exist.
How is the national legislature selected? By being friends of the Civil Director. Qualifications and competence not required.
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? No elections, not even for show. What you see is what you get: a glorious nation led by a strongman leader. Democracy is a sign of indecisiveness and weakness.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? No elections.
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? No elections.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? Ministers may suggest laws or policies, but it's completely up to the Civil Director to decide if they'll be enacted. The central government has tremendous authority—regional and local governments have no autonomy to set their own policies.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No. Now, Salazar claims that he is obedient to the Catholic Church, but he is just using religion as a tool to keep citizens compliant.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Nothing passes without being OK'd by the Civil Director.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? It's not subversion, it's exercising his authority.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 7 or 8. There is a class system based on occupation and family connections. Police officers rank quite low in the pecking order (one step above common citizens), so they can't arrest or fine anyone who ranks above them (bureaucrats, priests, doctors, taxi/truck/bus drivers, etc). So privileged people can act with total impunity, while common folk don't have such luxury unless they pay bribes. But there are some crimes that are so serious that no amount of bribes will help, like treason.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 0. Especially when it comes to spending taxpayer money, the government is extremely tight-lipped. Can't have the peasants know just how much that luxury mansion and those private jets cost, or they might riot.
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? All judges are subject to a periodic performance review. Those with a high proportion of "bad verdicts" (sentence too light, etc) are stripped of their positions.

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Independent media outlets are legal, but they're not allowed to be critical of the Church or state.
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? The nation is officially Roman Catholic and all other "religions" are illegal. But practicing in private is mostly unenforced.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Political indoctrination is literally the only reason education exists, to raise a flock of sheep who never question authority.
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Political expression is not a right. If what you say is offensive for the government, you will be arrested. Even some symbols are banned, like anything communist or socialist. That said, you don't have to be paranoid—there are no secret police informants like USSR. If you're talking with friends in private, the authorities don't care.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Assemblies are legal, but if they interfere with legitimate commerce (occupying a business, blocking a road, etc) they will be forcefully disbanded. Protests are illegal if they're against the government.
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes, but the Civil Director may override them at any time.
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Unions and striking are completely illegal. NGOs are legal, but their activities cannot include lobbying the government.
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes, but only government officials may drive cars.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes, within the law. Same-sex marriage and relationships are completely illegal. Women are more obedient and less assertive than other nations, so they have less conflicts with their husbands, and domestic violence is low as a result.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Owning private property and business is legal. But while property and business owners have a lot of freedom, the workers not so much. There are no accessibility, discrimination or health-and-safety laws and no minimum wages. And once again, unions are banned.

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. By both of your parents being citizens, or by taking a test and interview. In practice, the nation rarely accepts any immigrants.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? No elections.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? Homosexuality is illegal. Otherwise everyone is equal, but it only applies to the government. Private businesses can discriminate however they like.
Are the above groups well represented in government? Yes.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes. Your social status is based on your political loyalty and connections, not on race or gender.

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? Does getting rid of heretics, witches and communists count?
✞ HOLY CATHOLIC STATE OF PORTUGAL ✞
A nation in the south of Europia, bordered by Greater Hispania and the Atlantean Ocean, with a fiercely traditional and Catholic population.
Head of State | Nation Q&A | Nations & RP Info | Current RP
This nation is just for fun • I do not use NS stats

User avatar
Radiatia
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 7780
Founded: Oct 25, 2011
Capitalist Paradise

Postby Radiatia » Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:17 pm

ELECTIONS
How was the head of state (or other chief national authority) selected? What powers does the office exercise? The head of state was elected by an electoral college, whose electors were chosen by the people in a general election. The President is head of the executive branch of government.
How was the head of government selected? What powers does the office exercise? As above - head of state and head of government are the same.
How is the national legislature selected? The Federal Assembly are elected to represent single-member constituencies once every two years. Every state has two Senators, who are elected once every four years - one during the Presidential election and one during the mid-term election (two years apart)
Are elections considered free and fair? Are irregularities serious enough that they alter the results significantly? Elections are considered free and fair and there have been no reports of irregularities for nearly half a century.
Does the opposition have a realistic chance of gaining support and power through elections? Yes
Is voting voluntary? If so, which was the average turnout in recent elections? Voting is voluntary. The last Presidential election had a turnout of 71%.

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FUNCTIONING OF GOVERNMENT
In case national representatives were freely elected, are they able to succesfully develop and implement new policies? Does government authority extend over the full national territory? I'm not entirely sure I understand this question, but based on what I think it's asking - yes. National representatives can develop, amend, cancel and alter the policies of the national government.
Do foreign powers (democratic or not), or unelected entities (the military, religious or economic oligarchies...) exercise undue influence over the government? No. There is occasional criticism of the amount of influence corporations have on candidates via their ability to contribute money to campaigns but this isn't considered to have a substantial influence on the government overall.
Does the legislature have the legislative initiative? What restrictions are placed on its ability to pass laws, including constitutional amendments? Yes. Either the signature of the President or a 75% super-majority is needed for a bill to pass into law and approval of the other house is also required (i.e. the Federal Assembly needs a yes from the Senate, and vice versa.) Constitutional amendments can only ever be passed through a nationwide referendum - while the legislature may propose an amendment, it cannot actually pass it without majority support from the Radiatian people.
Is the executive able to subvert the legislature through legal or extralegal means (such as arbitrary dissolutions, lack of an adequate budget, or vetoes)? The executive can veto legislation, but this can be overridden by supermajority.
From 0-10 (0 = clean, 10 = most corrupt), how pervasive is corruption (in government, business, etc.)? (Small explanation appreciated) 4 - the federal government is fairly clean, but state and local governments are known to engage in practices such as accepting (or demanding) bribes, etc.
From 0-10 (0 = completely opaque, 10 = completely transparent), how transparent is government activity? (Small explanation appreciated) 9 - pretty much anything not considered classified for national security reasons is open to the public, via the Freedom of Information Act
Is there an independent judiciary, or is it subject to political pressure? The judiciary is completely independent

CIVIL LIBERTIES
Is there an independent media? Yes
Is there freedom of religion, including non-belief? There is freedom from religion. Some religions and cults, such as those preaching violence or hate, are banned for security reasons.
Is education free of political interference or indoctrination? Yes
Are citizens able to express dissent in practice, without fearing retribution? How pervasive is surveillance? Yes. Aside from CCTV in public areas in some cities (designed to stop street crime) there is little surveillance. There certainly isn't any surveillance of private property - unless law enforcement obtain a warrant from a judge to do so on the grounds of prima facie evidence of crime.
Is there freedom of assembly? Are peaceful protests allowed, and are they able to proceed in practice? Yes
Are there basic guarantees of due process (in civil and criminal matters), and are they upheld in practice? Yes
Are independent trade unions and NGOs able to operate freely? Yes
Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement inside the country and of international travel, including in education, residence or employment? Yes.
Do individuals enjoy basic social freedoms (do they have control over appearence? are they able to freely choose marriage partners and size of family? how common is domestic and sexual violence?)? Yes they can choose their appearance and marriage partners. A license is required to have children (in most states) in order to ensure a child is raised on a financially secure environment and unlikely to be subject to neglect or abuse. Domestic and sexual violence rates are average - there is little the state can do to prevent this but such acts are criminal acts.
Are individuals able to freely set up their own business? Are property rights adequately protected? Yes - both of these are even protected by the constitution

PARTICIPATION AND GUARANTEES OF EQUALITY
How is citizenship determined? Include a brief overview of the naturalization process, if available. Either be born in Radiatia, or take a citizenship test after 8 years of being a permanent resident.
Who is able to vote in elections, if they exist at all? All Radiatian citizens aged over 17 years who reside in Radiatia and are not incarcerated.
Are different segments of the population (men, women, the LGBT community, ethnic minorities...) treated equally in law and in practice? No
Are the above groups well represented in government? Fairly well. The government doesn't go out of its way to represent different groups, but all of the above are represented in the legislature or executive.
Do individuals have realistic opportunities for upward social mobility? Yes

OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS
Are the government or nonstate groups deliberately and systematically changing the demographics of the country so as to dilute or eliminate a particular group? No


Any suggestions for future editions of the index?

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