Urban Planning in YN

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Urban Planning in YN

Postby Zhouran » Sat Jul 13, 2019 4:14 am

Does your nation implement any specific form of urban planning? Do any towns or cities in your nation follow a set standard of urban planning? Is the goal of urban planning in your nation based on maximizing efficiency or conforming to a set form of totalitarian social-engineering?

The Zhouranese Cityscape/Townscape Model was created in early 1937. While the cityscape/townscape of each city/town can differ, the model refers to a general design that reflects a nationalist vision to boost public morale and display national wealth and pride.

Within the central area of a city/town, major roads would generally follow a wheel-and-spoke pattern. There would be an abundance of geometric patterns, including concentric hexagonal and octagonal streets emanating from several radii. The central area would contain various public buildings as well as ornamental monuments, parks and open spaces. Connecting the central area would be a vast array of more parks, open spaces, public buildings and monuments, flanked by wide avenues and boulevards. The cityscape/townscape model features a complex system of roads, ring roads, road tunnels and highways.

The central area would be organized along a central grand boulevard that would generally serve as a parade ground, which would result in the boulevard being closed off to traffic during occasions. Vehicles would instead be diverted into underground roads running directly underneath the parade route. The grand boulevard would run from north to south through the heart of a city/town.

Within the outer areas of a city/town, outside the central area, streets are generally laid out in a north-south, east-west grid, giving an orderly appearance.

The outer areas would be organized into a hierarchy of city/town districts (semi-self-contained residential areas), city/town centres (commercial and political centres), community centres (commercial and community areas), local suburbs (self-sufficient neighborhoods) and industrial areas. Although these divisions have no formal role in the governance or administration of a city/town, they would form a basis for urban planning and development. City/town districts, city/town centres, community centres, local suburbs and industrial areas all have similar sets of public amenities.

Communal Self-Sufficiency

As part of the model, each area in a town or city such as neighborhoods and industrial areas are designed to maximize productive efficiency and maintain a high-level of communal self-sufficiency. Within the model, self-sufficient urban neighborhoods feature numerous amenities including grocery stores, barber shops, general stores, restaurants, shopping arcades, fitness centers, retail shops, convenience stores, coffeehouses and dining outlets, entertainment facilities, leisure areas, clinics, post offices, a library and others, while self-sufficient suburban neighborhoods on the other hand feature a set of amenities including grocery stores, barber shops, general stores, restaurants, shopping malls and strip malls behind large parking lots, fitness centers, retail shops, convenience stores, coffeehouses and dining outlets, entertainment facilities, leisure areas, clinics, post offices, schools, a library and others. Apart from residential housing complexes, self-sufficient urban neighborhoods also contain mixed-use business and commercial buildings, landscaped areas and parks, walkways, plazas and courtyards, while self-sufficient suburban neighborhoods feature mixed-use business and commercial buildings, landscaped areas and parks, botanical gardens, plazas, courtyards, zoning patterns that separate residential and commercial development, and a road network designed to conform to a hierarchy, including culs-de-sac, leading to larger residential streets, in turn leading to large collector roads. The entire purpose of these geographically localized self-sufficient urban/suburban communities is to simply increase social cohesion among the communities and create a sense of communal spirit among the inhabitants since communal collectivism is an important value within Zhouranese society.

Apart from neighborhoods, the Zhouranese cityscape/townscape model also features other self-sufficient areas such as scientific research zones and retail business zones, thus fully-maximizing social mobility and national productivity among each town and city.

Rows of suburban houses at a self-sufficient suburban neighborhood in the northeastern outskirts of Kuizhou with the city skyline seen in the background

Office buildings at an economic business zone in the southwestern outskirts of Anjing at night

A retail shop at a self-sufficient suburban neighborhood in the eastern outskirts of Ouyang

An apartment complex at a self-sufficient urban neighborhood in the western outskirts of Hexie

A large shopping mall at a multipurpose urban zone in the west of Tanzhou

Multiple mid-rise apartment buildings at a self-sufficient suburban neighborhood in the northern outskirts of Liao

A view of an office building inside a scientific research zone in the southern outskirts of Jingnan

Big box shopping centers at a self-sufficient suburban neighborhood in the northeastern outskirts of Hexie

A dining outlet and various retail buildings at a self-sufficient suburban neighborhood in the northwestern outskirts of Tanzhou
The Supreme A.I alt-canon
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The People's Republic of Zhouran under The Kangmukeli

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Postby Lillorainen » Sat Jul 13, 2019 5:58 am

The idea of urban planning is rather young in Lillorainen, where most cities have been subject to natural growth for a long time. With the population mushrooming, social issues becoming a thing, and the country unifying under a meritocratic/technocratic banner, urban planning became more important. There is a wide variant of urban planning models from different eras, where different imaginations of an ideal city prevailed. Examples as to how urban planning has developed throughout the Federation and its predecessor states shalt be mentioned here.

Pontrath - the City of Cities.
From their very early history on, the cities which would form Greater Pontrath now evolved and grew naturally, with different economic and cultural meanings: Pontrath itself was an old stronghold with a ring fortress and a harbor each on both sides of the Rathe river, the city walls being extended first in the 14th century, then multiple times until it reached the size of the Old Town today. Other important cities by the river, also being trade hubs, were Lademünd, Frierscheid, Kanthoven, and Gymirsheim on the right side of the Rathe, as well as Harringen, Lünnich, Fronweiler, and Sassenwerth on the left side. Aside from these, smaller cities were in the area as well - mostly important for agriculture, later becoming industrial centers.
Between 1851 and 1997, all these cities as well as villages and hamlets surrounding it, were incorporated into Pontrath. As a result, Pontrath is the city of ring roads; the city centers of all former cities are surrounded by orbital roads, which are connected with each other by boulevards. Greater Pontrath nowadays consists of around 80 districts, organized in five larger statistical districts (North, South, East, West, Central), each of them serving different functions - there are culturally important ones such as Pontrath-Zentrum, Frierscheid, Harringen, Fronweiler, or Koldenich, with a stress on being traditional-style and residential; there are districts with a stress on being industrial, such as Lünnich, Dronningen, Vinxtweiler, Pollheim, Lademünd, or Reumagen; there are workers' districts such as Epperfeld, Freyweiler, Hehle, Süppes, Rüttscheid, or Estringen; there are modern financial districts such as Madenich, Wellem, Mildenthal, Büsenich, or Malmshoven; there are residential and rather rural districts such as Grönnard, Hayn, Thorand, Moorpesch, Mechuln, Kelk, Lumme, or Neupütz.
The goal of urban planning in Pontrath is to make plans as to how these functions may ideally connect, how to fill gaps between them, how to prevent social segregation, and how to optimize public transport and traffic in general.

Cities with a similar history and makeup include, but are not limited to: Nienhagen, Preetz (Rgsr.), Freudenberg (Nessau), Laerdonk, Kirajevo, Nörishamn, Lysköping, Ailavar, Longenager, Lollerup, Leewerder, Bargrade, Lefkagor, Roisweiler, Lechelen, Sandscheid, and Pippard.

Jillich - The Mother of Reinvention.
Jillich, State Capital of Rathenia, is a good example for urban planning, since contrary to Pontrath or the other examples listed above, most parts of Jillich are fairly new. Only the Old Town, situated by the Rathe river, has not been subject to any major changes in its history.
Different concepts from different eras have been developed in and for Jillich, all of them dealing with the question of maximum efficiency and social mobility. As a result, Jillich has a large financial and shopping district including and surrounding the Old Town, as well as multiple residential districts surrounding this center. Thus, mobility in Jillich is fairly centralized, and the monstrous buildings put up around the center tend to give Jillich the impression of a city of the wealthy.
Urban planning in Jillich often tends to experiment with concepts, resulting in older buildings often torn down and replaced by new ones. Some people think, that Jillich is one of the rather rare examples for gentrification in Lillorainen, an image urban planners are working at correcting, even though less successfully than wished. Other than that, they are constantly thinking about redesigns of the cityscape.

Lillamala - The Planned City.
Lillamala was entirely planned as a federal capital, thus is fairly new. As a result of these 1980s plans, the four districts are clearly functional: the Southeastern District is a seaport and workers' district; the Southwestern District is the governmental district including the buildings for the Meritocratic Council, the Chamber of States, and the Lillatorn, as well as numerous security facilities; the Northwestern District is the embassy district, hosting embassies and residential buildings for Lillorainian staff assisting them; the Northeastern District is a financial district.
Most main boulevards run either east-west, or north-south. Some also radiate from the center and continue as Autobahn-style Federal Routes - one of these also continues as the Federal Highway A13.
With the May 2019 merge with Lysköping as the (City-)State of Greater Lysköping, urban planners deal with the question how these two cities can efficiently and sensibly grow together in the future.

Further Planned City projects in Lillorainen include wide parts of Ladenburg, Theede, Kerkenich, Lollerup, Saskilde, Milabul, Ratibora, as well as Nehrne (Vjdg.) - most of these cities are fairly old themselves, but have grown to their modern size fairly recently. One may argue, which of those can actually be compared to Lillamala, or rather to Jillich.

The future - urban vs. regional planning.
In modern times, classical urban planning is losing its meaning a bit in the Federation. Much rather, cities and counties/districts organize themselves in metropolitan areas, focussing on cooperation within a region in lieu of just limiting their plannings to one city - especially in very densely populated areas (Pontrath and Jillich are already bordering each other, and the rural gaps between Pontrath and Kerkenich, or Pontrath and Theede, are not that large, either), this is getting important, especially since the reorganization of the states. It is to be expected, that in the future, city planners will need to go beyond the borders even more, so that many issues will be dealt with on a metro area level.
Since Lillorainen's geography is currently being overhauled a 'tiny' bit, most information on it posted before December 12, 2018, is not entirely reliable anymore. Until there's a new, proper factfile, everything you might need to know can be found here. Thank you. #RetconOfDoom (Very late update, 2020/08/30 - it's still going on ...)

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