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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #470

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:08 pm

Repeal "Prohibit Private Prisons"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #468
Proposed by: Marxist Germany

Description: General Assembly Resolution #468 "Prohibit Private Prisons" (Category: Social Justice, Area of Effect: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The World Assembly,

Applauding the efforts of this assembly to improve the standards and conditions of incarceration by prohibiting private prisons in the aforementioned resolution;

Quoting clause 2 which states "Further defines a "private prison" as a prison that is entirely owned and operated or primarily owned and operated by a nongovernmental corporation, a private individual, or any other private actor or actors";

Noting that the aforementioned clause states that a prison can only be considered private if it is wholly or primarily owned by a private proprietor;

Recognising that this therefore means governments can exploit this loophole through purchasing 51% of a private prison to avoid the ban;

Further Noting that a government can own a prison and lease it to a private proprietor as the resolution does not prohibit this;

Further Quoting clause 3 which states "Requires all member states and their political subdivisions, within two calendar years of this resolution's passage and in perpetuity thereafter, to discontinue their use of private prisons for the incarceration of individuals convicted of crimes and serving criminal sentences";

Observing that the aforementioned clause does not ban private prisons in member states but instead, allows them to operate as long as they receive criminals convicted in foreign non-member countries;

Discerning that member states can arrest individuals and place them in private prisons whilst they await their trial due to the aforementioned clause stating "discontinue their use of private prisons for the incarceration of individuals convicted of crimes and serving criminal sentences";

Concerned that the resolution does not prohibit private prisons in member states but only bars member states from incarcerating their own convicts in them;

Believing that this resolution ought to be repealed and replaced by a resolution that regulates private prisons, or prohibits them properly;

Hereby,

Repeals GA#468 "Prohibit Private Prisons".

Votes For: 10 599 (76.0%)
Votes Against: 3 354 (24.0%)

Implemented Fri Sep 27 2019

[GA 470 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
Last edited by Imperium Anglorum on Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:08 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
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Imperium Anglorum
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Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #471

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:09 pm

Repeal "Preventing Desertification"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #432
Proposed by: Concrete Slab

Description: General Assembly Resolution #432 "Preventing Desertification" (Category: Environmental, Industry Affected: Agriculture) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly,

Acknowledging the dangers desertification poses to member nations,

Applauding the resolution in its attempt to slow the spread of desertification,

Worried that the framework of the resolution only states “removal of vegetation” as a major cause of desertification, not referencing other factors such as climate change, urbanization, and harmful agricultural practices,

Further worried that the resolution does not provide a specific definition for “desertification”, possibly allowing for nations to dodge parts of the resolution by allowing desertification to spread while not citing it as such, leading to further environmental harm,

Acknowledging that, while it is important for member nations to determine their own policies and regulations in preventing desertification, the overall vagueness of the resolution will allow nations to take advantage of the resolution, doing little to stop this process while citing their effort as beneficial,

Noting that Clause 1 is extremely vague in its usage of “reasonable precautions” and ”reasonable regulations”, not specifying what a level of excessive vegetation removal is and allowing member nations to interpret this however they want,

Observing that Clauses 2 and 3 both “encourage” nations to educate workers and take part in reforestation, allowing nations to ignore the clauses if they so choose, posing the risk of uneducated workers harming the environment further rather than aiding it,

Alarmed that Clause 4 is nebulous in the role the WAEC carries in its overseeing of efforts against deforestation, not elaborating on its jurisdiction or role, allowing member nations to dodge regulations and punishment through individual interpretation,

Seeing that subpoint A of of Clause 4 does not specify the extent of effort that is “feasible” or what is “not harmful” regarding efforts of preventing desertification, again allowing nations to employ minimal impact tactics as long as they interpret it as “feasible”,

Further surveying the subpoint’s generalization of each nation’s political structure could have an extremely negative impact on each specific nation’s role in combating desertification within its borders.

Worried that subpoints B and C of Clause 4 are both vague and generalized, not taking into account differing strategies for facilitating reforestation and preventing overgrazing in the different environments of each nation, allowing for member nations to continue deforestation and overgrazing through the ambiguity of the subpoints,

Concerned subpoint D of Clause 4 is also generalized, not referencing the specific water needs of each member nation based on its spread of desertification.

Confused on why subpoint E of Clause 4 does not specify what “records” are to be kept on areas affected by deforestation, such as water levels and area of land lost to desertification each year,

Viewing the extreme vagueness of the resolution has allowed for the exploitation of numerous loopholes,

Hoping the repeal of this resolution will result in the drafting of new legislation much more equipped to combat the disastrous effects of desertification,

Hereby Repeals GA#432 “Preventing Desertification.”

Votes For: 11 639 (86.6%)
Votes Against: 1 797 (13.4%)

Implemented Fri Oct 4 2019

[GA 471 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
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Imperium Anglorum
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General Assembly Resolution #472

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:11 pm

Ban On Sterilisation Of Minors Etc
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: Whereas the sterilisation of minors or incompetent persons is not prohibited by the legislation of this most excellent Assembly :

And whereas it would be most safe to entrust the authority to make such a determination to independent medical authorities :

Be it enacted by the World Assembly, by and with the advice and consent of the Delegates and Members, in this present session assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows :

1. It is unlawful in all member nations to sterilise, in any way, a person below the age of majority or any incompetent person, without the approval of an independent Institutional Review Board, which has certified after review, the necessity of sterilisation for the long-term health of that person.

2. The WACC may make regulations to clarify upon and enforce this resolution.

Votes For: 10 312 (76.7%)
Votes Against: 3 139 (23.3%)

Implemented Mon Oct 21 2019

[GA 472 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
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Imperium Anglorum
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Founded: Aug 26, 2013
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General Assembly Resolution #473

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:12 pm

Responsible Land Management
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.

Category: Environmental
Industry Affected: Agriculture
Proposed by: Refuge Isle

Description: Understanding, although desertification and erosion have taken place for eons beyond remembrance, where the activities of sapient beings exacerbate those processes or cause the expansion of drylands to take place where they otherwise would not, far reaching negative consequences can result.

Outlining the source of artificially caused desertification to include over-grazing, deforestation, the over-exploitation of soils from farming, and the loss of sufficient moisture in soils to prevent wind erosion after tillage or the removal of vegetation,

Highlighting the effects of artificial desertification to include the destabilisation of the local biosphere, diminished habitability and food production in the affected areas, as well as climate changes in the larger scope of the region when water cannot be dispersed into the atmosphere through transpiration from plants,

This General Assembly, in seeking to avoid such environmental repercussions, hereby:

1. Establishes the Environmental Survey of the World Assembly (ESWA) as a research and advisory department within the World Assembly Scientific Programme, employing an appropriate number of scientists and support staff, and paid for by the WA general fund with no external sources for financial contribution permitted;

2. Instructs the ESWA to:

  1. Conduct ground, water, and atmospheric surveys of member nations' territories, as well as accessible international areas in order to collect data on their environmental situations.

  2. Keep and publish records of survey findings, develop estimations to the cause of any changes in a survey area over time, and create predictions of future trends.

  3. Alert member nations to at-risk areas of environmental degradation caused by their sapient inhabitants and issue recommendations for appropriate countermeasures.

  4. Identify areas in member nations’ territories as candidates for reforestation, land reclamation, and rehabilitation, where environmental degradation has been artificially made.

  5. Allow volunteer scientists with relevant expertise to assist with ESWA research under supervision.
3. Instructs member nations to develop and implement curricula as a comprehensive component of existing education in geological sciences for their nation’s youth in order to understand the causes, consequences, and solutions for artificial desertification;

4. Requires member nations to prohibit over-grazing and, instead, employ sustainable, targeted grazing practices, defined as the rotation of livestock between pastures with fallowing periods sufficient to allow plants to recover, unless the livestock is being used to maintain a controlled conservation area for the purposes of improving biodiversity, or unless the livestock is temporarily used to fertilise and prepare farmland;

5. Orders member nations to install or plant windbreaks around farm fields in areas designated by the ESWA to be “at-risk” of wind erosion, in sufficient intervals to be effective;

6. Requires member nations develop and implement legislation prohibiting the excessive removal or destruction of vegetation, defined as such removal or destruction resulting in exposed, unprotected soils creating a threat of artificial desertification or contributing to existing desertification in the local area;

7. Mandates that member nations implement water control measures on their landscapes made artificially vulnerable to ecologically damaging levels of water erosion, with such measures able to channel surface runoff into swales, contour trenches, or other systems that preserve water, soil, and vegetation fertility;

8. Recommends that member nations work in harmony to develop and contribute to reforestation projects in areas identified by the ESWA to be targets for rehabilitation.

Votes For: 11 351 (76.9%)
Votes Against: 3 409 (23.1%)

Implemented Fri Oct 25 2019

[GA 473 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
Dastardly villain providing free services to the community sans remuneration

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 9140
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #474

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:13 pm

Financial And Economic Education
A resolution to promote funding and the development of education and the arts.

Category: Education and Creativity
Area of Effect: Educational
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: The World Assembly,

Recognising its past actions in GA 80 "A Promotion of Basic Education" which establishes a requirement for member nations to give their citizens knowledge or awareness "of financial mathematics and concepts, currency and economics that is appropriate to the economy of their nation" and

Convinced that simply being aware of the existence of taxation and financial investments, as well as sources wherein one can find more information on those topics, is insufficient, hereby:

1. Defines "personal finance products" to mean products and services which an average inhabitant of a member nation could reasonably be expected to encounter in adult life which includes, in those nations where that is the case, but is not limited to, products or services which:
  1. extend credit, service loans,
  2. lease or purchase personal property,
  3. engage in deposit-taking or investment activities,
  4. provide payments and transaction services, including cheque or bill of exchange liquidation services,
  5. analyse and disseminate customer report information for the purposes of evaluating creditworthiness,
  6. collect against obligations made by any product mentioned in this section, and
  7. all other products which that member nation defines as a personal finance product for the purposes of this resolution;
2. Requires member nations to truthfully educate all of their inhabitants on core personal finance topics, which shall include but is not limited to:
  1. setting and managing a personal budget,
  2. protection of their identity against possible identity theft,
  3. the method and means of filing tax forms which those inhabitants can reasonably be expected to file,
  4. management of personal savings or long-term investment accounts based on the best available evidence,
  5. the means of establishing and evaluating personal finance products,
  6. the existence and benefits of available preferential governmental schemes for certain purposes;
3. Further requires member nations to truthfully educate all of their inhabitants on general economic topics, which shall include but is not limited to:
  1. the means of production in their society,
  2. issues associated with those means of production,
  3. their nation's fiscal state and determinants thereof,
  4. the determinants of economic growth,
  5. the causes and policy responses to economic downturns,
  6. financial intermediation, rent-seeking behaviours,
  7. public goods, collective action problems, and inflation.

Votes For: 11 435 (84.0%)
Votes Against: 2 185 (16.0%)

Implemented Tue Oct 29 2019

[GA 474 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
Dastardly villain providing free services to the community sans remuneration

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Imperium Anglorum
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Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #475

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:13 pm

Promoting Natural Sciences In Schools
A resolution to promote funding and the development of education and the arts.

Category: Education and Creativity
Area of Effect: Educational
Proposed by: Kenmoria

Description: The General Assembly,

Aware that all children deserve a balanced and varied education covering different disciplines, in order to gain a wide breadth of knowledge,

Highlighting the sciences as subjects crucial to the development of informed thinking and worldviews, due to being the area of education that concerns the natural world of member nations’ children,

Understanding how an education in science enables a child to pursue far more careers than they would be able to otherwise, as a direct result of the universality of the skills gained by studying the sciences;

Acknowledging the lack of currently-active, comprehensive legislation on the topic of allowing the children of member nations to freely learn about this vital area, and

Wishing to promote a scientific education in all member states, whilst remaining mindful of differing traditions and religions,

Hereby,

1. Defines the following, for the purposes of this resolution:
  1. a ‘school’ is an institute of education for minors, excluding both those that specialise in a particular subject and are in addition to standard education, for example performing arts schools, and those that are for minors of a very young age; and

  2. the ‘natural sciences’ are those subjects consisting of information gained from empirical evidence or logical deductions about natural phenomena, such as biology, geology, chemistry or physics;

2. Mandates that all schools under the jurisdiction of member states must either offer classes in multiple branches of the natural sciences, or a series of general classes in science as a whole, to its students, and that these classes must be of a non-trivial length of time, and contain relevant educational content;

3. Further mandates that any adults within member nations that are undergoing education of a very similar nature to that of schools, either due to receiving poor results upon completion of standard education or due to never having been taught basic subjects, must also be offered science in fulfilment with the principles of clause 2;

4. Encourages member nations to make these science classes mandatory for students to learn at early levels of education;

5. Prohibits any school within a member nation from deliberately disseminating false information in science classes, excluding abstractions or simplifications which aid learning;

6. Clarifies that subjects other than science are not covered by this resolution, and emphasises specifically that religious education may cover whatever beliefs are chosen by the schools or member states;

7. Requires that all member nations fund the science classes mandated by this resolution to a degree that enables appropriate learning opportunities, unless the school is of a private nature, in which case funding is urged but not mandated; and

8. Authorises the World Assembly General Fund to provide money to member states’ governments if they are genuinely unable to fully fund science classes, while still fulfilling the basic obligations of state, in accordance with the above clause, with the condition that member nations must still provide the highest degree of funding they are reasonably able to, and that requests must be logged and frivolous or unnecessary requests of funding denied.

Votes For: 13 316 (91.4%)
Votes Against: 1 246 (8.6%)

Implemented Sun Nov 3 2019

[GA 475 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
Dastardly villain providing free services to the community sans remuneration

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Imperium Anglorum
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Posts: 9140
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #476

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:15 pm

Protecting Borrower Rights
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.

Category: Civil Rights
Strength: Significant
Proposed by: Imperium Anglorum

Description: The World Assembly,

Believing that the Assembly has a vested interest in protecting the liberty of those individuals who did nothing wrong but fall hopelessly into debt,

Observing that debtors' prisons, debt bondage, and associated punishments are generally punitive against honest but unlucky debtors, serving little more than detaining and punishing the poor,

Seeing that some persons in member nations are incarcerated merely for failing to repay debt obligations undertaken, and believing that this:
  1. both reduces the ability for that person to earn income to repay such obligations and does little to induce repayment,
  2. creates significant disincentives for entrepreneurs to take risks and invest in new business opportunities, and
  3. leads to borrowers moving away from formal borrowing institutions, which can be subject to the protections of the formal legal system, and into the pockets of loansharks to escape the possibility of imprisonment, and
Concerned about policies which disproportionately impact the poor simply because they are poor, hereby, subject to past and future World Assembly resolutions:

  1. Defines 'debt' as a non-contingent private obligation to render a sum or sums of money to another person under contract; defines a person with debt as a 'borrower';

  2. Prohibits member nations from criminalising, or taking into consideration for purposes of sentencing, the state of being a borrower; forbids member nations from imposing any punishment against borrowers or classes of borrowers by enacting legislation or mass judgement via bill of attainder or similar instruments; frees immediately all persons currently incarcerated and expunges the sentences of all persons currently serving punishment for such reason;

  3. Prohibits the holding of any person to labour for the repayment, origination, or discharge of any debt; frees immediately all persons so held; further prohibits member nations from allowing the inheritance of debts incurred after the passage of this resolution, unless (a) those debts are explicitly incurred with such a provision and (b) such a provision is not prohibited under national or international law;

  4. Provides to any person, natural or juridicial, an effective remedy against creditors wherein they can discharge or renegotiate all debts incurred, contingent on the liquidation of their assets or development of a credible and suitable plan of payment to those creditors; requires member nation courts to waive court fees from non-vexatious litigants who would suffer undue hardship from being required to pay them;

  5. Bars member nations from invoking a person's debts, financial obligations arising from previous state of captivity, fines, or fees as reason to deprive that person of the right to vote in any election, referendum, or plebiscite in which they would otherwise be eligible;

  6. Clarifies that this resolution does not prohibit member nation court systems from, with a court order, garnishing wages for repayment of debts or imprisoning persons for contempt of a court order, so long as such judgements are only for coercive and non-punitive purposes; and further clarifies that, for the purposes of this resolution, tax liabilities are not included in any definition of debt or financial obligation.

Votes For: 11 637 (79.4%)
Votes Against: 3 020 (20.6%)

Implemented Thu Nov 7 2019

[GA 476 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
Dastardly villain providing free services to the community sans remuneration

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Imperium Anglorum
Powerbroker
 
Posts: 9140
Founded: Aug 26, 2013
Left-Leaning College State

General Assembly Resolution #477

Postby Imperium Anglorum » Fri Dec 06, 2019 8:15 pm

Convention On Animal Testing
A resolution to modify universal standards of healthcare.

Category: Health
Area of Effect: Bioethics
Proposed by: Marxist Germany

Description: The World Assembly,

Concerned by the lack of legislation regarding the treatment of testing animals,

Recognising that animals deserve to be properly treated during and after testing,

Noting that mistreatment of animal test subjects may lead to severe distress for the animal and inaccurate research results, and

Seeking to establish regulations on the treatment of animal test subjects,


Hereby,

  1. Defines, for the purposes of this resolution:
    1. A "research facility" as any facility, private or public, which engages in animal testing for any scientific purpose, including consumer safety and weapons testing;
    2. A "test animal" as a sentient but not sapient animal in the custody of any research facility for scientific purposes;
    3. "Ethical testing", and all derived terms, as testing carried out on an animal in a way that is not maliciously intended to cause severe distress or harm to the animal;
  2. Establishes the World Assembly Board of Bioethics (WABB), which will be tasked with the following:
    1. Overseeing scientific experimentation in member states to ensure animal testing is being carried out ethically and in accordance with all relevant WA law;
    2. Reporting instances of noncompliance with the ethical requirements mandated in this resolution to the local authorities for penalisation;
  3. Dictates that member states must reasonably and proportionally penalise research labs upon receiving a report about unethical testing from the WABB;

  4. Mandates that all research facilities in member states that carry out testing on animals:
    1. Report all procedures carried out on animals, and euthanisations in their custody to the WABB;
    2. Carry out solely ethical testing, as defined in section 1c;
  5. Requires that when a research facility is finished using an animal in its experiments:
    1. The animal is returned to the wild if it was captured from the wild, has a good chance of being returned to its natural habitat successfully, and if it poses no risk to the environment it is being released into, such as carrying diseases; or;
    2. The animal is given to a legal entity capable of taking care of it for the rest of its lifespan; if:
      1. it is expected to live for over a year after its adoption,
      2. it is healthy, not sick, and of good disposition, and,
      3. it is unable to survive without help, or is of a species commonly kept as pet or livestock;
    3. If the animal is unable to be adopted or released into the wild then it may be humanely euthanised;
  6. Clarifies that an animal can still be adopted even if it is unable to live for over a year, and;

  7. Prohibits the intentional killing of a test animal in a cruel manner, in addition to forbidding the killing of a former test animal before the viability of its adoption or release into the wild has been examined, and it has been found unsuitable for both.

Co-authored by United States of Americanas

Votes For: 7 621 (51.0%)
Votes Against: 7 310 (49.0%)

Implemented Tue Nov 19 2019

[GA 477 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

Author: 1 SC and 31 GA resolutions
Maintainer: GA Passed Resolutions
Developer: Communiqué and InfoEurope
Delegate for Europe
Out-of-character unless marked otherwise
Ideological Bulwark 285, WALL delegate
Dastardly villain providing free services to the community sans remuneration

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