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The Democritus Times (Democritus Only)

Where nations come together and discuss matters of varying degrees of importance. [In character]

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Federal Pacifica
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Founded: Feb 13, 2018
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Federal Pacifica » Tue Sep 24, 2019 12:34 pm

New Sacramento Times

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High Speed Rail Project Nearing Completion
Date: October 16th, 2024

Yesterday the United Republics central government announced that the major high-speed rail project that has been in development since 2015 is nearing completion. The ambitious project seeks to connect Pacifica's major cities throughout the United Republics via a network of high-speed trains. The project as consumed more public funds than expected, however analysts note that if completed, Pacifica's economy will see increased growth as travel between the major cities of Pacifica becomes easier and cheaper. The high-speed rail lines will also connect Pacifica like never before, and may connect Pacificans from all around the United Republics together as one single entity. Despite the benefits though, many are concerned about the UR's "rampant public spending", as the central government invests heavily in fusion power research, technology industries and development, space technology, and of course the high-speed rail project. The UR government has long prided itself as having mastered the art of budgeting, and rarely sees a massive deficit. However, that may become increasingly difficult should it continue to overspend on major projects, while beneficial, are nevertheless costly in the long-term.



In Other News
- Local Cosco manager, Gavin Newsom says that a high-speed rail to just Berkley "would have done just fine and it would've been cheaper".
- Pacifican economists fear global recession would impact global sales of Pacifican products, harming Pacifica's export-based economy
- Popular conspiracies debunked: Interior Orphan Kidnapping, Flat Earth, Everyone Is A French Dominion, and more.
- Canada wins the annual FUNA Musketeer championship
- Economists warn of SilTech monopoly should it continue to dominate Pacifican technology markets.
- Something something, the world doesn't make any sense: how reality is much much worse than fiction.


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Anxiety Cafe
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Posts: 505
Founded: Apr 10, 2007
Compulsory Consumerist State

Postby Anxiety Cafe » Tue Sep 24, 2019 6:54 pm

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16 October 2024
ECONOMY AND BUSINESS | ARTS AND LETTERS | GOVERNMENT | SPORTS | SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY | MILITARY | INTERNATIONAL


National Congress Considers Indigenous Protections
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A new proposal travelling through the National Congress, colloquially called the "Indigenous Peoples Bill", is one of the first of its kind in the nation. San Martinia has historically lacked behind its counterparts in the Americas on protections for indigenous peoples, despite having significant communities. The Mapuche are by far the largest community, estimated to have near a million self-identifying members, and Tuff, Guarani, and Aymara communities also boast large memberships. However, most experts insist indigenous population estimates require vast inflation, as many will not admit to indigenous ancestry. This is likely due to rampant racism against indigenous peoples, including common use of multiple ethnic slurs as well as offensive stereotypes characterizing them as "dirty" or "lazy". Studies estimate that indigenous people earn 16% less for the same work as non-indigenous workers. This racism is also likely why it has previously been so difficult to bring indigenous issues to the National Congress.

The Indigenous Peoples Bill is groundbreaking in that regard. Prior to this bill, indigenous communities registered with the National Institute of Indigenous Affairs and were listed on the National Registry of Indigenous Communities. Such legally-recognized communities were afforded certain rights, such as recognition of community ownership of land and exemption from taxation for registered members. However, no equivalent to the North American Native American Reserves existed in the nation. One part of this bill seeks to change that.

This bill would see the creation of legally-recognized Indigenous Territories. The policies of self-government and autonomy would be applied in these protected areas, allowing indigenous peoples far more freedom to organize. Education in Indigenous Territories will be decided by the communities, however this bill specifically approves bilingual curriculum to assist in cultural preservation. Additionally, the bill sets the foundation for the expansion of the National Congress to include one or more indigenous representatives.

Indigenous activists hailed the bill as "the first step", but pointed out that it did not do enough to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. Others, including the Mapuche terrorist group CAM, called the concept of "Indigenous Territories" insulting in stolen land. However, all agreed that the bill was a starting point for indigenous protections that were long overdue.

Opponents of the bill called it "unnecessary". They claimed the concept of Indigenous Territories undermined territorial integrity and stunted economic growth, and that it was "unwarranted for the minuscule indigenous-identifying population." They pointed out that, unlike in North America, the state had very few legal obligations to protect indigenous peoples because of a relative lack of peace treaties with indigenous tribes and nations.

Despite opposition, the bill is expected to pass in both houses of the National Congress.


In Other News: Officials consider banning the Puertollanoan-based "Sucre" operating system before it is able to expand into domestic markets, citing security concerns; San Martinia and the FSR launch first Regional Fisheries Management Organization in accordance with the CSN's Sustainable Fishery regulations; Can shrimp really see all those colors?

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Grandes Terres
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Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Grandes Terres » Wed Sep 25, 2019 1:25 pm

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16th October 2024

Government bans 'Sucre' operating system, citing security concerns from intelligence agencies


Today whilst speaking at an event of the General Confederation of Italian Industry (Confindustria), Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte announced that the government has implemented a complete ban on the Puertollanoan operating system known as 'Sucre'. The Prime
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Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte speaking at the Confindustria event.
Minister cited security concerns as the primary reason that the government had moved to ban the operating system, confirming that the Council of Ministers had been given a joint security and intelligence briefing by the COC (Cybernetic Operations Command), DIS (Department of Information Security), AISE (External Information and Security Agency) and AISI (Internal Information and Security Agency). The Prime Minister claimed that during the briefing it was made 'abundantly clear' that the national security threat of the Sucre operating system far outweighed any benefits that would be gained by allowing it to be used in Italy.

The Prime Minister also confirmed that he will be suggesting to the Roman Senate and DEU Assembly to roll out a Europe-wide ban of the Sucre operating system to protect the continents economic and military security. Critics of the idea to ban the Sucre operating system claim that the government is acting on behalf of TXT, the Milan-based company that owns the EurOS operating system, which is currently the most widely used OS in Europe and some other countries internationally. Representatives of the government claim that allegations of the government acting on the whim of the executives of TXT were 'unfounded slander' with 'absolutely no evidence, simply pure conjecture'.

Many at Confindustria, which represents over 200,000 Italian companies and almost 5.5 million individuals, applauded the announcement from the Prime Minister, with one businessman saying that "the Prime Minister and his government have our best interests at heart by protecting our economic security through banning foreign companies that have links to hostile governments such as those from Puertollano where this Sucre OS is coming from as well as much of the products and software that comes from the FSR."
Last edited by Grandes Terres on Thu Sep 26, 2019 3:26 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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The East African Commonwealth
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Founded: Oct 01, 2018
Democratic Socialists

Postby The East African Commonwealth » Fri Sep 27, 2019 9:41 am

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The Afrika Times
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Africa's 'Green Revolution'

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During the late 1800's the Western World began the Industrial revolution, leading to a boom in economic prosperity and innovation. However, while this event helped cultivate the world we currently live in it came at a cost with fossil fuels damaging the environment with the release of Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere and destruction of habitat and the natural environment. Now, in the 21st Century the EAC has entered an industrialization program of its own to build the nation into a regional power and it is looking to do so without damage to the environment. International projects have been mostly localized in already developed areas and as such until now there has been minimal environmental impact save for mining operations. The government has begun to push forward new programs for recycling, green energy, and controlled agriculture systems. In order to improve the rate of recycling, particularly that of plastics, Rais Nuru has introduced the Green Roads Plan or the GRP. This plan sets aside funding to pay people a small sum for turning in plastic products for recycling, giving an incentive to people to pick up trash and provide income to anyone currently unemployed. The plastic will not be turned into additional plastics but melted down and transformed into new plastic roadways. These roads are durable and long lasting as plastics take an extensive period of time to degrade. Additionally, there will be a metal sheet placed below and on the sides of this road to run cable through and catch microplatics in as the road degrades. Lastly, the roads will be local ones not highways, allowing the basic infrastructure at the community level to be improved and create jobs.

In terms of energy, thanks to the advanced by E-tech with their portable solar generator and their new small scale hydro-turbine, clean renewable energy is becoming widely available to those in the farthest reaches of the EAC. However, E-Tech and the government are now taking another step in green energy by creating a new joint project called Horizon. Project Horizon seeks to create large scale tidal power station off Zanzibar which, on paper, should produce enough power to meet the city's daily demand. The project would be the first of its kind in the world and could be the first of many plants should the Zanzibar station be a success. Lastly, the agriculture sector is also seeing an update in regulation following its transition from a cash-crop focus to a food one. Farms and land are currently being sampled to determine what crops would have the most success and therefore the highest yield. Low quality farmland will be turned into grazing land for livestock while land that has no agricultural value will be developed into wind turbines or solar stations to provide green energy to farmland. All of these new programs coupled with smaller efforts in the past two years have led to many calling this clean industrialization the Green Revolution in many parts of the Commonwealth.




Project Foehammer Continues Development

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The first prototype of the National Guard's first home-built machine was demonstrated earlier today at the Solomon Testing Grounds outside of Lusaka. The eight wheeled vehicle called the Light Combat Platform (LCP) is designed by the newly establish arms startup Zambia United and currently represents the most advanced technologies available to the Commonwealth. While the demonstration was more of a way to show off the Commonwealth's first native vehicle it was also the public's first look at the machine and some specifications. The design is inspired by the Canadian Stryker, the current mainline APC fielded by the Commonwealth, however, it is significantly heavier and has a slightly wider frame. The 30 ton machine reached speeds of 64 mph due to the AX Type Engine developed specifically for this new machine. The LCP is missing some notable features namely any internal electronics in its current state. From what we have been told the electronics are still in development along with most of the software. Regardless, the machine met the National Guard's expectations for a prototype unit and have asked for a second demonstration of the vehicle once it has a full weapons and electronic suits integrated.

From what has been released, the weapons selection for this machine is varied but all can be interchanged depending on the mission. There are three variants of the turret currently in development with each having a specific purpose in mind. The LCP-1A/A Turret is a remote 50 caliber weapon controlled from inside the machine for APC missions and the LCP-1A/C will mount a 40 mm cannon to act as an IFV. The third variant, LCP-1A/B, is a heavy weapons platform, but the type of weapon the turret will hold has not yet been disclosed to the public. There is a variant of the LCP without minimal weapons (LCP-1A/D) to act as a armored transport as well which is very similar to what was shown during the demonstration. The LCP program and its sister program the Universal Combat Platform (UCP) are set to introduce machines into service by 2027, putting a large amount of pressure on Zambia United to finish its first project within a very short time frame. What will likely happen is that the LCP-1A/D and LCP-1A/A will enter service in 2027 as those two machines are the closest to completion with the other variants introduced in the following years to allow ZU to stagger development. Regardless, it seems that by 2030 the EAC will have a modern a capable vehicle fleet within the National Guard.




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| New Anti Tank and Anti Air Weapons Purchased from Canada | Fishing Regulations Passed on Lake Victoria | Government Reaffirms Neutrality in 2nd Fantastic War |
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Zackaroth
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Founded: Oct 28, 2004
Father Knows Best State

Postby Zackaroth » Tue Oct 01, 2019 3:01 am

Zackaroth begins building Hydroponics Plants in Africa

A few years ago, Zackaroth unveiled its Hydroponics systems. This would allow Zackaroth to grow certain fruits and vegetables in large warehouses using only mineral nutrients and a water solution. This break through in technology has allowed Zackaroth to less rely on foreign imports of food from the world and the ZAC. The industry has been booming in the country recently as previously expensive fruits and vegetables are now are more affordable levels. While it has not completely solved Zackaroth's food dependency, it has lightened the load.

However, the nation is starting to expand its systems to the wider world, focused on Africa. In the French Controlled CAR and Upper Nigeria, 2 faculties are being built to help aid in both countries post civil war rebuilding. While the deal with not fully published, it is being said it was highly lucrative for the Zackarothian government and should it be a success, may be a starting point to more being built. It has also been reported The EAC has also expressed interest in the Hydroponics Centers and is has reportedly contracted one to be built for testing purposes.

It remains to be seen however how the rest of the world reacts. When Zackaroth unveiled its Hydroponics systems, the FSR immediately claimed that Zackaroth had stolen their technology and demanded it back through the CSN. However the CSN proposal went nowhere and the Zackarothian Hydroponics Program is still very much active today. Some in Zackaroth are worried that this move will antagonize the FSR during an already tense global war that Zackaroth has managed to stay out of.

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Orostan
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Founded: May 02, 2016
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Orostan » Tue Oct 01, 2019 12:11 pm

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FSR SUES ZACKAROTH


The Federation’s National Industrial Board has filed a suit in the CSN’s international court against the Zackarothian government and businesses involved with stolen hydroponic technology. International law prohibits the theft of technology and the use of it without proper licensing. Zackaroth’s hydroponic technology was revealed as an obvious copy of Federation technology the moment it was unveiled and presented to the public, and further comparisons by buyers and engineers has shown that key components of the Zackarothian products are almost exactly identical to Federation produced components. International sanctions on the FSR has allowed Zackaroth to make money off of markets the FSR does not have easy access to with stolen Federation technology. The NIB has stated that they are filing their suit with the full backing of the Federation government, a statement corroborated by President Morales and by a resolution passed in the People’s Assembly. The NIB is expected to demand billions worth of reparations from the Zackarothian government and business if they win the case. If it is lost however, several sources within the NIB have anonymously stated that the NIB will completely disregard all international law related to information theft.


Other news
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- Fishing agreement soon to be reached with San Martinia
- Demand for tech products expands in Orostan as purchasing power increases
- General Dias retires from military, spokesperson raises possibility of Presidential run.
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Puertollano
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Postby Puertollano » Wed Oct 02, 2019 2:16 am

TeleSur celebrates 7th Birthday

TeleSur, the broadcasting channel co-funded by the Bolivarian Republic and the Federation of Socialist Republics celebrates its 7th year anniversary since its founding today. TeleSur, which prioritizes the views of the underrepresented, such as the indigenous and poor, has been broadcasting in four different continents since its establishment. Castillo went to Twitter on the day, speaking fondly of the success of TeleSur: "TeleSur is responsible for educating the international south - contravening the methodology of the old media and the imperialist self-censorship." The Bolivarian Minister of Communications, Luis Marcano, visited the head-quarters in Caracas in a good-will meeting to celebrate the occasion. "TeleSur will continue to be a bulwark of information in an age of universal deceit and it important in the broader international dialogue," Marcano said while touring the facility. The beginning of the days broadcast on today's occasion commemorated the date as an integral step in the diversification of international media. TeleSur has not been without its controversy and was banned in Italy from broadcasting. Reflecting on this moment, the Minister commented that: "the blacklisting of TeleSur backfired on the Italian Government, who later reversed their decision. Censoring important voices like TeleSur will only create more intrigue among the broader population. We're happy to say that now, after 7 years, TeleSur is free to broadcast anywhere it please."

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In other news:
- Sucre introduced to indigenous communities of the FSR Amazon, in a joint effort by the Bolivarian and FSR governments.
- Minister Marcano blasts decision by Italy to ban Sucre as "antagonizing".

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Federal Pacifica
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Founded: Feb 13, 2018
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Federal Pacifica » Wed Oct 02, 2019 1:22 pm

New Sacramento Times

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The United Republics Sues the F.S.R
Date: November 12th, 2024

Following the F.S.R lawsuit against Zackaroth, the central government of the United Republics announced that it will be taking similar actions against the F.S.R. Recent government reports from the Interior have indicated that the F.S.R in the past has committed acts of information espionage and has stolen schematics and blueprints related to many Pacifican innovations in computer technology and engineering. The report stated that dozens of Pacifican companies have claimed that aspects of their technology can be seen within F.S.R products and that the similarity between the F.S.R's products and their own, both in design and function, was by no means coincidental. The report detailed a long list of Pacifican technologies that can be found within F.S.R products. While the F.S.R has allegedly ceased most of it's information espionage against the United Republics, they have not ceased production and selling of F.S.R products that were built off of stolen Pacifican technology, both internally and externally. However, the Interior has stated that the F.S.R could not have stolen that much technology during the times in which their espionage program against the U.R was active.

Exterior department sources have claimed that they were aware of not just the F.S.R's past information espionage, but also that many of their technological innovations in computer science has made with stolen Pacifican technology, however the government refused to take any legal action as a means to safeguard Pacifica's semi-positive relationship with the F.S.R. The central government decided to pursue legal action against the F.S.R after they announced their lawsuit against Zackaroth for allegedly stealing F.S.R hydroponic technology. This, according to one insider, was seen as hypocritical by the President and the Exterior department, and thus have decided to take similar actions against the F.S.R.

The central government has stated they are willing to drop the case should the F.S.R either pay back all lost revenue in reparations, pay annual licensing fees to the United Republics, or ceases production and selling of F.S.R products that utilize stolen North American technology.

This move has not come without criticism from not just the public, but also other government departments. A spokesperson for the Interior has indicated that the DOI is not in support of this move, despite being the one's that presented the report to the central government. This is because, according to insiders within the DOI, the Interior has evidence to believe that the DOE, the Department of the Exterior, has been funneling technology to the to the F.S.R in a game of crude diplomacy, without approval from the copyright holders of the technology. This allegation was not present in the original report due to it still being under investigation, but the Interior has stated that it is likely a handful of the alleged stolen technology in the report was actually stolen by the F.S.R, and that the majority was likely funneled to them by the Exterior. The Exterior denies these claims and state that their actions were done with Presidential approval with complete compliance with the law, and further stated that the Interior is fabricating this as an attempt to deflect blame as a means to cover-up their "ineffectiveness" in stopping foreign espionage.

Public reaction to this seems to be mixed. Polling done on the issue has shown that 25% of Pacificans are pleased with this decision as it "stands up for Pacifican intellectual property", 48% of Pacificans have no strong opinion as they are "awaiting for further evidence", and 27% of Pacifican's are against this decision. When asked why they were against it, the overall response was similar, they believe that this is all just an attempt by the Exterior to extort money from the F.S.R after giving them technology without the approval of the copyright holders of that technology. As the Interior continues it's investigation, it's likely that public opinion may shift depending on the results. Pacificans overalls trust the Interior over the Exterior, the latter of which has long been plagued with controversy that has made the public distrust it.



In Other News
- University boy too lazy to even make an "Other News" part of his post.


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Lusophone
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New York Times Democracy

Her Portugal | Portuguese Republic

Postby Lusophone » Sun Oct 06, 2019 10:38 pm

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Oluwakemi Taliscas' Portugal
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Oluwakemi "Kemi" Taliscas became the 22nd president of the Portuguese Republic on Tuesday before a massive crowd reveling in a moment of historical significance, and called on Portuguese to confront together an political crisis that she said was caused by “our collective failure to make hard choices.”

Ms. Taliscas spoke just after noon to a sea of cheering people, appearing to number well over a million, who packed the streets of the capital and beyond. Four hours later, at the end of the parade route, she left her car and strolled with her husband along Praça Afonso de Albuquerque, on the final steps of a march to Belem Palace, holding hands and waving to cheering crowds.

In her inaugural address, Ms. Taliscas acknowledged the change her presidency represented, describing herself in her inaugural address as a “woman of Portuguese Angolan-Indian descent and of immigrants.”

She spoke for about 20 minutes, after taking the oath of office on the same Bible used by every President since António Ramalho Eanes, emphasizing her determination to unite Portuguese in confronting both the economic and political challenges facing her and the continuing fight against terrorism.

The problems, she warned,
are serious and they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time. But know this, Portugal — they will be met.

Later, during a luncheon with members of Parliament, Ms. Taliscas urged lawmakers to come together “with a sense of purpose and civility and urgency.”

“It doesn’t mean we’re going to agree on everything,” she told the lawmakers, who are already at work on major parts of her agenda. “And I assure you our administration will make mistakes.”

With her husband, Douglas Evora, holding the Bible, Ms. Taliscas, the 54-year-old daughter of an immigrant mother from India and an immigrant father from Angola, was sworn in by Chief Justice Maria dos Prazeres Pizzaro Beleza a few minutes after noon, a little later than planned, and spoke immediately afterward.

In her inaugural address, the President promised to take “bold and swift” action to reinforce the economy by creating jobs through public works projects, improving education, promoting alternative energy and relying on new technology.
Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and begin again the work of remaking Portugal,
Oluwakemi Taliscas said.

Hours later, Taliscas' Chief of Staff, Maya Taliscas, signed a memorandum sent to agencies and departments to stop all pending regulations until a legal and policy review could be conducted by the Taliscas administration.

Turning to foreign affairs, the new president made note of the war in Galicia and the “far-reaching network of violence and hatred” that seek to harm the country. She used strong language in pledging to confront terrorism, nuclear proliferation and other threats from abroad, saying to the nation’s enemies, “you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you.”

But she also signaled a clean break from some of the Palveiro administration’s policies on national security. “As for our common defense, we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals,” she said, adding that Portugal is “ready to lead again.”

Former President Aníbal Cavaco Silva, making his way out after the ceremony, called the speech thoughtful, weighty and well-delivered.

“It’s obviously historic because President Taliscas is the first president of Angolan-Indian descent, but it’s more than that,” Mr. Silva said. “This is a time when we’re clearly making a new beginning. It’s a country of repeated second chances and new beginnings.”

In her speech, Ms. Taliscas acknowledged that some are skeptical of her ability to fulfill the hope that many have in her ability to move the nation in a new direction.
What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has shifted beneath them — that the stale political arguments that have consumed us for so long no longer apply,
said Oluwakemi Taliscas, who in her campaign emphasized a commitment to reduce partisanship.
The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works — whether it helps families find jobs at a living wage, care they can afford, a life that is dignified.


After the speech, Ms. Taliscas escorted her predecessor, Sara Palveiro, to the grounds of Belem Palace, where a helicopter was waiting to take the former president and her family to an Air Force Base outside Lisbon for a return trip to Palveiro's hometown.

After seeing Ms. Palveiro off, Ms. Taliscas went back inside the Palace to sign confirmation papers for her cabinet and to attend a traditional luncheon. President Oluwakemi Taliscas' administration boasts an all-female cabinet, the first in Portugal's history.

After lunch, the National Assembly got back to business, and by unanimous consent confirmed the appointments of seven cabinet secretaries: Liana Judice, Secretary of State for Environment; Jacinta Huertas, Secretary of State for Education; Cierra Marcelino, for Secretary of State for the Interior, Sheryl Saraiva, Secretary of State for Science, Technology and Higher Education (Innovation); Michelle Fortes as Secretary of State for Defense; and Gilda Montez as Secretary of State for Agriculture.

At the same time, Assembly Opposition delayed the confirmation of Wilma Sampaio as Secretary of State for Foreign and Lusophone Affairs for at least a day because of concerns about her relationship with Prime Minister Hildred Cardoso.

Ms. Taliscas’ assumption of the presidency caps a remarkable rise for a woman first elected to national office in 2017, winning an MP seat in a year when she also delivered the keynote address to the Partido Progressista convention.

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Portugal reverses Palveiro's Supreme Court purge, prepares for its DEU membership
Last edited by Lusophone on Mon Oct 07, 2019 8:33 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Lusophone
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New York Times Democracy

Identity | Portuguese Republic

Postby Lusophone » Tue Oct 08, 2019 9:36 pm

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Democracy or Identity? The question is still unanswered despite repeal of Portuguese Identity Law
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Amid a moment of national upheaval, Portugal’s oldest living former President, António Ramalho Eanes, emerged from retirement in the wake of the Galician conflict to warn Portuguese they had sown the seeds of self-destruction. Portugal had just committed itself to military operations against its neighbor, elating the Portuguese far-right with a sense that their way of a state might really work.

But Eanes, to this day, continues to insist that Portugal give up the territories it may gain. If it does not, he said, occupation would distort the country’s foundations, which had been created to protect not just the Portuguese people but their ideals of democracy and pluralism.

Prior to the Second Fantastic War, Portugal under Sara Palveiro, had formally declared the right of national self-determination, once envisioned to include all within its borders, as “unique to the Portuguese people.” To some, the new law is a natural outgrowth of Portuguese patriotism over neighbors opposed to its capitalist, pro-Western existence, safeguarding the Portuguesepeople within borders and laws that put them first.

But to others, it is a step along Eanes’ prophesied path: from occupation to endless conflict that would corrode democracy from within, endangering a national character thought to come from ideals as well as demographics. Above all, the law may be a choice between two visions of Portugal that have come into growing tension. Portuguese diplomatic experts have long issued a version of Eanes’ warning: If Portugal does not make peace with the rest of the peninsula, they said, it would have to choose between its dual identities as a Portuguese state and democratic one.

Polls suggest that Portuguese have come to agree: Growing numbers see their country as facing a choice between being Portuguese first or democratic first. And for many on the political right, the choice is identity first.

Though Portugal’s newfound circumstances may be unique, its sense of facing a looming decision about its national identity is not. There is a growing backlash to the idea that countries should privilege democracy over all else. That movement, driven by perceptions of physical and demographic insecurity, insists that, now, identity will come first.

A Global Contradiction
The modern era endowed countries with two rights, supposedly unassailable, that turned out to exist in tension. The right of national self-determination envisioned states as unified collectives; one nation for one people. And the right of democracy prescribed equal participation for all, including in defining the nation’s character. Idealistic world leaders who set out those rights a century ago imagined countries that would be internally homogeneous and static. But reality has proved messier. Borders do not perfectly align with populations. People move. Identities shift or evolve. What then?

Portugal’s potential occupation of Galician territory sharpened questions over how to democratically incorporate the non-Portuguese within the avowed nation — an identity that early Portuguese leaders, remembering past wars, felt bound to protect — just as countries around the world faced their own challenges over balancing identity and democracy.

Civil rights movements challenged countries to broaden national identities long associated with whiteness. The end of Portuguese colonialism saw mass migration of non-Portuguese to Portugal; within former colonies, conflicts erupted over who belonged and did not.

The democratic Portugal arrived at an informal consensus: If the requirements of democracy and national identity clash, the first should prevail. That didn’t mean abandoning national identity, but it did mean softening how it was understood and maintained.

Oluwakemi Taliscas’ vision of Portugal is that Portugal can still calls itself the nation of the Portuguese, but that term would grow fuzzier to better include all within its borders. It’s a work-in-process and remains controversial, but the trajectory is clear.

Democracy Over Identity?
Such transitions have been seen as essential to democracy’s survival.

Ethnic nationalism still tempts Europeans. But democracy has taken hold where nationalist attitudes have cooled. This global shift has been glacially slow but unidirectional enough that, among democracies, the exceptions stick out. The historian NAME, in a controversial 2023 essay, called Portugal’s turn to maintain a firmly Portuguese identity “an anachronism.” The country’s vision of itself as by and for a single demographic group, he wrote, “is rooted in another time and place,” a stubborn holdout amid “a world that has moved on.”

But Mr. NAME may have overstated, as historians often did in those days, the decline of the national idea. Portugal may not have been an anachronism at all, but a precursor of things to come.

Fear and Backlash
Old ideas of nationhood can have a powerful pull. The way that human beings think about group identity — as an extension of ourselves, particularly in moments of crisis — can make us see safety in conformity, and danger in diversity or tolerance.Nothing triggers those feelings like terrorism or demographic change.

Portuguese experienced both around MONTH 2023 — a wave of horrific violence known as the Norte and Lisboa attacks, provoked by the Palveiro administration, included shocking terrorist attacks in previously safe cities.

Research has repeatedly found that terrorist attacks increase support, among the targeted community, for right-wing politics. One study found that even the perceived threat of an attack shifted Portuguese voters toward right-wing parties. Tellingly, this favored a specific subset of right-wing parties — the nationalists. A study of Portuguese led by NAME, a political psychologist at the University of Lisboa, found that exposure to terrorism changes much more than party preference.

When people believe they may be attacked merely for who they are, they hold more closely to their identity. Their sense of community narrows: only those who look like them are to be tolerated. They grow more supportive of policies to restrict or control minorities, the research found, and less supportive of pluralism or democracy. At the same time, when a majority demographic group believes it could become a minority, members of that group often become less supportive of democracy, preferring a strong ruler and harsh social controls, according to scholarly research on democratic decline.

Portuguese have changed how they see their country’s identity. In the 2024 Election, they once again expressed optimism that it could be both Portuguese and democratic. But in the past six years, according to polling by the Portuguese Democracy Institute, that has became a minority position. Large subsets say the country must be either Portuguese first or democratic first.

Those who say Portugal should be Portuguese first overwhelmingly belong to the political right, which pushed through this week’s national self-determination law. But even those who say democracy should prevail express support for some caveats.

The quality of Portuguese democracy has been declining steadily since 2019, according to a well-regarded index known as V-Dem that tracks countries across a host of metrics. In the mid-1990s, it scored alongside present-day western countries. Today, it is seen as on par with African democracies. Sara Palveiro’s administration has seriously undermined democracy in Portugal.

A Global Backlash
Portuguese seem more alone than they once were in questioning the half-century-old consensus that democracy should prevail over national identity. In 2024, fear of migration and terrorism coincide, among a subset of white voters, with support for harsh policies against minorities and for a strong leader who can impose control. Portugal had previously overtly embraced an old-style national identity, with leaders championing the ethnic origins of the state, warning darkly of foreigners and curtailing basic rights.

Democracy’s growth has stalled globally. Though the causes for this are not fully known, the trend is marked, in part, by once-healthy democracies rolling backward. Conventional wisdom holds that this is because of mismanagement or the self-interest of leaders. But maybe this is wrong.

Forced to choose between putting democracy or identity first, people may not always pick democracy.

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In her debut Strasbourg speech, Taliscas rejects Palveiro's old vision of Portugal and the DEU
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby New Metropolitan France » Sat Oct 12, 2019 11:55 pm


The Continental Standard

Long live Europa


Europe's early Christmas present for the world - saving the planet

The DEU has continued to live up to its reputation as the world's most vocal supporter of the environment, with the Assembly launching what has been described by the French delegation as a "green and blue" policy offensive. With no opposition raised, diplomats in Strasbourg successfully passed a new EIM regulation to coordinate waste management across the continent, amended the scope of the European Air Pollution Agency to cover all EIM members, and introduced the topic of ocean acidification to the DEU agenda for the first time. Together with the previous Climate Stabilization Compact, the DEU is the world's only single market to set legally-binding targets on the top five environmental issues confronting humanity - Climate Change, Air Pollution, Ozone Depletion, Ocean Acidification, and Waste Management.

Legally-binding environmental targets

- Climate Change - Limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius from that of pre-industrial levels.
- Ocean Acidification - Prevention of ocean pH levels decreasing more than 0.2 units below the pre-industrial global average.
- Ozone Depletion - Comprehensive ban on Ozone-depleting substances.
- Air Pollution Agency - Progressive targets set by the European Air Pollution Agency for each member-state.
- Waste Management - Reduction of cosmetic microplastics by 80% within ten years, EIM waste processing centers.
- Tracking target trajectory and progress - the European Environment and Sustainable Production Commission oversee all environmental policy areas of the DEU, and assists the EIM in meeting these regulations.


Published 22 December, 2024


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