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Return to: Passed General Assembly Resolutions

by Imperium Anglorum
Thu Dec 31, 2020 1:20 am
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly resolution #530

Fairness In Collective Bargaining
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Labour Rights
Proposed by: Cretox State

Text: The World Assembly,

Believing that labor unions are essential in allowing workers to negotiate benefits, freedom from exploitation, and fair compensation on equal footing with their employers,

Commending the efforts of prior WA legislation to strike a reasonable balance between the necessity of effective collective bargaining and the public good, and

Convinced that a more expansive resolution on the subject is necessary, in order to solidify the negotiating ability of workers and provide needed protections for employers where unions are concerned, hereby:

  1. Defines "interference" as any acts intended to place or keep a labor union under the control of an employer whose workers are represented by that union as a bargaining unit;

  2. Prohibits the interference of employers and labor unions in the establishment, functioning, or administration of labor unions;

  3. Prohibits employers from:
    1. unduly impinging on the ability of multiple workers to act in concert to protect their rights; or
    2. discriminating against workers for engaging in concerted activities to protect their rights;
  4. Prohibits labor unions from:
    1. coercing workers in the exercise of their rights or an employer in its choice of bargaining representative;
    2. deliberately influencing an employer to discriminate against certain workers;
    3. requiring excessive dues; or
    4. deliberately influencing an employer to pay for unneeded workers, excepting paid leave and severance-related benefits;
  5. Requires employers and the labor unions that lawfully represent said employers' workers to make a good-faith effort to negotiate with one another;

  6. Mandates that member nations:
    1. establish, if such does not already exist, and maintain an effective system to enforce labor law in relation to collective bargaining and labor practices; and
    2. allow labor unions to deliberately influence an employer to cease doing business with another employer;
  7. Urges member nations to:
    1. promote union membership through union security agreements; and
    2. implement more expansive regulations protecting the ability of workers to collectively bargain with employers.

Votes For: 8 677 (65.2%)
Votes Against: 4 627 (34.8%)

Implemented Fri 25 Dec 2020

[GA 530 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Dec 13, 2020 2:55 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly resolution #529

Repeal "Rights of the Employed"
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.

Category: Repeal
Resolution: #491
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: General Assembly Resolution #491 "Rights of the employed" (Category: Civil Rights, Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The World Assembly,

Commending the efforts of GA 491 "Rights of the employed" in enumerating several rights of workers,

Concerned, however, that sloppy writing and easily foreseeable consequences have transformed this well-intentioned resolution into a heavily flawed piece of legislation that imposes substantial unintended costs and directly undermines its own agenda,

Troubled that the resolution requires that workers prove to their employers the necessity of their breastfeeding in the workplace, a condition which is both obviously problematic and flies in the face of the legislation's stated purpose,

Disturbed that the resolution mandates a private area in the workplace "reserved for the sole purpose of breastfeeding" for workplaces subject to the mandates of clause E(3), a costly and unrealistic burden on small businesses and workplaces that cannot practically accommodate such a requirement,

Elaborating that the above mandate also establishes a substantial incentive for firms to avoid hiring female labor in direct contravention of the intentions of this resolution and WA labor law, especially given the absence of any non-discrimination hiring protections applying to breastfeeding in this resolution,

Confounded that the resolution requires at least eight weeks of leave for adoption, despite older children generally needing no special caregiver attention,

Adding that this mandate incentivizes business-minded governments to unduly burden adoption of older children to the detriment of adoptees, adopting families, and foster care systems,

Recognizing that extant WA law covers the two main policy objectives of this resolution, parental leave and retaliation, to a far greater degree, with:
  1. GA 503 "Protecting Legal Rights of Workers" ensuring that workers are not retaliated against for seeking legal enforcement of their rights; and
  2. GA 527 "Protected Working Leave" providing for far broader parental and other leave;
Reminding that several extant resolutions, including GA 35 "The Charter of Civil Rights", GA 91 "A Convention on Gender", and GA 457 "Defending the Rights of Sexual and Gender Minorities" more than adequately cover discrimination based on gender identity, gender expression, or sexual identity, and

Convinced that a heavily flawed, overreaching, and largely redundant piece of legislation has every reason to be repealed,

Hereby repeals GA 491 "Rights of the employed".

Votes For: 11 901 (80.1%)
Votes Against: 2 963 (19.9%)

Implemented Sat 12 Dec 2020

[GA 529 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Thu Dec 10, 2020 4:16 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly resolution #527

Protected Working Leave
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Labour Rights
Proposed by: Cretox State

Text: The World Assembly,

Understanding the importance of an economically and socially secure working class to long-term economic growth,

Believing that said security does not need to be mutually exclusive with the decision to raise a family or the need to maintain good health, and

Wishing to ensure that working people in all member nations have access to paid leave and job security in order to care for themselves and their loved ones, without unduly disrupting the operations of their employers, hereby:

  1. Defines for the purposes of this resolution:
    1. a "worker" as any individual bound by a contract to perform work or services for an employer, whose employment contract mandates the work or services be performed specifically by that worker, involves an obligation for the worker to perform work and the employer to provide it, and implies the employer having some degree of control over the manner in which the work is performed; and
    2. "paid leave" as time during which a worker is not required to perform the work or services specified in their employment contract and receives:
      1. compensation sufficient to financially support themselves and their dependents, to be provided by the government of a member nation;
      2. all employment-related benefits which would otherwise be provided to that worker, to be provided by their employer; and
      3. the guaranteed ability to return to the same or a comparable job after the conclusion of paid leave, should their employer reasonably be able to provide such;
  2. Declares that member nations must provide workers who request such with a reasonable duration of paid leave to the extent necessary to adequately service any of the following conditions:
    1. to care for a new child due to childbirth, adoption, or placement of said child in foster care should the child require such care;
    2. to care for a seriously ill or physically or mentally disabled spouse, child below the age of majority, parent, grandparent, or dependent should they require such care; or
    3. to recover from their own serious illness;
  3. Forbids employers from discriminating or retaliating against workers for requesting or taking paid leave pursuant to section 2 of this resolution; such retaliation including:
    1. not returning said workers to the same or a comparable job;
    2. terminating employment;
    3. reducing compensation or benefits; or
    4. disciplining said workers;
  4. Requires that workers:
    1. give their employer reasonable notice in the event of a foreseeable birth or adoption; and
    2. alert their employer of serious health conditions that are the reason for their requesting paid leave if practicable;
  5. Clarifies that:
    1. employers may not impose unnecessarily onerous conditions on the granting of paid leave;
    2. any additional conditions by an employer on the granting of paid leave are to be implemented and enforced at the employer's expense;
    3. member nations may place the burden of providing financial compensation to workers over the duration of paid leave on said workers' employer should the employer be capable of providing such without significant financial strain; and
    4. employers, member nations, and World Assembly resolutions may implement policies granting workers more expansive paid leave than provided for by this resolution.

Votes For: 12 324 (80.7%)
Votes Against: 2 954 (19.3%)

Implemented Thu 3 Dec 2020

[GA 527 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Thu Dec 10, 2020 4:10 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly resolution #523

Patient Travel Freedoms
A resolution to modify universal standards of healthcare.

Category: Health
Area of Effect: Healthcare
Proposed by: Cretox State

Text: The World Assembly,

Noting that adequate and affordable medical care is necessary to ensure the health of individuals and society as a whole,

Understanding that the unique medical needs of individuals can and do vary greatly, as does the medical infrastructure available within any given nation, and

Recognizing that there are occasions in which seeking medical care in a foreign country is in the best interests of an individual, hereby:

  1. Defines a "patient" as a citizen or permanent resident of a member nation seeking medical care within another member nation;

  2. Declares that, subject to this and extant World Assembly resolutions, member nations shall not obstructively interfere with the ability of their patients to seek medical care within the territory of a foreign member nation;

  3. Clarifies that member nations may implement reasonable restrictions on the ability of their patients to seek medical care within the territory of a foreign member nation to the extent necessary to address circumstances where:
    1. seeking medical care within the territory of said nation would present a severe threat to the safety of the patient, excepting potential complications caused by the medical care being sought;
    2. the patient in question is legally unable to make the decision to seek medical care in the territory of said nation due to incarceration, ongoing legal proceedings, or lacking legal competence; or
    3. there exists a compelling public interest similar in nature to the above, which clearly and demonstrably warrants restricting a patient's ability to seek medical care pursuant to this resolution and definitely outweighs the benefits to the patient in allowing such seeking of medical care;
  4. Prohibits member nations from retaliating or taking legal action against a patient for seeking medical care in a foreign member nation, except as necessary to enforce restrictions implemented pursuant to clause 3 of this resolution;

  5. Subject to other World Assembly resolutions, mandates that member nations implement clear and effective policies for providing necessary medical care to their incarcerated populations;

  6. Declares that patients within the territory of a foreign member nation have the right to:
    1. receive appropriate continuing or follow-up medical care upon returning to their member nation of origin, should providing such care not place an undue burden on the healthcare system of that member nation;
    2. receive, to the extent requested by those patients, accurate information concerning all medications prescribed to them, including their ingredients and known side effects; and
    3. be informed of available resources for resolving disputes arising from the medical care in question, including applicable domestic and foreign legal representatives, and to have potential disputes resolved in as timely a manner as can reasonably be provided, and to be made aware of their outcome;
  7. Subject to other World Assembly resolutions and other provisions of this resolution, requires member nations to collect and compile accurate and actionable data concerning their patients' reasons for seeking medical care in a foreign member nation, to such a degree that does not constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy, and to use said data to identify and address weaknesses in their domestic healthcare systems; and

  8. Urges member nations to further improve domestic access to medical care.

Votes For: 12 426 (81.1%)
Votes Against: 2 892 (18.9%)

Implemented Tue 17 Nov 2020

[GA 523 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Thu Dec 10, 2020 4:04 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly resolution #520

Landfill Regulation Act [Struck out by GA 525]
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.

Category: Environmental
Industry Affected: All Businesses - Mild
Proposed by: Cretox State

Text: The World Assembly,

Understanding the importance of landfills in providing a cost-effective method for the disposal of non-compostable and non-recyclable solid waste,

Concerned by the potential environmental and health hazards of solid waste landfills, and

Wishing to provide a regulatory framework for the safe operation of solid waste landfills to mitigate such hazards, hereby:

  1. Defines for the purposes of this resolution:
    1. a "solid waste landfill" (SWL) as a location that receives nonhazardous solid waste for the purposes of long-term or permanent storage; and
    2. "leachate" as any liquid containing chemicals or particles originating from the solid waste stored in a SWL;
  2. Prohibits the construction of SWLs in ecologically important areas or areas where their normal operations would cause significant danger to the wellbeing of nearby permanent residents;
  3. Forbids the long-term storage of nonhazardous solid waste in a manner or a location where it can pose a significant threat to the surrounding environment or groundwater;
  4. Requires that all SWLs:
    1. include effective physical barriers designed to protect the surrounding environment and groundwater from waste contained in them and leachate originating from them;
    2. include effective systems for the collection and removal of leachate for treatment and environmentally safe disposal; and
    3. are operated in such a way that minimizes potential environmental and health hazards resulting from their operations, within reason;
  5. Mandates that member nations:
    1. ensure the regular testing of groundwater and other aquatic environments that could reasonably be affected by leachate in order to gauge the effectiveness of relevant existing SWL regulations and the need for further regulations; and
    2. establish, if such does not already exist, a state agency or similar organization with the responsibility of inspecting and regulating SWLs in accordance with this resolution and reviewing complaints regarding the operation of particular SWLs;
  6. Clarifies that regulations implemented pursuant to this resolution must remain in effect after a SWL stops receiving additional waste material until such a time when said regulations are no longer effective or necessary in providing for the environmentally safe maintenance of the SWL site; and
  7. Encourages member nations to promote methods of waste reduction to reduce their reliance on solid waste landfills as a form of waste management.

Votes For: 11 790 (79.1%)
Votes Against: 3 123 (20.9%)


Implemented Thu 5 Nov 2020

[GA 520 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Oct 25, 2020 4:18 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly Resolution #512

Commercial Arbitration Recognition
A resolution to reduce barriers to free trade and commerce.

Category: Free Trade
Strength: Significant
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: The World Assembly,

Realizing that the member nations of this Assembly are significantly outnumbered by their external counterparts,

Believing it the responsibility of this august body to further the prosperity of the nations under its aegis and confer substantial benefits upon its membership,

Recognizing the importance of strengthening international commerce in achieving the above,

Highlighting the effectiveness of alternate dispute resolution, particularly through arbitration, in furthering international commerce by ensuring that any disputes arising from international commercial agreements can be efficiently resolved in in a forum that confers neutrality, finality of judgement, confidentiality, and procedural flexibility, all of which hinge upon the enforceability of resultant judgments, and

Wishing to provide a framework for the international recognition and enforcement of judgement arising from arbitration of international commercial disputes, thereby promoting free trade and commerce, hereby:

  1. Defines:
    1. "arbitration" as the deciding of a legal dispute in a forum outside of a member nation's judiciary or international court of law;
    2. an "arbitral award" as a judgement on the merits of an arbitration by an arbitration tribunal, including judgments made by arbitrators appointed for a particular case as well as judgments made by a permanent arbitral body; and
    3. an "arbitration agreement" as any agreement providing for arbitration of a dispute;
  2. Declares:
    1. all member nations must recognize arbitration agreements within their legal jurisdiction; and
    2. all member nations must recognize arbitral awards as binding, and enforce them to the extent required by the arbitral award;
  3. Clarifies that member nations may not impose unnecessarily onerous conditions on the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards within their legal jurisdiction;

  4. Further clarifies that member nations may refuse to recognize or enforce an arbitral award if any of the following conditions are met:
    1. the arbitral award or the arbitration agreement preceding it are invalid under said award or agreement's governing law;
    2. the party against whom the award is invoked was given insufficient notice of the arbitration proceedings, or was otherwise unable to present its case;
    3. the arbitral award concerns matters beyond the scope of the arbitration agreement;
    4. the procedure of the arbitration was not in accordance with the arbitration agreement or its governing law;
    5. the arbitral award has not yet become binding on the involved parties; or
    6. the subject matter of the arbitral award cannot be resolved through arbitration;
  5. Asserts that nothing in this resolution shall be construed to limit the ability of individuals, nations, and organizations to enter into an arbitration agreement;

  6. Clarifies that this resolution shall only apply to arbitration agreements, arbitration, and arbitral awards arising from international commercial agreements between two firms, a firm and a government, or two governments, or similar agreements of an international character between two firms, a firm and a government, or two governments; and

  7. Further clarifies that nothing in this resolution applies to arbitration, arbitration agreements, or arbitral awards issued by or under the jurisdiction of a non-member nation.

Votes For: 10 131 (71.6%)
Votes Against: 4 015 (28.4%)

Implemented Sat Sep 19 2020

[GA 512 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Oct 25, 2020 4:16 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly Resolution #510

Marine Protection Act
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.

Category: Environmental
Industry Affected: All Businesses - Strong
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: The World Assembly,

Noting the importance of a healthy marine environment in maintaining biodiversity, enabling sustainable fishing and other commercial activities, and ensuring that people are fully able to enjoy recreational and cultural activities,

Applauding the commitment of this august body to the preservation of environmental health, including the integrity of marine environments,

Lamenting the lack of existing World Assembly resolutions designed to address destructive practices in essential marine environments, including unsustainable harvesting of marine organisms, heavy tourist traffic, waste dumping, and industrial activities, and

Wishing to remedy this deficiency by establishing an international framework for the protection of marine environments, hereby:

  1. Defines "regulations" as reasonable restrictions on any of the following, for the purposes of this resolution:
    1. the types and scale of fishing and other harvesting of marine organisms;
    2. the dumping of waste;
    3. access to tourists and the activities tourists may undertake; or
    4. industrial activities, such as oil drilling and refinement;
  2. Establishes the Committee for the Preservation of Marine Environments (CPME) to oversee the protection of critical marine environments in international waters, with the following responsibilities:
    1. identifying areas within international waters which would benefit from sanctuary designation due to said areas meeting any of the following conditions:
      1. being critical to the survival and growth of a species due to serving as a major spawning, breeding, or feeding area;
      2. serving as a habitat containing an exceptional level of biodiversity; or
      3. containing a notable shipwreck or other site of high cultural or historical significance;
    2. designating such areas as sanctuaries, and implementing and maintaining regulations in said areas to further the purpose for which said sanctuaries were designated;
    3. compiling and maintaining a comprehensive report on the state and health of the marine environment within each sanctuary as applicable to the purpose for which that sanctuary was designated, to be available upon request to any member nation; and
    4. ensuring that member nations are appraised of the regulations enacted within a sanctuary should they desire that information;
  3. Clarifies that any regulations implemented under this resolution must comply with other World Assembly resolutions;

  4. Permits member nations to petition the CPME to remove sanctuary designation from an area or modify regulations implemented pursuant to this resolution in that area, which the CPME shall thoroughly review before making a decision on the matter;

  5. Mandates that member nations implement regulations within areas of their territorial waters meeting the conditions outlined in section 2a of this resolution, to the extent reasonable and effective in those areas;

  6. Urges member nations to take further measures to protect marine environments within their territories; and

  7. Encourages member nations to finance the implementation of measures pursuant to this resolution through financial penalties on industrial practices harmful to environmental health.

Votes For: 11 880 (76.4%)
Votes Against: 3 672 (23.6%)

Implemented Mon Sep 7 2020

[GA 510 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Oct 25, 2020 4:15 pm
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly Resolution #509 [REPEALED]

GMO International Trade Accord [Struck out by GA 521]
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Consumer Protection
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: The World Assembly,

Admiring the potential of agricultural biotechnology to revolutionize food production, bolster commercial growth, and ensure food security for peoples throughout the world,

Recognizing genetically modified organisms as a crucial product of agricultural biotechnology, which offer immense benefits in crop yield, pest resistance, and other areas,

Understanding that genetically modified organisms by their very nature present a potentially extreme hazard to national populations, due in no small part to the unpredictability of novel genetic material, which poses substantial risks such as increased selection pressure on native organisms, gene transfer resulting in resistant pests and microorganisms with increased pathogenicity, and the impossibility of removing many such organisms from the environment after their introduction, and

Wishing to encourage the development of agricultural biotechnology while addressing this potential hazard and supporting global conservation and agricultural sustainability efforts through the regulation of the international trade of genetically modified organisms, hereby:

  1. Defines for the purposes of this resolution:
    1. "biotechnology" as the application of genetic modification techniques that overcome natural barriers of physiological reproduction or recombination, and are not techniques used in traditional breeding and selection; and
    2. a "genetically modified organism" (GMO) as any living organism or product made from a living organism, including viruses and similar particles, that possesses genetic material in a novel combination obtained through the use of biotechnology, excepting sapient organisms;
  2. Establishes the Committee for the Regulation of Modified Products (CRMP) under the International Trade Administration for the purpose of overseeing the implementation of measures pursuant to this resolution, with the following responsibilities:
    1. establishing and maintaining guidelines regarding the international trade of GMOs, in order to protect conservation efforts and biodiversity;
    2. providing guidance on environmental risk assessment of GMOs;
    3. facilitating the exchange of information concerning GMOs;
    4. assisting member nations with the acquisition of resources to safely develop and effectively regulate biotechnology;
    5. assisting member nations with the implementation of measures pursuant to this resolution; and
    6. providing funding to member nations for the purpose of implementing measures pursuant to this resolution, in the event that the member nations in question are demonstrably unable to otherwise implement such measures due to economic limitations;
  3. Mandates that member nations:
    1. make decisions regarding the import of GMOs based on scientific environmental risk assessments where reasonable;
    2. take reasonable and effective measures to prevent the illicit shipment or accidental release of GMOs or their genetic material;
    3. take economically feasible measures to promote public awareness of the benefits and risks of GMOs according to a cost-benefit analysis of said measures; and
    4. assist with scientific and technical training regarding GMOs;
  4. Reserves to member nations the ability to set their own policies regarding the sterilization of plant GMOs and the use of sterilized plant GMOs, with the following requirements:
    1. said policies must permit the use of sterilized plant GMOs in cases where the environmental benefit of using sterilized plant GMOs would clearly outweigh any downsides of their use; and
    2. said policies must implement reasonable and effective measures to prevent the spread of sterilized plant GMO pollen to any nearby fields of similar plants;
  5. Encourages member nations to facilitate more expansive research and development of biotechnology.

Votes For: 10 610 (71.7%)
Votes Against: 4 187 (28.3%)


Implemented Sun Aug 30 2020

[GA 509 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Aug 30, 2020 11:28 am
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly Resolution #504

Integrity in Law Enforcement
A resolution to improve world security by boosting police and military budgets.

Category: International Security
Strength: Mild
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: The World Assembly,

Recognizing the fundamental role law enforcement officers play in ensuring the safety and security of nations and their peoples;

Noting that in order to support this mission, governments often empower law enforcement officers with extraordinary authority over their fellow citizens, such as the powers to detain and apply deadly force;

Concerned that the misuse of such authority can and does lead to grave violations of the law, the sanctity of life, and the public peace;

Understanding that the concealment of crucial matters such as inquiries into violent incidents and law enforcement officers' violations of civil rights compromises public faith in law enforcement, the public safety, and the ability of law enforcement officers to perform their essential duties, hereby:

  1. Defines for the purposes of this resolution:
    1. a "law enforcement officer" (LEO) as an individual acting in an official capacity to prevent or investigate potential offenses against a criminal law, with the powers to apprehend or detain individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against a criminal law, as authorized by a government;
    2. a "department" as an entity authorized to disclose records pursuant to this resolution;
    3. a "personnel record" as any file maintained by a department, which contains any information concerning:
      1. employment-related advancement, appraisal, discipline, or benefits; or
      2. complaints or investigation of complaints regarding an incident which an individual participated in or perceived, pertaining to their conduct with regards to said incident;
    4. a "final finding" as a final determination by an investigatory or determining body that the actions of an LEO are found to be unlawful or in violation of policy;
  2. Declares:
    1. except as otherwise noted by law, the personnel records of any LEO, and any information obtained from such records, are confidential and shall not be disclosed in any investigation or proceeding, excepting investigations and proceedings concerning the conduct of said LEO;
    2. LEO personnel records must be made non-confidential and readily available for public consumption where they relate to:
      1. an investigation or findings regarding an incident involving the discharge of a firearm by a LEO, or an incident in which the use of force by a LEO resulted in death or severe bodily harm;
      2. an incident in which a final finding was made that a LEO initiated or attempted to initiate a sexual act through force or coercion, or under the guise of authority;
      3. an incident in which a final finding was made of dishonesty by a LEO in the course of their official duties;
    3. a department may only redact a personnel record disclosed pursuant to this resolution so long as said redaction serves any of the following purposes:
      1. to remove personal information, excepting work-related information regarding law enforcement officers;
      2. to maintain the anonymity of witnesses and complainants;
      3. to protect confidential information, so long as disclosure of such is specifically prohibited by international law or would constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;
      4. when the disclosure of certain information within said record could reasonably pose a significant physical danger to a LEO or other individual, or a significant danger to national security;
      5. when the disclosure of certain information would constitute a violation of prior World Assembly resolutions;
  3. Clarifies:
    1. no part of this resolution shall be construed to limit the public’s right of access to information as established by other international law;
    2. a department may withhold disclosing a personnel record concerning an incident that is the subject of an active criminal or administrative investigation or criminal enforcement proceeding, so long as disclosure of such could reasonably be expected to interfere with said investigation or proceeding.

Votes For: 11 267 (72.6%)
Votes Against: 4 259 (27.4%)

Implemented Mon Aug 10 2020

[GA 504 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Aug 30, 2020 11:27 am
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly Resolution #503

Protecting Legal Rights of Workers
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Labour Rights
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: The World Assembly,

Noting the importance of protecting the right of workers to be free from mistreatment and exploitation;

Recognizing the efforts of prior resolutions enacted by this most excellent body to enumerate key rights and ensure that workers' rights can be judicially enforced;

Concerned that the inherently unequal bargaining positions of workers and their employers leave the former open to coercion and the threat of retaliation with respect to enforcing their rights;

Understanding that protecting the ability of workers to seek relief for violations of their rights furthers the public interest and protects commerce, hereby:

  1. Defines:
    1. an "employment dispute" as any dispute arising between an employer and one or more individuals or their authorized representative concerning a work relationship between them;
    2. an "arbitration agreement" as any agreement to arbitrate a dispute;
  2. Declares:
    1. subject to extant World Assembly resolutions, no arbitration agreement shall be valid or enforceable with respect to an employment dispute unless:
      1. the agreement was not mandated by the employer, made a condition of employment or any employment-related benefit, or effected through coercion;
      2. each individual entering into the agreement was informed in sufficiently plain writing of their right to refuse the agreement without fear of retaliation, in addition to any other protections they may have pertaining to the signing of the agreement;
      3. each individual entering into the agreement received a period of at least 30 days to accept or reject the agreement; and
      4. each individual entering into the agreement affirmatively consented to the agreement in writing;
    2. no employer may retaliate or threaten to retaliate against an individual for refusing to enter into an agreement that provides for arbitration of an employment dispute;
    3. no employer may retaliate or threaten to retaliate against an individual for seeking judicial enforcement of their rights;
  3. Clarifies:
    1. no arbitrator shall determine the applicability of this resolution to an agreement to arbitrate;
    2. nothing in this resolution shall apply to any agreement between an employer or a labor organization, or between labor organizations, unless said agreement has the effect of waiving the ability of an individual to seek legal enforcement of their rights;
  4. Urges member nations to protect the rights of workers and ensure that those rights can be legally enforced.

Votes For: 12 221 (77.4%)
Votes Against: 3 567 (22.6%)

Implemented Thu Aug 6 2020

[GA 503 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]
by Imperium Anglorum
Sun Aug 30, 2020 11:19 am
 
Forum: General Assembly
Topic: Passed General Assembly Resolutions
Replies: 536
Views: 614266

General Assembly Resolution #496

Fair Arbitration Act
A resolution to enact uniform standards that protect workers, consumers, and the general public.

Category: Regulation
Area of Effect: Legal Reform
Proposed by: Cretox State

Description: The World Assembly,

Acknowledging that disputes between firms and individuals often arise over matters of civil rights, employment, and consumer goods;

Noting that joint, class, and collective lawsuits are a crucial avenue through which individuals and small businesses may settle such disputes with larger firms and seek compensation for incidents of wrongdoing;

Understanding that arbitration, when a voluntary decision by two parties in an equal bargaining position, is a valid and often desirable avenue of settling disputes such as those related to international commerce;

Distraught, however, at the widespread use by firms of forced arbitration agreements and agreements that waive the right to sue, which are often a condition of employment or using a product or service, are often poorly-understood by the individual, and often take place in a private forum controlled by said firm;

Recognizing that protecting the ability of individuals to seek relief for violations of their rights protects the public interest and safeguards commerce;

Seeking to end the unjust use of forced arbitration agreements, which undermine the rights of workers and consumers;

Hereby,

  1. Defines for the purposes of this legislation:
    1. "Arbitration" as the deciding of a legal dispute in a private forum outside of a member-nation's judiciary or international court of law, the decision made by which is legally binding and enforceable;
    2. A "forced arbitration agreement" as a legally binding and enforceable agreement mandating the use of arbitration to resolve a dispute that has not yet arisen at the time of the agreement;
    3. A "legal action waiver" as a legally binding and enforceable agreement, whether or not part of a forced arbitration agreement, which prevents at least one party to the agreement from participating in a joint, class, or collective legal action concerning a dispute that has not yet arisen at the time of the agreement, when they would otherwise be able to do so;
  2. Further defines for the purposes of this legislation:
    1. An "antitrust dispute" as any dispute arising from an alleged violation of national, international, or other legislation regulating the conduct and organization of firms with the purpose of promoting or maintaining market competition;
    2. A "civil rights dispute" as any dispute arising from an alleged violation of national, international, or other legislation protecting an individual against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment, in which at least one party alleging such a violation is one or more individuals or their authorized representative;
    3. A "consumer dispute" as any dispute between one or more individuals who seek or acquire real or personal property, services, investments, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes; and the seller or provider of such or a third party involved in the selling or providing of such;
    4. An "employment dispute" as any dispute between an employer and one or more individuals or their authorized representative, concerning or related to the current work relationship or a prospective work relationship between them;
  3. Declares:
    1. No forced arbitration agreement or legal action waiver shall be valid or enforceable with respect to an antitrust, civil rights, consumer, or employment dispute that arises after this law becomes effective;
    2. No clause of this legislation shall be applicable to any agreement between a firm and a labor organization, or between labor organizations, unless such an agreement has the effect of waiving or unduly interfering with the ability of an individual to seek judicial enforcement of their legally-given rights;
    3. No clause of this legislation shall be applicable to any international commercial agreement between two firms, or similar agreement of an international character between two firms, unless such an agreement has the effect of waiving or unduly interfering with the ability of an individual to seek judicial enforcement of their legally-given rights;
  4. Encourages member-nations to protect the ability of individuals to seek judicial enforcement of their legally-given rights;

  5. Clarifies that the applicability of this legislation to an arbitration agreement and the validity and enforceability of an agreement to which this legislation applies shall not be determined through arbitration, irrespective of whether said agreement purports to handle such determinations through arbitration;

  6. Further clarifies that no part of this legislation shall be construed to prevent individuals and firms from voluntarily seeking arbitration of a dispute after said dispute arises.

Votes For: 13 157 (83.9%)
Votes Against: 2 532 (16.1%)

Implemented Wed Jul 1 2020

[GA 496 on NS] [Official Debate Topic]

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