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LY9/M22 Dire Wolf Heavy Tank

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LY9/M22 Dire Wolf Heavy Tank

Postby Lyras » Sat Dec 19, 2009 8:32 pm

LY9/M22 Dire Wolf Heavy Tank, Protectorate of Lyras/Free Republic of Lamoni

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Key Data

Crew: 3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Dimensions
Length (With Gun Forward): 8.6m
Length (Hull): 7.6m
Height: 2.68m
Width: 4.1m
Weight : 81.2 tonnes (LY413) OR 76.4 tonnes (CCA140BRETC)
Ground Clearance: Variable. Default at 50cm

Performance
Maximum (Governed) Speed: 87kph
Cross Country Speed: 63.4kph
Speed, 10% Slope: 33kph/35kph
Speed, 60% slope: 16kph/18kph
Acceleration: 0kph to 32 kph in 6.3sec/5.9sec
Range: 690/710km (570/600 km at operational cruising speed)

Manoeuvrability
Vertical Obstacle Crossing: 116(45in)
Trench: 3000mm(10ft)
Suspension: Hydropneumatic
Fording: 3m unprepared, 5m prepared.

Armament
Main Armament: LY413 140mm 50 calibre, very high pressure, ETC smoothbore (40rnds) OR CCA140BRETC 140mm/L50 Rarefaction Wave ETC smoothbore (40rnds)
Coaxial Weapons: LY106 50mm compact automatic cannon (350rnds) AND either ML150 HMG 15mm (700rnds) OR LY60 14.7mm HMG (700 rnds) OR AGH-32 HMG 15mm (700rnds)
Commander's Weapon: 'Acropolis' powered remote rotary platform with ML150 HMG 15mm (700rnds) OR 15mm AGH-32 HMG (700rnds) OR 14.7mm LY60 HMG (700rnds) OR 7.62mm LY64 GPMG (2,400rnds) OR 7.5mm Lagash MG (2,400rnds) OR MGJ-21 'Mary Jane' LMG (2,500rnds) OR 4 x SALY28 SAMs
Additional: 2 x dorsal-lateral grenade launcher racks

Power
Propulsion: LY693 20L hybrid-electric opposing-piston multi-fuel hyperbar engine, generating 2,000 HP (1,500 kW) at 3000RPM.
Transmission: Hydropneumatic automatic transmission (5 fwd gears, 2 rvse)
Power-to-Weight Ratio: 24.6hp/ton
APU: 2 under armour
Batteries: 16 x high density Li+ polymer

Armour and Protection
Chassis: Titanium
Armour: Titanium-ceramic, depleted uranium mesh, 'Hauberk' ERA, ‘Acerbitas’ NERA
Anti-spalling: Semi-synthetic anciniform spider silk
NBC Protection: SCFM, clean cooled air, LYMkII CBRN overpressure system.
Missile Countermeasures: GOLIATH Active Protection System.

Background and Conceptualisation
The -A2 upgrade to the LY4 series marked a dramatic change in the potency of armoured fighting vehicles fielded by the Lyran Protectorate and its allies, and not simply for the potency of the LY4A2 itself. The technologies implemented in the -A2 upgrade program would form the template for a number of other AFVs, and also see spinoffs to aircraft and even satellite design.

However, as examinations were commenced into the possibility of a further advancement to the LY4-series, certain facts began to become apparent. Paramount amongst them was the realisation that the LY4 chassis, in general terms, had not originally been designed to utilise the many advances in technology that were filtering through to the front lines. While the chassis, robust as it is, had adapted splendidly, there was, it was decided, a limit to how far that chassis could be upgraded, before a new, purpose-designed chassis would be required. While research continued into the -A3 upgrade, research and development also began on the new LY9, designed as its successor in Lyran service.

The LY9, dubbed 'Dire Wolf', shares a large degree of commonality (although primarily in concept, rather than in maintenance terms) with the LY6A1 and LY4A2, and also, especially in turret design, with the LY7. Much of the hardware and components fielded on the LY4A2 have been, where they remain the optimum in combat potency, transferred bodily over to the LY9.

However, unlike the LY4A2, the LY9 has, from the outset, like the LY7, been designed with modularity and whole-of-lifetime upgradability in mind. As a consequence, the LY9 has been able to accept a number of features and upgrades that have proven difficult to implement in the LY4-series. The result is a tank that ranks in the very top tier of NS-grade AFVs.

The LY9 is not, however, a main battle tank. The LY9 is a 'heavy tank', which is a description of a role for which the platform has been designed. Heavier, better armoured and with higher armament lethality than its medium-tank counterparts, the LY9 is designed specifically to strike at the point of decisive engagement, and then conduct rapid (albeit limited) exploitation in a tactical and low-scale operational setting, creating a breach into which more theatre-mobile force elements can flow. Unlike an MBT (medium tank), the LY9 is not intended to operate across the entirety of the battlespace... such utilisation, while possible, would be a misuse of the vehicle's unique strengths and design focus.

Main Armament
There are two main armament options for the Dire Wolf, both in 140mm. The main armament of the LY9 is fitted to the turret of the vehicle, as is far and away the AFV standard. However, like the LY7, the LY9's turret is unmanned, making it akin to a very large example of a remote weapon station, which has a number of positive results. Firstly, the extra space created by the removal of a crewman from the turret has allowed for the entirety of the vehicle's main gun ammunition capacity to be stored within the autoloader, increasing the platform's sustained rate of fire without decreasing total available ammunition. Secondly, the diminished profile has lowered the area of armour required, increasing the protection ratings of the turret as a whole. Thirdly, the complete seperation of the turret and main gun ammunition from the crew compartment adds a degree of protection to the crew, especially in the hull-down condition.

The LY9, by default, fields the LY413 as its primary armament. Based on the LY412 of the LY4A2, the LY413 is broadly similar, but includes a dramatically altered recoil mitigation system, and hugely increased pressure-borne lethality.
Issues with pushing the potency of an AFV's main gun have been ever more pronounced in recent years, with still-commonplace conventionally-fired rounds being less and less effective against the ever-progressing armour schemes of leading edge AFVs. A great number of methods of improving the per-shot killing power of the tank gun have been examined, including a number already featured on foreign and domestic platforms, both in-service and in prototype laboratories.
The LY413 is, in many respects, a synergy of the LY407, LY410 and LY412 weapons. While being visually most similar to the LY412 of the LY6A1, it is in a calibre more akin to the LY410 of the LY4A2, but in a configuration most similar to the LY7's -407.
The electro-thermal chemical propellant ignition system, using an adaptive plasma-based flashboard large area emitter (FLARE), was selected, for both lethality (paramount) and ongoing standardisation with other Lyran and Lyran-aligned systems.
The LY413 also follows on from the -410 and -412 in using dynamic gas assistance to increase the range and power of the weapon still further, as well as push down felt recoil, reduce component wear (and thus improve barrel life) and, both in concert with the above and also in a stand-alone sense, allow for higher rates of fire. On this vein, and with the intent to still further enhance platform lethality, the platform also employs a Successive Fire Projectile Assist system to push fire rates still higher. It is worth considering that maintaining high rates of fire can quickly wear out the barrel, so operator discretion is advised.
It is due to these features, and to the turret's being designed around the autoloader, rather than the other way around, that enables the LY413 to burst fire seven rounds in twenty seconds, with a sustained fire rate thereafter of twelve rounds per minute, the second figure being on par (in RoF terms) with – if not superior to – many existing 105mm, 120mm and 125mm systems, and significantly higher than the vast majority of 140mm systems.
Recoil forces operating on the LY413 are pronounced, and here further innovations have been implemented to mitigate the effect this has on the platform's rate of fire, stability and ongoing operations. While the dynamic gas assist reduces it below what would be expected of a system of the LY413's power, and despite the 600mm recoil mechanism retained from the LY410, and even including a high-efficiency muzzle brake based upon that of the LY412, recoil was still higher than the platform's developers would have liked, and efforts were directed at bringing it down as far as practical, without sacrificing lethality.

The LY413 is also different to previous Lyran AFV weapons in that it is designed to fire under considerably higher pressure than the international rounds. Newer projectiles, powered by considerably higher-yield propellant charges, have in turn forced considerable reinforcement of the barrel and chamber of the main gun, to withstand pressures at around 190ksi.
The main gun's inner walls are 300ksi aged martensitic steel, 4.7" thick, weighing 5,400kg, and yielding a 20% reserve tolerance using the extremely high-pressure rounds for which the LY413 was designed. This is, in turn, strengthened by wire-winding the barrel using ultrahigh-modulus carbon fibre, rated at 550GPa. Of the 7 tons that constitute the weight of the main gun's barrel, 1.5 tons of it is composed of this UHM fiber. UHM carbon fibre is very expensive (nearly $9m per ton), and it is partly for this reason that the total gun system costs nearly NS$15m. The costs would be higher, but for the thinning near the barrel end, and very large economies of scale generated by the almost-normal mammoth production runs undertaken within Lyras.
Around the carbon-fibre wrapped inner barrel is a titanium tensioning sleeve, tapering towards the muzzle end. The titanium sleeve is fitted to the inner barrel at the chamber and by means of a stiffened disk, which transfers vibration from the inner barrel to the tensioning sleeve, giving the gun the same properties of a full-thickness barrel over the whole length, while saving considerable weight, and shielding the carbon fiber from environmental effects.
The heat generation of the total weapon system is notably in excess of that generated by conventional 140mm weapons, due to the dramatically increased potency. In actuality, the system is more akin to a 180mm system, 'necked down' (in small arms parlance) to 140mm. This dramatically increased pressure of the newer Lyran munitions leads to a direct increase in the velocity of the projectile, but has mandated increased weight for the turret and turret ring. While rates of fire for tank guns do not compare to other armaments, the significantly greater thermal loading per shot fired cannot be completely ignored. The LY413 circumvents the potential heat-related hazards through the use of several features.

The primary is a bank of heat sensors installed between the tensioning sleeve and inner barrel. This sensor bank records ambient temperature, and ensures that safe parameters are maintained. Should higher than normal rates of fire generate unexpectedly high heat generation within the main gun, the subsequent counter-thermal measures come into play. First of these is a simple sprinkler system within the tensioning sleeve, designed to spray water into the space between the barrel and sleeve, in order to rapidly bring down otherwise concerning temperatures. A series of small perforations along the exterior of the thermal sleeve allow this steam to escape, aided by similar (albeit considerably smaller) perforations in the support disk towards the muzzle.

The alternative primary of the Dire Wolf is the Yanitarian CCA-140BRETC 14cm L/50 "CORbeau" (also known, as stated, as the Bré-C,) gun combines several top of the line technologies compared to similar older systems. A standard example, the CCA-1978 is made of steel, were as the CORbeau is made of titanium, which already lightens it considerably. Taking a page from the CCA-1978L (Léger, or Light), which was developed in 2003, was 50% lighter than the CCA-1978, and only takes up the amount of space as the CCA-1940 10cm gun. Further more, CORbeau technology, which lowers considerably the amount of pressure in the gun barrel, lower the entire weight of the 12cm variant (the CCA-120BRETC 12cm L/55 "CORbeau") system by an additional 50% compared to the CCA-1978L, meaning that compared to the CCA-1978, the CORbeau 12cm is only 20% of the weight. However, the main drawback of CORbeau technology is the added bulk, as the gas funnel which sticks out of the back of the turret, is very big, however, newer versions of CORbeau technology, including the Bré-C series, minimize this, as does the turret design of the CA-42, based on the LY7.

Image CORbeau 10cm demonstrator prototype

CORbeau guns, developed mainly by Yanitarian Arms with help from Lyran engineers, work using the principal of rarefaction waves. Essentially, when pressure is released from a gun, the projectile will not be effected by any decrease in pressure until the rarefaction wave reaches the projectile. The CCA-140BRETC cannon relieves pressure from the gun barrel by siphoning gas out of the rear. Synchronization is key in siphoning gas quickly and effectively enough that it reduces recoil, with out allowing the rarefaction to catch up with the projectile, is tricky, and took many months of perfecting, however, the result is an 80% reduction in recoil (without using a muzzle brake) versus the CCA-1978 series with a muzzle break, as well as a 40% decrease in temperature with in the bore, a 70% increase in sustained rate of fire, and a 70% increase in the number of burst shots.

This contributes in more ways than just the obvious. With high performance propellants, the barrel life of many modern tank guns has been shortened from 200 rounds to 50 rounds (on 120mm rounds. It can be assumed that 140mm guns have higher barrel wear rates) on unimproved barrels. However, CORbeau technology can bring the life of a 12cm tank cannon to an average of 500 rounds before requiring a replacement, with future upgrades planned to "retake barrel life yet again."

Technically described,
Eric Kathe et al: A CORbeau cannon intentionally opens it's breech while the projectile is still traveling down the barrel, causing a dramatic decrease in barrel pressure. One might assume that this would cause an equally dramatic decrease in projectile acceleration, but as stated, this cannot happen until the rarefaction wave reaches to projectile. For clarity's sake, the rarefaction wave can simply be called the pressure loss wave, which gives one a better idea of what is meant. The speed of the pressure loss wave is limited to the speed of sound with in the propellant gasses, meaning that the projectile cannot be effected by the pressure loss wave until it essentially "hears" the gases venting. If the projectile leaves the muzzle before the rarefaction wave reaches it, muzzle velocity is not compromised, and venting afterward will not decrease velocity at all. Of course, the gasses have to go somewhere, and it was initially assumed that this was the main problem with fitting what is essentially a recoilless rifle or gun in a tank chassis, as experimented with the CA-35 in the 1950's. However the properties of a recoilless rifle and a CORbeau gun are different from a recoilless rifle. While a recoilles rifle vents gas out the back in order to provide an inertial counterbalance to the force of the projectile, the CORbeau gun simply drops pressure in the breech, and and vents the gas through a funnel, which does not have to be in the opposite direction of the projectile. Timing, however, is crucial. and generally occurs once the projectile has moved between 1/3 and 1/4 the distance down the barrel. Although a positive pressure shock wave can move faster through a column of gas than the speed of sound, a rarefaction wave cannot. In the case of a shock wave, the increased pressure of the gas behind the wave front results in the adiabatic heating of the gas, increasing it's sound speed. This allows a coalescence of pressure waves to form an abrupt increase in pressure at the shock front that can travel faster than the speed of a sound wave ahead of the shock. To the contrary, a rarefaction wave reduces the gas pressure and density behind the wave front. As gas density is reduced, it becomes more rarefied. This rarefaction progressively cools the gas, decreasing its sound speed and weakening the pressure loss gradient as the wave propagates. As such waves propagate through the gas column, the local flow of velocity of the column must be arithmetically added to the local sound speed to properly compute the rarefaction wave velocity. In the case of a synchronized CORbeau, the local gas velocity may initially be approximated as zero upon first opening the breech and that of the projectile's muzzle velocity upon reaching it at the shot exit. Thus, an average gas velocity contribution to the rarefaction wave of half the muzzle velocity provides reasonably accurate first estimation. This estimate is one thousand meters per second. Dividing the length of the gun by the sum of the sonic and average gas velocity estimates the extent to which CORbeau venting may precede shot exit with out any loss in muzzle velocity. Accurate simulation of rarefaction wave propagation has been undertaken using a lumped parameter interior ballistic code and two separate one dimensional interior ballistic codes. The closed breech code NOVA was employed to determine rarefaction wave propagation rates through several gun systems with out computing effects behind the wave front. A lumped parameter code incorporating blow back recoil was developed to predict wave front propagation rates in support the design of CORbeau technology demonstrators. A new one dimensional code named Rarefaction Wave Recoil (RAR) was specifically developed to model CORbeau. It explicitely simulates the rarefaction wave process to include estimation of thrust produced and reduction of thermal heating of the bore.
The CCA-140BRETC incorporates ETC technology as well as a novel swing chamber capable of accepted standard Yanitarian cased telescoped ammunition that has lent to the compactness of earlier Yanitarian guns. Modifications to the ammunition design are minimal to control costs and accelerate schedule, as well as minimize risk, however the changes are there, and make compatibility with regular 140mm guns problematic at best, depending on the ammunition. Incorporated within the breech end is a fixed annular vent and expansion nozzel within which a 140mm blow back bolt is positioned. Centered within the aft end of the cartridge is a 140mm consumable disk. Upon ignition of the cartridge, the consumable disk is pressed into the forward face of the bolt and the vent mechanics proceeds to drop the pressure with in the breech. However, with the latest model having a bolt and projectile of the same diameter, the cannon does not impart forward or rearward inertia, as earlier demonstration models have. This eliminates a primary load that contributes to the gun dynamics that beget dispersion. The application of variable orifice hydraulic recoil brakes and recuperators. These arrest the rearward recoil motion of the bolt and return it to its battery position. The bolt is coupled to the recoil cylinders through the outer expansion nozzle housing. Four vanes cast into the nozzle merge to support the coaxial bolt. This allows a convenient integration method of the recoil cylinders and allows a portion of the thrust generated to directly arrest the recoil motion. Vent timing may be altered by the use of different bolt faces. Blunt faced bolts require a greater recoil distance to vent. Progressively more conical bolts vent earlier. The swing chamber for loading is connected to four thick heat resistant polymer flat-hoses that link to the gas funnel in the back of the turret. This ensures that gun depression is minimally effected, a fact for which is compensated via the suspension, to be explained later. The gas funnel is lined with ceramics, and at the end is a shield that directs the gas upward, and through eight ceramic shutters. This serves to mitigate IR footprint during and immediately after firing. Furthermore, the back blast, because it is vented upward and cooled, does not effect those behind the tank, and the back of the turret can withstand up to a 30mm round due to the shield, rather than having no protection, like earlier prototypes, and foreign guns using the similar but different RAVEN based guns. In addition to saving weight, (the gun itself only weighs 3500kg), it saves weight in other ways as well.


The turret is set slightly further rearward than that of the other Lyran AFVs, and the weapon itself is set back slightly within the turret, a factor which has been demonstrated to increase accuracy on the move, and mitigating the negative effects of the weapon's long barrel.
Though unmanned, the gunner's station is located directly below the turret ring, and rotates to maintain facing with the main gun. This is so as to reduce disorientation when using the BALCOTH-type targetting system, and also to enable the use of the back-up periscopes in the advent of the failure of the quadruple-redundant headset interface.
The vehicle commander, should the gunner's station be inoperable, can fire the primary armament, although the commander's station does not rotate in the same manner as the gunner's.
The autoloader on the Dire Wolf is a brand new joint Lyro-Lamonian system, based upon the Compact Automatic Loader designed by Meggit Defense Systems, Inc, of Irvine, California. The Meggit system includes a fully articulated robotic transfer unit, which can support a load rate of 12rpm, and has a magazine access rate of 15rpm. If the CCA-140 is fielded as the primary armament, the rate of fire is enhanced due the significantly lower recoil forces being overcome, and burst firing rates of 30rpm (for 10 rounds) and sustained rates of 20rpm are the norm.

The Lyro-Lamonian system, dubbed 'Theophilus' (reasons for which remains unknown), is very similar to the Meggit design, although rather than making 34 rounds available, the system (due to the larger size of the LY413's 140mm rounds) only allows for 20 rounds. However, the Meggit design, being as it was intended to slide into an M1 Abrams without impinging upon crew space, presumed the requirement for a loader and gunner in the turret. Theophilus, bereft of such requirements in the Dire Wolf, utilises two such-units, thus allowing 40 rounds in total. Each sub-unit uses a double-row closed-loop chain of canisters, granting the magazine excellent volumetric storage efficiency. When the gunner selects an ammunition type (using his switch on the control yoke), the nominated round is moved to the blast port by the carousel, whereupon a ram-arm pushes it into the breech. Removal of a loaded round is essentially the same process, in reverse, although using a tri-forked extractor, rather than a ram. Theophilus features a full automatic ammunition inventory, and grants very high load speeds, coupled with an exceptional reliability, due to its relatively simple operation.
Due to the turret's unmanned design, and in accordance with standing Lyran AFV design philosophy, the autoloader is able to load and extract rounds at any degree of elevation or traverse.

Lessons pertaining to operational turn-around time learned from the LY4A1, and applied in the -A2, have been brought over to the LY9, with the LY9's turret designed to facilitate considerably faster loading. Once the main gun magazine is depleted, the entire turret magazine can be removed, and a fresh one inserted, a process not dissimilar to changing magazines on a rifle, only on a larger scale. This does require the presence of a dedicated service vehicle, but takes less than 4 minutes. Should such a vehicle be unavailable, the system can be reloaded manually/conventionally.


Additional armament
While co-axial weapons are standard on the vast majority of Lyran AFVs, the use of dual coaxials, of differing calibre, is a relatively recent innovation. By default, the left co-axial station is given over to the LY106 50mm compact medium autocannon. The LY106 fires the Fedalan-standardised 50x300mm caseless telescoping round, an ammunition standard first seen in the primary weapon system of the Sumerian PIV-30 Armoured Infantry Combat Vehicle. The LY106 is a chain-operated, externally powered (by the same 4 HP motor that proved to be the most reliable element of the failed LY105 30mm cannon) weapon, which, as with the PAK2 25mm cannon (fitted as coaxial on the earlier marks of the LY4 and -6), uses a system of sprockets, grooves and clutches to not only feed, load and fire rounds, but also allows the operator to switch ammunition types, by selecting from which of the four ammunition drums to draw rounds from. Available ammunition types include APFSDS-T, HEI-T, HEDP-T, Illum and practice rounds.

Much of the weapon system is titanium, which, while expensive, is considerably lighter than its steel volume/strength equivalent, thus allowing for the weapon's mounting to be considerably lighter. Given that the total weapon is firmly secured to the MBT's turret while used in the coaxial role, the now-lighter elements of the receiver assembly do not adversely affect the weapon's recoil characteristics. A high-efficiency muzzle brake and long recoil mechanism (45mm) also lower the felt recoil signature, and provide for more efficient firing characteristics. As with all weapons on the platform, the LY106 is linked to the Cromwell FCS, and thus benefits from the attendant sensory and ballistic calculatory suite.

The barrel is 50 calibres long, putting it 2.25m from the end of the reciever, and is chrome-lined to improve durability, and allow for the provision of higher-pressure propellant charges.
Three rates of fire are able to be selected: semi-automatic, low-rate automatic and high-rate automatic, which allow single-shot, 50rpm (approx.) and 100 rpm (approx.) respectively.
The LY106 is designed to provide effective, reliable and accurate firepower for the destruction of most medium-armoured threats, including helicopters, IFVs, APCs, and even many MBTs outside of the frontal arc. In this anti-armour role, the LY106 is considerably more potent than its predecessors, despite their distinguished service record.

The right coaxial station is designed to be able to fit weapons generally of up to 35mm. Conventional armament on Lyran vehicles for the right coaxial station has been the LY60 14.7mm HMG, a reliable and time-honoured weapon that has served the Protectorate for over a hundred years. However, recent allied co-operation and joint operation considerations have lead to the implementation of the Yanitarian-Eridian ML-150 15x120mm HMG. The EL-1 Beowulf (formerly the EL-3182) had been the frontline heavy machine gun for Erid’Lor for a decade, and had made some decent profits as well, with 1.3 million being bought by Waldenburg for military use. However, motivation for an upgrade (later to become an entirely new project, the EL-2 Athenian in Eridite service) came in three forms: first, the Lyran and Lamonian governments requested for a version of the Beowulf which could fire the Fedalan-standard 15mm cartridge (the term being used lightly, as generally when Yanitaria, Lyras, and Lamoni decide on a cartridge as part of their close military cooperation, it tends to become somewhat popular among other Fedala Accord nations); secondly, the company SNMAE made an offer to create an upgraded version of the Beowulf together with the Eridite Research and Development Bureau; and thirdly, the 14.5mm bullet used by the EL-1A3 (EL-3182A3) currently used needed a slight boost in hitting power versus new IFVs which specifically attempt to protect against 14.5mm cartridges.

With this in mind, the ERDB worked with SNMAE to produce a new HMG, later to be christened the EL-2 Athenian in Eridite service, and the ML-150 in the Yanitarian military, a designation adopted within Lyras.

The ML-150/EL-150 is a heavy machine gun designed to be mounted on vehicles both heavy and light, and to guard defensive positions in infantry usage, such as checkpoints. For this, the 15mm round was chosen at the behest of the Yanitarian military, specifically Maréchal Antoine de Sacsburg. It was known that Yanitaria had the ability to set trends with regards to small arms, as it has already pushed forward the 6.5mm JMC, 10mm JMC, and 6.5x70mm Yanitarian as popular international rounds, due to a special combination of ballistic efficiency and creative usage of materials and application of ideas.

The basic round is a lubalox coated round seated on an aluminum case. Because the 15mm Yanitarian is often used by heavy snipers in the anti-material capacity, all marques have their aluminum casings coated in lubalox, creating a distinctive all black look. The 15mm Yanitarian comes in a number of flavors, of various Marque numbers. Tracers are every fifth round, but can be removed if required.

The rounds are fed into the gun using a dual feed system already used by Eridite machine guns. This is done by using a movable feed way, which can easily be slid to either side, so that at any one time only one belt of ammunition is aligned with the chamber and able to fire. This allows soldiers to switch on the fly between two ammunition types, or, for more advanced strategists, to use a general purpose or multipurpose ammunition to suppress and enemy while a loading assistant switches the second belt to a more appropriate type of ammunition. Another common use, especially during COIN and patrols in unstable civilian areas is to simply have two belts of the same ammunition, using the first belt to suppress until out of ammo, and switching to the second belt while reloading the first. Linked by a disintegrating steel belt, the rounds are fed through the top, and expelled from the bottom, which ensures that the large shells are not flung unto anyone's face. A heat resistant nylon bag may be fitted in order to collect shells, should the situation require.

The ML-150 features a dual spade grip with two stepped triggers for firing single and fully automatic fire. The barrel is quick detachable to facilitate barrel changes, and is chrome-lined to provide corrosion resistance. One debate earlier on in the design was whether or not to manufacture the barrel to extremely tight specification with regards to diameter. Doing so, which is essentially standard practice in aircraft design with Yanitaria, allows for improved accuracy at the expense of durability, as evidenced by the high quality of SNMAE-made aircraft guns, however there was debate with in SNMAE itself as to whether or not this was necessary. Two major engineers battled over this, Kurt Fakel (who, incidentally, is of Erid'Lorian descent, was born in Yanitarie, and had worked for SNMAE for almost since it's founding), and Anna de Chappard (who had mainly worked on all aircraft gun projects by SNMAE). Fakel claimed that the increased burden on logistics that the lowered barrel durability would cause was too great, and that it would require more barrels per vehicle, which was viewed as a waste of space. Eventually Fakel won the argument by using an old ML-147 with a scope to hit several targets from over a kilometer and a half away.

While previous Eridite machines guns were manufactured out of titanium to reduce weight, Yanitarien designers felt that this was a major extravagance, and that high grade steel would be much cheaper, and allow for much faster production, at the expense of weight, which was considered a non-issue for this particular weapon. During a quick change, the side of the shroud swings out allowing the user to slide the barrel out and a new one in. The sights are either a Vi-87 ladder sight, a well loved sight with in the ARY which is essentially a "pronged" ladder sight with tritium inserts, or the Vi-38. SNMAE sights are well liked with in their customer base because of the use of green tritium on the rear sight, and red on the front, in order to allow for quick snap firing. Because it is a ladder sight, however, the Vi-86's rear sight uses alternating blue and green tritium, which, when viewed in the dark, looks very futuristic. The alternative, the Vi-38, is a top shelf SNMAE holosight which generally sells for $250 on the military market. The muzzle brake is a heavy design with multiple vents along the side.

New to Lyran manufactured platforms is the Yanitarian 'Acropolis' RWS. The SNMAE made "Acropolis" RWS is an all new design meant to be integrated with existing and future military technology. Able to accommodate previous generation heavy machine guns such as the EL-1, ML-147, M-2HB, and Kord 14.5mm, the Acroplis consist of three parts, the interface section, the sensor, and the weapon mount.

The sensor suite used on the Dire Wolf is the YwVE-33ML which combines day/night infrared sights with laser range finding for land and naval operations, and is much quieter that previous systems, being inaudible from 50m away (and although this seems ridiculous, this is in fact very good). Against CA-40MqIII tanks (the variants of the Lyran LY4A2 Wolfhound used by the ARY for training) and CA-39MqIX tanks (both AFVs with extremely low detection footprints), the YwVE-33ML has an 8.1km detection range and a 3.1km recognition range, while the laser range finder is typically good up to more than five kilometers, well out of the engagement range of most weapons which would rely on the RWS's sensory capability, rather than the wider platform's. The YwVE-33ML is meant to be used in multiple applications as a stand alone system, with the Acropolis simply being the first. The YwVE-33ML, as one would expect, provides data to the vehicle;s Cromwell system. The total system weighs 100kg and is largely made out of titanium in order to save weight.

Weapons options on Lyran vehicles on the Acropolis mount (and thus available to nations seeking to purchase the platform) include a quartet of SALY28 short-to-medium range AA missiles, ML150 15mm HMG, LY60 14.7mm HMG, LY64 7.62mm MMG, or a pair of Helios II BVRATGM. Weapons of most types are compatible, though of course those produced by states other than the Protectorate or affiliates cannot be exported by or through Lyran Arms. Such weapons are easily integrated into the platform after purchase, and include such well known systems as the Sumerian AGH-32 HMG and AGS-5 LMG, Yanitarian “Hag” HMG, Former Soviet KPV and RPK machine guns, AGL-19s and Koronet ATGMs, and such systems as the MG-3, M2 .50 cal HMG, Javelin and Stinger.

The Dire Wolf also mounts two lateral grenade launchers. Each launcher is electronically-fired, and consists of four barrels which can be intermixed with either smoke, fragmentation or chaff grenades. The smoke grenades are capable of shrouding the tank from visual or thermal detection and the chaff grenades are utilised as a means of breaking up the tank's radar cross-section. Both of these measures work most effectively in conjunction with the 'Warshroud' system to maximise operational performance.



Networking, Sensory and Fire Control System
The LY9, at time of release, represents a new standard in AFV networking, sensory, fire-control and crew interfacing capabilities. The vehicle is fitted with a highly extensive sensor suite so as to enable the transmission of as much information as possible into any extant battlenet, while possessing substantial internal (multiple-redundant) computational facilities so as to handle required downloads from that selfsame network.
While designed to slot into any existing battlespace architecture, the LY9 by default utilises the world-benchmark Cromwell II. Cromwell II is an integrated and adaptive battlespace network that maximises combat lethality, performance, and output and enables command and control on an unprecedented scale. Information is sourced not only from multiple sources on the individual platform, but from every Cromwell II equipped friendly vehicle within the battlespace, which provides constant informational updates across a broad spectrum of sources, both known to the operators, and operating below their awareness. With the LY4A2 and LY224, the Cromwell II system began to mature as a force-multiplier, with effectiveness of the system increasingly and exponentially evident to all but the most entrenched detractors. Image and pattern recognition software constantly interfaces with sensory systems (even while the given input is not being examined by crew), and the results both relayed to friendly and superior force elements, and also displayed for action by the vehicle operators. For example, a gunner has the turret swivelled to the 2 o'clock position, trained on a suspicious-looking patch of vegetation, with the view in the HUD set to thermal imagery. While in that orientation, the vehicle's sensors at 11 o'clock register motion non-consistent with environmental movement, 2100m away, and the image is instantly cross-referenced to Cromwell's databanks. A pattern match is found – the front-right quadrant of a javelin MANPATGM. Performing a quick locstat recheck, Cromwell ensures that no corresponding friendly forces are in the given location. The identified target is then silhouetted (with any of a number of settings [such as colour-coding or numerical assignment] in place to illustrate level of threat, in both relative and absolute terms), and the image is displayed on the HUD.
The results speak for themselves.
At the most basic level, the Cromwell II system aims to accelerate engagement cycles and increase operational tempo at all levels of the warfighting system. This acceleration is achieved by providing a mechanism to rapidly gather and distribute targeting information, and rapidly issue directives. Cromwell II's ultra-high speed networking permits almost completely error-free, high integrity transmission in a bare fraction of the time required for voice-based transmission, and permits transfer of a wide range of data formats, from a multitude of compatible sources.
Borrowing from fire control measures designed by the Koreans for the K2 Black Panther, and implemented in a host of Lyran and Lyran-allied AFVs, Lyran Arms and the Varessan Commonwealth's VMRDB developed a built-in trigger-delay mechanism. Most earlier platforms can be found to, despite all other fire control methods, miss their target when they fire their gun/s and hit a slight bump at the same time, a problem exacerbated, as would be expected, by movement at high speeds and/or across uneven terrain. The designers of the K2 anticipated this situation, and generated a solution for it by installing a laser emitter-receiver assembly linked to the FCS, a concept that was brought across for implementation in the main gun on the LY7, and is now commonplace on Lyran weapons.
The emitter is fitted near the top of the barrel, with the receiver being placed at the barrel's base. The weapon can only be fired when the laser receiver array is exactly aligned with the emitted laser. To illustrate, if at the point of firing, when the gunner presses the trigger, linked as it is to the fire control system, the vehicle comes upon an irregularity in the terrain at the same moment, the laser will find itself pushed off the receiver by the sudden movement, and the FCS will delay the round's ignition until the beam reorients to the receiver again. As the barrel shakes up and down, the FCS will automatically fire off the gun when the laser finds its mark, and the barrel is judged to be on target. This system, combined with an advanced gyro-stabiliser, static pendulum cant-sensor and powerful fire control system, dramatically improves the vehicle's capacity to engage targets while moving at speed, even across broken terrain.
In case of an emergency, the vehicle can be operated by only two, or even a single, member of its three crew. The FCS can autonomously locate and track visible targets, comparing them both to known hostiles (identified by way of the Cromwell II datalink) or targets established by image recognition (again as available via information uplink), avoid blue-on-blue engagements and fire its main gun without needing any input from a human operator, although the absence of a human operator will adversely affect engagement tempo.

The LY9's crew-stations again borrow extensively from the LY4A2, -6A1 and -7, and utilise a far more advanced and adaptive control interface than that of legacy platforms. The new system integrates the data gathered by the vehicle's external sensors and projects it directly onto the HUD inside the crew's headset-visor, a feature not dissimilar to that utilised in the BALCOTH helmet. As the operator turns his head, the view pans, and the image displayed can be either a direct projection of the terrain and environs, as would be seen with the naked eye were the tank's hull not in the way, or various overlays, magnification and enhancements that can be applied or superimposed to highlight important elements (such as friendly forces), in a fashion not unlike an aircraft's HUD. From this point, either physical or voice activated controls are then used as required. By way of example, the vehicle commander may look left, with the weapon mounted on the commander's weapon station following his movement (if the function is activated). With Cromwell having identified hostile dismounted infantry, the vehicle's commander simply places the targeting reticle (located by default in the centre of his HUD) upon the desired target, and presses the firing stud. Alternatively, he could centre the reticle at a target, and designate it for engagement by the gunner by either voice command or toggle. Targets can be sequenced for engagement, and the gunner may target and fire in a similar manner using the vehicle's main gun, or either of the co-axials. The gunner's station is identical to, and interchangeable with, the commander's, and either can take on additional roles if the situation requires. When used in conjunction with Cromwell II, and the new fast-traversing shielded-electric turret, the engagement speeds of the LY9 are 80% as fast again as that of the LY4A1's legacy system, and nearing double that of most international armoured platforms. Traverse speed is such that the bore of the main gun will traverse at the same speed as the operator's head (even if startled, which lead to jokes about the effects of sneezing while in control of an LY4A2, although the novelty had worn off a little by the time the LY6 upgrade was concluded. By the development of the LY9, it really wasn't funny, only being used by instructors seeking to mock poor or sloppy trainees), allowing real-time orientation and lag-free look-shoot capability.
Some issues with platform stability have adjusted the inputs, with the helmet mounted weapon traverse only applying when the operator has his ‘enable’ switch depressed. At other times, the crews’ head movement will simply pan the camera-fed images presented to their helmet displays.
Unlike previous Lyran AFVs, the LY9's computational capabilities are internally disbursed; making use of widely spread individual, multiple-redundant components, connected through the use of solid-core photonic-crystalline fiber-optic cabling. Fibers-optics are used instead of more traditional systems as signals travel along them with less loss and allowing for a higher-than-standard bandwidth, and they are also immune to electromagnetic interference. Photonic-crystalline fiber optics have in turn been selected due to the improved confinement (and thus loss reduction) of the light which forms the data carriage.
Image
Highly magnified imagery of photonic-crystalline fiber optics. Image courtesy of the United States Naval Research Laboratory
While adding to the cost of the (already expensive) electronics, the presence of a high-speed, distributed system allows for greater parallelity, system robustness and combat durability than an equivalent unitary system. Combat damage may slow the system, but is unlikely to completely destroy it, without having destroyed the entire vehicle.
Continuing on a trend in Lyran hardware that was established by the original LY6, the platform's electrics, more specifically the processors, are composed of Indium Gallium Arsenide (InGaAs), rather than silicon-based semiconductors, rendering the vehicle extremely resistant against electromagnetic interference or EMP-based attack, although the InGaAs is itself yet another highly expensive addition. Given the ever increasing utilisation of sophisticated electronic and sensory systems, shielding these systems is, now more than ever, deemed a centre of gravity for the platform's protective systems. It was quickly reasoned that when operating in an environment which may include anti-strategic platforms such as the LY4032 “Rampart”, the chances of the platform encountering high levels of electromagnetic interference goes up dramatically, and the dangers presented by these and similar munitions far outweighs the relatively modest (though expensive in absolute terms) cost of the implementation of InGaAs components.
The immense potential of this as a feature of military system was demonstrated in spectacular fashion during the Stoklomolvi Civil War, when Lyran warships not only saved the lives of countless Stoklomolvi civilians by defending them from nuclear attack on two seperate instances, but also then, in both cases, were able to exploit the massive EMP side-effect the 'Rampart' generates in nuclear defence. The result was a carrier battle group destroyed, to no Lyran loss. While not a land-based example, the lesson has been learned, and indium gallium arsenide is set to stay as a standard feature of Lyran electrics for the some time to come.
The LY9 adds standard and integral short-to-medium range fire-finder radar to its repertoire, borrowing again from innovations of the LY4A2 and LY6A1. In this case, however, the LY9 uses the Lamonian LA-16 multi-function radar system. The LA-16 takes software and hardware features from the LA-135 Cutlass, British (DRS Technologies) MSTAR, and Chinese SLC-2 firefinder radars. By making hardware and software changes to the LA-135 fire finder radar, LAIX ARMS engineers were then able to miniaturise the LA-135 to a size that was workable on the M-21A1 MBT. This new radar was then designated the LA-16. The LA-16 radar can be used in all weather conditions and is a J band doppler radar. The exemplary performance of the LA-16, in a wide variety of combatant roles, lead to its being transferred bodily across to the LY9, where it now comes as standard.

The LA-16 radar weighs 30 kg, and has a maximum effective range of 42 km. The LA-16 can detect incoming artillery fire (artillery, rocket, and mortar types), low flying aircraft (fixed wing, helicopters, UAVs), as well as ground vehicles, and troops. The LA-16 can also observe the fall of shot of friendly artillery systems; thus improving their accuracy. In addition, the LA-16 can be (and is) used as the platform’s radar rangefinder. Concerns raised about the drain the multi-use system places on the vehicle’s computational capabilities did not continue past the implementation of the new computer system, given the exceptionally high capacity of the platform’s processing suite. As with the vast majority of active emitters, the LA-16 on the LY9 can be set to 'off' if EMCON is a mission or theatre requirement.

The LA-16 has the following detection ranges in ideal conditions:

Maximum Range: 42 km
Walking soldier: 14 km
Small vehicle, most UAVs, fixed wing aircraft, helicopter: 24 km
Conventional MBTs: 42 km
Artillery/MBT's main gun: 30 km (not including Cromwell II connectivity. When factored in, the system can use the round's trajectory to establish position of initial fire accurate to 10 m at ranges of up to 50 km, despite not, technically, having a solid radar fix on the firing platform.)

The LY9, following on from the -A1 upgrade to the LY6, is only the second Lyran-built AFV to feature organic EW equipment as standard. While obviously not possessing the very long visible horizon (and thus standoff capability) of airbourne platforms, the Dire Wolf, being a likely target in its own right (along with units in its vicinity), has been fitted with a ground-based variant of the Lyro-Varessan AN/ALQ-281 'Tiamat' (Babylonian mythology – 'Dragon of Chaos') electronic warfare system.
The 'Tiamat' recievers and transmitters are situated in pods atop the LY9's turret rear, distinguishable by the multitude of panels and aerials. The system, when engaged, is capable of intercepting, automatically processing and jamming received radio frequency signals. The LY9's electronic attack capabilities involve using radiated EM energy to degrade, neutralise or destroy hostile force- or force-support elements. Of particular note is the potency this represents in the operation of ground forces in contested or hostile airspace. Given the mobile, tactical and ground-based nature of the platform, it is likely that most hostile radars encountered will be airborne ground-surveillance radars. The LY9 is therefore perfectly equipped to wage electronic warfare, preventing a useful target lock on friendlies within the hostile aircraft's visible horizon.
More than this, however, the system also makes acquisition of useful radar-based information of all forms, including range-finding, highly problematic at best. Acquiring a radar-based sight picture within a 'Tiamat' protected area can be challenging, although as an emitting system, the full capabilities should be used judiciously, lest the high-potency EM signature broadcast the unit's position un-necessarily, and compromise operational security.
'Tiamat' is one of the first EW platforms to use high-end solid-state emitters, coupled with dramatically elevated potential power throughput, and dynamic and pattern-probability frequency agile (PPFA) barrage and spot jamming to render all but the most potent radars ineffective. Further, if the seeking radar is calculated to be capable of burning through the jamming, the system uses precisely timed and Cromwell-backed broad-spectrum DRFM (Repeater) jamming, to further maximise detection degradation. Multiple platforms can be co-ordinated to provide simultaneous EW if the radar in question is potent.
This capability is second to none, and places the Dire Wolf at the very top of known NS-AFVs in the active electronic warfare role. The receivers can also be used to detect, identify and locate non-friendly signals, providing ELINT/SIGINT either automatically or manually. When emissions control (EMCON) is required, however, the 'Tiamat' transmitters can be turned off, which thus, as one would expect, cancels the EM broadcasting. Unlike the earlier AN/ALQ-99 series, the 'Tiamat' utilises power generated by the platform to function. Given the very high power output of the LY9's hybrid electric hyperbar engines, and the extensive Li+ polymer battery banks, this has not adversely affected performance in any appreciable manner.
Another feature new to the LY9 is the provision of a telescoping reconnaissance mast, affixed to the rear of the turret. The mast is topped by a sensor bundle and, when extended, enables the platform to remain in cover, and establish or maintain details of its surroundings. This provides a highly useful service, especially when in the van of an advance, or when positioned along a reverse slope, offensively or defensively.
Mokastana: Then Lyras happened.

Allanea: Wanting to avoid fighting Lyras' fuck-huge military is also a reasonable IC consideration

TPF: Who is stupid enough to attack a Lyran convoy?

Sumer: Honestly, I'd rather face Doom's military with Doom having a 3-1 advantage over me, than take a 1-1 fight with a well-supplied Lyran tank unit.

Kinsgard: RL Lyras is like a real life video game character.

Ieperithem: Eighty four. Eighty four percent of their terrifyingly massive GDP goes directly into their military. And they actually know how to manage it. It's safe to say there isn't a single nation that could feasibly stand against them if they wanted it to die.
Yikes. Just... Yikes.

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Postby Lyras » Sat Dec 19, 2009 8:34 pm

Armour and Protection
The LY9 continues on from the extremely effective armour scheme introduced by the LY7-series, and subsequently retrofitted to older-line AFVs. The LY9, however, boasts significantly higher default protection levels than either the LY4- or LY7-series, a greatly increased use of metal-ceramic composites, and a return to the use of depleted uranium mesh, without sacrificing the appliqué modularity that proved so popular on the LY7.
The Dire Wolf, while possessing visual similarities to the LY4, -6 and -7, is structurally quite different. The LY9, taking lessons learned to a new level, is structurally titanium, rather than steel. Lyras, long a net importer of titanium, benefited from the very large economies of scale generated by the mammoth production runs (many millions of units) of the LY7, which fielded very high proportions of titanium armour. Further, since the establishment of the Lyran Havenic Territories, the problems of titanium supply have dwindled as available deposits of titanium ore have risen dramatically. Four Orders of personnel are present in-theatre, in no small part to secure supply of that vital resource. Titanium, as an article of military hardware, remains very attractive, offering substantially higher protection per unit weight than the vast majority of comparable materials.
The base armour of the LY9 is layered, with each of the three layers of armour composed of differing materials, so as to generate the greatest total degree of survivability against kinetic and high-explosive munitions.
The innermost layer of the armour, closest to the chassis, is composed of panels of titanium spaced armour, with a depleted-uranium mesh embedded between the spacings, adjacent to the innermost sections of the titanium. The dU is utilised as a mesh, rather than as pellets, as the mesh configuration has been shown to better interrupt the passage of plasma jets from EFPs of HE-based AT weapons. The mesh is heavy, but not outside of acceptable parameters, given the weight saved in other areas of the Dire Wolf's development.
The second layer is composed of a unique composition of boron-carbide-backed tungsten disulfide (WS2), with the whole layer being further encased in another layer of titanium. While the armour-ceramic properties detailed above still apply, the nature of the tungsten disulfide requires further detailing. WS2 is an inorganic fullerene; a tubular or spherical nanocomposites. First proposed as a ballistic protection by the Israeli-based ApNano corporation, research into tungsten disulfide had proceeded independently for some time, despite considerable interest from a large number of national military and police forces. The Protectorate Research and Development Commission entering into an information-sharing agreement with the group in late 2006. A manufacturer of other high-strength armour-ceramic materials, such as boron carbide and silicon carbide, ApNano's research showed tungsten disulfide granting at least twice the protection level of equivalent mass boron carbide, between 4 and 5 times stronger than steel, and 6 times the strength of kevlar.
In contrast to organic (carbon-based) Fullerenes, WS2 is easier and much less expensive to produce, is chemically stable and is dramatically less reactive and less flammable. Organic fullerenes are also considered to be highly toxic, whereas WS2, like most other inorganic fullerenes, is not. As WS2 forms, it does so in layers, much like graphite, which is - along with diamond - one of two common forms carbon takes in nature. In WS2, molecules are bonded in trigonal prismatic layers, similar to MoS2. These form flat layers that are stacked on top of one another like sheets of paper.
When making nanotubes, the process, in essence, takes individual layers and folds them over so they join at either edge to form cylinders. Illustration is provided below.

Image

In an interview recorded in late 2005, Dr. Menachem Genut, ApNano CEO, explained that the company was moving into semi-industrial manufacturing within the next six months producing between 100-200 kilograms of the material per day, gradually moving to full-scale industrial production by 2007, which lead to the production of several tons each day. Although it was difficult to determine the exact price of the "nano-armor" when in full industrial production, given the cost of the original materials and the relatively low production costs, Dr. Genut stated (in 2005) that a kilogram of the new material will cost considerably less than a similar amount of the carbon-based Fullerenes. As at the time of interview, the company was optimistic that with some external financial backing it will be possible to have the first product ready in less then three years.
The Lyran Protectorate was more than happy to provide such backing, which it did to the tune of NS$18 billion. That investment has reaped the requisite rewards, with multiple factory complexes now devoted to production of the materials required for the manufacture of tungsten disulfide. Indeed, sales of the 'Dauntless' ballistic armour reached over 195 million units before export was restricted (due to the system's effectiveness) to states allied to Lyras only.

In mid-2005, research into WS2 was conducted at the University of Nottingham, England. A sample of the material was subjected to severe shocks, from a steel projectile moving at speeds of up to 1.5 km/second. The tungsten disulfide withstood the impacts of up to 250 tons per square centimeter. This is approximately equivalent to dropping four diesel locomotives onto an area the size of one's fingernail. During the test the material proved to be so strong that after the impact the samples remained essentially unchanged, when compared to the original material. Additionally, a recent study by Prof. J. M. Martin from Ecole Centrale de Lyon in France tested the new material under isostatic pressure and found it to be stable up to at least 350 tons/cm2.

While it is acknowledged that WS2 is three times the weight of boron carbide, and grants only twice the protection, it has been judged that in a large number of cases the additional total weight will not be of great concern to the tank, with the additional two tons of weight being well worth the extra protection against KE and HEAT threats, particularly with reference to WS2's higher relative hardness. Or, taking the issue from another angle, strength per unit volume was determined, in this specific instance, to be more important that strength per unit weight.
The third and outermost layer of the integral armour scheme is composed of titanium-encased boron carbide, a form of composite armour composed of multiple layers of titanium and boron carbide ceramic. The high tensile-strength titanium plates hold the ceramic in position and the ceramic maintains its resistance to shock even when fragmented, as long as it remains held together.

All of the armour panels can be removed in-toto, allowing for easy maintenance and rapid repair of combat damage. Armour panels themselves consist of all three layers as detailed above, and, upon removal, each can be seperated out further for repair or replacement.
Fireproof armoured bulkheads seperate the crew compartment from the engine bay, which itself forms part of the forward passive protection suite.
Fuel and ammunition are located within armoured sub-compartments with integral anti-spalling layers, and those self-same antispalling systems are also used to protect the internals of the crew compartment. The spall lining is also designed to provide a high degree of noise and thermal insulation, making the Dire Wolf, extremely quiet internally, analogous, to the operators, to a civilian vehicle.
'Hauberk' shaped-charged explosive reactive armour is fitted as standard (though can be removed) to the turret and major hull areas, on the frontal and side arcs, designed to destroy (or at the very least severely degrade) hostile munitions, be they HE-based or kinetic penetrators. 'Hauberk' is available from the Lyran Protectorate, at no extra cost, and has been designed specifically to take advantage of research into explosive reactive armour carried out at the Lughenti Testing Range.
Owing considerably to its 'Rainmaker' ancestor, 'Hauberk' differs from 'Rainmaker' in two ways. The first change is a shift in the formation of the explosively formed penetrators of the defensive system, from directly opposing the projectile (firing along the same axis as the most likely threat at any given armour location) to a slanted system, angling (approximately) 45degrees up. The new system not only leaves 'Hauberk' considerably more compact, but dramatically improves its effectiveness against kinetic munitions of all forms.
The 'Hauberk' HERA system is composed of “bricks” making each “brick” easily replaceable once used and allowing the system to be fitted to AFVs already in service. The “bricks” are lightweight (at around 3kg) and this allows them to be positioned on as many areas of the tank as needs require. These are not only positioned on the frontal glacis and turret front and sides, but also on the sides of the vehicle, thus providing a very high degree of protection, even against threats originating from outside the frontal arc.
Finally, the LY9's unmanned turret roof, is fitted with ‘Acerbitas’ non-explosive reactive armor (NERA) bricks. These thick bricks grant the tank multiple-hit survivability against threats such as explosively formed penetrators, and thus is the most effective lightweight solution that can be provided to an area not conducive to HERA employment.

'Acerbitas' is a newly developed proprietary NERA developed for AFV protection, and utilising not only the world-benchmark Lyran semi-synthetic anciniform spider silk, but further Lamonian innovations in the form of extruded para-organic resilin. Resilin is an elastomeric fibrous compound found within the musculature of insects. To quote Dr Chris Elvin of Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation;
“Resilin has evolved over hundreds of millions of years in insects into the most efficient elastic protein known...”

Using genetically modified E.Coli bacteria, the CSIRO team was able to synthetically generate a soluble resilin protein, based upon the cloning and expression of the first exon of the Drosophila CG15920 gene. By means of a CSIRO-patented process, the resulting resilin rubber was shown to have structurally near-perfect resilience, with a 97 percent post-stress recovery. The next-nearest competitors are synthetic polybutadiene ‘superball’ high resilience rubber (80 per cent) and elastin (90 per cent). The cross-linking process itself is remarkably simple. It needs only three components - the protein, generally lactose, or a near analog, a metal ligand complex, ruthenium in this case, and an electron acceptor. The mixture is then flashed with visible light of 452 nanometres wavelength to form the polymer - within 20 seconds, the proteins will be cross-linked into a matrix with remarkable tensile strength.

Image
Resilin shown under UV at 360nm

The 'Acerbitas' armour itself consists of an external plate of titanium, with the filler composed of resilin, with an anciniform spidersilk central mesh. The design is intended, as with NERA generally, to warp, bend or bulge upon impact. As the plates move, LRPs are subjected to transverse and shear forces, diminishing their penetration, and shaped-charge weapons find their plasma jets unable to readily focus on a single area of armour. In the case of segmented LRPs, the transverse forces are less pronounced, compared to unitary variants, but the movement of the plate essentially forces the projectile to penetrate twice, again lowering total impact upon the platform protected. The extremely high recovery rate of the resilin, coupled with its extraordinary energy retention, is aided by the very high tensile strength and hysteretic properties of the spider silk. 'Acerbitas' blocks are fitted over most areas of the vehicle, particularly those for which the explosive-reactive elements of the 'Hauberk' suite are not suitable.

Internal spalling layers are, by default, the now-Lyran standard semi-synthetic anciniform spider silk. Despite their unusual origins, once threads are manufactured, the silk is woven in the same manner as fibrous material anywhere. The fibres mesh well, and fibrous internal friction is low while elasticity and tensile strength both remain very high, allowing for exceptionally good resistance, particularly so when compared to other similar substances, such as aramids. The fibres, unusually, become proportionally stronger as they get thinner, and research and implementation quickly established what spiders established millions of years ago, that weaving 100 thin fibres into a silken strand is almost 60% stronger than an equivalent width single strand, while utilising (approximately) only 80% of the material mass. Also, critically, spider silk has a biphasic modulus – when initially subjected to force it is very stiff, like kevlar, but just before the yield point it becomes very elastic. It also undergoes hysteresis, so if released from tension it comes back into shape, making, as a result, an extremely durable material.
Further, while offering slightly improved protection-to-weight ratios than kevlar, anciniform spider silk is dramatically thinner, allowing notably more material to be packed into the same space. As a consequence, while the protection per unit weight may be similar to kevlar, the protection per unit volume is considerably higher, and it is this consideration that lead to its adoption as anti-spalling on most Lyran vehicles, at the cost of an additional 400kg of weight. Again, this option is modular, and some formations do not utilise it.
Additional considerations of protection have lead to the track skirting being well armoured. Structurally titanium, the individual segments themselves are layered similarly to the 'Acerbitas' NERA, with resilin fitted between titanium front- and back-plate armour panels. Given the semi-fixed nature of skirting, generally, this adds considerable movement in the event of impact, consequently spoiling much of a penetrator's effect, including its behind armour damage (BAD).
The Dire Wolf uses active protection systems, in the same manner as all of its immediate predecessors. The LY9 uses a newly designed variant of the GOLIATH system, dubbed GOLIATH block II, which was developed for the LY4A2 in conjunction with Krupp Steel, one of the leading Prussian military technology and support corporations.
The WATCHKEEPER APS has become one of the most well-known and effective active protection systems available today, owing much of its success to the tremendous export success of the LY4 Wolfhound MBT, LY219 Ironheart series of combat vehicles, and LY6 Werewolf Assault Gun, the former two in particular being some of the most widely exported armored fighting vehicles in the world. Originally an interim solution by TPF to Lyran requirements for an APS suite, TPF designers, despite the system's success, often continued to think of it in those terms.

Responsible for a great number of saved vehicles, especially amongst the LY219s fighting on the Cancun peninsula during the Mokan Civil War WATCHKEEPER nevertheless proved to have some trouble targeting and destroying multiple threats that originated from greater than 30 degrees elevation. Thus, designers began work on the GOLIATH, which was to be a multi-tiered system that could combat multiple threat natures effectively, quickly, reliably and flexibly.

GOLIATH block II differs from block I in that it detects incoming munitions by any or all of three means of acquisition, rather than the two of its first generation counterpart. One by millimeter wavelength radar (mounted on seven flat-panel antennae with a combined field of 360°/6400mils), the second by LIDAR, and the third by Cromwell-backed IR/TI. This tri-mode sensor input provides a very high degree of redundancy against failures or jamming methods, and has raised reliability against a number of active anti-countermeasure systems. The new system has a total reaction time of 0.35 seconds, an improvement of 0.05 seconds. Every bit counts, and despite the difficulties encountered in generating that slight improvement, the added survivability was deemed worthy of the effort.

The first defensive mechanism GOLIATH employs is a soft-kill suite. The suite includes a number of features designed to confuse or misdirect enemy guided anti-tank systems. Primarily, the system uses the 'Gold' targeting program, interlinked to the databanks of the Cromwell II, which identifies incoming projectiles, classifies and prioritises them for intercept. By way of illustration, the system would engage a Havik or Helios-series weapon, Koronet and Javelin, most likely in that order, while ignoring the three incoming RPGs. In addition, the Gold computer automatically deploys applicable alternate counter-measures including IR-suppressant smoke grenades and electro-optical jammers. On the LY9, the soft-kill suite is cross-linked to the 'Tiamat' EW package, for added redundancy and system effectiveness. When painted by laser-based technology, the platform's LWRs relay the position to

In addition to the soft-kill suite, GOLIATH also features an advanced and layered hard-kill suite. The first layer employs four 2.5 inch kinetic kill rockets. These rockets are designed to engage and destroy incoming targets out to 600 meters. This allows the tank to eliminate threats before they become of concern to the shorter ranged systems. The rockets also have an increased proportional effectiveness against air-launched ATGMs.

The second tier of the hard-kill suite is the most widely used system, and consists of four bundles of grenades, each consisting of four grenades a piece. This allows the GOLIATH to engage many multiple targets at the same time, while still providing a firm degree of protective target neutralisation. The second tier system can reach out to just over 100 meters.

The final tier is based more directly on the WATCHKEEPER, and is rarely employed, and generally only in the case of ammunition expenditure in the previous two tiers. The Cromwell fire control computer detects the incoming weapons system and calculates an approach vector. Once the attack is fully classified, the Cromwell system determines, if required, the best time and angle to fire the 3rd tier of GOLIATH. The response comes from four launchers installed on the vehicle, two on each side of the turret. The launchers can pivot/rotate about both the x and y axis, and can therefore engage targets in any direction that the fire control computer deems necessary. The launchers fire a spread of tungsten balls, similar to the projectiles of an M18A1 Claymore anti-personnel weapon, at the target at ranges out to 25 meters. The system is reloadable and there is a total of eight spreads.

Criticism of the GOLIATH as 'too complex' was readily accepted and acknowledged by the Lyran Research and Development Commission, and steps were taken to mitigate the drawbacks of this. As it happened, the solution was stumbled across, rather than developed, when the newly-distributed photonic-crystalline fiber-optic computational capabilities of the LY9 were seen to make the operation of GOLIATH considerably less problematic. As such, the system was upgraded and maintained, with the multi-layered protection options now, more than ever, deemed a worthwhile capability.

The LY9, fitted as it is with the world-leading 'Tiamat' active ECM and electronic warfare package, readily utilises it as a means of defeating incoming radar guided missiles, and the suite is usually activated if detection equipment determines that multiple radar signatures are illuminating the vehicle in question. Also fitted, as an adjunct to this feature, is a early warning reciever, which displays on the crew's HUDs the location and presence of any radar systems illuminating (or even simply contacting) the vehicle, allowing for their far-easier engagement should circumstances warrant, or their evasion should it not.

In acknowledgement of the increasing lethality of sophisticated anti-tank mines (and even their less-sophisticated improvised cousins), the LY9 comes with the most potent defences against such threats yet devised by the Lyran Protectorate. The entirety of the Dire Wolf's underside is now armoured, using dual-layered plates of titanium and boron carbide lattice. The plates are in turn backed up by anciniform spider-silk anti-spalling, providing for an extremely high level of protection against threats originating from these forms of munitions. The chassis is also the first Lyran AFV chassis to feature V-form angled titanium ribbing, designed to channel the blast out and away from the crew compartment. The crew's stations are shock-isolated by standardised high-g-load springs on the underside of their adjustable seats, and the headsets of the crew are designed to cushion the wearer's heads from impact with the internals of the tank, in the advent of underside explosive detonations or impact in general.

Automatic fire suppression systems are activated in the event of fire, and inoperable systems within the platform are cut off from the central power supply until diagnostics confirm their return to operation. This not only lowers the risk of further damage or injury by electrical fire, but also lowers the power drain to the vehicle.

Propulsion and mobility
As additional space was required in the hull to seat the full three-man crew, early in the design methods of reducing the internal volume of extant systems were examined. As it happened, the LY693 engine of the LY4A2 and LY224 was sufficiently compact, efficient and powerful that it was deemed to fit the requirements well, and has been adopted for the LY9. The primary difference has been, however, that the LY9, not tied to an existing chassis, has been designed with a forward-mounted engine, a factor which appreciably increases the usable space in the vehicle's hull.
Maintenance on the LY693 engine is slightly more complex than its predecessors, but the total package, while unchanged in power output, is lighter, more compact, quieter and provides available power faster and more efficiently than conventional diesels.
Banks of additional high-energy density lithium ion polymer batteries fill the space created by shifting from the V-form layout to the more-unusual opposing piston format. These batteries are recharged from the main engine during normal operation, but lend current and endurance to the system, and bolster the combat-persistence of the APUs.
Borrowing much from the LY691 engine of the LY6, and the drive-train elements of the LY219 and LY7, the LY693 engine uses an electric transmission system, where the drive shafts have been replaced by cable and the power is transferred by cable throughput, which delivers a number of advantages, including volume efficiency, very high fuel efficiency, faster delivery of low-end torque (a key feature in the -693's viability), reduced lifecycle costs, and reduced environmental impacts.
The electric drive has also greatly improved low observability characteristics in terms of thermal and acoustic signatures as well as low visual and radar signatures, although the latter two detection criteria are very much more a function of hull form than engine.
Once the -A2's systems were brought to maturity, the suspension systems were brought across bodily. The suspension is mounted on the underframe and not on the side frames, so that the suspension is separated from the hull. A result of using a decoupled suspension in conjunction with the semi-synthetic anciniform spidersilk spall liners and quieter engine is that the internal noise level is as low as 73dB which is well below civilian vehicle noise acceptability standards, and a whisker lower than the 60 ton LY7.
The engine is further decoupled from the final drives allowing flexibility in the placing of systems in the vehicle and also easily allows two smaller engines to be installed instead of one, should smaller engines be preferred for export purposes. The final drives are connected by a cross-shaft which gives higher power efficiency in turning manoeuvres by transferring the power regenerated at the inner track during a turn to the outer track.
The engine is, like its predecessors, linked to the Cromwell system, which keeps track of the temperatures of each individual segment of the engine, and both monitors and records engine stresses. The system then notifies both the operators and higher command when replacement or repair is required for components, as well as when the engine or parts of it are coming due for routine maintenance. This contributes to greatly reduced attrition, and total combat readiness is markedly improved as a result, while lowering maintenance workloads. The Cromwell system is also responsible for monitoring the active cooling of the vehicle's exhaust, as a means of reducing the vehicle's thermal signature, further enhancing the vehicle's low observability characteristics.
The entire assembly is, as per existing standards, also fitted with deployable sand filters for use in high-sand environments, such as deserts or certain parts of the littoral. The new engine is, however, less susceptible to damage of this nature than its predecessors.
Rear-vision manoeuvering cameras also come as standard, a factor which in close country or urban environments, has, in other vehicles, prevented a tremendous number of accidents and eased the psychological load on personnel responsible for moving the vehicles in less-than-optimal conditions. With the BALCOTH-type interface, however, this has become less important, but serves as a backup nonetheless, operable in the advent of combat damage or similar.
Tracks are skirted, as is the case for most Lyran-designed AFVs, to increase resilience to battle damage, and have seven road wheels and two drive rollers, with only the rear roller on each side partially unshrouded. This skirting also, as it happens, tremendously reduces the amount of dust and/or debris thrown up by the vehicle, which dramatically lowers its detection footprint in many conditions. Unlike previous Lyran AFVs, however, the tracks are titanium, being, as covered previously, both lighter and stronger than their steel equivalent.
They are, in turn, provided with resilin padding by default (an expensive, though , which serves to lower their acoustic footprint. The resilin itself never lasts as long as the tracks themselves do, but they’re handy to have while they are around, provide excellent traction, lower damage on the terrain over which the vehicle drives, and lowers the platform's acoustic signature.

Signature Reduction
The LY7 represented a tremendous decrease in the observability characteristics of AFVs. Detection ranges for stationary LY7s were 15% that of LY4A1s, and still lower in relation to most competing non-Lyran platforms. The LY4A2 continued on this pattern, and when even the behemoth LY6A1 had a smaller detection footprint than most non-Lyran AFVs (despite their being barely 60% of the LY6's weight), the success of the signature reduction measures was put beyond doubt. The LY9 steps into this tradition and experience and builds upon it still further, to deliver the Dire Wolf a phenomenally reduced detection footprint and the proportional increase in survivability and lethality. The signature reduction techniques are employed to minimise detectability by radar, infra-red, direct line-of-sight observation, magnetic and acoustic means.
The first method by which the detection signature is reduced is through use of the Lyran-designed and manufactured 'Warshroud' advanced multi-spectral camouflage netting system. Based heavily on the Ukrainian 'Kontrast', 'Warshroud' dramatically reduces the detection ranges against known radar, infra-red and visible-band methods. The 'Kontrast' system was developed at the Institute of Automated Systems in late 2002, and was designed to address a notable and growing problem. High-potency modern weapons are able to engage ground vehicles at any angle, from great ranges, by day or by night, irrespective of weather, and with a potency that was becoming increasingly difficult to counter. The Institute's researchers faced a real challenge and, moreover, it was decided to develop a single solution, one that would take into account all noted factors and be implemented within the weight and size limitations.

In approaching this task specialists at the Institute of Automated Systems decided to proceed from the key idea behind the design of high precision weapons. High-precision, high-lethality systems universally require integration with means of detection, which of necessity requires the design of sensor sets and target locators, and the implementation of effective scanning capabilities across several adjacent or near-adjacent visible and invisible spectra, including visible light, close and long infra-red waves, and laser scans(in the infrared, millimeter and centimeter wave bands).
The developers of Kontrast took an ordinary camouflage net as the base and, utilising the latest technological innovations, turned it into a new generation signature-reduction product to combat the sophistication of modern radar systems and other contemporary military reconnaissance means. The result was the development of a surprisingly effective solution.

Developed countries traditionally have utilised a wide variety of signature reduction technologies, many of which include various after-manufacture coatings. The technical requirements of such coating are very high - their reflection capacity must be below 20 dB in a wide range of bands. This factor forced the Ukrainian – and later Lyran – research teams to examine new physical methods for reducing or amplifying reflection of radar waves to achieve effective electromagnetic concealment. With this goal in mind, the 'Kontrast' developers tried to find materials with absorptive and reflective characteristics for attenuating and amplifying electromagnetic waves. Experiments generated a series of composite materials with superb characteristics for greatly diminishing the wave reflection contrast between the protected object and its background.

'Kontrast' simultaneously employed both absorption and targetted reflection of electromagnetic waves. The array of material used within the netting the product, each of which featured at least one of the said qualities, allowed protection from a great range of known target location means. 'Kontrast' tests have repeatedly shown its superiority across a wide range of battlefield conditions to analogues from Sweden and Britain, whether the concealed unit is moving or stationary.

'Warshroud' built on 'Kontrast' by the integration of signature reduction techniques in the IR spectrum pioneered by the LDPCU multi-spectral camouflage. The resultant product takes nearly twice as long to produce, due to the difficulty in applying a coating (which had been done away with under 'Kontrast') to the camouflage netting. Attempts are being made to shorten the 'Warshroud' manufacturing process, but it is somewhat of a moot point. Production as it stands is more than capable of keeping up with the manufacture of the vehicles utilising 'Warshroud'. The system's visible suppression includes, as with most camouflage nets, terrain-appropriate textile strips, which are soaked in a dielectric polymer that can absorb and scatter electromagnetic waves. The textile pieces are made of non-reactive, radar transparent fabric. 'Warshroud II', the successor to the original 'Warshroud', differs only slightly, with semi-synthetic anciniform spidersilk being interwoven into the textile strips, providing considerably higher durability in all conditions. For the LY9, 'Warshroud III' is utilised, featuring spidersilk not only for the interweave, but also for the netting upon which the textile strips are attached. This has been selected to ensure optimum service life for the shroud, and reduce the incidence of reduced signature reduction due to environmental ablation.

In 2002, tests run using 'Kontrast' on a T-84 determined that the ability of hostile weapons to lock onto a vehicle dropped a remarkable nine-fold compared to an unshrouded vehicle. It was further established that T-84 MBTs fielding 'Kontrast' dropped out of visibility range of viewing devices at distances over and including 500m.

'Warshroud', and its 'Warshroud II and -III' descendents built on this performance, with additional substantial reduction in detectability of targets in infra-red, radio-thermal and radio wave bands. Improvements in synthetic and parasynthetic textiles have also reduced the inherent radar return in the material which binds the net together, along all detection envelopes.

'Warshroud' has repeatedly demonstrated excellent resistance to various external factors while keeping its camouflaging characteristics intact – a factor very quickly determined to be a critical capability of the system. Tests had tanks equipped with a 'Warshroud' run at their tops speeds in off-road conditions, in woods and deserts, while similarly equipped IFVs conducted amphibious landings. In all cases, the signature reduction capabilities of the equipment were unreduced to any appreciable degree. All elements of 'Warshroud' are resistant to fuels, lubricants (gasoline, diesel fuel, lube oil) and detergents. Furthermore, spinning off from research conducted into the LDPCU once again, the shroud is made of self-extinguishing materials, ensuring that flames cease to burn free of subsequent glowing, once the fire source is removed.

'Warshroud' itself consists of a number of modular components that can be put together to create a masking surface of any size and shape, with colours matching any field environment in any season.
All Lyran legacy AFV stocks have been retrospectively fitted with 'Warshroud', as a means of contributing to the ongoing attempts to reduce detection footprints across all relevant bands.

The second primary means of signature reduction is focused on the engine and drive systems of the tank. While already alluded to above in the analysis of the platform's propulsion and mobility, relevant points will be reiterated here for ease of reference.

The vehicle's electric drive differs from conventional AFV drive system arrangements by utilising a hybrid powerplant. This essentially means that the engine generates electric power which in turn powers the batteries which propel the vehicle. The electric drive, has, importantly, implemented a suite of features designed to mitigate its detectability, both acoustically and thermally. The Dire Wolf improves on the all previous performance in this regard, not only by the presence of the greatly increased battery capacity compared to the LY7, but also providing acoustic insulation by the specially designed engine bay.

As with a number of earlier marks of AFV, the decoupled suspension is seperated from the hull, and similarly seperated from the final section which turns the drive wheels, a factor which considerably lowers audibility in itself.

Acoustically, the LY9 is a new benchmark in low observability, thanks to the utilisation of the pre-existing ultra-quiet engine and a new engine bay. The hyperbar's intrinsically lower acoustic signature was a consideration in its selection, and makes the 81.2 ton tank exceptionally quiet. By utilising the Cromwell system to actively monitor the engine and propulsion systems, the crew are able to remain constantly aware of the amount of noise being generated, and also the amount of heat being radiated.

When this is taken in conjunction with 'Warshroud III', the thermal and IR footprint of the LY9 is on-par with the LY7, a platform that is 18 tons lighter, and itself possessed of arguably the lowest detection footprint of any AFV in its class.

Crew Amenities
As with prior AFVs, the Dire Wolf contains a drink point, providing hot water, cold water, and with two further compartments that can be filled with hot or cold drinks of the crew or unit's choice. As well as being morale boosting, hot water in particular can be of direct military value, with it being used to brew tea or coffee, produce other hot beverages and, most importantly, it is used for dehydrated ration packs common to many armies and armed services.
Situated immediately below the drink point is a small bar fridge, which can either carry spare rations, 'jack' rations, or approximately two cases of soft-drinks or equivalent a feature that is, again, unchanged from the -A2, including the fact that the same system that cools the fridge also serves to cool the central processing units for the vehicle's computer systems. The only difference is one of size... slightly larger to accommodate some of the needs of the accompanying infantry, and still larger again should the platform be configured as a medical vehicle.
The NBC system follows Lyran standard, and features quite adequately as a climate control system, making for working temperatures easily adjustable to every national or personal need (operating temperature range -40C to 55C). The Dire Wolf represents an uprade in capability, in this regard, as each crew member is now able to control the operating temperatures of their own console area, individually. Automatically engaging overpressure systems are a new feature, designed to enable the vehicle to be opened in hostile environs without compromising the internal atmosphere. The NBC system can be removed and/or replaced with alternate systems, should the operating entity so desire. Drop-down oxygen masks enable the dismounts to keep breathing, in the advent that the internal fire-suppression system is engaged to combat fire within the crew compartment.
Seat warmers/coolers are also fitted, to ensure greater comfort and optimise combat endurance and deployability of both crew and personnel being transported. The seats can also be adjusted, manually or electronically, to ensure optimum comfort and control access for any shape or size, in a way not dissimilar to that which is available on a number of civilian luxury cars. Each seat, as indicated previously, is also shock-isolated from the hull, mitigating the felt effects of impacts, particularly those originating from underneath the vehicle. It also, as it happens, provides for a far more comfortable ride, improving crew endurance considerably.
Each crew station is provided with a weapons rack, designed to accommodate a carbine-sized weapon, and approximately six 30-round magazines (measured to standard 6.5x45mm). In the advent of the tank's being disabled, the crew are thus able to defend themselves. This feature was included in no small part due to Lyran law holding it to be illegal to be outside one's residence without a weapon within arm's reach... a law which many armoured personnel had breached on a regular basis, but no longer. The rack-slot can be fitted with any number of actual racks, so as to cater for any weapon the end-user requires.
As standard the platform is fitted with integral high-speed wireless (satellite) broadband internet connections, allowing the crew to surf the internet, check their emails, or correspond with family. It is worth noting, however, that personnel surfing the net while on the move or on duty (and especially in combat) is to be strongly discouraged, and some tank commanders within relevant units have taken to locking the system, such that only they can allow access, an adjustment that has met with great success.
The provision of insulated external connections allows accompanying or transported personnel to simply plug in to the side of the vehicle, and then they to can go online. Vehicles with this feature, a very high proportion of the Lyran arsenal, are invariably popular with the units that field them, or are attached to them, as they not only ensure vastly improved intimate fire support, but also mean that personnel are going to get, hot (or cold) drinks, snacks and a way to talk to home, all of which ensures dramatically higher morale and the notably higher performance that such morale generates.
The provision of a telephone system and loudspeakers on the outside of the vehicle, allows any of the vehicle's crew to make themselves heard by non-networked personnel, externally. This is particularly useful when addressing attached militia forces, calling for the surrender of nearby enemy or liasing with infantry otherwise bereft of easy access to the comms-net. Note, use of the telephone headset does not have to be in conjunction with the loudspeakers, and the two can be used independently. For example, a vehicle commander could use the loudspeakers to call over the infantry section commander to whom his vehicle is attached, and then converse over the phone.


Export
The LY9/M22 is a restricted sale platform. Thus, due to its considerable potency, the LY9 is ONLY available to entities that are in a formal state of alliance with, or are subordinate to, the Lyran Protectorate. The potency represented by this vehicle has been determined to be of sufficient note that care needs be taken regarding its distribution. Executive Command retains oversight, and the Lyran Governmental Trade Department reserves the right to refuse sales.
Upon purchase of an LY9, the purchaser is also entitled to the following:
DPR to the LY64 7.62mm MMG for use with that vehicle only
DPR to the LY60 14.7mm HMG for use with that vehicle only
DPR to the LY106 50mm Autocannon, for use with that vehicle only
DPR to the LY413 140mm ETC gun, for use with that vehicle only
DPR to the CCA-140BRETC 140mm RWG ETC gun, for use with that vehicle only
DPR to the SALY28 S/MR SAM, for use with that vehicle only
DPR to 'Warshroud', I, II and III, for use on the LY9 only
DPR to stocks, spare parts, ammunition and resupply examples of the above, to maintain suitable reserves and hardware redundancy, for use with the Dire Wolf only.

Prices for export start at NS $35,000,000 per unit. Production licenses (for allied states only)are available through negotiations with the Lyran Governmental Trade Department, and are expected to go for around NS$140bn. If these prices are prohibitive, please make this fact known, so that assistive arrangements can be made.
All queries and purchases can be lodged through the Lyran Arms subsidiary of the Lyran Governmental Trade Department.
Last edited by Lyras on Mon Jun 21, 2010 3:13 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Ieperithem: Eighty four. Eighty four percent of their terrifyingly massive GDP goes directly into their military. And they actually know how to manage it. It's safe to say there isn't a single nation that could feasibly stand against them if they wanted it to die.
Yikes. Just... Yikes.

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Varessa
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Postby Varessa » Wed Jan 13, 2010 1:44 am

OOC: Lyras, your storefront dpesn't have a link to here. I had to search for it.
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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 3:01 am

To: Lyrans Arms
From: Defense Ministry of FSSU

We would like to place an order of 5,000,000 oj LY9/M22 Dire Wolf Heavy Tank. So that we can replace some of our aging tanks and put the Dire Wolf's into service.

Signed,
Dragomir Sutanovac
Defense Ministry of FSSU
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Lamoni
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Postby Lamoni » Wed Jan 13, 2010 3:19 am

From: Lyran Arms - Lamoni

Defense Ministry of FSSU

Your order of:

5,000,000x LY9/M22 Dire Wolf Heavy Tanks is approved for the price of 175,000,000,000,000 standard dollars. We have had to make certain (after others have misused the DireWolf) that you understand that this is a heavy tank, and not a Main Battle Tank. The DireWolf is intended to support the Main Battle Tank in Combat, not to replace it. Your heavy tanks will arrive in two years. Lyran Arms thanks you for your custom.
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Postby Lyras » Wed Jan 13, 2010 2:55 pm

OOC: Shoot, you're right Varessa. Thanks for the heads up. I'll add a link to here, from the Lyran Arms main page, right now.
Mokastana: Then Lyras happened.

Allanea: Wanting to avoid fighting Lyras' fuck-huge military is also a reasonable IC consideration

TPF: Who is stupid enough to attack a Lyran convoy?

Sumer: Honestly, I'd rather face Doom's military with Doom having a 3-1 advantage over me, than take a 1-1 fight with a well-supplied Lyran tank unit.

Kinsgard: RL Lyras is like a real life video game character.

Ieperithem: Eighty four. Eighty four percent of their terrifyingly massive GDP goes directly into their military. And they actually know how to manage it. It's safe to say there isn't a single nation that could feasibly stand against them if they wanted it to die.
Yikes. Just... Yikes.

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Postby Dostanuot Loj » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:21 pm

OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.
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Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:24 pm

Dostanuot Loj wrote:OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.


OOC: You do realise that NS calculators shouldn't be taken too seriously and we will be paying in 6 installments over the next 6 years or so. Thank you for your concern by the way.
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Postby Dostanuot Loj » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:33 pm

Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.


OOC: You do realise that NS calculators shouldn't be taken too seriously and we will be paying in 6 installments over the next 6 years or so. Thank you for your concern by the way.


OOC: I don't need a calculator to know you can't afford $8,750,000,000,000 USD a year in maintenance alone that these tanks would take. Five million tanks for an 2005 nation is wank, let alone a 2009 nation.
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Postby Brewdomia » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:33 pm

Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.


OOC: You do realise that NS calculators shouldn't be taken too seriously and we will be paying in 6 installments over the next 6 years or so. Thank you for your concern by the way.


OOC: I don't need a calculator to know you can't afford $8,750,000,000,000 USD a year in maintenance alone that these tanks would take. Five million tanks for an 2005 nation is wank, let alone a 2009 nation.


OOC: You also forgot that he claims to have 5% of his pop in the military.

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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:36 pm

Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.


OOC: You do realise that NS calculators shouldn't be taken too seriously and we will be paying in 6 installments over the next 6 years or so. Thank you for your concern by the way.


OOC: I don't need a calculator to know you can't afford $8,750,000,000,000 USD a year in maintenance alone that these tanks would take. Five million tanks for an 2005 nation is wank, let alone a 2009 nation.


OOC: It isn't your concern so as long as i make the regular payments, thats all that matters in the end. Also it is the year 2010.
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Dostanuot Loj
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Dostanuot Loj » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:45 pm

Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.


OOC: You do realise that NS calculators shouldn't be taken too seriously and we will be paying in 6 installments over the next 6 years or so. Thank you for your concern by the way.


OOC: I don't need a calculator to know you can't afford $8,750,000,000,000 USD a year in maintenance alone that these tanks would take. Five million tanks for an 2005 nation is wank, let alone a 2009 nation.


OOC: It isn't your concern so as long as i make the regular payments, thats all that matters in the end. Also it is the year 2010.



OOC: What's your point? It's not my concern if you meet Lyras strict export policy (I doubt it though). It is my concern of realism that you can't afford it at all. On any level. 5 million tanks would put you in the top 5 nations for largest tank forces. It being 2010 means nothing, your nation is barely a year old (Not even), and you are claiming to be competing in tank forces with nations who are six years old at this point. Why not claim a population of infinity, a budget of infinity, and buy infinity tanks? It's just as wanked.
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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:46 pm

Brewdomia wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:OOC: Lamoni, you do realize that FSSU made an absurd order, right? Apart from being unable to buy that many tanks, he isn;t able to financially support them in any form.


OOC: You do realise that NS calculators shouldn't be taken too seriously and we will be paying in 6 installments over the next 6 years or so. Thank you for your concern by the way.


OOC: I don't need a calculator to know you can't afford $8,750,000,000,000 USD a year in maintenance alone that these tanks would take. Five million tanks for an 2005 nation is wank, let alone a 2009 nation.


OOC: You also forgot that he claims to have 5% of his pop in the military.


Some 5% is a very small percentage compared to some nations that are claiming to have 10-15% of their population conscripted into the army.

half of 5% of FSSU's military forces are army reserved forces.

OOC: What's your point? It's not my concern if you meet Lyras strict export policy (I doubt it though). It is my concern of realism that you can't afford it at all. On any level. 5 million tanks would put you in the top 5 nations for largest tank forces. It being 2010 means nothing, your nation is barely a year old (Not even), and you are claiming to be competing in tank forces with nations who are six years old at this point. Why not claim a population of infinity, a budget of infinity, and buy infinity tanks? It's just as wanked.


Our population within a week or so will be at 2 billion. So as long as we are able to make the payments than it shouldn't be a concern at all. What matters is that as long as we are making the payment than thats all it matters.

Before trying to single me out you may want to have a look at the Griffincrest Corporation claiming to be operating as a mini nation, having one of the largest military force in the world but ask yourself this can GC afford it?
Last edited by Serbian_Soviet_Union on Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:49 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Zastava Arms Inc Cheap Military Hardware: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6443
Zastava Energy Inc & Zastava Oil Corporation: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7806
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Observer Member of: GIA, EA, CI

Defcon: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) State of War/State of Emergency || Preparation for a possible war
Military size 5% Active || 2.5% Reserves
Government Type: Capitalist, Conservative, Right Wing, Democratic
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Falkasia
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Postby Falkasia » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:50 pm

To: Lyran Arms
From: The Glorious Republic of Falkasia
The Glorious Republic of Falkasia would like to inquire about the possible purchase or commencement of preliminary negotiations in order to acquire the Dommestic Production Rights to this simply amazing piece of Lyran technology. We assure you that we possess such funds, and will pay up front and in cash should the order be confirmed.

We look forward to hearing from you!
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Brewdomia
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Ex-Nation

Postby Brewdomia » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:50 pm

Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Some 5% is a very small percentage compared to some nations that are claiming to have 10-15% of their population conscripted into the army.

half of 5% of FSSU's military forces are army reserved forces.


Nations that have 10-15% of their pop in the military would mean they use sticks as their main weapons, and rocks, as their heavy artillery.

By Reserved, what do you mean? Because in your spoiler it says 5% active and 2.5% reserved.

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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 6:52 pm

Brewdomia wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Some 5% is a very small percentage compared to some nations that are claiming to have 10-15% of their population conscripted into the army.

half of 5% of FSSU's military forces are army reserved forces.


Nations that have 10-15% of their pop in the military would mean they use sticks as their main weapons, and rocks, as their heavy artillery.

By Reserved, what do you mean? Because in your spoiler it says 5% active and 2.5% reserved.


Not neccessary, but according to you yes. Anyways let's not clutter up this thread with ooc's any further, let's continue this through telegram.
Zastava Arms Inc Cheap Military Hardware: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6443
Zastava Energy Inc & Zastava Oil Corporation: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7806
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Observer Member of: GIA, EA, CI

Defcon: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) State of War/State of Emergency || Preparation for a possible war
Military size 5% Active || 2.5% Reserves
Government Type: Capitalist, Conservative, Right Wing, Democratic
FSSU Nations Factbook: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=23&t=9558
Serbian Broadcasting News: viewtopic.php?f=5&t=9733
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Dostanuot Loj
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Dostanuot Loj » Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:26 pm

Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:Our population within a week or so will be at 2 billion. So as long as we are able to make the payments than it shouldn't be a concern at all. What matters is that as long as we are making the payment than thats all it matters.

Before trying to single me out you may want to have a look at the Griffincrest Corporation claiming to be operating as a mini nation, having one of the largest military force in the world but ask yourself this can GC afford it?


OOC: First, trying to justify your wank by claiming GC does it is a logical fallacy. Same as the idea that if he jumps off a bridge, will you? He's not in discussion (And he has been before) here, you are. Your numbers are wanked. No matter what you say, even being 2 billion, you simply can not afford to maintain these tanks, let alone buy them. Yearly payments mean nothing. If you can afford yearly payments these tanks will sit in a field and rust, because you have no money to maintain them. That cost I quoted is just to maintain them mechanically per year. Not arm them. Not train crews for them. Not pay the crews. Not even fuel them. Just to maintain them.
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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:30 pm

Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:Our population within a week or so will be at 2 billion. So as long as we are able to make the payments than it shouldn't be a concern at all. What matters is that as long as we are making the payment than thats all it matters.

Before trying to single me out you may want to have a look at the Griffincrest Corporation claiming to be operating as a mini nation, having one of the largest military force in the world but ask yourself this can GC afford it?


OOC: First, trying to justify your wank by claiming GC does it is a logical fallacy. Same as the idea that if he jumps off a bridge, will you? He's not in discussion (And he has been before) here, you are. Your numbers are wanked. No matter what you say, even being 2 billion, you simply can not afford to maintain these tanks, let alone buy them. Yearly payments mean nothing. If you can afford yearly payments these tanks will sit in a field and rust, because you have no money to maintain them. That cost I quoted is just to maintain them mechanically per year. Not arm them. Not train crews for them. Not pay the crews. Not even fuel them. Just to maintain them.


We can maintain them, manage them and yes army will be trained to use them and operate them. For now so as long as we are able to make these payments and complete the payments thats all that matters for now, the rest it is not your concern or any of your business. I believe them not to be wanked, 5,000,000 tanks compared to two billion people living in FSSU, 5 million is just a tiny fraction and not even close to even 1% of the population. Anyways can we continue this through telegram so we do not ooc clutter this thread any further??
Last edited by Serbian_Soviet_Union on Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:30 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Zastava Arms Inc Cheap Military Hardware: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6443
Zastava Energy Inc & Zastava Oil Corporation: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7806
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Defcon: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) State of War/State of Emergency || Preparation for a possible war
Military size 5% Active || 2.5% Reserves
Government Type: Capitalist, Conservative, Right Wing, Democratic
FSSU Nations Factbook: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=23&t=9558
Serbian Broadcasting News: viewtopic.php?f=5&t=9733
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Dostanuot Loj
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Dostanuot Loj » Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:34 pm

Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:We can maintain them, manage them and yes army will be trained to use them and operate them. For now so as long as we are able to make these payments and complete the payments thats all that matters for now, the rest it is not your concern or any of your business. I believe them not to be wanked, 5,000,000 tanks compared to two billion people living in FSSU, 5 million is just a tiny fraction and not even close to even 1% of the population. Anyways can we continue this through telegram so we do not ooc clutter this thread any further??


OOC: With what money? You simply can not afford it without wanking. You saying so does not change that, no matter how many times you say it. With this level of quality tank, at that number, you're going to have to have the same GDPPC as the US, and you're going to have to have a 100% tax rate, and you're going to have to spend most of your money on the military, and most of that on these tanks, their crews, fuel, and all that.

It.
Can.
Not.
Be.
Done.
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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:35 pm

Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:We can maintain them, manage them and yes army will be trained to use them and operate them. For now so as long as we are able to make these payments and complete the payments thats all that matters for now, the rest it is not your concern or any of your business. I believe them not to be wanked, 5,000,000 tanks compared to two billion people living in FSSU, 5 million is just a tiny fraction and not even close to even 1% of the population. Anyways can we continue this through telegram so we do not ooc clutter this thread any further??


OOC: With what money? You simply can not afford it without wanking. You saying so does not change that, no matter how many times you say it. With this level of quality tank, at that number, you're going to have to have the same GDPPC as the US, and you're going to have to have a 100% tax rate, and you're going to have to spend most of your money on the military, and most of that on these tanks, their crews, fuel, and all that.

It.
Can.
Not.
Be.
Done.


*yawn*
Zastava Arms Inc Cheap Military Hardware: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6443
Zastava Energy Inc & Zastava Oil Corporation: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7806
Full member of: AMNAT, CIN, SCUTUM, CA, VA, PSUS
Observer Member of: GIA, EA, CI

Defcon: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) State of War/State of Emergency || Preparation for a possible war
Military size 5% Active || 2.5% Reserves
Government Type: Capitalist, Conservative, Right Wing, Democratic
FSSU Nations Factbook: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=23&t=9558
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Brewdomia
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Posts: 4222
Founded: Jun 26, 2009
Ex-Nation

Postby Brewdomia » Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:36 pm

Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:We can maintain them, manage them and yes army will be trained to use them and operate them. For now so as long as we are able to make these payments and complete the payments thats all that matters for now, the rest it is not your concern or any of your business. I believe them not to be wanked, 5,000,000 tanks compared to two billion people living in FSSU, 5 million is just a tiny fraction and not even close to even 1% of the population. Anyways can we continue this through telegram so we do not ooc clutter this thread any further??


OOC: With what money? You simply can not afford it without wanking. You saying so does not change that, no matter how many times you say it. With this level of quality tank, at that number, you're going to have to have the same GDPPC as the US, and you're going to have to have a 100% tax rate, and you're going to have to spend most of your money on the military, and most of that on these tanks, their crews, fuel, and all that.

It.
Can.
Not.
Be.
Done.


*yawn*


OOC: That means you have no argument, thus officially Ignored by me, and probably most others, have a good day now.

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Serbian_Soviet_Union
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Founded: Feb 11, 2009
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Serbian_Soviet_Union » Wed Jan 13, 2010 7:40 pm

Brewdomia wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:
Dostanuot Loj wrote:
Serbian_Soviet_Union wrote:We can maintain them, manage them and yes army will be trained to use them and operate them. For now so as long as we are able to make these payments and complete the payments thats all that matters for now, the rest it is not your concern or any of your business. I believe them not to be wanked, 5,000,000 tanks compared to two billion people living in FSSU, 5 million is just a tiny fraction and not even close to even 1% of the population. Anyways can we continue this through telegram so we do not ooc clutter this thread any further??


OOC: With what money? You simply can not afford it without wanking. You saying so does not change that, no matter how many times you say it. With this level of quality tank, at that number, you're going to have to have the same GDPPC as the US, and you're going to have to have a 100% tax rate, and you're going to have to spend most of your money on the military, and most of that on these tanks, their crews, fuel, and all that.

It.
Can.
Not.
Be.
Done.


*yawn*


OOC: That means you have no argument, thus officially Ignored by me, and probably most others, have a good day now.


I telegrammed him asking him if he wants to continue this discussion, to do it through telegram. I do not need to justify myself or explain myself to you or Dost. I am happy with as long as i can icly make these payments, thats all that matters. I also told you that if you want to continue this discussion, we can do it through telegram so we are not cluttering this thread up wth oocs. But it's pointless having to repeat myself over and over again like a broken record.
Zastava Arms Inc Cheap Military Hardware: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6443
Zastava Energy Inc & Zastava Oil Corporation: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7806
Full member of: AMNAT, CIN, SCUTUM, CA, VA, PSUS
Observer Member of: GIA, EA, CI

Defcon: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) State of War/State of Emergency || Preparation for a possible war
Military size 5% Active || 2.5% Reserves
Government Type: Capitalist, Conservative, Right Wing, Democratic
FSSU Nations Factbook: http://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=23&t=9558
Serbian Broadcasting News: viewtopic.php?f=5&t=9733
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Varessa
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Ex-Nation

Postby Varessa » Wed Jan 13, 2010 8:43 pm

Purchase costings:

5,000,000 tanks at NS$35m each. That's NS$175 trillion. How the hell do you afford that, even over six years?


And Lamoni, how do you expect to produce 5 million bleeding edge tanks in two years?
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Lamoni
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Lamoni » Thu Jan 14, 2010 12:21 am

5,000,000 tanks at NS$35m each. That's NS$175 trillion. How the hell do you afford that, even over six years?


Quick answer, he can't. Therefore, the order is denied.

And Lamoni, how do you expect to produce 5 million bleeding edge tanks in two years?


Facilities of both Lyras and Lamoni. According to the deal that's been worked out, I am a part of Lyran Arms. Given Lyras' own past order filling, it is reasonable.
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Falkasia
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Father Knows Best State

Postby Falkasia » Fri Jan 15, 2010 6:05 pm

Falkasia wrote:To: Lyran Arms
From: The Glorious Republic of Falkasia
The Glorious Republic of Falkasia would like to inquire about the possible purchase or commencement of preliminary negotiations in order to acquire the Dommestic Production Rights to this simply amazing piece of Lyran technology. We assure you that we possess such funds, and will pay up front and in cash should the order be confirmed.

We look forward to hearing from you!


OOC: I think I may have been missed in the bickering....
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