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The Marquesan Ground Warfare Commission. (Do Not Post)

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Marquesan
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The Marquesan Ground Warfare Commission. (Do Not Post)

Postby Marquesan » Thu Oct 15, 2020 12:59 pm


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:LTD.75U "Heirophant"
Classification:Lightweight Tank Destroyer, Unmanned
Production Sites: Ville Nuage, Republic of Havensky / Asral, Numium, Pudu / Kuznesich, IRDZ 13, Aldarminia / Viti Levu, D'Arros, Marquesan
- Specifications: -

Length, Width & Height:
5.82 Meters / 2.55 Meters / 2.30 Meters

Combat Weight:
7,500 Kilograms

Protection:
2619 Copper/Aluminum 20mm Hull Thickness, Proof to <8mm AP

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK04-3716.1S7)
380 kW Supercharged 3.7L Boxer-4 Diesel/Electric

Vehicle Power/Weight:
68 Hp/Ton

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension Characteristics:
Variable Ride Height, <450mm Ground Clearance

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
240 Millimeters

- Characteristics: -

Combat Range:
(8.1 Hours @ 70 Km/H) 570 Kilometers

On-Road Speed:
70 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
45 Km/H

Water Speed:
(Propelled by Tracks) 12 Km/H

Maximum Obstacle Height:
0.68 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
1.83 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
55%

Maximum Side-Slope:
29%

- Systems: -

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod

Commander's Sight:
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Mast-Mounted Optronics Ball

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Navigation System:"Kanaloa" TIMU
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers

- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement

- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

- Armament: -

Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
CHV.55.L83 Culverin Haute Vitesse

Caliber:
55x440mm STC (Semi-Telescoped Case)

Operation:
Long-Stroke Recoil, Gas-Assisted Blowback

Barrel Length:
4,540mm (L83) Rifled w/ Brake

Barrel Type:
CFRP Outer Recoil Sleeves, Monolithic Steel Liner (Field-Replaceable)

Weapon Weight:
1,250 Kgs incl. Magazines (Unloaded)

G7 Shell Description
4.7 Kgs Weight, 1,035 M/Sec (Mach 3.02) Muzzle Velocity

FGV Description:(Flechette Grande Vitesse)
Staballoy Finned Dart w/ Nylon Sabot

FGV Dimensions:
27mm Dia, 435mm Length, 20mm Frustrum, 10mm Meplat, 4.63 Kgs Weight (3.7% Ti/Bal: DU)

FGV Performance:
437mm (17.2") Perforation @ 1,310 M/Sec (Mach 3.82) 3,972 Kilojoules Kinetic Energy

Magazine:
Dual 60-Rd Helical Drums w/ Linkless Switching Feed

Rate of Fire:
128 Rounds per Minute (Cyclic)

Effective Firing Range:
11,400 Meters

- Overview: -

The LTD.75 program stemmed from a multinational requirement for an unmanned, tracked gunnery platform that could travel with Airborne and Airmobile units into extremely austere forward operating environments. The vehicle needed to be fast enough to travel with vehicle convoys and have sufficient range to refuel at the same distances as manned vehicles. It needed to carry the high-velocity 55x440mm Culverin autocannon in a remote turret and it needed to carry a full electro-optical targeting suite. To accomplish the design requirement, Marquesan engineers utilized the latest supercomputer aided design to conduct materials stress analysis on every component. Designers applied a lightweight suspension and cable track employed without an exterior track shield to save weight and space, allowing Heirophant to be transported inside the GSU.270R2 "Strider" Gunship, or to be sling-loaded under the aircraft during flight. Heirophant uses a stealthy, low-RCS shape with sharp lines and a compact remote turret.

In most respects, the LTD.75U was built around its gun, a 55mm rifled chain gun manufactured by Culverin Automatique, a bespoke manufacturer of modern gun systems to the Forces Marquises aux Armes. The CHV.55.L83 gun is one of the most powerful chain-driven autocannons in existence, feeding two rounds per second into the receiver at its cyclic rate of fire via linkless dual feeds from 60-round helical magazine drums below the gun. 55x440mm service ammunition comes in two types, a standard HE-filled G7 ballistic standard projectile for employment against all types of air and surface targets, and a Flechette Grande Vitesse, or FGV round, which is a Staballoy (Ti/U) finned dart, optimized for perforating the armor of battle tanks up to 50 tons. The flechette leaves the cannon's muzzle at Mach 3.82; at distances of up to 1,000 meters, FGV rounds are rated to defeat armor more than 17 inches in thickness, adequate to punch through both sides of a T-72's turret from any angle, completely defeating frontal and side arcs on the T-72 series, and can punch through T-80 series armor at most angles. The high rate of fire of the gun, its high muzzle velocity and optimized ballistics make the CHV.55 a deadly, accurate cannon which is a serious threat to all but the most modern main battle tanks. The gun is stabilized by Heirophant's Active Hydromechanical Motion System, which centralizes the vehicle's hydraulic pressure systems and controls the suspension and the movement of the gun and turret with hydraulic pressure. Electrohydraulic suspension stiffens when the gun is firing from a static position, and can kneel, squat, stand or lean to either side. AHMS will automatically compensate the suspension based on driver commands and terrain, performing auto-leveling and stability adjustments 10 times per second. As a stabilized gun platform, the LTD.75U "Heirophant" is the most heavily armed, fastest unmanned ground vehicle in military service anywhere; its mission in accompanying forward-deployed infantry is to act as potent direct-fire support in confined spaces like urban environments and jungles, capable of knocking out most armored vehicles or engaging helicopters, fixed wing aircraft and drones or loitering munitions with the same gun.

Automatic control of all vehicle and weapons functions is provided by a sophisticated AoVA system provided by Aldarminian contractors. Vehicle control is accomplished typically from inside a WIC.31/8-C "Gharial" Command Vehicle, which can control squadrons of up to 10 LTD.75I "Heirophant" mobile gun platforms each. The command vehicle and its squadron of unarmed vehicles must remain within a 50 kilometer distance of each other to maintain their Ad-Hoc communications network. If the controller is dismounted infantry, each controller, moving with infantry, has complete command of all the functions of the Heirophant, using a Helmet-Mounted Display for visual functions and a ruggedized battlefield tablet to command the vehicle, using a combination of auditory and keyed commands, which the Heirophant's software package responds to with visual, auditory and haptic feedback. The Heirophant controller must remain within 10 kilometers of his vehicle, but typically, tactics dictate the controller rides on top of the tank, walks beside it, or rides in a light vehicle nearby. In many cases, the Heirophant controller will also be a Forward Observer, Pathfinder or Forward Artillery Controller, moving ahead of airmobile, airborne or infantry units, beginning operations when LTD.75U's are landed with troop elements according to the Pathfinder's directions from the ground. Heirophant is designed to stand up to small arms fire, including up to 8mm rotary guns firing armor piercing ammunition, however it is not designed to withstand heavier weapons and can be destroyed by cannonfire; however very few battlefield threats are capable of withstanding attack from the 55x440mm Culverin, nor can most vehicles move as quickly or as nimbly as the Heirophant over rough or broken terrain, over sand or through marshy, muddy ground. The exceptional mobility of the platform has made it extremely popular with Special Operations Forces in several countries, where it has already been deployed ahead of its debut on Royal Marquesan Exports.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
490,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon Mar 29, 2021 1:06 pm, edited 22 times in total.
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TDA.25 "Ajax"

Postby Marquesan » Fri Oct 16, 2020 7:50 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:TDA.25 "Ajax"
- Overview: -

The Tank Destroyer, Amphibious design competition had, as its primary objective, to replace a number of wheeled and tracked weapons platforms in service with a single tough, modular chassis. The TDA needed to be fully amphibious and propelled in the water by its tracks, to have a powerful diesel/electric powerplant, fully modern electronics and communications and to carry one of two heavy weapons, either the FA103 rifled cannon or the MRA.144 autoloading mortar. The weapon system sits fully to the rear of the crew compartment, separated by a blast shield. The crew compartment sits over the engine compartment, accomplished by using a supercharged 8-cylinder "Boxer" engine which is wide and flat. The Ajax Tank Destroyer accomodates a crew of three and uses an advanced active suspension to crawl through extremely rugged and difficult terrain. Ajax is tough, watertight and carries almost five tons of armor on spaced standoffs, which allow the armor plates to be replaced when damaged. This armor type is extremely resistant to shaped charge munitions, which are one of the most common threats on the battlefield today, blowing the liquid metal fragment through an air gap which dissipates its energy before striking the surface of the tank's hull with greatly diminished effect. This system, including armor shrouds for the interior of the tracks, their road wheels and suspension makes Ajax stealthy and survivable, with a smooth, low and wide shape which presents a low radar cross section. The hull's thermal signature is actively cooled with electrothermal cooling plates installed on the exterior of the armored surface, which dramatically lowers the tank's infrared signature. The Ajax TDA chassis is designed for use in the most rugged environments and high threat level theaters of operation; the vehicle is just slightly more than twice as long as it is wide. The turret for the 103mm High-Velocity Rifle or 144mm Mortar is set on the vehicle's center of gravity, sitting slightly to the rear of the mid-engine powertrain compartment. The type's active long-travel suspension is designed with vehicle stability as its foremost concern, allowing Ajax to fire while on the move with either weapon. The wide base of the Ajax TDA chassis makes it stable and agile; its superior power-to-weight ratio and lightweight construction make the Tank Destroyer shockingly quick, even across open country. High ground clearance, wide tracks, 50/50 front to back and left to right weight distribution and a low center of gravity give the vehicle an aggressive stance and sports car-like reflexes.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Amphibious Tank Destroyer

Unloaded Hull Weight:
20,000 Kilograms

Weight w/ Armor:
24,800 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Hull Length & Width:
6.31 Meters / 2.10 Meters

Turret Height:
0.67 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.10 Meters / 2.97 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.53 Meters

The body of the Ajax TDA is welded from 30mm plates of 2619 aluminum/copper alloy. The hull by itself is resistant to 15mm AP gunfire and below, but is designed to carry armor panels on steel studs with rubber vibration-isolating mounts swaged in place. Armor panels line up precisely concealing the studs and shielding the tank's surface from hostile fires with a 50mm airgap between the exterior of the hull and the armor plate above it. The armor plates that Ajax carries, 4,800 kilograms overall are manufactured using hexagonal tiles made from alternating laters of SiC (Silicon Carbide) ceramic, TiB2 (Titanium Diboride) and TiW (Tungsten/Titanium) wrapped in ballistic Dyneema cloth and doped with a polyester resin. In a larger armor panel, a single broken hexagonal panel will not defeat the rest of the panel and generally does not structurally compromise the panel, but repeated strikes or very heavy gunfire can break an armor panel. The panels are field replaceable by removing quick-release tabs and lifting the panel free with a crane. The laminate armor panels provide excellent performance against long rod penetrators and conventional explosives, but is especially resistant to HESH and shaped charge munitions, which are completely defeated by the spaced design. Ajax operates with a crew of three inside its armored compartment; its driver sits in the front left position, the gunner at front right and the tank commander to the rear of the driver, on the left hand side. The crew sit reclined in a monolithic armored citadel inside the tank, with all mechanical systems running outside the crew area. Since the flat Boxer-8 engine sits low between the crew positions, it is accessible by a quick-release panel on the V-shaped hull below it.

The tank's ammunition and the autoloader compartment are blast proofed separately but accessible by the crew to perform maintenance on the gun by doors which are sealed during combat operations. The "table" area above the engine and between the seats is used to display readouts of all vital vehicle systems and real-time updated maps. This creates a common cockpit which is sound-dampened, vibration deadened and air conditioned for maximum crew comfort. Crewmembers enter to their seats directly through their hatches which can be locked from the inside. All Marquesan-built vehicles use protective V-shaped blast hulls. Since vehicles need flat floorspace to be well-suited to human occupancy, this creates an interstitial space between the blast hull and the floor. Marquesan designers were quick to realize that this area is well-suited to fuel and battery storage since it would centralize the weight and mass of the vehicle, lowering its center of gravity and allow more space in the upper areas of the vehicle for human occupants and equipment, while putting fuel storage in a place where it is statistically unlikely to be damaged in combat. The V-shaped blast hull spreads blast energy away from the vehicle and therefore, the chance of a hull penetration into the interstitial space is very low. Here, separated 20-liter safety fuel cells provide mechanical separation in case of combat damage, preventing any one penetration from causing a catastrophic loss of fuel.

Construction:
Welded 2619 Aluminum 30mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <15mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
4,800 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
120mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <60mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
80mm Side Panels, Proof to <30mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on an Ajax ATD, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the Ajax TDA challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
660 Kilometers (9.5 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
89 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
58 Km/H

Water Speed:
13 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK08-7332.1S10)
640 kW Supercharged 7.3L Boxer-8 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 8 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
7,300cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
640 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH30/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,000cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-140 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
140 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
34.6 Hp/Ton

TDA.25's use an 8-cylinder 7.3 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 3.0L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System, which allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the tank on its own tracks, including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed on rollers in less than two hours without the use of a lift. The engine's exhaust pipes are ceramic coated internally and externally, run below the crew area to a rear exhaust diffuser, actively cooled with a fan to lower the tank's thermal signature and to lower the temperature of the crew compartment above, which is also insulated from the engine heat. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. An output shaft runs from the transmission to an electric motor at the rear of the vehicle, connected to shafts which spin the TDA's drive sprockets. This compact permanent magnet generator creates 140 kilowatts of electrical power, provides differential acceleration and normal car-like braking, and augments the power of the boxer engine by "filling in" gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Ajax class Tank Destroyers to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
380 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.36 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
0.82 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
2.4 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
50%

Maximum Side-Slope:
35%

The Amphibious Tank Destroyer's tracks are held together with braided steel cable and lightweight 4147 Chromoly cleats with aramid fiber inserts, held together by a "shark fin" track guide on each cleat. This ultralight track is field replaceable and designed to last for 6-10,000 kilometers depending on usage, and saves 90% over the weight of a traditional track. The much lighter track is far more responsive and flexible than a traditional track, guaranteed by the factory for extended use at 100 Km/H on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached to the tank destroyer's suspension and to the body of the tank. The central carrier bar is designed to hold an armor track-shield which protects the suspension, track tensioners and road wheels from enemy fire and dramatically lowers the radar cross section of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth as the track moves forward or backward. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain. Active leveling working in concert with separate real-time electrohydraulic stabilization of the main gun means that even shooting from the move at speed, Ajax Amphibious Tank Destroyers can make immediate followup shots with a high degree of accuracy. Ajax is characterized by its drivers as having a rallye-car like suspension which can respond with great agility to changing terrain at great speed; an uncommon trait for tracked armor. Ajax class tanks can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

Ajax tanks use a networked array of optical sensors for situational awareness; the Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System on the Ajax TDA uses three primary sensor pods including the Commander's Mast, which can extend up to a meter in the air to allow the tank to see above ridges or over concealing foliage. The Commander's mast is a state-of-the-art "Fornax" Optronics Ball, which houses a dual-band Mid and Long-wave Infrared sensor, a high resolution, low-light camera in the visible spectrum and a 3D Laser Scanning array, along with a laser rangefinder, laser designator and laser spot detector. These sensors are housed in a compact spherical turret which can traverse 360°in only nine seconds. The Fornax ball gives the vehicle's commander superior, high-clarity optics with a long telephoto zoom and stunning high-definition thermal or daylight modes available. In thermal mode, the dual-band infrared sensor pierces through even extremely poor atmospheric conditions like torrential rain, oil smoke or dust; this allows the Ajax tank to navigate and engage targets in conditions that would preclude the movement of other forces. The Commander's mast has a complex laser targeting suite, which allows 3D laser scanning of targets in clear weather with enhanced clarity in nighttime conditions, which can help pinpoint precise targets in highly cluttered environments, or to assess battle damage from standoff distances. With the ability to mark targets for allied missiles using encoded laser light transmissions, the Commander's dual-barrel 14.9mm Machine Gun is slaved to the inputs of the Commander's Fornax turret. The vehicle's driver has an identical "Fornax" turret, though it is not extendable, while the gunner's sight is a more compact "Auriga" Adaptive Thermal Gunsight, which is coaxially aligned with the Ajax TDA's main gun.

Turret movements are slaved to the gunner's helmet position so that looking left causes the turret to move left, upward movement causes the turret to raise elevation and so on. When a target is selected by the gunner, the fire control computer will automatically work out a ballistic solution for delivering the round to target; the gunner's crosshairs displayed on his helmet-mounted display will be black when aiming, red when reloading, green when a targeting solution is locked and a round is ready to fire. Similarly, two separate such barbettes are located high on the vehicle hull near the lower turret. These two sensors are fused and projected onto the driver's helmet mounted display; the vehicle commander's station places two screens on the command station, with his helmet screen switched off by default. Information shared between the two sensors is fed to the vehicle's onboard Battlespace Management System, called Testudo Mk. IV. Testudo integrates all the vehicle's sensors with data from the vehicle's communication system, called SANMEN. Secured Architecture Network, Multiple Exchange Nodes, or SANMEN, is a secure tactical communication system employed on all Marquesan-designed aircraft, airships, vessels, submarines, vehicles or wearable gear. The network operates on a hierarchy of secure nodes, meaning that each level of the chain of command represents a node which may communicate securely inside its own node, transmit information up the chain of command or distribute information down to lower hierarchies. Each node has access to its own information and the information of the node below it, allowing tactical communication to be distributed effectively both up and down the chain of command. This allows driver, vehicle commander and gunner to also see information sent by their command, such as coordinate-referenced driving directions to waypoints, patrol checkpoints, and the positions of friendly forces clearly marked. The vehicle, as all Marquesan-built vehicles do, uses a Timing and Inertial Measurement Unit for geolocation called "Kanaloa." The TIMU combines three Hemispherical Resonator Gyroscopes, (HRG) three accelerometers and a resonator in an extremely compact package with the missile's "SparkRED" single-chip computer. These are housed in a dustproof, waterproof, fully-ruggedized and extensively radiation-hardened unit. The TIMU is insensitive to vibrations, accelerations and shocks, consumes very little power and the completed unit measures 50 cubic millimeters. The Kanaloa system is a GPS-independent guidance system which maintains pinpoint accuracy and only requires external reference data for initial startup or if the vehicle is transported with the electrical systems switched off. The system has a nearly unmeasurable drift; Active Self-Calibration uses periodic internal error correction to eliminate the positioning error inherent in commonly used inertial guidance systems without requiring a satellite link. Kanaloa TIMU does not require periodic re-calibration and may operate autonomously even in communications-denied environments.

- Variants: -

Ajax-A, Tank Destroyer
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
FA103.L50.R4 Autoloading Rifle

Ammunition:
2x 36-rd Helical Magazines, 4-Rd. Revolving Cylinder

Cyclic Rate-Of-Fire:
51 Rounds Per Minute

Elevation Range:
-7.5°/+16.75°

Point Target Range:
7,910 Meters

Area Target Range:
16,030 Meters

Muzzle Velocity:
1,680 M/Sec (Mach 4.90)

Muzzle Energy:
13,171 Kilojoules

Commander's Gun:(Remote Station, Rear Turret)
HMG15.67/2 14.9x118mm Twin-Barrel MG

Point Target Engagement:
3,000 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
5,600 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.50 Milliradians (2.8 Meters)

Rate of Fire, Automatic:
660 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
14.9x118mm, 109.5 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,021 M/Sec (Mach 2.98) / 57.15 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
2x 500-rd Helical Drums w/ Electric Linkless Feed

Ajax-A Tank Destroyers carry a high-velocity rifled autocannon, chambered for telescoped caseless 103mm ammunition. The gun is an electro-hydraulically operated autoloading direct-fire gun, optimized for delivering a very high speed, ballistically-optimized round, which develops very high kinetic energy for its small size. TCAR103 service ammunition has an extremely high muzzle velocity of 1,680 meters per second; combined with the round's high dynamic stability and optimized ballistics, this translates to a highly accurate, flat-shooting weapon. The cannon's service ammunition produces sufficient kinetic energy to penetrate the frontal arc of a modern Main Battle Tank out to 8 kilometers distance, and is likely powerful enough even out to a range of 16 kilometers to mission kill tracked armor. The 50-caliber barrel is vibration-dampened and actively cooled along its entire length; the barrel, upper receiver with its automatically-loading ammunition cylinder and upper turret recoil together when the weapon is fired.

The gun has a four-round revolving ammunition cylinder which is fed by a hydraulic autoloader from ammunition stored in a pair of drum magazines housed in the Tank Destroyer's body. The gun can be fired in semiautomatic mode with the gun reloading after all cylinders have been exhausted in single shots, or in burst mode, in which the weapon will operate at a higher rate of fire until the cylinder is exhausted. The gun must be locked in the forward position to reload the cylinder; in burst fire mode, this occurs automatically with the gun returning to its last position automatically after reloading without gunner input. In semiautomatic fire mode, the gun must be commanded to reload. Ammunition is stored in two horizontally-oriented helical carousels holding 36 rounds each, sitting directly below the turret in a monolithic armored compartment. The magazines are reloadable via separate ramp doors near the turret. Ammunition loading is selectable by the gunner from either ammunition type; individual loadout will depend on the mission profile. When the gun is reloaded, a hydraulic arm pushes a round into the autoloader where it is guided into the cannon's four-round cylinder. The next round is pushed automatically into loading position once the elevator arm retracts; this operation takes roughly a second to complete for each round, so a full salvo reload takes 5 seconds to complete.

TCAR103 ammunition is caseless; the propellant charge is a proprietary composite called Tritonite. The Tritonite propellant completely encases the round to be fired, with a high-sensitivity explosive primer behind the round. In the event of an incomplete ignition, the primer charge has sufficient energy to propel the round clear of the barrel; unburned propellant will be ejected from the cylinder pneumatically to clear the gun in such case. The propellant uses CL-20 primary explosive mixed with Chlorine Trifluoride oxidizer, Decaborane and Glycidylazide Polymer for binder. This is covered in a durable, hard rind of nitrocellulose to protect the round until it is fired. Because the entire round is consumed in firing without the use of a metallic casing or silk powder bags as in traditional artillery, it is considerably lighter and smaller in size than conventional ammuniton, meaning that additional rounds can be stored. Ammunition is modeled along a G7 ballistic profile; the casings are spin-forged from a hardened copper alloy containing high percentages of cobalt and beryllium. A solid zirconium tip and zirconium bands are swaged in place between the round's drive bands to provide an incendiary effect on target without the use of depleted uranium. The Tank Destroyer's primary Semi Armor-Piercing High Explosive/Incendiary (SAPHEI) shell weighs 9.33 kilograms; its ballistics have been optimized for high speed, delivering kinetic energy comparable to contemporary saboted dart-penetrator rounds for 120mm smoothbore cannons. The extremely high muzzle velocity of the FA103 generates very high recoil, which is why an oscillating turret was necessary in the design.

The simpler ammuniton facilitates rapid loading; because the ammunition is stored inside the tank and the entire gun and its action are external to and decoupled from the tank, the turret can be much smaller and lighter, facilitating gun stabilization. The tank's barrel is a steel and carbon fiber composite, with a high-alloy steel insert which can be changed out when worn out without replacing the entire barrel. The carbon fiber shell provides strength and rigidity to the extremely light "pencil" barrel inside. The high temperature epoxy used on these barrels dampens vibrations, which produces higher accuracy. The composite barrel shell contains cooling channels through which hydraulic fluid is circulated, cooling the barrel. This entire assembly recoils as one rigid piece along with the armored mantlet and action. A trunnion joins the upper and lower turret; elevation or depression of the gun is achieved by tilting the entire upper turret up to +45° or -15°, while traverse is achieved by rotating the lower turret. The gun's massive recoil energy is absorbed by the hydraulic damper/actuators that operate the upper turret, integrated in the oscillating portion of the turret. The gun is stabilized along both axes in real time by its electro-hydraulic gun laying drives, the weapon has been extensively field tested firing both from static positions and while in motion. The lightweight turret is considerably more maneuverable than a traditional manned turret, so traverse of the turret can occur while in motion at up to 30° per second while training the gun on a point target. The Ajax chassis provides an extremely smooth and stable platform for the type's high-velocity FA103 Rifled Autocannon. The gun is stabilized independently of the chassis on both axes by full-time active electrohydraulic motors, providing real time gun laying for ballistic firing solutions based on atmospheric condition telemetry and the vehicle's onboard gun computer. All this dramatically reduces firing errors to produce a very accurate gun, even while the vehicle is in motion.

Ajax-B, Mortar Carrier
Main Gun:(Low-Observable Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
1x MRA14.L20.R4 144mm Gun-Mortar

Ammunition:
1x 24-rd Helical Magazine, 4-Rd. Revolving Cylinder

Cyclic Rate-Of-Fire:
68 Rounds Per Minute

Elevation Range:
-11°/ +82°

Maximum Range:
9,000 Meters

Guidance:
Passive/Active Laser Homing

Muzzle Velocity:
387 M/Sec (Mach 1.13)

Terminal Performance:
258.91 Megajoules; 3.0 MPa Pressure @ 1,530° C

The Ajax-B Mortar Carrier uses the versatile, stable Ajax Tank Destroyer chassis to mount an extremely powerful 144mm Gun-Mortar. In place of the FA103's oscillating turret, a small enclosed turret houses the base of the mortar and its autoloading cylinder. The MRA14 may fire four rounds without reloading; the high cyclic rate-of-fire and large supersonic mortar projectile produce a very long unassisted range of 9,000 meters, delivering a massive laser-guided 44.07 kilogram Fuel Air Explosive round which airbursts above its target, releasing an enormous heat and pressure wave. The 144mm mortar is highly effective against light armored vehicles, infantry and fortifications or buildings. The large warhead and high pressure generate enormous recoil and muzzle blast; an Ajax-B carries 24 rounds in its magazine plus its four-round cylinder, which gives the variant great utility in high-intensity combat where its indirect or direct-fire operation make it a fearsome weapon for close artillery support.

Real World Comparison - - 2S25 Sprut SD vs. Ajax-A: Ajax is 5 tons heavier than Sprut with its spaced armor plating installed, but without it is the same weight as the 2S25 chassis. Sprut is 0.7 meters longer, nearly identical in overall width, both tanks carry a 3-person crew. Sprut uses a welded steel monocoque construction, where Ajax uses a hard aluminum/copper alloy for its hull with field-replaceable laminate armor plates. Ajax has nearly twice the horsepower of the 2S25, and a higher overall horsepower/ ton (34.6 vs 28.3) ratio, leading to higher speeds and better acceleration with the lighter stronger Ajax cable tracks vs the rubber tracks on Sprut. Both use adjustable suspension, but Sprut's is hydropneumatic where Ajax is electrohydraulic, with finer control and better ride quality. The FA103 stabilized gun on Ajax is a narrower bore than the Sprut anti-tank gun by 22mm, the much larger Sprut cannon has higher recoil and a slower rate of fire, with fewer rounds carried. Some of the most recently-produced finned dart rounds for the Sprut gun, the 3VBM23 "Svinets-2" round have similar muzzle velocity to the Marquesan FA103 gun, which fires with a greater muzzle energy by roughly 1,000 kilojoules. The very high recoil, high-velocity Marquesan gun has a longer effective firing range than the 125mm smoothbore due to rifling-stabilized ammunition optimized for high speeds and long standoff distances, where the Sprut cannon is intended for closer engagements where its less ballistically-efficient ammunition retains more of its muzzle velocity.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
4,500,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon May 31, 2021 7:37 am, edited 18 times in total.
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AWC.40 "Orcus"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:21 am


Image
Image

Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:AWC.40 "Orcus"
- Overview: -

The Marquesan government issued a requirement for a highly protected tracked vehicle designed to be rugged, fully amphibious, capable of traveling on or off road at high speeds and capable of carrying a versatile array of weapons and specialized equipment or soldiers in its modular weapons bay. The resulting design competition resulted in the final winning design, AWC.40, codenamed Orcus. Orcus is a 33-ton (40t with its spaced armor plating) tracked vehicle using a mid-mounted Boxer-10 supercharged engine in a unitary hybrid powertrain. The crew cabin is a separately armored citadel inside the vehicle above the bottom-accessible engine compartment, with all mechanical systems outside the crew area. A large modular mission bay sits to the rear of the crew area, capable of housing either troops or a broad variety of weapons and ammunition. AWC.40's use a high speed lightweight tensioned-track system which keeps the vehicle's tracks running along their guides even over large terrain features. The vehicle's high thrust-to-weight ratio, active hydromechanical motion control system and rugged construction make it an exceptionally capable platform for covering great distances overland. The vehicle carries its batteries and fuel in the V-shaped blast hull below the vehicle's floor. The large mission compartment behind the crew area is separated from the Crew Citadel by a monolithic blast wall; a wide variety of mission packs can be fitted in the modular bay with hookups for vehicle power, hydraulic cooling and electronics along with secure bosses to accept mounting hardware built into the floor, ceiling and walls. In most layouts, the mission area houses ammunition and machinery for missiles and guns, however specialist engineering equipment can also easily be carried. The hull shape is modeled to be comparatively wide, low to the ground and long; the low radar cross-section of the AWC, active protection suite and thermal camouflage make these vehicles exceptionally difficult to detect when stationary and challenging to track while in motion. Orcus is exceptionally well protected for its weight; a combination of spaced composite armor plates and welded titanium hull produces a very low percentage of successful vehicle kills even in the most punishing live-fire testing. The crew compartment's secondary internal armor and the vehicle's general layout all but eliminates the likelihood of human casualties even in situations where the ammunition magazine is ignited.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Armored Weapons Carrier

Unloaded Hull Weight:
32,500 Kilograms

Weight w/ Armor:
40,300 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Infantry:
10 (Var. A Only)

Hull Length:
7.22 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.33 Meters / 2.78 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.45 Meters

AWC.40's hull is an all-welded construction using 85mm thickness mm plates of Grade-12 titanium alloy, containing small percentages of iron, molybdenum and nickel. While roughly four times as expensive to produce as a steel hull, the titanium alloy is 40% stronger than steel for the same mass; the hull is naturally corrosion-resistant and an excellent conductor of heat, reducing the overall thermal signature of the tank by cooling rapidly. The crew sits reclined in a monolithic armored citadel inside the tank, with all electrical and mechanical systems running outside the crew area. The flat Boxer-10 engine with its supercharger and 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox sits low between the crew positions, it is accessible by a quick-release panel on the V-shaped blast hull below it. Direct fuel injection into the engine's cylinders and a dry sump pressurized oil system allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the tank on its tracks, including changing oil and glow plugs or even replacing the powerplant which is packaged as a single unit, facilitating rapid repairs. The engine's exhaust pipes run below the crew area, exiting the vehicle through an exhaust muffler/diffuser All are accessible by the crew to perform maintenance on the gun by blastproof doors which are sealed during combat operations. The "table" area above the engine and between the seats is used to display readouts of all vital vehicle systems and real-time updated maps. This creates a common cockpit which is sound-dampened, vibration deadened and air conditioned for maximum crew comfort. Crewmembers enter to their reclining seats directly through their hatches which can be locked from the inside.

Standoffs cast into the titanium hull plates put a 50mm air gap between the titanium hull and the vehicle's armor plates. Each armor plate is forged and precicely cut to match the dimensions of the hull below it; attachment points are countersunk into the plate where necessary, designed to fit the titanium standoffs precisely. Once placed on the standoffs, each attachment point is fitted with a vibration isolating quick-release pin, locking the plate into place. If a plate is damaged, it can be easily replaced by removing the quick-release pins and lifting the plate free; this armor system allows field repairs to be made easily and swiftly, even from forward positions. The AWC's composite armor plates are manufactured using hexagonal tiles made from alternating laminate layers Silicon Carbide (SiC) ceramic and Titanium Diboride (TiB2) on a Tungsten/Titanium (TiW) backing plate, all of which is wrapped in dyneema ballistic cloth reinforced with polyester resin. Mounting points for the panels are cast into the metal, allowing mounting bolts to pass cleanly through the panels. The SiC/TiB2 tiles are sintered together in repeating thin layers to the required thickness. Alternating layers of SiC and TiB2 prevents the hexagonal tiles from completely shattering on impact, making the panels much tougher against high velocity impacts from long rod penetrators. When mounted in the rigid plate, each tile may absorb impacts separately without transmitting energy to the tiles around it, allowing a single panel to receive multiple impacts without failing completely. The resinous dyneema exterior acts as a spall liner for the plate, while the TiW backing plate diffuses tensile stresses and keeps the panel rigid. These panels are significantly lighter than steel armor but provide superior performance against long rod penetrators, shaped charges, HESH munitions and conventional explosives. The air gap behind the armor panel serves to blow out the energy of shaped charge munitions that penetrate the armor, dispersing the liquid metal jet harmlessly against the hull of the vehicle. Spaced armor covers the full side profile of the AWC, along with rear surfaces and rear entry door, the top of the vehicle's body and a special triangular titanium frontal arc plate which is hardened at the point for ramming.

All Marquesan-built vehicles use protective V-shaped blast hulls. Since vehicles need flat floorspace to be well-suited to human occupancy, this creates an interstitial space between the blast hull and the floor. Marquesan designers were quick to realize that this area is ideal for fuel and battery storage since it centralizes the weight and mass of the vehicle, lowering its center of gravity and allow more space in the upper areas of the vehicle for human occupants and equipment, while putting fuel storage in a place where it is statistically unlikely to be damaged in combat. The V-shaped blast hull spreads blast energy away from the vehicle and therefore, the chance of a hull penetration into the interstitial space is very low. Here, separated 20-liter safety fuel cells provide mechanical separation in case of combat damage, preventing any one penetration from causing a catastrophic loss of fuel.

Construction:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 50mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <20mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
7,800 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
200mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <80mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
160mm Side Panels, Proof to <45mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on an Orcus, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the Orcus challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
680 Kilometers (9.7 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
82 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
53 Km/H

Water Speed:
12 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK10-9240.1S10)
790 kW Supercharged 8.68L Boxer-10 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 10 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
8,680cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
790 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH36/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,600cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
40 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-180 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
180 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
26.3 Hp/Ton

AWC.40 "Orcus" armored vehicles use a 10-cylinder, 8.68 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 180 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Orcus' to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
500 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.1 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
0.95 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
2.3 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
39%

AWC.40 tracks use hardened 4147 Chromoly steel cleats and aramid fiber inserts joined by braided steel cable to make up a track, held in place by a track guide system with a "shark fin" attached to each cleat to ensure that the cleat stays true to the guides. Each cleat weighs 0.9 kilograms, an overall weight savings of 90% on the track system over traditional tank tracks. The lightweight tracks are long wearing, responsive and more flexible; such tracks are guaranteed by the factory for 100 Km/H speeds on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached rigidly to the tank body. This carrier bar is armored and carries a low-RCS titanium "shield" on the outside and a curved spaced steel armor plate over it to shield the suspension components from hostile fires and to decrease the overall radar signature of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

The vehicle is propelled either forward or backward by its rear drive sprockets. The sprocket is attached rigidly to a solid chromoly steel axle with deep-cut hardened splines rated to 2,000 Kilowatts. The axle is connected by a spinning steel driveshaft to the output of the AWC's mid-engine Boxer-10 hybrid powerplant. Braking is accomplished with a dry clutch system using a closed differential ring and pinion to apply force to an axle-spline adapter, in turn applying force to the clutch rotor which uses hydraulic pressure to actuate the caliper. This gives a very normal "car-like" braking feel to the driver, who uses a hand throttle and joystick to direct the vehicle. Computer control applies braking force and throttles the engine according to driver input, using differential braking and torque biasing to change directions according to throttle and stick positions. Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain.

Active leveling allows the AWC.40 to maintain a comfortable, smooth ride for the crew even over the rougest terrain or at speed. Realtime control of the electrohydraulic suspension system allows for great agility and also for smoothness; AWC.40's can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

AWC.40 class vehicles utilize a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the Orcus itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The Auriga gunsight is mounted to either of the weapon systems carried on the AWC.40, providing high-definition, all weather thermal optics and laser rangefinding.

- Variants: -

Orcus-A, Cavalry Fighting Vehicle
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
1x FA29.L74.R6 Revolving Autocannon

Point Target Engagement:
5,540 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
9,230 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.25 Milliradians (7.6 Meters)

Rate of Fire, 6-Round Burst:
608 Rds. per Minute (Actual)

Rate of Fire, Semiautomatic:
486 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
28.7x121.4mm, 309 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,073 M/Sec (Mach 3.13) / 178.47 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
1x 540-rd Helical Drum w/ Electric Linkless Feed

Commander's Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
1x HMG15.67/2 14.9x118mm Twin-Barrel MG

Point Target Engagement:
3,000 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
5,600 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.50 Milliradians (2.8 Meters)

Rate of Fire, Automatic:
660 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
14.9x118mm, 109.5 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,021 M/Sec (Mach 2.98) / 57.15 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
2x 500-rd Helical Drums w/ Electric Linkless Feed

The Orcus-A Cavalry Fighting Vehicle is the basic model of the highly versatile AWC.40 series. These vehicles are highly mobile tracked armor designed with a large modular mission bay in the rear of the vehicle capable of accommodating a wide variety of weapons and equipment. The A-Variant CFV has 10 vibration-dampened seats, 5 on each side facing inward. Seatbacks can be folded down to make room for stretchers and medical equipment. The CFV's primary weapon is a high-velocity 28.7mm autoloading cannon. The FA29 gun has a long engagement distance, capable of engaging point targets at a range of 5.5km and area targets at a range of 9.2 kilometers. The extremely high muzzle velocity and optimized ballistics make the 28.7mm service ammunition extremely accurate. The gun's moderate rate of fire is governed by its six-round revolving ammunition cylinder, fed from a helical magazine directly below the gun. The upper and lower turret are completely self-contained with the magazine contained in an armored citadel below the loading mechanism. The gun can be elevated or traversed at up to 120°per second and has a full 360° traverse range. An active electro-hydraulic movement system provides for recoil attenuation, traverse, elevation, gun laying and stabilization; this system is slaved to the gunner's inputs and referenced to the vehicle's targeting system. A secondary Type-10 14.9mm Dual-Barrel machine gun mounted to a Remote Turret and controlled by the Vehicle Commander provides for additional defense against infantry, light armored targets and low flying helicopters.

Orcus-B, Mobile Area Defense System
Main Gun:(Low-Observable Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
1x FA29.L74.B4R Rotary Autocannon

Point Target Engagement:
5,540 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
9,230 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.65 Milliradians (13.1 Meters)

Rate of Fire, Variable Burst:(*200-Rd, 2.5 sec* or *400-Rd, 5.5 sec* Selectable)
4,240 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Operation:
Open Bolt, Gas-Operated Rotary

Barrel Type:
Four Gas-Assisted Rifled Composite Barrels, Air-Cooled

Barrel Length:
2,116 Millimeters (74 Calibers)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
28.7x121.4mm, 309 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,073 M/Sec (Mach 3.13) / 178.47 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
4,400-rd Helical Drum w/ Electric Linkless Feed

Missile Armament:(2x Detachable 11-Rd Pods, Turret-Mounted)
MHL.201R2 "Fire Lance" Multirole Radar-Homing Missile, Lightweight

Missile Dimensions:
18.58 Kgs (41 Lbs) Weight, 1.61m (5'4") Length, 80mm (3.1") Diameter, 8x 75mm (2.95") Folding Wings

Missile Propulsion:
Solid-Fueled Rocket Aerospike, 7.18 Seconds to Burnout, 960 M/Sec (Mach 2.80)

Operation Envelope:
6,900m (4.3 Mi) Range, 3,860m (12,700 Ft) Max Climb @ 537 M/Sec (Mach 1.57), 9g Maneuvering

Launch Method:
Crew-Served Portable Launchers (CSPL) / 11-Rd Reloadable Launch Pods

Missile Guidance:
Inertial Guidance + Inverse Monopulse Semi-Active Radar Homing (SARH)

Warhead Configuration:
75mm (2.95") Self-Forging Ta Fragment, 2.92 Kgs (6.44 Lbs) CL-20/HMX

Terminal Performance:
450mm (17.7") Armor Penetration, 500mm (19.7") Circular Error Probable

Fire Control Radar:
APAx2.250R "Rigel" Active Electronically Scanned Array

Classification:
Air/Ground 3D Targeting Radar, 2-Beam Processing, 70°/Sec Rotation

Operation Mode:
X-Band AESA, 250W ERP, 30 Hz Update Speed

Design Spec:
60,000 Meters Detection Range, 400 Simultaneous Tracks

Notes:
Lightweight/Compact, High Clutter Suppression

Orcus-B "MADS" vehicles mount a high velocity 28.7mm rotary cannon with four barrels using special airburst fragmentation ammunition containing tungsten pellets. The gas driven cannon produces user-selectable 200-rd or 400-rd bursts at 4,240 RPM, which can engage small point targets like a maneuvering aircraft or vehicle at 5.5 kilometers and can engage an area target like infantry in the open, a squadron of helicopters, a drone swarm or a building at greater than 9 kilometers. An Orcus-B MADS also carries a pair of 11-round detachable pods for the MHL.201 "Fire Lance" missile. The Fire Lance carries a high-power shaped charge warhead and a three-color thermal seeker that allows the MADS gunner to engage ground or air targets with the Fire Lance missile. A storage compartment at the rear of the vehicle carries an additional two pods, giving each Orcus-B an outstanding 44 shots for the Fire Lance without needing a resupply. The versatile high-capacity MADS system combined with the tough and agile Orcus platform can move with the fastest forward elements and are produced in large numbers. They are equally suited to defending against formations of armored vehicles or enemy helicopters, stealthy latest-generation fighters or supersonic cruise missiles with an onboard APAx.250R "Rigel" Fire Control Radar. The Rigel radar is a highly advanced, low-power X-Band Radar, which produces up to 400 simultaneous tracks in sky-scanning doppler mode or can produce detailed radar images in ground attack mode; this allows the Orcus-B to attack ground and air targets with equal efficiency. The 250 Watt X-Band radar updates at 30 Hz, simultaneously scanning vertical and horizontal bands electronically as the set rotates physically. Stealthy, low-RCS targets can be detected by the Orcus at a maximum range of 60 kilometers, permitting a network of distributed MADS vehicles to produce a cohesive, networked air defense. Fire Lance missiles can be fired before locking on and can detect a maneuvering target at greater than 14 kilometers and are optimized for pop-up targets like helicopters which are often armored; the MHL.201 missile is designed to defeat these targets with a high-power shaped charge warhead and an inverse monopulse radar seeker with a CEP of 0.5 meters.

Orcus-C, Engineering Breacher/Recovery Vehicle
Orcus-C EBRV's delete the weapons turret and its mounting ring, replacing it with a 50-ton rated hydraulic arm, which can be fitted either as a crane or with an excavator bucket. When not required, the hydraulic arm lays along the right side of the hull. EBRV's carry a full suite of plasma-arc welding equipment, a 20-kilowatt, 500 liter pneumatic compressor and a full suite of combat tools. A crew of three mechanics is carried in the AWC.40C along with its three man crew. A 50-ton front winch with 180m of cable and a 45-ton rear winch with 160m of cable help the EBRV to tow heavy vehicles. A 3.5m bulldozer blade is fitted to the front of the vehicle, attached by hydraulic armatures which allow the blade to move and tilt. The blade is a heavy steel mine-clearing plow, sloped to either side and curved inward at the top with hardened steel digging spikes at the bottom. This blade design either detonates mines on contact or flips them over and off to either side, providing a clear path for following vehicles. With a mine clearing blade, a single Orcus-C can provide a clear and partially leveled lane wide enough for the widest Marquesan-designed armored vehicles that is free of mines. The mine clearing plow's armor steel spikes can extend as much as 40cm into the dirt to prevent deeply-buried anti-tank mines from escaping the plow. The thick face-hardened HY150 armor steel used for the blade is so heavily reinforced that it is considered to be proofed against even direct hits from large bore artillery-class cannons. The -shaped blade is extremely useful for punching through battlefield obstructions and clearing debris, objects such as vehicles, earthworks, etc. The excellent thrust-to-weight ratio of the Orcus platform ensures that the vehicle has adequate power for pushing through difficult or rocky ground. . The steel blade acts as additional protection for the vehicle's frontal arc in this role, affording some extra security to lighter Orcus tracked armor when engaged in combat with heavier foreign-built vehicles.

Real World Comparison - - 2k22 Tunguska vs. Orcus-B MADS: Orcus-B weighs 3 tons less than Tunguska without its armor and just over 5 more than Tunguska with its added field-replaceable armor plates. Orcus uses a welded titanium hull where Tunguska has a welded steel hull; Tunguska is longer by 0.5 meter, but Orcus is wider and carries much more armor protection. Tunguska has a turbocharged V-12 providing 24 horsepower per ton, Orcus has a supercharged Boxer-10 providing a slightly higher 27 horsepower per ton. Orcus' lighter more modern tracks have a higher on-road speed than Tunguska by 20 Km/H. Tunguska's hydropneumatic suspension is less sophisticated than Orcus' electrohydraulic suspension, which gives a better ride quality and Orcus' more fuel-efficient powerplant gives a greater range of 680 kilometers vs Tunguska's 500 kilometers. Orcus-B carries the FA29.L74.B4R cannon and the MHL.201 "Fire Lance" missile, Tunguska carries dual 2A38 30mm cannons and the 9M311 Surface-to-Air Missile. The FA29 has a higher rate of fire with a single gun, but Tunguska carries two guns giving a higher overall rate of fire of 5,000 RPM vs FA29's 4,240 RPM. Tunguska fires in 83-250 round bursts at 1 or 3 seconds per burst, Orcus-B fires in 100-200 round bursts at 2.5 or 5.5 seconds. Tunguska's cannons are rated to engage missile targets at 4 kilometers, where Orcus' can engage point targets at 5.5 kilometers with its gun. The 9M311 missile is heavier than the Fire Lance missile by more than double, and has a longer range than the Fire Lance missile, though Fire Lance fires to a higher burnout velocity and has a higher flight ceiling by 400 meters than 9M311 with a single stage missile, where 9M311 is a more complicated two stage missile. Fire Lance carries an advanced Self Forging Fragment warhead, where 9M311 carries a conventional HE/Fragmentation warhead, which allows Orcus-B MADS to engage armored ground targets with Fire Lance missiles as well as air targets, which Tunguska cannot. The Orcus-B MADS carries 22 missiles on replaceable 11-round pods where Tunguska carries 8 missiles ready to fire and an additional two pods in a rear storage area accessible by the crew. Orcus-B's 65 square kilometer sphere of control is smaller than that of Tunguska given the longer range of its missiles, but inside that area, an Orcus MADS can attack ground, naval and air targets, where Tunguska is strictly a SPAAG.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
7,200,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon May 31, 2021 7:40 am, edited 34 times in total.
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AGA.47 "Amarok"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:22 am


Image
Image

Image

Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:AGA.47 "Amarok"
- Overview: -

The Marquesan government issued a requirement for a medium-weight, highly protected fast tank capable of overmatching more heavily-armored foreign built armor at long standoff ranges. The challenge of mounting a powerful enough main gun presented a number of material challenges, including the large physical dimensions of the 138mm main gun chosen as Amarok's primary armament. The resulting design is for a compact, turretless tank using a far-rear mounted autoloading rifled cannon on an oscillating turret that recoils with the gun when fired. The engine and transmission are mid-mounted, low in the tank body with fuel carried in the V-shaped blast hull beneath the engine and the armored crew compartment above it. The crew sits on either side of the gun, with Driver sitting front left and the Tank Commander sitting to his rear. On the right side is the Gunner's station; the gun's barrel runs through the center of the tank in a channel between the two inhabited areas; the gun can either be fired from the horizontal position against point targets or elevated to fire at more distant area targets as conventional artillery. Because the turret is unmanned and only shelters the autoloader mechanism, it can be much smaller and placed far from the crew, minimizing the chance of a catastrophic direct hit causing injury to the crew. In the lowered position, Amarok has a very low radar signature, with all but roughly a third of the total barrel length protruding from the front of the tank. The gun can be fired in this direct fire mode by elevating the barrel using electrohydraulic actuators also used for recoil absorption, and traversing left to right using the tank's tracks. In the elevated position, the gun can be traversed 15° to either side without moving the tank, but must be lowered to reload.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Assault Gun, Amphibious

Unloaded Hull Weight:
38,115 Kilograms

Weight w/ Armor:
47,260 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Hull Length:
7.53 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.47 Meters / 3.14 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.46 Meters

Amarok's hull is an all-welded construction using 126mm plates of Grade-12 titanium alloy, containing small percentages of iron, molybdenum and nickel. While roughly four times as expensive to produce as a steel hull, the titanium alloy is 40% stronger than steel for the same mass; the hull is naturally corrosion-resistant and an excellent conductor of heat, reducing the overall thermal signature of the tank by cooling rapidly. The crew sits reclined in a monolithic armored citadel inside the tank, with all electrical and mechanical systems running outside the crew area. The flat Boxer-10 engine with its supercharger and 22-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox sits low between the crew positions, it is accessible by a quick-release panel on the V-shaped blast hull below it. Direct fuel injection into the engine's cylinders and a dry sump pressurized oil system allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the tank on its tracks, including changing oil and glow plugs or even replacing the powerplant which is packaged as a single unit, facilitating rapid repairs. The engine's exhaust pipes run below the crew area, and the tank's ammunition and the autoloader compartment are blast proofed separately. All are accessible by the crew to perform maintenance on the gun by blastproof doors which are sealed during combat operations. The "table" area above the engine and between the seats is used to display readouts of all vital vehicle systems and real-time updated maps. This creates a common cockpit which is sound-dampened, vibration deadened and air conditioned for maximum crew comfort. Crewmembers enter to their reclining seats directly through their hatches which can be locked from the inside.

Standoffs cast into the titanium hull plates put a 50mm air gap between the titanium hull and the vehicle's armor plates. Each armor plate is forged and precicely cut to match the dimensions of the hull below it; attachment points are countersunk into the plate where necessary, designed to fit the titanium standoffs precisely. Once placed on the standoffs, each attachment point is fitted with a vibration isolating quick-release pin, locking the plate into place. If a plate is damaged, it can be easily replaced by removing the quick-release pins and lifting the plate free; this armor system allows field repairs to be made easily and swiftly, even from forward positions. Amarok's composite armor plates are made with a core of hexagonal Boron Carbide tiles surrounded by layers of dyneema ballistic cloth reinforced with a fiberglass-impregnated resin, which vary in thickness depending on location. The varying thicknesses are rated against armor-piercing small arms and autocannon rounds; becuase the panels are made with repeating hexagonal strike plates contained within many layers of Dyneema ballistic cloth and fiberglass reinforced resin, a single lightweight panel can provide protection against repeated hits across the entire surface. This lightweight composite armor type is extremely effective against shaped-charge munitions. When munitions strike the panel, energy is absorbed by the resin and ballistic cloth, slowing the munition which strikes the boron carbide ceramic core at a reduced velocity. A shaped charge munition will disperse its energy on the armor core; in the event of a complete penetration of the panel, the shaped charge's liquid metal jet is likely to be dispersed harmlessly against the hull, its energy blown out by the air gap between the panel and hull. In this manner, a large number of potentially vehicle-killing strikes against the tank are rendered null. Spaced armor covers the full side profile of the Amarok, along with rear surfaces and the top of the vehicle's body, along with a special triangular frontal arc plate which is hardened at the point for ramming.

All Marquesan-built vehicles use protective V-shaped blast hulls. Since vehicles need flat floorspace to be well-suited to human occupancy, this creates an interstitial space between the blast hull and the floor. Marquesan designers were quick to realize that this area is ideal for fuel and battery storage since it centralizes the weight and mass of the vehicle, lowering its center of gravity and allow more space in the upper areas of the vehicle for human occupants and equipment, while putting fuel storage in a place where it is statistically unlikely to be damaged in combat. The V-shaped blast hull spreads blast energy away from the vehicle and therefore, the chance of a hull penetration into the interstitial space is very low. Here, separated 20-liter safety fuel cells provide mechanical separation in case of combat damage, preventing any one penetration from causing a catastrophic loss of fuel.

Construction:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 50mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <20mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
9,145 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
160mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <80mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
100mm Side Panels, Proof to <35mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on an Amarok, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the Amarok AGA challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
610 Kilometers (8.7 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
89 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
59 Km/H

Water Speed:
11 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK10-9240.1S10)
790 kW Supercharged 8.68L Boxer-10 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 10 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
8,680cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
790 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH36/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,600cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
40 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-180 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
180 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
22.4 Hp/Ton

AGA.47 "Amarok" tracked artillery use a 10-cylinder, 8.68 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 180 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Orcus' to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
480 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.65 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
1.17 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
2.65 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
41%

AGA.47 tracks use hardened 4147 Chromoly steel cleats and aramid fiber inserts joined by braided steel cable to make up a track, held in place by a track guide system with a "shark fin" attached to each cleat to ensure that the cleat stays true to the guides. Each cleat weighs 0.9 kilograms, an overall weight savings of 90% on the track system over traditional tank tracks. The lightweight tracks are long wearing, responsive and more flexible; such tracks are guaranteed by the factory for 100 Km/H speeds on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached rigidly to the tank body. This carrier bar is armored and carries a low-RCS titanium "shield" on the outside and a curved spaced steel armor plate over it to shield the suspension components from hostile fires and to decrease the overall radar signature of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

The vehicle is propelled either forward or backward by its rear drive sprocket. The sprocket is attached rigidly to a solid chromoly steel axle with deep-cut hardened splines rated to 2,000 Kilowatts. The axle is connected by a spinning steel driveshaft to the output of the tank's mid-engine Boxer-10 hybrid powerplant. Braking is accomplished with a dry clutch system using a closed differential ring and pinion to apply force to an axle-spline adapter, in turn applying force to the clutch rotor which uses hydraulic pressure to actuate the caliper. This gives a very normal "car-like" braking feel to the driver, who uses a hand throttle and joystick to direct the vehicle. Computer control applies braking force and throttles the engine according to driver input, using differential braking and torque biasing to change directions according to throttle and stick positions. Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain.

Active leveling working in concert with separate real-time electrohydraulic stabilization of the main gun means that Amarok gunners can lay the 138mm gun with a very high degree of accuracy and speed. Electrohydraulic power and a lightweight composite barrel system reduce system response time and reduce the necessary size of the individual components, which makes the otherwise very long gun highly agile. The Amarok chassis can withstand tremendous terrain obstacles even at high speeds. The long suspension travel and electronic control respond instantly to changing conditions, which gives the vehicle legendary smoothness, especially in contrast to other Self-Propelled Howitzers. Amarok class tanks can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Fire Control Radar:
APAx2.250R "Rigel" X-Band Radar
- Dual Beam Processing, Active Electronically Scanned Array
- 70° Field of View, 40°/Sec Rotation, 30 Hz Update Speed, 250W ERP
- 60,000 Meters Range, 400 Simultaneous Tracks
- Lightweight/Compact, High Clutter Suppression, Rotating Array

Amarok tracked fighting vehicles employ a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the Orcus itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The "Rigel" X-Band Radar provides targeting data for the various weapons systems in place on the AGA.47 platform; this advanced electronically scanning array radar, or AESA transmitting in the X band. The Rigel radar scans vertically and horizontally as it rotates, creating a highly accurate picture of the battlespace around it. The radar is highly compact, with all but the rotating set itself outside the vehicle's armor. The Rigel X-Band Radar provides fire control and targeting data for all of the weapons carried by the Amarok chassis, networked to the extendable Fornax ball turret to provide cohesive, all-weather information for the crew.

- Variants: -

Amarok-A, Fast Tracked Artillery
Main Gun:
FA138.L54.R3 Autoloading Rifled Gun, 138mm

Point Target Distance:
15,030 Meters

Area Target Distance:
21,940 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.55 Milliradians (36.2 Meters)

Rate of Fire, 3-Round Burst:
32 Rds. per Minute (Actual)

Rate of Fire, Semiautomatic:
26 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Muzzle Velocity:
1,402.7 M/Sec (Mach 4.09)

Muzzle Energy:
39,876.55 Kilojoules

Amarok-A Self-Propelled Howitzers represent a radical departure from traditional Main Battle Tank models by using a much larger artillery-derived 138mm gun and also alters the traditional Self-Propelled Howitzer role by using an extremely rugged, fast platform. The main gun is mounted far to the rear of the vehicle, disguising the massive barrel by placing it in a groove between crew areas. This layout lowers the radar cross-section of the tracked vehicle and allows the gun to function both as an incredibly powerful direct fire weapon or in an indirect fire artillery role. When firing at point targets, the gun is traversed left and right using the vehicle's tracks; in this role, the turretless Amarok offers a low silhouette and can be used for precision strikes on small targets such as armored vehicles out to 15 kilometers distance. When fired Non-Line-Of-Sight (NLOS) the gun may be elevated up to 70° and may be traversed a total of 30° without moving the vehicle. The gun is fully stabilized and its steel and carbon-fiber composite barrel is actively cooled along its total 15 meter length. When the gun is fired, the upper turret, barrel and receiver recoil together, absorbing a large amount of recoil energy from the powerful FA138 rifled autocannon. The FA138 gun can fire three shots from its ammunition cylinder at 26 rounds per minute before it must reload, allowing for Multiple-Round-Simultaneous-Impact (MRSI) salvos to be fired to a maximum distance of 36.5 kilometers. Amarok's low center of gravity, high power-to-weight ratio and agile, stabilized platform allow for high accuracy and rapid movement; Amarok tracked artillery can move with the high-speed lighter tracked and wheeled armored vehicles. Its superior range and road speed are intended for rapid employment against highly armored enemy vehicles, vessels or strategic infrastructure targets such as buildings, runways, hardened bunkers and the like. The versatility of the powerful 138mm round allows this weapon to be employed in a wide range of roles.

Amarok-B, Rocket Artillery Carrier
Missile Armament:
GRA.202 "Varuna" Guided Artillery Rocket

Missile Dimensions:
292.7 Kgs Weight, 4.05m Length, 200mm Diameter

Missile Propulsion:
Thrust-Vectoring Aerospike, 31.6 Seconds to Burnout, 1,108 M/Sec (Mach 3.23)

Performance Envelope:
70,000m Range, Semi-Ballistic, Spin-Stabilized

Terminal Guidance:
Semi-Active Laser Homing, 1,550nm LIDAR Gimbaled Seeker

Warhead, Type-A:(RED, Thermobaric Airburst)
105 Kgs. Trinitroborazine/Hydrazine

Warhead, Type-B:(BLUE, Hard Target Penetrator)
26.25 kgs Be-Enhanced CL-20/HMX Filler, HY-150 Steel Armored Case

Warhead, Type-C:(GRAY, 8x Antitank Submunitions)
75mm Self-Forging Ta Fragment, 2.92 Kgs CL-20/HMX, Drogue Chute, Guidance Fins, 3-Color Thermal Sensor

Warhead Fuzing:
Proximity after Terminal Seeker Engagement

Terminal Performance A:
616.875 Megajoules; 3,000 kPa Pressure @ 1,530° C

Terminal Performance B:
3 Meters Penetration, 197.694 Megajoules Chemical Energy

Terminal Performance C:
450mm Armor Penetration, 250mm Circular Error Probable

The Amarok-B variant carries 36 rockets in two block "Honeycomb" launchers each with three rows of six rockets. The tubes can be ripple-fired in as little as 12 seconds or fired individually. Each block launcher elevates independently of the other; empty launchers may be jettisoned from the vehicle while moving to facilitate rapid reloading from supply vehicles. The powerful Varuna rockets it fires have a maximum range of 70 kilometers; the rockets carry an airbursting Fuel-Air Explosive (FAE or Thermobaric) warhead using trinitroborazine nanofuel to create a powerful enhanced blast. The large size of the Varuna warhead yields a tremendously powerful explosion above its target; multiple detonations in a close area magnify the effects of the blast, which is capable of pulverizing structures, throwing armored vehicles considerable distances and is highly effective against troop concentrations or logistical equipment in the open. The versatility, speed and agility of the Amarok-B platform means that rocket artillery may move at the speed of forward elements and can be placed in very difficult, rugged terrain. The considerable range and accuracy of the guided and spin-stabilized Varuna rocket lend great utility to the Amarok-B variant, allowing for precision fires at distances that preclude counter-battery fire even with rocket-assisted artillery projectiles. The standoff distance and high mobility of the platform make Amarok rocket artillery difficult to counterattack, with crews generally trained to "shoot and scoot" as rapidly as possible.

Amarok-C, Assault Gun, Rotary
Main Gun:
FA45.L75.B5R 5-Barrel, Gas-Driven Rotary Cannon, 45.2mm

Point Target Distance:
4,900 Meters

Area Target Distance:
8,900 Meters

Burst Settings:
Selectable 100-rd (4 Second) *OR* 200-rd (8 second)

Effective Ceiling:
3,125 Meters

Elevation & Traverse:
+82/-11° @ 60°/Sec, 360°@ 78°/Sec

Rate of Fire, Cyclic:
291 RPM/Barrel x5 (1,455 RPM)

Muzzle Velocity, G7/APDS:
1,181 M/Sec (Mach 3.44) / 1,653.4 M/Sec (Mach 4.82)

Ammunition Feed I:
G7 45.2x358mm, 1.305 Kgs. 910.40 Kilojoules Muzzle Energy

Ammunition Feed II:
APDS 9.5x285mm, 381 Grams Ti/U, 270mm Armor Perforation @ PBR


Amarok-C variants carry a five-barreled 45.2mm rotary cannon in a large turret adapted from a naval mount. This weapon, designed for use as a heavy CIWS onboard naval warships is adapted for use as a fire support weapon. Its 75-caliber barrels, just under 3.4 meters in length produce muzzle velocities of 3.5 mach with 1.3 kilogram service ammunition, or 4.8 mach with 380 gram APDS dart ammunition. At a combined cyclic rate-of-fire of 1,455 RPM, the FA45-B5R cannon produces one second bursts of 25 rounds, a substantial threat to any battlefield obstacle. Dual 1,024-round Helical-Drum magazines can feed the cannon from either stored ammunition type; the gunner may select either drum "on the fly" as threats change. A typical combat load carries APDS dart ammunition in one magazine and High Explosive / Incendiary ammunition in the other. The cannon is fully stabilized by its electrohydraulic gun-laying drives, which are capable of traversing 90 degrees per second. When coupled with the Testudo fire-control suite, Amarok-C's can be used to attack land, air or naval targets with devastating firepower. In urban firefights, an Amarok-C can chew through a building in seconds with the 45.2mm gun. The recoil forces generated by this weapon system requires the vehicle to deploy ground spades before firing, precluding its mounting on the lighter AWC.40 "Orcus" which is optimized for firing on the move. When employed against unarmored targets, a burst from this weapon system may be used in place of an airstrike, making it a favorite of infantry units, however, the massive muzzle blast of the FA45 rotary gun produces concussion such that it should not be used nearby to dismounted infantry, as injuries to sinus cavities and etes will be sustained, even when proper protective equipment is worn due to the acoustic signature of the weapon in use, especially when fired in long bursts.[/tab]

Real World Comparison - - K9 Thunder vs. Amarok-A: The AGA.47 Amarok and K9 Thunder SPG are the same weight with Amarok's armor panels installed. K9 Thunder is traditional steel construction where Amarok is designed with a titanium hull and armor standoffs, allowing armor panels to be replaced in the field. Amarok is slightly longer, slightly wider and slightly taller than K9 Thunder due to armor panel standoffs, Amarok has a crew of 3, K9 Thunder has a crew of 5. Amarok has a slightly better horsepower to weight ratio, but its lighter tracks and racing-derived powerplant with electrohydraulic ride control permit a higher top-speed on paved roads. Amarok's diesel/electric hybrid powerplant permits better range than K9 Thunder by nearly double. (360 km vs 610 km) K9 Thunder carries the Hyundai 52 caliber 155mm gun, Amarok carries the Fusil Automatique 54 caliber 138mm gun. The 155mm gun has a longer indirect fire range than the Marquesan 138mm gun with the use of base-boosted shells, where Marquesan artillery projectiles do not carry their own propellants, but in comparing the M107 155x605mm round to the 138x584mm round, the Marquesan round is fired at 1,402 meters per second and the M107 fires at 928 meters per second. The Korean gun must be loaded one round per salvo, but the FA138 can be fired in three round bursts from automatically loaded munition cylinders. The FA138 fires either in burst or semiautomatic mode; in burst mode, all three cylinders are fired at a faster rate of fire, designed for Multiple Round Simultaneous Impact scenarios. In semiautomatic mode, each cylinder is reloaded after firing. Despite its lighter weight, the 138mm round leaves the barrel with nearly identical muzzle energy to the much larger 155mm round; non-rocket assisted M107 rounds have a maximum effective range of 18 kilometers, where FA138 rounds are effective at 22 kilometers against area targets.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
7,800,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Jun 16, 2021 5:12 am, edited 38 times in total.
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TKH.59 "Chimera"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:22 am

Image
Nomenclature:TKH.59R3 "Chimera"
- Overview: -

The TKH Program was conceived and commissioned to design and produce a purpose-built anti-tank cannon with no restrictions on the weapon, and then to design a modern Main Battle Tank chassis capable of carrying and employing the weapon against the most modern tracked armor available. The result of this lengthy research and development program is the TKH.59 "Chimera" now in its third revision. Chimera is the largest and heaviest vehicle produced by the Marquesan Government. TKH.59 is a system designed for piercing and destroying formations of hostile tracked armor in combat conditions. Its sensor suite, designed for operating at night at long distances allow Chimera crews to fight in all conditions. The FA112 smoothbore gun employed on the Chimera tank has a maximum effective range of 21 kilometers with its 24mm sub-caliber APDS dart ammunition; the lightweight barrel is fully stabilized and coordinated to the vehicle's suspension to allow accurate fires while on the move. The weapon has a very high muzzle velocity of Mach 4.77 with service ammunition, a 6.05 kilogram Staballoy (3.5% -Ti/Bal-D-38 Uranium) dart which produces 8,140 kilojoules of muzzle energy, sufficient to penetrate 660mm of modern composite/laminate armor at combat ranges. The Chimera tank is powered by a Diesel/Electric hybrid engine, pairing an electric motor to a 10.95 liter Supercharged Boxer-12 diesel powerplant. With 1,320 KW, the tank has nearly 30 horsepower per ton, allowing it a very high on-road speed and an efficient fuel burn, giving it a superior range to most main battle tanks. Due to Chimera's Active Hydromechanical Motion System and lightweight steel cable tracks, the Chimera tank is famed with its crews for its supple ride quality both on paved roads and in combat.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Tank Killer, Heavy

Combat Weight:
59,240 Kilograms

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Hull Length:
7.54 Meters

Length at Muzzle:
12.09 Meters

Overall Width & Height:
3.69 Meters / 2.59 Meters

Ground Clearance:
0.42 Meters

The outer shape of the Chimera MBT consists of modular, field-replaceable box panel systems which surround a solid Grade-12 titanium monocoque inner hull. Titanium was chosen for the inner hull of the Chimera MBT because it is 40% stronger than steel for the same mass, an excellent conductor of heat and naturally extremely resistant to corrosion. The crew sits three-abreast in a monolithic armored citadel, forward most in the tank with all electrical and mechanical systems running outside the vibration-dampened, sound-deadened and air-conditioned crew area. Chimera uses a separated layout with blastproof walls on either side of the weapons section, with the engine rearmost. The crew enters their stations from hatches directly above their seats, into reclining a reclining position with the driver on the left, tank commander in the center and gunner on the right. Modular armor panel systems surround the Citadel, Mission Area and Engine Compartment, made up of layers of titanium diboride ceramic, silicon carbide ceramic, tungsten/titanium alloy and dyneema ballistic cloth, doped with a fiberglass-impregnated resin. Installed in the outer sections of each module, hexagonal electrothermal cooling plates, referred to as Peltier plates, are installed. A distributed network of sensors around the vehicle monitor the ambient temperature of the surrounding objects and a sophisticated program allows the vehicle to disguise itself against its background in thermal vision by matching the temperature of the peltier plates to the temperature of the background. In this manner, the silhouette of the armored vehicle all but disappears. The interior of each armor module contains air gaps and baffles of classified construction, which are designed to blow outward and absorb the impacts of long rod penetrators and shaped charge munitions internally without damaging the innermost hull. At the frontal arc, the armor panels represent more than 2,000mm of spaced armor, replaceable in the field by lifting free damaged panels with a crane and installing new systems, which are small and light enough individually to be transported by small helicopters or normal 4x4 tactical vehicles to the site of the damaged tank if it is unable to return to its base of operations.

To the aft of the crew citadel is the Mission Area, which contains the FA112.L64.S1 smoothbore cannon and its 60-round ring carousel and autoloader. The turret is not intended for human occupation; the Mission Area is separated from the engine compartment and crew citadel by blastproof shield walls and blow-out panels in case of a magazine fire or damage from hostile action. The turret operates under hydraulic pressure provided by the TKH.59's AHMS system, remotely guided by the Gunner's station. The gun operates under manual guidance from the vehicle's gunner, but each shot is fully controlled by a sophisticated ballistic targeting computer using a dedicated System-On-Chip microcomputer and the tank's onboard sensors to determine all parameters of the shot including gun laying drives, stabilization and recoil compensators, autoloading and clearing, managing the actively-cooled composite barrel and compensating automatically for vehicle movement, target movement, wind and other ballistic computations. To the rear of the Mission Area is the engine compartment, containing Chimera's supercharged 10.95L Boxer-12 Diesel/Electric hybrid powerplant, and the 9-cylinder radial hydraulic recuperator for the AHMS system. The flat Boxer-12 engine is mounted inverted, with the pressurized dry-sump oil pan facing upward and cylinder-direct fuel injection, the water-intercooled supercharger and all 24 glow plugs facing downward, accessible by a removable V-shaped blast panel. The Chimera MBT is designed for all essential maintenance to be performed with the tank resting on its tracks. The output of the diesel Boxer-12 is connected to a permanent magnet electric motor which fills in the gaps in the Diesel's powerband and constantly augments power delivery to maximize acceleration or fuel economy in a continuously variable ratio. The electric motor outputs to the tank's rear drive sprockets, delivering 1,320 kilowatts combined power. Because vehicles designed for human occupation need a flat floor, but protecting that vehicle from buried mines and other explosive devices requires a V-shaped hull, an interstitial space is created, running the full length of the Mission Area and Crew Citadel. This space used to store the vehicle's fuel, in puncture-resistant 20-liter fuel cells, connected by a network of braided steel cables and common electric fuel pumps. This ensures that in the event of a penetration of the fuel area, the vehicle does not lose all its fuel or cause a fire too large to be suppressed. The blast panels are designed to drain quickly in case of a fuel rupture, preventing the spread of fire inside the tank.

Construction:
Welded Gr. 12 Titanium 50mm Monocoque Hull, Proof to <25mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Modular Blow-Out Box-Panel Systems

Frontal Arc Protection:
Frontal Arc, Proof to <125mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
Side Panels, Proof to <105mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on a Chimera, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for tracked armor makes the TKH.59 challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
760 Kilometers (10.9 Hours @ 70 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
96 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
65 Km/H

Water Speed:
9 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK12-1148.1S22)
1,320 kW Supercharged 10.95L Boxer-12 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 12 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
10,950cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Diesel-Only Power:
1,080 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH42/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 4,200cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
48 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
18 Forward Gears, 4 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-240 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
770Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
240 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
29.88 Hp/Ton

The Chimera Main Battle Tank uses a 12-cylinder, 10.95 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 22-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with 18 forward gears and 4 reverse straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 240 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Chimera's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System
Final Drive:
Kevlar/Steel Tensioned-Cable Live Track

Track Width:
460 Millimeters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
2.15 Meters

Maximum Obstacle Height:
1.38 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
3.0 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
42%

TKH.59 tracks use hardened 4147 Chromoly steel cleats and aramid fiber inserts joined by braided steel cable to make up a track, held in place by a track guide system with a "shark fin" attached to each cleat to ensure that the cleat stays true to the guides. Each cleat weighs 0.9 kilograms, an overall weight savings of 90% on the track system over traditional tank tracks. The lightweight tracks are long wearing, responsive and more flexible; such tracks are guaranteed by the factory for 100 Km/H speeds on roadways. A center suspension carrier runs the length of the track and is attached rigidly to the tank body. This carrier bar is armored and carries a low-RCS titanium "shield" on the outside and a curved spaced steel armor plate over it to shield the suspension components from hostile fires and to decrease the overall radar signature of the tank. A spring-loaded track-tensioner system uses wheeled bogeys attached to torsion arms and "coil-over" hydraulic suspension dampers which maintain tension at the bottom of the track, and at the top. These tension arms attach to the center carrier bar and articulate with the suspension as the vehicle moves over terrain, holding the tank level even over severely broken ground or rocks. Each lower arm and bogey has two "double" road wheels with an inner and outer wheel which interface with the track's shark-fins, keeping the track centered as the vehicle moves. Upper arms have a single "double" road wheel arrangement. The drive sprocket at the rear of the track is of a flat drive-tooth type, allowing foreign debris to be cleared easily from between the teeth. The front track wheel is spring loaded, so that when the suspension compresses, the front wheel is pushed forward as much as 400mm, maintaining track tension even at great speed.

The vehicle is propelled either forward or backward by its rear drive sprocket. The sprocket is attached rigidly to a solid chromoly steel axle with deep-cut hardened splines rated to 2,000 Kilowatts. The axle is connected by a spinning steel driveshaft to the output of the tank's mid-engine Boxer-12 hybrid powerplant. Braking is accomplished with a dry clutch system using a closed differential ring and pinion to apply force to an axle-spline adapter, in turn applying force to the clutch rotor which uses hydraulic pressure to actuate the caliper. This gives a very normal "car-like" braking feel to the driver, who uses a hand throttle and joystick to direct the vehicle. Computer control applies braking force and throttles the engine according to driver input, using differential braking and torque biasing to change directions according to throttle and stick positions. Computer control also manages the Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System, which manages suspension, turret and autoloader operation. AHMS, or Adaptive Hydromechanical Motion System consists of a network of armored, high-pressure hydraulic lines, motors and a central accumulator and management system working to manage the functions of the vehicle. Hydraulic pressure is generated by the articulating actions of the suspension, clamping force from the vehicle's brakes and recoil from the main gun firing and fed into the vehicle's Center Master Pressure Accumulator by a 9-cylinder radial piston hydraulic pump. This Kinetic Energy Recovery System also generates the necessary power to articulate the main gun, operate the autoloader, adjust the suspension, and operate the vehicle's brakes. AHMS provides constant, real-time power-assisted stabilization and centering, increasing or decreasing stiffness and ride height in response to changing vehicle conditions over 100 times per second. Active stability control applies a mixture of throttle, braking force and real-time suspension adjustment to actively counter gun recoil and changing terrain to provide an extremely smooth ride even over very difficult terrain such as inclines, side-slopes, and broken or rocky terrain.

Active leveling working in concert with separate real-time electrohydraulic stabilization of the main gun means that Amarok gunners can lay the 112mm gun with a very high degree of accuracy and speed. Electrohydraulic power and a lightweight composite barrel system reduce system response time and reduce the necessary size of the individual components, which makes the otherwise very long gun highly agile. The Chimera chassis can withstand tremendous terrain obstacles even at high speeds. The long suspension travel and electronic control respond instantly to changing conditions, which gives the vehicle legendary smoothness, even in contrast to other modern Main Battle Tanks. TKH.59 class tanks can "sit" "stand" or "kneel" by driver control, as well as "lean" toward one side or a corner. "Sitting" gives the tank a lower profile and offers superior handling over roads. "Standing" gives the vehicle higher ground clearance for maneuverability over rough terrain. "Kneeling" augments the angular range in which the tank's gun barrel can elevate and depress, allowing the vehicle to fire its main gun downhill as well as engage low-flying aircraft more effectively. The suspension unit also cushions the chassis from vibrations when travelling over uneven terrain.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

The TKH.59 "Chimera" utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the tank itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The Auriga gunsight is mounted to the mantlet of the Chimera's main gun in a low profile armored barbette, providing high-definition, all weather thermal optics and laser rangefinding for the stabilized 112mm Smoothbore Cannon.

- Variants: -

Chimera-A, Tank Killer, Heavy
Main Gun:
FA112.L64.S1 Autoloading Smoothbore Gun, 112mm

Caliber:
112x780mm Combustible-Case, Telescoped "112CCT"

Feed System:
Electrohydraulic Autoloader, 60-Rd Ring Carousel

Barrel Type & Length:
Active-Cooled 7.165 Meter Barrel (64 Calibers)

Maximum Range:
21,000 Meters

Traverse & Elevation:
360 Degrees @ 90/Sec / +35/-11 Degrees @ 60/Sec

APDS Dimensions:
24 x 710 Millimeters

Penetrator Weight:
6.05 Kilograms Titanium/Uranium Alloy

APDS Muzzle Velocity:
1,638 M/Sec (Mach 4.77)

APDS Muzzle Energy:
8,140 Kilojoules

Armor Perforation:
660mm @ Point Blank Range

High Explosive/Fragmentation:(Prefragmented Body)
17.56 Kgs Shell Weight; 3.51 Kgs CL-20/HMX Explosive

HE-FRAG Characteristics:
961.5 M/Sec Muzzle Velocity (Mach 2.80) / 26.453 Kilojoules Terminal Effect

Cyclic Rate-Of-Fire:
20 Rounds Per Minute

Commander's Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Rear Mounted Turret)
FA29.L74.R6 Revolving Autocannon

Point Target Engagement:
5,540 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
9,230 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.25 Milliradians (7.6 Meters)

Rate of Fire, 6-Round Burst:
608 Rds. per Minute (Actual)

Rate of Fire, Semiautomatic:
486 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
28.7x121.4mm, 309 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,073 M/Sec (Mach 3.13) / 178.47 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
1x 540-rd Helical Drum w/ Electric Linkless Feed

The FA112 S1 cannon is a high-velocity smoothbore direct fire gun developed exclusively for the Chimera tank. Unlike other guns of the LFV class designed to fire conventional G7 profile shells from their rifled barrels, S1 is a smoothbore gun optimized for firing a Ti/U alloy long rod penetrator enclosed in a nylon carrier, or sabot. The carrier and finned dart are telescoped into a combustible case cartridge using borated Tritonite propellant to achieve extreme velocities of Mach 4.77 at the muzzle. The 64-caliber composite barrel recoils against hydraulic recuperators, which recover energy and store it as hydraulic pressure to be used to actuate the gun laying drives or suspension. The gun is extremely accurate due to the design of the finned penetrator darts, which are rated to 660mm of steel armor or equivalent. The 64-caliber barrel is made from Inconel 625 superalloy, cast as a single piece and then helically-fluted down its entire length. Once deburred, each FA112 barrel is wrapped in carbon fiber. The gap caused by fluting the barrel and then wrapping it serves as a cooling channel, designed to circulate chilled hydraulic fluid along the barrel's full length. The process of wrapping an otherwise very thin barrel in carbon fiber increases its cooling capacity, its rigidity and its ability to attenuate vibrations. In this application, the lightweight but strong barrel translates to a long barrel that generates very high velocity without being as subject to barrel droop over time as a conventional steel barrel. The composite barrel structure is stronger, faster cooling and more rigid than a monolithic steel barrel would be; less metal translates to a lighter system, which coupled to the unmanned turret without an ammunition bustle, allows the FA112 as a system to traverse across its full range more quickly than a conventional tank turret.

When fired, the entire upper mantlet recoils with the barrel, which only encloses the barrel, its upper receiver and two hydromechanical recuperators. As the mantlet moves rearward, hydraulic fluid is displaced and springs in the recuperators compressed, which all works together to absorb the force of the gun's recoil. The weapon's autoloader selects a new round to be fired from a "ring carousel" magazine directly below the turret ring and moves it up into position as the gun moves to its rearward (lock) position. When the barrel's rearward movement ceases, it advances forward to its lock position (barrel zero) and is purged. With the bolt at the rear lock position and barrel at its forward lock position, a new round is fed up into the receiver and the autoloader retreats once the new round is in place. Once the autoloader is clear, the operating gunner is given a "clear to fire" signal. When the command to fire is given, the FA112's automatic ramming bolt is forced forward under hydraulic pressure and the weapon is fired by striking the primer explosive, occuring within a smooth, tapered firing chamber. As the round ignites, the inertia of the bolt is overcome and the bolt and barrel recoil together, repeating the cycle. The cyclic rate-of-fire for the S1 cannon is 20 rounds per minute, meaning that the fire-recoil-feed-clear cycle takes roughly three seconds for each round. The magazine and autoloader can load the gun at any orientation in the gun's 360-degree traverse, or at any elevation or depression, as the robotic armature automatically compensates for changes in orientation.

The gun is fully 3-axis stabilized by its electrohydraulic laying drives; due to the light weight of the composite barrel, the gun's moment of inertia is therefore lower, translating to faster, sharper movements and a more accurate gun laying process. The weapon is fully computer-controlled and contains a sophisticated ballistic computer which takes into account factors such as barrel heat, atmospheric conditions, altitude, distance and the relative motions of the target and the mounting vehicle. These systems combine to make a weapon which is accurate when fired from a moving vehicle in combat. The flat-shooting, high velocity service ammuntion has a very low dispersion rate, and is sufficiently powerful to be a deadly threat to even the most heavily armored modern main battle tanks. Supplimentary to the sub-caliber dart round is a prefragmented high-explosive round, used to defeat a wide assortment of ancillary targets. Installed in the unmanned turret of the 59-ton Chimera tank, the entire gun system including room for recoil movement, the autoloader and hydraulic recuperators are housed in a slender but heavily armored turret which protects the gun and houses the tank's electrooptical targeting sensors in a low profile, low-RCS housing. The commander's gun is attached to a remote weapon station on top of the turret but with independent traverse, elevation and rotation, slaved to high-definition thermal optics and the commander's gun station.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
8,200,000 NSD.

Real World Comparison - - Merkava IV vs. Chimera-A: Merkava-IV is heavier by roughly 5 tons, this is due to Merkava's steel hull and modular composite armor vs Chimera's titanium hull and modular composite armor. The two tanks are similar in hull length, Merkava is slightly wider and slightly taller than Chimera. Chimera has a crew of three where Merkava has a fourth person, replaced by Chimera's autoloader. Merkava is designed to transport up to 6 passengers, where Chimera lacks this capability. The turbocharged diesel engine used by the Merkava tank lacks the power of the Boxer-12 in the Chimera tank, which due to its lighter weight has a better horsepower-to-weight ratio than Merkava IV, with a significantly higher top speed and greater range afforded by Chimera's lightweight tracks and fuel-efficient diesel/electric powerplant. Merkava IV can handle a wide assortment of HE, HESH, ATGM, APFSDS, and other ammunition where Chimera is built around its depleted uranium dart rounds and carries no other ammunition for its main gun. FA112.L64.S1 ammunition leaves the muzzle at 1,638 meters per second, which is comparable to the fastest 120mm ammunition. The longer, more slender Marquesan round carry a longer, thinner dart round which is more ballistically stable and is effective out to 21 kilometers, where the effective distance of the 120mm smoothbore is 8 kilometers. Chimera carries 12 additional rounds over Merkava IV due to the slender ammunition. The 64 caliber FA112.L64.S1 barrel exceeds the length of the 120mm L55 by half a meter, affording the higher muzzle velocity and flatter ballistic trajectory of rounds fired by the Chimera MBT, which can penetrate more than 660mm of modern composite armor at extended ranges. Merkava IV carries several secondary armaments including 12.7mm and 7.62mm machine guns, where the Chimera MBT carries a much larger 28.7mm autocannon for its secondary armament. The 28.7mm cannon can engage air, ground or water-based targets at ranges far exceeding that of smaller weapons with much harder-hitting explosive shells rather than inert bullets. The high velocity of the FA29 gun affords it high accuracy and outstanding destructive power, dramatically outclassing traditional coaxial guns by an order of magnitude.
Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Tue Aug 03, 2021 7:14 pm, edited 31 times in total.
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Civil Rights Lovefest

SMV.7/4 "Habu"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:23 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:SMV.7/4 "Habu"
- Overview: -

'The Marquesan government issued a requirement for a highly maneuverable, lightweight protected scout car for general utility duties throughout the armed forces, including as police patrol vehicles throughout much of the Marquesan states. The vehicle needed to be small and versatile, usable by law-enforcement for general patrol duties and must be highly capable off-road. The resulting design is for the SMV.7/4 "Habu", a 7-ton 4x4 vehicle, designed from racing-derived engineering solutions and powered by a supercharged 4-cylinder diesel/electric hybrid powerplant producing 380 kilowatts of power. The diesel engine, dual-clutch automatic gearbox and electric motor work together to constantly vary between maximizing acceleration and maximizing fuel economy with computer controlled gear selection and the 80 kilowatt electric motor filling in the gaps of the diesel engine's power delivery. The Habu scout vehicle has a long-travel, coil-over-shock-body suspension with inboard brakes protected by a V-shaped blast panel and a tubular titanium backbone frame with a carbon fiber driveshaft running within the titanium frame. Portal-geared wheel hubs give enhanced ground clearance and sprung energy return wheels grip airless honeycomb-style non-pneumatic tires, making Habu mechanically resistant to buried mines and improvised explosive devices. The crew area is an all-welded body of thick high-copper aluminum alloy, which on its own is resistant to 8mm armor piercing ammunition. Habu, like all Marquesan vehicles, is designed to carry spaced armor panels on vibration-isolating 50mm standoff studs cast into the hull plates. Nearly 1.5 tons of laminate composite armor panels greatly increase the protection level, especially to shaped charge munitions, HESH rounds and armor-piercing dart rounds. The air-conditioned crew compartment is also sound-deadened for comfort; Habu can carry four soldiers including the driver and truck commander internally, plus 1.75 tons of cargo carried in an enclosed cargo area at the rear. The vehicle is protected with a twin-barrel 14.9mm machine gun on a remote weapons turret, controlled by the truck commander's screen and a joystick control to which the gun is slaved. Driver and Truck Commander both have openable hatches on the armored roof above them, allowing both to stand on their seats if required.
- Systems: -

Classification:
4x4 Scout Mobility Vehicle

Crew:
2 (Driver, Gunner) + 2 Passengers

Unloaded & Armored Weights:
5,790 Kilograms / 7,190 Kilograms

Payload:
1.5m Enclosed Cargo Bed, 1,750 Kilograms Max

Overall Dimensions:
5.03 Meters Length, 2.18 Meters Width, 2.09 Meters Height

The chassis is a rigid tubular titanium backbone frame, joined to the rigid aluminum body by integral solid titanium span arms cast into the frame. SMV.7/4's use full-time all-wheel drive, driving solid half-axles with bevel gears and helical gear-driven limited slip differentials. Active all-wheel steering and auto-leveling ride control keep the vehicle stable even over extreme terrain at high speeds. The flexible fully-independent suspension uses two hydromechanical shock absorbers per half axle, adjusted in real time by computer control up to 500 adjustments per second. Inboard hydraulic disc brakes on each half axle carry 8-piston calipers and portal geared hubs lift the axles and differentials high above the wheels where they are largely immune to mine blasts and shrapnel. Habu scout cars can carry additional armor panels spaced 50mm from the hull; these panels are composite armor, made with a core of hexagonal Boron Carbide tiles surrounded by layers of dyneema ballistic cloth reinforced with a fiberglass-impregnated resin. The panels are easily field-replaceable if damaged via quick-release camlocks. The panels closely conform to the vehicle's shape, contributing to low RCS returns and providing protection from autocannons up to 15mm in the frontal arc and 10mm along the flanks and rear.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 Aluminum 20mm Hull, Proof to <8mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
1,400 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
50mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <15mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
30mm Side Panels, Proof to <10mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on Habu, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesandesign emphasizing low radar cross-sections for wheeled armor makes the scout car challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
710 Kilometers (7.1 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
220 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
140 Km/H

Water Speed:
9.5 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK04-3716.1S7)
380 kW Supercharged 3.7L Boxer-4 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 4 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
3,650cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
380 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH15/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 1,520cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
6 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-80 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
257Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
80 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
70.9 Hp/Ton

SMV.7/4's use a 4-cylinder 3.7 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 1.5L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System; all engine repair functions are accessible with the vehicle on its wheels, including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed in less than two hours without the use of a lift. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 7-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. The transmission is paired to the input side of an electric motor which transmits power to front and rear differentials from the center of the vehicle, giving full-time four wheel drive with helical-cut gear driven mechanical differentials biasing power to the wheel with the most grip at all times. The electric motor fills in the gaps in the diesel engine's power delivery with 80 kilowatts of its own power, continuously optimizing acceleration or fuel economy depending on demand. This system decreases the demand for fuel, making Habu fuel efficient and quiet, with a low thermal signature. The front and rear differentials power half-shafts in turn driving blast-resistant portal geared hubs.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
2 Pairs 5-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.46 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
0.91 Meters

Turning Radius:
5.5 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
0.6 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
58%

Maximum Side-Slope:
34%

The superior, neutral handling of the chassis is modeled after rallye racing trucks; test drivers praise the Habu scout car for its high power-to-weight ratio and compliant, smooth ride, even over rocky or broken ground. Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Habu to run with the engine off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Onboard Optronics Pod:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

The Habu Scout Vehicle utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the scout vehicle itself. With the optronics pod in the down position, the Habu scout vehicle has unrestricted speeds using the pod both for targeting the remote weapon station and for navigation. In the raised position, the Habu scout car can surveil wide areas while remaining stationary.

- Weapons: -

HMG15.67/2 14.9x118mm Twin-Barrel MG
Point Target Engagement:
3,000 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
5,600 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.50 Milliradians (2.8 Meters)

Rate of Fire, Automatic:
660 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
14.9x118mm, 109.5 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,021 M/Sec (Mach 2.98) / 57.15 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
2x 500-rd Helical Drums w/ Electric Linkless Feed

Real World Comparison - - Mamba APC Mk. III vs. SMV.7/4 "Habu": Habu is heavier than Mamba by roughly 700 kilograms, though Mamba is longer by half a meter and slightly wider, and slightly taller than Habu. Mamba APC's are designed to carry nine (9) passengers plus the driver and gunner, while the Habu is designed to carry four (4) people plus cargo in the rear. The steel and laminate armor glass construction of the Mamba APC provide more protection than the unarmored Habu hull, but with its spaced armor, Habu is better protected. Both chassis have V-shaped hulls, but Habu's airless tires and inboard brakes are tougher and more blast-resistant, making Habu much more difficult to mission kill. The supercharged diesel/electric hybrid powerplant carried by Habu is more powerful than the Deutz diesel engine in the Mk. VII Mamba APC, giving the Habu SMV much greater offroad mobility with its rugged, long-travel suspension and its higher HP/ton ratio permits a higher top speed, while its portal hubs give Habu better ground clearance than Mamba. Mamba carries more fuel than Habu, so it has a longer maximum range unrefueled. The Browning M3 12.7mm Machine Gun carried on the Mamba is capable of a higher rate of fire than the Marquesan 14.9mm gun, but the Marquesan gun has two barrels firing at 330 RPM per barrel, so the 660 round per minute rate of fire of the Marquesan gun is sustainable for extended belts of fire, where the single-barrel Browning will need to cool off. The 14.9mm gun is more accurate and fires at a higher muzzle velocity, which allows engagement of point targets at nearly twice the distance possible with 12.7mm ammunition.[/align]
Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
280,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon May 31, 2021 7:31 am, edited 14 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

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Posts: 1791
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

ARV.11/4 "Boomslang"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:24 am


Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:ARV.11/4 "Boomslang"
- Overview: -

'The ARV.11/4 "Boomslang" is an ambush-protected scouting and reconnaissance vehicle designed for the Marquesan Armed Forces, but in service with a number of countries around the world. Boomslang is highly mobile, built on a tubular titanium backbone chassis with a copper/aluminum alloy all-welded body designed to be resistant to small arms up through 10mm Armor-Piercing calibers fired from rotary guns, with bolt-on spaced armor providing resistance to arms up through 20mm autocannon rounds. The body resists up to 10 kg mines detonating in contact with the V-shaped hull; airless open-cell honeycomb tires and portal geared hubs allow for high ground clearance and superior resistance to blast and gunfire. The wide wheels and low stance of the Boomslang give it an aggressive appearance that is also stealthy. Spaced armor plates come with thermal camouflage plates installed, allowing the vehicle to change its thermal signature to evade hostile sensors. Boomslang carries a crew of three; the driver sits in the center front, with gunner and vehicle commander sitting to the left and right rear, respectively. Clamshell hatches on either side of the vehicle fold out into a ramp on either side, speeding egress. The vehicle's engine and ammunition storage are in the rear behind the crew area, while fuel storage is forward of the crew cabin, which sits behind blastproof firewalls at front and rear. All mechanical and electrical systems are run outside the crew area, which is armored separately and CBRN-sealed whenever the vehicle doors are closed. A stabilized 28.7mm high velocity autocannon is mounted in a roof turret, with its flexible ammunition feed running from a high-capacity helical magazine mounted above the supercharged Boxer-4 diesel engine and electric hybrid powertrain. Suspension is fully independent with swing axles and bevel gears providing high flexibility and long wheel travel; active four-wheel steering and self-leveling active ride control are computer controlled up to 500 adjustments per second. Helical gear-driven torque biasing differentials at front, center and rear constantly vary power between all four wheels, providing the greatest torque to the wheels with the greatest resistance. The extreme toughness of Boomslang's drivetrain, its high power-to-weight ratio and its powerful main gun make it a common sight in military convoys where it is often used as an escort, or for routine patrol duties in remote, high-threat environments.
- Systems: -

Classification:
4x4 Armored Recce Vehicle

Crew:
3 (Driver, Commander, Gunner)

Unloaded & Armored Weights:
8,950 Kilograms / 11,100 Kilograms

Overall Dimensions:
5.16 Meters Length, 2.34 Meters Width, 2.00 Meters Height

The chassis is a rigid tubular titanium backbone frame, joined to the rigid aluminum body by integral solid titanium span arms cast into the frame. ARV.11/4's use full-time all-wheel drive, driving solid half-axles with bevel gears and helical gear-driven limited slip differentials. Active all-wheel steering and auto-leveling ride control keep the vehicle stable even over extreme terrain at high speeds. The flexible fully-independent suspension uses two hydromechanical shock absorbers per half axle, adjusted in real time by computer control up to 500 adjustments per second. Inboard hydraulic disc brakes on each half axle carry 8-piston calipers and portal geared hubs lift the axles and differentials high above the wheels where they are largely immune to mine blasts and shrapnel. Boomslang ARV's can carry additional armor panels spaced 50mm from the hull; these panels are composite armor, made with a core of hexagonal Boron Carbide tiles surrounded by layers of dyneema ballistic cloth reinforced with a fiberglass-impregnated resin. The panels are easily field-replaceable if damaged via quick-release camlocks. The panels closely conform to the vehicle's shape, contributing to low RCS returns and providing protection from autocannons up to 20mm in the frontal arc and 15mm along the flanks and rear.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 Aluminum 25mm Hull, Proof to <10mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
2,150 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
60mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <20mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
40mm Side Panels, Proof to <15mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on Boomslang, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesandesign emphasizing low radar cross-sections for wheeled armor makes the Armored Recce Vehicle challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
710 Kilometers (7.1 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
145 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
87 Km/H

Water Speed:
10.5 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK04-3716.1S7)
380 kW Supercharged 3.7L Boxer-4 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 4 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
3,650cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
380 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH15/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 1,520cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
6 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-80 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
257Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
80 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
45.9 Hp/Ton

ARV.11/4's use a 4-cylinder 3.7 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 1.5L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System; all engine repair functions are accessible with the vehicle on its wheels, including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed in less than two hours without the use of a lift. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 7-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. The transmission is paired to the input side of an electric motor which transmits power to front and rear differentials from the center of the vehicle, giving full-time four wheel drive with helical-cut gear driven mechanical differentials biasing power to the wheel with the most grip at all times. The electric motor fills in the gaps in the diesel engine's power delivery with 80 kilowatts of its own power, continuously optimizing acceleration or fuel economy depending on demand. This system decreases the demand for fuel, making the Boomslang fuel efficient and quiet, with a low thermal signature. The front and rear differentials power half-shafts in turn driving blast-resistant portal geared hubs.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
2 Pairs 8-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.43 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
0.90 Meters

Turning Radius:
6.5 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
0.5 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
60%

Maximum Side-Slope:
30%

Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Boomslang ARV's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Onboard Optronics Pod:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

The Boomslang ARV utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the scout vehicle itself. With the optronics pod in the down position, the Habu scout vehicle has unrestricted speeds using the pod both for targeting the remote weapon station and for navigation. In the raised position, the Boomslang can surveil wide areas while remaining stationary./i]

- Weapons: -

FA29.L74.R6 Revolving Autocannon
[i]Point Target Engagement:
5,540 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
9,230 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.25 Milliradians (7.6 Meters)

Rate of Fire, 6-Round Burst:
608 Rds. per Minute (Actual)

Rate of Fire, Semiautomatic:
486 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
28.7x121.4mm, 309 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,073 M/Sec (Mach 3.13) / 178.47 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
1x 540-rd Helical Drum w/ Electric Linkless Feed

Real World Comparison - - LGS Fennek vs. ARV.11/4 "Boomslang": Fennek is 10.4 tons full load, Boomslang is 11.1; Fennek is also slightly wider, slightly longer and slightly shorter than Boomslang, due to its roof-mounted turret. The two vehicles are in similar roles, meant to provide stealthy but armed reconnaissance in a protected vehicle optimized for carriage of sensors and for long endurance missions, but Boomslang has far superior armor protection to Fennek. Fennek carries slightly more fuel than Boomslang and has a longer ultimate range but Boomslang has roughly twice the horsepower of Fennek and has a higher top speed and better acceleration characteristics because of it. Fennek carries a MG3 machine gun chambered in 7.62x51mm which must be manned physically by the gunner, Boomslang mounts a 28.7mm cannon on the roof in an armored turret which is operated by the gunner remotely from inside the vehicle. Aside from being a far better way to protect the crew of the vehicle, the much larger weapon has a dramatically longer engagement distance. Though the FA29 cannon has a slower rate of fire than the MG3, in a combat scenario between the two vehicles, Boomslang is invulnerable to 7.62mm gunfire and would be able to tear an equivalently armored vehicle apart with its high-velocity autocannon.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
350,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon May 31, 2021 1:57 pm, edited 21 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

User avatar
Marquesan
Ambassador
 
Posts: 1791
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

WIC.31/8 "Gharial"

Postby Marquesan » Sat Oct 17, 2020 9:25 am


Image
Image

Image

Artwork by Lauzanne.

Nomenclature:WIC.31/8 "Gharial"
- Overview: -

The "Gharial" Wheeled Infantry Carrier is the resulting design stemming from a mission requirement for a modular workhorse design. Gharial weighs 31 tons including just over 6 tons of composite armor paneling. It is a thoroughly modern 8x8 design; the hull shape has been carefully considered to minimize the radar cross section of the vehicle. Built on a titanium backbone frame with driveshafts running inside the frame, the WIC.31's design is derived from racing truck, with four pairs of 8-ton bevel-geared swing axles spinning from four helical limited-slip differentials, which constantly bias power to the wheels with the most grip. The welded copper/aluminum frame itself is ballistic protection from calibers less than 15mm, but with its armor panels installed, can defeat armor-piercing sabot rounds fired from 30mm cannons and below along the frontal arc, along with excellent protection from shaped charge and HESH rounds. Gharial is designed to accommodate 10 soldiers plus the vehicle's crew of 2 in addition to a roof-mounted remote turret for a 28.7mm autocannon with dual magazines, one on either side of the vehicle and selectable dual feeds. The vehicle's engine is front-mounted, below the crew seating in an insulated compartment; Gharial's 7.3L supercharged 8-cylinder diesel incorporates a powerful electric motor as a hybrid powertrain, developing nearly 28 horsepower per ton fully loaded. Gharial's open cell non-pneumatic tires, inboard suspension and brakes and V-shaped hull make it extremely resistant to mines and improvised explosives; it is a next generation vehicle which is fast and highly mobile, with long range and a fuel-efficient diesel/electric hybrid powerplant and a low acoustic, radar and thermal signature. WIC.31/8's are in large scale production and widespread service with the Marquesan Armed Forces and abroad.
- Systems: -

Classification:
Wheeled Infantry Carrier

Crew:
2 (Driver, Gunner) + 10 Passengers

Unloaded & Armored Weights:
25,160 Kilograms / 31,200 Kilograms

Overall Dimensions:
7.46 Meters Length, 2.85 Meters Width, 2.50 Meters Height

Gharial is engineered with a blast-resistant V-shaped hull with panels which cover the vehicle's inboard hydraulic disc brakes and electrohydraulic shock absorbers, actuated by heavy chromoly steel pushrods. All eight wheels are driven constantly by heavy splined half-shafts which use bevel gears to lift the vehicle 's suspension and drivetrain far enough off the ground that they can be covered with a blast-resistant V-shaped panel, dramatically increasing its resistance to mines and improvised explosives. Gharial is protected by a high-copper aluminum alloy frame which is welded and then attached to the titanium backbone frame with high-strength steel bolts. The welded body itself is protection from 15mm armor-piercing ammunition; steel studs cast into the armor panels of the vehicle create a 50mm standoff between the armor panel and the hull beneath it. Each armor panel is constructed from hexagonal strike plates made from a laminate of metals and ceramics, which is covered with a thick fiberglass-impreganted ballistic resin which acts both as a spall liner and as armor against smaller calibers. Blast shields can be lowered down over the front-facing windows in high threat environments to duplicate the armor resistance of the rest of the frontal arc. The panels are field-replaceable by disconnecting the damaged panel from its quick-release tabs over each bolt and lifting the panel free with a crane. Armor panels themselves are small and relatively lightweight; extras can easily be carried in trucks and other small vehicles, flown in by helicopter to combat areas, etc. Each bolt-on armor panel is covered in hexagonal 2cm thermal camouflage units; these Peltier Cooling Plates artificially alter the vehicle's thermal signature, disguising it against its background from hostile tracking systems or changing it artificially to appear as something else, such as a smaller non-military vehicle.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 Aluminum 30mm Hull, Proof to <15mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
6,040 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
80mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <30mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
60mm Side Panels, Proof to <25mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on Gharial, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for wheeled armor makes the WIC.31/8 challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
900 Kilometers (9.0 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
141 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
50 Km/H

Water Speed:
12 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK08-7332.1S10)
640 kW Supercharged 7.3L Boxer-8 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 8 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
7,300cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Overall Power:
640 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH30/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 3,000cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
32 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
9 Forward Gears, 1 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-140 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
513Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
140 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
27.5 Hp/Ton

WIC.31's use an 8-cylinder 7.3 liter diesel engine, laid out in two banks of horizontally-opposed or "Boxer" cylinders, each with its own crankpin. The block and cylinder heads are machined from ductile cast iron (GJV-450) while the rotating assembly is manufactured in 4147 Chromoly and valves are forged from blanks of 625 Inconel. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, using 18:1 compression and over-square dimensions, with a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons and lightweight I-beam connecting rods. Each cylinder has its own throttle body, drawing air through a water intercooler from a twin-screw 3.0L supercharger. Fuel is injected directly into the cylinder head rather than into the intake tract, and the engine and transmission share a pressurized Dry Sump Oiling System, which allows an inverted mounting, so that all engine repair functions are accessible with the vehicle on its wheels including changing oil and glow plugs. If necessary, the entire powerplant can be changed on rollers in less than two hours without the use of a vehicle lift. The engine's exhaust pipes are ceramic coated internally and externally, run below the crew area to a rear exhaust diffuser, actively cooled with a fan to lower the vehicle's thermal signature and to lower the temperature of the crew compartment above, which is also insulated from the engine heat. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves, overhead camshafts control valve movement and all functions are driven by gears, not belts or chains.

The output of the engine is mated to a 10-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms. An output shaft runs from the transmission to an electric motor which then outputs to a series of carbon fiber driveshafts which produce mechanical full-time all-wheel-drive, all eight wheels driving and constantly biasing torque to the wheels with the most grip. This compact permanent magnet generator creates 140 kilowatts of electrical power, augmenting the power of the boxer engine by "filling in" gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Wheeled Infantry Carriers to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
4 Pairs 8-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.68 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
1.5 Meters

Turning Radius:
7.7 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
1.94 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
58%

Maximum Side-Slope:
40%

The vehicle's driveshafts run inside a large, tubular titanium frame which divides the vehicle down its centerline. Carbon fiber driveshafts are used to dampen drivetrain harmonics and to maximize throttle response. The WIC.31's "honeycomb" tires are several times lighter than comparable air-filled rubber tires on steel wheels; this sharpens the throttle response and the acceleration of the vehicle, making best use of the racing-derived supercharged Boxer-8 engine. Each wheel is made with a flexible nitinol hoop attached to the inner hub with rubber isolated screws, an inner suspension system called an "Energy Return Wheel." The Energy Return Wheel mounts a non-pneumatic open-cell honeycomb tire, strong enough to continue operation with up to 30% of its structure destroyed. The suspension is operated by pushrod, with each wheel having a pair of electrohydraulic shocks, which stiffen or relax depending on the terrain, speed and user-set paramaters and adjust as many as 500x per second. Each wheel is independently steered by computer control; the vehicle uses fiber-optic "drive-by-light" communication to send instructions to suspension, brake and steering components; this allows Gharial an extremely tight turning radius for a vehicle its size. WIC.31/8 is legendary with its soldiers for ride comfort; very little noise is transmitted to the cabin in the form of vibration, which is air-conditioned and sound-deadened and the supple ride quality afforded by the long-travel suspension and high ground clearance allows Gharial to move over rough terrain at great speeds for a vehicle its size. Each wheel has an inboard iron rotor and 8-piston hydraulic caliper, placed adjacent to the differential rather than placing the brake closest to the wheel. This configuration allows the wheel hub to be a heavy monolithic piece which is simple and strong.

Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Gharial's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. IV Combat Management System

Satellite-Independent Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 10kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Satellite-Independent Inertial Navigation:
"Kanaloa" TIMU (Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit)
- Ring-Laser Gyroscope, Master Clock, Accelerometers/Magnetometers
- 6-Axis Real-Time Measurement of Altitude/Distance/Heading/Movement
- EMP-Hardened, Low Power Consumption, Compact Unit

Commander's Mast & Driver's Scope:(Commander's Mast: 1 Meter, Extendable)
AMPI.vL "Fornax", Vehicle Periscope/Turret Sight
- Electrothermally Cooled Stare & Scan Optronics Ball
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- Low Light Level Daylight Camera, 10 Megapixel, 75° Field-of-View
- 1-30x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, -45° to +120° Elevation Range, 40°/sec Traverse
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 50,000m
- 3D Laser Scanner: 1550nm/658nm Dual Axis Compensation, 10km Max Range
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz
- Laser Spot Detector, 190° Wide Angle, Passive Multiple-Target, 0.5 μm - 1.65 μm

Gunner's Sight:
AMPI.gL "Auriga", Adaptive Thermal Remote Gunsight Pod
- Dual-Band M/LWIR Focal Plane Array Sensor, 10 Megapixel, 60° Field-of-View
- 1-20x Power-Telephoto Zoom Lens, Anti-Reflective-Coated Sapphire Glass
- InGaAs System-on-Chip Targeting Computer, Designation Range: 12m - 40,000m
- Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder: 1570nm 30hz, 10ns Pulse Duration
- Eyesafe Laser Designator: 1064nm 8-20hz

Gharial 8x8's utilizes a distributed targeting system comprised of modular, field-replaceable sensor pods which are common to other Marquesan vehicles. The vehicle's onboard computer references encrypted communications received through the SANMEN broadband network to the "Kanaloa" Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit. Kanaloa incorporates a highly accurate master clock with a ring laser gyroscope, accelerometers and magnetometers to measure six axes accurately enough to produce a nearly unmeasurable drift, which is calibrated when possible from global positioning systems, or at vehicle startup. Together, SANMEN and Kanaloa produce highly accurate turn-by-turn directions for the vehicle's crew based on command guidance. A "Moving Map" computer-aided display inside the vehicle's crew area displays target locations and suspected hostile force locations and dispositions. Also included is Blue Force Tracking, showing the locations and dispositions of friendly assets. Driver, Gunner and Tank Commander each have their own independent sighting systems; the Commander's Mast is extendable one meter from the vehicle to allow the commander to see over ridges or cover without exposing the tank to hostile fires. Included on the Fornax pod is a dual-band infrared sensor which pierces cloudcover, rain, dust and even thick oil smoke, producing high-resolution thermal imagery in full-color "false daylight" along with a 10-megapixel visible light camera. These sensors are aligned on a common power telephoto lens, which allows up to 20x zoom magnification for both visible light and infrared sensors. Included on the Fornax pod is a 3D laser scanner for use in clear weather to produce precise images of the target; this is especially useful for damage assessments with targets burning, or for imaging ground targets at long distances. A laser rangefinder and coded laser designator allow the vehicle commander to mark targets for other allied forces guided munitions without exposing the tank itself. The vehicle driver has an identical dedicated turret, though it is hard-mounted and not on an extendable mast. The Auriga gunsight is mounted to the mantlet of the Chimera's main gun in a low profile armored barbette, providing high-definition, all weather thermal optics and laser rangefinding.

- Variants: -

Gharial-A, Infantry Carrier
Main Gun:(Oscillating Mid-Front Mounted Turret)
1x FA29.L74.R6 Revolving Autocannon

Point Target Engagement:
5,540 Meters

Area Target Engagement:
9,230 Meters

Dispersion @ Max Engagement:
0.25 Milliradians (7.6 Meters)

Rate of Fire, 6-Round Burst:
608 Rds. per Minute (Actual)

Rate of Fire, Semiautomatic:
486 Rds. per Minute (Cyclic)

Warhead Dimensions/Weight:
28.7x121.4mm, 309 Grams

Muzzle Velocity/Energy:
1,073 M/Sec (Mach 3.13) / 178.47 kJ

Magazine Specifications:
1x 540-rd Helical Drum w/ Electric Linkless Feed

The Gharial-A is the standard infantry model, with outward-facing seats, 5 on each side of the vehicle and a rear egress door. Between the infantry section and the crew section is a remote weapon station with dual magazine feeds, separated from the crew and infantry sections by heavily-reinforced blast walls in case of a magazine fire. The primary weapon is a high-velocity 28.7mm autoloading cannon. The FA29 gun has a long engagement distance, capable of engaging point targets at a range of 5.5km and area targets at a range of 9.2 kilometers. The extremely high muzzle velocity and optimized ballistics make the 28.7mm service ammunition extremely accurate. The gun's moderate rate of fire is governed by its six-round revolving ammunition cylinder, fed from a helical magazine directly below the gun. The upper and lower turret are completely self-contained with the magazine contained in an armored citadel below the loading mechanism. The gun can be elevated or traversed at up to 120°per second and has a full 360° traverse range. An active electro-hydraulic movement system provides for recoil attenuation, traverse, elevation, gun laying and stabilization; this system is slaved to the gunner's inputs and referenced to the vehicle's targeting system.

Gharial-B, Field Hospital
This variant is provisioned with all necessary supplies to serve as a mobile surgical unit and capacity for four stretchers and medical crewmembers. This vehicle is clearly marked with a symmetrical red cross on a square white field on all sides and is equipped with discrete strobe lights and sirens. Gharial-B has a stretcher capacity of six, and is in widespread production and use as the standard ambulance/first response vehicle throughout the Marquesan States.

Gharial-C, Command Center
This variant is equipped with upgraded communications equipment including a high-power Solid State Plasma Antenna and upgraded computers, including a full Testudo Rosso modular supercomputer. These Command Post variants have an office setup in the rear of the vehicle with a capacity for four personnel, including folding keyboards, swing-out seats and large multifunction OLED displays throughout. The Gharial-C is unarmed but well-protected and highly mobile, making it a common sight as a police vehicle, for border surveillance and a host of other tasks.

Gharial-D, Munitions Hauler
Gharial-D variants have a special, blast-protected ammunition compartment in the rear of the vehicle and can tow resupply trailers for 10x10 Transporter/Erector/Launchers. (TEL's) The munitions hauler variant is in widespread use for transporting ammunition to combat zones and at ports where naval ships resupply. Often used as work trucks in extremely rugged areas by engineering units due to their ability to tow rock trailers, the Gharial-D is in current large-scale serial production.

Real World Comparison - - Freccia Combat IFV vs. WIC.31/8 "Gharial-A": Gharial weighs less than Freccia unarmored due to aluminum/copper vs. steel construction, but weighs more than Freccia with its armor panels, which are nearly always installed. Freccia is slightly longer, taller by half a meter and also slightly wider than Gharial; but Gharial is more heavily armored. Freccia has a crew of three and eight passengers, Gharial has a crew of 2 and 10 passengers. The Oerlikon gun has a higher rate of fire, and fires in continuous bursts, but the Marquesan gun is designed to burst-fire at 600 RPM or fire continuously at 400 RPM. The 28.7mm cartridge produces a longer ballistic range than the 25mm gun; the FA29 may engage point targets at 5.5 kilometers and area targets in excess of 9 kilometers, where the Oerlikon 25mm engages point targets at 3 kilometers and area targets at 5.8 kilometers, allowing the Gharial to defend itself at greater distances with accurate bursts of fire that conserve ammunition. Freccia and Gharial have similar maximum ranges, but Gharial is faster due to its racing derived powertrain and higher horsepower-to-weight ratio. Freccia carries a 7.62mm secondary armament, but the crew must expose themselves to hostile fire to operate it; Gharial's remote weapons turret is operated by the gunner from his station to the right of the driver.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
1,400,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Mon May 31, 2021 2:00 pm, edited 25 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

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Marquesan
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Posts: 1791
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

Reserved

Postby Marquesan » Sun Nov 22, 2020 4:29 pm

.
Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Dec 30, 2020 1:45 pm, edited 2 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"

User avatar
Marquesan
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Posts: 1791
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Civil Rights Lovefest

RTH.26/10 "Typhos"

Postby Marquesan » Mon Mar 29, 2021 6:47 am

Image
Artwork by Lauzanne.
Nomenclature:RTH.63/10 "Typhos"
- Overview: -

The Marquesan government issued a requirement for a highly mobile, rugged logistics vehicle that could traverse extreme terrain while carrying versatile, heavy loads. To that end, the winning design was for the RTH.63/10, a five-axle Cab-Over-Engine tactical truck built on a tubular Titanium backbone chassis with an aluminum/copper alloy armored body. A full-time mechanical All-Wheel-Drive system and fully time electrohydraulic All-Wheel Steer allow RTH.26's to move through extremely difficult terrain; they are fully amphibious and can cross rivers or make amphibious landings on unprepared beaches without any modifications. Real-time active ride control and fully-independent half-axles with helical gear-driven Torque-Biasing differentials maximize traction across ten wheels and distribute the weight of the vehicle evenly over a wide area. Open-cell honeycomb tires and flexible Energy Return Wheels obviate the need for tire inflation systems and can continue rolling with up to 30% of the tire's structure destroyed. Inboard hydraulic brakes and portal-geared axles remove many of the most delicate and blast-prone components from areas where they are likely to be damaged and allows for a very high ground clearance. The vehicle uses a supercharged Boxer-12 diesel engine paired to an electric motor which "fills in the gaps" of the Diesel's powerband, making a broad powerband and a fuel-efficient engine. The crew sits in an armored, positive-pressure cabin modeled around the engine's profile. For maintenance, the cab lifts up and slides forward on hydraulic arms to expose the powertrain. The cab is rated against arms up to 8mm armor piercing ammunition fired from rotary guns, including all windows and aluminum panels while ballistic spaced armor is rated against 20mm autocannons from the frontal arc and up to 15mm heavy machine guns from the flanks. A -V-shaped undercarriage armor package provides protection for the engine and powertrain from mines and roadside bombs. A number of variants of the RTH.26 exist; the versatile platform is a commonplace sight both in Gholgoth and abroad.
- Systems: -

Classification:
10x10 Rugged Transport, Heavy

Crew:
2 (Driver, Commander) + 2 Passengers

Unloaded & Armored Weights:
20,760 Kilograms / 25,760 Kilograms

Overall Dimensions:
10.6 Meters Length, 2.73 Meters Width, 3.08 Meters Height

Towing Maximum:
60,000 Kilograms

Payload Maximum:
36,300 Kilograms

Maximum Vehicle Weight:
63,000 Kilograms

Typhos is engineered with a blast-resistant V-shaped hull with panels which cover the vehicle's inboard hydraulic disc brakes and electrohydraulic shock absorbers, actuated by heavy chromoly steel pushrods. All eight wheels are driven constantly by heavy splined half-shafts which use bevel gears to lift the vehicle 's suspension and drivetrain far enough off the ground that they can be covered with a blast-resistant V-shaped panel, dramatically increasing its resistance to mines and improvised explosives. Typhos is protected by a high-copper aluminum alloy frame which is welded and then attached to the titanium backbone frame with high-strength steel bolts. The welded body itself is protection from 15mm armor-piercing ammunition; steel studs cast into the armor panels of the vehicle create a 50mm standoff between the armor panel and the hull beneath it. Each armor panel is constructed from hexagonal strike plates made from a laminate of metals and ceramics, which is covered with a thick fiberglass-impreganted ballistic resin which acts both as a spall liner and as armor against smaller calibers. Blast shields can be lowered down over the front, side and rear windows in high threat environments to duplicate the armor resistance of the rest of the frontal arc, with small visibility slits allowing visibility through the armor-glass windshield and windows. The panels are field-replaceable by disconnecting the damaged panel from its quick-release tabs over each bolt and lifting the panel free with a crane. Armor panels themselves are small and relatively lightweight; extras can easily be carried in trucks and other small vehicles, flown in by helicopter to combat areas, etc. Each bolt-on armor panel is covered in hexagonal 2cm thermal camouflage units; these Peltier Cooling Plates artificially alter the vehicle's thermal signature, disguising it against its background from hostile tracking systems or changing it artificially to appear as something else, such as a smaller non-military vehicle.

Construction:
Tubular Gr. 12 Titanium Backbone Frame & 2619 (Cu/Al) 20mm Hull, Proof to <8mm AP

Add-On Armor Type:
6,040 Kgs. SiC/TiB2/TiW Laminate Spaced Armor Panels

Frontal Arc Protection:
80mm Frontal Arc, Proof to <30mm AP

Flank & Rear Protection:
60mm Side Panels, Proof to <25mm AP

Active Protection:
Adaptive Thermal Camouflage & 4x Mahui LDS Mk. II MSCM Pods

The Mahui Mk. II Layered Defenses Suite is a passive countermeasure (Soft-Kill) system which disrupts laser rangefinders such as battlefield identifiers or SACLOS guidance systems, thermal and radar guidance systems and protects the vehicle from a wide variety of guided weapons. Mahui uses both passive and active defenses to defeat battlefield threats. The passive system is a thermal camouflage comprised of a network of redundant "peltier" hexagonal cooling plates on the vehicle's spaced armor plates and hull-mounted thermal sensors which can change the thermal signature of the vehicle to match its surroundings, or to disguise the vehicle as something else in thermal sensors. This defeats hostile heat-seeking sensors by preventing them from acquiring a lock signal. These plates are small, redundant and rugged; while they are not bulletproof, they are easily replaced and are normally pre-installed by the factory on the spaced armor plates sent to the battlefield with the armored vehicles, and on replacement panels.

The active defenses system is a network of 1064 nm high-sensitivity targeting laser detection cameras, avalanche photodiode ultraviolet sensors and passive two color Infrared Search & Track (IRST) sensors. Coupled to these sensors are 10-watt battlefield laser dazzlers and matching infrared dazzlers installed with armored enclosures in small L-shaped pods on the corners of the vehicle hull. This network is designed to detect heat signatures from incoming missiles and battlefield lasers being fired at the vehicle and then bombard the target with directed laser and infrared energy, overloading the hostile sensor and causing the missile to malfunction and veer off target or detonate prematurely. These sensors and directed energy countermeasure lasers are packaged together into wide, L-shaped armored bars which, when installed on the corners of the armored hull, present a very small and difficult to hit target. 4 such Multi-Spectral Countermeasures (MSCM) pods are installed on Typhos, giving it comprehensive 360° coverage.

An adaptive radar countermeasure system is included in Mahui Mk. II, called AES.40. The Adaptive Electronic Suppression Modules use an ultra-wideband solid state plasma antenna to receive and transmit coded radar signals as low as 20 MHz and as high as 18 GHz. The system "learns" hostile radar signals with sub-microsecond delay and can replicate hostile radar transmissions on VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku radar bands. When a hostile radar is detected, AES.40 responds to its signal and can either add positive or inverse gain of up to 40 dB to overload the targeting platform and the missile's radar sets. When hostile fire is detected, AES.40 works in concert with the rest of the Mahui LDS's Laser and Infrared Dazzlers to provide a multispectral disruption of threats from guided missiles and bombs that can respond to targets as far as 30 kilometers away and can respond to as many as 10 simultaneous threats. Together, these systems coupled with latest-generation Marquesan design emphasizing low radar cross-sections for wheeled armor makes the WIC.31/8 challenging to score successful hits against with guided weapons. Spaced armor makes the vehicles resilient even when hits are unavoidable, but Mahui with operating Thermal Camouflage decreases the chances of being hit by a Laser, Heat-Seeking, Optically-Guided or Radar-Guided missile or bomb by 5:1. AES.40 units are installed concurrently with the Mahui Electro-Optical countermeasures suite in four modules, one on each corner of the vehicle.

Range:
850 Kilometers (8.5 Hours @ 100 Km/H)

On-Road Speed:
115 Km/H

Off-Road Speed:
89 Km/H

Water Speed:
5 Km/H

Powerplant:(Netane Kinetics NK12-1148.1S22)
1,320 kW Supercharged 10.95L Boxer-12 Diesel/Electric

Classification:
Multifuel Diesel-Electric Powerpant

Point of Manufacture:
Viti Levu Powerplant Works, The Marquesas

Layout:
180° DOHC Boxer 12 w/ Stacked Integral Transmission

Displacement:
10,950cc

Bore/Stroke & Compression:
151x129mm / 18:1

Rotating Assembly:
180° Flat-Plane Crankshaft, I-Beam ConRods, Dished Pistons

Diesel-Only Power:
1,080 Kilowatts

Fuel Type:
Kerosene-Based Multifuel

Forced Induction:
W166TH42/70 Twin-Screw Supercharger

S/C Specifications:
Water Intercooled, 4,200cc, 166% Boost @ 70 kPa

Air Intake:
Individual 80mm Throttle Bodies

Fueling:
Direct Fuel Injection

Valves:
48 Inconel Valves

Oiling:
Pressurized Dry Sump Lubrication

Transmission Type:
Computer-Controlled Dual Clutch Automatic

Clutch Type:
2 Steel/Sintered Bronze 20-Plate Stacked Wet Clutches

Gear Ratios:
18 Forward Gears, 4 Reverse

Generator Type:
HMG-240 Permanent Magnet Brushless AC

Batteries:
770Ah / 13.25V Lithium Imide (Li2NH) Array

Rated Generator Power:
240 Kilowatts

Vehicle Power/Weight:
28.09 Hp/Ton @ Max Vehicle Weight

The Tyhpos 10x10 truck uses a 12-cylinder, 10.95 liter diesel engine, laid out with two banks of horizontally-opposed cylinders, spaced so that each cylinder has its own separate crankpin. This true Boxer engine uses a ductile cast iron (GJV-450) block and cylinder heads, with all rotating assembly parts including the valvetrain manufactured either 4147 Chromoly steel or 625 Inconel alloy. The all-steel assembly is lightweight and extremely strong, enabling extremely high compression (18:1) considering the 70 kPa boost from the engine's twin-screw Lysholm-type supercharger. Each cylinder has a separate 80mm throttle body with direct fuel injection into the combustion chamber. Because the engine does not require fuel and air to mix in the intake tract and because the oil system is pressurized and does not collect oil in a sump, it can be mounted inverted. Tuned equal-length inconel steel tubular headers and exhaust ducting run above the engine out to a positive pressure diffused exhaust, mixing cool outside air with exhaust to decrease the vehicle's thermal signature. The engine uses a flat-plane crankshaft, single-piece dished pistons, lightweight I-beam connecting rods and slightly-oversquare dimensions; this configuration produces a very smooth-running engine that produces tremendous torque and requires no additional balancing. Each piston has two intake and two exhaust valves made from Inconel steel; separate overhead camshafts control valve movement and all reciprocating functions are driven by zero-maintenance gears, rather than chains or belts. The engine and transmission share a common pressurized dry-sump oiling system, with an oil-to-water heat exchanger in the cooling loop to keep both cooling fluids at equal temperatures. The engine generates 610 kilowatts at peak output, mated to a 22-speed Dual Clutch Gearbox (DSG) using motorcycle-style stacked multiplate clutches and full-authority computer control for smooth, efficient power delivery with fully automatic gear selection. The dog-engagement gearbox with 18 forward gears and 4 reverse straight-cut gears allows for lightning-fast computer controlled shifts, using an electric motor on the output shaft to rapidly disengage and re-engage gears during shifts, which take less than 8 ms.

Connected to the transmission output is a compact permanent magnet generator, rated for 240 kilowatts of electrical power. This small, powerful generator creates very little noise or vibration and uses 12,500 gauss magnetic rotors made from NdFeB (Neodymium/Iron/Beryllium) coated in Ni-Cu-Ni, with a graphite composite containment sleeve around the motor. The generator works synchronously with the Boxer engine, constantly augmenting its power by "filling in" the gaps in its power curve and decreasing overall fuel consumption. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit Typhos' to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Suspension:
Active Hydromechanical Motion System

Suspension:
Pushrod Suspension w/ Dual Inboard Electrohydraulic Shock Absorbers & Anti-Roll Bar per Axle

Hydraulic Brakes:
Inboard-Mounted 2-Pc Disc Brakes w/ 8-Piston Anti-Lock Calipers

Handling:
Active All-Wheel Steering / Active Ride Control / Active Leveling

Final Drive:
5 Pairs 16-Ton Swing Axles w/ Portal-Geared Hubs & Active Yaw Control

Wheels & Tires:
Nitinol Energy Return Wheels & Open-Cell Honeycomb Non-Pneumatic Tires

Ground Clearance:
0.66 Meters

Unprepared Fording Depth:
1.4 Meters

Turning Radius:
26 Meters

Maximum Trench Crossing:
1.3 Meters

Maximum Gradient:
35%

Maximum Side-Slope:
37%

The vehicle's driveshafts run inside a large, tubular titanium frame which divides the vehicle down its centerline. Carbon fiber driveshafts are used to dampen drivetrain harmonics and to maximize throttle response. The RTH.63's "honeycomb" tires are several times lighter than comparable air-filled rubber tires on steel wheels; this sharpens the throttle response and the acceleration of the vehicle, making best use of the racing-derived supercharged Boxer-12 engine. Each wheel is made with a flexible nitinol hoop attached to the inner hub with rubber isolated screws, an inner suspension system called an "Energy Return Wheel." The Energy Return Wheel mounts a non-pneumatic open-cell honeycomb tire, strong enough to continue operation with up to 30% of its structure destroyed. The suspension is operated by pushrod, with each wheel having a pair of electrohydraulic shocks, which stiffen or relax depending on the terrain, speed and user-set paramaters and adjust as many as 500x per second. Each wheel is independently steered by computer control; the vehicle uses fiber-optic "drive-by-light" communication to send instructions to suspension, brake and steering components; this allows Typhos an extremely tight turning radius for a vehicle its size. RTH.63/10 is legendary with its soldiers for ride quality whether or not the vehicle is towing a load; very little noise is transmitted to the cabin in the form of vibration, which is air-conditioned and sound-deadened and the supple ride quality afforded by the long-travel suspension and high ground clearance allows Typhos to move over rough terrain at great speeds for a vehicle its size. Each wheel has an inboard iron rotor and 8-piston hydraulic caliper, placed adjacent to the differential rather than placing the brake closest to the wheel. This configuration allows the wheel hub to be a heavy monolithic piece which is simple and strong.

Hydraulic disc brakes are carried inboard, on either side of the differential which is protected from blasts by a V-shaped ballistic armor panel running the length of the vehicle. The only penetrations in the armor panel are for the suspension pushrods which protect the long-travel shock absorbers by placing them behind armor, and for the splined half-shaft which drives each wheel, all field-replaceable in the event of combat damage. Each wheel and tire assembly is an open cellular structure sometimes referred to as a "tweel" which uses a non-pressurized network of elastic, rubber and nickel/titanium springs to absorb shocks and grip the road surface in place of a heavy steel wheel and pressurized pneumatic tires. The energy return wheel and non-pneumatic honeycomb tires are able to continue functioning with as much as 30% of the wheel and tire assembly destroyed; it is nearly immune to gunfire and allows equipped vehicles to sustain impacts far greater than would ordinarily be permitted with air-filled tires. Fuel is stored in 20-liter fire-safe fuel cells connected by a fuel distribution system in the V-shaped blast deflecting hull area below the vehicle's floor. These bladders are foam-baffled to keep fuel de-aerated, prevent flash-back explosions and keep fuel from sloshing. Braided-steel fuel lines run from each bladder to computer controlled fuel pumps which balance the overall fuel load between the entire system. Three-dimensional Lithium Imide batteries are power dense (550 watt hours per liter) and have long cycle stability, making them compact, powerful and permit RTH.63's to run with their engines off for extended stationary periods while still keeping vehicle systems operational.

Command & Control:
Testudo Mk. III Combat Management System

Navigation:
Kanaloa Timing & Inertial Measurement Unit

Communications:(LOS/NLOS Frequency-Adaptive, 30Hz-30GHz, Encrypted)
1x 5 kW PSiAN (SANMEN Communications Suite)

Optical Sensors:
"Aruna-WM" Electro-Optical Targeting System

Location:
Remote Weapon Station Mounted

UV-A; (400 - 315 nm)
2x 10-Megapixel CCD's

Visible Light; (700 - 390 nm)
2x 10-Megapixel CCD's

Mid-IR; (8,000 - 3,000 nm)
2x 10 Megapixel CCD's

Long-IR; (13,000 - 8,000 nm)
2x 10 Megapixel CCD's

Fire Control Imager; (1,550 nm)
3x Fiber-Optic 20W Laser Micropulse Coherent Doppler-Lidar, 10-100 kHz

Typhos class trucks carry a sophisticated all-weather visibility suite, which places a forward and rear sensor pod on the roof of the vehicle. A distributed network of sensors on all four corners of the vehicle's roof provide 360° of camera coverage for the truck commander. Under blackout conditions, the vehicles may run with all lights off, using the vehicle's onboard thermal vision to display the world around the vehicle in false daylight on a screen on the vehicle's dashboard, adjusted for light level automatically. Information shared between all sensors is fed to the vehicle's onboard Battlespace Management System, called Testudo Mk. III. Testudo integrates all the vehicle's sensors with data from the vehicle's communication system, called SANMEN. Secured Architecture Network, Multiple Exchange Nodes, or SANMEN, is a secure tactical communication system employed on all Marquesan-designed aircraft, airships, vessels, submarines, vehicles or wearable gear. The network operates on a hierarchy of secure nodes, meaning that each level of the chain of command represents a node which may communicate securely inside its own node, transmit information up the chain of command or distribute information down to lower hierarchies. Each node has access to its own information and the information of the node below it, allowing tactical communication to be distributed effectively both up and down the chain of command. This allows driver, vehicle commander and gunner to also see information sent by their command, such as coordinate-referenced driving directions to waypoints, patrol checkpoints, and the positions of friendly forces clearly marked. The vehicle, as all Marquesan-built vehicles do, uses a Timing and Inertial Measurement Unit for geolocation called "Kanaloa." The TIMU combines three Hemispherical Resonator Gyroscopes, (HRG) three accelerometers and a resonator in an extremely compact package with the missile's "SparkRED" single-chip computer. These are housed in a dustproof, waterproof, fully-ruggedized and extensively radiation-hardened unit. The TIMU is insensitive to vibrations, accelerations and shocks, consumes very little power and the completed unit measures 50 cubic millimeters. The Kanaloa system is a GPS-independent guidance system which maintains pinpoint accuracy and only requires external reference data for initial startup or if the vehicle is transported with the electrical systems switched off. The system has a nearly unmeasurable drift; Active Self-Calibration uses periodic internal error correction to eliminate the positioning error inherent in commonly used inertial guidance systems without requiring a satellite link. Kanaloa TIMU does not require periodic re-calibration and may operate autonomously even in communications-denied environments.

- Variants: -

Typhos-A, Bobtail Truck
Configured with a widened, reinforced rear section and a turn-table connector with 100mm ball-race-bearing kingpin ideal for towing the heaviest of loads.

Typhos-B, Cargo Carrier
Fitted with a 2.7 x 8.1 Meter heavy-gauge steel bed on reinforced triangular titanium span arms, the Cargo Carrier bed has chain securing ponts, tie-down bulkheads and provisions for side rails or a hard-shell cargo cover.

Typhos-C, Road Train
Road Train variant Typhos are designed to handle ten Castra.206 Armored Shipping Containers on unimproved terrain across the vehicle's entire 850 kilometer range.

Typhos-D, Mobile Crane
This variant is equipped with a 60-meter hydraulic boom type crane and a 200-ton lifting capacity, operated remotely from inside the vehicle's cab.

Typhos-E, Fuel Carrier
Mounts a 20K Liter Fuel Tank, Triple-Hulled w/ Mangalloy Steel, Layered Kevlar & Rubber Spall Liners, Armored w/ 20mm thickness Gr. 12 Hexagonal Titanium Plate. Equipped to retail metered fuel to aircraft & vehicles. The baffled tank's exterior armor is rated against arms up to 28.7mm high-velocity autocannons.

Typhos-F, Fire Apparatus, Water
Carrying a 8,000 LPM Pump, connections for hydrants, a 16K Liter Baffled Water Tank, a 15 Meter Ladder and a 120mm High-Pressure Hose along with spotlights, strobe lights and sirens, this is a standard firefighting rig.

Typhos-G, Fire Apparatus, Foam
This variant employs a high-pressure 7K Liter gelled halocarbon/dry chemical suspension (PGA) tank and a 30 MPa nitrogen compressor attached to a remote-operated semi-rigid pressure hose.

Typhos-H, Bridging Vehicle
This variant carries a 30-meter bridge that when laid can support two 50 ton vehicles moving at 20 km/h, thus allowing the heaviest of vehicles to cross craters, ditches and damaged bridges at combat speed. The Typhos-H backs up to the point the bridge is to be laid at and six spades along the vehicle are driven into the ground to take the vehicle off its tires. An automatic hydraulic system raises and then lays the bridge with mid-installation corrections possible until the bridge is being lowered into place. Once secured, the hydraulic bridgelaying clamps release and the Bridging Vehicle can drive across. The bridge is taken up by the same method.

Typhos-I, SCM.600 "Immortal-II" (1x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals a single Hot Launch Canister for the SCM.600 "Immortal-II" Strategic Carrier Missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed, permanently integrated trailer indistinguishable from any other cargo variant of the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-J, BTM.131 "Makara" (3x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals 3x Hot Launch Canisters for the BTM.131 "Makara" Ballistic Theater Missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed, permanently integrated trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo variant of the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-K, BGM.138R2 "Summanus" (6x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals a hydraulic rotary launcher carousel for the BGM.139R2 "Summanus" missile behind a corrugated steel box panel system on a towed, permanently integrated trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo variant of the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away to allow the launcher to elevate. When a missile is fired, the launcher rotates to bring another missile into firing position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-L, HTS.108 "Morningstar" (10x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals a hydraulic rotary launcher carousel for the HTS.108 "Morningstar" missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed, permanently integrated trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo variant of the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-M, SAM.155 "Ahriman" (24x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals a hydraulic rotary launcher carousel for the SAM.155 "Ahriman" missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed, permanently integrated trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo variant of the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-N, EIS.154 "Hydra" (8x) Transporter/Erector/Launcher
Conceals a hydraulic rotary launcher carousel for the EIS.154 "Hydra" missile behind a corrugated steel exterior box panel system on a towed, permanently integrated trailer, indistinguishable from any other cargo variant of the Typhos 10x10 truck. When ordered to fire, the panels fold away and the missile is allowed to elevate to a launch position. Stabilization feet take the truck off its wheels during launch, while blast shields cover the windows to prevent the crew from being blinded or otherwise injured by the rocket blast. All functions are performed automatically, with the crew inside the vehicle.

Typhos-O, Bellatrix Radar Carrier
Fitted with a 150 kilowatt generator and an APAMR.1200 "Bellatrix" Wideband Pulse Radar. A "Bellatrix" 120-kilowatt Active Phased Array Multifunction Radar set provides a massive 900 kilometer over-the-horizon detection capability; the ultra-wideband chirp radar system operates at 240 hz, scanning five different bands in pseudo-random sequence, making it one of the least detectable but most powerful tactical radars in existence, optimized for detection of latest-generation stealth aircraft and missiles and ballistic missiles, where the millimeter resolution of the radar suite allows discrimination between warheads, decoys and missile debris with certainty. The radar is mounted to a rotating electrohydraulic ring and EM-transparent dome offering 60 degrees per second sweep, tracking up to 800 targets at 900 km distance. The M-Variant Typhos is primarily used for launch and downrange tracking of ballistic missiles and rocket artillery, along with providing communication interlink and wide-area radar for an Orcus-B MADS defensive network.
Nomenclature:
APAMR.1200 "Bellatrix" Active Phased Array Multifunction Radar

Electromagnetic Sensors:
Mast-Mounted Radome; 120°/Sec Rotating: C, L, S, X, D-IFF Wideband

Range & Power:
120 kW ERP, 800 Targets, 900 Km. Range

Operation Modes:
FPC, Full Power Coherent (Wideband Sweep)

FPS, Full Power Select (Separated Bands Search)

LPS, Low-Power Stealth (Min. Power, D-IFF Off)

EWC, Electronic Warfare (Ghost Targets, Overload)

Real World Comparison - - Palletized Load System vs. RTH.63/10 "Typhos": Both trucks have five axle sets, but PLS is powered by a six cylinder 15.2 liter diesel, and Typhos is powered by a 12 cylinder 10.95 liter supercharged diesel/electric hybrid, Typhos has a much more powerful engine and has far greater towing capacity and road speed. PLS is slightly longer and taller than Typhos, but not as wide. Typhos has a long crew compartment with four seats, where PLS seats two. The payload capacity of Typhos is roughly twice that of PLS, with a higher top speed and longer range due to greater fuel efficiency. Typhos' racing-derived electrohydraulic suspension gives a more supple ride quality than the air ride on PLS, with better sound-deadening and far greater protection from the crew.

Cost Per Unit:(Place orders Here.)
850,000 NSD.

Reference Material:
Last edited by Marquesan on Sat Jul 10, 2021 4:07 pm, edited 2 times in total.
"Just so Summanus, wrapped in a smoking whirlwind of blue flame, falls upon people and cities." - John Milton, In Quintum Novembris
@Marquesan I hereby proclaim you as the Gothic Mad Scientist, who actually isn't mad but a brilliant genius which every nations military goes to consult when they quietly tell their leaders, "We'll consult our experts" and when asked who they always say "private sources"


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