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Compendium Polythinia [Factbook]

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Compendium Polythinia [Factbook]

Postby Polythinia » Thu Nov 18, 2010 5:03 am

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Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Polythinia

National Anthem of The Kingdom of Polythinia
Land of our forefathers, proud and eternal
Our Polythinia, country most dear
Let us forever be loyal and steadfast
To nation and king; may we all flourish here.

Homeland enduring through triumph and struggle,
Our Polythinia, first in our hearts
Let us forever be proud to defend you,
United together from your selfless parts.

Land of our forefathers, land of our children,
Our Polythinia, let us remain
True to our fellows and true to our leaders
All working together for national gain.


The Kingdom of Polythinia is a nation of contrasts in all aspects of the word. Geologically, the nation has from the dramatic, rugged peaks in the northwest to the beautifully embellished beaches of the east, to the hilly, fertile lands of the south. Polythinia’s people and cultures are as diverse and numerous as the stars in the sky, with citizens representing more than 55 races and cultural backgrounds. Polythinia is a constitutional monarchy of more than 2.5 billion and is politically and fiscally stable, representing a booming market economy earning a GDP in 2009 of $39,021,537,900,226. Current regent of the Kingdom is King Frederick Anaximander the Second with Chief Executive James Goodall leading the majority Social Democratic Party in the National Assembly. The current government of Polythinia was established after the resignation of the autocratic General Edgar Colmark on February 2, 1955 [The leadership of Interim President William Groeningen is counted as part of the Third Kingdom].

Other national symbols
National motto: "Freedom in solidarity"
Currency: Polymark (ཀ)
National colours: Red, gold and white
National animal: Koi carp
National bird: Eastern Imperial Eagle | Aquila heliaca
National tree: Royal Poinciana | Delonix regia
National personification: Ostentatious Jonathan



Table of Contents
I. History
Ia. Early History
Ib. Colonial History
Ic. Revolution and the Second Kingdom
Id. Third Kingdom

II. Geography & Climate
III. Economy
IV. Politics
IVa. The National Assembly
IVb. Monarchic tradition
IVc. Provinces and administration

V. Demographics
Va. Population
Vb. Language
VI. Communications, Transport and Infrastructure
VIa. Telecommunications
VIb. Roads, airports and seaports
VIc. Buildings

VII. Cuture
VIII. Military
VIIIa. Doctrine
VIIIb. Personnel
VIIIc. Divisions of the Armed Forces
VIIId. National Militia
Last edited by Polythinia on Sat Apr 02, 2011 11:00 pm, edited 22 times in total.

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History

Postby Polythinia » Thu Nov 18, 2010 6:02 am

Early History
Polythinia’s ethnogenesis is predicted to have occurred in the time of the Nordic Bronze Age, when archaeological examination identify several primitive civilizations already forming towns and settlements. Little else is known about these first nations. Around 900BC, the northern nations like the Anka and Chuka began moving southwards to find warmer, more fertile lands, and coming into contact with the indigenous Lika group of tribes. The tribes fought bitter wars, documented by notable excavated pottery which show tribal warriors fashioning copper spears and scenes of battle. In the year 800AD, the Lika chief Tenjanas led his tribe in conquest of the continent, assimilating cultures and civilizations into their own. In this time, the people of Polythinia learned of modern battle tactics and preserved their respective cultures. The Lijia juggernaut eventually formed the Polythinian Confederacy, with Tenjanas becoming the first Elector. During this time, culture and science flourished, with many discoveries in the way of artistic techniques and in the field of chemistry. The civilization sustained it's existence for several hundreds of years, though many floods and famines and political infighting, until major European powers land on the island.

Colonial History
In 1699, British explorers revealed the Polythinian Confederacy to the Western world, sparking great interest in the possibility of even more land to add to colonial repertoires, and in 1759, the first British settlement was founded, Fort Faulkner, with little dissent from the Confederacy, who perceived the quaint, confused settlers as harmless. Several decades later, other Occidental nations (the Netherlands, Germany, France, and Russia) had set up their respective colonies, each expanding inland to reach the resource-rich northwest. After several bloody wars in which the colonial companies fought to push their borders further into Confederate territory, the native government and elite had become weak and incapable, easily bribed and easily assassinated. One-hundred and ten years later, in 1899, the size of the colonies outranked that of the Confederacy. Internal discontent coupled with anger in the Confederacy eventually built up to the Golden Revolution.

Revolution and Second Kingdom
In the year 1899, the initial spark hit the tinder that ignited the Golden Revolution. Systematic protests struck vital production centers of the colonial powers; to which government forces responded with the 1899 Massacres, whence 89 people were shot by the British and French overseas companies in front of their workplaces. Growing discontent led to the formation of ‘Martyrs' Brigades’, who fought European forces in a disorganized manner, until a maize farmer named Edgar Michael Colmark enlisted as an officer and reorganized and trained the Brigades into a credible military force. The war raged on with Colmark as a senior brigadier general; ending with major military victories in favour of the Brigades. One of the most prolific battles of the war was 'Operation Mozart', where several Martyr regiments were tasked to hold the north face of a chain of cresting hills in the Icarth Range, while waiting for cavalry reinforcements from the east. The stalwart troops held out for 23 of the 42 hours of the battle, then with the onslaught of Russian cossacks lessening, the Martyr infantry was able to advance south, surprising even the generals in the field base. The shock advance of the infantry allowed for the city of Sankt'Petrodar (now Saint Peter's). After twenty-four years of war, the European powers’ coalition capitulated due to infighting in the alliance during the Great Depression, leading to the withdrawal of foreign troops. Soon thereafter, General Colmark established the Second Kingdom, a dictatorship promoting a personal cult of personality, installing puppet Regents, and himself as military leader. He began a systematic elimination of Communists and ethnic Mauntauks, known today as the General’s Purges, at an estimated death toll of 5,900 and the exile or imprisonment of up to 12,000. He led the nation for thirty-one years, until, in his ailing health, he stepped down, dissolved the state, and allowed for the establishment of a legitimate regime.

Third Kingdom
General Edgar Colmark, in 1955, stepped down from his leadership role of the Second Kingdom amid growing protest over the rising unemployment created by his “banana republic” style economic platform, and the suspicion from international observers that the regime was causing the disappearance of political dissidents. The dictator’s resignation paved the way for the current Polythinian constitutional monarchy, and the establishment of a modern parliament. Leaders since the 1955 reformation, chronologically listed, are Interim President William Groeningen, King Jonathan Archaemenid (Chief Executive Harold van Ouesthafen), King Michael Archaemenid (CE Franz Hartlingdon), King Alexander Constanta (CE John Erdinger), King Frederick Anaximander the First (CE James Goodall), and King Frederick Anaximander the Second.
Last edited by Polythinia on Mon Mar 21, 2011 3:28 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Geography & Climate

Postby Polythinia » Thu Nov 18, 2010 6:22 am

Overview
Polythinia takes up a strategic location in the heart of the Equilism region. It is made up of a large island, Greater Polythinia and a collection of smaller islands, Lesser Polythinia. It's terrain is highly varied, being mountainous in the northwest, to flat and coast-hugging in the east, to arable, flat land in the south and central regions. Polythinia's climate matches with it's region's terrain, for example, the mountainous northwest experiences a cold, almost Nordic climate. The nation's total area is 50,401,780 square kilometres. Polythinia's government maintains a 40 nautical mile maritime claim. Prominent natural resources are iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, lithium, coal, oil, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, and hydropower. Mt. Pantheon is Polythinia's highest point, with an elevation of 4,952 meters. Polythinia's natural hazards are typhoons, earthquakes, frequently occuring quicksand, a brief monsoon season and rare snowstorms.

Climate
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An uninhabited beach on the Costa Luna on Sudrafale Island

Most of Polythinia has a temperate climate, despite its slightly more northern latitude, with four distinct seasons and mild to warm temperatures throughout the year. The country can be divided into three types of climate; the southernmost part has an oceanic climate, the central part has a humid continental climate and the northernmost part has a subarctic climate. However, Sweden is much warmer and drier than other places at a similar latitude, and even somewhat further south, mainly because of the Gulf Stream.

Temperatures vary greatly from north to south. Southern and central parts of the country have warm summers and cool winters, with average high temperatures of 27°C and lows of 21°C in the summer, and average temperatures of -2°C in the winter, while the northern part of the country has shorter, cooler summers and longer, colder and snowier winters, with temperatures that often drop below freezing from November through April. Occasional heatwaves can occur a few times each year, and temperatures above 31°C occur on many days during the summer, sometimes even in the north. The highest temperature ever recorded in Polythinia was 41°C in Neushentzburg in 2005, while the coldest temperature ever recorded was −30.8 °C in Violegatze in 1986.

Statistics
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Last edited by Polythinia on Fri Nov 19, 2010 12:53 am, edited 2 times in total.

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Economy

Postby Polythinia » Thu Nov 18, 2010 7:10 am

Polythinia is an export-oriented mixed economy featuring a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force.
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The A93 crossing through the industrial town of Neu-Drusser
Timber, hydropower and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Polythinia traditionally has been supportive of a free-trade policy, excluding several industries in which government intervention has credible support. Polythinia's engineering sector accounts for 50% of output and exports. Telecommunications, the automotive industry and the pharmaceutical industries are also of great importance. Agriculture accounts for 2 percent of GDP and employment.

In terms of structure, the Polythinian economy is characterized by a large, knowledge-intensive and export-oriented manufacturing sector, an increasing, but comparatively small, business service sector, and by international standards, a large public service sector. Large organizations both in manufacturing and services dominate the Polythinian economy. Some 2.4 billion residents are working, out of which around a third has tertiary education, another third has a secondary education.

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Statistics on Polythinia economic growth
Last edited by Polythinia on Fri Nov 19, 2010 5:36 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Politics

Postby Polythinia » Thu Nov 18, 2010 7:26 am

The National Assembly
Constitutionally, the 202-member National Assembly (Parliament) holds political authority in modern Polythinia. The Assembly is responsible for selecting the Chief Executive, who then, with the monarch’s oversight, chooses the Ministers of the National Council. Executive power is exercised by both the government and the Palace of the King, while the judiciary is independent, as the Imperial Court. In Polythinia, judicial review is mandatory, and it is carried out by the Counsil ta 'Reviżyani Ġudizzyiar (Council of Judicial Revision) is respected in technical matters but less so in controversial political matters. Acts of the Assembly can be annulled at every level if they are contradictory of either constitutional laws or Decree from the King. The Polythinian Social Democratic Party has played a leading political role since 1980, the blistering failure of Franz Hartlingdon. After 1980, the cabinets have been dominated by the Social Democrats. However, poor economic performance since the beginning of the 1990s have made the centre-right bloc a credible opposition.

Monarchic tradition
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Polythinian National Assembly

The Kingdom of Polythinia traditionally has been a monarchy and upholds that historical institution with today’s monarchy. The present monarch, Frederick Anaximander the Second, has reigned since the thirtieth of August, 2009, when his father Frederick the First abdicated due to his failing health. He and his family undertake official, ceremonial and representational duties in the Polythinian government. As Polythinia is a constitutional government based on a parliamentary system, the monarch has a ceremonial role, though officially he or she is head of state and holds the highest public office in Polythinia and the highest military and social rank. The Charter of the Third Monarchy of 1955 designates the House of Helvet as the Polythinian royal family and details the duties held by the monarch. The monarch is crowned by either the previous monarch or the Archbishop of Nordhafen, in the Nordhafen Cathedral, in an elaborate
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King Frederick Anaximander II
coronation ceremony. The current King's full title is ‘His Tremendousness King Frederick Anaximander the Second, King of All Polythinias, Imperator of Cesandum, Conqueror of the Islands, Duke of Albavea and Amontia, Emperor of Bythador and Habrenland, Consul of Ashborough, Ferebruck, Norsinar and Ambershire, and Commander and Regent of the Polythinian Forces, By the Grace of God, Glory be to his name, Dei gratia Polythinius.’

Provinces and administration
Polythinia is a unitary state, currently divided into sixteen provinces, municipalities and territories: Atheia Municipality, Va’tela Municipality, Klagenfort Municipality, Albavea, Amontia, Habrenland, Bythador, Norsinar, Ferebruck, Ashborough, Ambershire, the Polythinia Island Territiories, Pontland Territory, and Messir’jiet Territory.

Each of the provinces, municipalities and territories have a Provincial Administrative Council or Provinzcouncil, which is a central Govenment appointed council. It is led by a Governor appointed for a term of five years and the list of succession, in most cases, stretches back to 1799 when the provinces were created by the Lord Chancellor Devon Mulroney. The main responsibilities of the Provincial Council is to coordinate the development of the county in line with goals set in national politics. In each province there is also a People’s Council or Legislatifcouncil which is a policy-making assembly elected by the residents of the county.

The municipalities are divided into a total of 202 ridings, or roedens. These have traditionally been a subdivision of the Church of Polythinia but still have importance as districts for census and elections. Composition of the National Assembly is decided by elections held at times decided either by the Chief Executive of the Assembly, the King, or the Electoral Committee. The Constitution also states the maximum term an Assembly may serve is 10 years, by which time elections will be held by default, overriding any other decisions. 

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The current Assembly holdings of the four largest parties
Last edited by Polythinia on Mon Mar 21, 2011 3:43 am, edited 4 times in total.

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Demographics

Postby Polythinia » Fri Nov 19, 2010 5:05 am

Population
According to the General Census conducted on the June of 2010, the total population of Sweden was estimated to be 2,520,089,882. The population exceeded 2 billion million for the first time on approximately 12 August 2004 according to Statistics Polythinia. The population density is about 50 people per km² and it is substantially higher in the south than in the north. About 85% of the population live in urban areas. The capital city Atheia has a population of about 30,000,000 (with 40 million in the urban area and 45 million in the metropolitan area). The second and third largest cities are Va'tela and Klagenfurt om der See.

Language
The mainly-used official language of Polythinia is English, other official languages include German, Mandarin Chinese and Polythinian. Polythinian is a language related to Nordic, Latin and Finno-Uguric, although vastly different in pronunciation and orthography. The dialects spoken in Habrenland and Ferebruck have strong connections to German, as the region was a German colony. German and Mandarin Chinese were brought to Polythinia, with English, during the Colonial Age, with the multitudes of colonists and missionaries.

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Postby Polythinia » Mon Nov 22, 2010 1:52 am

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Postby Polythinia » Mon Nov 22, 2010 1:52 am

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Military

Postby Polythinia » Mon Nov 22, 2010 2:00 am

Doctrine
Polythinia aims to have the option of remaining neutral in case of war. However, Polythinia cooperates with a number of foreign countries. As a response to the expanded military cooperation a defence proposition signed in 2009 stated that Polythinia won't remain passive if a friendly country is attacked. Recent political decisions have strongly emphasized the will to participate in international operations, to the point where this has become the main short-term goal of training and equipment acquisition. The National Military Command has adapted it’s forces to modern maneuvre warfare instead of mass warfare. Several divisions have been trained as Shocktroops, fast, adaptable, forces meant to mobilize and act quickly.

Personnel
In 1975 the total number of personnel in the Polythinian Forces was 480,000. By 2009 it was up to 2,230,000. After the Defence Proposition of that year, the number of troops in training will remain from 50,000 to 100,000 each year, which emphasizes the need to recruit only the soldiers later prepared to volunteer for international service. On June 16, 1987, the National Assembly of Polythinia passed a law dropping the peace time draft.

Today, the total number of troops available to the Polythinian Armed Forces after 10 days of full mobilization is about fifty battalions (600 troops each) and ten special companies (120 troops each). This stands in sharp contrast to the 1950s, before the fall of the Second Kingdom, when Polythinia could gather all 580,000 men of the military when total mobilization had been declared; but the importance placed on defensive spending during the Second Kingdom is perhaps best reflected by the fact that Polythinia in the late 1950s ran the world's fourth-largest air force.

As of 2006, wartime placement had been resumed, after being scrapped in 2003. At present Polythinia can mobilize a force consisting of twenty-nine mechanized battalions and some auxiliary companies after 5 days of mobilization and 35,000 National Militia Forces. Full mobilization is assumed to take two months, and the formations assumed are of battalion level size, with the National Militia being available within 12–72 hours.

Divisions of the Armed Forces
Army
The Polythinian Army or Armata is one of the oldest standing armies in the world and a branch of the Polythinian Armed Forces; it is in charge of land operations. General Jonathan Koons is the current commander of the Army. The Army is changing gears from an attrition army to a professional, well-trained, credible ground force of around 900,000.

Air Force
The Polythinia Air Force or Flytforz is the air force branch of the Polythinia Armed Forces. It’s main fighter aeroplane is the NF-10 Dragon multirole.

Navy
The Polythinian Royal Navy or Marinflot is the naval branch of the Polythinia Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet or Flott – as well as marine special forces units, the Imperial Marines or Imperjalmarinkorps. Vessels of the Polythinian Navy are given the INS call-sign short for Imperial Navy Ship or Imperjalpolythiniaskep.

National Militia
The Polythinia National Militia are volunteers and paramilitaries who spend weekends and spare time in training. They form units, or chapters in their individual towns, cities, or districts. When the need arises, they are activated as emergency response workers in disasters, defensive corps in the military, or riot control. They wear NM uniforms, and carry different weapons from chapter to chapter. Most commonly carried is the FN FNC. Some chapters are more organized than others, with armoured divisions, and support teams, while others remain purely infantry brigades. All chapters are in contact with the National Military Command, who can mobilize them en masse.

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Military equipment
Last edited by Polythinia on Mon Mar 21, 2011 3:45 am, edited 2 times in total.


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