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[PASSED] Ban on Leaded Fuel

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Bears Armed Mission
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[PASSED] Ban on Leaded Fuel

Postby Bears Armed Mission » Thu Jul 10, 2014 9:14 am

“With the successful passage of ‘Prevention of Wildfires’, and with ‘Legal Competence’ now in the queue for voting as well (although facing a challenge to its legality that the Secretariat might still be considering), we present a first new draft for one of the next proposals on our list.”


Third draft = submitted version

Ban on Leaded Fuel

Category:
Environmental
Area of Effect: Automotive

Description: The World Assembly,
Recognising that internal combustion engines burning various organic fuels, such as short-chain hydrocarbons, are a method widely used for propelling vehicles,

Aware that burning short-chain hydrocarbons in some types of engine can lead to irregularities in the combustion cycle, a situation called ‘knocking’ that both reduces fuel-efficiency and increases wear on the engines,

Informed that one solution found for this problem is the addition of other chemicals to the fuel as ‘anti-knocking agents’, with organometallic compounds containing Lead (e.g. Tetra-Ethyl Lead) as a common choice for this role although reliable alternatives to them also exist,

Concerned that using those organometallic compounds for this purpose disperses Lead into the environment where it can be taken up directly by some life-forms and can also pass on accumulatively up the food-chains involved, possibly crossing national borders in the process, because Lead is a cumulative poison to many types of organism that and can cause serious health problems even at sub-lethal dosages,

Believing it desirable to end this spreading of poison;

Defining the term ‘leaded fuel’ to mean any fuel mixture including organometallic compounds of Lead, or of any other metal of comparable or worse toxicity;

Hereby requires that each WA member nation _

1. Begin at once to restrict the numbers of vehicles requiring leaded fuel for efficient running that it produces and imports, so that the annual average number of such vehicles in use for civilian purposes within its borders for any year after one year has elapsed since the date of this resolution’s passage (or since the date when the nation first joined the WA, if later) will be no higher than the annual average number of them in use there for the year immediately before that initial date, and take further steps so that within no more than four years since that initial date no such vehicles at all are produced there for civilian use;

2. Begin at once to restrict the amounts of leaded fuel that it produces and imports for civilian use, so that the total amount of such fuels available for civilian purposes within its borders per year after one year has elapsed since the same initial date as for clause #1 will not exceed the total amount that was available there for that use during the year immediately before that initial date (or, if supplies were restricted during that previous year because the nation was at war for any part of that year, the total amount available there for that use during their most recent full year of peace instead if their government would prefer this figure), and take further steps so that within no more than four years since that initial date no such fuels at all are produced within its borders or brought into therein for civilian use;

3. Begin at once to restrict both the numbers of vehicles requiring leaded fuel for efficient running and the amounts of leaded fuel which it produces and imports for military use, on the same basis as it must restrict the availability of such vehicles and fuels for civilian use within its borders, unless it is in a state of open warfare at any stage during the four years following the relevant initial date in which case it may postpone the deadlines once by whichever is less out of a further four years or the duration of hostilities.


Changes from the second draft: “that can run only on leaded fuel” replaced by “ requiring leaded fuel for efficient running”, as already discussed; the fact that viable alternative solutions to ‘knocking’ also exist is now specifically mentioned in the preamble; nations that join the WA for the first time after this passes would now be allowed to measure the transition period from when they join rather than from the actual date of passage (although former members who re-join are still, of necessity, bound by the original, tighter schedule); and some other [minor] alterations to the wording, in various places, to improve clarity (I hope…) and/or to free characters for use elsewhere in the text.


Ban on Leaded Fuel

Category:
Environmental
Area of Effect: Automotive

Description: The World Assembly,
Recognising that internal combustion engines burning various organic fuels, such as short-chain hydrocarbons, are a method widely used for propelling vehicles,

Aware that burning short-chain hydrocarbons in engines of some common types can cause irregularities in the combustion cycle, a phenomenon called ‘knocking’ that not only reduces fuel-efficiency but also increases wear on the engines,

Informed that one solution used to fix this problem is the addition of other chemicals to the fuel as ‘anti-knocking agents’, and that organometallic compounds containing Lead (e.g. as Tetra-Ethyl Lead) have been a common choice for this job,

Concerned that using those compounds in this way disperses Lead into the environment where it can be taken-up directly by some life-forms and can also be passed on accumulatively up the food-chains involved, possibly crossing national borders in the process, and that Lead is a cumulative poison to many types of organism with seriously harmful effects possible even at sub-lethal dosages,

Believing it desirable to end this spreading of poison;

Defining the term ‘leaded fuel’, for the purpose of this resolution, as meaning any fuel mixture that includes organometallic compounds containing either Lead or any other metal of comparable or worse toxicity;

Hereby requires that each WA member nation _

1. Begin at once to restrict the numbers of vehicles that can run only on leaded fuel which it produces and imports, so that the annual average number of such vehicles in use for civilian purposes within its borders for any year after one year has elapsed since the date of this resolution’s passage will be no higher than the annual average number of them in use there for the year immediately before that date of passage, and take further steps so that within no more than four years since that date of passage no such vehicles at all are produced there for civilian use;

2. Begin at once to restrict the amounts of leaded fuel which it produces and imports for civilian use, so that the total amount of such fuels available for civilian purposes within its borders per year after one year has elapsed since the date of this resolution’s passage will not exceed the total amount that was available there for that use during the year immediately before the date of passage (or, if supplies were restricted during that previous year because the nation was at war for any part of that year, the total amount available there for that use during their most recent full year of peace instead if their government would prefer this figure), and take further steps so that within no more than four years since this resolution’s passage no such fuels at all are produced within its borders or brought into therein for civilian use;

3. Begin at once to restrict both the numbers of vehicles that can run only on leaded fuel and the amounts of leaded fuel which it produces and imports for military use, on the same basis as it must restrict the amounts of such vehicles and fuels available for civilian use within its borders, unless it is in a state of open warfare at any stage during the four years following the date of this resolution’s passage in which case it may postpone the deadlines once by whichever is less out of a further four years or the duration of hostilities.


Ban on Leaded Fuel

Category:
Environmental
Area of Effect: Automotive

Description: The World Assembly,
Understanding that internal combustion engines burning various organic fuels, especially ones burning mixtures of short-chain hydrocarbons, are a popular method for propelling vehicles in many nations,

Informed that burning short-chain hydrocarbons as fuel in engines of the types that utilise carburettors can feature irregularities in the combustion cycle, a phenomenon known as ‘knocking’, that not only reduces fuel-efficiency but also increases wear on the engines,

Educated to the fact that one a solution found for this problem is the addition of other volatile chemicals to the fuel as ‘anti-knocking agents’, and that organometallic compounds containing the metal Lead (e.g. Tetra-Ethyl Lead) have been one of the most widespread choices for this role,

Aware that using those compounds in this way disperses Lead into the environment where it not only can be taken-up directly by living organisms but also can be passed on accumulatively up the food-chains involved too, quite possibly passing across international borders in the process, and that Lead is a cumulative poison to many types of life-form (e.g. humans, bears) that can have seriously harmful effects even at sub-lethal dosages,

Believing it internationally desirable to end this spreading of poison;

Defining the term ‘leaded fuel’, for the purpose of this resolution, as meaning any organic fuel mixture that includes organometallic compounds containing Lead (or containing any other metal of comparable or worse toxicity);

Hereby requires that each and every WA member nation _

1. Immediately initiate measures to restrict the numbers of vehicles that can run only on leaded fuel which it produces and imports, so that the annual average number of such vehicles in use for civilian purposes within its borders for any year after one year has elapsed since the date of this resolution’s passage will be no higher than the annual average number of them that was in use there for the year immediately before that date of passage; and take further steps so that after no more than four years have elapsed since that date of passage no such vehicles at all will be produced within its borders for civilian use;

2. Immediately initiate measures to restrict the numbers of vehicles that can run only on leaded fuel which it produces and imports for military purposes, on the same basis as it must restrict the numbers of vehicles using leaded fuel for civilian purposes within its borders, unless it is in a state of open warfare at any stage during the four years following the date of this resolution’s passage in which case it may postpone the deadlines by whichever is less out of a further four years or the duration of hostilities;

3. Immediately initiate measures to restrict the amounts of leaded fuel which it produces and imports for civilian use, so that the total amount of such fuels available for civilian purposes within its borders in any year after one year has elapsed since the date of this resolution’s passage will be no higher than the total amount that was available there for that use during the year immediately before that date of passage (or, if supplies were restricted during that previous year because the nation was at war for any part of that year, the total amount that was available there for that use during their most recent full year of peace instead if the nation’s government would prefer this figure); and take further steps so that after no more than four years have elapsed since this resolution’s passage no such fuels at all will be produced within its borders or brought into its territories for civilian use;

4. Immediately initiate measures to restrict the amounts of leaded fuel which it produces and imports for military use, on the same basis as it must restrict the amount of such fuels available for civilian purposes within its borders, unless it is in a state of open warfare at any stage during the four years following the date of this resolution’s passage in which case it may postpone the deadlines by whichever is less out of a further four years or the duration of hostilities.


“Before any of you try to question this draft’s legality because it would allow member nations to introduce the measures concerned gradually over a [specified] period of time instead of requiring that all of the changes — rather than just their commencement — take place immediately after it passes, there is legal precedent for such a policy. I cite, for example, the historical resolution ‘Fossil Fuel Reduction Act’…. and will check with the Secretariat about this point, shortly, as well.

“No, we ourrselves don’t use and never have used any such fuels, not for the Mission here nor back home in Bears Armed itself neither, and we intend never to use them.”



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Last edited by Mousebumples on Mon Aug 18, 2014 8:04 am, edited 10 times in total.
This is the WA Mission of Bears Armed, but is technically defined as a separate nation in its own right for all legal purposes. Population = sixty-four seventy-two staff, plus some dependents.

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Ainocra
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Postby Ainocra » Thu Jul 10, 2014 9:47 am

ooc:

does this mean I can't get snookered on moonshine and shoot up gas tanks anymore?


/redneck
Last edited by Ainocra on Thu Jul 10, 2014 9:49 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Bears Armed Mission
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Postby Bears Armed Mission » Thu Jul 10, 2014 9:58 am

Ainocra wrote:ooc:
does this mean I can't get snookered on moonshine and shoot up gas tanks anymore?

/redneck

ooc: wouldn't 'unleaded' fuel explode just as well?
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Defwa
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Postby Defwa » Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:02 am

That was poetry to read

I do not currently see any flaws but I'm sure there will be long conversations over the provided time span. I personally like that sort of thing- expecting immediate reconstruction of entire industrial sectors has been impeding environmental regulation for some time. I would even be supportive of more acts allowing nations time to get into compliance as they enter the World Assembly to begin with.

And all though we'll likely also see people claiming their environment is immune to lead poisoning and that global climate change doesn't exist, I would like at least a line encouraging development and use of fuels with less environmental impact than common hydrocarbon based fuels.
If you have room for a little lip service, that is.
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Bears Armed
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Postby Bears Armed » Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:12 am

OOC: Oops! When I typed-up the operative clauses, which was just before posting the draft, i forgot to check the number of characters used: It's actually several hundred over the limit, so I'll have to make some cuts...
Last edited by Bears Armed on Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:14 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Postby Bananaistan » Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:19 am

Leaving aside any species, planet, galaxy or tech wankery, I really don't like the idea of having timeframes, arbitrary or otherwise in a resolution. I also don't like the ridiculously wordy sentence that each clause makes; if that sort of things counts as poetry in Defwa, I think we will initiate an immediate ban on Defwaen poets and their poetry ever being allowed into Bananaistan :P. Surely you could say the exact same thing in far fewer words?
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Bears Armed
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Postby Bears Armed » Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:25 am

Bananaistan wrote:I really don't like the idea of having timeframes, arbitrary or otherwise in a resolution.
OOC: It's either timeframes, all-at-once [politically, as well as practically, impossible...], or such a massive loophole that I suspect that might actually lead to the proposal being ruled illegal for [effective] optionality...

Surely you could say the exact same thing in far fewer words?

I'm going to have to do so, in order to fit things into the maximum length allowed.
:(
Last edited by Bears Armed on Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:25 am, edited 1 time in total.
The Confederated Clans of the Free Bears of Bears Armed
(includes The Ursine NorthLands) Demonym = Bear[s]; adjective = ‘Urrsish’.
Our population is approximately 20 million. We do have a national government, although its role is strictly limited. Economy = thriving. Those aren't "biker gangs", they're our traditional cross-Clan 'Warrior Societies'... and are generally respected, not feared.
Author of some GA Resolutions, via Bears Armed Mission; subject of an SC resolution.
Factbook. We have more than 70 MAPS. Visitors' Guide.
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Postby Mundiferrum » Thu Jul 10, 2014 10:48 am

I wonder if there are any WA species which actually live on lead....
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The Dark Star Republic
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Postby The Dark Star Republic » Thu Jul 10, 2014 2:05 pm

The character count on this can be slashed. Your preamble does not need to lay out the entire process of the internal combustion engine! I fear what an Urrsish proposal on the peaceful use of space would look like: presumably it would include an entire history of the cosmos since the Planck era?

At most, your proposal needs to express concern about bioaccumulation from lead in the environment and the consequences of this for the food chain and biodiversity, and argue (more effectively than is currently the case) as to why this is a problem requiring international intervention. That's it.

That should free a lot of space. As for the operative section, the sentences are so long that by the end the readers will be dozing off into their honey-tea: I haven't seen anything so horribly overly complex to read since Quintessence of Dust's snooze-inducingly interminable resolutions. Break them up with some bullet points to lay out the timeline.

This is a perfectly sensible idea for a resolution, but even as someone who reads environmental legislation for work, and roleplays writing environmental legislation for fun, this is a complete mess.

Separate to the above, the extremely concerning recent duplication ruling means I am worried this will be ruled out on the spurious grounds that there is already a resolution on emissions. So, regardless of the timeline thing, it may be worth checking that.

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Postby Defwa » Thu Jul 10, 2014 4:32 pm

Bananaistan wrote:Leaving aside any species, planet, galaxy or tech wankery, I really don't like the idea of having timeframes, arbitrary or otherwise in a resolution. I also don't like the ridiculously wordy sentence that each clause makes; if that sort of things counts as poetry in Defwa, I think we will initiate an immediate ban on Defwaen poets and their poetry ever being allowed into Bananaistan :P. Surely you could say the exact same thing in far fewer words?

OOC: Canon accepted. Defwean poetry consists largely of run on sentences that stretch themselves to cover multiple influences over the subject, usually with a subtle rhythm and repetition. It can be considered snobbish because fans deride those who don't appreciate it as having short attention spans.
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Bears Armed Mission
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Postby Bears Armed Mission » Fri Jul 11, 2014 2:00 am

New draft posted, now with about 100 'spare' characters in paw.


The Dark Star Republic wrote:I fear what an Urrsish proposal on the peaceful use of space would look like: presumably it would include an entire history of the cosmos since the Planck era?
OOC: No, but that might be the approach taken by the Talking Trees who occupy a relatively small -- but larger on the inside than it is on the outside? -- area on one border of the Bears' lands if they ever send a mission here...
:D

At most, your proposal needs to express concern about bioaccumulation from lead in the environment and the consequences of this for the food chain and biodiversity, and argue (more effectively than is currently the case) as to why this is a problem requiring international intervention. That's it.

As for the operative section, the sentences are so long that by the end the readers will be dozing off into their honey-tea: I haven't seen anything so horribly overly complex to read since Quintessence of Dust's snooze-inducingly interminable resolutions. Break them up with some bullet points to lay out the timeline.

I'm taking this advice seriously, and will think further about how to apply it.

Separate to the above, the extremely concerning recent duplication ruling means I am worried this will be ruled out on the spurious grounds that there is already a resolution on emissions. So, regardless of the timeline thing, it may be worth checking that.

Yes, that point occurred to me as well [after I'd gone offline yesterday] and I'd already planned to check about it... but thank you for raising the concern, anyhows.
Last edited by Bears Armed Mission on Fri Jul 11, 2014 2:04 am, edited 2 times in total.
This is the WA Mission of Bears Armed, but is technically defined as a separate nation in its own right for all legal purposes. Population = sixty-four seventy-two staff, plus some dependents.

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Ardchoille says: “Bears can be depended on for decent arguments even when there aren't any”.

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Postby Gordano and Lysandus » Fri Jul 11, 2014 11:38 am

The Permanent Representative to the World Assembly for the United Kingdom of Gordano and Lysandus supports the measure thoroughly, and will come to adherence with a ban on leaded fuels whether or not it passes the General Assembly. As it stands, we would still like to see the broader reach of this resolution made so that the environment of Earth (and other worlds and dimensions thereof represented in this institution) may be improved, and that we can stop polluting not only the atmosphere, but our biosphere also - this is especially important with regards to the production of food.

The only time we would see exception to this is the operation of vintage vehicles that operate only on leaded fuels, or can only operate on leaded fuels without damaging the engine. The preservation of such heritage is important. However, we welcome any suggestions from other members of this Assembly that we should be mistaken in the belief that this should be the case and thus we shall reassess our heritage policies in order to protect vintage vehicles in a more green manner.
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Postby Defwa » Fri Jul 11, 2014 12:24 pm

Gordano and Lysandus wrote:The Permanent Representative to the World Assembly for the United Kingdom of Gordano and Lysandus supports the measure thoroughly, and will come to adherence with a ban on leaded fuels whether or not it passes the General Assembly. As it stands, we would still like to see the broader reach of this resolution made so that the environment of Earth (and other worlds and dimensions thereof represented in this institution) may be improved, and that we can stop polluting not only the atmosphere, but our biosphere also - this is especially important with regards to the production of food.

The only time we would see exception to this is the operation of vintage vehicles that operate only on leaded fuels, or can only operate on leaded fuels without damaging the engine. The preservation of such heritage is important. However, we welcome any suggestions from other members of this Assembly that we should be mistaken in the belief that this should be the case and thus we shall reassess our heritage policies in order to protect vintage vehicles in a more green manner.

Such vehicles will simply have to undergo conversion. Its too much of a loophole.
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Postby Gordano and Lysandus » Fri Jul 11, 2014 1:53 pm

We cannot accept any conversions that may damage the historical accuracy of the vehicle - Gordano and Lysandus prides itself on its heritage and its history and considers the preservation of that history very important. Nonetheless, we will still vote for the motion, but will sadly have to see many vintage vehicles constrained to being static pieces rather than working examples of history.
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Postby Christian Democrats » Fri Jul 11, 2014 9:26 pm

I like the concept, but I believe this proposal could be a whole lot simpler.

I would suggest (1) requiring member states to cease production of new vehicles that run on leaded fuel within one year of passage and (2) requiring member states to phase leaded fuel out completely within ten years of passage according to whatever timetable they see fit.
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Bananaistan
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Postby Bananaistan » Sat Jul 12, 2014 12:11 am

Given that the year on year and four years requirements remain, I wonder how this would affect a new member nation joining, particularly after the four years have elapsed? As written, they would have to immediately comply. That seems rather onerous.
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Postby Bears Armed Mission » Sat Jul 12, 2014 1:49 am

Gordano and Lysandus wrote:We cannot accept any conversions that may damage the historical accuracy of the vehicle - Gordano and Lysandus prides itself on its heritage and its history and considers the preservation of that history very important. Nonetheless, we will still vote for the motion, but will sadly have to see many vintage vehicles constrained to being static pieces rather than working examples of history.

I admit that this aspect concerned me slightly as well, and I considered trying to include a suitable exemption, but sadly it seems to me that unfortunately space limits (because proposals can't exceed 3'500 characers in total, including spaces) -- in combination with the diversity of the WA's member nations -- would make it impossible to include a clause allowing the continued [occasional] operation of those vehicles without leaving that clause so vague that nations whose governments didn't care much about their environmrents could turn it into a major loophole...
:(
If you or anybody else can draft a suitable exemption that isn't too long -- say 150-200 characters, at the most -- and not seriously loopholed then I'd be happy to add it to the text.

Christian Democrats wrote:I like the concept, but I believe this proposal could be a whole lot simpler.

I would suggest (1) requiring member states to cease production of new vehicles that run on leaded fuel within one year of passage and (2) requiring member states to phase leaded fuel out completely within ten years of passage according to whatever timetable they see fit.
What do other people here think about these suggested changes? I personally think "too quick" and "too long" respectively, but if any of you can explain convincingly enough why you disagree then I might be persuaded.

Bananaistan wrote:Given that the year on year and four years requirements remain, I wonder how this would affect a new member nation joining, particularly after the four years have elapsed? As written, they would have to immediately comply. That seems rather onerous.
It does, I suppose, but that's often a problem with international legislation. However I do recognise the potential problem, and that for one reason or another some nations might "need" to join this organisation too immediately for them to begin the phase-out before signing-up. On the other paw, though, if we simply say "or from when the nation joins the WA" then some nations might try to loophole around this by the ;leave-&-rejoin' method.
Hr'rmm..
"from the date of this resolution's passge or from when that nation first joined the WA, whichever was the more recent" maybeso? I think that we could probably stretch the characters available that far, at least if we only state it in full once and define the date in question there by some simple reference (such as 'S-Day'') which we then use wherever else that date is referenced, although this might have to be at the expense of the reformatting suggested earlier....
Last edited by Bears Armed Mission on Sat Jul 12, 2014 1:53 am, edited 3 times in total.
This is the WA Mission of Bears Armed, but is technically defined as a separate nation in its own right for all legal purposes. Population = sixty-four seventy-two staff, plus some dependents.

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Gordano and Lysandus
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Ex-Nation

Postby Gordano and Lysandus » Sat Jul 12, 2014 3:14 am

What about "PERMITS the use of leaded fuels in vehicles which unavoidably cannot be used without leaded fuels and bear historical or cultural significance"?
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Bears Armed Mission
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Founded: Jul 26, 2008
Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Bears Armed Mission » Sat Jul 12, 2014 4:21 am

Gordano and Lysandus wrote:What about "PERMITS the use of leaded fuels in vehicles which unavoidably cannot be used without leaded fuels and bear historical or cultural significance"?

Some nations would probably exploit that wording to claim that all cars of types manufactured there -- by companies based there -- "bear historical or cultural significance".
This is the WA Mission of Bears Armed, but is technically defined as a separate nation in its own right for all legal purposes. Population = sixty-four seventy-two staff, plus some dependents.

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Ardchoille says: “Bears can be depended on for decent arguments even when there aren't any”.

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Normlpeople
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Founded: Apr 25, 2013
Ex-Nation

Postby Normlpeople » Sat Jul 12, 2014 5:01 am

OOC: In reality... you can purchase a 'lead substitute fuel additive' that you can put in your tank and run unleaded... just develop this.

IC: "Since we don't use this fuel, this doesn't affect us. I would suggest more focus on the health risks associated with it however, it may help sway the vote from the anti-environmental side"
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Galadhion
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Founded: Jun 29, 2013
Ex-Nation

Postby Galadhion » Sat Jul 12, 2014 4:29 pm

The Galadh Ministry of Transportation opposes this ban because it would not be viable for our nation to act upon it.

First of all, the Imperial Confederation of Galadhion is a very decentralized state consisting for the most part of ethnically diverse tribe ruled over by a single tribe, the Galadh. Banning leaded fuel would be possible within the lands of the Galadh with a lot of effort, but even there it would not be easy. Where it truly becomes an issue however is with the tribes, especially the outer ones. It is extremely difficult to overhaul the entire fuel economy of our massive nation even in the time given by this resolution.

Second, leaded fuel is extremely reliable. It may be horrid for the environment, but when one is driving across one of our highways on our nation's grand steppes, with no cities nearby for at least 50 kilometres in every direction, you do not want your engine to break down due to bad quality fuel.

If this ban were to come into effect, we suggest it be altered to either limit the binding nature of this resolution to allow for even more breathing room. Also we suggest that it requires nations to aid eachother in phasing out the unleaded fuel and developing/proliferating an equally reliable replacement.
Last edited by Galadhion on Sat Jul 12, 2014 4:33 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Imperializt Russia
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Postby Imperializt Russia » Sun Jul 13, 2014 5:16 am

Mundiferrum wrote:I wonder if there are any WA species which actually live on lead....

Without FanT wanking, I doubt it. Lead is neurotoxic, and the banning of leaded fuels in the UK has been associated with an apparent drop in violent crime and anger - suggesting that an environment with a high lead content is bad for animal development in the womb and through childhood.
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Elke and Elba
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Civil Rights Lovefest

Postby Elke and Elba » Sun Jul 13, 2014 5:20 am

To the Bears:

How about "EXEMPTS vehicles with historical significance from complying with this resolution so as not to destroy the vehicle's historical authenticity"?
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Normlpeople
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Founded: Apr 25, 2013
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Postby Normlpeople » Sun Jul 13, 2014 6:23 am

OOC: While you mentioned the knocking (lack of octane), you failed to mention proper lubrication on soft valve faces/seats. I will vote against for the sole purpose of mechanical inaccuracy!! (j/k)

IC: "Leaded fuel vehicles can be modified to run on unleaded gasoline, and while I appreciate the historical significance of some vehicles, it is possible to use additives in the fuel that will allow them to run on unleaded gasoline without modification."
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Mundiferrum
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Founded: Apr 07, 2011
Democratic Socialists

Postby Mundiferrum » Sun Jul 13, 2014 7:02 am

Imperializt Russia wrote:
Mundiferrum wrote:I wonder if there are any WA species which actually live on lead....

Without FanT wanking, I doubt it. Lead is neurotoxic, and the banning of leaded fuels in the UK has been associated with an apparent drop in violent crime and anger - suggesting that an environment with a high lead content is bad for animal development in the womb and through childhood.

OOC: That's for Terran biology, which ain't really a thing here in the NS world. I mean, what is zis UK you speak of?
IC: Life doesn't always manifest itself in carbon-based form. But that's really a small issue, I think. It could (somewhat) undermine the whole resolution, but I don't believe anyone in this assembly belongs in that category.
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