2020 Baiqiao Summit (Kylaris, IC)

A staging-point for declarations of war and other major diplomatic events. [In character]


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Postby Luziyca » Wed Nov 18, 2020 7:10 pm

Tsuru Mawere listened intently to the speeches that succeeded him. Wilton-Smyth, Jung, Rozak, and many others had relatively uninteresting speeches: sure, they were diverse, but there was not a single thing that he could latch on to.

But then there was Chancellor Otto von Hösslin. While Von Hösslin's speech seemed relatively uncontroversial at first, two sentences in his speech caught his attention: Von Hösslin had managed to accuse Coius of single-handedly causing this problem of climate change, and on proposing "stricter policies" on Coian development.

That was unacceptable to Mawere, and quite presumably, to all of the developing nations situated across the Coian continent. To allow Euclea to continue profiting off of the mines and other mineral resources on Coius, while denying Coians the right to determine their own path to the future, struck a nerve with him. Even if Wilton-Smyth may privately express these same thoughts, at least he can be convinced that it was directed at the socialists. Not so with Von Hösslin.

After all the opening speeches were concluded, and Yuan made his remarks to help steer the summit in a certain direction, Mawere was free to respond.

"Your excellencies," Mawere began. "while we need to acknowledge that the northern nations in Euclea and the Asterias should bear the bulk of the costs to helping the world transition to sustainable development, we need to look at ourselves as well: just because Euclea and Asteria followed a certain path to the standards of living that they enjoy today does not mean that we must commit ourselves on that same path."

"I believe that nations who have committed themselves to this path of development, particularly Xiaodong and Zorasan, should also commit some funds: not as much as the northerners, to be sure, but they should contribute at least some money to help ensure that their economies transition to a new world where climate change can be halted," Mawere said. "For nations who are beginning to develop, who are beginning to see their economies grow, it is prudent, in my opinion, for the poorest of the poor to not pay a single cent."

"Instead, nations that are beginning to develop, like Mabifia, like Masari, like Yemet, or yes, even my beloved Rwizikuru, should learn from the mistakes of others. We must abandon this notion that we should emulate the development of Euclea and Asteria to achieve these standards of living: we must instead commit to sustainable development, so that we can live a better life for our children, without pushing our world over the brink. Contrary to what some may say, it is possible to undergo sustainable development on a national scale, especially if we poor nations learn from the mistakes of others.."

"On this note, it is clear that we need a bank to help developing nations like my own, like Zorasan, Xiaodong, and many others, to help transition to this new economy," Mawere declared. "However, I firmly disagree with Chairman Yuan's assertion about the Global Institute for Fiscal Affairs' role in this proposed bank."

"These policies have proven successful in instituting economic growth in countries that have embraced it: Sivartha, Caldia, Werania, Etruria, just to name a few. Meanwhile, countries who failed to embrace neoliberalism, like my own, did not see as strong of a growth between 1980 and 2005, suggesting that economic liberalism is the only way out of this crisis," Mawere said. "There have been reports of innovations which can be used to reduce the effects on climate change on nations that need it most, and it would be very inappropriate for nations to acquire loans from the fund, only for the money to be spent on a jetplane for their ruler."

"Thus, I feel that the rules that the Global Institute for Fiscal Affairs have set out would ensure a balance between economic development and environmental protection, which would help improve the world for the benefit of the people, and not the privileged elite," Mawere concluded.
Last edited by Luziyca on Thu Nov 19, 2020 9:52 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Postby Alleniana » Sat Nov 21, 2020 8:14 am

Ganobiunu Moagameme, President of the Congress of Twenties Committee on Foreign Relations - Dezevau

Viktor was not wrong. The truth was that climate change was just not on radars at the international level. Perhaps in another decade or two, when a new generation had grown up immersed in the idea, or when fossil fuel companies were rivalled by green energy ones, or when storms and droughts and floods and fires were battering at the gates of public attention, things would be different. Then, maybe, these conferences would be rather less out of touch with reality on these matters. Or maybe not. Time would tell.

It would probably not tell most of the assembled dignitaries, though. Most, including her, could honestly expect to die before any of the worst effects of climate change were expected. Of course, action would avert them, but even were action not taken, it would be an issue more for future generations than hers. She reflected on this disconnect as she waited to speak. Remember, I'll die someday, as every parent would say to their children. And so the cycle would continue; the hope was that enough action could be taken now to allow those who would follow to build on it. She would try to do that here, what little she could, in this capacity she had been afforded. Optimistic as she might choose to be, most of those gathered probably did not take climate change seriously, in all truth. She would have to exercise diplomacy and tact and strategy, and take what she could get.

She glanced over at her friend, the President of the Presidium of that great socialist land over the seas. Perhaps he was a little more enthusiastic about their host's speech, perhaps a little less so than her about the Rwizikuran's. It was no matter either way. She could work with things.

I thank the speakers for their remarks. In particular, I want to pick up the thread our gracious host left upon. We are a global community, and while I never want to disregard the importance of the gulf between Global North and South, we must be wary not to fall into any false antagonism. Climate change is a uniquely universal issue, and we would be well served to take heed of the maxim that posits to each according to their ability, and to each according to their needs. The Global North does need to shoulder the greater part of the burden in tackling this issue. But let us not account for it in grudges and blame, but because the Global North is where the forces of history have deposited the capital of centuries, and emitted the greenhouse gases therefrom. Those proud to enjoy economic advantage and status on the world stage should be proud to take up responsibility for the challenge of our generation. Those peoples who have been denied dignity in the past can strive simultaneously for that dignity, and to contribute to the solution of climate change, by taking up the new green development.

While we understand our situation through a framework of states, meanwhile, I think it is pertinent to mention differences within. It is common in liberal economies for the richest 10% to produce half of all lifestyle emissions. Many of the decisions that are taken by the biggest companies in the world cause enormous emissions, but are made for the good of a handful of capitalists. Emissions from production harms all, but often, production is undertaken for the benefit of only a small minority, who must be made to recognise their membership in the human community. We recognise the truth in the idea that the peasant farmer and the CEO are both human beings, deserving of a full life, but action against climate change will be incoherent where it regards their contributions to emissions as equivalent.

An investment bank for transitions to sustainability, then, is a good idea. In truth, I think there are greater ambitions we can aspire to, but the fundamental mechanism of lending capital to those who need it is one which the international community of states should be able to work soundly with. It will, however, only function, and only be just, if it is in fact truly democratic.

Climate change does not only affect capitalistic states, nor does it only affect those which are not. Though I could take the opportunity to note the poverty and inequality, insecurity, commodification of public values, consumerism and terrible periodic instability associated with liberal economies, it is not really the point. The bank must not be founded on premises of profit, or the interests of the rich, or the dogmas of ideologues. Its basis, if it is to be credible at all,
must be the life and wellbeing of all people in a world affected by climate change. It cannot do that by presuming or imposing a particular system, by ignoring a very great number of states for its own purposes. Rather than attempting regime change, any posited bank must deal evenhandedly and justly. That is the least it can do.

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Postby Liecthenbourg » Sat Nov 21, 2020 2:32 pm

Monique Degar-Abdulrashid
President of Gaullica

Monique's entrance into the congress had been as well-received as she had anticipated. The sympathetic smiles, synthetic or organic, were there. The reassuring platitudes that would likely come later from fellow world leaders congratulating the newest of their 'flock' to join them were something that teetered on the fringes of her conscience. She did wonder what would come after this initial meeting: who would go where? With whom? What blocks would congregate to talk strategy. She paired off von Hösslin, the Weranic Ogre -- or was it Goblin? -- with the infamous 'RWS'. Carcaterra could fit into that club. As could Reika Okura. Walker would trudge along, aiming to keep the EC as one.

But where would she herself fit? Of course she would fit with them, given that relationships of their countries. But her positions were far different, at least in the manner in which they'd been spoken about, up until now. Hösslin and Wilton-Smyth were climate change deniers in one form or the other. All the more eager to pawn off its ills and consequences onto the developing world. If only it were so easy to resign the fate of the world on those who really couldn't do anything about it.

She straightened her outfit out, tugging at the sleeves of her jacket, as her eyes glanced over to Sikali and then Jung. These two were even more aligned to her, she believed, than her traditional allies.

Finding herself in a bit of a bind, she was brought back into attention with the words of Yuan. He spoke in a new direction of the summit's talks, thanking those for giving their opening statements. His remarks concerned her, though. Much like von Hösslin his view of the affair was skewed. One sided. Throwing the collective responsibility squarely in the net of the developed world. Indeed, the developed world did have a fair share of the moral, economic and environmental responsibility.

But both sides were more than willing to throw the other under the bus. At the very least, these titans of the world were more than willing to absolve their own nations for responsibility. Monique was not a defender of neoliberalism, but there were truths and falsities ascribed to its role in the current state of the world's affair. To hear Yuan criticise it and lay the blame for the world's woes on it, whilst himself undergoing neoliberal-esque reforms for his own country's economic situation, was laughable. Nobody, she assumed, would directly retort this to him. No-one realistically could. But it was the blatant hypocrisy that veiled his words that truly set the tune for the rest of the summit.

This was going to be like pulling teeth.

The words from Mawere, to Monique, were just the beginning of the defences the developing world would push for themselves. If not nipped quickly she was afraid that the tide would turn too fast and too decisively against the global north; against the developed world. And then they'd reach an impasse were nothing would happen and little could be decided. His defence of GIFA was fairly refreshing at least and hoped that, of all those here, Mawere could be persuaded to their line of thinking. Compromise. Coordination. Assisted development in line with green technology.

Ganobiunu's words resonated quite well with the Gaullican President. She was incredibly well spoken. And amongst the states of the developing world, as well as the AES, she seemed to draw the attention of them rather quickly. Monique noted Martynenko sat next to her, nodding affirmatively with her words.

The lines in the sand were being drawn. And fast. She stood up again and looked to the room. Tsabara had been relegated to the back-seat, at least for now, but tackling climate change would be a harder task. A harder one to unify the nations around.

"There is not disputing of the fact that the Global North must shoulder a strong responsibility," Monique Degar-Abuldrashid began as she took the floor again. "But there is a dispute here in that this is solely a responsibility for the developed world. I alluded to this inequality in my opening remarks. There are two paths on which the nations of the world have been travelling. And they are unequal roads. But we cannot continue down this path forever. On the matter of climate change, as we have said to ignore Tsabara for now, it is not a matter of categorising countries into groups of 'them' and 'us'. We have one planet. Climate change is not confined to borders."

Mentally, she frowned. She knew that if she were not strong enough in convincing large swathes of the world would begin likely changing their tune. They would shelve off their own association with this 'global north', likely distance themselves until a core of states -- likely the EC -- was facing off against the whole conference. That was not pleasant.

A hand reached down to a glass of water at her desk and she took a short sip. Setting the glass back down, she resumed speaking. "The Global North, through means of economic aid and investment, as is happening between Gaullica and Garambura, and as is happening with GIFA, will pull its weight. But these developments in the developing world should not follow the same industrial patterns as the rest of the world. The science, the understanding, the technology -- it is all better now than it was during the original industrial revolution. Adhering to the roadmap of coal, natural gas and oil is not viable when it will be required to change these power sources within less than a decade because of climate change."

"Taking the initiative now, taking it strongly, investing in green energy and green infrastructure, will set the developing world ahead of the curve. There will be no requirement for a transition. GIFA's investments will be instrumental. But the suggestions mentioned by some of our fellow leaders should be taken into account -- such as a stipulation for nuclear energy, perhaps -- and there is required state oversight and intervention to prevent the market from continuing to favour corporations over the people."

"I believe and hope that the purpose of this conference, Your Excellencies, should be hammering out these facts. These conditions. We should not resort to a 'blame-game', or boil down an immensely important issue down to an issue that we can attribute to a handful of countries."
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Postby The Holy Dominion of Inesea » Mon Nov 23, 2020 7:34 pm

Hwa Hye-Su
Chairwoman of COMSED

It was readily apparent that the young President of Gaullica was was not happy with the way lines were being drawn in the sand. Not in her actions or looks, the Tsabaran woman wore a poker face well, but rather in her words. Which was only, Hwa though, as Gaullica was one of the historically most exploitative Euclean nations and likely the nation everyone thought of first when thinking of the Global North. If the conference turned into a North versus South battle, Gaullica stood to lose more than most. Not that it didn't deserve to do so, being the rapist of so many countries in decades past.

As for the content of the speech, it was alright to Hwa. Euclea alone couldn't enact or fund climate change initiatives for the whole globe. She didn't think that anyone, bar the hard liner climate change deniers, expected Euclea to shoulder it alone. No, the question is how much does Euclea pay for and how much does the developing world pay. For Baekjeong and much of COMSED, even reluctant Senria, the idea of a global green investment fund would be palpable. Especially if Euclea paid for it. Senria would accept no less or no more in obligations than Xiaodong though, which could be a contentious issue. But an issue for later. The real concern right now was President Degar-Abdulrashid's opposition to a transition period and her words on corporate interests. A transition period would be essential for getting Senria's Keirtu to support any deal. A transition period for them was time to still profit from their ample energy investments. A direct transition to green energy in emerging markets would undercut their bottom lines to an extent that Hwa feared to imagine. And any sort of restrictions on corporations with regards to this GIFA deal would again tank the deal in both Senria and Baekjeong. After all, the corporations were, unofficially in Senria but officially in Baekjeong, part of the government. They also deserved their piece of the pie. Hwa mentally sighed.

"Madame President, I don't think many here truly believe that the Global North, for all its wealth, should shoulder the expenses alone of combatting climate change. However it is undeniable that Euclea's, and other imperialist states', wealth and development was built on the exploitation of other continents and the burden of combatting climate change should proportionately represent this past illegitimate redistribution of resources. To quote one your Euclean philosophers 'From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs' - in this instance it is Euclea that has the most ability and the Global South that has the most need."

Hwa stopped to take a sip from her water. That was a tad more combative than she intended, but what of it really. Most of the attendees just viewed her as a Senrian puppet anyways.

"The matter of the ratio of the commitments aside, I do agree with you that the GIFA proposal is broadly a good plan. However I fear that your aims of avoiding a transition period are too.. idealistic. Without a doubt, a nation today can develop on a more environmentally friendly path than those of decades past. But that path still relies on a core of fossil fuel utilization. Many developing nations have vast reserves of fossil fuels but a dearth of renewables. It would be cruel of us, having developed on the back of oil and coal, to turn about and deny them to those yet to exploit them. Instead of aiming for the end goal, we should structure the program in a series of steps and objectives. For the countries where the jump to green energy is not yet viable, we should encourage better use of fossil fuels. Natural gas can be used as a bridging fuel to get states from coal and oil to green energy for example. I laud your aspirations for skipping the worst parts of industrialization, but while you can mitigate the effects, it is simply not feasible to pass over it entirely. We should establish a system for classifying countries according to their transition to green energy and establish programs under the GIFA prosed program that can target investment at each segment of the transition."
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