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Factbook of Beiluxia

A place to put national factbooks, embassy exchanges, and other information regarding the nations of the world. [In character]
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Beiluxia
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Factbook of Beiluxia

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:07 pm

Beiluxia


Finished sections: most of intro, history, govt, trans, telecom, geo; parts of military, economy, culture.
Summer 2015 update: Continuous updates to spelling and grammar errors, streamlining wordy sections.

The Eternal Serene Republic of Beiluxia
La Sérénissime République de Balouxia
Bāa'luk Tāe-Pyó Mín'juu-Syă


Image
Flag

Motto: "Sumus liber vitæ" (Latin)
"We are the Book of Life" or "We are Free for Life"

Beiluxian Anthem:《 Bāa'luk-Syă Gán Cwe 》
"Beiluxia Forevermore"
French Anthem: Pour Baluxia
"For Beiluxia"
English Anthem: "Beiluxia Forevermore"

Image

Area controlled by Beiluxia shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled area shown in light green;
Armistice Demilitarised Border (ADB) shown in light grey

Capital Lovers-by-the-bay
and largest city

Official languages Beiluxian English French
- Writing SystemsTraditional Beiluxian
Beiluxian syllabary
Latin alphabet

Ethnic groups 31.26% Beiloupean
19.38% Native Beiluxian
14.19% British Beiluxian
11.25% French Beiluxian
10.03% Maolutianian
13.89% others

Demonym Beiluxian

Government Federal constitutional
elective monarchy and
semi-presidential republic
- Figure Jeanne Rivière-Dan'kwa
RepresentativeCa-nee
- Prime Minister Allison Me'guu Cci-Lang
- Head of Senate Kang'iwa Eb-do
- Chief Justice Guu'mang Twe-jyo

Legislature Parliament
- Upper house House of Senate
- Lower house House of Lords

Establishment from the United Kingdom and France
- Confederation Act BX 29 March 1908
- Statute of 11 December 1931
Westminster UK
- Loi de confédération 15 October 1958
de Baluxia FR

Area
- Total 597,769 km² (50th)
230,800 sq mi

Population
- 2013 Estimate 147,378,596 (9th)
- 2010 Census 142,955,018
- Density 246.55/km² (56th)
748.83/sq mi

GDP (nominal) 2014 Estimate
- Total $5.451 trillion (3rd)
- Per capita $36,923 (27th)
Gini (2010) Image 32.9
medium

HDI (2013) Image 0.906
very high13th
Currency Smileyface/Beilai (ζ) (BXB)

Time Zone BXT (UTC-7)
- Summer (DST) BDT (UTC-6)

Date Format dd/mm/yyyy
yyyy/mm/dd (CE)

Drives on the left

Calling code +89

ISO 3166 code BX

Internet TLD .bx
A. Introduction
Beiluxia (/beɪ'lʌksiːʌ/ or /beɪ'luːksiːʌ/), officially The Eternal Serene Republic of Beiluxia, is a sovereign state in 10000 Islands comprising of Beiluxia Isle, the Maolutianian Peninsula, and numerous minor islands. Beiluxia has a total area of 550,000 square kilometres, making it the world's 50th-largest country by size. It shares a common border with Maxtopia and two unrecognised secessionist states along the Armistice Demilitarised Border (ADB), which despite its name is the longest militarised border in the world.

The land that is now Beiluxia has been been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples, also known as Natives. Beginning in the early 17th century, British and French colonial expeditions explored and later settled the region's coast. The British created colonies along the southern coast and western plains of Baeluksia Isle, whereas the French mainly colonised along the western Baeluksian coast and northern Maolutianian coast. The population grew steadily in subsequent centuries, the territory was explored, and self-governing British crown colonies and French provinces were established. On 29 March, 1908, three British territories and one French territory federated, forming the federal republic that established Beiluxia. Subsequent decades saw the addition of nearby European colonies into Beiluxia as well as expansion outward to northern Baeluksia Isle and northern Maolutiania Peninsula. Years of conflict between neighbouring Maxtopia in Maolutiania Peninsula resulted in the Maolutiania Crisis of 1986 and ended with an armistice in 1989 and establishment of the ADB. Beiluxia is still de facto at war with Maxtopia since the two countries never signed a peace treaty.

Beiluxia is a federal constitutional elective monarchy under a semi-presidential system, with the Figure Representative as head of state and the Prime Minister as head of government. The country is officially trilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse nations. Four-fifths of the population trace at least part of their ancestry to non-Natives, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries around the world. With a population of 147 million as of December 2013, Beiluxia is the world's ninth most populous nation. Its advanced economy is one of the largest in the world, relying on both its highly developed financial and telecommunication sectors and its abundant natural resources. Beiluxia's long and complex relationships with Maxtopia, the UK, and France have had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Despite its multicultural and colonial heritage, Beiluxia isolated itself culturally, politically, and physically from the international community throughout various points of history; Beiluxia was often referred to as a hermit kingdom up until the latter part of the 20th century.

Beiluxia is one of the wealthiest countries in the world with the third-largest economy by nominal GDP. Beiluxia has the thirteenth highest human development index, tied with Iceland. Beiluxia consistently ranks highly in international measurements of education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, and economic freedom. The country is a recognised middle power in international politics and is a member of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, and The World Assembly.
Contents

I. Geography
a. Beiluxia Isle {Bæluksia}
b. Maolutianian Peninsula
c. National Symbols
II. History
a. Prehistory to 17th century
b. 17th century to 18th century
c. 19th century to early 20th century
d. early to mid 20th century
e. mid to late 20th century
f. 21st century to the present
III. Demographics
a. Ethnic groups
b. Languages
c. Religion
d. Population
e. Education
IV. Government & Politics
a. Federal Branch
b. Justise Branch
V. Military {National Polise}
a. His Eternal Ground Forse
b. His Eternal Naval Forse
c. His Eternal Celestial Forse
d. His Eternal Elite Forses
VI. Economy
a. Currency
VII. Transportation
a. Air
b. Land
c. Sea
VIII. Telecommunications
a. Telephones and cell phones
b. TV
c. Internet
d. Radio
e. Newspaper
IX. Culture
a. Daily lifestyle
b. Public holidays
c. Sport
d. Cuisine
e. Art and architecture
X. Miscellaneous
Last edited by Beiluxia on Mon Mar 20, 2017 11:49 pm, edited 102 times in total.
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Beiluxia
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Posts: 1892
Founded: Jul 24, 2011
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I. Geography

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:07 pm

April 2015: Major renovations to formatting and writing until summer!

Image
Pic Dieu reflected on Lake Tak'la'ssen, Chang'tae'jen

Image
Marsella, a resort town in greater Kolan Cape, Maalsen

Image
Citadelle Maoluti, one of Maolutiania's oldest buildings

Image
Grey Hills National Park in southern Aragonia's Interior

Image
Pook'san'ji Mountains bordering along Trosnia and ADB

Image

Image
Political Map [click for full-sized image]
Image
The Straits | Elysia | Océan Provinses | Montagne Provinses (incl. Chang'Tae)| Elizabethan Peninsula | The Outer Isles (incl. Dlru'sen Ile) | Maolutiania Peninsula (incl. Maalsen)

a. Beiluxia Isle {Bæluksia}

    Beiluxia Isle became the first land British colonists settled when they sighted land near modern-day Lovers-by-the-bay in 1688. Beiluxia Isle is slightly smaller than Iraq, measuring 419,089 sq. km or 161,811 sq. mi.

    Most of the south, including Haven, Olympe, and southern Elysia, is relatively a humid subtropical zone, with yearly monsoon cycles and summer typhoon seasons followed by milder dry winter seasons.

    The Océan Provinses provides plenty of long coastlines and rolling hills moving inland. The Iles des Débarquement (Isles of Landing) are a long barrier island chain protecting the Olympe Provinse's inner coast.
    The rolling hills of Kon'ke'lra's rural coastline. Pont de Rivière (River's Bridge) connects the islands of Ile de la Rivière and Nouvelle Corse.

    Elysian Provinse also contains long stretches of sandy beaches in the southwest, popular throughout the year. Towards the Interiors of Elysian Provinse the land rises to the grassy Highlands Plateau, wide plains filled with farmland. The Autonomous Districts of Chang'tae'yuk contain lower semiarid valleys and higher alpine mountains that are snowcapped most of the year.

    Elysian's dramatic landscape, from its relatively flat and grassy Highlands to the mountain ranges of Chang'tae'yuk.

    Chang'tae'yuk's commercial and cultural centre is Chang'tae'yuk'ke. Its high altitude and isolated location made it a Native Beiluxian stronghold for resistance against European colonisation, and many people still consider it the cultural centre of Native Beiluxians to this day.

    The Montagne Provinses are mostly arid mountainous lands with high coastal cliffs and a form of Marine West Coast climate. Dieu Pic (God's Peak), Beiluxia's highest mountain, rests here.

    The Frontier Lands are known for its largely untouched natural beauty, low population, and colder weather. The northeastern precipice of Baeluksia Isle is filled with evergreen forests and stretches to a long island chain at the eastern tip. Frontier City, known as Point Elizabeth British Overseas Dependent Territory (Crown Colony prior) until 2006, was the only successful European settlement.
    Baeluksian Provinses by Total Land Area (Including Outer Islands)

    RankProvinseTotal Land Area (km²)
    1Elysia131,571
    2Chang'tae'woong90,072
    3Chang'tae'jen48,693
    4Frontier41,052
    5Lru'ten36,312
    6Chang'tae22,948
    7Kon'ke'lra16,060
    8Haven14,184
    9Olympe9,101
    10Tuum'jao'eum9,096
    TotalBaeluksia419,089

















b. Maolutianian Peninsula

    Originally, Maolutiania referred to the entire Maolutianian Peninsula. Since colonisation of Maalsen Region by the British during the 1700s, Maalsen has been more culturally connected to Beiluxia than Maolutiania. The rest of Maolutiania was under the Maxtopian regime until the 1989 Armistice Agreement, which defined the border between Maolutiania and Maxtopia along the Armistice Demilitarised Zone (ADB). The geographical Maolutiania Peninsula includes the regions of Maalsen, Maolutia, and Aragonia. The political name Maolutiania refers to the regions of Aragonia and Maolutia, areas formerly controlled by Maxtopia, and not Maalsen. Maolutiania Peninsula has an area of 169,311 sq. km (65,371 sq. mi.), or about the same size as the US state of Wisconsin.

    The flatlands of Maalsen Region grew from remote seaside plains to the 3.7 million population of Maalsen Metropolitan Area. The City of Maalsen is a modern metropolis with many tall buildings. Across the Lovers Strait is the Lovers Metropolitan Area and the City of Southern Lovers. Although usually grouped with the nearby Lovers Metropolitan Area, Maalsen is in fact a distinct Metropolitan Area and has its own unique culture. Around two-thirds of the population are Beiluxian or European, and the remaining one-third are local Maalsenians. Until the 1980s, the de-facto boundary between neighbouring Maxtopia and Maalsen were the Moch'tun Mountains surrounding the city on three sides. The Maolutianian Crisis of 1986 greatly expanded Maalsen Region's boundaries.

    Before 1960, Maoluti was the political capital of northern Maolutiania for many centuries. Maoluti, whence Maolutiania derives its name, is abound with ancient architecture from kingdoms past. On top of this northern seaside city sits the Citadelle Maoluti. It is one of the best-preserved examples of traditional Maolutian architecture. Each reigning monarch, starting with its construction by the Shantis in 1356, had renovated the citadel's walls with buildings styled to their era. Its latest addition in 1899 by French colonists has made the inner castle more akin to those found in Western Europe. Southern Maolutiania's harsh landscape prevented Maxtopian troops from advancing further into Maolutiania up till the 20th century.[/tab]

    Protecting the north with its jagged hills, southern Maolutiania's humidity guarantees year-long rains and clouds. The inland area known as the Interiors is constantly covered by a shroud of fog and low-lying clouds. Sparse natives inhabiting this believe this region's incessant downpour serves as a cover for the many gods and demons lurking inland. There are an estimated 300,000 plant species and 100,000 animal species yet to be discovered in the Maolutianian Interior. Further south lies the hilly Dead Zone. Named for the high casualties in the region, the Dead Zone forests are lush with non-human life due to constant soil turnover from multiple wars. Parts of the Dead Zone are coated with radioactive material due to previous nuclear bomb tests in the area. Bordering the Dead Zone is the Armistice Demilitarised Boundary (ADB). The 1199-km long border is the longest militarised border in the world, over four times as long as the DMZ between South and North Korea. The ADB is between 4 km to 22 km across. Because Beiluxia and Maxtopia only established the ADB under the terms of the 1988 Armistice Agreement, both countries are still technically at war with each other. Along the ADB lies two secessionist states disputed between Maxtopia and Beiluxia.

    Maolutianian Peninsula Regions by Land Area (Including Outer Islands)
    RankProvinse/RegionLand Area (km²)
    1Aragonia Region94,440
    2Maolutia Region70,382
    3Maalsen Region5,719
    TotalMaolutiania Peninsula169,541














c. Outer Islands
These islands are popular holiday destinations because of their natural beauty and seaside resort towns. The warm currents of the Great Ocean provide the Outer Isles with a milder humid continental climate than its latitude suggests.

Dlru'sen Isle is known for the coldest weather in Beiluxia. The lowest temperature recorded in Beiluxia was atop Dlru'sen Ile's Mount Kelvin in 18 December 1989 at -26.4°C.

Yo-ka-tang's population of 3 million mostly reside in these high-rise satellite towns in tiny river valleys along the coast.

[tr]
RankTerritoryLand Area (km²)
1Dlru'sen Isle5,654
2Dlru'san5654
3Kang'se'dlra375.2
TotalOuter Islands9,140









d. National Symbols
Last edited by Beiluxia on Mon Mar 20, 2017 11:05 pm, edited 40 times in total.

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Beiluxia
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II. History

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:08 pm

a. Prehistory to 17th Century - Island Paradise, Land of the Baeluksians
    Image
    Rock carvings circa 1300 CE near Arêches, Elysia


    Image
    Little Idler (1765) by Jean-Baptiste Greuze, depicting
    romanticised life in the French colony of Soleiliana


    Image
    Fort Bao'ccee'des of Chang'tae'yuk'ke, circa 1870


    Image
    Cooperative Committee of Baeluksia, Smilestown 1907


    Image
    Maalsen Port and Harbour, 1912


    Image
    Beiluxian soldiers alongside Americans in Saipan, 1944


    Image
    Kon'ke'lra Confederation ceremony in Parc de France,
    Ville d'Aubergines 1962


    Image
    Newly-built Elysium suburb of Garey New Town, 1983


    Image
    Beiluxian troops along the Maolutianian border, 1987


    Image
    Bauhinia Movement protests occupying Tae'jen, 1992


    Image
    PM-elect Clarence Ge'Po Nee-Jang addresses a crowd
    the night the Democratic Socialists win both Houses
    of Parliament in the landmark 2000 election

    Archaeological studies and genetic analyses show human activity in Haven Provinse as early as 7000 BCE and in Maolutiania Peninsula as early as 10,500 BCE. The first documented humans travelled north along the eastern Maolutianian coast from the continent up to Lovers Strait, where the invention of boats allowed migration into Baeluksia Isle. Most of today's Native Beiluxian and Beiloupean population traces their bloodline back to these original settlers. Forming rudimentary tribal clans for thousands of years, the first major Aboriginal group to create a structured society were the Kwa'doong'kee people. Archaeological evidence dates this group as far as 1900 BCE. Numerous other clans formed in the following centuries as Aboriginal tribes moved around Baeluksia Isle and Maolutiania Peninsula. By 1000 CE, at least four distinct major ethnic groups had developed, morphed by their separated lifestyles and differing natural environments. The four largest tribe clusters were the Yee'san in the Elysian plains, the Kol'ham along the southern and eastern Baeluksian coast, Jee'can in northern Baeluksia Isle, and Ma'olu along the Maolutianian coast. Many tribes survived as hunter-gatherers and nomads. Other tribes created permanent settlements along fertile grounds and developed agriculture, cultivating taro, seaweed, Many tribes operated in relative isolation of each other up until European colonisation.

    During the period between 1000 CE up to to the seventeenth-century, relative stability and population growth within tribes allowed Native culture to develop. Developing a reverence for nature, the Aboriginals formed Pal'po'dyo, an animistic folk mythology revolving around the common belief in the land and the sea as dual deities. The development of culture and inter-tribal relations also led to the creation of the relatively standardised Old Beiluxian logographic script. Evidence of this predecessor to modern Beiluxian script can be found in rock and cave carvings across Beiluxia. Historians, archaeologists, and genealogists place the estimated Aboriginal population at the time of European settlement anywhere from one million to twenty million; the Beiluxian Commission on Aboriginal History accepts eight million as the estimated figure.

b. 17th Century to 18th Century - European Colonisation, Anglo-French Conflicts

    The first verifiable successful European sighting of Beiluxia can be attributed to Danish navigator Wilhelm Jansen. Sighting the coast of Îles barrière de Rivière (River Barrier Islands) in mid 1606, he made landfall on 26 July near the present town of Ploudal, Île de Rivière. The Danish charted the outer coastline of the barrier chain islands and named it Ny Danmark ("New Danmark"), but was unsuccessful at establishing a settlement. William Dillon, an Irish-English explorer and navigator, was the first European to sight and land on Baeluksia Isle in 1688 in mainland Olympe Provinse, naming the land Kingsland. French explorer Jacques Martin became the first European to settle Maolutiania, establishing the first French colony of Nouvelle Bordeaux on 29 February 1692. In 1695, Dillon sailed into Lovers' Bay and established the first English colony in Beiluxia. Dillon officially proclaimed the establishment of Haventown, the colonial capital, on 1 July 1695. The following year, French navigator and privateer Félix Rivière founded Soleiliana (later colonie du Rivière) in the present-day city of Île de la Rivière on 5 August 1696.

    These three colonies led to later exploration and annexation of more Beiluxian land as well as starting European industry, manufacturing, and commerce in Beiluxia. As more Europeans came into contact with Baeluksia, Aboriginals died to newly-introduced infectious diseases such as influenza, measles, and smallpox, to which they had no natural immunity. Biological genocides and deadly conflicts committed by European settlers suppressed the Aboriginal population's ability to combat encroaching imperialism upon Beiluxia.

    The colonies' combined populations expanded from 1,000 in 1700 to over 100,000 by 1750, fuelling the expanding timber and shipbuilding industry. During the Seven Years' War, British forces skirmished against French soldiers along the Kingsland-Rivière borderlands. The uncertainty of the border between French and British colonies reached new heights during the American Revolution. Fearing both a French invasion and an American-esque colonist uprising, the British government encouraged many lower-class British to emigrate to Beiluxia to boost the population with subjects closer to the Crown. Ironically, the French colonies themselves experienced a minor revolt during the war in America, forcing France to give them more autonomy. After the war, around 5,000 United Empire Loyalists emigrated to British colonies in Beiluxia.

c. 19th Century to early 20th Century - Beginning of Beiluxian Identity, Confederation of Beiluxian

    Despite superior technology and biological warfare, Europeans colonists were always vastly outnumbered by the Aboriginals. The French and British forced Natives further inland and north. Up until the 1800s, most Natives grew separated from Europeans. Resistance against colonisation grew as displaced Natives along the coast fled inland to tribes in the Interior Highlands. In 1850, Chief Lak'toong-ka'se united the Natives under the Resistance Banner and established a capital in Chang'tae'yuk-ke to fight off European intrusion. Equipped with European firearms and imported horses, the Resistance were initially successful at driving British settlers encroaching into Chang'tae Highlands, but failed to drive out the British from Elysia. The British army retaliated by forcing he Resistance back the Chang'tae Highlands (modern-day Chang'tae'yuk and Montagne Provinses). The arriving indigenous refugees converged on Chang'tae'yuk-ke, where they intermingled with original Chang'tae tribes and established the Chang'tae Confederacy in 1859. Subsequent European colonisation along most of the Baeluksia Isle coast forcibly moved more Natives into the Interior Highlands. Under the Chang'tae Confederacy, Native Beiluxians were successful in adopting Western technology to develop international trade and bolster mountain defences against colonisation. The confederacy's timber industry enriched the Interior Highlands as French and British colonial forces fought each other along the coast, circumventing the full takeover of Baeluksia Isle. The Chang'tae Confederacy allowed European timber traders to settle in the Interior Highlands by marrying into existing tribes. By the 1890s, miscegenation was legal and commonplace throughout colonial and indigenous-controlled Beiluxia. Beiluxia's early adoption and approval of interracial and intercultural marriages between the British, French, and indigenous created a new class of people known as Mixed Beiluxians, or Beiloupeans.

    In response to border disputes between Haven Province, Elysia, and Rivière Colony in Kingsland, representatives of each colony created Cooperative Committee of Baeluksia in 1905. The Entente Cordiale created friendly relations between the UK and France that led to the creation of the committee. The committee also permitted delegates from Lovers' Colony in 1906, and both the British and French governments allowed all four colonies to negotiate the future of the Baeluksian colonies. Following intense negotiations, 158 out of 213 delegates voted to create a loosely united dominion. With permission from both governments, the Cooperative Committee of Baeluksia declared the founding of the Confederation of Beiluxia. The confederation joined Haven Province (British dominion), Lovers' Colony (Br.), Elysia (British-occupied region), and colonie du Rivière (Colony of Rivière, French colony) together as a common dominion co-ruled by France and the UK. As part of the agreements, Haven Provinse gave up claims to Kingsland, and Rivière Colony settled a common border with Elysia. The colonial governments of Haven, Lovers, and Elysia restructured into Haven Provinse and Elysian Provinse but otherwise continued to derive power from the British government. Likewise, the Colony of Rivière's government restructured as province d'Olympe and continued to answer directly to the French government.
d. early to mid 20th Century - The New Nation's Struggles, Acculturation between Europeans and Natives

    After confederation, both Great Britain and France were too caught up in other domestic and foreign affairs to administrate the Beiluxian government effectively. The ensuing non-interventionism from Britain and France allowed Beiluxia partial autonomy in its own political, social, and economic affairs. Beiluxia sent twelve thousand troops to fight alongside the British and French in World War I but otherwise participated little in the war.

    Beiluxia continued to expand its borders by admitting Native lands and remaining French jurisdictions on Baeluksia Isle. Native Beiluxians initially resisted integration into Anglo-French-backed Beiluxia. After promising Tuum'jao'eum Natives rights and land ownership, it became the first newly-admitted provinse in 1920. The outlined compromises in the Establishment of Cordial Relations and Civil Government became the basis for integration of latter Native lands. The War of Ccang'tae from 1927 to 1929 ended with a ceasefire and the modern border alignment between Elysia and Ccang'tae. As a response, the Interior Natives formed the loosely-organised United Tribes of Chang'tae, which roughly covered the modern-day provinses of Chang'tae, Chang'tae'jen, and Chang'tae'woong. Though not internationally recognised, the United Tribes effectively maintained a form of unofficial government over northern Beiluxia for the next three decades. The 1943 Treaty of Jok'wan gave the United Tribes British-French protection from a potential (though highly unlikely) Axis invasion in exchange for future integration into Beiluxia.

    Britain's Statute of Westminster 1931 gave legislative independence to the Beiluxian federal government. Britain retained de facto control of its colonial dominions in Beiluxia. However, the governance of federal and provincial governments became independent of Britain, thereby giving implicit permission for each provincial legislature to transfer ownership to Beiluxia outright. The provincial governments of Lovers and Elysia, no longer answering to the British Parliament, voted to absolve British ownership of their lands and transfer ownership to the Beiluxian federal government. The provincial government of Haven, on the other hand, voted to retain British ownership of their lands. This political anomaly became Haven Crown Colony, the lands of Haven ceremoniously owned by the British Crown to this day. In actuality, Haven Provinse (the successor provinsial government under the Beiluxian federal government) is the de facto administrative government of the lands Haven Province occupies.

    Widespread unemployment amongst merchants and shipbuilders were caused by the Great Depression in the 1930s, affecting trade routes passing Beiluxia. The resulting increased isolation from international finance and politics forced Beiluxians to build up different domestic industries, leading to economic recovery by the mid-1930s. As a result, Beiluxians began to become self-reliant and saw themselves as a national culture distinct from their Old World mother countries. The Beiluxian federal government greatly upset both France and the UK during World War II when it refused to offer ground troops to fight in Europe, instead sending only munitions and supplies. On the other hand, over 50,000 Beiluxians voluntarily went to Europe to join the French and British militaries in WWII. Whereas both France and the UK faced widespread destruction of their countries and militaries during WWII, Beiluxia's focus on domestic affairs throughout the conflict meant it entered the post-war era relatively unscathed.

e. mid to late 20th Century - Confederation Expansion, Maxtopian Tensions, Maolutianian Crisis, & Cultural Uprising

    Following World War II, the Elysian legislature passed and adopted a constitutional amendment in 1946 that cut provincial ties with the British monarch, creating the first Beiluxian provinse completely independent of European rule. On 15 October 1958, the newly-formed French Fifth Republic transferred indefinite control of French Baluxia to Beiluxia and relinquished remaining governmental ties to the Olympe provinsial government with the 1958 Statute of Confederation of Beiluxia (Loi de confédération du Baluxia). An interim Beiluxian council governed over French Baluxia until March 1962. The Algerian War's conclusion and collapse of the French Fourth Republic led France to permanently transfer remaining colonial administration to the federation. French Baluxia was subsequently admitted into the confederation as Kon'ke'lra Provinse and Lru'ten Provinse on 1 June 1962. Following the Treaty of Jo'kwan, two of the three main factions of Ccang'tae were admitted into Beiluxia as Chang'tae in 1959 and Chang'tae'woong in 1960. The last Ccang'tae faction was admitted as Chang'tae'jen Provinse in 1965, uniting Baeluksia Isle under Beiluxian confederation.

    The ruling Native Islanders Party ruled with little opposition from 1946 to 1992 in a time period known as the Green Era. During this period, the NIP government introduced a welfare safety net system for Beiluxians, greatly expanding its breadth in subsequent years. The stable transitions of government allowed Beiluxia to grow economically from an isolated recluse into an emerging world power. Exports of abundant natural resources from the North, like oil and petroleum, fuelled economic output in the middle and southern provinses. Though elections were held, the government suppressed alternative parties from gaining influence and silenced dissent through the National Polise. The NIP adopted the "united and left alone" policy which reinforced cultural conformism and isolationism in most of Beiluxia but allowed outside connections in Lovers-by-the-bay, Finisterra, TriCity, and other major cities with established international ports. This created a booming service economy along Beiluxia's coast at the expense of the Interior, and throughout the post-War years millions of migrant workers and aspiring emigrants moved from the inland towards the coast.

    Beiluxia's population grew exponentially in the post-war years. The fertility rate rose quickly to a historic post-war high of 2.9 children per woman in 1967. Natives integrated into the larger Beiluxian society retained the traditional Native emphasis on large families, contributing to many offspring. From 1950 to 1960 alone, Beiluxia received a net influx of over two million immigrants, concentrated along the southern coast of Baeluksia Isle. Most initial immigrants in the post-war years came from Europe. By the 1970s, the number of yearly immigrants from Africa and Asia outnumbered European newcomers. To prevent urban slums and suburban sprawl, the government instigated the Garden City Projects in 1971 to house the increasing population in self-contained "garden cities". The most ambitious project was the creation of Elysium Metropolitan Area. The entire 8,000 sq. km area is designed to house over 20 million when built to capacity (13.7 million currently) and is by far the world's largest planned city.

    After the violent overthrow of the Republic of Maxtopia in the 1980-1985 Maxtopian Civil War, the ruling military junta declared all of Maolutiania Peninsula (including Maalsen Region) Maxtopian territory. The entire peninsula was de-facto administered by Beiluxia since WWII, in which the exiled French government transferred power of all of its Beiluxian colonies indefinitely to Beiluxia. Deteriorating relations between Maxtopia led to both countries cutting diplomatic ties in November 1985. Maxtopia caught Beiluxia off-guard, quickly occupying the Maolutianian Interior with little resistance. Despite this, the ruling government called for peaceful negotiations. On 9 January 1986, a terrorist bombing on the Ccang'Lok Pass linking Maolutiania and Maxtopia served as a catalyst to the Maolutianian Crisis. Both Beiluxia and Maxtopia claimed the other responsible for the bomb attack. After the incident, Beiluxia officially allocated troops to fight off Maxtopian troops in Maolutiania. An unexpected coup attempt in February 1986 greatly weakened the Maxtopian government and made them unable to strategise against the approaching Beiluxian forces. After dozens of small skirmishes, Maxtopia unilaterally withdrew its troops from Maolutiania beginning October 1986. By February 1987 Beiluxia had regained control of the entire peninsula. In the Armistice Agreement of 1989, Maxtopia and Beiluxia began a ceasefire and talks to end sporadic fighting along the Maolutianian border. The status of the two secessionist states along the border (both initially siding with Maxtopia) were to be determined in later negotiations for peace. Over 3,000 Beiluxian National Polisemen, 10,000 Maolutianian personnel, and 7,000 Maxtopian personnel lost their lives during the Crisis.

    In 1992, a judicial investigation into a backbench MP's personal expenses led to the discovery of corruption and money laundering in the Native Islanders Party. NIP-controlled Parliament tried to impose an injunction against an internal investigation of the Government and the Native Islanders Party. In response, the progressive student union Ligue des jeunes (League of Youth) and the opposition parties Liberal-Democratic Alliance, Socialist Beiluxia, and Democratic Socialist Party (DemSocs) called for protests in front of the NIP Headquarters Building in Lovers-by-the-bay. The largely-peaceful demonstration grew into the nation-wide Bauhinia Movement after riot police attacked the site with tear gas and rubber bullets. On 30 June 1992, as many as one million protesters, many of them students and young adults, occupied major roads and highways around the party's HQ. With no official response from NIP or the ruling government, on 1 July protesters overwhelmed police and successfully occupied the NIP HQ for the next two months. The NIP agreed to talks with protest leaders in August as civil disobedience movements grew in other major cities. The government agreed to establish a non-partisan investigative committee into corruption in the federal government and political parties in late August in exchange for end to protesting. Police vacated the NIP HQ of remaining protesters on 1 September 1992.

    The investigative committee published its preliminary report in March 1993, citing evidence of corruption encouraged from the top-down within the Native Islanders Party. Prime Minister Ccang-Kwe'jyong, one of the politicians cited for graft in the report, resigned and called for early elections after opposition parties threatened to impeach him. The June 1993 election marked the first time since 1946 the NIP was unable to gain an absolute majority in the House of Commons. The NIP formed a majority coalition government with the Liberal-Democratic Alliance, which would last until the 2000 election.

f. 21st Century - The Present, and the Future
    Beiluxia held its 2000 general election in 31 January for both Houses of Parliament. Beiluxians elected the Democratic Socialist Party into the majority of both Houses, marking the first time in five decades the Native Islanders Party lost power in Parliament. The new government increased restrictions in the economy, which relieved some of the economic damage in the global early 2000s recession. Regulated economic growth, concentrated on the financial and service sectors, allowed Beiluxia to surpass more developed countries like the UK, France, and Germany to become the fourth-largest economy in the world. In addition, the advent of the Internet and Beiluxia's emergence as a world technological power enabled the country to experience rapid growth in the 21st century. Following the 11 September 2001 attacks on the United States, Beiluxia pledged support for the War on Terror, becoming involved in the Iraq War and War in Afghanistan. Beiluxia pulled all troops stationed in the Middle East in 2013 after funding cuts on the military.

    Many historians have begun to document Beiluxia's gradual cultural shift toward progressivism ever since the turn of the millennium. More and more Beiluxians, especially the young and the multiracial, are increasingly advocating for under-represented minorities such as the working class and the LGBT community. In 2003, landmark tax reforms were passed to eliminate income taxes for the lowest income bracket and increasing income taxes for upper-class brackets. Reforms were also implemented to streamline and increase access to public healthcare and welfare. Beiluxia became the fifth country to nationally recognise same-sex marriage in December 2005. In 2007, Beiluxia passed a constitutional amendment adding protections for sexual orientation and gender identity. That same year the federal government also added "other" as a legal alternative to formerly binary sexual identification in legal documents. The NIP regained control of the House of Commons from 2007 to 2012, overseeing an unstable economy throughout the Great Recession. The Supreme Judiciary's ruling on federal political parties and subsequent constitutional crisis removed all federal political parties from Parliament, until the court reversed decision half a year later. Newly-formed Alliance, largely seen as the successor to the DemSocs, formed the current coalition majority government with [Parti] Océan in 2012.

    The federal government has also refocused efforts to enter into negotiations with Maxtopia. One of the highest priorities for the current government is to create peace terms with Maxtopia to officially end the Maolutianian Crisis. The neighbouring country, which has grappled with a second civil war and widespread poverty following the 1989 armistice, made the first official diplomatic contact with Beiluxia in 2008. Both secessionist states straggling the Armistice Demilitarised Border have sought admittance into Beiluxia, though Maxtopia has threatened the end of peace talks if Beiluxia does not consult Maxtopia in regards to the secessionist states.

    Population growth in Beiluxia per year continues to be over one-percent each year due to a combination of consistent positive net immigration and high birth rates. The Beiluxian Census estimates the country received a net inflow of 794,000 immigrants in 2014. At 2.1 children per woman, Beiluxia's fertility rate is one of the highest in the developed world; Beiluxia had approximately 1.2 million natural births in 2014. Whereas most developed countries are experiencing declining growth rates, statisticians expect Beiluxia's yearly growth rate to increase to a high of 1.6% until at least 2020. By some independent estimates, the total population of Beiluxia has already reached 150 million in 2014. Such growth poses increasing strain on cities, many of which are restrained from growing outward by green-belt policies of the previous decades. Public services across the country in upcoming years will also need to accommodate this substantial increase in residents.
Last edited by Beiluxia on Tue Jul 10, 2018 11:56 am, edited 32 times in total.

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III. Demographics

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:08 pm

Image
Native Islanders wearing traditional ceremonial dress

Image
A majority of children born in Beiluxia are multiracial

Image
A first-generation Beiluxian family from Great Britain
As of the end of 2014, the population of Beiluxia (including Maolutiania Peninsula) was estimated to be in excess of 149 million. Beiluxia's population officially surpassed Russia's in 2010, when the Beiluxia's population was 142.9 million compared to Russia's 142.4 million. This makes Beiluxia currently the ninth most populous nation on Earth. Only China, India, United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Bangladesh house more people. Nearly 130 million Beiluxians (or about 86%) live in an urbanised setting, one of the highest urban populations in the world both number-wise and percentage-wise.

a. Ethnic Groups

    Beiluxia contains one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse populations on Earth. Historians have documented at least two hundred tribes in Baeluksia Isle alone prior to contact with Europeans, and the nation today boasts over one hundred nationalities within its borders. Beiluxia's multicultural society can be traced back to its colonial period, when many Europeans immigrated to Beiluxia and assimilated with local culture. Confederation of Beiluxia led to the integration of Natives with European Beiluxians in the early-twentieth century. Beginning in the late-twentieth century, bigger waves of immigrants from Southeast Asia and Africa have come to Beiluxia.

    i. Beiloupeans
      The government categorises any Beiluxian resident with both European and Native ancestry as a person of "mixed descent". Starting in 2016, the government is using the colloquial term "Beiloupean" officially to refer specifically to Beiluxians with both Native and European ancestry, with "mixed descent" now referring to any person identifying with more than one race and/or ethnicity. This makes Beiloupeans the largest ethnic group in Beiluxia at over 38 percent. Beiloupeans are mostly concentrated along the southern and eastern coasts but are found throughout Beiluxia. Natives assimilated into European colonies, and lax ethnic segregation meant multiracial families were documented as early as the 1730. The legal integration of Natives with Europeans in the late 1890s made interracial marriage legal. By the 1950s, mixed marriages were commonplace throughout Beiluxia, making the Baby Boomers the first generation with a plurality of people born multiracial.

    ii. Maolutianians
      Maolutianians make up eleven percent of Beiluxia. Most Maolutianians can trace directly back to local aboriginal tribes. Folk religion still plays an essential role in many Maolutianians' lives, and local traditions continue to be practiced strongly despite previous persecution by French colonisers and the Maxtopian regime. Maolutianians make up eleven percent of Beiluxia, with most of them living in Maolutiania Provisional Provinse. In addition, there are also sizeable Maolutianian communities in Maalsen Region and Haven Provinse.

    iii. Native Islanders {Indijenus Aborijinals}
      Native Islanders or Indigenous Aboriginals (Indijenus Aborijinals in Beiluxian Standard English) make up 20% of the total population. The Natives are descendants of the original tribes once scattered across pre-colonial Baeluksia. European colonisation along the coast drove many Natives into the Interior Highlands. Acculturation of different tribes in the modern-day Montagne Provinses led to the amalgamated modern-day Islander culture. Few Native Beiluxians can trace back to one single tribe, since the diaspora of historical tribes during European colonisation led to mixing amongst tribes.
    iv. French Beiluxian
      Beiluxians of full French descent make up eleven percent of the population. Official estimates put the number of Beiluxians with any French descent at a third of Beiluxia. French Beiluxians are mainly concentrated in the Océan Provinses, the mainstay of prior French colonisation in Beiluxia, but substantial Francophone communities can be found throughout Beiluxia. The French community in Beiluxia extends far beyond the French Beiluxians themselves, as many Beiluxians and Native Islanders speak French and may identify with French culture.
    v. British Beiluxian
      The British Beiluxians are a large ethnic group in Beiluxia, comprising fifteen percent of the population. Many are descendants of the English colonists that settled in modern-day Haven Provinse, Elysian Provinse, and Frontier Provinse. As a result, Anglophone communities are most pronounced in these areas. More than a third of all Beiluxians have some British ancestry. English has spread far beyond the British Beiluxian community and is now used most often throughout Beiluxia, above Beiluxian and French.
    vi. Minorities
      All other minorities constitute 4% of the population. Beiluxians consider groups not of Native, British, or French descent as "minority groups". Under this classification, major minority groups include Maxtopian, Chinese, Indian, and German communities. There are an estimated 460,000 Maxtopian Beiluxians, making them the largest minority group. They are followed by Chinese Beiluxians with 430,000, Indian Beiluxians at 370,000, & German Beiluxians with 320,000. Other Beiluxian minorities consist of 3.3 mln people. In total, five million minorities live in Beiluxia as of 2010.
b. Languages
    Languages spoken in Beiluxia, 2010 Census
    (Does not add up to 100% due to polyglots)

    LanguagePercentage of SpeakersNumber of Speakers
    English87%117,869,241
    Beiluxian
    (all dialects)
    62%88,043,587
    French39%63,952,311
    Maolutianian
    (all dialects)
    13%18,565,733
    Combined total of all other languages5%7,032,934
    There are three official languages at the federal level: Beiluxian, English, and French. Nine provinses also have official languages, with Chang'tae Provinse the only one without any official provinsial languages. Maalsen Region, Maolutiania Provisional Provinse, and all three territories have granted recognition of multiple local Native languages in addition to English and French but do not have any official languages.

    Beiluxia contains one of the largest multilingual societies of any country in the world. According to the 2010 Census, about 100 million, or about 75% of the population aged five and above, spoke more than one language on a regular basis. Although most households speak primarily in one language, many Beiluxians speak multiple languages when interacting with other people outside of immediate family. Beiluxians code-switch many times in a single conversation when speaking multiple languages with multiple people, a phenomenon known as "multi-speaking". By far the most notable examples of multi-speaking occurs on HPBS's Nightly News where three news hosts, each speaking Beiluxian, English, or French, present the news alternating in all three languages. Historians and linguists link Beiluxia's multicultural colonial and Native history with the widespread usage of all three official languages throughout Beiluxia; this is evident in the primary languages spoken in different parts of Beiluxia. English is most widely spoken in areas of former British occupation along the southern and southwestern coast, French is most widely spoken in areas of former French occupation along the eastern coast, and Beiluxian is most widely spoken in the Beiluxian Interior where many Aboriginals displaced by Europeans migrated to. Maolutianian and other Maolutianian Native languages are widely spoken in both Maolutianian Provisional Provinse and Maalsen Region. Many areas within Maolutiania almost exclusively speak local dialects of Maolutianian.

    Centuries of intermingling between Beiluxian, English, and French-speaking populations have led to enormous changes in sentence structure, grammar, and diction in all three languages. English and French in Beiluxia borrow spellings and lexicon from each other, leading to unique Beiluxian accents and lexicons distinct from Received Pronunciation and Standard French. (For example, certain Beiluxian English accents pronounce and spell the word "toilet" as toilette, borrowed from the French word.) After the introduction of English and French to the Native population in the 1600s, historian Han'joong Kee-ba created the Beiluxian syllabary system to translate foreign texts into local dialects. The syllabary system is now used to regionalise non-Native words ("computer" is informally known as kon'pe'ta) and to write some Native words. Reading and writing modern-day Beiluxian requires the knowledge of both the Beiluxian syllabary and traditional Beiluxian characters.

    Under Construction

    Aunt - /ɑːn(t)/, /æn(t)/
    Route - /ruː(t)/
    Wash - /wɒʃ/, /wæʃ/
    Oil - /ɔɪl/, /'ɔɪ.əl/
    Theatre - /ˈθɪ.ə.tə(r)/
    Iron - /'aɪ.rɪn/, /'aɪɚn/, /ˈaɪən/
    Salmon - /'sɑːl.mən/, /ˈsɑː.mən/
    Caramel - /ˈkæ.ɹə.mɛl/
    Fire - /ˈfaɪ̯ə(r)/
    Water - /ˈwɔː.tə(r)/, /'wɔːʔ.ə(r)/)
    Sure - /ʃɔ(r)/, /ʃʊə(r)/
    Data - /ˈdeɪ.ʔə/, /ˈdeɪ.tə/
    Ruin - /'ruːɪn/
    Crayon - /ˈkreɪ.ən/
    Toilet or Toilette - /ˈtɔɪ.lɛʔ/ or /ˈtwɒ.lɛt/
    New Orleans - /'n(j)uː 'ɔ(r).lɛ.ʌŋz/, /'Njuː 'ɔ(r).liːnz/
    Pecan - /'piː.kən/
    Both - /boʊθ/, /bɒθ/
    Again - /əˈɡeɪn/, /əˈɡɛn/
    Probably - /ˈprɒ.bə.bli/
    Spitting image /'spɪʔ.ɪŋ 'ɪ.mɔːʒ/, /'spɪ.tɪŋ 'ɪm.ɪdʒ/
    Alabama - /ˌæ.lə.ˈbæ.mə/
    Lawyer - /'lɔː.jər/, /'lɔɪ.ər/
    Coupon - /ˈkjuː.pɒn/, /'kuː.pɒn/
    Mayonnaise - /ˈmeɪ.ə.neɪz/
    Syrup - /'sɪər.ʉp/
    Pyjamas or Pajamas- /paɪˈʒɑ.məz/, /'piː.ʒɑ.məz/ or /pəˈʒɑ.məz/
    Caught - /kɔːʔ/, /kɔːt/
c. Religion
    Religious Beliefs in Beiluxia, 2010 Census
    Religious BeliefPercentage of Population
    Atheism, agnosticism, or non-religious38.9%
    Native faiths24.3%
    Christianity20.7%
    Islam1.5%
    Buddhism0.9%
    Hinduism0.8%
    Judaism0.2%
    Other0.9%
    Did not specify11.8%
    Image
    Suburbs of Tuum'jao'eum

    Image
    Southern Lovers city centre in Lovers Metropolitan Area

    Image
    Elysium City Centre, Elysium Metropolitan Area














d. Population
    Largest Administrative Divisions by Population, 2010
    No.Administrative DivisionPopulationPercentage of Total
    ~Beiluxia142,955,018100%
    1Elysian Provinse38,137,94826.68%
    2Haven Provinse29,158,37120.40%
    3Maolutiania Provisional Provinse12,943,7959.06%
    Maolutia Region6,788,1164.75%
    Aragonia Region6,155,6794.31%
    4Olympe Provinse10,847,1067.59%
    5Lru'ten Provinse8,320,9605.82%
    6Chang'tae'woong Provinse7,685,5445.38%
    7Kon'ke'lra Provinse7,138,8344.99%
    8Chang'tae Provinse6,140,8394.30%
    9Chang'tae'jen Provinse5,807,2314.06%
    10Maalsen Region5,445,0983.80%
    11Tuum'jao'eum Provinse4,522,3873.16%
    12Dlru'san Territory3,509,2562.45%
    13Frontier Provinse3,012,7892.11%
    14Dlru'sen Ile Territory205,9960.14%
    15Kang'se'dlra Territory78,8640.06%


    Leading population centres, 2010
    RankCore city (cities)Urban Area PopulationMetropolitan AreaProvinse
    1Lovers-by-the-bay, Southern Lovers, Smilestown25,624,109Capital Region Combined MAHaven
    2Elysium, Finisterra14,058,932Elysium MAElysia
    3Gongsa-pa'dlra, Ga'lruma, Ta-yo'ke12,247,530TriProvinse Combined MAChang'tae, Lru'ten, Kong'ke'lra,
    4Tuum'jao'eum, Angrande, Côte Vert9,618,725RM Grande-CriqueTuum'jao'eum, Olympe
    5Chang'tae'yuk'ke, Lre'sa'te7,933,851Chang'tae'yuk MAElysia
    6Wilkin's Point5,501,583Wilkins MAElysia
    7Chal'to'gu5,284,376Elysian MAElysia
    8Kwa'duk'suun3,624,387Kwa'duk'suun MAChang'tae'woong
    9Ville-d'Aubergines3,230,611RM Ville-d'AuberginesKon'ke'lra
    10Tae'Woong3,093,658Tae'Woong MAChang'tae'woong









































e. Education
Image
Belilios Public School, a secondary school in Finisterra


Image
Academia Britannica, a prep school in northwest Elysia


Image
Université Château (Palace Univ.) in Castle Synedy,
Olympe is a school in The University-Eight Consortium


Image
Chang'tae Mountain College, a two-year tertiary school
    Education in Beiluxia is compulsory from Grade 1 to Grade 12. Beiluxia's trilingual education system is funded by the federal government, which sets national standards for public school curriculum. However, each provinse, region, and territory manages its own local publicly-funded schools. This includes the language of instruction and required courses, which varies from school district to school district. Most schools in Beiluxia receive part or all of its funds from the government, including many semi-private schools. Fully private schools, making up about 10% of all schools, receive no government allocation and can set their own curricula, regulations, and enrolments. The average Beiluxian goes to 12.7 years of school, making Beiluxia one of the most highest-educated nations in the world.

    At the end of secondary school, all public Grade 12 students (and Grade 11 in some cases) must take the National Certificate of Education Examinations (abbreviated as NaCEE, commonly known as "the Nassies"). The NaCEE are school leaving qualifications comparable to the UK's GCE A Levels. Private schools may opt out of the NaCEE, but due to the universal nature of the certifications in Beiluxian post-secondary education, virtually no school forgoes giving students NaCEE testing. Students must take one NaCEE per subject; each NaCEE subject test is graded separately, including specialised course qualifications that may be prerequisites in more competitive post-secondary schools.

    Traditionally, few Beiluxians went on to tertiary education save the elite. Since 1999, more than half of all Beiluxians just graduating from secondary school go on to tertiary education. In Beiluxia, tertiary schools (a.k.a. training schools or community college) and collegiate universities are the most common categories of tertiary education. The University-Eight Consortium (commonly abbreviated as U8) contains some of Beiluxia's oldest and top-performing schools. Member universities of the U8 are Universitas Collegiatus Pōmōna (Pomona Collegiate University), University of Smiles, Gamfoti Hēeplŭn (University of Camford), Université Château (Palace University), Université des Chevaliers (University of the Knights), His Eternal University, Kwānjyó Hēeplŭn (Kwānjyó University), and Malccok Jitōnggíi Hēeplŭn (Federal University of the Sciences)

    Example of Primary & Secondary School Curricula
        Beiluxian &/or English &/or French Language*
          Basic: grades 1-6
          Historical Literature: 7
          Colonial Literature: 8
          Modern Lit.: 9
        History & Society
          Basic Beiluxian: grades 1-6
          Adv. Early to Mid Beiluxian: 7
          Adv. Colonial to Modern Beiluxian: 8
          Basic Beiluxian Govt: 9-10
          Adv. Govt: 10-11
          Intl Affairs: 11-12
        Maths
          Basic: grades 1-6
          Geometry: 7-8
          Basic Algebra: 7-8
          Alg. I/Trigonometry: 9
          Alg. II/Basic Calculus: 10
          Alg. III/Calc. I: 11
          Adv. (Statistics, Differential Equations, Calc. II): 12
        Science
          Basic: grades 1-5
          Earth/Environmental: 6
          Biology: 7
          Adv. Bio.: 8
          Chemistry: 9
          Adv. Chem.: 10
          Physics: 11
          Adv. Phys.: 12

        Foreign Language
          Basic: grades 1-6
          Adv.: 7-12
          Beiluxian Standard English**: 7-12
        Physical Education
          Basic: grades 1-6
          Training/Specialised: 7-12
          Weights: 10-12
        Visual Arts
          Basic: grades 1-6
          Adv./Specialised: 7-12
        Technology
          Basic Computing: grades 1-6
          Typing: 4-6
          Basic Editing Skills: 7
          Adv. Ed. Skills: 8
          Graphic Design: 7-12
          Comp. Sciences: 7-12
      *Each provinse, territory, and region determines which languages are required courses for their public schools.
      **Beiluxian Standard English is usually taught in secondary school, specifically to go hand-in-hand with govt & colonial lit. classes where works are written in Beiluxian Standard English.
Last edited by Beiluxia on Wed May 17, 2017 9:41 pm, edited 50 times in total.

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IV. Government & Politics

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:08 pm

Prior to Confederation, both the British and the French ruled their respective colonies under their own governance. Beiluxia's distinctive government as it functions today first appeared upon the original confederation of Lovers' Bay Colony, Haven Province, Elysia, and Olympe Province. As per the agreement between Britain and France, the British monarch would cease to be the head of state of the new Beiluxian federal government (but not its individual provinces) in exchange for French Olympe Province entering the new federation. As a result of this Anglo-French amalgamation, Beiluxia has a unique governmental system with elements of a French semi-presidential republic and a British parliamentary monarchy. For example, the Figure Representative of Beiluxia is a monarch not unlike the British monarch, but in reality functions more akin to a president under a semi-presidential system like France.

When drawing up the Constitution, the bilateral Cooperative Committee created a two-branch federal government system consisting of the Federal Branch and Justise (Justice) Branch. The committee originally conceived the Federal Branch to contain the executive and legislative bodies and the Justise Branch to contain the judicial and law enforcement bodies. In theory, this separated those creating and enacting the law from those interpreting and enforcing the law in the hopes of creating responsible government and separation of powers.

Image
Original Central Executive Headquarters, 1908-1963
(current Lovers-by-the-bay Metropolis Capitol)


Image
Current Central Executive Headquarters since 1963,
located in the Peninsular Federal District


Image
The Seventh and Current Figure Representative
Jeanne Rivière-Dan'kwa Ca-nee


Image
The Parliament Mansion atop Parliament Hill formerly
held the meetings of both houses from 1908 to 1942


Image
The façade of Legislature Tower in the Peninsular
Federal District has housed Parliament since 1946


Image
The House of Lords Chamber in The Legislature Tower


Image
The House of Senate Chamber in The Legislature Tower


Image
The House of Lords of the 32nd Parliament with
Alliance and Océan in coalition government


Image
The House of Senate of the 32nd Parliament
a. Federal Branch
The Federal Branch is comprised of The Executive Administration and Parliament.

    - The Executive Administration (more commonly, the Supreme Ministry) has two leaders: The Figure Representative of His Eternal President Mr. Smiles as head of state and the Prime Minister as head of government. The Figure Representative is the de jure and ex officio leader of federal government and is directly elected by the people. Borrowing from the Westminster system, the indirectly-elected Prime Minister of Parliament is the de facto leader of federal government with both executive and legislative powers in the respective Supreme Ministry and The Legislature. Beiluxia can be considered a diarchy between the Figure Representative and the Prime Minister. Over time both offices have become co-equal in power. Unlike the formality of royal assent in most other Westminster systems, the Figure Representative to give assent to (sign) or veto any bill passed by Parliament. This makes the office of Figure Representative more akin to presidential systems like the USA.


    - Parliament, known officially as The Legislature, is a bicameral representative system. There are 139 permanent Lordships in the lower House of Lords, each representing an electoral county of about a million inhabitants as determined by the decennial government census (quinquennial census starting in 2020). There are 26 permanent Senators in the upper House of Senate, two elected from each of the ten provinses, Aragonia, Maalsen, and Maolutia.

    Maolutiania's 13 lordships and four senate seats became permanent MP seats in the 15 April 2016 general election following the Supreme Judiciary's ruling in Jang'kee v. Beiluxia on 7 March 2014. Parliament also passed legislation in 2013 allowing representation of the territories with five interim Lord seats for Dlru-san Territory and a minimum of one interim seat for Dlru-sen Ile Territory & Kang'se'dlra Territory each that may become permanent seats pending new legislation within ten years' time.

    The MPs' main responsibilities includes the process of initiating bills, presiding over House committees for bill deliberation and editing, and finally voting on bills put before the entire House.Either House can introduce bills or legislation, with exception to money bills that must be introduced by the House of Lords. Any bill passed by a simple majority vote in one House must also be passed by a simple majority vote in the other prior to the bill being put forth to the Executive Administration for consideration. In both Houses, the Speaker and deputies preside over daily sessions and proceedings. The Speakers and deputies are voted in by the MPs of their respective Houses. By law, the Speakers and deputies must be impartial to all political affiliations. Since the Speaker and deputies are not elected MPs and serve to regulate and oversee parliamentary meetings, they cannot vote in motions or bills before either House.

    Parliament can also impeach any federal civil servant in Government, including the FigRep, for any accused crimes. Government officials are first impeached by a simple majority vote from the House of Lords floor, then tried by the House of Senate. A two-thirds majority of the House of Senate is required for conviction.

    Image
    Example of a instant-runoff ballot
    National elections are also known as federal or general elections. The Constitution requires the usage of instant-runoff voting for all general parliamentary elections. Voters write their preference of the candidates running for each office, starting with '1' for the voter's first choice candidate, '2' for their second choice, and so forth. Each district elects one Lord, and each provinse and region elects two Senators. To prevent fake ballots, voters are required to use their National ID Cards to register and to vote. Both Senators and Lords are up for election if both Houses are dissolved, whether by strategically coinciding the elections of both Houses or by the Figure Representative in a double dissolution. The Constitution mandates a general election be called no more than once every six months and no less than once ever five years.

    The previous Government must dissolve Parliament ten working days before any general election. The party with the majority of House of Lords seats after an election forms the new majority Government (or continuing Government if the election contested the House of Senate only) with its party leader becoming Prime Minister. If no party receives a majority of Lordship seats, the first group of parties to form a coalition becomes majority coalition Government and chooses its largest party's leader as the Prime Minister. Otherwise the largest party without a majority of House of Lord seats forms a minority Government with its leader becoming Prime Minister. The PM is the head of government, performing all administrative duties for and representing all of Parliament as well as leading the Supreme Ministry alongside the FigRep. Elections for Senators are similar with the leading party choosing a Head Senator. The Head Senator plays a more marginal role in leading House of Senate affairs.

    The Figure Representative of His Eternal President Mr. Smiles was traditionally directly elected through a two-round voting system, the most recent election in April 2014. The next FigRep election onward will begin using the instant-runoff system currently used in federal parliamentary elections. The FigRep serves a life-term that ends with death, noble abdication (i.e. retirement), or ignoble resignation (resulting from impeachment). There is a grace period between a previous FigRep's departure and inauguration of a newly-elected FigRep whereupon the PM acts as interim FigRep.


    Image

    - Political Parties of Parliament

      Image Image Image

      Gwàn'lun ∙ Alliance {AL} 49 Lords, 6 Senators
      Social Democracy, Liberal Socialism
      Alliance is the main descendent of the Democratic Socialist Party that existed prior to the 2011 constitutional crisis, which led to the dissolvement of federal political parties until 2012. Beiluxians still commonly refer to Alliance party members as DemSocs, a popular abbreviation of the previous party. Although its predecessor began with upper-class British Beiluxians, Alliance today is extremely popular with much of the working-class and middle-class. The current party touts socioeconomic & cultural egalitarianism as its main tenet as opposed to Islanders's conservative nativism. Alliance's current policies aimed at social democracy diverges from the DemSocs' democratic socialist ideals. Alliance supports progressive taxes, state-run healthcare, government housing for the poor, civil rights for minorities and LGBT, and environmentally-friendly policies. The party has continuously called for Maolutiania's integration into Beiluxia and wants a Maolutianian referendum on future of the peninsula's status. Alliance has been in coalition government with Océan since 2012. The coalition lost its majority in the Senate following the 2016 general election.


      Image Image
      Yi'lao ∙ Islanders ∙ Ȋlois {IS} 45 Lords, 9 Senators
      Traditionalist Conservatism, Nativism
      Islanders (still commonly referred to by its former name, the Native Islanders Party) is a major political party most popular with conservatives and traditionalists. The original Native Islanders Party was founded on principle of serving Beiluxians first, a stance modern-day Islanders wishes to upkeep. The previous party ran on a centrist platform and was virtually unopposed in its parliamentary control from the late 1940s to the late 1980s. The current party positions itself as protector of Beiluxian sovereignty and culture as opposed to Alliance's progressive globalist policies. Islanders wants Maolutiania to hold a referendum on the future of the peninsula's status; it advocates for Maolutiania to remain a separate entity from Beiluxia. Islanders supports free market policies, privatising government housing, deregulating public healthcare, balancing environmental needs with economic development, and less government intervention in everyday affairs. Since 2012, Islanders has been the Official Opposition in both Houses.


      Image Image
      Oo'sang ∙ Océan {PO} 23 Lords, 4 Senators
      Centrist, Big Tent, Francophone Nationalism
      Océan (commonly referred to as Parti Océan) is most popular in the Océan Provinses and neighbouring provinses for actively supporting French-Beiluxian culture. Océan originally formed to support French rule and oppose confederation of the Océan Provinces. Since then, the party has grown into an important catch-all for French Beiluxians and has a variety of stances. As testament to its wide ideology, Océan MPs were the main proponents of the 2004 Galaxy Airlines privatisation efforts and the 2005 same-sex marriage law. Other party goals include increased alternative energy funding and mixture of privately and publicly developed new-town developments. Océan is an important swing-party and has aligned with both largest two parties on numerous occasions. The party has been in a majority coalition government with Alliance since 2012, though the coalition lost its majority in the Senate after the 2016 election. Because it encapsulates so many viewpoints, Océan is increasingly divided between anti-Alliance conservatives and pro-Alliance liberals within its own party.


      Maolutianian-Maalsen Party {MM} 11 Lords, 4 Senator
      Regionalism
      The is a left-leaning party supporting Maalsen's integration with Maolutiania and a referendum to ascertain Maolutiania Peninsula's future. The party is popular in Maalsen and Maolutiania for its advocacy of local rights and economic development.


      People Power (Pouvoir Populaire) {PP} 7 Lords, 2 Senators
      Grassroots democracy, populism
      People Poweris an increasingly influential coalition of grassroots campaigns in local governments across Beiluxia. The party traces its roots to the 1980s in the beginnings of a collaborative movement for the rights of those living in the island territories. Along with territorial rights, the coalition holds a variety of both progressive and conservative stances, potentially making it a centrist to centre-left party if elected into Parliament. Its broad agenda allowed its expansion towards the rest of Beiluxia, where members have been elected into provinsial governments the past decade. People Power has sustained a decades-long campaign to give Dlru'san, Kang'se'dlra, and Dlru'sen-Ile full representation in Parliament.


      Chang'tae'yuk First Party {CF} 1 Lord, 0 Senators
      Single-issue, Localism
      The Chang'tae'yuk First Party is a party focused on making Chang'tae'yuk a separate provinse from Elysia. The party finds most supporters in the rural Highlands, where many locals distrust the Elysian provinsial government and desire more self-autonomy. The CFP is Beiluxia's most successful grassroots movement.


      Other/Independent 3 Lords, 2 Senators
      There are two Lords and one Senator who do not affiliate with a political party. One Lord is considered left-wing, whilst the other is considered far-right.


      Total Permanent Seats per House 139 Lords, 26 Senators
b. Justise Branch
    Image
    National Polise Headquarters in the Peninsular
    Federal District


    Image
    The Supreme Judicial Plaza in the Peninsular
    Federal District


    Image
    Former Supreme Court Building in central
    Lovers-by-the-bay

    The Justise Branch makes up the National Polise and Judiciary.

    - The National Polise covers all law-enforcing officers of the nation, from the ground, naval, and air troops, to the provincial guards, down to the municipal and local stations. The National Polise is a unique entity, as it functions as both local authorities and national guards. See "Military" for more in-depth info.

    - The Judiciary is the federal judicial branch of Beiluxia, operating under the Beiluxian Constitution and federal government laws. Federal judges are appointed by the Figure Representative with consent of the House of Senate to serve until resignation, impeachment and conviction, retirement, or death. All appeals concerning federal law from lower sub-federal courts arrive at a federal High Court. Each High Court covers jurisdiction containing one provinse (Haven and Elysia), or multiple provinses and/or territories. All appeals from a High Court ruling are sent to the Court of Final Appeal (or the Supreme Judiciary). The Supreme Judiciary, comprised of eight Puisne Justices and one Chief Justice, is the supreme court of Beiluxia and the final interpreter of the Beiluxian Constitution in the context of the cases it chooses to hear.
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V. Military {National Polise}

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:09 pm

Beiluxia is unique in that the government makes no distinction between different levels of crime protection entities. From the smallest municipal polise station to the four-star generals of the military, everyone is grouped under one organization known as the National Polise. The military is also an independent entity of the Justise Branch and technically does not answer directly to the Federal Branch. In practice, however, the National Polise frequently consults the Supreme Ministry & HEP Government. The National Polise frequently works hand-in-hand with the Information Administration's Intelligence Department on covert operations in & outside Beiluxia. The National Polise has seen major budget cuts & decreasing governmental importance since the major restructuring of the military in early 2013. The current situation puts the National Polise more equivalent to a national guard than a full-scale military. Many full-time personnel have been put into paramilitary services, which increased almost twice-fold to 190,000 personnel. As a result, the full-time national military personnel has decreased significantly from 760,000 to 430,000 personnel in the last ten years alone. There are 852,000 reserve duty personnel that can be ordered to mobilised in times of war.



620 000 active military personnel, 961 000 reserve military personnel, 1 581 000 total military personnel

a. His Eternal Ground Forses
    Full-time Personnel: 168 000
    Reserve Personnel: 374 000
b. His Eternal Naval Forses
    Full-time Personnel: 134 000
    Reserve Personnel: 315 000
c. His Eternal Celestial Forses
    Full-time Personnel: 119 000
    Reserve Personnel: 128 000
d. His Eternal Elite Forses
    Full-time Personnel: 9 000
    Reserve Personnel: 58 000
e. Paramilitary Forses (incl. Provinsial Guards)
    Full-time Personnel: 190 000
    Reserve Personnel: 86 000


g. Local Polise
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VI. Economy

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:09 pm

The smileyface (symbol: ζ; ISO code: BXB), more commonly known as the beilai, is the official currency of Beiluxia and its territories. The beilai is subdivided into 100 sen (s).

The Treasury Administration's Monetary Authority runs the Bank of Beiluxia, though they are technically separate entities of the Beiluxian Government. Along with Bank of Beiluxia, four major commercial and retail banks are approved to print paper currency. The unusual arrangement of multiple entities printing Beiluxian currency originates from the United Kingdom, where seven retail banks can print currency in addition to the Bank of England. However, unlike the UK, currency printed by any approved bank is considered legal tender in Beiluxia. Like

a. Currency
    Image
    ^1. The 2013 Special Edition Polycarbonate One Beilai Note (printed in limited quantities up until 2017). Security features include transparent circle with holographic bauhinia flower, raised shiny ring surrounding transparent circle that shines pink and blue at certain angles, dark purple embedded ribbons with polychromatic effect when shined under light, embedded title "TE SR OB" visible under UV light, glossy checkerboard pattern on top of ten-point star & wave pattern on top of "ζ1" in Beiluxian, special dark brown ink for all typography that catches light, and intricate ridged design throughout entire surface & edge.

    Image
    Bank of Beiluxia's ten-beilai banknote from the latest 2012 series.

    Current denominations of banknotes in circulation from each bank include:
    • ζ1 bill 1 2 5
    • ζ2 bill 3 4
    • ζ5 bill all
    • ζ10 bill all
    • ζ20 bill all
    • ζ50 bill all
    • ζ100 bill 1 3 4
    • ζ200 bill 4*
    1. Bank of Beiluxia | 2. Unison Bank | 3. Banque d'Élysée | 4. Banque d'Olympe | 5. Bank of the North

    * The ζ200 bill is printed in limited numbers by Banque d'Olympe. Less than four million are in circulation as of 2013. Many people collect the banknote as a novelty or collector's item, meaning actual circulation is probably much smaller. Many businesses refuse the ζ200 bill for fear of counterfeiting, limiting its usage even further.

    The Bank of Beiluxia is the sole issuer of Beiluxian coins. Current coin denominations in circulation include 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s, 20s, 50s, ζ1, and ζ2.
b. Federally-Owned Enterprises
  • Pédéral - corporation providing petrol, energy, and natural gas
  • Aubergine Télécom - international telecommunications company (51% federally owned)
  • Happy Panda Broadcasting Corporation - public-service broadcaster and multimedia organisation
  • MaoDeen - electricity supply company in Maolutiania
  • Federal Research Centre - medical and technological research organisation
  • Beiluxia Federal Health - central health care authority
  • XLT - multinational technology conglomerate (18% federally owned)

Total GDP (nominal): $5.8tln
GDP (nominal) per capita: $38,253
ζ1. = US$1.8220
BXB 0.5488 = USD 1.

Unemployment Rate: 5.27%

Federal minimum wage: ζ5.32/hr *provinsial and sub-provinsial jurisdictions may have higher minimum wages than the national requirement
Data accurate as of 21 December 2016

Federal value-added tax: 15% as of 2011
All sales taxes in Beiluxia were replaced in 2003 with a unified federal VAT, initially set at 10%.

In the future I may also add more in-depth information about Beiluxia's economy incl. sectors, industries, etc.
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VII. Transportation

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:09 pm

Beiluxian Road Map - Click below for high-resolution link
Image

a. Air
    Beiluxia's national airline and flag carrier is Galactic Airlines (GX), currently owned half and half by the Beiluxian Government and Galactic Airlines Inc. The government expects to transfer all of its assets to the company by 2015, allowing Galactic Airlines to operate as a fully independent corporation.

    Image
    With 239 airplanes travelling to 76 worldwide and 48 domestic destinations, Galactic Airlines connects Beiluxia efficiently to the rest of the world.

    Image
    Galactic Airlines currently provides one of the last remaining Concorde flights, from Beiluxia's Frontier Peninsula to the capital. By travelling alongside Beiluxia's eastern shore, the plane can reach permitted speeds of up to Mach 2. The entire flight across Beiluxia takes a mere 30 minutes.

    Image
    The Galactic Airlines HQ locates within Smiling Lovers International Airport. Smiling Lovers is the largest airport in the nation, with capacity of up to 50 mil passengers and 4 mil tonne freight yearly. The airport offers 154 international destinations. Smiling Lovers Intl is also the premier gateway for domestic flights throughout Beiluxia, connected to every single domestic commercial airport. It is located between Southern Lovers and Smilestown and is easily accessible by train, metro, bus, taxi, or car. Lovers Metropolitan Area also has Haven International Airport, a smaller and older airport to the north of Lovers-by-the-bay in addition two other domestic commercial airports in Haven Provinse.

    Beiluxia contains an additional twelve other international airports throughout major Metropolitan Areas across the country, not to mention the numerous smaller domestic airports connecting smaller cities.

b. Land (Rail, Intercity Trains, Car, Bus, Bike)
    Image
    Transnational Railways {Trans-National Rael-Waes} is the largest provider of rail transport in Beiluxia. Over 60,000 km of railways crisscross throughout Beiluxia. Thanks to the government's support for public transport, railways have become the most common form of transport around Beiluxia: over three billion total passengers in the 2010 fiscal year alone.

    Image Image
    Lovers Central Station is located in Southern Lovers, a growing district within the Capital Metropolis. Replacing Grand Happy Station near Downtown as the Lovers-by-the-bay's central transportation hub, Lovers Central hosts fifteen floors of train platforms, subway stations, shops, and offices. The Lovers Metro is the largest underground system in the country with 19 lines and over 300 stations. A result of government urban planning from the 1990s, most intercity trains are in the median or alongside the highways that go through the suburbs, providing alternatives for the satellite town residents to enter the city during the day.

    Image
    Double decker buses are cheaper, albeit slower & less comfortable transportation for many satellite towns. They provide quick transport between different sections of a town, and can hold many people during rush hour. Double deckers are also primarily used for intercity bus travel. However travelling the country by bus is a rarity in itself, being replaced by the much faster high-speed rail system.

    Due to high carbon taxes, lack of parking spaces, and world-renowned public transportation, only 46% of Beiluxians own cars. Likewise, around 80% of Beiluxians travel by foot and/or public transport every day, one of the highest rates in the world. Many Beiluxians also own bikes and scooters as an alternative transport option for short distances.
c. Sea
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VIII. Telecommunications

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:10 pm

a. Telephones and Cell Phones {Tele-fones, Mobile Fones}
    Beiluxia's massive mobile market is controlled by 5 major mobile providers: Telefene, Aubergine Télécom, Liberté, T-Mobile , and Vodafone Beiluxia [formerly British mobile]. Over 170 million activated phones are used in Beiluxia as of 2014. It is estimated that at least 91% of the population use mobiles within their household.

    Image
    Telefene, with 52 million subscribers, is the country's largest mobile network. Started as a work from home small business in Olympe Provinse, Telefene took advantage of network sold by BT and replaced British mobile as the first nationwide carrier in 2002. Plans start from ζ20 (USD33) for a simple 1000 minutes, 1000 texts, & 1GB of 4G LTE data. Plans rise in tens all the way to ζ50 (USD83) for unlimited voice, text, & unlimited 4G LTE internet. Starting in 2015, Telefene will also offer unlimited DMB mobile TV access to all phones with receptors.

    Aubergine Télécom is the Beiluxia's second largest mobile service provider with 48 million subscribers. The subsidiary is known for its combined services with the larger Aubergine telecommunications network of radio and TV. Its cheapest plan is ζ10 (USD16) for 1500 combined calls, texts, and MB of data. The most expensive base plan starts at ζ50 (USD81) for unlimited voice, text, 15GB of 4G LTE internet with 100Mb/sec max download speed, and unlimited premium mobile TV access on devices with DMB receptors. Aubergine has been credited with making DMB mobile TV successful in Beiluxia, mainly by packaging subsidised DMB-enabled phones with Aubergine's exclusive TV channels.

    Liberté (33 mln)

    Image
    T-Mobile (18 mln)

    Image Image
    Vodafone Beiluxia (formerly British mobile) focuses on budget plans starting at ζ5 (USD8) for 100 minutes, 1000 texts, and 200MB 3G HSPA+ internet. The most expensive plan is ζ30 (USD49) for 2000 minutes, 5000 texts, and 10GB of 3G HSPA+ data. Vodafone has 10 million subscribers.

b. Television
    Image Image
    Happy-Panda-Bear-Sunshine Broadcast Station (HPBS; French: Station de radiodiffusion du panda heureux soleil, SRPH) is Beiluxia's public broadcaster. The state-run corporation started in 1930 as Beiluxia's first national radio broadcasting station. HPBS entered the national television market in 1978, and is now the most watched network in Beiluxia. A mass restructuring of the company and the network showings took place in December 2011 due to pending budget cuts.

    • 1.0 HPBS News - 24 hours of non-stop news, most of it live.
    • 1.1 HPBS Govt - Official Government channel. Usually airs live public meetings of the Government, Government legislation & updates, weather warnings, & live disaster warnings. The recommended channel for Beiluxians to go to during major crises for live Government updates.
    • 1.2 HPBS Debate - Political news, talk shows, and debates. Currently shares the same channel with HPBS Central.
    • 1.2 HPBS Central - Hosts many of the nation's most watched TV shows and series including popular talk shows, dramas, & soap operas. Includes occasional news updates. Currently shares the same channel with HPBS Debate.
    • 1.3 HPBS Three - Formerly Comedy channel, currently oriented toward young-adult (18-34yo) & more "experimental" television such as comedy dramas. Usually contains more explicit sexuality, violence, drug use, and/or language.
    • 1.4 HPBS Drama - Hosts more artistic/intellectual programmes such as live plays, musicals, or concerts & historical/art-oriented documentaries.
    • 1.5 HPBS KidZone - Restructured youth-oriented programming, includes popular syndicated programs such as Sesame Street & Teleubbies
    • 1.6 HPBSport - 24 hour sports programming. Formerly 1.7 HPBSweat, renamed after transition to 1.8 channel, & currently 1.6 after 2011 restructuring.


    Beiluxia Television Company (BTV) is Beiluxia's second largest television network. The main rival of HPBS since the 1990s, a lot of family viewers watch its family-friendly 2.3 BTV Cinema movie channel and 2.4 BTV Discovery Channel (no relation to US's Discovery Communications) focusing on educational children and teen oriented programs. BTV is owned by an independent multinational media conglomerate and tends to be a more outspoken critic of the government compared to state-owned HPBS.

    • 2.0 BTV Hub - Placeholder announcement channel for BTV'. 24/7 of BTV's lineup, idents, and programme listings.
    • 2.1 BTV One - BTV's main channel. Hosts BTV News, popular daytime programmes, and late-night talk shows.
    • 2.2 BTV Two - Shows many syndicated programmes & series range from comedy to drama to adventure.
    • 2.3 BTV Entertainment - Shows all assortments of older and newer films. Broadcasts entertainment news and talk shows.
    • 2.4 Discovery Channel - Focuses on kid and teen-oriented programming during morning and afternoon hours. Broadcasts educational and intellectual programming, such as science documentaries, in between.

    Created in 1994 after the corporate break-up of FBS, Channel 3 caters toward the 18-34 age demographic, including the ever-popular documentary-series What's Up Beiluxia! that goes around the nation meeting young people from all walks of life. Channel 3 is also the exclusive broadcaster of many BBC shows in Beiluxia such as Top Gear, EastEnders, Doctor Who, and Sherlock.

    • 3.0 Channel 3 Hub - Announces current and upcoming shows on Channel 3. Regular news updates in-between.
    • 3.1 Channel 3.1 - Channel catering to young adults. Exclusive broadcaster of many BBC programmes.


    4 (more commonly known as 'Channel 4' or '4TV') is the fourth-largest television network in Beiluxia. Channel 4 is the successor to Federal Broadcasting Service (FBS), Beiluxia's first television channel. From 1960 to 1978 FBS maintained a monopoly on Beiluxia's national television market. Three of the five longest-running domestic television series were broadcasted on FBS. Welcome To Paradise: 365 Days of Sunshine and Laughter, the longest television series in Beiluxia ever, continued non-stop every Saturday night from 1964 to 1999. Many of their shows use irony and deadpan humour to highlight problems in Beiluxian society: the plight of stereotypical obedient housewives in Mary (1969-1995), the loss of Beiluxian identity in The Great Ones (1989-2001), the clash between Indigenous culture and modern life in Highlands (1997-1999), and the impact of technology on modern society in Lonely World (Fr. title Je, Contre le Monde, 1999-2000). Channel 4 remained on top of the ratings until the late-nineties. HPBS's TV corporation was created as a direct result of Channel 4's control over Beiluxian television and would eventually overtake it in ratings. Channel 4 is still known for its soap operas and reality TV shows.

    • 4.0 4News - Broadcasts 24-hour news programming in addition to announcing upcoming programming on 4's other channels.
    • 4.1 4TV - Mainly known for its high-quality soap operas and dramas.
    • 4.2 4u - Same as 4TV, except broadcasting exclusively in Beiluxian and/or with Beiluxian subtitles.
    • 4.3 TV4 - Same as 4TV, except broadcasting exclusively in French and/or with French subtitles.

    Recently, TVs have been popping up across public transportation throughout Beiluxia. Most are filled with pre-recorded news and advertisements.
c. Internet
    With over 80% of Beiluxia living in urban areas that make up a mere 10% of Beiluxia's landmass, internet is extremely quick and cheap. Thanks to high government regulation, there are over fifty internet providers in the nation, most of them regional providers that buy lines from large national internet infrastructure companies. For example, B-connect's 20 million customers in southern Beiluxia get internet access through lines that B-connect buys from BeiluxiaConnect, its former parent company that runs a national network of DSL and fibre cables. Similarly, Aexia Communications sells its own national internet transmission lines to regional carriers Blix (6 mln) and Tel'da'ku (5 mln) in Olympe Provinse. Rates usually go from ζ10 (USD17) for the lowest speeds (usually 5mb/sec download speed) to ζ40 (USD65) for 100mb/sec. However, when going to more remote areas internet starts to get expensive due in part to the lack of customer choice. For example, Frontier City has only 2 internet providers: Nort-Eest-Tel (3 mln) and Jang'koon'pel (2 mln) that start economy plans in upwards of ζ20. Major telecommunications companies are currently building up fibre networks in major cities, enabling gigabit download speeds. Lovers Metropolitan Area's fibre network is mostly built up, with the cheapest plans starting around ζ30 (USD49).
d. Radio
    Many local radio stations are still a popular form of entertainment within cars and and households. Public broadcaster HPBS Radio tends to have a lower market share in the radio industry than its TV counterpart due to more commercial & local choices. The commercially-run XD Networks is the most popular in Beiluxia, boasting over ten millions unique listeners on a daily basis. Beiluxia started broadcasting in DAB+ in 2012, bypassing DAB. The government plans to phase out AM and FM broadcasting by the 2030s.
e. Newspaper
    Around 5% of Beiluxian households still read the newspaper on a regular basis. The sharp decline of newspaper readership throughout the late 20th century coincided with a brief resurgence in magazines, though magazine readership is also decreasing in the 21st century. The most popular newspapers in Beiluxia are The Daily Lover, Beiluxian Times, and Le Journal d'Olympe.
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IX. Culture

Postby Beiluxia » Wed Oct 19, 2011 6:51 pm

a. Daily Lifestyle
Random Trivia:
  • Over two thirds of Beiluxians commute by bike, transit, or foot. Less than half of Beiluxian households own a car; most carowners require them for jobs or live in rural areas lacking alternative transport.
  • Despite Beiluxia’s ban on selling tobacco and nicotine products, recreational drug use, especially for alcohol and marijuana, is much higher than the world average. The federal government legalised medical marijuana in 2009, and multiple provinsial governments are considering bills to decriminalise marijuana for adult recreational use.
  • Up until the early 1990s, most Beiluxians dressed traditionally in full-body black robes and slim trousers for all sexes. This national dress, Ha’gun-yi, consists of slim sleeves and a straight fit from shoulder to ankle, held together by buttons down the chest and bound around the waist with a sash. Many Beiluxians continue to wear Ha’gun-yi as formalwear, and some as everyday wear.
  • Separate unisex toilet rooms sharing a common sink outside is the most common form of public toilet in Beiluxia.
  • Both Europlug and British AC power plugs are officially used in Beiluxia due to the historic regionalism of the Francophone and Anglophone communities.
  • Lovers-by-the-bay is known as the “city of newcomers” since it is historically the port of call for most immigrants entering Beiluxia. Nearly a third of Lovers Metropolitan Area residents are immigrants or descendants of immigrants, the highest in the nation.
  • Lovers is also known as a “city of a million transients”, a nickname used in a derogatory way. Lovers residents are often stereotyped as emigrants-in-waiting. In the mid to late 20th century, most of the millions of Beiluxians emigrating out of Beiluxia had to reside temporarily in Lovers to obtain immigration papers from foreign embassies in the capital.
  • The most popular social media networks in Beiluxia are Facebook, Ensemble, and Twitter. The most popular social media networks among youth are Snapchat, Instagram, and Twitter.
b. Public Holidays
    1 Jan - New Year's Day: self-explanatory; part of Christmas Holiday, no school or work
    13 Feb - Yang'tae'lrul: Native holiday celebrating creation myth of Beiluxia in local folk religion; no school or work
    29 Mar - Confederation Day: commemorating union of Lovers' Bay Colony, Haven Province, Elysia, & Rivière Colonie into Beiluxia; no school or work
    2nd Friday of Apr - Good Friday: non-religious; no school or work
    3rd wk of Apr - Easter Holiday: non-religious; Easter Bunny gives children Egg Hunt at public places, families often buy each other gifts; no school in-between end of Term 2 & start of Term 3
    1 May - May Day / Labour Day / Intl Workers' Day: often involves large-scale union protests in major cities; no school or work
    20/21 Jun (Summer Solstice) - Guu'mal'jee: Native holiday marking beginning of summer season; no school or work
    1 Jul to 30 Aug (varies) - Summer Holiday: no school in-between end of Term 3 & new school year session
    5 Aug - Monarch Day: commemorating anniversary of first elected monarch in Beiluxia, no work
    22/23 Sep (varies) - Autumn Equinox: celebrating beginning of autumn; no school or work
    31 Oct - Hallowe'en / All Hallow's Eve: major cities block off streets for night costume parties, people pelt each other with sweets; no school or work
    3rd wk of Dec to 1st wk of Jan (varies) - Christmas Holiday: no school in-between end of Term 1 & start of Term 2
    25 Dec - Christmas Day: non-religious; no school or work
    26 Dec - Boxing Day: employers send gifts to employees, "grant" them day off; no school or work
c. Sport
    Football
    Cricket
    Baseball
    Ma’ccuk (Beiluxian equestrian sports) - horse racing, Beiluxian polo, Hhook’seen (horse handball)
    Table Tennis
d. Cuisine
    Native edible plants - Bi’co (Beiluxian chives), Weng’laek (Beiluxian yellow leek), onion, taro, coconut, plum
    Common edible plants originating abroad - Co’sam (choy sum), Bak’co (bok choy), Hwan (garlic), guava, ananas, peach, pear, Laam’du’kii (Decaisnea)
    Seafood - tilapia, cod, herring, shrimp, lobster, crab, mussel, clam
    Common land livestock - pork, chicken, lamb, Neu (Beiluxian ox), horse



e. Art & Architecture
Last edited by Beiluxia on Fri Dec 29, 2017 8:38 pm, edited 4 times in total.

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Beiluxia
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Founded: Jul 24, 2011
Left-wing Utopia

X. Miscellaneous

Postby Beiluxia » Mon Nov 04, 2013 4:39 pm

This section is intended for any miscellaneous items, mainly drawings, that do not fit in any defined category but I otherwise feel should be in my factbook.

Subdivision abbreviations:
Aragonia - AR, ARA, Arge | "La province grande" ("The Great/Grand Provinse"), "La province intérieur ("The Interior Provinse")
Maolutia - MT, MAT, Matt | "Dual Coasts"
Maolutiania - MN, MLN, Mao | "The Bountiful Provinse"
Maalsen - MA, MAL, Mason | "The Harbour Provinse"
Haven - HA, HVN, Ivy | "Land of Destinies", "The Maritime Provinse"
Olympe - PO, POL, Olly | "La province palourde" ("The Clam Provinse"), "La province soleil" ("The Sun Provinse"), "La province rivière" ("The River Provinse")
Tuum'jao'eum - TJ, TJE, Tuumie | "Le province protecteur" ("The Patron/Guardian Provinse"), "Petit Tuumie" ("Little Tuumie")
Kon'ke'lra - KA, KKL, Konnie | "La province aubergine" ("The Aubergine Provinse")
Elysia - EL, ELS, Ely | "The Evergreen Provinse", "The Paradise Provinse"
Chang'tae - CT, CHT, Tae | "The Confederate Provinse", "The Elder Provinse", "The Origin Provinse"
Chang'tae'jen - CJ, CTJ, Jen | "The Great Interior" ("La intérieur grande"), "God's Peak Provinse" ("Provinse pic de Dieu")
Chang'tae'woong - CW, CTW, Woong | "La province imagé" ("The Colourful Provinse"), "L'avant-poste" ("The Outpost")
Lru'ten - LT, LTN, Rouge | "Le province bastion" ("The Stronghold Provinse)
Frontier - FR, FTR, Lizzie | "The Heartlands", "The Mineral Provinse", "Land of the Natives", "The Elizabethan Provinse"

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Last edited by Beiluxia on Fri Dec 11, 2015 5:07 pm, edited 8 times in total.


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