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Brutland and Norden Factbook

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Brutland and Norden
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Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 4:31 am

the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden
la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
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Basic Information
Official Name: the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden/la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
Form of Government: Constitutional Monarchy with a Federal Parliamentary System
Head of State: HM King Kyle II
Head of Government: Prime Minister Marianna Cortanella
Capital: Kingsville/Vilòstresa
Official Language: Nord-Brutlandese
Official Religion: None
Monetary Unit: Nord-Brutlandese livro

Region: the South Pacific
Population: 5,329,823,129 (May 2009 est.)
Map: old, new, roadmap

Sections:
Factbook Proper
History
Geography
Demography
Culture
Government
Economy
Education and Health
Transportation and Communication
Foreign Affairs
Armed Forces
Army
Navy
Air Force
Space Force

Biographies:
King Kyle II
Prime Minister Marianna Cortanella

Special Topics:
Nord-Brutlandese Nobility
Grants
Livro
License Plates
Kingsville
Kingsville Metro
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Sat Jun 19, 2010 8:43 am, edited 10 times in total.
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la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 4:46 am

History
Prehistory
The two islands were originally inhabited by native South Pacific Islanders. Evidence of habitation was dated as far as 2730 BCE. These native South Pacific Islanders are not related culturally, linguistically, and genetically to the present inhabitants of Brutland and Norden.

Vikings
The present peoples of the kingdom were Vikings who arrived from Scandinavia around 200 BCE. The islands of Brutland and Norden were thought to be the southernmost and farthest place the Vikings have ever reached. A continuous stream of immigrants populated the islands, and conflict arose between the settlers and the natives. A brief war raged, according to the ancient Brutland folk saga Targanskåblagdet. The natives were easily defeated and were wiped out, possibly by the war in Brutland, and by diseases that the settlers carried, most notably smallpox, which decimated the last natives in Norden.

The Viking settlers organized themselves into six kingdoms, three on each island. Many fought wars with each other. They were united, however, in repelling naval incursions by the native inhabitants of the neighboring islands. Targanskåblagdet reports that the native populations of the surrounding four islands were decimated by a disease carried by the settlers, again probably smallpox.

Rumans
A Ruman legion of ships under General Constantius Scipius Romanus arrived in Norden on 103 CE. By a combination of threats and treats, Romanus managed to have the two islands of Brutland and Norden recognize the authority of the Ruman Empire. The islands were not organized into a separate Ruman province but were instead treated as tributary kingdoms. The Rumans, however, established a bureaucracy, introduced Catholicism, and implemented various public works projects. The Lattin language was also introduced, which became the basis of the Nord-Brutlandese Language, replacing the ancient Nordic tongue.

Fall of the Ruman Empire and the Warring States
As the Ruman Empire fell, three states emerged: Normark (Norremaque) and Dennland (Dennillia) on the island of Norden, and Brutland (Brutellia). For nine centuries the three states warred against each other, with Dennland switching loyalty between Normark and Brutland.

English explorers under Sir James Crook arrived in Brutland in 1192. The King of Brutland ceded land to the English for a trading post, Timberland (Marchòcchiese). The English trading post allowed Brutland to acquire arms for its continuing war with Dennland. An intermittent but significant influx of English settlers followed, and Timberland became a mini state of its own.

The Spaniards under Camilo Llagenfort y Carrillo followed, arriving in Normark in 1227, when the Brutes had overrun Dennland and declared war on Normark. With the Spaniards came trade and of course, arms. A protracted war ensued in the former Dennland. The Venetians also arrived, in 1239, establishing a trading post in Normark. The combined support of Spanish and Venetian arms overcame Brute resistance. The Brutes were driven off the former Dennland in 1278 and Normark absorbed former Dennlander territory, forming the Kingdom of Norden. A state of silent war existed until peace between Brutland and Norden was established in the Treaty of the Channel Island was signed in 1302.

The two Kingdoms existed peaceably for the next two centuries. The Portuguese under João Masançao da Silva arrived in Brutland in 1420, as did the Dutch under Pim van Cluijendyk in 1467. Both established trading posts in Brutland. By 1495, the English, Portuguese, and the Dutch had a presence in Brutland, while the Spanish, French, and the Danish were in Norden. However, both Brutland and Norden prevented conflicts in Europe spread to the South Pacific.

Foreign Power Intervention
In 1588, a Franco-Spanish campaign drove out the Danes out of Norden and by the next year, they seized power in Norden. Norden appealed for help from Brutland, and the Brutes, supported by a token Anglo-Portuguese fleet, restored the proper rulers of Norden in 1594. All foreign enclaves in Norden were gone, and the Dutch were increasingly in competition with the English. An almost parallel Anglo-Portuguese expedition drove out the Dutch in 1612, and Brutland raised its concern with the English. To allay the Brutes’ fears, the English signed the Treaty of Timberland in 1613. The English were to stay, provided they did not interfere in Brutish matters. Also, the Timberland peninsula was to be leased to the English for 200 years. A separate Treaty, the Treaty of Saotivalles, was signed with the Portuguese in 1617. The Portuguese were to cede back to Brutland the small island of Saotivalles by 1630 in exchange for continuous trade relations. Later when Portuguese naval power weakened, Brute-Portuguese trade were coursed through the English, who stayed in Timberland.

Union
Norden became increasingly more volatile. A peasant rebellion in eastern Dennland was put down with difficulty in 1627, as Norden’s pleas for Brute help went unheeded. A state of civil war occurred in 1639-1646, when the throne went vacant and various contenders vied for it. A compromise was reached and a congress of nobles (corteso) was convened in Viledenno in 1648. However, internal problems continued, with incessant uprisings and quarrels within the nobility.

Brutland, on the other hand, enjoyed a stable royal government and a progressing economy augmented by trade with the English.

In 1725, a group of Norden partisans stormed into the royal palace and massacred the royal family except for the pregnant queen, who escaped via the neutral Channel Isles. This was followed by looting, massacre of nobles and clergymen, and dismantling of the Norden monarchy in what was known as the Nordener Revolution. A republic was established and a profoundly proto-Communist system was instated in Norden.

Public attitude in Norden was initially jubilant, but soon the excesses of the Republic angered the Dennlanders. Conscription, forced atheism, quarrels between governing factions, and a reign of terror (ranno d'orrore) turned away the populace but further subjugated them.

The Republic of Norden demanded Brutland to recognize its existence, as the royal court of Brutland did not recognize it as the legitimate government of Norden. In 1730, the Republic of Norden also demanded Brutland to extradite the sole remaining member of the royal court, former Queen Charlotte (Carlotta) of Dennland, who was rumored to be hiding somewhere in Brutland. Two years later, in 1733, the Republic of Norden accused Brutland of feeding the Dennland separatist movement. In each instance, the fledgling republic threatened war, but backed down.

The seizure of the Brute ship Sant’Alessandria and the execution of its crew and passengers in 1737 proved to be the breaking point of Brute tolerance to the increasingly war-freak Republic. Brutland declared war a week later and invaded Norden. Brute forces held most of Dennland, whose inhabitants welcomed the Brute forces, and fought for the control of Normark. The result was a stalemate. Brute forces, with the help of some English vessels, blockaded the Normark coast in an effort to starve the Republic into submission.

Revolts that broke out in western Normark in 1742 were brutally suppressed. But with lack of resources and ammunition, the Republic was weakened, and in 1745 the Brute armies launched an invasion force. The Republic’s forces were defeated decisively in the Battle of the Three Towers (Battaglio di la Trejotordu). The Brutes were able to reinstall Queen Charlotte’s daughter, Adrienne (Adriana), to the Norden throne in 1749. Nordeners were divided as to whether to accept a queen or nominate another male as king. But with the loss of the nobles, there was no corteso to choose a new king. Most Nordeners accepted Queen Adrienne as the monarch of Norden.

With the death of King Simon II of Brutland in 1753, his son took the throne as Adam III. The relative peace in the two countries allowed a flourishing of arts and architecture, as both monarchs supported it. Also flourishing were court intrigues between the new king of Brutland and the queen of Norden. Dennlanders were, in particular, very supportive of the new Brute king.

King Adam III visited the Nordense court in 1755, and a counter-visit by Queen Adrienne to the Brute court was made a year later. A Treaty of Friendship was signed between the two countries in 1757. Though the two monarchs’ attraction for each other stemmed years earlier when the Nordense royal family was hiding in Brutland, both were afraid to irk some segments of their populace. Some people in Normark still remembered the Brute invasion and therefore Queen Adrienne had to be especially careful. Some Brute noble families, on the other hand, aspired to marry into the royal bloodline and King Adam III had to allay some of them.

Both monarchs organized support, and rumors had spread. Finally, on September 7, 1759, King Adam III of Brutland and Queen Adrienne of Norden were married on the once-neutral Channel Isles. It was first a personal union, and in the next year, the two kingdoms were finally merged into one.

The Union
The royal pair was crowned on September 7, 1761, in the Channel Isle village of Piscinadoro. This was to avoid bias towards any of the two constituent kingdoms. The crowns of both Brutland and Norden were melted and reformed into new crowns for the monarchs, signifying the indivisibility of The Union (L’Unnone). King Adam III of Brutland and Norden also opted to build a new royal capital and chose the Channel Isle of Barren Rocks (Barrenechea) as the site of a new capital.

The two Kingdoms integrated themselves into one almost without a glitch. When King Adam III died in 1789 and his son Simon took the throne, the formerly warring states were sealed in a perpetual union.

King Simon III eventually married an English settler from Timberland, Hannah Poole. While this was a minor issue in Brutland, as some Brutland nobles were insulted, the marriage was generally accepted by the populace. Queen Hannah, of English aristocratic descent, brought with her good education. She also reformed the court and imposed standards of moral behavior.

King Simon III was succeeded by King Chester the Pious (Cestre di Pietto) in 1812. During his reign, the Treaty of Timberland was extended for a period of fifty years. However, Timberland became more and more linked to Brutland than it was to England. Thus, when the treaty was renegotiated in 1862, the Timberlanders opted to revert back to Brutland and England allowed them to do so as she was establishing more significant colonies overseas.

King Kyle the Fair (Kail di Malenetto) succeeded his father in 1855. During this time, there was industrialization in the country, and the king standardized the language, measures, and the currency. King Kyle’s priorities also extended to transportation, education, healthcare, and social services.

King Kyle’s reign also marked the transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. In 1866, a charter of rights (Certaro di Riggii) was promulgated. An advisory Parliament (Parlimento) based on the English model was set up in 1873. Brutish nobles objected to his, and to allay their fears the King also set up the House of Lords (Caso di Paggionnu) in 1875. At the time of his death, King Kyle the Fair was busy studying the different systems of monarchies to make a constitution.

The task of making a constitution fell on his son, King Chester II, in 1893. The present constitution was promulgated and approved by the people and the nobles of Brutland and Norden in 1898. The first elections took place in 1900, with Christian Democratic leader Adam Borgòlambio as the first Prime Minister. A continuous succession of stable governments followed and the Kingdom is known for its stability.

King Chester II died in 1937, and his son, Simon IV, succeeded him. King Simon IV was succeeded by his namesake, Simon V, in 1957, who was in turn succeeded by King Simon VI in 1977. After King Simon VI's untimely death, King Adam IV succeeded to the throne in 1992. The present king, Kyle II, acceded to the throne only in 2006 after the death of his father. A short three-month regency was filled by his mother, Queen Charlotte, in the period between the vacation of the throne and King Kyle II’s coming of age.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed Nov 02, 2011 9:25 am, edited 2 times in total.
the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden
la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 4:48 am

Geography
Land Area: 1,011,312 sq.km (excl. water)
Brutland: 512,009 sq.km
Norden: 484,552 sq.km.

Coastline: 16,389 km

The United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden is composed of two huge islands, Brutland, and Norden, separated by the 300 km-wide Union Channel (Canalo Unnona). The Union Channel also contains the Channel Isles or Union Islands (Esolu di l’Unnone), an archipelago of about 50 islands, a third of which is inhabited. The largest Channel Isle, Union Island (Esolo Unnona) was formerly called Barren Rocks. It is where the capital is located. Union Island is a heavily urbanized island, as is the neighboring isle of Santelleria, which serves as a residential suburb of the conurbation of the capital. Other inhabited islands include Stampione, Brugnatella, Piscieretto, Campedusa, Liparegna, Fiorgamino, Berríalva, Tonzivibbia, and Santobricco. The remaining islands form the Union National Park (Parco Naziona di l’Unnone).

Geology
Highest Mountain: Mount Bianco (4109 m)

Natural Resources: copper, pyrite, rutile, manganese, nickel, bauxite, argentite, chromite, hematite, cinnabar, natural gas, oil, monazite, sphalerite, molybdenite, tritium

The two islands differ markedly in their origin. Traditionally, they were considered part of the Northern South Pacific Island Arc, formed by the subduction of the South Pacific plate. But only Brutland satisfies this criterion, as its core is composed of extinct volcanoes and its rock formations are composed of granite and basalt. Its rich soils are made by volcanic eruptions, and the bedrock of the island is heavy basalt. Timberland has different bedrock composed of schist and its hills are composed of marine limestone, suggesting that its formation was due to uplifting of a portion of the seabed.

Norden, on the other hand, was formed when a former thrust fault (the Norden fault) pushed blocks of crust above the sea level. The thrust fault is marked by the Norden Ridge, which separates Normark from Dennland. The two have differing soils and rock formations. Though the ridge is composed of marine limestone and some parts have metamorphosed into marble, only Normark has alkaline soil. Soils of Dennland are typically of a neutral loam type and its bedrock is of heavy seafloor basalt. Copper, manganese, and nickel deposits abound in Dennland, likely due to its former position under the sea.

Brutland and Norden was also situated above an area of extreme pressure, but those pressures that drive volcanic eruptions and thrusting in the area have long subsided, as the South Pacific plate reversed its direction of movement.


Hydrology
Longest River: Padania (2,340 km)
Largest Lake: Lake Brutland/Lago Brutellia (16,019 sq.km)
Other River Systems:
Brutland: Padania-Trascara-Tagliamento-Odige-Lago Brutellia; Erno-Danubio-Dolzone; Chiardogna; Tiberio; Manza; Plantina; Calabruzzi; Verbio; Savona; Rubiconna; Briggio; Brutia; Pistozzi
Norden: Giri-Scalonna-Ciara-Perca; Carocchi-Fiano-Strigina; Denna-Albiore-Runeo; Dolcèacqua-Ghera-Casarsa; Trefini-Rodige; Borcenna; Mira; Ostia; Ilonzo; Corza


The Kingdom has a few lakes, the largest being Brute Lake (Lago Brutellia) in the middle of Brutland. Brute Lake was formed when water filled in a caldera of a supervolcano. Most Brutish lakes are formed in this way, while Nordener lakes are typically sinkhole ponds brought about by the collapse of caverns that were made by the erosion of the limestone bedrock underlying much of the island.

Rivers in Brutland tend to run in a radially, like spokes on a wheel. Normark rivers generally run northward, and Dennland rivers run southward.
the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden
la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:05 am

Demography
Basic Information
Population: 1,113,023,166 (last census); 5,329,823,129 (May 2009 est.)
Brutland: 514,325,812 (last census); 2,401,479,925 (May 2009 est.)
Norden: 498,155,203 (last census); 2,397,477,951 (May 2009 est.)
Union Territories: 100,542,151 (last census); 530,865,253 (May 2009 est.)

Population Density: 5,270.21 persons/sq.km
Population Growth Rate: 0.11%
Urban-Rural: 68.2% urban; 31.8% rural
Sex Distribution: 49.9% male; 50.1% female

Vital Statistics
Birth Rate: 21.7/1000
Death Rate: 8.2/1000
Rate of Natural Increase: 13.5/1000
Marriage Rate: 9.5/1000*
Divorce Rate: 0.0/1000
Life Expectancy at Birth: male: 82.1 years; female: 89.7 years

*Estimate. The Government of Brutland and Norden does not provide the service of marriage, only churches do it. Consequently, there is no divorce in Brutland and Norden.

Social Indicators

Literacy Rate: >99%

Distribution
Ten largest cities:
  • Vilònorda/Nordville (97,263,485)
  • Vilòstresa/Kingsville (96,147,027)
  • Campobasso (82,193,049)
  • Brutia/Brutland City (80,192,049)
  • Scaglietto (70,192,844)
  • Viledenno/Dennville (68,312,039)
  • Carpa (63,819,204)
  • Forlicesena (62,970,933)
  • Colfetta (62,120,494)
  • Seppa (57,458,220)
Vilònorda is the capital of Norden and Normark, Viledenno is the former capital of Dennland, and the Brutia-Seppa Metropolitan area serves as the hub of Brutland.

The ten most populous grants:
  • Esolo d'Unnone (incl. Kingsville) (232,294,055)
  • Padania (150,248,674)
  • Trascara (133,025,843)
  • Merana (117,394,059)
  • Calabruzzi (115,231,024)
  • Seppa (114,781,910)
  • Piadana (107,192,813)
  • Rivero (103,486,911)
  • Trefini (102,662,889)
  • Marchòcchiese/Timberland (96,591,823)
Source: Royal Institute for Demography (Stiutto Reala per Demografie, SRD)

Genetics
Ethnic Composition:
Whites: >99.9%


Brutland and Norden is a homogenous country. The Nord-Brutlandese trace their ancestry to the Vikings, giving them a typically Nordic appearance. It had been said that the Nord-Brutlandese are only one of the few white tribes in the South Pacific.

Religion
Religions:
Roman Catholic: >95%


The predominant religion is Roman Catholicism, claiming almost the entire populace as adherents, although only half are practicing. Significant religious minorities include Protestants (29,234,903); Eastern Orthodox (121,390); Muslims (45,102); Jews (23,040). Atheists and agnostics were counted to number 92,934 in the last survey.

Despite the predominant place of the Catholic Church in Nord-Brutlandese religious life, it has never been a major player in the country’s internal affairs. Perhaps its remoteness and the inherent religious tolerance of the Nord-Brutlandese did not allow it to wield a huge influence in its affairs. Also, other religious sects are very tolerant of others, though anti-religious speeches are not outlawed.

The Constitution guarantees the freedom of religion, though the state had suppressed several cults, notably Scientology, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the violent Satanist sects.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Mon Jul 18, 2011 10:53 am, edited 2 times in total.
the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden
la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:11 am

Macoksla wrote:occ: were did you make that seal?

Photoshop program, with components from this site.

No offense intended, but can you please kindly delete your post? (see first post of the thread) I'd like my factbook uninterrupted by OOC comments. ;) I'd delete this too after your delete yours (so I know you have read it. :) )
--------
Culture
Brutland and Norden, being a homogeneous country, has a common shared culture. Aside from the traditional Roman Catholic holidays, public holidays in the Kingdom include the Union Day (Dío Unnona), celebrated annually on September 07. Other public holidays include the King’s birthdate and accession to the throne.

The Nord-Brutlandese are known to be very patriotic and enjoy great social cohesion. The country looks up to the monarchy as the source of this and it had played a vital role in maintaining the stability of the country.

Holidays
January 01 - New Year's Day (Annonove)
May 01 - Labor Day (Díe d'Obretto)
August 15 - Assumption Day (Feste di l'Assunzione)
September 07 - Union Day (Díe Unnona)
September 11 - King's Day (King's birthdate) (Díe Rinna)
November 01 - All Saint's Day (Díe di Dei Santu)
November 02 - All Souls' Day (Díe di Dei Animi)
December 08 - Immaculate Conception (Concezione Immaculata)
December 25 - Christmas Day (Natale)
Other holidays include Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Black Saturday, and Easter Sunday, the dates of which may vary depending on the year.

Music
Brutland and Norden has a thriving music scene, encompassing all genres from classic to heavy metal. The Cosservatorio Reala (Royal Conservatory) is a bastion of classical music, while the annual Stampione Festive di Rock (Stampione Rock Festival) showcases rock talents in the Kingdom. It is widely known that the King is fond of rock music and has attended the Stampione Festive di Rock more than once.

Arts
Since its inception, the Kingdom already has a flourishing art environment. Notable artistic institutions include the Museo Reala Nordébrutelliense (Royal Nord-Brutlandese Museum); the Pannondrio Stiutto d’Artu Nassia (Pannondrio Institute of Native Arts); the Scuolo Reala per l’Artu (Royal School for the Arts); and the Gallerio di Artu Moderna (Gallery of Modern Art); among others.

Food
One peculiar Nord-Brutlandese delicacy is the chieso Bruta rubra (purple brute cheese), made from the milk from the national animal, the Brute cow (Bos bruta). It is produced mainly in the grants of Pannondrio, Valtebriggio, and Torranica. Milk from the Brute cows is taken and turned into cheese using the national microorganism, Lactifera brutanica. It is then aged in caves found throughout the region. The cheese is colored yellow with purple splotches, giving it its name.

Another delicacy is the licuoro vaca (cow liquor), which is essentially fermented Brute cow urine. Brute cow urine is collected, strained, boiled, filtered, Pasteurized, and then aged in casks like wine. Different regions produce different kinds and flavors of this unique liquor.

Sports
A wide variety of sports are played in the Kingdom. The most popular include ice hockey, football, and volleyball.

Others
Brutland and Norden is also home to many events, such as the tomato-throwing fight La Truofeste in the village of Corbi, Dennland; the Padania River parade in Brutland; the Festive di Floro (Festival of Flowers) in Normark; and the hugely popular (especially among young women) La Sferrèciecchà Reala (The Royal Blind Date) in Kingsville.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed May 13, 2009 5:16 am, edited 4 times in total.
the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden
la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia
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Moral Order: -2.5 Moral Rules: -1
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:24 am

Government
Monarchy
Monarch: HM King Kyle II [Kail II]
Full Title/Name: L’Inze Rinna, La Rinno Manna Kail II di Brutellia, di Norremaque, di Dennillia, e di l’Esolu di l’Unnone, Duco Manna di Brutia, Sverontetto di Marchòcchiese, Sprottetto di l’Unnone, e Defenzetto di la Nazione
Born: September 11, 1988, Montecrestese Castle, Stroppiana, Union Territories
Father: HM King Adam IV of Brutland and Norden
Mother: Queen Mother Charlotte II


The head of state is King Kyle II, who serves primarily symbolic and ceremonial roles. A certain degree of reserve powers (Poderi Ressava) is vested in the King, but in modern times this is treated as a hands-off last resort.


Federal Government
Executive
Prime Minister/Finisterrettùnelà: Marianna Cortanella [PP: Dennillia Ostennía, Norden]
Cabinet Ministries
Deputy Prime Minister/Finisterrettòdozelà: Scian Montògliore [PP: Civito di Marchòcchiese, Brutland]
Ministry of Agriculture and Food/Finisterre d’Agricutture e Limentu: Aaron Molizzi [PP: Norremaque Ostennía, Norden]
Ministry of Commerce/Finisterre di Commerzio: Liana Riprostoggione [PP: Brutia Setrra, Brutland]
Ministry of Communication/Finisterre di Sdaglie: Giusto Costrelabbia [PP: Esolo di Piscierettu - Librugnie - Stampione, Union Territories]
Ministry of Culture/Finisterre di Cutture: Anna Maria Sceiff
Ministry of Defense/Finisterre di Defenze: Kail Brecchio [PP: Vilòrmosa-Calabruzzi Nordosta, Brutland]
Ministry of Education/Finisterre d’Eddicchione: Maddalena l’Asettrecchi [PP: Vallo di Stresu, Brutland]
Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources/Finisterre d’Ivono e Rescoru Míagna: Simon l’Englàntino [PP: Plano Verta Costa, Brutland]
Ministry of Foreign Affairs/Finisterre d’Alfari Ellena: Bricco di Sint’Brullizio [PP: Sceicce, Norden]
Ministry of Health/Finisterre di Loggie: Marco Sbacciestre, MD [PP: Senzioffre - Borgònzamo, Norden]
Ministry of Industry/Finisterre di Gravo: Erica Fontremmeri [PP: Toscaria Osta, Brutland]
Ministry of Interior/Finisterre d’Intremmo: Poul di Borgòcchiese [PP: Grattio d'Esolo d'Unnone - Esolu Boggia, Union Territories]
Ministry of Justice/Finisterre di Juttisse: Adam Fiambretti [PP: Borgòrinna di Dennillia, Norden]
Ministry of Labor and Welfare/Finisterre d’Obre e Bonfare: Matto Erigone [PP: Vilònorda Osta - Libbia, Norden]
Ministry of Public Works/Finisterre d'Iorgu Pubblica: Faria di Tratagnano [PP: Quonzicchio Norda – Dolzone Osta, Brutland]
Ministry of Science and Technology/Finisterre di Cienze e Tecchinio: Correone Rimotta, PhD
Ministry of Transportation/Finisterre di Movomodo: Brocco Ricagliati [PP: Lecarocchiavalle, Norden]
Ministry of the Treasury/Finisterre di la Creziosso: Lúanna Gardefini [PP: Capriati Esta, Brutland]

Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister (Finisterrettùnelà) and his Cabinet (Gabbetto). The Cabinet is composed of the head of the ministries. See the article Current Nord-Brutlandese Government for a list of the cabinet members.


Legislative
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet is answerable to Parliament. The Parliament is called Parlimento and holds the ultimate legislative authority. It is consists of two houses, the General Court (Corteso Genera) and the House of Lords (Caso di Paggionnu).

General Court/Corteso Genera
Presider: Queen Mother Charlotte II [Carlotta II]
Seat Distribution:
Popular Party/Partide Populoddía [PP]: 132
Social Democratic Party/Partide Democraziellía Scaglia [PDS]: 15
Green Party/Partide Verta [PV]: 2
Communist Party/Partide Commonzossúa [PC]: 1
Nationalist Party/Partide Nazioneddíttúa [PN]: 0
Image

All of the General Court's 150 seats are up every time a Parliamentary election is held. It is constitutionally apportioned as follows: 70 from Brutland; 70 from Norden; and 10 from the Union Territories. They are elected in single-member districts in a first past the post system. There is a seat for the Nord-Brutlandese abroad, currently held by the PP.

House of Lords/Caso di Paggionnu
The House of Lords, though ceremonially higher than the General Court, can only delay the passage of a bill. They can also introduce bills into the legislature, but it has to be approved by the General Court. It is composed of 24 members, 11 of which should be from Brutland, 11 from Norden, and 2 from the Union Territories. The 11 members from each province are composed of the following: 3 appointed by the King; 2 appointed by the provincial legislatures; 2 appointed by the provincial governors; and 1 appointed by the General Court (Setoci in Casu Doza). The remaining three are chosen differently: in Brutland, they are selected from the nobility of the province, which are hereditary seats (Setu Erediddía); in Norden, they are popularly elected (Setu Elezioddía).

The House of Lords' membership of 24 is erratically changed. Constitutionally, 11 lords should come from the province of Brutland, 11 from the province of Norden, and 2 from the Union Territories.
Only 3 of the provincial lords and all of the Union Territories' lords are royally appointed.
Two provincial lords are appointed by the provincial governor (in Norden) or the premier (in Brutland) and 2 by the provincial legislatures. Thus, the Brute appointive seats may be replaced every time a provincial election takes place in Brutland; and two Nordener appointive seats may be replaced every two years (the governor and legislature are elected in staggered years, see below).
One provincial seat is appointed by the provincial caucus in the federal General Court - ie. all the Brute members of the General Court select a Brute member they will elevate to the House of Lords. So technically, this MP sits in both houses of Parliament (Setoci in Casu Doza).
The remaining three are again selected differently between the provinces. Brutland has hereditary seats; there are 9 recognized hereditary seats that can be elevated to the House of Lords: The Duchies of Padania, Seppa, Trascara, Trazio, Nicoletano, Capitanata, Imperio, Arcadia, and Toscaria; one is replaced every three years. A hereditary seat can be elevated to the House of Lords by a royal decree. Norden, with its republican history, popularly elects its lords every two years.


Judiciary
Chief Justice of the Supreme Royal Court of Brutland and Norden: Chief Justice Corinna Fiambretti Santagemma
The judiciary is two tiered. There are federal and provincial court systems. Provincial systems start with the courts of first instance (Brutland: Corto Maallo Briola; Norden: Corto di Stanti Unela), which handles most civil and criminal cases. Civil and criminal cases are appealed to the courts of cassation (B&N: Corto di Cassazione). Administrative cases, including those filed by the Ombudsman (Defenzetto Pubblica di la Populuque Strettu, DPPS) are tried in the courts of the province (B: Corto Reala di la Statto; N: Corto di la Provenza). Constitutional cases and appeals to lower courts’ decisions are relayed to the supreme courts (B: Corto Inza di Marchòbrutellia; N: Corto Supiera di Norden).

The federal system starts with the federal district court system (Corto Distritto di l’Unnone), which handles federal civil and criminal cases, and also serves as the primary court system of the Union Territories (Terru di l’Unnone). Administrative cases are tried in a special court (Populuque Corto Reala). The highest court is the Supreme Royal Court of Brutland and Norden (Corto Supiera Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia, CSR). It has jurisdiction on all matters and is the highest tribunal in the Kingdom.

Interestingly, the King, with the House of Lords, has a reserve power to hear appeals from the CSR. This has only been used once and is treated as a hands-off resort.


Provincial Government
The Kingdom is composed of two constituent kingdoms or provinces (provenzo), Brutland and Norden, each with its own provincial government. Union territories are administered directly by the federal government and elect only local officials.

Brutland
Form of Government: unicameral parliamentary
Governor: Archduke Charles II of Brutland [Duchinzo Carlo II di Brutellia]
Premier: Luanna Staiola [PP]
Brutland House of Commons Seat Distribution
PP: 209
PDS: 20
PN: 19
PC: 1
PV: 1

Brutland has a governor that acts as a ceremonial executive and a premier as the head of the province.

Norden
Form of Goverment: bicameral legislature with an elected governor
Governor: Adam Lambroglio [PP]
Norden Chamber of Commons/Cambro di Commonzu
Speaker/Ledaretto: Thorizio Nicottini [PP: Cortel Osta]
Majority Leader: Antonella Scarcella [PP: Codigliana]
Minority Leaders: Carissa Flocco [PDS: Sagliana]; Gervasio Litti [PC: La Fabbricana Sorda]; Carolina Viotti [PV: Spadavecchia Ostennía]
Seat Distribution: [PP-PDS-PC-PV] 436-47-10-7

Norden Senate/Senado
Majority Leader: Bricco di Bricarico [PP: Albiore-Redutto-Rodige-Anza Norda]
Minority Leader: Adalberto d'Oratino [PDS: Onna]
Seat Distribution: [PP-PDS-PC] 29-6-0


The territories not included in the two provinces are called Union Territories (Terru di l'Unnone). They are administered directly by the federal government.

Local Government
Local government is surprisingly the same for both Brutland and Norden, even if the two provinces have had their separate institutions for a long time. The basic political institution is the grattio (literally, “grant”), which has its roots in the land given by the king to nobles. There is a Grant Council (Consellio Grattia) elected by the grattio. In Brutland, some of the grattio still have their nobility, and in such cases, these nobles hold a ceremonial role in the grattio.

A substantive concentration of people can constitute a hamlet (réinzo), a village (villo), a town (tonno), or a city (civito). Any settlement can incorporate itself, but these settlements, with some exceptions, are still under the grattio system. Incorporation only empowers the settlement to elect a local council and a mayor. Cities or large conurbations of them may be excluded from the grattio system with an act of the legislature.

Brutland
The province of Brutland has 61 grants, each with its own Grant Council. The Brutland Constitution provides that the Grant Council to have a minimum of 15 members, with an additional member for every 100,000 population over 500,000. A cap was added in 1987, stating that a Grant Council has a maximum membership of 300. Thus, Brutish Grant Councils vary in size, from 15 (Saotivalles, Tomo, Tortona, Esolu di Pecadi, Olba, Subrigaria, Dolzone) to 271 (Padania). Many large grant councils resemble provincial legislatures.

The president of the Grant Council, which serves as the executive for the grant, is elected from the party with the plurality in the Grant Council. Thus, the party of the grant president is always the same as that of the party holding a majority in the council. Currently, the Popular Party controls all of the Brutish Grant Councils except that of Esolu di Pecadi and Micchiolli.

As many of the Brutish grants still have their nobility, many of the nobles serve as ceremonial leaders of the grant, though some stepped down from public life, and some even got elected to the Councils. Currently, 54 Brutish grants are led by a ceremonial leader.

An exception was made in the Brutish Constitution for the grant of Pannondrio, which operated under the concept of direct democracy for over sixteen centuries. During the month of May, when the mountain passes and valleys are surely passable, local representatives from the grant’s 19 valleys representing 289 communities meet in the capital of Pannondrio. This system went on until 1977, when the population increased and the May meetings (consellimàio di Pannondrio) became untenable. Pannondrio still operates with direct democracy below the grant level.

Norden
Norden has both grants and independent cities. Currently Norden has 56 grants and 12 independent cities. Both have their councils, called grant council, and city council, respectively.

The Nordener Constitution states that grant councils have a fixed membership of 21. The councilors are elected grantwide and the grant president is the councilor winning the most number of votes. Thus, the party of the grant president may be different from the majority party in the grant council. (Currently, 16 of Norden’s grants have this arrangement.)

The grant council controls only the area within the grant, which excludes independent cities. Independent cities are formerly parts of the grant which had been separated by an act of the legislature, with or without the grant council’s consent. They are not represented in the grant council, and have a council of their own, and a mayor.

Union Territories
Union Territories are under direct federal jurisdiction. There are eleven such grants, and the constitution said nothing about their grant councils. Thus, in 1902, the Christian Democrat (Partide Democrazietto C’hristiana, PDC) government of Adam Borgòlambio passed an act establishing grant councils in the Union Territories. It provided for a grant council with a fixed membership of 21, but the grant president is chosen from the majority party in the grant council. Thus, as in Brutland, the party of the grant president reflects the composition of the council. Currently, the PP holds 8 of the grant presidencies, and the PDS one, and the PV two.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Sun May 24, 2009 12:45 am, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:43 am

Economy
Budget
Revenue: £16,170,479,896,141.70 [Direct Taxes 33.9%; Indirect Taxes 63.1%; Others 3%]
Expenditures: £15,323,693,565,189.00
Administration: 6.28% [£1,015,322,912,542.16]
Commerce and Trade: 7.56% [£1,222,485,245,093.75]
Defense: 6.58% [£1,064,128,186,548.82]
Education: 16.92% [£2,735,823,839,189.19]
Environment: 4.68% [£756,955,991,067.64]
Health Care: 12.50% [£2,020,721,075,719.93]
Law and Order: 8.99% [£1,453,338,296,209.73]
Public Works: 17.59% [£2,844,242,005,152.26]
Social Security: 13.67% [£2,210,676,013,665.54]

Savings: 5.24% [£846,786,330,952.67]

Public Debt: £0

Production
Tourism
receipts from visitors: £523,920,870
expenditures abroad: £509,230,900

Agriculture (kL=kiloLiters; mT=metric tons; m3=cubic meters)
Barley: 8,290,000 mT
Corn: 95,560,000 mT
Fruit: 44,005,000 mT
Potatoes: 36,000,000 mT
Rice: 461,371,000 mT
Vegetables: 23,291,000 mT
Wheat: 657,781,000 mT
Wine: 1,721,145,000 kL

Cheese: 1,902,800 mT
Milk: 1,809,890,000 kL

Cattle: 250,871,000
Pigs: 77,509,000
Poultry: 2,443,900,000
Sheep: 7,390,000

Fish: 2,009,000 mT

Roundwood: 909,898,000 m3


Mining
aluminum: 310,909,000 mT
iron ore: 255,090,000 mT
titanium: 50,893,000 mT
zinc: 23,040,545 mT
copper: 4,944,329 mT
nickel: 905,187 mT
manganese: 756,251 mT
chromium: 83,908 mT
tin: 32,370 mT
silver: 21,967 mT
molybdenum: 21,290 mT
lead: 11,003 mT
scandium: 11,000 mT
mercury: 9,989 mT
cobalt: 9,878 mT
rare earths: 7,675 mT
tungsten: 5,250 mT
noble metals: 977 mT
gold: 32,898,778 troy oz.

gemstones: 5,090,000 carats


Manufacturing
cement: 90,289,000 mT
crude steel: 70,020,000 mT
paper: 54,673,000 mT
sulfuric acid: 32,901,000 mT

mobile phones: 89,090,990 units
computers: 27,839,000 units
motor vehicles: 1,209,905 units


Energy
Electricity Production: 709,895,238,000,000 kW-hr (Coal: 12%; Natural Gas 35%; Solar: 15%; Nuclear: 4%; Wind: 2%; Oil: 20%; Fission: 12%)
Coal: 219,839,000 mT
Crude Petroleum: 1,008,550,000 barrels (from oil shale: 498,898,000 barrels)
Natural Gas: 205,761,000,000 m3

Human Economy
Population Economically Active: 1,674,950,000
Median Household Income: £25,687.70
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed May 13, 2009 6:34 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:47 am

Education
Literacy Rate: >99.9%
Teacher-Pupil Ratio: 1:35.3
Education is free. Parents can put their children (5-6 years old) in the free preschools. Compulsory schooling begins at age 7. It is divided into three phases: elementary (lower) school [Grades 1-5], middle school [Grades 6-8], and high school [Grades 9-12]. College is virtually free, and many Nord-Brutlandese take tertiary education. This is the reason why the country has a very high literacy rate.

Health
Physicians: 9,720,883 (1 per 548.3 people)
Hospital Beds: 31,135,196 (1 per 171.2 people)
Infant Mortality Rate: 5.4/1000 live births
Essential health care is also free. The Kingdom has shifted its focus from treating illness to the factors that cause disease. It now aggressively targets conditions that lead to disease, which has significantly improved the health status of the Nord-Brutlandese.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed May 13, 2009 5:47 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:50 am

Transportation
Land Transportation
Railroads: 64,845 km
Roads: 336,631 km
Vehicle-person ratio: 334.7 vehicles/1,000 people

The Kingdom has well-developed and efficient rail and road networks. The Rallu Reala Nordèbrutelliense (RRN, Royal Nord-Brutlandese Railways), is a joint public-private corporation. The Kingdom has a low car ownership rate of 69.25 cars per 1,000 people, as the most of the public take advatage of the fast public transportation systems.

Water Transportation
Merchant Marine: 9,491 vessels; 2,899,389 deadweight tonnage
Due to its geography, transportation via sea routes are vital links between the islands comprising the Kingdom. Almost every grant with a coastline has one or more major ports. Major ports of significance include that of Kingsville, Dennville, Nordville, Brutland City, Timberland, Pelargone (on the island of Santelleria), and Brugnatella.

The Kingdom also has a Coast Guard (Savolettu Mara) under the Department of the Interior (Finisterre di l'Intremmo). Nord-Brutlandese ships use LVS (La Vicule Stresa, His Majesty's Ship) before their names.


Air Transportation
The national flag carrier is NordBrut Airlines (ICAO code: NBA). Several other air carriers exist.

Almost every grant has its airport, or a landing strip. Six Nord-Brutlandese airports are open to international travel:
  • Aeroporto di la Repubblica, Dastamone, grant of Soltera, Norden (Normark). (Code: REP)
  • Suciana-Trefini International Airport, Suciana, grant of Trefini, Norden (Dennland). (Code: STA)
  • Ronvalle Airport, Viledenno, Norden (Dennland). (Code: RAV)
  • King Kyle I International Airport/Aeroporto Internaziona di Rinno Kail I, grant of Tonzivibbia, Union Islands. (Code: KKI)
  • Brutland International Airport, Crebbia, grant of Brutia, Brutland. (Code: BIA)
  • Timberland International Airport/Aeroporto Internaziona di Marchòcchiese, Poole, grant of Timberland, Brutland. (Code: AIM)


Communications and Media
Newspapers
Number: 107
Circulation: 11,720,000 (189 per 1,000 people)
There are three major newspapers, L’Unnone (The Union), published in Kingsville. L’Unnone is known to be a respected, unbiased source of information. Other provincial newspapers include the conservative La Brutelliense (The Brutlander) based in Brutland; and the left-leaning La Díernalo (The Journal) based in Normark.

Radio
Number of Receivers: 166,5569,728
Receiver Ratio: 1 per 3.2 persons

Television
Number of Receivers: 355,3215,419
Receiver Ratio: 1 per 1.5 persons

The state broadcasters Televiso Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia (Royal Brutland and Norden Television) and Radio Reala Nordébrutelliense (Royal Nord-Brutlandese Radio) operates several radio and TV stations. Several private stations also exist, in competition with foreign broadcasters in the country, such as World News Company (WNC), Public International News Ariddia (PINA), Kelssek Broadcasting Corporation (KBC), SBC International, Cookeslandic Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), Kanami National Broadcasting Corporation (KNBC), San Monticaz International Broadcasting Corporation (SMIBC), and World News Italia (WNI). These foreign outlets, however, are delayed by as much as three hours, as they have to be dubbed into Nord-Brutlandese by the Nord-Brutlandese Dubbing Service.

Telephone
International Code: +1509
Telephone-people ratio: 852.45 per 1,000 people [includes cell phones/mobile phones]
This high figure is due to the easy ownership of communication devices, especially cell phones. This had led to a booming telecommunciations industry in the Kingdom, with private companies such as Reach Telecom and Connect competing with the state-owned Companne di Tellasdaglie Nordèbrutelliense (CdTN; Nord-Brutlandese Telecommunications Company). Also, there is increased growth in the mobile phone sector, with the mobile phone maker giant Cortel, based in the town of the same name.

Internet Services
Top-Level Domain: .nem
Internet services are widely available in the country. It is said that Brutland and Norden is one of the most wired countries in the region. As of March 2007, a bill is pending in Parliament to allow e-voting.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 5:55 am

Foreign Affairs
Foreign Trade
Imports: £17,564,909,784,228,000
Exports: £20,193,948,109,889,000

Foreign Relations
Membership in International Organizations: WA, CSS
Alliances: none

Embassies
Countries with Embassies in Brutland and Norden:
Achae-Ottonia, the Empire of ~ Amb. Hans Klausman
Alfegos, the People's Nation of ~ Amb. Yuri Oplikov
Atleus, the Republic of ~ Amb. Brian Haywood
Bloumany, the Kingdom of ~ Amb. Duchess Angela Moreabin
Candelaria and Marquez, the Republic of ~ Amb. Asher Dolloe
Chernobl, the United Socialist States of ~ Amb Niko Zorbachev
Cookesland, the United States of ~ Amb. R. David Quill
De Vliggenplaat, the Dominion of ~ Amb. Brig. Matthias Koche-Brenner (Ret.)
Free United States, the Commonwealth of ~ Amb. Joseph Damorev
Greal, the Imperial Dictatorship of ~ Amb. Herm Gorden
Hamilay, the Federal Republic of ~ Amb. Edward Sereno
Imbrinium, the Kingdom of ~ Amb. Severino Sabbatini
Kostemetsia, the Unified Republic of ~ Amb. Tyler King
Kurona, the Principality of ~ Amb. Ayumi Kusonori
Magdha, the Revolutionary People's State of ~ Amb. Imelda Macapagal
Masburel, the Most Serene Republic of ~ Amb. Max Milk
Midlonia, the Greater Kingdom of ~ Amb. Christopher Ludlum
Mokastana, the People's Armed Confederacy of ~ Amb. Walter Obal
Neo-Ixania, the Empire of ~ Amb. Heinrich Klein
Nilpnt, the Workers Republic of ~ Amb. Adam Sanquez
Northern Rangeria, the Principality of ~ Amb. Lord Karle Matsela
Omigodtheykilledkenny, the Federal Republic of ~ Amb. Derek Logan
Porinn, the United States of ~ Amb. Mikhail Strausse
Ruccola, the Republic of ~ Amb. Sir Luca Verdano
Sanctaria, the Kingdom of ~ Amb. Dame Elizabeth Dawes
Snefaldia, the Centralized Mountain States of ~ Amb. Abulurd Umdiroplach
Somniloquence* ~ Amb. Montgomery FitzWilliam
Takaram, the Democratic Republic of ~ Amb. Sarah Miller
Third Spanish States, the Anarchist Confederacy of ~ Amb. Sofia Porter Limonero
Tokyoni, the Holy Republic of ~ Amb. Nami Takeshi
Tsrill, the Thrill of ~ Amb. Ftlann Larrir
Van Luxemburg, the Grand Duchy of ~ Amb. Laura Schiavone
ViZion, the Constitutional Federal Republic of ~ Amb. Patrick Heignst
West Zirconia, the Grand Duchy of ~ Amb. Christopher Beaumont
Yanitaria, the United Socialist States of ~ Amb. Frank C. Klark
Zinaire, the Republic of ~ Amb. Lady Tess Hart
Zwangzug, the Rookdom of ~ Amb. Julia Burgmuller

Countries hosting Nord-Brutlandese Embassies:
Alfegos, the People's Nation of ~ Amb. Emilia di Trincone, Baroness of Rigulia
Candelaria and Marquez, the Republic of ~ Amb. Nilo Sigonella
Cookesland, the United States of ~ Amb. Gisela Trossefini
De Vliggenplaat, the Dominion of ~ Amb. Canico Santagemma
Hamilay, the Federal Republic of ~ Amb. Pancrazio Oddone
Imbrinium, the Kingdom of ~ Amb. Jason Scaramella
Kampfers, the Neo-Prussian Dictatorship of ~ Amb. Cristina di Castanelli
Kostemetsia, the Unified Republic of ~ Amb. Marco Franco Moschatelli
Kurona, the Principality of ~ Amb. Lilliana Brocelli
Magdha, the Revolutionary People's State of ~ Amb. Maria Assunta Giovannino
Mathism, the Republic of ~ Amb. Giuseppe Rotanelli
Mokastana, the People's Armed Confederacy of ~ Amb. Timothy Correone
Neo-Ixania, The Empire of ~ Amb. Ma. Pamela Boscaro
Northern Rangeria, the Principality of ~ Amb. Tobias Calderone
Omigodtheykilledkenny, the Federal Republic of ~ Amb. Kyle di Fontana
Pan-Arab Barronia, the Island Empire of ~ Amb. Alizia dG. Santagemma-Iacobucci
Ruccola, the Republic of ~ Amb. Uldarico Iannuccelli
Somniloquence ~ Amb. Joshua Formiccini
Snefaldia, the Centralized Mountain States of ~ Amb. Geraldo Leandri
the Scandinvans, the Glorious Empire of ~ Amb. Tristan Modacelli
Tokyoni, the Holy Republic of ~ Amb. Fiorina La Condamina
Tsrill, the Thrill of ~ Amb. Marcello Bracciolini
Vanek Drury Brieres, the Glorified Ashen Remains of ~ Amb. Adam Bartonella
Van Luxemburg, the Grand Duchy of ~ Amb. Donatella Grossi
ViZion, the Constitutional Federal Republic of ~ Amb. Bruno dB. Canellotti
Yanitaria, the United Socialist States of ~ Amb. Jeric Arbuckle
Zinaire, the Republic of ~ Amb. Giustino Santaniello
Zwangzug, the Rookdom of ~ Amb. Bianca LaMarche

For more information, see this thread.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed May 13, 2009 6:23 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:02 am

Defense
The United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden has a small but effective defense force. The primary task of the military is the defense of the country.

The military is under control of both the King and the Minister of the Department of Defense, and can be mobilized only with the approval of both the King and Parliament.

The defense force of the kingdom is simply known as Royal Military of Brutland and Norden (Militare Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia). The commander-in-chief (Sabrietto in Ceffie) is the King.

It is divided into four branches: the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Space Army.


Commander-in-Chief: King Kyle II
Total Active Duty Personnel: 8,180,000
Total Reserve Force: 578,392,000
Membership: voluntary, professional
Membership in the Kingdom's defense force is voluntary in peacetime, though all able-bodied Nord-Brutlandese males between the ages of 18-44 are liable for conscription should it be necessary; the Government and the King must be approve the measure before citizens can be conscripted. All able-bodied men receive military training once every two years; but some elect to train as reserve forces, who receive training every six months on a special paid leave.

Present Deployments:
none

Military Expenditure: £1,064,128,186,548.82
Per Capita Expenditure: £200
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed May 13, 2009 6:02 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:07 am

Royal Nord-Brutlandese Army
Arme Reala Nordèbrutelliense


Number in Active Service: 4,528,000
Headquarters: Union Camp, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Chief: Gen.Se. Thorizio Riscagliamenti

Ranks
  • Rank/Translation [Abbr.] - Unit/Translation*
  • Generetto Séara/General of the Army [Gen. Se.]
  • Generetto/General [Gen.] - Arme/Army
  • Generèntètto/Lieutenant General [Gentt.] - Colpe/Corps
  • Generetto Grena/Major General [Gen. Gr.] - Divizione/Division
  • Generatto Brigìada/Brigadier General [Gen. Brig.] - Brigíade/Brigade
  • Coronelo/Colonel [Col.] - Rastimente/Regiment
  • Coronelènto/Lieutenant Colonel [Coltt.] - Battaglione/Battalion
  • Magionoro/Major [Mag.] - Companne/Company
  • Cappino/Captain [Cap.] - Grascare/(no equivalent)
  • Soldaschio/(no equivalent) [Sdch.] - Falangíe/Phalanx
  • Corporalo/Corporal [Cpl.] - Sezzione/Section
  • Sargento/Sergeant [Sgt.] - Eschiade/Squad
  • Sondiero/Private [Snd.]
* Some units are obsolete or used only during wars.

Weapons
Pistol
Trini & Corca R32 - .32 caliber semi-automatic pistol
Rifle
SK-2 assault rifle (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - SK-2D 5.56 mm recoilless (standard issue), SK-2D 7.62mm, SK-2N 6.8 automatic
SK-6 assault rifle (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - used in more mountainous and cold terrains.
SK-6N 5.56 automatic
(Sub)Machine Guns
Cago machine gun (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - [a.k.a. Heckler & Koch MG4]
Perr90 machine gun (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - Perr90A, Perr95, Perr95C
Mott 24 heavy machine gun - [a.k.a. M2 Browning machine gun]
CdAro submachine gun (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - [a.k.a. Heckler & Koch MP7]
Sniper rifles
X750 (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - standard issue
X1000 (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden)
X2000 (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden)- capable of hitting to a distance of 2000 m.
Grenades
Pinne handheld grenade (Co. Brazigniu Corca, Brutland and Norden)
BgP [Bangegranado Poderemissa] standalone grenade launcher (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden)
BgPF [Bangegranado Poderemissa Fisettía] attachable grenade launcher (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - [a.k.a. AG35 Grenade Launcher]

Other Firearms
Antitank gun
SPR 15mm antitank gun
THX antitank guided missile - [a.k.a. ERYX]
Antiaircraft gun
SPR antiaircraft gun
THY surface-to-air antiaircraft missile - [a.k.a. Starstreak]
Mortar
9RKI mortar (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - 9RKI 60 mm, 9RKI 80 mm, 9RKI 120 mm
MacT mortar (Co. Armamentu Bruta, Brutland and Norden) - MacT 36in portable
Other
Farrico howitzer - [a.k.a. Haubits FH77/A]
CS-1 [Crutetto Segreta-1] - [a.k.a. Panzerhaubitze 2000]
SAS [Sistemo Artigliero Sborda] - integrated artillery system [a.k.a. ARCHER Artillery System]

Combat Vehicles
Tanks
FM-12 (Forteso Movettía/Moving Fortress)
FM-17 - [a.k.a. Leopard 2 tank]
FM-17 customizable
FM-23 - [a.k.a. PT-91]
FM-23 customizable
Infantry Fighting Vehicles
Max2 IFV - [a.k.a. CV 90]
Max3 IFV - [a.k.a. Patria Advanced Modular Vehicle]
Max4 IFV [a.k.a. Puma IFV]
Max5 - [a.k.a. Wiesel AWC]

Noncombat Vehicles
Aerial Reconaissance Vehicle
Volotto unmanned Aerial Reconaissance Vehicle - [a.k.a. Luna X 2000]
Armoured Personnel Carriers
Borgo 220 APC - [a.k.a. Pansarbandvagn 302]
Borgo 320 APC - [a.k.a. Wolf Armoured Vehicle]
Fortesonasso - [a.k.a. KMW Grizzly]
Military Truck
Sardetto truck - [a.k.a. Mungo ESK]
Volpe truck - [a.k.a. ATF Dingo]
Brute all-terrain truck - [a.k.a. Bandvagn 206]

Organization
First Army - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland
Infantry Corps
First Infantry Division - Campo Fericcastria, Fericcastria, grant of Imperio, Brutland
Second Infantry Division - Campo Terrico, Stagliorca, grant of Calabruzzi, Brutland
Third Infantry Division - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland
Fourth Infantry (Ski) Division - Campo Montòquianda, San Colombano di Pannondrio, grant of Pannondrio, Brutland
Fifth Infantry Division - Fort Defiance, grant of Marchòcchiese, Brutland
Sixth Infantry (Mountain) Division - Campo C'hiesa, Valdobbiadene, grant of Dolzone, Brutland
Seventh Infantry Division - Campo Trejela, Palentrina, grant of Padania, Brutland
Armored Corps
First Armored Division - Campo Vittorio, Colonna di Cantabri, grant of Cantabrica, Brutland
Second Armored Division - Campo Trejela, Palentrina, grant of Padania, Brutland
Third Armored Division - Fortes Despedenze, Sant'Emilla, grant of Spiermanza, Brutland
Fourth Armored Division - Campo Fericcastria, Fericcastria, grant of Imperio, Brutland
Fifth Armored Division - Campo Teriamo, Roccasicura, grant of Capriati, Brutland
Sixth Armored Division - Campo Juste, Pontofredonia, grant of Corrica, Brutland
Seventh Armored Division - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland
Eighth Armored Division - Campo Corono, Gerlara, grant of Quonzicchio, Brutland
Ninth Armored Division - Campo Rinno Kail I, Trazio, grant of Trazio, Brutland
Tenth Armored Division - Fort Defiance, grant of Marchòcchiese, Brutland
Eleventh Armored Division - Campo Terrico, Stagliorca, grant of Calabruzzi, Brutland
Twelfth Armored Division - Campo Calore, Valsecca, grant of Valtistrada, Brutland
Artillery Corps
First Artillery Division - Rotta Military Firing Range, Rotta, grant of Padania, Brutland
Second Artillery Division - Campo Terrico, Stagliorca, grant of Calabruzzi, Brutland
Third Artillery Division - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland
Fourth Artillery Division - Campo Trejela, Palentrina, grant of Padania, Brutland
Fifth Artillery Division - Campo Vittorio, Colonna di Cantabri, grant of Cantabrica, Brutland
Sixth Artillery Division - Fortes Despedenze, Sant'Emilla, grant of Spiermanza, Brutland
Seventh Artillery Division - Fort Defiance, grant of Marchòcchiese, Brutland
Eighth Artillery Division - Brutland Military Firing Range, Pelagianello, grant of Ollinòcchiese, Brutland
Ninth Artillery Division - Campo Storico, Nicodemio, grant of Nicoletano, Brutland
Tenth Artillery Division - Campo Rinno Kail I, Trazio, grant of Trazio, Brutland
Marine Corps
First Marine Division - Costale Military Reserve, Broccostella, grant of Plano Verta, Brutland
Second Marine (Riverine) Division - South Docks, Botricello, grant of Rivero, Brutland
Third Marine Division - Campo Strita, Sternatia, grant of Capitanata, Brutland
Fourth Marine Division - Campo Defenze, Patrica, grant of Micchiolli, Brutland
Airborne Corps
First Airborne Division - Stelcchio Airfield, Lippi, grant of Chiardogna, Brutland
Second Airborne Division - Campo Stelte, La Spatafora, grant of Aigo, Brutland
Third Airborne Division - Santagemma Airfield, Santagemma, grant of Tonzifiatto, Brutland
Fourth Airborne Division - Sperano Airfield, Castelbraco, grant of Calabruzzi, Brutland
Engineer Corps
First Engineer Division - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland
Second Engineer Division - Campo Terrico, Stagliorca, grant of Calabruzzi, Brutland
Signal Corps - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland
Logistics Corps - Campo Brutellia, Taurisano, grant of Merana, Brutland

Second Army - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Infantry Corps
Eighth Infantry Division - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Ninth Infantry Division - Campo Sasco, Cassinasco, grant of Esolo d'Unnone, Union Territories
Armored Corps
Thirteenth Armored Division - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Fourteenth Armored Division - Campo Tercera, San Bruno al Mare, grant of Liparegna, Union Territories
Fifteenth Armored Division - Campo Defende, Sderrianza di Stampione, grant of Stampione, Union Territories
Artillery Corps
Eleventh Artillery Division - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Twelfth Artillery Division - Campo Defende, Sderrianza di Stampione, grant of Stampione, Union Territories
Marine Corps
Fifth Marine Division - Campo Manna, Pelargone, grant of Santelleria, Union Territories
Sixth Marine Division - Porscale Naval Base, San Riccardo, grant of Brugnatella, Union Territories
Airborne Corps
Fifth Airborne Division - Vallora Airfield, Passassinella, grant of Brugnatella, Union Territories
Sixth Airborne Division - Campo Sola, Valtisola, grant of Librugnie, Union Territories
Engineer Corps
Third Engineer Division - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Fourth Engineer Division - Campo Manna, Pelargone, grant of Santelleria, Union Territories
Signal Corps - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories
Logistics Corps - Campo Unnona, Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories

Third Army - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden
Infantry Corps
Tenth Infantry Division - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden
Eleventh Infantry Division - Campo Sascardone, Borgònzamo, Norden
Twelfth Infantry Division - Campo Fiuma, Modica, grant of Modica, Norden
Thirteenth Infantry Division - Campo Stucce, San Canuto, grant of Giomestagno, Norden
Fourteenth Infantry Division - Campo Tollumello, Borcenna, grant of Borcenna, Norden
Fifteenth Infantry Division - Campo di Stresa, Píarmognazzo, grant of Onna, Norden
Sixteenth Infantry Division - Campo Trelullo, Sargenta, grant of Frento, Norden
Armored Corps
Sixteenth Armored Division - Campo Stucce, San Canuto, grant of Giomestagno, Norden
Seventeenth Armored Division - Fortes di l'Osta, La Bassino, grant of Valtemmira, Norden
Eighteenth Armored Division - Campo Montana, Rotondella, garnt of Redutto, Norden
Nineteenth Armored Division - Campo Iera, Santa Croce d'Anza, grant of Anza, Norden
Twentieth Armored Division - Campo di l'Esta, Solmossolo, grant of Marchesta, Norden
Twenty-first Armored Division - Campo Tollumello, Borcenna, grant of Borcenna, Norden
Twenty-second Armored Division - Campo di Stresa, Píarmognazzo, grant of Onna, Norden
Twenty-third Armored Division - Campo Rinno Adam III, Rocamoro, grant of Valle di Giri, Norden
Twenty-fourth Armored Division - Campo Sascardone, Borgònzamo, Norden
Twenty-fifth Armored Division - Campo Forza, Tertepini, grant of Trefini, Norden
Twenty-sixth Armored Division - Campo Pucco, Roma, grant of Italina, Norden
Twenty-seventh Armored Division - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden
Artillery Corps
Thirteenth Artillery Division - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden
Fourteenth Artillery Division - Campo di l'Esta, Solmossolo, grant of Marchesta, Norden
Fifteenth Artillery Division - Fortes di l'Osta, La Bassino, grant of Valtemmira, Norden
Sixteenth Artillery Division - Campo Stucce, San Canuto, grant of Giomestagno, Norden
Seventeenth Artillery Division - Campo di Stresa, Píarmognazzo, grant of Onna, Norden
Eighteenth Artillery Division - Campo Rinno Adam III, Rocamoro, grant of Valle di Giri, Norden
Nineteenth Artillery Division - Campo Trelullo, Sargenta, grant of Frento, Norden
Twentieth Artillery Division - Campo Iera, Santa Croce d'Anza, grant of Anza, Norden
Twenty-first Artillery Division - Campo Romade, Sant'Anastasia di la Bruca, grant of Seltina, Norden
Twenty-second Artillery Division - Campo Rivera, Pievapelago, grant of Marchòstrigina, Norden
Marine Corps
Seventh Marine Division - Campo Riscarbona, Sant'Alessandria, grant of Doro, Norden
Eighth Marine Division - Campomari, San Nicola al Mare, grant of Duglie, Norden
Ninth Marine Division - Campo Sceicce, Castell'sceicce, grant of Sceicce, Norden
Tenth Marine Division - Campo Lonna, Taormina, grant of Scilia, Norden
Airborne Corps
Seventh Airborne Division - Ruba Airfield, Torscabargo, grant of Trefini, Norden
Eighth Airborne Division - Campo Mosca, Traversebruchense, grant of Lecarocchiavalle, Norden
Ninth Airborne Division - Entelbucco Airfield, Entelbucco, grant of Helverica, Norden
Tenth Airborne Division - Spinoso Airfield, Campospinoso, grant of Campodania, Norden
Engineer Corps
Fifth Engineer Division - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden
Sixth Engineer Division - Campo Sascardone, Borgònzamo, Norden
Signal Corps - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden
Logistics Corps - Campo Rinna, Borgorinna di Norremaque, grant of Troia, Norden

School
  • Academio Militara Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia (AMRNM, Royal Military Academy of Brutland and Norden) - Santa Maddalena, grant of Berríalva, Union Territories

Anyone who had graduated high school between the age of 16-30 can enter AMRNM. They will be assigned their rank depending on their standing upon graduation.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:09 am

Royal Nord-Brutlandese Navy
Nave Reala Nordèbrutelliense

Number in Active Service: 1,048,000
Headquarters: Citteria Naval Base, Citteria dei Mare, grant of Campedusa, Union Territories
Chief: Amt.Se. Stefano Montascoli

Ranks
  • Rank/Translation [Abbr.] - Unit/Translation
  • Amiretetto Séara/Admiral of the Navy [Amt.Se.]
  • Amiretetto/Admiral [Amt.] - Nave/Navy
  • Amiretèntètto/Vice Admiral [Amtnt.] - Fiente/Fleet
  • Amiretetto Morza/Rear Admiral [Amt.Mrz.] - Fiente di Battaglio/Battle Fleet
  • Amiretetto Morzèdoza/Vice Rear Admiral [Amt.Mrzd.] - Scuodrone/Squadron
  • Cappino/Captain [Cap.] - Viculemanne/Battleship*
  • Sabrietto/Commander [Sab.] - Brigate/Frigate*
  • Sabrièntètto/Lieutenant Commander [Sabnt.] - Cruziate/Cruiser*
  • Soldaschio/(no equivalent) [Sdch.] - Spitugale/Destroyer*
  • Soldaschiènto/(no equivalent) [Sdchnt.] - Coviarte/Corvette*
  • Essigno/Ensign [Ess.] - Vicule Loita/Patrol Boat
  • Schiòntetto/(no equivalent) [Sch.]
  • Spazetto/Sailor [Spz.]
Asterisks denote the kind of ship their rank can commandeer.

Equipment
Surface Vessels
Most Nord-Brutlandese vessels are built for multiple functions and are customizable.
Patrol Boats (772)
Corvettes (222)
57 Reino Class (CvR)
62 Sceide Class (CvS)
58 Trondero Class (CvT)
45 Usque Class (CvU)
Destroyers (165)
39 Alessandria Class (SpA)
43 Bratterro Class (SpB)
38 Civito Class (SpC)
45 Defende Class (SpD)
Cruisers (110)
42 Mira Class (CzM)
37 Nucha Class (CzN)
31 Parde Class (CzP)
Frigates (65)
24 Juste Class (BrJ)
21 Lorice Class (BrL)
20 other older classes
Battleships (40)
22 Forze Class (VmF)
18 Ghirre Class (VmG)

Other Vessels
Submarines (105)
18 Unnone Class (MsU)
17 Violle Class (MsV)
70 other older classes
Small boats
Scremo small unit riverine crafts - [a.k.a. Small unit riverine craft]
Acquàgno combat boat - [a.k.a. Combat Boat 90]

Organization
(Note: For sake of brevity, only battleships and submarines listed in each fleet.)
Northern Command - Starcano Naval Base, Vilònorda, Norden
First Fleet - Starcano Naval Base, Vilònorda, Norden
LVS Lecarochiavalle (BrL-02) ~ flagship
LVS Forlicesena (VmF-03)
LVS Sant'Adriano (VmG-03)
LVS Desantorica (VmG-04)
LVS Píarmognazzo (MsU-03)
LVS Soltera (MsV-01)
LVS Sceicce (MsV-04)
Second Fleet - Mira Naval Base, Mira, grant of Valtemmira, Norden
LVS Thessalia (BrJ-05) ~ flagship
LVS Imperio (VmG-05)
LVS Cortel (VmG-01)
LVS Platonno (VmF-09)
LVS Dolzone (MsU-01)
LVS Livrenze (MsV-06)
LVS Covara (MsU-08)
Third Fleet - Pescaro Naval Base, Crebbia, grant of Frento, Norden
LVS Santobricco (BrL-10) ~ flagship
LVS Passassinella (VmG-14)
LVS Valdilacrime (VmF-20)
LVS Spiermanza (VmF-18)
LVS Fochiessato (MsV-15)
LVS Arica (MsV-16)
LVS Serga (MsU-15)
Fourth Fleet - Fiargastramo Naval Base, Fiargastramo, grant of Thessalia, Norden
LVS Nicoletano (CzM-04) ~ flagship
LVS Stellago (VmG-07)
LVS Redutto (VmF-07)
LVS Modica (VmF-05)
LVS La Spergamo (MsV-08)
LVS Pelargone (MsU-09)
LVS Codena (MsU-11)

Central Command - Citteria Naval Base, Citteria dei Mare, grant of Campedusa, Union Territories
Fifth Fleet - Dennillia Naval Base, Costalinno, grant of Mestagno, Norden
LVS Subrigaria (CzM-07) ~ flagship
LVS Cremone (VmG-12)
LVS Frostanova (VmG-11)
LVS Terrestriva (VmF-13)
LVS Trefini (MsV-05)
LVS Tercelli (MsU-07)
Sixth Fleet - Coccovado Naval Base, San Pierro di Dennillia, Norden
LVS Fiorgamino (BrL-08) ~ flagship
LVS Storrefine (VmG-16)
LVS Tarraca (VmG-17)
LVS San Nigello (VmG-18)
LVS Golpionno (MsU-17)
LVS Potti (MsV-13)
LVS Rucca (MsV-14)
Seventh Fleet - Citteria Naval Base, Citteria dei Mare, grant of Campedusa, Union Territories
LVS Campedusa (BrJ-06) ~ flagship
LVS Santelleria (VmF-04)
LVS Grampione (VmG-10)
LVS Sant'Emilla (VmF-16)
LVS Brugnatella (VmF-08)
LVS Albano (MsU-02)
LVS Tratagnano (MsU-06)
LVS Pelargone (MsU-09)
LVS Epiro (MsV-12)
Eighth Fleet - Cortosa Naval Base, Rigli, grant of Marivenna, Brutland
LVS Pannondrio (BrJ-10) ~ flagship
LVS Stampione (VmF-10)
LVS Chiardogna (VmG-06)
LVS Marivenna (MsV-03)
LVS Tonzivibbia (VmF-19)
LVS Olba (MsV-10)
Auxiliary Fleet - Lionense Naval Base, Golpionno, grant of Storrefine, Norden
LVS Marigalante (CzN-01) ~ flagship
LVS Borcenna (VmG-08)
LVS Maceltellina (VmF-15)
LVS Trazio (MsV-09)

Southern Command - Meranese Naval Base, San Colombano di Merana, grant of Merana, Brutland
Ninth Fleet - Meranese Naval Base, San Colombano di Merana, grant of Merana, Brutland
LVS Cantabrica (BrL-03) ~ flagship
LVS Cressanone (VmF-11)
LVS Brutia (VmF-02)
LVS Vilòrmosa (MsU-13)
LVS Trebba (MsU-12)
Tenth Fleet - Storiga Naval Base, Pordantova, grant of Palatina, Brutland
LVS Terrallo (BrL-05) ~ flagship
LVS Sperrigano (VmF-14)
LVS Fromesino (VmF-06)
LVS Capriati (VmF-12)
LVS Tortona (MsV-07)
LVS Cavese (MsV-11)
LVS Seppa (MsU-10)
Eleventh Fleet - Timberland Naval Base, Marchòcchiese, grant of Marchòcchiese, Brutland
LVS Palatina (BrJ-07) ~ flagship
LVS Brastoia (VmF-01)
LVS Capitanata (VmG-02)
LVS Terragnano (VmG-09)
LVS Marchòcchiese (MsU-05)
LVS Pennino (MsU-04)
LVS Torranica (MsV-02)
Twelfth Fleet - Imperio Naval Base, Carbonara, grant of Imperio, Brutland
LVS San Colombano (BrL-07) ~ flagship
LVS Entelbucco (VmF-17)
LVS San Sbaccio (VmG-13)
LVS Latronico (VmF-22)
LVS Scommagena (VmG-17)
LVS Montesa (MsU-18)
LVS Toscaria (MsU-14)

Schools
  • Academio Nava Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia (ANRNM, Royal Naval Academy of Brutland and Norden) - Citteria dei Mare, grant of Campedusa, Union Territories

Anyone who had graduated high school between the age of 18-30 can enter ANRNM. They will be assigned their rank depending on their standing upon graduation.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Wed May 13, 2009 6:20 am, edited 1 time in total.
the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:17 am

Royal Nord-Brutlandese Air Force
Corzàre Reala Nordèbrutelliense

Number in Active Service: 560,000
Headquarters: Servio Airbase, Recco, grant of Stampione, Union Territories
Chief: Arg.Se. Joshua Moschatelli

Ranks
  • Rank/Translation [Abbr.] - Unit/Translation
  • Arogientetto Séara/General of the Air Force [Arg.Se.]
  • Arogientetto/(no English equivalent) [Arg.] - Corzàre/Air Force
  • Arogientèntètto/(no English equivalent) [Argnt.] - Sabriesse Grena/Wing
  • Cappino/Captain [Cap.] - Sabriesse/Command
  • Sabrietto/Commander [Sab.] - Stazione/Station
  • Alicanto/(no English equivalent) [Alc.] - Grascare/(no English equivalent)
  • Soldaschio/(no English equivalent) [Sdch.] - Scuodrone/Squadron
  • Sondieràro Seniore/Senior Airman [Sda.Sr.] - Vole/Flight
  • Sondieràro Juniore/Junior Airman [Sda.Jr.] - Sezzione/Section
  • Sondieràro/Airman [Sda.]
  • Testiarcatto/(no English equivalent) [Tes.]

Image
The Nord-Brutlandese Air Force Roundel.

Equipment
Aircraft
Most Nord-Brutlandese Aircraft can fulfill all mission types. The Nord-Brutlandese Aircraft Company (Companne Véiculàro Nordèbrutelliense) makes all of the aircraft in the Nord-Brutlandese Air Force.
Planes
3195 VA-10
735 VA-12
Helicopters
2203 EC-7 - [a.k.a. Eurocopter AS 532 Cougar]
576 EC-8 - [a.k.a. Eurocopter EC 135]
98 VE-1 - [a.k.a. NHI NH90]

Other Vehicles
Aircraft Carriers
10 Poderemanno Class (PA) aircraft carriers

Missiles
Missile - all Nord-Brutlandese missiles are customizable, and can carry nuclear warheads except when noted.
Launched from Surface
4,928 KL-500 Missile - (maximum target distance: 500 mi.)
6,102 KL-1000 Missile
5,871 KL-2000 Missile
3,689 KL-5000 Missile

Organization
First Air Force - Colmenara Airbase, Canossa, grant of Lecarocchiavalle, Norden
First Fighter Wing - Colmenara Airbase, Canossa, grant of Lecarocchiavalle, Norden
Second Fighter Wing - Entelbucco Airfield, Entelbucco, grant of Helverica, Norden
Third Fighter Wing - Aquila Airbase, Dolcelago, grant of Sarda, Norden
Fourth Mobile Wing - Cortellense Docks, Brescello, grant of Cortel, Norden
LVS Fiargastramo (PA-02)
LVS Valtebriggio (PA-06)

Second Air Force - Servio Airbase, grant of Stampione, Union Territories
Fifth Fighter Wing - Servio Airbase, grant of Stampione, Union Territories
Sixth Mobile Wing - Lionense Docks, Golpionno, grant of Storrefine, Norden
LVS Rinno Kail I (PA-01)
LVS Friede (PA-07)
Seventh Fighter Wing - Vallora Airfield, Passassinella, grant of Brugnatella, Union Territories
Eighth Mobile Wing - Barrenechea Naval Base, Villègrazio, grant of Esolo d'Unnone, Union Territories
LVS Brutellia (PA-09)
LVS Norden (PA-10)
Ninth Fighter Wing - Trosca Airbase, La Battaglia, grant of Troia, Norden
Tenth Fighter Wing - Pegasso Airbase, Trossa, grant of Albiore, Norden
Eleventh Mobile Wing - Cortosa Naval Base, Rigli, grant of Marivenna, Brutland
LVS Rinno Adam III (PA-03)
LVS Reno Adriana I (PA-04)
Twelfth Fighter Wing - Tosciano Airbase, Soldano, grant of Milova, Brutland
Thirteenth Fighter Wing - Buccarelli Airbase, Santa Sabina, grant of Nicoletano, Brutland

Third Air Force
Fourteenth Fighter Wing - La Calderra Airbase, Butera, garnt of Voccanica, Brutland
Fifteenth Mobile Wing - Bordetto Docks, Cattero di Perucce, grant of Trazio, Brutland
LVS Steltemisse (PA-08)
LVS Descofittettía (PA-05)
Sixteenth Fighter Wing - Brutland Airbase, Sderrianza di Brutellia, grant of Ollinòcchiese, Brutland
Seventeenth Fighter Wing - Rubiconna Airbase, Condissone, grant of Capitanata, Brutland

There are also missile ranges in the country, numbering about seven.

Schools
  • Academio Corzàra Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia (ACRNM, Royal Air Force Academy of Brutland and Norden) - Servio Air Base, Recco, grant of Stampione, Union Territories
Anyone who had graduated high school between the age of 16-30 can enter ACRNM. They will be assigned their rank depending on their standing upon graduation.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Mon May 25, 2009 6:16 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:19 am

Royal Nord-Brutlandese Space Force
Forzèspazie Reala Nordèbrutelliense


(contents to come)
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:26 am

His Majesty King Kyle II
King of Brutland and Norden

Image

Born: September 11, 1988; Montecrestese Castle, Stroppiana, Union Territories
Parents:
  • King Adam IV of Brutland and Norden
  • Queen Charlotte (Carlotta) [Scandroglio from Cordivigliera]
Grandparents:
  • King Simon V of Brutland and Norden
  • Queen Giustina [Porscale of Trascara]
  • Pierfelice Scandroglio from Cordivigliera
  • Valentina Fontanelli from Foscaterro
Great-grandparents (if applicable):
  • King Simon IV of Brutland and Norden
  • Queen Marianna [Lambruschini of Palatina-Terragnano]
  • Duke Matthew (Matto) VIII Porscale of Trascara
  • Duchess Anastasia [Montascoli of Trazio]
  • Bruno Scandroglio from Cordivigliera
  • Susanna (of Stampione)
  • Edmondo Fontanelli from Foscaterro
  • Beatrice Terranova from Foscaterro
Order of Birth: 1st of 4
Siblings:
Prince Bryce, Duke of Brugnatella (Prinzo Bricco, Duco di Brugnatella)
Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Santelleria (Prenzo Alessandra, Duco di Santelleria)
Princess Adrienne, Duchess of Tonzivibbia (Prenzo Adrianna, Duco d’Tonzivibbia)


Baptism: September 24, 1988 by Kingsville Archbishop Inazio Cardinal Mondragone
Accession: June 16, 2006

Age: 19 years
Gender: Male
Height: 1.91 m (6 ft.3 in.)
Weight: 70.5 kg (155.4 lbs)
Hair Color: blond
Eye Color: blue

Social Status: single
Spouse: none
Issue: none

Full Title: L’Inze Rinna, La Rinno Manna Kail II di Brutellia, di Norremaque, di Dennillia, e di l’Esolu di l’Unnone, Duco Manna di Brutia, Sverontetto di Marchòcchiese, Sprottetto di l’Unnone, e Defenzetto di la Nazione (His Royal Highness, The Great King Kyle II of Brutland, of Normark, of Dennland, and the Channel Islands, Grand Duke of Brutia, Sovereign of Timberland, Protector of the Union, and Defender of the Nation)

Bio:
Early Life
Kyle II was born on September 11, 1988 to King Adam IV of Brutland and Norden and Queen Charlotte II. His mother, a doctor from the island of Stampione, took on Kyle’s early education until she bore Prince Bryce when Kyle was two and a half years old.

The future king was entrusted to Princess Samantha, Duchess of Trefini, King Adam IV’s younger sister and a registered teacher. Princess Samantha educated the young boy until he became the king. Kyle was noted to have an above average intelligence, and placed seventh in the grantwide aptitude exams given to students taking the equivalent of the seventh grade. He was also very active in sports, and was a member of the local ice hockey club.

Lovelife
Kyle once had a brief relationship with Luanna Mondragone (no relation to the Archbishop), a commoner from Sant’Unterro di Brugnatella. He met Mondragone during the Royal Blind Date of 2002, but the relationship did not last as both Kyle and Luanna revealed that they are not yet ready. It has been reported that they had remained friends today.

Accession
King Adam IV suddenly died on June 16, 2006. The royal physician’s report was that the 49 year old king died of a burst aortic aneurysm. The nation underwent a month of mourning, and Queen Charlotte II took over the regency for three months until Kyle’s 18th birthday. Kyle II was crowned on September 11, 2006 at the Grand Cathedral in Kingsville.

Plans
Kyle entered the Royal Military Academy of Brutland and Norden (Academio Militara Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia) on September 2007. Most Nord-Brutlandese would rather let him continue working as King, but on March 2007, he announced that he would delegate many of his tasks to his mother so that he can enter the Military School. He would still remain the de facto king of the nation.

Trivia
Kyle is known to be a fan of rock music, as is his brother, Prince Bryce. They attend the yearly Stampione Festive di Rock (Stampione Rock Festival).

The King once thought to have a piercing on this left ear, but his earring was just a clip-on. He is also rumored to have a tattoo of his coat of arms on his left arm, though this remains to be verified.

The King, without his permission, was also featured in a gay magazine and a women's magazine, causing controversy in the country.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Sat Dec 19, 2009 8:56 am, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:31 am

Marianna Cortanella
Prime Minister of Brutland and Norden


Born: May 27, 1968; Sant'Emillo, grant of Cavese, province of Norden
Father: Damiano Cortanella
Mother: Ella di Storghese
Order of Birth: 3rd of 5
Siblings:
Simon Cortanella
Anna Cortanella - di Bricarico
Bianca Cortanella - Scirica
Bricco Cortanella


Baptism: July 07, 1968 by Rev. Fr. Camillo Corbano

Age: 39 years
Gender: Female
Height: 1.80 m (5ft. 11in.)
Weight: 55 kg (121.3 lbs)
Hair Color: light blond
Eye Color: blue

Social Status: single
Spouse: none
Issue: none

Position: Prime Minister (Finisterretùnèlà) of Brutland and Norden
Party: Popular Party (Partide Populoddía)
Constituency: Dennillia Ostennía, Norden
Last Election Results:
Cortanella (PP) - 87.8%
Marinaro (PDS) - 9.2%
Others - 3.0%


Bio:
Background
Cortanella was born on May 27, 1968, in Sant’Emillo, grant of Cavese, in Dennland (Norden) to Damiano Cortanella, a farmer, and Ella di Storghese. She is the third of five children.

She studied in the public schools of Cavese, and obtained a law degree at the Royal University of Brutland and Norden (Universitado Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia) in Vilòstresa (Kingsville). After that, she returned to Sant’Emillo to set up a practice, specifically taking up cases of child abuse and spouse battery.

Politics
Entrance to Politics

She has always been active in politics, but was not a member of any political party until 1995, when she joined the Popular Party, whose local head is her older brother Simon. As a prominent member of the community and being viewed positively by many, the party put her name forward as a candidate for the Grant Council of Cavese. She easily won an internal selection, and won first in a field of fifty. Thus she became the council president (Presidetto di la Consellio Grattia) of Cavese.

She was considered to be an effective compromiser and was viewed as somebody who gets things done. She promoted tourism in the grant, transformed the economy, and provided effective leadership. In 1998, the Royal Institute for Public Administration (Stiutto Reala per Minstrazione Pubblica) awarded her the coveted King Kyle the Fair Award for Leadership Excellence.

Despite her wishes to remain in Dennland, the party nominated her to replace the retiring Marco Commaserri as the PP candidate for the Norden constituency of Dennillia Ostennía. Voting unanimously, Cortanella became the PP candidate for the PP-leaning seat for the 2000 elections.

She faced a viable candidate, Afferro Spangòlana, of the Social Democratic Party (Partide Democrazia Scaglia, PDS). But Spangòlana, backed by the Green Party (Partide Verta), made several mistakes during the campaign, including falsely accusing Cortanella of contempt of court and malversation of public funds. He also espoused several measures unpopular with the inhabitants of the largely rural constituency. Because of this, Cortanella won the seat 69%-30%.

As MP
Immediately after the installment of the third PP government of Rinnero Faro, a scandal rocked the government. After a series of exposés of the newspaper L’Unnone concerning the allegations, Cortanella got disillusioned with how the PP works. She organized a coalition of like-minded and mostly freshman MPs, and together with the PDS, brought down the Faro government on November 29, 2000.

The subsequent elections on January 7, 2001 saw the PDS form a government in twenty-five years. An entire generation of politicians was completely swept away in the torrent of voter discontent and anger. Cortanella was also criticized for leading the coup within the PP and was blamed for the loss of PP in the 2001 election. She responded to one of these attacks by famously saying, “To whom lies my loyalty first? To the people, or to the party? Of course, to the people I serve. Anyone who says otherwise is obviously a self-serving idiot.”

Her actions were mostly viewed positively, even by the conservative newspaper La Brutelliense. Indeed, she was re-elected in her constituency by a margin of four-to-one in the 2001 election.

Even after the PP was forced into the opposition, she continued to lead the efforts to reform the organization. Faro stepped down as the leader in May 2001, and an election for the next PP leader was held. Though she did not want to lead the party, she felt that reforms must be made. Reformists put her forward as a candidate to lead the party. Her main opposition was the conservative stalwart Brocco Cuttiglione (PP, Padania Norda) of Brutland. Cuttiglione was supported by the right-wing faction and the so-called ‘old guards’ of the party, while Cortanella was supported by the moderate, libertarian, and reformist factions in the party.

During the National PP Congress held in Sderrianza di Stampione on June 21, 2001, the PP nearly split into two, if only for the solidarity being shown by Cortanella and Cuttiglione, as both refused to attack each other, showed good working and personal relationships, and issued joint pleas for solidarity. A campaign then ensued on who will lead the PP. During that time, Cortanella was being labeled as a ‘traitor’ by the opposite camp.

Cuttiglione led on the first and second ballots, with support coming from the vote-rich Brutland delegations. But many in the Dennland delegations campaigned for her, as did several young Brutish reformists, notably the delegation heads Hunter Formiccini (Timberland/Marchòcchiese), Kail Brecchio (Vilòrmosa), Adriana Spicatto (Concessa di Rivero), Cestre Stelcchio (Pannondrio), and Thelma d’Ampriato (Pordantova).

She closed in on the third ballot, and surged and led on the fourth, 685-249. She still did not get the requisite three-fourths of votes (706) until the seventh round of voting, when the delegations of Maceltellina, Capitanata, and Nicoletano switched and voted for Cortanella. Cuttiglione conceded the election, and Cortanella became the new party leader.

As Party Leader
Immediately after the election, Cortanella began to mend relations between the different factions of PP. In her victory speech, she said, “In unity, there is strength. We must not let our differences hinder the attainment of the party’s mission to serve the people of Brutland and Norden.” Her speech was well-received with a standing ovation from all delegates, and even Cuttiglione hugged her afterwards.

As she was mending the intra-party split, she was also reforming the party, by introducing primaries, opening nominations to all party members, introducing transparency measures, and by making the party more people-centered. The changes she introduced largely refurbished the image of the PP in the eyes of voters. More youth joined the party, perhaps due to the perceived youthfulness of the party. In the first two years of her leadership, membership ranks of the PP swelled, even in Normark.

As Prime Minister
Cortanella’s reforms was first tested in the election of 2004. In March 2004, the PDS government of Borio Drasella announced plans to legalize all abortions and same-sex marriages in the country, and also to hike the income tax and the value-added tax. People demonstrated against the Drasella government, but the measures passed the General Court (Corteso Genera), despite some of the PDS MPs defecting to the other side.

The House of Lords (Caso di Paggionnu) delayed the measures for six months and so the bills were still unpromulgated. Support for the Drasella government plummeted. In May 2004, violent demonstrations erupted across several Brutland and Dennland cities, as well as in the capital. Drasella declared a state of emergency and asked the King to mobilize the military. The King declined, and a crisis begun. Cortanella appeared in one of the demonstrations in the city of Padanica, Brutland, urging citizens for calm.

Cortanella maneuvered for several Brutish PDS MPs to vote for their side, and on June 6, 2004, the Drasella government lost a vote of confidence in the General Court, with the PP, Greens, Communists, and a dozen Brutish PDS defectors voting against the government.

The King called an election for August 25, 2004, with the PP winning by a landslide. The remaining unpromulgated acts by the Drasella government, including those pertaining to the tax increase, abortion, and same-sex marriages, were voided by default.

Cortanella took the oath before the King on Union Day, 2004. Immediately she again took on the role of a compromiser and bridge-maker: “I ask every Nord-Brutlandese, regardless of party affiliation or beliefs, to work for the betterment of the country.”

At present, she is pursuing a conservative-libertarian approach on issues and is well thought of in Brutland and Norden. She has maintained stability in the country and is serving as a leader people can respect, despite disagreements or differences in opinion and stands on issues.

Cortanella's popularity, along with the perception that the country was doing well, was instrumental in her party's impressive win in the Brutland and Norden 2008 elections.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:39 am

Nord-Brutlandese Nobility
The Nord-Brutlandese nobility is composed of 65 noble titles/houses (excluding the Nord-Brutlandese throne). There are (in descending ceremonial order) 2 Archduchies, 24 Duchies, 18 Counties, and 18 Baronies. In addition, there are 2 “Ambassadorial” positions and one Governorate.

Of the 65 noble titles, 45 belong to noble families. The rest of the titles are appointive (including the archduchies, the ambassadorial positions, and the governorate) or are given to members of the royal family (including many of the duchies in Norden and the Union Territories).

Noble Court of Brutland and Norden
All of the sitting nobles (currently there are 62 nobles, as the duchies of Berríalva, Librugnie, and Santobricco are vacant) are members of the Corteso di Nobilettu (Noble Court) and have a vote in the assembly. Archdukes/Archduchesses have 7 votes, Dukes/Duchesses have 5, Counts/Countesses have 3, Ambassadors and Governors have 2, Barons/Baronesses have 1, and the reigning sovereign has 10 votes. The Noble Court has its origins in Nord-Brutlandese history, where the kings of Brutland convene their grantees and nobles pertaining to the governance of the country. It was the legislature of the kingdom until the constitutional monarchy was instituted. Nowadays, the Noble Court is of ceremonial nature and possesses jurisdiction only in matters pertaining to the nobility. The Noble Court meets every five years, but the King or the present presider of the Noble Court (currently, Duke Adam I Mondragone of Capitanata) can call a meeting of the Noble Court.

Inheritance
The Nord-Brutlandese nobility has a modified semi-Salic form of inheritance; the eldest male inherits the seat, even if he has older female siblings. Only when there are no direct male heirs can a female inherit the seat. Some activists recently called for the abolishment of the semi-Salic primogeniture for the nobility of Brutland and Norden, but in the Noble Court voted 131-56 to retain the semi-Salic during their most recent Assembly.

A seat can be united when the heirs of the two seats marry; in which case, the lesser seat is elevated to the position of the greater seat. For example, a count marries a duchess – their united seat becomes a duchy, and both are called duke/duchess.

Also, nobles who are not heirs to their seats lose their noble title when they marry commoners. For example, Nicolo Bradini, a member of the noble family of the County of Tomo-Tortona, but is not the occupant or heir apparent to the seat. When he married a commoner, he lost his noble title and his noble rights. This is why some refuse to marry, or go at great lengths to marry a noble, either Nord-Brutlandese or a foreign noble.

Rights of a Noble
Despite the Nord-Brutlandese Constitution, nobles are subject to a different set of laws than commoners. Nobles cannot be tried in a commoner’s court unless the noble’s crime is considered heinous or treasonous; even then, the King’s permission to try the noble’s case in a commoner’s court must be obtained. Cases against nobles are heard by the House of Lords (technically the highest court in Brutland and Norden, as it can hear appeals of cases from the Royal Supreme Court of Brutland and Norden). The two sides have to be represented by a peer and a common lawyer. Despite the perceived immunity, the penalties are usually stiffer than what is meted on commoners. The most recent case was against the former Gennaro Mercara, Baronet of Corrica-Desantorica, arrested on charges of drunk driving in 2001. The House of Lords stripped Gennaro Mercara of his noble rank and thus making his sister, Monica Mercara, the heir to the barony. Additionally, he was sentenced to 1 year probation and/or community service with a fine of ₤235,000.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Wed May 13, 2009 6:40 am

Grants
The grant (Nord-Brutlandese: grattio) is a basic local government unit of Brutland and Norden. Currently, there are 130 grants in the Kingdom, governed by grant councils (Consellio Grattia).

History
When the Rumans came, they converted the small kingdoms into Ruman tributary kingdoms, misleadingly called provinces. There were eleven provinces then, and these reverted to being kingdoms when the Ruman Empire fell.

The roots of grants came in the year 687, when King Knut IV of the Brutes (Bruttii) gave the present-day Trascara Valley to his loyal subordinate general, Matthew Porscale, soon to be the Duke of Trascara. Porscale was awarded the grant in recognition of his brilliant performance in defeating the Kingdom of the Bruzzi at the Briggio Valley. Soon, to control their expanding realms, the Brute monarchs granted lands to their loyal subordinates, thereby establishing a feudal state.

Granting lands to loyal personalities soon became the norm in the islands. But with the land grant comes a responsibility. The grantee is expected to defend his land against foreign aggressors and to be loyal to the grantor. Many times this has been broken, as in the Eighty Years’ War between the Brutes and the Cantabris. Several Cantabri grantees failed to defend their grants, notably when the grant of Toscaria fell to the Brutes. Others switched sides, as what happened in 1058, when the Cantabri grantee of Pianuro (now in the present-day grant of Plano Verta) turned over his grant to the Brutes.

When the Brutes finally controlled the entire island in 1457, they reorganized the grant system, requiring that grantees have a presence in the capital, and establishing rules for grantees. In 1550, a grant council, composed of nobles from the grant, was established. An exception was the grant of Pannondrio, which was under the control of the citizenry and had no grant council. (Pannondrio was a direct democracy, almost akin to a republic, enjoying a “special relationship” with the Brutish kingdom since the year 406.)

The Nordeners copied the Brutes’ system, but the nascent Nordener system was demolished with the Nordener Revolution. The revolutionaries executed nobles and redrew grant boundaries, dividing the island into governorates. But when the Brutes forcefully restored the monarchy, they reestablished the grant system and introduced the concept of grant councils.

The system was unchanged even as the kingdoms of Brutland and Norden merged into one. But when King Kyle the Fair ascended to the throne in 1855, the new king was bent on slowly democratizing the country. He ruled, in 1868, that half of the grant councils’ membership should be commoners. (Many Nordener grant councils include commoners, usually the rich, but Brutish ones are comprised exclusively of nobles.) Some petty nobles protested, and the grantees of the Brutish grants of Valda, Bordana, and Pianuro made moves to rebel. But the new king was very popular with both the nobles and the people, the grantees found themselves isolated. The King, by a decree in 1870, removed the grantees from their positions and placed the three grants under direct royal administration. In 1877, the King removed the direct royal administration and experimented with the three grants by giving the commoners full control of the grant councils. He decreed that the inhabitants elect their own council, composed entirely of commoners. The first experiment on democracy was a success, and the grants of Valdilacrime, Ollinòcchiese, and Plano Verta became models for the kingdom. The grant council of Valdilacrime renamed their grant Vallo di Stresu (“Valley of Kings”) to honor the King. To the King, and to many of the Nord-Brutlandese, a democracy in the Kingdom was feasible. King Kyle the Fair went on to create a constitution for the kingdom and usher its transformation to a constitutional monarchy.

But the King did not finish his constitution, and his son, King Chester II, finished it. The Constitution states that each grant should have its own grant council, but left it to the individual provinces to choose the systems of electing the grant council. So although both Brutland and Norden have their grant councils, the process of electing them are markedly different.

Brutland
The province of Brutland has 61 grants, each with its own Grant Council. The Brutland Constitution provides that the Grant Council to have a minimum of 15 members, with an additional member for every 100,000 population over 500,000. A cap was added in 1987, stating that a Grant Council has a maximum membership of 500. Thus, Brutish Grant Councils vary in size, from 15 (Saotivalles, Tomo, Tortona, Esolu di Pecadi, Olba, Subrigaria, Dolzone) to 271 (Padania). Many large grant councils resemble provincial legislatures.

The president of the Grant Council, which serves as the executive for the grant, is elected from the party with the plurality in the Grant Council. Thus, the party of the grant president is always the same as that of the party holding a majority in the council. Currently, the Popular Party controls all of the Brutish Grant Councils except that of Esolu di Pecadi and Micchiolli.

As many of the Brutish grants still have their nobility, many of the nobles serve as ceremonial leaders of the grant, though some stepped down from public life, and some even got elected to the Councils. Currently, 54 Brutish grants are led by a ceremonial leader.

An exception was made in the Brutish Constitution for the grant of Pannondrio, which operated under the concept of direct democracy for over sixteen centuries. During the month of May, when the mountain passes and valleys are surely passable, local representatives from the grant’s 19 valleys representing 289 communities meet in the capital of Pannondrio. This system went on until 1977, when the population increased and the May meetings (consellimàio di Pannondrio) became untenable. Pannondrio still operates with direct democracy below the grant level.

Norden
Norden has both grants and independent cities. Currently Norden has 56 grants and 12 independent cities. Both have their councils, called grant council, and city council, respectively.

The Nordener Constitution states that grant councils have a fixed membership of 21. The councilors are elected grantwide and the grant president is the councilor winning the most number of votes. Thus, the party of the grant president may be different from the majority party in the grant council. (Currently, 16 of Norden’s grants have this arrangement.)

The grant council controls only the area within the grant, which excludes independent cities. Independent cities are formerly parts of the grant which had been separated by an act of the legislature, with or without the grant council’s consent. They are not represented in the grant council, and have a council of their own, and a mayor.

Union Territories
Union Territories are under direct federal jurisdiction. There are eleven such grants, and the constitution said nothing about their grant councils. Thus, in 1902, the Christian Democrat (Partide Democrazietto C’hristiana, PDC) government of Adam Borgòlambio passed an act establishing grant councils in the Union Territories. It provided for a grant council with a fixed membership of 21, but the grant president is chosen from the majority party in the grant council. Thus, as in Brutland, the party of the grant president reflects the composition of the council. Currently, the PP holds 8 of the grant presidencies, and the PDS one, and the PV two.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Allrule » Mon May 25, 2009 1:48 pm

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Last edited by Allrule on Sat Jun 19, 2010 5:11 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Tue May 26, 2009 3:33 am

Allrule wrote:OOC : I'll delete this post once you reply.
Where did you make that graph of your General Court?

Microsoft Excel 2007, the doughnut graph. I doubled the data, made a doughnut graph, then manipulated and edited it so I can take half of the doughnut as my graph. ;) IIRC the doughnut graph is also present in some earlier Excel versions.
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Re: Brutland and Norden Factbook

Postby Brutland and Norden » Mon Jun 01, 2009 4:58 am

Livro
The Nord-Brutlandese livro (symbol £) is the currency of the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden. It is divided into 100 centimu (cents). The livro was introduced in 1864, as part of the standardization of weights and measures in Brutland and Norden. The livro is a representative currency, as opposed to a fiat currency, fully backed by the kingdom's precious metal reserves. Currently, the Nord-brutlandese livro is equivalent to 30.21618 grains (2.5g) of silver, 0.612 grains (0.0397g) of gold, or 19.29 grains (1.25g) of platinum.

History
The many kingdoms in present-day Brutland and Norden issued their own currencies, such as the Dennlander livro, the Brute crono, and the Normarker dalero. All, with the exception of some circulating Brute crono, were made of gold and silver. Despite the turmoils of the islands and the fall of some kingdoms, their coins continued to circulate as each coin/currency has a known content of gold and/or silver.

However, the multitude of currencies and its varying precious metal content made trading harder. Compounding the problem was the practice of cutting or dividing the coins to pay for smaller purchases, as many of the coins are too valuable for small-time trade.

Consequently, in 1864, King Kyle the Fair ordered the standardization of the currency in Brutland and Norden as part of his drive to modernize the country. The livro was introduced, a corruption of the Nord-Brutlandese word for pound.

At first, the livro was also made of gold and silver alloyed with cheaper metals like copper and tin. Two standards were used: a gold livro and a silver livro. A one gold livro coin contained exactly 15.43236 grains (1g) of gold, while a silver livro contained 30.21618 grains (2.5g) of silver. The system was quickly abandoned in 1870, as the two different systems defeated the purpose of making currency easier for the Nord-Brutlandese. Moreover, the people clung to their practice of dividing the coins, despite issuing fractional livro coins.

The royal government began issuing representative currency, or paper money, in 1870. The Banco Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia (BRNMb; Royal Bank of Brutland and Norden) was entrusted with the production and issuance of the new currency. The paper livro was equivalent to the silver livro, such that one paper livro was equivalent to 30.21618 grains (2.5g) of silver or 0.612 grains (0.0397g) of gold. An intense educational campaign was made for the people to accept the new paper currency. Theoretically, the paper livros were redeemable of their weight in gold or silver at the BRNMb, as such, the Nord-Brutlandese livro is considered a representative, rather than a fiat, currency.

In order to further the circulation and acceptance of the paper livro, the gold and silver coins were withdrawn from circulation. Some jurisdictions went so far as outlawing trading with the gold and silver coins. By 1885, the entire country was using paper livros and the gold and silver coins were hard to find. The gold and silver were stored at Colonella di Bruttii Royal Repository in Brutland.

The livro experienced only four major revaluations. In 1923, the Social Democrat government of Giovanni Leonardini devalued the livro to three-quarters of its value in an attempt to stave off a government default. The measure prompted mass demonstrations and riots in some cities. King Chester II himself warned to dismiss the government should it devalue the currency further. Leonardini's government was booted out in the 1924 elections, and the new Christian Democratic Prime Minister Carlo Franco Bacco managed to return the livro back to the standard by 1927.

The discovery of significant noble metal deposits prompted the government to add platinum to the standard. In 1968, the government of Jarn Spocchio passed a law declaring that the Nord-Brutlandese livro is equivalent to (thus theoretically redeemable with) 19.29 grains (1.25g) of platinum. The BRNMb had already stored a significant amount of platinum, and this enabled the government to issue more currency. This trimetallism, though arguably has a potential to be violently unstable, has served Brutland and Norden well - as paper livros will not be redeemed in precious metal by the BRNMb.

In 1976, the government of Prime Minister Christian Monelli proposed that other noble metals be added to the standard. In addition, while the trimetallic standard of Brutland and Norden had never been tested, it came close to being rocked when silver rapidly appreciated against gold in 1944, something that the government of then Prime Minister Pierro Nepa succeeded in handling to the nation's benefit. Then Treasury Minister Tyler Stubblefield and BRNMb Director Gianmatteo Biancaniello proposed introducing a gold standard: tying the Nord-Brutlandese livro primarily to gold. The livro will still be backed by silver, platinum, and other noble metals by pegging these metals to a particular amount in gold, which will be adjusted by the Royal Nord-Brutlandese Bank according to the prevailing market value of the metals, the supply and demand, and the perception of the metal. The plan was overwhelmingly approved by Nord-Brutlandese voters in a 1978 referendum. Consequently, palladium and ruthenium was added to the standard immediately, osmium and iridium in 1979, rhodium in 1980. The latest addition was rhenium, in 1997. As such, the livro is currently backed by gold, silver, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, iridium, and rhenium, all of which are stored in the Colonella di Bruttii Royal Repository in Brutland.

Coins
Since 1890, the coins of the Nord-Brutlandese livro included the 1-centimo, 5-centimo, 10-centimo, 25-centimo (quarter livro), 50-centimo (half livro), and 1-livro coins. The coins are made of base metals and do not contain any precious metal.

The design of the livro coins are unchanged since 1950. The denomination is on the obverse side while the coat-of-arms of Brutland and Norden is on the reverse. (Click on the picture to see the actual sizes of coins).

Coins in Circulation
Pictures
Value
Diameter
Thickness
Mass
Composition
Edge
Image1 centimo
(£0.01)
12.7 mm1.25 mm1.75gcopper-plated steel
6% copper
94% Nord-Brutlandese coinage steel
plain
Image5 centimu
(£0.05)
19.05 mm1.4 mm2.0 gcopper-plated steel
6% copper
94% Nord-Brutlandese coinage steel
grooved around the edge
Image10 centimu
(£0.10)
25.4 mm1.30 mm2.15gNord-Brutlandese coinage steel
(actual composition secret)
fine scalloped
Image25 centimu
(£0.25)
quarter-livro
31.75 mm1.45 mm2.5 gNord-Brutlandese coinage steel
(actual composition secret)
milled
Image50 centimu
(£0.50)
half-livro
38.1 mm1.40 mm2.95 gCupronickel
75% copper
25% nickel
plain
Image1 livro
(£1.00)
50.8 mm2.1 mm3.35 gCupronickel
75% copper
25% nickel
interrupted milled


Commemorative Coins
The Royal Nord-Brutlandese Mint also produces commemorative coins; the Mint issues on an average 4-5 rare issues per year. Most commemorative coins have a face value of 25 livros (£25). Here are some examples of commemorative coins (click on the pictures for larger version)

Pictures
Face Value
Dimensions
Composition
Issue Date
Quantity
Remarks
Image£25Diameter: 50.8 mm
Thickness: 2.15 mm
Weight:3.55 g
Edge:interrupted milled with engraved signature of the King
Ring:
sterling silver
92.5% silver
7.0% copper

center:
anodised niobium
January 1, 20071,000,000Accession of King Kyle II
Obverse: King's bust in high relief
Reverse: King's lesser coat-of-arms
This is the first Nord-Brutlandese coin that has a niobium "pill", the color of which can be varied. For this issue, a blue color was chosen, reportedly the new monarch's favorite color.
Image£25Diameter: 50.8 mm
Thickness: 2.15 mm
Weight: 3.2 g
Edge: interrupted milled
Ring:
Nickel Brass
75% copper
20% zinc
5% nickel

center:
Cupronickel
75% copper
25% nickel
May 11, 2009100,000Millenium of Granthood of Voccanica
Obverse: the Montrecorno, Voccanica's most recognized peak
Reverse: Coat-of-arms of the grant of Voccanica


Banknotes
The banknotes of the Nord-Brutlandese livro have a common design. The obverse features a portrait of the reigning monarch on the lower right corner, and the Nord-Brutlandese coat-of-arms on the lower left, on the white area. There is a faint silhouette of the country in the middle of the banknote. The name of the issuing authority, is on the top, and the words "the bearer is promised to sum of [bill denomination]" is on the bottom. The banknote is signed by the reigning monarch and the director of the BRNMb.

The reverse side features different landmarks of Brutland and Norden.

Series VIII
The Series VIII of the Nord-Brutlandese livro was issued starting 2006, after the untimely death of King Adam IV. Series VIII is not that different from the Series VII, featuring the image of King Adam IV, because the BRNb simply replaced the previous monarch's image on the plates with the image of the new King Kyle II.

Series VIII banknotes of the Nord-Brutlandese livro

PicturesLarger VersionsValueMain ColorReverse
Image Imageobverse, reverse£1BlueMount Bianco
Image Imageobverse, reverse£5YellowPalazzo Reala (Royal Palace)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£10GreenCorteso Genera (General Court)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£20OrangeTordòlucho di Stroppiana (Stroppiana Lighthouse)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£50GrayCastello di Vilònorda (Nordville Castle)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£100RedCastello di Montecrestese (Montecrestese Castle)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£200CyanCastello Dennilliense (Dennlander Castle)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£500VioletCastello di la Bruttii (Castle of the Brutes)
Image Imageobverse, reverse£1000Blue, Yellow, and WhiteCastello Pannondriense (Pannondrian Castle)


The Series VIII banknotes has features to help the blind and the visually impaired. The denomination on the upper left corner is in intaglio printing, and the hues of the bills alternate between "warm" and "cool" hues in adjacent denominations.

Banknotes are made out of special paper, manufactured specially by the BRNMb. They incorporate a plastic security thread which is micro-printed with the bill's denomination. A watermark of the Nord-Brutlandese coat-of-arms can be seem on the white area of the banknote, just above the visible coat-of-arms image. The silhouette of the country would also glow under ultraviolet light, and a stylized denomination of the bill would also appear on reverse of the bill under ultraviolet light.

Series IX
The Royal Nord-Brutlandese Bank submitted a proposal to redesign the currency to the government of Prime Minister Marianna Cortanella in 2008. However, the Cortanella government, especially Treasury Minister Lúanna Gardefini, viewed the proposal as another unnecessary cost. But with the discovery of some counterfeit 100-livro notes in Norden in January 2009 (the first such case in Brutland and Norden) and the use of the livro in foreign transactions led the government to adopt the program in July 2009.

The new livro as released on July 2010, and represented a major overhaul of the banknotes of the livro.

Series IX banknotes of the Nord-Brutlandese livro
£1: Colored blue, Mount Bianco on the Reverse
ImageImage

£5: Colored yellow, Royal Palace on the Reverse
ImageImage

£10: Colored green, General Court on the Reverse
The view of the General Court featured changed from the interior courtyard to the south side of the Court.
ImageImage

£20: Colored orange, Stroppiana Lighthouse on the Reverse
ImageImage

£50: Colored gray, Nordville Castle on the Reverse
ImageImage

£100: Colored red, Montecrestese Castle on the Reverse
ImageImage

£200: Colored cyan, Dennville Castle on the Reverse
ImageImage

£500: Colored violet, Brutland City Castle on the Reverse
The Castle of Brutes (City of Padanica) as replaced by the Brutland CIty Castle.
ImageImage

£1000: Multicolored, Pannondrian Castle on the Reverse
ImageImage

Security Features of the Nord-Brutlandese Livro
(from the Royal Bank of Brutland and Norden)

Image
Image
The Series XI banknotes were made of biaxially-oriented polyproplene, a special polymer developed by the Nord-Brutlandese company Baadsgaard & Lambert for use in banknotes. Polymer banknotes are more durable, more resistant to dirt and tear, harder to counterfeit, and are recyclable. The Series IX will be the first full set of polymer banknotes that was released in Brutland and Norden. The Royal Nord-Brutlandese bank had previously released a commemorative 2000-livro polymer banknote last September 2009, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the marriage of King Adam III of Brutland and Queen Adrienne of Norden, the personal union that led to the creation of the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden.

Anti-counterfeiting features were enhanced and more were added to the new set of banknotes, in order to deter potential counterfeiters. Many of the features that will be introduced were developed by the Nord-Brutlandese company Baadsgaard & Lambert. While there had been no large counterfeiting operations of the Nord-Brutlandese livro to date, the events in January 2009 proved that Brutland and Norden's currency was vulnerable to criminal elements. In addition, its high value and its position as a representative currency makes it particularly attractive. With Brutland and Norden opening up, foreign criminals might use this vulnerability to wreck Nord-Brutlandese currency and economy.

The additional security features included a transparent plastic window, holograms, microprinting, color-shifting, thermochromatic, and fluorescent inks, intaglio printing, and for higher denominations, RFIDs to track down the currencies and reveal counterfeits.
Last edited by Brutland and Norden on Fri Jul 02, 2010 8:43 pm, edited 5 times in total.
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Postby Brutland and Norden » Sat Dec 19, 2009 8:51 am

License Plates
Vehicles are registered with the Bureau of Ground Transportation (Biure per Movomodo Terrena, BMT) in Brutland and the Bureau of Motor Vehicles (Biure per Veículu, BV)in Norden. In the Union Territories, vehicles are registered with the equivalent offices maintained by grant councils. The common vehicle license plates in Brutland and Norden follow some sort of format, with some differences in each province. The name of the issuing province is on top. There is a colored band on the left-hand side, depending on the province where the vehicle is registered. On the band is the seal of the registering agency, and the coat-of-arms of the grant where the vehicle as registered. Just to the right of the band is a code which identifies where the vehicle was registered.

Province of Brutland
Image
This is a plate of a car from Brutland. The band on the left-hand side is blue, and the number format is XXX•0000.The "NIC 03" signifies that the car as registered in the BMT District Office 3 of the grant of Nicoletano (hence also the coat-of-arms), which is located at Santa Sabina.

Province of Norden
Image
License plates from Norden have the a yellow band, and the number format is 0000•XXX. This is a plate of a car registered BV District Office 1 at Borcenna.

Union Territories
Image
License plates from the Union Territories have the a red band, and the number format is 00•XXX•00. This is a plate of a car registered the local office of the grant council of Brugnatella, at Catronica.

Vanity Plates
Image
Many jurisdictions issue vanity plates. Vanity plates still contain the name of the province, the seal of the issuing authority, the coat-of-arms of the grant, and the identifier code. The only difference is that vanity plates can contain up to eight alphanumeric characters of the applicant's choice, and the lettering is blue. This is an example of a plate issued by the Pannondrio BMT District Office 2 at Sondrio.

Special Plates
The King
Image
This is the license plate of the King's official car. Only the cars of the royal family can contain "la Rinnosso Unnona di Norden e Marchòbrutellia" ("the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden") as the issuing authority. The band contains the coat-of-arms of the country and the lesser coat-of-arms of the monarch. The cars of the royal family are numbered sequentially.

Other Nobles
Image
This is the license plate of one of the cars of the Duke of Trascara. The name of the fiefdom is the issuing authority (in this case, "la Ducosso Grana di Trascara", "the Grand Duchy of Trascara"). The band and the lettering is purple for cars of nobles (and the king). Noble cars have a number format of 00000. The band also contains the coat-of-arms of the country and the coat-of-arms of the noble to whom the car is registered. However, in general, cars with "purple-band" plates are treated no less differently than ordinary cars.

Diplomatic Plates
Image
Cars with these plates, such as this one issued to the Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Van Luxemburg, are treated differently. Diplomatic plates are issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and have an orange band and lettering. "Diplomatic Corps" appear at the top. The flag of the country the plate is issued to appears on the band, and the full name of the country in Nord-Brutlandese appears at the bottom of the registration number. The letter at the band signifies as to where the car is registered: E for embassies, C for consulates, H for honorary consulates, and X for others. The number format for diplomatic plates is the same for Nobles' plates: 00000. However, the two lists are not mutually exclusive: Purple-band plate 00010 is issued to the Baron of Trazio, while the orange-band plate 00010 is issued to the Embassy of the United States of Cookesland.

Government Plates
Image
Government plates are similar to the regular-issue ones, but they contain red lettering and have the number format XX•000000. The letters denote whose vehicle it is. The first letter signify who owns the vehicle: U for the federal government, P for the provincial governments, G for the grant governments, C for city governments, T for towns, V for villages, R for hamlets, and X for others. The second letter signify who uses the vehicle: P for police, J for judges and the judiciary, G for executives (eg. mayors), L for legislators (eg. councilors, MPs), R for regular government vehicles, and X for others. Thus, this plate is issued to a car of the Timberland Grant Police, registered in Timberland BMT Office 10 in Plattsburgh.

Military Plates
Image
A special type of government plates are those issued to military vehicles. They look similar to the regular-issue ones. The branch of the armed forces that owns the vehicle appears at the top. The band and lettering is green, and the number format is X•0000000. The code now serves to identify the specific Army Division, Navy Fleet, or Air Force Wing the car belongs to. This is a plate issued to a car belonging to the Seventeenth Fighter Wing of the Royal Nord-Brutlandese Air Force.
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Postby Brutland and Norden » Sat Jun 19, 2010 8:10 am

Kingsville
Image Image
la Civito Reala di Vilòstresa
the Royal City of Kingsville

Image
Location of Kingsville in Brutland and Norden

Basic Statistics
Area: 6,789 sq km.
Population: 116,147,028 (Nov 2008)
Density: 17,108.12 persons/sq km

Province: Union Territories
Grant: Union Island

Coordinates: 30°45'47"S 143°45'3"E
Time Zone: Brutland & Norden Standard Time (UTC+11)
Postal Code: EU001-EU0023
Area Code: 1509 (Brutland and Norden) + 01 (Union Island)
Web Site: http://www.vilostresa.gob.nem

Mayor: Girolamo Sartori (PDS)
President of the Kingsville City Council: Rachele Cadorna-Matarazzo (PDS: Ascene d'Elie)
Composition of the Kingsville City Council: 71 PDS - 66 PP - 9 PV - 3 PC - 1 PN
Governing Coalition: Social Democrats-Greens (PDS-PV)

Settled: pre-Ruman times
Incorporated: September 07, 1761
Amalgamated: January 01, 1941

Motto:Desdividettía e Desparratettía



Kingsville (Nord-Brutlandese: Vilòstresa) is the capital and second-largest city in the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden. It is the seat of the monarchy, the executive, and the government, and most nationwide organizations and companies have presence in the city. As such, it is considered one of the most important cities in Brutland and Norden.

Geography and Climate
Location
Vilòstresa occupies the southeastern third of Union Island. The central mountains of Union Island form its natural western border, while the northern border partially follows the island’s northern mountain range. The city faces the Union Channel (Canalo Unnona) to the east, while the Strait of Crab Rocks (Strito di Crabbòpietro) separates it from the island of Tonzivibbia to the south.

Land
Kingsville is somewhat hilly and mountainous. There are flat plains to the southeast and north, though the centre, south, and east are hilly. The districts of Gianicolina and Santo Thorizio sit on hilly ground, while the district of Sant’Garzana is separated from the city proper by the high steep hills of the Ollinu di Sant’Garzana. The districts of La Pascu and Campòllina, as their names suggest, also sit on high ground.

There are hills on the center of the city, most notably where the Royal Palace sits, the Hill of Kings (Ollino Stresuque).

The northern third of the city is separated from the rest by the Santa Carolina River, which originates inside the city limits, in the district of Campòllina. South of the valley was a former swampland, which had since been drained. The city centre sits on this former swampland. To the southeast, the Moon River (Fiumo Luna) traverses canyons inside Moon Canyon Park.

Borders
Kingsville borders the following communities:
  • North: Garbatella, Brascasso, Santa Chiara, Carentano, Passo Dozòllino
  • West: Pecorara, Graminata, Santa Rossa Superiore, Bagnara, Palombara di Laurentina, La Cascado, Moncucco, San Prospero, San Lamberto di la Ternato, Santarcangèlo di la Ternato, Scheggia, Pietracarda, Santa Carmela al Mare

Climate
Kingsville has a mild subtropical climate, with sporadic snowfalls and temperate temperatures. Precipitation can occur throughout the year, but are more common in the spring and autumn.

Districts
Kingsville is divided into 24 citos, or districts/boroughs, which is in turn divided into neighborhoods:
Image
Districts of Kingsville

  1. Settra – contains the city centre and the Royal Palace.
  2. Cito Tanda – covers much of the old town of Piscinadoro.
  3. Cumunoíe – literally means “swampland”; this is the swamp that has been drained in the Middle ages and is now occupied by parts of the business district.
  4. Providenza – the main business district of Kingsville.
  5. Tarrantasca – located south of Royal Hill, it also contains parts of the business district. It is a gentrified district home to high-rise high-end condominiums and apartments.
  6. La Banchine – the port of Kingsville is located in this district, and as such, has a concentration of warehouses and light to medium industry.
  7. Citograbba – the nucleus of the Kingsvillian industry and the haven of its working class, Citograbba has a dense concentration of moderate to heavy industries .
  8. Cito Nuova – developed in the early 1900s, the “New Town” features modern buildings and edifices.
  9. Pisciettu – along with Citograbba, Pisciettu is also home to industries and its workers.
  10. L'Iorgàcqua – formerly at the site of the spring and of a Roman aqueduct, “the Waterworks” is now occupied by old industries.
  11. Alessandria – developed in the 1950s, Alessandria expanded from a small village to a town with a suburban feel but still within the capital.
  12. Sant'Garzana – most of the foreign embassies are located in this secluded section of the capital
  13. Parco Cannono Luna – this natural preserve is located within city limits. Moon Canyon Park is technically part of the royal domain and is a royal hunting ground.
  14. Universitade – the Royal University of Brutland and Norden – Kingsville is the anchor for this district. Many other institutions are located here, such as the Royal Children’s Hospital, Kingsville General Hospital, and the Brutland and Norden Advanced Research Center.
  15. La Pascu – located high in the western mountains, La Pascu is the “Gateway to Kingsville” as the main mountain pass into Kingsville is located here. This is a mainly residential area built around the former village of Montitano.
  16. Campòllina – military installations are located here, notably the Campòllina Military Base.
  17. Valbuona – located on the valley along the banks of the Santa Carolina River, this district is primarily residential.
  18. Santa Carolina – located downstream from Valbuona, on the mouth of the Santa Carolina River, this district is a combined residential/industrial area. The industries in the area are usually light and high-tech industries.
  19. Gianicolina – the steep forested hills above Kingsville is occupied by scattered clusters of settlements and buildings, this is the other high-end residential area of Kingsville. The district of Gianicolina is connected to Kingsville via the Saint Christine’s Bridge (Ponto Santa Cristina) over the Santa Carolina River.
  20. San Canico – this former suburb grew out of the village of San Canico as a bedroom community, and is thus primarily residential.
  21. Ascene d'Elie – literally means “Sun’s Ascent”, or sunrise, Ascene d’Elie is a mixed residential/industrial district. High-tech firms are also located here.
  22. Santo Thorizio – like San Canico, Santo Thorizio is a residential former suburb.
  23. Costale – as its name suggests, it is a coastal district, a mixed residential-industial suburb.
  24. San Lamberto – a largely residential suburb created in 1997 out of parts of the districts of La Pascu, L’Iorgàcqua and Alessandria.

History

Pre-Union
Chroniclers during the contemporary Ruman period did not report any settlement in the area of present-day Kingsville, though it is possible that small villages existed in the area during the time. The earliest written record was a church record, dated to the year 487, from the archives of the Bishopric of Sant’Erico, which states that the villages to the island to the east fall under its jurisdiction. Union island was then known as Barrenechea, or “Barren Rocks”.

The area of present-day Kingsville appeared consistently in the historical record from the year 604, when the lords of Moncucco (a village to the east, just outside city limits) exerted control over the area. The area was predominantly rural and is composed of good farmland, with a few villages. The villages known to exist in the area include Santa Carolina, Tarrantasca, Crabbòpietro, Sant’Garzana, Alessandria, Piscinadoro, Santo Thorizio, San Bernardo, Montitano, and San Canico. These eastern villages, along with the cluster of villages to the north (Garbatella, Santarrigo, Piscinellese, Carentano, Santa Chiara, Brascasso, San Felix, La Mareo, Santa Patrizia) were known to be fiercely loyal to the lords of Moncucco, unlike the villages to the west, on the western side of the mountains. The eastern villages consistently supported the lords of Moncucco, who were in control of much of Union Island during the pre-Union era. For example, during the Laurentine revolts of 1112, the eastern villages helped the Lord of Moncucco retain control. The only eastern village to switch sides was Montitano, which was quickly overrun by loyalists from neighboring San Bernardo and San Prospero.

Like the lords of Moncucco, the eastern villages were more comfortable under the Brute sphere of influence, partly because they were afraid of and angered by the exorbitant tributes that were intermittently being levied upon them by the Cantabris and the Dennlanders. The Brutes were the Cantabris’ and the Dennlanders’ rivals, and as such, Barrenechea was partial to the Brutes.

Revolt of 1315
Image
The hamlet of Montitano and its belfry,
where a crucial battle as fought.

This Brutophilia caused the only successful revolt in Barrenechea. Ironically, it was the eastern villages that led the revolt against the Lady of Moncucco. Two of the three daughters of Giustino III held a different opinion than their subjects. Lady Doria of Moncucco, heir to the lordship, refused to marry Prince Knut of Brutland, the preferred suitor by Giustino III and the people of Barrenechea. Lady Doria ultimately jumped from a cliff, now called Suicide Ridge (Ternato Secruta), which is now located within Kingsville City limits.

Lady Lara, Doria’s sister, and the now next-in-line to the lordship, was more belligerent. She married Prince Giorgio of Cantabrica, against her father’s and her subjects’ wishes. Shortly later, Lord Giustino III died in mysterious circumstances before he could deny Lara her inheritance. Thus, Giorgio and Lara were able to assume control over the island. The excessive demands and taxes they placed on their subjects and their perceived indifference and contempt of their subjects, coupled with the inherent anti-Cantabri sentiments of the people, proved to be an explosive recipe for a revolt. On September 1315, the eastern villages, led by Piscinadoro and Santarrigo, staged a revolt that swept through the island. Lady Lara and Lord Giorgio narrowly missed being ambushed in the village of Palombara di Laurentina; they were unable to return to their castle when even Moncucco rebelled. They escaped Barrenechea through the port of Barcolenga. The Barrenecheans installed the youngest daughter of Giustino, Lady Sara, then just fourteen years of age, as the Lady of Moncucco.

The Cantabris launched an expedition in an attempt to retake the island they had recently incorporated into their shrinking domains. After neutralizing a similar revolt in Liparegna, they landed near Alessandria in April 1318. The Cantabris managed to occupy Alessandria, Crabbòpietro, and Tarrantasca. However, the Cantabris were decisively defeated in the Battle of Piscinadoro, after the Barrenecheans routed the invaders into the swamps of Cumunoíe. The Brutes had then also opened hostilities with the Cantabris, culminating with the Cantabris’ loss of the lower Tiberio valley (now the grant of Nicoletano). The resulting peace settlement put Barrenechea and Liparegna in the Brute sphere of influence. Lady Sara married the Crown Prince of Brutland. Their second son, Giustino, became the lord of Moncucco, with Brutland allowing Barrenechea to remain independent. The Cantabricans were never much of a threat, and the lords of Moncucco continued to govern the island for more than five centuries.

The Revolution
Image
Siege of Tercellese

The ideas of the Nordener revolution also trickled into the island, fuelled by Nordener agitators. Berríalva, Stampione, and Fiorgamino already fell to the revolution via the same methods. But unlike its northern neighbors, Barrenechea had the ready support of the Brutes. On July 1726, a vanguard of partisans, supported by Nordener volunteers and veterans, marched up along the Laurentina Valley, a known hotbed of revolts against the lords of Moncucco. One by one, towns along the valley switched sides, though some resisted: the town of Santa Rossa di Laurentina remained loyal and was subsequently besieged, looted, and sacked by the partisans. Lord Giustino V of Moncucco asked for Brute help. The Brutes and the easterners loyal to the local noble defeated the Nordeners in the Battle of Moncucco, preventing the Nordener Revolution from spreading to the eastern part of the island. The loyalists conquered the valley town by town, culminating in the siege of Tercellese. To save Tercellese’s inhabitants, the partisans and the local leader surrendered the town and promised to pay an annual indemnity to the eastern towns victorious in the siege. Up to this day, Tercellese pays the indemnity to 12 of the towns; most of the remaining towns had since formed Kingsville. Tercellese and Kingsville signed an agreement in 1952 that Kingsville’s share of the annual indemnity would be abolished in exchange for building the capital’s airport in Tercellese. Moncucco, Palombara di Laurentina, Garbatella, Brascasso, Santarrigo, and Piscinellese also voluntarily gave up the annual indemnity for the new airport.

Since then, Barrenechea was not particularly affected by the Brutland-Norden war, though it served as the embarkation points of Brute armies headed to the Norden front.

Union
Barrenechea remained an independent Channel Island, unlike its neighbors: Piscierettu and Librugnie were incorporated into Norden, while the rest were annexed by Brutland. So when King Adam III of Brutland and Queen Adrienne of Norden searched for an unbiased location for their coronation, they looked to Barrenechea. Lord Giustino V, with the support of his subjects, allowed his island to be absorbed into the future Nord-Brutlandese domain, under the condition that he be allowed to retain his powers. King Adam III and Queen Adrienne selected the town of Piscinadoro, then one of the largest towns in the island. They were married on the town’s feast day, September 7, 1759, in the Church of Santa Regina (now a cathedral). They returned two years later, on September 07, 1761, for their coronation. One of the young monarchs’ first acts was the proclamation of Piscinadoro as their capital city, with the consent of Lord Giustino V. In response, the citizens of Piscinadoro renamed their town Vilòstresa (Kingsville; more accurately, Monarch-ville).

Post-Union
Image
La Palazzo Reala (the Royal Castle)

Since its designation as the capital of the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden, the island of Piscinadoro continued to grow. A royal palace was built on a hill above the town, and various buildings were built.

In 1780, the lord of Moncucco formally ceded to the Nord-Brutlandese crown the town of Piscinadoro and its environs. This donation extended to the entire island in 1810 when the Lady Giustina of Moncucco, only child of Lord Giustino VI, married Crown Prince Chester of Brutland and Norden, thereby merging the crowns and lands of Moncucco and Brutland and Norden. In 1820, King Chester the Pious hired English-Timberlander architect Malcolm MacKenzie to make plans for the capital. MacKenzie’s plan was largely implemented, with support by the people of Kingsville, as the burgeoning population made Kingsville a crowded maze of alleyways and roads.

MacKenzie decongested the city by building two wide thoroughfares: the north-south Brutland Avenue, and the east-west Norden Avenue. The two wide roads ascend the Royal Hill and form a square roundabout, with the Royal Palace in the middle. A gridlike pattern of streets were also superimposed on most of the undeveloped areas; parks, open spaces, and plazas were constructed, and works of art and new buildings were erected.

The swamplands south of the Santa Carolina River were drained, giving more free space and ridding the city of malaria. In this area, more magnificent buildings were erected.

Union Island Politics
Kingsville, apart from being the capital of the unified kingdom, was also the seat of the grant of Barrenechea, which had since been renamed Union Island. Its neighboring villages and towns had also grown so much that a need to unify the administration of the area was realized. In 1940, the Nord-Brutlandese Parliament passed a law providing for the amalgamation of Kingsville and its neighbors into a unified capital. The law stated that a referendum will be held to determine which towns, hamlets, and villages would be willing to be and would be attached to Kingsville. Of the 116 communities considered for union, only 33 approved of the concept: Alessandria, Biancafiore del Monte, Campòverta, Cazzada Nuova, Cedrasco, Cortenuova, Crabbòpietro, La Castione, Malenco, Mastallone, Monterone, Montitano, Palombara di Stresu, Pietrabianca, Pisciettu, Ponteranica, Providenza, Réinzòpendecca, Roccasicura, San Bernardo, San Canico, San Lamberto, Santa Bruna, Santa Carolina, Santa Cristina, Santa Monica, Sant’Garzana, Santo Thorizio, Sant’Uldarico, Tarrantasca, Tavernole Superiore, Vilògrabba, and Kingsville itself. The 32 communities and Kingsville were unified into one city, the present-day Kingsville. The unified city occupied the part of the island east of the Central Mountains and south of the Northern Range. There were four communities who refused to be part of the unified capital and thus became virtual enclaves or near-enclaves of the capital. All were subsequently integrated: Sant’Iria di la Ternato voted itself into Kingsville in 1952, the town council of Belmonte del Sasso attached their town in 1968, while Tavernole Inferiore and Girasola were forcibly amalgamated by an act of the Nord-Brutlandese Parliament in 1984.

Government
Mayor
Image
Mayor of Kingsville, Girolamo Sartori.

Under the Kingsville Act of 1940, Kingsville is entitled to a popularly-elected lord mayor, just like any municipality. Also like other municipalities in the Union Territories, Kingsville has a strong mayor form of government, with the mayor being able to appoint department heads and works full-time as municipal administrator.

The current lord mayor is Girolamo Sartori of the Social Democratic Party, who was reelected to another four-year term in 2009.

City Council
The maximum size of a city council in the Union Territories is 50, but the Kingsville Act of 1940 set an exception for the capital. The Kingsville City Council (Consellio Civita di Vilòstresa) is composed of 150 councilors elected for two-year terms. As such, the City Council resembles legislatures, with the ability to formulate and approve city ordinances, review laws and executive actions, draw the annual budget, and block appointments.

The city council is currently controlled by a coalition of Social Democrats and Greens, with Rachele Cadorna-Matarazzo (PDS: Ascene d’Elie) serving as the head of the council.

Architecture
Image
The Nord-Brutlandese General Court (Corteso Genera)

Kingsville is composed of a mixture of architectural styles. The centers of the old towns and villages that formed Kingsville retain their medieval look. The district of Cito Tanda (the old village of Piscinadoro) still maintains its cobblestoned streets and medieval-styled houses. One of the more famous medieval structures is occupied by the Royal Nord-Brutlandese House of Lords, located in the district of Cumunoíe. The building of the House of Lords is in the center of the old village of Ponteranica, and used to be the village’s church. In parts of the district of Gianicolina (the old villages of Pietrabianca and Tavernole Superiore), there remained houses carved directly into the hillsides.

The city centre and Cumunoíe are built in Neoclassical styles. Examples include the Royal Palace, the Nord-Brutlandese General Court, and the City Hall.

Modern and Post-modern architectural styles can be found in the newer areas of Kingsville. The capital’s central business district in Providenza and the affluent Tarrantasca district showcase most of the city’s numerous skyscrapers. The Cito Nuova district has some of the capitals more modern – and more unique – structures. The Piazzo di Friede features some bizarre temporary and permanent sculptures. One of its permanent attractions includes La Malo Oronocía, a fountain of a urinating boy located in a grotto at the side of the Cito Nuova Borough Center.

The skyline of Kingsville is dominated by the high-rise skyscrapers of Providenza and Cumunoíe, and the Royal Hill.
Image
Skyline of the Providenza CBD, as seen from Suicide Ridge.

Environment
Kingsville is a city with many open spaces and big parks. Kingsville plazas/squares (piazzas) typically are centres of activity and are as popular as shopping malls, among both the young and the old. The Piazzo di Fontanu (Square of Fountains), in front of the City Hall, is the center of the Cumunoíe district. Also among the big open spaces include the Piazzo d’Unnone (Union Square), in front of the General Court; the Piazzo di Rinno Kail la Malenetto (King Kyle the Fair Square), located in the heart of Kingsville’s financial district; and the Cancello di la Sole (Gate of the Sun), which is the only remnant of Piscinadoro’s town walls. Most of the old villages and towns, such as Ponteranica and Cedrasco, still maintain their village squares.

Green spaces also abound; the Parco Cannono Luna (Moon Canyon Park) is one of the largest municipal parks in the kingdom. Half of the land area of La Pascu is dedicated to protected areas, wildlife parks, and royal preserves. Other parks include the Giardino d’Amore (Garden of Love), a popular trysting place; and the conversely-named Parco di la Brezècuorettu (Park of the Broken-hearted), where countless despondents (usually due to love issues) crash and die after jumping from the aptly-named Ternato Secruta (Suicide Ridge) located above the Parco di la Brezècuorettu.

Economy
Pre-Union
As its name suggests, Piscinadoro was mainly a fishing village, with fisherfolk casting their nets in the Union Channel to sometimes as far as the Blue Sea. Crabbòpietro also lives up to its name as a village dependent on crabs and crustaceans.

The inland villages, such as Providenza, Alessandria, and Santo Thorizio, were surrounded by rich farmland. Contrary to popular perception, pockets of Union Island still contain farmed land, such as around the hamlet of Pecorara, located just outside Kingsville.

The inhabitants of the villages of the hills, such as Sant’Uldarico and Tavernole Superiore, lived on shepherding and cheese making. As a result of this specialization, trade was extensive early on. There were weekly Saturday markets in Providenza and Wednesday markets in Ponteranica, where people from the different villages come down to trade their produce. This was also an important institution where information was exchanged and cohesion between the eastern villages was achieved.

As Capital
With the declaration of Piscinadoro as the capital of a newly-united country and its renaming to Kingsville, nobles and their servants, along with other industries, businesses, and occupations associated with a typical Nord-Brutlandese castle town, brought new life into the region. Kingsville had the benefits and drawbacks of a capital and castle town. The economy diversified, and eventually Kingsville moved away from fishing and focused on being the capital of a large kingdom.

Industrial Revolution
The capital expanded and its suburbs fanned out, and soon swallowed neighboring villages. Some of these suburbs and neighboring villages became foci of industrialization.

Today
As the capital and the center of the country, it also became the center of commerce and government activity. Many kingdom-wide businesses have their headquarters here. Most government agencies are also based in Kingsville.

Many of the heavy polluting industries had since moved out of the capital, being replaced with high-tech and manufacturing industries. With a robust and a diversified economy, Kingsville had been protected from most of the economic turbulences throughout Brutland and Norden’s united history. It has the second lowest unemployment rate of any major city, after Brutland City.

Culture
Kingsville is one of the centers of culture in Brutland and Norden.

Art
There are many art galleries in Kingsville. The Museo Reala (Royal Museum) has an diverse art collection, and the Museo Reala d’Artu Moderna (MRAM; Royal Museum of Modern Art) showcases modern and contemporary art. Nord-Brutlandese artists typically hold exhibition at the MRAM.

Music
There is a Cosservatorio Reala (Royal Conservatory), a bastion of classical music and classical performing arts. Located in front of the Cancello di la Sole, it is adjacent to the Biblotecà Reala (Royal Archives) and the Ministry of Culture.

Kingsville also holds an annual rock concert event at the Cancello di la Sole during the last week of July. However, the Stampione Festive di Rock is more popular and more visible.

Festivities
Aside from the national holidays, all but four of Kingsville’s districts hold their own festi (festivals/celebrations) to honor the district’s patron saint. For example, La Pascu holds its feste on July 4, on the feast day of Saint Ulrich. Saint Ulrich is the patron saint of the village of Sant’Uldarico and of the district. The other villages and neigborhoods may also hold their own celebrations. The former hamlet of Sant’Iria di la Ternato, also in the district of La Pascu, holds another feste in October 20 to honor its patron saint, Saint Irene. Such festi include all-day celebrations, parades, processions, and eating.

Nightlife
Kingsville has a buzzing nightlife, centered in the districts of Cito Nuova and Tarrantasca. Popular partying places include the seaside Tordòlucho neighborhood, in the district of Cito Nuova, located just below the old lighthouse hill. In the district of Settra, La Strando, also known as “the Strip”, is Kingsville’s largest beach area and has recently become more popular for partygoers, especially at night. The capital also has a buzzing gay neigborhood in Tarrantasca Tanda (Old Tarrantasca), known colloquially as “Tarrantanda”. This was the center of the former village of Tarrantasca, where its old inhabitants were gradually replaced by the increasingly visible and assertive Kingsville LGBT community. Just beside Tarrantasca Tanda, the neighborhood of Carazzo is a known red-light district.

Attractions
Monuments and Squares:
Image
La Castione

  • Cancello di Sole (Gate of the Sun)
  • Boscio di Verite (Mouth of Truth)
  • Fontano di Nettuno (Fountain of Neptune)
  • Giardino d’Amore (Garden of Love)
  • Giardino Botania Reala (Royal Botanic Gardens)
  • Parco Cannono Luna (Moon Canyon Park)
  • Piazzo di Fontanu (Square of Fountains)
  • Piazzo di Friede (Freedom Square)
  • Piazzo di Rinno Kail la Malenetto (King Kyle the Fair Square)
  • Piazzo Ponteranichense (Ponteranican Square)
Buildings:
  • Biblotecà Reala (Royal Archives)
  • Caso di Nobilettu (House of Nobles)
  • Hotel Granda di Vilòstresa (Grand Hotel of Kingsville)
  • La Castione (old royal palace)
  • Palazzo Cristallo (Crystal Palace)
  • Palazzo Reala (Royal Palace)
  • Pantéone Nordèbrutelliense (Nord-Brutlandese Pantheon)
  • Museo Reala (Royal Museum)
  • Museo Reala d’Artu Moderna (Royal Museum of Modern Art)
  • Mueso Rena Maria (Queen Maria Museum)
  • Tordo Vilòstresa (Kingsville Tower)
  • Zoo Reala Vilòstrense (Royal Kingsville Zoo)
Churches:
  • Basilicà di Nostro Simore di Paze (Basilica of Our Lady of Peace)
  • Cattedralo di Santa Regina (Saint Regina’s Cathedral)
  • Cattedralo di Sant’Garzana (Saint Garzan’s Cathedral)
  • Chierco di San Bernardo (Saint Bernard’s Church)
  • Chierco di San Lamberto (Saint Lambert’s Chirch)
  • Capiglio di Santo Bricco (Saint Bryce’s Church)
  • Capiglio di Sant’Uldarico (Saint Ulrich’s Church)
  • Capiglio di San Kail (Saint Kyle’s Church)
Others
Image
The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace
(Basilicà di Nostro Simore di Paze)

  • Corso Unnone (Union Avenue)
  • la Reinzo Scoltecca di Biancafiore del Monte (the Carved Hamlet of Biancafiore del Monte)
  • L’Abordammino (The Boardwalk)
  • La Strando (The Beach)
  • Reinzòpendeccà (Hanging Hamlet)

Sports
Kingsville is home to teams competing in every major sport in Brutland and Norden, with all bearing the names Nobilettu (Nobles). Its (European) football/soccer team has its base at the Stadio Universitade while its (American) football team is based in the Stadio di Tarrantasca. It also has an ice hockey team (Ghiaccoío Granda di Vilòstresa), a basketball team (Strodomo d’Alessandria), and a volleyball team (Arena Vilòstrense).

Education
Primary Education
Public education in Brutland and Norden is free and compulsory from the age of 6 to 18. There is a well-developed network of public schools in Kingsville, administered by the Tabellone d’Eddicchione per la Civito di Vilòstresa (Board of Education for the City of Kingsville) under the control of the City Council and with the supervision of the federal Ministry of Education.

There are also private primary and secondary schools in Kingsville, the most prestigious is the all-girls Academio di Santa Maria (Saint Mary’s Academy) and its all-boys counterpart, the Academio di San Pietro (Saint Peter’s Academy). Both are being run by the religious order of the Society of Jesus.

Higher Education
Kingsville is also a center for higher learning. The Universitade Reala di Norden e Marchòbrutellia al Vilòstresa (URNMbV; Royal University of Brutland and Norden at Kingsville) is one of the largest and one of the most prestigious center for tertiary education in Brutland and Norden. Occupying about one-third of the Universitade district, the URNMbV offers almost all undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate courses. It has a student population of 100,000 and a staff of 20,000. Most of its programs are located in its Kingsville-Universitade campus, such as the Colleges of Law, Fine Arts, Economics, Humanities, Theology, Engineering, Sciences, Journalism & Literature, Architecture, Information Science & Technology, and Education. It benefits from the proximity of institutions such as the Stiutto Reala per Richerchi Avanza (Royal Institute for Advanced Research) and the cultural resources of the capital. However, most of the biomedical colleges, such as the Colleges of Medicine and Public Health, are located in Castagnole, in near proximity with the Royal Hospital of Brutland and Norden and the Royal Institutes of Health. Also, studies related to agriculture and veterinary medicine is hosted by the Pecorara campus. Both the Pecorara and Castagnole campuses are easily accessible from Kingsville.

Health
Since basic healthcare in Brutland and Norden is free, Kingsville maintains a network of city hospitals. Kingsville General Hospital is located in the district of Tarrantasca, and there are many other hospitals and smaller clinics serving the entire city. Unlike the other hospitals in the capital, Spedalo Starduque Reala (Royal Children’s Hospital) is a part of the federally-funded tertiary hospital system and is directly under the Ministry of Health.

Transport
Road
Kingsville is connected to the Union Island Road Network. Union Island Route 1, also known as the Vio Circufferenza di Esolo d’Unnone (Union Island Circumferential Road), passes north-south through Kingsville as the Ridgeside Highway.

Kingsville’s other main north-south thoroughfare is the eight-lane Brutland Avenue. It enters Kingsville city limits via the Gallerio di Garbatella (Garbatella Tunnel). It then passes through the districts of Santo Thorizio, Ascene d’Elie, Costale, Santa Carolina, Settra, Providenza, Tarrantasca, Citograbba, L’Iorgàcqua, and Alessandria.

Norden Avenue and Union Avenue are the other eight-lane avenues in Kingsville, with both extending in an east-west direction.
Image
King Kyle I International Airport

Air
Kingsville is served by two major airports. Domestic flights land at Tercellese Domestic Airport in Tercellese, a one-hour drive from the center of Kingsville and a fifteen-minute ride on the bullet train. Tercellese used to host all flights for Kingsville and Union Island, but due to the increase in the utilization of air transport and the consequent exceeding of Tercellese’s capacity, a new airport had to be built.

Kingsville’s newer airport, the Aeròporto Internaziona di Rinno Kail I (ApIRKI; King Kyle I International Airport) was built to address this need. Located in Dorzano in the neighboring grant of Tonzivibbia, ApIRKI hosts the international flights for Kingsville and the Union Territories. It is connected to Kingsville via the undersea Alessandria Tunnel and the suspension Tonzivibbian Bridge. Both the Alessandria Tunnel and Tonzivibbian Bridge rank as one of the longest structures in Brutland and Norden. The airport is also connected to Kingsville’s Metro system (see below).

The two airports combined handle an estimated 1 billion passengers per year, making it one of the busiest airports.

Metro
(see also: Kingsville Metro)
Union Island and Kingsville has an extensive Metro system. Given the geography of the city, the major metro lines run north-south. There are four major north-south lines: the Blue Line (Aeròporto-Sant’Albano al Mare), the Red Line (Castelspina-Colegio), the Green Line (Piscinellese-L’Ozere), and the Yellow Line (San Bernardo-Santa Bruna). There is one major east-west line (Tercellese-Juttisse) connecting Kingsville to the western half of the island, and also connects the capital to its domestic airport.

The Metro system serves most of Union Island, but the system is much more developed in the capital. In fact, the entire Metro system is underground with the city limits. There are 165 subway stations within city limits, and an additional three more (Aeròporto, Dorzano, and San Leonardo) are under the auspices of the City of Kingsville Department of Transportation.

Utilities
Water
Water supply to Kingsville and Union Island primarily comes from underground aquifers and the Laurentina Dam, just outside city limits. There are three pumping stations in Kingsville, in the districts of Cumunoíe, Alessandria, and Gianicolina. The pump at Cumunoíe serves a dual purpose: aside from drawing water for the city’s use, it also facilitates continuous drainage of the former swampland.

Power
There is a fusion power plant within city limits, which supplies about half of Kingsville’s energy needs. The other half is supplied by energy recovered from the incineration of the nonbiodgradable nonrecyclable residual city garbage.

Sister Cities
Kingsville is twinned with:
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Postby Brutland and Norden » Sat Jun 19, 2010 8:39 am

Kingsville Metro
Image
Subway Map. Click to enlarge.


Image
Basic Information
Locale: Kingsville, Brutland and Norden
Transit Type: Rapid transit
Number of Stations: 168
Number of Lines: 8
Ridership: 15,885,000 passengers/day (2008)
Began Operation: 1945
Owner: C.R. per Movomodo di Vilòstresa
Operator: C.R. per Movomodo di Vilòstresa
Number of Vehicles: 590
System Length: 892.5 km
Track Gauge: 1,435 mm

The Kingsville Metro System (Nord-Brutlandese: Sistemo Metrò di Vilòstresa) is the large metro system serving the city of Kingsville, the capital of the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden. Within city limits, it is entirely underground, and its complexity and remarkable development had earned it the title of “Underground City”. It is connected to the transportation network of Union Island.


History
Rail
The first rail lines in Union Island were built in the Kingsville area in 1834. A north-south aboveground railway line from Alessandria to Piscinellese was built in order to promote north-south movement of goods and people. It as part of architect Malcolm MacKenzie’s plan to decongest the area of the capital. In 1837, another railway line was built, this time from east to west, from Tercellese to Sant’Uldarico. Sant’Uldarico became the terminus of the railway line as the rail could not be constructed (using the resources and methods available at the time) across the treacherous eastern slopes of the mountains range to Kingsville proper. The Alessandria-Piscinellese railroad also passes by the Sant’Uldarico Railway Station.

Congestions
Kingsville’s railroad system served the area well until the 20th century, when population increased some more and roads, even the wide Brutland Avenue, became congested. There were several proposals to ease inner-city traffic, which are not served by the outer aboveground rail, however, many did not come to fruition, primarily due to the political fragmentation of the Kingsville metropolitan area.

Streetcar Extension
Image
The remains of the San Lamberto Train Station,
on the decommissioned Alessandria-Piscinellese line.

Extending the streetcar system was proposed as a solution by Benedetto Mastallone, mayor of the suburb of Mastallone, in 1934. It managed to gain currency with the other town councils of metropolitan Kingsville. However, there was strong opposition to it by the mayors and town councils of Cazzada Nuova, Tarrantasca, Providenza, Ponteranica, and Kingsville itself. They argued, especially the very congested towns of Cazzada Nuova and Kingsville, that the additional tramways would take up more space and would entail building aboveground stations for which they have no space. The Grant Council of Union Island and the Nord-Brutlandese Parliament refused to consider the idea unless the differences between communities were resolved.

Subway
Mayor Claudio Marinaro of the suburb of Santa Bruna al Mare sought a solution to the ‘cramped space’ opposition presented by Kingsville: Why not build the streetcar underground? There were already many subway systems in place around the world by 1935. Although many of the mayors, even that of Kingsville and Cazzada Nuova, agreed with the proposal, some of the mayors balked at its cost. However, their opposition was mooted when Prime Minister Carlo Franco Bacco said that the federal government would be willing to shoulder part of the costs involved in the construction of the subway. In addition, Riccardo Mazzuco, the grant president of Union Island, said that the grant would contribute if the proposed lines would be extended to other communities.

Plans were put forward, but again, none were implemented as the communities jockeyed to be the first to have the proposed line within their boundaries. Partly because of this and other concerns arising out of the political fragmentation of the Kingsville Metropolitan Area, the Nord-Brutlandese Parliament passed a law in 1940 providing for the amalgamation of Kingsville and its suburbs into one unified city, pending a referendum.

Image
Building the Blue Line in 1944.
Building the Subway
The unified city, in cooperation with the Ministry of Transportation, soon put forth plans for the subway. The first plan was to decongest the main thoroughfares, Brutland Avenue and Norden Avenue. Construction of the Blue Line, located underneath Brutland Avenue, began in 1943 and finished in 1945. The cost was shouldered by the city government and the federal government. The Gray Line, underneath Norden Avenue, was built between 1945 and 1946, and extended up to Casteletto with the aid of the Grant Government of Union Island.

In 1957, the Gray Line was extended to Tercellese with the building of the capital’s airport in that city. A third line, the Red Line, was built in 1969 in order to provide for easy transportation on Kingsville’s seaside communes and the Santa Carolina River valley. Upon request and assistance of the grant government, the line was extended to Castelspina, which, until that time, had no connection to the capital.

Problems in the aboveground rail prompted officials to consider replacing the aging aboveground rail with an underground route. Thus, in 1982, the yellow line was built, from the hamlet of San Bernardo to Santa Bruna al Mare. It followed the old railroad from San Bernardo to L’Iorgàcqua, after which it extended further eastward then southward.

Congestion in both the Red and Blue Lines, coupled with the lack of urban transportation services in the districts of San Lamberto, San Canico, and parts of Providenza, necessitated the construction of the Green Line in 1992. At the same time, the Yellow Line was extended to the districts of Sant’Garzana, San Lamberto, and the Vanadium Valley, and ultimately connected to the Port of Kingsville. This extension became the Purple Line.

Along the construction of Alessandria Tunnel to serve the new King Kyle I International Airport in the neighboring island of Tonzivibbia, the Blue Line was extended into the tunnel also. This was done in order to have the subway line serve the airport also, instead of the more cumbersome and slower interisland ferry system. Construction finished in 2000, and at the same time, the two circuits were also added: the Orange Line to serve the city center, and the Pink line to serve northern Kingsville. Construction was finished in 2006, and at the same time, the Blue Line was connected to Sant’Albano al Mare and the grant of Tonzivibbia constructed its own line to connect to the Kingsville system.

Stations
The Kingsville Metro has 165 stations within city limits. In addition, it administers two (Aeròporto and Dorzano) located outside city limits and coadministers another one (San Leonardo) with the Companne Reala per Movomodo di Tonzivibbia.

Naming
Metro stations are usually named after the streets or squares above (7 di Settembre, Rinno Kail la Malenetto, Padania), the buildings above (Settro Convegno, Museo Reala, Municipio), the district or neighbourhood it serves (Tarrantasca, Cito Nuova, Cedrasco), or some physical features, flora, or fauna (Salito, Maròquianda, Ancio). There are some weird and unique station names, such as Ternato Secruta (“Suicide Ridge”), Vacòbona (“Good Cow”), and Bratto Raposo (“Wolf-Boy”).

Design and Layout
Image
The Botanicà Station, located on the Blue Line,
features foliage and flowers painted on the faux-cavern
station walls and ceiling.

Almost all of the non-interchange and non-terminal stations now have the “Spanish solution” type of station. Passengers get on the train from the island platform and get off on the side platform. Exceptions include some of the stations where the narrow subway tunnel precludes this design, such as the Ternato Secruta Station.

Some interchange stations, such as the Rinno Kail la Malenetto and the San Briano Station, are two-level stations, connected by escalators and elevators. For example, the Rinno Kail la Malenetto station of the deep-bore Orange Line lies one level below the similarly-named station of the shallow-bore Blue Line. This is possible only in interchanges wherein the two lines lie on a different level underground.

Interchanges of two lines lying on the same level (ex. Palazzo Reala Station, on the shallow-bore Blue and Gray Lines; and Colonella-TRNM Station, on the deep-bore Green and Yellow Lines) are large underground stations with two separate platforms for each station, connected by corridors and aisles. The largest and grandest station is the Palazzo Reala Station, which is built and carved into the side of Royal Hill.

Most of the Metro stations feature establishments, restaurants, and shops. The Providenza Station earned the moniker la Stazione Comperettuque (“the Shopper’s Station”) due to the many establishments in it. Many are also lavishly decorated, sometimes resembling museums. The Artu Moderna (“Modern Art”) Station is a free ‘canvas’ station: its walls are covered with graffiti and artwork made by the passengers, cleared once a month for new ones to be painted on.

Ridership
There is a great disparity between stations in terms of ridership. Colegio Station is the most congested station, handling almost 200,000 passengers per day, almost 100% of its capacity. However, on game days, Stresùdoza Station, one of the stations serving the Strodomo d’Alessandria, sometimes exceed 300,000 passengers per day – 150% of its capacity. In contrast, the Ternato Secruta Station handles as low as 500 passengers per day.

Lines

Lines of the Kingsville Metro are named after the color which was originally used to represent them in official maps.

Blue Line
Type: Shallow-Bore
Depth: 7 m below street level
Direction: North-South
Northern Terminus: Nave Station, Sant’Albano al Mare
Southern Terminus: Aeròporto Station, Dorzano
Length: 129 km
Number of Stations: 41 (city proper) + 2 (administered) + 32 (Union Island)
Started Operations: September 07, 1945

The Blue Line was the first line in the Kingsville Metro, though it had undergone modernizing upgrades.

In Kingsville, the Blue Line passes through the districts of Alessandria, Pisciettu, La Banchine, L’Iorgàcqua, Tarrantasca, Providenza, Settra, Cumunoíe, Costale, Ascene d’Elie, and Santo Thorizio. It also serves commuters going to the King Kyle I International Airport, the Strodomo d’Alessandria, Royal Botanic Gardens, the Pink Palace, the Royal Palace, the General Court, the Kingsville Stock Exchange, the Kingsville Convention Center, the Kingsville Naval Base, and the Kingsville City Fairgrounds.

Gray Line
Type: Shallow-Bore
Depth: 7 m below street level
Direction: East-West
Eastern Terminus: Juttisse Station, Kingsville
Western Terminus: Domestica Station, Tercellese
Length: 65 km
Number of Stations: 7 (city proper) + 30(Union Island)
Started Operations: September 07, 1946

The Gray Line as the second line in the Kingsville Metro. Following the path of Norden Avenue, it connects Tercellese, where the capital’s domestic airport is located, to the capital.

In Kingsville, the Gray Line passes through the districts of La Pascu, Valbuona, and Settra. It also serves commuters going to the Royal Institute of Advanced Research, the Cancello di la Sole, the Royal Palace, and the Royal Supreme Court of Brutland and Norden.

Red Line
Type: Shallow-Bore
Depth: 9 m below street level
Direction: North-South
Northern Terminus: Castelspina Station, Castelspina
Southern Terminus: Colegio Station, Kingsville
Length: 99 km
Number of Stations: 39 (city proper) + 18 (Union Island)
Started Operations: March 16, 1969

The Red Line serves the coastal region of Kingsville. At the district of Santa Carolina, it turns westward to serve the right bank of the Santa Carolina Valley and crosses the river via a low bridge. It then serves the hillsides of northern Kingsville and exits the city limit at the Two Hills Pass (Passo Dozòllino).

In Kingsville, the Red Line passes through the districts of Alessandria, Pisciettu, Citògrabba, La Banchine, Cito Nuova, Cito Tanda, Settra, Santa Carolina, Cumunoíe, Valbuona, Gianicolina, and Santo Thorizio. It also serves commuters going to the “University Belt”, the Tower of Kingsville, the Old Lighthouse, the Royal Museum of Modern Art, the Kingsville Marina, the Saint Regina’s Cathedral, the Royal Supreme Court of Brutland and Norden, the Strando, the House of Lords, the Multiversal Studios, the Kingsvlle Zoo, and the Kingsville City Fairgrounds.

Yellow Line
Type: Deep-Bore
Depth: 25 m below street level
Direction: North-South
Northern Terminus: San Bernardo Station, Kingsville
Southern Terminus: Colegio Station, Kingsville
Length: 46 km
Number of Stations: 27 (city proper)
Started Operations: April 10, 1982

The Yellow Line serves the coastal region and the mountainous areas of Kingsville. It starts at the hamlet of San Bernardo, overlooking the Santa Carolina River Gorge (impassable by any bridge or subway), serving the district of La Pascu, and then suddenly makes a 90-degree turn eastward towards the sea. It then closely follows the coastline up to Santa Bruna al Mare.

It passes through the districts of Campòllina, La Pascu, L’Iorgàcqua, Pisciettu, and Alessandria. It also serves commuters going to the Pisciettu Beach, Kingsville Beacon (Lighthouse), the Kingsville Tower, Kingsville Air Force Station, the Space Museum, Kingsville Army Base, and La Castione.

Green Line
Type: Deep-Bore
Depth: 18 m below street level
Direction: North-South
Northern Terminus: Piscino Station, Piscinellese
Southern Terminus: L’Ozere Station, Kingsville
Length: 90 km
Number of Stations: 33 (city proper) + 15 (Union Island)
Started Operations: September 07, 1994

The Green Line serves the foothills of the central mountains. It runs a straight north-south course, connecting Piscinellese with Alessandria.

It passes through the districts of Alessandria, San Lamberto, L’Iorgàcqua, Tarrantasca, Providenza, Cumunoíe, San Canico, and Santo Thorizio. It also serves commuters going to the Strodomo d’Alessandria, the TRNM TV station, Royal Museum, the Garden of Love, and the Kingsville City Hall.

Purple Line
Type: Deep-Bore
Depth: 22 m below street level
Direction: North-South
Northern Terminus: La Banchine Station, Kingsville
Southern Terminus: Santa Bruna Station, Kingsville
Length: 39 km
Number of Stations: 26 (city proper)
Started Operations: October 22, 1995

The Purple Line serves the southern part of the hilly region of Kingsville and also functions as a connecting line for the four north-south lines in southern Kingsville.

It passes through the districts of La Banchine, L’Iorgàcqua, La Pascu, San Lamberto, Sant’Garzana, and Alessadria. It serves commuters going to the “University Belt”, the Boardwalk, Queen’s Park, the Embassy District, the Moon Canyon Park, the Hanging Hamlet, Vanadium Valley, Kingsville Cemetery, Kingsville Air Force Station, and the Port of Kingsville.

Pink Line
Type: Deep-Bore
Depth: 14 m below street level
Direction: Circular
Northern Terminus: San Lazzaro Station, Kingsville
Southern Terminus: Monterone Station, Kingsville
Length: 11 km
Number of Stations: 9( city proper)
Started Operations: May 20, 2004

The Pink line as built to create connections between the north-south lines of northern Kingsville. It also connects the more isolated mountain community of Monterone to the rest of the capital.

It passes through the districts of Gianicolina and San Canico.

Orange Line
Type: Deep-Bore
Depth: 16 m below street level
Direction: Circular
Northern Terminus: Strando Station, Kingsville
Southern Terminus: Santa Regina Station, Kingsville
Length: 21 km
Number of Stations: 15 (city proper)
Started Operations: July 21, 2005

The Orange Line was built in order to connect the business districts of Providenza, the upscale area of Valbuona, and the government offices in Settra. It is also built to ease the congestion of roads in the area during the rush hours.

It passes through the districts of Cito Tanda, Providenza, Universitade, Valbuona, Cumunoíe, and Settra. It serves commuters goung to the Providenza central business district, Santa Regina’s Cathedral, Kingsville Stock Exchange, Royal University of Brutland and Norden – Kingsville, the Two Towers, General Court, Royal Children’s Hospital, and the Strando.

Rolling Stock
Since 2003, trains of the Kingsville Metro had been standardized to the 4 ft 8½ in gauge (standard international gauge), like most of Brutland and Norden’s railway system. Thus, the Metro’s trains can run on aboveground tracks, such as those on the Green Line Extension, from Piscinellese to Castelspina, and on the Gray Line South Branch, from Casteletto to Castagnole.

All of the trains are made by the Companne Brutelliense di Rallo (Brute Rail Company). Most of the rolling stock is of the CBR2000 model. Each train of the CBR2000 had four coaches, with each coach able to carry up to 250 passengers.

Fares
Fares in the Kingsville Metro are not subsidized by the government, unlike in the Nordville Metro. However, using the subway is still cheap and affordable. There are matrices posted in each station. The average cost is ₤0.08 per passenger kilometre.

Operators
The Kingsville Metro is operated by the Companne Reala per Movomodo di Vilòstresa (CRMV; Royal Company for Kingsville Transportation), a joint public-private company, which is a subsidiary of a much larger public-private consortium, la Consortio Movomoda (lCMm; the Transportation Consortium), which also operates the subway and transportation systems of Union Island, Santelleria, Tonzvibbia, and Denville. The government interests make up 50% of the shareholders of CRMV: the city of Kingsville, 20%, the grant government of Union Island, 20%, and the federal government, 10%.
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