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The Century that changed Everything | IC/Roleplay

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The Realm of Hyrule
Spokesperson
 
Posts: 175
Founded: May 10, 2021
Authoritarian Democracy

The Century that changed Everything | IC/Roleplay

Postby The Realm of Hyrule » Wed Nov 10, 2021 3:28 am

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So, this is where it begins, huh? Considering the attention and contact with the interested peoples of this RP, I can already tell that this is going to be an entertaining and... Interesting experience!


Anyways, let's keep this short and sweet... What you will see below (And in hopefully every other post in this thread) will be the In Character and Roleplay thread where the players of this here P2TM scenario that I've created will be able to roleplay their chosen nations and guide them towards a better future, whatever that means for them. This is not the place to have idle chit-chat, to discuss OOC with one another things about this RP and, of course post applications for the RP, for that'll be all done on the OOC thread (Link is above, by the way) If you need to re-read some stuff before you get into actually roleplaying, I would suggest you look at said OOC thread, but also most of the information about the RP posted on the OOC thread will be here as well for convenience, except this time all of it will be under spoilers to... Well, save space!


Without any further delay, you may begin (Or rather, continue if you're re-reading this) roleplaying! I hope everyone enjoys themselves with this, that's the aim after all.


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The World, as of 1900 a.d

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As cool looking as this map is, this isn't actually the one we'll be using in the RP... To be honest, it's mainly there just for the graphical design of this here post... I've used MapChart, and a little bit of self-editing (Like for German control of Elsaß-Lothringen, because MapChart apparently doesn't have Alsace-Lorraine as a separate subdivision :( ) to create a map for this, so I can edit it at later dates.



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So, above you can see what the world looks like at whatever date the IC is right now (As mentioned before, ignore the map that isn't in a spoiler, because that's just there for the ascetics), and I'll try to stay on top of updates to the borders of the maps as it goes along... As for the key, I made that personally using Kleki, and may all that's good forbid me would I need to edit that (Because it will be painful)... As such, this is an FYI stating that even if entire countries are annexed and eliminated during this RP, I probably won't find the time nor energy to change the key around.


Anyways, moving on from that note and onto a different subject (Because I really don't think there's much else I can talk about for this xD)


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The Timeline, and Progression

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So, how is time going to be represented in this RP, you might be wondering? Well, it'll be following a semi-hard routine, that being a week IRL represents four months in the actual roleplay... In other words, this means that every two days IRL, a month and about a week of time will pass in the RP. However, as I don't want to make this RP seem uninviting because of this set in stone progression, I will be willing to change it up depending on certain factors... First of all, every Monday (In terms of Greenwich Mean Time, because wouldn't you guess it, I live in Bri'ian) I will poll the RP on this thread and the Discord Server in particular to ask if the progression should be either slowed down or sped up... I plan for it that should it be slowed down (For instance if there's a bout of inactivity, if enough people request it or otherwise) the progression will be changed to a single RP month for a single RP week... Should it be sped up (Once again, if people request it through the poll, or a surge of activity and other factors), I will most likely progress it to a single RP year for a IRL week... So as mentioned, there is clear progression, but it can be changed to be faster or slower if needed...


On the topic of the specific roleplayers, should anyone need to take a hiatus for any reason (Trust me, that's most definitely allowed, don't feel pressured to stay active if you've got other things to worry about), please tell me or a moderator about it and we'll work with you to figure out a way to keep your nation competitive... This may lead to a temporary takeover or rather, regulation as an NPC nation with extra attention or anything else considered as a resolution... If you need to drop out completely, I and I'm guessing no one else is going to take that personally. We'll regulate your nation to NPC, and we'll also note down the important progress you had made with it as to notify a potential new roleplayer who would want to take over in your stead. Real life ALWAYS comes first, take care of yourself primarily. If that includes acquittal from this RP, then don't feel afraid to do so.


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Non Player Character (NPC) Nations, Created Events and more

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As I had begun with a little bit in the previous point, the nations of which are not in control by players will be considered Non-Player Characters. What this means is that the nations are going to be controlled as a collective by myself and any future moderators that have the time to do it themselves... This is both a note to potential roleplayers, and also for us moderators as well that the function of Non-Player Character nations are mostly regulated to reaction for outside events, for instance if a World War begins the NPC nations will act accordingly to said events in a realistic manner depending on their situations... This also means that if an NPC nation is at war with a player nation, that us moderators will have the duty of roleplaying the war as the NPC Nation.
Also, this needs to be stressed... In warfare with an NPC nation, the person temporarily controlling the NPC nation needs to act fairly and realistically depending on the factors at play. Let's create a hypothetical for this:


The Ottoman Empire declares war on the Emirate of Nejd


So, in this particular circumstance, the Ottoman Empire is player controlled, and now at war with Nejd... Both roleplayers had the duty of roleplaying the war fairly and realistically... The Ottoman Empire in this circumstance is much stronger militarily than Nejd in terms of physical manpower and technology... However, the harsh Arabian deserts and Nejd's familiarity with it would give the defending nation some leeway to use tactics such as guerilla warfare, hit and run or sabotage against the aggressor. Nejd is also more comfortable operating in the Arabian deserts and it's harsh climates than the Ottoman Empire, and thus has the advantage of operating more efficiently than their aggressor.


In this circumstance, it is unlikely that Nejd comes out victorious from the fight... Nevertheless, it is the player RP'ing the war from Nejd's perspective to act accordingly, so for instance in this circumstance Nejd would fight tooth and nail to try and secure their sovereignty.




I hope that hypothetical is good enough to paint a picture as to how the NPC temporary roleplayer would act when it comes to warfare... As for two NPC nations fighting against each other, that's more complicated... If there's not involvement from any player, the war will happen naturally without activity throughout the roleplay, and will conclude with a victor and peace deal decided fairly by moderators... If the NPC nations are involved with player actions, for example in a coalition or a world war, then the player nation may have the liberty to control the war efforts of their NPC allies... Now, it's important in any situation like this that you discuss anything first with a moderator, and in addition anyone else who has a vested interest in your actions.


Now we've got NPC's out of the way, I'd like to announce that from time to time, I or a fellow moderator may create some RP-wide events for player and NPC nations to react to accordingly for multiple reasons... Said reasons may be to simply spice up the RP and encourage some more activity, in response to developments created by player nations and their actions or any other reason befitting. It is the moderators' responsibility to announce events like this at least a day in advance beforehand so players can prepare and react without pressure... Players are free to comment or request changes to said events before they begin, I'll attempt to consider all suggestions as they come!


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Historical changes and the degree of freedom

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Okay, so let's get this out of the way... I like Alternate History, and I bet most people on NationStates share my views with that, eh? By any means, this is why I'm going to allow some level of freedom when changing the tides of history in this RP in different developments, relationships between great powers created by the actual players... Well, playing! And other reasons as well... For instance, we could have a Central Power victory in the Great War should it be RP'd in that way, but at the same time we could have a completely different World War, or rather no world war at all! It depends on how the tides turn, for this RP is decided primarily by the players and the actions that they can take...

In addition, as you'll find out when applying you can change certain parts of your nation's history... However, let's quickly set up some rules for that real quick:


  • First of all, if you are changing your nation's history in any way which would affect another nation on the planet, you need to discuss said change in history with the roleplayer of said country... Or otherwise, if that change is for a Non Player Character nation, discuss with either I or another moderator...
  • We're not making huge, fundamental changes to countries or the world here... This will be fulfilled by this rule right here: You can't change anything about your country that had been decided more than 25 years ago in history. For instance, that means that the Franco-Prussian War, the signing of the Treaty of Versailles and the formation of the German Empire can't be changed, for that happened in 1870-71.
  • Your changes need to be plausible and somewhat realistic... What this means for example is you can't suddenly change France back into an Absolute Monarchy and return to a Feudalistic government, or you can't have your United States of America be the first Fascist country in the world. Stuff like a different President/Prime Minister/Monarch in charge of your country is possible, but that just needs to be properly justified and given enough reason to happen. At the end of the day, consult with me or another moderator on this stuff and it'll be accepted if it meets standards, or we'll work with you to make some changes if it doesn't...

So yes, Alternate History is very much allowed and matter of factly is encouraged to develop, but nevertheless I hope this RP remains plausible... If I wanted it to be historical fiction, I would have stated that :P


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Rules, Guidelines and other notices

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So now, I feel like it's time to get onto the actual rules of this RP... After all, I don't really think any RP is much without some guidelines, right? Uhrm... Well, I've got nothing else to say right now, so let's get into it!


1: General rules


  • 1a :: First of all, let's get this out of the way... If I or any other moderator (That I may get when this thing is afloat) see anything offensive being said, such as racist comments, DOXXing, NSFW posting (And I mean, proper NSFW, not like random euphemisms) harassment or anything else like that, action will be taken... After a few warnings you will most likely be kicked from the Discord Server (If you're in it), asked to leave and/or reported to the NationStates moderation team... It's that simple.
  • 1b :: Second, the word of myself and the moderators are law... Most of the time. Unless stipulated that roleplayers have a say in it, it's probably better to assume that what we say is stuff you need to conform to... Yes, this is 1984... Cry about it

2: Roleplaying


  • 2a :: Okay, NO GODMODDING... What I mean by that is dictating what another player does, what damage they take in a firefight or something, or making them conform to a decision against their will is simply not allowed... Remember that to roleplay is a joint experience and that to cooperate with each other, even when your IC nations are stuck in a brutal war of trench warfare is what makes RPs like this keep on ticking.
  • 2b :: Second of all, keep the actions you take in the realm of realism please... For instance, you're not creating something like the USS Enterprise in 1900, nor are you overthrowing the British government and establishing a communist dictatorship as soon as the roleplay starts... This does not mean you're not allowed to take some liberties however. Would it be realistic to say that perhaps Wilhelm II wouldn't become Emperor of Germany in 1888? Probably not, but if you want to make that change and give enough justification for it, the moderators such as myself will definitely consider it! That's a hypothetical, of course.
  • 2c :: Keep your fellow roleplayers in mind when you do what you do, alright? This is more of a guideline than a set in stone rule, but it would be best to alert people, especially if they are effected of any action that you will make for your nation... For instance, the German Empire can't declare war on Denmark if both are controlled by a player unless both players agree to it OOC. If you are respectful to other roleplayers cooperation will become easier and doing what you want to do will also be more likely as well!
  • 2d :: Right, okay I'm very much a stickler for this one... Please put effort into your posts and actions on this RP, please! You aren't going to make a change to your government in just one sentence describing it, nor are you going to win a war against your adversary in just one short post. I don't like one-liners, and you probably shouldn't too! Nevertheless, I'm not expecting full essays every post either, just say enough that it's clear what your action is, what the justification for it is and if the action you're taking involves an NPC nation, what the reaction would be as well.

3: Some other things


  • When applying, use the statistics of the actual country you're playing as relevant to the start date of 1900... If you are applying further onwards, the moderation team will hopefully work with you to come to a reasonable application of numbers, government type or whatever...
  • You can't bring puppets into this RP to roleplay as multiple nations at any given simultaneous time... This is simply to regulate the RP and it's enjoyment, for without this stipulation it would be WAAAAAYY too easy to create huge power blocs of single players that would completely throw an imbalance within the RP... That would not longer be enjoyable, so we're not allowing multiple nations by the same OOC player.

Also, as a general notice, this is the OOC thread... DO NOT post anything that regards the actual roleplay of your nation here, for it will be ignored and would become a waste of time for both yourself, and the people who have to sift through it.




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The Boxer Rebellion, 1900 A.D

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17th of May, 1900
In and around Beijing and Tientsin
The Great Qing

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The world has known about the Chinese Boxer Militias that had raised from the Qing Dynasty and throughout the Middle Kingdom for many months by this point. A large group of Chinese rebels that claim to fight for the Qing's honour, for the Guangxu Emperor's honour in the expulsion of all foreign elements from China and to reclaim the glory that it once had and, in their eyes should most definitely have... However, the attacks of the Boxers have only heightened during the year of 1900 against the foreign Legations and occupation, such as Japanese Liaoning, German Jianzhou Bay and British Hong Kong and as of the 17th of May, are overtly threatening the stability of the region and the people that live within it, most notably Christians, Chinese or otherwise...

On the 17th of May, the Boxer rebels stormed a village near the Qing city of Beijing and massacred 60 Christians within, whilst in addition striking down missionaries of the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, Japan and the United States of America withholding other frequent attacks against the British Empire, Russia and France.
The Qing Empire and the Guangxu Emperor has yet to speak on the matter of the Boxer attacks, and for many Europeans and Japanese people alike, it is feared that China may be secretly in allegiance with the Boxer militias... Nevertheless, despite the truth on the matter being unconfirmed as either true or false, the world now wonders how the powers that be will react to this situation.

The region is in turmoil, and the prospect of all out war throughout China once again looms over the horizon. No one can claim to know how this development will progress.

(So, as you can see, this is the first RP-wide event that has been initiated for the various powers and players of the world to react to in their own ways... RP-wide events will become a trend throughout how ever long this RP lasts where the roleplay is spiced up with key events that will give pretty much everyone something to react to...)





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"My great uncle, and former Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia Franz Joseph was a great man, and an even better ruler for the proud empire of Austria-Hungary... For all in this great country, it had been a shock and a heartbreak to see him pass away to the hands of a heartless assassin, and to see uncle's death only mere years after my Father's, and Cousin's is a mental scar that I fear I may never recover from... Nevertheless, as the Emperor of Austria and the King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia my service is now to the country ever moreso than before, and as such to put personal feeling aside for the continued wellbeing of this grand nation is imperative. I can only hope that I may live up to my uncle's legacy to the best possible degree and bring the Austro-Hungarian Empire to new and greater heights than ever before."

The Emperor of Austria, and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia Franz Ferdinand in an address to the country circa 1899 upon coronation ...



The Austro-Hungarian Empire, led by the grand Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia, his imperial highness Franz Ferdinand is a great union of ethnicities, land and political entities located within Central Europe, and the Balkans... Bordered by the German and Russian Empires to the North, Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the West, Italy to both the West and South of the borders, Montenegro, the Principality of Bosnia and Serbia to the South and Romania to the East, Austria-Hungary's stability within both it's own borders and in relationships with it neighbors is imperative for the continued prosperity of the country... As of the 17th of May, 1900 the Empire suffers from Ethnic issues created from the various groups of peoples that exist within it's borders, of which many claim to be offered little representation to pursue their own ways of life, German domination in international politics through the Triple Alliance and various hostile or tense neighbors such as the Kingdom of Italy, Serbia, Romania and to a lesser extent, the Russian Empire.
In addition, Austria-Hungary lacks an efficient armed force and a low prestige amongst the international community due to various losses in battle, and in other minor fields to the other powers of the world, most notably to the German Empire and the Kingdom of Italy.

Nevertheless, under the guidance of his imperial highness, Franz Ferdinand the promise is that the issues that the Empire faces will be rectified under his leadership. If this promise is to be proved truthful, or if the reign of Franz Ferdinand will go down in infamy as the end of Austria-Hungary entirely is unknown, though the people of the country pray for the former...




Eine Entwicklung in Tianjin

Fejlesztés Tiencsinben


A Development in Tientsin


Through the first Sino-Japanese war of 1895, the Austro-Hungarian Empire had gained a Legation council and a district in the city of Tientsin from the Qing Empire through the concessions demanded by the participants of the war upon the defeat of China and the Joseon Dynasty of Korea, and though the five years of the council's establishment has been beneficial for Austria-Hungary in regards to the exploitation of business and produce from the area not to mention the trade that comes from the Qing Empire through the influence that Legation holds, it has also been problematic in addition, as citizens that now belong to Austria-Hungary are raided and attacked by Chinese militias and rebels throughout the Middle Kingdom...
During 1900, the attacks of Tientsin, Austria-Hungary and the good international community have only grown due to the actions of the Boxer Rebellions, a group that seeks to terrorize China and the Legations within and target the Christians of the country through indiscriminate slaughter in what is claimed to be "Liberation of China from foreign influence"... Most recently, a village had been besieged by the terroristic rebellion, of which followed was the killing of sixty great Christian worshippers and an Austro-Hungarian missionary by the name of Valdemar Rýpal, an action which has struck the realm from Tientsin to Wien with surprise and horror.

In response, Austrian Emperor and Hungarian, Bohemian and Croatian King Franz Ferdinand has authorized a mission of 3,500 loyal soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire to set sail to the legation within Tientsin to return order to the district and protect it from future Boxer attacks. With our European, American and Japanese counterparts Austria-Hungary will not allow the terroristic faction of Chinese people to continue to plunder the Christian communities of the country.
As of yet, the Qing Empire and the Guangxu Emperor have yet to comment on the attacks on Christian peoples within their lands, nor the Boxers' aggression towards the legally mandated legations of China established throughout the last half a century... Many within Austria-Hungary warn that the Qing Empire may be in league with the Boxer rebellion, though that can not be confirmed.

As of now, Austria-Hungary shall protect it's holding within China from further aggression, for the good of the citizens within Tientsin and the wider realm in addition. However, should the international community react to the Boxer rebellion with further action, Austria-Hungary will consider heightening intervention within the Qing Dynasty in tandem.



Die zweiten Olympischen Spiele, Paris Neunzehnhundert

A második olimpiai játékok, Párizs 1900


The Second Olympic Games, Paris 1900


A day ago, the Second Olympic Games had been announced within the French capital city of Paris and the activities of which constitute have begun in earnest... Many great sportsmen have taken to the streets, squares, fields and stadiums of France from many countries across the world from the United States of America to Japan, The United Kingdom to Greece and many more great contenders... As for Austria-Hungary, our great country has already allowed for multiple volunteers to partake in the games as competitors... For instance, professional discus player Rudolf Bauer from the Kingdom of Hungary has shown Austro-Hungarian prestige in sportsmanship through his promising performance in the competition for discus. We may only hope that he may continue to dominate the competition throughout the Olympic games and that fellow competitors that come from the great empire may also commit great feats in front of the international community.

We also wish best of luck to all other competitors performing their very best within Paris from across the world in addition.
Last edited by The Realm of Hyrule on Sat Nov 27, 2021 5:21 pm, edited 5 times in total.
_____________________________________The Princessdom of Hyrule_____________________________________
_____________________________________The Princessdom of Hyrule_____________________________________

The Princessdom of Hyrule. A fanfiction based on the Legend of Zelda :: Twilight Princess that takes place half a decade after the conclusion of the game. A new caste of Hyruleans, no less the newly built army resent the old Guard and Princess-Sovereign Zelda for the surrender of the realm to the Twilight and the weakness of Hyrule from invasion...

Meanwhile, the Zora worry greatly about the militarization of Hyrule, and the Goron less so due to the Economic stranglehold of the Rupee of which they have as leverage.


________.QnA (In construction)__.______
__________.About the user__________


Never again shall Hyrule fall, and never again shall we sully the name of Hylia under our weakness!

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New Provenance
Envoy
 
Posts: 267
Founded: Jan 09, 2021
Liberal Democratic Socialists

Postby New Provenance » Wed Nov 10, 2021 4:27 am

May 1900

Cabinet Room, The White House, Washington, D.C.

United States of America


"Gentlemen, the President of the United States." declared Vice President Arthur Sewall (D) as President William Jennings Bryan (D) entered the Cabinet Room on the ground floor of the White House, in the West Wing. Assembled in the room was the president's cabinet, which was composed of the secretaries of the top ten most important government departments, from the Department of Defense to the Department of Agriculture. President Bryan nodded at the vice president, who served as the cabinet chairman and thus coordinated the proceedings, before taking a seat at the head of the table.

"Gentlemen. I am sure you are by now all aware of the recent resurgence in Boxer activity in China, especially against European and American missionaries. Secretary Baker, an update on the situation for us." the President said, before turning to Daniel S. Lamont, the U.S. Secretary of War, the cabinet official responsible for presiding over the United States Army.

"Mister President, honorable gentlemen. The situation in Qing China has only gotten worse. The Boxer militias this year have stepped up their game, and attacks on foreign Legations and territories such as Liaoning, Jianzhou Bay, and Hong Kong. Four days ago, we received via telegram from our embassy in Beijing that attacks on German, Austro-Hungarian, Japanese and American missionaries have commenced. The possibility of the Qing government being in kahoots with these terrorists is likely." Secretary Lamont narrated, while reading from a document his secretary had prepared.

"Suggested course of action, Mister Baker?" the President asked, tapping his pen on the elegant mahogany table. Richard Olney, the Secretary of State, listened intently while his secretary silently scribbled down notes of the conversation in the background.

"I motion for immediate military intervention with the support of the Japanese, Mister President." the War Secretary replied, causing the President's eyes to widen and Olney to look at Lamont in surprise.

"With all due respect, Secretary Lamont, the United States is not in a position to get up and go to war. We'd need to consult the Japanese, the Russians, then there's Congress, then we'd have to mobilize. People are dying now, and an American intervention force won't be ready until at least three months from now." Olney said, with determination in his voice.

"Well, do you have any other ideas, Mister Secretary?" Lamont retorted, as the President and the other cabinet members shifted uncomfortably in light of the increasing tension between the two. President Bryan had known that Lamont, an interventionist, and Olney, a pacifist, did not usually get along policy-wise, but chose not to intervene.

"We send a squadron of warships, evacuate our men and women and clear out the embassy, provide help to the Japanese if we have to." replied Olney.

"Mister Olney, Mister Lamont, forgive me for intervening in your debate, but Olney's suggestion isn't that bad. Deploying a naval squadron would be quite simple and quick, wouldn't it, Secretary Herbert?" the President responded, turning to Hilary Herbert, the Secretary of the Navy.

"Indeed, Mister President. We'd need support from the Japanese, though." the Navy Secretary replied.

War Secretary Lamont, realizing that the President had been turned in favor of sending a naval squadron rather than a bulk of the United States Armed Forces, resigned to his fate. "Mister President, I withdraw my proposal and endorse Secretary Olney's proposal." Lamont said, with perhaps a trickle of bitterness in his voice.

The President nodded, saying, "Is the Cabinet all in favor?"

The room nodded in assent.

"Alright then. You are all dismissed. Olney, Lamont, get together with the Joint Army-Navy Board to write up a statement for me to make public, perhaps at the Capitol. Miss Wilkerson, please notify our lobbyists to begin campaigning for Congressional approval." the President stated, before turning to Rosa Wilkerson, his private secretary.

The Cabinet secretaries began filing out of the room, another day's meeting completed.
Commonwealth of Atlantic States (formerly named Commonwealth of New Provenance)
President Robert J. Carter (D)
Current time: January 2040
Federal presidential constitutional democracy
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The Century That Changed Everything as the United States, 2021: A Brave New Decade as China, A War of Blood and Steel as Canada, America the Beautiful as Rep. Frank Taylor
Governed by President Robert J. Carter since 2036, the world's sole superpower as of 2040. See the factbook for more information

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Hypron
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1382
Founded: May 10, 2018
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Hypron » Wed Nov 10, 2021 7:04 am

May 25, 1900

Official Residence of the Prime Minister, Tokyo, Japan

A man clad in a military uniform was rushed through the Residence in a hurry. Normally, the Prime Minister of the Empire of Japan would not be rushing through the Official Residence, however this was different. With the Boxers rising up in the Qing Empire, the Empire of Japan is threatened the most by this, with their legations across China, the occupation of Tianjin, but most importantly, the Kwantung Peninsula.

The door opens to the main office, with the Imperial Cabinet standing up. "Prime Minister, sir." "Please, everyone take a seat." Everyone does so, and Prime Minister Yamagata Aritomo takes his seat at the head of the Cabinet. "Well, gentleman. As you must know, the Yihetuan Movement have finally struck. Legations across China have been attacked, along with missionaries from the West and the Empire. The IJA have managed to keep Tianjin pacified, however that won't last long if the Boxers send reinforcements to Tianjin." "Meanwhile, the Kwantung Army General Headquarters have had scattered reports of attacks all across Dalian, but nothing too serious. Has the Guangxu Emperor notified the Foreign Office on anything?" "No, sir, although our network of agents are showing Qing anti-rebellion movements." "Mr. Sanetsune, what is the Emperor's opinion on this?"

"Lord Prime Minister, the Emperor will support any action taken by the Prime Minister's office." The third most powerful person in Japan was the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, with the position currently being held by Tokudaiji Sanetsune. "However, we must move quickly. If we take too long, the Boxers could cause all of us problems." "I couldn't agree more. I have already called a meeting of the IJA-GSO to discuss matters with our High Command. Speaking of which, I'll be late if I don't leave now. If you will all excuse me." The cabinet stands with the Prime Minister and all bow, which he returns, then he leaves.

Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office Headquarters, downtown Tokyo, Japan

Chief of the Army General Staff Field Marshal Ōyama Iwao, Vice Chief of the Army General Staff General Ueda Arisawa, and General Affairs Management, Kwantung Army Lt. General Yamaguchi Motomi were sitting in the main room looking over a map of Eastern China. "The best line of attack is into Manchuria with the Kwantung Army and the 1st Korean Army. 75,000 men ready to invade and secure our possessions in Korea and the Kwantung Peninsula." Iwao opens the strategic conversation by suggesting an invasion of Manchuria, with Motomi countering with an alternate; "With all due respect, sir. We should be moving on Peking to secure the legations there. I recommend a dual-pronged strike from Tianjin and Shandong, with an secondary operation into Manchuria to distract the Boxer militias."

Then, Prime Minister Aritomo arrives, everyone turns to salute him. Aritomo salutes back, and sets his hat down and joins the remaining generals at the map table. "What's the strategic situation, Generals?" "The Boxer militias have been mainly centralized around Peking and Tianjin, although scattered reports have shown Boxer soldiers in Kwantung. The current number of rebels are at least in the tens of thousands, maybe more. The General Staff have agreed on 2 plans, although which one to pursue we don't know to take. The first is an Invasion of Manchuria with the Kwantung Army and the 1st Korean Army, and the second is an offensive from Tianjin and Shandong to Beijing. Both have the same objective, secure our holdings within the Qing Empire."

"Hmm, how many soldiers can we spare for this operation?" "120,000 men, mostly from the Kwantung Army and the 1st Korean, but the 5th Division and the 7th Division can be mobilized in the mainland, and the 6th Division has already been sent to reinforce the Tianjin garrison. With partial mobilization, we can have an additional 7 divisions up at arms in 3 weeks." "I want you to have the Kwantung Army and the 1st Korean begin their attack into Manchuria, while the 5th and 6th Division move in a double-prong maneuver. Meanwhile, I want the 7th Division to land in Hainan Island, to secure the area as a supply route and a stopping point for Europeans to return to Europe. Only execute when I give the order." "We'll get right on it, sir."

Korean-Kwantung-Manchurian Border, May 27, 1900

The Army of the Empire of Japan is known as one of the best in Asia. One of the few modern armies on the continent, it's tactics had shown themselves to be effective in the First Sino-Japanese War. Now, they would get a chance to show them again, if things didn't play out as hoped. The 1st Korean Army and the Kwantung Army were mobilized along the Chinese-Korean-Japanese Border, waiting for the order from the Emperor.
Last edited by Hypron on Wed Nov 10, 2021 12:05 pm, edited 3 times in total.

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Hanovereich
Diplomat
 
Posts: 830
Founded: Jun 24, 2021
Democratic Socialists

Postby Hanovereich » Wed Nov 10, 2021 10:48 am

The United Kingdom

29 May 1900




Cabinet Room
10 Downing Street

Prime Minister Robert Cecil rose to greet his colleagues, His Majesty's Secretaries of State. They filed into the Cabinet Room one by one, and took their places. One they had all sat down and greeted each other, the 3rd Marquess of Salisbury began.

"Greetings, colleagues." he said, taking out his print of the day's agenda. "First on the list is the Boxer Rebellion. Hong Kong has been attacked and raided by Boxers. We need to stop them, now. What have we got?"

The Marquess of Lansdowne, Secretary of War, spoke up. "We can raise 5,000 soldiers straight from India within a week, and have them sailed to Hong Kong within 1-2 months."

Cecil nodded his approval. "Good. Raise that to 10,000, I think. And Lansdowne, you can take care of it all. You have carte blanche. This is our top priority now."

Lansdowne then continued. "We shall also deploy 2 Canopus-class battleships from our China Station to Hong Kong, to check it out. You can never know when the Boxers- I daresay the Qing- might act."

Cecil nodded. "We also have this statement from the Japanese that arrived on my desk today." He read out the statement from the Japanese on the Boxer rebels. When he had finished, he looked around him. All of his colleagues approved of it, he could tell from their faces. "We shall start sending soldiers into Hong Kong tomorrow. Off we go, gentlemen."

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Orostan
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Orostan » Wed Nov 10, 2021 12:42 pm

The Great Qing
May 30th, 1900


What had been troubling the already troubled country were new disturbances all across it. People had begun to take the issue of foreign influence into their own hands following a string of natural disasters, and the empire could not be worse for wear because of it. Already the Japanese had begun moving men around on their border and the British had begun moving ships according to observers on the coast. In response, the Guangxu Emperor had ordered the office of general management (China's equivalent to a foreign office) to assure the western powers that their investments would be protected. A message had also been delivered to the Russians through their presence in Beijing regarding Japanese movements and the potential of their landing in Manchuria, which was of economic interest to the Russians. It was also assured to them that the Qing government would defend their railways and was deploying additional men to provide protection in certain places. At the same time a message was delivered to the Japanese which was not about their potential imminent attack but instead regarded an economic partnership arrangement that China was interested in negotiating about the mining industry in the northeastern areas of Japanese interest. It was hoped the Japanese would get the message that peaceful relations were more profitable than war as the message also included a note about the protection of Japanese investments. The British had to be contacted too and were assured of the safety of their citizens in Hong Kong. The presence of parts of China's modern military force in Guangdong province protecting British citizens was noted in the message and although the British certainly knew of those men, the intention was to make it clear that any military intention was unwarranted. It was also to make clear that if an invasion did happen there would be resistance.

On the domestic front things were less tense but only slightly so. The emperor's cleaning out of the bureaucracy over the past couple of years had proved beneficial as Beijing received accurate and fairly quick information from the provinces regarding the boxers. There existed sympathy for them in many parts of the bureaucracy and in the Emperor's court and so despite the policy of protecting foreign citizens and assets an offer was extended to the largest boxer groups that could be found. China would need men like them in the coming years, it was said. To truly defeat foreign influence a long term strategy was required. China was not yet ready to fight the empires - but it could be soon with their help. Some of the more fanatic ones would reject this offer and continue their attacks while others would allow themselves to be brought into the government. Some government officials though would not go along with the orders. Prince Duan in particular was obstinate and insisted that the Qing government side with the rebels, and it was with his influence as an important reactionary in the Qing court that caused the government to begin another initiative where for the foreigners "own protection" foreign missionaries and their followers would be sent to foreign embassies and told to leave the country.
Image
Officers from the Qing New Army, a modernized force built on European principles that gained more political prominence following Yuan Shikai's siding with the Guangxu Emperor after an attempted coup by the Empress Dowager Cixi.
Last edited by Orostan on Wed Nov 10, 2021 7:52 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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New Provenance
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Liberal Democratic Socialists

Postby New Provenance » Wed Nov 10, 2021 2:09 pm

May 1900

Floor of the House of Representatives, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C.

United States of America


". . . . For over two hundred years, the United States of America has flourished, expanded, and prospered under the free and liberal rule of this federal government. Our great nation, created originally as a Great Experiment, prospered and thrived thanks to the maintenance of peace, prosperity, unity, and an open trade policy with our neighbors, allies and friends. However, it is clear to all present here today that the freedoms of the United States, and its possessions in Asia and the Pacific, from the city of Manila to San Francisco on our very own mainland, could be in serious danger. The risk of Japanese military forces entering China and occupying it permanently is substantial. The risk of the United States Navy being decisively defeated in a naval battle likely, should we not act now. We have to stop the ball before it catches too much momentum."

House Majority Leader Sereno E. Payne (R-NY)'s voice echoed throughout the chamber of the House of Representatives, on the famed Capitol Hill. Where bills were passed and political intrigue and interest took utmost importance and respect. The United States Congress had been for the past few days engaged in a deadlock over American intervention in the Qing Crisis, with the Democratic-dominated Senate being skeptical of intervention and the Republican-dominated House being highly supportive of intervention, with a select few supportive of intervening against not just China but Japan as well.

"I can see it in your eyes, your faces, your expressions. I have spoken of nothing but the truth, and the House knows that. Please take that into consideration during the final vote. Thank you." Payne finished, ending his speech to a round of thunderous applause from the Republicans and, surprisingly enough, polite applause from a fair bit of the Democrats present. The House Majority Leader bowed before leaving the podium and taking his seat. The Speaker of the House, Thomas Brackett Reed, rose from his seat to address the House.

"The debate period is over. Members of the House are allotted five minutes to take a break before the final vote. Dismissed." Reed declared, before banging the gavel, prompting the Congressmen to get out of their seats and slowly file out of the room, going to use the bathroom, or make a final attempt to lobby the support of politicians from the other party. Majority Leader Payne left to do just that, following a group of Democrats led by the House Minority Leader, James D. Richardson (D-TN).




Outside the Chamber of the House of Representatives

"Mister Richardson, gentlemen, if you have a moment of your time." Payne called over to the group, composed of about four Democrats and the House Minority Leader, prompting them to turn around and stare at Payne with a hint of annoyance in their eyes. The Majority Leader's stinging speech, which attacked the Democrats for inaction against 'threats to American national security', could turn the tide of the vote significantly. "Well, go on then, Sereno." replied Richardson, crossing his arms over his chest.

"I am sure you all realize the threat the Japanese could pose to us in the future. The threat they already pose to the Philippines, Guam, Hawaii. Millions of Americans, all in the range and possibly the sights of the Japs. A Japanese Empire from the Kuril Islands to Hainan is a threat not only to East Asian peace, but to our allies Britain and France and also to the United States itself. I ask you all to consider this. We cannot ignore threats to our security, or we'll end up acting when it's too late." Payne narrated, while the Congressmen listened patiently.

"Sereno, we could cooperate with the Japs, you know? Express our concerns. Work together to keep the peace." replied the House Minority Leader.

"They. Will. Not. Listen. Not until we have a five times stronger navy than them." Payne rebutted, just as the Congressmen in the hallway they were standing in began filing back into the House chamber. "Consider it, gentlemen." the House Majority Leader said, before nodding to them and leaving to resume the vote.




Headlines of the Week

    HOUSE OF REPS PASS RESOLUTION GRANTING PRES. PERMISSION TO INTERVENE IN CHINA FOR DEFENSE PURPOSES


    U.S. WILL DEFEND CITIZENS IN CHINA, PRES. BRYAN SAYS


    THEO ROOSEVELT LEADS IN POLLS FOR MOST SUPPORTED GOP PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE FOR 1900 ELECTIONS


    A ROOSEVELT V. BRYAN ELECTION: WHAT COULD BE THE RESULT?

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Ovstylap
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Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

An Introduction, A Time for Prayer, and A Manchurian Morning

Postby Ovstylap » Wed Nov 10, 2021 7:43 pm

OOC: For the purpose of simplicity, unless otherwise later changed, all posts will make use of the Gregorian calendar as with most of the world, even though the Julien calendar was still in use in the Russian Empire (from 1901, the Julien calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian). This first post contains an introduction to Russia's standing in the world, as well as beginning two plot points for the RP. The second post will focus more on matters of state, both diplomatic and internal.


An Overview

Rossiyskaya Imperiya. The grandest nation in the entire world, stretching almost 9 million square miles, and with a population of more than 125 million, the Russian Empire physical immensity, and demographic significance are well known to the powers of the world. To say however that any one power is familiar with Russia at the dawn of this new century would be incorrect. Russia remains, to varying extents, something of a mystery. It is simultaneously a civilised nation, where many of the upper classes speak French, and where German expertise has aided in the country’s ongoing industrialisation, and yet it is a nation of many peoples, of many contrasts, of many frictions.

Russia shares borders with many major powers in this world, and others more minor. From North to South, Russia shares western borders with the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, with the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires, and with Romania. Along its southern borders, the Sick Man of Europe, the Ottoman Empire, lies beyond the Black Sea and the Caucasus mountains. Qajar Persia, Afghanistan, and the Qing Dynasty all share borders with the Russian Empire as well. Finally there is the Japanese influenced Joseon Dynasty on the Korean Peninsula, and many of Russia’s islands are exceptionally close to Meiji Japan, and are within the latter’s interests…

From the Finns to the Poles, the Muscovites to the Georgians, the Ukrainians to the Kalmyks, there are over 200 ethnic or national groupings, and a great many denominations and variations of religion all exist within Russia’s vast territories. With a standing army of over 1.5 million men, with an industrial workforce almost 2.5 million strong, and secured by the scale of its own geography, the Russian Empire cannot be underestimated.

Yet despite these appearances of strength, the Russian Empire is in many ways a vulnerable, fractured, even backwards nation. Compared to the European Great Powers, or to the United States, Russia is under industrialized, and even as it seeks greater industrialized there are a host of socio-economic issues. Furthermore, as it seeks foreign capital and investment to enable industrialization, it finds itself more attached to the volatile global situation at the turn of this century. However, these macroeconomic issues however pale in comparison to the unrest that Russia sees. If things continue the current trajectory, by 1903 the Russian Army may well have been used over 1500 times to suppress unrest, strikes, and demonstrations since 1883.

The Great Game continues with the British Empire to determine spheres of interest in the Middle East, the rapidly rising Japan appears to have its sights set on Manchuria, the Qing Dynasty veers between outward hostility and internal chaos. The Ottoman Empire appears vulnerable, though some powers wish to uphold the status quo, whilst others would likely take advantage of the chance to achieve independence from the Ottomans, or to secure territory for themselves should the Ottomans collapse. Germany appears stronger than ever, having triumphed over France in the 1870s and industrializing with apparent success- yet even here there are growing liberal sentiments which could easily penetrate Russia. Finally, there is Austria-Hungary, whose recent turmoil with assassinations of monarchs, and issues of self-determination and political stability appear to give Russia reason to both fear that it may face similar issues, but perhaps Austria-Hungary will be willing to develop greater bonds.

It appears that out of all of the Great Powers, only the United States of America, and France, give the Russian Empire no reason to fear.

The Alexander Palace, 30 miles south of Saint Petersburg, May 28, 1900.
A Time for Prayer

“My dearest Alix, my wonderful Alexandra.” Nicholas spoke with a warm tone of affection, a sincere smile across his cheeks and lips. “I know that it shall be somewhat peculiar for me to be away from you, and our three wonderful daughters, but in my heart I know that this is what I must do.” There was a trace of sadness in his voice as he spoke, but the words were clear and serious.

Her Imperial Highness, the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna had taken those names and titles upon her marriage to Nikolai Alexandrovich, now His Imperial Majesty The Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias over five and a half years ago. Now she took the gloved hands of the man whom she loved, Tsar Nicholas II, and smiled generously at him.
“My dear, of course I support you in this. I assure you that we shall manage through this, in much the same way as any time you have been away for matters of state. Even as you pray, I shall pray for you also.” She gave his hands a slight squeeze, and her eyes shone as he lifted her right hand in his, and kissed it delicately, his moustache tickling the back of her hand.

With that, he stood fully upright, grinned slightly, before a serious look came across his face as he turned crisply and walked a few meters to the chestnut horse held for him by an ornately dressed manservant. In the saddlebag was a change of sturdy yet humble civilian clothes, fit for a common gamekeeper, some tinder, and some fodder for his horse, importantly however, there was no food. Already mounted up and waiting patiently were an Orthodox priest, and behind him, two Cossacks belonging to the Konvoi, the Imperial Escort. The Cossacks carried a few basic tools in addition to their own belongings, and although the Tsar had no food, they had brought a small amount with them, not just for themselves, but in case the Tsar should fall unwell from his coming fast. Equipped with carbines and sabres, the Cossacks had donned inconspicuous civilian attire, as opposed to wearing their standard gala uniform, with their scarlet cherkesskas and white beshmets.
It was a bright and sunny morning, with a modest cloud cover, and the Tsar’s watch showed it to be ten minutes past the ninth hour of the day. He had already said his farewells to the children at breakfast, though mostly to Olga, who was old enough to understand that her father would be away for a few days. “It is time, let us depart.” The Tsar spoke, before clicking his tongue and slightly driving in his spurs, causing his horse to move into a steady walk. The others followed along, travelling through the palace grounds, before turning some minutes later to the south-east.

Somewhere in Manchuria, along the Chinese Eastern Railway, May 29, 1900
A Manchurian morning

“After another hour we’ll stop for lunch I’m thinking.” One of the several Cossacks riding adjacent to the railway remarked casually, with affirmative murmurs coming from further back in the patrol. They had already been riding for a reasonable amount of time, asserting their presence along the railway and checking for signs of sabotage, including the placement of obstacles on the line.

The Khunkhuzy bandits, known in Qing China as Honghuzi, had long plagued parts of Manchuria, both Qing and Russian, as well as other areas in the Russian Far East. Now however, their activity seemed to be growing both in scale and severity, with several attacks in the past couple of months on workers and the soldiers escorting them, who were constructing the Chinese Eastern Railway between Chita and Vladivostok. It appeared that the Honghuzi and the Boxers were in this part of the country one and the same.

The hungry Cossack frowned as he saw the lead rider turn his horse to the right, heading down a small track away from the railway which divided a field of kaoliang broomcorn, which had been planted recently. Around two to three hundred meters from the track was a small knoll, rising up by little more than fifteen meters from the surrounding ground. “Danylo, where are you taking us” he called out to the front man.
“To that small patch of higher ground up ahead, we should have a better look around for any positions to observe the railway.” Shrugging, the hungry man waved a hand, silently telling the others in the patrol, admittedly a rather boring one, to follow on.

****
It wasn’t so much higher than the fields around them that it was suspicious, but a keen eyed Russian or Imperial Qing soldier might well see the knoll that Sain and Jakdan, two Honghuzi bandits, were lying on. Muke had their small horses about thirty meters behind the hillock. Sain was watching the Russian cavalry patrol making their way steadily along the railway, approaching a small track dividing the crop fields adjacent the railway. They didn’t appear particularly alert, and were barely looking around, and so he wasn’t too concerned. He passed his telescope over to Jakdan, and reached his hand out for his Mauser, just for the comfort of having it close by.

“I’m still thinking that it’d be better to hit the railway from our last position back east. There’s some good cover from view in those ditches,” Sain spoke, whilst Jakdan merely grunted and continued to watch the Russians.
“Shit.” Sain raised an eyebrow. Then shuffled up to get eyes on the Russians. “Oh shit have they seen us?” Jakdan spoke with an edge of worry in his voice. He passed the telescope to Sain who took it and quickly focused in on the leading cavalryman, a Cossack on a black horse. He was looking back, and talking to someone else it seemed, and a few moments later, the other members of the patrol turned onto the track, heading almost directly towards the knoll.
“No they’ve not seen us, but they’re probably coming to this hill. We should go, there’s eight of them.” Sain said, with more calm than Jakdan. He edged away from the hillock, still holding his telescope. Jakdan also crawled back from the rim of the hill, and then took the telescope from Sain, packing it into his belt. Sain grabbed his rifle and once sufficiently down the hill he crouched and hurried over to Muke who had already grabbed his rifle from his horse.

A few moments later, Jakdan was making his way over as well. “Jakdan, your rifle, you idiot,” Muke chastised him. The youth went wide eyed for a moment, and then turned back towards the hill, which blocked the view of the Cossacks coming their way. Sain sighed.
“If we live today, I’m giving him a black eye.” He grabbed the reins of his horse, and Jakdan’s, and took it towards the hill, believing that it would be too close a call to expect Jakdan to be able to run back and mount up before the Russians were too close.

****
The hill did appear to be the best spot to observe the railway, although its use in observing the surrounding ground was reduced by its insignificant height. Still, it livened things up going somewhere new. As Danylo was approaching the bottom of the hillock, he stopped and raised a hand. A few seconds later the second rider realised and also halted, drawing the rest of the patrol to a stop. Danylo listened, and closed his eyes, his hand still raised in the air. A horse snorted loudly over the hill. He opened his eyes at once, and then called out: “hyah” and urged his horse straight up the hill. As he did so he readied his carbine from the saddle, holding it tucked under his arm, as he guided his horse up a slightly better route onto the hillock. The others followed.

His head appeared over the high point, and within a moment he was fully over the hill. His horse swerved to the left as he tugged sharply on the reigns, as he saw a young Manchu looking directly at him whilst putting a boot into a stirrup. Another one, older, was standing by a horse, aiming directly at him.

“Khunkhuzy!” Danylo began to shout, but he had barely shouted half of the word before the bandit fired. The impact and the crack were practically simultaneous at that range, and he was hurled backwards, hand still tightly gripping the reigns, causing his black horse to rear up. A moment later another Cossack was over the hill, and the others were shouting, hurriedly unslinging their rifles, and urging their horses up the incline. The hungry Cossack drew his sabre instead. A second crack of the rifle and another Cossack was falling.

****
“GO JAKDEN, GO!” Sain shouted, bolting his Mauser as the black horse reared. Jakdan drove his horse straight into a canter, causing it to snort again, his rifle slung over his back. Muke also fired as more Cossacks came over the hill. Jakdan heard Sain fire twice more before he reached Muke, who was firing from the saddle. He looked back and began to unsling his rifle before Muke grabbed his arm, and slung his own rifle. “We need, to go. Now.” Jakdan looked back as he saw to see Sain vainly put his rifle out in front of him, before being crushed into the ground by one of the Cossack horses. A second Cossack trampled him, whilst the others were already stretched out into a line, firing wildly at them from the saddle. They rode as fast as they could, their horses occasionally struggling with the recently ploughed fields.

The Cossacks yelped and shouted as they urged their horses on, seeking to avenge their three fallen comrades. The hungry Cossack sheathed his sabre and dismounted smoothly, unslinging his rifle. “Bastards” he muttered, as he crouched down, aiming his Nagant at the rider on the right. He finished taking in his breath, then squeezed the trigger. A punch from the recoil, a flash from the muzzle, a bloody loud bang as it fired. And then he stood, squinting as the other Cossacks kicked up dust and soil, already some fifty meters ahead of him. His target was still riding. “Bastard.” He swore again. But then, the bandit’s horse was swerving more and more to the right, as the rider slumped over to the right, barely remaining in the saddle. The Cossacks let out a cheer, but continued firing inaccurately from the saddle at the last remaining rider…

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The Realm of Hyrule
Spokesperson
 
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Founded: May 10, 2021
Authoritarian Democracy

Postby The Realm of Hyrule » Thu Nov 11, 2021 11:16 am

Image




Image

Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn, Colonial Governor of the Tientsin Legation
Image
______________________________

31st of May, 1900
Mandated Legation of Tientsin
Tientsin, Great Qing
Austro-Hungarian Empire

______________________________


The stars in the night sky and the waxing moon casting an ethereal glow down towards the streets of Tientsin had been creating more light than the dim electronic lamps and the candle-lit windows of the buildings that attempt to penetrate the bleak depths of the night... At the very least, that is what the four lone Austro-Hungarian soldiers and their mounts by their side may have been thinking, for though placed in one of the largest cities of the Great Qing and more specifically the Chinese loan within to Wien, westernization has yet to have reached the many buildings, the streets and suburbs of this underdeveloped city, ever so far away from the mainland and from home.

Leaning against the side and saddle of a chestnut steed would have been the Sergeant, sir Carsten von Bahnohn, his straight-pull action Mannlicher rifle laying between the palm of his gloved hand and the cobbled street of Tientsin below, his free hand constantly raising a cigar to and from his mouth as it ruffled through his thick moustache, the puffs adding smoke to the immediate surroundings that may not have already been present in this westernizing city. Under his immediate command were three other soldiers, whom like their hundreds other comrades stranded so far from Wien, Budapest, Prague or Zagreb, were tasked to defend this city legation from the threats that may try to assault it... Most recently, the news is across the legation that the Boxer militias though nevertheless unknown if in league with the Qing or otherwise continue to wreak unorganized chaos across the Chinese country and the foreign legations that inhibit in addition. Carsten von Bahnohn had seen skirmish with the Boxers before, for these terrorists fight with no honour nor discipline. They strike you when the fell like it, and how the feel like it. In addition to the scattered reports of a sacking of a Christian village and the butchering of an Austro-Hungarian missionary, there's little wonder why he's puffing hard on his cigar. Anything to calm the nerves.

Karl von Manfried, another soldier was sitting on an overturned wooden crate not five metres from his superior, watching the windows of the nearby buildings if anything to pass the time, and beside himself leaning against a brick wall would have been Viktor Hildegarde-Salzburg, who had his rifle in hand, the sound of the straight-pull bolt filling the streets as he would pull it back to forth almost constantly. None of the others had the energy to discipline the soldier, they were as tired and stressed as he was.
And then, there was the young Private, Faragó Adrián... Out of place he was for being Hungarian, surrounded by three German compatriots. It's an issue all across Austria-Hungary, yet even as far as Tientsin and as proven by the young Private himself, communication between soldiers seems like an everyday problem. He could not speak German, and either the others could not speak Hungarian or are otherwise too uncaring to address him. He would kneel against the floor, his coat rustling against the ground below muttering in Hungarian and his hand audibly shaking against the body of his Mannlicher M1895. Perhaps he felt uncomfortable in the dark or in the presence of soldiers that were close enough to being foreign without classifying as completely foreigners, or perhaps his more impressionable mind had more reason to fear a Boxer skirmish than even his Austrian compatriots.


Finally, the Sergeant would get sick of the sound of the bolt of Viktor's gun constantly going off. Turning to the soldier with a disapproving glare and an overtly annoyed gesture he would have quickly commented to him: "Es aufgeben. Das wird nervig und ehrlich gesagt unsicher" (Give it up. That's getting annoying and frankly, unsafe)... In return, the younger soldier would have looked up from his Mannlicher towards Carsten von Bahnohn and apologised quickly. "Entschuldigen Sie mein Herr." (I'm sorry, Sir. )
With the exception of the Hungarian's quiet mumblings and the puffing of the cigar from the Sergeant, a noticeable silence would fill the street. However, that silence would not last for too long.

For a lone Chinese woman would approach the soldiers with a face that seems to convey desperation would speed walk towards them whilst muttering in her native language, and it would not take much longer for the Chinese person to reach them. Carsten von Bahnohn, not to mention the other three soldiers would quickly turn their bodies to look at the distressed native with curiosity, worry and apprehension... This is with exception to Faragó Adrián who would be ever so slowly inching away from the distressed Chinese woman, eager to not have to interact and Viktor Hildegarde-Salzburg who would instead once again unholster his rifle and keep it firmly within his hands.
The woman would be screaming and crying saying: "我的寶貝呢!我的寶貝呢 !" (Where's my baby! Where's my baby!) which none of the soldiers could truly decipher, that is until in completely broken German she would have desperately said "Mein Schatz" (My sweetheart)... Now Carsten von Bahnohn would look towards what the woman was carrying, which looked to be something long and solid wrapped up by cloth, some which had been ripped in places to expose what was underneath, if only partly... The Sergeant would look confused upon spotting it's metallic frame underneath, but would turn his attention to the woman once again, asking quickly: "Die Komplikation, Frau?" (The Complication, Madam?)... The woman would not answer, and all four soldiers would notice with concern her change in gesture from desperation to a blank stare, as if just a second ago she wasn't crying about her sweetheart.

And then, something fell out of her hand, the item that she had been holding and quickly, she would begin running away at speed. One look down below by the Sergeant, seeing the now uncovered metallic item with the cloth draped next to it, a sudden panic would set in as he would scream to his soldiers: "Scheiße, Scheiße! Das ist eine Bombe! Geh in Sicherheit!" (Shit, shit! This is a bomb! Go to safety!)
In return, a panic would set in with the three others, even the Hungarian which, though he didn't understand German completely understood the desperation and shock in Carsten von Bahnohn's voice. Both Karl von Manfried and Faragó Adrián would panic and run away in the same direction, whilst Carsten von Bahnohn would attempt to mount his steed swiftly, Viktor Hildegarde-Salzburg raising his Mannlicher quickly, the shot of a bullet leaving his rifle creating a thundering boom as it would race towards the Chinese woman, though would miss by inches. And then, it happened... The street erupted into flames as the improvised explosive dropped at the feet of the Sergeant only seconds ago would explode in horrifying fashion...




Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Bist du sicher, dass du richtig liegst? Zwei Tote, ein Verletzter..."
(Are you sure you are right? Two dead, one injured...)
Soldier of Austria-Hungary
"Leider so, Euer Ehren"
(Unfortunately so, your honour)

The Governor of the Legation of Tientsin that had been given to Austria-Hungary upon the conclusion of the first Sino-Japanese War, sir Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn had always been concerned of Austro-Hungarian soldiers, Austro-Hungarian citizens living in a land so far away from Wien and as such, concerningly far from any support or reinforcement. But these fears had only exarserbated in his mind as the so called "Boxers", nationalistic Chinese people and militants who saw themselves as vigilantes for the Qing Dynasty in using cruel violence to attempt to be rid foreign influence within the Middle Kingdom had risen to prominence within the country and began carrying out acts of terrorism on the good people of Austria-Hungary and of the other Westerners that call the lands of China their home... The 17th of May attack on the Chinese Christians, not to mention on a single Austro-Hungarian missionary had caused much concern for sir von Wahlborn for the security of Tientsin, and as the attack on the Austro-Hungarian soldiers that had occurred that previous night had proven, his concerns had seemed to be correct.
For now he worries if the small garrison of one and a half thousand soldiers of the Legation would be enough to stop the casualties from continuing; Chinese, Austro-Hungarian or other. Because now, despite how the Boxers hated the fact, the people within the Legation district were Austro-Hungarian, and it would be their country's duty to protect them.


Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Möge Gott uns gnädig sein ... Ohne weitere Soldaten können wir die Sicherheit des Distrikts nicht erhöhen, und ich fürchte, wir werden sie nie bekommen."
(May God have mercy on us ... Without more soldiers we cannot increase the security of the district, and I fear we will never get them.)
Soldier of Austria-Hungary
"Herr von Wahlborn, nehmen wir nicht an. Wien hat vielleicht schon Nachricht von den Boxern erhalten und könnte es für richtig halten, dass mehr Soldaten geschickt werden, um ihre Gesandtschaft zu sichern."
(Sir von Wahlborn, let's not assume. Vienna may have already received news of the boxers and might consider it right that more soldiers should be sent to secure their legation)
Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Ich kann nur hoffen, dass du Recht hast, Soldat."
(I can only hope that you are right, soldier)



Image

______________________________

30th of May, 1900
Wien
Austria
The Austro-Hungarian Empire
______________________________


Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Herr von Körber, Herr Mihály. Ihre Kommentare zu den Problemen innerhalb von Tientsin sind willkommen, aber ich habe das Thema angesprochen ... Tausende von österreichisch-ungarischen Soldaten werden rechtzeitig in den Bezirk einziehen."
(Sir von Körber, Sir Mihály. Your comments on the problems within Tientsin are welcome, but I have addressed the issue ... Thousands of Austro-Hungarian soldiers will move into the district in time)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Auch wenn es für diejenigen, die in China festsitzen, unglücklich ist, gibt es wenig, was wir sonst tun können. Ich glaube, eine dringendere Diskussion betrifft Österreich-Ungarn und seinen Platz in der heutigen Welt."
(While it is unfortunate for those stuck in China, there is little else we can do. I think a more pressing discussion concerns Austria-Hungary and its place in the world today)

The Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia, Franz Ferdinand had been plagued with an apprehension for Tientsin ever since the 17th, for even the distance between Wien and Tientsin could not stop the news of Boxer attacks against good Christian people, and Austro-Hungarian citizens from reaching his ears swiftly... Nevertheless, though it would not ever be overtly communicated to the Minister-President of Austria, Ernest von Kroeber and the spokesperson that is speaking on Hungarian Prime Minister Kálmán Széll's behalf, Franz Ferdinand would find annoyance that the situation is once more brought up... In an Empire that is constructed in the way Austria-Hungary is, which is fair to say: Poorly, it is imperative that one must not beat around the bush and ignore the many problems that stands in the way of the great nation and stable prosperity...
Franz Ferdinand, perhaps even more than anyone in the country understands that to put one's personal opinions and perhaps even ideals aside to allow this country to not cave in on itself as it had been threatening to do ever since it's inception is very much necessary indeed... Internally the country threatens disillusionment almost daily because of the many ethnic groups who want a say in the matters of their own lands. Externally, Austria-Hungary relies an uncomfortable amount on Germany due to the Triple Alliance and has been alienated, either by their own actions or other factors from many of the other powers that be across the world, such as the Russian Empire and especially so, the Kingdom of Italy.

The Emperor of Austria and the King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia understands this all... He would dishonour himself and the proud country massively if his reign brought the end of the nation, more than any cooperation with Slavic peoples or the ignorance of dislike of Italy or any other factor at play...

Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Kommen wir zu den Tatsachen... Die Faktoren Österreich-Ungarns benachteiligen uns mehr als vorteilhaft. Es ist unsere Pflicht, als Kaiser und König, als Ministerpräsident und Premierminister, mit unseren heilsamen Handlungen Instabilität abzuwehren."
(Let's get to the facts ... The factors of Austria-Hungary disadvantage us more than favorably. It is our duty as emperor and king, as minister-president and prime minister, to use our beneficial actions to ward off instability)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Zu Beginn, Herr Mihály, möchte ich Ungarns Partnerschaft mit Österreich ansprechen und wie sie auf ein günstigeres Niveau gehoben werden kann."
(To begin with, Mr Mihály, I would like to address Hungary's partnership with Austria and how it can be raised to a more favorable level)
Kovács Mihály, Spokesperson for Hungarian Prime Minister Kálmán Széll
"Nun gut, Eure kaiserliche Hoheit... Wir Ungarn sind, wenn überhaupt, stolz, und als solche wünscht sich das Volk eine höhere kulturelle Repräsentation innerhalb dieser Union. Bei der Ehre des Premierministers würde ich vorschlagen, zunächst die ungarische Vertretung in den Streitkräften zu verstärken."
(Well, Your Imperial Highness ... We Hungarians are proud, if anything, and as such the people want a higher cultural representation within this Union. In honor of the Prime Minister, I would suggest that the Hungarian representation in the armed forces be strengthened first)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Das ist kompliziert, Euer Ehren ... Es gibt nur zwei verschiedene Wege, die auftreten können, und keiner ist perfekt ... Die ungarische Stärke in der gemeinsamen Armee zu erhöhen, droht die Destabilisierung, indem die Macht der Landwehr und anderer Teile der Armee überwiegt."
(This is complicated, Your Honor ... There are only two different paths that can occur, and neither is perfect ... Increasing the Hungarian strength in the joint army threatens destabilization by misbalancing the power of the Landwehr and other parts of the common army)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Im Gegenzug würde die Einführung von Ungarisch zu einer offiziellen Sprache in der Landwehr zu mehr Kommunikationsproblemen führen und könnte die anderen Ethnien dieses Reiches verärgern."
(In return, the introduction of Hungarian as an official language in the Landwehr would lead to more communication problems and could upset the other ethnic groups of this empire)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Ich würde einen moderateren Ansatz für die vorliegende Angelegenheit vorschlagen. Vielleicht wäre eine vernünftige erste Maßnahme, ungarische Offiziere innerhalb der ungarischen Zweige der Gemeinsamen Armee zu fördern und zusätzlich die magyarischen Bräuche zu fördern."
(I would suggest a more moderate approach to the matter at hand. Perhaps a sensible first step would be to promote Hungarian officers within the Hungarian branches of the Joint Army, in addition to promoting Magyar customs)
Kovács Mihály, Spokesperson for Hungarian Prime Minister Kálmán Széll
"Ich glaube, das ist ein vernünftiger Mittelweg, Eure kaiserliche Hoheit."
(I think that is a reasonable middle ground, Your Imperial Highness)
Minister-President of Austria, Ernest von Koerber
"Was unsere internationale Lage angeht, Eure kaiserliche Hoheit?"
(As for our international situation, Your Imperial Highness?)

Franz Ferdinand would turn his attention to the Minister-President upon such a question being asked, and stare for a moment with a deadpan expression... For this is a question that he would need to address indeed, and one that he worried about much so... Franz Ferdinand, ever since coronation had worried about the status of the Triple Alliance that exists between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Kingdom of Italy for a while, for it was not hidden that Austria-Hungary had been considered a lower power of which could be controlled and manipulated. This is only exemplified by Italy, who as of the current time only seeks the destruction of the proud Austro-Hungarian Empire for revenge spurred on by wounds of the 19th century that have yet to heal...
In addition, due to Austria-Hungary's actions, it has purposefully alienated the Russian Empire and the people of the Lower Balkans and allowed resentment to brew within the peoples of said nations. In addition, the Austro-Hungarian Empire has always been relatively isolated from France since the formation of the Kingdom of Italy and has been all but ignored by the United Kingdom, and the isolationist United States of America.

The Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia did not see himself as a fool... The situation Austria-Hungary is in internationally is truly unfavorable, for it is dominated by it's more powerful Northern partner and is isolated or in hostility with much of the rest of the world. This would need to be improved, for as long as Austria-Hungary remains without it's own allies it will always be exploited by the Triple Alliance...

Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Lassen Sie mich auf Ihre Frage, Herr von Koerber, zunächst meine eigene Frage stellen: Vertrauen Sie Deutschland? Vertrauen Sie Kaiser Wilhelm II?"
(In response to your question, Mr von Koerber, first of all let me ask my own question: Do you trust Germany? Do you trust Emperor Wilhelm II?)
Minister-President of Austria, Ernest von Koerber
"Ich bin mir nicht ganz sicher, Eure kaiserliche Hoheit... Trotzdem sagt mir mein Instinkt, es nicht zu tun."
(I'm not entirely sure, Your Imperial Highness ... Even so, my instinct tells me not to)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Ich hoffe, dass Sie herausfinden, warum Sie so denken. In den Augen Deutschlands sind wir nur eine Schachfigur, die nach Belieben bewegt und befehligt werden kann."
(I hope you find out why you are thinking this way. In Germany's eyes we are just a pawn that can be moved and commanded at will)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Ich bezweifle aufrichtig, dass Deutschland außer dem eigenen Vorteil irgendein Interesse an Österreich-Ungarn hat. Sollten wir ihnen Unannehmlichkeiten bereiten, überlassen sie uns uns selbst, was derzeit in einer Katastrophe enden würde."
(I sincerely doubt that Germany has any interest in Austria-Hungary other than its own gain. Should we cause them any inconvenience, they let us fend for ourselves, which would currently result in disaster)
Minister-President of Austria, Ernest von Koerber
"Ihr Vorschlag, kaiserliche Hoheit?"
(Your proposal, imperial highness?)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Diesem Imperium war Kooperation nicht fremd, selbst mit denen, mit denen wir uns unwohl fühlen ... Die Lösung unserer internationalen Probleme ist es, zu unseren eigenen Mitteln zurückzukehren, um formelle Beziehungen zu den herrschenden Mächten aufzubauen."
(This empire was no stranger to cooperation, even with those we felt uncomfortable with... The solution to our international problems is to return to our own means of establishing formal relationships with the ruling powers)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Unsere Hauptsorge sollte dem Russischen Reich und der Französischen Republik gelten"
(Our main concern should be the Russian Empire and the French Republic)

Both the Minister-President and Prime Minister's spokesperson would look towards Franz Ferdinand with mild shock and a questioning glance, however it would be Kovács Mihály who would speak up on the Emperor of Austria's comment first, saying firmly:

Kovács Mihály, spokesperson for the Hungarian Prime Minister Kálmán Széll
"Sie würden nicht vorschlagen, Beziehungen zu Russland und Frankreich aufzunehmen? Dies mit Frankreich zu tun, würde Deutschland verärgern, und ich bin sicher, dass das Russische Reich uns nicht gerne ansieht."
(Would you suggest establishing relations with Russia and France? Doing this with France would upset Germany, and I'm sure the Russian Empire doesn't fondly look at us)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Würden Sie stattdessen vorschlagen, stagnieren? Ich verstehe Ihre Besorgnis um Frankreich, würde jedoch dennoch vorschlagen, bald mit Russland ein Gespräch aufzunehmen. Stellen Sie sicher, dass Bosnien unabhängig bleibt und unsere Ziele in der Zerstörung des Osmanischen Reiches liegen"
(Would you suggest stagnating instead? I understand your concern about France, but I would suggest that we start talks with Russia soon. Ensure them that Bosnia will remain independent and our goals are to destroy the Ottoman Empire)
Kovács Mihály, spokesperson for the Hungarian Prime Minister Kálmán Széll
"Sehr gut. Ich werde meine Erklärung widerrufen."
(Very good. I will withdraw my declaration)
Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
"Natürlich, der Herr. Wären Sie daran interessiert, etwas vorzuschlagen, Herr Ministerpräsident?"
(Of course, sir. Would you be interested in making a suggestion, Minister-President?)
Minister-President of Austria, Ernest von Koerber
"Und jetzt, Eure kaiserliche Hoheit? Nein."
(As for now, your imperial highness? No)



Image


As of the 31st of May 1900, His Imperial Highness, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia and Emperor of Austria, Franz Ferdinand has announced that the Common Army of Austria-Hungary will be going through slow reforms to better distinguish units between ethnic groupings... One of the greatest announcements that we have become aware of is the strengthening of Hungarian cultural representation in the Common Army by working on the implementation of fully Magyar ethnic groupings of soldiers to the Kingdom and the empowering of Hungarian officers and the language in use throughout the country...
Many Hungarian people have already begun to rejoice at the issue of representation in the military finally being listened to, though more radical groups claim that not enough is being done and this is a token action to try and placate the Hungarians, nothing more...

The Hungarian Prime Minister, Kálmán Széll has actively supported the King of Hungary's move, claiming that it is an important first step in strengthening the bond that Austria shares with Hungary and representation of the important ethnic group within the country... Germans instead criticize that to strengthen Magyar identity would eventually overpower Austria in the fair relationship both countries should share, and other ethnicities like the Croats, Czechs, Poles and Serbs command that attention should be focused on allowing their people the right to culture within the empire, and that enough has been done for the already powerful Hungarians.




Ваше Императорское Высочество Николай II всея России
Eure Kaiserliche Hoheit Nikolaus II. von ganz Russland

Your Imperial Highness, Nicholas II of all Russia


Greetings to you, and all of the Russian Empire from the Austro-Hungarian Empire... I, as the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, Franz Ferdinand am writing to you personally on a matter that I believe you would be most interested in hearing...

Though my Uncle, Franz Joseph had been interested in continuing to forward a relationship with the German Empire, I now sincerely worry that our northern neighbor may not have Austria-Hungary's best interests at heart, and that should it benefit them they would seek the destruction of my proud nation, not to mention your own... In addition, Germany's interest in continuing to support Italian admission into the Triple Alliance only grows Wien's distrust in Berlin. I am sure you have your own fears in the German Empire.
However, that is not completely the topic of which I wish for you to be notified of, your imperial highness... The Austro-Hungarian Empire has not always been friendly to our North-East neighbor, and in truth that is due to some incompetence that may have been seen on Austria and Hungary's part. However, as this new century begins I believe Wien, Budapest and Saint Petersburg may benefit from a new and positive relationship with each other. As such, as Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia I wish to ensure you that the Austro-Hungarian Empire no longer wishes to act with irredentism towards our Southern Balkan neighbors, and actively seeks the destruction of the Ottoman Empire, and the liberation of the Balkans and Christianity from their distasteful rule.

I hope this message reaches you with safe hands, honoured Nicholas II
With warm regards, Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria...
Last edited by The Realm of Hyrule on Fri Nov 12, 2021 6:07 am, edited 3 times in total.
_____________________________________The Princessdom of Hyrule_____________________________________
_____________________________________The Princessdom of Hyrule_____________________________________

The Princessdom of Hyrule. A fanfiction based on the Legend of Zelda :: Twilight Princess that takes place half a decade after the conclusion of the game. A new caste of Hyruleans, no less the newly built army resent the old Guard and Princess-Sovereign Zelda for the surrender of the realm to the Twilight and the weakness of Hyrule from invasion...

Meanwhile, the Zora worry greatly about the militarization of Hyrule, and the Goron less so due to the Economic stranglehold of the Rupee of which they have as leverage.


________.QnA (In construction)__.______
__________.About the user__________


Never again shall Hyrule fall, and never again shall we sully the name of Hylia under our weakness!

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Sao Nova Europa
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Postby Sao Nova Europa » Thu Nov 11, 2021 4:40 pm

Kingdom of Greece





Prime Minister Announces Tax Reform
Image


Prime Minister Georgios Theotokis has announced in a speech in parliament that his government will be bringing forth legislation to reform the "unfair" tax system of the country. The current tax system, which relies heavily on indirect taxes on essential goods, hurts the poorest urban households while undertaxing both the farmers and the upper income class. Especially unpopular is the heavy oil tax, which burdens greatly urban households who need it both for lighting and heating. The Prime Minister thus seeks to create a more balanced tax system, which will raise more revenue from the countryside and the rich while relieving the urban working class.

The Prime Minister announced that the government will reduce the current taxation of oil by two thirds - thus greatly relieving urban households - and completely abolish the taxation of cigarette paper and tobacco. Instead, a new direct income tax shall be legislated. This tax shall be a flat one, with a rate of 15%. "This tax on income shows the commitment of our administration to create a just system of taxation that will bring much needed revenues to state coffers while at the same time spreading more evenly the tax burden on society. Our announced cut of the oil tax and abolishment of tax on cigarette paper and tobacco shall be followed by a greater reduction of other indirect taxes, thus relieving Greek households and rationalizing our tax system."

Diligiannis Blasts Income Tax
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The leader of the Nationalist Party, Theodoros Diligiannis, has blasted the proposed income tax and has accused the government of 'overtaxation'. "The Modernists know only two things; to tax the people of this country and to serve the big capital. This monstrosity they propose will greatly burden Greek households. Greeks already pay far too many taxes, and yet the government proposes a new one? Outrageous! Instead of scaling back their wasteful spending on Pharaonic projects, the government once again views the Greek taxpayers as mules to carry the enormous burden of their so-called 'modernizing' agenda."

Mr. Diligiannis pledged to vote against the income tax when it is brought before parliament and to abolish it when he becomes Prime Ministers. He also stated that he will completely abolish the oil tax while also expanding the number of civil servants in the public sector and legislating new regulations on businesses to "protect the rights of consumers and workers". The Modernists have labelled the Nationalist agenda as "fiscally irresponsible and populist, meant to earn votes instead of thinking of the economic wellbeing of Greece".

Zaimis Urges Carefulness
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The leader of the Third Party, Alexandros Zaimis, has urged the government to show carefulness around the reform of the tax system while also indicating that he may support the reform. "We need to be very careful about big changes to our tax system, especially in the aftermath of the 1897-8 crisis. We cannot allow any reduction in the flow of revenues, if we are to service our debt and maintain financial credibility. Before adopting reforms, we must be certain that they will result in necessary stream of revenue."

"But I am not against this reform in principle," he stated. "I am open to supporting the introduction of an income tax, as long as it can be proved by the Ministry of Finance that it will produce the necessary revenue to offset the reduction of indirect taxation. I am especially concerned about the reduction of the oil tax. While in principle I support a reduction of that rather unpopular tax, I would prefer a more gradual reduction of this tax just in case the revenues of the proposed income tax prove to be inadequate."
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Yaruqo
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Postby Yaruqo » Sat Nov 13, 2021 12:36 pm

Kingdom of Romania
Regatul României


Royal Palace
Bucharest, Romania
18 of May, 1900 O.S.
31st of May, 1900


King Carol sighed as the evening wore on. The reports from his ministers suggested that, perhaps, things in Romania were not going as well as he'd hoped. As Romania's first king, he had hoped to inspire a wave of modernization, of strength, and prosperity for this kingdom that he had been granted nearly ten years ago, hoping to instill a renaissance of industrialization and growth that matched his former German homeland's. But the Government's projections and records showed that about 70% of the Romanian population was engaged in the agricultural sector, illiteracy among the peasantry prevailed, higher education was restricted to the landowners and urban middle class, and most of those graduates preferred the abstract fields of education, such as philosophy, theology, literature, and the philosophy of law (rather than the practice of it) to more practical fields, such as engineering, science, or business. In short, his kingdom was similar to the other Eastern European monarchies: a large peasant population; a small middle class and smaller upper class; and an economy that was dependent on its agricultural yields and oil production and exportation. Oil - one of Romania's saving graces.

So, what could be done? Prime Minister Petre Aurelian, an aging statesman from the National Liberal Party (PNL), emblematic of the right-wing old guard of the PNL, believed that laissez-faire policies and foreign investment would create wealth for Romania and its population, it would only be a matter of "when" that wealth would materialize. However, after the expansion of the franchise in 1884, a more interventionist, left-wing had established itself as a faction of the PNL. This faction, typically with the backing of the Peasant's Party (PT) and reformist defectors from the practically defunct Social Democratic Workers' Party (PSDMR), advocated for more government investment in education, in agricultural modernization, the development of social services, and a more hands-on approach in general. Alternatively, there was the Conservative Party (PC). While slightly more interventionist than the PNL's old guard, the two opposites shared an ambivalent anti-Semitic attitude, and the PC wished to go further in enshrining Romanian Orthodox values into law, despite the Constitution's amendments that guaranteed full rights and citizenship to non-Christians and the Constitution's incumbent declaration that the Romanian Orthodox Church was accorded superior status as "the dominant religion of the Romanian state."

In addition to the political and socioeconomic situation at home, the desire for Greater Romania still shined brightly in minds of many Romanians. Transylvania and Banat in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bessarabia and Bukovina in the Russian Empire, and Southern Dobruja in the Tsardom of Bulgaria maintained significant populations of Romanians, millions of people denied their own nation. Granted, Prime Minister Aurelian also had pointed out that the acquisition of these lands would boost tax revenues and the economic development of the kingdom, but Carol couldn't deny that even he felt a tinge of nationalist zeal at wanting a more unified Romanian nation. But he had to play his cards right: so long as Romania was primarily agrarian, his kingdom had little hope in fending off a regional power like the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Bulgaria could be easier, but only with cooperation from the Yugoslav and Greek monarchies. But for now, war, or the thought of it, would elude the aging king. His thoughts drifted towards his family.

He had had a daughter, Maria, but she had died young, and the Queen Consort, Elisabeth, had not produced any male heirs. After some dynastic squabbling, it had ultimately been decided in 1889 that his young nephew, Ferdinand Viktor Albert Meinrad, would become Crown Prince of Romania. Ferdinand retained his Catholic faith - a privilege that he was afforded at Ferdinand's request and granted by Parliament on the condition that Ferdinand's children be raised Orthodox - and had married Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Edinburgh, daughter of Prince Alfred, the Duke of Edinburgh and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna, seven years ago. The couple had three children: Prince Carol; Princess Elisabeth; and Princess Maria, but the marriage was becoming unhappy. The British princess was not accustomed to the austere environment of a German inspired Romanian court, and it was starting to affect the upbringing of King Carol's grandchildren. Perhaps he could give her a little more autonomy and authority when it came to their education?

As the king of 6,050,000 souls went to bed that evening, he wondered what tomorrow could bring, and what Romania could aspire to be.
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New Provenance
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Postby New Provenance » Sat Nov 13, 2021 1:51 pm

May 1900

State, War, and Navy Building, Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, D.C.

United States of America


The two guards on duty at the front door to the overcrowded and cramped State, War and Navy Building along Pennsylvania Avenue snapped to attention and pulled the doors open as Secretary of the Navy Hilary A. Herbert and the President of the United States, William Jennings Bryan, exited their automobile and nodded to the two men. The doors burst open, revealing a cramped office space with advisors and staffers running about, carrying papers or making hand signals or having an anxiety attack caused by the tight space of the building, which housed the State, War and Navy Departments of the United States of America.

"Dear God, this place needs an upgrade." President Bryan commented as he strolled along with Secretary Herbert through the crowded office room, turning heads and bringing eyes upon their backs. The two men turned left and climbed up the staircase, where additional guards were posted next to an open door which led into a meeting room, where members of the War and Navy Departments were assembling. "Right in here, Mister President." Herbert said, allowing the President to enter the room first.

The room instantly became silent and its occupants snapped to attention as the President walked in, Secretary Herbert close behind. The President beckoned for the two guards posted outside the door to close the room, so the meeting could begin.

"Gentlemen, welcome. Mister Herbert, our agenda." President Bryan said, turning to Herbert and nodding.

"Mister President, gentlemen. I and the administration come before you today to propose a limited naval expansion program that will be put before Congress in two weeks time, and we'd like your honest opinion on it. We've been working with State and Navy over it, and it seems to us to be small enough to please Congress yet big enough to please our admirals. The rise of Japan and the fall of Qing China into chaos are what I like to call 'catalysts for change', and that change will be happening to the U.S. Navy if this program passes." the Secretary of the Navy narrated, before pulling out a chart on a stand from the corner, evidently placed there beforehand, and propping it up to display its content. On it was a diagram of what seemed to be big ships, small ships, and all types of other ships, a number, and a bunch of other data concocted by U.S. Navy analysts.

"The expansion program aims to drastically increase the capabilities and range of the United States Navy through increased funding for next generation projects such as the dreadnought concept. Essentially, this concept means that battles would begin at long distances before closing the range for knockout blows. In the latter stage, shorter-range, faster-firing guns would prove most useful. Basing on this philosophy, which has already received backing from the Navy and our top shipbuilding corporations, our current Connecticut-class battleships would be rendered obsolete." Herbert explained, turning the page on the diagram mid-way through his speech and pointing to a schematic for something he called a 'super battleship' or a 'dreadnought'.

"This expansion program will also support the production of additional C-class protected cruisers, such as the highly successful USS Olympia. These warships will receive upgrades based on the new dreadnought philosophy, and will be modified to take on the role of a 'lone wolf' type of warship, capable of fighting other vessels of similar caliber, and an escort vessel for our more expensive dreadnoughts in the future. An estimated ten additional C-class protected cruisers will be built over the course of the next year and a half, with the possibility of an additional five being ordered once that period ends. Any questions?" the Navy Secretary said, finishing up his speech with a question.

The occupants of the room, mainly admirals, and some Democratic and Republican Senators from the Senate Committee for Budget Allocations, turned to each other and whispered rapidly, with some taking down notes and others taking a sip of water from their allocated glasses. Eventually, a Republican Senator raised his hand. "Will this project be expected to take in a higher amount of workers in coastal cities like San Francisco and New York than normal?" he asked.

"If you're wondering whether this will support American jobs, then yes it most certainly will." the Secretary of the Navy replied.

"Wait a minute. . . so this program entails the expansion of our navy in response to recent developments, and the creation of tens of thousands of new jobs in a reborn American shipbuilding industry? I don't see why Congress would reject it." another Senator asked, this time a Democrat.

"Well, you see, there's a lot more to the bill, which I will explain in just a moment, but the project does have a steep upfront cost." Herbert explained. "Now, if you will, let us move on to the intricacies of the bill, shall we . . ."
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Postby New Provenance » Sat Nov 13, 2021 3:26 pm

THE NEW YORK TIMES — 12 JUNE 1900

PRESIDENT BRYAN PASSES NAVAL EXPANSION ACT, UNVEILS US NAVY DREADNOUGHT PROGRAM

WASHINGTON — President William Jennings Bryan announced during a speech to reporters at the Indian Treaty Room that he had signed the Naval Expansion Act of 1900, which was passed by the Senate on 4 June and the House of Representatives on 7 June. The act aims to expand America's naval strength significantly over the next ten to twenty years, with plans for additional C-class protected cruisers and a new dreadnought program being laid out. A dreadnought is according to the President's description 'a large, heavily armored, but slow moving vessel with large long-range guns capable of eliminating targets at long range'. Accompanied by Secretary of the Navy Hilary A. Herbert, President Bryan explained the new dreadnought philosophy which would be leading the American navy into the new century.

"A marvel of engineering, these dreadnoughts are. We musn't forget to thank the engineers and workers behind this marvelous design which will work to protect Americans and America's shores." the President commented at the end of his announcement.


THEODORE ROOSEVELT COMES OUT AS THE GOP PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE, ENDORSES NAVY EXPANSION

WASHINGTON — Following the Republican primaries earlier this year, Theodore Roosevelt, a famous politician who currently serves as the Republican governor of New York, was formally declared the de facto GOP presidential candidate for the 1900 presidential elections, set to run against the Democratic presidential incumbent William Jennings Bryan and potentially other independent candidates like Commodore George Dewey, who is reported to be floating a run for the presidency himself. Roosevelt has launched his campaign for 'a Progressive America', voicing concerns over the exponentially expanding timber industry and his support of environmental conservation.

Not surprisingly, Roosevelt also endorsed President Bryan's naval expansion, touting a 'New Century Navy' for America, which he pledged to carry on should he be elected president. Roosevelt's backing of the Democratic-led navy expansion program has exasperated Republican hardliners but has sowed doubts among Americans who would've previously voted Bryan solely because of his naval expansion program. It is certainly true that a Theodore Roosevelt plus support for a bipartisan New Century Navy could equal a victory in this year's election.


US ARMY MOBILIZES 23RD INFANTRY REGIMENT, 29TH REGIMENT FOR DEPLOYMENT TO THE PHILIPPINES

SAN FRANCISCO — The United States Army released a statement to The New York Times and other newspapers announcing the mobilization of the 23rd Infantry Regiment and the 29th Regiment, numbering about 7,950 troops in total, for deployment to the Philippine Islands in Southeast Asia, a newly acquired territory of the United States of America. The forces slated for deployment will be designated the Asiatic Ground Force (AGF) and will be accompanied by logistics forces and the Asiatic Squadron.

The deployment of troops come after heightened tensions over attacks on the International Legation area in Peking, China by Boxer rebels, causing the deaths of American citizens. When asked whether the deployment was directed against the Qing Dynasty, the Army spokesperson contacted by the Times refused to comment.
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Hypron
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1382
Founded: May 10, 2018
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Hypron » Sat Nov 13, 2021 4:43 pm

June 23, 1900, Tokyo, Japan

Yamagata Arimoto was reading a newspaper from the United States of America, posted almost 2 weeks before. It gave some detail to a US Navy dreadnought program. In the room with him was the Commander of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Marshal-Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō. "Admiral, how much of a problem do you think this poses to the Japanese Empire?" "This is problematic, but not unsolvable. The Six-Six Fleet program is still only partially underway. What I propose to the Imperial Government is to scrap that proposal and instead refocus the uncompleted and unlaid portions to a Seven-Seven program. Seven Dreadnoughts will be laid down between now and 1914, with the first four being of our latest designs, the Satsuma class dreadnought. In addition, it will expand the orders of armored cruisers for the Imperial Japanese Navy from six to seven. All of the other ship construction from the Six-Six plan will be left in place."

"Hmm, now this is interesting. The Imperial Diet might accept this proposal, and it would allow us to keep our defensive edge. I'll put the proposal before the Japanese Imperial Diet, and see how they react to it.

Imperial Diet, Tokyo, Japan, 5 hours later

"The Japanese Armed Forces have had enough funding for expansion, why should we give them any more?" asked Ōkuma Shigenobu, head of the Kenseitō, Japan's liberal political party. "Because if the United States gets ahead of the Japanese Empire in naval expansion, it will be a repeat of 1853. I agree with the Prime Minister's proposal for the Seven-Seven plan," responded Itō Hirobumi, leader of the influential Rikken Seiyūkai political party. "The United States should not be allowed to contest Japan for naval superiority near the Japanese Archipeligo, especially with the Phillippines still under the US. This needs to be pushed through with haste."

The vote took place after Hirobumi spoke. Out of the 396 votes, 231 were in favor of the program, and later in the week, on June 27, 1900, Prime Minister Arimoto ordered the construction of four dreadnoughts, the Satsuma, the Aki, the Chōshū, and the Ōgaki. Satsuma and Chōshū are to be built by Kure Naval Arsenal and are to be laid down by 1902, while Aki and Ōgaki are to be constructed by Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, and are to be laid down by 1905.

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Yaruqo
Chargé d'Affaires
 
Posts: 429
Founded: Sep 02, 2019
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Yaruqo » Sun Nov 14, 2021 10:36 am

The Royal Palace
Bucharest, Romania
June 1st, 1900
May 19, 1900 O.S.


King Carol, Prime Minister Aurelian, the Cabinet Ministers, and - at the King's invitation - Crown Prince Ferdinand gathered in the conference room within the Royal Palace to discuss the planned initiatives of the Government to bring Romania forward. Carol noted that several of the Ministers, including the Minister of Agriculture and the Minister of Education, were part of the left-PNL faction. "Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness," the elderly Prime Minister began, bowing in turn to the two royals. "At Your Majesty's instruction, I have gathered Your Majesty's Government to lay out our proposals for modernization and development."

The Minister of Defense, a grizzled man and staunch member of the right-PNL faction, began with his department. "Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness. The fact of the matter is this: our army is an army of peasants. Most of our equipment is out of date, we lack a sizable inventory of artillery pieces, and our navy, such as it is, primarily consists of wooden vessels that could be ripped to shreds. As much as I would prefer that Romanian industries develop and construct modern equipment, artillery pieces, and naval vessels...well, I have to agree with the Minister of Education's findings. Our industrial capacity and educational situation dictate that we must turn to the West for assistance with modernization. Normally, Your Majesty, I would suggest Germany, but, with all due respect, Your Majesty's family is German, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs has made a convincing case that turning to Germany would only put us in a difficult situation, especially with regards to how the people might perceive Your Majesty's Government and, if I may be blunt, personal attitudes towards Germany." The Crown Prince looked to his uncle to gauge any kind of response, but the King simply nodded. "So, what would you suggest, Minister?" Carol asked. "France, Your Majesty. Yes, they were dealt a harsh blow from the Prussians, er, Germans, but times have changed, and the French are still militarily significant. We could learn a lot from them, and we could use French investment to our advantage." "What of the British?" Ferdinand asked. "Ah, Your Royal Highness. We could go to the British, but your marriage to the Princess Marie would put us in as precarious a position as if we had gone to the Germans for modernization efforts. With France, we learn from a Western military power, and we don't ruffle as many feathers," the Defense Minister replied. A good question, and a safe answer, King Carol thought to himself.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, ironically a moderate within the PNL, kept his presentation short and sweet. "Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness. With Your Majesty's blessing, I will approach the French government with a request for investment and assistance in our modernization efforts. Additionally, Your Majesty, I would prefer that we reach out to the Kingdom of Greece. The Ottoman threat still looms over them, and it wouldn't hurt to establish stronger ties with them. In fact, it might put us in a position to be a kingmaker in Balkan politics, as opposed to a pawn, as I'm sure our Austrian and Russian neighbors might prefer." "Respectfully, Your Majesty," cut in Prime Minister Aurelian, "I would prefer that we focus on the immediate needs of our country, and less on grand ambitions of us being a 'kingmaker.'" Carol sighed. "I am in agreement with the Prime Minister on that count, however, I would support us reaching out to the Hellenes. We are in need of friends in the immediate future, and the Hellenes have proven themselves to be able."

The Minister of Agriculture began his presentation after the customary bowing. "I shall be blunt, Your Majesty. Our economy is primarily agrarian, and while I believe that industrialization is the future that we must embrace, we cannot do so with a peasant population that can barely scrape two lei together. Without modern farming equipment, modern farming practices, chemical fertilizers and draft animals, our farmers will continue to lag behind those in, say, Germany or France. I propose that the Government purchase and provide all of this to our farmers throughout the Kingdom. It will be costly in the short term, but it will grow our economy in the long-term and provide peasants more disposable income, income that can be used to buy new products and services that were previously out of reach, income that will bring development to villages. Income from oil exports could offset these costs, if we invest wisely, Your Majesty." Before Prime Minister Aurelian could shut him down, Crown Prince Ferdinand spoke. "I hear that some of these peasants clamor for land reform. Is this true, and if so, what would your recommendation be for this Government?" Carol smiled at Ferdinand's apparent interest. "Your Royal Highness," began the Minister, "it is true that peasants are demanding land reform. It is not true that 'some' peasants are clamoring for it. Rather, as I'm sure the Minister of the Interior will confirm, we are seeing a growing movement of peasants demanding land reform. And while I am personally inclined to support land reform, Your Royal Highness, it would not end well. The peasants lack the means and income to own and maintain their own land, so land reform at this stage would bring very little improvement. However, after the peasants start developing a better string of income for themselves and the land-owning nobles, then it would be prudent for us to revisit this topic." Carol frowned at this. The Romanian nobility was conservative and powerful. Any government hoping to buck them would do so with tremendous risk. But for now, it seemed, land reform was not on the immediate agenda. Carol voiced his assent for the Agriculture Minister's proposal.

After several more ministers made their own proposals - some were approved, others were sent back to the drawing board - the Minister of Education began his proposal. "Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness. The most pertinent issue we face in education is illiteracy, and from there, access to vocational and higher education. If the goal is modernization and industrialization, we are currently far behind our Western counterparts. Our economy is more akin to Russia's, and they are hardly a model of long term stability. In order to develop a strong middle class and a strong industrial class of craftsmen and manufacturers, we must expand the middle class. I am proposing the implementation of comprehensive public schools throughout the Kingdom, including rural areas. Right now, local churches focus on the most basic models of education, but these are parochial in nature, they don't encourage skill development or literacy. We need to construct new public schools, hire teachers from within Romania and abroad, and establish a strong, comprehensive curriculum. Education should be mandatory for all children up until the conclusion of their secondary education. And finally, we should invest in the establishment of vocational schools and grants for students who seek to enter tertiary level education in practical fields. This way, we are cultivating modern skills for the modern age, we are guaranteeing the establishment of a strong middle class, both within the cities and in the villages, and a strong, comprehensive 20th century economy." Here, Prime Minister Aurelian glared daggers at his Education Minister. "This was not the proposal you presented me prior to this meeting, Minister." "Forgive me, Prime Minister, but if I had proposed it to you, then you would have told me not to show up at all." "Enough," Carol commanded, rubbing his forehead in annoyance.

"Minister, you should know better than to pull a stunt like that on your Prime Minister and, not to mention, your King. Prime Minister Aurelian would be well within his rights to dismiss you from this Cabinet." The old statesman smiled, clearly relishing in this victory. "However...I want Ferdinand, and his children, to inherit a strong Romania. I want Romania to be a regional power to challenge the likes of Austria and the Turks. And we cannot do that with an uneducated populace." "But, Your Majesty--" "Prime Minister, do you know how many noble sons have a practical education? I have to smile and nod as my nobles peacock about with their theology degrees, philosophy degrees, and, to my astonishment, a philosophy in law degree. They can't even practice law with that kind of education. We are at the risk of regressing into the 19th century. We need a practical education, and we need public education. I will provide my assent to this proposal. In the future, however, I expect my ministers to act in cohesion with each other and their Prime Minister."

By the end of the day, the modernization plan would be finalized, signed, and the gears of government would begin to turn to meet the demands of King Carol I.

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To the Right Honorable Prime Minister Georgios Theotokis,

On behalf of His Majesty, King Carol of Romania, and of His Majesty's Government, I am writing to ask if the Kingdom of Greece would desire to establish closer economic and strategic ties with the Kingdom of Romania. The Ottoman threat still looms over the Balkans, and we would much prefer a strong, independent Greece to a Turkish or Austrian puppet. To that end, His Majesty made the suggestion that His Highness, the young Prince Carol, grandson of His Majesty the King, be introduced to Her Highness, young Princess Helen, the granddaughter of His Majesty, King George of the Hellenes. His Majesty believes that a guided, supervised courtship between the two could blossom into a potential betrothal and marriage between the Royal House of Romania and the Royal House of Greece and Denmark. In addition to this, His Majesty's Government will recognize Greek claims to Thrace, Epirus, and Macedonia, as well as guarantee that in the event of a Greek war against the Ottomans, defensive or otherwise, the Kingdom of Romania will provide diplomatic and, if needed, military support to Greek efforts. His Majesty and His Majesty's Government hope that, should the time come when Romania seeks aid, our Greek cousins and brothers in the Orthodox faith will join alongside us.

Sincerely,

Dimitrie Sturdza-Miclăușanu
The Honorable Minister of Foreign Affairs
The Kingdom of Romania



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To His Majesty, King Louis Philippe II of the French,

On behalf of His Majesty, King Carol of Romania, and of His Majesty's Government, I respectfully ask Your Majesty to consider lending French assistance to the military modernization program of His Majesty's Government. In the twenty three years since Romanian independence was secured from the Ottoman Turks, our army struggles to adapt to modern warfare. While His Majesty's Government is pursuing industrial modernization to better equip and arm our soldiers and sailors, these programs will take time to bear fruit. It is the hope of His Majesty's Government that Your Majesty's Government will invest in these efforts, as well as provide military trainers, engineering assistance for naval craft, and modern arms, ammunition, and artillery to the Romanian Armed Forces. A stronger Romania will contribute to a weaker Ottoman Empire, which could prove beneficial for Your Majesty's intentions in the Near East, and a more stable Balkans. Of course, in the event that the Romanian economy is developed and modernized as we hope, Romanian business owners and industrialists would undoubtedly favor French businesses above anyone else's. His Majesty and His Majesty's Government look forward to Your Majesty's response, and we look forward to a strong partnership between the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of Romania.

Sincerely,

Dimitrie Sturdza-Miclăușanu
The Honorable Minister of Foreign Affairs
The Kingdom of Romania
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Union Princes
Minister
 
Posts: 3088
Founded: Nov 02, 2017
Corrupt Dictatorship

Postby Union Princes » Sun Nov 14, 2021 11:28 am

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Rome, Italy
May 19th


Although there weren't any Italian citizens or missionaries among the Europeans and Americans murdered in that small village in China, the fact that they were killed for being Christians brought ire from Roman. Despite the socialist and anarchist movements within the kingdom, it was still a religiously conservative nation with the population almost unanimously Roman Catholic. It was no surprise that when King Umberto I heard of the news of the massacre, his immediate command was to send an expeditionary force to restore order in Tientsin and find the perpetrators.

Sensing an opportunity to test out their new infantry combat theory, the militarists in the government quickly agreed to this course of action. 1,000 men will be selected for the mission and transported to China while being escorted by two corvettes. 200 of these men were the new Assault Engineers from Sdricca di Manzano, a military school dedicated to pioneering tactics for trench assault and ordinance. So far, everything has been theories and proposals on how these soldiers were supposed to operate based on the reports of General Cardona's breakthrough. If there was a fight to break out in China, and many militarists hoped for at least a skirmish, then it will be a terrific learning experience.

Outside of the affairs of the Middle Kingdom, the Regina Marina laid out ambitious plans to secure Italian dominance of the Mediterranean Sea. Goals to secure eight dreadnoughts by 1915 with a dozen heavy cruisers, 40 destroyers, and 20 submarines. It would cost a lot of steel but with the Triple Alliance still in effect, Italy would seek out German steel and goal to fuel its naval ambitions,
There is no such thing as peace, only truce between wars

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The Realm of Hyrule
Spokesperson
 
Posts: 175
Founded: May 10, 2021
Authoritarian Democracy

Postby The Realm of Hyrule » Sun Nov 14, 2021 2:15 pm

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Admiral Hermann von Spaun,
Commander-in-Chief of the k.u.k Kriegsmarine
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_______________________

28th of June, 1900

Pula,
Austrian Littoral
Austrian Empire
Austria-Hungary

_______________________


Even as the sounds of machinery constantly filling the ears of those that stand on the concrete of the Pula harbour and the light haze of smoke that would emanate from the smokestacks of the multitude of ships sailing across the coastline and the Adriatic sea would do everything possible to sully the moment, Admiral and Marinekommandant Hermann von Spaun would stand in form and would find a sense of peace and enjoyment as the warm Adriatic air brushes past his face, his eyes occupied from the parading ships of the k.u.k Kreigsmarine, such as the ever proud SMS Wien that had been passing at the time, the crew of the Austro-Hungarian navy and deckhands of the ship standing on the hull in formation with their Mannlicher M1895 rifles in salute and the bright, clear skies of the Adriatic parting way for the light of the sun to bounce across the waters, glistening and sparkling in the reflection creating a scenic view indeed...

Today had been yet another day for the k.u.k Kreigsmarine to show itself to the common people of Austria-Hungary in a great parade against the coastline of Pula, and indeed many a citizen, most locals had arrived to the harbour and the beaches to watch the ships steam past... However, this parade was not necessarily meant to cast proud cheer and confidence in the Austro-Hungarian Kriegsmarine with the common people, nor had it attracted many in the first place. In comparison to the Landwehr of Austria and Hungary and even to the Common Army the k.u.k Kriegsmarine had always appeared to many of the people of the Empire as an afterthought and a part of Austria-Hungary disconnected. The people had little interest in the Navy, and thus neither the Austrian nor Hungarian parliaments had any interest in financing it, to attempt to modernise it...
The Marinekommandant has to come to this unfortunate conclusion. He has served within the Austrian navy even before the compromise of 1863 that reformed the Austrian Empire to Austria-Hungary, and throughout that time much like the Empire itself, the Navy has grown ever weaker due to losses in battle throughout time and a stagnation that did not allow recovery or otherwise, growth... The opposing Regina Marina of Italy proved more powerful by 1900, and even the Sick Men of Europe would have a similarly strong navy. Not only is that fact humiliating, but frankly dangerous...

Hermann von Spaun, Admiral and Marinekommandant of the k.u.k Kriegsmarine
"Lieber Generalleutnant, ich mache mir Sorgen, dass die stolze Marine niemals die Chance haben wird, sich zu reformieren und zu verbessern... Solange das Volk die Marine gleichgültig sieht, glaube ich, dass Österreich und Ungarn auch mit Ihrem Einfluss dem traurigen Staat gleichgültig gegenüberstehen werden dieser Marine."
(Dear Lieutenant General, I am worried that the proud navy will never have the chance to reform and improve ... As long as the people are indifferent to the navy, I believe that Austria and Hungary, even with your influence, will be indifferent to the sad state that faces this navy)

Beside the Marinekommandant, Hermann von Spaun would stand a, by first glance unassuming figure. Not many know, with exception to his own family and the Habsburg household that the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia Franz Ferdinand had also paid a visit to watch the parade of Pula and discuss the future of the navy with the revered Admiral... It was safer that way, no fanfare with an announcement of the Austrian Emperor's arrival to Pula and thus no unwarranted attention. For the assassination of Franz Joseph just a year prior would still be fresh within the already troubled mind of Franz Ferdinand and he was not oblivious that others across the Empire would be interested in seeing him meet the same fate as his uncle...
In difference to many within the Empire, even his uncle which has now passed away, Franz Ferdinand had a vested interest in seeing the success of the k.u.k Kriegsmarine. The navy is more important than is given credit, for should war break out the Adriatic coast of Austria-Hungary would remain empty, and exploitable without it, it's merchant navy that conducts trade that the Empire truly needs, even more now than ever should the Austrian Emperor's fears for Germany be proven true in need of protection.

Franz Ferdinand would return a slow nod to the Admiral and Marinekommandant on his comment, and for a second would have cast a sideways glance away from the hull of the SMS Wien and to his compatriot. Hermann von Spaun had spoken the truth, the common citizen of the Empire simply did not care enough to see the k.u.k Kriegsmarine progress. And without the support of the people, even as Emperor and King Franz Ferdinand would not be able to wrestle nor convince the Austrian or Hungarian parliaments that to fund improvement was necessary...

Emperor of Austria, and King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia Franz Ferdinand
"In der Tat, Oberbefehlshaber. Ohne spürbare Unterstützung der Bevölkerung kann ich wenig für die Kriegsmarine tun... Mit den Befugnissen, die ich derzeit habe, kann ich Österreich vielleicht davon überzeugen, einen zweiten Hafen in Dubronvik zu bauen, aber auch das kann scheitern."
(Indeed, Commander in Chief. Without noticeable support from the population, there is little I can do for the Navy ... With the powers I currently have, I may be able to convince Austria to build a second port in Dubronvik, but that too can fail)
Hermann von Spaun, Admiral and Marinekommandant of the k.u.k Kriegsmarine
"Das Problem, das für die Marine ein einziger Hafen war, muss gelöst werden, und als solches wird die Kriegsmarine den Plan akzeptieren, einen zusätzlichen Hafen zu bauen, von dem aus sie operieren kann."
(The problem that is a single port for the Navy must be resolved, and as such the Kriegsmarine will accept the plan to build an additional port from which to operate from)
Emperor of Austria, and King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia Franz Ferdinand
"Was die Verbesserung angeht, die Modernisierung der Marine ... Ich denke, es wird ein großes Ereignis sein, damit die Leute in eine solche investieren und die Schwächen aufdecken, die sie derzeit hat. Leider reicht die Komplikation innerhalb von Tientsin dafür nicht aus."
(As for the improvement, the modernization of the navy ... I think it will take a big event for people to invest in one and expose the weaknesses that it currently has. Unfortunately, the complication within Tientsin is insufficient for this)
Emperor of Austria, and King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia Franz Ferdinand
"Ich glaube, dass Österreich-Ungarn in den kommenden Jahren einem Krieg ausgesetzt sein könnte, und ich glaube, dass das muslimische Kalifat im Süden das erste sein könnte, das Krieg führt. Sollte dieser hypothetische Konflikt auftauchen, würde das Volk die Marine nicht mehr vergessen, sollte sie gegen die Osmanen kämpfen. In dem Zustand, in dem es jetzt ist, wird es das tun Kampf."
(I believe that Austria-Hungary could face war in the years to come, and I believe that the Muslim caliphate in the south could be the first to go to war. Should this hypothetical conflict arise, the people would never forget the navy should they fight the Ottomans. In the state it is in now, it will struggle)

The Marinekommandant, Hermann von Spaun would look towards Franz Ferdinand and cast an expression of question... Though weak, even he could not sincerely believe that the Ottoman Empire and their underdeveloped navy could cause issue enough for the k.u.k Kriegsmarine that it would shock Austria and Hungary into action... Perhaps he was too proud of the navy that he has a hand in controlling, and when thinking of the fact he would turn once more to look towards the Adriatic Sea, now face to face with the newly commissioned SMS Kaiser Karl VI... It was a proud vessel and one of the most advanced Armoured Cruisers in the navy, yet in comparison with the average ship of Austria's current, and most dangerous rival in Italy, and thus the Regina Marina it comes out lacking... In this war with the Ottoman Empire that Franz Ferdinand speaks of, despite his proud love for the k.u.k Kriegsmarine he does hope that the Austrian Emperor's prediction would come true. A large naval defeat is what it would take for the people of the country to rally around and call for the modernisation of the navy... If so, then he believes this hypothetical war could not happen soon enough...

Hermann von Spaun, Admiral and Marinekommandant of the k.u.k Kriegsmarine
"Wenn ja, Generalleutnant, glaube ich, dass dieser Krieg nicht früher stattfinden könnte."
(If so, Lieutenant General, I believe this war could not take place sooner)
Emperor of Austria, and King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia Franz Ferdinand
"Jawohl. Ich habe andere Gründe zu der Annahme, dass ein Krieg mit den Osmanen für Österreich-Ungarn von Vorteil sein könnte."
(Yes sir. I have other reasons to believe that a war with the Ottomans could benefit Austria-Hungary)

Hermann von Spaun would look towards Franz Ferdinand with yet another questioning glare, but would see no reason to probe as to why such a proposition would prove to be so... The k.u.k Kriegsmarine would be of the Marinekommandant's business, and he sees no reason to probe into what involves the internal government of Austria-Hungary, nor the state of the two Landwehr nor the Common Army... Soon enough his eyes would return to the parade, and he and the Austrian Emperor would watch it in silence for much time...



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29th of June, 1900 a.d



Today, on the 23rd of August, 1900 the Emperor of Austria, Franz Ferdinand has announced with the support of Minister-President Ernest von Koerber and the Marinekommandant Hermann von Spaun that the Austrian Empire would oversee the building of a new commercial and naval port in the Dalmatian city of Dubronvik, currently under the administration of Cisleithania. Wien has yet to have been given the fine details of the construction however the Austrian government has promised that Dubronvik and Austria will benefit from the construction via the employment of which it will allow for, the merchant navy will benefit from a modern port as to allow for an import and export location and that the k.u.k Kriegsmarine will also benefit from a military harbour which is also planned in Dubronvik for the construction, logistical upkeep and holding of the current, and potentially in the future an expansion and modernization of the navy of Austria-Hungary...

Though the decision had been made in tandem with the Emperor of Austria and the Marinekommandant alone with only consultation of the choice to the Minister-President, Ernest von Koerber has supported the decision, commenting that to begin with he trusts Franz Ferdinand's judgement in the decision, and that in his own views the Dubronvik project will sacrifice a small amount of the Austrian economy and resources in the short term for a net benefit through trade and employment in the future, and that to look to the future in order to further Austria-Hungary in the most beneficial way, and a reasonable way to progress within a reasonable limit...

As always in this climate that exists within the Dual Monarchy, the Hungarian government has commented that whilst the building of the Dubronvik port is taking place within Austrian territory, it will employ Croatian and Hungarian people who are a part of Transleithania. Nationalistic Hungarians have commented that Austria should have consulted it's partner in the building, though the Germans claim that Hungary has no place to enforce themselves in the Austrian Empire, for the same is not done for Hungary... Croatian nationalists argue that Dubronvik is Croatian territory and that their limited representation of the union should have been consulted with.



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26th of June, 1900 a.d



As of the current date, the King of Bohemia, Franz Ferdinand has announced in a hosted event deep within the city of Prague today announcing that in his plans to reform, modernise and stabilize the Austro-Hungarian Empire to allow prosperity to continue and grow only ever more, that the people's cries for autonomy and representation within the union has been recognised and that the people's wishes will be acted upon during the course of the next fifteen years... Franz Ferdinand had highlighted to a crowd of onlookers within the great Bohemian city that he and the Austrian Empire will be focusing on allowing the people of Bohemia and Moravia, in eventual union in what the King of Bohemia had called "Czechia" a new and heightened liberty, and will be working with the Austrian parliament to establish a Czech counterpart in due time... Franz Ferdinand's ambitious aims to federalise the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as it seems has been unofficially announced on this date.

By 1915, Franz Ferdinand had claimed to the Bohemian public, the new Czech monarchy will have the autonomy and liberty to act upon it's wishes in a similar way to Austria or Hungary... This claim has come with as many cheers and excitement within the Bohemian public as has skeptics...

For whilst the Minister-President of Austria, Ernest von Koerber has stated that this move would lead to a greater stability within Austria-Hungary and thus of benefit not only to the Bohemian and Moravian people, but Austria itself, many Germans do not share the same opinion, and that to allow Bohemia and Moravia this liberty will only weaken the Germans, and may lead to a Hungarian domination over the union. As for the Hungarians, especially so nationalists, they claim that this move is to attempt to isolate themselves in the fair union and encourage a similar change within Croatia through nationalism in said state... Other ethnic groups across the country hold their breath in anticipation that Franz Ferdinand may also bring this wave of liberalization to their own holdings in the future, though many nationalists suggest that people should not hold their breaths...
This change, as promised by the Bohemian King will come at a moderate pace and with much negotiation... The status of the German dominated Sudetenland area remains up in the air for instance, for though most believe it should remain a part of the Austrian Empire economists claim that without the industry of the vital area the newly planned Czech parliament and monarchy will be stunted and weak without it...




Προς τιμήν του ο Πρωθυπουργός Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης


Zu seinen Ehren, Premierminister George Theotokis

To his honour, Prime Minister Georgios Theotokis


Good day to you, revered Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Greece, sir Georgious Theotokis... On the Emperor of Austria, Franz Ferdinand's behest I, Minister-President Ernest von Koerber send this letter to Athens addressed to yours truly to perhaps allay any fears for Austro-Hungarian intentions in the lower Balkans, and to discuss a few propositions with you, your parliament and monarchy, and the whole of the Hellenic Kingdom... To begin with, I do not know if there have been other powers of the world which have sought to represent the Dual Monarchy in an untruthful and negative light, though that may neither be here nor there. In the coming years, the Austro-Hungarian Empire predicts that the Ottoman Empire, the sick men of Europe may grow ever more belligerent in their efforts to repress good Christian people, be it Roman Catholic, Protestant, Greek or Eastern Orthodox within the Balkans, and that this large peninsula may find it necessary to unite as one to liberate the Christian people of the Empire from the yoke of Muslim oppression... As for Austria-Hungary, dedicated to the freedom of Christianity across the globe, should war become with the Ottoman Empire, we shall support our Christian brothers and sisters with the Austrian and Hungarian Landwehr against Kostantiyyne, or as it should be rightfully called: Constantinople...

In addition to our prediction on a future war with the Ottomans which will encompass the entire Balkan region, we wish to tell the Greek government that neither Wien, nor Budapest wishes to seek hostility with the great Kingdom and that Austria-Hungary wishes to see the rightful Greek island of Crete liberated from it's international status to join one and all with their Greek brothers and sisters once more.

In order to prove Austro-Hungarian honour to the cause of Greece, our Empire wishes to offer the Kingdom of Greece Austro-Hungarian support in the modernisation of your defense forces in preparation for a guaranteed war with the Ottomans and to offer industrial subsidies and cooperation between our two great nations... Though neither Wien nor Budapest has planned for the specifics of a potential agreement as of now in order to facilitate flexibility depending on Athens' response, we are welcome to discuss this further either through continued letters or, potentially a formal meeting within Wien to make an agreement on how best to approach closer economic ties and the beneficial reaction that would come with such for both the Greek, Austrian and Hungarian economies.

As for now, this concludes my letter to you, sir Theotokis... I hope that you may consider of what has been written down and perhaps accept our generosity for Athens... I do not see a reason as to why Wien and Athens, both great centres of Christian faith may not enter a harmonious, beneficial relationship.
A good day to you, King George I and all of Greece, from Minister-President of Austria; Ernest von Koerber



Dear Secretary of State: Richard Olney


Sehr geehrter Außenminister Richard Olney


Greetings to the honoured Secretary of State of the United States of America, Richard Olney... As the Emperor of Austria, and King of Croatia, Hungary and Bohemia Franz Ferdinand, I believe I may be the most justified within Austria-Hungary to address a man of your stature. To begin with, I would like to clarify of what this letter to you, and all of America will entail, for it will be on the subject of the importing of fine American steel to the shores of the Dual Monarchy and furthermore, discussion as to how the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the United States of America may grow closer diplomatically with each other, in due time...

I find much inspiration from the structure of your country, if I must say honoured Richard Olney, for unlike Austria-Hungary as of the current date you successfully and with stability reign over a huge landmass which contains many an ethnicity that lives in harmony with one another relatively speaking, a reality that the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to my regret has yet to establish. Nevertheless, I hope as the guiding hand of Austria, Hungary and the rest of the realm that this union, much like your own may eventually see stability and prosperity in the future...
However, that is not the topic of the letter I address to you.

As to begin, Austria-Hungary is interested in establishing a trade relationship with Washington D.C, as the projects of the union currently in play, not to mention planned for the future will need much steel, and of good quality in addition... I have heard that many American cities, such as Philadelphia are world renown for their production and quality of steel and steel based goods.
Though I may not know the specifics of a deal as of yet, as little has been confirmed, I wish to alert the United States of America that Wien and Budapest are much interested in the establishment of a mutually fruitful trading agreement in the purchase and exporting of steel, to be sent to the ports of Fiume, Pula and in the future, Dubronvik in due time. If America would be interested in naming a price for the exportation of Steel to Austro-Hungarian shores, our country would be much interested in negotiation.

In addition to trade, which I hope may further a relationship between the Austro-Hungarian and American states, as Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia, I state with confidence that I see much benefit for cooperative diplomacy between our two grand nations. The Austro-Hungarian Empire only grows more weary of what proves to be an Authoritarian Italian monarchy to our west and the already proven irredentist attitude of the Kaiser of Germany to the north and worries that the Triple Alliance may prove to dissolve in turmoil in a not too distant future. As such, I believe our nation may see benefit to the building of a diplomatic relationship with Washington D.C, and I myself hope that your honour, and all of Congress may see benefit on your own merits as well.
Nevertheless, I shall leave this letter as is... From Wien and Budapest, we wish the United States of America continued prosperity and success in their motivations for the future...

Signed: Emperor of Austria, and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia Franz Ferdinand




Image

Austro-Hungarian soldiers within Tientsin, circa July 1900

-
________________________

July 26th
Austro-Hungarian Legation
Tientsin
Great Qing
Austria-Hungary
________________________

Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Guten Tag, verehrte Soldaten Österreich-Ungarns. Zunächst einmal bin ich sehr froh, dass Wien Sie und Ihre Landsleute nach Tientsin entsandt hat, denn Gott weiß, dass wir vielleicht zusätzliche Unterstützung brauchen."
(Good afternoon, dear soldiers of Austria-Hungary. First of all, I am very happy that Vienna sent you and your compatriots to Tientsin, because God knows that we may need additional support)
Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Obwohl die Soldaten der Qing durch die Stadt patrouillieren und Beweise darauf hindeuten, dass sie Boxer draußen halten und nicht uns drinnen, erfordern die verstärkten Angriffe in Peking, ganz zu schweigen von unseren sporadischen Begegnungen mit den schrecklich listigen Terroristen, eine erhöhte Präsenz. Ich bin relativ überrascht, dass Seine kaiserliche Hoheit mehr als dreitausend an die Küste von Tientsin geschickt hat, aber das wird diese Garnison noch besser schützen."
(Although the Qing soldiers patrol the city with evidence suggesting they are keeping boxers outside and not us inside, the escalated attacks in Beijing, not to mention our sporadic encounters with the terribly cunning terrorists, require an increased presence. I am relatively surprised that His Imperial Highness sent more than three thousand to the Tientsin coast, but that will protect this garrison even better)


The Austro-Hungarian soldiers sent from the coasts of Dalmatia and Littoral to Tientsin weeks ago had arrived without notice, and in addition, at least to the mind of Moritz Freiherr had managed the journey from Pula to Tientsin quickly indeed. Perhaps the Austrian diplomat had not been as old or as nostalgic and set in one's ways for the past, however even he knows that not three decades ago many navies across the world were using slow ironclads, their weak engines that would not propel a craft much faster than even a Galleon. The sudden shift to destroyers and pre-dreadnaughts across the world had been of much interest...

Nevertheless, he was indeed content and relieved to have seen the soldiers arrive at such an early date. Austria-Hungary's legation had been besieged by sporadic attacks by the unfortunately crafty and almost seemingly omnipresent terrorists known as the boxers, even as Japanese soldiers continue to fill the streets and patrol for the attackers almost constantly and the few soldiers of the Middle Kingdom also seem willing to attempt to secure the city. Thirty single Austro-Hungarian soldiers had their lives taken from them by those unholy Boxers, deaths of which Moritz Freiherr would feel even slightly accountable for...
However, with the arrival of a great number of Austro-Hungarian blood for the small district, he had to leave his thoughts behind for the meantime... The organization and assignment of these new soldiers would come first:


Austro-Hungarian Army Officer
"Seine kaiserliche Hoheit hatte erkannt, dass nach den verstärkten Angriffen der Boxer-Terroristen unsere Anwesenheit erforderlich war. Er hat Ihre Ehre auch bei allen Entscheidungen, die Sie für Österreich-Ungarn in dieser Situation treffen, voll und ganz unterstützt, was die Leitung der Gesandtschaft betrifft, sowie Diplomatie und Zusammenarbeit mit unseren europäischen und japanischen Landsleuten"
(His Imperial Highness recognized that our presence was required following the intensified attacks by the boxer terrorists. He also fully supports your honor in all decisions you make for Austria-Hungary in this situation, regarding the management of the legation, as well as diplomacy and cooperation with our European and Japanese compatriots)

The Austrian Diplomat would turn in his chair and from his desk quickly indeed, to face the Officer with eyes that may even seem like daggers... He had been surprised that the Austrian Emperor had sought for himself to be the arbiter for all concerning the situation within Tientsin from this point onwards. Though he was minister of the Legation the decisions for it involving the actions it should partake with in regards to domestic issues as the closest body that Austria-Hungary has to a colony, diplomacy with it's fellow powers of China had remained within Wien's power only... What would have condoned such a sudden change? Perhaps Franz Ferdinand was worried for his own negligence of the situation? Or rather, is the homeland only suffering from even more problems than it had originally that require the Emperor and King's fullest attention for?
Either way, Moritz Freiherr had not expected for this full pressure to be put against his shoulders...


Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Ich bin relativ gespannt, welche Macht Seine kaiserliche Hoheit aufbrachte, um eine so große Verantwortung nur mir selbst zu übertragen. Jedenfalls habe ich jetzt durch sein Wort diese Pflicht gegenüber der Gesandtschaft.

Soldat, gibt es noch eine andere Nachricht aus Wien, die mich beunruhigen sollte?"
(I am relatively curious to see what power His Imperial Highness has been besieged with to transfer such a great responsibility only to myself. In any case, through his word, I now have this duty to the embassy.

Soldier, is there any other piece of news from Vienna that should worry me?)
Austro-Hungarian Army Officer
"Herr Wahlborn, im Moment gibt es wenig, was Sie mehr beunruhigen sollte, als das, was bereits behandelt wird... Obwohl das Königreich Frankreich einen interessanten Vorschlag für die Boxer-Situation gemacht hat, hat Seine kaiserliche Hoheit bereits eine Antwort erhalten."
(Mr Wahlborn, at the moment there is little that should worry you more than what has already been discussed ... Although the Kingdom of France has made an interesting proposal for the boxer situation, His Imperial Highness has already sent an answer)
Moritz Freiherr Czikann von Wahlborn
"Also gut... Was jetzt angeht, lassen Sie bitte Ihren Kameraden und Ihre Ankunft wissen, dass sie sich bis zum Morgengrauen auf weitere Befehle in diesem Bezirk vorbereiten sollen. Sie können jetzt nach Belieben gehen."
(All right ... As for now, please let your comrades and your arrivals know that they should prepare for further orders in this district by dawn. You can go at will now)
Austro-Hungarian Army Officer
"Danke, Euer Ehren"
(Thank you, your honour)




To his honour, Secretary of State of the United States of America Richard Olney


Ihm zu Ehren, Außenminister der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika Richard Olney


A very well day to his honour, Richard Olney of the United States of America.
To begin with, I shall make it clear that I, the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia Franz Ferdinand is the one of whom is writing this letter to be sent to Washington D.C upon completion, for yourself and your government to prune over and discuss.

To begin, I must say that for all of Austria and Hungary that we are much happy that the United States is willing to muster their great trade of steel to benefit our country in it's ever increasing needs. For though this proud country is no Russia without any capacity for it's own industry, it is an unfortunate truth that even the steel industries of Galicia, Transylvania, Bohemia, Littoral, Croatia, Hungary and Austria would be unable to reinforce our plans for the future, and that to seek outside powers and their great networks of trade to help with this issue is mandatory. As such, may I be the first to communicate that Washington D.C and it's willingness to help Wien and Budapest to achieve this is of much appreciation...
However, I digress. To begin with, may I direct future dealings with the diplomacy that Austria-Hungary shall share with the United States of America to the Embassy within Washington D.C of which Wien and Budapest has established, and furthermore to his honour Ladislaus Hengelmüller von Hengervár, as this shall allow for an easier and more responsive communication between our two proud countries in the future.

And to return to focus, Austria-Hungary would be more than happy to come to an agreement on a lucrative steel trade in the near future, and that the importing of American goods may begin before the end of 1900 in support for the many projects within the country, such as Dubronvik.
In addition, as you had mentioned the possibility of an American protected cruiser to dock within one of the few operational ports on the Adriatic coast of the country, I shall address that in addition... Austria-Hungary would be pleased to receive such an honoured dispatch within it's borders, most preferably within the port of Pula, which is most able to support a naval ship as of current. In addition, though this may be strange to mention, Austria-Hungary has no qualms should you wish to send one of your most advanced Protected Cruisers to our shores. It may be beneficial for the country going forward should the people come to terms that the k.u.k Kriegsmarine may not be as pleasing and not worth attention as one thought, and displaying the navy's weakness to the people may be the only correct way to make a change.

Should this Protected Cruiser host diplomats or other notable officials, I would personally be happy to discuss the future of a mutually beneficial relationship between our two proud countries for the future, otherwise that may be handled by the aforementioned ambassador within Washington D.C

I hope that we may come to a great agreement, and a prosperous relationship soon
Signed: Emperor of Austria, King of Croatia, Hungary and Bohemia Franz Ferdinand


To: Philippe, Louis, King of France
Fr: von Wolkenstein-Trostburg, Anton, Ambassador to Paris


A great day to your highness STOP

This message STOP

Has been condoned by his imperial highness STOP

Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Hungary STOP

In response to his highness and his proposition for the Middle Kingdom STOP

The Austro and Hungarian Empire supports Paris and their wishes for action STOP

Nevertheless STOP

It must be communicated that our country may not be militarily inclined STOP

To participate in operations within lands juristicted by the Great Qing STOP

For the position held within Tientsin is fragile and weak STOP

And may not serve well as a staging ground for Austro-Hungarian intervention STOP

Concerning our positions within Europe STOP

I believe it mutually beneficial that Austria and France begin cooperation necessitated by mutual interests STOP

The scar of the war of 1866 is being opened once more by our northern neighbor and their irredentism STOP

Austria and Hungary now question the validity of the Triple Alliance STOP

And our northern neighbors wishes for our people STOP

I hope that we may come to a conclusion of our differences and seek an ever beneficial friendship between our nations STOP

Best wishes from myself and all of the country STOP

Anton Graf von Wolkenstein-Trostburg STOP



Уважаемое Императорское Высочество Николай II Российской Империи


Sehr geehrte Kaiserliche Hoheit Nikolaus II. des Russischen Reiches
Revered Imperial Highness Nicholas II of the Russian Empire


To begin, I must comment my appreciation that his imperial highness had managed to send a response from Saint Petersburg to Wien with the haste shown. As the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia I am humbled by the positive words crafted in the letter of which you had sent and I now have had the pleasure of reading, and I return my own best wishes for your family and your own health... I sincerely hope that the communication of which we share proves moreso than token going into the future.

As to begin in chronology of the points brought up by your own letter, allow myself to respond in kind. The comments on the relationship the Russian Empire shares with your Western neighbour are much enlightening for myself. I may clearly understand that your allies in France and his majesty, Louis Philippe is of great concern to yourself, and as such I wish to communicate for both yourself and, as a notice for future dealings with the French nation of the fact that I see the Triple Alliance as only a temporary alliance that will crumble due to the exploitative control of Germany, and the irredentist behaviour of my country's own Western neighbour, and that for judgement reserved and wary for the will of the Germans, I must begin to consider a friendship with the French despite the hostile history we have in common against one another for many centuries for the sake of not only my own country, but for the continued stability and prosperity of the continent that we share against forces that would seek to damage it's current sanctity.
In addition, I apologise to his imperial highness of all Russia on my comment for the comment I had made in the previous dispatch on the adamant hostility against the Ottoman Empire, for to comment on the sole destruction of the Muslim nation had been hyperbole. Nevertheless, Austria-Hungary's wishes to see a liberated Balkans from the yoke of an oppressive Caliph that may never truly represent the Christian people fairly is very much still true, and to consider your interest for the Balkans and the people within, as commented by the "Expansion of Russia's sphere and influence", this may be of interest to yourself in addition... Nevertheless, I do hope that the future bodes continued stability for Austria-Hungary, and it's wishes respected as an equal partner. Concerning the Hellenic peoples, I wish to communicate that your intentions for the country are congruent with our own, and that Wien and Budapest will support Russia and France in their diplomatic push to see the Island of Cyprus returned to their rightful people.

To finalize, as you had done so yourself, I may comment that to see the heightening of Economic cooperation within both of our nations' may be beneficial enough to prove imperative for our relationship as new international friends and mutual partners... I accept your suggestion for a delegation to meet as to discuss this topic in earnest, and as such I wish to invite the the Premiers of Austria and Hungary; Ernest von Kroeber and Kálmán Széll respectively, or otherwise endorsed representatives of the both should either, or one of them be unable to make the call to this delegation, alongside guardsmen of high caliber and other individuals of noted importance, for due to arising issues of domestic management and for my own safety I worry that I may not be present myself... In addition, I believe that I may offer a counter suggestion to meeting within Warsaw, for though it would be greatly prestigious for yourself to meet within Congress Poland, I worry for it's safety as there are many Poles which would see neither Austrian, Hungarian or Russian in a positive light and may... Exploit this presumed delegation. Perhaps neutral ground, say Stockholm would be moreso preferable for the such? I would be willing to hear your opinion on the matter.

I bid you, and your fair country and people farewell for the time being...
Signed: Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
Last edited by The Realm of Hyrule on Tue Nov 23, 2021 5:38 am, edited 7 times in total.
_____________________________________The Princessdom of Hyrule_____________________________________
_____________________________________The Princessdom of Hyrule_____________________________________

The Princessdom of Hyrule. A fanfiction based on the Legend of Zelda :: Twilight Princess that takes place half a decade after the conclusion of the game. A new caste of Hyruleans, no less the newly built army resent the old Guard and Princess-Sovereign Zelda for the surrender of the realm to the Twilight and the weakness of Hyrule from invasion...

Meanwhile, the Zora worry greatly about the militarization of Hyrule, and the Goron less so due to the Economic stranglehold of the Rupee of which they have as leverage.


________.QnA (In construction)__.______
__________.About the user__________


Never again shall Hyrule fall, and never again shall we sully the name of Hylia under our weakness!

User avatar
Hanovereich
Diplomat
 
Posts: 830
Founded: Jun 24, 2021
Democratic Socialists

Postby Hanovereich » Mon Nov 15, 2021 11:18 am

The United Kingdom

25 June 1900

Image
HMS Goliath in port, Hong Kong




150 Miles south-west of Hong Kong
On board HMS Goliath

Captain Lewis Wintz, captain of HMS Goliath, watched his ship as it sped towards Hong Kong at 16 knots, flying the Red Ensign. The ship had been at sea for a coupe of weeks now, on its way to Hong Kong with HMS Canopus.

He was scanning the ocean, watching the waves undulating past the ship, when a telegram was given to him. It read simply:

Captain Lewis Edmund Wintz. Raise speed immediately and prepare to be in Hong Kong within 3 hours. Governor has been notified of your arrival. The first detachment of Indian troops, from the 2nd Lancers, 10th Jats and Bombay Volunteer Artillery will arrive within one month.

The Captain had been informed something like this would be sent to him before he left, and he ordered speed to be increased to 18 knots.


In Hong Kong

The sailors disembarked quietly and quickly. It was early evening in Hong Kong, and their presence needed to be kept inside British territory for as long as possible. The governor was there to meet them, and inspected the sailors as they marched off the vessels. Then, he hurried back to his residence and began to make preparations, based on telegrams from London.

First, his detachments of the Military Foot Police in the territory would reinforce the border guards of the Royal Hong Kong Regiment, a militia force, which had already been deployed to the border. The Hong Kong Regiment would split into three battalions- one battalion to the border, another to guard the coast, and the third to patrol the city. The Royal Hong Kong Police would continue their regular foot patrols in the crowded streets of the city, but a small company of them would go to the border. In total, some 5,000 soldiers and police were in the city, with another 2,000 on their way, and a total of 15,000 planned by September.





1 July 1900

Near the Straits of Malacca

Half a dozen vessels, each carrying about 300 soldiers each, sailed through the Straits of Malacca, guarded by a further 3 ships. They were the Indian troops from the 2nd Lancers, 10th Jats and Bombay Volunteer Artillery, sent to Hong Kong to protect British interests there. Thousands more, the soldiers were told, would soon come. There was a feeling of apprehension, fear and excitement. This was their first opportunity to see action.
Last edited by Hanovereich on Mon Nov 15, 2021 11:19 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Ovstylap
Attaché
 
Posts: 85
Founded: Jun 26, 2018
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Matters of State and Diplomacy

Postby Ovstylap » Mon Nov 15, 2021 3:30 pm

I am aware that due to my business some posters have ended up somewhat ahead of Russia, this post will catch us all up to date (around late June). This is subsequently a MEGA post, please feel free to read it in multiple chunks. All parts not in spoilers are pretty much all domestic, the letters to foreign powers are all towards the end in spoilers.


The Alexander Palace, 30 miles south of Saint Petersburg, June 1, 1900.

A meeting most important

Chairman of the Committee of Ministers, Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo was seated in a drawing room within the Alexander Palace, alongside the ministers for Finance, War, and the Interior: Sergei Yulyevich Witte, Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin, and Dmitry Sergeyevich Sipyagin respectively. It was now half past nine, and for some twenty five minutes the four men had been discussing the state of the Russian Empire with some concern, after they realised that the Tsar would it seemed be late to his own summons.

The Interior and War ministers in particular were expressing their concerns. Continued unrest among the newly growing industrial classes, who sought better working conditions, as well as the usual separatist tendencies among some of the various minorities in the nation saw the army continuously used as a tool of repression. This was having a negative effect on morale, and combined with the lack of reforms to improve the living conditions of enlisted men, due to the failure to secure the necessary funds on Kuropatkin’s part, meant that there was growing disillusionment in the ranks. The Milyutin reforms had seen conscripts face a service of six years, with reserve service for a further ten, however, many conscripts were now coming home with an indignant view to the army as an institution, especially as they compared their living standards with those of their officers. Upon returning to the villages, towns, and cities from which they came, many were even radicalising those around them, increasing the general dissenting mood that gripped a substantial amount of the population.
“Simultaneously, we need to keep up the current levels of conscription in order to fulfil our manpower needs, dealing with as much dissent as we do, and so often. However as more soldiers become disillusioned and resentful of the status quo, we will face even greater issues. The Interior Ministry needs to do more, so that the army is needed less for quelling unrest.” Kuropatkin was rather blunt as he addressed the Interior Minister, who merely waved his hands and snarled to a slight extent before responding.
“I can assure you that the Okhrana is working effectively to monitor any revolutionary or otherwise harmful sentiments and movements within the empire, it seems to me as if the real solution to your issues would be the better discipline of your own soldiers.”

Kuropatkin responded quickly: “You’d know very little about the discipline of our soldiers. Morale is the critical factor however, and there’s only so much I can do by improving field kitchens and restricting the use of corporal punishment, perhaps if we were allocated a larger budget then we can do more to resolve those issues. He turned his gaze from the Interior Minister to Sergei Witte, who raised his eyebrows and looked up from his papers. He paused for a few moments, just enough to see the two ministers begin to shuffle. As the Minister for War was opening his mouth to speak again, Witte began to discuss in some detail the state of Russian finances.

“As it stands, our budget faces very tight pressures. In terms of our ordinary revenue and expenditure, we are running only a minor surplus, and given these times I believe it is right that we uphold this. The Tsar has previously supported me on this, as you’d do well to remember. Now we must all realise that our empire is not what yet what it is destined to be. We have within our vast territories, within our great borders, the real potential to become an economic giant to rival the European industrial nations. With our resources, and our great population, we can seek to match the British, who began their industrialisation efforts before we even abolished serfdom.”

As Witte paused to take a sip from the glass of sparkling water before him, the Chairman spoke up. Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo spoke what was known to them all, as Witte had previously talked on similar lines. “For our country to become the modern industrial power it is meant to be, we have to increase four things. Firstly, we need to increase our infrastructure. More railways, more roads, and better ports. Without those, we cannot possibly seek to effectively transport materials, goods, or labour. But these extraordinary expenses do not immediately bring in revenue, but merely pave the way, quite literally, for our industry to export to external markets. One day, we can have a strong domestic market, but for now the people are broadly too poor to dispose their income on whatever manufactured goods we produce. Thus we need to expand our industrial capacity, that we can export on our growing railroads and the like, bringing in foreign revenue. Thirdly, we need a more effective agricultural system, so that we can support urbanisation and continue to feed the populace even as men move from the fields to the factories. And finally, we should seek to expand our trading arrangements with the European powers, as a means towards all of those ends.”

Durnovo smiled slightly after his short speech, whilst the other ministers exchanged knowing looks with one another. “In essence you are correct, but you miss the critical point, which I believe, and we all know deep down, we must address. To expand any of those things, we need the finances, we need the revenue. Expansions to factories and railroads require foreign capital, as we cannot really raise too many further taxes, and most of the population, the peasantry, only has so much wealth- much of which goes to servicing their own land debts so that they can actually own the land distributed to them after the abolition of serfdom. We already owe a significant amount to France, but we need more. And even as we seek foreign capital through the selling of bonds and receival of loans, which we then use to fund extraordinary expenditure such as railroad construction and expansion, we have further extraordinary expenditure by manner of debt servicing. You see then that we are in something of a predicament.”

The Finance Minister concluded his statements in a stern manner. The War Minister spoke up. “So until such a time as we can become the industrial power we must be, we shall be borrowing money to pay off earlier debts which were used to build railways.”

Sergei Witte smiled. “Yes, it would appear that way. It would appear that way.”

As Witte turned to look down at his papers again, the doors to the drawing room opened and an ornately dressed servant strode confidently into the room, before turning to the gathered ministers and bowing. As he stood straight again, he had one hand clasped behind his back, and another gloved in white, he held in front of his torso for precise but gentle hand gestures.
"His Imperial Majesty shall be joining you all soon. He from the beginning desired you to be here at nine, in order that you might discuss matters of state before he joins you. Thank you."
He turned on his heel and strode out, the doors being closed behind him.

Meanwhile, in a garden room in the Palace

Tsar Nicholas II, Emperor of the world's largest country, and most populous part of Europe, leant down to kiss his wife, Her Imperial Highness the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna. Their youngest child Maria was seated on her mother's lap, and she reached out her hand to Nicholas. Nicholas crouched down smiling warmly, and held out his finger to her hand, which she delicately grabbed. He smiled at his wife, and then feigned surprise with an 'oooof' of air released as first Olga, and then Tatiana, threw themselves into an embrace with him. After hugging them both to his sides, he stood up and met Alexandra's heartfelt joyful gaze.

"It has been wonderful to have my first meal after more than two days with you all." The Tsar spoke with sincerity and joy.
"And I am most glad that your time of fasting and prayer has lit that fire within you, my dear," Alexandra responded, rocking Maria on her knee.
The Tsar nodded and smiled, before looking down at his two elder children, albeit they were both not yet five and three. "You two behave yourselves for your mother, and help look after your sister. Do your lessons, and remember your manners. Yes?"
"Yes, Papa." They responded to him, with Olga performing a small curtsy, which Tatiana somewhat less successfully attempted to replicate. Nicholas kissed them both on the forehead, before smiling again at his family, and turning to the door. He knocked twice, and within a moment the doors were opened for him.

"And now, my duties." He took a breath, and stepped forward. Two Kuban Cossacks of the Imperial Konvoi, or escort, closed the doors behind him. No doubt soon the children's nurse would arrive to assist his dear Alix. The Tsar moved through the Palace purposefully, acknowledging where appropriate those guards who moved to attention, or those others who gave him their salutations. Ascending a red-carpeted flight of stairs, the Tsar moved down a corridor adorned with paintings of former Tsars. He stopped for a moment and contemplated a framed painting of Tsar Alexander III, his father. Although his father had considered a move away from a purely autocratic rule, Nicholas II was not destined for that path. Not in his mind. Not in his heart. Nor in his soul. Russia was unlike other powers of the world, some which functioned with a limited monarch, some even it seemed without one. But his Russia, and that was exactly the case, his Russia. No. It had to be ruled by a Sovereign, by the grace of God Russia was in one man's hands, and that was both a burden, and a blessing.

He nodded, and continued down the corridor, passing a servant who was carrying a crystal jug almost empty of water from the drawing room in which a select number of his ministers had gathered. Two more Kuban Cossacks, immaculately uniformed, braced up upon hearing the Tsar's footfall, before then seeing him in their peripheral vision. They reached out, pulling open the doors to their fullest extent just as the Tsar strode towards them. It was a little something, but always satisfactory to Nicholas when such things came together perfectly because of his presence. It was a feeling he wanted all of his empire to know.

The Tsar arrives

The ministers stood as one as the Tsar entered, and walked to take his place at the head of the table, with Durnovo on his right, and Kuropatkin to his left. He sat, and the other Ministers followed suit. The Tsar looked up, seeing that the doors had not closed, as another servant strode into the room, carrying a letter. He placed it into the Tsar's outreached hands. "A communication via Telegram from Vladivostok, your Imperial Highness, ultimately from the Qing Government." After being dismissed, he bowed deeply before pacing backwards, nodding his head, and then turning to leave through the doors held open by the Cossacks. Once the doors closed, the Tsar handed the communication across the table to Kuropatkin, and gestured for him to open it.

Whilst Kuropatkin opened the envelope and then began to read its contents to himself, Durnovo inquired as to the Tsar's sabbatical. "Gentlemen, ministers," the Tsar paused for a moment, before continuing. "I have met with God. God spoke to me in my dream, and in the quiet of the woods where we camped. There are many things, but I have in my heart a greater than ever conviction that God has given me Russia, that he appointed me as her guardian, as her steward." He spoke with growing confidence and certainty as he spoke, his voice powerful in the silence of the room. The War Minister briefly looked up before returning to the telegram.

Durnovo nodded as the Tsar spoke, then asked the question on everyone's minds. "What did God say?" He spoke with almost a sense of awe. The Tsar looked up somewhere above the table, and spoke reverently. "It was not so much a voice, but as a variety of scripture, of Biblical images, of visions. It only happened after the hunger had properly set in, and I had spent many hours in prayer and discussion with the priest who accompanied me. I went to sleep as the fire quietened, and it was then, after those hours of dedication that it all happened." The Tsar spoke with a slight sense of wonder, almost shaking his head, before he looked at the ministers in turn. Kuropatkin had finished with the telegram, but was now listening intently.

"In the same way that Jesus was offered the wilderness by the Devil but rightly rejected it, I found myself standing on a hill. There was light in a way I cannot describe. Like the Sun, but yet so much more. That light was to my right. I looked out upon a vast land of snow, of Taiga, of rivers, and marshes. A wilderness it appeared. By my foot, a globe, highlighting Russia. I felt a pressure upon my shoulder, one of a hand, but it provided the deepest warmth and severity to every fiber of me. I felt myself say yes, and before me I saw the wilderness turn less harsh, and there were columns of smoke from distant villages, there were fields, there was a man wearing a fur cloak carrying firewood. A great span of iron, a railway, crossed the land halfway to the horizon." The Tsar paused.
All of the ministers looked at the Tsar expectantly. Rarely it seemed, did he have so much vision and passion about matters of state. Witte could not help but smile that railways were on the Tsar's mind.

Sipyagin then pressed further. "Your Imperial Highness, what more did this mean?"
"All of Russia, it is my duty to care for and rule over Rossiyskaya Imperiya, it is my place to be the highest steward, but always loyal to God. And from my prayer, and from my discussion with the priest, I cannot help but know there is something more. The Jews. For much time they have wandered, and settled in many lands, in our own nation we have many, there are many too in Poland. But in many ways, even with their integration into the army in the second half of the last century, and in other manners, they live in separation. Even if they do accept the Messiah, they are still God's people. There can be no more pogroms. I know that anti-Semitism has had its use in uniting people behind the government, but we must integrate these people even more, where they accept it."

The seeming change of subject to direct matters of state had come as a shock, and Sipyagin was now taking notes. The Tsar continued. "Indeed, all the many peoples and groups of our empire, we must be united ever more. Faith is not in common. Nor is language, nor is blood. Some do not even see their belonging to Rossiyskaya Imperiya as what unites them. There are administrative borders, and there are ethnic borders. And I do not mean to be possess hubris, but it is the reality that what unites them is having me as their Tsar, or king." Witte, upon seeing the Tsar pause, remarked "and their poverty." Durnovo rose his eyebrows, and Kuropatkin looked askew in surprise. But the Tsar nodded.

"That is precisely so. Many are poor, or indebted. Many subsist. But this cannot be it for Russia. We must look to the future. Reforms, industrialisation, expansion of the civil service, there shall be many changes. We are at the beginning of a new century, and my reign has now been introduced. For six years I have been a Tsar of Russia. Now, I shall be THE Tsar. I am thirty-two. By the time I am into my fifties, by God's grace, we shall be the undisputed power of the world. Russia's landmass, her populace, her geography, everything points to us being the greatest industrial power of the world, even without the vast overseas Empire of the British. We shall industrialise, we shall move forward into this century. And as we all know, to kick start this, we need foreign money, in particular from the French." The Tsar looked to Witte, who spoke next.

The 1925 Plan

Passion, determination, excitement filled the air. There was a sense of reverence too. The Tsar was invigorated and passionate. Witte spoke next of great visions for Russia. The 1925 plan. To even utter that date seemed almost out of this world. The Tsar would have reigned for almost thirty years. It envisioned Russia as the dominant power between Europe and Asia, at the head of a Balkan sphere of influence, as the pre-eminent power around the Black Sea. And the railroads. With the assumed acceptance of foreign powers, there were variations to the plan as to how far the railways stretched. In the most conservative of stances, Vladivostok, Vitebsk, Chita, Moscow, Smolensk, Warsaw, Riga, St Petersburg, Kiev, Minsk, Sevastopol, Odessa. All were linked by significantly expanded railway and transportation networks. But in variations, railroads built with Russian and European capital and labour stretched from Riga through Konigsberg to Warsaw and onwards to Wien, onwards to Berlin. Warsaw was a hub of railroads, linking to the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires, and onwards into the Balkans. Bucharest, Budapest, Belgrade, Sarajevo, all joined to the Russian Empire.

But the most ambitious point, and one that the Tsar introduced: Constantinople. Named as it should be, and most certainly no longer Ottoman. Russia, re-asserted as the Third Rome. The Tsar, re-asserted as the protector of all Eastern Christianity. Russia, dominant from the Baltic to the Black Sea, united with Siberia and the Pacific to the fullest extent by railroad.

On the steps towards this Plan, over the next five years Russia was to aggressively sell bonds and seek loans, and begin a civil service expansion. By 1910 industrial capacity was to be increased between two and fourfold, according to how capital procurement and foreign trade went. The civil service by 1915 would be 750,000 strong, such that there were six civil servants for every thousand rather than the current four. Literacy rates were to be improved, midwives to be trained, domestic debts to be reduced. All with the ultimate aim of modernising the nation.

The very first step however, would be to begin work towards a Census to be completed April 25th, 1901. It would detail in entirety the current population of Rossiyskaya Imperiya, including what languages could be spoken, read, and write, as well as detail outstanding debts, and amount of land owned, as well as years of military service completed. Officially, the Census would be announced to the public on June 25th.

The Qing Telegram
The discussions were ongoing even still at quarter to eleven, when Kuropatkin finally addressed the contents of the telegram. Vladivostok had sent its own reports alongside information from the Qing. The Boxers had not been suppressed. Skirmishes continued along great stretches of the Chinese Eastern Railway. Qing New Army and regular army troops were actively engaging with Boxers, but questions were raised about the loyalty and effectiveness of the regular army. The Qing were being forced to defend the European legations, but clearly there was concern.

The Qing had informed Russia of Japanese troop movements and mobilizations in Korea. Somewhere between 75,000 and 120,000 soldiers were ready to invade Manchuria. Kuropatkin interjected his own view that surely the Japanese could not have more than 80 or 90 thousand. Nonetheless, it seemed that if the Qing could not suppress the Boxers, Japan might choose to unilaterally invade. This would place Russian interests most assuredly under threat, if Japan could not be brought into concert with the other powers. Rather than expose any potential Russian fears, or even encourage the Japanese into earlier action, Russia would instead communicate with the Qing and other powers. And so it was that in the afternoon of May 31st a telegram would be sent to Vladivostok, and from there a letter would be sent to Qing, diplomatically elaborating on the central points of the St Petersburg-Vladivostok telegram. The letter would likely arrive around June 3rd-8th depending on Boxer disturbances.

OFFICIAL MESSAGE APPROVED BY TSAR STOP

TO BE RELAYED BY LETTER TO QING STOP

WRITE DIPLOMATICALLY AND FULLY STOP

GRATITUDE FOR INFORMATION ON JAPANESE MOVEMENTS STOP

GRAVE CONCERN FOR JAPANESE UNILATERAL ACTION STOP

MANCHURIAN INTERESTS TO BE SECURED STOP

REQUEST PERMISSION TO FORTIFY MUKDEN STOP

SAME FOR DEPLOYMENT OF FIVE BETTER TEN THOUSAND TROOPS STOP

FOR GARRISONING OF ABOVE AND CHINESE EASTERN RAILWAY STOP

RUSSIA DESIRES COOPERATION WITH QING STOP

END OF MESSAGE TO QING STOP

LONG LIVE THE TSAR STOP


Diplomatic Concerns

In accordance with the Tsar's reinvigorated passion for leading Rossiyskaya Imperiya, there was a flurry of focus and attention paid to diplomacy well into June, with letters and telegrams being exchanged. Of particular concern was a response to the Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and a reaching out to France. The United States and United Kingdom would also be sought, in addition to the German Empire, Greece, and Romania.

On June 2nd a letter would be composed by the Tsar to be sent to Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria. It would likely arrive in under a week.
To His Esteemed Imperial Majesty Franz Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria, and King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia. I return with joy your greetings and salutations, and wish yourself and your family well at this beginning of a new century. I shall address your letter in order of your own concerns, before sharing with you my own further thoughts.

Your concern for Rossiyskaya Imperiya in terms of the German threat is appreciated and understood, and I can sympathize with your concerns regarding your expansionist neighbour to the north, and your historical rival to the south. As the staunchest ally of king Louis-Philippe II, the threat posed by the German Empire is of concern not just for my own nation, but that of others.
With concern for the German Empire's intentions we share an interest, and both in accordance with that nation prerogative, but our shared Christian faith, and with respect from one Sovereign Emperor to another, with the shared burden of revolutionary threats and rulership over great empires, I am most interested in the betterment of relations between ourselves, and our nations.

It is most pleasing that Austria-Hungary shall no longer pursue irredentist polices in the Southern Balkans. The Kingdom of Serbia is bound by blood and faith as the brother of my own nation, and her interests I see as akin to my own. Regarding the situation of relations between the Kingdom of Serbia and your own nation, I offer our assistance in diplomatic matters. Although the outright destruction of the Ottoman Empire is a matter of the greatest severity, and its consequences cannot be underestimated, we share an interest in diminishing its influence in the Balkan region, and express the greatest concern for the lives of Christians living under its rule.

It is on this matter of hand that I would like to inform you further. It is my unreserved intention to assert in the following months the Russian position as the protector of all Christians east of Europe, and my personal position as the protector of the Orthodox Church, not just in terms of its legal status, but in its property, clergy, and its adherents. It is in our further interest also that the Dardanelles are kept open, with minimum interference including tolls from the Ottomans.

A further point is that should any events befall the Ottoman Empire which would make a return of Cyprus to its historically legitimate Greek owners, that France would support Russia in enabling this.

Furthermore, and I immediately offer my empathy in understanding matters of prestige, security, and national concerns, but by nature of shared blood with many, and faith with most, I seek to establish the Balkans as within Rossiyskaya Imperiya's sphere of influence, with exceptions for the mutual interests and border concerns of your own empire.

Finally, it is imperative that our nations respond together in the wake of the Boxer disturbances in China, and as a gesture towards this, we offer refuge to French citizens in our own legations.

I hope that these matters of diplomacy and world standing are acceptable, and will be endorsed by yourself and your government. As a last matter however, it is completely within the interests of both of our nations that we come to favorable economic arrangements, with greater trade, and cross-border investment between our nations. As such, I propose that a delegation meets in August for preparatory talks for an agreement in September as to our future relations. Perhaps, this might be in Warsaw.

I wish you good health, in heart, mind, body, spirit, and soul. From your brother in faith, and as a fellow ruler of men and nations. Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov


On June 3rd, a letter to King Louis-Philippe II of France would be composed, likely arriving before Mid-June.
To His Royal Majesty by the grace of God, King Louis-Philippe II of France,

I write to you today as not only the Russian Tsar, but as a brother in faith, and a fellow ruler bound by Alliance and honour. In the past six years, our nations have grown ever closer and I wish this to continue and increase. It is in the French interest that Rossiyskaya Imperiya is strong, and progresses in its path to economic modernisation, and subsequently its position as a trading partner and as a stronger military ally, and it is in the Russian interest that France prospers in security from the German threat.

Our nations have no conflicting interests, and in light of these combined facts, I hope that we might reinforce the Franco-Russian Alliance of 1894 with a shared agreement at the beginning of this new century.

I propose that a Franco-Russian delegation meet before Winter to draw out a more significant and official economic arrangement between our nations, including the creation of more provisions to provide Russia with French investment, and to reduce risk to French investors, as well as to improve direct trade between us. This could occur in France, or Russian territory, but perhaps we might arrange for this to occur in Copenhagen, allowing for a middle ground where communications between our delegations and homelands are easy for all participants.

I further wish to inform you that it is my unreserved intention to assert in the following months the Russian position as the protector of all Christians east of Europe, and my personal position as the protector of the Orthodox Church, not just in terms of its legal status, but in its property, clergy, and its adherents. It is in our further interest also that the Dardanelles are kept open, with minimum interference including tolls from the Ottomans.

A further point is that should any events befall the Ottoman Empire which would make a return of Cyprus to its historically legitimate Greek owners, that France would support Russia in enabling this.

Likewise, in light of shared blood with many, and shared faith with most, as well as concern at the Ottoman Empire's treatment of Europeans and Christians in the Balkans, it is in my own desire that Rossiyskaya Imperiya establishes a sphere of influence in the Balkan region, with exceptions for the rightful interests and concerns of the Austro-Hungarians, for the betterment of all inhabitants in the region, and to allow greater intra-national trade between this part of Europe and others.

Finally, it is imperative that our nations respond together in the wake of the Boxer disturbances in China, and as a gesture towards this, we offer refuge to French citizens in our own legations.


On June 6th, the British Ambassador would be summoned to meet with the Tsar and Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravyov, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
During the course of the discussions between the British Ambassador, the Tsar, and Muravyov, the Tsar would express his desire for a naturalisation of relations between the two empires. He would advocate for an arranged meeting in the Autumn, to take place in London with a Russian delegation to be led by Minister Muravyov, indicating the seriousness attached to the Tsar's desire for improved relations.

During the course of such a diplomatic event, it was proposed that discussions of spheres of influence in Afghanistan, Persia, and the Balkans take place, as well as the possibility of arranging an economic agreement. The hope would be to reduce tensions between the powers, and to end the so-called 'Great Game.' In addition to this, Muravyov reassured the British Ambassador that Russia sought to fully support the Russian powers against the Boxers, but hoped that the Qing could be kept on side in any future arrangements.

Furthermore, the Minister asked the Ambassador to pass on a request that Rossiyskaya Imperiya might enter into trade negotiations with the Federation of Australasia, and with the Dominion of Canada.

The Tsar also indicated hints at a meeting of the respective royal families in the Spring of 1901 to further cement relations between the two Great Powers.


On June 9th, the US Ambassador to Russia was also summoned, however the Tsar was not present due to an important meeting with representatives of the Orthodox Church.
During the course of discussions, Foreign Minister Muravyov spoke of the Tsar's interest in striking up a correspondence with President Byran, whilst Muravyov himself wished to do the same with the US Secretary of State, Richard Olney. Mention was made of the shared positions of the United States of America and Rossiyskaya Imperiya as continent-spanning multi-ethnic nations, albeit with different political and economic structures. Muravyov raised the Russian desire to undertake a loan from the United States, as well as encourage more direct investment, especially in Siberian resource exploitation and improvement to railroads and the port of Vladivostok, in order to facilitate future trade.

Finally, the minister suggested that both nations shared concerns over Japanese military expansionism, and that this combination of shared positions of understanding, and shared interests in developed trade relations and controlling the Japanese threat could provide a basis for greatly increased future relations.


A letter was sent to the Kingdom of Greece, addressed to both the King and Prime Minister on June 11th, and another was dispatched from Odessa on June 12th to the Kingdom of Romania. The letters would all arrive before the 20th of June.
To the honorable Prime Minister of Greece, Georgios Theotokis.

On behalf of Tsar Nicholas II, and Rossiyskaya Imperiya as a whole, I would like to extend a warm Russian hand of friendship to the Kingdom of Greece. We wish to share with you our desires for our own future relations, as well as some broader intentions within the region.

Fore mostly, it is the Russian desire to preserve the integrity and sovereignty of the Kingdom of Greece against all foreign threats, namely, against that of the Ottoman Empire. As brothers in faith, and as nations looking towards a new century of modernization, and freedom from the threats of the Ottoman Empire, Russia offers a guarantee of independence from the Ottoman Empire. In addition, should a situation arise whereby it would be reasonable to return Cyprus to its rightful Greek owners, Russia will diplomatically support this. It is not right that Britain should hold Cyprus hostage in order to prevent Russia carrying out such actions as may be necessary to protect Orthodox, or any other Christians, as well as the Balkan nations and indeed itself from the depravations of the Ottomans.

In addition, Russia and Greece are naturally bound towards positive relations with one another, and as such we should seek to improve our economic relations. Given the political system of your own nation, and the competing public interests which your parties represent, we believe that it would be most appropriate for your Government to propose trade terms, though essentially we desire an easier flow of capital and products between our nations.

Finally, it is the Tsar's intention in the coming months to assert his rightful position as protector of the Orthodox Church, and Russia itself as the protector of all Christians east of Europe. We trust that this will hasten the growing of our relations, and diminish the Ottoman threat to Balkan Christians. In the longer term, the Tsar wishes for a growing friendship between France, Russia herself, and the Balkan nations, and for peaceful and positive relations with the Austro-Hungarians to the north of the Balkans, and he desires to know the Greek position on these matters.

The Tsar and I look forward to your response,
Sincerely, Count Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravyov,
Minister of Foreign Affairs.


To his Royal Majesty, King Carol I.

Summer greetings to you, King Carol. I trust that this letter finds you well, and that your family are healthy at this time. I write to you personally, as a fellow ruler in times of change, reform, and modernisation. I write to you as the ruler of a much older nation, to yourself as the ruler of an old nation, that has only recently become a new state. It is my full intention to see the Kingdom of Romania prosper peacefully, secure from any Austro-Hungarian or Ottoman threats.

I wish to relay to you Austro-Hungarian desires for peace and stability in the Balkan region, and our shared intention to defend the Balkan nations from the Ottoman Empire, including those Christians living under its yoke even now. It is my hope that our nations can draw closer in friendship, and that there can be more trade between our peoples. In the coming months, Russia's position as the natural, and righteous protector of not only the Orthodox Church, but of all Christians east of Europe, and indeed within Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, will be made clear. As such, any grievances between our peoples must be settled, in a brotherly, Christian, diplomatic matter, and I am sure that such a stance will be supported by your Court and Government.

It is my own personal vision that France, Russia, and the Balkan nations can be united in harmony, with greater trade relations between us all, as we support one another in growing prosperity. Likewise, it is my belief that the Austro-Hungarians wish to turn a new leaf, and act as a force for stability and sovereignty in the Balkans. We wish to invite you in this project to build a stable and sovereign Balkan Europe, free from the tyrannical and oppressive age-old enemy, the Ottomans. I trust that in the coming months our nations may embark on a journey to better relations, and indeed to partnership.

God bless you, your family, and your nation.
Faithfully, Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov.

To be continued tomorrow to include further diplomatic letters to the powers concerned.
Last edited by Ovstylap on Fri Nov 19, 2021 6:58 am, edited 3 times in total.

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Hypron
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1382
Founded: May 10, 2018
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

Postby Hypron » Mon Nov 15, 2021 3:32 pm

Sydney, Australia, Australasian Federation, June 3, 1900

A man sat at a desk looking over reports for Far East movements of British resources. Troops are moving into Hong Kong via from Britain, while other transports carrying Gold and Coal move to Portsmouth via Perth and Wellington. The Commerce of the Far East moves swiftly and quietly. Thinking out loud over these reports is the current Governor-General of Australasia, John Adrian Louis Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, 7th Earl of Hopetoun. Sent to Australia in 1899 to oversee the transfer of Australia from being a Crown Colony to a Dominion, now he is the current Head of Government of the third largest territory in the British Empire.

The Federation of Australasia was created by a union of the colonies of Australia, New Zealand, the Territory of Papua, and the British Oversea Territories closest to the Federation of Australasia, such as Fiji and the British Solomon Islands. This was done via the Australia and New Zealand Federation Act of 1901, which rose both Australia and New Zealand to dominion status and unified the two nations. The Act was passed in the Australian Parliament by a wide majority, while it was almost rejected in New Zealand. But, now the colony was one of the richest in the world and the citizens of the nation would be the first to feel the spring of economic growth.

Elections are currently running through the Federation, which is why Hope is even doing this job in the first place. Until a Prime Minister is elected by the citizens of the new nation, and the Parliament and Federation Council is filled, the Governor-General is the highest authority in the country and must exercise his power in the name of the crown until December. So, he is now sitting with a hastily assembled Federation Council, 9 members from each nation that dictate the laws of the Federation when Parliament is adjourned.

George Reid, a member of the Liberal Party, sat next to him. One of Australia's hasty appointments to the Federation Council, Sir Reid held commanding influence in the Liberal Party, as well as with the remaining Australian members on the Council. "So, Governor-General Hope, this is the first time that you have convened the Federation Council. I hope it is important to warrant a vote." "Indeed it is, Mr. Reid. Recent reports sent by the British Foreign Office to me have indicated that there has been a small spat between the Boxers and the Qing government in China. While nothing too severe has come of it, the British Government in London is still concerned with the safety of Hong Kong, along with the remaining British concessions in China. The majority of British forces are being directed towards Hong Kong, and I want to assure the British Government that Australasia will commit to overseas deployments."

"So then, Mr. Hope, what do you want the Australasian Federation to do in response?" "I would like to send the 1st Brigade of the First ANZAC Division to the British Legation at Tientsin. Colonel Walter Umbridge will oversee events relating to Australasian Forces when they arrive. They will be stationed there until things have settled down in China, and then they can be withdrawn."

The council puts it to a vote, with it being unanimous. "Well, that settles it. Now, onto the Federal Elections. The Liberal Party has a solid 3% lead, with Labour in Second. Things are proceeding as planned. And I would like to ensure that this trend continues to happen. Keep me up to date on proceedings, would you all?" The Councilmen nod in agreement. "Great, then, I will let you get back to your duties."

Darwin, Australia, Australasia, June 6, 1900

"So where are we going, sir?" Col. Umbridge was in conversation with the Commander in Chief of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, Lt. General Sir Edward Thomas Henry Hutton, about the destination of his soldiers. "The British Foreign Legation in Tientsin, China. With Japan having the city occupied, Boxers shouldn't be a problem, but the Governor-General wants forces moved there immediately, for some reason. I have been ordered to dispatch your men, and I don't want to deal with what happens by refusing. So, you're going, whether you like it or not."

"How long will the trip take?" "I estimate that getting there will take a week, and deployment will last 6 months. By then, High Command in London and the Foreign Office should be satisfied with the situation. Then the British and Australasian forces in China will more than likely be ordered to withdraw. It's mainly a policing operation unless things so massively wrong." "Yes, sir. We'll set off within the hour."

After about an hour in a half, due to a slight delay in loading supplies, the Australasian First Brigade, 3,700 men strong, set off for Tientsin, China. The first deployment of the Australasian Army begins.
Last edited by Hypron on Thu Nov 18, 2021 7:58 am, edited 2 times in total.

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New Provenance
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Posts: 267
Founded: Jan 09, 2021
Liberal Democratic Socialists

Postby New Provenance » Mon Nov 15, 2021 5:03 pm

Washington Secure Telegram Office, State, War and Navy Building
Washington, D.C., United States of America


Two National Guard officers flanked Secretary of State Richard Olney as he slowly inputted the contents of his telegram message to the Emperor of the Kingdom of Austria-Hungary. When the letter had been received Olney had been so happy to receive such a request that he forwarded it to President William Jennings Bryan almost instantly. Now, he held a small white card in one hand, with the President's perfect handwriting so clearly imprinted on it, while he used his other hand to use the telegram machine.

"Nearly done, sir?" one of the National Guard officers asked. "Yes, officer. Closing up the message." Olney replied, just as he nodded to the clerk in the back, indicating that he was done. The two officers moved to open the front door as Richard Olney left the Secure Telegram Office, used by officials to relay important or classified information.

To: FERDINAND, FRANZ, EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
Fr: OLNEY, RICHARD, SECRETARY OF STATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


Greetings your Majesty STOP

I hope this message reaches you well STOP

In regards to your message regarding a fruitful and mutually beneficial steel agreement STOP

the United States would be happy to provide raw and refined resources STOP

for your infrastructure and navy plans STOP

if your Majesty is interested STOP

the United States would also like to propose STOP

a US Navy port call by one of our C-class protected cruisers STOP

to accompany the first shipment of steel to Austria-Hungary STOP

and affirm the start of fruitful relations between Vienna and Washington STOP

the US is ready to receive your trade representatives in Washington STOP

My best wishes STOP

Richard Olney, Secretary of State STOP
Commonwealth of Atlantic States (formerly named Commonwealth of New Provenance)
President Robert J. Carter (D)
Current time: January 2040
Federal presidential constitutional democracy
Join the Council of Nations alliance today!
The Century That Changed Everything as the United States, 2021: A Brave New Decade as China, A War of Blood and Steel as Canada, America the Beautiful as Rep. Frank Taylor
Governed by President Robert J. Carter since 2036, the world's sole superpower as of 2040. See the factbook for more information

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Great Confederacy of Commonwealth States
P2TM RP Mentor
 
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Democratic Socialists

Postby Great Confederacy of Commonwealth States » Wed Nov 17, 2021 2:57 pm

Paris
Kingdom of France
May 1900


The Cuirassier Guards of the 1st Regiment were the first of the parade to cross the Alexander III bridge. Their gala cuirasses gleamed and shone in the bright sun, as did their broad sabres and the metal rings and details of their equipment. At the front rode the second-in-command of the regiment, of which king Louis Philippe II was nominally the colonel. Standing as he was, in his uniform of a Marshal of France, on a podium to receive the parade, the king was in no position to actually partake. Something which he absolutely dreaded; there was little he loved more than to draw the broadsword and ride at the head of a cavalry formation. At the request of his advisors, however, he had declined the honour; the international press was already having a fit over the fact that there was any national military display at the peaceful World Exhibition, and if the receiving monarch were to ride in armour at the front of a column, it would send the wrong message to the world. And message was everything here, at the dawn of a new millennium.

Those detractors, who had decried the opening of the exhibition under military drums and banners, could not help but admit that the display was not purely nationalistic. The 1st Cuirassier Guards were followed by modern horse-drawn field guns of the latest make, as well as other new technologies: machine guns, heavy siege mortars, and even a military balloon, though the actual balloon was held up by a metal frame inside. A combination of new technology and the show of force Louis Philippe and his government so desperately desired, as France had in the eyes of the world not yet fully recovered from the defeats of Napoleon III and the loss of Lorraine to Germany. These exhibitions were supposed to put France back on the map again, but while his advisors, and especially his investors, were enthusiastic, Louis Philippe was unsure whether anything but actual war, actual conquest, would return France to its former glory.

He looked up from the parade to the exhibition grounds beyond; the Beaux-Arts pavilions and palaces that symbolised much of his reign, stretching along the banks of the Seine. Some artist had petitioned to be allowed to implement what they called ‘New Art’ into their designs, using more naturalistic, flowing lines. The king had personally insisted on neoclassical architecture, however. The architecture of strength and tradition, rather than social experimentation. Even the Beaux Arts-designs were not entirely untouched by the incessant drive of artist to modernise, and these newest pavilions looked slightly different from those of the exhibition ten years earlier: more nods to Louis XIV-style, and to Napoleonic Empire-style. Beyond the buildings, at the other end of the exhibition grounds, stood the centrepiece of the grounds, and with it the centrepiece of the whole exhibition: the Four Glorious Kings, looking in the four directions. Louis XIV, the Sun King, holding a glowing orb that acted as a moonlight tower at night, looking north to where he had expanded France to its natural borders. Saint Louis IX, the Reformer, and the only French king to be canonized, representing France’s devotion to the Church, looking west towards the setting sun. To the south looked Charles Martel, father to Charlemagne and the Hammer of the Franks, who defeated a Moorish invasion in southern France and thus saved Christendom, and then emperor Napoleon, looking east towards his military accomplishments. The four statues were made from bronze and attached to a large central metal construction which towered above the heads of the kings and was the actual engineering masterpiece. The attention of most visitors, however, would go towards the four statues, each almost 150 meters high.

It had been the addition of Napoleon that proved the most controversial. In England he was still remembered as a tyrant and a dictator. Even in France, he was regarded as an enemy of the Bourbons, and thus of the reigning monarchy. Yet to the French, he was also one of their most glorious leaders, and had undoubtedly shaped Europe in his image, and made Europe heel to France. To the north, the Arc de Triomphe still towered over the city and gave testament to that fact.

“Does something trouble you, sire?”

The whisper came from Louis Philippe’s right, where one of the officers of his staff had come forward. Major Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy, head of the Second Division of Army Intelligence, had stepped up. The man had climbed up the ranks rather quickly within the last decade, having been a central figure in exposing the Dreyfus-conspiracy, in which Jewish officers had been in contact with German spies. Due to Esterhazy, the military could be purged of those individuals, and this notoriety had served him well in his promotions. Him heading the Second Division was actually the direct result of one of the conspirators being removed, thus requiring Esterhazy to take his position. The whole affair still lingered, but most Dreyfusard opposition had been firmly crushed by new evidence brought up by the general staff. Since then, Esterhazy had been the spider in the army’s intelligence web, always seeming to know most secrets before anyone else.

“Well…” the king began, but he was then silenced as the next regiment came marching past. The King’s Royal Rifles, a regiment headed by none other than prince Louis Philippe; his eldest son, and heir to the throne, as well as a major-general in the French army. The King’s Royal Rifles were armed with the latest model of magazine-fed rifles that were also part of the exhibition. The war ministry had issued them to the King’s Rifles out of regimental respect, but this acquisition now put the formation under pressure; the Lebel factory was putting pressure on the government to deploy them to combat zones for field testing.

“It’s all no substitute for glory, is it?” the king noted. Esterhazy nodded, and looked to the city beyond.

“For a year, Paris is again the centre of the world. But afterwards…”

“London, Berlin, Vienna…” the king mused. Now passed some of the latest field guns of the kingdom some of the first to be armed with hydraulic recoil mechanisms.

“Or Peking” Esterhazy noted. “The Boxer rebellion continues almost unhindered, it seems. Endangering our interests in the region, and those of His Holiness, of course”

“We are doing what we can” the king interjected, but he had to modify his original statement with the addition of “Diplomatically, of course”

“Of course” Esterhazy replied. He now took a seat to the right of the king, deftly moving his sabre out of the way and leaning in, as to be able to whisper in a manner that no-one could hear.

“But I have received reports that both our allies in industry and our adversaries abroad are looking at this crisis with great concern. All nations are looking at one another, and in turn, all subjects are looking at their governments. Some more despairingly than others. I might add”

The king snorted.

“I know the industrialists want war, general. And so do the conservatives, and the Catholics… But I have nothing to gain from sending the tricolour into the yellow mud of China”

“Because of your son?” Esterhazy said, poisonously. Even in its silence it cracked through the conversation like thunder, and like ice-cold water it seeped into the bones of the king. He slowly turned to Esterhazy, a look of fury in his eyes. The general gulped and felt his heart begin to race, but he kept calm, not flinching when the king slowly and with vigour expelled worded air between his teeth.

“Qu'est-ce que tu as dit?”

“It’s… It’s what the rumours say” Esterhazy replied deftly. “That you are not willing to risk your son’s life for France”

“I am France” the kind replied bitterly. “And soon, my son will be France” he added. “France gains nothing by endangering France”

“So it is true” Esterhazy whispered. “Your only son…”

“Don’t presume to tell me what is and is not true, general” the king retorted. “That is for me to decide”

“So it is, so it is…” the general replied, knowing how much this was not the case. Ever since his coronation, the king had not been able to govern truly independently, rather relying on his many advisors from the industrial class, or the conversative senate, or from the Church. The king maybe decided what was true, but the truth was very much nominated for him, and he just had to make his pick. And a wrong pick, everyone engaged in this game new, would have dire consequences. Just as they had been dire for Henri, the king who refused to play.

“Alright. I will convene with the other heads of state. We will still act diplomatically, but the time to apply it forcefully has come. Now, don’t you have some gossip to eavesdrop on? Jews to persecute?” The king asked, and with a nod, Esterhazy made himself scarce, glad to be out of reach of the king’s chagrin.

To his Britannic majesty, the King of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Emperor of India;
To his majesty, the German Emperor, King of Prussia;
To his majesty, the Emperor of the Russians, king of Poland;
To his majesty, the king of Italy;
To his majesty, the Emperor of Austria and king of Hungary,
To his majesty, the Emperor of Japan;

It has come to Our attention that, despite Our best diplomatic efforts in China, the crisis regarding the heathen rebellion of Boxers has not abated. It has become Our conclusion that this situation persist either at the pleasure of either the imperial court in Peking or their incompetence at governing the Heavenly Kingdom. As such, it is the wish of Our government that the court in Peking be made to act, or to have the Great Powers and Japan act in Concert for the protection of Christian values.

It is with this in mind that We propose an ultimatum be sent to the Emperor of China, wherein the Great Powers and Japan act in Concert. The Emperor of China shall be given the choice to crush the so-called Boxer rebellion by his own force of arms, or will host troops of the Great Powers and Japan to act on his behalf. It is Our expressed wish that my son, Louis Philippe, heir to the throne of France, be named as the president of the Grand Embassy which should be established for this purpose and, should the Emperor and his court not acquiesce to our demands, that he be made commander in chief of the allied armies in China.


Grateful for your swift response,

Signed,


Louis Philippe de Bourbon
King of the French
The name's James. James Usari. Well, my name is not actually James Usari, so don't bother actually looking it up, but it'll do for now.

Lack of a real name means compensation through a real face. My debt is settled


Part-time Kebab tycoon in Glasgow.

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Orostan
Negotiator
 
Posts: 5764
Founded: May 02, 2016
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Orostan » Wed Nov 17, 2021 11:05 pm

The Great Qing
The Great Riot of Peking - June, 1900


On the first of June, Beijing erupted in violence. A group of boxers and defecting regular army units as well as certain members of the Qing court attempted a coup to "restore the emperor" and "expel the foreign devils". In anticipation of riots the foreign legations had been guarded by soldiers of the New Army, loyal to the government and equipped with modern equipment. Even so the sudden coup and break down in communication led to the defenders being overwhelmed for a time. The French legation had been set on fire before the loyal government troops were able to thin the numbers of boxer rioters with machine guns. As the chaos in the legation quarter was unfolding the Emperor was being rushed out the back of his palace as the fighting threatened to penetrate it. It never got to that point however, and by the end of the day the steps of the palace were coated in blood but its walls were untouched.

For two more days the rioting and fighting continued as the Qing tried to clear out rebels from the city. On the third day more Qing new army units arrived and groups of rebels began surrendering in exchange for amnesty. The rebellion collapsed quickly after that. Prince Duan, the principle instigator of the coup, managed to escape the city narrowly though most of his associates were captured in a cellar of a house just south of the city. With Prince Duan still at large and enjoying considerable sympathy among the regular army new army units would have to be dispatched to handle more rioting and the rippling effects of the coup that were spreading throughout China. Foreign assets had been defended by the new army successfully for the most part with the only serious damage to them taking place in Beijing. In the countryside where the army could not be omnipresent several murders of foreign missionaries were recorded though the army made a big show of defending the ones it could to foreigners. The Qing accounts of the rioting sent to the governments with damaged assets made sure to emphasize the government's opposition to the rioting, however the message to the French did not mention that their ambassador was most likely killed and only said he was "present at the legation at the time of the disturbances". The Qing government was keeping what information it had close to its chest and was furiously attempting to downplay chaos in other parts of China.

A secret message was delivered to the French embassy the next morning by a supporter of Prince Duan alleging that the emperor had essentially preformed a self-coup to purge dissidents and officials who would maintain China's agreements like the writer of the letter who was a certain Prince Duan. The allegation that he had supported the expulsion of foreigners was portrayed as slander and the Prince made himself out to be a scapegoat of Yuan Shikai and the Emperor who were trying to eliminate domestic dissident before beginning a war against the empires. He further alleged that the boxers had been let into the city by the emperor's army and that the Qing were cooperating with boxers who had already been brought into the government across China. The prince then claimed that the massing of Chinese new army forces near Hong Kong and in the northeast of the country was preparation to wage a war against the empires and begin the massacre of Christians rather than a defensive measure aimed at Britain and Russia. He further implied that the emperor should be made to retire and replaced by his legitimate heir - coincidentally Prince Duan.
Last edited by Orostan on Wed Nov 17, 2021 11:05 pm, edited 1 time in total.
“It is difficult for me to imagine what “personal liberty” is enjoyed by an unemployed hungry person. True freedom can only be where there is no exploitation and oppression of one person by another; where there is not unemployment, and where a person is not living in fear of losing his job, his home and his bread. Only in such a society personal and any other freedom can exist for real and not on paper.” -J. V. STALIN
Ernest Hemingway wrote:Anyone who loves freedom owes such a debt to the Red Army that it can never be repaid.
#FreeNSGRojava

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New Provenance
Envoy
 
Posts: 267
Founded: Jan 09, 2021
Liberal Democratic Socialists

Postby New Provenance » Thu Nov 18, 2021 2:33 am

U.S.S. Olympia, C-class protected cruiser, West Philippine Sea
Sailing northwards towards China


Captain Edward Holbrooke of the Eastern Deployed Squadron, composed of three C-class protected cruisers and a singular troop transport ship, stared out onto the open blue sea as he smoked a pipe. The trip had been long. He left San Francisco with three other ships and over 1,200 Army soldiers, sailing all the way across the Pacific, stopping in America's new possessions in Hawaii, Guam, and eventually reaching its destination in the Philippine Islands. The date was 9 June 1900. Captain Holbrooke continued smoking is pipe when a disturbance occurred behind him.

"Captain. Telegram from Manila Naval Office." one of his yeomen said, snapped to attention. "Thank you, yeoman. Dismissed." Holbrooke said in a bored tone, before walking to the bridge where the ship's only telegram stood operational. The officer manning the station presented to him the telegram, which read:

Orders below from the United States Navy Command STOP

Relayed through Manila Naval Office, Philippine Islands STOP

Take caution when approaching shore STOP

Insurrections in China worsening, violence escalating STOP

If attacked, engage the enemy STOP

Do not under any circumstance attack first STOP

Godspeed STOP


"Damn, China's getting hot." the Captain muttered, before handing the telegram paper back to the officer and heading over to his first officer. "Mikey, how many troops we got?" the Captain asked. "About . . . 1,200, 1,150 troops I'd say?" First Officer Dean Michaelson replied.

"Notify the men there's a chance they're going to war." the Captain declared, before walking away and leaving his first officer in surprise.
Commonwealth of Atlantic States (formerly named Commonwealth of New Provenance)
President Robert J. Carter (D)
Current time: January 2040
Federal presidential constitutional democracy
Join the Council of Nations alliance today!
The Century That Changed Everything as the United States, 2021: A Brave New Decade as China, A War of Blood and Steel as Canada, America the Beautiful as Rep. Frank Taylor
Governed by President Robert J. Carter since 2036, the world's sole superpower as of 2040. See the factbook for more information

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Hanovereich
Diplomat
 
Posts: 830
Founded: Jun 24, 2021
Democratic Socialists

Postby Hanovereich » Thu Nov 18, 2021 10:41 am

OOC: These are just a few quick notes here and there. I'll get together something big later on, something in a different part of the world, something military...

The United Kingdom

25 June 1900

To His Majesty, King of the French,

The United Kingdom agrees with His Majesty's views on the Qing, and looks favourably towards your proposal. Thousands of British troops in Hong Kong, and many more in India, are prepared to march forwards to Peking and to victory, should the need arise.

Please take this as British approval of your plan. Preparations shall be made for swift transport of all troops of the Great Powers and Japan, wherever the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland can support the needs of your soldiers.

Signed,

Edward VII

By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India





2 July 1900

The following shall be sent to the government of Australia.

To the Most Honourable John Adrian Louis Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, Governor General of the Australasian Federation,

It is the wish and view of His Majesty's Cabinet, and of Parliament, that the Australasian Federation should divert a small number of the 1st Brigade to Hong Kong, to support the soldiers there. The decision shall be left to you, but the War Office requests at least a full-strength company, of about 100 men, to Hong Kong. His Majesty would most appreciate it if our Governor General could put together the relevant arrangements for a deployment.

The rest of the Brigade may continue to Tianjin. The British Consulate in China, and the Tianjin British Municipal Council, will be notified of your arrival and plans for accommodation, supplies and deployment will be put together accordingly.

Sincerely,

Joseph Chamberlain
Secretary of State for the Colonies





1 July 1900

The Foreign Office in London had been given reports of incidents in Peking, through the Consulate in China, and they had finally received the urgent notes. A meeting between Joseph Chamberlain (Colonies), the Marquess of Lansdowne (War), George Goschen (Admiralty), and Sir Michael Beach (Exchequer) was put together in the Cabinet Room to discuss further action. The transcript is as follows:

Chamberlain: The situation has grown worse... riots in Peking, legations being attacked, Qing army in chaos... I doubt they can hold them off on their own.

Goschen: That proposal by the French- that could help us. Get us in to protect our legations, you know.

Chamberlain: Yes, I've sent a note to Salisbury. Hopefully we can swiftly put a force together. I've sent a letter to Hope, in Australia. His troops, plus the thousands we're planning to send, will bolster our forces in Tianjin and in Hong Kong.

Lansdowne: I've got these reports... apparently a high-ranking Qing official, possibly a member of the royal family, is rumoured to have instigated the riots. And there are rumours of further chaos across the Empire.

Chamberlain: There's no doubt at all, we've got to act now. Tell Hamilton- our Secretary of State for India- that he should pass on a message to the Raj. Put together a real army to the Indian-Qing border.

Goschen: I can send a few ships from our Mediterreanean Station over. And we've got some Royal Sovereign-class battleships here and there, I'll put them together as a formidable force.

Beach: Yes, and I can raise funds for a possible- probable- war. We'll ask Canada and Australia to do their bits, a few hundred thousand pounds from them, a few million from us, and we can start a war against the Qing in... about six-nine months, I'd say.

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New Provenance
Envoy
 
Posts: 267
Founded: Jan 09, 2021
Liberal Democratic Socialists

Postby New Provenance » Thu Nov 18, 2021 12:09 pm

San Francisco Naval Station, San Francisco, California
United States of America


"Onward, march!" an Army commander bellowed, his voice scaring the birds and animals away. A platoon of Army soldiers begin marching, dressed in their combat uniforms and grasping Lee Model 1895 bot action standard issue rifles. Commanding officer Randolf Bernham, of the 22nd Army Division, observed the marching platoon from the balcony of his second-floor office at the San Francisco Naval Station, America's primary naval port in the Pacific. Bernham and his division had been moved to the naval station per orders from Washington, possibly pending imminent deployment to the Philippines.

The 9,500-strong division is one of the most experienced in the Western United States, and had previously seen deployments during the Apache Wars when US and Mexican troops collaborated for the first time in history to defeat various Apache nations. The division is also one of the best-equipped units in the US Army, save for the Hawaii division or the Guam division.

Commander Bernham was pulled out of his thoughts by a knock on his door by Captain Frank Watkins, his second-in-command. "Randolf, we have orders from Washington to board ships and haul over to the Philippines ASAP. We're moving out in a day and a half, according to their telegram." Watkins explained, as Bernham put his pipe down and considered the new information.

"How long will it take to reach Manila?" Bernham asked.

"About two, two and a half months probably." his deputy replied.

"Stopovers?" the commander asked again.

"Hawaii and Guam, sir." Watkins said.

"I see. Inform the men immediately, Watkins. Prepare to move out as soon as possible. Inform the Navy as well, I assume they'll be hitching along for the trip with a few of their new-fangled protected cruisers." Commander Bernham said, before sending Watkins off.




Ocean liner Atlantis, 31 hours later, 45 km off the coast of San Francisco
United States of America


"Listen up! We are en route to the Philippine Islands for imminent peacetime deployment. We will stopover at Hawaii and Guam. The trip will last between two and two and a half months. I want to make this clear now. The possibility of a wartime deployment in China is very possible, there is no denying that. Nonetheless, we have to be prepared for all outcomes, whether it be peace or war . . . ." Commander Randolf Bernham said, to a platoon of 22nd Army Division soldiers in one of the many large 'group rooms' aboard the ocean liner Atlantis, one of the chartered ocean liners carrying American troops to the Philippines.




United States Embassy, London
United Kingdom


The United States ambassador to the United Kingdom Thomas F. Bayard (different from IRL due to the president being a Democrat) would deliver the following letter from Richard Olney, the United States Secretary of State, to Prime Minister Robert Cecil of the United Kingdom.

To the Honorable, Prime Minister Robert Cecil of the United Kingdom

The United States of America wishes to inquire about the possibility of co-operation between the United States and the United Kingdom in regards to the escalating situation in Peking. Understanding the threat to both American and British interests and citizens in China, I firmly believe that co-operation between America's and Britain's armies to march on Peking and re-establish order in the country would be greatly beneficial to both our countries. I understand that there may be differences between Washington and London politically, but we must work together to ensure the safety of our civilians and our interests in China.

Looking forward to your response,
Richard Olney
United States Secretary of State
Commonwealth of Atlantic States (formerly named Commonwealth of New Provenance)
President Robert J. Carter (D)
Current time: January 2040
Federal presidential constitutional democracy
Join the Council of Nations alliance today!
The Century That Changed Everything as the United States, 2021: A Brave New Decade as China, A War of Blood and Steel as Canada, America the Beautiful as Rep. Frank Taylor
Governed by President Robert J. Carter since 2036, the world's sole superpower as of 2040. See the factbook for more information

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