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[Earth II] Doctrine of Sovereignty II

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Layarteb
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[Earth II] Doctrine of Sovereignty II

Postby Layarteb » Thu Apr 22, 2010 4:34 pm

The Doctrine of Sovereignty II

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Preamble
The Empire of Layarteb, in order to protect the sovereignty of its borders, its people, and its government hereby enacts the following legislation. The Doctrine of Sovereignty is to become the supreme law of the Empire with concern to its sovereignty and foreign affairs.

Article I: Of Sovereignty
  • Section I: The Empire of Layarteb, as defined, includes all areas classified as Province, Republic, Colony, Territory, Protectorate, Special Cultural Zone, Special Economic Zone, or Commonwealth.
  • Section II: Territorial airspace and waters of the Empire will extend as far as twenty-four (24) nautical miles past the baseline of the Empire. The Empire claims a contiguous zone or waters and airspace for an additional twelve (12) nautical miles past the end of territorial airspace and seas. Furthermore, the Empire claims an exclusive economic zone up to two hundred (200) nautical miles from the end of territorial airspace and seas.
  • Section III: All happenings within the borders of the Empire are considered domestic affairs. No foreign state is permissible to interfere with the domestic affairs of the Empire, regardless of the situation, without the authorization of the government of the Empire. The Empire grants no authority over its domestic affairs to any foreign state or organization.
  • Section IV: Any foreign state or organization found to be violating the sovereignty of the Empire will face immediate repercussions of a nature to be determined by the severity of the situation.
  • Section V: The Empire reserves the right to enact any measure necessary to protect its sovereignty, at any time, and in any situation.
  • Section VI: Any doctrine, organization, state, treaty, alliance, et cetera that asserts sovereignty over any part of the Empire or violates the provisions of the Doctrine of Sovereignty will be immediately rejected by the Empire. Enforcement of said categories against the Empire will be dealt with accordingly.
  • Section VII: Every embassy, consulate, mission, military facility, state facility, etc. owned and operated by the Empire of Layarteb on foreign soil is considered to be on Layartebian soil. Every facility within this classification is subject to the provisions of this Doctrine.

Article II: Maritime Regulations
  • Section I: No foreign vessel, military or civilian, may enter the territorial waters of the Empire without prior authorization. No foreign military vessel may enter the contiguous waters of the Empire without prior authorization.
  • Section II: Any foreign vessel, whether civilian or military, engaging in espionage within the territorial or contiguous waters or exclusive economic zone of the Empire will be regarded as a belligerent vessel and engaged accordingly. Any act of espionage will be treated as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section III: Any acts of piracy, belligerency, or terrorism against Layartebian vessels, regardless of location, will be considered a violation of the sovereignty of the Empire and dealt with accordingly. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section IV: Any acts of piracy, belligerency, or terrorism against foreign-flagged vessels, within the territorial or contiguous waters of the Empire, or its exclusive economic zone, will be dealt with accordingly by the Empire. At no point is foreign action permitted within territorial or contiguous waters of the Empire without prior authorization from the Empire. Should foreign states or organizations sponsor said acts, the Empire will consider them a direct threat to the sovereignty of the Empire and will treat them as casus belli.
  • Section V: In cases where the maritime boundaries of the Empire violate the maritime boundaries of other sovereign states, especially in terms of proximity, the Empire shall take the distance between the beginnings of each boundary and allow for a one (1) nautical mile or area, at the middle of this distance, whereby no maritime boundary exists. Such waters will be considered international waters. However, any acts of espionage, piracy, terrorism, or violations of the aforementioned sections in this narrow passage will not be considered in international waters. The Empire reserves the right to monitor all traffic through this corridor, whether military or civilian.

Article III: Airspace Regulations
  • Section I: No foreign aircraft, whether military or civilian, may enter the territorial airspace of the Empire without prior authorization. No foreign military aircraft may enter the contiguous airspace of the Empire without prior authorization.
  • Section II: Any aircraft, whether civilian or military, engaged in espionage within the territorial or contiguous airspace or exclusive economic zone of the Empire will be regarded as a belligerent aircraft and be engaged accordingly. Any act of espionage will be treated as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section III: Any acts of piracy or terrorism against Layartebian aircraft, regardless of location, will be considered a violation of the sovereignty of the Empire and dealt with accordingly. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section IV: Any acts of piracy, belligerency, or terrorism against foreign-flagged aircraft, within the territorial or contiguous airspace of the Empire, or its exclusive economic zone, will be dealt with accordingly by the Empire. At no point is foreign action permitted within territorial or contiguous airspace of the Empire without prior authorization from the Empire. Should foreign states or organizations sponsor said acts, the Empire will consider them a direct threat to the sovereignty of the Empire and will treat them as casus belli.
  • Section V: In cases where the airspace boundaries of the Empire violate the airspace boundaries of other sovereign states, especially in terms of proximity, the Empire shall take the distance between the beginnings of each boundary and allow for a one (1) nautical mile or area, at the middle of this distance, whereby no airspace boundary exists. Such airspace will be considered international airspace. However, any acts of espionage, piracy, terrorism, or violations of the aforementioned sections in this narrow passage will not be considered in international airspace. The Empire reserves the right to monitor all traffic through this corridor, whether military or civilian.
  • Section VI: The presence of orbital weapons platforms in static orbit over the territorial or contiguous airspace or exclusive economic zone of the Empire shall be considered a violation of the sovereignty of the Empire. They will be engaged accordingly.
  • Section VII: The presence of any static, non-civilian satellites in orbit over the territorial or contiguous airspace or exclusive economic zone of the Empire will be regarded as a violation of the Empire's airspace and engaged accordingly. All civilian satellites in static orbit over the territorial or contiguous airspace or exclusive economic zone of the Empire require prior authorization before they can be put into orbit.

Article IV: Terrestrial Regulations
  • Section I: The Empire maintains a closed border. No foreign person or vehicle may cross the border without prior authorization by the Empire. All crossings must be made at border checkpoints and all crossings are subject to search.
  • Section II: Any acts of terrorism, belligerency, or piracy against the borders of the Empire will be dealt with accordingly. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section III: Illegal crossings or violations of the Empire's borders will be dealt with accordingly and treated as a criminal offense against the Empire. All violators will be prosecuted by Layartebian law and, if found guilty, will serve mandated prison sentences inside of the Empire. The Empire will not honor any extradition of criminals found guilty of illegal immigration.

Article V: Caribbean Sea
  • Section I: The Empire maintains the exclusive right over sovereignty of the Caribbean Sea. Any act of piracy, espionage, belligerency, or terrorism committed within the Caribbean Sea will be dealt with accordingly by the Empire. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section II: The Empire maintains complete control over the Panama Canal. All vessels, whether civilian or military, require prior authorization to transit through the Panama Canal. Any acts of terrorism, belligerency, or piracy against the Panama Canal will be dealt with accordingly. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.

Article VI: Special Economic Zones
  • Section I: The Falkland Islands, Crete, the Colony of Denmad, Kish Island, the Bahamas, Cuba, Trinidad, Hainan, Hawaii, Guadalcanal, Sri Lanka, and Panama City are considered Special Economic Zones within the Empire. They shall be subject to all of the provisions of the Doctrine of Sovereignty, except where noted.
  • Section II: Special economic zones are considered sovereign territory of the Empire and no state that lays claim to them will have their claim recognized by the Empire. Furthermore, any state that lays claim to a Special Economic Zone will not be afforded the foreign relations category of free trade partner until such claims are repealed.
  • Section III: States without free trade agreements or favored nation status may be afforded free trade within these Special Economic Zones provided they are not in violation of Article VI, Section II.
  • Section IV: Though sovereign territory of the Empire, these Special Economic Zones may enact different legislation than other areas of the Empire.
  • Section V: Any act of espionage, piracy, belligerency, or terrorism committed against or near these Special Economic Zones, as defined in Articles II, III, and IV will be dealt with accordingly. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.

Article VII: Special Cultural Zones
  • Section I: The Balearic Islands and Cozumel Island are considered Special Cultural Zones within the Empire. They shall be subject to all of the provisions of the Doctrine of Sovereignty, except where noted.
  • Section II: Special cultural zones are considered sovereign territory of the Empire and no state that lays claim to them will have their claim recognized by the Empire. Furthermore, any state that lays claim to a Special Cultural Zone will not be afforded the foreign relations category of free trade partner until such claims are repealed.
  • Section III: All foreign nationals traveling to a Special Cultural Zone shall not hold the Empire responsible for any repercussions that they face in any other nation or in any other part of the Empire for acts committed in a Special Cultural Zone.
  • Section IV: Though sovereign territory of the Empire, these Special Cultural Zones may enact different legislation than other areas of the Empire.
  • Section V: Any act of espionage, piracy, belligerency, or terrorism committed against or near these Special Cultural Zones, as defined in Articles II, III, and IV will be dealt with accordingly. They will be regarded as casus belli. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.

Article VIII: International Zones
  • Section I: No assets of the Empire shall be impeded or infringed upon in international areas, not limited to international waters or airspace.
  • Section II: Any act designed to impede or infringe upon the activities of the Empire in said international areas will be considered casus belli against the Empire and appropriate action will be taken.
  • Section III: Any territorial claim considered excessive by the Empire, in regards to air, maritime, and terrestrial zones will not be honored by the Empire and any attempt to impede or infringe upon the Empire will be considered casus belli and appropriate action will be taken.
  • Section IV: The Empire believes in the concept of freedom of the seas and navigation outside of territorial and contiguous areas for military and civilian vessels alike. Any attempt to infringe or impede upon the Empire in this regard will be dealt with accordingly.
  • Section V: For reasons of safety, the Empire recommends an exclusion zone around military vessels of no less than four (4) nautical miles for escort-sized vessels and twelve (12) nautical miles for capital-sized vessels. Vessels within these zones could be considered belligerent and engaged accordingly.

Article IX: Military Bases on Foreign Soil
  • Section I: Military bases belonging to the Empire located in foreign territory are considered sovereign territory of the Empire. Any act of piracy, terrorism, belligerency, or espionage against them will be considered casus belli and dealt with accordingly. Foreign states or organizations sponsoring said acts would be wholly responsible for the repercussions.
  • Section II: All personnel on said military bases are held accountable under Layartebian law unless specific provisions are made by the host state.
  • Section III: All traffic to and from said bases will not be interfered with or impeded upon by the host nation; although, specific corridors may be established.
  • Section IV: The Empire is wholly responsible for the consequences of all events related to the presence of military bases in said state.
  • Section V: All agreements for military bases on foreign soil will require a minimum evacuation time of one (1) year if said base is closed or abandoned unless otherwise specified by the host state at the time of the agreement.
  • Section VI: Because said bases are sovereign territory of the Empire, host nations have no authority to search or tour said bases without prior authorization from the Empire. As a courtesy, the deployment of unconventional weapons will be done only with the consent of the host nation.
  • Section VII: All activities at said bases will be considered a classified secret and should the host nation divulge said activities to civilian, governmental, or military bodies, it would be considered an act of espionage against the Empire and dealt with accordingly.

Article X: Foreign Relations
  • Section I: The Empire shall seek diplomatic relations with all states of the world in a peaceful manner unless said states give indication otherwise.
  • Section II: States shall be eligible for multiple categories of foreign relations that include no relations, basic relations, embassy-level relations, favored nation status, free trade agreements, or the October Alliance. Recognition is required for any level at basic relations or above.
  • Section III: The Empire shall maintain eight (9) levels of diplomatic classification. At the most basic level, there shall be four (4) categories: no recognition, basic recognition, basic relations, and basic trade. Under these four (4) categories, the Empire will allot a specific number of visas and relations to the nations therein contained. Under "No Recognition," the Empire shall seek no diplomatic relations with the state, nor shall it allow travel or trade. The Empire shall not recognize the state as a legitimate entity. Under "Basic Recognition," the Empire shall bestow up to five hundred (500) travel visas per year, allow for minimal trade, and open a diplomatic channel. Under "Basic Relations," the Empire shall bestow five thousand (5,000) travel visas per year, allow for minimal trade, and establish regular, diplomatic contacts. Under "Basic Trade," the Empire shall allow up to fifty thousand (50,000) travel visas per year, allow for regular trade and regular diplomatic contact. At a mid-tier level, the Empire shall carry three (3) categories: embassy, free trade, and favored nation. Under "Embassy," the Empire shall establish an embassy with said nation, establish regular trade, and allot up to five million (5,000,000) travel visas per year. Under "Free Trade," the Empire shall endeavor to undertake free trade with said nation and allot up to ten million (10,000,000) travel visas per year. A "Favored Nation," shall receive up to fifty million (50,000,000) travel visas per year and a significant amount of cultural and social exchange. At the highest level, the Empire shall carry two (2) categories: favored special and October Alliance. Nations falling under "Favored Special" will have up to one billion (1,000,000,000) travel visas per year and very few, if any, restrictions. Nations under "October Alliance" have no limit on travel visas and relations fall under the Charter of the October Alliance.
  • Section IV: A nation that is not recognized by the Empire cannot have any foreign relations with the Empire.
  • Section V: The Empire will not agree to nor honor any alliance, treaty, pact, agreement, et cetera that violates the Doctrine of Sovereignty nor shall it allow the enforcement of any of said documents on the Empire.
  • Section VI: The Empire reserves the right to upgrade and downgrade states without explanation or approval from said state.

Article XI: Of Commerce and Trade
  • Section I: The Empire shall not infringe or impede upon any civilian traders, merchants, sailors, or citizens that are in international areas moving to and from their destinations unless it represents a clear and present danger to the national security and sovereignty of the Empire.
  • Section II: No state shall infringe or impede upon the Empire's commerce or trade routes. Said acts will be considered casus belli and appropriate repercussions will be levied by the Empire.

Article XII: Thai Canal Zone
  • Section I: The Treaty of Quang-sow defines the Thai Canal Zone.
  • Section II: The Treaty of Quang-sow is considered subject to the provisions of this Doctrine as sovereign, Layartebian territory.

Article XIII: Previous Doctrines and Definitions
  • Section I: Both the Doctrine of Superiority and Supremacy and all previous versions of the Doctrine of Sovereignty will become null and void upon the passage of this doctrine.
  • Section II: International zones will be defined as the lowest possible measure of distance past the limit of the set and agreed upon boundaries of a state.
  • Section III: Espionage will be defined as the practice of obtaining secrets through spying or other means from rivals, enemies, friends, or neutral parties for military, political, economic, social, or other advantages.

Revision 2.03
18 February 2013
Last edited by Layarteb on Mon Feb 18, 2013 9:43 am, edited 4 times in total.
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