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Encyclopedia Montogranda (OPEN FOR Q&A)

Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 11:22 am

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Princlando de Montogranda
Principality of Montogranda


Bazaj Informoj - Basic Information
Oficiala Plena Nomo - Official Long Name: Plej Serenísima Princlando de Montogranda - Most Serene Principality of Montogranda
Demonym - Demonym Montogranda Homoj - Montograndese
Nacia Moto - National Motto Forto en Unueco - Strength in Unity
Nacia Himno - National Anthem - Ho, Brilo Tagiĝo de Marto - O, Bright Dawn of March
Reĝa Himno - Royal Anthem Ĝis Sur la Monto - Up On the Mountain
Ĉefurbo - Capital Kunet - Kuneta
Sendependeco Deklarita - Independence Declared Marto 8th, JMP 81 (1968) - March 8th, 1968
Formo de Registaro - Form of Government Konstitucia Monarkio - Constitutional Monarchy
Ŝtatestro - Head of State Princo Jozef II (ekde JMP 105 (1992)) - Prince Joseph II (since 1992)
Estro de Registaro - Head of Government Ĉefministro Vilhelmo Ludaski (ekde JMP 121) - Prime Minister Vilhemo Ludaski (since 2008)
Oficiala Lingvoj - Official Language Esperanto (ekde JMP 81), Angla (ekde JMP 115) - Esperanto (since 1968), English (since 2002)
Valuto - Currency Paco (ekde AMP 87 (1974), Zaro liro notoj estas uzata, sed ĝi ankoraŭ mints liaj propraj moneroj ĝis hodiaŭ, kun 100 esperon = 1 Paco) - Paco (since 1974, Zaran lira notes are used, but it still mints their own coins to this day, with 100 esperi = 1 paco, or 1 lira) - Symbol - Simbolo: ₤
Regiono - Region: Konfederacio de Demokrata Socialistoj - Confederation of Democratic Socialists
Sumo Lando Areo - Total Land Area 320 kvadrataj kilometroj - 320 square kilometers
Loĝantaro - Population 89.931 homoj - 89,931 people

Nacia Kodoj - National Codes
Nacia Mallongigo - National Abbreviation PMG
ISO Nacio Kodo - ISO Nation Code PLMG
ISO Valuto Kodo - ISO Currency Code - MGP (de-jure), ZL (de-facto)
Internacia Telefono Kodo - International Calling Code +91 (since 1998 (AMP 111), prior to that, it was +89)
Kulmina Nivelo Domajnoj - High Level Domain .mg
Sporta Kodo - Sports Code - MGA
Civila Ŝipa Manfaritaĵo Kodo - Civilian Naval Craft Code - PMG
Milita Ŝipa Manfaritaĵo Kodo - Military Naval Craft Code - PLM

Enhavo - Table of Contents

Enkonduko - Introduction
Historio - History
Geografio - Geography
Ekonoimo - Economy
Demografio - Demographics
Politika Sistemo - Political System
Politikaj Partioj - Political Parties
Provincoj kaj Graflandoj - Provinces and Counties
Apliko de la Leĝo - Law Enforcement
Eksterlandaj Aferoj - Foreign Affairs
Milita - Military
Gazetara kaj Kulturo - Media and Culture
Edukado - Education
Transporto - Transportation
Vivo en Montogranda - Life in Montogranda
Last edited by Montogranda on Fri Jul 13, 2012 4:54 pm, edited 13 times in total.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 11:38 am

Ekonduko - Introduction


"To understand the history of the Principality of Montogranda, you must understand mountains and Esperanto. Most importantly, mountains."

- Prince Jozef I, January 1, 1987 (AMP 100)


The Principality of Montogranda, an Esperanto speaking nation to the west of The Free City of Zaras, is bordered by one country on land, which is Dainarén, to the north. When it declared independence in 1968, under Prince Jozef I, it was united by Esperanto, and the mountains. While the Dainarén Civil War may not have affected the Principality itself, only a few years later Montogranda suffered an attempt at military re-annexation (whose result can be quite easily guessed). As a result, it has tense ties with Dainarén, and a very cozy relationship with Zaras. With nearly 90,000 people living on the 320 km2 territory, nicknamed "The Rock" (Esperanto: La Roko) due to its geographical features, it has maritime borders with Zaras to the south-west.

It has scenic mountain views over three different nations from the highest peak, Granda Monto (Grand Mountain), which are Montogranda, Zaras and Dainarén. Most of the population live in the capital, named Kuneta, where the Royal Palace of the Most Serene Principality and the government buildings are. Only 5% of the land is arable, and as a result, it depends on imports from foreign nations for food. However, there are many hot springs, lakes and rivers, including the famed Kuneta River, the source of which originates at the Granda Monto, and ends at the second largest city, Amikeco, the largest port of the Principality. It has many resorts, some on the coast, but many on the mountains that comprise the Principality of Montogranda. Due to its small size and population, the existence of separate cities is more of a legal technicality than a reality.

So, wherever you come from, welcome, to the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda.
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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 11:40 am

Historio - History


Ancient History

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The first mention of "The Rock" was in 1582, when Paravas and Gierza took a significiant part of what is now the Principality of Montogranda and the Zaran territory of Zaras. During that time, the locals settled this barren land. Many species that were unique went extinct rather quickly by 1605. However, due to fighting to conquer each other, by 1683, it fell to Serinar. During the 17th and 18th century, it exploited all the resources known at the time. By 1807, it was conquered by Dainarén, but because the peninsula was so worthless, since all the resources were virtually gone, it practically played hot potato with Keuwala and Serinar regarding ownership of the peninsula. Colonists came, left, and so on and so forth. With fishing and agriculture the only profitable activity, and even then, it did not earn very much. Only by the 20th century will there be a permanent population that would settle it. Just as many hoped it wouldn't be those "damned Europeans," they were. Even worse, they spoke Esperanto...

Esperanto Settlement

In 1915, 4,000 Esperanto-speaking people departed from the battlefield in Europe. By that point, they settled firmly on the La Roko, still in the "hot potato" phase. More and more Esperanto-speakers flooded the area, and would start farming. However, in 1918, Serinar had control and was about to give it to Keuwala when an Esperanto-speaking man, aged 28, Franz Jozef discovered something that would boost the economy.

Gold on the Kuneta River.

As a result, Serinar quickly sent troops, and gold began to be harvested. Many immigrants went to La Roko, hoping to get rich quick. However, in 1923, gold was exhausted, and the population of 130,000 people rapidly plummeted, to 13,820 people, many of which spoke Esperanto. The wealth, however lasted, and more sources of gold were discovered, but not with the same intensity as the Gold Rush from 1918-1923 on La Roko. However, in 1947, it was annexed by Dainarén from Serinar.

Dainarén Administration

By that point, colonists from Dainarén, well, some would go through La Roko. All in all, around 4,500 colonists would settle there. Bronze, silver and tin were discovered and helped boost the local economy. Corruption however resulted in Montogranda remaining poor. When the Civil War started, the Esperantists began fighting to take control of what they considered to be "La Roko," and indeed, by 1967, they took the area. Finally, they voted for a constitutional monarchy led by a Prince, and elected the first Prince, which from that point on, the oldest son would take the throne. Franz Jozef promptly accepted and became the first Prince, "Princo Jozef I", reigning until his death in 1992.

Prince Jozef I Era

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On the 8th of March, 1968, Prince Jozef I declared unilateral independence from Dainarén, citing the civil war and fears that a new regime that arrives in Dainarén would erase the culture of what the Esperanto-speaking nations took decades to create. Thus, the Governor's Mansion (Esperanto: Reganto Palaco) became the Royal Palace (Esperanto: Reĝa Palaco), that was used from 1968 to 1987 (AMP 81 to AMP 100). He instituted the paco as the currency, with 1 paco equal to 5 lira, and divided into 100 esperi.

For the first 4 years, Montogranda was peaceful, and indeed had a Prime Minister and a 30 seat Parliament in the capital, Kunet. In 1972, the dictator of Dainarén, Kenen Erán ordered to invade the Most Serene Principality. Despite the fact that it ended in 1980, it only succeeded in driving them out from the northeastern region of Montogranda, and still controls the area today. Only 9 people chose to remain when they took over the Province, many heading to Kunet. Even nowadays, it still claims the area. Erán made a strategic mistake by ordering a blitzkrieg towards the south of Montogranda to take the capital and largest cities quickly, and this allowed the Montograndan defense force to quickly withdraw and set up fortifications along the mountains, and this degraded into a standstill. Zaras helped by sending its air force to bomb Dainaréni forces and managed to score a naval victory in 1973 that gave it supremacy over the sea. Erán had no sense of reality so he decided to focus on crushing Montogranda first and then make an example of Zaras despite the latter's vulnerability. The Montograndan army managed to win battles against Dainarénis because it knew how to wage mountain warfare, and the population also resisted by taking advantage of urban warfare, so a lot of Dainaréni forces were tied down to trying to stamp out insurrections in the cities.

All this time, Zaras prepared its own operations, but endured agonising debates over how much to send and how much to hold back in case Erán tried to invade the city itself. finally in 1974 Zaras shipped its military forces and the city and principality cooperated in the shockingly successful Operation Daybreak: Zaran troops landed at the south of the peninsula and managed to make short work of the Dainaréni forces, advancing north. The Montograndan armies in the mountains started their own offensive and linked up with the Zarans, isolating Dainaréni forces in the Espero Valley (Esperanto: Espero Valo) and wiping them out easily. A rebellion started to the north of Montogranda that distracted Dainarén, threatened its supply/communication lines and required them to send more troops there instead. The allies split to cover the principality easier, with Zaras attacking mostly in the east and Montograndans in the west. However, the Dainarénis managed to stop the front at Antauen, probably in early 1976, where they had fortifications. Erán managed to wipe out one group of rebels later in 1976 and send that army to Antauen to reinforce the front, keeping the stalemate. Zaras and Montogranda focus all of their efforts on breaking that line, but refuse to attack unless attacked. Two years would pass with no success, Erán still focusing on crushing the rebels and insurgencies in the other parts of Dainarén. But in autumn 1978 the Dainarénis manage to defeat the northern rebels, which of course panics Zaras and Montogranda, who hurriedly re-deploy some forces to prevent that.

Dainarén attacks from the north as expected, and gets stopped at the mountains, but in western Altiplano they manage to break through and force the Zaran-Montograndan defenders to retreat. This spooks Zaras and Montogranda even more but the Dainaréni offensive runs out of steam at the better-fortified position in the south. On paper it looks like Dainarén might turn the tide. In reality, they've overextended their forces to the south and they still have to guard west since the mountains are held by the Montograndans. A coordinated attack stretching over the winter into 1979 pushes the Dainarénis back past the border, but now Zaras and Montogranda have to requisition some forces to man that area since it's not the best defensive position, leaving the Antauen front somewhat undermanned. By this point Montogranda is severely exhausted from the war, and Zaras is also starting to crack a bit under pressure. Erán is having some success defeating the rebels in the other parts of Dainarén, so he might be able to bring all of his forces down onto Montogranda and Zaras soon.

However, seven years of failing to conquer a Malta-sized municipality has actually gotten him to maybe realise that he might be throwing effort into a black hole. Montogranda starts to make the first diplomatic contacts to ask for an armistice around this time, and wouldn't you know it, Dainarén's head of foreign policy hated Erán's military adventures and loves the idea. He doesn't bring it up to Erán directly but the chief commander of military forces, who also wants one less headache to deal with. Armistice negotiations drag on and off throughout 1979 at several clandestine locations. Finally, the armistice is signed in December 1979, with Dainaréni forces still occupying Antauen, and a ceasefire comes into effect. Erán is furious at the two getting an armistice behind his back, but he takes it as a fait accompli and decides to give up on retaking Montogranda, trying to save face by reasoning something along the lines of "it's barely the size of a cow turd anyway." Negotiations for an official peace collapse over Dainarén's unwillingness to withdraw from Antauen.

However, in 1980, the war ended, the economy recovered. Until 1974, it had its own paco coins, but due to hyperinflation, it had to use Zara lira notes, and still uses them to this day, but since 1980, minted its own coins. During the 1980s, tourism was booming, encouraging rebuilding. Another industry that flourished was the banking industry. However, on September 26th, 1992, Prince Jozef I died at the age of 102, and was given a Royal Funeral at the Palace. A 7 day state of mourning was held, many people mourning the death of a leader that seemed to have united the country.

The question now, was what would his son, Prince Jozef II do to preserve the Principality as it marches forth into the 21st Century?

Prince Jozef II Era

On January 1, 1993, Prince Jozef II was coronated at the Royal Palace in Kunet and assumed the throne as "His Most Serene Prince, Jozef II of Montogranda." Once he assumed the throne, he promptly realized that 52% of the populace spoke English, as their first language, whilst 45% spoke Esperanto as their first language, and the rest chose other tongues. For 9 years, he desperately tried to convince Parliament to make English an official language alongside Esperanto. Only in 2002 would it pass, at a very slim majority, with 50.5% approving and 49.5% disapproving. In 1998, the dialing code was changed, being passed with a 67% majority, from +89 to +91, the same as Zaras. In 2001, he abolished counties. Finally, in 2005, after a referendum, his powers were significantly reduced. He still could veto bills, and represent the State, but Parliament now has most of the power, but the monarchy keeps Parliament in check and vice-versa. Today, the nation still has a threat to the north, and in fact has a Zaran military base just 3 km south of the border of the Occupied Territories of Montogranda.
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Geografio - Georgraphy


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The peninsula that the Most Serene Principality is La Roko. The highest mountain is actually a mountain that you can see, sticking above the surrounding area. It represents strength and unity. A portion of area to the northeast however is claimed by the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda since 1975, when the Province fell to Dainarén forces, and still controls the area to this day, calling it "Free Montogranda," since it STILL claims the entire peninsula of Montiogranda.

On a clear day, one could see Granda Monto as far as California Beach in Zaras.

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Ekonomio - Economy


The Economy of Montogranda has been rising since the 1980s. Indeed, in 1968, remittances comprised 95% of the GDP, many from workers migrating to Zaras to build structures for economic growth in their eastern neighbor. Now, the economy is like this, as seen in this list.

Banking - 47%
Tourism - 41%
Water - 8%
Other - 3.9%
Remittances - 0.1%

Its GDP per capita now is $51,927, and its GDP at $4,669,847,037. With low taxes, until the mid-1990s, Montogranda was nortorious for being a tax haven. After a Zaran criminal was caught committing tax fraud, Montogranda has raised business taxes, to reduce tax fraud. There is no personal tax, but there is industrial tax.

The official currency is the paco, with 100 esperi = 1 paco. Until 1974, when all paco notes were withdrawn, they made their own notes. Now, Zaran currency is accepted as legal tender, but in 1997, the 1 lira note was retired, and ordered to be returned to the Royal Bank of Montogranda (Esperanto: Reĝa Datenbanko de Montogranda) for it to be shipped back to Zaras, and replaced with a one paco coin. The five lira note is still in circulation.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 2:49 pm

Demografio - Demographics


According to the 2010 Census, there were 89,931 persons living within the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda.

Kulmina Kvin Urboj - Top Five Cities
Kunet - 41,839 persons
Amikeco - 19,210 persons
Malavareco - 4,214 persons
Kunolaro - 3,598 persons
Nova Bohemio - 2,139 persons

Religious Stats
95% - Christianity
80% - Roman Catholic
14% - Lutheran
1% - Other
5% - Other
3% - Buddhism
1.5% - Islam
0.5% - Judaism

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Politika Sistemo - Political System


Since its creation in 1968, Parliament has evolved over the years. In 1968, it was simply called the "Council of Politicians" (Esperanto: Konsilio de Politikistoj) with 30 members, elected from 3 different members from each Provinces, and in turn, they elected the Prime Minister. In 1972, the Konsilio de Politikistoj was dissolved, just before an election due to the war that caused the Antaŭen Province to be annexed into Dainarén. In 1980, an election was held, and in 1984, they passed an amendment splitting the Council of Politicians into two, creating Parliament (Esperanto: Parlamento). The two chambers would be the Senate (Esperanto: Senato), with 30 members, and the House of Representatives (Esperanto: Domo de Reprezentantoj), with 1,000 people in a province being one seat. If there was less than 1,000 people in a province, or it is occupied, it will only have one seat in the House, whilst the Senate will have three per Province, regardless of the situation.

They meet weekly at the Registaro Domo, or Government House, as it is known in English. Every four years, the representatives get re-elected, for as many terms as they wish, even the Prime Minister could have as many terms as he wishes.

Prime Ministers

Prime Minister Samuel Franz (1968 to 2000) - Left, democratic socialist, after 1980 loosened regulations, but kept living and minimum wage
Prime Minister Jozef Tito (2000 to 2008) - Far-left, Maoist, nationalized water, healthcare, and waste disposal
Prime Minister Samuel Franz (2008 to 2009) - see first part
Prime Minister William Henson (2009 to 2010, acting, 2010 to present) - Left, democratic socialist, cut business taxes and personal taxes, but raise industrial taxes
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Politikaj Partioj - Political Parties


The amount of seats in the House of Representatives is 79 seats, with 53 seats needed to have a majority in the House, whilst it is 20 in the Senate. Thus, there are the parties, their ideologies and seats.

Nacia Demokratia Partio - National Democratic Party
Ideology: Center-left, democratic socialist
Seats: 18 in the Senate, 46 in the House

This was the first party, created as the National Independence Party (Esperanto: Nacia Sendependeco Partio) on May 2, 1967, by Jozef Franz, he led the party until he was forced to resign to become Prince in 1968. It was then renamed to the National Democratic Party, by its next leader, Samuel Franz, brother of Jozef Franz, who led it until his death in 2009. Now, the NDP, has governed the entire country since 1968, until 2000. Since 2008, they governed in a coalition with the Working People's Party.

Leaders
Jozef Franz - 1967 to 1968 (resigned to become Prince Jozef I)
Samuel Franz - 1968 to 2008 (retired)
William Henson - 2008 to present
Current Seats: 9 in the Senate, 28 seats in the House

Laborante Popola Partio - Working People's Party
Ideology: Far-left, Maoism
Seats: 9 in the Senate, 27 in the House

Formed on March 8, 1968, it was founded by Comrade Pedro Shimbales, a refugee from Portugal. Over time, it rose in support, but when Shimbales died in 1976, he was given a military funeral, and in 1980, chose a new leader. Now, it is a major political party, but has distanced itself from Mao's ideology in recent years, indeed; it is more like Titoism, with only Maoism used to describe its command structure. Indeed, it was the only party to expel its leader, when Jiao was exposed for tax fraud in 1995. From 2000 to 2008, Jozef Tito was the first Prime Minister not to be from the National Democratic Party. Today, it is in a coalition with the National Democratic Party.

Leaders
Comrade Pedro Shimbales - 1968 to 1976 (killed in action)
Comrade Diego Shimbales - 1976 to 1980 (acting leader)
Comrade Jiao Senghui - 1980 to 1995 (expelled)
Comrade Jozef Tito - 1995 to 2008 (resigned)
Comrade Pedro Amorvidez - 2008 to present

Roza Partio - Rose Party
Ideology: Eco-anarchism, far-left
Seats: 3 in the Senate, 4 seats in the House

Created in 1980, it was formed initially as a joke party, but in 1984, it became environmentalist in outlook. Today, it has some support, especially on the younger generation living in Kunet, and Amikeco.

Leaders
Rosa Wilson - 1980 to 1984 (murdered)
Diana Wilson - 1984 to present




Other Parties

Like other parties, there are many that have no seats in Parliament. Here is a list of these parties.

Populara Ago Partio - People's Action Party
Ideology: Far-right nationalism, wants Kaura and control all of the coastline between Montogranda and Zaras.

The Populara Ago Partio was established on September 22, 1970. During the 1970s, its support reached its zenith, but since 1980, its support has rapidly declined. It is often the least popular political party in the country. Its policies are expansionist, the outlawing of English, and to make Christianity the sole legal religion. Thus, it has expelled its own leaders. Needless to say, most of the votes for the PAP come from the Amhari Family, hence why it is often quipped "La Amhari Partio" or "The Amhari Party." Its best result was when Venka Amhari, the only female leader of the PAP governed the Atendi Province from 1990 to 1995, its stronghold.

Leaders
General Ludoviko Amhari (1970 to 1975, killed in action)
General Venka Amhari (1975 to 1980, acting, 1980 to 2003, retired)
Marie Amhari (2003 to 2005, expelled due to marrying a Zaran-born local)
Jozef Amhari (2005 to 2007, expelled due to being a Jew)
Arhova Amhari (2007 to present)

Riĉeco Partio - Wealth Party
Ideology: center-right

The Riĉeco Partio was formed on November 15, 1969, but despite its name, it never gained any votes since the 1980s, but it keeps running. It wants a "regressive" tax system, the rich pay the least amount of tax, whilst the poor has to pay the most amount of tax.

Leaders
Sera Vehonka (1969 to 2012, retired)
Alexander Lihorvi (2012 to present)
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Provincoj kaj Graflandoj - Provinces and Counties - Provinces and Counties

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In 1968, Prince Jozef I created the ten Provinces, with twenty counties, with one county worth half of one province. Initially, the county governments had the County Council, and the Provincial governments had the Provincial Council. However, in 1984, the County Councils and Provincial Councils were replaced with the County Legislature and the Provincial Legislature. However, in 1992, in his last act, Jozef I transferred the role of the counties to the Provincial Legislatures, to take effect January 1, 1993 (JMP 106). In 2005, Parliament dissolved the Counties AND transferred the functions of the Provincial Legislature to Parliament. Now, the Provinces are mere symbolic divisions only used for measuring data across the Principality, whilst the counties no longer legally exist.

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Apliko de la Leĝo - Law Enforcement


The law enforcement is controlled by the Royal Mounted Police (Esperanto: Reĝa Rajda Polico), within most of the country. It's headquarters are in Kunet, Kunet Province, Montogranda, on the Royal Square (Esperanto: Reĝa Placo), across the Government House, and to the left of the square, the Royal Palace. It only has one prison, with 250 cells and focuses on rehabilitation.

In Kunet, police is controlled by the Kunet Municipal Police Division (Esperanto: Kunet Urba Polico Divido), whilst in Amikeco, it is controlled by the Amikeco Municipal Police Division (Esperanto: Amikeco Urba Polico Divido), with the headquarters at the Royal Square and City Hall respectively. Sentencing focuses on rehabilitation, but for the most serious crimes, they could be imprisoned for more than 25 years (the maximum legal limit without approval from the Supreme Court).

The judicial system however starts at the Municipal Court, then the Provincial Court (before 2005, between those two was the County Court, or if the crime was committed outside the area of municipality), and then the Supreme Court for appeals.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:02 pm

Eksterlandaj Aferoj - Foreign Affairs


To take a look at our foreign affairs, we do not support nations that oppress their own people. Since 1980, we had tense relations with Dainarén, due to the fact that they invaded our territory. However, our major ally, Zaras which we have friendly relations with has protected us and we gave them a base at Signal Hill (Esperanto: Signali Altaĵo), three kilometers to the south of the occupied territory that is claimed by Montogranda, and administered by Dainarén. In fact, we share the same currency (the lira), even though we have different names. In fact, in the capital, Kenut, there is an embassy from Zaras. Only in 2008 are we beginning to open ourselves outside the comfort zone that is the Zaran-Montograndese relations, but we still have very close ties. Indeed, as a result, there have been proposals over the years to unite with Zaras, even having a political party formed to propose unification with Zaras.
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Milita - Military


The military is divided into three branches within the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda. They are...

The Royal Armed Forces (Esperanto: La Reĝa Armitaj Fortoj) - 1,000 soldiers, 3 tanks (known as the Army, or Armeo)
The Royal Air Force (Esperanto: La Reĝa Aerkvalito Fortoj) - 30 bombers, 30 fighter planes, 5 recon craft, 65 pilots
The Royal Navy (Esperanto: La Reĝa Mararmeo) - 5 patrol boats, 500 soldiers

The General of the Armed Forces until 2005 was the Prince, thus, until 1992, Prince Jozef I served as the General of the Armed Forces. From 1992 until 2005, Prince Jozef II was in charge of the Armed Forces. Since 2005, the Prime Minister is in charge of the Armed Forces of the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda.

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Gazetara kaj Kulturo - Media and Culture


Culture

The traditional culture regarding Montograda, in recent years is slowly becoming a melting-pot, but its cuisine is typical of Czech and Slovak cuisine, with some German influences. Its culture, however largely is borrowed from German customs, and the dress comes from the Netherlands (with the wooden shoes). It speaks Esperanto, passing them down from generation to generation. However, some Chinese customs, like spring rolls found their way into the culture from the Gold Rush of 1918-1923.

Media

In 1968, television went on the air, as the Royal Broadcasting Corporation (Esperanto: Reĝa Radiodifusión Korporacio), which also broadcasted on radio within the capital of Kunet. Originally solely in Esperanto, in 1977, it opened an English service to benefit Zaran troops fighting against the Dainaréni armed forces. Today, it has three channels, one in English, one in Esperanto, and one in Dainaréni, but many TV stations that are Esperanto-speaking, Dainaréni-speaking and English-speaking that are domestic are popular, as well as Zaran television.

Radio, however is still a legal monopoly by the Royal Broadcasting Corporation, but it has three stations, with the transmitter on the second-highest mountain, Mount Lily (Esperanto: Monto Azucena), which has a 5 hectare plateau with three transmitters, one in English, one in Esperanto, and one in Dainaréni.

Newspapers, however circulate freely. The most popular on the Principality is the Esperanto-language "La Blanka Stelo" (English: The White Star), a broadsheet, whilst the second most popular is the English-language "Montograndese Times." Tabloids are rising in popularity, but are typically in the form of checkout stand tabloids one finds at the supermarket. Of this, the most popular is the "Soap" in English, and the "Haro" (English: Hair) in Esperanto.

As for the internet, most TV and newspapers are on the internet, but you cannot listen to local radio online. Yet.
Last edited by Montogranda on Sat Jun 09, 2012 6:28 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:36 pm

Edukado - Education


In Montogranda, it has an education system, which is unique in the sense that it not only has schools that teach solely in Esperanto or English, but it has "Esperanto" and "English" immersion programs.

Levels of Education
Antaŭ-infanĝardeno - Pre-Kindergarten (3 to 5, optional)
Infanĝardeno - Kindergarten (5 to 6, optional)
Ĉefaj Edukado - Primary School (6 to 11, Grade 1 to Grade 4)
Intera Edukado - Intermediate School (11 to 14, Grade 5 to Grade 8)
Malĉefa Eduko - Secondary School (14 to 17, Grade 9 to 12)
Preparado - Pre-College (17 to 19, Year I to Year II)
Universitato - University (19 and above, optional)
Politeknika - Polytechnic (19 and above, optional)
Last edited by Montogranda on Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:38 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Montogranda
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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:39 pm

Transporto - Transportation


Per Lando - By Land

There is a single highway linking Kunet with Amikeco, named "Highway One" (Esperanto: Ŝoseo Unu), with 2 lanes on either direction. Many roads in Amikeco and Kunet are paved, as in the surrounding regions, but outside the area, it is typically made of gravel. In some areas, landslides would close these gravel roads, often for months at a time. The most popular form of transport within the area is by car, as well as the bus. From 1970 to 1974, there was a train line, but due to the war, and significant damage, it is no longer used and now sits there, rusting to the ground.

Per Maro - By Sea

Amikeco is the main port in the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda, with exports coming out and imports coming into the harbor daily. There is also a ferry to Kaura Island, controlled by Zaras. Many coastal villages have at least a pier, where boats could dock, but Amikeco is the only true port.

Per Aero - By Air

In 1989 (AMP 102), Prince Jozef I authorized the creation of a national airline. It was first known as Mountain Airlines (Esperanto: Monto Aerolíneas), and served domestic flights over the Principality. In 1992, it became known as the Royal Mountain Airlines (Esperanto: Reĝa Monto Aerolíneas) and started having daily flights from Kunet to Zaras. In 1995, it started to have charter flights from Amikeco to Zaras, and by 2000, it began flying to other countries.
Last edited by Montogranda on Sun Jun 10, 2012 8:39 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:44 pm

Vivo en Montogranda - Life in Montogranda


In the past four decades, Montogranda has evolved, and it is true in its living standards. Once dependent on remittances, it is now a flourishing country.

Etiketo - Etiquette

The Etiquette of Montogranda is similar to American customs. The difference is that they are very liberal in nudity (Amikeco is stereotyped as a place where EVERYONE is nude, and is somewhat true), but there is one major area that tourists do not know about.

The disabled.

Even insulting a disabled person in Montogranda in passing could result in being ostracized by everyone, save for the Amhari Family. Not only is it frowned upon, some tourists who do not know this major piece of information may find themselves around 1.8 meters (6 feet) underground and never return home, but end up in a cemetery somewhere. The disabled are often given priority before everyone else, and for those that "lack mental capacity," in the event all the relatives die, they become "wards of the Crown."

Levante - Raising

Raising a child bears unique similarities. Indeed, while Scandinavian norms are used in terms of autonomy, especially as they get older, it is balanced by values of Confucianism. Those older than you, therefore gain more respect and thus, you must follow their commands, or those who are disabled, while the only equal relationship is friends. But, as you get older, you get more and more autonomy in your own affairs by tradition.

Some parents use entirely Scandinavian values or Confucianist values, but as long as they don't abuse their child, the government does not care.
Last edited by Montogranda on Sun Jul 08, 2012 3:57 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:44 pm

Rezervita por futura uzo.
Reserved for future use.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:44 pm

Rezervita por futura uzo.
Reserved for future use.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:45 pm

Rezervita por futura uzo.
Reserved for future use.

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Postby Montogranda » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:45 pm

Rezervita por futura uzo.
Reserved for future use.




From here on forth, you can ask questions regarding the Most Serene Principality of Montogranda.

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Luziyca
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Luziyca » Sun Jun 10, 2012 12:07 pm

What is your nation's stance on Luziyca?
|||The Kingdom of Rwizikuru|||
[22:00] <Lanos> nobody here in ESQ should be proud to be somehow remotely related to Luziyca
IIwikiFacebookKylaris: the best region for four years runningAbout meYouTubePolitical compass

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Montogranda
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Postby Montogranda » Sun Jun 10, 2012 12:08 pm

Luziyca wrote:What is your nation's stance on Luziyca?


After examining your policies, they have stated that no sane nation should support this organization, since it is a threat to liberty and freedom. Plus, it is NOT democratic.

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Arumdaum
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Left-wing Utopia

Postby Arumdaum » Sun Jun 10, 2012 2:29 pm

Who is the most popular candidate for the Arumdaumene presidential election in Montogranda?
LITERALLY UNLIKE ANY OTHER RP REGION & DON'T REPORT THIS SIG
█████████████████▌TIANDI ____________██____██
_______███▌MAP _______________██_____██_████████
█████████████████▌WIKI _______██______██___██____██
_______████ DISCORD ________██████___██____██______█

____████__████ SIGNUP _________██___████___██____
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Montogranda
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Postby Montogranda » Sun Jun 10, 2012 2:32 pm

Arumdaum wrote:Who is the most popular candidate for the Arumdaumene presidential election in Montogranda?


Marie Torari.

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Arumdaum
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Left-wing Utopia

Postby Arumdaum » Sun Jun 10, 2012 2:36 pm

What is the status of the death penalty? If there is one, for what crimes is it used? When was it last used?
LITERALLY UNLIKE ANY OTHER RP REGION & DON'T REPORT THIS SIG
█████████████████▌TIANDI ____________██____██
_______███▌MAP _______________██_____██_████████
█████████████████▌WIKI _______██______██___██____██
_______████ DISCORD ________██████___██____██______█

____████__████ SIGNUP _________██___████___██____
__████_______████_____________██______██__________██
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