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Marquesan World Factbook, V4. (Closed! Do Not Post!)

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Marquesan World Factbook, V4. (Closed! Do Not Post!)

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:47 pm

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The Flag of the Marquesan Shōgunate. (Thanks to The Dominion of Deusaeuri for the design.)



*The Marquesan Shōgunate*
World Factbook



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Seal of the Royal Forces at Arms.
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Seal of the Marquesan Diet.
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Seal of the Marquesan Shōgunate.



Background:
The Marquesan Shōgunate is an ancient and historically influential nation situated in the southern reaches of the continent of Hellas, in Sondria. Steeped in history, the Marquesan nation was, for hundreds of years, a conglomeration of sometimes warring states each with diverse language and culture. The Shōgunate is the only francophone nation in Sondria and is a country bounded on the north by Sovetstarus, Triela and Crontor; on the south by the Sea of Curacao, by the Palmitas Sea on the east and the Periclean Ocean on the west. The Kanto and Kyushu peninsulas gave rise to powerful empires that sailed the Sea of Arrack thousands of years ago. The country's violent past was put to an end by the first Shōgun to unify the Daimyo in 1590 under a common banner and has remained a single nation since then.

The Shōgunate is a nation of great diversity; its sprawling territory encompasses high mountains, rolling hillcountry, deep jungles and volcanic lava fields. It is mineral rich and has thousands of kilometers of shoreline; the Shōgunate covers some 420,000,000 square kilometers and is divided into twelve Prefectures that still bear the names of the ancient kingdoms that resided there. The Marquesas proper was a country largely isolated from its neighbors by edict of a dynasty of Shōguns who held that the nation should be self-sufficient and closed its ports and borders to foreigners in 1670. It was not until 1921 that Erjunhite trading ships were allowed into the far-eastern port of Yigo, Bertaut, though the first outlanders were not allowed to visit the Ocean Throne itself until 1966.

The Forbidden Kingdom's first northernized Shōgun, Lucas I, seized the reins of power from the ancient Akasha dynasty in 1933, and is credited with modernizing the country under the Lucian Reforms, opening the country to trade with other Sondrian nations. The Marquesas is still a country firmly rooted in its traditions and customs; the Shinto religion is prevalent still almost to the exclusion of any other religion, with shrines and temples that have stood since antiquity beyond memory. The Bushido philosophy that is dominant among Marquesans has given rise to a caste system that favors two classes, a Warrior Caste that has ruled the country since the time of the first Shogun and an economically powerful Merchant Caste that is the source of the Shōgunate's economic might.

Today, the Marquesan Shōgunate is a nation of more than five billion people and one the wealthiest nations in Sondria. The prosperity of its people is nearly unequaled anywhere else in the region and its professional military is feared as a powerhouse of nearly limitless ability to project power. The current Shōgun, Akane Hyuga I, has favored a policy of modernization and technological pursuit since she took power and has overseen the largest wave of military spending in the country's history. Dominating the country's economy are several massive conglomerate corporations that hold tremendous political influence and the Shōgun's foremost allies, the Elder Republic of Erjunhuf and the Imperial Federation of Crontor have joined together with the Shōgunate to form an alliance known as the Triad, a force totally unrivaled by any other economic or military presence in Sondria.



National Statistics:
General Information:
Full Name of Nation:
The Shōgunate of The Marquesas

Form of Government:
Feudal Stratocracy

Economy type:
Unrestricted Free-Market Capitalism

Head of State:
Akane Hyuga I, Shōgun

Capitol City:
Nuku Hiva, Remire Archipelago

National Animal:
Red-Crowned Crane

National Demonym:
Marquesan

Soldier's Marching Song:
No toku here ia kotou na'e
Parce que je vs aime

No toku alofa, i ori ia i iau e
Par tendresse, je danse

No toku here ia kotou na'e
Parce que je vs aime

No toku alofa, i ori ia i iau e
Par tendresse, je danse


Teie toku here teie toku alofa
Voici mon amour, voici ma tendresse

A noko mai kotou e faarii mai, e faarii mai (bis)
Gardez son calme, et avancer (bis)


Fatifati te tino, fatifati te komi
Le corps en mouvement, les fesses remuant

Te mata katakata te mana'o hoe
Les yeux grands ouverts je n'ai qu'une pensee


No toku here ia kotou na'e
Parce que je vs aime

No toku alofa, i ori ia i iau e
Par tendresse, je danse

No toku here ia kotou na'e
Parce que je vs aime

No toku alofa, i ori ia i iau e
Par tendresse, je danse


No toku here ia kotou na'e
Parce que je vs aime

No toku alofa, i ori ia i iau e
Par tendresse, je danse

No toku here ia kotou na'e
Parce que je vs aime

No toku alofa, i ori ia i iau e
Par tendresse, je danse

National Anthem:
I vow to thee, my country, all earthly things above,
Entire and whole and perfect, the service of my love;
The love that asks no question, the love that stands the test,
That lays upon the altar the dearest and the best;
The love that never falters, the love that pays the price,
The love that makes undaunted the final sacrifice.

I heard my country calling, away across the sea,
Across the waste of waters she calls and calls to me.
Her sword is girded at her side, her helmet on her head,
And round her feet are lying the dying and the dead.
I hear the noise of battle, the thunder of her guns,
I haste to thee my mother, a son among thy sons.

And there's another country, I've heard of long ago,
Most dear to them that love her, most great to them that know;
We may not count her armies, we may not see her King;
Her fortress is a faithful heart, her pride is suffering;
And soul by soul and silently her shining bounds increase,
And her ways are ways of gentleness, and all her paths are peace.



Demographic Information:
National literacy rate:
98%

Percent of population with Secondary Education:
95%

Percent of population with Higher Education:
87%

Percent of population identifying as LGBT:
2.5%

Human Development Index:
0.888

Gini Coefficient:
30.8


Time Zone:
+3 - +4

DST observed:
Yes

Drives on the:
Right

Calling code:
+65

Internet TLD(s):
.mqs


Percent Water:
8.5%

Most common climate classification:
Humid Subtropical

Total Population:
7,125,000,000

Total Area:
4,200,000 Square Kilometers* (Pending new survey)

Population Density:
1,326 per Square Kilometer


Recognized Languages:
French: (40.42%) - Polynesian: (36.12%) - Japanese: (23.46%)

Dominant Religions:
Shinto: (71.2%) - Zen Buddhism: (15.8%) - Confucianism: (13.0%)



Economic Information:
Currency:
Aureus (Ⓐ1.97465:1 NSD.)

Gross Domestic Product:
Ⓐ319,168,849,274,450

Gross Domestic Product Per Capita:
Ⓐ44,795.63

Average Annual Salary:
Ⓐ44,081.49


GDP Growth:
3.43%

% of Sondria GDP:
6.83%

Consumer Confidence Rate:
108%

Worker Enthusiasm Rate:
107%

Unemployment Rate:
2.58%

Inflation Rate:
0.64%


Government Budget:
Ⓐ142,983,444,003,750

Government Expenditures:
Ⓐ134,404,437,363,525

Goverment Waste:
Ⓐ8,579,006,640,225

Goverment Efficiency Rating:
94%


Exports:
Ⓐ33,718,330,639,702.43

Imports:
Ⓐ4,827,939,667,769.54

Trade Surplus:
28,890,390,971,932.89

Tax Rate:
45% Flat Personal Income Tax

Major Industries:
Information Technology, Arms Manufacturing, Mining



National Defense Readiness Condition:
Green - Nominal Readiness Condition. No Alerts.
Brown - Enhanced Readiness Condition. MG Alerted.
Orange - Actionable Condition Exists. RFA Alerted.
Red - Active Combat Condition Exists. RMR Alerted.
Black - Major Threats. Nuclear Authorization Issued.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Feb 25, 2015 1:08 pm, edited 78 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Etymology & Geography.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:48 pm

Etymology:
The name Marquesas comes from the francophone word marche, meaning "The Frontier" in reference to the sprawling wildernesses of the Kanto and Kyushu Peninsulas and the rugged people who occupied them. The people of the country are known as Marquesan(s) and the country is formally The Shōgunate of the Marquesas, very often known as simply The Shōgunate or by its metonym, The Ocean Throne.


Geography:
The Marquesan Shogunate occupies some 420,000,000 square kilometers in the region of Sondria, divided into twelve Prefectures and is home to more than seven billion people. The eastern peninsula, once the ancient kingdom of Kanto before the great Unification still bears the name of that monarchy. Kanto is mountainous and tropical, with some terrain being incredibly rugged and stunningly beautiful. Kanto is home to deep, crystalline blue bays and dense jungles. Kyushu, the western peninsula is heavily industrialized and mineral-rich. Kyushu is much more subtropical and is home to several huge, shelf-like islands. Kyushu is much more populous than Kanto, though perhaps not as beautiful. The two are separated by the Sea of Arrack, which contains several islands of varying size and is heavily-trafficked by cargo vessels. The Sea of Arrack opens up into the Sea of Curacao, which extends to Somatochristo Island in the south and to Ngati Onekawa-Nukanor in the east.

MARQUESAN ATLAS:
Special thanks to The Sovereign Empire of Gristol-Serkonos for the map!


Map of Marquesan Political Subdivisions & Population Centers.
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The Kanto Peninsula.

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Oléron Prefecture: Population, 308 Million.
Sunny, temperate, grassy and fertile, the rolling hills of Oléron, northernmost of the Marquesan prefectures, are renowned the world over as wine country. Oléron benefits from rich, black volcanic soil and gentle ocean breezes that bring frequent rainfall to the area. A geologically stable ridge of ancient granite mountains divides the prefecture from east to west, with many mountain summits above 8,000 meters elevation and few highways that run the snowy and sometimes treacherous passes. Oléroni culture centers around the region's equestrian heritage, as one of the few places that wild stallions still roam free on the hillcountry. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Triao; also Buon, Hekou, Lumphat, Muang, Namtha, Pleiku and Vanganh.



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Amirantes Prefecture: Population, 578 Million.
Amirantes, birthplace of the ancient kingdom of Kanto is as diverse as it is vast. From the high plains of the north to the deep jungles and forests of central Amirantes to the jagged mountains of the southern ranges, Amirantes has seen the rise and fall of great kingdoms. The caves of the southern mountains have been occupied as long as any other place in Sondria and the ancients that dwelt there left stunning monuments and cities carved deep into the mountains. Great pyramids rise from the misty jungle floors of Amirantes and its black sand coastlines have borne witness to great battles. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Lenion; also Alaien, Aguijan, Anatahan, Baisha, Chalan, Danran, Fadang, Garapan, Konoa, Rinogai, Singaen, Taga, Tanapag and Tinian.



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Lifou Prefecture: Population, 308 Million.
Lifou, on the sea, is mountainous and beautiful. The verdant highlands bear great wealth in the form of gems, minerals and rich farmland. Lifan culture has always revolved around the sea and Lifan traders have been sailing the Sea of Arrack for time beyond reckoning. The great merchant cities of the Lifan coast are home to The Marquesas' bustling financial districts; the gem trade in Lifou has always attracted artisans who are renowned for their skill in cutting jewels. Diamonds, sapphires, rubies and emeralds from Lifou are known throughout the world, however the Lifan Daimyo was the last to bow to the Shogun during the Great Unification and her shores have often run red with blood. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Aprahi; also Barrigada, Dededo, Halina, Liomih, Rinca, Timun and Umatac.



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Coevity Prefecture: Population, 270 Million.
The sunny, windblown islands of Coevity were, in ancient times, home to a fierce warrior culture that fought throughout much of southern Hellas and sailed as far as the western reaches of Aerus in antiquity. Coevitan longships raided shipping throughout the Sea of Arrack and the Sea of Curacao and its warriors still have a proud martial tradition. Coevity today is oil-rich; offshore drilling platforms ring its islands and deep sea fishing brings massive and exotic creatures up from the deep. Its shallow, crystal-blue cays are frequented by divers from all over Sondria who still discover sunken artifacts and treasure from ships that have lain on the seabed for hundreds of years. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Apolima; also Mano, Salima, Savai'i, Supola, Utele and Waie.



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D'Arros Prefecture: Population, 424 Million.
D'Arros, furthest east on the mainland is dominated by thick jungles and rocky, volcanic mountains. Rainsoaked and fertile, the peat bogs and rainforests of D'Arros have been home to diverse cultures and the southern steel mills and stone quarries today are home to tremendous industrial might. Great cities ring the D'Arrosian coastline, glowing with massive factories and steelworks. In the mountains, great veins of iron, coal and other minerals have driven mines deep into the hearts of the mountain ranges. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Lomai; also Aitutaki, Atiu, Banti, Kiribati, Mangala, Maoli, Rotuma, Sinklai, Vanua Levu and Viti Levu.



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Remire Prefecture: Population, 270 Million.
Remire, nestled in the heart of the Marquesan Shogunate is lush, verdant and mountainous. The black rocky crags of the Remiri mountains jut up from the sea sharply, most the remnants of ancient volcanoes, many risen as the result of tectonic activity. For their size and geography, the twin islands of Remire are very densely populated, with living space at an absolute premium, Remiri weather tends to be notoriously misty, making the crystal blue water, black sand beaches and rich green vegetation all the more mystical and captivating. Remiri cities have given rise to commercial empires that span the globe, such as Myrmidon Tactical Design, Netane Kinetics, Papeete Steelworks and Fare Hei Mining & Technology. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Fatu Hiva; also Krimit, Kure Hiva, Maug, Moruroa, Tahuata and Tinian.



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Arue Prefecture: Population, 347 Million.
Hilly, lush and grassy, the loamy rolling farmland of Arue has long been the agricultural heartland of southern Hellas. From here, rich spices like cinnamon, saffron, sugarcane, vanilla, cocoa, rice, coffee and tea are sent to every corner of Sondria. The vast Areuic grasslands are home to colossal herds of livestock and wild game, while the sun-kissed beaches that meet the Sea of Arrack are popular tourist destinations. The glittering cities of Arue on the coastline are bustling commercial shipping centers, but their nude beaches are equally legendary. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Mangereva; also Huahine, Koror, Maui, Nihoa, Raoul, Takutea and Tuatomis.



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Ataa Prefecture: Population, 385 Million.
The Ataani Archipelago was formed by the same fierce volcanism that raised the mountains that lay northeast of Ataa. As the plates beneath the Kanto Peninsula shifted, the islands that became Ataa broke away from the continental shelf. Today, the lush, fertile Ataani grasslands are home to beautiful cities and sweet-scented forests. The tropical climate of Ataa and the cool waters of the Sea of Curacao make these islands as idyllic as they are fruitful. The fruit tree forests of Ataa bear forth cherries, peaches, plums, nectarines, apricots, almonds and pomegranites. Ataa is famous for the cherry blossom festival every spring and Sakura wreaths are given to visiting monarchs or dignitaries by Marquesan Shoguns according to a longstanding tradition. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Sarua; also Eho, Io'hua, Kaho, Kapiti, Lana'i, Lina'i, Lenoha, Ni'hua and Raiho.




The Kyushu Peninsula.

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Desroches Prefecture: Population, 693 Million.
The ancient and powerful kingdom of Kyushu has left its mark on the Shogunate in the form of the rich and diverse culture of the Desroches people. While ethnically Marquesan, Kyushu and Kanto in antiquity oft struggled and clashed against one-another. The great stonemasons of Kyushu constructed wonderful monuments that still stand today; ancient lighthouses and hanging gardens, great palaces, walls and bridges. Kyushu is believed to be the first place in Sondria where running water and flushing toilets were developed; it is also the birthplace of gunpowder and of modern steel. Today, the technological centers of Desroches are home to massive factories and shipwrights, the industrial might of The Marquesas spreads out like a web from these islands. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Madou, also Beimen, Dabi, Gukeng, Haiduan, Lugu, Mantai, Nantu, Nanzi, Qigu, Qishan, Shuilin, Shansang, Tainan, Xinfeng, Xinshi, Yuli and Zhouzi.



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Bertaut Prefecture: Population, 616 Million.
Furthest west, Bertaut is cool and dry. The climate of the prefecture is dictated by winds sweeping up from the southern reaches of Sondria and currents often carry icebergs near to Bertautian cities. Bertaut's islands are plainslike steppes, rising sharply from the sea with scenic high cliffs. Deep harbors in Bertaut are few, but where they exist, they have given rise to mighty trading cities. Due to its strategically-important location and largely flat terrain, Bertaut has often been an ideal choice for military installations and many mighty, sprawling bases exist throughout the prefecture. The cool, dry air makes for excellent and temperate living conditions while the near constant wind keeps the air exceptionally clean. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Rinshi; also Anping, Baish, Guren, Jiading, Magong, Manglio, Meinong, Nan, Neipu, Nerizo, Piti, Talofo, Vanuam, Wanluan and Yigo.



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Akola Prefecture: Population, 692 Million.
Rugged, very hilly to mountainous and classified as a dry tropical region, the ever-changing weather of Akola prefecture is both a source of legend and a source of strife. Most of the Prefecture's rainfall comes in the form of short, intense cloudbursts, meaning that vegetation in the hotter, lower elevations is generally low, coarse grassland. Higher elevations in the region's hillcountry support coffee, pepper, cinnamon, saffron and cardamom. The region is densely populated and heavily commercialized, with a monstrous textile industry and thriving financial districts. Major maritime ports along the coastlines are among the busiest in the region. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Ballari; also Eluru, Hansi, Kavali, Lathi, Memari, Nanpara, Palani, Patan, Pihani, Rajura, Saiha, Salaya, Shoranur, Silvassa, Solapur, Tarana and Tirora.



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Darjeeling Prefecture: Population, 655 Million.
Cool, mountainous, rainy and often misty, clouds often obscure the countless tea plantations of Darjeeling prefecture. Still an agricultural center after thousands of years of human occupation, the terraced slopes of Darjeeling's mountainsides are home to some of the world's most well-known garden cities. Long-considered to be a place of great spiritual importance, Darjeeling hosts thousands of monasteries large and small. The cool, wet weather and highly mountainous terrain make it naturally defensible but difficult to traverse along roads; it was here that lighter-than-air travel is rumored to have begun in Sondria. Shrines, temples and tea houses litter the landscape of Darjeeling; its high rainfall levels and mountainous terrain lend well to natural springs and it is from these springs that the first fermenters and distillers began creating alcoholic beverages before the written historical record began. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Rae Bareli; also Adyar, Dhuri, Gohana, Kaithal, Kohima, Magadi, Nagari, Padra, Parasi, Patur, Rosera, Sankari, Sidhi, Sirohi, Surat and Thiruvalla.



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Shanti Prefecture: Population, 770 Million.
Shanti is the single most populous of the Marquesan prefectures; is is the technological heart of the country, with vast consumer goods production facilities that drive markets around the world. Here, textiles, electronics, machinery of every type, shape and size, plastics and other wares are created in massive factory districts. Shanti Prefecture is a massive consumer of electrical power and resources along with being one of the wealthiest areas of The Marquesas by demographics. While working conditions are very good according to Marquesan law, Shanti's cities never sleep and air quality is poor despite concerted efforts to reduce pollutants in the prefecture's skies. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Dosha; also Amroha, Assam, Gudur, Karaikal, Lakheri, Mariani, Nandura, Palai, Pasan, Pedana, Rajam, Sagara, Satara, Sihora, Sohna, Tanda, Talikota, Valparai and Zira.



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Orai Prefecture: Population, 616 Million.
Cool, hilly and idyllic, the temperate grasslands of Orai have a generous 280 days per year of sunshine. Weather here is dominated by warm maritime breezes with short, cool northern monsoon rains in the early summer. Mineral-rich volcanic soils make Orai bloom; its massive standing redwood forests and deep lakes make this garden Prefecture one of the region's favorite vacation spots on the northern coast of the Sea of Arrack. Orai's industries are driven by high technology with large supplies of rare earth metals and silica both refined in the prefecture and excellent natural uranium deposits mined here, Orai became an easy choice for hosting sprawling microprocessor and semiconductor factories which litter the Prefecture. Major cities are the prefecture's capital, Chandi; also Gaya, Jatani, Kochi, Lilong, Noida, Palitana, Patiala, Pipariya, Rayagada, Samana, Siana, Sira, Surandai, Thane and Tohana.


Special Prefectures.

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Nuku Hiva: Population, None.
Nuku Hiva is set in the beating heart of the Kanto peninsula. An island unto itself, the defining feature of Nuku Hiva is Tekao mountain, which rises 4,000 feet from the surface to the summit. Typical of weather in the Remire area, Nuku Hiva is often shrouded in mist and in raincloud. The black sand beaches of Nuku Hiva rise from vibrant azure blue water and the vegetation on the island is dense everywhere that either a building or an outcropping of rock fails to be. There is no substantially permanent population on Nuku Hiva. As the capital of the Marquesan Shogunate, its only permanent residents are the Shogun and staff responsible for administration of the government. Lavish guest homes, hidden palaces and mansions are tucked away in the dense island forests and Tekao Mountain stands like a lonely watchtower over the rest of southern Hellas.

Set high on the crest of Tekao mountain on Nuku Hiva, the Palace of the Ocean Throne is built deep into the mountain inside the walls of an ancient but formidable French fortification called Citadelle Des Etoiles or Fortress of the Stars because of the unearthly vivid nighttime view from the 4,000 ft. summit. While most of the actual Palace is hidden away under the solid rock, a number of large and expansive gardens sheltered from wind by the citadel walls and terraced alcoves have passageways that lead into the interior. A beautifully-paved, but twisting mountain road winds up the side of Tekao to an underground garage with an open-air reception area where foreign dignitaries are often greeted before being welcomed inside. At the base of the mountain is also the Garden Palace, a more public venue to receive large numbers of guests such as dignitaries or journalists. The Garden Palace is more commonly used as a guest house for important visitors to Nuku Hiva.



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Pandora Prefecture: Population, 193 Million.
Operations Center Pandora is the name given to a large island which lies directly between the southern tip of the Kylarnatian Imperium on the Alkharanian continent and the northern tip of Onekawa-Nukanor on the continent Aerus. It is the furthest-eastern point held by Marquesan in Sondria and is the central hub for all operations of the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms in Sondria. Pandora is can, at any time, barracks four ready Corps of the Royal Marquesan Army and four ready Corps of the Royal Expeditionary Command with all vehicles, aircraft, ships, equipment and supplies. Extensively fortified and completely covered in military reservations, the only civilian population of Pandora lives on the island to service the needs of the military members stationed there. Pandora is the single largest military installation in Sondria and is home to expansive bombing and gunnery ranges, sprawling training complexes, maintenance facilities for every type of military vessels, vehicles and aircraft and massive intelligence-gathering centers.

Runways and (rumor has it) launch facilities for the Marquesan Assisted-Lift Vehicle (ALV) are said to be present on the island of Pandora, along with helium mining facilities for Warden-class airships and ammunition manufacturing facilities, the largest known to exist anywhere in the region. Every branch of the Marquesan Armed Forces has representation on Pandora and the island is a constant teeming hub of activity. It is, in a stroke, the crux of the Shogunate's ability to project military power in Sondria and a wonder of organization and efficiency. Pandora's sprawling nuclear power complex, buried deep into one of the island's 4,000+ meter mountain peaks is said to be larger and more powerful than any other in the region with numerous reactors, fed by a naturally occuring deep vein of highly pure uranium on the island. Major cities on Pandora include the prefecture's capital, Suvi; also Levuka, Nadi, Sigatoka and Tavua.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Mar 18, 2015 5:47 pm, edited 27 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Culture & Government.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:49 pm

Marquesan Culture & Religion:
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Rakanism is a syncretic religion focusing on individual improvement and attainment rather than traditionally "religious" ceremony and behavior; Rakani adherents (often referring to each other as Seeker) believe that all faiths are one, all gods are one while generally eschewing any specific religious practices or dogma beyond simple meditations; Seekers are almost universally welcomed in temples, churches and shrines of all faiths. Adherence to Rakanism has created numerous cultural influences; Seekers are often seen to engage in meditative pursuits such as the creation of dry landscape gardens, painting or writing songs and poetry. While Rakani doctrine is widely applicable to the country's warrior caste, its lessons are useful in all walks of life. Seekers are widely seen to be adherents of meditative physical training and exercises such as yoga and a wide variety of martial arts. The most devout Rakanists tend to live nearly ascetic lives, practicing abstinence from worldly pleasures and extreme restraint with respect to actions of the body, speech and mind. This high level of self discipline, while not usually practiced to the most extreme position and generally practiced in pursuit of a reasoned "middle way" has had the effect of creating a society that favors minimalism and abstinence. Rakanist schools exist for many forms of unarmed and weapon-form martial arts, both for the warrior caste and other elements of Marquesan society. Rakanist thought is guided by a central guiding document called the Rakan Codex.

Written in antiquity and translated periodically to adjust for changes in modern language, the Rakan Codex is a strict code of conduct which forms the backbone of Rakanism, the dominant spiritual and moral thought in The Marquesas. With over 80% of Marquesan residents and citizens self-identifying as Rakani to at least some extent, it is one of the most populous religions in Sondria with major representation in every Sondrian nation. While widely considered to be more a philosophical school of thought rather than a religion, its prevalence and influence on Marquesan culture is great; Rakanist schools, tea houses and centers exist throughout the country and the region as a whole, providing an extensive network of resources for adherents everywhere. The modern script of the Rakan Codex is presented here translated into English for ease of comprehension.


The Rakan Codex.
Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. The Seeker of the Path moves placidly amid iniquities and tyrannies, noise and haste. Evil and selfish, dull and ignorant men stand on all sides, but a stainless being is he who finds peace in the still silence of his mind. He is to be known as One Who Is Worthy that is at once both steel and velvet, who is as hard as rock and soft as drifting fog, who holds in his heart and mind the paradox of terrible storm and peace unspeakable and perfect. He stands arrow-straight, unencumbered and unafraid in the fiercest of storms. His movement may be slow, but never is it backward. He is never cynical, never bitter. His piety and fidelity guide him to green pastures. He has a vivid consciousness of personal dignity and worth; a Rakan is honorable to the last. The Rakan carries with him the purity of his heart and the clarity of his mind; he allows neither to falter or be unduly influenced. He follows his belief with integrity and refuses to be pulled away from his intent by influence or request. With malice toward none; with charity for all and firmness in his rectitude, the Rakan strives on to finish every task to which he is set. The Rakan adheres to the highest ideals; his standard is one that transcends logic and circumstance. Simplicity, charity, thrift and abstinence are measures of his character; generosity in all things, before all others. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. The difference between moral and immoral is as oil and water; upon his principles there may be no compromise. He follows his belief with integrity and refuses to be pulled away from his intent by influence or request. His character is one of decency, rectitude and courtesy. His civility is never a sign of weakness, and his sincerity is always subject to proof, yet he is free of conceit, doubt, uncertainty and restlessness. His character is ageless; he is a man of action, leading and teaching others by actions more than with words. He who seeks the way is patient and kind, he envies none and never boasts or speaks pridefully. He respects his elders, his superiors and those subordinate to him. He demands of himself the very best and expects the same of others; he measures himself largely by the company he keeps and the circle of a Rakan's companionship is always a place of excellence and kindness. He takes control when leadership is necessary, even at the risk of his own safety. The Seeker must pass through knowledge and arrive at simplicity. In his mind shall be effortless perfection; quiet in its refinement, absent of pretention. Simple shall be his spirit, honest without apology, beautiful without artifice. The Seeker must find the path, it may never be won. Understanding is his pursuit, beyond knowledge. Harmony in action his quest; an understated beauty, an articulate brevity. His spiritual tranquility is not passive, rather his eye set on being without the angst of becoming. We do not see the world as it is, we see the world as we are, so the Rakan strives always to be the perfect glass through which to see the world. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. He brooks no cowardice, shrinks from no challenge; he steps through his own fear and exudes the confidence and surety of a stainless soul. He faces every fear; fear is the little death that kills again and again--in its absence, the Rakan dies only once. He is free of cowardice and dishonor. Dishonor is a scar on the trunk of a tree which time, instead of effacing only helps to enlarge. The Rakan's intent is always to avoid disgrace for himself, his elders or his heirs. Not making a decision is a decision in itself; the Rakan is sure of his actions, sure of his feet, sure of the path he walks. He knows the rights of all are diminished when the rights of one are threatened. In times of desperation and strife, he acquits himself fully to the betterment of all. In times of chaos, the Rakan is a singular point of calm, reason and confidence. When a choice is to be made between life and death, the Rakan chooses life. There is, in addition to a courage with which men die; a courage by which men must live. There is truth and iron, however, in his word of life and his word of death. The iron in the blood of a Rakan passes from father to son down from the ages; through fire and death and sorrow and despair. Years of strife may be endured rather than accepting a tacit or ignoble temporary peace to be bought at the price of slavery or oppression. When a worthy opponent is met, the Rakan lays bare to his opponent the option of life or death and is prepared for either. He defends himself, his values, his property and all those in his care from any threat; surrender or defeat are never optional. He avoids violence wherever it is possible to avoid violence, however, a Rakan never allows a challenge to his reputation to go unanswered. He recognizes that there comes a time to stand one's ground and time to walk away when belligerence would serve no desirable result. He protects all in his care, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres. He never sacrifices his values for the sake of blind belligerence, and will always make effort to settle a dispute in peace. He demonstrates his loyalty by the sweat of the brow and the blood of his heart. His loyalty is unwavering; he is always obliged to those to whom he is indebted, forsaking all else for fidelity. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. He exhibits humility in the face of his victories and responsibility in the face of his failures. He is never perturbed when he is not recognized; yet he always strives to be worthy of recognition. He never speaks of material possessions; never boasts of what he has or what he is entitled to. His industry and self-government confer upon him a dignity all its own which could not be given by act or resolve; for the rewards of his humble service there can be no substitute. He leads a life of humble service; he enriches the lives of all he touches. In tragedy, he gives freely of his time and resources. He who gives up all he possesses and endures great trials without love in his heart walks forever in place. He demands of no man any oath which asserts that he has done no wrong; better to assert that he shall do no wrong thereafter. A Rakan always absolves minor transgressions upon repentance of the wrong and surety that no further trespasses shall be made; yet any assertion is subject to verification and it is his observance which allows the Rakan magnanimity. Benevolence and magnanimity, sympathy and affection are the highest attributes of the Rakan's soul. He chooses compassion over confrontation wherever he can as benevolence may often obviate belligerence. He dishonors none, he seeks no recognition, is slow to anger and quick to forgive transgressions. A Rakan may be invested with the power to command and the power to kill; equal must also be the measure of his mercy. He is patient, forgiving and kind; willing to bear the unbearable rather than to take offense to provocation. His compassion extends not only to others but to himself; forgiving himself of his faults on equal footing to forgiveness of his peers. Politeness and courtesy too are measures of good character; benevolent regard for the feelings of others his polish. When a kindness is paid him, he returns the kindness, as soon as it is possible to do so. When circumstances allow generosity, he gives freely of himself. His ethical accumen allows him to be impartial, even-handed, generous and observant of even the smallest details. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. He values the duties and privileges of his profession, whatever such profession may be. He seeks not a life of ease but rather to be strong enough to tackle the hardest challenges, if for no other reason than because they are hard; to organize and measure the best of his energies and skills. He is unwilling to postpone a challenge and always intends to succeed. A Rakan prefers to die on his feet rather than live on his knees; a strenuous life more noble to him than a life of dishonorable ease. Toil and effort to bring about peace and prosperity forged by his own hand is the Rakan's central doctrine. He is accommodating, considerate, helpful and always of service, however he is keenly aware of his own limits. He strives diligently and consistently to better himself and better his peers, subordinates, superiors and wards. He executes each task conscientiously and thoroughly; he acquits himself to even the smallest duties with his entirety. The Rakan's persistence and determination are omnipotent; it displaces talent, intelligence or education, though all are values of the true Rakan. He may defend his post if a post is given and quit such post only when properly relieved, until which time he stands fast to the duty and title he is granted. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. If he has enough to live gracefully within his means and keep his promises, he has enough. A life of luxury is a life of wastefulness; a Rakan owns only what he needs and uses all he owns. His household is one of cleanliness and order. As he maintains himself, so he maintains his home. His home is free of pests and refuse, he cleans and oils his tools and maintains all he owns. His prosperity is to him only an instrument to be used and not a deity to be worshipped. His paint never peels, his metal never rusts, his land is never overgrown. His body is never unkempt, his teeth clean, his hair neat and orderly. The Rakan never indulges in excess, nor does he allow his hygeine to falter. He never sleeps past the sunrise; a Rakan purifies his mind, body and soul each day with the rising sun upon his face. Each day he purifies himself and purifies his home; he never allows others to do for him what he may do himself and never puts off for tomorrow what may be done today. His appearance is never overstated, never flamboyant, his dress is commensurate with his station. He is self-aware and introspective, emotionally mature, mentally sharp, spiritually tough and physically fit. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. He consults experts, enlists aid, invests time, energy and money and asks for help without shame. He is a constant seeker of knowledge and truth; the Rakan is current on events locally and abroad, he is never totally uninformed but is always eager to learn more. He seeks the highest truth in life and the deepest understanding of the great mysteries. He who has great knowledge without love in his heart appears cold and dead to those who seek the way. The Rakan has defeated his inner enemies. He is free of ego, deception, ignorance and greed. He is free of sensual lust and material lust, anger, hatred and malice. He is free of wrongful conduct, jealousy, aversion and the desire to take life. He seeks the way who delights not in vice and evil but celebrates the simplest of truths. He is immune to the opinions and actions of others; a Rakan is never a victim. He is free of attachment to rites and to rituals; he eschews religious order for meditative thought. He requires no sigil, he needs no holy places. His home is sacred space; so is every footstep and every resting place. He takes kindly the inherent counsel of age; he is free from attachment to the things of his youth. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. He who speaks without an attentive ear is mute; so he is closer to the way of the Rakan who is most observant and meticulous with all he encounters. The Rakan speaks with integrity; he is impeccable in his speech. He who speaks without love in his heart makes only noise. He utters nothing for which he would not willingly be responsible through time and eternity. His speech is quiet, eloquent, succinct and clear. He says only what he means and avoids speaking against himself or others. He speaks with veracity and says only what must be said. He considers his words before he speaks; he is never out of turn and never interrupts another. He always gives a word or a sign of salute when meeting or passing a friend, even a stranger, when in a lonely place. He shows respect to all people and grovels to none. His speech is free of falsehoods and harshness, slander and frivolousness. Regardless of station, he speaks of others and to others with deference. He is never lewd, never vulgar and never uncontrolled. He is a person of indisputable probity; he is unwavering in his course of conduct in accordance with reason. His word is never broken or left unfinished; He completes every task he sets himself to and promises to do only what he knows he can reliably accomplish. He is trustworthy and consistent; any man may set his compass to the Rakan's north and his watch by the Rakan's schedule. The word of a Rakan guarantees the truthfulness of an assertion. The Rakan sets his goals, makes his promises and fulfills them; he is never tardy and never absent without leave to be absent. So it is that upon meeting another, Rakans greet by saying to each other, "Carry on, Seeker." So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.

Blessed is the Seeker, who rises and sleeps, lives and dies with the light of the sun and stars warm upon his heart. He lives when it is right to live, strikes when to strike is right, he dies when it is right to die. He endures in the face of great difficulty; when necessary action is sure to result in death, he accepts that it still must be done. He sacrifices of himself cheerfully; he meets his death with open eyes and a weightless heart. A Rakan's death is never to be wasted; thus never mourn the passing of a Rakan, for you may be certain he died at the proper time, in the proper way. Better to die with a worthy opponent than to hang his head in defeat, yet he never shrinks from danger or hardship. Above all, the Rakan recognizes the impermanence of all things. Life and death, ugliness and beauty, sorrow and happiness all have a time and place in which to exist, so the Rakan is born, grows to adulthood, seeks the highest good, raises children, grows old and dies. There can be no greater expression of love than this; that a Seeker should lay his life down in the service of his country or in the defense of his comrades. In life, the Rakan becomes immortal through his good works; his children carry his spirit on their shoulders as they grow to adulthood and seek the Truth for themselves. A man may die, nations may rise and fall, but an idea lives on. Ideas have endurance beyond death. So it is that the Rakan lives forever in the hearts and minds of those he touches and all he creates. As he walks the path of his life, so the heavy weight of his goodness impresses its sigil upon every life. Thus, the final goal of each Rakan is the same as any other; to die when it is right to die, but never to perish. So it is, so it was and so ever shall it be.



Government:
Marquesan lands and possessions are governed by a feudal stratocracy, whereby military leaders are conferred noble title. In the course of Marquesan history, ninety one (91) noble houses with ancestral lands and incredible wealth have risen to prominence. Since the adoption of the current government, these aristocratic houses and their governing lords called Daimyo have pledged themselves to the Shōgun. The ninety one Daimyo are all appointed noble title by virtue of their rank in the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms, in which each must be a Commandant-Supérieur in command of a Corps of either the active component RFA or the Royal Marquesan Reserve. When a Commandant-Supérieur is named Daimyo, the title is a lifetime appointment and entitles that commander and his family to the lands of the ancestral house, to be kept in stead until the death of the Daimyo. During his or her term as Daimyo, noble title is also conferred upon the Corps' Commandants-Général, each of whom commands a division. These noble titles are functionally analogous to the Daimyo, and are called Shugodai.

The most powerful and influential houses are charged with administration of a Prefecture, ruled by the Daimyo, with smaller Raions administered by Shugodai. The Daimyo and their Shugodai are fiercely loyal to the Shōgun, a military dictatorship chosen from among the Daimyo to serve as a leader serving a lifetime appointment. The Shōgun carries ultimate responsibility for both the Royal Forces at Arms and administration of all Marquesan prefectures. The Shōgun is at once the ultimate civilian authority and the commander-in-chief of one of the most powerful militaries in Sondria. The Shōgunate itself is a noble title conferred for the lifetime of the Shōgun and is the highest authority in Marquesan law.

The Marquesan Diet is a bicameral legislative assembly composed of an Upper House, comprised of the 91 Daimyo, and a Lower House, comprised of representatives of large companies and public assemblies. For a company or coalition of companies to elect a representative to the Lower House, they must represent at least ten million total employees, while public representatives may be elected to represent twenty million people or more. Representatives to the Lower House are elected to five year terms with a maximum of five total terms allowed for each representative. This allows special interest groups and population groups to have a direct voice in the Shōgunate. The Lower House and Upper House are balanced to each other in terms of legislative power by percentage of votes to ratify any measure. Both Houses have the power to submit legislation that can be ratified with a simple 66.7% majority. Any permanent change to national law must be ratified by both Houses and by the Shogun; annual budgets are required of the Diet and must be finalized before the first day of December the prior year.

The combined Upper and Lower Houses make up the assembled Diet, whose collective decision-making power is the ultimate authority in civil, military, judicial and legislative issues in Marquesan, without the consent of which no Shōgun may go to war. Together, the people's representatives in the Lower House and the military's representatives in the Upper House speak with one unifying voice found in the Shōgun who derives his just authority and mandate of nobility from the Diet. Both the Upper and Lower Houses send five representatives to a High Council who live permanently on Nuku Hiva and act as the Shōgun's advisory cabinet. The High Council may introduce bills to the legislature, but its primary purpose is to advise the Shōgun on current issues. While the Diet is responsible for managing law and legislative tasks throughout the country on the macro scale, it is the role of the Shōgun to act as the nation's highest authority and the face of Marquesan foreign policy. While the Shōgun does have a great deal of responsibility to the nation's legislative process, it is truly the primary function of the Shōgun to head the Royal Forces at Arms and, although the RFA may not go to war without the consent of the Diet, the national armed forces may not be deployed without the Shōgun's consent.

While the title of is a lifetime appointment, each Shōgun must be chosen from among the Diet. A candidate must endure a battery of tests called the Crucible, derived from sacred traditions passed down from antiquity. The Crucible tests every aspect of a candidate, from mental acuity and mastery of mathematics, languages and the classical sciences to physical endurance, agility and strength, mastery of both modern and ancient weapons and numerous fighting techniques, including the option for any member of the Diet to call out the candidate for a fight to the death at the end of the crucible. To be eligible as a candidate for the Ocean Throne, the prospective person must have been born to Citizens of the country and must be a Citizen by means of his or her own. Each candidate will endure a thorough scrutiny of their personal history, financial and military records; if the candidate is found suitable, they proceed to the initial academic phases of the Crucible. A failure at any stage of the testing renders the candidate ineligible. Only the strongest and brightest of challengers complete the Crucible and many over the years have perished in the attempt.

Once chosen, the new Shōgun is given their noble title and recognized first by the Diet, the members of whom swear a blood oath in a closed ceremony which has never been filmed and has never been witnessed by foreigners, and then in a public celebration which is generally attended by delegations from nations all over the world and which is extensively broadcast. The Shōgun resides on Nuku Hiva, the proper capitol of the country. Nuku Hiva is part of the Remire Archipelago, but is self-governing and has no official permanent population other than the Shogun and essential staff. The extremely rocky, difficult terrain and narrow water approaches of the island made it historically an extremely difficult target to assault, although the island was extensively fortified and still bears many of its fortifications, hundreds of years old. The black granite mountain called Tekao that dominates the island has been deeply tunneled and its interior caverns, passageways and chambers make up the formal Palace of the Ocean Throne, accessible only by air or a single, narrow road leading to the top. The Palace is the official residence of the Shōgun and is the seat of all Marquesan governmental power.

The one hundred and fifteen (115) major population centers inside the Shōgunate serve as capitol cities for the assembly of Daimyo and their subordinate Shugodai, in large fortified compounds called Han. The Han compounds are the center of each Daimyo's estate and the outer compound generally contains shrines, temples, gardens and an outer ring of parkland, lakes, marinas and zoological parks for the enjoyment of the citizens of each city. The Han Compound in each city is the local seat of power and all administrative tasks are conducted in the Han, which generally includes a city hall, courthouse, Gendarmerie precinct, Civil Militia and Reserve barracks and training facilities and defensive network sensors along with some anti-aircraft defenses. These normally walled compounds are designed to be self-sufficient in the event of an attack for weeks at a time and the city around it also contains distributed defensive and civilian infrastructure facilities networked to the Han.

Image
Akane Hyuga I, Current Marquesan Shōgun.



Citizenship:
Anyone who is born in any Marquesan possession or prefecture, comes to live in any such possession or prefecture for more than a year or owns land in any Marquesan possession or prefecture can be considered a Resident of the country. A resident is afforded the privilege of attending Marquesan schools and is also allowed to receive care in Marquesan hospitals. Residents of the country are also afforded the protection of the country's military and, if properly tested and licensed, may operate ground, air or aquatic vehicles in Marquesan territory. They may possess and carry firearms at their own discretion and residents may also be called on to serve in the Royal Forces at Arms at any time. The Shōgunate makes no distinctions toward Residents based on their social, racial or economic backgrounds, sexual orientations or religious beliefs, however a distinction is made between Residents and Citizens of the country.

A Marquesan Citizen is a person who, through virtue of their actions or by hereditary conferrence, is the owner and proprietor of any business with a gross income greater than ten thousand Aureus per annum (Ⓐ10,000.00) or real estate greater than ten square kilometers in size. A person may also become a Citizen by honorable military service in any branch of the Royal Forces at Arms or the Royal Marquesan Reserve having graduated Initial Entry Duty Training. A Citizen enjoys the benefits of a Laissez-faire economic policy. The Shōgunate's financial policies allow for 5% of a citizen's annual tax contributions from age 22 to age 57 to be set into a regulated retirement account in which the principal is free from additional tax and 1% compounding interest accrues for the life of the account. At the end of each fiscal quarter, the national Trade Surplus is divided equally among all Marquesan Citizens to their retirement accounts as a tax free dividend based on the national production of profit. This measure, while highly profitable for the Citizen, is meant to promote reinvestment in Marquesan companies and commodities and has been widely credited with the continued growth of the Marquesan economy despite financial troubles in the country's neighbors abroad in Sondria.

The citizen may add to their account at any age and in any amount with their own funds, but may not begin withdrawing from the account for any reason until the minimum retirement age, 57. The citizen may allow the government to invest the account funds as it sees fit or may control the manner in which the account funds are invested and may choose any company, mutual fund, commodity, currency or combination of these at their own discretion. At age 57, a Citizen may begin withdrawing funds as they see fit, but at no time will the Citizen be compelled to withdraw these funds. If the Citizen dies with funds still in the account, such funds will be distributed to whomever is named as the beneficiary of the account, or if none is named, will be distributed to the next of kin upon the death of the citizen.



Economic Policy:
In an effort to provide for necessary government programs, administration and for the defense of Marquesan lands, possessions and interests abroad, the Ocean Throne requires of its residents and citizens a 45% flat personal income tax on any moneys or noncash assets earned, acquired or accrued both within the boundaries of the Shōgunate and without, by any Marquesan Citizen or Resident. This 45% tax pays for all administrative tasks carried out by the national government such as planning, construction and maintenance of infrastructure, research and development, scientific research, international trade agreements, military operations both offensive and defensive, for pensions and retirement programs and for funding other interests as perscribed by the Shōgun. While all levels of education are fully in the hands of private industry, regulatory oversight and curriculum are managed by Prefecture governments and ultimately the central government. The Government provides a tax exemption for Educators including Teachers, Teachers Aides, Professors and Professional Instructors, who pay a reduced personal income tax at 22.5%. Government payments directed to residents and citizens for subsidy, scholarship or subsistence wages are not considered taxable income; only revenue generated by the taxpayer is subject to tax.

The Marquesan economy is based largely on high-technology and heavy industry including shipbuilding, aerospace technology, mining and mineral refining. A thriving Science & Technology industry has led to the Shōgunate's place as Sondria's leading producer of advanced carbon composites and synthetic fibers such as nomex, dyneema and kevlar, high-power advanced batteries and capacitors, nanofoams and aerogels. Some of the largest companies and industrial cooperative facilities in Sondria have their homes in Marquesan, along with the only single-stage-to-orbit mass driver in the region. In part, this is due to the Marquesan government's lassiez-faire tax policy, in part due to the influence of the environmental and economic guilds and in part due to the government's investment into high technology industries. The military government funds a great deal of high technology research and sponsors companies such as Myrmidon Tactical Design and its subsidiaries, providing trillions of Aureus in annual revenue and enormous benefit to the Marquesan government.

The Shōgunate regulates the cost of schooling for Marquesan children and the costs of medical attention for all residents and citizens, ensuring that both remain accessible to those of even the most modest means. If it is found that any resident or citizen of the Shōgunate between the ages of 22 and 57 is receiving less less than 50% of the national Average Annual Wage in income, that resident or citizen will become eligible for and immediately begin receiving assistance funding in the amount of 25% of the Gross Domestic Product Per Capita. This minimum subsistence subsidy ensures that all Marquesans can afford basic health coverage and education through the baccalaureate level and receive enough income to survive even in the event of a catastrophic life event that may bar the individual from being gainfully employed. These funds shall be paid as long as is necessary to ensure the health and well being of all Marquesans, though a Citizen remaining on these subsistence payments longer than two years may lose their Citizenship status unless it can be shown that the Citizen is unable to return to work with reasonable accommodation. A resident who remains on these subsistence payments longer than two years may be subject to involuntary conscription into the Civil Defense Initiative and may be required to volunteer time to the Marquesan Gendarmerie and/or attend rehabilitation schooling designed to teach a gainful trade to the chronically unemployed if they are not actively pursuing education leading to a collegiate degree. In this manner, the national unemployment rate remains drastically low and the economy benefits from the continued circulation of capital through the marketplace.

While it is the stated goal of the Shōgunate to not intervene in the country's economy to the greatest possible extent, the government chooses to regulate, but not manage the market. Basic provisions exist for workplace safety, ecological impact and fair labor standards, which are legislated by special task forces among members of the Lower House of the Diet. The Marquesan Fair Labor Standards Act provisions a minimum working wage in the country equal to roughly 25% of the Gross Domestic Product Per Capita and delineates anti-discriminatory standards for the workplace. The same act also provides protections for special circumstances such as pregnancy and emergency family medical leave, bereavement and work week standards.



Government Budget:
The Marquesan government has annual expenditures of 105 Trillion Aureus; this spending is divided into several categories with a sixty nine percent majority spent on defense and administrative tasks. This Defense, Administrative and Law Enforcement spending is divided between the four branches of the Royal Forces at Arms and two branches of the Royal Marquesan Reserve in accordance to their requirements. Thirty one percent of the Marquesan administrative budget, roughly 33 Trillion Aureus is circulated back into the economy in the form of various types of economic stimulus. A detail of these budgets is as follows:
Administration Budgets:
Military Operations:
8%

Diet & Administration:
2%

Department of State:
2%

Civil Services Administration:
2%

14%, 14.7 Trillion Aureus.



Human Resources Budgets:
Military Personnel:
9%

Pensions & Dividends:
8%

Subsistence Wages:
8%

25%, 26.3 Trillion Aureus.



Defense Equipment:
Military Maintenance:
19%

Military Procurement:
11%

30%, 31.5 Trillion Aureus.



Economic Stimulus:
Infrastructure Construction:
8%

Education Administration:
7%

Research & Development:
7%

Environmental Subsidies:
6%

Healthcare Regulation:
3%

31%, 32.6 Trillion Aureus.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Sun Jul 26, 2015 2:49 pm, edited 87 times in total.
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Policy & Regulation.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:49 pm

Business Regulation:
The Marquesan government's interest in maintaining a clean, sustainable environment is enforced by a comprehensive point of central legislation called the Comprehensive Pollutant Standards Act. CPSA outlines four types of environmental pollutants; Airborne, Organic Aqueous, Inorganic Aqueous and Soil Pollutants. These four categories, outlined below, are all regulated in respect to emission by industries both large and small.
Airborne Pollutants:
Airborne Pollutants include but are not limited to such hazards as Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxides, Ammonia, Carbon monoxide, Volatile Organic Compounds, (VOCs) Ozone, Persistent Organic Pollutants, (POPs) Airborne particles, Toxic metals and Radioactive pollutants. Air pollution can cause environmental problems like smog, and health disorders like asthma, coughing, respiratory diseases, etc.

Organic Aqueous Pollutants:
Organic Aqueous Pollutants include but are not limited to such hazards as Insecticides and herbicides, a range of organohalide, Bacteria from livestock operations, Food processing waste including pathogens, Tree debris from logging operations, VOCs including solvents and hydrocarbons, Dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents and Detergents and chemical compounds found in cosmetics products. Organic Aqueous Pollutants usually include herbicides and insecticides which are used for agriculture. When food is processed, harmful pathogens are discarded as wastes from food laboratories. Similarly, the livestock industry produces poisonous bacterias harbored by animals, which can enter water in the form of waste. When unwanted trees and plants are discarded, they are not burnt but usually thrown into the ocean, leading to their decay and introduction of bacteria to the water.

Inorganic Aqueous Pollutants:
Inorganic Aqueous Pollutants include but are not limited to such hazards as Heavy metals, Acidity caused by industrial discharges such as sulfur dioxide by power plants, Chemical waste, Fertilizers from agricultural use and Silt from construction sites, logging, slash and burn operations. Inorganic wastes from heavy industries and construction companies are led to the oceans in the form of Detergents, chemical compounds from cosmetics, chlorinated solvents, hydrocarbons, etc. Scientific research and development wastes are also usually thrown into the sinks, entering the oceans or rivers. Heavy metals from sulfur dioxide, chemical waste, silt from construction sites, and fertilizers used in agriculture are some of the common inorganic wastes.

Soil Pollutants:
Soil Pollutants include but are not limited to such hazards as Hydrocarbons, Solvents, Pesticides, Lead and other heavy metals. Land or soil pollution is the third most commonly found pollution in the atmosphere. Soil is used for agricultural purposes, and due to the pollution of soil, there can be risks of impurities in the growth medium itself. There are discharges from organic and inorganic industries, heavy metals such as lead, plastic, glass, etc., which also contaminate the land around the waste lines. Construction sites also contribute largely to land pollution because they release solvents and silt into the soil around the construction sites. Fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and chemical compounds used to protect the plants from various disease and pests are also washed off in the soil causing soil pollution. Deforestation, could also lead to land pollution and soil erosion.

The four regulated categories of environmental pollutants and contaminants are monitored by the Marquesan Environmental & Economic Cooperative, a commercial organization funded and administered by the government to provide uniform work safety, environmental impact and standards coordination for a network of peer-review Industry Guilds. Each guild is a collaborative effort manned by experts in a given industry, analysts, government representatives and leaders in each industry along with high-ranking executives from Marquesan companies both large and small. The guilds are responsible for regulating their industries and providing common acceptable standards. Each guild drafts and modifies its standards as-needed while compensating for the size and economic impact of member companies both large and small. It is the responsibility of the guild to enforce environmental impact standards with government oversight. All businesses operating in Marquesan are required to register with a guild within the first year of their operation or face economic exclusion, a law which is overwhelmingly obeyed in practice.

If a member company is found to be in violation of guild standards, the entire guild can be subjected to sanctions, penalties and restrictions on resource availability, while surpassing guild standards can result in special funding for R&D or Infrastructure projects directly from the national government. Many guilds have collaborative special funding accounts which can be used for emergency bailouts, for group infrastructure projects or for cost-sharing of advanced research. Companies and guilds researching advanced, low environmental impact, "green" or renewable energy technologies promoting sustainable renewable resources become eligible for special tax-free incentives from the government including special access to land, funds or material resources. A focus on minimizing the four categories of environmental pollutants and contaminants in all possible aspects is the primary mission of the Marquesan Environmental Cooperative and all its subsidiary guilds as a whole.

There are twenty one registered and incorporated Industry Guilds presently accounted for under the Marquesan Environmental & Economic Collective. These are as follows:

The Accomodation & Food Services Guild
The Administrative & Waste Management Services Guild
The Aerospace & Defense Technology Guild
The Agriculture, Hunting & Fishing Guild
The Architecture, Construction & Civil Engineering Guild
The Arts, Entertainment & Recreation Guild
The Communication & Journalism Guild
The Durable Goods Manufacturing Guild
The Education & Academic Oversight Guild
The Finance & Insurance Guild
The Foreign Projects & Guest Workers Guild
The Governmental Oversight & Regulatory Guild
The Healthcare & Human Services Guild
The Information Technology & Science Guild
The Mining, Drilling & Natural Resources Guild
The Nondurable Goods Manufacturing Guild
The Power, Refinery & Utilities Guild
The Real Estate, Rental & Property Management Guild
The Retail & Wholesale Guild
The Shipwrights & Vehicle Manufacturer's Guild
The Transportation & Warehousing Guild

Each Guild receives annual incentives in accordance to their percentage of the Gross Domestic Product if the guild's environmental record for that year is without a penalizing incident or accident. If an individual company within a guild is found to be in violation of Guild standards, or if an accident is deemed by MEEC investigation to have been aggravated by negligence, willful disregard or lack of proper safety precaution with respect to its environmental impact, both the company and the entire guild become liable for penalties up to and including monetary or resource penalties and sanctions. Extreme incidents may require extreme measures such as the dissolution of a company and the sale of its resources to its peers or to the guild itself, but such extreme punishment may only be exercised in the most dire of situations and usually only in the face of extreme loss of life. In practice, the Guild system is self-monitoring and requires only supervision, not micromanagement from government entities; in combination with the Marquesan Shōgunate's laissez-faire tax system, the peer-review network of self-governing guilds can be largely credited with Marquesan economic supremacy in the region and also greatly contributes to the nation's efforts at becoming a leader in renewable resources, environmental preservation and green energy.

While the focus of the Guild system is environmental impact, the Guilds also provide a self-governing peer review system that acts as a chamber of commerce for member companies, develops workplace safety standards, wage negotiation, job placement for skilled laborers, certification holders and subject matter experts within an industry, impartial workplace grievance arbitration, standards for pay, disability, workman's compensation, workplace hazard mitigation including creation and logging of Materials Safety Data, pension, bonus and benefits regulation and provides large-scale group buying power for various types of work insurance such as health, vision, dental and life insurance, or collaborative retirement options. In this manner, the Guild system provides a critically important resource both for employees of member companies and for companies themselves to increase their buying power and their outreach to the communities they serve.



Domestic Policy:
The Marquesan Government's interaction with the country's Citizens and Residents is governed by a constitution laid down by the first Shogun, which serves as a limiting code of conduct for the government and a guarantee of individual freedoms for the people. While Marquesans as a people are widely regulated by the deeply-rooted cultural tenets of Bushido, the Constitution serves to regulate the involvement of government in the functions of the country, in enforcement of its laws, in decisions of judicial import and in defining the roles of the government and the people in the administration of the nation as a whole. Matters of both Foreign Policy and Domestic Policy are ultimately decided by the Diet and the Shōgun, however interpreting existing law and providing adjudication for civil and criminal matters is handled by an impartial, non-military organization called the Royal Policy Institute. The RPI's Domestic Affairs branch acts as a judicial element for the government with a hierarchical system of courts providing for varying levels of jurisdiction, from small claims courts and petty misdemeanor criminal courts to a national Supreme Court, whose task it is to decide how to interpret national law to situations faced by the public at large.

Marquesan culture upholds several core values, expressed as a central concept as Bushido. Among these values are Moral Rectitude, Courage, Benevolence, Charity, Respect, Honesty, Honor, Loyalty, Frugality, Calmness, Justice, Fairness, Filial Piety, Wisdom, Propriety and Order. Marquesans are often seen as having a deep commitment to propriety for propriety's own sake and a high standard of cleanliness and personal hygiene are nearly universal among Marquesans. These values are largely unwritten and unuttered, but are reflected in the country's legal code and in its moral standards. Marquesan Law affords that all residents and citizens of the country, regardless of their station are afforded certain unalienable rights in all circumstances. In all circumstances, Marquesan Law centers around the concepts of recognizing, affirming and protecting the rights of Citizens and Residents, with penalties set out for the use of force and for the violation of the rights of others. The enforcement of law is authorized and also limited by constitutionally-perscribed doctrine and by the rights of the people as afforded by the constitution. Thirty Two essential Rights are defined in the Marquesan Declaration of Rights, shown below.

Marquesan Declaration of Rights:
Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,

Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,

Whereas the peoples of the Marquesan Shōgunate have in the Constitution reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Whereas National Prefectures have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the Shōgunate, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

Now, Therefore THE MARQUESAN DIET proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance among the peoples of The Marquesan Shōgunate.


Title One -
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Title Two -
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, sexual orientation, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Title Three -
(1) Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
(2) Everyone has the right to defend himself and his property from any who would seek to do harm to him. The Government shall make no law infringing on the right of the Resident or Citizen to self defense and defense of his family, lands and property against harm or deprivation. The Government shall make no law infringing on the Resident or Citizen to seek, possess or carry weaponry or such instruments as are necessary and common for protection of this type.

Title Four -
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Title Five -
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Title Six -
(1) Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
(2) Everyone has the right to petition another person for redress of grievances under the law, by a speedy and impartial tribunal.

Title Seven -
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Title Eight -
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Title Nine -
(1) No one shall be subjected to double jeopardy for any accusation brought against him, whether civil or criminal in nature.
(2) No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile, nor shall their property or person be searched or siezed without due process of law and without just cause declared in a written Warrant, provided to the subject of the search, seizure, arrest, detention or exile at the time of the action.
(3) No one shall be subject to arrest, detention or exile without being made aware of the charges brought against him.
(4) Any property seized as evidence in the conduct of a criminal investigation must be returned to its rightful owner at the conclusion of the investigation.

Title Ten -
(1) Everyone is entitled in full equality to a speedy, fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal in which evidence must be presented by the accusing entity, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. Witnesses may be brought in favor of and against the accused at the tribunal; no person may be made to bear witness against himself.
(2) Everyone is entitled to remain silent when questioned by Law Enforcement authorities.
(3) Everyone is entitled to speak to an attorney before being questioned by Law Enforcement authorities and to have an attorney present before and after any questioning.
(4) If a person charged with any crime is unable to afford an attorney, one will be appointed at no cost or significantly reduced cost to represent him.

Title Eleven -
(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Title Twelve -
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Title Thirteen -
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Title Fourteen -
(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of The Marquesan Shōgunate.

Title Fifteen -
(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Title Sixteen -
(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Title Seventeen -
(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
(3) No one shall be limited as to the property they may own to include the manufacture, possession or transfer of weapons.

Title Eighteen -
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Title Nineteen -
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
(2) The people shall not be deprived or abridged of their right to speak, to write, or to publish their sentiments; and the freedom of the press, as one of the great bulwarks of liberty, shall be inviolable.

Title Twenty -
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Title Twenty One -
(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Title Twenty Two -
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Title Twenty Three -
(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Title Twenty Four -
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Title Twenty Five -
(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Title Twenty Six -
(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the Government for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Title Twenty Seven -
(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Title Twenty Eight -
(1) Everyone has the right to decent and efficient medical care at reasonable cost without regard to their ability to financially compensate the provider and to have his medical decisions made by a qualified doctor or specialist familiar with his medical needs.
(2) Everyone has the right to access a fair and independent appeals process if care is denied and to hold their health plan accountable for harm done.
(3) Everyone has the right to be treated confidentially, with access to their records limited to those involved in their care or designated by the patient and to be informed about their medical condition, the risks and benefits of treatment and appropriate alternatives.
(4) Everyone has the right to refuse medical treatment even if it is recommended by their physician(s) and to and to obtain prescription medications their doctor prescribes.
(5) Everyone has the right to use their own resources to purchase the care of their choice and to refuse third-party interference in their medical care, and to be confident that their actions in seeking or declining medical care will not result in third-party-imposed penalties for patients or physicians.
(6) Parents have the right to designate a pediatrician as a primary care doctor for their children.
(7) Everyone has the right to seek consultation with the physician(s) of their choice and keep the same doctor throughout their medical treatment.
(8) Everyone has the right to contract with their physician(s) on mutually agreeable terms.
(9) Everyone has the right to identify conditions under which they do not want medical measures taken to preserve their life, and to choose, with the consent of their doctor, whether to continue life if the individual has determined that their quality of life has degraded. Everyone has the right to choose a dignified time, place and method of death.
(10) Everyone has the right to receive full disclosure of their insurance plan in plain language, including:
CONTRACTS: A copy of the contract between the physician and health care plan, and between the patient or employer and the plan.
INCENTIVES: Whether participating physicians are offered financial incentives to reduce treatment or ration care.
COST: The full cost of the plan, including copayments, coinsurance, and deductibles.
COVERAGE: Benefits covered and excluded, including availability and location of 24-hour emergency care.
QUALIFICATIONS: A roster and qualifications of participating physicians.
REFERRALS: Procedures for consulting a specialist, and who must authorize the referral.
APPEALS: Grievance procedures for claim or treatment denials.
GAG RULE: Whether physicians are subject to a gag rule, preventing criticism of the plan.
APPROVAL PROCEDURES: Authorization procedures for services, whether doctors need approval of a committee or any other individual, and who decides what is medically necessary.

Title Twenty Nine -
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Title Thirty -
(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
(2) Everyone, being of full adult age, may enter into contracts that may financially or physically obligate them. Any contract entered into by any Marquesan must be clearly explained and understood by all involved parties. No Marquesan may be obligated to enter into a contract without his expressed consent.
(3) Everyone is liable for their financial debts to the Government and to each other. If a person is unable to repay his obligations, he has the right to petiton an impartial Tribunal for a renegotiation of his contracts and to petition for an offer in compromise. A person shall be absolved of all reasonable debts in the event of his death unless his contractual obligation states that his debts may be transferable to his next of kin.
(4) Everyone is required to provide monies to the Government in the form of Personal Income tax, which must be paid, at minimum, annually. In response to this, the Government is obligated to provide each taxpayer with a fully transparent disclosure of how their tax monies are spent by the government in real terms annually.

Title Thirty One -
(1) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in society.
(2) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the Marquesan People and their Government.
(3) These rights are viewed by the Government as both universal and egalitarian. Any Marquesan Resident or Citizen is entitled protection under this Declaration regardless of his location around the world and regardless of any charges brought against him by any national or international entity.

Title Thirty Two -
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.



Foreign Policy:
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Seal of the Royal Policy Institute Ministry of State.


The Marquesan Royal Policy Institute Ministry of State serves as the voice of the Marquesan Government abroad. The RPI-MS receives roughly 2.1 Trillion Aureus per annum in government funding and is charged with delegacy to the region as a whole and to other international organizations. The Office of the Triad Pact or OTP for short manages Marquesan connections to the Elder Republic of Erjunhuf and the Imperial Federation of Crontor while the Department of War, (DOW) Department of Foreign Relations, (DFR) Department of Border & Customs Enforcement (DBCE) and Department of International Economics (DIE) provide for a diverse and powerful Marquesan presence with its neighbors. Rumors that The Shogun's Elite Light Infantry cooperates closely with the RPI-MS have persisted since the announcement of the existence of TSELI. Elite operatives are said to have replaced nearly all foreign non-military delegations to foreign countries, and in some cases work as agents of sabotage, assassination or espionage, though no charges have ever been filed against any representative of RPI-MS by a foreign power. RPI-MS is currently headed by Dr. Claude Chalier, whose doctoral thesis on Sondrian military hegemony while studying abroad at the University of Carthage, in the Elder Republic of Erjunhuf was widely considered to be the origin of the Triad Pact. Dr. Chalier, while young at 34 years of age, is considered one of Sondria's preeminent linguistics experts and is said to be fluent in no less than ten regional languages and dozens of dialects. The Shogun's Special Advisor on Foreign Policy is the youthful and exuberant Dr. Gabrielle Tasse, a subject matter expert in Sondrian cultures and history. Dr. Tasse is widely considered to be the person closest to the Shogun on a personal level and is often seen in the presence of Miss Hyuga. Gabrielle is an active environmentalist and an avid mountain climber, who left a position as the master ocean diving instructor at the Marquesan Imperial Institute for Science and the Classics in Oa Pou to pursue a career in Affairs of State. Miss Tasse is descended from a long dynastic noble line, the eldest daughter of the Daimyo of Arue Prefecture. Born into wealth and power, she grew up in the resort community of Rarotonga, deep in the misty, tropical Areuic mountains.

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Dr. Claude Chalier, Chief Minister of RPI-MS.
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Dr. Gabrielle Tasse, Special Advisor to the Shogun.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Jul 18, 2014 1:42 pm, edited 67 times in total.
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Ex-Nation

National Infrastructure, Pt. I.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:52 pm

National Infrastructure:
Overview:
The construction and maintenance of the Marquesan Shogunate's national infrastructure falls under the jurisdiction of several MEEC Guilds and is overseen by the Royal Policy Institute on Domestic Affairs. The RPI-DA receives more than 28 Trillion Aureus annually in civilian government funding and more in military funding, utilizing this funding both for funding the regulatory aspects of Infrastructure Management and for both construction and maintenance. RPI-DA is a blended regulatory body which shares responsibility with the Marquesan Gendarmerie and the Royal Partisan Auxiliary and Civil Defense Initiative. Tasks are delegated by the RPI-DA and Marquesan Gendarmerie or Royal Marquesan Reserve either to civilian contractors, or to military units as situations dictate. With many different divisions and departments, each with their own mission, separate sources of funding, applicable laws and various responsibilities, the RPI-DA umbrella represents a massive machine with countless moving parts, the largest single government entity in the Shogunate outside of the military itself. The task of providing for infrastructure capable of supporting almost six billion people is a monumental one, and there are many different objectives that require attention. Each objective is listed below, with a detail of each aspect and how the Marquesan government handles these tasks.


Identity Documents:
The Marquesan Personal Credentials System is the central method of identifying Marquesan Citizens and Residents and verifying their credentials. MPCC's are produced by the Royal Marquesan Mint, which is also responsible for the production of the Aureus notes used as currency in the country. Developed in concert with Myrmidon Tactical Design and the Marquesan Imperial Institute for Science and the Classics in Oa Pou, this single Identification Card is the primary method by which Marquesan citizens make payments, are either allowed or disallowed entry into secure environments, move throughout the country and abroad and represents a massive investment and a coordinated effort by both government and industry to standardize the card and universalize its usage. MPCC's serve as a vehicle operator's permit, proof of vehicle and health insurance, they operate as a passport and a secure environment credential and can also serve as a bank and credit card for its user, offering an extremely high level of flexible functionality while being an extremely secure, verifiable method of identification. Marquesan PCC's are a biometric credential, which do not supply a picture of the owner but rather rely on a passive sensor and embedded electronics to verify the identity of the owner.

The card is made from a composite of different materials; the core of the card which gives it rigidity is a 0.5mm thick plate of Grade 12 Titanium, backed on either side with woven layers of ultrafine IM600 (5 Micrometer) Carbon Fiber Filament, in a tight satin weave. The card is 1.5mm in overall thickness, with fifty layers of interwoven filament on either side, each layer laid bias ply to the one beneath it. This combination of materials creates an extremely rigid, durable card with very high corrosion, heat and abrasion resistance. Due to the asymmetrical, 6K 5HS Satin weave, the pattern appears differently on either face of the card. The high fabric density of the weave is interwoven with special colored filaments at various intervals to increase counterfeiting difficulty. No user information is displayed on the face of the card itself, only the user's name and the PCC's serial number, with all other information being carried by the card's NFC Chip, an embedded 13.56 MHz Smart Card Chip and an encrypted QR code printed on the back face of the card. A special 6D Hologram of the Marquesan flag is printed on a thin metal foil is embedded in the front face of the card, which responds both to changes in light and the viewing angle and is used for verification of the authenticity of the card. The all-robotic, all-laser process of creation makes each card internally consistent to 99.9999%, each cut and finished card consistent to 5 microns of any other. Extremely fine, wavy microprint is laser-etched onto the fabric medium and polychromic color-shifting toner is used to create the text and images on each card, which is then finished with an aliphatic clearcoat which exhibits outstanding wear and abrasion characteristics.

Each PCC, or Personal Credentials Card includes a number of high technology anti-counterfeiting measures that make the cards extremely challenging to replicate. A 6D Hologram of the Marquesan flag is displayed on the front of the card, along with watermarks visible under ultraviolet light are displayed on both sides of the card. A Near Field Communications (NFC) one-way antenna programmed with an asymmetrical 512-bit encryption is used to store financial information. The PCC's serial number is 26 characters in length, containing letters, numbers and ASCII symbols. The NFC antenna can only be enabled by a special passive sensor on the face of the card that responds to the thumbprint of the person it is registered to, powered by transferred heat and pressure from the thumb being pressed against it. A thin, flexible red or green OLED is built into the top edge of the card, which lights when the thumbprint sensor is activated and is also powered by the transfer of heat and pressure from the user's thumb. A 13.56 MHz Contactless Smart Card chip embedded in the card provides secure sign-on capabilities, with this chip carrying security clearance information which only responds to specially-coded frequency sensors. The Smart Card chip also stores a high-quality .jpg image of the user's right iris and a full image of the owner's face which, when scanned, allows a secondary and tertiary method of biometric verification for high-security areas or access to classified information. Each card also contains a 1,264-character 177x177 pixel encrypted QR code containing the owner's vital information. The QR Code, NFC Tag and Smart Card chip are all encrypted with a B-SPEKE Cryptographic Key Exchange protocol attached to the user's 12-character minimum ASCII password, which must be changed yearly. Secondary verification of the user's password is acomplished with SHA2-512 Cryptographic Hash, used for two-way verification, both of the card's identity and the security of the reader.

This two-way standard means that only the authorized user with a thumbprint verified and activated NFC tag and the proper passcode can access the information stored on the card, and only an authorized NFC scanner with the proper encrypted code matching the password can read the tag. This passcode is used when making a financial transaction using the card and is thought to be an excellent guard against brute force hacking. Each PCC owner has the option of using this secure card to link to up to 20 bank accounts and credit accounts including his or her Government Health Savings Account, Citizen's Dividend Account or Military Pension Account. Marquesan PCC's are considered extremely difficult to tamper with as the biometric security sensor responds only to the correct thumbprint. The double-encrypted password requirement in addition to biometric identification provides a failsafe and the combination of all security measures associated with the physical card and its digital encryption makes the MPCC extremely difficult, if not impossible, to accurately replicate. While the PCC contains a great deal of sensitive information and represents an item which needs to be secured at all times, the multifunction credentials card does not contain any two-way antennae and cannot be passively tracked.

Adoption of the Marquesan Personal Credentials Card has been widespread throughout the country. As the card is contactless and does not carry a magnetic stripe, security of the card is much higher than a traditional magnetic card, and the card is much less susceptible to fraud or accidental demagnetization. All foreign governments in Sondria recognize the MPCC as a passport and the Royal Forces at Arms were an early adopter of the card as a primary identification document for its members. The most unique feature of the PCC is that it requires two way verification to be read, with special encryption required of the reader to unlock the stored information, dramatically reducing identity theft. MPCC's are expensive to produce, but have a life cycle of roughly 20 years before they generally need to be replaced. The PCC is mandatory for all Marquesan Citizens or Residents of school age and older, as the card is used to identify students as they enter and exit their schools. If one is lost or stolen, the card's QR code, NFC sensor and smart card chip can be blacklisted on all databases by verifying one's identity at a Gendarmerie post or abroad at a Marquesan Consulate or Embassy with two of three biometric methods. The card may then be replaced at owner expense, (roughly 500 Aureus) though the first card and its regular replacements are paid for by the government. MPCC information such as account numbers, contact or personal information can be changed by the user at any Gendarmerie post or Marquesan Consulate or Embassy after verifying the holder's identity. The government recommends, but does not mandate an electronically-shielded wallet containing a metal mesh to protect the card from unauthorized scanning and also from the effects of electromagnetic pulse. This recommendation, while not mandated, is widely followed by an estimated 97% of the population.

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National Currency:
The Marquesan currency is called the Aureus, (Symbol: Ⓐ) and is used by all three signatory nations to the 2013 Triad Pact; The Marquesan Shōgunate, the Elder Republic of Erjunhuf and the Imperial Federation of Crontor. The Aureus is a fiat currency, tied to the monthly Consumer Price Index report issued by the Marquesan Diet. The value of the Aureus is targeted for zero inflation and is, in practice, a largely digitally-traded currency with over 80% of all transactions occuring electronically. The Aureus is issued in twelve denominations; 20mm discs are issued in .10, .25, and .50 denominations, 40mm discs are issued in 1.00, 5.00, 10.00, and 20.00 denominations, while 80mm discs are issued in 50.00, 100.00, 500.00, 1,000.00 and 5,000.00 denominations.

The physical currency is issued on thin (0.75mm thick) 20mm, 40mm and 80mm flexible discs woven from ultrafine IM600 (5 micrometer) carbon fiber filament. Each disc is comprised of 150 layers of the ultrafine woven fabric, laid bias-ply to the one before it, making the flexible discs extremely strong. Due to the asymmetrical, 6K, 5HS Satin weave, the pattern appears differently on either face of each note, the high fabric-density of the weave making each note very durable, while an all-robotic, all-laser process makes each note internally consistent to 99.9999%, with each cut and finished disc consistent to within 5 microns of any other. The ultra-high thread count, satin weave and ultrafine filament structure contribute to the flexibility and softness of the notes which can be folded like paper but retain their structure and display incredible resilience to tearing. The high-heat laser finishing process melts the edges of each note, sealing the cloth structure and preventing the layered cloth from separating.

Every Aureus note includes a number of anti-counterfeiting measures that make the currency extremely challenging to replicate. Watermarks visible under ultraviolet light are displayed throughout each note, along with a specially-sequenced RFID signature recording each note's serial number embedded in the carbon fiber fabric. Extremely fine, wavy microprint is laser-etched onto the fabric medium and polychromic color-shifting toner is used to create the text and images on each Aureus note while a QR code is printed on the rear face of each disc, linking smartphone and tablet users to an interactive website with education available on the national government, economy, history and culture. Special colored blue and red microthreads are embedded throughout the notes along radial sequences, visible along the edge of each note, the fabric of which is satin-woven from raw carbon fiber fabric on special machines the design of which has never been released to the public and which are kept under strict secrecy. The Royal Marquesan Mint produces Aureus notes in several secret locations, however mints in the Imperial Federation of Crontor and the Elder Republic of Erjunhuf also produce Aureus notes.



Public Education:
The Marquesan Government regulates and partially administers an education system that receives its funding from both public and private sources. The Royal Policy Institute for Education is headed by a coalition of government officials and Education Guild officials who regulate the entire educational industry within the nation as a whole. While all schools in the country are privately held, they receive a mixture of funding from various sources and budgets in accordance to each school's charter. The Education system is decentralized, with oversight from the industrial guilds and the central government providing oversight, guidance and standardization in terms of pay, curriculum and organization, but leaving individual schools to decide on how to apply these guidelines efficiently and in such a way as to foster innovation and individual growth. A tiered system of progressively more and more advanced testing incorporates a holistic approach to education, emphasizing a "Whole Person" mentality that strengthens students across a broad band of academic and physical disciplines focused to deeper conceptual understanding and problem based non-cognitive learning. The Marquesan system does not rely on "Grades" or "Years" that move in lock-step, but rather in application of constructivist open education and flexible learning of core curriculum categories which are divided into levels of mastery. Classrooms are mixed-age and are divided by the concepts being learned in those classes, rather than by the age or status of the Students. A given Student may be applying basic Sciences and advanced Mathematics while attending introductory Linguistics courses and advanced Critical Thinking courses on the same school day. Part of the minimum Secondary School graduation requirement is a Class A-1 Writing/Reading/Speaking fluency in no less than three languages and students often receive extensive education in the Classics and in higher-order thinking skills like problem-solving, critical thinking, analysis, teamwork, creativity and interdisciplinary studies.

According to Marquesan Law, attendance in school is compulsory through the Secondary School level and, while Tertiary education is voluntary, the cost of attending school can be fully subsidized if conditions for receiving Subsistence Wages are met. Regulation of the costs that can be passed on to the Student or the Student's family mean that no Educational Institution may require more than Ten Thousand Aureus for any Student for any given School Year from Early Childhood Education through the furthest extent of Tertiary education. In addition to this funding, Institutes instructing through Elementary and Secondary education receive funding through the national Educational Administration budget. Tertiary Education Institutes receive funding through the national Research & Development budget in addition to public and private Educational Administration funding. On a broad average, a Marquesan student receives 35,000 Aureus per year in overall funding for his or her schooling from the year the Student enters the Educational system to the year they complete schooling, an average of roughly 700,000 Aureus over the 20 years of the Student's Educational lifetime. Crosstraining in multiple disciplines can allow the Student to tap into Developmental Scholarships from multiple Industry Guilds.

Throughout every level of the educational process, charter schools exist as Partner Institutes to the standard infrastructure. These Partner Institutes receive additional funding through a per-student Scholarship/Subsidy from the national Healthcare budget with additional resources and staff on hand. The Partner Institute system is designed to accommodate for students with special educational needs, developmental or physical disabilities. Partner Institutes are often utilized for hands-on training of students in a number of fields from biomechanical engineering, medicine and so on. Partner Institute students compete frequently in collaborative events designed to harness each student's ability while serving to dispell stigmatic stereotypes. With access to full time care and very frequently with dormitory living under the assistance of specially trained Fellows, the Partner Institute system uplifts Special Educational Needs students throughout their educational lives and equips them with the tools they need to compete and succeed in the global marketplace.

Research and Polytechnic Schools are the standard in the Shōgunate rather than the exception to the rule; the vast majority of Research & Development Institutes throughout the country are affiliated with Universities to the near exclusion of any non-affiliated such centers. Encouragement toward the development of Specialty Charter Schools at all levels has created a vibrant and unique educational system whereby consistent and individualized regular testing that focuses on application of lessons into usable, real-world skills and comprehension rather than test scores drives students to become well-rounded and thoroughly educated. Universities flourish due to the concerted effort both by the government and the people of the country into funding higher education and research. Due to the high standard of living and the strength of the Marquesan economy, the Marquesan people cannot be competitive with their neighbors in terms of raw labor due to the high standard of pay and living in the country, so the focus of the country's economy and educational system has been on performing high technology research and performance of work that could not be accomplished efficiently in other places. The Marquesan industrial and educational machine produces highly-trained skilled workers and products that simply could not be made elsewhere. Part of this specialization can certainly be credited to the massive effort in funding the Marquesan educational system. Educators of all types enjoy widespread economic and cultural benefits including an average pay as a market sector that is nearly double the National Average with incredibly strict employment standards. Teachers of every type are culturally revered; they enjoy a tax burden reduced to 22.5% as a special, excluded class and have a very low turnover rate; less than 0.5% annually.

At the conclusion of Secondary School, ten years of regular testing provides a long-term picture of the personal development of each student and allows the Student to apply to specialized schools that play to the Student's strength and where the talents, preferences and abilities of each student can be truly allowed to develop to their fullest. Every level of the Marquesan educational system culminates with testing and certification that is applicable in the real world. Scientific Literacy, Numeracy and Linguistic Literacy are focal points along the entire educational life of the Student, while thoughtful and innovative application of technology has given rise to the integration of Virtual Learning Environments for application of classroom lessons in a representation of the physical world. Homework is de-emphasized in the Marquesan system; rather deep comprehension of the concepts and application to real world problems is the focus of learning with regard to the varying learning styles of students. Educational certificates in Linguistics, Martial Arts, Academic Levels and specific Career-driven fields are attainable throughout the educational process. In determining what school to send a Student to, the Student's family has the ultimate decision-making authority, with no geographical or socioeconomic system in place to determine which school a child should attend. Rather, individualized testing throughout the Student's educational life identifies strengths and weaknesses, providing recommendations as to which schools to attend, which portions of the curriculum require more or less focus and what special accommodations can and must be made to round out each Student's knowledge profile. Each school receives funding on a Per-Student basis, which is simply deposited into an account with total discretion for its usage in the hands of the School's Board of Directors. While this hands-off approach gives "front line" leaders the latitude to accomplish their goals as they see fit, oversight both from the Government and from the Guilds ensures that this money is spent wisely and appropriately and to ensure that standards are maintained.

The Marquesan school year is carried out all year and school is in session five days per week for half the year and three days per week for half the year. The relaxed school system allows Students to take classes in multiple schools, while the Open Learning doctrine also does much to encourage electronic or distance learning. As a cultural norm, Marquesan school buildings are generally simple and without frills. Class sizes throughout the Student's educational life are rarely above fifteen or twenty students per Instructor. There are generally no cafeterias; Marquesan students take the meals from the kitchens and serve them to their classmates in their classrooms. Marquesan students are expected to clean their classrooms, hallways and washrooms. In Marquesan classrooms, students who are ahead are expected to help those who are behind. One might expect that this would hold the best students back, but the research shows that those who teach learn at least as much as those who are taught in this peer tutoring scheme. Because, in this meritocratic culture, all Marquesan schools are funded equitably, have the same curriculums and face the same expectations, their accomplishments are remarkably similar. Marquesan families view a student's success as a success for the whole family, while the failure of a student to do well causes the entire extended family to suffer. This cultural position has meant that learning disabilities are aggressively pursued in order to prevent children from falling behind or struggling with subjects that might prevent them from progressing in other countries. The aggressively meritocratic approach toward academic excellence that permeates the Marquesan educational system sees parents spending vast sums of money to ensure that their children receive extracurricular training and tutoring in a wide variety of disciplines, providing reinforcement for twice-exceptional and learning-disabled students in addition to ensuring that most Marquesan students receive deeply insightful, enriched educations.



Public Healthcare:
The Marquesan government regulates the healthcare industry through the Royal Policy Institute on Healthcare and the Healthcare & Human Services Guild. The Healthcare Budget, 3% of the National Budget is bolstered by the unused portion of the 8% allocation for Subsistence Wages. This equates to roughly 3,800 Aureus Per Capita spending for every man, woman and child residing in the country. Roughly a quarter of this per capita allocation is used in regulation and enforcement of standards, with the Healthcare & Human Services Guild functioning as a central Negotiation power to ensure quality control and low prices due to large contracts to produce equipment needed by the Healthcare Industry. The remaining roughly 3,000 Aureus is deposited into a Health Savings Account for every Citizen and Resident of the country. This account is interest-bearing and cumulative year over year, set up for use to cover medical costs. This amount is above the national average healthcare expenditure and equates to a universal insurance coverage for the entire population. Individuals and employers frequently contribute to this national HSA, bolstering the total amount of allotted money for all types of care including but not limited to routine checkups, perscriptions, psychiatric, dental, hearing or vision care, surgeries both medically necessary and cosmetic, tests and procedures, doctor, hospital, laboratory and nursing fees, chiropractors, massage therapists and alternative medicine and all other types of medical care, testing and equipment.

Utilizing the HHS Guild and the NPI-H to regulate the industry but not micromanage it has resulted in a wealth of providers of all types and a booming healthcare industry which, by virtue of natural competition, has remained a productive and viable asset to the Marquesan people. Price-Cap Regulation maintains affordability for the end user, indexed to inflation and to the Consumer Price Index report, while central negotiation ensures that providers remain profitable and Guild self-policing enforcement ensures fairness among the various providers. The Marquesan healthcare industry centers around Primary Care doctors for lifetime care with emergency response services provided by the Marquesan Gendarmerie. Secondary and Tertiary care is provided by military and civilian hospital, clinic and urgent care facilities throughout the country. The Marquesan government retains a Lassiez-Faire stance, ensuring safety and commonly acceptable standards, but not interfering with the industry in terms of restricting research, procedures or available medications. Abortion in specific, while culturally frowned-upon, is legal throughout the Shogunate and stem-cell research continues to be an active component of ongoing medical technology development. Research & Polytechnic schools throughout the country work constantly to further the fight against chronic illnesses and infectious diseases while providing a wealth of innovative new ideas and products designed to ease the lives of people everywhere and prolong quality of life.

The Marquesan Healthcare System is ranked among the most cost-effective and high-quality providers of medical care in the region and its 21.0 Trillion Aureus of government funding, while only 11% of the National Budget, is consistently shown to equate to roughly 110% of the annual expenditure on healthcare per person, leaving any private or employer-paid contributions in excess of that. With few restrictions on what care may be provided and highly effective enforcement of how said care is provided, the healthcare industry is a source of pride on the national level, with a whole-person wellness approach culturally pervasive among providers.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Jul 18, 2014 1:42 pm, edited 71 times in total.
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National Infrastructure, Pt. II.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:52 pm

Communications:
Communications in the Marquesan Shogunate are carried along an advanced, modern network paid for partially by public funds and largely by private investment and collaboration from a number of companies operating within the Shogunate. The Government regulates communication through the Royal Policy Institute for Domestic Affairs Communications Division and the Communications & Journalism Guild. This network of towers, nodes and cables is overseen by the C&J Guild, but operated by companies offering services carried on the network. What public funds are contributed to the network are paid from the National Infrastructure budget and the Research & Development budget.

The Marquesan government employs a tandem communications network across the entire country, based on an ultra fast underground fiber optic cable network with an average throughput of 125 Megabytes Per Second. This signal is carried on armored, EM-shielded cable buried below ground across 80% of the network and carried above ground on earthquake-proof, wind-proof, tsunami resistant towers for the remaining 20% of the network. The network employs an array of hundreds of thousands of distribution nodes with one node for every roughly ten square miles. These nodes also serve as bases for the country's national "Super Wi-Fi" network, transmitting Voice over IP and data connections across the country with 99.98% coverage of the entire land area of the Shogunate. The "Super Wi-Fi" system, formally named the Marquesan National Data Infrastructure, or "Mindi" for short has an average throughput of 10.5 Megabytes Per Second download speed and 5.5 Megabytes Per Second upload speed. These towers use 60KW amplifiers to transmit overlapping coverage across the country to which all cellular phones, computers and wireless devices may freely connect without contracts or fees. This combined network allows users to connect to the hard fiber network for faster internet or television connections with higher clarity, but gives Marquesans the flexibility to connect and make voice calls or connect to the internet anywhere in the country. With no terrain or atmospheric obstructions, each tower is designed to be able to transmit unaided over 100 kilometers in line-of-sight, though throughput will suffer at such distances. This Wireless Regional Area Network (WRAN) is said to be usable as far as 20 kilometers out to sea from any populated Marquesan territory, with voice calls made as far out as 40 kilometers and simple text messages sent and received as far as 60 kilometers. In many areas, wireless repeaters and secondary amplifiers are used to boost signal into deeply congested areas or urban environments where buildings may present a significant obstruction to the wireless signal.

The MNDI network is highly secure, carrying 2,048-Bit SSL Encryption certificates and passworded with a 26-character ASCII password, double encrypted with B-SPEKE Cryptographic Key Exchange and two-way verified with SHA-2 512 Cryptographic Hash, ensuring a secure connection on both sides. The password is unique to each user and matched to their Personal Credentials Card, which when verified to a new computer or wireless device, will allow each user to access their personal cloud storage and home network from wherever they are. VoIP is carried on the G.722 Codec, which transmits voice full duplex on two dedicated channels simultaneously at 64 kbit/s, allowing for a 50-7,000 Hz. bandwidth and crystal-clear audio quality. Data is transmitted on the 802.11ad Standard in the 8MHz range over the wireless network and utilizing unused "white space" bandwidth for backhaul of information, allowing for excellent data connection with an average of under 8ms latency for both voice and data. The MNDI network is considered to be the safest wireless data transmission system in Sondria while routinely winning awards for speed and reliability. In emergencies, extremely remote areas, rugged terrain or highly congested urban environments, MNDI can be backhauled over a satellite connection, though inclement weather can cause latency issues, so this failsafe system is rarely used. For high-security voice connections, VoIP calls can be made over the hard fiber network for a hard, essentially unhackable connection.



Power Generation:
The Marquesan Shogunate consumes roughly 350,000 Terawatt Hours of electricity per year, an average of roughly 7,200 Watts per person. This astounding figure represents a tremendous amount of energy which fuels one of the greatest industrial giants in Sondria. Production of this energy is accomplished from a variety of sources; 76% of all electrical production is attained through clean nuclear energy, with the remaining 24% coming from a mixture of hydroelectric, geothermal and other renewable energy sources such as solar, wind or marine energy. The Marquesan government regulates the electric industry via the Power, Refinery & Utilities Guild and the Royal Policy Institute on Domestic Affairs, Department of Energy. Funding for energy production is provided through the national Infrastructure budget and can also receive public funding from Research & Development grants and Environmental Subsidies. The primary reactor type used throughout the Shogunate is the Netane Kinetics E2SC, a Pressurized Water Reactor operating with Supercritical Coolant. The E2SC is a 3,800 Megawatt-Rated Nuclear Reactor, based on a naval reactor design by the same firm. E2SC is considered extremely safe and is both efficient and powerful. Each plant contains an average of sixteen E2SC Reactors and thirty two 1,200 Megawatt Steam Turbines, with a maintenance cycle of five years per turbine and an expected plant operation life of 60 to 80 years. Netane Kinetics, LTD. has a firm commitment to their reactors and produces parts, replacement components and modifications continually to service the 570-some plants throughout the country. The Netane Kinetics E2SC Reactor is described in detail below.

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A view of the Tahuata Gorge Hydroelectric Dam, in Remire Prefecture, Marquesas.

Netane Kinetics E2SC Nuclear Reactors:
The Netane Kinetics E2SC is a light water reactor in service for domestic production of electrical power in service throughout the Marquesan Shogunate. It is a high power design (3.2 GWe) using supercritical water as both primary coolant and neutron moderator. The entire reactor assembly was designed and built by Netane Kinetics, Ltd. in the Marquesan Shogunate and is an advanced, fourth generation design. The reactor core itself consists of a graphite cylinder with a radius of eight meters and a height of twenty meters which includes two meter axial reflectors at the top and bottom. The core has six concentric fuel rings, each consisting of 72 hexagonal blocks with an interstitial gap of 0.2 cm. Each block contains 216 coolant channels and 432 fuel pins. The light water coolant is operated at supercritical pressure, meaning that there is no discernable difference between steam and liquid water above the critical point. The reactor core coolant is maintained at 313.7 bar with an outlet temperature of 530° C. Fine control of the water under extreme pressure and temperature is made possible by magnetohydrodynamic inline water pumps, which noiselessly and reliably circulate the radioactive primary coolant water by passing a polarized electric current through the coolant, passing it through the core and into a water/water heat exchanger. All reactor components, pumps, piping and ancillary equipment in contact with either primary or secondary coolant is machined from Inconel 718, a special steel alloy designed for extreme corrosion resistance, high temperatures and high temperature. Inconel 718 is designed for long-term service at temperatures as high as 650° C and pressures up to 4,800 bar. Super-accurate 5-axis robotic CNC machines are used for machining all reactor components, bringing precisely-fitted tolerances below 0.01 mm across the entire assembly. Because the reactor operates at more than double the normal operating pressure of a traditional LWR, thermal efficiency is higher and there is no possibility of chaotic voids forming in the core. Passive control of supercritical coolant is provided by dynamically-modeled vanes, flow disruptors, venturis and three-dimensionally flowformed coolant channels throughout the core and its upper and lower coolant passages. These passive systems work to mitigate the possibility of chaotic voids or pressure drops of any kind in the reactor coolant, balancing flow and providing for consistent, smooth coolant passage through the high-flow core. E2SC Reactors and their primary coolant loops and heat exchangers are sealed in their own individual containment vessels, made from 1,000mm thick Ashigaru Steel-Reinforced Concrete, lined with thermionic emission couplers to convert waste heat into electricity. This waste heat conversion generally produces enough power alone to keep coolant circulation pumps idling indefinitely even in the event of a reactor fault shutdown and is generally used to maintain basic system charge during turbine maintenance without switching any part of the reactor's systems to a power source external to the facility.

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Netane E2SC reactors burn highly enriched (above 96%) uranium fuel-cored QUADRISO particles. QUADRISO is a modification of the TRISO particle, or Tristructural-Isotropic fuel particle. In the QUADRISO particle, there are five layers of material, with the fuel kernel composed of enriched uranium in the center, coated with four layers of three isotropic materials and an inner layer of a burnable neutron poison. The four layers are a porous buffer layer made of carbon, followed by a dense inner layer of pyrolytic carbon, followed by a ceramic layer of SiC to retain fission products at elevated temperatures and to give the particle more structural integrity, followed by a dense outer layer of PyC. The inner layer directly adjacent to the fuel kernel is europium oxide which helps the fuel manage the excess of reactivity. At the beginning of life, neutrons do not reach the fuel of the QUADRISO particle because they are stopped by the burnable poison. After irradiation, the poison depletes and neutrons stream into the fuel kernel, inducing fission reactions. This mechanism compensates fuel depletion of ordinary TRISO fuel. In the prismatic core of the E2SC reactor, the fuel particles are fabricated into compacts and placed in a graphite block matrix fuel rod, which allows the reactor to run at very high temperature with enhanced safety. E2SC reactors have a refueling cycle of 30 years.

Turbine Section:
Secondary coolant for the Netane Kinetics E2SC (Electrical, 2nd Generation, Supercritical Coolant) is ordinary water which is heated in an exchanger with primary reactor coolant and passed into a supercritical boiler assisted by electric heating elements. The supercritical secondary coolant then drives high efficiency, pressure-velocity compounded steam turbines. Each reactor core operates a pair of turbines, each spinning a synchronous turbogenerator. Alternating blades and nozzles across the condensing double-reheat turbine maximize efficiency, passing steam from high pressure stages back to the supercritical boiler and reheating the steam to pass through an intermediate pressure stage twice before finally exhausting the steam back to a condenser from which it will re-enter the secondary cooling loop. The turbines are manufactured with cryogenically-machined monocrystalline titanium blisks and nozzles with extremely smooth high-speed bearings. Large diameter, matched-set ceramic ball bearings maximize performance with respect to wobble, moment stiffness and rotating friction. The ceramic ball bearings are held to ABEC-9 standards, and are much harder than steel balls (over 100% harder). This, combined with their excellent surface finish is the reason they dramatically out-wear steel types. In identical running conditions, the balls in ceramic bearings exhibit less than 10% of the wear of steel balls and have a considerably finer surface finish. The large diameter bearing permits large payload capacity without compromising performance. The bearings use a thin film of air for lubrication and a practically frictionless load bearing interface between surfaces. The oil-free carbon air bearings also simplify the design and allow the turbine to run completely dry. A solid carbon fiber shaft transmits rotation from the turbine shaft to a synchronous turbogenerator. While only pure H2O water is used for primary or secondary coolant in the E2SC reactor system, some deposits can occur on turbine blades and so turbines must be taken apart for cleaning on an alternating five year service interval.

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The output shafts of each steam turbine are connected to generators through a contactless, lubricant-free magnetic transmission and magnetic gears using permanent magnets to transmit torque between the input shaft coming from the turbine's output reduction gear to the generator without contact. This system has excellent power efficiency, higher than conventional gears, there is zero torque ripple, no wear and lubrication is not required. The magnetic gears inherently protect against overloads by harmlessly slipping if overload torque is applied and automatically re-engaging safely when fault torque is removed. Drivetrain pulsations and shaft vibrations are non-existent while allowing for misalignments and providing very low noise and steady power. Electricity is provided by an extremely efficient high speed generator producing 1,200 megawatts of electric power to charge the power distribution buffer. The generator is fully air-cooled with an unorthodox multiple disc topology. The key to the compact size and high power of the generator is speed, coupled to the output of the vessel's turboshaft which is optimized for 60,000 rotations per minute, using high strength neodymium boron iron magnets.

Power Reserve & Power Grid:
The outputs of the turbogenerators from the reactors feed a common energy storage bank which is housed in a separate, underground reinforced battery bank facility. This Energy Buffer system is made up of advanced Lithium Ion batteries using three dimensional nanoporous electrodes for extremely high power density and lithium air batteries for high energy density to respond to load transients. This system which integrates sag-fighting power conditioning attenuates line noise at -150db, resulting in quiet, clean, on-demand power transmission to the national energy grid. Lithium Air Batteries react oxygen with lithium to produce lithium peroxide on a carbon matrix and electrical energy; when the battery is recharged, the process is reversed and oxygen is released, making this unique, air-breathing battery a safe high-power alternative to conventional batteries with an energy density 15x that of traditional self-contained Lithium Ion batteries.

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The Three-Dimensional Nanoporous Lithium Ion battery has a power density 2000x that of a traditional Lithium Ion battery, meaning that the combination of the two energy storage methods provides 2,400 Gigawatt-Hours of power buffer, even if all reactors are in shutdown. This power is carried on heavily shielded and armored power cabled distributed throughout the reactor facility and finally out to the grid, which carries power on Electromagnetic Pulse-shielded cables and distribution network buildings with built in faraday cages and grounding mechanisms. The cables throughout the Energy Grid use an advanced architecture with aluminum-zirconium composite conductors wrapped helically around a zirconium ceramic composite core. This design incorporates 28% more aluminum in the power cabling and provides twice the amperage load capacity of conventional cable while being able to withstand 210° C continuous temperature and up to 240° C for emergency transients. The advanced cable design means that the power grid responds faster to transients while having less overall loss throughout the system. The quiet, clean power presented by the power grid provides electricity throughout the Shogunate for use both in industry and for domestic use.

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Water & Waste Treatment:
The Marquesan Government operates 570 Nuclear power plants throughout the country. These sprawling complexes output enormous amounts of energy, but each one also creates enormous amounts of heat which, in most nuclear plants, is wasted in enormous outdoor cooling loops but in the Shogunate, is used to assist in the operation of water treatment and solid waste disposal facilities, located on the land reservation of each Nuclear Energy Plant. With consideration to the country's massive population and high demand for both energy and fresh, clean drinking water, a solution to both problems was found. Each of the 570 Nuclear Energy plants also hosts a water treatment facility and solid waste processing facility. These facilities, which in total create almost six thousand cubic kilometers of potable water per year are the result of an innovative design process that has been successfully replicated throughout the Shogunate. Regulation and funding of these energy parks falls under the national Infrastructure budget and the Power, Refinery & Utilities Guild, along with the Royal Policy Institute on Domestic Affairs.

Beginning with the influent stream, the source head of each plant takes in water from a variety of sources, where it undergoes pretreatment and blending. Seawater, reactor coolant water, wastewater from domestic, agricultural and industrial sources, water pumped from underground sources and collected rainfall enters the pretreatment facility where any large solids, debris, rags and grit are removed from the influent water. The influent then travels to a series of clarifiers where the water is slowed down, providing an opportunity for suspended solids, oil and grease to either drop out of the blended influent or to float to the surface, where these impurities can be skimmed away. Following the water past the primary clarifier stages, water now passes through a Membrane Bioreactor, or MBR where it undergoes microfiltration and ultrafiltration. The middle treatment stage is through anaerobic active basins where the treated water is processed and then fully disinfected with ozone, ultraviolet irradiation and a final electromagnetic pulsed power system. The now clear water enters the final treatment stage where it is allowed to rest in a final clarifier before undergoing reverse osmosis and thermoionic desalinization. Final chemical processing of the water to bring the PH balance, color and clarity within balance is done before the clear, fully disinfected fresh water leaves the plant for general use or is used in the on-site nuclear reactors as coolant.

Throughout this process, the byproducts of the water processing, including debris, ocean salt and metals, oceanic organisms, domestic, industrial and agricultural waste, scrap metal, plastics, biomedical and hazardous waste, rags, hair and grit are pre-sorted and then fed into a Plasma Gasification Arc Reactor. Once inside the reactor, an inert gas is heated by passing it through a powerful electric arc. This gas is ionized under tremendous pressure and the superheated plasma (between 5,000 and 14,000°C) is used to form a "torch" which incinerates all combustible waste and liquefies non-combustible waste into molten slag. In interacting with the plasma, molecular bonds in the waste products are broken down and molecular disassociation occurs, transferring nearly all solid waste into a gaseous phase. The carbon monoxide gas that results from pyrolysis of waste solids (in excess of 99% conversion) is then burned in on-site turbine engines which power the plasma arc torch and provides a safe, constant auxiliary power supply for the rest of the plant. The non-combustible and chemically inert slag byproduct is completely safe to handle and undergoes a secondary smelting process to remove and refine metals which are sold on the open market. Once relieved of its metal content, the inert slag is sold for construction materials, most often for road construction. With the PGAR, there is no atmospheric offgassing and no production of smoke or soot. Any exhaust from the facility is treated with air scrubbers to ensure a near-zero ecological impact, while cleanly destroying enormous amounts of solid waste as an alternative to the presence of landfills anywhere in the country.

The 570 such Energy Parks in place throughout the Marquesan Shogunate are situated in such a way that they are minimal safe distances from major population centers. On average, each sprawling plant consumes several hundred acres of land, however their collective benefit in terms of energy production, creation of clean, potable drinking water and disposal of liquid and solid wastes while simultaneously refining metals, a theoretically unlimited supply of salt and production of safe, inert slag for construction, all while remaining an ecologically responsible and viable clean energy production method is invaluable to the country. Each cogenerative energy park produces 27.3 Million Cubic Meters of clean, potable drinking water and 1.3 Terawatt Hours of stable nuclear power per day. While these plants represented a massive initial investment, the model has been proven viable as the country has grown in population and expanded its borders. The energy surplus and ecology-friendly disposal of waste is a net benefit in a country where land is at a premium and landfills would be an unsightly specter among the mountains, forests and coastlines of the country.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Jul 18, 2014 1:44 pm, edited 22 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Ex-Nation

National Infrastructure, Pt. III.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:53 pm

Domestic Defense:
Defense of the Marquesan Shogunate, its territories, possessions and foreign interests falls to the Royal Forces at Arms and its subsidiary Royal Marquesan Reserve, including the uniformed Royal Partisan Auxiliary and the Civil Defense Initiative, classified as a militia. In practice, the active-duty components of the RFA; TSELI, Royal Expeditionary Command and Royal Marquesan Army are forward-deployed forces that spend very little time on station in the country itself. Several large installations do exist throughout the country, with a notable RMA and REC presence on the Island of Pandora and another major installation at Eho, in Ataa Prefecture, guarding the entrance to the Sea of Arrack. Generally speaking, RMA units spend the majority of their time overseas training in collaborative efforts with allied nations, while REC Fleets are highly mobile, only returning to home ports for short durations. Patrol points throughout Sondria's oceans are maintained by the majority of the country's naval strength, keeping a strong, forward-leaning presence to match the ambient level of regional military tension. TSELI is largely involved with the Royal Policy Institute on Affairs of State, serving a dual role of keeping special-operations forces close to where they will be needed which reduces response time, but also in guarding Marquesan interests abroad. In foreign countries, it is far more common to see TSELI operatives guarding an embassy than it is to see regular Army or Gendarmerie forces, however this diplomatic role does not lessen the training, equipment or striking power of The Shogun's Elite Light Infantry.

At home, the task of mainland defense falls to a collaborative effort between the Marquesan Gendarmerie, Royal Partisan Auxiliary and Civil Defense Initiative. The country is dotted with hundreds of Royal Marquesan Reserve outposts and larger fortresses; generally speaking every major population center will have a fortress somewhere near or within its municipal area, while nearly every small town has an outpost capable of housing a Guard of 40,000 operators. Nuclear Energy Plants and their associated energy parks always host, at minimum, a Lance sized element of Royal Partisan Auxiliary with a focus on aerial defense. A network of EMP-hardened anti-aircraft defenses spans the entire country, along with a system of underground, bomb-hardened motorpools for armor assets owned by the RMR. The Gendarmerie's role in defense of the homeland along with the role of the Civil Defense Initiative is largely tied to keeping order and distributing men, equipment and supplies in the event of a national crisis. CDI's most frequent role is in orchestrating and executing civilian training drills for various national crises, such as fire, flood, earthquake, weather events, tsunami, invasion, or Chemical/Biological/Radiological/Nuclear attack. An extensive Electromagnetic Pulse Hardening initiative has been undertaken by CDI, volunteering time and labor in modernizing and hardening civilian infrastructure to attack by EMP for the past ten years.



Emergency Response:
The Marquesan Gendarmerie is the branch of the national government responsible for the maintenance of order and defense of ten domestic prefectures, the island of Pandora and the capital district, Nuku Hiva. It serves the role of maintaining law and order and responding to emergencies, providing for emergency fire, medical and human services. The Gendarmerie is a primary branch of the Royal Forces at Arms and all members of the Gendarmerie are enlisted from among the RFA's ranks. There are eleven Corps in the Gendarmerie, giving a strength of 14,080,000 Gendarmes. The Gendarmerie is primarily an organization of peace officers; regular beats in smaller cities are often carried traditionally out on foot while larger cities rely on the Gendarmes for emergency response by vehicle. Because the Gendarmerie is a standardized branch of the RFA, it is military-equipped, military-trained and operated as such. The Marquesan Gendarmerie uses larger, light-armored vehicles than is typical of police forces, however part of the MG's role is defense of borders, islands and coastlines, so the Gendarmerie maintains usage of the Sobek-Class Corvette, Sarissa bomber and the Hoplite Interceptor. The Marquesan Gendarmerie works closely with TSELI to perform high-risk missions, and is considered amongst the most elite police forces in the world.

The Marquesan Gendarmerie utilizes several aircraft, vehicles and vessels specially designed for the roles these units must perform. While Gendarmerie ground vehicles, by and large are not armed and are optimized for civilian usage, all RFA vehicles provide at least minimum levels of protection from small arms fire and mine blasts. While these vehicles are heavier than standard police "cruisers" used in other countries, Gendarmerie vehicles are designed to be competent in rugged or unimproved terrain and can also be remarkably fast. The "Sobek" Class Corvette is a vessel designed for protection of shallow coastal waters and interdiction, though it is not necessarily a main-line combat vessel. Its shallow draught means that Sobeks can negotiate shallow water with aplomb and are well-suited to coastal interdiction. The Gendarmerie relies largely on its fleet of Warden-class ACV's for defense of Marquesan airspace and monitoring of its borders, however it also maintains a fleet of fixed wing interceptors and intercontinental-range strike bombers to perform interdiction and coastal defense roles. The Sarissa bomber, in use with the Gendarmerie is well-suited to long endurance missions and is a highly effective aircraft for patrol of Marquesan skies and huge swaths of open ocean. Other support vehicles and aircraft are utilized by the Gendarmerie in its mission to support, protect and defend Marquesan citizenry, land, water and airspace.

A Gendarmerie Corps is organized under the standardized RFA unit structure, but operates functionally in much smaller precincts, usually by Lances. A Gendarmerie Lance is a unit of 4,000 Gendarmes; each Corps contains 320 Lances. This translates to roughly one Gendarme for every 330 Marquesan citizens. The Gendarmerie is a peace-officer centric organization, with a focus on serving the public needs and maintaining civil order. Where the need for a more law-enforcement centric doctrine arises, the Gendarmerie may also call upon TSELI for assistance in intense situations such as hostage or crisis negotiation, disaster recovery, etc. Domestic engineering is often carried out by the Gendarmerie in coalition with specialist civilian, TSELI or RMA collaboration to build or maintain public works. Emergency fire and medical care is also carried out by the Gendarmerie throughout the Shogunate.



Ground Transportation:
The Marquesan Transport & Warehousing Guild, in cooperation with the Royal Policy Institute on Domestic Affairs regulates and subsidizes a national high speed rail network. Maile Lei Infrastructure Partners was the primary contractor throughout the building process along with several subsidiary contractors, whose task it was to connect every major city within the Shogunate and several points internationally by high speed rail. The project took 25 years to complete but announced its last new service connection to Alobordo, in the Imperial Federation of Crontor in 2012. The rail system is largely funded by civilian domestic and industrial traffic, but the administrative entity, Maile Lei Ltd. also receives government funds from military contracts.

The Maile Lei HSM, or High Speed Maglev Monorail uses Magnetodynamic Suspension and Permanent Magnet Linear Motors for levitation and propulsion, creating a frictionless, high-speed system capable of sustained flight at 550 Km/h. It is based on permanent magnets and steel cores and employs a new principle: the interaction between permanent magnets installed on a vehicle and specially designed steel tracks. Thanks to the electro-mechanical design of the system, a suspended vehicle reacts instantly and automatically to any shift from its assigned position and trajectory using its own internally generated magnetic forces. Maile Lei HSM is based only on rare-earth permanent magnets and laminated steel cores covered by an aluminum layer, and does not require superconducting magnets, or complicated electromagnetic control servos. The HSM's Suspension & Propulsion system is capable of maintaining a levitation force of over 33 times the weight of the levitated magnets. Permissible lateral pressure is up to 6 tons per vehicle with a guaranteed deviation of less than 2mm. It is also capable of developing a propulsion force up to 9 tons with the vehicle weight of 25 tons and its capacity of 100 passengers. Its power system (three-phased current of constant frequency) is simple and reliable.

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The Maile Lei HSM's Permanent Magnet Linear Motor system.

The HSM's track system is an innovative approach allowing several trains to pass through the same section of track at once. Two dedicated tracks on the surface are placed side-by-side, while an elevated track on vibration-isolated supports allows a train to pass on the vertical orientation and on an inverted orientation at the same time, either in the same direction or different directions. These tracks are closed off by sound-damping retaining walls, which prevent wildlife or people from moving onto the track. HSM trains can ascend much higher gradients and make sharper turns than conventionally-propelled trains and consequently, allow for fewer tunnels and much more direct routing than conventional trains. In urban environments, HSM trains are used for urban light rail transportation, though they are speed limited in these circumstances to 60 Km/h. Between cities, HSM trains haul cargo only in the inverted orientation, but can carry passengers or cargo either on the vertical elevated track or on the surface tracks. While individual trains are small in comparison to conventional trains, their speed and design allow for a far greater number of trains to operate on the same track section, with massive gains in efficiency over the macro scale.

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The Maile Lei HSM Track System in operation.



Aerial Transportation:
The Marquesan government has always been an early adopter of emergent and innovative technologies. From the earliest days of powered flight, Marquesans have been fascinated with air travel. In those early days, heavier than air flight was haphazard, unreliable and dangerous, while lighter-than-air travel was quiet, graceful and reliable. Since then, the Marquesan government has maintained a commitment to the viability of lighter than air flight. As aircraft evolved, heavier than air flight became more reliable and the air began to fill with helicopters and aircraft of all types. This congestion, in addition to the tremendous consumption of fuel by aircraft forced the government to act and set forth standards for flight paths and altitudes for both lighter than air and heavier than air traffic. As cars also became more common, congestion on the streets and highways became a major issue as cars and motorcycles competed with heavy trucks for the right of way. A solution to both problems was found in adopting a new generation of lighter-than-air vehicles capable of transporting heavy loads or large numbers of people quickly, efficiently and quietly.

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Today, Marquesan airships are as varied as cars on the road, with hundreds of different models of all types and constructions serving a great many different roles. There are civilian, agricultural, industrial and military airships in the skies of the Shogunate every day and, while this article will address some common types and standards, it is by no means a complete description of every airship model. Most Marquesan airships are of the rigid type, with lightweight metal or composite frames made from carbon fiber, carbon/carbon or graphene. By Marquesan law, all airships must use helium for lift and the largest, most advanced military airships use helium as both ballast and lifting gas, balancing the gas in compression tanks or in gas cell envelopes for a simple leveling tool and to prevent an airship on the ground from lifting accidentally. The largest airships use lightweight gas cooled nuclear reactors for propulsion, though most smaller airships generate power via turboshaft engines and transmit that power to their electrical systems for use in electrically-powered ducted fans to control the motion of the airship. Solar cell backup power is very commonplace aboard Marquesan airships, in an effort to conserve fuel for long journeys. Many cargo airships are used as vehicle ferries or in place of tractor/trailers on highways. While some vulnerability to inclement weather does exist, the airship system is more economical for fuel and individual airships carry far larger loads than a roadgoing vehicle could. It is estimated that 80% of all cargo shipped throughout the Shogunate is carried for some portion of its journey by airship and transportation is a thriving, multi-trillion dollar industry largely because of it. Every city within the country contains an airship dock yard with cradles and mooring posts; well-established lanes of travel see hundreds of airships a day over a given spot on the ground and, while some air travel especially from outside the Shogunate is carried on fixed-wing, heavier than air vehicles, most Marquesans have statistically preferred to travel by airship between cities at home, with fares from city to city averaging 50 Aureus in cost and the spacious, comfortable accommodations aboard an airship seen culturally as a more graceful means of travel.

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Spaceflight & Exploration:
Project Overview.
The Marquesan government has a firm commitment to affordable, practical space travel. To accomplish this, a method of propelling a vehicle into planetary orbit without the enormous complexity and expense of chemical rocket launch had to be devised, along with a way to retrieve spacecraft safely from orbit while permitting a high level of reusability. A unique solution was found in utilizing evacuated vacuum tube in a long, underground tunnel to house a magnetic levitation coilgun array. This vacuum coilgun carries a nuclear-powered spaceplane unassisted to a velocity of 2,200 meters per second before the launch vehicle escapes the tunnel at a 45° angle to the planet's surface, carrying enough momentum to launch the vehicle into the upper atmosphere. Once at a safe distance, the spaceplane's primary engine, a superheated hydrogen/oxygen engine utilizing a specially-designed nuclear reactor engages, using an ion plasma reheat to create incredible exhaust temperatures and velocities, which allow the heavy craft to escape earth's gravitational pull at roughly 12,000 meters per second. From there, an array of high powered ion plasma thruster provides long duration propulsion capable of allowing the spacecraft to leave earth orbit and travel to Mars with 39 days of transit time on each leg of the journey. The spaceplane carries provisions for a permanent crew of eight, experiments and equipment for such a journey in Science configuration, or can lift 160,000 kilograms of cargo into space in Freighter configuration. 20 passengers can be lofted into Earth Orbit in Passenger configuration with provisions enough for two weeks in space. The ALV project is funded and governed by the Triad Pact nations, with major contributions both from the Imperial Federation of Crontor and the Elder Republic of Erjunhuf in addition to funding from the Marquesan Shogunate.

Eight ALV's currently exist, housed in a subterranean hardened facility at the launch site along with the capacitors that feed the Maglev/Mass Driver Launch Assembly. A runway at the surface is set up to accomodate the ALV's glide profile and landing needs, with an electrohydraulic elevator capable of ascending to the surface or descending to the Launch Terminal with two fully loaded ALV's. The eight ships that are currently built are named Nomad, Vagabond, Wanderer, Soujourner, Wayfarer, Rover, Traveler and Drifter, all of which are currently in operational status.

Launching Assembly.
The Launching Assembly represents a monumental effort which took decades to complete. A 150 meter wide tunnel was bored through solid, stable bedrock into the side of a mountain. While the geological prominence of the Sangsom mountains rising from the Oleroni hillcountry of the northern Marquesas is relatively subtle, the summit of this dividing ridge is at a mountain called the "Turquoise Goddess" by locals, an eight thousand meter granite monument that is covered with snow at its peak year-round. Cho Oyu mountain is the tallest in the Shogunate and, although treacherous to ascend in even good weather, the Turquoise Goddess conceals a secret. Through its heart, runs a tunnel which slowly ascends from a subterranean depth of 4,000 meters to an opening 6,000 meters from the alluvial fans below. At a gradual incline of one meter in altitude for every 150 meters in length, the shaft exits a sheer face of the mountain at a 45° angle to the ground below, with a mechanically-operated "iris" type shutter door at its terminus, capable of opening and closing completely in less than two seconds. Along its 1,500 kilometer length, the tube has such a door every ten kilometers and each semi-independent section is kept in a state of vacuum, with air evacuated in sequence with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) pumps. The shaft itself is a tube within a tube; a three meter thick, heavily-reinforced concrete main shaft holds a one meter thick non-magnetic Ashigaru steel primary tube, suspended within the concrete shaft by vibration-tuned elastomeric dampers arranged in a helical pattern with a damper every ten meters and every 10° along the entire assembly. The 2 meter gap between the concrete shaft and the steel primary is filled with lightweight foam cement to deaden the tube to harmonic resonances.

The Ashigaru steel main tube contains a specially-constructed monorail track, built to carry a vehicle using magnetic levitation. The electro-mechanical levitation and propulsion magnets use permanent magnets and specially-designed steel tracks which allow the suspended vehicle to react instantly and automatically to any shift from its assigned position and trajectory using its own internally generated magnetic forces. The superconducting/bitter electromagnet uses rare earth permanent magnets and laminated steel cores covered by a layer of aluminum and cooled with liquid helium, but does not require complex electromagnetic control servos. The suspension system is capable of lifting 33 times the weight of the levitated magnets with a constant 5g acceleration allowable throughout the entire tunnel. The power system for the launching track is a dedicated nuclear power complex and a massive energy storage facility, storing hundreds of megawatts to be discharged instantly. Inside the vehicle, magnetic coils along the belly of the launch vessel correspond to the magnetic field lines of the rail, propelling the vehicle along as magnets switch from one to the other. As the vehicle progresses along the track, the opening and closing of the hermetic seal iris does is accomplished with computer-aided sensors and a dedicated supercomputer for monitoring realtime conditions. The vehicle is maintained at a guaranteed elevation of 20mm above the rails at all times, allowing for a frictionless and rapid acceleration. Once the vehicle completes its acceleration to 2,200 meters per second, (roughly Mach 6.5) it exits the tunnel through its final iris door and once clear of the shaft, it begins accelerating under its own power at a total altitude of 8,500 meters above sea level. Exiting a vacuum into this reduced-pressure environment allows the vehicle to carry less fuel and more cargo, it allows the vehicle to be lighter overall and reduces the total cost of the space launch, with the average cargo launch cost at roughly 100 Aureus per kilogram.

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Assisted Launch Vehicle.
The Marquesan Assisted-Launch Vehicle is a single stage to orbit spaceplane designed and built by Myrmidon Tactical Design by contract to the Marquesan Shogunate. The ALV is the product of an intensive design study in reducing the costs to deliver people, cargo and scientific payloads to planetary orbit and beyond to a level at which routine spaceflight is practical. The ALV is constructed around two main components; the vehicle's cargo bay and its reactor pack, which contains a power reactor and a propulsion reactor. The cargo area is an expansive, modular bay which can house a number of mission modules which are individually configurable to suit the particular needs of the mission. Electrical power is generated by a compact, high temperature QUADRISO pebblebed using inert helium/xenon frozen inert plasma coolant. The reactor generates 10MWe with an operating temperature of 1,800° Kelvin, and is designed for sustained use in space, on Earth or in Microgravity. The ALV's cargo compartment top loads from bay doors and is designed for ease of module-change, with provisions for personnel compartments, satellite launch, cargo or military payloads. Each of the ALV's requires less than a day of prep time between launches and, since project completion, the ALV program has maintained sustained operations of one launch per week.

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ALV Construction.
The internal and external structure of the ALV is composed of a number of highly advanced composite materials with a unique set of properties; the ALV must be able to withstand tremendous amounts of acceleration strain, incredible heat and the cold vacuum of space, the extreme conditions of atmospheric re-entry and must also be able to shield the passenger and cargo compartments effectively from the radioactivity of its nuclear reactors while being safe, structurally rigid and tough enough for hundreds of launches and recoveries. The frame of the ALV is an extensively stress-modeled honeycomb of Alumina matrix reinforced with molybdenum fibers and coated in Zirconia ceramic. Around this frame is an insulating blanket of graphene aerogel which is itself encompassed in the ALV's skin, an alloy called TZM, which is a blend of a blend of 0.5% titanium, 0.08% zirconium and 99.42% molybdenum designed for extreme resistance to heat and stress. TZM sections are treated with a Titanium Nitride coating, which is applied with Plasma Vapor Deposition, then cryogenically treated to superinsulate the skin. The ALV's skin retains its structural properties in both extreme cold and in extreme heat, rated to 1,500° C. Heat shielding on portions of the vehicle which will endure the brunt of atmospheric deceleration during re-entry are an ultralight composite called Phenolic Impregnated Carbon Ablator, or PICA. Cut PICA tiles are only 80mm in thickness, but are designed to withstand 2,400°C and are designed to lose less than 20mm in ablation with each re-entry, meaning that tiles can endure three recoveries before being replaced. Easily-replaceable sections of PICA are used for sections which will be subjected to atmospheric deceleration heating such as the belly of the craft and its nosecone. The entire vehicle's structure is extremely rigid, with a very high strength reserve. It is estimated that even in critical maneuvers at nine times the force of gravity, the entire vehicle has a 900% strength reserve due to its use of advanced composites, high-strength design and extensive supercomputer stress modeling. While the majority of the vehicle is designed for rejection of heat, the entire body and frame of the ALV is designed for thermal conductivity, balancing retained heat throughout the frame to prevent one "hot spot" from reaching failure temperature.

The reactor and propulsion section is encapsulated in a lightweight monolithic protective vessel made from three dimensional, hot-pressed quartz phenolic, which absorbs high energy neutrons and harmful rays. All windows aboard the ALV are made from Spinel transparent ceramic armor glass, which is treated for anti-reflective, anti-glare and polarization properties with a final external coating of gold/tin/indium. A transparent photovoltaic overlay on the inside of the glass preciely regulates tint through electrochromic technology while rejecting harmful ultraviolet radiation. The interior of the ALV is skinned in braided Kevlar KM2 aramid fiber and then lined with acoustic deadening foams, closed-cell gel membranes, viscoelastic padding, anti-microbial cotton filler and butyl rubber matting over a high-efficiency graphene aerogel thermal insulation matting. The interior surface is coated in an off-white acoustic-dampening paint and, as an entire system, regulates the cabin's temperature and overall noise level. Lighting in the cabin is provided by recessed "ambient" red LED's to preserve the crew's night vision. The crew compartment seats are heated, ventilated and mounted on shock-absorbing, vibration-damped adjustable bases, specially contoured with large side bolsters to keep lateral movement to a minimum during extreme maneuvers and are made with dense memory foam padding finished in a soft baselayer fabric blend made from merino wool, X-Static silver fiber, cashmere and bamboo fiber. The crew's information displays are on large, high-contrast electrophoretic "E-Ink" screens which are lit with red LED's and optimized with an anti-glare coating, providing crisp, easily readable multifunction displays for all crew members, regardless of light conditions.

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ALV Propulsion.
The propulsion reactor is a Nuclear Thermal Rocket of the non-rotating pebble bed type. In a nuclear thermal rocket a working fluid, usually liquid hydrogen, is heated to a high temperature in a nuclear reactor, and then expands through a rocket nozzle to create thrust. In this kind of thermal rocket, the nuclear reactor's energy replaces the chemical energy of the propellant's reactive chemicals in a chemical rocket. The thermal heater / inert propellant paradigm as opposed to the reactive propellants of chemical rockets turns out to produce a superior effective exhaust velocity, and therefore a superior propulsive efficiency, with specific impulses on the order of twice that of chemical engines. The Assisted Launch Vehicle's NTR burns highly enriched (above 96%) uranium fuel-cored QUADRISO particles arranged into long fuel rods through which cold hydrogen is forced at 900 psia, which superheats the hydrogen coolant and cools the reactor. QUADRISO is a modification of the TRISO particle, or Tristructural-Isotropic fuel particle. In the QUADRISO particle, there are five layers of material, with the fuel kernel composed of enriched uranium in the center, coated with four layers of three isotropic materials and an inner layer of a burnable neutron poison. The four layers are a porous buffer layer made of carbon, followed by a dense inner layer of pyrolytic carbon, followed by a ceramic layer of SiC to retain fission products at elevated temperatures and to give the particle more structural integrity, followed by a dense outer layer of PyC. The inner layer directly adjacent to the fuel kernel is europium oxide which helps the fuel manage the excess of reactivity. At the beginning of life, neutrons do not reach the fuel of the QUADRISO particle because they are stopped by the burnable poison. After irradiation, the poison depletes and neutrons stream into the fuel kernel, inducing fission reactions. This mechanism compensates fuel depletion of ordinary TRISO fuel. In the prismatic core of the N1SC reactor, the fuel particles are fabricated into compacts and placed in a graphite block matrix fuel rod, which allows the reactor to run at very high temperature with enhanced safety.

Exiting the reactor at 3,900° Kelvin using multiple cycling, the hydrogen gas enters a Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, or VASIMR module, which reheats the gas to a cold plasma at roughly 1,000,000° Kelvin, accelerating the plasma opposite to the direction of travel at roughly 50,000 meters per second. This exceptionally powerful engine has anIsp of roughly 1,400s and a total thrust of 125 N, the most powerful and efficient rocket engine ever produced with a total Thrust-To-Weight Ratio of 40:1. In the "Plasma Reheat" module, the propellant is first injected into a hollow cylinder surfaced with electromagnets. Upon entry into the engine, the gas is first heated to a “cold plasma” by a helicon RF antenna (also known as a “coupler”) which bombards the gas with electromagnetic waves, stripping electrons off the hydrogen atoms and leaving plasma consisting of ions and loose electrons to continue down the engine compartment. By varying the amount of energy dedicated to RF heating and the amount of propellant delivered for plasma generation, the engine is capable of either generating low-thrust, high–specific impulse exhaust or relatively high-thrust, low–specific impulse exhaust. The second phase is a strong electromagnet positioned to compress the ionized plasma in a similar fashion to a convergent-divergent nozzle that compresses gas in traditional rocket engines. A second coupler, known as the Ion Cyclotron Heating (ICH) section, emits electromagnetic waves in resonance with the orbits of ions and electrons as they travel through the engine. Resonance of the waves and plasma is achieved through a reduction of the magnetic field in this portion of the engine which slows down the orbital motion of the plasma particles. This section further heats the plasma to temperatures roughly 173 times the temperature of the Sun’s surface. Motion of ions and electrons through the engine can be approximated by lines parallel to the engine walls; however, the particles actually orbit those lines at the same time that they are traveling linearly through the engine. The final, diverging section of the engine, contains a steadily expanding magnetic field which forces the ions and electrons into steadily lengthening spiral orbits in order to eject from the engine parallel and opposite to the direction of motion, propelling the rocket forward through space.

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Last edited by Marquesan on Sun Jul 20, 2014 7:08 pm, edited 14 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Marquesan
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Posts: 1660
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Ex-Nation

Official Correspondence Format.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Dec 26, 2013 8:54 pm

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The Royal Policy Institute, Ministry of State.

• 18 Rue Lumière, Fatu Hiva, Préfecture Remire, îles Marquises.

• (+65) 1 22 57 66 32 90 • affairesdletat.min.mqs

• Dr. Claude Chalier, Minister.


OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE.
From the Office of the Shōgun, Palace of the Ocean Throne,
La Citadelle Des Etoiles, Nuku Hiva, îles Marquises.

• To: xx.
• Importance: xx.
• Subject: xx.
• Encoding: xx.


To All Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greetings.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.


With Respect,

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Last edited by Marquesan on Sun Jul 20, 2014 10:21 pm, edited 10 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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The Royal Forces at Arms.

Postby Marquesan » Wed Mar 26, 2014 7:52 pm

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The Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.



Overview:
The Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms are, at once, the nation's law enforcement, national defense and force for projecting Marquesan power and influence to the world beyond its own borders. The RFA is a professional organization, funded by income tax and staffed through conscription of both men and women from the ages of twenty two to thirty seven, with a mandatory retirement age of fifty seven. A maximum allowance of three percent (3%) of the general population is permitted including civilian auxiliary and reserve branches, while requirements for entrance are incredibly strict. The Royal Forces at Arms receive roughly 120,750,000,000,000.00 NSD in annual funding, disbursed at an average of 2,700,000.00 NSD per servicemember while the Royal Marquesan Reserve is funded separately at 20,000,000,000,000.00 NSD in annual funding, disbursed at 1/4 of RFA levels, or 675,000 NSD Per Servicemember, Per Annum for the Royal Partisan Auxiliary and 1/16 of RFA levels or 168,750 NSD Per Servicemember, Per Annum for the Civil Defense Initiative. A breakdown of total RFA funding is as follows:

The Shogun's Elite Light Infantry: 6.90 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*2,560,000 Operators*

The Royal Expeditionary Command: 20.70 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*7,680,000 Operators*

The Marquesan Gendarmerie: 37.95 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*14,080,000 Operators*

The Royal Marquesan Army: 55.20 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*20,480,000 Operators*

The Marquesan Royal Forces At Arms: 120.75 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*44,800,000 Operators*


The Royal Partisan Auxiliary: 10.368 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*15,360,000 Operators*

The Civil Defense Initiative: 9.632 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*56,320,000 Operators*

The Royal Marquesan Reserve: 20.00 Trillion NSD Per Annum.
*71,680,000 Operators*

Organization Table:
Element: 100 Operators, 10 per Cadre.
Cadre: 1,000 Operators, 4 per Strike.
Strike: 4,000 Operators, 2 per Lance.
Lance: 8,000 Operators, 5 per Guard.
Guard: 40,000 Operators, 2 per Vanguard.
Vanguard: 80,000 Operators, 4 per Division.
Division: 320,000 Operators. 4 per Corps.
Corps: 1,280,000 Operators. 91* Total.

Total Strength: 116,480,000* Operators.
(* Includes Royal Marquesan Reserve Forces.)

The Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms are comprised of four Active Duty military arms; TSELI, MG, REC and RMA. Two Reserve military arms supplement the RFA's total strength; the Royal Partisan Auxiliary and the Civil Defense Initiative. Together, they maintain thirty five active corps, for a total of 44,800,000 Operators and fifty six domestic reserve and militia corps. The Shogun's Elite Light Infantry has two RFA Corps, the Marquesan Gendarmerie, eleven. The Royal Expeditionary Command is six total Corps, with one for the Department of Submarine Warfare, one for the Department of Naval Logistics and four for the Department of Surface Operations. The Royal Marquesan Army is sixteen Corps in total, six for the Airmobile Cavalry Branch, six for the Armored Cavalry Branch and four for the Royal Marquesan Sappers. In total, these thirty five Corps of the RFA represent the military might of the Marquesan Shogunate; they defend its people, lands, shores and airspace, they project its foreign policy throughout the region and the world and they stand as one of the largest professional conscripted organizations ever assembled. The RFA utilize the finest equipment, the most powerful and modern ships, vehicles and aircraft yet fielded. Their extensive training program, high standards and sophisticated doctrine make the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms an immensely powerful force on any battlefield.

Conscription:
A conscripted person must have attained a bachelor’s degree before entry, and must have a born son or daughter to continue his/her name before admittance. Only one member of a given household is allowed to serve at any one time. Physical and mental aptitude tests have been likened to other nations Space Program tests, with similar rates of failure or rejection. 100% of the national population, both male and female is tested at age 22 on a wide-ranging composite metric system which measures mental acuity, physical fitness, medical records, intelligence, critical thinking and psychological aptitude. The top 10% of scorers are considered eligible for selection, with the top 1% moving on to RFA selection and the remainder moving on to RMR selection. Once a candidate has been chosen to move along through the selection process to conscription in the Royal Forces at Arms, they are processed for entry into Armed Forces Training. Basic, Intermediate and Advanced training before combat status certification is achieved is a two year process, and semi-annual (6 month) recertification is required of all members of the Royal Forces At Arms and Royal Marquesan Reserve. Failure to meet Combat Status recertification two tests in a row will result in immediate discharge from the RFA or RMR.

Mandatory selection for conscription of fit men and women from 22-37 has been in place since the inception of the current administration. Of qualified candidates, only the top 20% annually are considered for active duty while the remainder may be selected for Royal Marquesan Reserve duty, though a candidate may retest each January during open enrollment and previously qualified applicants have preference. A term of 5 years is the standard length with an option to renew voluntarily at the completion of one’s first term. Completion of one term of service is rewarded with a lifetime pension of 10% of pay for the highest rank held, with a cutoff of five terms and a maximum age of 47 with 50% pension with personnel holding the rank of Commandant-Lieutenant or above exempt from this rule. Mandatory retirement for those ranks is 57 years of age or seven consecutive terms in the RFA at 70% lifetime pension. Once an individual has served a term of enlistment in the RFA, his or her spouse and children receive healthcare and a percentage of the servicemember's pension, in addition to the servicemember's children having postsecondary education paid for by the Royal Forces at Arms. If a servicemember dies in the line of duty or is wounded or disabled, he or she is posthumously promoted two ranks and the family will receive a disbursement of the total pay that rank would receive until the servicemember's mandatory retirement age.

Only operators who are born in Marquesan may hold the rank of Monitor or above in the active components of the RFA, and a master’s degree is requisite for Commodore and above. Rank may be earned either by merit of personal achievement as judged by superiors, as a reward for courage and valor in combat, or based on tenure in current grade and total time in service. Commandant Lieutenant and Vice-Commandant ranks are earned by annual election by the Marquesan Diet, and Commandant rank is decided on an as-needed basis by election held among the Diet.


Training:
Training begins with Initial Entry Duty Training, or IEDT. IEDT is a three month long school, largely physical training, that teaches personal discipline, military customs and courtesies, basic marskmanship with a variety of weapons including blades and also hand-to-hand combat. IEDT also includes in-depth studies of Marquesan and world history and culture. Standards of physical fitness are judged on a layered program designed to measure physical capability and endurance under a variety of conditions. Mental standards of toughness are measured through arduous physical and mental challenges.

Primary Combat Effectiveness School, or PCES is a study of foreign languages and combat tactics academically, but is a three month course in advanced mechanized infantry tactics. Each soldier learns his duties and the duties of the next two higher ranks. Candidates that pass IEDT and become Servicemembers must all attend this school and during its course will learn mounted and dismounted infantry tactics and will all certify for helicopter fast-rope, amphibious assault, high and low altitude parachute technique and will all pass advanced reflexive-fire combat gunfighting courses with handguns, long guns and crew-served weapons.

Survival Tactics & Protocol or STP is a six month long school divided into two parts that focuses on what most nations consider "special operations" training during the first three months including an extremely challenging survival school focusing on field expediant survival tools, combat medicine, hunting and foraging under duress, how to survive as a prisoner of war and also escape and evasion tactics. This is a very challenging school that includes emergency escape scenarios such as water landings from aircraft, armored vehicle rollover and basic Explosive Ordinance Disposal tactics, such as disarming landmines or IED's. The second section of the school is a very fast-paced entry into the beginnings of specialist knowledge focused on the individual career path of the Servicemember, oriented toward each branch of the Royal Forces at Arms. For the Royal Marquesan Army, this course will include advanced marksmanship, mechanized cavalry movement and tactics, advanced combat driving and foreign weapons proficiency. For the Royal Expeditionary Command, this last six months of training depends on the sub-branch and career path, but covers a wide variety of basics like oceanography and weather theory. For The Shogun's Elite Light Infantry, STP covers foreign customs and courtesies while the Gendarmerie covers the rule of law and Marquesan legal code.

The last six months of the initial two year training program focus on job training specific to an individual's career path within the RFA. Extensive and in-depth hands on experience is the best trainer, so all programs focus on On-The-Job training as an apprentice to an actively serving unit coupled to in-depth classroom instruction and review. Upon completing the two year training program, a Servicemember is assigned to his first duty unit with an equivalent training to many military's elite officer academies.


Rank System:
The basic rank a recruit may hold after completing initial entry training is Operator. After completing a full term of service, or a combat deployment, he may become a Senior Operator who may command a Team of 8-20. When he or she become an Element leader, they will have earned the rank of Chief Operator. This is the highest rank an operator may hold if he is not native-born to Marquesan. From there, a Cadre Executive Officer is called a Monitor, and when he has served a full term in grade or deployed with that rank, he may become a Senior Monitor. A Strike Commander holds the rank of Marshal and may become a Senior Marshal with a deployment or term of service in grade. A Lance commander holds the rank of Commodore, and is a member of the Guard's Cabinet, a body of five Lance Commanders, responsible to the Commandant Lieutenant, who is the commander of each Guard. He may become a Vice-Commandant when he is appointed to command a Vanguard, and each Commandant Lieutenant or Vice-Commandant is himself a member of the Marquesan Diet, a deliberative body of all Marquesan's Guard Commanders and higher, noble governors and special councilors called Legates. Commandants Général are appointed to oversee Divisions from among the members of the Diet. Commandants Supérieur are appointed from among the ranks of Commandants Général to command Corps, which are sets of four Divisions.

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*
Operator: (O1) Team Level Operator, First Term of Service.
**
Senior Operator: (O2) Team Level Operator, Second Term of Service *OR* Veteran.
***
Chief Operator: (O3) Element Leader. *MUST have One Term of Service OR be a Veteran.*


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*
Monitor: (O4) Cadre Commander, First Term of Service in Grade, or Non-Veteran.
**
Senior Monitor: (O5) Cadre Commander, Second Term of Service in Grade or Veteran.


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*
Marshal: (O6) Strike Commander, First Term of Service in Grade or Non-Veteran.
**
Senior Marshal: (O7) Strike Commander, Second Term of Service in Grade or Veteran.


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*
Commodore: (O8) Lance Commander, First Term of Service in Grade or Non-Veteran.
**
Senior Commodore: (O9) Lance Commander, Second Term of Service in Grade or Veteran.


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*
Commandant Lieutenant: (O10) Guard Commander. *Commands five Lances.*
**
Vice-Commandant: (O11) Vanguard Commander. *Commands two Guards.*
***
Commandant-Général: (O12) Division Commander. *Commands four Vanguards.*
****
Commandant-Supérieur: (O13) Corps Commander. *Commands a Corps of four Divisions.*


Pay & Housing:
The Marquesan RFA pays its servicemembers incrementally depending on their rank. This pay structure is based on the average living wage of a Marquesan Citizen or Resident in the civilian sector and is modeled to ensure that RFA servicemembers may live comfortably and reasonably. While serving in the RFA, health insurance, secondary education and housing are provided to the servicemember and his or her family. During times of war, a servicemember's pay increases by 5% and active Hazardous Duty increases a servicemember's pay by an additional 5%. In addition, members of TSELI receive an additional 10% increase in pay during their service in TSELI and 5% during their service thereafter if they continue to serve in other branches of the RFA after leaving TSELI. TSELI operatives on Sentinel duty receive 10% additional pay during their service as a Sentinel and an additional 5% thereafter.

In addition to the servicemember's pay and regardless of where a servicemember may be stationed, housing areas are updated every five years and remodeled every ten in phases, ensuring that housing never becomes run down or below a certain standard of living. With each rank set, (Operator, Monitor, Marshal, Commodore, Commandant) an upgrade in housing is given, with the standard Operator housing being a standard apartment arrangement sized depending on the servicemember's family shape. A Monitor receives a condominium or townhome-style housing while a Marshal receives a modest single family home. A Commodore is given a small plot of land and a fine home in which to live while Commandants receive permanent title of nobility and a large land plot with a fine villa in a location of the Commandant's choosing.

Below is shown the pay table for all RFA ranks:

(O1)Operator:
80,000 NSD Per Year.

(O2)Senior Operator:
90,000 NSD Per Year.

(O3)Chief Operator:
100,000 NSD Per Year.


(O4)Monitor:
120,000 NSD Per Year.

(O5)Senior Monitor:
130,000 NSD Per Year.


(O6)Marshal:
150,000 NSD Per Year.

(O7)Senior Marshal:
160,000 NSD Per Year.


(O8)Commodore:
180,000 NSD Per Year.

(O9)Senior Commodore:
190,000 NSD Per Year.


(O10)Commandant Lieutenant:
210,000 NSD Per Year.

(O11)Vice-Commandant:
220,000 NSD Per Year.

(O12)Commandant-Général:
230,000 NSD Per Year.

(O13)Commandant-Supérieur:
240,000 NSD Per Year.


Wartime Modifier: 5% Addition.
Hazardous Modifier: 5% Addition.
TSELI Modifier: 10% / 5% Addition.
Sentinel Modifier: 10% / 5% Addition.
RPA Modifier: 75% Reduction.
CDI Modifier: 93.75% Reduction.


Command Inventory:
Fixed-Wing Aircraft:
130,400.

Unmanned Fixed-Wing Drones:
179,200.

Rotorcraft, Tiltfans & Tiltrotors:
151,040.

Airships:
16,960.

Ekranoplans:
540.

Submarines:
1,280.

Surface Vessels:
9,664.

Wheeled Vehicles:
7,910,400.

Tracked Vehicles:
406,400.


Aircraft, Fighters:
35,200 Type-27, "Hoplite" Light Multirole Fighters.
32,000 Type-25, "Radegast" Ground Attack Fighters.
12,800 Type-21, "Divine Wind" Air Dominance Fighters.
9,600 Type-20, "Ghost" Tactical Strike Fighters.


Aircraft, Bombers:
17,600 Type-37, "Sarissa" Strategic Strike Bombers.
10,400 Type-38, "Thanatos" First Strike Bombers.
6,400 Type-32, "Shadowcat" Penetrator/Interdictors.


Aircraft, Other:
179,200 Type-98, "Fury" Autonomous Combat Observation Vehicles.
540 Type-77,"Capricorn" Heavy Amphibious Transport Aircraft.

6,400 Type-40, "Dagger" Common Support Aircraft.
3,200 -40B "Blood Dagger" Airborne Tanker Variants.
1,920 -40C "Steel Dagger" Carrier Onboard Delivery Variants.
1,280 -40A "Silent Dagger" Airborne EW&C Variants.


Rotorcraft:
21,760 Type-62, "Corcoran" Utility Lift Helicopters.
15,680 Type-66, "Hellcat" Hunter/Killer Helicopter Gunships.
11,200 Type-64, "Whisper" Reconnaissance/Attack Helicopters.


Tiltfans & Tiltrotors:
65,600 Type-11, "Wraith" Light Utility Tiltrotors.
22,400 Type-15, "Reaper" Tiltrotor Assault Transports.
14,400 Type-17, "Archangel" VTOL Tiltfan Ground Attack Craft.


Airships:
8,960 Type-88, "Warden" Airborne Command Vehicles.
8,000 Type-87, "Osiris" Strategic Dropships.


Surface Vessels:
4,800 Type-105, "Sobek" Corvettes.
2,560 Type-130, "Charon" Strategic Sealift Vessels.
960 Type-110, "Tiamat" Destroyers.
640 Type-125, "Acheron" Aircraft Carriers.
320 Type-115, "Anubis" Arsenal Ships.
320 Type-151, "Devil" Battleships.
64 Type-100, "Sea-Dweller" Supercapital Warships.


Submarines:
1,080 Type-216, "Phobos" Strategic Attack Submarines, Nuclear.
200 Type-218, "Deimos" Strategic Missile Submarines, Nuclear.


Wheeled Armor:
5,408,000 Type-660, "Helios" Rapid Response Vehicles.
1,020,800 Type-640, "Nyx" Personnel Transport Vehicles.
214,400 Type-651, "Minerva" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns.
203,200 Type-620, "Boreas" Cavalry Fighting Vehicles.
144,000 Type-630, "Mithras" Fast Attack Vehicles.
67,200 Type-650, "Oroshi" Self-Propelled Howitzers.
15,200 Type-620, "Boreas" CFV-B Missile Carrier Variants.

837,600 Type-670, "Morpheus" Logistics Vehicles.
145,600 Fuel Support Variants.
134,400 Flatbed Variants.
120,000 Road Train Variants.
118,400 Fire Apparatus, Water Variants.
118,400 Fire Apparatus, Foam Variants.
102,400 Bobtail Variants.
49,600 Engineering Variants.
24,800 Hazardous Response Variants.
24,000 Mobile Crane Variants.


Tracked Armor:
48,000 Type-765, "Abraxas" Fast Scout Tanks.
38,400 Type-755, "Chimera" Main Battle Tanks.
28,800 Type-755, "Uriel" Rocket Artillery, Tracked.
19,200 Type-745, "Shiva" Heavy Tanks.

272,000 Type-735, "Kraken" Infantry Fighting Vehicles.
124,800 -735A, Infantry Fighting Vehicles.
64,000 -735C, Armored Recovery Vehicles.
57,600 -735B, Assault Breaching Vehicles.
25,600 -735D, Heavy Bridging Vehicles.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Sun Feb 22, 2015 6:48 pm, edited 20 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry.

Postby Marquesan » Fri Apr 04, 2014 6:15 am

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Seal of The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry.
Image
Lapel Insignia of The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry.



*The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry.*
Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.
First and Second Corps.




Introduction:
In the world of special operations, there are thousands of specialized groups practicing a wide variety of specialized tactics and fulfilling a huge variety of missions. For the Marquesan Shōgunate, the single group responsible for all such missions is TSELI, or The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry. TSELI is often referred to colloquially as TSE, (The Shōgun's Elite) and is a collection two RFA Corps of 2,560,000 total operators. TSELI runs independently of the rest of the RFA and is funded directly from the office of the Shōgun.

TSELI has existed in various forms for thousands of years. Since ancient times, the Shōgun's personal cadre of Samurai have always protected their leader with special weapons and tactics, hand-picked elite operators and extensive training. Recruitment into TSELI is by invitation only, most often chosen from the existing ranks of the Royal Forces at Arms, though recruits entering initial training with the RFA can be chosen for duty in TSELI. The Shōgun's Elite has an extensive training program that is a full two years in length and takes place after the first three phases of RFA training, in place of the six month job training program. TSELICA, The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry Candidate Academy is a special warfare and survival school that teaches not only advanced small-unit military tactics, customs and discipline, but various martial and athletic arts including Parkour, Ninjitsu, Kapu Ku’ialua, Muy Thai and Krav Maga. Mastery of foreign made weapons and archaic weapons is also taught in TSELICA with a distinct focus in turning found objects or weapons against the enemy.

TSELICA is concurrently taught as both a special warfare school concentrating in hand-to-hand combat and simultaneously teaches diplomacy, hostage negotiation, psychological and asymmetrical warfare, subversion and sabotage, infiltration tactics, assassination and advanced demolitions. The ancient and time-honored concept of Bushido is central to TSE, where a rigid and extremely difficult curriculum requires 18-20 hour days for two straight years. In this high-intensity pressurecooker, a candidate must simultaneously master an intense academic curriculum and a grueling physical training schedule, requiring intense depth of determination and inner strength to pass. The TSELICA curriculum is broadly constructed into phases which will be detailed below.


Training:
Phase I: Tactics.
TSE Candidates entering Phase I will be instructed in small unit movement, infiltration and exfiltration, asymmetrical warfare, fieldcraft and improvisation. Successful graduates of the first phase will also have to pass a rigid physical trials in which an emphasis is placed on aerobics and physical endurance. The first phase of the training deals largely with SWAT or Special Reaction Force tactics, teaching stable shooting stances while moving, marksmanship while moving and acrobatic combat. A notable feature of the first phase is trampoline fighting, which forces the candidate to fight while in a variety of orientations and while airborne, cementing his or her permanent situational awareness.

Phase II: Survival.
The survival phase will pit the candidate against a variety of hostile environments. During the survival phase, candidates will parachute jump into open water, they will be inserted in a variety of different climates including arctic, desert, alpine and jungle environments. The candidate must survive alone or in very small groups with only the gear they can carry and what they can find in the wild for two weeks in each environment and be able to successfully forage or hunt for food, locate and exploit sources of water and simultaneously avoid detection by the instructor cadre while proceeding to several waypoints and a final extraction point with only the benefit of the stars and a map for navigation.

Phase III: Negotiations & Diplomacy.
Graduates of the second phase of TSELICA will spend eight months in Phase III learning hostage negotiations, foreign customs and courtesies and diplomacy. During this phase, they will be exposed by immersion to no less than four non-native languages and must master all four to graduate this phase. Hostile negotiations, psychological warfare, subversion, reconnaissance, counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations are also focused on during this class. During Phase III, the candidate also learns the fine art of disguises and also skills in espionage, while also teaching advanced bodyguard and combat driving techniques essential to VIP escort.

Phase IV: Marksmanship & Demolitions.
While the first four phases of the academy focus on the mind of the operative, the fourth phase concentrates on modern combative skills. In this phase, a variety of area denial techniques are taught, along with energetic solids chemistry, improvised explosives and field expedients along with de-mining and bomb defusing operations. This phase of training is a full qualification in Explosive Ordinance Disposal, Combat Engineer/Sapper and Combat Marksmanship/Sniper techniques. Marksmanship in this phase focuses not on team sniper operations, but on one-man combat operations and a heavy focus is made on marksmanship with found weapons, especially those without the benefit of optics of any kind and marksmanship under extremely adverse conditions.

Phase V: Investigation.
The fifth and final phase of the TSELICA program is essentially a finishing school. During this time, skills in unconventional warfare, special reconnaissance, target acquisition and assassination are refined. The primary focus, however, is on battlefield forensics and investigation. The candidate is trained to identify accents and dialects, to identify trace materials and their origins and will learn how to identify munitions fragments, spent casings and unexploded ordinance. At the completion of Phase V, the candidate is identified as a Special Agent and his or her identity is effectively erased.


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A TSE Operative embedded with Kylarnatian Black Cobra, in Beblis, IFC.


Service:
During an operative's time with TSE, the Agent will only be known by a first name. The Special Agent will not wear rank insignia or identification of any kind on their uniforms and pictures of the Agents will be redacted or blurred. Agents operate in total secrecy and are thought to be operating in most every Sondrian nation. TSE operatives represent some of the highest-skilled operators to be found anywhere in the world and though their numbers are small, TSE has a legendary status among Sondrian nations.

TSE Operatives, on their dress uniforms, wear a small but distinctive golden Nautilus on the lapel, which is also authorized for wear with civilian clothes and serves both as a badge for law enforcement purposes and as a unit identifier. A TSE Operative may choose what weapons he or she carries and may wear his or her uniform in any combination that is expedient to the mission at hand. TSE operatives may operate as independent units, operate embedded with regular RFA units or act alone or in small groups depending on the requirements of the mission. Agents are true experts at infiltration and subversion, they are skilled negotiators and lethal killers with or without the benefits of weapons. TSE Operatives have a sacred and sworn duty as the Shōgun's Sentinels, often being used as VIP bodyguards for traveling abroad or for guests of the Shōgunate. Negotiation teams may be sent in the absence of a delegate, consul or ambassador to speak on behalf of the Shōgun in matters of foreign policy and each agent is given private funding to travel as he or she sees fit, a license to kill without reprimand and multiple flexible accounts with approval needed only for individual transactions over a million Lancets. In exchange for this, an Operative is required to serve a minimum of two consecutive enlistment periods after his or her training is complete.

Among TSELI units, the First Lance of First Guard is the unit assigned specifically to guard the Marquesan Shōgun and the capitol island of Nuku Hiva. First Lance is an honor guard position and generally only the very finest among TSE operatives are chosen for this duty. During an operative's time as a Sentinel, an operative lives on Nuku Hiva in the Palace of the Ocean Throne and travels with the Shōgun wherever that duty might be. Standards for First Lance are incredibly high and the unit generally takes only the top 1% of TSELICA graduates. An operative's record must be spotless to hold this position and the operative's duration of employment is generally at the pleasure of the Shōgun, so a member of First Lance is waived from his or her enlistment contract when they are chosen for and agree to duty as a Sentinel. Members of this most elite of units are identified by their unit insignia, a red shield with a golden armored gauntlet holding up an axe.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Oct 01, 2014 10:03 am, edited 26 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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The Marquesan Gendarmerie.

Postby Marquesan » Tue Jun 03, 2014 1:07 pm

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Seal of the Marquesan Gendarmerie.
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Lapel Insignia of the Marquesan Gendarmerie.



*The Marquesan Gendarmerie.*
Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.
I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VII, IX, X, & XI Corps.




Overview:
The Marquesan Gendarmerie is the branch of the national government responsible for the maintenance of order and defense of ten domestic prefectures, the island of Pandora and the capital district, Nuku Hiva. It serves the role of maintaining law and order and responding to emergencies, providing for emergency fire, medical and human services. The Gendarmerie is a primary branch of the Royal Forces at Arms and all members of the Gendarmerie are enlisted from among the RFA's ranks. There are eleven Corps in the Gendarmerie, giving a strength of 14,080,000 Gendarmes. The Gendarmerie is primarily an organization of peace officers; regular beats in smaller cities are often carried traditionally out on foot while larger cities rely on the Gendarmes for emergency response by vehicle. Because the Gendarmerie is a standardized branch of the RFA, it is military-equipped, military-trained and operated as such. The Marquesan Gendarmerie uses larger, light-armored vehicles than is typical of police forces, however part of the MG's role is defense of borders, islands and coastlines, so the Gendarmerie maintains usage of the Sobek-Class Corvette, Sarissa bomber and the Hoplite Interceptor. The Marquesan Gendarmerie works closely with TSELI to perform high-risk missions, and is considered to be among the most elite police forces in the world.


Doctrine:
A Gendarmerie Corps is organized under the standardized RFA unit structure, but operates functionally in much smaller precincts, usually by Lances. A Gendarmerie Lance is a unit of 4,000 Gendarmes; each Corps contains 320 Lances. This translates to roughly one Gendarme for every 330 Marquesan citizens. The Gendarmerie is a peace-officer centric organization, with a focus on serving the public needs and maintaining civil order. Where the need for a more law-enforcement centric doctrine arises, the Gendarmerie may also call upon TSELI for assistance in intense situations such as hostage or crisis negotiation, disaster recovery, etc. Domestic engineering is often carried out by the Gendarmerie in coalition with specialist civilian, TSELI or RMA collaboration to build or maintain public works. Emergency fire and medical care is also carried out by the Gendarmerie throughout the Shogunate.



Vessels, Vehicles & Aircraft:
The Marquesan Gendarmerie utilizes several aircraft, vehicles and vessels specially designed for the roles these units must perform. While Gendarmerie ground vehicles, by and large are not armed and are optimized for civilian usage, all RFA vehicles provide at least minimum levels of protection from small arms fire and mine blasts. While these vehicles are heavier than standard police "cruisers" used in other countries, Gendarmerie vehicles are designed to be competent in rugged or unimproved terrain and can also be remarkably fast. The "Sobek" Class Corvette is a vessel designed for protection of shallow coastal waters and interdiction, though it is not necessarily a main-line combat vessel. Its shallow draught means that Sobeks can negotiate shallow water with aplomb and are well-suited to coastal interdiction. The Gendarmerie relies largely on its fleet of Warden-class ACV's for defense of Marquesan airspace and monitoring of its borders, however it also maintains a fleet of fixed wing interceptors and intercontinental-range strike bombers to perform interdiction and coastal defense roles. The Sarissa bomber, in use with the Gendarmerie is well-suited to long endurance missions and is a highly effective aircraft for patrol of Marquesan skies and huge swaths of open ocean. Other support vehicles and aircraft are utilized by the Gendarmerie in its mission to support, protect and defend Marquesan citizenry, land, water and airspace.

A special Air Defense Division of the Marquesan Gendarmerie patrols domestic coastlines with a fleet of 5,600 Type-620 "Boreas" Missile Carrier Variant, Cavalry Fighting Vehicles. These 8x8 wheeled vehicles are heavily armored and each carry eight "Tachi" Surface-To-Air Missiles, designed to lock on and intercept hostile aircraft entering Marquesan airspace. The ADD section of the Gendarmerie is totally autonomous and operates secure, encrypted link channels to network with ground, air and sea-based sensor networks to interrogate and classify all air traffic entering Marquesan controlled areas. ADD is primarily responsible for communicating with civilian and military air traffic and guiding such traffic to their desired destination. ADD operates a network of radar observation and tracking stations along with Air Traffic Control centers and towers throughout Marquesan lands in addition to their defense mission.

Each Lance of the Marquesan Gendarmerie is organized as follows:
Vessels & Aircraft:
02 Type-105 "Sobek" Class Corvettes.
04 Type-88 "Warden" Airborne Command Vessels.
80 Type-98 "Fury" Autonomous Combat Observation Vehicles.

10 Type-25 "Radegast" Ground Attack Fighters.
10 Type-11 "Wraith" Utility Tiltrotors.
04 Type-62 "Corcoran" Utility Lift Helicopters.

05 Type-38 "Thanatos" First Strike Bombers.
10 Type-37 "Sarissa" Strike Bombers.
20 Type-27 "Hoplite" Light Interceptors.
12 Type-40 "Dagger" Common Support Aircraft.
04 Silent Dagger AEW&C Variants.
04 Blood Dagger Airborne Refueling Variants.
04 Steel Dagger Light Cargo Aircraft.

Ground Vehicles:
50Type-620 "Boreas" CFV-B Missile Carrier Variants.
100 Type-651 "Minerva" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns.
500 Type-640 "Nyx" Personnel Transport Vehicles.
3,000 Type-660 "Helios" Rapid Response Vehicles.
290 Type-670 "Morhpeus" Logistics Vehicles.
Fire Apparatus, Water: 60 Each.
Fire Apparatus, Foam: 60 Each.
Road Train Variant: 50 Each.
Bobtail Variant: 40 Each.
Flatbed Variant: 40 Each.
Mobile Crane Variant: 10 Each.
Hazardous Response Variant: 10 Each.
Engineering Variant: 10 Each.
Fuel Support Variant: 10 Each.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Thu Jan 01, 2015 10:41 am, edited 24 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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The Royal Expeditionary Command.

Postby Marquesan » Tue Jun 03, 2014 1:19 pm

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Seal of the Royal Expeditionary Command.
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Lapel Insignia of the Royal Expeditionary Command.



*The Royal Expeditionary Command.*
Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.
Department of Submarine Warfare.
Department of Surface Operations.
Department of Naval Logistics.




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Department of Submarine Warfare.
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Department of Naval Logistics.
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Department of Surface Operations.



Overview:
The Royal Expeditionary Command is the primary naval and air arm of the Royal Forces at Arms. Comprised of three Departments, the REC is the primary mover of military power in the Marquesan Shogunate and is the most internationally prominent and recognizable symbol of the Shogun's authority. The Department of Submarine Warfare commands the nation's fleet of ballistic missile submarines and also its fleet of strategic attack boats, which often accompany battle groups. The Department of Surface Operations owns the Marquesan government's fleet of aircraft carriers, arsenal ships and destroyers and the majority of the nation's fixed-wing military aircraft. This department is the largest of the three and represents a massive commitment to naval dominance. The Department of Naval Logistics is responsible for sealift of men and equipment owned by other branches wherever they may need to be transported and owns a large fleet of personnel and vehicle carrier vessels. Together, the three branches represent six RFA Corps, or 7,680,000 operators.


Total Strength:
The ever-changing world of modern combat demands a strong and present military. Because of this, the Royal Expeditionary Command must maintain a powerful naval presence and be able to, at a moment's notice, present massive and overwhelming naval power anywhere it is called upon. The DSW, DNL and DSO combined represent truly immense strength and are in a constant state of readiness. The 64 ships of the Type-100 "Sea-Dweller" Class assigned to the REC are deployed as-needed by REC command itself, and not on the Corps or Battle Group level. These vessels act as a deterrent force against aggression toward the Marquesan Shogunate and are generally employed in anti-ballistic missile duties, but are authorized for combat action. The total Naval Strength of the REC is as follows.

2,560 "Charon" Class Strategic Sealift Vessels.
1,280 "Sobek" Class Corvettes.
1,080 "Phobos" Class Strategic Attack Submarines.
960 "Tiamat" Class Destroyers.
640 "Acheron" Class Aircraft Carriers.
320 "Anubis" Class Arsenal Ships.
320 "Devil" Class Battleships.
200 "Deimos" Class Strategic Missile Submarines.
64 "Sea-Dweller" Class Supercapital Warships.

Total Strength: 7,424 Vessels.



Department of Submarine Warfare:
The Department of Submarine Warfare is charged with operation of the nation's fleet of MTD Type-218 "Deimos" class Strategic Missile Submarines and its fleet of Type-216 "Phobos" class Strategic Attack Submarines. These powerful vessels represent the Marquesan government's commitment to nuclear deterrent and also to defense of the nation and its assets abroad by the RFA. These ultra-modern quiet nuclear-powered boats are the last word in underwater stealth and carry with them tremendous striking power, both from a strategic and tactical standpoint.

The Department of Submarine warfare maintains one RFA Corps, or 1,280,000 Operators. This Corps is organized as any traditional RFA unit but specializes only in the use of submarine vessels. The DSW is essentially a corps in two parts; Fleet Detachments are actually aboard each assigned vessel and Shore Detachments maintain facilities designed to accommodate their assigned vessel. Each Cadre of the DSW is assigned a submarine, meaning that the Department as a whole maintains 1,280 such vessels, with 200 assigned "Deimos" Class Strategic Missile Submarines and 1,080 "Phobos" Class Strategic Attack Submarines. Both assigned classes are on constant rotation throughout the waters of Sondria and beyond, only returning to port to refit, rearm, perform routine maintenance and exchange crews who switch from Fleet Detachment to Shore Detachment on six month intervals. DSW conducts the majority of its operations in total secrecy, only operating with surface Battle Groups where requested. The mission of DSW is to protect and defend Marquesan territories and fleets from harm and to hunt hostile vessels wherever they are found.



Department of Naval Logistics:
The DNL operates the Marquesan fleet of Type-130 "Charon" Class Strategic Sealift Vessels. These large, powerful ships allow large numbers of heavy armored vehicles to be moved quickly and efficiently from place to place. As these vehicles are roll-on/roll-off types with multiple loading or unloading ramps, and due to the large volume of carried vehicles, fewer overall ships are required to move large units from place to place and tens of thousands of tons of supplies can be carried on these vehicles as well for large-scale operations such as disaster recovery or supply operations. The Charon class is both versatile and durable and is the centerpiece of the Department of Naval Logistics. The DNL also operates a number of Type-105 "Sobek" Class Corvettes for escort duties. These vessels carry small numbers of helicopters and drones for utility and defense purposes. When speed of delivery is mission critical, DNL relies on its fleet of 540 Type-77 "Capricorn" Class Heavy Transport Aircraft to put soldiers and materials on the beaches quickly and safely.

The DNL maintains one RFA Corps, or 1,280,000 Operators. This Corps is organized as any traditional RFA unit but specializes only in naval sealift. To this end, the DNL is essentially a corps in two parts; Fleet Detachments are actually aboard each assigned vessel and Shore Detachments maintain facilities designed to accommodate their assigned vessel. Each Cadre of the DNL is assigned a pair of Type-130 "Charon" Class Strategic Sealift Vessels, which are each complemented with four Type-62 "Corcoran" Utility Lift Helicopters and two Type-98 "Fury" armed drones for self defense. The Cadre is also assigned a Type-105 "Sobek" Corvette, for escort, which itself is complemented with a Type-66 "Hellcat" Hunter/Killer Gunship. The Charons and their accompanying Sobek make up one Sealift Group, of which there are 1,280 in the Department. These vessels are generally on Shore duty unless otherwise specified, but can be called upon whenever and wherever they are needed.



Department of Surface Operations:
The DSO operates the entirety of the Marquesan fleet of Type-110 "Tiamat" Class Destroyers, Type-115 "Anubis" Class Arsenal Ships and Type-125 "Acheron" Class Aircraft Carriers, along with Type-21 "Divine Wind" Air Dominance Fighters, Type-20 "Ghost" Tactical Strike Fighters and Type-32 "Shadowcat" Penetrator/Interdictors. These vessels and aircraft represent truly enormous amounts of naval and air firepower and are organized into battle groups.

The Department of Surface Operations maintains four RFA Corps, or 5,120,000 Operators. These four Corps are organized as any traditional RFA unit, but specialize in naval and aerial combat operations. The DSO essentially maintains two forces at all times; Fleet Detachment personnel are actually aboard their assigned vessels and Shore Detachments maintain facilities designed to accommodate their assigned vessels. Units of the DSO Corps are assigned to a Battle Group, of which there are 40 per Corps, 160 total. Acheron Class Carriers assigned to the battle group may either operate in Dominance Configuration or in Assault Configuration as needed, but generally are divided evenly. When two or more Battle Groups converge for large scale operations, the larger group is considered an Armada, which can be in any scale according to the required operation. Battle Groups are, in general, rotated from Fleet Duty to Shore Duty on six month rotations, however all 160 Battle Groups may deployed at one time during an emergency. A Battle Group is organized as follows:


Surface Vessels: 14 Per Battle Group.
04 "Acheron" Class Aircraft Carriers.
02 "Anubis" Class Arsenal Ships.
02 "Devil" Class Battleships.
06 "Tiamat" Class Destroyers.

Dominance Configuration: 130 Aircraft Per Carrier.
40 "Divine Wind" Air Dominance Fighters.
30 "Ghost" Tactical Strike Bombers.
20 "Shadowcat" Penetrator/Interdictors.
15 "Radegast" Ground Attack Fighters.
05 "Thanatos" First Strike Bombers.

10 "Dagger" Airborne Refueling Aircraft.
06 "Dagger" Carrier Onboard Delivery Aircraft.
04 "Dagger" Early Warning & Command Aircraft.

Assault Configuration: 130 Aircraft Per Carrier.
30 "Archangel" Ground Attack Tiltfans.
20 "Wraith" Light Utility Tiltrotors.
20 "Reaper" Assault Transport Tiltrotors.

30 "Hellcat" Hunter/Killer Gunships.
20 "Whisper" Reconnaissance/Attack Helicopters.
10 "Corcoran" Utility Lift Helicopters.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Sun Nov 02, 2014 9:22 pm, edited 19 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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The Royal Marquesan Army.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Jul 17, 2014 1:14 am

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Seal of the Royal Marquesan Army.
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Lapel Insignia of the Royal Marquesan Army.



*The Royal Marquesan Army.*
Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.
Airmobile Cavalry Branch.
Royal Marquesan Sappers.
Armored Cavalry Branch.



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Airmobile Cavalry Branch.
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Royal Marquesan Sappers.
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Armored Cavalry Branch




Overview:
The Royal Marquesan Army is the largest single branch of the RFA at sixteen Corps, or 20,480,000 Operators. The Army is divided into three major branches, each of which highly specialized vehicles and sophisticated doctrinal policies. The Airmobile Cavalry branch focuses on rapid deployment with fast wheeled armor and concentrates on ultra-rapid maneuver tactics. AMC (Airmobile Cavalry) makes extensive use of tiltrotor and airship transport to deploy wheeled armor and heavy infantry quickly with a minimum of logistics footprint. The ARC, or Armored Cavalry concentrates on fast tracked armor to provide a hard fist to pair with the AMC's spearpoint. The Royal Marquesan Sappers are engineering units that travel with the RMA and also maintain presences inside the Shogunate, helping civilian contractors to plan and construct infrastructure and other projects. The Royal Marquesan Army is divided with six RFA Corps apiece for AMC and ARC and four for the RMS, each branch having unique and specialized vehicles and doctrinal requirements.


Combined Arms Doctrine:
Royal Marquesan Army units in the field will often collaborate and base together to ease logistics. This means that, in general, two Lances of the AMC, two Lances of the ARC and one lance of RMS will build their Forward Operations Centers together, enhancing the defensive/offensive posture of the five Lances as a whole, which form a small tent city of roughly 40,000 personnel. This doctrine means that AMC and ARC units can collaborate more closely and move as cohesive fighting units. Combined Arms FOC's are often given a name to more easily identify them to air and ground assets moving in and out of the area to support the forces on the ground, such as CAFOC "Dragon." Such a tentage projects a very wide sphere of influence and will very often include improvised runways and numerous helicopter or tiltrotor landing sites to facilitate refueling, rearming, maintenance and the convergence of supplies, personnel and equipment into the CAFOC. Where applicable, a CAFOC may also include units from any of the other three branches of the RFA, such as the Royal Expeditionary Command, the Marquesan Gendarmerie or TSELI as the situation may dictate.



Airmobile Cavalry Branch:
RMA's Airmobile Cavalry represents six RFA Corps or 7,680,000 Operators and is a devastatingly effective rapid strike force. With a primary focus on massive striking power and rapid movement, AMC is an apex predator for slower moving conventional fighting forces. AMC deploys primarily by airship and tiltrotor, using the Type-87 "Osiris" Strategic Dropship and the Type-15 "Reaper Tiltrotor Assault Transport to move mechanized infantry and light armor directly to the battlefield. AMC integrates tiltrotor, tiltfan and helicopter air support directly into its unit structure, ensuring that ground forces are never without close and powerful air support. Type-17 "Archangel" Ground Attack Tiltfans and Type-64 "Whisper" Reconnaissance/Attack Helicopters travel deep into contested territory with the wheeled armor and escort Type-11 "Wraith" Light Utility Tiltrotors ferrying critical supplies and personnel back and forth from the combat zone. Type-88 "Warden" Airborne Command Vehicles provide persistent overwatch and drone attack support, bringing to bear their powerful sensor suite to keep ground and close air forces perfectly coordinated.

Each Airmobile Cavalry Corps contains 160 Lances, deployable fighting units of 8,000 Operators. Each Lance is a complete unit unto itself, capable of complete self-sufficiency on a battlefield with its own autonomous Forward Operations Center, containing enough supplies and equipment to remain unsupplied for two full weeks and project completely dominant combat power in a 500 km radius. Networks of multiple Lances with FOC's can be moved directly from secured posts in territorial Marquesan on 24 hours of notice using airships to transport ground equipment, operators and vehicles while aircraft can either ferry directly from their bases or join their lances from deployed REC Battle Groups on extremely short notice. Each Lance has its own Table of Equipment, which is described below:


Ground Vehicles: 430 Per Lance.
010Type-620, "Boreas" CFV-B Missile Carrier Variants.
020Type-651, "Minerva" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns.
050Type-765, "Abraxas" Fast Scout Tanks.
080Type-640, "Nyx" Personnel Transport Vehicles.
120Type-620, "Boreas" Cavalry Fighting Vehicles.
150Type-630, "Mithras" Fast Attack Vehicles.

Close Air Support: 45 Aircraft Per Lance.
005Type-64, "Whisper" Reconnaissance/Attack Helicopters.
005Type-25, "Radegast" Ground Attack Fighters.
005Type-17, "Archangel" VTOL Tiltfan Ground Attack Craft.
010Type-15, "Reaper" Tiltrotor Assault Transports.
020Type-11, "Wraith" Light Utility Tiltrotors.

Logistics & Support: 7 Airships, 40 Drones Per Lance.
002Type-88, "Warden" Airborne Command Vehicles.
005Type-87, "Osiris" Strategic Dropships.
40Type-98, "Fury" Autonomous Combat Observation Vehicles.



Armored Cavalry Branch:
The Armored Cavalry Branch of the Royal Marquesan Army represents six RFA Corps, or 7,680,000 Operators and is a fearsome fighting force. ARC uses heavy armored vehicles designed specifically for maneuver-centric doctrine. While well armed and extensively armored with the latest technological advances, ARC's tracked and wheeled armor is designed for speed and holds a significant horsepower and drivetrain/suspension quality advantage over other nations competing vehicles. The primary focus of the Armored Cavalry is providing an extremely powerful and potent armored force that punches well above its weight. ARC has six corps, each of which contains 160 Lances of 8,000 Operators each. Each Lance is a self-sufficient fighting unit which deploys usually from Charon-class vehicle carrier ships owned by the REC and, with their significant advantages in terms of range and outright speed, can move rapidly across unimproved terrain to meet AMC units in the field. ARC utilizes the Type-66 "Hellcat" Hunter/Killer Gunship as its primary means of supporting armored Lances; the Hellcat is a unique and heavily-armored attack helicopter with the ability to directly assault enemy armor and cut down huge numbers of enemy tanks. In numbers, Hellcats can wipe out swarms of enemy armor and in combination with the heavy guns of the Type-745 "Shiva" Heavy Tanks and Type-755 "Chimera" Main Battle Tanks, ARC units have a reputation for knocking out whole armored brigades of inferior tanks with alarming speed.

ARC also maintains Fire Support vehicles, the Type-775 "Uriel" Rocket Artillery Tank and the Type-650 "Oroshi" Self-Propelled Howitzer. These two vehicles can stand off great distances from the battlefield and rain down death on huge areas. The Uriel's "Long Lance" rockets carry thermobaric cluster warheads which, when detonating over an area, create a network of blast waves that tear most any armored vehicle apart and crush enemy infantry out in the open with pressure. The 160mm revolving gun of a single Oroshi is capable of replacing an entire battery of conventionally-loaded artillery. An ARC Lance combines these two tactics into a deadly combination of speed, agility and brute firepower, making Marquesan armor both feared and respected throughout the region and the world. An Armored Cavalry Lance has its own Table of Equipment, which is described below:


Tracked Armor: 190 Tanks Per Lance.
020Type-745, "Shiva" Heavy Tanks.
040Type-755, "Chimera" Main Battle Tanks.
130Type-735, "Kraken" Infantry Fighting Vehicles.

Fire Support: 30 Tracked, 100 Wheeled, 65 Aircraft Per Lance.
010Type-620, "Boreas" CFV-B Missile Carrier Variants.
020Type-651, "Minerva" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns.
030Type-775, "Uriel" Rocket Artillery, Tracked.
070Type-650, "Oroshi" Self-Propelled Howitzers.

005Type-25, "Radegast" Ground Attack Fighters.
005Type-66, "Hellcat" Hunter/Killer Gunships.
010Type-11, "Wraith" Light Utility Tiltrotors.



Royal Marquesan Sappers:
The Royal Marquesan Sappers branch represents four RFA Corps, or 5,120,000 Operators. These units, while not combat oriented specifically, focus on tasks essential to combat operations. Mining, roadbuilding, earthworks construction, area denial, demolitions, bridgelaying, mine clearing, transport of supplies, fuel and equipment, planning, construction and maintenance of operational bases, waypoints, outposts and checkpoints, quartermaster duties and running of field hospitals all fall under the duties of RMS. Designed to be mobile and comprehensive, the four Corps of the RMS Branch contain 160 self-contained Lances, which in addition to their vehicles, carry all the equipment needed to establish self-contained outposts with food, power, ammunition, medical facilities, housing, communications and defensive equipment. RMS operates a wide variety of equipment relevant to various missions they may be tasked to do. Each Lance has its own Table of Equipment, which is as follows:
Airborne Assets: 20 Airships, 125 Aircraft Per Lance.
005Type-87, "Osiris" Strategic Dropships.
010Type-15, "Reaper" Tiltrotor Assault Transports.
020Type-11, "Wraith" Light Utility Tiltrotors.
010Type-62, "Corcoran" Utility Lift Helicopters.

Ground Vehicles: 1,050 Per Lance.
100Type-640, "Nyx" Personnel Transport Vehicles.
200Type-660, "Helios" Rapid Response Vehicles.
230Type-735, "Kraken" Infantry Fighting Vehicles.
040-735D, Heavy Bridging Vehicles.
090-735B, Assault Breaching Vehicles.
100-735C, Armored Recovery Vehicles.

470Type-670, "Morpheus" Wheeled Logistics Vehicles.
010-670C, Mobile Crane Variants.
020-670D, Fire Apparatus, Water.
020-670E, Fire Apparatus, Foam.
020-670F, Hazardous Response Variants.
050-670G, Engineering Variants.
050-670A, Bobtail Variants.
050-670I, Road Train Variants.
100-670B, Flatbed Variants.
200-670H, Fuel Support Variants.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Thu Jan 01, 2015 10:45 am, edited 13 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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The Royal Marquesan Reserve.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Jul 17, 2014 1:16 am

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Seal of the Royal Marquesan Reserve.
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Lapel Insignia of the Royal Marquesan Reserve.



*The Royal Marquesan Reserve.*
Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.
Royal Partisan Auxiliary.
Civil Defense Initiative.




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Royal Partisan Auxiliary.
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Civil Defense Initiative.




Overview:
The Royal Marquesan Reserve is a branch of the Royal Forces at Arms classified as an auxiliary. The RMR is a composite of both uniformed reservists called Irregulars and civilian volunteer militia. Comprising the uniformed branch, the Royal Partisan Auxiliary are twelve Corps, giving a uniformed strength of 15,360,000 Irregulars. The non-uniformed branch of the RMR is the Civil Defense Initiative, or CDI, comprised of forty four Corps, with a total strength of 56,320,000 civilian militia. The RMR is technically subordinate to the Marquesan Gendarmerie, as both are technically employed in the defense of Marquesan lands and possessions at home and abroad, however it is funded and staffed independently. Search And Rescue missions are most often carried out by RMR forces due to their training and dispersion throughout the country's many localities. Unlike full-time uniformed members of the active branches of the Royal Forces at Arms, RMR Operators do not reside on military bases and rather live and work as civilians, very often working in civil government positions which favor their experience and can arrange for their regular military duties. The RMR receives Twenty Trillion Nationstates Dollars in funding per annum, which is used to fund pay and operations of the 66 RPA and CDI corps.


Facilities, Vehicles, Vessels & Aircraft:
Equipment, vehicles, vessels and aircraft that have been retired or decommissioned by the Regular RFA is very often purchased by the RMR for use as most such equipment has a long lifespan even after the RFA has transitioned or replaced these items. RMR Facilities tend to be much smaller than RFA posts and are distributed throughout the country, especially in rural areas. This allows RMR units to train much closer to where their forces actually live and work, lending to their ability to respond quickly in the event of an emergency. RMR facilities are often located along airports or small seaports, in strategically-important locations such as mountain passes or prominent hills, or near strategically-important locations such as power plants, mines, major route intersections or border crossings. A great many RMR outposts exist in remote or austere locations where personnel trained in emergency response, paramedicine or search and rescue are often employed in emergency response missions.



Doctrine:
A corps of the Royal Partisan Auxiliary is organized under the standardized RFA unit structure, but operates only on a part-time basis. On a rotating basis, members of the RPA are called up to work for certain periods of time in their trained specialty. These work periods may vary in duration or in location as required by the unit and members of the RPA may work concurrently with members of the active RFA Regular branches or Civil Defense Initiative to complete their tasks. RMR is functionally subordinate to the Marquesan Gendarmerie in that members of CDI or RPA may be called on to perform some police duties, however in time of great national duress such as a general invasion of Marquesan territory, RMR units fall under Royal Marquesan Army command and may be deployed to reinforce RMA units as-needed.



Royal Partisan Auxiliary:
The Royal Partisan Auxiliary represents twelve Corps or 15,360,000 Operators. Because entrance standards for full-time branches of the RFA are limited, many Conscription Selectees that would otherwise have been enlisted in the Royal Forces at Arms are unable to serve due to maximum enlistment numbers being met. For these selectees who would otherwise be on a contracted waiting list and for full-time RFA operators who are unable to continue to serve in the full-time services due to a personal commitment after their original enlistment, the Royal Partisan Auxiliary is an available option. Units of the RPA focus in training and in structure on irregular, asymmetric warfare. Combat training focuses on distance rifle marksmanship and counterterrorism/counterinsurgency tactics, along with large-scale crowd control, internal armed conflicts, safeguarding of important secure facilities, local defense and rear-area security. Royal Partisan Auxiliary Irregulars attend a one-week Battle Assembly with their assigned units monthly in which training and administrative tasks are conducted. These operators are paid at 1/4 the rate of their rank in a full-time position but serve only 1/4 the time, allowing them to conduct themselves as civilians. RPA soldiers receive the full benefit package of an RFA Regular, while RPA units do not have the "Native Born / Native Parent" restriction of RFA Regular units, therefore allowing a Marquesan Citizen who is not native-born or born to native parents to hold high rank in the RPA.



Civil Defense Initiative:
CDI represents forty four Corps, or 56,320,000 Operators. The Civil Defense Initiative, the second branch of the Royal Marquesan Reserve is a civilian volunteer organization, often comprised of former RFA Operators who have retired, or regular Marquesan Citizens and Residents who are too young, too old, or do not meet minimum standards to join either the Royal Partisan Auxiliary or any of the active branches of the RFA. CDI Units are considered paramilitary forces, with many CDI programs such as youth martial organizations, marksmanship clubs, survival clubs, civil air patrol organizations and amateur radio operator clubs conducted throughout the country. CDI plays a vital role in community policing, with CDI volunteers often having basic police responsibilities, even so far as making arrests as-needed. CDI, while not considered part of the Royal Forces at Arms generally, trains to defend the country against overwhelming general invasion and simultaneously serves many important roles throughout the country. CDI units attend a three week long Battle Assembly annually in the summer which focuses on survival, emergency response, combat first aid, marksmanship and asymmetric warfare. CDI members are paid 1/16 the regular pay for their assigned RFA rank, which is earned commensurate to years of service. CDI units are administered by members of the RPA, with RPA and CDI units often training concurrently and sharing facilities, vehicles and other equipment.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Oct 01, 2014 10:00 am, edited 7 times in total.
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RFA Doctrine & Awards.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Jul 17, 2014 1:16 am

RFA Operational Doctrine:
The Royal Forces at Arms, as a highly-mobile, forward leaning modern fighting force relies on strength, speed, mobility, a high level of organization and overwhelming firepower to accomplish its missions. On the 21st Century Battlefield, accomplishing these tasks is a difficult mission, as the deadly environment of modern combat means that soldiers are exposed to enormous volumes of firepower, harsh conditions and must be constantly vigilant in dealing with Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Electromagnetic threats. In evolving from a 20th Century fighting force to a 21st Century fighting force, a hard look was taken at the methods and equipment soldiers lived with when deployed. Often, there existed a stark difference in the way soldiers lived when stationed at home and the way they worked and lived when deployed abroad in the field. This change was traumatizing to the soldiers; the adjustment and often austere living conditions were not conducive to relaxation and adaptation to the environment in which they were working. Harsh weather conditions and exposure not only to the elements but vulnerabilities to enemy fire were major concerns that affected the force's ability to fight, maneuver and operate in the country at large. Limited by carrying everything soldiers needed to survive either on their backs or with them in vehicles, units were often hampered by overloading or cramped conditions in flimsy tents that did nothing to offer real protection to the soldiers living inside them. Barracks would be too expensive and slow to build and would limit the range of soldiers operating from them and these permanent structures left a large footprint on the land occupied by a warfighting force.

An innovative design proposal for an armored, modular shipping container, integrated building system and modular defensive structures from a small company called CastraTech changed the Marquesan government's thinking on the issue of protecting soldiers in an efficient, lasting way. The Castra System shipping containers are standardized-size intermodal containers which externally resemble commercial containers in use throughout Sondria, but are fully-armored and designed to be highly resistant to forced entry, blast, fragmentation and ballistic penetration. The containers, called CasCons in common parlance, are highly mobile and are designed to be networked together into modular, hardened cities that can be assembled in days and provide a high degree of safety, convenience and nearly all the amenities of home regardless of where bases are placed. The mobilized CasCons can be loaded directly onto roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, transported to the conflict zone, driven off the ships and towed into place then assembled precisely as they were assembled in their home location, without soldiers being required to unpack or substantially change their lifestyle.

In keeping with a "Train-As-You-Fight" mentality, bases in The Marquesas are constructed with the same fortification equipment, the same Castra-System structures and the same containers. Motorpool and weapons-handling procedures are identical at home as they are in deployment theaters and bases follow nearly identical layouts both at home and on deployment. This helps operators in the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms to maintain a "muscle memory" and that familiarity breeds speed and efficiency. Bases are organized in a way that makes them both space-efficient and highly defensible while minimizing risk to soldiers. The outer perimeter wall of any RFA post is made from a layer of 2m x 3m x 2m rock and earth-filled cells of reinforced steel wire panels and geotextile liners called Reinforced Textile Gabions which can be made deeper or higher as circumstances require. Behind this perimeter wall are the various containers and modular buildings required by the deployed Lance, laid out in orderly, symmetrical patterns. While the layout of each base differs slightly, RFA Bases are generally laid out with barracks containers lining the inside of the perimeter wall with half-height Castra.RTG cells placed above the containers for additional protection from indirect fire. The perimeter wall is equipped with eight total fortified Sangars on elevated platforms, one at every corner and at traffic control points, one of which faces each cardinal direction. Main thoroughfares face each true compass direction and intersect in the center of the base. Around this main intersection are command and control containers, power generation, communication and functional buildings.

Between the barracks and command areas are motorpool and maintenance building areas, where vehicles, aircraft and equipment are stored and maintained. The motorpool section of each Castra is laid out with bays of double thickness, double-height Gabions separating each Cadre's vehicles. Each bay has its own Expedient Field Shelter for vehicle maintenance and store's the Cadre's Castra.206M equipment storage containers. There are eight such bays in each Castra, normally marked by each Cadre's unit flag. Each bay faces the barracks containers and outer wall, creating effectively an inner perimeter to each Castra. On the inside of this inner perimeter wall, the Lance's fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft are kept in similarly-sized bays facing the Lance's command area and the center of each Castra. In this area, runways and helicopter landing pads are placed, using a water soluble, vinyl acetate-acrylic copolymer used as a sprayed-on soil stabilizer. The soil stabilizer, called Envirotac II and affectionately nicknamed "Rhino Snot" is used for dust and debris abatement, solidifying even the softest fine sands into a hard surface rapidly and reducing the possibility of foreign object damage to aircraft engines. This layout serves the purpose of spreading out vehicle and aircraft assets, so that concentrated indirect fire bombardment is unlikely to destroy a significant portion of the unit's vehicles and aircraft.

Each Lance-sized element of the Royal Forces at Arms has its own base in its 8,000 men and women live and work. These bases, often called Castras are distributed throughout the country, very often in locations of strategic importance. While designed to be permanent emplacements, each Castra can be mobilized and moved in a week's time, with no more than a week required to assemble the Castra again wherever its unit may be deployed. When permanently stationed near a Marquesan population center in home station, Castras are connected to main power lines, communications networks, water and sewage lines, but each Castra is capable of providing these services unaided when deployed. The even, symmetrical posts utilize a series of concentric access roads and are intersected by main service roads into quadrants; the compact and orderly layout of these posts with their eight fortified observation posts and earth-filled walls are highly defensible; each Lance's Castra is placed near its five sister units in each Guard, usually within visual distance allowing for communication in morse code by signal lamp in the event of an event requiring radio silence. Each cluster of five Castras is networked to others in its larger Corps, providing a distributed network of small, defensible and mobile military posts throughout the country, serving to protect the civilian population and also to enforce its laws while maintaining a high standard of safety, hygiene and organization. While each Lance's loadout of vehicles, vessels or aircraft differ between branches and between branches or departments, all 5,600 Lances of the active-duty component of the Royal Forces at Arms have standardized types of Castra containers, shown below.


Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms Castra Loadout.
One Lance: 8,000 Personnel, 1,146 Castra.206 Containers.

Command Section:
2 Castra.206RCC, Command & Control Bunkers
2 Castra.206RCN, Communications Node Bunkers
2 Castra.206MML, Modular Missile Launchers
2 Castra.206RCR, Laboratory Cleanrooms

Services Section:
2 Castra.206RRD, Reverse Osmosis Desalinization Plants
2 Castra.206RWT, Wastewater Treatment Containers
2 Castra.206RPP, Waste Plasma Pyrolysis Plants
8 Castra.206RPG, Power Generation Stations

Maintenance Section:
8 Castra.206RLF, Laundry Facility Containers
8 Castra.206RFK, Field Kitchen Containers
18 Castra.206RAR, Arms & Ammunition Bunkers
20 Castra.206RRU, Refrigerated Containers
80 Castra.206RWR, Washroom Containers
100 Castra.206LMC, Light Modular Containers (Non-Perishable Food, Equipment, Misc.)

Bulk Storage Section:
10 Castra.206RFT, Fluid Tank Containers (110,000 Liters) *18 Day Water Supply*
80 Castra.206RFT, Fluid Tank Containers (110,000 Liters) *18 Day Fuel Supply, Vehicles & Power*

Personnel Section:
800 Castra.206RPQ, Personnel Quarters Containers (10 Soldiers Per)

Meals Issued Per Castra.
Each Lance of the Royal Forces at Arms is supplied when on home station by local suppliers, paid with an expense account held by each Lance's command staff. This ensures a variety of different foods to support the dietary requirements of the Lance's men and women. Supplying the Lance through local resources also ensures that local businesses flourish in supporting the Military units quartered nearby and fosters positive relationships between merchants and the military. When possible, this practice is continued in deployment theaters, however because this is not always practicable, each Lance carries two full weeks of freeze-dried rations and a further two weeks of emergency rations with it in dry storage at all times, ensuring that no Marquesan Lance is ever without a supply of nutrient-rich food and that the men and women of the Lance continue to eat reasonably even in the most austere of environments. These freeze-dried rations and emergency rations are detailed below.

Wise Foods 4,320-Serving Basic Rations Long-Term Package. 80 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply.)
Wise Foods 1,080-Serving Freeze Dried Vegetable & Sauces Package. 320 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply.)
Wise Foods 1,080-Serving Freeze Dried Fruit Combination Package. 320 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply)
Wise Foods 720-Serving Freeze Dried Meat Package. 400 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply.)
Nitro-Pak 200-Serving Freeze Dried Neapolitan Ice Cream Package. 480 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply.)
Nitro-Pak 100-Serving Freeze Dried Premium Ice Cream Package. 960 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply.)
Nitro-Pak 360-Serving Case Emergen-C Drink Mix, Variety Pack. 2,880 Per Castra. (2 Week Supply.)
Nitro-Pak 10-Serving Case "Mainstay" Emergency Food Bars. 4,800 Per Castra. *Emergency Rations.*
Nitro-Pak 10-Bottle Case Survival Food Tablets. 640 Per Castra. *Emergency Rations.*

RFA Theater Deployment:
While every Lance of the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms maintains compartmentalized individual bases, they move and operate as cohesive larger fighting units. A deployment of a single Corps represents a movement of nearly 1.3 million people with all the vehicles, aircraft, equipment, supplies and buildings required to allow them to operate anywhere in the world as an effective, powerful method of projecting the Foreign Policy decisions of the Marquesan Shogunate. Among hundreds of vehicles and aircraft, many tons of supplies, equipment, ammunition, food and fuel and more than a million men and women, a Corps carries with it nearly 184,000 intermodal containers, which have been designed to be towed behind military vehicles on wheeled dollies. To facilitate this, the Royal Expeditionary Command maintains a fleet of 2,560 Charon-Class Strategic Sealift Vessels, a class of Roll-On/Roll-Off vehicle carriers capable of transporting 5,000 Castra.206 class containers each. This means that each Corps requires a sealift of 50 Charon-Class vessels; 37 for sealift of containers and 13 for sealift of vehicles. In addition to this, 150 Osiris-Class Airships and 10 Capricorn-Class Surface Effect Heavy Transports along with additional sailings of Acheron-Class Aircraft Carriers dependent on the required mission profile and their surface, submarine and Warden-Class Airship escorts work together to rapidly propel each deployment to wherever it is needed.

An advance Vanguard, often abbreviated by the portmanteau ADVON of 80,000 soldiers and lightweight, fast armor precedes each Corps to secure a secure perimeter and a landing site for Airlift and Sealift forces. ADVON forces are transported in Reaper-Class, Wraith-Class, Whisper-Class and Hellcat-Class tactical aircraft, which launch from Acheron-Class aircraft carriers once in range of the deployment zone. Once a deployment area is secure, the main body begins the process of setting up secure networks of roads and Castras from which the Corps will operate. This Occupied Zone will remain under 24-hour operations, with each of the Corps' 160 Lances running two 12-hour shifts, each Strike relieving the other alternately to construct their Castras and combat the enemy. The Marquesan Royal Army claims that an entire Corps can be deployed with roads, runways, Castras and expedient dock facilities constructed within seven days of initial deployment and that an entire Corps can be deployed and can operate without any resupply whatsoever for three full weeks after deployment on the supplies that it carries with it. This highly-enhanced mobility and permanence lends staying power to a deployment of the Royal Marquesan Army; when supported by other branches of the RFA, the power-projection ability of the Marquesan Shogunate is peerless within its home-region of Sondria.

RFA Individual Equipment:
All branches of the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms are issued a standard load of equipment and clothing. While other equipment may be issued, carried or worn from the approved, standardized and purchased RFA-Issue Catalog at Lance Commander discretion, other equipment may be purchased by Lance Commanders for unit usage or purchased by individual servicemembers so long as the equipment conforms to RFA safety, durability and uniform standards. Below is listed the standard allotment for RFA personnel upon graduation from Initial Entry Duty Training. Worn or damaged items may be direct-exchanged by Supply personnel annually.

*Basic Clothing & Armor Issue, Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.*

2x Carina.ATG Paracord Belt, Uniform Color.
2x Carina.ATG Sniper Veil/Shemagh, Uniform Color.
2x Aegis Evolution "Hermes" Boots Pair, Black.
2x Aegis Evolution "Ares" Gloves Pair, Black.
8x Carina.ATG Type-1 Socks Pair, Uniform Color.

8x Carina.ATG Type-1 Short-Sleeved Undershirt, Uniform Color.
8x Carina.ATG Type-1 Short Underwear, Uniform Color.
4x Carina.ATG Type-1 Long-Sleeved Undershirt, Uniform Color.
4x Carina.ATG Type-1 Long Underwear, Uniform Color.

4x Carina.ATG Type-2 Trousers, 10 Pocket, Uniform Color. *Knee Pads Installed.*
4x Carina.ATG Type-2 Uniform Shirt, Button-Down, Uniform Color.
2x Carina.ATG Type-3 Hooded Jacket, Uniform Color. *Elbow Pads Included.*

1x AE-UCA A1 Short-Sleeved Armor Shirt.
1x AE-UCA A2 Long-Sleeved Armor Shirt.
1x AE-UCA A3 Short Armor Underpants.
1x AE-UCA A4 Long Armor Underpants.

1x Galea Type-01 Helmet w/ Primary Shell, Mandible Guard, Visor & CBRN Curtain.
1x Ryuu Spark 360 Wristwatch. **TSELI Only**

*Additional Equipment Catalog, Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms.*
Hardpoint Equipment Standalone Sling Harness.
Northeast Tactical Single-Point Bungee Sling w/ MASH Hooks.
Tactical Tailor Drop Leg Kydex SMG Holster.
Tactical Tailor Modular Hydration Carrier.
Tactical Tailor Drop Leg, Belt & MOLLE Pouches, Various.

Tactical Tailor A-TACS Cloth Compression Stuff Sack.
Eberlestock J79 Skycrane II 4,475 ci. Backpack, Coyote Brown.
Eberlestock F3M Halftrack 3,080 ci. Backpack, Coyote Brown.
London Bridge Trading LBT-2467A 10,200 ci. Wheeled Loadout Bag, Coyote Brown.

Benchmade 1100-14 Damasteel Tactical Pen.
Rite In The Rain 4x6" Tan Tactical Notebook
Rite In The Rain 4x6" Tan Notebook Cover.

ASP Talon Disc-Lock Collapsible Baton.
ASP Tri-Fold Disposable Restraints, 6 Pack.

Brunton Solarroll 27 Marine Solar Panel Array.
Brunton Impel 2 Portable Power Device.

Lens Light K.O. Ti-Bead Blast Flashlight w/ Crenulated Bezel, Lanyard & Ring.

Southard Dauntless Titanium "Flipper" Knife.
Daniel Winkler WKII No Glare Finish Camp Axe.
Daniel Winkler WKII No Glare Finish Jungle Knife.
Daniel Winkler WKII No Glare Finish Spike Knife.
Cold Steel Special Forces Shovel.

Eberlestock Euro Down Sleeping Bag.
Kifaru Woobie Poncho Liner/Ground Cloth.
Eberlestock Magic Carpet Shooting Mat, Coyote Brown.
Luxury Lite Thermarest Mesh Cot, Black.
Alps Mountaineering Siesta Camp Chair, Olive Drab.

Omega Pacific Steel Standard-D 2" Screw-Lok Carabiner, Black.
Beal Diablo 10.2mm Unicore Rope, 60m Length, Yellow.
Rothco 727-Lb. Polyester 5/32" Paracord, 50' Length, Blue.

Katadyn Combi Water Purifier.
Katadyn Survivor 06 Water Desalinator.
MSA Millenium Full-Face CBRN Gas Mask, Black.

Lansky Axe & Machete Sharpener.
Lansky Blademedic Knife Sharpener.
Lansky Tactical Diamond/Carbide Sharpening Rod.

Ultimate Survival BlastMatch Fire Starter.
Daniel Winkler WKII Flint Striker Set.
Solo Storm Windproof, Waterproof Lighter.

Snowpeak Titanium Full Silverware Set.
Snowpeak Trek Combo Cookware Set.
Brunton OmniLite Ti Backpacking Stove.



*The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry Uniform Standard.*
The uniform for TSELI is comprised of Carina.ATG in CHARCOAL GREY with gold embroidery. Black leather Aegis Evolution "Hermes" boots and "Ares" gloves are authorized for wear at all times; the Ryuu Spark 360 wristwatch is authorized for wear with the uniform but may also be worn in civilian clothing. TSELI operatives, dependent on their mission profile, may be authorized to wear civilian clothing on duty; if this condition exists, the Ryuu Spark 360 wristwatch must be worn. AE-UCA protective garments are authorized for wear, as are all articles of Carina.ATG. The Galea Type-01 helmet in all configurations is authorized for wear in all configurations as conditions dictate. A tan "Terai" hat is authorized for wear for ceremonial duty and diplomatic work with either RFA uniform attire or civilian clothing as conditions dictate. TSELI operatives may carry, at their discretion, any Morrigan firearm or combination of firearms as mission conditions dictate. Standard-issue RFA equipment and operator-purchased and unit-authorized equipment is permissible for wear, but must be either black or charcoal grey in color. Ranks are to be worn on epaulets at the shoulder, the individual's unit crest is to be worn on the right lapel and the Shogun's Elite crest is to be worn on the left. Name tapes are to be worn over the right breast pocket while the individual's blood type is to be worn on the left. The Marquesan flag patch is to be worn on the right shoulder sleeve while the Shogun's Elite seal in is to be worn on the left. Unit commanders may, at their discretion, allow TSELI operatives to wear their uniforms "sterile" without patches or identifying information of any kind, or in "subdued" format, with only the Lapel Insignia worn. Sunglasses or prescription eyeglasses may be worn with TSELI uniforms so long as the frame is black in color and the lenses conform to RFA ballistic impact standards. TSELI commanders may authorize other equipment to be carried or worn on duty such as flashlights, bladed weapons, slings, headgear or survival equipment on an as-needed basis from the standard RFA catalog.

*The Marquesan Gendarmerie Uniform Standard.*
The uniform for The Marquesan Gendarmerie is comprised of Carina.ATG in DARK BLUE with light grey embroidery. Black leather Aegis Evolution "Hermes" boots and "Ares" gloves are authorized for wear at all times. AE-UCA protective garments are authorized for wear, as are all articles of Carina.ATG. The Galea Type-01 helmet in all configurations is authorized for wear in all configurations as conditions dictate. A tan "Terai" hat with dark blue sash is authorized for wear for ceremonial duty. Gendarmes may carry, at their discretion, any Morrigan firearm or combination of firearms as mission conditions dictate. Standard-issue RFA equipment and operator-purchased and unit-authorized equipment is permissible for wear, but must be either black or dark blue in color. Ranks are to be worn on epaulets at the shoulder, the individual's unit crest is to be worn on the right lapel and the Gendarmerie crest is to be worn on the left. Name tapes are to be worn over the right breast pocket while the individual's blood type is to be worn on the left. The Marquesan flag patch is to be worn on the right shoulder sleeve while the Gendarmerie seal in is to be worn on the left. Sunglasses or prescription eyeglasses may be worn with Gendarmerie uniforms so long as the frame is black in color and the lenses conform to RFA ballistic impact standards. Commanders may authorize other equipment to be carried or worn on duty such as flashlights, bladed weapons, slings, headgear or survival equipment on an as-needed basis from the standard RFA catalog.

*The Marquesan Royal Expeditionary Command Uniform Standard.*
The uniform for The Royal Expeditionary Command is comprised of Carina.ATG in COYOTE BROWN with burnt orange embroidery. Black leather Aegis Evolution "Hermes" boots and "Ares" gloves are authorized for wear at all times. AE-UCA protective garments are authorized for wear, as are all articles of Carina.ATG. The Galea Type-01 helmet in all configurations is authorized for wear in all configurations as conditions dictate. A tan "Terai" hat with coyote brown sash is authorized for wear for ceremonial duty. REC Operators may carry, at their discretion, any Morrigan firearm or combination of firearms as mission conditions dictate. Standard-issue RFA equipment and operator-purchased and unit-authorized equipment is permissible for wear, but must be either black or coyote brown in color. Ranks are to be worn on epaulets at the shoulder, the individual's unit crest is to be worn on the right lapel and the REC crest is to be worn on the left. Name tapes are to be worn over the right breast pocket while the individual's blood type is to be worn on the left. The Marquesan flag patch is to be worn on the right shoulder sleeve while the REC seal in is to be worn on the left. Sunglasses or prescription eyeglasses may be worn with REC uniforms so long as the frame is black in color and the lenses conform to RFA ballistic impact standards. Commanders may authorize other equipment to be carried or worn on duty such as flashlights, bladed weapons, slings, headgear or survival equipment on an as-needed basis from the standard RFA catalog.

*The Royal Marquesan Army Uniform Standard.*
The uniform for The Royal Marquesan Army is comprised of Carina.ATG in OLIVE GREEN with black embroidery. Black leather Aegis Evolution "Hermes" boots and "Ares" gloves are authorized for wear at all times. AE-UCA protective garments are authorized for wear, as are all articles of Carina.ATG. The Galea Type-01 helmet in all configurations is authorized for wear in all configurations as conditions dictate. A tan "Terai" hat with olive green sash is authorized for wear for ceremonial duty. Soldiers may carry, at their discretion, any Morrigan firearm or combination of firearms as mission conditions dictate. Standard-issue RFA equipment and operator-purchased and unit-authorized equipment is permissible for wear, but must be either black or olive green in color. Ranks are to be worn on epaulets at the shoulder, the individual's unit crest is to be worn on the right lapel and the Army crest is to be worn on the left. Name tapes are to be worn over the right breast pocket while the individual's blood type is to be worn on the left. The Marquesan flag patch is to be worn on the right shoulder sleeve while the Army seal in is to be worn on the left. Sunglasses or prescription eyeglasses may be worn with Army uniforms so long as the frame is black in color and the lenses conform to RFA ballistic impact standards. Commanders may authorize other equipment to be carried or worn on duty such as flashlights, bladed weapons, slings, headgear or survival equipment on an as-needed basis from the standard RFA catalog.

*The Royal Marquesan Reserve Uniform Standard.*
The uniform for The Royal Marquesan Reserve is comprised of Carina.ATG in MEDIUM GREY with bright red embroidery. Black leather Aegis Evolution "Hermes" boots and "Ares" gloves are authorized for wear at all times. AE-UCA protective garments are authorized for wear, as are all articles of Carina.ATG. The Galea Type-01 helmet in all configurations is authorized for wear in all configurations as conditions dictate. A tan "Terai" hat with medium grey sash is authorized for wear for ceremonial duty. Reservists may carry, at their discretion, any Morrigan firearm or combination of firearms as mission conditions dictate. Standard-issue RFA equipment and operator-purchased and unit-authorized equipment is permissible for wear, but must be either black or medium grey in color. Ranks are to be worn on epaulets at the shoulder, the individual's unit crest is to be worn on the right lapel and the Reserve crest is to be worn on the left. Name tapes are to be worn over the right breast pocket while the individual's blood type is to be worn on the left. The Marquesan flag patch is to be worn on the right shoulder sleeve while the Reserve seal in is to be worn on the left. Sunglasses or prescription eyeglasses may be worn with Reserve uniforms so long as the frame is black in color and the lenses conform to RFA ballistic impact standards. Commanders may authorize other equipment to be carried or worn on duty such as flashlights, bladed weapons, slings, headgear or survival equipment on an as-needed basis from the standard RFA catalog.



Military Orders of Award:
The Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms and Royal Marquesan Reserve celebrates and reward the achievements of its servicemembers. Below are displayed the five Military Orders of Award which may be bestowed upon a servicemember or reservist. Each of the first four orders indicates a higher level of award. Awards are displayed from top to bottom, left to right so that the first and lowest award is the first one listed and the highest award is the last one listed. Orders of Award are referred to as "First Order, Second Order, etc, so the Fifth Order of Fidelity would indicate that the servicemember had been deployed on five combat actions. Orders of Award may be sewn on as subdued color patches to combat uniforms in the space above the right breast pocket or worn as full-color ribbons on dress uniforms.



*THE TEN MILITARY ORDERS OF FIDELITY*
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Each order indicates a period of combat service.



*THE NINE MILITARY ORDERS OF ACHIEVEMENT*
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Each order indicates a citation for exemplary service to the country.



*THE EIGHT MILITARY ORDERS OF SERVICE*
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Each order indicates a five-year period of service in the Royal Forces at Arms or Royal Marquesan Reserve.



*THE SEVEN MILITARY ORDERS OF VALOR*
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Each order indicates a citation for courage or valor above and beyond the call of duty.



*THE TWO MILITARY ORDERS OF VIGILANCE*
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First order indicates a period of service with The Shōgun's Elite Light Infantry, Second order indicates a period of service as a Sentinel.


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Last edited by Marquesan on Wed Oct 01, 2014 4:53 pm, edited 16 times in total.
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Ex-Nation

Castra.206 Intermodal Containers.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Jul 17, 2014 1:18 am

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General Information:
Name: Castra.206R/M Rigid or Modular Container.
Interior Dimensions: 4 Meters Width, 4 Meters Height, 12 Meters Length = 192 m3
Exterior Dimensions: 4.12 Meters Width, 4.12 Meters Height, 12.12 Meters Length =206 m3
Gross Weight: ±34,000 kgs.

Container Types:
Castra.206RCC, Command & Control Bunker
Castra.206RCN, Communications Node Bunker
Castra.206RAR, Arms & Ammunition Bunker
Castra.206RWR, Washroom Container
Castra.206RLF, Laundry Facility Container
Castra.206RFK, Field Kitchen Container
Castra.206RCR, Laboratory Cleanroom
Castra.206RPG, Power Generation Station
Castra.206RRD, Reverse Osmosis Desalinization Plant
Castra.206RWT, Wastewater Treatment Container
Castra.206RPP, Waste Plasma Pyrolysis Plant
Castra.206RRU, Refrigerated Container
Castra.206RPQ, Personnel Quarters Container
Castra.206RFT, Fluid Tank Container
Castra.206LMC, Light Modular Container
Castra.206MML, Modular Missile Launcher

Overview:
The modern battlefield is an environment frought with incredible risks and hazards. In decades past, armies have slept on the ground or on crude cots when in the field, under tents that did nothing to keep out cold when the weather was cold, trapped heat when the weather was hot, offered no protection against insects, vermin, chemical, biological, nuclear or radiological attack, did nothing to keep out water and exposed soldiers to bullets and shrapnel without even the slightest protection when they were most vulnerable during their sleep. This archaic method of quartering troops was anything but conducive to success on the battlefield; soldiers fighting off exposure to the elements and to attack had no opportunity to fully rest or conduct their tasks in a safe environment. While a soldier is first and foremost a warfighter, he actually spends comparatively little of his time actually warfighting; north of 90% of his time is spent in self-care or garrison tasks. It is with this in mind that a safe and effective method of transporting soldiers, equipment, vehicles, food, water, fuel and ammunition was sought out by the Marquesan government.

A solution was found in using intermodal shipping containers to transport the necessary personnel and equipment. With a massive existent infrastructure in the form of container ships that could ship hundreds of containers simultaneously, container moving vehicles, helicopters capable of slingloading containers, cargo aircraft capable of carrying and parachute-dropping containers and a robust industry in constructing containers, the body of knowledge in how to create and move these containers quickly was vast. A container design came to light that offered a high degree of ballistic, forced entry and blast protection from a small Marquesan company called CastraTech. Castra's design was adopted by Myrmidon Tactical Design, who then acquired CastraTech as a subsidiary and launched the containers into production. With hundreds of thousands of Castra containers in production for the Marquesan government and abroad, the CasCon has become a ubiquitous symbol of Myrmidon Tactical Design and of a modern, lightweight, mobile containerized military.

Eliminating tents, cots and sleeping bags as the normal living state of an army in the field has shown tremendous advantages. Injuries in garrison have dramatically decreased; soldiers are healthier, sleeping more soundly and have a higher standard of hygiene. Bases fully constructed from Castra containers and other prefabricated steel buildings show a much higher degree of protection from direct and indirect fire by the enemy. When a unit deploys, soldiers deploy along with their CasCons and maintain the same high standard of living in the field as they did in garrison, with only minor changes to the structure of the base and its overall facilities. This "Train-as-you-fight" mentality provides a great degree of proficiency among deployed soldiers and makes adapting to the deployment much easier than if soldiers had transitioned to more austere living conditions. Bases are lightweight and much more mobile than if permanent structures needed to be erected from traditional building materials, while being safer on orders of magnitude than temporary tent cities, while being many times more hygenic. Utilizing naval sealift and strategic airlift during the deployment process would normally expose equipment to a great many risks, not the least of which is security and ever-present salt corrosion, however moving equipment and vehicles in intermodal containers exhibits very little of this risk. CasCons are externally almost indistinguishable from civilian containers and their RFID tracking tags make locating a given container simple. This simplification of the mobilizing process streamlines operations and enhances the forward posture of rapidly-deployable units that need less time to prepare for a deployment, less time to move and less time to re-orient once those units are positioned in-theater.

Exterior Construction:
Castra.206R Containers are non-modular "strongbox" structures which begin as 100mm thick sheets of Ashigaru-100 Non-magnetic Steel from the Halau Kalama Steel Foundry. Exterior panels are roll-formed to a strong, corrugated shape. Each panel is built up separately before being laid up together in a jig for welding. The walls of the Castra.206R container house a 40mm layer of Carina-1600 Polycrystalline Wool high-temperature fireproof insulation, along with a 5mm thick layer of braided Monel Metal EMP/RFI shielding, a 10mm thick fiberglass resin ballistic panel and 5mm of neoprene acoustic deadening foam. A non-corrugated 10mm thick steel interior wall completes the protective exterior wall, which is rated on the UL 752 standard to Level 10, which means that exterior walls can withstand extended periods of 12.7mm heavy machine gun fire. The exterior and interior of this hardened shell are coated with a 70 µm Galvannealed grey zinc oxide and then painted with a final 100 µm layer of zinc chromate mixed with a UV-stable black enamel, giving the Castra containers their characteristic dark green color.

Ashigaru 100 is created in a multi-step process which begins in the Halau Kalama Steel Foundry in Viti Levu, D'Arros Prefecture, where raw iron is extracted from ore in a blast furnace. The virgin iron produced here is then blended with nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium and titanium in an electric arc furnace to produce raw low carbon alloy steel. The molten steel is then desiliconized, argon oxygen decarburized, desulphurized and degassed to produce a fine, dense steel. The steel is then austempered and aged to produce a fully stress-relieved nanocrystalline maraging steel, free of temperature gradients or impurities. The finished steel has superior resistance to chloride pitting, crevice corrosion, stress corrosion cracking and uniform corrosion; it is exceptionally tough and ductile. Under a microscope, Ashigaru 100 exhibits a very fine superaustentic structure with grain and matrix sizes smaller than 100 nanometers. These nano-scale microstructures produce outstanding physical and mechanical capabilities outside the known performance boundaries of existing steels. Ashigaru 100 exhibits very high yield strength and tensile strength; the superaustentic maraging steel is also completely nonmagnetic.

Completed 10mm steel plates leaving Halau Kalama are finished in a multi-step protective process before shipment to Papeete Steelworks, Ltd. where the containers are constructed. The steel is processed with an eco-friendly pickling process, then with a SCS process, freeing the steel of mill scale and surface impurities. The bare steel is superfinished and then zinc phosphated before leaving the foundry. Once at the steelworks, the finished metal is cold-rolled and cut into sections of proper dimensions. Once the wall sections are assembled, they are placed into a jig and plasma arc welded to form a completed container box. At this stage, final treatment of welds and drilled holes by annealing is done to ensure that the blended joints keep their superaustentic nanocrystal structure and do not magnetize or undergo embrittlement.

The front of the Castra.206R Container is dominated by the container's window and personnel door. While sized identically to a cargo container, the rigid 206R is classified as a quarters container, used for command and control and barracks facilities. The 206R has a large Aluminum Oxynitride ceramic armor glass window on the left side of its front side; measuring one square meter and 40mm thick, the window conforms to UL 752 Lv. 10 and is rated against 12.7mm ammunition. The window is also explosion proof and waterproof/CBRN certified, with vibration-isolating elastomeric gaskets and a heavy, reinforced window frame providing 90 minute Forced Entry protection. An explosion-proof outdoor light is placed above the window, along with an IR light so that the container can be identified readily even in blackout conditions. The CasCon's serial number, unit identifier, container type and an identifying number for the unit to which it belongs are painted on the door, while an RFID chip is embedded in the paint between the door and window for identification and tracking.

To the right of the window is the only ingress/egress point on the container, a strong blast-protected 2-meter wide door. Utilizing a geometric fourteen-point locking system, the door is a hardened steel structure that uses 10mm chrome moly 8740 steel deadbolts to secure the door from all angles with two pins extending into the frame at the top of the door, two at the bottom of the door and five into the left and right of the door. These deadbolts are operated independently of each other but are controlled by pushrod from a spherical bearing in the center of the door; forcing one bolt will not affect the others and will not cause the opening of the lock system by pushing or applying pressure on a bolt head. The doorframe is heavily reinforced and includes an inter-locking mechanism running on sliding bearings, locking the frame into the door at eight points. A continuous steel hinge on the right side of the door uses a microfinished 20mm pivot pin for ease of opening and closing and carries 48 mounting bolts. Each bolt is a 5mm chrome moly 8740 stud, heat treated to 1,300 megapascals. Each nut uses precision ground washers and has a special 12-point star pattern to deter forced entry with common hand tools. An armored mortise lock uses a double-sided lever and double-sided locking mechanism; the high-strength locking cylinder and hardened steel hasp prevent picking, drilling or forcing the lock cylinder even with high-powered rifle fire.

The door leaf itself is identical to the wall construction except that it is reinforced with transversal 40mm bars across the leaf and contains a 40mm ballistic fiberglass resin plate. Rubber door silencers in the frame and braided Monel metal gaskets seal the door on all sides. The door has been tested to 1,000 kilopascals and 1400 kpa/msec impulse; it carries a 90-minute Forced Entry protection rating and is certified to the UL 752 Lv. 10 Standard, rated for repeated fire from 12.7x108mm, 855 grain projectiles moving at 820 m/s with as much as 19,000 joules of kinetic force.

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Flexible solar panel arrays on cloth backing are almost invariably used to cover most CasCons. These cloth awning-like covers provide exterior shaded space, partially obscure the containers below them and provide kilowatts of electric power for the base. Covering the containers has the added benefit of keeping the containers cooler, decreasing load on air conditioners and lowering the thermal signature of the base as a whole. The flexible panels take only minutes to unroll and stake down, meaning that setup can be accomplished quickly and easily by a minimum of personnel and simultaneously provide a large benefit to the base and the soldiers living in it.

Detail of Carina-1600 Insulation:
Nomenclature: Carina-1600, Polycrystalline Wool.
Composition: 80.3% Corundum Al2O3, 19.7% Filamentous Mullite Al6Si2O13
Test Temperature: 1,500° C
Melting Point: 2,000° C
Bulk Density: 130 Kg / m3
Specific Heat Capacity: 1.25 kJ / kg K

Carina-1600, named for the superhot blue giant star Eta Carinae, is a refractory high-temperature wool based on the aluminum oxide compound Corindum and the neosilicate Mullite. The lightweight, flexible wool exhibits low thermal conductivity and heat storage, while having a very high thermal, chemical and thermal shock resistance. It is electrically non-conductive and its homogeneous, long-fiber and binderless structure is responsible for its excellent technical properties as a fireproof insulation.

Interior Construction:
Interior walls attach with studs and nuts directly to the smooth inner steel panel of the exterior walls. A 40mm thick layer of mold resistant acoustic dampening gypsum sheetrock covers interior walls with a 100 µm anti-mold/microbial white paint. The entire structure of the Castra.206R is fully caulked with anti-mold/microbial waterproof caulking and ceiling/floor treatments are attached with Loctite 9340 Hysol high-temperature epoxy. The floor of the 206R uses a 10mm thick layer of closed-cell foam rubber acoustic damping underlay with a 10mm layer of replaceable hard rubber 1m2 floor tiles. Electrical wiring runs through the floor, with numerous 110-Volt power connections throughout the CasCon, terminated in fault-protected, waterproof, EMP-shielded outlets. The ceilings are covered with a 40mm thick polyether semi-reticulate open cell acoustic foam and use dimming explosion-proof LED lighting. All Castra.206R containers are equipped with a high-efficiency air conditioning unit with a 50,000 BTU heater and an R134A refrigerant unit for maintenance of comfortable temperatures. A 0.05 micron positive-pressure CBRN filter and fullly-sealed construction along with one way air vents in the container maintain a CBRN-safe environment. Every container is equipped with a small backup generator for use before main generator units arrive or in case power from the field operations center's main is cut.

Inside the Castra.206R, a number of different layouts can be chosen dependent on need. Command Center CasCons have additional power outlets, battery banks and provisions for numerous televisions, computers and large-format monitors, desks and tables; Arms Room CasCons have weapons racks and ammunition storage shelves. Washroom CasCons have provisions for plumbing with ten high-efficiency toilets using compressed air assist in privacy stalls on the right side and five shower stalls on the left. At the rear of the Washroom CasCon, a pair of 500,000 BTU tankless water heaters produces 115 liters per minute at a 22° C temperature rise. At the front, five sinks with mirrors line either side of the room with the floor incorporating special textured rubber floor tiles for enhanced grip and drains every meter along both sides of the CasCon.

Power Generator CasCons have enhanced airflow, noise abatement and fireproofing measures while removing creature comforts. Electrical power is generated via five MTD-110C Turboshaft engines each spinning a 1.5 MW permanent magnet generator with filtered intakes and diffused, muffled exhaust ports to reduce heat signature. Additional insulation in these containers prevent them from creating too large a thermal signature. The rear side of the generator CasCon is replaced with a louvered intake for an air-to-water heat exchanger with a large 3 meter circulating fan, serving to both cool the intake charge for the five turbine generators and mitigate heat in the generator room with positive pressure CBRN filtered vents throughout the container. Laboratory containers employ extensive sound and dustproofing with high-volume circulation fans and air nanofiltration systems.

Laboratory CasCons use an extensive air scrubber system that precisely regulates air temperature with both heater and refrigeration units, forced air ultrasonic humidification and peltier heat pump dehumidification units, produces additional oxygen through a cold plasma ozone generator, pressure swing oxygen generator and membrane nitrogen separator, employs a negative ionic air purifier, controls odor with an activated charcoal system, utilizes a 0.03 micron CBRN filter and a final wet air scrubber system to produce cleanroom-grade atmosphere, a system considered the best in the world and the most advanced air scrubber array ever fielded. These insulated, airtight containers are kept at positive pressure with one way vents and are fully explosion-proofed on the inside, designed for use in petroleum or water testing in forward-deployed areas.

Refrigerated CasCons are plated on the inside with additional insulation and with sterile aluminum sheeting; steel and aluminum shelves are easily disassembled for cleaning and a high-power refrigerating unit can keep the entire container at -30° C. These units are entirely food safe and use a high efficiency dehumidifier to mitigate the buildup of ice on surfaces inside the "reefer" CasCon. Special aluminum floor grates with removable rubber underlay mitigate spills and maximize grip inside the refrigerated container.

Field Kitchen Containers are set up with flat-top grills and burners that can run on any kerosene-based fuel. Easily cleanable and adjustable jet nozzles allow kitchen staff to precisely adjust burners for fuels and conditions. Ergonomically laid-out food preparation stations and high-quality cookware maximize efficiency while an all stainless steel and aluminum interior modeled to minimize cleanup time and effort along with a special high-power air conditioning and circulation unit keep the RFK CasCon at a comfortable working temperature at all times. A single FK can serve 3,000 soldiers per day.

The Laundry Facility Container houses an advanced laundry processing unit with built-in test equipment to monitor the status of all motors, circuitry, water levels and temperatures. Each LF Container deploys with a 110,000 liter water tank, which is enough water to support laundry operations for a full month in the field. A single Laundry Facility Container supports operations for 7,000 soldiers, reusing and recycling the water through a reverse osmosis distillation process. Heating the water with a tankless 500,000 BTU heater improves efficiency and reduces waste. Dryer drums are heated with a working fluid and not directly by flame, eliminating kerosene fuel odors from the dried clothing.

Communications Node bunkers relay information to and from the post they are assigned to via a high-gain SANMEN amplifier and relay. Transmitting both to allied relays and to satellites, the broadband secure connection transmits both on civilian MINDI and military SANMEN network architectures. Both types of secure connections transmit at roughly 10.5 megabytes per second download speed and 5.5 megabytes upload speed. The Communications Node sets up a local MINDI tower, allowing individual users with Marquesan-market mobile devices such as laptops, cellular phones, tablets, etc. to connect to a secure, native network within 100 kilometers of the node. Data transmitted on this connection is backhauled to the Shogunate via satellite uplink while military communications are carried on the SANMEN network to individual devices and relays, with a special command uplink from the Command & Control Bunker that synthesizes and control the data architecture for vehicles, aircraft, vessels and personnel attached to its command node.

The Barracks CasCon is the most commonly produced type, with five steel bunk beds bolted to the steel floor on the right side of the container through vibration-isolating mounts. Each bunk bed measures two meters in length, a meter in width and two meters in height, with steel support springs for each mattress. The mattresses used are 28 centimeters in thickness and utilize a gel-impregnated viscoelastic "memory" foam instead of springs. This gel foam mattress draws heat away from the body and supports the soldier's weight evenly. The removable and washable mattress cover is made from a baselayer fabric blend made from merino wool, X-Static silver fiber, cashmere and bamboo fiber. Between each bunk is a two-deck nightstand for soldier's personal affects such as electronic devices, alarm clocks, etc. The left side of the Barracks CasCon is dominated by steel locker systems. Each soldier is given a locker which stands 90cm in depth, 220cm in width and 210 cm in height, with high-strength secure doors that accommodate combination locks, steel shelves, provisions for uniform hangers and power outlets for secure charging of electronic devices. Next to the window near the door is an arms locker designed to hold the firearms and issued ammunition of the ten soldiers assigned to the Barracks CasCon.

Wastewater Treatment Containers, Reverse Osmosis Desalinization Containers and Waste Plasma Pyrolysis Containers are all specialized to their unique tasks, with special plumbing and water treatment facilities in the case of the RO and Wastewater containers. These two drastically reduce the footprint of a containerized base and allow greater flexibility in placement of the base. Because the base has the ability to treat its own seawater or even brackish and dirty groundwater, it requires fewer resupplies and can act with greater autonomy. The Waste Plasma Pyrolysis container takes solid waste both from the wastewater treatment process and also from the base itself and fires it in a Plasma Gasification Arc Reactor. Once inside the reactor, an inert gas is heated by passing it through a powerful electric arc. This gas is ionized under tremendous pressure and the superheated plasma (between 5,000 and 14,000°C) is used to form a "torch" which incinerates all combustible waste and liquefies non-combustible waste into molten slag. In interacting with the plasma, molecular bonds in the waste products are broken down and molecular disassociation occurs, transferring nearly all solid waste into a gaseous phase. The carbon monoxide gas that results from pyrolysis of waste solids (in excess of 99% conversion) is then burned in on-site turbine engines which power the plasma arc torch and provides a safe, constant auxiliary power supply for the rest of the plant. The non-combustible and chemically inert slag byproduct is completely safe to handle and is significantly smaller in volume than the waste was previously. This mineral and metal rich slag is normally the only byproduct of a Castra-container base's footprint in an area of operation. With the PGAR, there is no atmospheric offgassing and no production of smoke or soot. Any exhaust from the facility is treated with air scrubbers to ensure a near-zero ecological impact, while cleanly destroying enormous amounts of solid waste as an alternative to the presence of landfills.

Utilizing all the insulation and armor of a normal Castra.206R with its rigid walls, the interior of the container is gutted and replaced with a cylindrical liquids tank. The 3.5x11.5m cylindrical tank holds in excess of 110,000 liters of fluids and can be set up for fuel or water as needed. These large containers are the heaviest Castra containers when shipped, but provide an efficient and safe way to transport fuel and water with the rest of the unit's equipment. The weight of water or fuel in the tanks can be as much as 110,500 kgs in addition to the container and the tank, but this method of transportation drastically reduces the amount of smaller tank-carrying vehicles that must be transported with a given unit and allows air-transportation of fuel and water by heavy-lift helicopter directly to the base in a secure container.

Modular containers are used for transportation of equipment, non-perishable foods and vehicles; they are lighter than the rigid-wall containers and contain only the corrugated steel external wall, the Carina-1600 insulation, the ballistic fiberglass resin paneling and the non-corrugated interior steel wall without the sound damping or EMP shielding. Modular containers are not air conditioned and are not meant to be airtight or watertight, but the walls are removable and configurable. Interlocking modular walls make possible the creation of large indoor spaces such as dining or medical facilities; the walls can be used as a field-expedient for base defensive walls if setting up HESCO bastion walls would prove impractical. The modular CasCon is a workhorse of great utility, allowing units to move their vehicles and equipment in safety and security, while providing versatile, configurable indoor spaces once on-site. While not utilizing the armored latch doors of the rigid container, the Modular container uses standard intermodal shipping container doors on both the front and rear sides of the container, which like the walls and ceiling, can be easily removed once the container is opened with internal quick-release camlock mechanisms.

Modular Missile Launcher containers are designed for use as a defensive shield for a forward-deployed base. Each MML Container houses a fully-autonomous search-and-track doppler radar, a fire control Coherent Doppler/Lidar array and a full fire control suite inside the container. Each MML Container houses five 8-tube launchers for Type-1815 "Tachi" Missiles. A single MML Container on a base provides a 79 kilometer envelope of protection, however standard operating procedure has been for a unit to ship with three such containers to provide overlapping fields of fire and redundancy in case of loss.

CasMAL, Modular Aluminum Pallet:
All Castra containers utilize specially designed aluminum pallets for loading and storing of equipment. Made of 70% recycled aluminum alloy, these sterile, rustproof, fireproof and waterproof pallets use a tool-less, non welded construction for ease of assembly and disassembly. The tool-less cam lock system can be put together by hand and, when assembled, has a weight rating of 22,000 kgs. With rounded edges and very light weight, the aluminum pallets are extremely user friendly and have a service life of over fifty years. Each pallet is 2,000 mm wide, 2,000mm long and 200mm in height, with the ability to be lifted from all four sides with pallet jacks. Castra pallets are designed for use with ruggedized off-road pallet jacks which can be either motorized or unmotorized, utilizing off-road treaded pneumatic tires and pneumatic shocks for ease of use over austere or unimproved terrain. A single modular Castra.206LMC container can fit 12 such pallets, yielding a high degree of utility and versatility in shipping equipment via intermodal container.

CasATT, All-Terrain Transport:
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Castra Shipping Containers are designed for high mobility and ease of transport. To facilitate this, a method of mobilizing flat shipping containers and allowing them to be transportable by roll-on/roll-off vehicle ferries and across rough terrain without special accommodations had to be designed. The solution was found in designing high-capacity wheeled dollies that attach to the front and rear of each container. These dollies, using energy return wheels and aggressive off-road tread tires with heavy duty magnetorheological shock absorbers are used with a high-strength frame to lift each container and suspend it for transport. The dollies are easily detachable from their containers and stored separately, with quick, tool less cam-locks that attach or detach with a cotter pin and twist lock assembly. This dolly system is provisioned for towing in series, with a specially-developed Road Train variant of the Type-670 "Morpheus" Logistics Vehicle capable of towing ten CasCons fully-loaded across rough terrain and long distances quickly and efficiently.

The energy return wheel is comprised of a hub made from nitinol, a high-strength nickel-titanium alloy that is incredibly strong, lightweight and very flexible, absorbing vibrations and shocks from the road instead of transmitting them to the frame and the container. Each nitinol hub is suspended in turn by nitinol springs which hold a second nitinol hoop, isolated with a vibration-dampening membrane which devours and stores energy, returning this energy to the rolling action of the wheel. The outer hoop mounts the conventional-looking rubber tread which actually meets the road. and extends over the gap between the inner hub and outer hoop to extend traction and grip. Unlike a traditional wheel and tire, this energy return wheel does not operate under pneumatic pressure. It is significantly lighter and simultaneously much stronger than a traditional wheel and tire, is not susceptible to explosive depressurization, destruction by loss of bead, failure by puncture and the entire system is extremely damage tolerant. The ERW transmits nearly zero vibration up to the vehicle even over the roughest terrain, providing for silent, smooth operation even at high speed. This system also has the effect of de-weighting the wheel, allowing it to turn much more freely; the ERW requires less overall energy to accelerate or decelerate.

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Each wheel is suspended by a pair of magnetorheological shocks developed by MillenWorks specifically for the MTD tactical vehicle application. Each shock uses nanometer sized iron particles suspended in an oil base with additives to prevent the particles from settling inside the shock tube. Unlike traditional suspension, these shocks have no small, delicate moving parts and are extremely simple, robust designs. The action of the fluid is controlled by a magnetic coil which, at varying levels of power, causes the iron particles in the fluid to align along the flux lines, changing the viscosity of the fluid to react to road conditions. The MR suspension system automatically adjusts once per millisecond and provides excellent ride quality, superior vibration and noise dampening, low body roll and smooth response. Each MR shock absorber takes its small amount of required power from the towing vehicle and can be ride-height adjusted either at the dolly individually or if connected to a vehicle with a towing controller, can be adjusted from inside the cabin of the towing vehicle while in motion. The heavy-duty MR shock absorbers fitted to the CasCon dolly can be adjusted up to 1,800mm of lift.

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Each dolly wheel has its own regenerative braking assembly. Between the hub and the wheel, a regenerative braking system, or KERS for Kinetic Energy Recovery System connects a high-speed flywheel to the hub. A special continuously-variable transmission controls energy storage and recovery in relation to wheel speed; when the ratio is changed so as to speed up the flywheel, energy is stored and when the ratio is changed so as to slow down the flywheel, energy is recovered. The KERS flywheel is stable above 60,000 RPM and so is much smaller and lighter than previous designs.

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When the vehicle accelerates, the flywheel releases its stored energy, adding to the organic power of the vehicle and braking forces absorbed by the regenerative braking system recover as much of the normally wasted energy as possible. In emergency/panic stop braking, the rapid deceleration of the hub's output shafts causes the magnetic gear drive system to unlock and slip harmlessly as the vehicle comes to a stop, eliminating the possibility of driveline damage. This system is completely automatic and requires no additional input from the driver. The all-electric system can accelerate the vehicle from a stop using the KERS system alone without engaging electrical power, allowing the towing vehicle to power the container or series of containers with less overall energy than if it were trying to pull dead weight. Each KERS stores up to 60 kilowatts in either storage or recovery with 400 kilojoules of usable storage after accounting for internal power losses.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:33 pm, edited 4 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Castra.EFS Modular Buildings.

Postby Marquesan » Thu Jul 17, 2014 1:19 am

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General Information:
Name: Castra.EFS Expedient Field Shelter.
Dimensions:
Type A: 40x20 Meters
Type B: 60x40 Meters
Type C: 140x60 Meters
Type D: 320x140 Meters

Overview:
Napoleon Bonaparte once famously opined that "An army marches on its stomach." Military units spend the majority of their time, personnel, money and resources involved in self-care, and not warfighting. It is with this in mind that the Myrmidon Tactical Design consortium has created a scalable modular field structure, which requires no change in component parts to change the constructed size, merely a change in the amount of component parts used. The structure needed to be very lightweight, it needed to be assembled without tools in austere and hostile environments and it needed to be quick to assemble, long lasting and provide effective shelter for men, materiel and vehicles both from the elements and from hostile forces. The answer to this question came from a long genesis of military buildings called Quonset huts. Quonset huts relied on a simple semicircular steel structure without internal bracing to maximize usable space while minimizing construction time or cost. These steel structures relied on welds and rivets to stay together, however, and needed to be assembled offsite and shipped to the pre-placed foundation whole, which proved impractical for forward-deployed forces, meaning that hard-shell shelters were either unavailable and had to be substituted with tents, or forces needed to be based further from the zone of combat, extending travel times and burining up logistical resources to remain active in-theater. In updating the Quonset hut, MTD conducted extensive research trials in the field with Royal Marquesan Army units deployed in actual combat theaters.

The study found an urgent need for a way to provide shelter from the elements and from reconnaissance aircraft and satellites in the field and to protect soldiers from extremely hostile climates. The structure needed to provide a high insulative value while being rigid, fireproof and easy to assemble on the ground by combat units in forward areas without special equipment. It needed to be a complete system and it needed to be ready to use rapidly while maintaining a low footprint. The Castra.EFS evolved from this requirement. Castra.EFS stands for Expedient Field Structure, named for ancient Roman fortifications called Castrae, which Roman legions carried with them wherever they went. This gave genesis to the idea of semi-permanent structures that would withstand the elements for extended periods of time but would be simple to set up. The largest of these Castra.EFS assemblies, the Type-D is large enough to store a Type-88 "Warden" Airship in, while requiring an average of a week's time to assemble completely with no tools and only minimal manpower. Four sizes are available, all of which ship in modular Castra.206M shipping containers that move with their combat units as a complete system.

Included in the Castra.EFS kit are 200-liter drums of premixed aggregate, binder and foaming resin for the CastraCrete foundations, tanks of compressed nitrogen and the required pump and hoses to mix and deliver cellular concrete to the foundation of the building, all the fittings, retaining hardware and spaceframe sections used to assemble the structure, rolls of ready EFS honeycomb skin and all necessary hardware to hang doors and curtain walls inside each structure. These kits, which can be scaled dependent on field commander's needs, make ideal solutions for large open structures such as medical facilities, dining halls, aircraft hangars, vehicle maintenance bays, workshops or as a covering for blocks of Castra.206 shipping containers. Requiring only manpower, water and a short span of time, Type-A structures can be assembled fully and ready to use within 24 hours, while the largest Castra.EFS kits require a week for assembly.

While Expedient Field Structures are not rated against small arms fire, the nature of their structure does offer some protection against shrapnel and ballistic penetration. The structures are fireproof and rated, even with only trench foundations, against 200 kph wind. The structures are fireproof and offer outstanding protection against corrosive salt spray, sandstorms, high snow loading, extreme cold and extreme heat. Castra.EFS is a versatile workhorse of tactical and strategic military planning; a critical asset to field commanders and a venerable, modern structure that offers orders-of-magnitude increases in safety over the tent structures it replaces, while being many many times faster to assemble and requiring a far smaller logistical footprint than even the most rudimentary of permanent structures.

Foundation:
CastraCrete is a fine pore, low-density concrete developed by Myrmidon Tactical Design for general purpose use in tactical environments. CC is extremely lightweight, at roughly 12% of the weight of conventional concrete, and remarkable for its strength and rapid hardening and curing times. CC is considered a Cellular Concrete, which innately provides shock and vibration absorption; because of its cellular nature, CastraCrete compresses during impact, increasing its resistance and absorbing kinetic energy. Its resistance to deformation and ability to absorb loads and crush in a controlled manner while reducing soil loading and adding both compressive and shear strength make it a high-value asset in challenging tactical environments. CastraCrete is porous, attenuating the passage of sound and acting as an extremely effective thermal barrier. CastraCrete is essentially fireproof and can withstand temperatures of 1,800° C nearly indefinitely. CastraCrete allows the passage of water through its pores slowly and imposes very little vertical stress on burdened soils, minimizing site disruption and reducing excavation times dramatically. CC is naturally self-leveling and fills the smallest voids, cavities and seams; when used as geofill, CastraCrete conforms to every sub-grade contour, eliminating the need to level the soil base and is significantly less susceptible to differential settlement than heavier density concrete.

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CastraCrete is designed for monolthic applications when quick turnaround is desired. It is engineered to function under excessively heavy use and abusive conditions including rapid and deep thermal cycling, chemical exposure, high heat and wet service conditions where other materials would fail by fracture, disintegration or explosion. CC is tough and resistant to high impact, chemicals and exposure to heat; it is made from several components. A urethane/polyurea resin mixed with a lithium silicate powder is blended with an aggregate mix consisting of 500 micron aluminum silicate cenospheres, 50mm steel fibers and finely-powdered blast furnace steel and pyrolyzed carbon slag. The urethane/polyurea resin reacts to the presence of water, generating roughly 300% of its volume in foam, while the lithium silicate compound acts as a densifier and hardener, speeding up the hardening and curing process. This blend of binder and aggregate is intimately blended and mixed with water, which begins the foam creation process. As the foam expands in a specialized centrifugal pump, is is injected with nitrogen at 50 bar and forced through a hose. The concrete, when poured, is an extremely soupy, highly adhesive mixture which intimately bonds with soil and self levels. Once poured, CastraCrete remains workable for 180 minutes and dries completely in 240 minutes. The surface is ready for foot traffic in 360 minutes and for vehicle traffic in 540 minutes. The surface of the concrete exhibits very fine, evenly distributed pores with a smooth, hard, glossy surface.

Using slag and pyrolyzed carbon as a binder instead of traditional fly ash lends several important benefits to the finished concrete. The contents of the slag are, generally speaking, CaO (30-50%), SiO2 (28-38%), Al2O3 (8-24%), and MgO (1-18%). The metallic components of the slag and the carbon content contribute to the pH balance of the mixture and improve its compressive strength. Slag enhances the strength of the set cement, requiring smaller amounts of foam adhesive. The cementing qualities of the finished product are also improved and the concrete shows better anti-sulfate erosion, anti-microshrinkage, anti salt chloride dialysis, anti-seawater erosion, anti-carbonization and anti-alkali aggregate reaction properties. CastraCrete shows a compressive strength of 560 bar, with a tensile strength of 70 bar and a flexural strength of 140 bar. Adhesion tests rate CastraCrete at 30 bar and has a water absorption rate of 0.64%. Steel fiber reinforcement accounts for 2% of the overall finished volume of CastraCrete, with 1x50mm fibers distributed evenly throughout the slurry. Aluminum silicate cenospheres in the slurry act as controlled voids, damping vibrations, attenuating sound and absorbing immense amounts of heat. The cenospheres crush in a controlled way under extreme pressures; they show a 70% survival rate in analysis at 210 bar and will melt at 1650° C. Entrained nitrogen in the mixture produces a very fine bubble structure and adds to the flame retardant nature of the slurry. While CastraCrete is used primarily for expedient building foundations, it has many other military and civilian uses; CastraCrete makes an ideal aircraft runway surface, it is also used in roadways, railways or in projects where it will frequently be in contact with seawater. Its light weight and exceptional strength make it an asset in high-rise building construction and in many architectural products, where its smooth, hard surface, white color and flame-retardant nature make it a high-value asset.

Internal Structure:
The frame of the Castra.EFS has a difficult set of demands placed on it; the building's structure must be both lightweight and extremely rigid, it must be assembled in the field with a bare minimum of tools and require no special modifications to be scaled up to progressively larger and larger sizes, while being quickly put together and strong enough to support the weight of the building under high winds, heavy snow loads and combat conditions without buckling even under the most extreme of loads without internal bracing of the sometimes massive barrel vault of the arch building. To do this, an intensive study of truss and spaceframe geometry and materials was conducted.

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Triangulated space frames are stess-analysis modeled by computer and assembled by plasma arc welding from 5mm thickness x 40mm diameter round tube stock of cold drawn, annealed seamless 4142 chrome moly steel. Each space frame section is tapered at its ends to a point optimized to fit into a MERO-type spherical joint. Once welding is completed, each section is annealed and completely stress-relieved before going on to a superfinishing process. Completed sections are coated with a 70 µm Galvannealed grey zinc oxide and then painted with a final 100 µm layer of zinc chromate mixed with a UV-stable black enamel, giving the sections a characteristic dark green color. This deep-penetrating, corrosion-resistant coating is a tough, hardened finish that is expected to last the life of the frame section, greater than 80 years.

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Frames are assembled into a diamond pattern known as lamella architecture. The termination of each section intersects with three other sections, evenly distributing tension and compressive forces across the frame and permitting a lightweight frame to support immense spans without additional bracing. The lamella architecture is capable of withstanding 200 kph winds and massive snow loads, and can be scaled to immense size without a change in architecture. The entire structure is assembled on the ground and simply lifted into place progressively, with the center of the structure being assembled first and each progressive section being assembled on the left and right without the use of cranes or hoists. Assembly is completely tool-less, with quick disconnect fittings at every joint that snap together with hand pressure and pin lock in place. Removing the non-weight bearing cotter pin and twisting the fitting past a ball retainer disconnects the individual members for disassembly.

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Each building requires only minimal foundations; for the most rapid assemblies, two trenches one meter in depth by one meter in width must be excavated at the left and right sides of the planned structure according to the desired width. The completed frame is placed into this trench and filled with fast-drying CastraCrete, cementing the frame into place. For longer-lasting buildings, a full foundation is dug to a depth of one meter, providing a hard concrete floor for the structure. Curtain walls are hung at each end, with various door options depending on the intended use of the building. The most frequent and simplest doors swing outwards and are made from doubled sections of the building's skin, with casters to facilitate easy rolling open or closed as needed. These doors can be constructed as-needed, with provisions easily made to accommodate rolling overhead doors or larger sliding hangar doors for storage of aircraft.

Exterior Composite:
The exterior skin of the Castra.EFS is a unique lightweight composite, remarkable for its strength, flexibility, lightness and rigidity to compressive force. The composite is based on a honeycomb composite, with 1cm corrugated bell-shaped cells made from nitinol alloy foil, a blend of nickel and titanium. The nitinol cells are designed to flex along their perpendicular axis but display a high degree of compression along the parallel axis of the cell walls. Even under extreme heat and compressive force, the skin retains its shape and naturally absorbs shock and vibration. The corrugated bell-shaped cells are sandwiched between two layers of 0.5mm Inconel 718 steel sheet, which is brazed together in an argon atmosphere with silicon nitride ceramic powder to bond the metals together. Cells are loosely filled with Carina-1600 insulation, a blend of aluminum oxide-based corundum and mullite fibers. The extremely high-temperature ceramic is both lightweight and incredibly heat absorbent, making the skin of the structure an excellent insulator that is essentially fireproof.

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The skin has an overall thickness of 40mm and is placed over the lamella space-frame of the Castra.EFS with an exterior layer and an interior layer completely enclosing the frame. This double-insulating effect with an air gap enclosing the frame creates an extremely effective insulating structure that maintains a high degree of warmth even in the coldest environments and stays cool in the hottest environments. Double-layering the skin offers a moderate degree of protection from shrapnel and ballistic penetrations, but also serves to increase the overall rigidity of the structure and makes a quiet, safe environment that is completely invisible to infrared or ultraviolet imaging, concealing whatever is inside the structure from view. The lightweight skin ships in rolls housed in modular CasCon shipping containers; each roll is two meters in width and forty meters in length. Each section has hand-tightening quick releases that lock to the next section with a quick braided steel cable-tie. Average fitment in practice leaves a 0.5mm gap between sections which interlock together on the x and y axis. The skin can be painted with any coating, but is most often coated with a protective zinc chromate mixed with UV-stable black enamel, giving the structures a characteristic olive green color.

Detail of Carina-1600 Insulation:
Nomenclature: Carina-1600, Polycrystalline Wool.
Composition: 80.3% Corundum Al2O3, 19.7% Filamentous Mullite Al6Si2O13
Test Temperature: 1,500° C
Melting Point: 2,000° C
Bulk Density: 130 Kg / m3
Specific Heat Capacity: 1.25 kJ / kg K

Carina-1600, named for the superhot blue giant star Eta Carinae, is a refractory high-temperature wool based on the aluminum oxide compound Corindum and the neosilicate Mullite. The lightweight, flexible wool exhibits low thermal conductivity and heat storage, while having a very high thermal, chemical and thermal shock resistance. It is electrically non-conductive and its homogeneous, long-fiber and binderless structure is responsible for its excellent technical properties as a fireproof insulation.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:35 pm, edited 5 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Castra.RTG Cellular Gabions.

Postby Marquesan » Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:23 pm

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General Information:
Name: Castra.RTG Reinforced Textile Gabion.
Individual Cell Dimensions: 2 Meters Width, 3 Meters Height, 2 Meters Length = 12 m3
Half-Height Cell Dimensions: 2 Meters Width, 1.5 Meters Height, 2 Meters Length = 6 m3
Connected Cell Dimensions: 2 Meters Width, 3 Meters Height, 1,600 Meters Length =12,240 m3
Individual Cell Empty Weight: 160 kgs.

Overview:
Castra.RTG is a system of collapsible, recoverable cellular barriers manufactured from welded zinc-aluminum coated steel wire mesh and joined with vertical, helical-coil joints. The units are lined with a heavy-duty non-woven basalt fiber geotextile. When joined and filled, the system can be used to create barriers of exceptional strength and structural integrity. Castra-system Gabions are pre-assembled and delivered palletised with joining pins, to enable the connection of individual units, which can then be filled with available material such as soil, silt or crushed rock using minimal manpower and commonly available equipment.

 Protection is afforded by the fill material of the structure as a consequence of its mass and physical properties joined with the durable, dynamic properties of the Gabions themselves. Once use of the Gabions is no longer required, the removal of a single joining pin opens each cell, allowing the fill material to flow free and the cell to be flat-packed and stored. The unique design, strength and versatility of the Castra.RTG design ensures rapid construction in an emergency offering significant advantages over traditional sandbags, in terms of cost, time, protective ability and labor requirement for installation. Castra.RTG is available in three configurations; individual cell, half-height individual cell and connected cell along with special construction kits. Connected cells are designed to unfold rapidly from a pre-prepared Castra.206M shipping container. After securing one end of the connected cell RTG to the ground where desired, simply towing the shipping container behind any vehicle capable of hauling it will unfold the connected cells, allowing a 1,600 meter wall to be erected in as much time as it takes to drive the distance. Once unfolded, the connected cells can be filled with construction equipment, drastically decreasing the time it takes to construct permanent barriers. This extremely versatile modular system is a force-multiplier, vastly decreasing required labor to construct walls or other structures rapidly, providing a high degree of protection against adverse weather and against explosions or attack and allowing deployed units to create secure facilities quickly and efficiently. Castra.RTG systems can be placed directly on the surface or can be dug into a half-meter deep trench to enhance resistance to floodwaters and also ramming.

Gabion Construction:
Castra Gabions are constructed from 10mm hardened steel wire which has been cold-worked and galvannealed to a thick, tough layer of zinc carbonate. The steel wire's distinguishing feature is the very tight construction of its anti-scale and anti-cutting welded mesh. The thick 10mm wire's tight construction makes it extremely difficult to get hand or footholds, while the heavy-duty tools required to cut the wire do not have enough space to operate in. The hardened steel resists breaching by saw, axe or simple torch and fencetops can be equipped with rolling steel anti-scaling barriers for a quick-to-assemble high security barrier. Each metal mesh cell is lined with a durable, fireproof basalt fiber geotextile cloth. The geotextile is a non-woven, heat bonded and needle-punched 15mm thick cloth which offers low seepage rates and which is also fireproof to 1450°C. The highly puncture-resistant and durable geotextile is extremely resistant to chemical attack, to debris or shrapnel and also resists floodwaters or ballistic penetration. Once filled with locally-sourced materials, the Castra.RTG cells are an effective protection against direct or indirect fire artillery, water up to the height of the wall, extreme winds and shaped-charge or tandem charge weapons.

ImageImage


Modular Construction:
Castra.RTG cells are primarily used for construction of retaining or defensive walls, however these durable, simple-to-construct units can be used for flood control, water drainage control, to create artificial piers in austere, undeveloped harbors, to create terraces or expedient bridges and elevated roadways when need be. Short lengths of individual cells or half-height cells can be created for compartmentalization of blast effects in the event of indirect fire or bombardment; long runs of connected cells can be broken apart to create entry control points as-needed. Curved walls can be created at a maximum of a one-in-four ratio. Half-height cells are frequently used as sacrificial overhead cover for hardening of Castra.206 containers against indirect fire and bombardment. Castra Guard Posts and Sangars, either elevated or ground-level are modular kits that allow rapid assembly of small emplacements with meter-thick walls and a half-meter of overhead cover. Embrasure (firing/observation point) forms are included in the set, as are roof joists and roofing material. Both elevated and ground level sangars have a base of 6x6m; the elevated sangar will provide the user with an overall height of 4m to the platform level of the structure and a stairway to platform level. The occupant is offered from both blast and ballistic threats and the kit is delivered on a single pallet weighing 800 kilograms.

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Last edited by Marquesan on Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:39 pm, edited 3 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Ex-Nation

Morrigan Small Arms, Pt. I

Postby Marquesan » Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:24 pm

Name: "Morrigan" Mk. II, Recoil-Operated Service Rifle (ROSR)
Fire Selection:
Semiautomatic, Three-Round-Burst, Fully Automatic

Ammunition Types:
6.8x38mm TCI, 8.4x58mm TCH or 14.9x108mm TCAM

Cyclic Rate of Fire:
600, 900, or 1,100 Rounds per minute

Operation:
Articulated Open-Bolt, Off-Axis Recoil Vectoring

Action:
Delayed Blowback, Advanced Primer Ignition

Ignition:
Enhanced-Charge Combustible Primer

Barrels:
Quick-change, fluted or finned bull-style w/ threaded muzzle

Feed System:
Detachable Box Magazine, Sealed Telescoped Caseless Ammunition

Safety:
Fire Selector Lever, Trigger Safety & Grip Mounted Safety

Overview:
The class of Morrigan small arms were developed from a requirement for a lightweight, compact and modular weapon system that would utilize large, easy-to-clean components made from tough and durable materials capable of surviving extended abuse, impacts, corrosion, extreme heat and cold while functioning impeccably under battlefield conditions. At the same time, the requirement called for advanced composites and materials and the utilization of a highly advanced, compact caseless round that would provide powerful, hard-hitting ammunition for use against armored and unarmored targets. Speed, ease of use and reliability were foremost concerns with the Morrigan class. Since the class was designed specifically for use with caseless firearms, the chamber, not the brass pressure vessel of a traditional round, would have to contain the extreme heat and pressure of round detonation hundreds of thousands of times over the life of each firearm, so the construction of the weapon had to be robust.

To minimize felt recoil, the design had to be innovative and incorporate advanced technology while being simple to clean, simple to operate and durable to continue to operate under extreme circumstances. To this end, both the ammunition and the firearms were developed together. One of the largest advantages of the Morrigan is that the mass of the rifle has been centralized; the barrel, chamber and bolt sit inline with the shooter's hand, thereby eliminating the cantilever effect that causes muzzle climb in other weapons and enables the weapon to recoil straight back against the recoil-absorbing buttstock and the bolt's hydraulic buffer. This gives the Morrigan a lower perceived recoil than most any other military firearm while the robust construction adeptly tames extremely powerful ammunition considered to be a dramatic overmatch in comparison to similar current military calibers.
Construction:
The receiver of a Morrigan firearm is milled from large forged billets of 7068 Aluminum alloy with all edges finely chamfered. Finished components are plunged in silicon carbide media for superfinishing, resulting in a 0.01 μm finish. Each external component is coated with a nanostructure layer of zinc oxide, helping to remove heat from the weapons faster and making the receiver surfaces tougher and more resistant to corrosion. Inside the weapon, surfaces that come into contact with the bolt or any moving components are coated in tungsten disulfide, a slick, lubricious surface treatment that allows the mated surfaces to glide against each other without any external lubrication. In this way, each Morrigan can function in extreme heat or cold without any lubrication whatsoever.

The bolt of the Morrigan rifle is made from large, robust, easy-to-clean components machined from Inconel 625, a high chromium/molybdenum/vanadium alloy that exhibits high heat tolerance and extreme strength. The superfinished bolt is coated completely in tungsten disulfide. Inside the bolt, a titanium firing pin and nitinol (nickel/titanium alloy) firing pin spring help to reduce the weight of the bolt and reduce lock time while remaining extremely durable. The firing pin is coated in an ultrahard layer of titanium carbide to help it to resist galling and carbon deposits. Because Morrigans are caseless designs, blow-by into the chamber of combustion gases needed to be addressed in the design, so the bolt is fitted with knitted Monel metal O-ring seals, not unlike the piston ring seals in a combustion engine. These triple-redundant seals center the bolt in the chamber, sweep the chamber clean of combustion remnants and seal the breech, eliminating in a stroke many of the accuracy problems of open-bolt weapons and sealing issues of caseless firearms.

Because Morrigans fire from an open bolt, the chamber and bolt stay much cooler, allowing the weapon to air cool more effectively and keeping ammunition temperatures at safe levels, preventing cookoff in the magazine and keeping the caseless rounds below their deformation temperatures. The chamber, manufactured from inconel and coated in titanium carbide disperses heat very quickly even during long engagements where the weapon would otherwise be very hot. Due to the design of the Morrigan rifle, the entire weapon serves as a heat sink, transferring heat away from the chamber, bolt and barrel assembly and dissipating heat throughout the receiver to maintain internal temperatures at safe levels.

Each component is milled by a computer-controlled 5-Axis CNC lathe, resulting in a high level of conformity and very little deviation in the manufacturing process. The forged components are stronger and made lighter than cast materials would be, resulting in a rifle that cycles much faster than a traditionally manufactured weapon might. The weapon's chamber is a separate component from the barrel and can be swung out to quickly clear misfires or jammed rounds with the use of a quick release camlock mechanism and lever mounted to the top of the receiver. The chamber itself is a forged inconel component coated in titanium carbide to give it a high resistance to heat; this keeps the weapon significantly cooler to prevent heat-related cyclic issues endemic of most caseless firearms. The barrel of a Morrigan is cold-forged from Inconel 625 with a Rhenium Diboride (ReB2) integral sleeve using cast-in octagonal rifling. The Rhenium Diboride sleeve is used for its extremely high melting temperature and its extreme hardness, allowing it to cut rifling grooves into the very hard copper/beryllium/cobalt bullets used in Morrigan small arms. Each barrel is internally pre-treated with a molybdenum disulfide coating and coated on its exterior with zinc oxide to help in barrel cooling and corrosion resistance.

The Morrigan Action:
Morrigan firearms use a recoil operated action which fires from an open bolt. In the rearward position, the bolt is locked both by the firing pin spring and the hammer block associated with the trigger. When the trigger is released, the bolt assembly is released forward, riding on two rails machined into the upper receiver. As it rides forward, the bolt strips a round from the top of the magazine and centers it onto the bolt face. As this occurs, the firing pin is riding forward through a long stroke on its spring inside the bolt. As the round is pushed forward into the long, smooth-walled chamber, the bolt self-centers on the chamber by way of knitted metal elastomer gas seals, improving the otherwise slightly unpredictable accuracy of open-bolt weapons. The firing pin will strike the primer/booster charge while the round is still in motion through the gradually tapering chamber, causing the bullet inside the caseless cartridge to begin forward travel, engaging the drive bands against the barrel rifling. Even in the event of an incomplete ignition, the booster charge carries enough pressure to drive the bullet through the length of the barrel, requiring only clearing of the propellant block from the weapon's swing-out chamber to clear the stoppage. Once the booster charge ignites, the remainder of the propellant block ignites, firing the round.

The unlocked bolt and firing pin are still traveling forward as the round ignites, allowing the gas seal rings to sweep the chamber of any previous combustion remnants. As complete ignition takes place, the entire assembly is forced backwards by the detonation of the round; the forward face of the bolt uses a cammed roller mechanism to delay recoil of the bolt until chamber pressures drop to a safe level. This roller-delayed blowback and advanced primer ignition system never dumps its kinetic energy in the forward position; since the forward momentum of the bolt must be overcome by the recoil generated by the detonating propellant, the bolt can be manufactured significantly lighter than normal, cutting felt recoil dramatically. As the bolt assembly recoils past the chamber breech and passes the trigger assembly, the firing pin locks to the rear inside the bolt independently and is held in place by a catch engineered to begin advancing when the bolt is released.

When the bolt reaches its rearmost position, a hydraulic buffer absorbs and dissipates the energy of the bolt at a 90° angle to the direction of the bolt. What recoil energy is imparted on the mountings of the hydraulic buffer are directed downward, helping to fight any vertical climb forces imparted on the weapon, while the open bolt remains parallel to the direction of recoil, minimizing any movement and allowing the shooter to place followup shots quickly and accurately. If the trigger remains depressed, the bolt will be forced forward by the rebound of the hydraulic buffer, repeating the cycle until the trigger is released or the weapon expends its ammunition. The Morrigan action translates to a smooth-firing weapon with very little felt recoil and a robust, extremely reliable action which is rated to operate with no lubrication and no maintenance greater than operator-level cleaning in excess of 500,000 rounds fired. Nylon-bristle brushes are issued with the weapon to prevent abrasion of any coatings inside the weapon, including the barrel; while the molybdenum disulfide barrel treatment will be scratched off by the nylon brushes, firing more rounds through the barrel will redeposit the coating, lowering barrel friction and absorbed heat for subsequent shots.

Each Morrigan rifle encorporates three safety mechanisms; a grip safety and fire selector lever, both of which must be in the correct position to release the trigger and a final trigger safety. The fire selector lever, when in "safe" disables the trigger, keeping the bolt locked to the rear and preventing the weapon from firing if dropped. The weapon also incorporates a safety in the back of the pistol grip, which requires the shooter to be gripping the weapon to disengage the safety. The trigger safety incorporates a two part trigger, with an inner trigger that must be taken up in order to engage the primary trigger, releasing the bolt forward. This "take up" action allows the shooter to have progressive control of trigger squeeze; the 2.5 kg trigger has a crisp, clean break, reducing muzzle movement. The fire selector lever is ambidextrous, with a one-handed easy reach from the trigger to change the lever position.

Ammunition Details:
Morrigan weapons are designed to fire one of three specially-designed cartridges; 6.8mm TCI, 8.4mm TCH or 14.9mm TCAM. Each round is caseless, with the bullet fully telescoped inside its propellant block. The propellant is made from a blend of oxidizer, propellant and combustible plasticizer; the hexanitroethane oxidizer is nitrogen-rich and interacts with the octogen explosive to propel the round forward. This otherwise volatile mix is mixed with a nitroglycerin/nitrocellulose binder to create a thick, water-resistant propellant block in which the round is placed. The propellant block has a good resistance to heat and shock, allowing it to be handled by soldiers in combat environments without a risk of damaging their ammunition. A primer and boosting charge is made from more volatile mannitol hexanitrate, which reacts explosively to being impacted by the weapon's firing pin.

This booster charge carries enough power to force the bullet forward through the barrel even if the propellant charge fails to ignite for whatever reason, however the booster charge is designed to reliably ignite the propellant block. In destructive and abusive testing, the propellant charge has been shown to exhibit less than a 1:50,000 failure-to-fire rate even under extreme environmental variables and does not require the presence of air to fire; the charge still reliably ignites underwater or in a vacuum. The propellant charge is extremely quick-burning, with no hydrogen to combine with oxygen in its mix, thereby drastically reducing the creation of water. The burning mixture is largely smokeless and leaves very little signature to identify the location of the shooter, with very little muzzle flash even when fired from short barrels.


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Name: Morrigan 6.8mm Telescoped Caseless Intermediate (TCI)
Construction: Molybdenum Disulfide-Coated CuBeCoHP Monolith.
Cartridge Length:
38mm

Cartridge Diameter:
8.8mm

Cartridge Weight:
14.56 Grams

Propellant:
2:1 Mix CL20/HMX Composite

Propellant Detonation Velocity:
9,500 m/sec

Bullet Weight:
8.4 Grams

Bullet Alloy:
CuBeCoHP ("Haute Puissance" 96% Copper, 2.7% Cobalt, 1.3% Beryllium)

Vickers Hardness:
471 HV; 4.619 Gigapascals

Bullet Length:
32.880 mm

Barrel Bore Diameter:
6.860 mm

Barrel Groove Diameter:
7.040 mm

Tangent Ogive Length:
15.821 mm

Meplat Diameter:
2.200 mm

Ballistic Coefficient:
0.407

Stability Factor:
4.00

Barrel Twist Rate:
1:130mm

Spin @ Muzzle:
650,200 RPM

Chamber Pressure:
489.53 Megapascals

Muzzle Velocity:
1,376 m/sec (Mach 4.045)

Muzzle Energy:
7.979 Kilojoules

Maximum Point Blank Range:
440 meters

Recommended Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 meters

M/V @ RED:
1,095 m/sec (Mach 3.218)

M/E @ RED:
5.050 Kilojoules

Drop: (MOA)
+2.2

Time:
0.163 Sec

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 meters

M/V @ MED:
490 m/sec (Mach 1.476)

M/E @ MED:
1.062 Kilojoules

Drop: (MOA)
-10.1

Time:
0.977 Sec

Characteristics:
The Morrigan 6.8 TCI round is an advanced medium caliber cartridge designed for combat use. The bullet is fully-encased in its propellant charge, a 2:1 mixture of Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane explosive, (CL20) Octogen (HMX) explosive and a double base nitrocellulose/nitroglycerin plasticizer, a fast-burning composite propellant that produces low muzzle flash and almost zero smoke even in short barrels. 76 grains of HMX and CL20 explosive are used in the mix at a 90/10 ratio with the plasticizer, which is set off by impacting a combustible mannitol hexanitrate primer and booster charge set into the propellant block. The lightweight ammunition weighs only 14.56 grams per round, enabling soldiers to carry 40% more ammunition for the same weight in comparison to 7.62x51mm ammunition. 6.8 TCI ammunition is extremely compact at 38 mm in length; it is well-suited to sub machine gun platforms and yet with longer barrels has devastating accuracy at long ranges. 6.8 TCI carries twice the weight of a 5.56x45mm cartridge and more energy at all ranges. Its high muzzle velocity and low ballistic coefficient translate into outstanding knockdown power and flat, stable ballistics.

6.8 TCI is considered to be "point blank" at distances of 440 meters (delivering 2,870 joules at this distance) and remains supersonic past 800 meters, where the round carries enough energy to expand out to twice its original caliber on impact. The monolithic bullets are turned on a CNC lathe and coated in molybdenum disulfide to mitigate copper fouling in rifle barrels and reduce friction. The high-strength beryllium/cobalt alloy used for these rounds exhibits excellent hardness, behaving like a steel bullet in penetrating armor but with greater ease than steel in engaging rifling. Because the bullets are monolithic, they may be spun at higher rates than jacketed bullets, enabling greater stability rates and tighter barrel twists. Bullets are cast in permanent molds then robotically machined to tolerance in a high-speed lathe assembly. The bullets use multiple drive bands, allowing rifling to cut into the bullet more easily, which translates to an increase in acceleration in the barrel. The 6.8 TCI round produces high shock and wide, fast-bleeding wound channels in unarmored targets and in tactical engagements, produces enormous energy transfer upon impact with body armor, often enough to shatter bone behind the armor while its high density and velocity has shown it capable of penetrating soft armor designed to the UL 752 Lv. 7 standard and rated against 5.56x45mm ammunition out as far as 200m.


*All calculations performed using GS Customs & JBM Ballistics.*



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Name: Morrigan 8.4mm Telescoped Caseless Heavy (TCH)
Construction: Molybdenum Disulfide-Coated CuBeCoHP Monolith.
Cartridge Length:
58mm

Cartridge Diameter:
10.8mm

Cartridge Weight:
28.7 Grams

Propellant:
2:1 Mix CL20/HMX Composite

Propellant Detonation Velocity:
9,500 m/sec

Bullet Weight:
17.3 Grams

Bullet Alloy:
CuBeCoHP ("Haute Puissance" 96% Copper, 2.7% Cobalt, 1.3% Beryllium)

Vickers Hardness:
471 HV; 4.619 Gigapascals

Bullet Length:
48.4 mm

Barrel Bore Diameter:
8.38 mm

Barrel Groove Diameter:
8.59 mm

Nose Ogive Length:
27.2 mm

Ballistic Coefficient:
0.972

Stability Factor:
1.85

Barrel Twist Rate:
1:190mm

Spin @ Muzzle:
345,800 RPM

Chamber Pressure:
447.5 Megapascals

Muzzle Velocity:
1,098 m/sec (Mach 3.228)

Muzzle Energy:
11.533 Kilojoules

Maximum Point Blank Range:
417 meters

Recommended Engagement Distance:
+/- 350 meters

M/V @ RED:
969 m/sec (Mach 2.847)

M/E @ RED:
8.972 Kilojoules

Drop: (MOA)
0.0

Time:
0.344 Sec

Maximum Engagement Distance:
> 1,000 meters

M/V @ MED:
763 m/sec (Mach 2.241)

M/E @ MED:
5.556 Kilojoules

Drop: (MOA)
-12.3

Time:
1.095 Sec

Characteristics:
The Morrigan 8.4 TCH round is an advanced long range cartridge designed for combat use. The bullet is fully-encased in its propellant charge, a 2:1 mixture of Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane explosive, (CL20) Octogen (HMX) explosive and a double base nitrocellulose/nitroglycerin plasticizer, a fast-burning composite propellant that produces low muzzle flash and almost zero smoke even in short barrels. 90 grains of HMX and CL20 explosive are used in the mix at a 90/10 ratio with the plasticizer, which is set off by impacting a combustible mannitol hexanitrate primer and booster charge set into the propellant block. Each round of 8.4 TCH weighs only 4.4 grams more than a round of 7.62x51mm though the bullet itself weighs a full 7 grams more than the 7.62mm bullet. 8.4 TCH carries more than three times the muzzle energy and is capable of remaining supersonic at distances of 2,600 meters, at which distance the impact will transfer 1,000 joules. The compact cartridge is suitable for use in shoulder-fired machine guns and antipersonnel rifles and exhibits outstanding muzzle velocity, a low ballistic coefficient and flat, stable flight characteristics.

8.4 TCH is considered to be "point blank" at distances of 417 meters (delivering 7,505 joules at this distance) and remains supersonic to 2,600 meters, where the round still remains stable and capable of tremendous damage. The monolithic bullets are turned on a CNC lathe and coated in molybdenum disulfide to mitigate copper fouling in rifle barrels and reduce friction. The high-strength beryllium/cobalt alloy used for these rounds exhibits excellent hardness, behaving like a steel bullet in penetrating armor but with greater ease than steel in engaging rifling. Because the bullets are monolithic, they may be spun at higher rates than jacketed bullets, enabling greater stability rates and tighter barrel twists. Bullets are cast in permanent molds then robotically machined to tolerance in a high-speed lathe assembly. The bullets use multiple drive bands, allowing rifling to cut into the bullet more easily, which translates to an increase in acceleration in the barrel. While not meant as an "all purpose" round as it is not suitable for close combat distances due to the required barrel length, the 8.4 TCH round is devastatingly powerful both against soft targets and armored targets, with penetrating power enough to pierce light armored vehicles, engine blocks or overpowering hard body armor plates at distances below a thousand meters.


*All calculations performed using GS Customs & JBM Ballistics.*



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Name: Morrigan 14.9mm Telescoped Caseless Anti-Materiel (TCAM)
Construction: Molybdenum Disulfide-Coated CuBeCoHP Monolith.
Cartridge Length:
118mm

Cartridge Diameter:
18mm

Cartridge Weight:
110 Grams

Propellant:
2:1 Mix CL20/HMX Composite

Propellant Detonation Velocity:
9,500 m/sec

Bullet Weight:
109.5 Grams

Bullet Alloy:
CuBeCoHP ("Haute Puissance" 96% Copper, 2.7% Cobalt, 1.3% Beryllium)

Vickers Hardness:
471 HV; 4.619 Gigapascals

Bullet Length:
101 mm

Barrel Bore Diameter:
14.66 mm

Barrel Groove Diameter:
14.9 mm

Nose Ogive Length:
60.1 mm

Ballistic Coefficient:
2.169

Stability Factor:
1.89

Barrel Twist Rate:
1:280mm

Spin @ Muzzle:
220,000 RPM

Chamber Pressure:
450 Megapascals

Muzzle Velocity:
1,021 m/sec (Mach 3.002)

Muzzle Energy:
57.152 Kilojoules

Maximum Point Blank Range:
405 meters

Recommended Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 meters

M/V @ RED:
879 m/sec (Mach 2.583)

M/E @ RED:
42.299 Kilojoules

Drop: (MOA)
-8.3

Time:
0.845 Sec

Maximum Engagement Distance:
> 3,000 meters

M/V @ MED:
553 m/sec (Mach 1.626)

M/E @ MED:
16.755 Kilojoules

Drop: (MOA)
-68.2

Time:
4.006 Sec

Characteristics:
Morrigan 14.9 TCAM is an ultraheavy long range anti-materiel cartridge designed for combat use. The physical dimensions of the cartridge are smaller than that of a loaded round of .50 BMG and the round is also seven grams lighter than the .50 BMG cartridge, however the 14.9 TCAM cartrige carries nearly four times more muzzle energy and remains stable and supersonic past 3,000 meters. The bullet is fully-encased in its propellant charge, a 2:1 mixture of Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane explosive, (CL20) Octogen (HMX) explosive and a double base nitrocellulose/nitroglycerin plasticizer, a fast-burning composite propellant that produces low muzzle flash and almost zero smoke even in short barrels. 248 grains of HMX and CL20 explosive are used in the mix at a 90/10 ratio with the plasticizer, which is set off by impacting a combustible mannitol hexanitrate primer and booster charge set into the propellant block. The 14.9 TCAM round was designed for use in manually-operated bolt action anti-materiel rifles, as the intense recoil produced by the heavy round is not suitable for shoulder-fired semiautomatic rifles, though the round can be used in electrically-driven gatling-type machine guns. 14.9 TCAM carries astounding kinetic energy, allowing total penetration of even heavy body armor, buildings, medium armored vehicles, engine blocks and other hard targets. The round was designed for use against materiel assets, however it can be used for antipersonnel duties even at great distances.

14.9 TCAM is considered to be "point blank" at a distance of 405 meters (delivering an amazing 49,147 joules at this distance) and is still supersonic at 3,000 meters, where the round still carries enough energy to penetrate body armor and cause tremendous damage. The monolithic bullets are turned on a CNC lathe and coated in molybdenum disulfide to mitigate barrel fouling and reduce friction with the air in flight. The high-strength beryllium/cobalt alloy used for these rounds exhibits excellent hardness, behaving like a steel bullet in penetrating armor but with greater ease than steel in engaging rifling. Because the bullets are monolithic, they may be spun at higher rates than jacketed bullets, enabling greater stability rates and tighter barrel twists. Bullets are cast in permanent molds then robotically machined to tolerance in a high-speed lathe assembly. The bullets use multiple drive bands, allowing rifling to cut into the bullet more easily, which translates to an increase in acceleration in the barrel. 14.9 TCAM is a very heavy round suitable for distance marksmanship or destruction of hard targets; the round can be used for anti-tank duties and has proven extremely effective in destruction of helicopters or light armored vehicles at distances that preclude countersniper fire. The rifle designed for use with the 14.9 TCAM round, the Morrigan T9 is a short bullpup design designed to be lightweight and compact, making the combination of round and rifle an ideal choice for snipers and special forces.


*All calculations performed using GS Customs & JBM Ballistics.*



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Last edited by Marquesan on Fri Jun 26, 2015 10:01 pm, edited 22 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Posts: 1660
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Ex-Nation

Morrigan Small Arms, Pt. II

Postby Marquesan » Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:25 pm

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Name: Type-01, Personal Defense Weapon.
Price: Two Thousand, Two Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
620mm with stock unfolded

Weight:
5.3 kg w/ loaded 60-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
60-rd Box Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Select-Fire; Semiautomatic or 1,100 RPM 3-rd burst

Muzzle Velocity:
1,376 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 m

Description:
The Morrigan Type-01 PDW is a compact, lightweight and powerful sidearm. Developed to completely replace a series of pistols and submachine guns with a single, powerful select-fire weapon, T1 utilizes the full-power 6.8mm TCI round through a very short bull barrel fitted with a suppressor and utilizes a folding, wire buttstock to minimize its carried length. The weapon may be fired in a two-handed pistol grip with the stock folded or can be unfolded and fired as a submachine gun. T1's 60-round box magazine and hard-hitting 6.8mm round give it tremendous firepower, especially when employed in close-quarters in place of a pistol. Its extremely short length make it generally suitable to tight spaces and less suitable for distance engagements, however the T1 PDW acquits itself admirably as a reliable and potent personal defense or CQB weapon.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- EOTech 553 Holographic Weapon Sight.
- Knight's Armament CQB Suppressor.
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Name: Type-02, Ultralight Machine Gun.
Price: Two Thousand, Six Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
680mm with stock unfolded

Weight:
7.3 kg w/ loaded 180-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
180-rd Drum Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Fully-Automatic; 1,100 RPM Cyclic

Muzzle Velocity:
1,376 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 m

Description:
The Morrigan Type-02 is an ultralight compact machine gun firing the full-power 6.8x38mm TCI round. Configured for fully automatic fire and optimized for short, lethal bursts of fire, the T2 is a potent addition to any close-quarters engagement. The T2 utilizes a short bull-barrel fitted with a muzzle brake/flash suppressor and a folding wire stock to reduce its carry length. Firing with the stock folded is not advised with the T2 as fully automatic fire subjects the shooter to considerable recoil, however recoil and muzzle-flip mitigation were top priorities in the design of the Morrigan T2. The weapon feeds from a 180-round drum magazine, giving the shooter incredible firepower and leeway for suppressing fire or for CQB situations. While the 6.8mm round remains effective at great distance, the T2 is generally employed only in closer engagements due to its high recoil impulse, short barrel and lack of a bipod. In tight confines, the T2 is a feared and deadly battle implement able to punch through armor, walls or other obstacles with ease.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- EOTech 553 Holographic Weapon Sight.
- Knight's Armament TripleTap Muzzle Device.
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Name: Type-03, Battle Rifle.
Price: Three Thousand, Two Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
880mm with stock unfolded

Weight:
7.3 kg w/ loaded 90-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
90-rd Box Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Select-Fire; Semiautomatic or 900-RPM Three Round Burst

Muzzle Velocity:
1,376 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 m

Description:
Morrigan T3 is one of the most easily recognizable weapons on the ground in Sondria. Its distinctive profile and long, 90-round box magazines make it both deadly and unmistakable. T3 uses a full-length bull barrel and integral suppressor, making it both quiet and accurate. Its standard optic, a holographic reflex sight, allows for rapid target acquisition and the full-power 6.8x38mm TCI round it fires produces tremendous velocity and knockdown power at moderate ranges below 400 meters. Recoil mitigation with the T3 is excellent and the relatively short rifle is both agile and controllable with very little muzzle flip and very little shooting signature even in low-light conditions. Firing in either semiautomatic or three round burst modes, the T3 is the preferred weapon of the Marquesan Union's Forces-At-Arms; a quiet and powerful all-purpose rifle that has seen combat around the world.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- EOTech 553 Holographic Weapon Sight.
- Knight's Armament QDC Suppressor.
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Name: Type-04, Designated Marksman Rifle.
Price: Three Thousand, Six Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
860mm with stock unfolded

Weight:
6.9 kg w/ loaded 60-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
60-rd Box Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Semiautomatic Only

Muzzle Velocity:
1,376 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 m

Description:
Morrigan T4 is an accurized, semiautomatic battle rifle specially developed for the Designated Marksman role. Utilizing a fully-floated heavy bull-barrel and a muzzle brake/flash suppressor, the T4 with its integral bipod and day/night thermal weapon scope provide a tremendous advantage to dismounted infantry forces when used for overwatch. T4 is capable of making precision shots out to the maximum effective range of the 6.8x38mm TCI round, 800 meters. Utilizing a folding wire stock to minimize carried length and keep the T4 DMR visually consistent with other Morrigan weapons, the T4 is equipped with 60 round magazines, however the longer 90-round T3 magazines can be used. T4 is light, agile and inconspicuous when carried; it is the preferred implement of many sharpshooters in both military and law enforcement roles.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- L3 EOS Sniper Night Sight.
- Knight's Armament TripleTap Muzzle Device.
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Name: Type-05, General-Purpose Machine Gun.
Price: Four Thousand Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
880mm with stock unfolded

Weight:
9.9 kg w/ loaded 240-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
240-rd Drum Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Fully-Automatic, 900-RPM Cyclic

Muzzle Velocity:
1,376 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 800 m

Description:
The Morrigan T5 is a general-purpose machine gun, chambered for the 6.8x38mm TCI round. Utilizing a full length heavy bull barrel and muzzle brake/flash suppressor stabilized with a bipod and configured for fully automatic fire, the T5 is one of the most feared small arms produced by MTD. T5 fires from a 240-round drum magazine at 900 RPM cyclic, though the weapon is optimized for short bursts. T5, like other Morrigans fires from an open bolt to facilitate cooling and its high-temperature alloys mean that barrel changes can be delayed, even during periods of sustained fire. The GPMG utilizes a quick-change barrel system which can be employed without removing the optic, handguards or bipod, turning a camlock which disengages the barrel from the receiver, allowing it to slide away out the front of the handguard. A replacement barrel can simply be slid in, oriented and locked into place, at which point firing may be resumed. While T5 is known for its recoil, much has been done to tame the weapon's fully automatic fire and its stabilizing bipod means that rounds may be placed downrange reliably into a tight beaten zone as far as 400 meters.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- EOTech 553 Holographic Weapon Sight.
- Knight's Armament TripleTap Muzzle Device.
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Name: Type-06, Anti-Material Rifle.
Price: Four Thousand, Two Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
1,280mm

Weight:
7.7 kg w/ loaded 30-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
30-rd Box Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Semi-Automatic Only

Muzzle Velocity:
1,098 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 350 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 1,000 m

Description:
The Morrigan T6 is a dedicated sniper's tool. Built around a tuned, free-floating bull barrel and integral suppressor, the fixed thumbhole buttstock and powerful optic work in concert with the decisively powerful 8.4mm TCH round to reach out to extreme ranges with devastating accuracy. Designed for high ballistic coefficient and excellent stability in flight, the 8.4mm round is highly capable of penetrating armor and transmitting large amounts of energy to the target along a very flat, stable ballistic arc. Utilized in an accurized system such as the T6, this still relatively compact, light and agile rifle with its low recoil impulse and excellent ergonomics creates a potent system for long range precision shooting, suitable for general purpose duty both against personnel and material targets. The suppressed rifle creates a very low firing signature and little muzzle flash, aiding the shooter in remaining concealed while firing for extended periods of time using the rifle's 30-round magazines.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- Zeiss Victory Diarange 3-12x56 Rifle Scope.
- Knight's Armament SR25 Suppressor.
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Name: Type-07, Heavy Machine Gun.
Price: Four Thousand, Six Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
960mm

Weight:
10.4 kg w/ loaded 240-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
240-rd Drum Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Fully-Automatic, 600-RPM Cyclic

Muzzle Velocity:
1,098 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 350 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 1,000 m

Description:
The most powerful shoulder-fired individual weapon in the Morrigan inventory is the T7 HMG. The T7 is optimized for fully automatic fire at 600 cyclic rounds per minute, easily capable of single round shots or short bursts with a quick trigger squeeze. The immensely powerful 8.4x58mm TCH rounds are fed from a 240-round drum magazine into a heavy bull barrel and reinforced receiver. A muzzle brake/flash suppressor helps to tame the immense recoil and firing signature of the T7, while its fixed thumbhole buttstock's excellent ergonomics facilitate shooting from a variety of positions. A special, Mk. 56 enlarged holographic weapon sight is optimized for machine gun roles; while the T7 is not necessarily a marksman's weapon due to its fully automatic fire and heavy recoil, the beaten area produced by the weapon is tight even at long ranges. The powerful 8.4mm round is excellent in anti-material duties and can punch through reinforced walls or other cover with ease for anti-personnel duties.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- EOTech Mk. 56 Holographic Weapon Sight.
- Knight's Armament TripleTap Muzzle Device.
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Name: Type-08, Autoloading Shotgun.
Price: Four Thousand, Eight Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
18.5x70mm Tungsten Shot or Spin Stabilized HE Grenade

Barrel:
Fixed Bull-Barrel, Rhenium Diboride Sleeved, Octagonal Rifling

Overall Length:
860mm

Weight:
7.9 kg w/ loaded 21-rd magazine

Action:
Delayed blowback; advanced primer ignition

Ammunition Feed:
21-rd Drum Magazine

Rate of Fire:
Select-Fire; Semi-Automatic or 400-RPM Three Round Burst

Muzzle Velocity:
1,098 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 100 meters

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 200 m

Description:
The Morrigan T8 Autoloading Shotgun is the last word in heavy weapons for close quarters. Chambering a massive 18.5x70mm rounded-nose, rimless, caseless shotshell fed from a 21-round drum magazine, the T8 produces devastating volumes of firepower in either semiautomatic or three round burst modes. The T8 has an effective range of 100 meters with 5mm tungsten shot fired from the standard high-power rounds, or 200 meters with fin-stabilized grenades fired from the same magazines in an indirect fire "lobbed" trajectory. T8's produce a high recoil impulse from their powerful rounds, which an integral muzzle brake and Morrigan action help to tame, however the weapon proved notoriously challenging to control in sustained automatic fire, giving rise to the design limitation of semiautomatic or burst fire.

- Troy Industries HK-Style Front Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight
- Troy Industries Dioptic Aperture Rear Flip-Up Tritium BattleSight.
- EOTech Mk. 56 Holographic Weapon Sight.
- Bone Steel Arms "Firestorm" Muzzle Brake.
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Name: Type-09, Heavy Anti-Materiel Rifle. (HAMR)
Price: Seven Thousand, Two Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
14.9x118mm Telescoped Caseless, Anti-Materiel

Barrel:
Fluted Steel, Air-Cooled w/ Brake

Overall Length:
1,128mm

Transport Length:
928mm

Weight:
9.7 Kg w/ Magazine

Barrel Length:
730mm

Rifling:
8-Sided Polygonal; 1:280mm Twist

Spin Stabilization Factor:
1.9; 220,000 RPM @ Muzzle

Action:
Semiautomatic, Gas-Operated

Operation:
Closed Bolt, Long Recoil Action

Layout:
Bullpup, Reciprocating Barrel

Optics:
Melegean Hardware 6-24/72 BCDI Scope

Ammunition Feed:
12-Rd. Magazine, Double Stack

Rate of Fire:
12 Rounds < 6 Seconds.

Muzzle Velocity:
1,021 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 3,000 m

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 5,600 m

Melegean Hardware 6-24/72 BCDI Scope:
Scope Length:
380mm

Scope Height:
94mm

Scope Width:
94mm

Scope Tube Size:
34mm

Scope Weight:
1,750 g (w/ Mount)

Scope Objective Diameter:
72mm

Field of View:
61 - 17m @ 1,000m

Magnification Range:
6-24x

Resolution:
min. 2.5 Arc Seconds

Elevation Adjustment:
± 120 cm

Azimuth Adjustment:
± 60 cm

Parralax Compensation:
50m - ∞

Impact Point Correction:
.1 mrad (1cm @100m)

Reticle Position:
2nd Focal Plane

Reticle:
Illuminated Mil-Dot w/ BDC.

Illumination Type:
Red, Fiber Optic & Tritium, 15 Yrs.

Morrigan T9 HAMR, Weapon Description:
The T-9 HAMR is an anti-materiel rifle designed to destroy unarmored and lightly armored targets. This long range, large caliber rifle is built around the powerful 14.9x118mm caseless round; its compact, bullpup configuration coupled with the high recoil round necessitated a unique recoiling barrel and muzzle brake to tame the forces generated in firing. In so doing, this lightweight rifle punches far above its weight while being easy to transport, durable in combat and highly accurate. Due to its advanced recoil mitigation, the HAMR can be fired while standing from the shoulder or even from the hip without adverse effects. Its 12-round magazine and semi-automatic operation combined with a specially made, high-strength telescopic gunsight make it one of the most capable, flexible heavy rifles in the world today.

The Morrigan T9 HAMR is intended for deployment against targets including parked aircraft, telecommunications masts, power lines, missile sites, radar installations, refineries, satellite dishes, gun emplacements, bunkers and personnel. As with other weapons of its type, it can be used for counter-sniping and ordinance disposal duties. The weapon is built around a 200mm recoil mechanism; upon firing, the bolt and barrel recoil together along a full-length set of steel guide rails against a set of concentric springs made from nitinol, a 50% nickel / 50% titanium alloy. As the recoil mechanism slows, the triangular bolt unlocks from its chamber along a cammed action and releases the barrel, which slides forward along its guide rails and returns to battery. At the furthest rear position, the bolt's rearward inertia is effectively absorbed and presents nearly zero recoil to the user's shoulder. As its rearward momentum equalizes, spring pressure begins running the bolt forward and strips a new round from the double stack magazine. The bolt and its new round lock in place with the barrel until the firing pin is released inside the bolt by the trigger. A "Hammerhead" style muzzle brake slows the recoil of the barrel and projects propellant gases out to either side, softening the rifle's recoil impulse and decreasing muzzle flash.

The barrel and bolt are both made from Ashigaru-100 steel, a high strength and high temperature nonmagnetic alloy steel made with high percentages of cobalt, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium and titanium. The bolt assembly is comprised of only five parts; the rear body, the bolt head, its camming pin, a firing pin and firing pin spring. These large, monolithic pieces are forged in the molten state and then machined to fine tolerance before undergoing heat treating. Each piece is superfinished in silicon carbide media, resulting in a finish of 0.01 μm and then coated in tungsten disulfide to provide a smooth interface that requires no additional lubrication for the life of the rifle. The barrel is externally spiral-fluted and uses 8-sided polygonal rifling, with the barrel hot forged around a twisted mandrel so that the steel grain forms around the shape of the rifling. This produces an extremely durable barrel with smooth, even rifling and excellent resistance to corrosion or fouling even under the most abusive of circumstances. The receiver is made from 5mm thick forged, milled and superfinished Raijin-1060 alloy plates, a high strength alloy with 30% aluminum, 28% titanium, 24% molybdenum, 8% vanadium and 6% chromium. This lightweight, non-magnetic, non-resonant alloy has extreme resistance to corrosion and high heat tolerance, making it an excellent choice for the rugged exterior of the T9 HAMR. No special tools are required for disassembly of the T9, requiring only a flat surface for compression of the recoil mechanism and a simple screwdriver; the design is such that any metal coin or flat backside of a common pocketknife can be used to turn the rifle's quick disconnects if a screwdriver is unavailable.

The HAMR integrates a high-power Melegean Hardware rifle scope; the optic is securely mounted using quick disconnect rings that allow the user to effortlessly return the rifle to its previous zero after removing the rifle scope. The scope incorporates fiber optic and tritium illumination for the reticle; it never requires batteries and is rated for fifteen years in the harshest combat conditions. The scope is filled with an argon/krypton atmosphere and uses a combination of Ashigaru Transparent Armor glass lenses and micropolished beryllium mirrors plated in 24K gold. The lenses are coated with varying thicknesses of magnesium fluoride to suppress reflections and glare in every color of the visible light spectrum and then with a final diamond-like carbon for extreme scratch resistance. The glass has a 90% light transmissivity, drawing in natural light even in twilight conditions.

The 14.9mm TCAM round in combination with the T9 HAMR is highly effective in anti-personnel, anti-armor or anti-materiel duty, capable of penetrating 25mm of face-hardened armor steel at 2,000 meters. The 14.9x118mm round is caseless, with the bullet fully telescoped inside its propellant block. The propellant is made from a blend of oxidizer, propellant and combustible plasticizer; the hexanitroethane oxidizer is nitrogen-rich and interacts with the octogen explosive to propel the round forward. This otherwise volatile mix is mixed with a nitroglycerin/nitrocellulose binder to create a thick, water-resistant propellant block in which the round is placed. The propellant block has a good resistance to heat and shock, allowing it to be handled by soldiers in combat environments without a risk of damaging their ammunition. A primer and boosting charge is made from more volatile mannitol hexanitrate, which reacts explosively to being impacted by the weapon's firing pin.

This booster charge carries enough power to force the bullet forward through the barrel even if the propellant charge fails to ignite for whatever reason, however the booster charge is designed to reliably ignite the propellant block. In destructive and abusive testing, the propellant charge has been shown to exhibit less than a 1:50,000 failure-to-fire rate even under extreme environmental variables and does not require the presence of air to fire; the charge still reliably ignites underwater or in a vacuum. The propellant charge is extremely quick-burning, with no hydrogen to combine with oxygen in its mix, thereby drastically reducing the creation of water. The burning mixture is largely smokeless and leaves very little signature to identify the location of the shooter, with very little muzzle flash. With the combination of 14.9x118mm ammunition and the highly accurate and compact Morrigan T9 HAMR, the sharpshooter is capable of engaging and defeating a wide variety of targets at extreme ranges, far beyond the ability of enemy forces to effectively counter-engage. The flat-shooting, stable round is ideal for engaging stationary air targets (such as helicopters) at distances of a kilometer or greater or a wide variety of vehicles or materiel at distances greater than three kilometers.
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Name: Type-10, Crew-Served Machine Gun.
Price: Eight Thousand, Six Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
Barrels:
2, Fluted, Air-Cooled w/ Brake

Overall Length:
1,437mm

Barrel Length:
1,007mm

Weight:
43.58 Kg w/ 20 Kg Tripod

Action:
API, Long-Recoil, Gast Principle

Ammunition Feed:
Twin Belts, Disintegrating Link

Rate of Fire:
660 RPM (330 per barrel)

Muzzle Velocity:
1,021 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 3,000 m

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 5,600 m

Description:
The T10 is a crew-served, belt fed machine gun chambered in the 14.9x118mm Telescoped Caseless, Anti-Materiel cartridge designed and fielded by Myrmidon Tactical Design. The weapon combines two barrels into a single cross-connected mechanism and utilizes elements of both recoil and blowback mechanism to tame the intense recoil of the 14.9mm round. T10 feeds from a pair of disintegrating-link belts, one on either side of the action. The T10 CSMG operates on the gast principle, whereby the recoiling force of one barrel being fired forces the action to reload the other barrel, thereby doubling the rate of fire, reducing barrel wear and absorbing recoil force. The weapon operates from an open bolt using Advanced Primer Ignition, permitting the action to be made lightweight.

With an API weapon, the primer of the advancing round is struck before bolt is at maximum extension, using the recoil force to force the bolt to blow backwards; this means that the bolt never fully locks in the forward position, instead balancing its forward momentum against the rearward force of the round being fired. The long stroke of the recoil mechanism and nitinol springs permit the action to absorb 91% of the weapon's recoil force, which keeps the weapon level and steady. In the T10, the barrel and bolt both recoil, but at different rates, with a muzzle brake/flash suppressor at the end of each barrel. This serves to dampen the massive recoil of the 14.9mm round and dissipate its intense muzzle flash, taming the weapon's firing signature.

While the weapon is capable of 3,300 RPM cyclic rate of fire, it is timed in combat to operate at 660 RPM (330 per barrel) permitting single round firings with fast trigger squeezes. The T10 is considered to be extremely accurate at distances as far as three kilometers, with the fired rounds remaining supersonic out to 5,600 meters. The weapon's springs and recoil mechanisms are optimized for the TCAM round, with the weapon characterized by a smooth, rapid operation, producing very little recoil while having the effect of creating a devastating effect on targets. The 14.9mm TCAM round in combination with the T10 CSMG is highly effective in anti-personnel, anti-armor or anti-materiel duty, capable of penetrating 25mm of face-hardened armor steel at 2,000 meters. The long, tapered chamber of the T10 is spiral fluted to allow a small amount of combustion gas blowby to lubricate the bolt and facilitate the clearing of combustion remnants from the caseless ammunition; the heavy barrels are also spiral fluted to reduce weight and expedite cooling of the barrels.

Image

The weapon's receiver is milled from a single forged billet of 7068 Aluminum alloy; all finished components have finely chamfered edges. Once milling is complete, all components are superfinished by plunging method with silicon carbide media, resulting in a 0.01 μm finish. Each external component is coated with a nanostructure layer of zinc oxide, helping to remove heat from the weapon faster and making the receiver surfaces tough and resistant to corrosion. Inside the weapon, surfaces that come into contact with the moving action is coated in tungsten disulfide, a slick, lubricious surface treatment that allows the mated surfaces to glide against each other without any external lubrication. This lack of viscous fluids allows the weapon to be highly resistant to dirt and dust and to function reliably even in extreme heat or cold.

Each bolt is made from large, robust, easy-to-clean components machined from Inconel 625, a high chromium/molybdenum/vanadium alloy that exhibits high heat tolerance and extreme strength. The superfinished bolts are completely coated in tungsten disulfide. Inside each bolt, a titanium firing pin and nitinol firing pin spring help to reduce the weight of the bolt and reduce lock time while remaining extremely durable. Firing pins are coated in an ultrahard layer of titanium carbide to help resist galling and carbon deposits. The bolts are fitted with knitted metal/elastomer gas seals made from monel, which center the bolt in the cylinder improving accuracy and also providing a highly durable and effective gas seal which sweeps the chamber clean of combustion remnants and seal the breech with each firing. In this way, many of the accuracy issues of open-bolt weapons and sealing issues with caseless firearms are eliminated in a stroke.

Because The T10 CSMG fires from an open bolt, the chamber and bolt stay much cooler, allowing the weapon to air cool more effectively and keeping ammunition temperatures at safe levels, preventing cookoff and keeping the caseless rounds below their deformation temperatures. Each chamber, manufactured from inconel and coated in titanium carbide disperses heat very quickly even during long engagements where the weapon would otherwise be very hot. Due to the design of the gun, the entire weapon serves as a heat sink, transferring heat away from the chamber, bolt and barrel assembly and dissipating heat throughout the receiver to maintain internal temperatures at safe levels.

Each component is milled by a computer-controlled 5-Axis CNC lathe, resulting in a high level of conformity and very little deviation in the manufacturing process. The forged components are stronger and made lighter than cast materials would be, resulting in a weapon that cycles much faster than a traditionally manufactured weapon might. The weapon's chamber is a separate component from the barrel and can be swung out to quickly clear misfires or jammed rounds with the use of a quick release camlock mechanism and lever mounted to the top of the receiver. The chamber itself is a forged inconel component coated in titanium carbide to give it a high resistance to heat; this keeps the weapon significantly cooler to prevent heat-related cyclic issues endemic of most caseless firearms. The barrel of the T10 CSMG is cold-forged from Inconel 625 with a Rhenium Diboride integral sleeve into which octagonal rifling is cast while molten. Each barrel is internally pre-treated with a molybdenum disulfide coating and coated on its exterior with zinc oxide to help in barrel cooling and corrosion resistance.

The 14.9x118mm round fired by the T10 CSMG is caseless, with the bullet fully telescoped inside its propellant block. The propellant is made from a blend of oxidizer, propellant and combustible plasticizer; the hexanitroethane oxidizer is nitrogen-rich and interacts with the octogen explosive to propel the round forward. This otherwise volatile mix is mixed with a nitroglycerin/nitrocellulose binder to create a thick, water-resistant propellant block in which the round is placed. The propellant block has a good resistance to heat and shock, allowing it to be handled by soldiers in combat environments without a risk of damaging their ammunition. A primer and boosting charge is made from more volatile mannitol hexanitrate, which reacts explosively to being impacted by the weapon's firing pin.

This booster charge carries enough power to force the bullet forward through the barrel even if the propellant charge fails to ignite for whatever reason, however the booster charge is designed to reliably ignite the propellant block. In destructive and abusive testing, the propellant charge has been shown to exhibit less than a 1:50,000 failure-to-fire rate even under extreme environmental variables and does not require the presence of air to fire; the charge still reliably ignites underwater or in a vacuum. The propellant charge is extremely quick-burning, with no hydrogen to combine with oxygen in its mix, thereby drastically reducing the creation of water. The burning mixture is largely smokeless and leaves very little signature to identify the location of the shooter, with very little muzzle flash.

Image

The Type-10 uses two spade grips and a "butterfly" center trigger at the rear of the weapon, operated by the user's thumbs. A variety of weapon sights can be mounted to the T10, it is also suitable for use on a variety of mounting platforms such as pintle, ring or tripod mounts, facilitating its use on aircraft, vehicles or as crew-served weapons carried by soldiers. The CSMG uses 500-round belts which feed from both sides of the weapon; disintegrating links are ejected from the bottom of the receiver.
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Name: Type-11, Crew-Served Recoilless Rifle.
Price: Seven Thousand, Two Hundred Nation States Dollars.
Caliber:
80x260mm High-Pressure Rifle

Barrel:
Carbon Fiber Outer Sleeve, Ashigaru Steel Inner Sleeve w/ Progressive Rifling

Overall Length:
1,000mm

Weight:
7.0 kg unloaded

Action:
Shoulder-Fired Recoilless Rifle

Ammunition Feed:
Breech-Loaded

Rate of Fire:
6 Rounds per Minute

Muzzle Velocity:
300 m/sec

Effective Engagement Distance:
+/- 150 meters against armor

Maximum Engagement Distance:
+/- 1,300 meters against personnel

Description:
The T11 Recoilless rifle is a shoulder-mounted, breech-loaded, percussion-fired weapon firing 80x260mm high-pressure ammunition. The 80x260mm round carries its propellant charge inside a nitrocellulose combustible casing, which burns up during firing. The propellant, a 2:1 mixture of Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane explosive, (CL20) Octogen (HMX) explosive and a double base nitrocellulose/nitroglycerin plasticizer is a fast-burning composite propellant which gives the round sufficient velocity to be effective at long ranges. The rifled inner sleeve of the weapon spin-stabilizes the round in flight, negating the need for fins and simplifying the ammunition. T11 rounds are notoriously accurate and comparatively lightweight. T11's require a significant backblast area, however they can be modified with a Confined Spaces kit to minimize the backblast. Their muzzle velocity is almost three times higher than traditional rocket-propelled grenades; the T11's 80x260mm HPR ammunition comes in a variety of different types.

NK.441 is a high explosive round, useful in a "lobbed" trajectory to 1,000m, which can be fused to either detonate on impact or as an airburst.

NK.441B is a high explosive round with an effective range against personnel in the open of 1,100 m. The round arms after 20 to 70 m of flight.

NK.469 is a smoke round fired like the NK.441, with a range of about 1,300 m.

NK.502 is a HEDP round with the ability to be set to detonate on either impact or one-tenth of a second afterwards. Effective range is 1,000 m against dispersed soft targets such as infantry in the open, 500 m against stationary targets and 300 m against moving targets. Minimum range is 15 to 40 m to arm the warhead. Penetration exceeds 150 mm of rolled homogeneous armour (RHA). Ammunition weight is 3.3 kg.

NK.545 is an illuminating star shell, fired up to 2,300 m maximum range, but with an effective envelope of 300 to 2,100 m. Suspended by parachute, the star shell burns for 30 seconds while producing 650,000 candela, providing a 400 to 500 m diameter area of illumination.

NK.551 is the primary HEAT round and is a rocket-assisted projectile (RAP). Effective range is up to 700 m (400 m against moving targets) and penetration up to 1,350 mm of RHA. Ammunition utilizes tandem warheads; weight is 3.2 kg.



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Last edited by Marquesan on Sun Jun 14, 2015 4:53 pm, edited 20 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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Marquesan
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Posts: 1660
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Ex-Nation

Aegis Active Defensive Garments.

Postby Marquesan » Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:26 pm

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General Information:
Name: Galea Type-01 Modular Helmet System.
Fitting: Four shell sizes available, four liner shapes available.
Modules: Primary Shell, Mandible Guard, Visor, CBRN Sealing Curtain.
UL 752 Ratings: Shell, 5x Hits, Lv. 8/ 1 Hit, Lv. 9; Visor, 5 Hits, Lv. 7.
Price: $5,500.00 NSD.

Overview:
Galea Type-01 represents an evolutionary step in protecting combat soldiers. The modular helmet system incorporates four interlocking pieces for variable levels of protection. Galea is manufactured in four upper shell sizes with four different internal padding shapes to accommodate a wide variety of head sizes and shapes. The liner is made from a highly heat and sweat resistant anti-microbial foam backed with steel heating fibers and solid-state peltier coolers to maximize comfort. The inner liner contains channels with ammonium nitrate and water held separate; in the event of a sudden impact, the channels intermix, creating an endothermic reaction that cools the wearer's head and prevents fatal brain swelling. Galea uses a fully-integrated communication, processing, sensor and display suite called SPARKBlue with an active hearing protection and communication system to integrate individual soldiers into a central communications and Blue Force Tracking hierarchy. With an unprecedented level of integration and sensor fusion, individual soldiers are connected at all times to each other and to upper command through a network of peer-to-peer ad hoc networks and asymmetrical chain of command, allowing individual soldiers to coordinate and transfer information seamlessly through the use of their helmet hardware and software suites. The level of safety provided by Galea is second-to-none, giving soldiers for the first time a transparent armor face shield capable of protecting them from rifle rounds without bogging the soldier down with the weight of heavy glass. Described below are the various systems and design processes used in creating the Galea Type-01 Modular Helmet System.

Shell Construction:
To construct a lightweight but extremely strong hard shell helmet for military use on the modern battlefield, it was necessary to look beyond traditional Kevlar woven fabrics and find new ways to use materials and engineering to construct a helmet that would better protect the wearer from violent and powerful impacts from heavy caliber ballistic threats. Moving away from woven fabrics was the first step; every layer of the Galea helmet is unidirectional and laid at right angles to the layer below it. 360 layers, each only microns thick make up the helmet's shell. Hundreds of kilometers of fine, densely-packed filaments compose the shell, which is six millimeters in total thickness. Between each filament layer is a 600nm film of ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene densely impregnated with tungsten disulfide fullerenes. These soccer ball-shaped clusters of atoms are incredibly shock-absorbent, lightweight and very strong. Each layer of nanosphere-impregnated UHMWPE bonds to the filaments above and below it, creating a rigid, lightweight and extremely strong ballistic laminate.

Each lamination contains three layers of filament and four layers of UHMWPE. The total thickness of each repetition is 14 micrometers, each layer of filaments laid at right angles to the one below it and bonded together under intense heat, pressure and ultrasonic agitation into the final shape of the helmet shell. 2,520 layers in total, layered in seven-layer, 14-micrometer laminations create a 5,050 micrometer shell which performs like a steel plate three times its thickness at a fraction of the weight. The first layer is composed of 1.5 micrometer Ashigaru-100 steel alloy filaments lending strength, rigidity and natural electromagnetic shielding to the helmet shell while lowering the required total thickness of the assembly. The next layer is composed of boron carbide filaments. Beginning with 5-micrometer carbon fiber filaments, the filaments are exposed to boron trichloride and hydrogen at roughly 800° C. The carbon fiber undergoes conversion and then straightening, yielding fibers with a modulus of roughly 482 GPa and a tensile strength of 2700 MPa. The third layer is composed of 5.1 micrometer terpolyaramide fiber called Autx A265; this next-generation fiber is as much as 50% stronger for weight than conventional aramids such as Kevlar KM2 for weight. With a weight by density 17% less than carbon fiber and improvements of hundreds of percentage points over carbon fiber in rupture strength, tenacity, young's modulus, compression strength, flexural strength and shear strength, this lightweight fiber along with the other layers allows the helmet to be lower in weight with a much thinner shell than a comparable woven Kevlar and resin construction piece. The slimmer profile of the Galea helmet with its dense composite shell streamlines warfighter operations and enhances the safety of combat soldiers so-equipped.

The finished Galea outer shell is coated on both sides in Line-X PAXCON PX-2100 Anti-Spall, giving a finished shell thickness of 6mm. This coating is designed to keep the helmet shell from delaminating in the event of a ballistic impact and provides a final layer of protection to the wearer against damaging spall or shrapnel. The shell is UL 752 Lv. 8 Rated against multiple impacts (up to five) of 7.62x51mm FMJ ammunition with a one-hit Lv. 9 rating against .30-06 Springfield Steel-Core AP ammunition. Inside this is a fully-replaceable liner made from ThermaGel viscoelastic graphite gel foam. Integrated in the foam liner are microchannels of water and ammonium nitrate which are separated until a major impact to the helmet is absorbed, such as a bullet or a sharp deceleration. Under significant shock, the channels intermix, creating an endothermic reaction which rapidly cools the helmet to prevent brain swelling in the event of a major trauma. This reaction will also automatically trigger the helmet's onboard peltier coolers if not already engaged, to maximize the cooling effect. The foam and gel inner liner is covered with a base-layer fabric; the base fabric is a blend of Merino wool, X-Static silver fiber, bamboo and cashmere. This blend is seamless, anti-microbial, odor-resistant, extremely soft and moisture-wicking. The self-regulating effect of the foam and gel inner liner along with its anti-microbial liner and the heating and cooling electric elements means that Galea is all-day comfortable even in intense heat above 50° C and can be worn comfortably in winter conditions down to -25° C without an additional underliner.

Visor Composition:
The helmet's visor system incorporates three layers of half-millimeter thickness optically-clear, vapor-polished aluminum oxynitride glass and three layers of half-millimeter thick aliphatic thermoplastic polymer in an alternating pattern bonded by a hot isostatic pressing. Aluminum Oxynitride, or ALON, (Al23O27N5) is a transparent polycrystalline ceramic with a cubic spinel structure that is four times harder than fused silica glass and 85% as hard as sapphire, and 15% harder than magnesium aluminate spinel. The high hardness, low weight and 80% transparency to the visible light spectrum makes ALON an ideal transparent armor. The outermost layer of aluminum oxynitride glass is coated with a 17 nanometer thick layer of diamond like carbon. (DLC) The DLC layer is composed of superfine diamond powder which is deposited using magnetron sputtering onto the ALON armor glass substrate. The DLC coating exhibits an extremely high surface hardness, (22.5 GPa) and a high transmissivity of light in visible wavelengths. (81%) The extremely smooth, hard outer coating is both extremely scratch resistant and is naturally hydrophobic.

Sandwiched between it and the next layer of aluminum oxynitride glass is a layer of ballistic thermoplastic polymer; this optically clear film bonds to the layers of armor glass and absorbs kinetic energy. Should the visor be impacted, the ALON glass may fracture, but any shards or fragments of the round will be absorbed by the layers of aliphatic thermoplastic polymer. The second layer of ALON glass is coated with a silver chloride deposition which reacts to ultraviolet radiation by darkening. This natural photochromic layer permits the wearer of the helmet to operate in all light conditions in comfort; a darker visor for daylight conditions and a clear one for night operations without changing visors. Between this layer and the next is a one-millimeter thick layer of transparent OLED. The organic light-emitting diode matrix is 85% transparent and is linked to the wearer's communications and sensor pack, displaying a wealth of information discussed later. A second layer of thermoplastic sits behind this OLED layer, followed by the third and final glass layer, which is coated with a magnesium fluoride anti-glare/anti-reflective coating on the inside of the visor, backed by a final layer of thermoplastic polymer.

At four millimeters total thickness, the laminate visor with its coatings and interior OLED display is a highly-efficient and protective transparent armor layer. The visor is UL 752 Lv. 7 rated against multiple hits (up to five) with 5.56x45mm FMJ ammunition, a vast improvement over open-faced helmets of the past. Because the visor is treated with a variety of various coatings and because of the materials involved in its construction, it is expensive to produce, however there exists no finer method of protecting the face and eyes during combat and the light-adaptive nature of the visor is loved by soldiers everywhere, despite the addition of weight to the helmet system by wearing a 4mm thick glass laminate visor. The visor in the Galea Helmet can be moved to a variety of different positions depending on the situation and operational needs. For light civilian patrols, it can even be removed, though the wearer would lose the benefit of the OLED display. When in its full-down position, the visor seals against a double-redundant wraparound rubber gasket, making it completely airtight.

The display used in the Galea Helmet is a 1920x1080 pixel fully high-definition transparent Active-Matrix Organic Electroluminescent screen on a transparent low temperature polycrystalline silicon TFT backplane. The AMOLED display is color-patterned by radiation-induced sublimation transfer and uses a graded heterojunction structure and is sandwiched inside the transparent armor laminate visor. The display measures 9.6 centimeters in width and 5.4 centimeters in height. The display has an effective pixel density of 200 pixels per cubic centimeter, an extremely crisp, clean display which automatically varies its light output based on exterior light conditions. The AMOLED display uses only red at night to preserve the user's night vision with an intuitive iconographic layout that is both easy to read and interpret information from quickly, but operates in full color in daylight. Each Galea helmet is issued with a tin of Zooke anti-fog wax paste, which can be applied by the user by hand and rubbed onto both sides of the visor. This cleaning wax gently lifts off grime, grit, bugs, dirt, oil and other contaminants, which are then rubbed off with the excess wax with a microfiber cloth. Once cleaned and evenly coated, the durable wax coating will last up to a month and prevent fogging of the visor.

Onboard Hardware:
All onboard data, communications, sensor, display and audio functions of the Galea Helmet are governed by a single system-on-chip computer. The compact, rugged design of the new computer is integrated into the helmet beneath a panel at the rear of the helmet over the back of the wearer's neck where it is unobtrusively packaged. The computer, called SPARKBlue is built onto a single chip and measures 40 millimeters square; it incorporates all onboard radios, memory, processing capabilities and the Timing and Inertial Measurement Unit. SPARKBlue is fully ruggedized, dustproof, waterproof, shockproof and extensively radiation hardened. The SPARKBlue unit is self-cooling with a graphene-based peltier cooler and is field-replaceable if damaged. SPARKBlue is a new generation of low-power consumption compact computer. Built on radiation-hardened Silicon-On-Sapphire architecture with a final passivation coating of borophosphosilicate glass containing Boron-11 to absorb neutrons and most types of harmful radiation, SPARKBlue is designed to be nearly immune to the effects of electromagnetic pulse. The single-chip computer is built on 14nm architecture, centered around a 64-bit VLIW processor with 48 SIMD cores. The chip has 5.625 billion transistors and operates at a 3.3 GHz clock speed with 4.4 terabytes per second of throughput. A three-dimensional resistive memory architecture is used, yielding a full terabyte of non-volatile memory with an extremely high 140 megabytes per second write speed and 17 megabytes per second read speed. The SPARKBlue computer operates at 30 nanoseconds latency and is capable of 1.65 teraflops per second.

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SPARKBlue incorporates an RF MEMS-based tuned antenna, which serves as a low-loss variable capacitor that changes the antenna's resonant frequency to communicate on SANMEN with various allied resources seamlessly. Throughput on SANMEN with the RF MEMS tuned ultra-wideband antenna enables highly secure communication at an average of 18-38 megabytes per second to and from a wide variety of allied assets on a wide spectrum of frequencies with a high degree of security. Soldiers can transmit text or voice-only communcations between each other in ad-hoc networks up to 200 meters away or up to higher commands. Soldiers on the ground can also communicate with nearby aircraft or vehicles, with the capability to post a fire mission to the command net, which allows any allied asset to respond to the mission. A passive/active, ultra-high frequency RFID tag is also built into the architecture, allowing the tag to transmit its location up to 100 meters when powered, or to be pinged from 1,000 meters away by allied vehicles or aircraft. When unpowered, the passive tag can be read from 20 meters away.


An onboard Timing and Inertial Measurement unit incorporates an array of dozens of tiny blown, ground and polished quartz mushroom and wineglass gyroscopic sensors, coupled to a powerful master clock and linked to dual accelerometers and magnetometers. The TIMU measures six axes of rotation, synchronized in real time and sensor fused to provide highly accurate tracking of time, altitude, distance and course. When coupled to SANMEN, the TIMU enables precise turn-by-turn directions to be downloaded to SPARKBlue and allows the user's position to be monitored by Blue Force Tracking in real time with a low degree of error and without reliance on satellite positioning systems. SPARKBlue integrates three sensors, which the computer processes and can relay data over SANMEN and also display data on the helmet's onboard OLED screen.

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The helmet incorporates a sensor housing on the right side, containing a CMOSIS CHR70M optical sensor, operating at 10,000 by 7,096 pixels, or 70 megapixels. In static camera mode, the optical sensor can take three shots per second, but is capable of video capture at 24 frames per second at a reduced resolution of 8.75 megapixels. The CHR70M is capable of 35x zoom using a compact zoom telephoto lens integrated into the optically clear protective cover. This 35mm sensor is also accompanied by an CMOSIS CMV12000 12-Megapixel Thermal Sensor. The CMV12000 operates in the enhanced near-infrared range at 4096x3072 pixels, or 12 megapixels, at an astounding high-speed frame rate of 300 frames per second. SPARKBlue processes and fuses inputs from these sources with data from SANMEN for seamless transitions to and from thermal vision.

This pair of sensors is accompanied by an 8-megapixel laser rangefinder, which operates at 20 pulses per second at the 635nm wavelength, with less than 0.3 mrad divergence. The laser rangefinder is capable of accurately identifying distance at 10,000 meters and can be used to "paint" a target for incoming airstrikes. A pair of 10-watt 5x5mm Cree XM-L2 Light-Emitting Diodes is mounted on the left side of the helmet opposite the CMOS sensors and can be switched on with a simple toggle switch below them. The two LEDs put out an incredible 2,396 lumens with 116 lumens per watt efficacy at 3 A, 25°C, obviating the need for soldiers to carry flashlights outside specialty circumstances.


SPARKBlue utilizes an integrated Lithium Imide (Li2NH) battery molded into a semicircle at the base of the helmet in the rear, which wraps around the back of the wearer's neck. The battery uses a silicon based anode, capturing one lithium ion for every four silicon atoms, a 30% increase in power density over carbon-based lithium ion batteries. The greater chemical and thermal stability of lithium imide means that the battery does not react with water nor generate dangerous hydrofluoric acid as a lithium ion battery does, enabling a much longer life cycle for the lithium imide battery. SPARKBlue's battery holds 80 ampere hours, enough to power the helmet's onboard electronics for as long as two weeks in moderate climates, though use of the Galea Helmet's active cooling or heating systems will drain the battery more quickly.


Active cooling of the Galea Helmet is accomplished with solid-state Peltier coolers made from graphene. Peltier coolers operate by transferring heat from one side of the device to the other by consumption of electric current. This current, while draining the battery of the helmet more quickly than it would normally, allows the helmet to cool well below ambient temperature without fans, moving parts or circulating fluid. The helmet also incorporates conductive steel wires along its interior which, when connected to current, heats the helmet gradually. A rugged, low profile selector switch on the right side of the helmet selects heat or cool and offers high, low and off settings.


A foldable butyl rubber sealing curtain attaches to the helmet and mandible with eight snap-in tabs to seal the helmet to airtight specs. Incorporated into this sealing curtain is a replaceable multi-element air filtration unit which fits between the wearer's chin and the mandible guard. This filter contains three parts; an activated carbon element, a nanoporous zeolite element and a lithium peroxide element. These three filtration elements draw air into the helmet through a set of four small pull-configuration fans which suck air into the helmet from beneath the mandible guard, forcing the filtered air up into the helmet at the wearer's mouth and nose. The puller fans are powered by the helmet's onboard battery and connect automatically when the sealing curtain is attached to the helmet, providing active CBRN-safe air supply to the wearer. Inside the mandible guard is space for two AA-sized batteries to assist the helmet's onboard battery for extended operations in CBRN-contaminated environments. This lightweight solution allows the Galea helmet to operate as a fully-functional multiple-toxin gas mask. All contamination-exposed elements are field replaceable and the entire sealing curtain and filtration ring fits easily into a standard-sized pants pocket without the user needing to wear it at all times and without adding additional bulk or unnecessary dead weight to the warfighter's carried equipment load.

Communications System:
The Galea Helmet incorporates class-leading integration of active noise attenuation and adaptive amplification called Active Cochlear Shield, or ACS. Two in-ear modules which are custom-fitted to the wearer with cast precision models of the inner-ear are fitted to the helmet and can be pressed into the ears by a tab on the outside of the helmet. Once in the user's ears, the active modules provide 35-42db of noise isolation even when switched off, and provide an additional 15db of active attenuation for sounds between 90-120 SPL, which works to eliminate harmful noise from such things as vehicles, machinery and nearby shooters. The in-ear seal of the custom-molded tips provides blast protection and shields wearers from harmful noise and pressures.

Galea's hearing protection system also offers audio amplification, up to 5x normal hearing levels for soft sounds such as conversation , with unrivaled sound detection and localization. 360° Sound Localization and Situational Awareness are greatly enhanced with Galea Adaptive Cochlear Shield, using Impulse and Steady-State Noise Reduction while maintaining full intercom interoperability and full-duplex radio operation. Speech-intelligibility during periods of loud external noise is peerless with the Galea system, using high-performance balanced armature transducers to achieve an 85% accuracy score from 20 Hz - 15 kHz. With a maximum output of 120 decibels, the extremely accurate in ear speakers have a 105 db sensitivity at 0.1V with 16 ohm impedance, allowing clear communication at low volume levels even with extreme levels of outside noise.

The unique in-ear microphone picks up vibration transmitted through the user's jawbone and translates it into sound, which offers superior noise rejection and picks up even whispered conversation clearly. Bone Conduction Technology offers unsurpassed communication in all environments. Because of the unique voice transfer system, ambient sounds that can interfere during a conversation are eliminated. Wind, military vehicles, even gun fire sounds are not transmitted - only the user's voice. This low-visibility operation and class-leading communications system allows for full radio functionality like full-duplex communication, radio sidetone, priority voice, VOX, keying the radios, push-to-talk and hot-mic capabilities with small, inconspicuous wireless PTT buttons that can be sewn into clothing, mounted to weapons or clipped to belts for stealthy communications. Galea ACS features split ear received audio so that different talk groups can be assigned between left and right ear to improve intelligibility and battlefield situational awareness. Received audio is automatically and dynamically assigned when connecting or disconnecting.

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Onboard Software:
Galea's application-based open architecture software is blended into a glassy, transparent graphical user interface which displays on the helmet's onboard AMOLED screen. The operating system, called Ryuu, is named for an ancient mythological dragon and functions primarily by hands free voice command. Ryuu is part of a larger software architecture which links tactical smartphones and smart watches through a low-energy encrypted Bluetooth-like communications system. Ryuu is designed to be a cohesive, simple to use operating system which provides a number of applications for the user and tracks a variety of background data sources which are monitored and transmitted on secure channels to the upper command chain. Applications are described below.

FireMission:FireMission allows the wearer of the Galea helmet to call for a strike against a target. Using the helmet's onboard laser rangefinder, the wearer will activate the App by saying "Ryuu, FireMission." The wearer can identify the target two different ways. The most accurate method uses the helmet's onboard Laser Rangefinder, illuminating the target, which automatically logs the wearer's position and the position of the target in precise coordinates. The second method uses voice commands, responding to and logging vocal commands such as "two hundred meters northeast" and configuring the fire mission. Once the location of the user and the location of the target is determined, the user selects what type of target is present. Using vocal commands like "tracked armor under cover" or "infantry in the open" confirms the target type. Once sent, this information is relayed to all nearby assets capable of responding to it. Once a responding unit acknowledges the mission, the FireMission user and the responding unit are automatically connected by an audio communication link. The fire mission can be acknowledged by any type of unit, be it a naval vessel, an aircraft or a nearby vehicle.

BlueForce:BlueForce is a background app which logs the wearer's altitude, position coordinates, speed, heading, orientation and, by using onboard biological sensors, monitors the user's heart rate, blood sugar, blood oxygen level and temperature by non-invasive touch only methods. BlueForce references each soldier's data to others, providing a unified system of locating each soldier and references RFID tags in the Galea helmet. BlueForce "pings" can be initiated by a nearby allied vehicle or aircraft, sending out a code which causes each Galea helmet to respond with up-to-the-second accurate data and shows the location of each responding RFID tag on a screen laid out like a Radar screen. BlueForce is useful not only for determining the exact location of soldiers in the heat of combat but also for determining the location and condition of casualties in real time.

Ballistic:Ballistic is a fully-functional firing computer providing highly accurate ballistic solutions for accurate shooting. The user activates the application with the vocal command "Ryuu, Ballistic." Once activated, the user selects weapon type, distance, caliber, windspeed and other conditions. The Galea helmet's onboard barometric and temperature sensors will automatically reference and factor into the firing solution. Ballistic will display firing computer results on the helmet's AMOLED display. Once a user has selected caliber and weapon type, Ballistic will remember the user's preferences and can save up to 100 different weapon preferences including the model of the user's optical sights. Ballistic automatically compensates for wind drift and can use the helmet's onboard Laser Rangefinder for precise measurements, providing weapon sight adjustments to the shooter in precise measurements.

Calendar:Calendar is an app which runs constantly in the background but can also be brought to the foreground and displayed with the vocal command "Ryuu, Calendar." Meetings, missions and events can be uploaded to Calendar either by the user or downloaded by higher command echelons. Calendar is an adaptive application, which can remind users to complete certain tasks like weapon or vehicle maintenance, notifies the user when they are near a place or in contact with a person that has an appointment attached with them. Users can use Calendar to set notifications such as "Ryuu, remind me to talk to this person about this thing" or "Ryuu, I need to ask about this the next time I am here" and Calendar will automatically notify the user to do so. Notifications can be audible, graphical, or both. When a soldier is selected for a mission, Calendar is used to transmit the mission to the applicable users by the command structure and will give the users a notification of the mission, its parameters, when it must take place, where, with whom and what equipment or special circumstances are applicable. Calendar is also the system by which users send requests to upper commands for things such as leave time. Scheduled shifts for regular duty are orchestrated through Calendar, such as guard, command post, kitchen or ammunition details.

Maps:Maps is an application that provides turn-by-turn directions to users and references local terrain and BlueForce positioning to SANMEN data to provide meter-accurate positioning data. Maps is equally useful in driving vehicles, flying aircraft or moving on foot, providing a graphical overlay on the helmet's AMOLED display with three-dimensional directional arrows and graphical representations of objectives, known hazards, reported enemy positions and known friendly positions as the user moves. Maps tracks the user's position in relation to other Ryuu users and references Calendar to prioritize missions and give the user precise information about where he/she needs to go. When an order to advance, move or fall back is received, Maps issues a graphical and audible notification to the user with precise directions. This allows a higher command to select large numbers of individual soldiers and coordinate their movements seamlessly as the users are issued instructions. The Maps application also has the ability to set and describe waypoints, points of interest and "last position" beacons which are transmitted over the network and can be accessed by other allied forces. These navigating points can have 400 character text descriptions and can also have images attached to them; the Ryuu software suite automatically references the user's current position and self-calibrates when creating a navigating point, which can then be viewed by other allied forces and, if applicable, can be navigated to with turn-by-turn directions. If so desired, a Ryuu user can designate a navigating point and set up a fire mission to take place after a time delay; for example a give user could call for an airstrike to take place at the spot where he or she is standing after a period of six hours to ensure a hide site or landing zone is destroyed.

Communicate:Communicate is an app that provides the user with two way communcation over a variety of different channels and sources. Using the fully-encrypted Secured Architecture Network, Multiple Exchange Nodes (SANMEN) system, Communicate can send verbal, text, video or static image information securely with the command "Ryuu, Communicate" followed by the desired information to be sent. Communicate takes dictation and learns the words and phrases you use the most, spelling even difficult words and proper names correctly, and allows you to create custom voice commands and word lists. Natural-sounding text-to-speech or audio playback of your own dictations makes proofreading fast and easy, showing the text on the helmet's AMOLED display before sending. Communicate adapts to each user's speech patterns, accents and intonations with an extremely accurate processing engine, making Communicate highly accurate and very easy to use, with a less than 1% error rate in speech recognition. Messages can be sent peer-to-peer or up to the command chain; the app references the helmet's onboard IR Camera, Visible-Spectrum Camera and Laser Rangefinder, allowing the user to upload realtime video or high-resolution images

Simplify:Simplify is an application which uses optical character recognition to translate written characters in foreign languages and convert measurements. Simplify is capable of recognizing 100 linguistic families with excellent results in translating dialects (such as Creole as distinct from French) and translating written words directly. Simplify will display the translated word as a transparent image next to the written word in a contrasting color in the user's visor screen using infinite focus, meaning the image will appear as part of what the user perceives as the original image, permitting the user to look "through" the screen without readjusting his or her vision. Simplify also has calibrations for converting measurements of mass and weight, distance and length, capacity and volume, area, speed, temperature, time, acceleration, density, stress and pressure, energy and work, power, force, circular measure, angular velocity, torque, flow rate by volume, flow rate by mass, radiation, and radioactivity. Simplify also provides realtime currency exchange rates for roughly 200 common currencies and market prices for traded commodities such agricultural grans, food and fiber, livestock and meat, energy and energy-bearing liquids, gasses and solids, precious metals, industrial metals, gemstones, and products such as rubber, polypropylene, wool and various oils. The use of interactive voice commands, transparent dropdown menus and realtime references to international markets makes Simplify an extremely useful application for foreign interactions and daily usage.

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General Information:
Name: Aegis Evolution Ultra-Concealable Armor.
Fitting: Four AE-UCA Garments Available, Fully-Custom Fitting.
UL 752 Ratings:
Fabric: Rated against Solid-Core 9x19mm Parabellum. (Lv. 6)
Hard Plates: Rated against AP .30-06 Springfield. (Lv. 9)
Overview:
Aegis Evolution is a line of wearable armor produced by Myrmidon Tactical Design for military and law enforcement use. Aegis Evolution is intended to be worn as an undergarment beneath loose-fitting military uniforms and is intended to be extremely concealable. AE-UCA garments are constructed as soft, form-fitting body armor with strategically placed hard plates; the soft armor is rated against most pistol calibers while hard plates are rated against full power battle rifle cartridges. This lightweight, comparatively thin armor is available in several garment configurations; short and long pants are available, along with short and long-sleved shirts. Blastproof boots and fire-retardant gloves are made from the same layered composite construction as the primary garments but thinner to promote dexterity while still providing ballistic protection to the wearer.

Construction:
Aegis Evolution represents a clean-sheet reimagining of wearable protection for the modern battlefield. This ultra-concealable armor is designed to be worn under standard-issue uniforms or civilian clothes; the high performance fabric that composes the baselayer is both moisture wicking and heat dissipating. AE-UCA is durable, anti-odor and anti-microbial and designed to be washed and dried in standard laundry facilities. The baselayer fabric is a woven blend of 5.1 micrometer terpolyaramide fibers called Autx A265 notable for their high strength and dissipation of ballistic energy and 0.25 micrometer silver-coated polyester filaments, woven in such a way as to provide four-way stretch and a high degree of support while providing breathable, low-friction performance. The smooth, cool feel of the Aegis Evolution baselayer fabric wicks moisture from the body and brings it by virtue of its differential weaving to the outside where moisture can evaporate easily.

The fabric baselayer is highly anti-microbial due to silver impregnated fiber throughout its construction, killing 99.9% of bacteria and fungi and inhibiting its growth. Independent laboratory testing shows Aegis Evolution to retain both its anti-ballistic and anti-microbial properties even over 200 wash and dry cycles and over numerous ballistic impacts. While the fabric is relatively thick (5mm) it is composed of more than 450 layers of gauzy, ultrafine (5.35 micrometer) fabric, laid at 90° right angles to the fabric above and below it. Aegis Evolution regulates the wearer's core temperature, providing natural cooling due to the thermal conductivity of the silver fabric, keeping moisture to a minimum while still allowing the user to stay cool. Flat, taped seams throughout the construction of all Aegis Evolution garments and the ultra-fine fabric results in an extremely soft, comfortable garment which naturally prevents chafing, hot spots and blisters while simultaneously keeping moisture away from the body. Aegis Evolution fits to the user like a second skin, stretching and naturally contouring around the body to keep close contact with the wearer.

In addition to the Aegis Evolution Baselayer's native protection, hard plates are inserted into specially-shaped pockets around many Aegis Evolution garments. Each plate is molded using hot isostatic pressing and designed to contour to the body, providing additional protection, support and reinforcement in critical areas such as over the wearer's spine and ribcage, shoulders, elbows, forearms, knees, upper thighs and calves. These plates are composed of a blend of technologically-advanced composites identical to the outer construction of the Galea helmet. To construct a lightweight but extremely strong hard shell for military use on the modern battlefield, it was necessary to look beyond traditional Kevlar woven fabrics and find new ways to use materials and engineering that would better protect the wearer from violent and powerful impacts from heavy caliber ballistic threats. Moving away from woven fabrics was the first step; every layer is unidirectional and laid at right angles to the layer below it. 360 layers, each only microns thick make up each hard plate. Hundreds of kilometers of fine, densely-packed filaments compose the plate, which is six millimeters in total thickness. Between each filament layer is a 600nm film of ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene densely impregnated with tungsten disulfide fullerenes. These soccer ball-shaped clusters of atoms are incredibly shock-absorbent, lightweight and very strong. Each layer of nanosphere-impregnated UHMWPE bonds to the filaments above and below it, creating a rigid, lightweight and extremely strong ballistic laminate.

Each lamination contains three layers of filament and four layers of UHMWPE. The total thickness of each repetition is 14 micrometers, each layer of filaments laid at right angles to the one below it and bonded together under intense heat, pressure and ultrasonic agitation into the final shape. 2,520 layers in total, layered in seven-layer, 14-micrometer laminations create a 5,050 micrometer shell which performs like a steel plate three times its thickness at a fraction of the weight. The first layer is composed of 1.5 micrometer Ashigaru-100 steel alloy filaments lending strength, rigidity and natural electromagnetic shielding to the plate while lowering the required total thickness of the assembly. The next layer is composed of boron carbide filaments. Beginning with 5-micrometer carbon fiber filaments, the filaments are exposed to boron trichloride and hydrogen at roughly 800° C. The carbon fiber undergoes conversion and then straightening, yielding fibers with a modulus of roughly 482 GPa and a tensile strength of 2700 MPa. The third layer is composed of 5.1 micrometer terpolyaramide fiber called Autx A265; this next-generation fiber is as much as 50% stronger for weight than conventional aramids such as Kevlar KM2 for weight. With a weight by density 17% less than carbon fiber and improvements of hundreds of percentage points over carbon fiber in rupture strength, tenacity, young's modulus, compression strength, flexural strength and shear strength, this lightweight fiber along with the other layers allows the plate to be lower in weight with a much thinner form factor than a comparable woven Kevlar and resin construction piece. The slimmer profile with its dense composite construction streamlines warfighter operations and enhances the safety of combat soldiers so-equipped.

Each finished plate is coated on both sides in Line-X PAXCON PX-2100 Anti-Spall, giving a finished thickness of 6mm. This coating is designed to keep the hard plates from delaminating in the event of a ballistic impact and provides a final layer of protection to the wearer against damaging spall or shrapnel. Each plate is UL 752 Lv. 8 Rated against multiple impacts (up to five) of 7.62x51mm FMJ ammunition with a one-hit Lv. 9 rating against .30-06 Springfield Steel-Core AP ammunition.

Fitting:
Shirts are fitted with a series of measurements. When a soldier is fitted for his uniforms, collar size, shirt length, shoulder width, sleeve length, chest diameter, waist diameter, sleeve width at the armpit, cuff width and hip width are taken into account. Each measurement has six possible sizes, XS, S, M, L, XL and XXL. Pants are measured at the waist, front rise, back rise, hips, thighs, knees, calves, leg bottoms and for inseam. Ten possible sizes exist at each measurement, giving hundreds of possible combinations for Aegis Evolution clothing. All Aegis Evo protective garments are manufactured domestically in the region of Sondria by Myrmidon Tactical Design affiliates and shipped as-ordered. These highly tailored garments allow individual warfighters to have precisely fitted protective clothing that maximizes their efficiency and utility in combat. Precise fits offer the maximum in protection for each servicemember, allowing maximum dexterity and the fewest possible issues.

Availability:
AE-UCA A1, Short Sleeved Armor Shirt. Price: $1,500 NSD.
The Aegis Evo Type-1 is the most commonly-purchased item in the series. A1 puts protective hardplates over the upper torso and ribcage, the spinal column, shoulder caps and also carries side plate protection. Extremely popular with police and low-intensity conflict units due to its easily-concealable nature and high degree of protection, the A1 shirt is a night-and-day departure from conventional armored vests and plate carriers.

AE-UCA A2, Long Sleeved Armor Shirt. Price: $2,000 NSD.
Aegis Evo A2 is built on the same pattern as the A1 but adds a neck protection cuff and long sleeves. This is a much warmer garment and is very useful in volatile combat situations or in arctic weather where the weather will be exposed to the elements. The extra protection afforded by the A2 is deeply appreciated by those who have need of it.

AE-UCA A3, Knee-Length Armor Shorts. Price: $1,000 NSD.
Engineered for ease of movement and ultimate flexibility, the A3 shorts are form fitting but loose enough to be comfortable. They serve to protect otherwise extremely vulnerable parts of the human anatomy that are common sources of debilitating injury from bullet penetration, such as the femoral artery, groin and hips.

AE-UCA A4, Full-Length Armor Pants. Price: $1,500 NSD.
Designed for high-volatility combat or arctic weather, the A4 full-length pants provide form-fitting protection for otherwise unprotected extremities that see the worst of bomb fragmentation, grenade blasts and landmines. A4 Pants are frequently issued to Explosive Ordinance Disposal units as an underlayer protection to be worn with bomb suits.

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General Information:
Name: Aegis Evolution Ares Tactical Gloves.
Fitting: Fully Custom Fitting.
Protection: Flameproof, Rated against Fragmentation, Cutting, Abrasion & Chemical Absorption.
Pricing: $500.00 NSD.

Overview:
Ares Tactical gloves are made from an 80% Nomex, 20% four-way stretch Autx A265 terpolyaramide woven fabric which is flameproof, rated against ballistic fragments, cuts and abrasion. Each Ares glove is triple-stitched with a seamless palm made from full grain kangaroo leather that overwraps the trigger finger for comfort. The fabric of the glove is water-repellent, breathable, soft and UV protective; the design of the glove minimizes the impact of seams with sonic welding for exceptional finger dexterity. Ares gloves are pre-curved with silver conductive thread on fingertips for use with capacitive touchscreens. Wrap over fingertips provide additional comfort and protection for fingernails and injection-molded hard thermoplastic knuckle protectors are placed under the fabric for subtle additional protection. Silicone grip pads on the palm and fingertips provides exceptional tactile dexterity. Ares gloves are designed for use in cool to arid climates; a simple thin polartec fleece glove liner ships with each set of Ares gloves allowing their use in even frigid arctic environments.

The long "gauntlet" length of the glove is designed to be worn under uniform sleeves and provides a high degree of protection for wrists and forearms while keeping wind chill at a minimum when working in adverse climates. The gloves are naturally moisture-wicking and keep the hands cool and dry in even the hottest climates while allowing the user to have a very high degree of digital articulation, especially for handling weapons and manipulating control surfaces. Inside forschettes are ventilated for maximum moisture wicking and for breathability while outside surfaces provide a high degree of protection while being only 4mm thick at the palm and 3mm thick on outside surfaces. Fitting is accomplished by taking measurements of both finger length and palm width. There are 22 sizes accommodating men and women of all body types; measurements are taken upon graduation from initial entry duty training when fitting for boots and armor is performed.

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General Information:
Name: Aegis Evolution Hermes Tactical Boots.
Fitting: 34 Lengths, 10 Widths Available. Fully Custom Fitting. 17 Insole Types, 10 Insole Sizes.
Protection: Flameproof, Rated against Fragmentation, Cutting, Abrasion & Chemical Absorption.
Pricing: $750.00 NSD.

Overview:
Hermes Tactical Boots are a fully-custom fitted footwear system. Fitting begins with a high-resolution scan of the wearer's foot and pressure-point mapping. 538 measurement points alone are accounted for on the bottom of the wearer's foot along with eight precise measurements of the foot at the ankle, heel, instep, waist, ball and toe, along with the toe box, metatarsal and overall height. A fully custom insole is made to precisely balance the user's feet and create a flat platform around which the boot may be built. A three-dimensional rendering of the wearer's foot is made using digital 3D printing; this rendering forms the Shoe Last, around which the boot is roughed by robots and hand finished for high quality and a very high degree of precision.

A structured heel cup, rear foot support and firm stabilization are notable in Hermes insoles, which are made from various densities and durometers of rubbers and plastics in order to provide the best possible support for the user's feet. Antibacterial and antimicrobial silver nanospheres are embedded in the insoles to keep issues such as athletes foot and other such issues at bay. Below the insole, a midsole uses Spira WaveSprings to cushion each step and return as much as 96% of expended energy to the wearer, relieving joint and ligament stress. Using WaveSpring midsoles reduces peak impact forces throughout the gait cycle by 20%, reducing recovery times and extending periods of high activity by draining the wearer of less energy and cushioning peak impact forces which often lead to injuries. WaveSprings are mechanical and work through deflection as opposed to compression; the Hermes Tactical Boot incorporates three such springs; one at the heel and two at the forefoot.

The outsole of the Hermes Boot is configured for maximum grip in difficult terrain such as in sand, on ice, or while negotiating rock faces. Large numbers of concentric cleat-like hard rubber contact points are designed for long wear and for cushioning 90% of energy when impacted at high strain rates. These contact points not only dissipate and distribute impact energy but provide massive grip. The high durometer silicone rubber construction of the outsole is temperature stable to 300° Celsius and lends itself to linear speed, explosive lateral acceleration and rapid changes in direction while keeping the foot stable and supported. Around the foot, a triple vamp of kangaroo leather and unidirectional Autx A265 terpolyaramide is atached to the three-part sole of the boot. No two seams line up in the construction of the boot, ensuring that it is waterproof and extremely durable. Hermes Tactical Boots are rated against ballistic incursion by shrapnel fragments and light ammunition; the carbon fiber safety toe is ten times stronger than an equivalent steel toe and is a quarter of its weight while also having the advantage of being nonmetallic and not setting off metal detectors. The Hermes boot laces up the front but also has a heavy-duty zipper up the side for rapid removal or donning of the boot. Hermes boots are also blast-rated, with an aramid fiber boundary layer between the outsole and midsole. The outsole is modeled to direct blast energy outward and to attenuate vibration and energy in the event of a blast.

Hermes boots are lightweight and extremely comfortable; the three-part sole, triple vamp kangaroo leather with lightweight aramid composite reinforcement in important places and the high degree of precision with which Hermes Boots are designed, fitted and constructed make them highly valued by soldiers in line service. Replacements are issued every two years by the Marquesan Royal Forces at Arms; Shoe Lasts are kept on file by the RFA during the wearer's service and then surrendered to the wearer for future use following the end of a servicemember's contract. Hermes boots are flameproof, waterproof, lightweight and extremely comfortable for all-day use, even in the most adverse weather conditions. While designed for use in cool to arid climates, the simple addition of polartec fleece socks means that Hermes boots can be used anywhere, even into deep arctic climates.


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Last edited by Marquesan on Tue Oct 07, 2014 8:31 am, edited 10 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
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User avatar
Marquesan
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Posts: 1660
Founded: Oct 21, 2010
Ex-Nation

Carina.ATG & Ryuu Spark 360.

Postby Marquesan » Sun Sep 28, 2014 2:20 am

22:13 Erjunhuf surely our nation's had some ancient chroniclers detailing what was going down
22:13 Marquesan FUCK. THERE NEEDS TO BE A RAKANIST PHILOSOPHER. THEY NEED A BUDDHA.
22:14 Marquesan A Confuscius.
22:14 Erjunhuf surely /somebody/ out there needs to have said "The Marquesas was hatched from a cannon ball."
22:14 Erjunhuf oooooooooooooooooooooooh
22:14 Erjunhuf that is frigging awesome
22:14 Marquesan A Krishna...
22:14 Marquesan like...
22:14 Marquesan ...
22:14 Marquesan An Emperor Meiji?
22:14 Marquesan hmm...
22:15 Marquesan Sun Tzu. lol
22:15 Marquesan They need a Sun Tzu.
22:15 Erjunhuf who was that Indian Emperor who was a major warmonger and then converted to Buddhism?
22:15 Marquesan Gilgamesh?
22:15 Erjunhuf Ahsoka! Or something like that
22:15 Erjunhuf that's what you need
22:15 Marquesan No...
22:15 Marquesan Hm..
22:15 Marquesan Oh, you're right though.
22:15 Marquesan But what was his name...
22:15 Marquesan Yeah, somebody like that.
22:15 Marquesan Yeaaahhhh...
22:15 Erjunhuf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashoka
22:15 Marquesan Hmm.
22:15 feepbot Ashoka Maurya (IAST: Aśoka; /əˈʃoʊkə/; 304–232 BCE), commonly known as Ashoka and Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE.
22:16 Erjunhuf boom
22:16 Marquesan Was this the guy with nuts enough to fend off Alexander the Great?
22:16 Marquesan I wanna know who /that/ guy was.
22:17 Erjunhuf ohhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh lemme see
22:18 Erjunhuf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porus
22:18 feepbot Porus or Poros (from the Greek Πῶρος, Pôros) was a king of the Pauravas whose territory spanned the region between the Hydaspes (Jhelum) and Acesines (Chenab) rivers in what is now Punjab.
22:18 Marquesan Woahhh.
22:18 Marquesan This is gonna be a fascinating venture.
22:19 Marquesan I need to /create/ a cultural icon. lol
22:19 Erjunhuf Battle of the Hydaspes is kind of freaking awesome Greeks fighting Indians
22:19 Marquesan Amazing, man. You know about more shit, dude. lol. It's pretty fuckin' impressive.
22:19 Marquesan Fascinating shit, this.
22:20 Erjunhuf if it's historical or has to do with the military, I'm your guy outside of that, it gets fuzzy >.>
22:20 Erjunhuf "The foot soldiers carry a bow made of equal length with the man who bears it. This they rest upon the ground, and pressing against it with their left foot thus discharges the arrow, having drawn the string far backwards for the shaft they use is little short for three yards long, and there is nothing can resist an Indian archer's shot, neither shield nor
22:20 Erjunhuf breast plate, nor any stronger defence if such there be."
22:23 Marquesan Holy crap lol
22:24 *** Havensky quit (Quit: Leaving)
22:24 Erjunhuf it's crazy considering that Greek hoplons were made of wood and bronze
22:24 Marquesan Sounds like it'd give the english yew wood longbows a run for their money.
22:24 Marquesan Fuck, you're right.
22:24 Marquesan Imagine their shock when the arrows pierced their shields and ran them through. O.o
22:25 Erjunhuf it's like the Battle of Carrhae in that regard, except the Parthians were on horseback and it was the additional velocity on their arrows, rather than the bows, that allowed them to puncture Roman shields
22:25 Marquesan Unstoppable until then. Basically unstoppable until the invention of practical gun powder and hand cannons. The Phalanx was the ultimate infantry weapon for hundreds of years.
22:26 Erjunhuf I'm still of the opinion that a proper Macedonian army, led by a general with a focus on combined-arms, were second only to the Mongolian hordes
22:27 Marquesan With /very/ few instances of failure, the Phalanx conquered all the world. lol.
22:27 Marquesan Huh, you think so?
22:28 Marquesan I think Julius' bridge across...was it the Danube? The Elba? just to prove to the Celts that he could do it with them watching from the other side... that was the ultimate act of bravado.
22:28 Marquesan No man's testicles have ever had the mass of his before or since. His nuts were truly made of depleted neutron star matter and held their own massive gravitational fields.
22:28 Erjunhuf I believe it was the Rhine and yeah, Caesar was a badass like that. True testament to Roman engineering
22:29 Marquesan "Fuck you, Visigoth scum." - Julius Caesar.
22:30 Erjunhuf gimme a detachment of Mongolian horse archers, the Macedonian Companion Cavalry and Phalanx, helped by Roman logistics and engineering, all led by Hannibal Barca, and that right there is the greatest pre-gunpowder combination army on the planet
22:31 Marquesan Though Harry the King's line in Henry IV "Herald, save thou thy labour; Come thou no more for ransom, gentle herald: 2360 They shall have none, I swear, but these my joints; Which if they have as I will leave 'em them, Shall yield them little."
22:32 Erjunhuf
22:32 Marquesan That's ultimate badass.
22:32 Erjunhuf we need to get proper Sondria PT running at some point
22:32 Erjunhuf the Imperial Melegean Army needs to crush some heads
22:33 Marquesan Imperial army.
22:33 Marquesan Imagine the army of the first Shogun. On catamarans, sailing the blue seas, samurai with deadly swords and sailing skills unknown at the time.
22:34 Marquesan Giant ass catamarans.
22:34 Marquesan Like lashing two galleons together lol
22:34 Erjunhuf you just know you and Cron got into it way back in the pre-gunpowder age
22:34 Marquesan Heeeell yes.
22:34 Marquesan Had to.
22:34 Marquesan haha
22:34 Erjunhuf
22:35 Erjunhuf "We shall defeat them with EMP!" "EMP, Lord Shogun?" "Elementary Military Principles, my samurai!"
22:35 Marquesan Imagine whispered tales from merchant sailors coming up from the deep south, far to the south of you, of strange warriors with swords like light and strange ships with triangular sails
22:35 Marquesan
22:36 Marquesan Who worshipped strange gods, where cannibalism was common in the lowlands but the high folk commanded a powerful army that sailed the deep waters between continents, barely known to you at the time
22:36 Marquesan Defying belief that the world was flat and small.
22:36 Marquesan Like... 2000 BC.
22:36 Erjunhuf I'm not saying that you colonized Aerus, but you 100% colonized Aerus
22:37 Marquesan Ancient greece.
22:37 Marquesan Yaaaaaaah
22:37 Marquesan Like the aborigines and maori polynesians.
22:37 Erjunhuf
22:37 Marquesan Dudes that built easter island.
22:37 Marquesan OOH
22:37 Marquesan What's that one island between us that you've got.
22:38 Erjunhuf Polynesian/Japanese Carthage
22:38 Marquesan On the western side.
22:38 Erjunhuf Theas? The one by Gristol-Serkonos?
22:38 Marquesan You're gonna love that.
22:38 Marquesan SUPPOSE IT'S RAKANIST MECCA.
22:38 Erjunhuf
22:39 Marquesan That the place where our Sun Tzu Porus Ashoka Budda Confuscius Krisha dude ascended to heaven like Mohammad.
22:39 Erjunhuf you know
22:39 Marquesan And it's like Easter Island.
22:39 Erjunhuf and this is just an idea
22:39 Marquesan So fucking sacred nobody even lives there.
22:40 Marquesan Huge fuckin' tiki heads and a tomb in the middle of the island.
22:40 Marquesan And it gets colonized by your people way later, so it's kinda like Jerusalem too?
22:40 Marquesan Where like... major Rakanist religion meets yours. Becomes like Hong Kong maybe we sell it to you for a hundred years. lolololol
22:41 Marquesan Imagine that in the 1800s.
22:41 Erjunhuf oooooh, that would be awesome my idea was that it could be an early Melegean outpost before your people capture it. And that could be the farthest north your Sun Tzu Porus Ashoka Budda Confuscius Krisha dude conquers before he passes away
22:41 Marquesan Age of steam, victorian like
22:41 Marquesan WOAH
22:41 Erjunhuf and it becomes like this...Crusade place for a few decades
22:42 Marquesan Broooooo
22:42 Erjunhuf shoot, we could probably get Char in on this too, seeing how close he is to the area
22:42 Marquesan
22:43 Erjunhuf and then a few hundred years later on down the line we buy it from you in the Victorian era
22:43 Marquesan It would be a city of enormous cultural importance.
22:43 Erjunhuf but for some time it's a Crusade goal
22:43 Marquesan Like Ankor Wat. Like Maccu Piccu.
22:44 Marquesan Singapore.
22:44 Marquesan All rolled into one.
22:44 Erjunhuf trades hands every few decades
22:44 Marquesan It would be a craaaaazy place.
22:44 Erjunhuf Jerusapore
22:44 Marquesan Imagine it in the age of sail
22:44 Marquesan Piracy.
22:44 Marquesan Intrigue.
22:44 Marquesan Crusades.
22:44 Marquesan With Samurai and Ninjas and shit.
22:45 Marquesan All eastern an' shit.
22:45 Erjunhuf and Byzantine Vikings
22:45 Marquesan Holy crap man
22:46 Erjunhuf and it makes 100% sense why we'd be warring over it. That's a key trade hub for the entire Periclean. It'll be a religious holy place for both of us, if for no other reason than the amount of bloodshed over it. And it expands our reach (south for me, north for you)
22:46 Marquesan Eeeeeexactly.
22:46 Marquesan HOLY FUCK.
22:46 Marquesan IDEA.
22:46 Erjunhuf hit me
22:46 Marquesan Blackridge assassinates Hyuga over /religious/ motivation.
22:47 Marquesan BECAUSE SHE'S A MEMBER OF A SECRET CULT.
22:47 Erjunhuf DUDE
22:47 Marquesan A FUCKING CULT.
22:47 Marquesan .... /madness/
22:47 Marquesan MADNESS, MAN.
22:47 Erjunhuf THAT MAKES SO MUCH MORE SENSE ACTUALLY. I was trying to think of a hidden motivation for her to do it other than for the greater good
22:48 Marquesan I've gotta make a note of this to develop the idea more later.... TG? a post somewhere in an document on the forum?
22:48 Marquesan Hmm...
22:48 Erjunhuf I dunno about the secret cult thing, but a religious motivation would tie things up nicely Hyuga going crazy is just a nice excuse for some religious persecution
22:49 Marquesan Bro. Yes. She's like a crusader maybe.
22:49 Marquesan lol like a Knight Templar?
22:49 Erjunhuf makes me think of Assassins Creed
22:49 Marquesan Duuuude.
22:49 Marquesan That's awesome.
22:49 Marquesan Like Dr. Who haha
22:50 Marquesan Galavanting through time correcting things, altering the course of fate lol
22:50 Marquesan She's The Highlander haha
22:50 Marquesan There can be only one.
22:50 Marquesan
22:51 Erjunhuf I like this idea for Rherusapore though
22:51 Marquesan Me too dude.
22:51 Erjunhuf Rhodes-Jerusalem-Singapore
22:51 Marquesan I'm kinda tempted to call it that. lol
22:51 Erjunhuf plus it'll give us the capacity for military "endeavors" into northern Hellas
22:52 Marquesan Singapore, Easter Island, Rhodes, Jerusalem, Ankor Wat, Singapore, fuckin'.... Gibraltar even, Maccu Piccu, Mecca.
22:52 Marquesan It's the Worldstone.
22:52 Marquesan It's almost a pity it's not the council islands.
22:52 Erjunhuf it needs a suitably badass name. Theas is the island, but surely there's a major city on there with a grand name
Last edited by Marquesan on Thu Jan 14, 2016 10:54 pm, edited 12 times in total.
"In fierce tempest is he coming, In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove, That, if requiring fail, he will compel." - Shakespeare's Henry V.
• Join Sondria, the friendly and active roleplay region!
Marquesan World Factbook.
Arioi Engineering Storefront.
Sondrian News Network.


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