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Fecawn Encyclopedia [RETIRED]

A place to put national factbooks, embassy exchanges, and other information regarding the nations of the world. [In character]
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Fecawn Encyclopedia [RETIRED]

Postby Fecaw » Mon Aug 27, 2018 4:01 am


1st Edition- 2018

Archived under GAR78- Universal Library Coalition

Protected under GAR232- Foreign Copyright Recognition

Chief Editor- Kert Emosa

Chief Researcher- Grahe Kennid


Introduction

The government of Fecaw wishes to open ourselves to the rest of the world. In this Encyclopedia, we present a comprehensive overview of Fecaw, complete with illustrations and annotations. The Encyclopedia is a document that is accurate at its last time of editing, which serves as a guide for foreign nations, so that they may learn more of our Kingdom, a primer for foreign tourists, wishing to travel to and discover Fecaw and for researchers, so that they may reference official statistics. The government hopes to present the full truth about Fecaw, showing negative and positive aspects in a balanced manner. This is also the official state-sponsored edition.

The Encyclopedia is the result of very extensive collaboration; it was prepared over six years of intense work done in a spirit of complete openness and fervent zeal. In 2015, I was commissioned by King Sarol to produce this Encyclopedia, after which I gathered a team of approximately 150 researchers. The researchers then spent the next 2 years investigating 36 topics and writing their preliminary reports. In 2017, the researchers came to meet again to compare their findings and ensure the contingency and continuity of the work. A second draft was made in October 2017 and third, final one in July 2018. You are viewing that third draft.

When reading the Encyclopedia, you will find it divided up foremost into 8 parts; general topics. Parts are divided more specifically into the 36 chapters.
- Kert Emosa, Chief Editor

Contents

    Part 1- Overview
  1. - Overview
    Part 2- Geography
  2. - The Islands
  3. - Flora
  4. - Fauna
  5. - Climate and Weather
  6. - Demographics
  7. - Language
    Part 3- History
  8. - Prehistory
  9. - Antiquity
  10. - Pre- Modern
  11. - Modern
    Part 4- Culture
  12. - Music
  13. - Clothing
  14. - Architecture
  15. - Art
  16. - Cuisine
  17. - Religion and Festivals
  18. - Sports
  19. - Radio and TV
  20. - Literature
    Part 5- Politics
  21. - Constitution
  22. - Executive
  23. - Senat
  24. - Law
  25. - Enforcement
  26. - International Relations
    Part 6- Infrastructure
  27. - Transport
  28. - Energy
  29. - Education
  30. - Science
  31. - Health
  32. - Military
    Part 7- Economy
  33. - Internal Economy
  34. - Imports and Exports
    Part 8- Appendices
  35. - Appendix- Legal Texts
  36. - Appendix- People
Please do not post here. Telegram Fecaw with any inquiries.

It looks good, so far.

I like that factbook Fecaw
- Some RP Mentors
Tlerzhenvoa wrote:Never seen someone use the forums as a stand-in for factbooks before
Last edited by Fecaw on Wed Feb 06, 2019 11:20 am, edited 37 times in total.

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PART 1- OVERVIEW

Postby Fecaw » Mon Aug 27, 2018 7:57 am

PART 1- OVERVIEW

This section contains a brief overview of Fecaw . It shows the very basic and essential general knowledge about the Kingdom.
Last edited by Fecaw on Sun Oct 07, 2018 1:20 pm, edited 2 times in total.

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1- Overview

Postby Fecaw » Mon Aug 27, 2018 8:49 am

CHAPTER 1- OVERVIEW

The Kingdom of Fecaw



Image
Flag



Motto: Guided Alignment



Population: 11,805,700 (2016)
-Density: 49.8/km2



Capital: Sediw
Largest City: Sediw (1,408,817 in 2016)



Official Language: Manda Fecawn


National Language: Fecawn Dialects


Demonym: Fecawn



Government: Constitutional Monarchy
- King: King Sarol
- Chief Senater: Jurara Ranero



Legislature: Senat (45 Senaters)



Establishment: February 10 1960



Land Area:91,535 mile²
237,074 km²



Elevation
Highest Point: Mount Lonera (1378m)
Lowest Point: Halite Flats (-16m)



GDP (nominal): NS$ 81,818 m
GDP (nominal) per capita: NS$ 35,122



Currency: Aro



Drives on the: left



Calling code: +152



Internet TLD: .fc
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PART 2- GEOGRAPHY

Postby Fecaw » Mon Aug 27, 2018 7:01 pm

PART 2- GEOGRAPHY

This part deals with the structure of Fecaw, its wildlife, weather and people.

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CHAPTER 2- THE ISLANDS

Postby Fecaw » Tue Aug 28, 2018 9:00 am

CHAPTER 2- THE ISLANDS

Fecaw is an archipelago comprised of 33 major islands and dozens of other islets. Traditionally, these islands are placed into 11 groups. Here is a map of Fecaw for reference:
Image
The groups, with their locations and number of islands:
  1. Furthest West, North- Joshro (4)
  2. Furthest West, South- Alac (3)
  3. Second from West, North- Caryme (1)
  4. Second from West, South- Jonde (5)
  5. Third from West, North- Joliar (2)
  6. Third from West, South- Dopher (2)
  7. Central- Seret (4)
  8. Second from East- Manda (5)
  9. Furthest East, North- Brill (5)
  10. Furthest South- Anyna (1)
  11. Far South, Furthest East- Vier (1)
This tour of each group will start in the North East, ending in the South West.

Joshro Islands

The Joshro Islands are comprised of 4 islands, 3 in the centre with one outlier. They are as follows:
  1. Outlier- Aante Island
  2. Central West- Tice Island
  3. Central East- Nicey Island
  4. South- Aneil Island
Image

The total population of Joshro is 967 and the total area is 649 km2.

The Joshro Islands are incredibly remote and suffer the worst of Fecawn weather. Their population is realtively small, characterised by close-knit communities with strong family connections. Much of industry is based around sheep herding and wool. Many also work on ships, an important method of transport. The population is slowly decreasing as younger people move out to find more varied jobs. The Joshro Group was only discovered in the 1300s, remaining largely uninhabited until 1876, when it was used as a prison colony. The prisons closed in the 1930s, allowing for some farmers to move in. The Joshro Islands support a number of seabirds including many gulls and black guillemots.

Aante Island
Aante Island is the most undeveloped in all of Fecaw. Around 69 people lived there in 2016, mainly farmers. The only settlement is the town of Tesson, on the Southern coast, with a population of 58. Aante Island occupies an area of 80 km2. Aante Island has been inhabited since 1941 and a local community hall was opened in 1986.

Tice and Nicey Islands
Tice Island has an area of 242 km2 and a polulation of 296, while Nicey Island has a population of 266 and an area of 2,935 km2. Both have an economy focused on sheep farming, with Nicey Island developing a promising fishing industry. Tice Island was inhabited in 1876, as a prison colony, with three prisons opening around the island. All three had closed down by 1932. Nicey Island was inhabited by several families from Tice Island in 1935.

Aneil Island
Aneil Island has an area of 327 km2 and a population of 335. It is largely similar to the other two large islands, except that it is the seat of government for the Joshro Islands. The town of Hark, with a population of 158, is the regional capital and home to the Joshro Council.

Alac Islands

The Alac Islands are comprised of 1 large island with 2 much smaller outliers. They are as follows:
  1. Southern Main- Loler Bank
  2. Western Outlier- Manani Island
  3. Eastern Outlier- Tenn Island
Image

The total population of Alac is 93,7500 and the total area is 1,750 km2.

The Alac Islands are dominated by the Loler Bank, actually a large, but thin island. They have a more sheltered climate than the Joshro Islands and are more connected with the rest of Fecaw. Business is varied, one large industry being tourism.

Loler Bank
Loler Bank is by far the largest island in Alac. It is a very thin island, with three main sections: the Western Point, a large appendage in the West, Central Bank, the main body of the island and Oller Ridge, the thin strip of land connecting the two. Loler Bank has an area of 1,452 km2 and a population of 81,500. The Oller Ridge is covered in seaside resorts and hotels, where much of the population is employed. Loler Bank is also home to the capital of Alac: Yeron. Yeron has a population of 19,200 and is home to the Alac Council. Other major settlements include Cherya (13,000 people) on the Western Point and Sander (6,500 people) in the East.

Manani and Tenn Islands
Manani and Tenn Islands are much smaller and more remote than Loler Bank. Manani Island is home to 6,400 people and has an area of 152 km2. Tenn Island us home to 5,800 people and has an area of 146 km2. The two have been inhabited since the 1890s. Most people are farmers.

Caryme Island
Image

Caryme Island is divided into two main geographical sections: the peninsula in the West and the mainland. Caryme Island has an area of 13,051 km2 and a population of 653,600. Erilia is the capital, home to several museums and a few consulates as well as the Caryme Council. Erilia is located in the South East, about 70 kilometres from the coast and has a population of 160,300. Other major settlements include Aldob: a coastal town on the peninsula with a population of 130,700 and Nanera: a town in the North with a population of 86,300. Caryme has a colder climate than most of Fecaw and has been inhabited since the 2nd century. Mass immigration from the West during the Industrial Revolution, especially in the 1880s, caused a surge in population.

Jonde Islands

The Jonde Islands are composed of 1 large island, 3 smaller islands and 1 very small island.
  1. Main- Garria Island
  2. Western- Nolic Island
  3. Eastern Outlier- Briat Island
  4. South East- Helarin Island
  5. South West- Gahace Island
Image

The total population of Jonde is 1,239,900 and the total area is 26,902 km2.

The Jonde Islands are dominated by Garria, which contains a large lake and peninsula. There are three more islands with some population and one outlier, barely inhabited. The climate is warm and fishing is a major business.

Garria Island
Garria Island is the main island in Jonde. Garria Island has an area of 20,485 km2 and a population of 994,200. The capital is the city of Math. Math has a population of 268,800 and is famous for its beautiful suburbs and large, bustling markets. Most people in Garria do not live in large settlements, but generally in many small village communities. However, some other major towns include Nathly on the peninsula, with a population of 170,600 and Jerea in the North with a population of 20,600. In the South West of the island there is Lake Aleve, with a depth of up to 75 metres and area of 1,958 km2. Lake Aleve is also colloquially known as Allocev and is home to several fishing villages. Fish species in the lake include brown trout, salmon, trout, perch and pollan. Bream, gudgeon, pike and rudd are also found, but are less common.

Nolic Island
Nolic Island has an area of 1,552 km2 and a population of 75,900. The largest town is Doria, which has a population of 40,100. Doria is the main settlement in Nolic Island, with most others living in nearby towns. Much of Nolic Island is uninhabited: the North is used as a nature reserve.

Helarin and Gahace Island
Slightly larger than Nolic Island are Helarin and Gahace Island. The two have very close relations with eachother, with many people being residents of both. Helarin has an area of 2,536 km2 and a population of 90,600. Gahace has an area of 2,180 km2 and a population of 78,300.

Briat Island
Briat Island is very small compared to its neighbours. It is famed for its beauty and a popular tourist spot. Briat has a population of just 970 and an area of 149 km2. The only major settlement is the town of Tyal, which is centred around a port in the North West.

Joliar Islands

The Joliar Islands are composed of 1 large island and 1 smaller island.
  1. Main- Schis Island
  2. Small- Saher Island

The total population of Joliar is 1,018,500 and the total area is 20,970 km2.
Image

Schis Island
Schis Island has a slightly varied climate and geography, with some cultural variations around the island. In the North, the Lance Peninsula is connected to Schis by a thin strip of land, known as The Lance. Schis Island has a population of 962,800 and an area of 19,817 km2. Most of the population resides in the lower West, which contains much arable land. The Eastern end of the island has much more extreme terrain, peaking at 1,259m with Mount Grare. Major settlements include the largely suburban capital city of Lary in the South East, with a population of 456,600 and the town of Pareri, which is on the Lance Peninsula.

There are two main rivers on Schis Island: the Danne and the Char. The Danne is 71 km long, with its roots in the central mountains and mouth in the South. It is an important method of transport. The Char is 39 km long and has its source much lower in the hills of the South. Its mouth is at the start of the Lance Peninsula. The Char has been used as a traditional boundary between The Lance and the rest of the island. Schis Island is famous for its local cuisine, which includes many unique cheeses and desserts. Large coal deposits are present in the North, where a small mining industry developed.

Saher Island
Saher Island is much smaller than Schis Island, with an area of 1153 km2 and a population of 55,700. Saher Island has a small textile industry. The largest town is Randia, with a population of 15,400.

Dopher Islands
The Dopher Islands are composed of 1 large island and 1 smaller island.
  1. Main- Austha Island
  2. Small- Roli Island
Image

The total population of Dopher is 741,500 and the total area is 15315 km2.

Austha Island
Austha Island is the main island in Dopher. It has an area of 14,970 km2 and a population of 725,600. The shape of the island is dominated by a large bay in the North, thought to have been caused by a catastrophic event around 200 million years ago. A large fish processing industry has sprung up around the coast here after the fishing industry slowed down in the 1950s. Fish stocks are imported from further West for packaging here. Much of the South West is part of the Killen Valley, where most of Austha's agriculture takes place. The South East has much more extreme terrain, peaking at 985m with Eule Top. Major settlements include the city of Kar on the North Eastern end of the bay, with a population of 253,400 and the town of Stra in the South, with a population of 106,200.

Roli Island
To the West of Austha Island is the much smaller Roli Island. It has a population of 15,800 and an area of 345 km2. Roli Island is dominated by locally unpopular holiday homes, mostly belonging to Austhans. Roli Island is also home to a military base which occupies a closed-off area of about 40% of the island.

Seret Islands
The Seret Islands are dominated by 1 large island and 3 smaller islands.
  1. Main- Seret Island
  2. North- Helic Island
  3. South East- Aliea Island
  4. South West- Russe Island
Image

The total population of Seret is 1,916,800 and the total area is 38,620 km2.

Seret Island
Seret Island is the main island. It has an area of 38,126 km2 and a population of 1,885,400. There are two main lakes in Seret. They are both in the North East and connected by a complex river system. They are the Halan, with an area of 966 km2 and the downstream Lanex, with an area of 281 km 2. The main rivers on the Western side of Seret are, from North to South, the Mahac (31km long), the Ruron, source of Lake Halan and 57 km, the 79 km Nilia, the 28 km Joton and 24 km Barli. The main rivers on the Eastern side of Seret are, from North to South, the 51km Lanel, the 46km Kynri and the 44km Glew. The two main ranges of hills are the Dito Hills in the North, peaking at 1,184m with Mount Jory, and the Babe Hills in the North, peaking at 1,062 m with Mount Desei. Major cities include the capital; Panen in the North East with 746,734 people, Benni at the mouth of the Nilia with a population of 521,100 people and Chart in the South East with 312,100 people.

Major industries in Seret include banking, which is largely based in Benni, and entertainment. The presence of these two industries leads to a high GDP. Seret Island is home to several TV and radio studios. Seret is one of the home islands of prehistoric Fecawns. Remains of settlements from 15000 BC have been found in the Central valleys.

Helic Island
Helic Island has an area of 388 km2 and a population of 23,700. The largest settlement is the town of Sarin, with a population of 12,200. Many Helic residents travel into Panen in Seret for work. Helic Island has a varied coastal climate with relatively extreme winters. The island has been inhabited since the 2nd century and has been damaged by several historical wars.

Aliea and Russe Islands
These two islands are rather remote. Aliea Island has an area of 59 km2 and a population of 6,300. Russe Island has an area of 47 km2 and a population of only 1,500. Most of the people are involved in farming or fishing. The only major settlement is the town of Casan on Aliea, with a population of 3,000. The people of these islands are relatively isolated from the rest of Fecaw.

Manda Islands
The Manda Islands are dominated by 1 large island and 4 smaller islands.
  1. Main- Manda Island
  2. North- Eveo Island
  3. Far North- Aliea Island
  4. West- Grist Island
  5. South- Shaly Island
Image

The total population of Manda is 3,102,000 and the total area is 67334 km2.

Manda Island
Manda Island is the main island of Fecaw. It has an area of 66,898 km2 and a population of 3,047,900. There are 3 main lakes on Manda: the large, Northern Ethe with an area of 3258 km2, the further North Naral, with an area of 251 km2, the North Western Jonar with an area of 93 km2 and the South Western Dosera with an area of 101 km2. The Ethe hosts 54 species of coastal aquatic flora, including cane, calamus, bulrush, grass rush, lesser bulrush and water parsnip. Floating plants are rare and are of only three types: arrowhead, yellow water-lily and water knotweed. On the West, the rivers from North to South are the 31 km Stha, the 110 km Gerit, the 88 km Jarer, the 105 km Canan, the 162 km Stiro and the 149 km Anthyn. On the South, the rivers from West to East are the 22 km Tehn, the 27 km Raryn, the 156 km Kelen, the 203 km Kare and the 55 km Paliss. The main Eastern river is the 48 km Manep. On the North, the rivers from West to East are the 23 km Pharg, the 109 km Berer, the 65 km Eletem and the 75 km Rill. The main range of hills, which occupies much of the centre of the island, peaks in the East with Mount Lonera at 1378m.

Due to its size, Manda Island is home to much of Fecawn industry. There are many factories on the island, many near coastal sea ports. Precious metal reserves, which are a major source of industry, can also be found in the South. Manda is traditionally thought to be the Fecawn homeland. Major settlements include the Fecawn capital: Sediw, which is located between Lakes Ethe and Naral with a population of 1,408,800. Sediw contains many art museums and government buildings. Other cities include Dicor in the East, home to many Fecawn factories and a population of 630,100.

Eveo and Aliea Islands
Eveo and Aliea Islands are much smaller than Manda. Eveo has a population of 9,000 and an area of 72 km2. Aliea has a population of 7,700 and an area of 61 km2. Both islands have an industry dominated by farming. There are no major settlements: just farming communities.

Grist Island
Grist Island is the smallest in Fecaw, with an area of just 35 km2. It is also completely uninhabited and covered mostly by forest. It is a protected nature reserve and home to several rare bird species.

Shaly Island
Shaly Island has a population of 37,400 and an area of 303 km2. It has a distinctive long shape. On the far Eastern end of the island is the town of Aanie, which has a population of 12,700. Shaly Island is a popular tourist destination, due to its long, beach-covered coastline.

Brill Islands

The Brill Islands are comprised of 5 islands, 1 main island, 1 smaller neighbour and 3 small islands. They are as follows:
  1. Main- Dold Island
  2. Southern- Brand Island
  3. Small East- Rogam Island
  4. Small Furthest East- Alivia Island
  5. Small West- Rolae Island
Image

The total population of Brill is 1,247,200 and the total area is 26676 km2.

Dold Island
Dold Island has a population of 1,101,600 and an area of 24,253 km2. Major settlements include the Northern city of Roria with 1,731,000 people and the Southern town of Beyl with a population of 159,900 people. Dold Island is home to Fecaw's space program and has seen the launch of various sattelites. Dold Island has only been inhabited since the 1700s due to treacherous seas making the maintainence of large settlements difficult.

Brand Island

Brand Island has a population of 113,300 and an area of 2,062 km2. It has a unique shape that can best be described as multiple connected bays. It is the thinnest island in Fecaw. The major town is Grinam, with a population of 36,300. Brand Island is home to several manufacturing plants.

Rogam and Alivia Island
Rogam and Alvia are two small islands to the East of Brand Island. Rogam has an area of 198 km2 and a population of 10,800 people. Alvia has an area of 113 km2. The two islands have only been inhabited since the 1880s.

Rolae Island
Rolae Island is often seen as part of Brand, but, due to the lack of a land connection, they shall be treated seperately here. Rolae has an area of 248 km2 and a population of 21,400. Rolae Island has a long history of producing great sportsmen, despite its small size. Several National League football players and racing drivers grew up there.

Anyna Island
Image

Anyna Island has a population of 858,700 and an area of 19,872 km2. It is the most southernly and generally the warmest island. The island is known for its collection of megalithic stone monuments, which indicate very early prehistoric human activity. Major settlements include the regional capital city of Bari in the South, with a population of 290,100. Due to its climate, Anyna is one of the two wine-producing islands in Fecaw. Anyna Island is also home to a large salt flat: Halite Flats in the West, which is the lowest spot in Fecaw at -16m.

Vier Island
Image

Vier Island has a population of 927,900 and an area of 21,250 km2. It, like Anyna has a very warm climate, but is also very exposed to the ocean, resulting in regular tropical storms which damage the Eastern end of the island. The major, and capital, city of Barery is located in the North West and has a population of 415,100. Vier also produces wine, with most vineyards in the West. Vier Island is also the most easterly and flattest island in Fecaw.
Last edited by Fecaw on Fri Dec 28, 2018 4:53 am, edited 31 times in total.

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CHAPTER 3- FLORA

Postby Fecaw » Sat Sep 01, 2018 1:53 am

CHAPTER 3- FLORA


Algae
Image

Algae are a large, diverse group of photosynthetic and polyphyletic eukaryotic organisms. Included organisms range from unicellular microalgae genera, such as Chlorella and the diatoms, to multicellular forms, such as the giant kelp, a large brown alga which may grow up to 50 m in length.

Lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship. Lichen, especially species such as Bryoria fremontii and Umbilicaria spp. are eaten as a delicacy in many central parts of Fecaw, despite their usual use as an emergency food source in famine. Some rare byssoid lichens, such as Coenogonium implexum, are found in Northern remote islands, especially around Joshro. Most lichens are squamulose or foliose. Pigments such as usnic acid give lichens a variety of colors, including browns, and yellows, in many of the central islands.

The shallower coastal waters of Fecaw are famous for their kelp forests. Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds. It has been suggested that the kelp forests would have helped ancient colonists by providing a stable way of life and preventing them from having to adapt to a new ecosystem and develop new survival methods even as they traveled thousands of miles. Large populations of sea urchins are becoming a major threat to kelp forests in the East of Fecaw. They damage kelp forests by chewing through kelp holdfasts.

Liverworts, Mosses and Ferns

Liverworts are a division of non-vascular land plants. It is estimated that Fecaw contains more than 90 species of liverwort. Liverworts in Fecaw occur all over the islands, but are more common in the wetter North. Most liverworts in Fecaw are leafy Jungermanniales.

Approximately 300 moss species are found in Fecaw. Many Western forests are noted for their large, dense moss colonies. In traditional gardening, moos is used to carpet a forest scene. Moss is thought to add a sense of calm, age, and stillness to a garden scene. Some farmers in the more remote parts of Fecaw would traditionally use mosses for bedding. Mosses have also been used as insulation both for dwellings and in clothing.
Image

Ferns are vascular plants (plants with xylem and phloem) that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers. Many Equisetum, otherwise known as "horsetails" are found in Fecaw. Ferns have a common use in floristry.

The next category, while not taxanomically distinct, has been created for sake of reading.

Trees

Tree species vary significantly around Fecaw. In the North, most forests are coniferous. In the East, trees have had to adapt to the warm climate while, in the South, some deciduous forest is present.

Common conifers, which are of great economic value for softwood lumber and paper production, include the sequoia, cedar and cypress, which are mostly found in the South, and the hemlock, larch and pine, which are mostly found in the North. There are no yews or firs on the islands. Common deciduous trees such as elm, oak, birch and alder. Cork trees are also common in the East.

Flowering Plants

Vetches are ubiquitously common in Fecaw. Some hardy orchids are known to occur on Aynya Island, with some very rare species being kept in protected areas. Lemongrass and sugarcane are both present in Fecaw. Sorghum remains the main staple food, with rye being used further North. Common vegetables include gai lan, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, turnip, radish, carrot, parsnip, chard, lettuce, potato, snow pea, Armenian cucumber, yam and cassava.
Last edited by Fecaw on Mon Dec 31, 2018 11:02 am, edited 13 times in total.

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CHAPTER 4- FAUNA

Postby Fecaw » Sun Sep 02, 2018 5:53 am

CHAPTER 4- FAUNA


Insects

Image

Insects have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae. The number of insect species is unknown, but presumed to be between 900 and 2000. A few ant species, like Lasius niger and Myrmica rubra, are truly cosmopolitan. These species are very common and have ranges that cover most of the nation. Many ant species in Fecaw are much more localised, some confined to a single valley. Flying queen ants are often seen as a sign of change, a good omen and a celebration of summer weather. Flying Ant Day is celebrated as a spontaneous festival in some Western parts of Fecaw. As in many places around the world, there are many beetle species in Fecaw. Diving beetles are commonly found in ponds, growing up to 6cm. Clown and scarab beetles are also common. Ladybirds are suprisingly rare, mostly being found in the East. Common butterflies in Fecaw are usually swallowtails, coppers, blues and yellows. Some fritillaries are found in the North. Fecaw is home to several bumblebee and honeybee species, as well as some carpenter bees.

Molluscs

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The three most universal features defining modern molluscs are a mantle with a significant cavity used for breathing and excretion, the presence of a radula (except for bivalves), and the structure of the nervous system. In total, Fecaw is home to about 450 species of mollusc. Edible snails, Helix pomatia are a common part of the cuisine in Southern Fecaw. They are usually fried in oil. Other common snails include Cornu aspersum, Cepaea nemoralis, the flat-shelled Iberus gualtieranus and Cepaea hortensis. Slightly rarer is Cylindrus obtusus. Tusk shells are also a common sight in Fecawn seas. Almost all limpets in Fecaw are part of the Patellidae family. They can be found clinging to coastal rocks all over Fecaw. They are known to reduce the cover of algae and barnacles on steel panels of boats in seawater, inhibiting fouling of ship hulls. Various types of octopus also inhabit the seas of Fecaw. One of the strangest is the Amphitretus pelagicus. It is transparent, almost colorless, and has 8 arms and tubular eyes. It can only be found in the far South of Fecaw's territorial waters. Other octopus species include Octopus vulgaris, Argonauta argo with its particularly large eggcase and the colourful Hapalochlaena lunulata. Cuttlefish can also be found around Fecaw, especially in the shallower central waters. They are commonly used for their sepia dye in traditional clothing. Squids in the north of Fecaw include Alloteuthis subulata and the more common Doryteuthis plei. Squids such as Doryteuthis opalescens and Loligo vulgaris are found by the Southern shores. Squids are also commonly stuffed and breaded in local Northern cuisine. Oysters, cockles and mussels are all common bivalves in Fecaw. Shell collecting is a popular hobby among young children, but has recently spread to the elderly. The geoduck is a very prized clam. The shell of the clam ranges from 15 centimetres (5.9 in) to over 20 centimetres (7.9 in) in length, but the extremely long siphons make the clam itself much longer than this: the "neck" or siphons alone can be 1 metre (3.3 ft) in length. It is often boiled and is famous for being cruchy and savory.

Fish

Both lampreys and hagfish are common in Fecaw. Hagfish skin has found some unusual uses in Fecaw, most of which realate to clothing. Belts, wallets and even jackets are made from the hagfish's durable skin. All lampreys in Fecaw are carnivorous and all but one of them migrates to freshwater rivers to breed. Most lamprey populations exist in Central Fecaw. Anchovies and other small fish are common snacks in Fecaw. They are often eaten dried and salted, sometimes pickled. The fishing industry is an important part of the economy in many parts of Fecaw, with fish such as brill, hake, haddock, cod and turbot being a major part of this industry, as well as a popular dish.

Birds

Birds are characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Fecaw is home to a variety of birds. In the forests of the far South, live some moa and kiwis. Guineafowl are also a common food in Central Fecaw. Nyctibius jamaicensis, a type of pootoo, is also found in the far South. Nightjars in Fecaw are all from the Caprimulgus genus. Common ducks are whistling ducks, shelducks, eider ducks and blueducks. Duck eggs are commonly eaten. The two genera of geese are white and grey geese. Geese are, rather oddly, seen as pests in Fecaw and generally disliked. Fecaw is still home to passenger pigeons, Ectopises, which are extinct in every other part of the world. Fecaw is also home to Columba livia, having little variety of pigeons.

Various types of cuckoo, such as the roadrunner, anis, koela and malkoha are found in Fecaw. Fecaw is home to Fratercula corniculata, as well as various species of murrelet. Larus pacificus and Larus occidentalis reside around the South of Fecaw, while Larus glaucoides can be found further North. Various types of tern and skua are also found in several areas of Fecaw. There are many songbird species in Fecaw. They include the ptarmigan, chicken, grebe, pitta, manakin, lyrebird, Gouldian finch, which was imported in the 1960s, lark, warbler, tit, wren, waxwing, thrush, sunbird, leafbird and pipt.

Amphibians

Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates. They inhabit a wide variety of habitats, with most species living within terrestrial, fossorial, arboreal or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. Thus amphibians typically start out as larvae living in water, but some species have developed behavioural adaptations to bypass this. The young generally undergo metamorphosis from larva with gills to an adult air-breathing form with lungs. Fecaw is home to numerous species of caecilian, including various primitive fish caecilians in the South and common caecilians further North such as Caecilia gracilis. Salamanders, including Calotriton arnoldi, Lissotriton italicus, Notophthalmus viridescens, Taricha torosa and Salamandra algira are common in many areas of Fecaw. Fecaw is home to frogs and toads, such as Rana temporaria, Pelophylax ridibundus in many marshes, Pelophylax ridibundus, Pelobates syriacus, Bufo calamita and Bufo bufo. Frog legs, that of the edible frog Pelophylax kl. esculentus, are often served deep fried in Fecaw.

Reptiles

Reptiles are tetrapod vertebrates, creatures that either have four limbs or, like snakes, are descended from four-limbed ancestors. Unlike amphibians, reptiles do not have an aquatic larval stage. Most reptiles are oviparous, although several species of squamates are viviparous, as were some extinct aquatic clades — the fetus develops within the mother, contained in a placenta rather than an eggshell. As amniotes, reptile eggs are surrounded by membranes for protection and transport, which adapt them to reproduction on dry land. The only species of tortoise in Fecaw is Testudo graeca. Fecawn lakes are filled with several species of pond turtle, such as Glyptemys insculpta, while Caretta caretta is the main species of sea turtle. Southern Fecaw is home to a species of chameleon: Chamaeleo chamaeleon and an interesting species of lizard called Phrynocephalus mystaceus. It is notable for its red oral display frill. The gecko Hemidactylus turcicus is prevalent in Fecaw, along with the lizards Iberolacerta horvathi, Podarcis liolepis and Podarcis tauricus. One of the few snake species in Fecaw is Platyceps najadum, which is only present in the South East.

Mammals

Mammals are the vertebrates, distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands. Females of all mammal species nurse their young with milk, secreted from the mammary glands. The one species of hedgehog in Fecaw is Hemiechinus auritus. In the West, the predominant mole species is Talpa occidentalis, while Talpa levantis is the main species in the East. Shrew species include the Northern Sorex isodon, Sorex araneus and Crocidura suaveolens. Fecaw is home to dozens of bat species, including pipistrelles and myotis.

Fecaw contains several species of hare, including the Lepus timidus in many mountainous areas and the Southern Lepus corsicanus, but no rabbits. Red squirrels, dormice, mole rats, hamsters, lemmings and voles are also common species.

Very occasionally, polar bears, Ursus maritimus, are sighted on the Northern coast, thought to have come from the icy lands to the North.In most of the North, the main fox species is Vulpes corsac, but the South and some North-Eastern pockets are home to Vulpes vulpes. The polecat Vormela peregusna resides in Fecaw, along with the otter and badger.Many remote forests of Fecaw contain Lynx pardinus, a species of Lynx. Horses are not native to and have never traditionally been used in Fecaw, only being commercially popular for the small gap between their introduction and the emergence of steam power. The wild boar is present is much of Central Fecaw along with wild goats, elk and red deer.

Marine mammals in Fecaw include the dolphins Stenella frontalis and Tursiops truncatus. The sperm whale and blue whale are also commonly sighted.
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CHAPTER 5- WEATHER AND CLIMATE

Postby Fecaw » Sat Oct 20, 2018 2:22 pm

CHAPTER 5- WEATHER AND CLIMATE


Regional Data

These are descriptions of climate patterns in each area of Fecaw.

North-East

The North-East has an oceanic climate. The climate is wet and cool in autumn, winter, and spring, and stable and drier in the summer months, especially July and August. On average, the wettest month is typically November or December; the driest, July. In the summer months, average highs are from 21 to 26 °C with lows from 10 to 15 °C, while in winter daily highs are from 4 to 9 °C and overnight lows from −1 to 4 °C. In winter, the North-west (especially coastal districts and other areas west), experiences a mostly overcast, wet and cool climate, but without severe cold like that found in interior Fecaw. At lower elevations, winter precipitation falls mostly as rain. However, snow does occur even at the lowest elevations, primarily when moisture interacts with cold air intruding into the North-west from the far North.

North-West

The North-West has a humid continental climate. Here there are four distinct seasons, with warm to hot summers, and cold and often-snowy winters. Average daily high temperatures range from −12 °C to −1 °C in winter 21 to 27 °C in summer, while overnight lows range from below −18 °C in winter to 10 to 16 °C in summer. Precipitation is evenly distributed around the year, with a slight late fall-early winter (November–December) maximum along the coast due to intense early-winter storms. Cold Northern air in winter crossing the relatively warmer lake waters can result in frequent and sometimes very heavy lake-effect snow, especially on the eastern and southern sides of these islands.

South-West

The Southwest has a Mediterranean climate. Daily high temperatures range from 27 to 34 °C in the summer to 20 to 26 °C in winter, with low temperatures from the 16 °C in summer to 10 °C in mid winter. Like most Mediterranean climates, much of this area has a wet winter and dry summer. Early summers can often bring cool, overcast weather (fog and low stratus clouds). As such, the warmest summer weather is delayed until August, even September in many areas of the South-western coast; on average, September is the warmest month. Upwelling of cold Western waters also contributes to the frequent cool spring and early summer weather in coastal areas. In valley areas, the wet-winter, dry-summer pattern remains, but winters are cooler and more prone to occasional frost or freeze, while summers are much hotter, with blazing sunshine and daytime high temperatures not uncommonly in the 38 °C.

South-East

The South-East has a humid subtropical climate with mostly mild winters and hot, humid summers. It has average summer highs from near 35 to the lower 30s C, and lows generally from 21 to 24 °C; combined with moist tropical air, this creates the sultry summer weather conditions that prevail here. In the interior South average summer highs and lows are similar to coastal areas, while some areas have average daily highs in the mid to upper 30s C. In winter, average daily high temperatures range from 4 °C to 16 °C along the coast, with 21 °C in Southern Manda. Average daily lows in winter range from −7 °C north to 4 °C further South.

Parts of Anyna and Vier have a tropical climate, with all months having a mean temperature of higher than 18 °C, a wet season from May through October, and a dry season from November through April. In some areas, average daily highs range from the mid 20 °C in winter to near 33 °C in summer. Average overnight lows range from the upper 10 °Cs in winter to the mid and upper 20 °Cs in summer.

Natural Disasters

Because of contrasting air masses, the West of Fecaw has frequent severe thunderstorms and occasional tornado outbreaks during both the spring and the summer. In central portions of Fecaw., tornadoes are more common. They usually can touch down during the spring and the summer. The South also reports some tornadoes, but these rarely are very strong. Southern Fecaw has a second tornado season during the autumn. Generally, the area at greatest risk for tornadoes migrates northward from February to June, peaking in the South-west in February and March.
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CHAPTER 6- DEMOGRAPHICS

Postby Fecaw » Tue Oct 23, 2018 3:44 am

CHAPTER 6- DEMOGRAPHICS


The following statistics are from the 2016 Fecawn survey, conducted by the Department of Welfare

Population

As of 2016, Fecaw is estimated to have a population of 59,805,700.

The population is distributed by age as follows:
0–16 years: 21.72%
17–32 years: 19.71%
33–49 years: 19.61%
50–64 years: 22.38%
65 years and over: 16.58%

The mean age in Fecaw is 41.0

The population is distributed by sex as follows:

0–16 years: 1.03 male/female
17-32 years: 1.04 male/female
33-49 years: 1.01 male/female
50-64 years: 0.97 male/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male/female

Fertility

3.15 births per woman

Life Expectancy

Total population: 80 years
Male: 81.5 years
Female: 89.1 years

Births

The birth rate is 31.2/1000. Non-government surveys have suggested that around 5-10% of babies were born to unmarried women. Fecawn birth rates have remained steadily high, leading to a rapidly increasing population as death rates fall due to improving healthcare.

Deaths

The death rate is 13.5/1000. Since the 1950s, the introduction of a national health insurance scheme and significant improvements in the quality of elderly care have resulted in a steep decline in death rates.

Race

Religion

Income

The average income per capita is NS$ 35,122. Females earn NS$ 29,403 per capita, males NS$ 39,192. The unemployment rate is 3.2%.
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CHAPTER 7- LANGUAGE

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:34 am

CHAPTER 7- LANGUAGE


Fecawn

History and Status

Little is known of the language's prehistory, or when it first appeared in Fecaw. Documents from the 3rd century recorded a few Fecawn words, but substantial texts did not appear until the 8th century. Mediaeval Fecawn included changes in features that brought it closer to the modern language, and the first appearance of foreign loanwords. The standard dialect moved from the Seret region to the Manda region in the Early Modern period. As Fecaw became more accessible to the outside world, the flow of loanwords from foreign languages increased significantly. Dutch loanwords, in particular, have become frequent. However, many people in Fecaw strongly resist the use of loanwords. Neologisms are a common alternative. Fecawn has no official status, but is the de facto national language of Fecaw. There is a form of the language considered standard: Manda Fecawn. This normative language was born from the language spoken in the royal and governmental area of Sediw. It is taught in schools and used on television and official communications. It is the version of Fecawn discussed here. Formerly, standard Fecwn in writing was different from colloquial language. The two systems have different rules of grammar and some variance in vocabulary. Dozens of dialects are spoken in Fecawn. The profusion is due to the isolation of its various islands. Dialects typically differ in terms of pitch accent, vocabulary, and particle usage. Some even differ in inflectional morphology, although this is uncommon.

Phonology

Fecawn uses a native script and Romanised orthography. The native script is an alphasyllabary that is written vertically, right to left, top to bottom. Every letter in a word is pronounced, including difficult combinations. There are no silent letters and no letters which can be used ambiguously. Fecawn has a small system of vowels, which are /a/, /e/ and /o/, and several diphthongs, which are: /ae/, /ao/, /ea/, /eo/, /oa/, and /oe/. There are 22 consonants: /m/,/p/,/b/,/f/,/v/,/n/,/t/,/d/,/s/,/z/,/k/,/g/,/x/,/ɣ/ (written "y"),/h/,/l/,/j/ (written "i"),/w/ (written "u") and /ɥ/ (written "iu"). Root words are always one syllable. Syllable structures are CV, CVO, OLV and OLVO, where C stands for all consonants, V for all vowels, L for /l/, /j/, /w/ and /ɥ/ and O for all consonants that are not /l/, /j/, /w/ and /ɥ/. Fecawn also employs a wide variety of diacritics and punctuation marks to indicate suprasegmental features such as stress, intonation and breathings. The features have no grammatical function. Stress in Fecawn is on the root. Stress is usually unmarked, but is sometimes marked by an acute accent to deal with confusion. Breaths are marked by a comma and sentences are ended by a full stop. When suffixes are stacked, a short schwa is put between consonants and a breath between vowels.

Grammar

Nouns are declined for case, by prefixes, and number, by a suffix. There is an unusually large variety of number suffixes in Fecawn. Verbs are conjugated using a variety of prefixes and suffixes. Before the root are prefixes for voice, volition and direction. Directional prefixes could be viewed as a derivational prefix, but have become grammatical. After the root, there follows suffixes for tense, aspect, mood and evidentiality.

Particles are used in Fecawn for a large variety of purposes, acting as prepositions, interjections and conjunctions. There are a very many distinct prepositions used in Fecawn, making it very specific about location and direction. Fecawn uses a system of absolute direction, that is not based on any relative system. It divides up the space around the observer into octants, based on compass direction as well as vertical position. There are also prepositions for being exactly on one of the x,y or z axes that divides up the octants. The x axis is based on the E/W axis, while the y axis is based on the N/S axis. There are three points on each axis in Fecawn, 0, +1 and -1. Each of these combines to make one of the root prepositions. Prepositions have prefixes to show various forms of movement. Interjections are the main method of showing emotion in Fecawn. There are six interjections, used to show anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise. Conjunctions are used to connect phrases. In Fecawn, there are relatively few of them.

Adjectives are words used to qualify or describe nouns and verbs. In Fecawn, they are declined according to degree or comparative prefixes. Comparative prefixes are used to compare the quality of two nouns or verbs, but degree is only used on one noun or verb. Many words in Fecawn are not roots, but are derived using prefixes or by compounding. Derivation is the main way of producing new words in Fecawn. Derivational prefixes are always placed at the very start of the word, before any morphological prefixes. Fecawn has SVO word order. Fecawn is a pro-drop language. The copula is very often omitted when features such as tense can be left to context.
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PART 3- HISTORY

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:35 am

PART 3- HISTORY

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CHAPTER 8- PREHISTORY

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:37 am

CHAPTER 8- PREHISTORY

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CHAPTER 9- ANTIQUITY

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:37 am

CHAPTER 9- ANTIQUITY

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CHAPTER 10- PRE- MODERN

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:38 am

CHAPTER 10- PRE- MODERN

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CHAPTER 11- MODERN

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:41 am

CHAPTER 11- MODERN
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PART 4- CULTURE

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:42 am

PART 4- CULTURE

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CHAPTER 12- MUSIC

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:42 am

CHAPTER 12- MUSIC
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CHAPTER 13- CLOTHING

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:42 am

CHAPTER 13- CLOTHING
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CHAPTER 14- ARCHITECTURE

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:43 am

CHAPTER 14- ARCHITECTURE

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CHAPTER 15- ART

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:44 am

CHAPTER 15- ART

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CHAPTER 16- CUISINE

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:44 am

CHAPTER 16- CUISINE


Gastronomy has always been greatly valued in Fecaw, with both street food and high dining being extensively developed. There has been relatively little foreign influence on Fecawn cooking because of the archipelago's isolation, but there are significant variations between Northern and Southern cuisines. Fecaw is well-known for "weird" foods that may be unsuited to the foreign palette, such as lichen and kelp.

Regional Cuisine

There is a major divide between Northern and Southern Fecawn cuisine. These styles are distinctive from one another due to factors such as availability of resources, climate, geography, history, cooking techniques and lifestyle. Northern cuisine tends to focus on seafood over poultry, which are more common in the South. Southern cuisine favours cooking techniques such as braising and stewing, while Northern cuisine employs baking. Based on the raw materials and ingredients used, the method of preparation and cultural differences, a variety of foods with different flavors and textures are prepared in different regions of the country. Many traditional regional cuisines rely on basic methods of preservation such as drying, salting, pickling and fermentation.

One part of Fecaw that is "separate" from the divide in cuisines is Schis Island, which is famous for its local cuisine which involves many unique cheeses and desserts.

Staples

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The traditional staple food in Fecaw is sorghum, which is used for grain, fibre and fodder. Sorghum requires an average temperature of at least 25 °C to produce maximum grain yields in a given year. Maximum photosynthesis is achieved at daytime temperatures of at least 30 °C. Night time temperatures below 13 °C for more than a few days can severely reduce the plants' potential grain production. Sorghum cannot be planted until soil temperatures have reached 17 °C. The long growing season, usually 90–120 days, causes yields to be severely decreased if plants are not in the ground early enough. Sorghum is relatively unaffected by droughts and requires large amounts of nitrogen in the soil. Researchers are attempting to genetically engineer sorghum that is capable of surviving colder Northern climates, where rye is currently the main staple. Rye is frost resistant and grows well in poor soils.

Sorghum is about 70% starch, so is a good energy source, but is hard to digest when raw, so is normally pressure cooked or steamed.

Ingredients

Common vegetables include gai lan, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, turnip, radish, carrot, parsnip, chard, lettuce, potato, snow pea, Armenian cucumber, yam and cassava. A variety of dried or pickled vegetables are also processed, especially in drier or colder regions where fresh vegetables were hard to get out of season. Lichen, especially species such as Bryoria fremontii and Umbilicaria spp. are eaten as a delicacy in many central parts of Fecaw, despite their usual use as an emergency food source in famine.

Edible snails, Helix pomatia are a common part of the cuisine in Southern Fecaw. Squids are also commonly stuffed and breaded in local Northern cuisine. Most lamprey populations exist in Central Fecaw. Anchovies and other small fish are common snacks in Fecaw. They are often eaten dried and salted, sometimes pickled. The fishing industry is an important part of the economy in many parts of Fecaw, with fish such as brill, hake, haddock, cod and turbot being a major part of this industry, as well as a popular dish. Duck eggs are also commonly eaten.

Seasonings such as fresh ginger root, garlic, and sesame are widely used in many regional cuisines

Meals

Beer made from sorghum is the most popular alcoholic drink.

Cold dishes are usually served before the main meal. Besides salad and pickles as appetizers, they can range from jelly, cooked meat and sausages, to jellyfish or cold soups. Sorghum is used to make flour, porridge and flatbread.

To add extra flavors to dishes, many Fecawn cuisines also contain dried mushrooms, dried baby shrimp, dried tangerine peel and chilies, onions and cayenne. Generally, seasonal fruits serve as the most common form of dessert consumed after dinner. Dessert soups are typically sweet and served hot. Many types of street foods, which vary from region to region, can be eaten as snacks or light dinner, while pastries are used for celebration of traditional festivals.

Etiquette

When dining at home, it is not custom to drink alcoholic beverages with meals. Diners begin to eat only after all of the food has been placed on the table, with the eldest served first. In their absence a spoonful of food is put aside first in the pot as a token of respect before serving the meal. Modern cutlery is common, but combinations of eating implements such as the spork have shown a recent spurt in popularity.
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CHAPTER 17- RELIGION AND FESTIVALS

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:45 am

CHAPTER 17- RELIGION AND FESTIVALS
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Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:45 am

CHAPTER 18- SPORTS

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CHAPTER 19- RADIO AND TV

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:45 am

CHAPTER 19- RADIO AND TV

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CHAPTER 20- LITERATURE

Postby Fecaw » Thu Dec 20, 2018 2:47 am

CHAPTER 20- LITERATURE

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