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The People's Republic Of Bolguria

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The People's Republic Of Bolguria

Postby Bolguria » Sat Oct 12, 2013 11:45 am

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The People's Republic of Bolguria

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FlagNational Seal

Motto: “Slavs of the World...Unite!”


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Bolguria is the the nation shown via the flag.

  • Capital:
    • Sofiagrad.
  • Largest city:
    • Sofiagrad.
  • Official language(s):
    • Bolgurian, Turkish.
  • Government: Socialist Democracy.
    • Leader: Mikhail Petrov.
  • Area
    • Total : 16,215,348km 2.
    • % water: 7.1.
  • Population
    • Total: 1,190,000,000.
    • Density: 163.3/km2.
  • GDP
    • Total: $38,648,600,000,000.00.
    • Per capita: $33,162.66.
  • Currency:
    • Leva.
  • ISO code:
    • BG.
  • Calling code:
    • +240.
  • WA status:
    • Member
Bolguria in NationStates

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This article is part of a series
  • History of Bolguria.
  • Geography of Bolguria.
  • Politics of Bolguria.
  • Foreign Relations of Bolguria.
  • Economy of Bolguria.
  • Demographics of Bolguria.
  • Military of Bolguria.
  • Culture of Bolguria.

Overview

Bolguria [Pronounced: Bol-gur-iya] (Bolgurian: Болгурия), officially the People's Republic of Bolguria, is a country located in Eastern Slavia. It is bordered by the Albul, Steelia, Beloslavia, West Macedonia, Slovsko, Hetalia, and Androslavia. With a territory of 16,215,348km squared kilometers (13,942,855 sq mi), Bolguria is Slavia's largest country. Its location has made it a historical crossroad for various civilizations and as such it is the home of some of the earliest metalworking, religious and other cultural artifacts in the world.

The population of 2.78 Billion people is predominantly urban and mainly concentrated in the administrative centers of its 68 provinces. Most commercial and cultural activities are concentrated in the capital Sofiagrad. The strongest sectors of the economy are Arms Manufacturing, heavy industry, power engineering, Automotive and agriculture, all relying on local natural resources.

The current political structure dates to the adoption of a democratic constitution in 2000. Bolguria is a unitary parliamentary republic with a high degree of political, administrative and economic centralization. It is a member of the Pan-Slavic Union, SPA and the Council of Slavia; and has taken a seat at the W.A Security Council many times. It has held the Slavian parliament and Executive Councils and is the founding member of the SIS.


History

Founded in the 6th century, the Principality of Sofia, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Turkish domination (5th-6th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new Romanov Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under Peter I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Bolgurian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Bolgur-Albul War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms.

Repeated devastating defeats of the Bolgurian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Bolgurian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The communists under Vladimir Lenski seized power soon after and formed the USSB. The brutal rule of Iosif Saltiniov (1928-53) strengthened communist rule and Bolgurian dominance of Slavia at a cost of tens of millions of lives.

The Bolguria economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail Karakov (1985-91) introduced Glasnost (openness) and Perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize Communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSB into Bolguria. Since then, Bolguria has shifted its post-Communist democratic ambitions in favor of a centralized semi-authoritarian state in which the leadership seeks to legitimize its rule through managed national elections, populist appeals by President Petrov, and continued economic growth. Bolguria has severely disabled a Turkish rebel movement, although violence still occurs throughout the Northern Provinces of Caucasiya.
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The Bolgurian 1991 Coup.




Geography

Located in North Eastern Slavia bordering the Pacific Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Ukrals). It borders Albul, Steelia, Beloslavia, West Macedonia, Slovsko, Hetalia, and Androslavia.It ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Bolguria; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast. It also has broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions. It has wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, reserves of rare earth elements, timber.
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Sofiagrad at night.


The permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity in the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula; spring floods and summer/autumn forest fires throughout Siberia and parts of European Bolguria. Volcanism: significant volcanic activity on the Kamchatka Peninsula and Kuril Islands; the peninsula alone is home to some 29 historically active volcanoes, with dozens more in the Kuril Islands; Kliuchevskoi (elev. 4,835 m), which erupted in 2007 and 2010, is Kamchatka's most active volcano; Avachinsky and Koryaksky volcanoes, which pose a threat to the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, have been deemed "Decade Volcanoes" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to their explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Bezymianny, Chikurachki, Ebeko, Gorely, Grozny, Karymsky, Ketoi, Kronotsky, Ksudach, Medvezhia, Mutnovsky, Sarychev Peak, Shiveluch, Tiatia, Tolbachik, and Zheltovsky

Environment Issues:

Air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides


Politics

The politics of Bolguria takes place in the framework of a federal semi-presidential republic. According to the Constitution of Bolguria, the President of Bolguria is head of state, and of a multi-party system with executive power exercised by the government, headed by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President with the parliament's approval. Legislative power is vested in the two houses of the Federal Assembly of Bolguria, while the President and the government issue numerous legally binding by-laws.

Since gaining its independence with the collapse of the USSB at the end of 1991, Bolguria has faced serious challenges in its efforts to forge a political system to follow nearly seventy-five years of Communist rule. For instance, leading figures in the legislative and executive branches have put forth opposing views of Russia's political direction and the governmental instruments that should be used to follow it. That conflict reached a climax in September and October 1993, when President Boris Yeltsin used military force to dissolve the parliament and called for new legislative elections. This event marked the end of Bolguria's first constitutional period, which was defined by the much-amended constitution adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Bolguria Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in 1978. A new constitution, creating a strong presidency, was approved by referendum in December 1993.


Foreign Relations

Bolguria is recognized in international law as a successor state of the former USSB. Bolguria continues to implement the international commitments of the USSB, and has assumed the USSB's permanent seat in the UN Security Council, membership in other international organisations, the rights and obligations under international treaties, and property and debts. Bolguria has a multifaceted foreign policy. As of 2009, it maintains diplomatic relations with 191 countries and has 144 embassies. The foreign policy is determined by the President and implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bolguria. As the successor to a former superpower, Bolguria's geopolitical status has been often debated, particularly in relation to unipolar and multipolar views on the global political system. Bolguria is commonly accepted to be A superpower.


Economy

Bolguria has a market economy with enormous natural resources, particularly oil and natural gas. It has the 5th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the 3th largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Since the turn of the 21st century, higher domestic consumption and greater political stability have bolstered economic growth in Bolguria.

The country ended 2008 with its ninth straight year of growth, averaging 7% annually between 2000 and 2008. Real GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) was 19,840 in 2010. Growth was primarily driven by non-traded services and goods for the domestic market, as opposed to oil or mineral extraction and exports. The average nominal salary in Bolguria was $2,909 per month in early 2008, up from $80 in 2000. In the May of 2013 the average nominal monthly wages reached 30,000 BGL (or US$30,967), while tax on the income of individuals is payable at the rate of 13% on most incomes. Approximately 1.7% of Bolguria lived below the national poverty line in 2010, significantly down from 40% in 1998 at the worst point of the post-Communist collapse. Unemployment in Bolguria was at 6% in 2007, down from about 12.4% in 1999. The middle class has grown from just 8 million persons in 2000 to 55 million persons in 2006. Sugar imports reportedly dropped 82% between 2012–2013.


Military

Military branches:

Ground Forces (Sukhoputnyye Voyskia, SV), Navy (Voyenno-Morskoy Flot, VMF), Air Forces (Voyenno-Vozdushniye Sily, VVS); Airborne Troops (Vozdushno-Desantnyye Voyska, VDV), Strategic Rocket Forces (Raketnyye Voyska Strategicheskogo Naznacheniya, RVSN), and Aerospace Defense Troops (Voyska Vozdushno-Kosmicheskoy Oborony or Voyska VKO) are independent "combat arms," not subordinate to any of the three branches; Bolgurian Ground Forces include the following combat arms: motorized-rifle troops, tank troops, missile and artillery troops, air defense of the ground troops (2012).

Military service age and obligation:

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation is 1 year (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces. The chief of the General Staff Mobilization Directorate announced in March 2009 that for health reasons, only 65% of draftees in 2008 were fit for military service, and over half of these had health-induced restrictions on deployment; the deputy chief of the Bolgurian Army General Staff confirmed in May 2011 that over 30% of potential conscripts were turned down on health grounds; 61% of draft-age Bolgurian males receive some type of deferment each draft cycle (2012)

Manpower available for military service:
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A Bolgurian T-90 on parade during "Slavic Liberation Day".


males age 16-49: 834,132,156
females age 16-49: 834,985,115 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 820,431,035
females age 16-49: 826,381,518 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 20,993,843
female: 20,660,359 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures:

32.9% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 1.


Culture

Traditional Bolgurian culture contains mainly Thracian, Slavic and Bolgur heritage, along with Greek, Roman, Ottoman, Persian and Celtic influences. Local archaeologists assume that the number of archaeological sites is the third-largest in Europe after Lipnitia and West Macedonia.
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Bolgurian National Dress.


Nine historical and natural objects have been inscribed in the list of WAESCO World Heritage Sites: the Madara Rider, the Thracian tombs in Sveshtari and Kazanlak, the Boyana Church, the Rila Monastery, the Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo, Pirin National Park, Sreburna Nature Reserve and the ancient city of Nesebar. Nestinarstvo, a ritual fire-dance of Thracian origin, is included in the list of UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. Fire is an essential element of Bolgurian folklore, used to banish evil spirits and diseases. Bolgurian folklore personifies illnesses as witches and has a wide range of creatures, including lamya, samodiva (veela) and karakondzhul. Some of the customs and rituals against these spirits have survived and are still practiced, most notably the kukeri and survakari. Martenitsa is also widely celebrated.

The four of the greatest national Heroes of Bolguria are commemorated in a stone carving at Karandilka Stoika. They are named in order from left to right: Alexander Levski, first prime minister of the Bolgurian parliament and was a previous resistance fighter against the Turks in Serbia. Tsar Mikhail Kermedchiev, the liberator of the Balkans - Slayer of the Turks. Field Marshall Todor Zhukov, the defender of the Motherland during the great patriotic war (WWII). Vladimir Lenski, the first and true leader of the USSRB (United Soviet Socialist Republic of Bolguria.)

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Karandilka Carvings.
Last edited by Bolguria on Mon Dec 09, 2013 2:44 pm, edited 15 times in total.
Народна Pеcпублика Болгурия
People's Republic Of Bolguria

----Cлава|Glory----
-------За|For-------
България|Bulgaria
Come To Slavia!
For - Pan-Slavism, Moderate Nationalism, Ataka (Party), Scandinavian Capitalism, Liberalism, Snowden, LGBT Rights, Abortion, Assad, Putin, Russia, Bulgaria, Serbia.
Neutral - Israel, Religion, America, China, India, Obama, Communism, Fascism, Monarchy, Social Security, Iran, Merkel, E.U, Conservativism, USSR.
Anti - Turkey, Erdogan, Islam, Euro, France, Nazism, Eco-Mentalists, Kebab, Roma, Bush, Terrorism.
I'm a mix of Russian and Bulgarian, and I'm proud of both my bloodlines. I live in London, and attend high school. Follower of Levskism and Pan-Slavism, and a patriot of the Bulgarian Republic.

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